THE INDOAN RDVER
Vol. 3, No. 1 DECEMBER, 1914 $1.00 Per Year
G oodWil the s toward no korean
/ SANTA CLAUS
He comes in the night! He comes in the night!
He softly, silently comes;
While the little brown heads on the pillows so white
Are dreaming of bugles and drums.
S- THe cuts through the snow like a ship through the foam,
While the white flakes around him whirl;
Who tells him I know not, but he findeth the home
Of each good little boy and girl.
.His sleigh it is long, and deep and wide;
A It will carry a host of things,
.:f Of While dozens of drums hang over the side,
He With the sticks sticking under the strings.
WAnd yet not the sound of a drum is heard,
4 ,Not a bugle blast is blown,
As he mounts to the chimney top like a bird,
And drops to the hearth like a stone.
The little red stockings he silently fills,
Till the stockings will hold no more;
The bright little sleds for the great snow hills
Are quickly set down on the floor.
Then Santa Claus mounts to the roof like a bird,
N And glides to his seat in the sleigh
1 7 Not a sound of a bugle or drum is heard
As he noiselessly gallops away.
He rides to the East, and he rides to the West;
Of his goodies he touches not one;
He eateth the crumbs of the Christmas feast
When the dear little folks are done.
Old Santa Claus doeth all that he can;
This beautiful mission is his;
Then, children, be good to the little old man
When you find who the little man is. MnNh
2 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
STORY OF THE GREATEST PERSONALITY IN HISTORY
Jesus, the carpenter of Nazareth, dominates
the centuries. In the realm of human thought
and progress, in art and letters, there has been no
more potent influence than His. Never have men
turned to Him with more of reverent interest
than today. The human Jesus is winning the
comradeship of men of all classes, who find in
His life a source of inspiration and an embodied
He brought to the world the rich heritage of
a race that has preserved, through centuries of
vicissitude, the loftiest ethical-conceptions, the
Climatic conditions are almost ideal
in the South for the successful produc-
tion of hogs and cattle. The winters
are usually mild, so there is no
necessity for the investment of large
amounts of capital in buildings, while
the summers are not so excessively
hot in comparison with the states of
the corn belt as general opinion would
lead one to believe. Furthermore,
we find here the home of a large num-
ber of grain crops and an especially
large number of pasture crops that
are valuable for the production of pork.
It is true that at the present time
the production of grain in the
South is usually at a higher cost than
in many other sections, so this part of
the ration may be expected to cost
more than In the corn belt, for ex-
ample. But the large number of pas-
ture crops, many of the most valuable
of which cannot be successfully grown
in other sections, more than makes up
for the high cost of the grain.
There are other reasons, too, why
the Southern farmer should produce
his own pork. So long as he continues
to send his money out of the state for
pork and other food products, the con-
trol of the cotton market will be out
of his hands. Under present condi-
tions the larger part of the cotton crop
must be sold as soon as it is gathered
in order to meet debts for supplies
contracted while it was being pro-
duced, pork prominent among them,
whereas practically all the pork could
have been produced at home with very
little extra labor.
To relieve the present condition, it
is necessary that there be some sup-
plement to the cotton crop, and one of
the best is the production of hogs.
Only small capital is required to start
in this industry, and returns begin to
come in within a few months, so it is
well suited to the average cotton
New Crops Mean New System.
It is claimed by many Southern
farmers, especially those who have
not yet fully .realized their many ad-
vantages, that they cannot hope to
compete with the pork producers of
the corn belt so long as there is such
a different in the price of corn. If they
propose to follow the same method of
pork production as their northern and
western neighbors there is certainly
truth in the claim. But why follow the
same system when there are others
that may be used with greater profit?
Numerous tests at the various state
experiment stations, and the experi-
ences of thousands of farmers, all go
to show that when corn alone is fed it
is practically Impossible to make a
profit on hogs. This is especially true,
of course, in sections where the pro-
duction of corn is at greater cost than
in the corn belt.
It is generally considered that no
other crop is equal to corn in the pro-
duction of ]
ly true. Bul
any length o
either of ga
live upon c(
we force su
are going ag
the hog wan
will fall to
given him u
cents a busl
cost of porl
cents a pout
corn was wo
cent hogs I
be any profit
to get the n
be fed in co
,that may be
peas, soy b
states is sor
dance of suc
results in so
prices for t
When the p:
ucts may al
with each yi
more of thel
value of the
too well und
kaffir or mil
ent time ar
beauty of purest human relations in home and
companionship, the sturdy courage of a self-
reliant and liberty-loving people.
We have been accustomed to observe the birth-
days of Washington and Lincoln with grateful
acknowledgment of their service to the nation and
humanity. Is it not fitting, then, that we should
pay in even larger measure a tribute to Jesus, for
nineteen centuries the spiritual leader of the race,
and whose name is crowned with the laurels of
countless triumphs for what is best and most
lovely in the souls of men?
The gifts of gold and frankincense and myrrh
HOGS AT T
South Can Make (
pork, and, when the feed
ly used, this is undoubted-
t when fed exclusively for
>f time few feeds could be
corn, from the standpoint
ins made or cost of pro-
ie hog is not adapted to
orn exclusively and when
ch a ration upon him, we
ainst Nature. Like a man,
ts a change of diet, and he
nake the most of the feed
until he is given such va-
e shows that a hog cannot
y raised and finished for
upon corn alone at seventy
iel. In a large number of
station tests the average
k made from seventy-cent
was seven and a quarter
id. When corn was worth
the cost was approxi-
cents a pound, and when
rth fifty cents the cost was
ly five cents a pound. It
ear, then, that when a
s seventy-cent corn to five-
le is conducting a losing
Obviously some other
t be followed if there is to
t In the production of hogs.
eriments have shown that
most out of corn it should
nnection with various sup-
roducts, such as tankage,
and pasture crops.
t important concentrates
used in the South to sup-
rn in the ration for pork
include milk products, cow-
eans, rice products, wheat
nkage, meat meal and cot-
industry of the Southern
mewhat undeveloped at the
e, so the supply of milk
limited upon the average
e Is no excuse for such a
*nd the time is certainly
n there will be an abun-
:h feeds. Cowpeas and soy
as grains, have given good
)me cases, but the present
he threshed products will
of their use in the ration.
rice Is less than a dollar a
may be fed at a profit. In
ns of the South rice prod-
Iso be used to advantage,
the supply Is Increasing
ear we may expect to hear
r use In this manner. The
various wheat products is
erstood to need more than
in here. Shorts and other
ts are used all over the
that the most important
for supplementing corn,
o In the South at the pres-
e tankage and cottonseed
r of these, when used with
are still brought to the manger-cradle of the
Christ-child. Hands that are filled with golden
deeds, lives that are fragrant with frankincense
of service, hearts that have felt the bitterness of
myrrh in sympathy with the sufferings of hu-
manity, lay their treasures at His feet.
And the spirit of the Christ-child makes us kin
today, with a kinship that becomes deeper in con-
sciousness as the years pass, hastening the hour
when in the comradeship of the Man of Galilee
we shall realize His glorious dream of peace and
good will regnant throughout the world.-Rocky
Cheap Pork of Forage
s E. Hoke
corn, will lower the cost of the grain series of tests a few years ago. Corn
at least two cents a pound in cornm- was used as the -basis for all of the
prison with what it would be if corn rations, the gain from feeding corn
alone were fed. Both are rich in pro- alone first being determined. Some of
tein and ash, while corn is naturally the rations-combinations of corn with
poor in these respects. Thus either pasture crops-proved to be especially
tends to balance the ration when fed valuable and the publication of the re-
with corn. The most economical sults has already had much to do with
amount of tankage is one-fifth of the the increase in pork production in that
grain ration, state. The cost of one hundred pounds
The feeding of cottonseed meal to gain, the cost of the production of the
hogs is in dispute. Many advise- crop considered, resulting from the
against its use in any amount or any various pasture crops and also from
form, while others, equally emphatic, tankage and cottonseed meal in va-
insist that it is one of the best supple- rious combinations, was as follows:
ments we have for corn or kaffir in Corn alone, $7.63; corn two-thirds,
feeding hogs. A summary of all the plus cottonseed meal one-third, $5.75;
experience with this feed shows that corn nine-tenths, plus tankage one-
it undoubtedly has a great deal of tenth, $5.18; corn one-half, plus cow-
value as a hog feed, but that its use Is peas one-half, $5.11; corn plus peanut
attended with some danger unless pasture, $3.20; corn plus sorghum pas-
proper precautions are taken in the ture, $11.90; corn two-thirds, plus cot-
feeding. At present prices it Is cheaper tonseed meal one-third, plus sorghum
to use cottonseed meal than tankage, pasture, $7.79; corn, plus chufa pas-
and for this reason much of it is being ture, $8.89; corn plus soy bean pas-
fed, especially in finishing hogs for ture, $2.74; corn, two-thirds, plus cot-
market. tonseed meal one-third, plus soiled
The facts so far presented show that sorghum, $4.86.
corn is a poor feed to use alone in the As a whole the peanut pasture was
production of pork, but that by the found to be better than any other
use of various concentrated grain sup- tried, although the crop was poor two
plements it is possible to make the years out of the three in which the
production at a profit. Even when sup- tests were made. Soy beans were a
plemental feeds are used, however, the close second, while the chufas were
cost of production in the South is still not nearly so good as either the pea-
higher than it should be and there is nuts or the soy beans. Mature sor-
very little profit in feeding seventy- ghum proved to be of little value as
cent corn to five-cent hogs. feed for fattening hogs, especially
The greatest profit in the business when the hogs were allowed to run
will be derived from the various pas- upon the field. The most economical
ture crops, a large number of which gains were usually also the largest
are especially adapted to the grazing gains per day. When corn alone was
of hogs. Herein lies the real advan- fed only forty-eight cents a bushel was
tage of the South over the North and realized, on. the average, through the
West, but, strange to say, the average three years. The price of corn on the
Southern farmer has never fully real- market was usually seventy cents.
ized this and and still believes that Another question that has recently
the only way to fatten a hog is to shut been pretty definitely settled is what
him up in a small pen and feed noth- constitutes the proper finish for hogs
ing but corn. that have been running upon pasture
Among the more important pasture until they are nearly ready for the
crops that may be used by the South- market. Such hogs should be fed in a
ern farmer in pork production are soy dry lot for two to four weeks before
beans, cowpeas, Bermuda grass, rape, selling, as a hog just coming off pas-
chufa, bur clover, vetch, alfalfa, pea- ture is in excellent condition to make
nuts, wheat, rye and oats., very economical gains for a short time.
For example, beginning in the fall Then, too, the dry feeding is neces-
the hogs may be run on winter wheat sary to harden the flesh properly. Such
and oats, followed by alfalfa and the pasture crops as soy beans, peanuts
vetches in early spring. Then would and certain other green feeds make
come rape, Bermuda grass, sorghum, very soft flesh and thjs is very objec-
cowpeas and other crops throughout tionable to the buyers. This condition
the summer. In the fall there would can be modified to a large extent by
be root crops of various kinds and the the use of dry feed, such as corn and.
peanut crop. By the time these crops cottonseed meal, for several weeks be-
are disposed of, the wheat, oats and fore selling. The addition of the meal
bur clover are again ready for pastur- to the ration makes the flesh harden
ing and the process can be repeated. much more rapidly than would corn
o alone and there is practically no dan-
Cheap Grains From Pasture. ger in its use- for such a short period.
In order to determine the compar- A feeding period of three weeks in the
active value of the various pasture dry lot is usually sufficient to firm the
crops for hogs in that state, the Ala- flesh to the standard required.-Coun-
bama station carried out an extensive try Gentleman.
a3MM NNNNaWMN. N33335 33"3 NM30NNOM
Facts for the man interested in the development of the most wonderful State in the Union.
VOL. 3 No. 1 DECEMBER, 1914 $1.00 PER YEAR
LEST WE FORGET .0.
Tap, tap, tap-can't you near it against your win- all the other children in
dow-beating with tattered wings-feebly fluttering had remembered you so g.
-gently calling to you? It melts the snow out
There's a lost dream out there under the pity- the wrinkles flying shelter
ing stars-a dream born in the simple trust of gentle hour.
childhood-once radiant with faith, but now spent You don't have such
and weary with journeying from heart to heart. Somehow or other, growir
Ever so many years ago you, too, sped such a away, but nothing can d
hope-spangled message into the dark. When the 'em.
first crystal skies broke into diamond dust and sil- But bless my soul! at t
vered copse and mead, your imagination leaped and the old home a mira
astride a prancing snowdrop and went riding across nation has come back
the hills and over the woods, upon a moonbeam, to wand, torn down the wall
Santa Claus and whispered your yearnings into his can say "Jack Robinson"
kind old ears. Ever-so-long-ago, with Ski
And sure enough, when you slipped out of bed your noses glued against
and crept downstairs on Christmas morning there ing turns at "choosing" fr
was the tree exactly as you wanted it, and the ets and swords and guns
stocking filled precisely as you expected, with the permit walking-sticks (y
orange bulging in the toe and the monkey-on-the they were meant to be ea
stick grinning impudently at the top. trimmed), and the plast
He didn't bring all the toys you asked (own up; with long brown overcoa
'< you did make the list extra long, expecting him to crook of his arm.
cut it down); but you had the very important play- Aren't you sorry that
things-the ones you wished for hardest, in a minute and be wisE
The memory of your first sled is still as vivid could stand there long e
as its coat of crimson. You didn't tell him to deco- how it feels to be a little
rate it, and it was mighty fine of him to put such a time.
beautiful oil painting in the middle. If you will Boys and girls are just
recall, it was done by hand, just like the picture But nowadays more of 'e
in the parlor, only, to your mind, very much better. There are so many new
It showed a boy sliding belly-whopper down the cially poor folks) that Sai
hillside. And the runners were thick and round of them all.
and meant to last forever. And a strange thing
You had taken mother into your confidence, so Living seems to interfere
she knew every item of the list; and my! but mas-giving that a million
wasn't she surprised to think old Santa Claus, with ed last Christmas day, a
Christmas in Vero
Many of the new residents of Vero and settlers on the Indian River Farms
will spend their first Christmas in Florida this year.
It will be an unusual experience to those who have come down from the
I northern states. Christmas time is one of the busiest seasons in the year for
the farmer in South Florida. The citrus groves are yellow with fruit ready
for picking and the fall vegetable crops are ripening for shipment. Prepara-
tion of the land for spring vegetables is under way, and if the farmer has a
hay field it is usually ready for cutting.
All this makes impossible the holiday spirit that pervades Christmas
time in the north, but Christmas is Christmas in Florida none the less.
Christmas trees are as common here as anywhere, and while Santa Claus
has no use for his sleigh and reindeer he comes just the same. Flowers and
sunshine are as conducive to Christmas cheer as ice and snow and there is
as much pleasure in a plunge in the surf on Christmas afternoon as in a sleigh
While the newcomers may miss the things they have always associated
with Christmas, they will find plenty to compensate for them.
A big Christmas dinner with turkey and cranberry sauce heading the
menu will be served at Sleepy Eye Lodge and Christmas trees are being
planned for the children just as if Santa Claus was expected to tumble down
the fireplace bundled in furs and with icicles clinging to his beard.
F. E. C. RAILWAY REDUCES
RATES ON CITRUS FRUITS
For Purposes of Concentration, Rates
Now Made on Basis of 3 Cents
Per Box Within 50 Miles
Announcement is made by the Flor-
ida Growers' and Shippers'. League,
which has its headquarters in Orlan-
do, of the establishment by the Flor-
ida East Coast railway, effective Oc-
tober 11, of reduced rates all along
its lines for the purpose of concentrat-
ing and packing citrus fruits at points
where there are regularly established
, packing houses, which arrangement
has been in vogue on the Atlantic
Behold My servant whom I
uphold; Mine elect, in whom My
soul delighteth; I have put My
Spirit upon Him; He shall bring
forth judgment to the Gentiles.
Coast Line and Seaboard Air Line rail-
ways for years.
Heretofore the Florida East Coast
railway has charged class C rates, ac-
cording to Florida state classification,
ranging from 8 to 10 cents per box for
distances up to fifty miles, while the
new rates have been made on a basis
of. 3 cents per box from any point
within a radius of fifty miles of the
packing point, plus the difference in
the rate to Jacksonville between pack-
ing point and actual point of orgin
of the fruit.-Times-Union.
In the Woman's
the world to look out for,
of your hair and sends
-skelter as you recall that
ig up takes all their magic
o that to the memory of
he very thought of mother
cle has happened. Imagi-
to you, waved her fairy
ls of time, and before you
you're back yonder in the
nney and Fatty and Reddy;
the toy shop window, tak-
rom the drums and trump-
and soldier caps and pep-
ou didn't walk with them;
ten when the tree was un-
er statue of St. Nicholas
.t and a tiny tree in the
you'll have to come back
e and old again? If you
enough you might re-learn
fellow around Christmas
the same, only more so.
m are disappointed.
people in the world (espe-
nta Claus can't keep track
so frightfully with Christ-
children were disappoint-
nd not only had nothing
Recalling a Christmas Dream
but holes in their stockings, but empty breadboxes
and stoves to boot.
Yet they're hoping this year just as though
everything had come out right. (How hard it is to
kill the faith of children!) And the air is filled with
anxious wishes that never will come true unless you
and the rest of us rescue these waif-prayers that
can't manage to reach Santa Claus.
The very fact that God guided our hopes to safety
should make us so grateful for memories that bring
with them the faces and voices of dearly beloved
ones asleep under weeping willows and brooding
cypresses-that it ought to be a joy to bring hap-
piness in their names.
Folks like you and me will have to4straighten out
this Christmas tangle.
The world is all a jumble with its poor and its
rich, its plenty and its privation. 'Tisn't right at
any time; but on Christmas day, want is inexcus-
Let's do our best for the mothers of sorrow, the
wretched, aching, drudging women who play the
game against odds such as we never meet, and
conquer despairs that would crack the will and
crunch the courage of men!
Let's give their babies at least one day of smiles
-let's do it in the name of our mothers-mean-
while thanking God that they were spared the agony
of a Christmas Eve when Santa Claus passed by
Tap, tap, tap.
There's a lost dream beating against your con-
science. And if at least one home is not brighter
this coming Christmas, then for you Christ was
born in vain.
It is His day.
Nature Provided This Spot For a Home.
Florida the Home of Success
R. L. Goodwin came to Florida from Massachusetts in 1899, says the
Stroller of the Florida Grower, and has been here ever since, possibly at
first because he could not get away and later because Florida has used him
very well. He tells me that he was formerly employed in the cotton mills at
Fall River, but had higher ambitions and so he struck boldly out for the
Promised Land encumbered by $215 and accompanied by his wife. I can
imagine the delight this new freedom brought to both, though it surely must
have taken hard scraping to get along. They paid $200 first crack on their
little place, a run down pinery with some spare land. Mr. Goodwin first
planted beans and the crop paid for the building of a three-room house.
Godd luck followed him for five years and he soon became recognized as one of
the leading pineapple growers of the neighborhood. His three-room house
has developed into one of ten rooms; he has found health, prosperity, con-
tentment and happiness in Florida.
IA N.eN! N. NIwN
4 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
Florida as a Sheep Raising Country
Florida, one of the most versatile power of comprehension. There are
states in the Union, has long been thousands of people in the North who,
noted as a Land of Flowers and Win- it conversant with the true conditions
ter Resorts; it has sprung into prom- existing from an agricultural stand-
inent and most favorable mention in point would make their homes in this
the market reports on account of its sectionn of the country. I have traveled
grapefruit, pineapples and oranges; chis country and foreign countries
and its garden truck which, on account 4uite extensively, but never have I
of its summer-in-the-winter-time cli- seen a country so near to being a poor
mate, it is able to put on the market man's paradise (or a rich man's, either,
in the winter months, for that matter) as Florida is. In fact,
Florida is now attracting attention it is the greatest mystery to me that
as a cattle and hog raising state, and with the many natural advantages of
the editor of "The Shepherd's Journal" the country, its agricultural population
has much to say of Florida as a state is not at least twenty times what is is
with unlimited possibilities for sheep today.
raising. He says in part: "One ,great thing in the South is the
"After going over the land in Flor- ease with which catch crops can be
ida I wonder why stockmen of the raised after a regular crop. They add
North have never learned the truth humus to the soil.
about this state of remarkable possi- "For raising early lambs, I do not
abilities as a sheep and goat-raising see why any country in the world
country. I have no hesitancy in say- should surpass Florida, for as I said
ing that Florida is a splendid country before, it has a wonderful climate and
for certain branches of the sheep and the lands seems to grow roots, cab-
goat raising business and possibly any bage, corn, cow peas and such like
and all branches, crops just as easily as growing weeds.
"We as Northerners do not under- I have it upon good authority that oats,
stand Southern conditions; if we do, rape and peas make a wonderful
the Northern version of the stories that growth when sown together.
I have heard of the South are not the "There is no necessity of housing
correct ones. Northerners who have the ewes or the lambs, nor need of
not been South are not as charitable clover hay. The ewes do well enough
in their views of this country of won- on the ordinary herbage of the country
derful possibilities as they should be. in the spring and summer months
I have never seen a country which has after the lambs are taken from them
so many natural advantages. I have and the roots and forage crops, etc.,
never seen a country which has been and the mild climate should surely
so beautified by nature as the South. produce a lamb that should vie with
Nature could not have been kinder that raised anywhere.
than she has been to Florida. . There is a good home market for
Since visiting this great Southland I spring lamb in Tallahassee, Jackson-
wonder how it is we are so prone to ville and other Southern cities; any
rave over the beauties of foreign coun- surplus could be shipped to New York
tries in preference to our own. Those and other large cities. . As the
foreign countries we rave over are not lambs cannot fail to be fat and ripe
naturally more beautiful than our own, with good milking mothers and plenty
but the hands of the landscape gar- of succulent rations, a really first-
dener and the up-to-date agriculturist class article could be furnished.
have made them what they are. The "I do not know what effect the rainy
flowers of Florida, especially the roses season would have on sheep in Florida,
and magnolias, are an inspiration of but it is hard for me to believe that it
themselves and with the beautiful would be any worse than the abundant
singing birds of that country it is noth- and somewhat chilling rains the flocks
ing less than a veritable paradise. The of England are subjected to in the fall,
singing of the mocking birds all night winter and spring months.
is charming beyond the .power of "I have never seen a better goat-
words to describe. Of course, they do raising country than Florida, judging
not help one much so fr as food is from the look and condition of the
not help one much so far as food is goats I saw there. They run practi-
concerned, but save me from those call wild, never getting more than
that such charms of Nature do not ap- they pick winter or summer. . .
peal to! Of course, everybody knows There would be great possibilities for
about Florida as a fruit, vegetable and goat and sheep dairies with good mar-
nut-raising country, kets right at hand. Swiss people do
"During my itinerary I traveled pos- well here in this line of business.
sibly hundreds of miles . and "Remember what I have intimated
have seen thousands of acres of land before and repeat again: The South
which I feel sure would make splen- will some day be one of the greatest
did sheep ranches. I know from ob- livestock breeding centers in the world
servation that such crops as are con- and that when agriculturists wake up
ducive to the raising of high class to the importance of the use of pure-
sheep can be raised almost anywhere bred sires and soiling crops. Florida
on these lands, farmers do not seem to know the pos-
. "Why so many thousands of sibilities of their country. . The
acres of land 'in Florida, . . growing days in Florida are remark-
have remained idle with so many pos- able. In the northern 270 to 280 days;
sibilities of development is beyond my south half of peninsula 340 to 365.
Prominent St. Louis Physician to De-
velop Tract in Indian River Farms
Dr. H. M. Strachan of St. Louis, who has been connected with Parke-Davis
& Company of that city for many years, recently paid a visit to Vero and Indian
River Farms. Dr. Strachan became interested in Indian River Farms through
some of his friends who had purchased, but was inclined to believe that their
ideas of the possibilities to be found in Indian River Farms were exaggerated,
but he is now convinced. Before leaving Vero, Dr. Strachan said:
"My friends were enthusiastic and some of their tales were then unbe-
lievable, but since coming to Vero I believe every one of them. In fact, some
did not say enough. When a native Floridian tells you that he has received
$4,000 for his four-acre crop of grapefruit it convinces you tha t the possi-
bilities of this country are unlimited. I have spent a delightful week here-
the climate is ideal, and I think this will become one of the most fertile spots
in the country."
Dr. Strachan arranged while here to have paft of his tract set to grove
this winter, and expects to improve his entire tract in the near future.
Good pasture grasses for Florida are
Bermuda, Para, Rhodes, the various
species of Paspalum and Guinea grass.
Bermuda is a grass that is adapted
to nearly all parts of the State and to
all kinds of soils. However, like other
crops, it makes a better growth, and
therefore furnishes more pasturage,
when planted on good soils.
Para grass furnishes an abundance
of good pasturage over a large portion
of South Florida. It is a grass better
adapted to the Southern portion of the
state than to the north and western
parts, because it is injured more or
less by hard frosts.
Para grass will grow on almost any
kind of soil, but to produce the maxi-
mum yield and to give the best re-
sults for pasture it should be planted
on moist land. This does not mean
land completely covered with water,
but land on which crops do not suffer
from drought. Para grass makes a
much ranker growth than does Ber-
muda. On good land it will grow to a
height of four or five feet. When it
makes such a big growth the stems
are, as a rule, hard and woody, hence
it is not of as much value for pasture
as when it is kept grazed close to the
Bermuda and Para grass are prop-
agated from stem and root cuttings.
Bermuda may also be propagated by
sowing the seed.
Here in Florida we find a large num-
ber of species of Paspalum. A num:
ber of these furnish excellent pastur-
age wherever a good sod can be es-
tablished. They are propagated by
Guinea grass is easily injured by
cold, hence is only suitable for the
southern part of the state. On good
soil it make a rank growth and fur-
nishes an abundance of feed. This
grass may be propagated by division
of the roots or from seed.
Para grass, some species of Paspa-
lum and Guinea grass, may also be
used as hay crops. Bermuda grass
rarely makes growth enough to war-
rant cutting it for hay.
Rhodes grass is a good hay and pas-
ture grass and does well on moderate-
ly good, moist soil. It stands drought
fairly well and will not need reseeding
for several years. It is not affected by
light frosts, but is injured by freezing.
The nutritive value of the hay is about
the same as timothy.
Agricultural Experiment Station,
Banana Plant Seven Months Old In
Indian River Farms.
Rhodes grass, scientifically known
as Chloris gayana, is a good hay and
pasture grass and does very well on
moderately good soil, and stands
droughts very well.
The earliest record that we find of
the grass in this country is in 1902,
when Dr. David G. Fairchild, agricul-
tural explorer, secured a bag of the
seed in South Africa. It was then at-
tracting a great deal of attention in
Time of Seeding.
Our limited experience with it in
Florida indicates that April and May
in the spring, or October and Novem-
ber in the fall would be the most fav-
orable times for seeding in northern
Florida. This same time would prob-
ably suit central and southern Florida
as well as any other time of the year.
The seed should be sown in a seed bed
thoroughly prepared and covered very
lightly. It must however, be in con-
tact with moist soil to germinate read-
ily. Under favorable conditions ger-
mination will take place in about three
days, and the seedlings may be ex-
pected to show above ground in about
a week. With good seed five pounds to
the acre will be sufficient to insure a
Preparation of the Land.
Rhodes grass seed is extremely
small, and consequently the seedlings
will be quite weak, so that the laid
should be prepared with great thor-
oughness. It should be broken up as
deeply as for any other farm crop,
then worked perfectly smooth with
the harrow, and the seed sown. After
the seed has been sown it will be
found advantageous to run a roller or
some other similar farm implement
over the soil to compact the surface
and cause the seed to come into con-
tact with moist soil.
The amount of hay that can be made
per acre of Rhodes grass varies great-
ly, from a fraction of a ton up to four
or five tons, but one should be satis-
fied with three or four tons on land
that is considered good for general
cropping purposes. The grass grows
continuously and will not need re-
seeding for several years. The plot on
the Experimental Station grounds was
seeded in the spring of 1909 and the
plants are still vigorous. A consider-
able amount of hay can be made from
seed sown in the spring. The first of
this will come off during the rainy
portion of the year, and one or two
mowings later when the dry weather
has set in. It grows continuously
throughout the year, and is not sev-
erely affected by light frosts. It makes
a good grazing grass and is equally
good for hay purposes, its nutritive
value running about the same as crab
grass or timothy.
Florida Agricultural Experiment
Station, Gainesville, Fla.
ST. LUCIE COUNTY ORANGES
Shipments Will Start About December 15
-Crop Is Heavy
St. Lucie county has a large citrus
fruit crop this season. The shipping
season begins usually December 15,
but if market conditions are not good
it will be postponed. It is difficult at
present to get the total shipments
from the county, but Fort Pierce alone
ships close to 40,000 boxes per year,
65 per cent of which is grapefruit and
35 per cent oranges and tangerines.
There is a light movement on now.
The Citrus Exchange is working
among the growers endeavoring to
get them to join the Exchange and
at Vero a sub-exchange already has,
*NMESI N -IMEEEEEEauuuwuuuuanagu
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
The Call of the South
V. O. PETERSON.
There is one question which seems to arise spontaneously in the minds
of peolile when they are first told about the wonderful agricultural and horti-
cultural possibilities in the State of Florida, and of the opportunities offered
new settlers from the North down there on those sunny shores, where the
Spanish cavaliers disported themselves just four hundred years ago, namely:
"If Florida is such a fine state why was it not settled and developed long ago?"
It is sometimes difficult to give an answer that will satisfy those who ask
the question, especially since many of them do not want to be satisfied, and
others are incrusted in a shell of century-old prejudice impenetrable to every
ray of reason on that subject; but the true answer to the question is very
simple, and it should not be difficult to convince any intelligent person that
there are no deeply hidden causes, nor mysterious and dangerous conditions
that have kept the broad plains of the beautiful State of Florida, with its
almost tropical climate and its invigorating ocean air, very largely in the
condition of untrodden wildernesses up to the present time.
The fact that the entire South has remained to a very great extent unde-
veloped is due to the most apparent and natural causes in the world. And
the fact that Florida is now being developed more rapidly, as well as more
thoroughly and scientifically, than any other state in the Union ever was, is
likewise due to the most apparent and natural causes.
The people who developed the northern states and made this country what
it is today came largely from five or six different countries in northern Europe.
Coming over to this continent they confined themselves at first very closely
to the latitudes in which they had been born, where climatic as well as topo-
graphical conditions corresponded in almost every respect to those under
which they had been reared, and where they could enter upon the same routine
and follow the same industries and occupations to which they had been
accustomed on the other side of the ocean. They spread westward to the
Pacific in a comparatively short time, and they pushed northward into the
regions of perpetual snow, yet, they were everywhere confronted by the same
kind of problems with which their ancestors had been grappling for centuries.
But when they turned to go southward they met with conditions that
were entirely unfamiliar to them. Though the scenes were more inviting
than their childhood dreams of Paradise and nature's richest gifts were
spread before them in great abundance, the multitude of new problems they
were called upon to solve before they could ever hope to establish themselves
and feeloat home in, those sunny climes so baffled them, that in most instances
they gave up the attempt. And, indeed, they could not do otherwise, for
science had not then discovered the formulae by which the most staggering of
those problems could be solved.
The few who persisted in staying grew indolent from the forced adapta-
tion to conditions they did not understand and from the lack of true and
healthy social stimulus. Gradually the curse of slavery cast its malignant
shadow -over the entire region. Increasing indolence and illiteracy precluded
every possibility of progress, and a doleful stagnation prevailed for many
But the hour of awakening has come at last. The problems that baffled
our forefathers have been solved, and, though new problems have naturally
arisen, science has furnished the key to nearly every mystery involved. We
now know how to live and be comfortable in almost every section of the
South-more comfortable, in fact, than it is possible to be in the North. The
formerly dreaded fevers have been stamped out of existence; drainage and
cultivation of the soil have been studied in the most thorough and efficient
mAnner; proper seasons and methods of planting have been determined; ex-
cellent communications have been established, and the markets of the entire
country are now open to the many and valuable products produced.
The call now goes out to all true tillers of the soil who are looking for a
place to establish a home: Come to the South! Come to Florida, where the
richest rewards are bestowed upon every honest effort, and where comfort,
independence, and happiness await every true home-builder!
WEALTH OF FLORIDA.
The state of Florida, while having a
population of only 13.7 to the square
mile, and with only 1,800,000 improved
acres of its more than 35,000,000 acres
of land, had the largest individual
bank deposits per capital of any state
in- the nine southern states of Virginia,
North and South Carolina, Tennessee,
Mississippi, Kentucky, Georgia, Ala-
bama and Florida. The amount being
per capital in state and national banks
slightly more than $90 as reported
Georgia, which is a larger state than
Florida, had $69, and Virginia had $70.
Alabama with her nine and a half
million acres of improved farm lands
and her great coal and iron mines and
factories had individual deposits ap-
proximately $52 per capital.
Georgia alone had a greater per-
centage of improved roads than Flor-
ida, the figures being for Georgia, 14.2
per cent; for Florida, 12.1 per cent.
p June 30, 1914, found Floridians with
over $70,000,000 in individual deposits
in her state in the south.
SWhat will be the per capital deposits
in her banks after the balance of 30-
odd million acres of richer lands than
the ones now in cultivation are yield-
ing their harvest of gold annually,
semi-annually and even quarterly, is a
question asked.-Times Uni-n.
OF ALL KINDS
Everything Raised for Man and Beast;
St. Lucie County Produces Great Variety
of Fruits, Vegetables and Fodder
Florida has found itself in so many
different ways in the past ten years
that conditions have wonderfully im-
Dozens of crops have been made
possible by discovery in the past de-
cade and now the statement is made
that if the worst came to the worst
Florida could build a wall around it-
self and live comfortably and even
richly off its own products.
Mother of God, pure, undefiled,
Wandering through the snow,
Bringing us the Holy Child,
Have you no place to go?
Are we as cruel and blind today,
And in our hearts the sin,
Turning you, Mother of God,
Again no room at the Inn?
-Caroline Giltinan, in Lippin-
Exceeded All Expectations
One of the Hoosier state's residents recently paid a visit to Vero and
was thoroughly pleased and left one of the most enthusiastic visitors Indian
River Farms ever had.
"It is far beyond anything I expected to see," said Mr. McNece of Terre
Haute, Indiana. "I went to Florida with the intention of buying land and
after looking it all over I decided to buy at Vero, as it certainly looks good
to me and the drainage is the best I ever saw and is large enough to handle
all the water in the state of Florida so it looks.
"It rained quite hard while I was at Vero and you could hardly see the
difference in the canal, it is so large and it has to be seen to realize what an
immense system it is.
"The young trees loaded with grapefruit and oranges is certainly a beau-
tiful sight to,see and one can very readily see why the Indian River Farms
Company is asking $100 per acre and the land is cheap at that.
"The people I met were very sociable and I certainly enjoyed my visit. I
bought twenty acres while there and have an option on twenty more and think
it is a fine investment."
Mr. McNece expects to develop his tract during the winter and will prob-
ably make his home in Florida in the near future.
It seems very certain that the
world is to grow richer and better
in the future, however it has been
in the past, not by the magnificent
achievements of the highly gifted
few, but by the patient faithfulness
of the one-talented. Phillips
Potatoes, celery, lettuce, cucumbers,
tomatoes, beans, strawberries, peaches,
cantaloupes, and many other eatables
have been added to the list of things
that were grown previous to 1914.
So much for the human race, but
what of the four footed beasts? Ten
years ago, hay for Florida was shipped
in almost entirely from northern states,
and it was rather poor stuff and mighty
costly. But now there is a difference.
Ninety per cent of the hay and corn
fed to stock in Florida is raised in
the state, and the other ten per cent
can be raised easily enough.
First it was crab grass which grew
naturally without seeding, then came
para grass, Rhodes grass, natal grass,
Kentucky blue grass and alfalfa. Beg-
gar weed and several other kinds of
hay are being grown prolifically, and
in a short time Florida will have hay
to ship, after supplying the entire
One district alone raises one hun-
dred thousand bushels of corn and in
various parts of the state, corn pro-
duces large yields to the acre and has
proven a most profitable summer crop
between other winter crops.
St. Lucie county is now growing
every variety of grass and hay and
considerable corn and some oats and
all have been successful, especially if
placed upon ground that was adapted
to the various products.
The products of the Florida soil are
innumerable and the people will be
able to live cheaply and comfortably
in an ideal climate and with every
convenience.-Fort Pierce News.
LIFE'S PIVOTAL POINTS
An epoch is a pivotal point, some-
thing that changes' old methods,
cleans up the slate, and starts the
game of life afresh. In the lives of
individuals there are pivotal points.
Loss, calamity, grief may be piv-
otal points-time when an issue
bravely met adds cubits to our stat-
ure. Great successes are usually
those where victory is snatched
from the jaws of defeat. And the
old idea of the Indians, that when
they killed an enemy they ab-
sorbed his strength into their own,
is poetically true.
Vero to Have Drug Store by Jan. 1st
Vero will have a drug store not later than January 1. Dr. L. A. Peake,
proprietor of the Pioneer Drug Store, Fort Pierce, has leased the last remain-
ing store room in the new bank building and will open a branch drug store in
it by the first of the year. Dr. Peake is an experienced druggist and a good
business man, and that Vero will have a well-stocked and up-to-date drug
store is assured. It will fill a long-felt want and will keep a large amount of
money in Vero that formerly has gone to Fort Pierce and other places.
M 1101. MIA ME*1 71M 17. NIF......
6 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
GOD GRANT US PEACE (By ANNA HEALD CLAYTON)
Trampling Thy law, all kingly laws ab-ve,
Defying Thee; for Thou, oh God, art love!
S- Despoiling peace.
0 0 The fields are sodden with our kinsmen's blood.
U ., r The rivers seaward bear a crimson flood.
Waste are the riches and the toil of years
And everywhere are mothers' prayers and tears
That plead for peace.
In mercy, God, stretch forth Thy mighty hand.
Pour out thy light on every stricken land, *
God of our faith, a people blest of Thee Bind up the broken hearts; bid hatred cease.
Entreats Thy grace this day on suppliant knee. Restore to them their heritage of peace.
Where'er Thy name is breathed upon the air Grant them Thy peace! Amen.
A nation lifts to Thee the voice of prayer:
God Grant us peace!
From Gothic arches, neathh cathedral spires, ,
Where softest music floats from vested choirs, /
From village church and wayside chapel rude, -j
Ascends this prayer for common brotherhood:
God Grant us peace! S
Drunken with power, hot with war's red lust,
The hosts'of carnage trail Thy cross in dust,
Feeding November Hatched Chicks
In Indian River Farms.
trucking, livestock and poultry rais-
ing and fruit growing are all im-
mensely profitable in Florida. To
know about Florida send today for
a free sample copy of the Florida
Farmer and Homeseeker or 10 cents
for three months' trial subscription.
Florida Farmer and Homeseeker
Drawer 22 St. Augustine, Fla.
Go through, go through the
gates; prepare ye the way of the
people; cast up, cast up the high-
way; gather out the stones; lift
up a standard for the people.-
A Few Salient Facts About St. Lucie
By J. G. COATS.
We have the best climate in the world, not excepting any; we have a
system of hard surfaced roads that few counties can boast of; when all the
development work is completed we will have the largest area of developed
lands in any county in the State of Florida and we have the best lands as
statistics show that our lands in ST. LUCIE COUNTY produce more revenue
to the acre than any other acre of lands in the State and therefore must be
the best lands. Our resources are more numerous than any other county of
the State of Florida and are just waiting for people to develop them.
We ship fish the year round to the northern markets; we raise cattle,
hogs, horses, chickens, turkeys, oranges, grapefruit, bananas, pineapples, and
all kinds of truck for the Northern markets. We supplied Cuba with cattle
to a large extent after the Spanish-American war, we shipped them from here
by the train load for several years and our county today is helping to supply
the West with cattle.
We raise the finest flavored grapefruit and oranges in the world, not
excepting any, and they command the highest prices of the fanciest trade;
all fruit dealers are glad to handle our fruits as they can safely recommend
them as being very fine fruit and not feel that they will have to apologize
to any of their trade for selling inferior fruit, as they all know that Indian
River fruit is always up to the standard, and our pineapples are the best that
are raised in the world and always bring good prices. If the market has any
call for fancy stuff, St. Lucie County can deliver the goods in any line of
We have the finest Irish potato lands in the state and our farmers can
always get good prices for their potato crops; they can raise them and ship
them early in the spring of the year and get $7 to $8 per barrel for all that
they can raise. Watermelons are another fine money making crop if they
are planted to reach the early northern markets. There is also good money in
Our county is building hard surfaced roads, has been for two years, and
is still building them; yes, we people of St. Lucie County have the good road
fever and boost for them as well as build them and we expect to keep the
good work up.
Another of St. Lucie County's assets lies in her attractions for tourists
who come to visit and enjoy the fishing and hunting, the fine automobile rides
among the pineapple fields and orange groves, to go for launch rides on the
beautiful Indian River on moonlight nights. We have the prettiest moonlight
nights of any state-no one can appreciate them unless they can see them.
Our county is building a road to Lake Okeechobee which will be completed
soon; this will give a good road to one of the largest lakes in the United
States. The Florida East Coast Railway Company expects to build a boule-
vard 100 feet wide into the Lake Shore and we can then go right to the lake,
running our autos on a beach equal to the fine race tracks of the country.
Just to the north of the county seat the Indian River Farms Company is
developing a large tract of land and is hard-surfacing the roads through its
tract, giving its purchasers the benefit of good hard-surfaced roads to travel
over and haul their produce and goods over as well as one of the best drained
pieces of land in the States, or I might add the United States, as I don't
believe there is a better or more thoroughly drained proposition in the country
I just want to add in conclusion that as an indication of the progressive-
ness of St. Lucie County, the county seat is spending over $125,000 in public
buildings this year, besides the private buildings that are being constructed;
it has spent in the past two years on public improvements for sewerage,
electric lights, streets, sidewalks, reinforced concrete bridges, over $125,000.
We have a school building that cost our county $75,000.
There is always room for more and St. Lucie County is always pleased to
have the pleasure of welcoming a stranger.
The Crop Growers Purse
Chicago News: America's wealth I
is created on the farms. True, we've -
got great mines--iron, copper, gold
and silver-and great forest areas are
left, and from these natural resources
we draw a vast deal of wealth. But
that share goes mainly to the class of
Americans in whom we are least in-
terested-on one side to the capital-
ists who finance the mines and the
big lumbering projects, and on the
other largely (in the shape of wages)
to foreign labor.
For us average Americans the farm-
er's property is vital.
This year the farmer is going to be
extraordinarily prosperous, with one
The government figures show that
the wheat growers -will have a harvest
of 892,000,000 bushels, and the govern-
ment says that the growers will get
93% cents a bushel for their wheat-
a total of $834,000,000. The corn crop
will amount to 2,676,000,000 bushels;
it will bring to the growers more than
Oats will be thrashed to the amount
of 1,137,000,000 bushels. Our farmers
will have 197,000,000 bushels of barley
and 17,000,000 bushels of flax.
We shall raise 954,000,000 pounds of
tobacco and 230,000,000 bushels of ap-
ples. Our potato crop is good. Every-
where reports come that the yields
from farm land and orchards are
above normal. The war in Europe
will force the prices of products well
above normal, excepting cotton, of
With a wonderful crop "of cotton
(14,000,000 bales) our growers are get-
ting prices so low as to threaten seri-
ous hardship. We can't help facing
that fact, though we as a nation are
striving desperately to discover mar-
kets for the cotton of the south.
Fortunately, cotton will keep; our
problem is to finance the growers until
the market becomes normal again. As
for the rest of the crops, eager buyers
are in the markets. The American
farmer's purse will be heavy and we
who live in the cities and are kept
busy making the things the farmer
wants will certainly share in his pros-
Who wants to be a "bear" on the
American farmer's future?
JOHN M. OSKISON.
Davenport Times. "
S.- V-04 V
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 7
Come to Florida!
Tens of thousands of people who have gone to Europe every winter for
years, can not go to their favorite winter playgrounds along the Mediterranean
next winter, and must, of necessity, find a playground for winter sports and
pleasures on the American continent.
Florida offers everything that they have ever found along the Mediter-
ranean and much they have never found there. Florida has over one thousand
miles of coast line. Along its coast, both in Atlantic and Gulf waters, theie
are the finest opportunities known for boating, yachting, and all kinds of
water sports and pleasures. Those who have visited the Mediterranean and
have also been yachting and cruising in Florida waters express the opinion
that this water is better than that across the sea. Certainly it is safer this
Inland in Florida there is so much more to interest the tourist, and enter-
-tain him than there is across the Atlantic. There is no finer sport in the
world than the fishing in Florida's inland streams and lakes, and hunting
over her hammocks. All kinds of fish abound; all kinds of game are ready
for the sportsman's gun.
Accommodations at Florida hotels are so vastly superior to accommo-
dations in Mediterranean countries that there is no comparison.
Every person seeking the best climate in the world, and the best oppor-
tunities for winter sports and winter pleasures should come to Florida this
winter. Jacksonville is within a day and night's ride of the great population
centers of the United States, and there are trains with most luxurious appoint-
ments in and out at almost every hour of the day and night.
Tens of thousands of people who have never come to Florida before are
coming this winter. Already they are securing railroad, steamship and
hotel accommodations. There has never been a season when there were
so many bookings ahead for the winter season. Florida will be better pre-
pared to entertain her guests this season than ever before, and those who
come will be so delighted that they will never again want to go to the
Mediterranean and her greases and garlic, and her long lonesomeness, weeks
from home, and entirely out of touch with home ties and business ties in
For the homeseeker Florida has more to offer than any country under
the sun. There are approximately 27,000,000 acres of land that is tillable,
and can be made productive, in Florida. Of this vast amount, less than
ten per cent is in cultivation. There isn't an acre of it that is over a hundred
miles from water transportation.
There is land in Florida today producing more corn per acre than any
land in the famous corn belt of Illinois. There is land producing twelve
crops of alfalfa a year. There is land producing two good crops of potatoes
every year. There is land producing two good crops, one of corn or potatoes,
or sugar cane, and one of vegetables or other crops. There is potato land
producing many bushels and as good quality potatoes per acre as the land
in the famous Greeley section of Colorado. There is land producing more
tobacco and better tobacco than the best lands in Kentucky or Virginia.
There is land producing more and better cotton than the best lands of Texas,
Mississippi or the Nile.' This cotton is in demand now at 18 cents a pound
for consumption in American factories, while other good cotton is begging
at 10 cents a pound, and all that is being sold to the manufacturer is being
sold at about seven cents a pound.
There isn't a better poultry farm in Iowa, the home of good poultry,
than can be found in Florida. There isn't a better herd of Jersey cattle in
Ohio than can be found in Florida. There are no better horses in Kentucky
than can be found in Florida. There are no better mules in Tennessee than
can be found in Florida. There no better cattle in Missouri than can be
found in Florida.
All these things are scarce here, and need development. We need more
producers. More home makers. We need farmers who will come and
develop Florida. To the man with the brain and brawn and the capital to
develop the land, Florida offers opportunities that no other state offers.
We want you. We want to see you come here and prosper, for that
means the prosperity of all of us who are here now.
Come to Florida this winter. Come and see for yourself just what this
state offers.-Florida Metropolis.
Two-Year-Old Grape Fruit Tree. This Tree Bore One Box of Fruit
The Little Boy That Santa Claus
(By JAMES J. MONTAGUE.)
I wish when .Santa Claus drives down along the Avenue
(He always comes there first, I know, because they pay him to)
You'd watch him till he stops his sleigh somewhere beside the Park
An' get right in behind them deer, an' wait there in the dark
Till he comes back from where he's been; then whisper in his ear
Just where to find the little boy that he forgot last year.
I waited round here all day long, a hopin' he would come
An' bring my little sister's doll an' brother's skates an' drum.
I'd wrote an' told him our address, an' just what stairs to take
So he could come right to our, flat 'thout making' one mistake.
But he was busy, I suppose, for he's so good an' kind
He wouldn't turn us down unless that letter slipped his mind.
A lot of other kids I know got presents off of him,
An' he can find his way through streets that's dreadful dark an' dim.
But it must be an awful job to get all over town
An' leave his presents everywhere before the sun goes down.
Someone must always be forgot; that's easy enoughh to see;
An' Christmas day a year ago it happened to be me.
This year my dad ain't got no job, an' so I wish you'd say
That we DEPEND on Santa Claus to come 'round Christmas day.
Up on them big grand avenues there's always lots of toys,
An' Santa Claus don't mean so much to them rich girls an' boys.
But down here in our tenement he means an awful lot;
So don't forget to tell him 'bout the children he forgot!
J. G. Coats & Co.
FT. PIERCE, FLA.
Horses and Mules for Sale
Canals and Ditching
Florida Citrus Exchange Packing House
at Vero to Be Ready for Business
Vero will take rank with the other progressive fruit producing sections
of Florida with the opening of the citrus exchange packing house here this
The house will be operated by the Vero Citrus Growers' Association, an
organization incorporated under the laws of Florida and having members all
the way from Viking, seven miles south of Vero, to Wabasso, ten miles north.
It is estimated that at least 30,000 boxes of fruit will be packed in the new
house this season.
This great benefit to Vero and the citrus growers of the surrounding
territory was made possible by a small group of growers, who have advanced
the sum of $5,000 for building and equipping the packing house. Those who
subscribed to the loan are. N. 0. Penney, F. C. Gifford, Calvin Reams, Louis,
Charles and Frank Harris, J. J. Roberts and W. R. Copeland.
The association was organized at a meeting in Vero with the election of
Louis Harris as president, N. 0. Penney as vice-president and F. Charles Gif-
ford as secretary and manager. The board of directors consists of Mr. Penney,
Mr. Gifford, Mr. Louis Harris, John Helseth of Viking and W. R. Copeland of
Quay. W. B. Davis of Vero has been employed as packing house foreman. Mr.
Davis has had charge of the Penney packing house here for several years and
is an experience packing house man.
The packing house will be equipped with Skinner machinery, which is
used in some of the largest and best houses in Florida. Only modern methods
will be used in putting up the fruit, which added to the superior quality of the
oranges and grapefruit grown .in this section will bring the growers even
higher prices than they have ever before received.
"Top Brand" will probably be the name under which fruit from the Vero
house will be sold. This name has been suggested and will doubtless be
adopted, as it meets with general approval.
Affiliation with the Florida Citrus Exchange will give the fruit growers
of Vero the best marketing facilities they have ever had in addition to a bet-
ter pack. The exchange has paid representatives in nearly 100 markets
throughout the United States and Canada and the sum of $75,000 is being
expended in advertising exchange fruit this year.
When the fruit packing season ends the house will be available for pack-
ing tomatoes and other vegetables.
w .. V V. M. N Is. .W..N. V. Ms. ,I. .
_8 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
Houses, Houses, Houses
The Crying Need of Vero is Houses
Suppose you packed up all your be-
longings, gathered your wife and chil-
dren together and started on your way
to Vero; then suppose you arrived safe-
ly, got off at the station and wended
you way, bag and baggage and family
to Sleepy Eye Lodge or one of the good
boarding houses at Vero and disposed
of the baggage and children and you
and the wife "slicked up" a bit and
started out to see the sights.
You went out to the Walker Grove
in the center of Indian River Farms,
you ate grapefruit, the like of which
you never even imagined, you visited
pineapple fields and ate a pineapple,
discovering in it more flavor and de-
liciousness than you ever before
thought a pineapple could have, you
visited the truck gardens, you looked
over the cattle and hogs and viewed
the country in general and taking it all
in all you liked everything, especially
what you had eaten. Then you went
back and took the children for a dip
in the ocean; you liked Vero, your wife
liked Vero and the children liked Vero
and you all went to bed to dream
bright dreams of the new home you
would have by the next night. The
next morning you got up early, the sun
was shining brightly; you decided the
climate was ideal, the water was fine,
both the drinking and the ocean water;
so you sauntered merrily forth to look
at some houses with the intention of
renting one. You took a look around
town in search of some "For Rent"
signs; you think possibly it is a habit
of the country not to put up such signs
and you decide to go ask somebody
about the houses for rent in Vero. You
tell the first person you meet after
that decision that you are looking for
a house. He is sympathetic: "You
want a house, do you?" he says, "Well,
there is Jones over there in that tent;
he wanted a house, wants a house yet,
but I think he will keep right on want-
ing a house because he hasn't the
money to build one with, have you?"
Everybody you meet agrees with
you that a house is a thing to be de-
sired in Vero, in fact not one house
but houses and lots of them, but wlfere,
oh, where, is that house to be found?
To be sure, there are houses in Vero,
numbers of them, but they are occu-
pied and the occupants give no indica-
tion of roving propensities; they are
content, they say so and the fellow
who views with longing eyes his neigh-
bor's house thinks they are just alto-
gether too content. The fellow who
came in before you is looking for a
house; you are looking for a house and
the fellow who just gets in will be
looking for one.
Vero wants houses, Vero needs
houses, Vero wants and needs houses
and needs them NOW. There are peo-
ple in Vero, and more coming, who
want houses, but they haven't the
money to build them; they will make
mighty good renters and eventually
owners, and houses command good
rent in Vero and values are increasing
rapidly; but, it's oh, for a house in
Here's a chance for a building con-
tractor or the man who wants to invest
his money in a good, safe, well-paying
proposition, building houses for rent,
or for sale, in Vero, Florida.
Opportunities by the score in Vero
in all lines of business.
IOcklawaha Nursery trees of
Valencia Late Orange, every one
perfect, and budded from best
OCKLAWAHA NURSERIES, Tangerine, Fla.
Write for catalog
Publisher of Nation Wide Fame Visits Indian
Mr. William L. Larkin, one of Chicago's prominent publishers, visited Vero recently to
get material for an article to be included in a book entitled "The Truth About Florida," which
he will publish soon. Mr. Larkin is well acquainted with Florida, having made a number of
trips over the state. While in Vero, he inspected the drainage system, visited the Demonstra-
tion Farm and Walker's Grove; Mr. Larkin made a careful examination of the soil in Indian
River Farms and the drainage system; he declared the drainage system to be one of the
best he has ever seen and was especially enthusiastic regarding the soil here. Mr. Larkin
declared that the Walker Grove, which is located right in the center of Indian River Farms,
contains the best trees and the finest looking fruit he has ever seen.
T e Trutb) .0iout jloriba
Copyright by WILLIAM
L. LARKIN, Publisher
Vero, Fla. Oct. 51914
Dr. John Le Roy Hutohison,
609 Putnam Building,
Dear Dr. Hutchison:-
It gives me great pleasure to inform you that
I have investigated conditions of the Indian River Farms company
project at Vero, Fla. and I honestly believe this to be one of
the safest drained land enterprises now being deveLoped in
I have been over the ground thoroughly, dug in the soil,
visited your demonstration farm and inspected the wonderful citrus
fruit grove consisting of eight acres .of orange and grape fruit
trees, where the crop this year will produce not less than 4,500
boxes of the finest flavored fruit I have ever seen in this
Seeing is believing. The development work you have done here
is far in advance of anything I ever dreamed of. It is certianly
not a one crop project but will produce a dividend on diversified
farm products. far above any of the $200 an acre or even higher
priced land in Illinois or Iowa*
Anyone who anticipates visiting Vero with the expectation of
finding an ordinary southern town will be disappointed. Vero is
certainly a live wire and right up to the minute with, modern
developments. Everything is brand new and gives one the impression
of prosperity hhe minute he arrives..
Congratulating you and your company on the wonderful work
you are doing for the future development of not only this particular
section but an object lesson to be followed by colonizers and
investors, who wish to give the home builder a run for his money.
I am s mo. .
WILSON 4 TOOMER FERTILIZER CO.
. . a
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 9
Special Christmas Offer
SIX MONTHS SUBSCRIPTION TO
FOR 25 CENTS
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
FOR 25 CENTS
WITH IT WE MAIL YOU, FREE OF COST TO YOU, WILLIAM L. LARKIN'S BOOKLET
"THE TRUTH ABOUT FLORIDA"
The Truth About Florida
carries articles from pens
of some of the most no-
ted men in the country,
HON. PARK TRAMMELL
Governor of Florida
HON. W. S. JENNINGS
Ex-Governor of Florida
HON. A. W. GILCHRIST
Ex-Governor of Florida
J. E. INGRAHAM
Vice-Pres. Florida East
Coast R. R. Co.
EDGAR LUCIAN LARKIN
Observatory-author of "With-
in the Mind Maze."
SPEAKER CHAMP CLARK'S
By the Observer
CAPT. H. E. ROSE
Don't fail to get the
CUT OUT THIS COUPON-
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For six months subscription to THE INDIAN
RIVER FARMER which, according to your
special offer, I am to receive free of all cost
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About Florida," together with the next six is-
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THIS COUPON NOT GOOD AFTER JAN. 1, 1918
10 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
Yes, you left your Northern relatives
and friends that winter's evening, wifh
their chairs drawn up close to the
heater, while outside the wind is tear-
ing around the gables and whistling
into every crack and crevice. You
hear that old familiar remark (as they
pile on the wood and shovel in the
-coal) "My, but she's a blizzard outside
tonight and the snow still falling. Cold
-enough tonight to chill the very mar-
row in your bones."
Yes, many times we've seen the
work of Old Jack Frost as he belches
forth his frozen breath on young and
-old, rich anr poor alike, six months of
Your thoughts go back to the win-
ters like this when the whole family is
down sometimes with cold and grippe;
and, oh, my! how the doctor's bill piled
But while your thoughts run thus you
are taking a journey southward just
to see what it is like. The car seems
-cold at first and you draw your great-
coat around you and wish they would
turn on just a little more heat. Thus
a few hundred miles are passed and,
lo! the scene seems to have changed
as if by magic. There comes a breath
-of fresh, warm air, a few miles farther
south and you take off the great-coat
.and throw up the car window. It is
dawn again and as the train stops at
the different stations you notice the
green fields and growing vegetables.
You can hardly believe your eyes when
the train slows up again. You see in
the distance a few of those southern
trees, the magnolias, also a few palms
-away to the right, and at yet another
stop you are gazing out at the birds
and flowers and wonder if you are
really awake or is this some optical
As the twilight approaches once
more you catch a glimpse of the beau-
tiful Indian River through bunches of
palms, and in the cool of the evening
.you arrive at your station, Vero. Yes,
that's the place. You could tell it by
the group at the station, by the smil-
ing faces that greet you and welcome
you, a stranger in a strange land. You
notice that the Vero people are all
garbed in summer attire, while you are
laboring and perspiring under the
heavy weight of that fur coat (and
After a few hours repose at the
-cozy hotel, Sleepy Eye Lodge, you
have a hearty breakfast and then you
are taken to the scenes of the real
Indian River Farms you have read so
much about. The auto speeds on and
you gaze upon the Indian River Farms
land, smooth as a prairie, no stones or
boulders, and under the beautiful pines
you pick out a site for a home. You
see the orange groves and other fruit
orchards next and hundreds of acres
of pineapples, green gardens and
grasses, such as grown on the Demon-
Another trip to the Indian River
(after luncheon) where the little fish-
ing village along the shore is seen and
the fishing nets spread out to dry.
Away over the waters you look and
see hundreds of boats, large and small.
Now to the Ocean Beach with its roar
of mighty waters. A grander sight you
have never witnessed, you say, watch-
ing the bathers take their daily dip in
the briny foam and are fanned by
the fresh salt breeze. "Why," you
say, "it's better than a thousand doc-
tors." Away out over the waters is
an ocean-going steamer riding the
waves so smoothly you can hardly tell
whether or not she is moving at all.
And right at this point your thoughts
take you back just for a few minutes
to where your folks at home are still
shoveling in the coal and remarking
about the bitter cold.
Now our crowd is ready for some
other places of interest later on and
as we journey back we see other
things of interest-the century plants
on the shores and the bayonet cactus,
sea vines and strange flowers, her-
ons, white ibes, white storks with
scarlet legs and bills, occasionally a
few ducks and wild geese and many
other birds of the sea and shore. The
sun goes down behind the blue and
twilight finds you dreaming over those
day dreams of the things you never
thought existed. As the timpiece
points to 9:30 you go to your cozy
apartments at the Lodge and from
your suitcase take pen and paper, and
write to the dear ones at home, and
tell them of the fairy land you have
just dropped into, of the wonders you
have seen and how you are spending
your first Christmas in the bright,
warm June weather of Sunny Florida,
eating fresh fruits and vegetables,
wheie birds sing and flowers are
blooming all the year round, and wind
up by assuring them you will make
arrangements as soon as possible to
send for them, all at an early date.
Some of Eli C. Walker's Magnificent Grape Fruit.
Christmas in Florida
By Mrs. M. J. Travis
The Story of the Birth of Christ
By BRIEN W. FIFER
In a very old and picturesque little town Jesus was born. In the story of
his birth are touches of pathos, romance, tragedy and triumph. His mother,
Mary, was overtaken by the great hour at Bethlehem, where -she had gone
with Joseph. A census was being taken after a peculiar custom. Joseph was
compelled to enroll in his native town.
The town was overcrowded. No lodging places remained. No kindly
homes opened. The only place for Mary was in the underground stable and
storehouse in the rock, or possibly only in the great yard among the beasts
of burden and piles of feed and goods.
If in the cave the place was not so uncomfortable as some might suppose.
It was quiet, sheltered and away from the jangle and confusion of the crowd.
In a rude trough or stone manger the little baby was given a cradle. The
night was not cold, stormy or snow-burdened. It was probably calm and clear.
Shepherds were watching their flocks in the fields.
A beautiful picture is drawn in one of the gospels of an angel announcing
the birth of Jesus and a multitude of the heavenly host singing in honor of
the event and in prophecy of His work. The story continues how the shep-
herds went and saw the little child; how strange men with treasure came
from afar and worshipped Him; how Herod, the wicked king, jealous and fear-
ful, slew all the little children in Bethlehem that his soldiers could find, seek-
ing to destroy Jesus; and how Mary and Joseph with Jesus fled to Egypt for
safety. The story never loses charm, never fails to awaken the best emotions
and never fails to make the thoughtful heart more tender and generous.
Is it strange that this story never grows old? It is the most wonderful
account of the birth of any child. The gospel record is unequaled in sim-
plicity and delicacy of expression. From that story the finest forms of art
and literature have been produced. The greatest painting in the world is not
of Mona Lisa with her smile of mingled lure and desire, but of Mary, the
Madonna, with her little babe Jesus, expressing sweetness of service and
holy, true and courageous love.
The books and the songs which the people love dearest are all of Jesus,
and they are published the world around in increasing numbers and languages.
In the story are the great things of the Heavenly Father's love, the hope of the
world for peace and- good will, the visions of human happiness rivaling the
dreams of heaven and the opportunities of lowly, sinful people to rise to honor
and goodness. .'
Every memory of Jesus arouses a more tender regard for childhood, a
greater honor for motherhood, causes a more frequent upward look and urges
the 'helpful hand to the helpless man or woman. Wherever the story is re-
ceived 'with loving faith, a store of human treasure comes and days of in-
creasing joy follow. Such a story never can grow old or lose its measureless
So many times the birth of a little child makes human hearts glad. The
baby's first cry is answered by words of overflowing joy. There are letters
and telegrams and telephone messages in plenty. But no little child ever
brought such joy to the world as Jesus. Unnumbered millions of homes have
been made happy by His memory and presence. Loved ones long lost have
come home by His guiding voice or hand. Distant lands have been blessed.
Pagan mothers have been safeguarded. Helpless little children, deserted,
starving, despised, have been rescued and sheltered. Oppressed men have
become free. Sinful men have become good.
All this has come from the birth of Jesus into the world. This Christmas
morning nio one can measure the gladness He has brought to the earth.
There are precious family reunions today. The postman and expressman
have brought many things from absent loved ones which gave joy and grati-
tude. The voices everywhere are joyful and the frolics and laughter of little
children make finer music than the multitude which sang at Jesus' birth.
Stern men today lose something of their grimness, mothers are more
tender in tone, and children's hearts burn with new and greater love. The
Christian world is rejoicing because Christ was born as the gift of God to help,
to teach and to save all people.
In every good deed, loving gift, happy song, human reconciliation, Christ
is born. Wherever men smile upon one another in kindly good will, the pres-
ence of Christ is seen. Wherever men and nations create peace and justice,
the guiding hand of Christ is felt. Wherever men and women strive for
cleaner cities, purer homes, more equitable laws, harmony among contending
classes, greater protection for little babe, helpless woman or burdened man,
the example of Christ is followed. Where Christ is born in human faith He
will appear in all occupations and habits of humanity. The birth of Christ in \
business, industry, and government is the great gift God desires to bestow
upon the world. What a Christmas day this would be if, in every factory,
store, mining camp, skyscraper office, banking room, household, Christ should
begin to live and every man and woman begin to love and serve Him.
Distinguished Educator Visits Vero
Says Vero and Vicinity Has Future Which Few
Prof. Merton L. Cozine, well known in school circles in Kansas, Missouri
and Ohio, was one of Vero's visitors during the early part of November. Mr.
Cozine, being acquainted with a number of owners of Indian River Farms,
bought unsight unseen a couple of years ago, and has just taken the time to
inspect his farm.
"I am more than pleased with the whole system as it is being worked
out by the Indian River Farms Company. I am also convinced that Vero and
vicinity has a future which few communities in the United States have. The
soil, the climate, and, in fact, everything, was just as represented, or even
better. I do not hesitate to recommend Indian River Farms to anyone looking
for a location."
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 11
They Cannot Fight and Produce at
European Countries Must Look This Way for Hundreds
of Millions of Dollars in Purchases-Our
Exports Are Growing Fast
At the outbreak of the European of our advanta
war everybody in America looked for tries in shape
a tremendous export demand in this Packer.
country and expected it to bring about
a return of prosperity. Eventually it
will bring prosperity, but not until
^ there is the added incentive of revival It is not a
of industry in this country. been eventful
Our export demand is growing by in foreign court
leaps and bounds right now and each Abroad, th
month as the war is prolonged a destructive wa
growth in exports is certain, clock of huma
Our September exports were valued suffering that
at $68,490,889, compared with $38,786,- At home,
624 a year ago. trial condition
Wheat, meats and sugar are de- laws; taking i
manded in immense quantities from the entire civil
America. foretell; but it
The sugar shipments from other fall largely to
sources have decreased heavily since By follow
the outbreak of the war and America our personal p
has been called upon to make up the can render in)
deficiency. Our wheat exports in the and establish
last three months have set a record what a magnif
higher than ever reached in a corre- to all the war
spending period, and this situation, and peace esta
with Europe craving our surplus ing Europe as
goods, cannot help but have material want to get ju
effect in bolstering up weakened gen- they possibly
eral business conditions in this coun- citizenship son
try. mention some
Europe in going to war automatic- brotherly, Chr
ally ceased to be a producer of its well as EuropE
own necessities. The immense crops The South
of Europe this year have rotted in be greatly enr
the fields. Women and the aged men ored citizens c
alone were left to harvest them. The hood of man
able-bodied men had taken up arms. of the home ax
Mvianufactures were practically closed greatest assets
for the same reason. Europe is run- This is th
ning "full time" only in the manufac- our second Ch
ture of guns and ammunition, and it's
overtime work in these lines.
Called upon to ship 7,000,000 pounds
of fresh meat to Europe in September,
we sent over there eleven times the
volume that went abroad in the same
month a year ago, and our canned beef
shipments of 3,000,000 pounds were
eight times larger than a year ago.
We exported 10,780,165 bushels of
oats in September, against 318,928
bushels a year ago; 2,842,222 pounds
of oatmeal, against 624,823 pounds a
year ago, and our corn exports were
1,152,043 bushels, against 670,464 last
Europe's war has brought us a big
increase in business already, but
we're just beginning to feel the impetus
to demand as result of the war. That
it will be a big demand for our goods
for many months ahead is certain.
Europe, having quit fighting, will re-
quire some years to readjust itself to
the normal basis of production in all
Meantime we're going to do a tre-
mendous business in shipping to
Europe, and likewise to countries that
Europe formerly supplied with her
goods, and will not again be able to
supply for years ahead. Our increase
in export business comes alone by an_
abnormal situation, but it is here nev-
ertheless and we must make the best Vei
LATE GRAPEFRUIT for April to July ing.the totancella
market assured the planter of Bowen, the total forl
Florida, Standard and Marsh Seedless $2,599.90 were
varieties. Sold reasonable prices for local postoffice
A Ng. 1 stock at The fruit
OCKLAWAHA NURSERIES,Tangerine, Fla. has kept up co
Write for catalog than last spril
*at any other s
ges to place our indus-
to handle it.-Chicago
mere commonplace to say that the two years just gone by have
years because they have been extraordinarily eventful not only
entries but in our own land.
tey have witnessed the inauguration of the greatest and most
r in all history-a conflict that will turn back the hands on the
n progress a full thousand years and bring about a degree of
beggars human description.
the past two years have experienced a.readjustment of indus-
s as well as the placing in operation of many new and untried
it all together, there has been a regular shake-up throughout
lized world. Just what the finish will be no one can accurately
is reasonable to suppose that such benefits as may accrue will
the American nation.
ng religiously the advice of President Wilson and not allowing
references to influence either our public speech or action, we
valuable help to the unfortunate peoples of all the combatants
ourselves as the real friends of all the friendless. Just think
cent position this places us in, that of being the "Big Brother"
ring nations of Europe; then when the trouble is finally over
blished, there will be such an influx to this country from bleed-
we have never before experienced. The thinking classes will
ist as far away from everything that reminds them of war as
can. There will be a great opportunity for us to acquire in our
ne of the best blood from Germany, Austria and France, not to
of the lesser nations. Let us welcome these new comers in a
istian spirit. They will bring to us vigor of body and mind as
land will get a large percentage of this immigration and will
iched thereby. Let us offer them every facility to become hon-
if our beautiful country, where the spirit of Universal Brother-
has reached its highest development and where the harmony
id fireside, coupled with happiness and peace of mind, form our
e Yuletide message the writer conveys to our readers in this
ristmas edition. HERMAN J. ZEUCH,
Young Citrus Stock. *
o Growing at a Rapid Rate
receipts at Vero continue to show how rapidly the town is grow-
tions during October amounted to $113.85, or more than double
April. During the same period money orders aggregating
sold. October was the biggest month in the history of the
business is increasing at a corresponding rate. The increase
Instantly during the summer and it is now fifty per cent larger
ng. It is now said that more freight is handled at Vero than
tation from Fort Pierce to Titusville.
A LOVE SONG
There is a voice that is calling
Out of the Westland for me,
Out where the red sun is falling
Silently into the sea.
I could forget all the pain, dear,
If you could come from above;
Bloom for me just once again dear,
Wonderful red rose of love.
-William F. Kirk.
C ristmas lorn
0, the wonderful night before Christmas.
When even the mice are still,
And the moonbeams bright
With their silvery light
Guide Santa o'er vale and hill!
His sleigh, filled with priceless treasures.
From airships to baby's horn,
Will bring joy undefiled
To the heart of each child
With the dawning of Christmas morn
At the first faint glow of daybreak
Comes the patter of little feet,
As sly as can be
On their way to the tree
Loaded down with its Christmas treat.
Then mother comes down in her nightie.
Sis, as fresh as a rose new-born,
And brother and dad
Just scramble like mad
On joy-giving Christmas morn.
O, the twenty-fifth day of December
Is by far the best day of the year;
From the first streak of light
To the middle of night
'Tis a heart-warming day of good
We hope not a soul in all Florida
Will be one wee bit forlorn,
But that old age and youth
Will be happy, forsooth,
On this beautiful Christmas morn.
BEEF PRODUCTION IN FLORIDA
There is an article by J.-N. Whitner,
manager of the Tosohatchee ranch,
Sanford, in the brochure just issued
by the Florida East Coast Railroad.
Mr. Whitner comments on Florida's
possibilities as a beef producing state
The beef supply is now one of the
world's recognized problems. The ad-
vancing price of lands and the need
for farms and orchards is rapidly re-
ducing the area of grazing land, there-
by making a shortage of beef.with re-
sulting high prices. The 1913 Year
nook of the Department of Agriculture
says the census of 1910 shows "a de-
crease int ten years of 9,385,343 head,
or 18.5 per cent of all cattle other
than milch cows." Since the increase
in population for tne same decade in
the United States was 20 per cent, we
find the startling decrease in the sup-
ply of beef of 38 per cent per capital.
The Year Book says "the question of
providing enough beef to supply the
demand is now recognized as one of
world-wide importance,", and further
discussing the subject devotes a sec-
tion of the book beginning as follows:
"Possibilities of the South-There is
one section that can produce more
cattle and produce them more cheaply
than any other section of the whole
country, for the lands are still cheap,
the grazing is good, the pasture sea-
son is long, feeds can be produced at
minimum cost, and inexpensive shelter
only is required. That section of the
country is the South."
In Florida no shelter is required and
the pasture season is perpetual, from
January to January.
There are three points quoted from
the Year Book issued by the Depart-
ment of Agriculture. One showing the
decrease in cattle production in Amer-
ica, and the increase in population;
one the shortage of beef supply the
world over, and the other the good
pasture and long season of the pastur-
age in the South.
As Mr. Whitner remarks, the pas-
ture season in Florida is perpetual
from January to January, and cattle
need no shelter. This ought to con-
vince any man who has ever had any
experience in the livestock business
that Florida is an ideal place for cattle
raising. With the "perpetual graz-
ing," as Mr. Whitner puts it, and the
nearness to market, compared with
other sections a long distance away;
with our water shipping facilities, and
the possibilities of growing everything
that is necessary to produce and fatten
cattle, this state ought to soon take
its position far up in the ranks of cat-
tle raising states.-Florida Metropolis.
12 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
Extensive improvements have re-
cently been made in Pocahontas Park.
A number of the native trees have been
removed, some underbrush cleared
away and space prepared for tropical
trees and plants. Walks leading to a
proposed fountain in the center have
been laid out and when completed this
will be one of the prettiest small parks
R. G. Huckaby of Vero has opened a
fruit store in Vero next to the bank
building and will handle all kinds of
Florida fruits as well as apples and
other fruits in season. His citrus
fruits 4,ll come from E. C. Walker's
grove on the Indian River Farms and
are as fine as can be found in Florida.
He will take orders for boxes of
oranges, grapefruit and tangerines to
be'shipped to any address.
A. C. Brown of Alton, Ill., was here
recently. looking after his grove on the
Indian River Farms, and arranging to
plant more trees this winter. He found
his -young, grove in excellent condition.
A Sunday school-has been organized
in Vero to meet at the school house
each Sunday morning at 10 o'clock.
Mr. Bart Wood is superintendent.
Plans are under way for a Christmas
entertainment for the purpose of rais-
ing money to purchase song books and
Postmaster J. M. Jones has opened
an oyster depot in the postoffice build-
ing where Vero people may obtain
fresh Indian River oysters at all times.
Dr. W. G. Graul's Bungalow at Vero.
Sumner C. Law is preparing to en-
ter the fish business at Vero about
January 1. He has leased ground for
a dock and fish house a short distance
south of the Knight Bros. dock and
the buildings are now in course of
Mr. and Mrs. Carl Funk and little
daughter of Batchtown, Ill., have ar-
rived in Vero to live. Mr. Funk is
interested in the Batchtown Fruit Com-
pany, which is developing 50 acres of
land on the Indian River Farms.
Mr. and Mrs. R. T. Ogilby of Rock-
ford, Ill., have arrived in Vero to spend
the winter and begin improving their
land. They made the trip by automo-
bile. Mr. Ogilby has been a breeder
of Berkshire hogs and he expects to
engage in hog raising here.
G. B. Keehner and wife of Hardin,
Ill., have arrived in Vero to spend the
winter and begin developing their land
on the Indian River Farms.
Ben Ciola and family of Bowen, Mo.,
have arrived'in Vero and are occupy-
ing a new house built for them on their
land west of town. Mr. Cibla is part
owner of a portable sawmill, which will
soon be started on the farms.
Louis, Otto and Frank R. Schroth
of Chicago spent several days here
last month looking over their hundred
acre tract, which they purchased some
time ago on the Indian River Farms.
Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Ebert and son
of Alton, Ill., have arrived to begin
developing their land on the Indian
A. H. Baumgartner of Punxsutawney,
Pa., is another agricultural expert who
has approved the Indian River Farms.
He spent several days going over the
land recently and found them much
*to his satisfaction. Mr. Baumgartner
was reared on a farm and spent two
years in the Pennsylvania state agri-
Mrs. H. Clemanns and daughter, Mrs.
Orth, have joined Mr. Clemanns, and
sons and Mr. Orth at their new home
on the Indian River Farms. They have
ten acres of land prepared for setting
to citrus trees this winter and are get-
ting a portion of their land in shape Linn, Kans., came down early in No-
for spring vegetables. vember to begin the development of
Views of forage crops grown on the their land on the Indian River Farms.
Indian River Farms are given a promi- Mr. Cozine is a prominent school man
nent place in a new booklet issued by of the Middle West.
the Land and Industrial Department Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Tritt and Charles
of the Florida East Coast Railway, en- E. Temple of Terre Haute, Ind., are
titled, "Stock Raising in Florida." among the new settlers on the Indian
There are pictures showing oats, River Farms. They came to Vero look-
Rhodes grass and para grass growing ing for land and were so well pleased
on the demonstration farm at Vero, as that they bought tracts and decided
well as a view of the litter of thor- to remain.
oughbred Hampshire pigs born on the Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Wright of In-
farm last spring. The entire booklet dianapolis are having five acres, of
is devoted to setting forth the possi- their ten-acre tract prepared for citrus
abilities of Florida as a stock raising trees, which they will plant in Febru-
state. It is profusely illustrated with ary.
crop and stock farm scenes taken at
various points in Florida, all being con-
vincing evidence that good hogs and
cattle can be raised successfully and
profitably. Copies of the booklet may | B
be obtained of the Land and Industrial
Department, Florida East Coast Rail-
way, St. Augustine, Fla.
George Gerold and J. 0. Geyer of
East St. Louis have each purchased
a twenty-acre tract on the Indian River
Farms. While at Vero recently they
contracted with the Indian River De-
velopment Company to set five acres
of their land to citrus trees this win-
Since the hunting season opened
November 20 a number of Vero people
have been living on quail and wild
ducks. Several wild turkeys have also
been brought in. Resident Engineer Residence Under Constru
R. P. Hayes was the first to bag a
turkey. All kinds of game is unusually P. T. Stevenson of Delaware, 0., is
plentiful this season. here to begin developing his land in
A number of new settlers at Vero section 30.
have come from the north by automo- Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Cunningham of
bile, but Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Trickey St. Louis have purchased a ten-acre
of Waycross, Ga., are the first to make tract on the Indian River Farms and
the trip in a one-horse wagon. They are beginning to develop it. Mr. and
arrived November 22, well and in good Mrs. Cunningham came to Vero sev-
spirits, although both are past middle eral weeks.ago to look for a location.
age. Mr. and Mrs. Trickey had heard of They were so well pleased with wnat
Indian River Farms and decided they they found here that they decided to
wanted to live there. Loading their stay and start farming at once. Mr.
household goods on a freight car they Cunningham is a civil engineer.
filled their wagon with a camping out- Miss Lilla Noble of Kansas City,
fit and a few personal belongings and Missouri, daughter of Henry Noble,
started, has arrived in Vero to spend the
J. H. Atkin, secretary of the Red- winter with her parents. Mr. and Mrs.
stone Lumber & Supply Company, has Noble are expecting their son from
begun the erection of an eight-room Texas City and another daughter from
house on the west side of Cherokee Kansas City to be with them for the
street, between Osceola boulevard and holidays.
First street in Vero. G. B. R. Atkins Mr. and Mrs. Joel J. Wright will re-
of Vero has the contract, turn to their home in Indianapolis
F. Oberlander, who arrived in Vero soon, after spending two pleasant
recently with his wife and daughter months in Vero looking after their
from Warrenton, Mo., is building a land and interests here.
house on Cherokee avenue, between The motion picture entertainment
Osceola boulevard and First street. and dance at Vero Hall recently was
Mr. Oberlander contemplates estab- well attended and everyone enjoyed a
lishing a lumber yard in Vero. good time, and are looking forward to
Mr. and Mrs. Merton L. Cozine of the next entertainment.
A Warning and Promise
All things whatsoever ye would
that men should do to you, do ye
even so to them, is not only a rule,
but also a warning and a promise.
-Arthur W. Newcomb.
action for Mrs. M. E. Hard.
panied by Mrs. Winter's mother, and
Gilbert Pritchett, drove to Vero last
month from their home in Alton, Ill.
Mr. Winter owns a grove a mile south
of Vero, which he purchased last year
and also twenty acres on the Indian
River farms. They will spend the win-
ter on their grove property.
Mr. Hans Clemann-of Rock Island,
A big improvement has been made
in the appearance of Vero by the beau-
tifying of the vacant part of the block
on which Sleepy Eye Lodge is located.
The ground has been cleared of all
native growth and planted to Bermuda
grass. Flowers and tropical plants
will be planted over it, making an at-
tractive little park in the center of
Charles Huckaby, who came to Vero
recently from Kirkwood, Mo., has
opened a shoe repairing shop, where
he is prepared to do all kinds of shoe
A sad death
occurred in Ve-
the seven year
old son of Mr.
and Mrs. Will .-
passed away at
here. His death r S 1L
ing as a result
of an injury to -.---- .a -
his foot re-
ceived while .
riding a bicy-
cle.. The fu-
neral was held
at the home of
Mrs. K. B. Rau- Glory to God in fl
lerson of Fort
Pierce, where men.-Luke II:14.
the Atkin family formerly resided. Mr.
Atkin is cashier of the Farmers' Bank
Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Winter, accom-
Residence of Florida East Coast Railway Agent at Vero.
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 13
Axel Peterson has returned to Vero
from Moline, Ill., where he was called
by the death of his wife. Mr. Peter-
son had been in Vero only a few days
when a telegram came announcing the
, critical illness of his wife. He started
home at once, but her death occurred
before he arrived. He is now here
building a house and preparing to de-
velop his land.
S. A. Dickason of Kansas City has
started putting in a crop of vegetables
on rented land while preparing his
own place for cultivation.
Interior View of the Farmers Bank of Vero, Showing the Magnificent
.- Mahogany and Brass Counter Fixtures and Marble Interior Finish.
Adolph, Bodin today brought in the
first egg plant grown on the farms
this year. -They are unusually large
r And of fine quality. He sold his first
picking in Vero for $10 and will begin
The last excursion again demon-
strated the fact that the only thing
get people to
buy Indian Riv-
er Farms is to
get them to
Vero. In spite
of the fact that
the tract were
bad on account
sa les almost
reached the 100
per cent mark.
By Wm. L.
Ids Residence in Indian Larkin.
To appoint unto them that
mourn in Zion, to give unto
them beauty for ashes, the oil of
joy for mourning, the garment of
praise for the spirit of heaviness;
that they might be called trees of
righteousness, the planting of
the Lord, that He might be glori-
New settlers continue to come in al-
most daily. Mr. and Mrs. 0. S. Robin-
son and baby of Bicknell, Indiana, ar-
rived Friday to begin developing their
ten acres on Osceola boulevard, two
miles from town.
About thirty people came down on
the first .November excursion from In-
diana, Ohio, Missouri, Kansas and Illi-
nois. It was the biggest excursion
since last spring and several prospec-
tive buyers of good sized tracts were
in the crowd.
Here I I This snappy Log Bungalow, complete in
every detail, built for your home. You
can't duplicate it for the money. This and other new bunga-
lows for sale in the wide-awake town of Vero. For particu-
lars, see Joe Hill, Vero, Fla.
The demonstration garden in front
of the hotel is being rapidly trans-
formed by L. Wellz, a St. Louis gar-
dener, who took a lease on it recently.
He has removed every weed from the
tract and has it in fine condition for
planting vegetables. Mr. Wellz is one
of the hardest workers that ever
struck Vero and the demonstration
garden promises to be one of the most
interesting sights here this winter.
Find Your Place in Life
Every individual unit humanity
contains should find exactly that
field of labor which may most con-
tribute to its development, happi-
ness and health.-Olive Schreiner.
Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Wright of In-
dianapolis have purchased a lot on
Osceola boulevard and will build a
house shortly. In the meantime, they
are living in a tent.
H. E. Wilson, a newspaper man of
Seneca, Kans., is here to begin the de-
velopment of his twenty-acre tract in
Gady Excavator No. 1 is making ex-
cellent progress on lateral E since it
was rebuilt, and the contractors hope
they will have no more trouble with
it. Excavator No. 1 is still working
on sub-lateral A5, but ought to finish
it next week. It will probably be re-
built before doing any more digging.
The Bucyrus is going along at a rapid
rate on lateral B.
THE TIME FOR DOING
Today is your day and mine; the
only day we have; the day in which
we play our part. What our part
may signify in the great whole we
may not understand; but we are
here to play it, and now is our
time. This we know; it is a part
of action, not of whining. It is
a part of love, not cynicism. It is
for us to -express love in terms of
human helpfulness. This we know,
for we have learned from sad ex-
perience that any other source of
life leads to decay and waste.-
David Starr Jordan.
The visitors found delightful weather
and favorable conditions generally.
The condition of growing crops on
the drained land could not be better.
Everybody is enthusiastic and will go
home boosting Vero.
George H. Burrows and Paul Herig
of Cleveland, who came down with W.
E. Sexton, confirmed an option on 100
acres in Section 8 and optioned 40
acres in Section 18 and another 40 in
Section 7. This land is for a group
of their friends in Cleveland. All of
these people are well-to-do and will
improve their land in a high class
Work on the Citrus Exchange pack-
ing house will be started next weeK
and there is every prospect that it will
be in operation before Christmas. Mr.
R. G. Huckeby, who has had much ex-
perience in putting up large buildings
in St. Louis, will superintend the work.
The building will be located on the
railroad right of way, between the de-
chinery will be installed. This con-
cern puts out some of the best pack-
ing house equipment on the market
and a thoroughly up-to-date house is
assured. The association is being
financed entirely by local growers,
who will lend a total of $5,000 to build
and equip the house.
THE ACTIVITY OF WORK
The worker is learning that work
is not bad, but that it is the great-
est blessing humanity has," that
through it the race has evolved as
far as it has progressed, and that
through the activity of work lies
the well-being of mankind.-Alice
Vero has received recognition from
the Florida East Coast Railway in two
important ways during the last week.
After an extended correspondence with
General Manager M. Riddle of the rail-
road company, Florida Manager Young
has received a letter informing him
that the East Coast's two crack trains
will hereafter be stopped, at Vero to
take on and let off passengers holding
tickets to or from Jacksonville and
points north. Train No. 86, due in
Vero from the south at 6:20 a. m., will
be flagged for passengers to Jackson-
ville, while No. 85, due at Vero from
the north at 9:20 p. m., will be stopped
to let off passengers from Jackson-
This will be a great convenience to
the traveling public and it is a big
concession on the part of the railway
company. Heretofore these two trains
have made no stops between Sebastian
and Fort Pierce.
Residence of Mr. Baker in Vero.
pot and Redstone's sawmill. It will Mr. Riddle again showed his desire
be 65 feet long by 65 feet wide, with to help Vero by granting the Vero
corrugated iron roof and sides. The Citrus Growers' Association a lease
Skinner system of packing house ma- (Continued on page 18.)
This Log Bungalow at Vero Has Four Rooms, Bath and Two Large Porches.
Pank of Vero.
st, and on earth peace, good will toward
)* I^ ^ B BB
aMB a5 U -UaUNNUMISS.WNI-U111 WN ...N IS EMMWWWWW01WW!W -V V4 ..?!
14 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
Beautiful Bungalow of W. T. Humiston in Indian River Farms.
W. T. Humiston, a Practical and Sci-
entific Farmer, Builds Home in
Indian River Farms
Four and a half miles west of Vero, in a section of the country where no
human habitation has ever existed, W. T. Humiston, a young man from
Cleveland, 0., has built one of the most attractive houses to be found in St.
Lucie county. Mr. Humiston and his father, Dr. W. H. Humiston, a prominent
surgeon of Cleveland, own 120 acres on the Indian River Farms and Mr.
Humiston came to Vero last July to take charge of the development work.
His house was designed by himself along lines that are admirably adapted
to conditions here. It has a stucco exterior with numerous doors and win-
dows and a wide porch. Three arches in front of the main entrance constitute
the most attractive feature of the building. An immense fireplace occupies
almost the entire east end of the long living room and the windows and doors
are so arranged as to give an abundance of air and light to every room.
Mr. Humiston is planting a large acreage of vegetables and preparing
three acres for citrus trees this winter. He is both a practical and a scientific
farmer who believes Florida offers greater opportunities in an agricultural
way than any other part of the United States.
Open Fireplace in Mr. Humiston's Bungalow.
Well-Known Maryland Physician Buys an Indian River Farm
Dr. E. W. Steves, a prominent Baltimore physician, formerly of Pittsburgh,
paid a visit to Vero during the early part of November and, contrary to his
expectations, was well pleased with Indian River Farms.
"I came here very doubtful.as to the value of Indian River Farms," said
Dr.. Steves, "but after looking it over carefully have come to the conclusion
that this is about the best proposition that I have ever seen-notwithstanding
the fact that I have visited various parts of the United States and Canada
and have investigated quite a number of the best farming sections in our
country. I have confirmed my belief in this land by purchasing one of these
farms and it is my intention to extend my holdings in the near future."
"The Indian River Farms Company is doing a wonderful work here in the
way of drainage, road building, etc., and in my opinion is strictly reliable in
Dr. Steves left Vero delighted with the country and the hospitality of
the people. "Leave the grouch at home, for there is no room for it down
here," said the doctor, and he but expresses the feeling of many others who
come to Vero expecting to be disappointed.
Florida Soils and the Possiblities in
W. E. SEXTON.
Much has been said and written upon the subject of Florida soils, but
there has been more time and money spent in writing and talking of Florida
soils than there has been energy spent on them to see what they will actually
produce if given a chance.
First, the soil formation in Florida is a peculiar one to the Northern man
who has been accustomed to the glacial or heavier soils that are found
throughout the North. The soil in Florida is the work of the ocean and the
animal life found in the ocean. The coral first built the reef and then the
waves carried sand and other material and deposited them on this reef, but
always carrying back to the bcean the light material or vegetable matter
found in the deposit, so that most upland soils are very deficient in organic
or vegetable matter, but a large per cent of them are abundantly supplied
with lime, which is one of our most valuable materials for building up a per-
manent soil fertility. The lime is a decayed shell formation and is generally
spoken of as "marl." This is one of the finest forms of agricultural lime
that we have. The other elements, such as phosphorus 'and potash, are not
found in as large quantities as will be found in clay soils, but it seems that
Nature was equalizing matters when she gave Florida her wonderful lime
supply and climate which makes it possible to maintain and secure an
abundant supply of humus and nitrogen at the least possible cost. The up-
lands in Florida need this humus, but with the velvet bean, beggar weed, win-
ter vetch and cowpea-all of which seem to be at home in these warm, sandy
loam soils-this lack need not worry the farmer if he has sufficient power
and the right kind of implements to turn them under. With deep plowing
and the turning under of the above mentioned leguminous crops, Florida
should have one of the most fertile soils in the country. There are thousands
of acres of muck land in Florida which is nothing more than the result of
decayed vegetable matter which has been taking place for hundreds of years.
These soils are especially adapted to the growth of vegetable crops and are
abundantly supplied with nitrogen.
Many people condemn Florida for her sand, but the sandy loam soil is
her salvation. With the excessive rainfall that she has, with the long grow-
ing season without frost to heave the land, it would be almost impossible
to plow it were it a clay type of soil, such as found in the Northern States.
The greatest needs today in Florida are drainage, deep plowing, leguminous
crops and plenty of horse power. With these things well supplied, Florida will
be one of the greatest factories in the United States for the economical prd-
duction of feeding steers for the great corn belt of the North. With her
enormous growth of such nutritious grasses, such as Rhodes, Para and
Bermuda, where 12 tons of hay per acre have been gotten in one season, and
with Japanese Cane for soiling crop and a substitute for ensilage, no state in
the Union can compete with her for the production of cheap beef. Barns and
sheds for cattle are unheard of, and the cattle do not suffer for the lack of
them. There are many other places in the United States where cattle are
produced without sheds, but the young stock generally suffer from this lack.
In Florida, every day is growing day, so that the cattle can at all times har-
vest their own feed, so that the labor of producing beef is at a minimum.
Many people cite our native scrub cattle as an example of what cannot
be done in Florida, but to me this native stock is the best evidence we have
that cattle can be produced, if properly handled, for without any care or feed,
other than what they are able to secure from the coarse wild grasses and
infested with ticks, which have been unmolested since the beginning of time,
are to be found thousands of head of cattle, roaming the range and producing
fair sized steers where there has not been a drop of new blood for centuries.
Florida, with her wonderful forage crops and long growing season will be
one of the greatest States in the Union for the production of cheap feeding
stock before the next decade.
The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord hath ap-
pointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek. He hath sent me to
bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and
the opening of the prison to those who are bound; to proclaim the.
acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of vengeance of our God; to
comfort all that mourn; to appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to
to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the
garment of praises for the spirit of heaviness.-Isaiah.
Good Roads a Foundation for Florida's
From "Florida Grower"
With the state papers taking up the good road question it is only a matter
of time when good highways will gridiron all Florida. Do not forget that good
roads will make a solid foundation upon which to build Florida's future. With
good roads our winter visitors will bring their automobiles, and can anyone
imagine a man visiting all parts of the state without finding some one spot
that he will like, and in which he will plan to settle at some future time? I
cannot. Men who own automobiles are generally men of means; they have
money to invest or to build a home, and once located here they make the
best of progressive citizens. California was built to what it is now by just
such people. Get them to come here to settle and they will do their share
toward building the Florida of my dreams; the garden spot of the world, the
one place of pure delight. Good roads will do much toward making this dream
"gSM VS. ... -.. -WW W !" W.!
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 15
T. P. Wallace
It was one week before Christmas;
the snow had fallen all the previous
night and all day the wind had been
blowing hard; pedestrians were hurry-
ing from their daily work eager to
reach home to enjoy the warmth and
comfort to be found there. The city
was lit by its myriad lights, but all
hurried along to their different places
of abode to escape the keen biting
winds that swept the snow in cruel
On a side street from one of the city
parks stood a row of rather unpreten-
tious flats, evidently the homes of peo-
ple with moderate means. In one of
these, a very handsome woman was
watching eagerly through the panes of
glass in the upper window. A close
observer might have detected a rather
sad look in her eyes as she waited.
When the door opened and a man
stepped in, before he could recover his
breath after buffeting the wind out-
side, a pair of arms were around his
neck and the girl had kissed him ten-
derly. Her husband returned the salu-
tation and removing his overcoat and
hat followed her into the little room
where they ate their meals.
Their home was divided into three
rooms, a living room, a bed room and
kitchen. The kitchen was used for
dining room also and looked very cozy
this cold night as supper was served.
John Roseberry and his wife, Marian,
had not always lived in such humble
quarters, but several ventures that
John had placed great confidence in
had proved worthless. Things had
grown from bad to worse until one day
John found that there was nothing left
for him but his ten fingers and a strong
desire to earn money to keep himself
and wife from want.
He reproached himself time and
again when he looked at his wife who,
without a murmur, stepped into the
breach and with hands that had never
known toil, bravely did the work of
the little household and who was al-
ways ready to cheer and comfort him.
John Roseberry had been brought up
as a gentleman's son and knowing no
trade was compelled to take whatever
offered him a livelihood and had ac-
cepted a place on the sales force of a
friend of his dead father. This com-
pelled long absences from his wife and
both felt the separation keenly.
Several months previous to this
stormy night, John had had to make a
trip for his house to Jacksonville, Flor-
ida, which required him to make a
somewhat lengthened stay, and while
there he heard so much talk around
his hotel about people from the North
who had settled in Florida and ac-
quired orange and grapefruit groves,
that he soon developed a deep inter-
est. He read everything he could find
and after completing his business ob-
tained leave of absence for two weeks.
While in Jacksonville, John made the
acquaintance of a gentleman who was
one of Florida's most brilliant mem-
bers of the bar, Judge Anderson, a
keen observer of men and an authority
on land in his adopted state; and who
for a number of years had gone ex-
tensively into the cultivation of pine-
apple and citrus fruit. Judge Ander-
son invited John to pay him a visit
and see for himself what opportunities
awaited aggressive and enterprising
men in the Land of Flowers.
Realizing the beauty of the ride in
daylight, Judge Anderson had pur-
posely chosen a day train so John
might enjoy the delightful scenery
down the Florida East Coast. To say
that John was surprised at the beauty
of the stately palms, the luxuriant
tropical verdure and the beautiful
waters of the Indian River would .be
putting it mildly. To John it seemed
like stepping out from the hurry and
bustle of the busy city with its never
ceasing noises and being transported
into a fairy country. It brought back
memories of boyhood days when ab-
sorbed in the story of Ponce De Leon
and his fabled Fountain of Youth, he
had been in a world of his own and he
had forgotten where he was. In the
background he saw himself and Marion
inhabiting this land of tropical trees
and flowers. He could see Marian and
himself sitting on the porch of a cozy
little bungalow that he had provided
for her, looking at the rows and rows
of budding orange trees.
After a pleasant ride the train
stopped at Revo about dusk and John
was soon given a very hospitable re-
ception at the judge's home.
After breakfast the next morning,
seated in the high power car the judge
had waiting for them, John entered
Missouri Visitor Well Pleased With the
Indian River Section
Mr. Albert F. Dohr, one of the prominent and successful business men of
Kirkwood, Missouri, was down to Vero not long ago and expressed himself as
being thoroughly pleased with our vicinity.
"I am more than delighted and it is hard to realize that there are such
such opportunities at hand for the ordinary man of small means as well as
"After thoroughly looking over my tract, which is in Indian River Farms,
I think the drainage system is very complete and worthy of mention. The
groves are bearing profusely and I have noticed several instances in which the
trees had to be supported to avoid breakage. The garden truck, hay, etc., on
the Farms Company's demonstration farm has convinced me regarding the
fertility of the soil. I am certainly glad that I have been fortunatQ enough to
be one of the owners of an Indian River Farm, and while it is impossible for
me at this time to improve my tract I expect to return shortly to put in my
"I want to say that I have found the Indian River Farmer publication is
one of facts and does not tend to mislead the public.
"My opinion is not based on superficial observation, but I have interested
myself to such an extent that during my stay at Vero I spent very little of my
time with the company's agents or representatives, and after becoming
familiar with the roads and canals so that I could go over their lands alone,
made inquiries from different parties from other parts of the state that I met
from time to time. I was also fortunate in meeting several gentlemen that
were employed by different owners of land, most of them from the north, who
were experts in most instances. In all instances, these farms showed, an
abundance of garden truck and fruits and no doubt would yield good returns
on the investment.
"I am now thoroughly convinced that the possibilities at Vero are greater
for the amount of the investment than anything that I have heard of in this
" vicinity and I have reason to speak from knowledge and not from mere hearsay."
into an era of pleasure that he could
not believe possible. The judge, driv-
ing his own car, motored along an ex-
tremely fine, hard-surfaced road that
made motoring a pleasure. For
miles they passed great fields of
the luscious pineapples and groves
laden down with the far famed Indian
River oranges and grapefruit. They
entered the grove of a friend of the
judge. The owner had left the North
many years before and bought his land
when very few settlers had located
there, and took much pleasure in ex-
plaining the different varieties of cit-
rus fruit to John as they went through
the magnificent grove. Afterward,
when John gave Marian a description
of the day, he said: "I was dumb
with amazement. Words seemed in-
adequate to describe the sensations I
felt. Such a vista of hope took pos-
session of me at the marvelous things
that could be done in that part of the
John was a sensible fellow and it
struck him forcibly that what "this
man had done" he could do, and then
and there made up his mind that if
Fate was ever kind to him and he
could command sufficient capital to
possess some of this land, he would
turn his back upon the city with its
pangs of disappointed ambitions and
its hollow shams, and enter this new
and healthy atmosphere with its prom-
ise of hopes fulfilled.
When John left for home, one week
later, he had with him a contract for
forty acres of land which was obtained
of a developing company which had
spent large sums of money improving
the land that adjoined the property of
the judge. The conditions were lib-
eral and time granted for payments
so attractive that though John knew it
would be several years before he could
make his home there, yet he felt that
it was a start in the right direction
and believed Marian would approve of
Life went on in the usual way for
John during the next three months, ex-
cept that his territory was changed
and he could now spend his Sundays
at home. Many were the plans out-
lined on those nights that Marian and
John spent together. Cunning designs
of bungalows were discussed, a little
alteration planned here and there. Ma-
rian, womanlike, dreamed of the day
when she could place her furniture in
the place as she would like-the fern
she had preserved through trials and
storm, the piano that she loved to
soothe John with when he was tired
and discouraged, all should have their
place in the new home; but, oh, the
weary waiting. At best it would be
years before they Could save sufficient
from John's salary to accomplish their
hearts' desire. Sometimes Marian
would become discouraged. Other peo-
ple seemed to get what they wanted,
why couldn't she?
On the night on which our story
opens, during the supper to whichi
John was doing full justice, Marian'
seemed to notice an air of excitement:
about John, but he prevented her from'
asking questions by talking rapidly;
about the coming Christmas and
wished they could give some Christ-
After the dishes were washed, a task
that John assisted in when home, they,
went into the little parlor, and gently,
drawing Marian on his lap, John took
a long envelope from his pocket and
placed a check for $5,000 in Marian'si
hands. For the space of one long
minute Marian could not see the fig-:
ures it represented. Her eyes were
closed with a mist of unshed tears.
With a proud and happy smile, John
told her that Fate had been most kind
to them when everything seemed dark
and gloomy. "This letter arrived to-
day enclosing this check. The one
venture in stock that I had expected
least from and had forgotten in the
loss of so many others I had expected
great results from. Like bread upon
the water, it has returned to us four-
fold in our hour of extremity."
It was a happy home that stormy
night and during the next days all was
bustle and confusion. Then their
effects were all packed and marked
"Revo, Florida." Their fondest dream
had come true and John and his wife
were starting on their way to the land
of their future home, happy and con-
tented, with a strong conviction that
every dark day had its silver lining
and the jolly Christmas bells were
ringing out peace and good-will to all
men as they entered the train.
For Sale Five Rooms and Bath. Complete in Every Detail. Just
For ae the home for you and can be purchased by you at a price
and on terms which will make you become the owner of it. It's located in
the live and wide-awake town of Vero. Get full particulars from Joe Hill,
| -- ~------C: ---
* - .- -* -c
Cozy Little Five-Room Bungalow at Vero.
3U.55. SO555NH35W5 5M 555dW W .5 5V01.M!NI
16 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
Blue Gum (Eucalyptus Globulus) Grow-
ing at Vero, Florida ..
Young Eucalyptus Tree on A. 0. Pen-
ny's Place. The Tree Is Two Years
Old, Nearly Thirty Feet High and
Five Inches in Diameter at One
Foot Above Ground.
The Eucalyptus Globulus is consid-
ered one of the best species of trees
for wind-break, especially for orchards
such as citrus groves. The people are
getting more acquainted each year
with the Eucalyptus tree as a tree for
wind-break as well as ornamental pur-
The Eucalyptus thrives well is South
Florida, being particularly adapted to
the climatic conditions in that part of
the state. Owing to the warm cli-
mate all the year round, they grow
rapidly and break the force of the
wind, which is what is required dur-
ing the heavy wind storms.
The Eucalyptus probably serves
KANSAS CITY MAN TO DEVELOP
IN INDIAN RIVER FARMS
During the early part of November,
after considerable travel, Mr. Geo. H:
Light of Kansas City, Mo., dropped off
at Vero, and spent several days.-
"This is my first visit to Vero and I
have no hesitancy in saying that I
found things here even better than I
expected. The weather has been Ideal
and the crops here are in splendid con-
dition," said Mr. Light.
"I ate some of the best oranges I
ever tasted in Mr. Roberts' grove near
Vero. This grove as well as the Walker
grove were revelations to me, showing
as they do what wonderful results can
be gained from widely different types
of land. The pineapple ridge with the
fine fields scattered along it was also
"After spending several days in Vero
looking over the ground, I take pleas-
ure in saying that I feel highly satisfied
with the land I purchased here last
April. I feel confident that I have
made an excellent investment in buy-
ing a tract in Indian River Farms and
hope to begin improving it as soon as
finest strain of Pineapple Orange
trees, warranted to produce
strictly fancy fruit.
OCKLAWAHA NURSERIES, Tangerine,Fla
Write for catalog
more useful purposes than the trees of
any other genus grown on the globe,
except, possibly, the various palms.
As they grow they serve as a forest
cover to mountains, hills, plains and
swamps as wind-breaks and as shade
trees. While growing they are also
the source of many gums and resins.
When cut they furnish valuable tim-
ber, excellent fuel and a very useful
The native home of the Eucalyptus
is Australia and some of the adjacent
islands, including Tasmania, New Gui-
nea and of the Moluccus.
(Blue Gum-Eucalyptus Globulus-
the species that has been cultivated
most widely throughout other parts of
Mr. Schuessler and Mr. Vanzant in the Copeland Grove.
Small Stories of Big Successes
Nothing offers such convincing proof of the opportunities awaiting the
right kind of men and women on the Indian River Farms as the success of
other men in the same neighborhood.
The striking thing about the successful land owners among the older
residents is the fact that practically all of them have worked their way up
from poverty to independence entirely by their own efforts and in a com-
paratively few years. What they have accomplished others may do, only the
fight now will be against decidedly lessened odds. Most of the comforts and
conveniences available today were out of reach then, as were good roads,
drainage and artesian wells-three important adjuncts to farming here.
No more conspicuous example of what can be accomplished in this won-
derfully fertile region within a few years-and against tremendous odds can
be found than the experience of Mr. Eli C. Walker. Mr. Walker's citrus grove,
situated in about the center of the Indian River Farms, has been said to be
the finest in Florida. When he came to Florida from Georgia as a young
man, he worked by the day. Now, in the prime of life, Mr. Walker owns 170
acres of as good land as can be found in Florida and receives an income from
his groves which makes him independent. It was eight years ago that he
bought the beautiful and fertile hammock on which is now situated the fa-
mous Walker grove. A Spaniard who homesteaded the land and cleared a
small portion of it had planted a few orange seeds, which grew into trees and
were bearing prolifically. Mr. Walker immediately started making a grove.
Vero, then a mere loading station, was three miles away and there were no
houses in between.
By raising vegetables, Mr. Walker made a living and a good deal more
until his grove began to show a balance on the right side of the ledger. Less
than three years ago the Indian River Farms Company bought 44,000 acres
of land around the Walker place and began to develop it. This brought
ditches, good roads, neighbors, a school and the telephone to Mr. Walker
and his family and increased the value of his farm by many thousands of
dollars. Land that Mr. Walker would not have taken as a gift a few years
ago he last summer bought at a big price from the Indian River Farms Com-
pany to add to his place.
The story of J. J. Roberts, owner of an eight-acre grove on twenty acres
of land which he now values at $40,000, is much the same as Mr. Walker's.
Instead of starting his grove on rich, hammock land he bought a tract on
the sand ridge. Vegetables also made Mr. Roberts' living and more for the
first few years, but his little grove now makes work unnecessary if he cared
for that kind of life. But, like all others of experience, Mr. Roberts recog-
nized the advantages of the heavier, richer lands and he early purchased a
twenty-acre tract from the Indian River Farms Company, where he grows
vegetables and is preparing to start a new grove.
The story of the five Helseth brothers, who came to St. Lucie county
from Minnesota, poor Norwegian laborers, and now own miles of pine-
apple fields and orange and grape fruit groves, which have made them all
wealthy men, should be an inspiration for every newcomer to Florida. Thrift,
patience, hard work and good judgment have brought them success and with
it all the comforts of life. like the others, they are also owners of land in
the Indian Rivers Farms and are enthusiastic believers in its future.
This does not conclude the list of those who have gained wealth and
happiness within a few years in this particular locality of favored Florida,
but it is sufficient to show what can be done.
The opportunities are just as great today as ever before and the hardshipsr
and discouragements to be overcome are immeasurably less.-Joe Hill.
Redstone Lumber & Supply Company
Lumber, Hardware, Supplies
Fairbanks-Morse Engines; Aetna Dynamite;
Bowkers Pyrox Sprays; Universal Plows
"Let us quote you on that lumber bill"
VERO : : : : FLORIDA
"I came to the end of my resources
one day many years ago in New York,"
said Dr. Kemp in the Lake Worth Her-
ald, "I didn't have a cent left in my
pocket and there was only one thing
of value remaining from more pros-
perous days-a gold watch that I cher-
ished because it was a gift.
"I was hungry, but I didn't want to
give up the watch. For two hours I
walked the streets, pondering whether
or not to let go of the keepsake;
finally I decided I was too hungry to-
make any bones about the matter.
"I put my hand to the fob and the
hand met emptiness. While I had
been arriving at a decision someone
had stolen the watch."
While you're making up your mind
to get that Indian River Farm some-
body will come along and buy it first
if You Don't Watch Out.
FLORIDA CITRUS MARKET
Writing in the Country Gentlemen of
September 12th on "How the War
Affects the Farmer," Roger W. Bab-
son, leading authority on business con-
ditions in the United States, describes
the probable influence of the Euro-
pean conflict upon the Florida citrus.
industry as follows:
"The present time is a golden op-
portunity for growers of citrus fruits,
such as orange, lemons and grape.
fruit, particluarly the first two men-
tioned. A few years ago it was-
thought that the best oranges and
lemons came from the Mediterranean
countries, but the concerted and co-
operative efforts of the growers of cit-
rus fruits have largely driven that idea
out of the heads of the American pub-
lic, although a large quantity of for-
eign lemons are still used in this coun-
try. To drive the foreigner entirely
from the American market all that is
needed now is to produce in this coun-
try oranges and lemons in sufficient
quantities to meet consumption de-
Although bumper yields are expected
from all parts of the state, 9,000,000'
crates being the estimate, it is the
general opinion that the market will
not be "slumped," but that good de-
mand and prices will prevail for Flor-
ida fruit. The Florida Citrus Exchange
is spending twice the money ever spent
before in advertising Florida citrus
fruits, and this will no doubt serve to
increase the demand for them. This
state is located much nearer the large
consuming sections of the United
States than any other plape where cit-
rus fruits can be produced and the pop-
ularity of our products is growing at a
rapid and encouraging rate."-Florida
Farmer and Homeseeker.
PRACTICAL EXPERT IN FLORIDA
diversified farming and fruit growing
seeks management of farm or grove.
X. Y. Z. care of Indian River Farmer.
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 17
Cure for Hard Times
May Be Found at Our Own Doors If We Know How to
Cultivate Ground Properly; Below Is the Re-
sult of What Has Been Raised on Twenty-
Five Square Rods of Ground
In Summer of 1914
By John C. Davidson, Franklin, Pa.
My total of actual sales, $202.35. to turn on the power and turn out the
Amount consumed by home use and finished products. There is an old
including canned goods, $22.65; total, and true saying, "What man has done
$225.00; or at the rate of $9.00 per man can do," and here is shown what
square rod for amount under culti- has been done in the cold North in
ovation, or at the rate of $1,440 per summer and I will call the reader's
acre. Of this 25 rods, one and one-third attention to what has been accom-
rods were reserved for cucumbers. The polished in the vegetable growing line
same ground was first planted to let- in Southeastern Florida, mostly during
tuce, leaving space for 28 hills for the winter months.
cucumbers, the seeds being then Mr. Fred B. Dale, formerly of Bart-
planted and the lettuce pushed on to lett Gardens, Florida, in one year
maturity, my sales from lettuce raised on the same land two crops of
amounting to $11.03, which added to lettuce, one crop of beans and one
sales of cucumbers amounted to $33.68, crop of tomatoes, besides his summer
or at the rate of $4,041.60 per acre. hay.
My total sales from the 25 square rods .
amounted to the above figures, $225.00 W. C. Post, a reliable gardener, tells
value, which was derived from 17 dif- that from one acre of land he, in
ferent kinds of vegetables and fruits, 1907-8, shipped in November and De-
my. delivery auto being a push cart. cembei, f. o. b., lettuce which
The above figures look large, but I amounted to $920.00. He reset the land
learned wherein I could do better to celery, which made 1,116 crates,
again. which netted him, f. o. b., $1,860.00;
g a Total Expenses total from one acre, $2,780.00; this dur-
ing the winter months.
My total expenses amounted to In 1910-11, on a five-acre tract, he
$21.35, which included seeds, fertilizer raised, first, 2Y acres of cauliflower,
and sprinkling privilege. I give this as and 2% acres of lettuce for December
my personal experience to show that and January shipment. He then put in
many people have veritable gold two acres of tomatoes, two acres of let-
mines at their very door for their tuce and one acre of egg plant. The
working, while many who own prop- total returns for the winter season
erty are allowing their back yards to amounted to $5,667.42, one acre of egg
grow up in weeds, where could be plant having produced 992 crates. Mr.
grown enough vegetables to supply the Post will show sales accounts to prove
family, the above statement to anyone doubt-
Every intelligent man or woman has ing him.
an infinitely rich silent partner (the To those willing to wait longer after
Creator) offering help by providing sun- planting, pineapples, oranges and grape-
shine and rain and nitrogen and other fruit in the same country are grown
chemical elements in earth, and air with equal profits.
necessary for growing crops, expecting These statements of experience and
man to do his part in order to make facts about the operating of the great
the partnership a complete success. produce factory (the earth), both
There are thousands of men out of north and south, winter and summer,
employment today, in shops and fac- are only a few of the thousands that
stories, who can have profitable em- might be quoted from the experience
ployment in the largest of all fac- of intelligent workers and are given
stories, the earth, that if profitably here to show possibilities according to
operated'will turn out finished products where you are working in this great
that find ready sale in any family department store and factory. North
home, and at remunerative prices. Said as well as South there is always va-
prices will keep advancing until mil- cancies in the working force for every
lions more are in the game and help applicant, either as the owner of stock
to make this great factory produce and using both brain and muscle, or
until misery and want are eliminated working muscle on plans of others'
from the land. brains.
Wars may depress every other busi- Back to the land is the slogan of this
ness, but not so with this great provi- day, and at no time in the history of
sion factory of which our Creator is the country has the government extend-
the head of the firm and guarantees ed more financial help to willing work-
every worker fair wages who honestly ers in the way of distributing free in-
and industriously uses the elements in formation to all those wishing to en-
his laboratory. gage in, or taking working shares in
The experience of the writer, as told this great factory in which there is a
in the article, lives in Franklin, Penn- profitable situation open for every
sylvania, where the season for growing competent applicant and investor,
is from April until November, but whether with much or little capital.
equal and greater results can be ob- The best capital is brain and brawn,
tained on a larger scale from October with a little cash. Bonds and stocks
to May, in southeastern Florida, as I yielding from 6 to 10 per cent divi-
have seen (information as to where dends net are eagerly sought by in-
and how can be had for the asking), vestors in other lines, overlooking the
in places where winter's freezing and safest and best security on earth,
P summer's sunstroke are unknown, and which is a part of the earth. But the
where asthma, catarrh and bronchial wisest investors as well as laborers
trouble are quickly relieved and coughs having little capital are "catching on,"
and colds do not originate, and where as they see others reaping from 50 to
the rheumatic soon becomes a base- 200 per cent net profits or more from
ball player and where the business of their investments in this line, equal to
doctors and undertakers is so poor bonds from which yearly coupons to
they are compelled to take up farming amount of face of the bond are clipped,
and fruit growing for a livelihood, leaving a new crop of coupons coming
I know of thousands of acres that ready to be clipped each year indefl-
are reclaimed and being made ready nitely with the bond unimpaired. These
for cultivation for the manufacturers are facts surely worth consideration.
The Child of Bethlehem
Bv FATHER WILLIAM O'RYAN
Mrs. E. C. Walker, Mrs. Oberlander and Daughter in Mrs. Walker's Flower
Garden-Note the Luxuriant Growth of the Tiger Apple in Background.
Across the sea there comes a little regards its own origin and ancestry, it
book of verses singing exquisitely in cannot forget the Child, for it is the
the soft brogue of Irelana of many most evident thing on the pages of
pleasant things. There is one song history that all the civilization worth
which tells of the visit of a poor wom- while, which is ours, came out of the
an of the slums and her child to a stable of Bethlehem. Babylon and
Dublin church at Christmas. It is a Egypt failed; Greece with its fine hu-
sufficient editorial and sermon for the man culture went down to oblivion;
season: the majesty of pagan Rome fell before
"Forninst the crib there kneels a little the barbarians; over the dust and de-
child, tritus of broken civilizations, but not
Behind him in her ragged shawl his out of them, was lifted Europe and
mother, Christendom. Our civilization, with
For all the ages that have passed one its different ideals, its different for-
child mative hopes and fears and ambitions,
Still finds God in another. can trace itself, not to golden Greece
or glorious Rome. The Child of Beth-
"An4 there's our Savior lying in the lehem is its only and sufficient motive
hay, and cause.
Behind him in her shawl His watch- Thank God, our world is not un-
ful mother; grateful nor altogether ignorant. The
Two mothers with their sons, each universal celebration of Christmas, if
knows the' joys sometimes crude and material, is still
And sorrows of the other, the world's acknowledgment in its own
poor way of the Babe of Bethlehem.
"The father kneels away there by the Every green wreath hung out, every
door pine tree decorated and lighted, every
The hands he clasps in prayer are generous gift to the poor, every en-
rough with labor; thusiastic well-wishing are banners
The liKes of him that hunger and that flung out to the King. The Babe is
toil still coming to His own. Around the
Once called St. Joseph neighbor. world's orbed greatness this Christmas-
tide there is a mighty chorus singing:
"Outside the church the people travel "Lift up your gates, 0 ye princes, and
by, be ye lifted up, ye everlasting doors,
The sick and sad, the needy, the and the King of Glory shall come in."
neglected. If all the world only sang that paean
But just across the threshold Bethle- from its heart, where would poverty
hem lies, hide, and evil endure, and vain phi-
Where none will be rejected." losophies of life and government shout
There are, to be sure, many of your their foolish dialectics?
very learned people who, having read But away with arguments. It is
a summary of some book on evolution, Christmas, the one immortal festival,
see nothing in the Child; there are and Christmas joy is here and pleas-
many who boast that they have eman- antries of friendships renewed and
cipated themselves of all churches and innocent merrymaking and generous
religion, and believe the world's ma- thought of the poorer brethren. This
jority is with them. It may be, count- undying Christmas is a proof that the
ing the heathen; but if we search the heart of humankind is beating surely
deeper abysses of the human heart and soundly.
perhaps we shall find that civilization, It is ample proof, too, that--
which used to be called Christendom, "New every year,
is still Christian and sees the Divine New born and newly dear,
in the Babe of Bethlehem. He comes with tidings and a song,
And indeed, unless civilization dis- The ages long, the ages long."
"The Finest Grove in Florida"
This is what everybody says about Eli C. Walker's grove in the center
of the Indian River Farms tract. Even those who have seen the Walker grove
in former years are surprised at its appearance this season. Every tree is
loaded to the breaking point with the very finest grapefruit and oranges and
every tree is in perfect condition.
People who are familiar with grove conditions in all parts of the state
agree that the average condition of Mr. Walker's trees and fruit is higher than
any they have ever seen. It is difficult to make some of them believe that the
trees have never been sprayed, so free are they from defects. Not only is this
year's crop heavier than ever before but the fruit is probably of a higher aver-
age quality. A representative of the Florida Citrus Exchange, who went
through the grove recently, declared that practically every box of Mr. Walker's
fruit would class as strictly first grade.
". ". .r ".
WN IVI.. K 7,IM R A 'M,. U .* 1 E .,V1.V1 V3.VN U,.*ME 9 .*m,-N 9-0 -*I'- N *Ur-N O V3 :.V .,V15.* S .,V N .W
18 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
THE INDIAN RIVER
Vero, Fla. Davenport, la.
A monthly publication devoted to agri-
cultural interest of Florida in general
and the Indian River country in par-
Subscription Price... .$1.00 Per Year
Sample Copies on Request.
Advertising Rates on Request.
The Editors will be pleased to re-
ceive contributions of interest on any
subject pertaining to agriculture in
Florida. Questions of subscribers or
readers, if of general interest, will be
answered in these columns.
Address all communications to Ed-
itors, Indian River Farmer, Daven-
All of the articles from other publi-
cations and sources other than our
own staff will be reproduced In full
or in part as current news matter only,
and without any attempt at official
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER has
a circulation of about 10,000 copies. It
is placed In the homes of those who
have already decided to move to
Florida. Advertising rates furnished
upon application Indian River Farmer,
THE BEST PLACE
A good many people are being de-
tached from their customary employ-
ment or source of income by the pres-
sure of the crisis in Europe. To all
such.who are looking about for a new
start, the best suggestion we can give
is that the land is the place where liv-
ing is cheapest and the cost of shelter
hardly exists at all. No man forced
out of employment this winter is in
any worse plight than millions of im-
migrants who have landed in America
with less than $50 in their pockets.
Those immigrants who have gone to
the land have been able in the course
of a few years to acquire a farm, to
raise families, and to participate in the
most wholesome gifts that American
civilization has to offer. To be forced
from the city back to the farm 'may
seem a hardship to the man who goes
through the transition, but in the end
he will be better off and his children
will be benefited.-Collier's Weekly.
At a recent farmers' meeting a story
was told of a woman who, in joining
the grange, refused to put down her
occupation as "farmer's wife." She
maintained that she was as much a
farmer as her husband, that she was
an equal partner with him and was
therefore a farmer.
In taking this position this intelli-
gent farm woman made an argument
in her favor which few men would
dare controvert. In fact, the truth is
getting to be more and more recog-
nized that the wife is and should be
an equal partner in the management
and ownership of the farm, and that
she has a just and well-earned right to
the title of "farmer," if she wants to
be so distinguished.-The Fra.
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the govern-
ment shall be upon His shoulder; and His name shall be called
Wonderful, Counsellor, the Mighty God, the Everlasting Father, the
Prince of Peace.
Of the increase of His government and peace there sahll be no
end, upon the throne of David, and upon His kingdom, to order it, and
to establish it with judgment and with justice henceforth, even forever.
The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.-Isaiah.
(Continued from page 13.)
on ground along the public sidetrack
for a packing house site. This will
save the growers the expense of put-
ting in a private siding for the pack-
ing house. Mr. Riddle announced that
in the spring the public siding at Vero
would be extended around the east
side of the depot. This is another
badly needed improvement, as the
present sidetrack is inadequate to
handle the fruit business here.
Eli C. Walker has announced that
he is ready to take contracts for plant-
ing and caring for groves of non-resi-
dents. This ought to be good news
for people who want trees set on their
land before coming down. No more
competent man could be found in
Florida for this work and he is so situ-
ated as to do it at reasonable prices.
Heretofore Mr. Walker has refused to
take any such contracts, but he is now
ready to undertake the care of a lim-
At a meeting of the Indian River
Growers' Association plans were dis-
cussed for an agricultural fair in Vero
next spring. The idea is to have an
exhibit of fruits, vegetables and field
crops grown on Indian River Farms
and in the vicinity of Vero. Awards,
consisting mostly of agricultural im-
plements, will be given and some ar-
rangement will probably be made for
giving the newer growers a handicap.
A. E. Conway was instructed to out-
line a plan for the fair and submit it
to the next meeting of the association.
At the next meeting also the matter
of employing some one to look after
the business of the association will be
taken up. Up to the present time all
the work for the association has been
done by a few members without re-
C. C. Bristow of Alton, Illinois, is
having five acres of ground cleared in
Section 4 for planting trees this win-
ter. Mr. Bristow and family will spend
a part of the winter here looking after
the development of his place.
T. P. Wallace of St. Louis has writ-
ten that he will be here January 1st
to plant trees on twenty acres of his
forty-acre tract in Section 29. The
mounds are all made and the ground
is in condition for setting the trees.
Mr. Wallace will make his home here.
This week has been delightful and
encouraging. The weather has been
ideal, warm, sunshiny, with an invig-
orating ocean breeze and cool, moon-
light nights. No rain has fallen dur-
ing the week, and crops are all in
splendid condition. Beans are grow-
ing wonderfully fast and prospects are
fine for big crops. Other vegetables
are doing equally well. Some growers
are still planting and there will be
*more or less planting done from now
until March. The sub-lateral on the
south line of Sections 28 and 29 is
Mr. J. S. Richey has devised a unique
plan for feeding his hogs. He has
built a long- portable pen: which he
places over the rows of chufas. When
the pigs have eaten all the chufas in-
side the pen, it is moved up along
the rows. Mr. Richey is enthusiastic
in regard to the possibilities of hog
The Vero Board of Trade and Indian
River Growers' Association was rep-
resented at the three days' meet-
District State Mine Inspector of Illinois.
to Locate in Indian River Farms
Mr. and Mrs. George L. Morgan of Benton, Illinois, arrived at Vero several
weeks ago to spend Mr. Morgan's vacation.
"I wish we could have made our stay with you longer," said Mrs. Morgan,
"but as our time limit is about exhausted we have to return, although I should
greatly prefer to stay at Vero. However, I console myself with the knowledge
that we expect to make our home with you in the near future. We had no
idea that so many settlers had. come in and built homes and started their
farms. In fact, I rather expected to find a veritable wilderness, and I can
assure you I was very agreeably surprised.
"We purchased a farm in this section last May without seeing same and
therefore were very anxious to find out whether or not the land, climate and
conditions in general were as represented to us."
"In view of the fact that I have increased my holdings by purchasing
an additional ten-acre tract in Indian River Farms, and this after very careful
examination, it is needless for me to say that everything is as was represent-
ed," said Mr. Morgan. "I am firmly convinced that the future of this coun-
try is absolutely assured and am of the opinion that possibly the highest
priced agricultural lands in the United States will be found in this particular
section of country. The climate is certainly delightful and we greatly enjoyed
the surf bathing in the Atlantic during our stay at Vero."
Mr. Morgan is State Inspector of Mines for the Eleventh District of Illi-
nois. He and Mrs. Morgan returned home well pleased with their visit to this
Grape Fruit Ripening Near Vero, Florida.
ing of the East Coast Canal Associa-
tion at Stuart, Nov. 23. The object of
the association is to further the move-
ment for having the Federal Govern-
ment take over the East Coast canal
and improvement so as to provide a
continuous free waterway from Jack-
sonville to Miami. This would bring
untold benefit to the east coast in
lower freight rates and Vero is vitally
interested in the movement.
The owners of the Indian River Trad-
ing Company of Eau Gallie, a large
and prosperous concern, were in Vero
this week looking for a location for a
big general store. They wanted to rent
one of the store rooms in the new
bank building, but this is being re-
served for a drug store. They then
conferred with Mr. E. C. Walker in
regard to erecting a building for them
on his lot adjoining the bank building.
The matter has not been definitely de-
cided, but the Eau Gallie men are ex-
tremely anxious to get into Vero and
will establish an up-to-date store if
they can get a building.
A campaign to raise money for build-
ing a Methodist church in Vero on
property given for that purpose by the
Farms Company will be started soon.
Those interested in the movement are
awaiting the action of the Methodist
conference, which will determine in
what circuit Vero shall be located.
As soon as that question is decided, a
church organization will be formed
and the raising of funds will begin.
Several subscriptions have already
William J. Maher of Madison, Ill.,
has built an addition to his house on
King's Highway, northwest of Vero.
The house is being occupied tempo-
rarily by Mrs. E. B. Harmon and daugh-
ters of Kirkwood, Mo., who own the
forty acres adjoining the Maher place.
Mr. and Mrs. John M. H. Johnson
and sons of Bloomington, Ind., have
arrived in Vero to spend the win-
ter. They are living temporarily in a
tent on the tract half a mile west of 1
Vero, owned by John Hanley of Terre
Edwin Palmquist, who arrived re-
cently from New Windsor, Ill., is build- ^
ing a log bungalow on his land. Logs
promise to become a popular building
material here. A log house has the
double advantage of being both cheap
and attractive if built properly.
Mr. W. R. Duncan, formerly of
Columbus, Ga., has finished plant-
ing his grove on his tract two miles
west of Vero and expects to be ship- *
ping fruit in less than four years from
now. Here's to the success of the 4
Dr. J. H. Yount of Chicago has re-
turned home after spending two weeks
at Vero. Dr. Yount is a land -owner
here and expects to return to Vero to.
live as soon as he can make the neces-
sary arrangements. He was delighted '-
with the climate and the agricultural
possibilities of this section. J
UUUUUUUUUUEUUUUUUU0-0M HU. UOMO60"
THE INDIAN RIVER 'FARMER
Florida for Mine!
By J. S. Richey.
Almost Christmas time and we are and the ground is a solid mass of the
having the most ideal weather-of nuts. I never saw anything like it.
course, we have ideal weather all the Have a couple of young hogs and have
year 'round in Florida but the winters a portable pen I move around on the
are exceedingly fine. We are making chufas and they eat them the same as
garden and putting out a crop such as corn and are looking fine, also feed
ueans, egg plant and peppers and will them the tough stalks of cane and
have them on the early spring market, para grass that the horse and cow
ha o tn won't eat. The chickens think the
and my wife has been fixing her flower wchufas fine and I just turn them outhe
beds, planting nasturtiums and sweet and let them scratch for themselves.
peas just like you folks do up north in We have neighbors all around us;
the spring of the year and we had a when we came out here there was just
letter from Colorado (our old home) one family, Mr. Bodine, one mile west
just last week saying it was snowing and now we can stand in our yard
and blowing and had been for 36 and count 10 houses and besides we
hours. None of that in mine, I'll tell have a nice school house just finished
you. This is our second winter here and will be in use next week just a
and I'll tell you it's no more wading half mile from my place and we're all
in the snow and paying big coal bills sure proud of it for a good school is
for us. something to be proud of. Veto is
There's no question but what this is growing right along too; every week
a healthy place. I had hay fever every when we go to town we see some im-
year as bad as anybody could have provement. Our new bank and nice
it and have had it since I was a little little bungalows are a boost for any
boy and I've been down here now two town.
years and have passed two hay fever We expect to spend another nice
times and never had a symptom of it Christmas under the beautiful palm
and I just feel fine, and our boy (just trees and sunny skies of Florida. Last
past four) was sick all winter up north Christmas we had a big spread out
and since coming down here he has under the palm trees in our yard, and
felt fine and is as fat as a little pig had seven varieties of vegetables out
and just lives outdoors the year round. of our own garden and had the table
I'm getting ready to put out three garnished with flowers from our own
acres of oranges and grapefruit trees flower garden. Can you beat that?
in January, and when they get to bear- I'll tell you, I've roamed around an
ing then is when I can sit in my big awful lot; have been all over the Cen-
arm chair and take life easy. The tral and Western States but never
fruit here is the finest I ever ate; found anything that suited me till I
those who have never eaten a Florida landed at Vero. Some people think
orange or grapefruit don't know what coming to Florida is going out of civ-
a good orange or grapefruit is. They ilization, but far from it for we are
are so far ahead of any others I ever up-to-date, I'll tell you; fine roads and
ate there is no comparison, plenty of autos-more autos than any
We raised as fine a forage crop this place of its size I ever saw. They
summer as anybody need want and think it's so hot here. One of my
now have an abundance of fine para friends wrote: "Isn't it just so hot
grass and Japanese cane and will have you nearly die?" Say, I've been in
all winter. I have a horse and cow the eastern states in summer when
and they can't begin to eat the feed I there wasn't enough breeze to stir a
have; by the time I cut all the para leaf and hot! but here we always have
grass off, the first cut is ready to cut a fine sea breeze that makes it com-
again and the same with the cane. I fortable even in the hottest part of
put out about a half acre of chufas in the day and the nights are simply fine.
the summer and they are ripe now It's Florida for me.
Indian River Saw Mill Co. Organized
Mr. M. J. Travis; Mr. Ben Ciola of Vero, Fla.; Mr. Fred Frere and Mr.
Lawrence Dorsey of Waverly, Mo., have formed a partnership and organized
the Indian River Saw Mill Company. Mr. Travis will have charge of the
operations of the mill, assisted by Mr. Ciola; the other partners intend com-
ing to Vero as soon as possible.
The Indian River Sawmill Company has a portable mill which will be a
great benefit to the settlers in the Indian River section. The portable mill can
handle timber that is too far away from town to be hauled profitably. This
mill will enable landowners to realize something for their timber and will
also enable them to get their lumber at a great saving.
With the portable mill it is a case of "made while you wait," send for
the mill to come, cut down your trees and it makes them into lumber for
r your new house, and all this on your own ground; no hitching up the horses
and hauling your boards from town.
Devastating War in Europe Means Prosperity
for American Farmers
One of Ohio's Greatest Agricultural Experts Purchases
in Our Section
Another Agricultural expert has placed his stamp of approval on Indian
River Farms. Mr. A. R. Moist, one of the leading agricultural authorities of
Ohio, spent several days here recently and after making a thorough examina-
tion of the land and the development work being done by the Indian River
Farms Company, purchased a tract of land. Mr. Moist became quite enthu-
siastic over the possibilities of this section from an agricultural standpoint.
He was especially interested in the opportunities for raising hogs and came
to the conclusion that Indian River Farms is an ideal place for engaging in
the hog business.
Mr. Moist is a graduate of the Ohio Agricultural College and for some
time has been manager of the Sheffield Farm at Gendale, Ohio, which is one
of the largest and best stock farms in the state. Mr. Moist is regarded as an
authority on agricultural subjects and is a frequent contributor to agricul-
tural journals. While at Vero he gathered material for an article on hog
raising in the South. Mr. Moist has this to say:
Planting Orange Trees in Indian River Farms.
"I have become more or less familiar with several land companies in
different parts of the country and must certainly say that the Indian River
Farms Company is doing a larger business in a more clean-cut business-like
way than any other firm with which I have come in contact. It is evident
that no pains or expense are being saved in making such improvements on
these lands as will be of permanent value to its purchasers.
"Nature has given to these Indian River lands everything that could be
desired in the way of soil and climatic conditions for the production of maxi-
mum crops and the one thing that Nature overlooked the Indian River Farms
Company is supplying in a most effective and permanent way through its
system of canals, and thereby helping prospective settlers to one of the great-
est of money making propositions that this country affords.
"I was especially impressed with the honest and business-like way in
which the Farms Company is conducting its work."
The Mango is a Delicious Tropical Fruit
The mango is one of the most popular
tropical fruits-is luscious and appe-
tizing. It may be sliced like peaches
for breakfast or dessert, or the pulp
may be scooped with a spoon from the
center, leaving the skin as one does in
eating grapefruit. Mangos are also
.used by housewives for preserves, mar-
malades, chutney and pickles.
There are all sorts and varieties of
mangos, but the best and mostpopular
are Mangoba, Haden, Combodiana,
Rajpury, Gorden, Lagra Benarsi, Tot-
afari, Paheri, Bennett, and Sandersha.
Royal Palm Nurseries catalog for 1915,
now ready for distribution, describes
no less than twenty-four different
kinds of the choicest mangoes.
Reasoner Plants and Packing Deserve First Prize
For upwards of thirty years Reasoner Brothers have given their best effort in
building up a general nursery business, embracing tropical, semi-tropical and
temperate fruit trees and plants; all sorts of ornamentals, as well as palms,
shrubs, ferns, vines and bulbs; located in the Gulf Coast country, where every
climatic condition is ideal. The result of their painstaking and intelligent work
is reflected in testimonials from countless satisfied customers all over the world.
A California client: 'You should certainly receive first prize for parking and
also for growing such strong and healthy plants." Another buyer in New Jersey,
is even more enthusiastic, writing: "Not since the last Christmas stocking, when
Santa Claus was a real personage, have I had such delight opening packages as
when the box from you arrived. The careful packing insured the good condition
of the plants; your method of growing equally assured their quality."
Service Department of Royal Palm Nurseries
A particular important feature of Royal Palm Nurseries is the Service Depart-
ment. In thirty odd years of labor Reasoner Brothers have gathered a vast
store of tree and plant knowledge. This is now at the disposal of their cus-
tomers through the Service Department. The current Royal Palm Catalog
contains seventeen chapters of interesting
and authentic information, a valuable ad-
rtfl* edition to the library of every farmer and *15I I
EAASER \ fruit grower. For free copy write to iWbA R
REASONER BROTHERS f
1' 176 Benedict Ave. Oneco, Florida
A 'of acu1 O
WENEUNSWM.. M. IM.NBN0. M Uuu V Euuuuuuuu".I- ff V.*N..ui*N .*Usinuu*V3.V3-MY' 9.M
20 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
Mrs. George Hartfield from Hatties-
burg, Miss., Completes Handsome
Residence on Indian River Farms
Mrs. George Hartfield has just about completed and has just moved into
her tasty residence one mile west of Oslo, in the Indian River Farms tract.
The residence, though commonly classed as a bungalow, owing to its hip-
roof construction and wide lookouts, belongs in strictness neither to the
Moorish type of the West nor to the Colonial type of the East. Its large
rooms and spacious grounds and general air of simplicity in all of its lines
are somewhat'suggestive of the customs of the older south.
In conformity to the general rule in this part of the country, the residence
sets well back from the highway, affording ample room for the floral and
shrubbery beautification which Mrs., Hartfield doubtless has in mind.
The residence and barn are worth between $2,500 and $3,000, and con.
stitutes a distinct addition to the Indian River Farms Company's tract. It is
admirably located at the crossing of two highways, one of them leading to
Oslo is to be hard-surfaced by the Indian River Farms Company, and the
other, leading to Vero, is to be drained by lateral E, affording full security
against excessive water.
Mrs. Hartfield intends to begin active work as soon as the house and
barn are completed, looking towards a citrus grove and other permanent im-
An artesian well, as a protection against possible drouth, is understood
to be among her plans, though she has stated nothing definite to this effect.
Independent of the contingency mentioned, a flowing well is a distinct ad-
vantage to any place and there is no doubt as to its feasibility in this locality.
This attractive residence and the equally handsome one understood to be
in contemplation by Mr. Oscar Paulson, one mile west of there, seem pro-
phetic of a splendid class of citizenship in the south tract of the Indian River
Farms property as soon as the drainage system shall be completed.
Strength and Character
Instead of saying that man is the
creature of circumstances, it would
be nearer the mark to say that man
is the architect of circumstances.
It is character which builds an ex-
istence out of circumstances. Our
strength is measured by our plas-
tic power.-George H. Lewes.
A Pennsylvania couple fell out over
the question who should start their
furnace; the Allentown Democrat says
the police should have interfered for
that was an incendiary discussion and
therefore unlawful. The Farmer says
they should move to Florida; there
would then be no need to start the
When Everybody Eats Florida Citrus Fruits -
the Demand will Exceed the Supply
Citrus fruits are becoming necessities instead of luxuries. The
people of the United States are learning their many merits
and uses. Where formerly they were regarded solely as
breakfast fruits, now they are eaten at other meals and used
freely in cookery and confections. All this means a greac
deal for Florida, which grows the finest citrus fruits of the
world. The production of her superior oranges and grape-
fruit can hardly keep pace with the inevitable increase
in demand due to the above causes.
Buckeye Nurseries Catalog-
A Citrus Handbook
All the problems that arise in the culture of oranges
and grapefruit are fully covered in this book. It tells
how to select a location for the grove and describes
the operations necessary to bring trees into profit-
able bearing. Everything is based on practical
experience-there are no theories in the advice
given. No matter what citrus fruits you are
growing or intend to plant, this book will be of -
service to you. It has been written to help alike
the man with the grove and the man who ex-
pects to have one. Every person interested in
the citrus industry of Florida is welcome to a
copy of this book, printed at great expense.
Write today for one-edition is limited.
1030 CITIZENS BANK BUILDING
TAeePA, FLORIDA Bear
BUCkee Trees Bea
Christmas Dinner in the Grove
Mr. A. 0. Helseth says that there probably never was a time when
IFlorida, and particularly this part of it, including Vero and Oslo, was cloaked
in more splendor and beauty, with the bountiful crops and excellent oppor-
tunities for success. "My grapefruit trees are breaking down with the burden
of fruit and the pineapples never looked any better. The weather is unusually
fine and we are preparing to have a fine time for Christmas," says Mr. Hel-
Think of spreading your Christmas dinner table out in a grapefruit orchard,
while from across the way comes the fragrance of the pineapple field, and
after dinner you can go over to the ocean and take a swim; no heavy over-
coat and muffler to hunt up before you can go out and no fire to fix so the
house won't be cold when you get back.
Mr. A. 0. Helseth came to Florida from Minnesota many years ago. At
that time he had mostly the circumambient atmosphere for a neighbor and
work was not as plentiful then as now, but by dint of earnest labor and strict
economy he persevered until today he has one of the best producing groves
and pineapple fields in the state.
Schroth Brothers In
Judge Andrews' Grove, Indian River Farms.
Ohio Man Very Agreeably Dis-
One of the most interesting interviews our Vero representative ever had
was with Mr, Tevis Stevenson of Delaware, Ohio, who said:
"When I first heard of Vero my mind immediately turned to swamps,
snakes, alligators and dense growth. This idea was arrived at from others
who, like myself, had never seen Florida. My swamps, etc., have been dis-
placed by orange groves, beautiful truck gardens, stretches of beautiful coun-
try, groves 'of pine and palmetto and sounds of hammer and saw and the sight
of the darky and his mule, and of the shovel of heavy dredges all transforming
Vero and environs into a most delightful place to live.
"It seems very wonderful when I realize that without leaving my own
United States, I can come out of the frosty North to a land of sunshine-of
blooming flowers and ripening fruit and vegetables. Think of sitting out in the
open in the evening with coat off where the noon time is like a "day in June,"
tempered by a mild sea breeze. Think of tomatoes, potatoes, beans, peas,
everything, coming .to maturity at this time of the year-and everything else
for that matter.
"But the most wonderful sight is a citrus grove. I have lived in the citrus
belt of California and nowhere did I ever see such prolific production of fruit
as here-grapefruit, oranges, limes, lemons, everything, and where one con-
siders that this land costs one-fifth to one-seventh what is asked for Cali-
fornia soil and bears a far heavier crop and costs less to set out and demands
no irrigation, it's a marvel the latter state does not depopulate. Someone
deserves great credit for choosing this spot."
Pennsylvania Agriculturist Visits Vero
Mr. A. W. Baumgartner, a practical and scientific farmer from Punxsu-
tawney, Pennsylvania, was in Vero last week and looked over the Indian River
"I am very glad that I came here. I have been looking for a place to invest
in if I found a tract of land that suited me.
"I was very much surprised to find such a splendid soil condition as I
found in Indian River Farms. The entire acreage seems to be underlaid with
a sub-soil carrying a very high percentage of calcium carbonate and calcium
phosphate of lime, which is so essential if the best results are to be obtained.
The top soils run from a sandy loam to the heavier muck and I find general
farming carried on successfully as well as the finest orange and grapefruit
grown. It looks so good to me that I heartily recommend it to anyone desiring
a first-class land investment.
"I feel reasonably sure that I am competent to pass upon agricultural *
lands as I was raised on a farm and have had a two-year practical course at
the State Agricultural College of Pennsylvania."
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 21
Vero, one of Florida's Most Promising
Great as has been the growth of Vero during the past two years the im-
provements have failed to keep pace with the needs of the town.
With the surrounding country filling up at a marvelous rate the town of
Vero offers one of the most attractive fields for investment in Florida. Money
invested judiciously here now cannot fail to yield a big return. Vero is
merely on the threshold of her real development. The opportunities that
await the investor here are bound to attract capital in sufficient quantities to
permit the town to meet the demands of the community.
Perhaps the greatest need of Vero at present is houses. Every house that
has been built as an investment has been sold or rented before it was finished,
and .the supply does not begin to fill the demand.
The demand comes from people who have business in Vero, and from
settlers desiring a place to live while building on their farms and from others
who want to make their residence here for various reasons. Since the early
fall inquiries have been received almost every day regarding.the chance of
renting houses in Vero.
Business buildings are in almost as great demand as residence. Long
before the new bank building was finished two of the three business rooms
were rented, and there were numerous applications for the other, which was
planned for a drug store.
A grocery store, a furniture store and an automobile supply house would
be opened if buildings were available to house them. Two more good sized
business buildings in Vero would be a good paying investment and the chances
are excellent that one of them will be erected soon.
Another safe and profitable investment would be an ice and electric plant.
A well-to-do Indiana man while here recently offered to subscribe $1,000 to a
stock company organized to install such a plant. The demand for ice is in-
creasing constantly and a combined ice and electric plant would pay big divi-
dends on a comparatively small investment.
Blessed with a delightful climate and an unusually healthful location and
surrounded by a wonderfully fertile territory, the future of Vero is assured.
, Laid out on permanent and modern lines it has a sure and firm foundation.
. Its fame is rapidly spreading and the time is not far distant when Vero will
be known as one of the most prosperous and attractive towns along the entire
east coast of Florida.
Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell, Formerly of Chicago, in Their Bean Field in Indian
The Eternal Child /
Dr. Robert F. Coyle
Nothing is more interesting and
wonderful than the incoming of the
tide. How, in obedience to some
strange pull of the sky, it creeps up
the shores, pushes into every creek
and cove and nook along the coast,
covers out of sight all that is un-
lovely and unattractive, throws its
mantle of pure wholesome water over
ooze and slime and filth, lifts many
a vessel afloat and sets it swinging
free and ready for service, and every-
where up and down 10,000 miles of
coast takes blessed and triumphant
possession. It is wonderful and the
wonder of it is equaled only by its
beneficence. Nature has no kinder
touch than that of the tide. It is the
great heart-beat of the ocean as it
pours its loving concern upon needy
land in unfailing benedictions.
Something like the tide is the spirit
of Christmas. It creeps up the shores
of the world's life once every twelve
months and reaches high water mark
on the 25th of December. Everywhere
its blessed touch is felt. And it all
comes from the birth into the world of
the Eternal Child. We need not
trouble ourselves about the meta-
physics of it, or how it was possible
for the Infinite Father to dwell among
men in human form. That can only
bewilder. But that Child, grown to
manhood, living our life, wearing our
clothes, sharing our sorrows, meeting
our. temptations, drinking our cup,
blistering His feet on the very roads
we have to walk, translating God into
the syllables of our human life-we
can understand that.
A lecture on chemistry might puzzle
us, but every hungry man can under-
stand a loaf of bread. The architect's
calculations and specifications might
be quite beyond us, but every man
who is cold can understand a house
with a cheerful fire burning on the
grate. Kindness embodied, kindness
working itself out in deeds, providing
shelter in the time of storm, kindling
on the hearth the fire that has gone
out-we are not talking in riddles when
we talk about deeds like these. When
the Word is made flesh after this fash-
ion the meaning of it is plain.
Logic can be met by logic, argument
by argument, but there is no replying
to a life of love. Such was the Life
incarnate that has given us Christmas.
Only in so far as we catch the Spirit
of that Life, only as our songs crystal-
lize into service and our devotion into
deeds, only as we go out of ourselves
to bless and cheer and help, are we in
tune with Him who was born a Savior
in the City of David.
Your Opportunity is in Florida
By Joe Hill
So enticing has been the lure of the he mentions 6t. Lucie as one of the
orange, the grapefruit and the pine- Florida counties, where cane can be
apple, where they grow to such per- grown with unusual success. This
section as in St. Lucie county that the fact has long been demonstrated on
advantages of parts of South Florida the demonstration farm at Vero, where
as a general farming country have the magnificent growth of cane is a
been neglected. constant source of interest to visitors.
For the northern farmer who has The establishment of sugar mills
grown tired of the losses and hard- will be necessary to the growth of the
ships of the winter months and is sugar industry, but no such prepara-
looking for a place where his farm tion is needed for the business of rais-
will yield him an income the year ing cattle and hogs here. The land
round and he can live and work in and the markets are at hand-only the
comfort all the time, Indian River capital and the energy to take advan-
farms at Vero ought to be the prom- tage of them are needed. The possi-
ised land. abilities of Florida as a stock raising
Profits undreamed of by the aver- state are so well known to all who
age northern farmer are possible have investigated them that its fame
here. There is nothing strange or have investigated them that its fame
unusual about this when all the con- in this respect is widespread. Indeed
editions are taken into consideration. the big packers and cattlemen are al-
In the first place land in St. Lucie ready turning to Florida as a future
county need never be idle. Crops for source of supply.
the market or for soil building pur- The northern farmer who has found
poses can be kept growing from year's that fattening cattle for the market is
end to year's end. Crop manufactur- a business in which the profits are
ing is a continuous performance in small and the risk is great will find a
this favored section, where the sea- far different situation existing here.
sons blend into each other so har- Not only can he grow everything
moniously that the life-giving needed for putting his cattle in shape
processes of nature are never inter- for market, but he can grow it cheaply
rupted. and all the time. There are no long
To this fact is due the pre-eminence months, when stock must be sheltered
of South Florida as a fruit and vege- and have feed carried to them at a
table producing region and will like- big expense. The list of forage crops
wise make it one of the nation's great- that can be grown successfully in this
est producers of cattle, hogs, sugar, section is almost endless. It includes
rice and hay. The man who desires para grass, Japanese cane, Kaffir corn,
to engage in stock raising or broad oats, cow peas, velvet beans, beggar
acre farming need not hesitate about weed, Kudzu cane, natal grass, Rhodes
coming to Vero. He can find land grass, clover, corn and several others.
suited to any purpose, where the de- The variety is great enough to furnish
lightful climate makes living a pleas-
ure and the productivity of the soil a balanced ration available all the
makes profits easy and big. year.
State Chemist Rose is at present What is true of cattle is also true of
conducting an enthusiastic campaign hogs, except that the list of foodstuffs
to build up the sugar industry of that can be grown for them is pos-
Florida. He sees in the European war sibly longer. It includes rape, chufas,
one of the greatest opportunities ever sweet potatoes and several others.
presented to the state because of the Here is the place where meat can
crippling of the European sugar in- be produced at a minimum of expense
dustry. Mr. Rose believes the time is and the day is coming when this fact
not far distant when Florida will fur- will have a bearing on the cost of
nish a large share of the world's sup- living in the United States.
ply of sugar. Conditions in this state The opportunities are here and the
are peculiarily adapted to sugar pro- man who takes advantage of them,
duction at greater profits than in any now is the one who will reap the
other section of the United States and greatest benefits.
Fort Pierce, Fla., Jan. 30, 1914.
Mr. New Settler, Vero, Fla.
Dear Sir:-We have lived in this State for
the past thirty years and can advise you intelligently
about the line we carry and the adaptability to this
country's needs. Hardware, Furniture, Farming
Implements, Studebaker Wagons and Buggies.
Dynamite in stock.
Write, or better still, call and see'us.
U US U SUNS EUNUNUSUNUNUN
22 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
Judge Andrews Building Beautiful
Work is well under way on the handsome $4,000 residence being erected
by Judge J. E. Andrews, on Osceola Boulevard, two miles west of Vero.
Judge Andrews is making extensive improvements on his place, which
is one of the most valuable on Indian River Farms. The Judge has planted
a large acreage of beans and peppers as well as set out a number of citrus
trees this fall. An artesian well has been sunk which furnishes an abundant
supply of water for all purposes.
The new house set in a grove of beautiful palm trees will be one of the
most attractive homes in this section.
Judge Andrews in addition to owning a well developed grove known as
the Copeland, is president of The Farmers' Bank of Vero, which bank received
$37,000 worth of deposits the first three weeks of its existence and has mate-
tially increased its deposits since.
Judge Andrews' Residence, Now in Course of Construction, Will Be One of
the Finest in the County.
Regular Automobile Service from Vero
to Port Pierce
Mr. W. E. Winter, formerly of Alton, Illinois, who motored from his
former home to Vero last month, has established an automobile service be-
tween Vero and Fort Pierce. Mr. Winter's car is a big seven passenger car
and he will make two trips daily, leaving Vero at 9 a. m. and again at 2 p. m.
This will be a great convenience as the only train down to Ft. Pierce in
the morning leaves Vero at 5:40 a. m., which is just a trifle early for the
average man to try to catch unless he absolutely must.
Mr. Winter is highly enthusiastic over the prospects for future prosperity
at Vero and vicinity and he expects to be making more than two trips a
day between Vero and Fort Pierce soon.
Mr. Winter owns a bearing grove in this vicinity and expects to have
abdut 2,000 boxes of fruit to sell this year.
Mr, and Mrs. Robert Ogilby of Roscoe, Ill., Starting for Vero, Fla.
Florida Photographic Concern
and Picture Framing
Films and Finishing for Amateurs
FORT PIERCE FLORIDA
Ocklawaha Nurseries have the
only known early variety of
Grapefruit, Conner Prolific.
Get them from
OCKLAWAHA NURSERIES, Tangerine, Fla.
Write for catalog
Sr. and Jr., with a Basket
Potatoes Raised on Dr.
Farm in Indian River
New School Building
The new schoolhouse on Kings
Highway .near Vero has been com-
pleted and is now being occupied. It
Behold, I have given Him for
a witness to the people, a leader
and commander of the people.-
At Vero there is a large crop of
beans, egg plant, peppers, tomatoes
and peas planted. Planting is a little
late on account of late fall rains," but
all plantings made on drained land are
looking fine. Citrus fruits from this
vicinity are the best in years. E. C.
Walker's fruit, one of the oldest grow-
ers here, will practically all go into
the market as fancies. New settlers
have planned to put out a large acre-
age in grove this fall and winter about
equally divided between oranges and
Indian River Section Superior to Any
Mrs. A. F. Hawkins of Kansas City, Missouri, was one of Vero's appre-
"I came down to inspect my brother's tract in Indian River Farms. I was
greatly surprised to find such excellent land and to see the amount of develop-
ment that has taken place. It is certainly far beyond my expectations. I am
so well pleased with this country that I intend within the near future to pur-
chase the tract adjoining my brother's farm.
"It was interesting to me to notice that all settlers and buyers were so
very well pleased and most of them eager to increase their holdings. I talked
with many people concerning the Indian River Farms and without exception
they all agreed that this section is far superior to any other in the State.
"I spent a most enjoyable day at the beach, experiencing for the first
time the pleasure of surf bathing in the Atlantic."
Those who had the pleasure of meeting Mrs. Hawkins on her recent
visit are hoping that she has the Florida fever so badly that she will return
here to make her home in the near future.
is an attractive building, and will ac-
commodate the children of the com-
munity for quite a while.
This makes the third new school-
house that has been built in Vero and
vicinity in the past year. The growth
New School House Just Completed in
Indian River Farms.
of Jack's beanstalk has nothing on
Vero, which has more than doubled
in population in the past year and ex-
pects to turn the same trick again the
Bed of Young Mulberry Trees on the
Indian River Farms Company
Ocklawaha Nurseries at Tanger-
ine, Florida, for Genuine Carney
Parson Brown Orange trees,Early
Conner Seedless Orange trees.
OCKLAWAHA NURSERIES,Tangerine Fla.
Write for catalog
Whenever you submit yourself
to criticism you assure your
reputation for open-mindedness
and wisdom. If you don't take
opinions you can't make them.
Only those who wish to learn
are fitted to instruct.-Herbert
. . . . .".."'. ".M
Let Us Do Your Work
We are prepared to take contracts for
clearing, plowing, hauling, fencing, build-
ing and planting.
-For Estimates See or Write-
J. V. ATKINS
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 23
Resident of the "Show Me" State Visits
This Section of Florida
A well-known resident of Kirkwood, Missouri, Mr. Charles Lentz, paid a
visit to Vero and was so highly pleased with what he saw in Indian River
Farms that he decided to purchase and make this section of Florida his future
home. Mr. Lentz' way of expressing it was this:
"I am delighted. What I have seen of the crops and groves in this sec-
tion of Florida convinces me that I have made no mistake in locating in
Indian River Farms. The weather has certainly been delightful and my only
regret is that I cannot remain to begin immediate development of my prop-
erty. I must confess that I came to this country with some doubts, but what
I have seen during my stay convinces me that there is no reason for doubt,
and that when the Indian River Farms Company completes the great work
in which they are engaged, they will certainly have established a community
of prosperous and satisfied people. The ditch development system which is
under construction has worked admirably during the very recent heavy rains,
which have not i erfered with farming operations in the least on account of
the perfect work!= of the ditch system."
Ohio Men to Settle in Indian River
Mr. George H. Burrows and Mr. Paul Herig, both of Cleveland, Ohio, were
in this section for several days during the month of November. Mr. Burrows
and Mr. Herig were representing several others interested in Florida as a
future home. They both expressed themselves as well pleased.
"We had an option on 100 acres of Indian River Farms which we have
taken up, and the lands so appealed to us that we have taken an option on
80 acres more, which we will close on as soon as we have advised with our
These Ohio people expect to develop their holdings jointly and will com-
mence improvements in the very near future.
Calf Feeding on Para Grass in Dr.
Barber's Pasture in Indian River
Ocklawaha Nurseries, Home of Flor-
ida's best fruit trees, easily reached
auto over hard surfaced roads, most
convenient for all planters and most
reliable in Florida. Write for Catalog.
OCKLAWAHA NURSERIES,Tangerine, Fla.
The Florida Grower
For truckers and fruit growers. For folks who
want to know about Florida. Weekly, $1.50 per
year; monthly, 50c. Send 100 for a 2 months
trial subscription. Snappy, bright and clean.
THE FLORIDA GROWER
306% CASS STREET TAMPA, FLA.
0. 0. Helseth, One of the Early and
Seventeen years ago 0. 0. Helseth arrived in the vicinity of Indian River
Farms accompanied by his wife and four children. Mr. Helseth was broken in
health from rheumatism and had just $17 to support himself and family on. He
r obtained work on a farm and set about acquiring land and setting out a pine-
apple field and citrus grove. It was hard work saving the money necessary to
pay for the land and set the plants, but he finally accomplished it. Now Mr.
Helseth has one of the finest pineapple fields and citrus groves in Florida.
Instead of an asset of poor health and $17.00, Mr. Helseth is today the picture
of health and is rated in the more than $50,000 class.
No Decisive Victory Won in Europe
The Man of the Hour is the Man Who Buys in the
Indian River Section of Florida
Some well-known men from Terre
Haute, Indiana, Mr. W. J. Tritt, Mr.
John Hanley and Mr. Charles E. Tem-
ple, were down in this section during
November. They inspected Indian
River Farms and were so well pleased
that they intend to get a number of
their friends to join them in forming
"We have now been at Vero several
days and are able to intelligently ex-
press an opinion regarding this sec-
tion. The drainage system being in-
stalled on Indian River Farms is cer-
tainly superb and the lands on the
whole are of the best quality which we
have found in Florida.
"We have each purchased a tract
and intend to start immediate develop-
ment. Our lands have a rich surface
of decayed humus, underlaid with clay,
marl, shell and iron sand. Vero is
splendidly located. The settlers com-
ing here are the best people from the
highly developed communities of the
North and we believe that there is
every opportunity in the world here
for the homeseeker or investor.
"There are many people from Terre
Haute who have already bought here
and this makes it certain that Vigo
County, Indiana, will have a large col-
ony here and we shall advise our
friends in Indiana who are interested
in Florida to investigate Vero and the
surrounding lands before purchasing
Mr. Temple and Mr. Tritt are re-
maining at Vero and Mr. Hanley will
probably return as soon as he can so
arrange his affairs as to make Vero his
Splendid Business Opportunity
Expenses paid on trip of investigation to Vero, Florida.
q After having visited Vero, Florida, first in June, 1913,
and considering the proposition good, Dr. M. J. Barber and W. S.
Huston, of Marshall, Missouri, in February, 1914, incorporated the
HUSTON FRUIT COMPANY, of Vero, Florida
and after eighteen months' experience, we are of the opinion
that farming in the Vero district is sure to be a money maker.
q We own forty acres of land near the Indian River Farms Company's
Demonstration Farm. Our land is all cleared. We have erected a
good house, two barns and two tenement houses, and put in an artesian
well. We have all necessary teams and machinery to carry on the work.
9 THE HUSTON FRUIT COMPANY has an authorized capital of
$20,000, and $12,000 of this has been paid in full. We are now
offering the remaining$8,000atpar. We are a "going" corporation,
being managed by Dr. Barber, who has been living on the ground
since September, 1913, and he says it is bound to be a winner.
We offer this stock at par. No "ground floor promoters"-no "pig in
a sack" to sell, but anhonest business proposition for business man.
WE WILL PAY THE EXPENSES of the trip to Vero to any man
acting in good faith, who will take $5,000 worth of stock, if, after a
thorough investigation of the land and conditions and the organ-
izers, he is well pleased with the proposition. We Invite the Full-
For further particulars, write
DR. M. J. BARBER, Vero, Florida, or
W. S. HUSTON, Marshall, Mo.
Bank of Saline, Marshall, Mo.
St. Lucie County Bank, Fort Pierce, Fla.
Indian River Farms Company.
Mr. Schussler, Mr. Herig and Mr. Burrows in 0. 0. Helseth's Pineapple
Field in the Indian River Section. .4
Vero's First Thanksgiving Barbecue JI
Vero's Thanksgiving day barbecue was a big success. More than '200
people were present and feasted on beef, pork, fish, sweet potatoes, bread,
cake, pie and coffee.
J. W. Knight and W. V. Rogers presided over the preparation of the meat,
which was roasted on sticks set about a big oak fire. So successful was their
efforts that the crowd united in saying it was the most delicious barbecued
meat they had ever tasted. ...
The day was an ideal one for the affair, bright and warm, with a soft
breeze blowing. A number of guests from a distance were present and nearly
all of Vero turned out for the occasion. Many of the settlers on the Indian
River Farms were there and had an opportunity to get acquainted with the
newcomers and with each other.
The barbecue was given by the Vero Board of Trade, all the expense
being borne by the members, assisted by the Indian River Farms Company.
The cakes and pies were furnished by the women of Vero. Moving pictures
were shown in Vero hall after dinner and the day's festivities closed with
dancing at night.
The Angler's Opportunity
Fishing in the Indian River Farms Company's main canal is becoming a
popular diversion at Vero. Since the October rains there has been a big
increase in the number of fish in the big canal, black bass are the most numer-
ous. Some fine strings of bass, ranging in size from a half pound to three
pounds, have been taken out below the spillway within five minutes' walk of
the hotel. The local lovers of angling have been making the most of the oppor-
VS... VON I 1.- 90. v3s.. S_ HVIN4.0- V-9.0-19": W.- 9N.-SHISM-410 -
24 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
THINKING OF CHRIST
(From the Decemb
Thinking of Christ, and hearing what men say The rivers
Anent His second coming some near day, To feed the
Unto the me of me, I turned to ask, They pay th
What can we do for him, and by what task, And carrying
Or through what sacrifice can we proclaim They scatte:
Our mighty love, and glorify His name? In gratitude
Whereon myself replied (thinking of Christ): And thus sh
Has not God's glory unto Him sufficed? The full swi
What need has He of temples that men raise? Upon earth'
What need has He of any songs of praise? Must flow t
Not sacrifice nor offerings, needs He. Christ is th(
(Thinking of Christ, so spake myself to me.) The thirstin
er number of Good Housekeeping
from the mountain do not try
source from which they gain
teir debt by flowing on and dowi
.g comfort to the field and town.
r joy and beauty on their course,
to the Eternal Source.
would we (thinking of Christ) bes
eet tides of love that through us
s weaker creatures. To the less
he greater, would we lift and ble
e mountain source; each heart a
.g meadows need us, not the Giv
Ella Wheeler Wilcox
Thinking of Christ, let us proclaim His worth
supply; By gracious deeds to mortals on this earth,'
, And while we wait His coming, let us bring'
Sweet love and pity to the humblest thing,
And show our voiceless kin of air and sod
The mercy of the Universal God.
tow Not by long prayers, though prayers renew .our
Not by tall spires, though steeples have their place-
ss. Not by our faith, though faith is glorious-
river; Can we prove Christ, buft by the love in us.
er. Mercy and love and kindness-seek these three.
Thus thinking of Christ, myself said unto me.
Ohio Man Says Words Can't Picture
Mr. Paul G. Herig, well known in Cleveland, Ohio, a man who has studied
agricultural problems from the practical and scientific standpoint, was one
of Vero's visitors in November.
"I have seen our land and can truthfully say that I never had such a
great surprise in my life. After hearing so much "Swamp talk" up North, I
was really discouraged and thought myself and associates had bought a cat in
"There is no use for me to say anything about the quality of the land, as
I never could do it justice. I cannot praise too highly the wonderful work
the Indian River Farms Company is doing. There is no reason on earth why
our land won't triple in -value inside of a year or two.
"It made my eyes stand out to see the canal they have just completed
and their wonderful system of development. I have never seen a piece of
work that is as interesting.
"Mr. Sexton and I visited an orange and grapefruit grove this afternoon
and you would hardly believe that the grapefruit grew so large and sweet. I
don't really know what to say-everything is wonderful, the water, the air,
food, and not least though last, the people. It is an uncommon thing here,
it seems, to see anybody sick and few ever seem sulky and cross.
"I had a motor boat ride down the Indian River and a swim in the At-
lantic. There is some big difference between the salt and fresh water bath-
"I am coming back as soon as I can get things fixed so I can."
Mr. Herig was the representative of several Ohio investors who bad
optioned a tract of land in Indian River Farms and was well satisfied with the
land. Mr. Herig and associates will probably start development in the near
Florida Farther from Gates of Death
A The following extract from Munsey's
-magazine gives one writer's opinion
of Florida. It is merely a portion of
an extended article the whole tenor
of which was praise for this state,
and should be read by many of the
residents of Florida as well as by
strangers. Here is the clipping:
"Florida is one of the busiest, most
enterprising and most prosperous of
AAmerican states. Its towns and cities
save in five years. doubled their size.
'fo other state produces so much phos-
pbate, cypress lumber, resin or tur-
^ entine. No other state makes so
wany Havanacigars or grows so much
lpng staple cotton. And perhaps no
other region. in any part of the world,
:has so happy a blending of the joys
Sbf life with the business energy that
creates material progress and modern
"Men-are now finding gold in Flor-
ida, not in mines, but in the forests,
farms, filh~rier and factories. Not all
the gold that was found in Nevada
and Arizona last year for instance
Should equal the wealth that went to
Florida for her fruits and vegetables;
nor would the total output of Alaskan
gold mines be enough to buy the
cigars of Tampa and Key West.
"There are enough golden oranges
and grapefruit in her groves this
winter to pay back the price-five
million dollars-that the United States
paid to Spain for the territory in 1821.
She will have enough cotton and to-
bacco, both of the highest quality, to
bring five million more; and the lum-
ber that Floridians shipped from their
five seaports in one year was sold for
ten million dollars.
"Phosphate is probably the most
precious natural product of the state.
It is a plant food, used to enrich the
soil. A village doctor was the first to
discover it thirty years ago and since
then Florida has sold sixty million
dollars' worth, mostly to Germany,
and to other European countries. This
sum seems large enough, but it is a
trifle compared to what Florida will
make from her phosphate when she
learns to use every ton of it at home,
enriching the soil of her own farms
"What with this buried treasure of
phosphate, the riches of her soil and
trees and waters and workshops and
the earnings of the tourist season,
the people who now live in Florida
have a yearly income of more' than
$125,000,000. This amount, we may
observe to countrymen of Ponce de
Leon, is very nearly equal to the pres-
ent governmental revenue of the king-
dom of Spain.
"It can be said that no other state
is farther from the gates of death
than Florida. Her average annual
death rate is about nine a thousand,
and she has 71 veterans who have
rounded out a full century and are,
still in the land of the living.
"She allows the soil and the sun-
shine -to work for you every day, so
that farming becomes a continuous
performance. If one crop fails there
is no need to wait until next year.
You can plant a new crop tomorrow."
Mrs. Polster, Mrs. Kenner, Mr. Baumgartner, Mr. and Mrs. Funk and Mr.
H. B. Smith in Walker's Grove Under One of Mr. Walker's
Four-Year-Old Shattuck Trees.
Hendry and Penney to Locate Clothing
and Haberdashery in Vero '
Vero will have an up-to-date clothing store after December 1. The firm
of Hendry & Penney of Fort Pierce have taken a lease on the largest store
room in the new bank building and will open a branch store there on that
date. Mr. A. N. Brady, who has been connected with the main store in Fort
Pierce for some time, will manage the new store. A full line of men's and
boy's clothing and furnishings will be installed.
The firm of Hendry & Penney is one of the largest and most substantial
in Fort Pierce. Mr. W. N. Hendry, who has active charge of the business, is a
man of long experience in the clothing trade.
The fact that this firm looks upon Vero as a promising field for the estab-
lishment of a new store is further proof that the new town is on the move.
Are Made for Florida Soil,
and Always Produce Results.
WRITE FOR BOOKLET.
INDEPENDENT FERTILIZER CO.
The Finest Fruit Shipped Out of Flori-
da to Be Labeled Top Brand
Oranges, grapefruit and tangerines shipped from the new citrus exchange
packing house at Vero, will be known as the Top brand. This name for -_ts
brand has been selected by the Vero Citrus Growers' Association and wil: be
copyrighted. It will stand for some of the finest fruit that goes out of the State'...-
of Florida and promises to become one of the most popular of the Florida
Citrus Exchange brands.