Title: LASA forum
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00091288/00008
 Material Information
Title: LASA forum
Alternate Title: Latin American Studies Association forum
Abbreviated Title: LASA forum
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Latin American Studies Association
Donor: Helen Icken Safa ( endowment )
Publisher: Latin American Studies Association,
Latin American Studies Association
Place of Publication: Austin Tex
Publication Date: Winter 1988
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Latin American Studies Association   ( gtt )
Study and teaching -- Periodicals -- Latin America -- United States   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Latin America -- 1980-   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Statement of Responsibility: Latin American Studies Association.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 14, no. 2 (summer 1983)-
General Note: Place of publication varies: Pittsburgh, PA, summer 1986-
General Note: Title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Vol. 37, issue 1 (winter 2006).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00091288
Volume ID: VID00008
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10005251
lccn - 87643985
issn - 0890-7218
 Related Items
Preceded by: LASA newsletter

Full Text

LASA Forum

Latin American Studies Association

Vol. XVIII, No. 4 Winter 1988

Charles Wagley
Recipient of Silvert Prize.

Charles Wagley, Graduate Research Professor Emeritus
of Anthropology and Latin American Studies at the Univer-
sity of Florida, has been selected as the next recipient of the
Kalman Silvert Award. Past President Cole Blasier will pre-
sent the award during the LASA business meeting on Friday,
March 18, 1988.
Continued on page 5

President's Report, 1986-87
Cole Blasier
University of Pittsburgh

During 1986-87, we have continued the momentum
gathered under former President Wayne Cornelius and
former Executive Director Richard Sinkin and have taken a
variety of steps to keep LASA strong and responsive to the
needs of its members.

Vice President Paul Drake, who is already deeply
involved in LASA's affairs, takes over as President at the
beginning of January; Jean Franco, of Columbia University,
the newly elected Vice President, succeeds him. These succes-
sion arrangements-from Vice President to President to Past
President-are working well.

The Secretariat moved from the University of Texas in
mid-1986 to a suite of offices on the University of Pittsburgh
campus. Under a five-year contract, Pittsburgh provides
office space and salaries for LASA's professional staff: the
Executive Director, his full-time assistant, and a part-time
publications director. LASA is fortunate to have its opera-
tions in the hands of an efficient, energetic, and skilled staff.

The Secretariat has been working hard to build member-
ship. There were 2,401 individual members and 98 institu-
tional (CLASP) members at the end of 1986, an increase over
1985 of several hundred individual members and about 20
CLASP members. Membership in both categories dropped
only slightly in 1987, holding unusually well for a non-
congress year. The Secretariat recently published a new
membership directory, providing addresses and telephone
numbers as well as a listing by discipline.

Financial arrangements have also been strengthened.
New constitutional provisions (currently pending member-
ship approval), place responsibility for financial oversight on
the Treasurer but remove him/her from participation in
financial operations. The Secretariat has reorganized the
custody of funds to provide for more security. We are pleased
to report that LASA's recent operations are in the black. The
Continued on page 3


Charles Wagley Recipient of Silvert Prize.............. 1

President's Report, 1986-87 ........................ 1
By Cole Blasier

A View of New Orleans .............................5
By Alma H. Young

Report from the Program Committee ................ 8
Congress Highlights

State, Regime, and the Democratization Muddle........9
By James Petras

Federaci6n Internacional de Estudios sobre
America Latina y el Caribe..................... 12
By Jorge J.E. Gracia

Consortium of Latin American Studies Programs
Major Activities 1985-87 ......................... 13
By Richard E. Greenleaf

Regional Activities ... ................. ........ 14

New LASA Officers............................. 15

Fourth Annual LASA Field Seminar in Nicaragua ..... 15

Proposal for Film Submission ...................... 16

Announcements .................................. 17

Forthcoming Conferences/Symposia ................ 18

Employment Opportunities ........................ 19

Research & Study Opportunities .................... 20

Publications .................................. 21

Latin American Studies Association

Vice President:
Past President

Paul Drake (University of California, San Diego)
Jean Franco (Columbia University)
Cole Blasier (University of Pittsburgh)

Executive Council:
(For term ending October 1989):

(For term ending April 1991):

Executive Director:
Assistant to the Executive Director:
Publications Director:

Peter Bell (Carnegie Endowment), Lorenzo Meyer (Colegio
de M6xico), Marta Tienda (University of Chicago).
Peter Evans (University of California, San Diego), Adolfo
Figueroa (Universidad Cat6lica del Peru), Cynthia McClin-
tock (George Washington University).

Reid Reading (University of Pittsburgh)
Lynn M. Young (University of Pittsburgh)
June S. Belkin (University of Pittsburgh)

The LASA Forum is published in the winter, spring, summer and fall. Deadlines for receipt of copy are November 20, February
20, May 20 and August 20 respectively. All contributions should be directed to Reid Reading, Editor, LASA Forum, William Pitt
Union, 9th Floor, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260. Opinions expressed herein are those of individual authors and
do not necessarily reflect the views of the Latin American Studies Association or its officers. We welcome responses to any
material published in the Forum.
ISSN 0890-7218

endowment fund, which was started with $14,000 from the
Ford Foundation, now stands at $27,000 thanks to generous
member contributions and interest earnings. This figure
includes a $5,000 fund recently established to honor the
memory of Lourdes Casal. Louis Goodman, of American
University, has agreed to serve as chair of the Endowment
Funds Committee.

New term schedules have been instituted for the officers
and members of the Executive Council, partly on the basis of
recommendations from former president Tom Skidmore.
This innovation should solve transition problems that have
plagued LASA for years. When I assumed the presidency on
July 1, 1986, for example, only three-and-a-half months
remained until the Boston Congress. Different transition
problems have complicated the life of task forces and commit-
tees. By serving a few months longer, the officers and
Executive Council members taking office January 1, 1988,
will end rather than begin their term with a LASA Congress,
making the event a convenient juncture for retiring and
incoming officials.

Revisions to the constitution and by-laws, approved by
the Executive Council, have been submitted to the member-
ship for approval. The Constitution Revision Committee,
chaired by Paul Doughty, and members of the Executive
Council put much effort into this document. Some revisions
update articles that have fallen into disuse; others regularize
procedures that have caused confusion in the past. The latest
version, for example, centers responsibility for preparing a
slate in the Nominating Committee, but also gives the
Executive Council authority to influence its composition in
special cases.

The Latin American Research Review was scheduled to
move from the University of New Mexico in July 1989, and
steps to find a successor would have begun this year. In light
of the consistent praise for the quality of LARR and the work
of its editor, Gilbert Merkx, the Executive Council authorized
me to seek renewal of the contract with New Mexico. The
University has agreed to continue its substantial financial sup-
port to the Review for an additional three-year period. We are
gratified to have LARR in such good hands.

The country task forces have continued their activities
throughout the past year-and-a-half. Christopher Mitchell, of
New York University, led a group for a conference on inter-
American relations convened in Cuba July 9-11, 1987, under
a grant from the Ford Foundation. In addition to par-
ticipants' prepared papers, there was much free-wheeling
discussion. Former LASA President Helen Safa led the first
phase of this project, and Lars Schoultz, of the University of
North Carolina, is in charge of the next phase; he is making
plans for future meetings with Cuban scholars. Wayne Smith,
co chair of the Task Force on Scholarly Relations with Cuba,
has been active in focusing public attention on the
impediments to scholarly exchanges with Cuba.

The Task Force on Scholarly Relations with Nicaragua,
chaired by Charles Stansifer, has published two more issues
of LASA-NICA Scholars News, edited by Michael Conroy
and Laura Enriquez. Thomas Walker, Ohio University, and
Harvey Williams, University of the Pacific, have coordinated
study groups to Nicaragua for the past three summers and are
planning another one for June 11-25, 1988. As the year drew
to a close, the Executive Council authorized LASA to
dispatch country teams to Central America to observe com-
pliance with the Guatemala peace accord. This project is
discussed further below.

The Task Force on Scholarly Relations with the USSR,
chaired by Alejandro Portes, has proposed a change, begin-
ning in 1988, from the conference format to individual and
small group visits with an emphasis on research.

The Task Force on Human Rights and Academic
Freedom, chaired by Martin Diskin, prepared a report on the
Atlantic Coast of Nicaragua; it was published in the Spring
and Summer 1986 issues of the Forum and as a separate
reprint. In addition, a LASA-supported legal complaint filed
by the Center for Constitutional Rights (another successful
initiative from the previous LASA administration), has
culminated in two policy directives implemented by the U.S.
Customs Service to prevent harassment of Americans return-
ing from Nicaragua.

The Consortium of Latin American Studies Programs
(CLASP), under the leadership of Richard E. Greenleaf,
Tulane University, has continued its preparation of instruc-
tional materials, training programs, and programs to forge
links between Latin American studies and the business com-
munity. CLASP has also been long engaged in mobilizing
federal support for Latin American studies programs.

Program and Nominating Committees, which are elected
at full meetings of the Executive Council, have been especially
active. Merilee Grindle, Harvard University, did an impres-
sive job organizing the program of the Boston Congress in
October 1986; Joseph Criscenti, Boston College, was in
charge of local arrangements. As in previous years, Arturo
Valenzuela offered highly valuable service as parlementarian.
The first delegation of Latin Americanists from the Peoples'
Republic of China ever to attend a LASA congress par-
ticipated in Boston. Charles Bergquist, Duke University, has
completed the program for the New Orleans Congress, March
17-19. Richard Greenleaf and Karen Bracken, of Tulane, are
handling local arrangements. Mark Rosenberg, of Florida
International University, is chair of the Program Committee
for the XV International Congress, scheduled for the end of
September 1989 in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

The Nominating Committee, chaired by Lars Schoultz,
produced a strong slate of candidates for Vice President and
the Executive Council for terms beginning January 1, 1988.
[See full election results elsewhere in this issue.] We are most

grateful to all the nominees, whether elected or not, for their
willingness to serve LASA. James Malloy, of the University
of Pittsburgh, will chair the next Nominating Committee,
which will produce a slate for the elections in 1989.

Silvert and Media Awards. During the Boston Congress,
LASA presented the Kalman Silvert Award to Albert
Hirschman, of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton,
in recognition of his distinguished lifetime contribution to the
study of Latin America. The award will be given to Charles
Wagley, University of Florida, at the New Orleans Congress.
Also honored in Boston was Bill Buzenberg, National Public
Radio, who received the Media Task Force's award for
outstanding coverage of Latin American affairs; the award
was presented by Cynthia McClintock, chairperson. The
Executive Council has been considering a proposal for a Book
Award in Latin American Studies. An ad hoc committee
chaired by Susan Eckstein, Boston University, is investigating
how this proposal might best be implemented.

The Future. Membership continues to be the bedrock
foundation of LASA. Its current level is relatively high, but
it could be higher. We need to convince nonmembers that
LASA provides the best access to scholarship and profes-
sional activities in the Latin American studies field. We also
need to attract those Latin Americanists who left LASA when
the organization's policy orientations differed sharply from
their own. Despite the brief controversies that erupt in
business meetings and are sometimes aired in the Forum,
LASA has always been, and will continue to be, essentially an
academic organization dedicated to the promotion of
teaching and research. Even at the height of controversy,
policy issues are only a small fraction of LASA's activities.

Next to membership, LASA's future depends on the will-
ingness of universities to provide space and significant finan-
cial support to the Secretariat and the Latin American
Research Review. The former is assured at Pittsburgh until
1991 and the latter at New Mexico until 1992.

We must continue to build the endowment funds to give
LASA a cushion for hard times and greater flexibility in its
programs. To accomplish this our annual income must con-
tinue to exceed our expenses and we should refrain from dip-
ping into endowment funds until they reach more substantial
levels. Simultaneously we need to raise more money for
endowment from members and close friends and to
realistically assess the possibilities for raising money from cor-
porations and foundations.

A significant issue within LASA is its involvement in
policy-related activities not ordinarily associated with
academia, such as observation of the Nicaraguan elections. In
early December the Executive Council authorized LASA to
send an observer team to Central America to monitor com-
pliance with the Guatemala peace accord. Charles Stansifer

will head the team. The Executive Council has determined
that this activity serves LASA's interests as a professional
academic organization and that LASA can have a construc-
tive impact on outcomes. LASA also recognizes its obligation
to capitalize on the expertise of its members in the public

A continuing concern of the officers and members of the
Executive Council has been how to get academics from Latin
America involved in LASA's affairs. Over the years substan-
tial sums have been raised from foundations and the U.S.
Government to bring Latin Americans to LASA congresses.
There has been one Latin American on the Executive Coun-
cil for some years, but there needs to be wider participation in
association affairs generally in spite of the fact that distance
and money make continuous participation difficult.
As a leader in Latin American studies worldwide, LASA
has concentrated its efforts on countries where scholarly ties
are most difficult to establish and maintain: Cuba, Nicaragua
and the USSR. The association made its first formal contact
in the United States with China at the 1986 Congress in
Boston, and these ties should be developed further. We have
not been in close enough touch with Latin Americanists in
Japan, and an invitation has been sent to them for the New
Orleans Congress.

LASA's future is assured as long as Latin Americanists
maintain their dedication to multidisciplinary studies of the
region and to collaboration in the support of teaching and
research on the area. Latin America seems blessed, or
doomed, to attract widespread public interest as crisis follows
crisis. In helping our many constituencies to better understand
Latin America, LASA has more than fulfilled the hopes of its
founders some twenty years ago.


The Forum invites the submission of brief, research-based
articles of timely interest to LASA members. Please sub-
mit two clear copies with all material, including extracts,
notes, and references typed double-spaced; notes and/or
references should be typed separately at the end of the
manuscript. Please consult the latest edition of A Manual
of Style, University of Chicago Press, for matters of style,
especially format for notes and bibliographies. The Forum
is published four times a year: January, April, July, and
October. Address contributions to: Editor, LASA Forum,
William Pitt Union, 9th Floor, University of Pittsburgh,
Pittsburgh, PA 15260.

Professor Wagley founded the Institute for Latin
American Studies at Columbia University and served as its
director from 1961 to 1969. He was also a major figure in the
development of the Center of Latin American Studies at the
University of Florida, joining the faculty there in 1971. He
was one of the founders of the Latin American Studies
Association, president of the American Anthropological
Association in 1970-71, and has held various positions on the
Social Science Research Council, the National Research
Council, and the Inter-American Foundation.

Professor Wagley has been widely recognized for his
work. He received the Cruzeiro do Sul from the Brazilian
government, the highest honor accorded foreigners, for his
service in public health in that country during World War II.
In 1962 he was awarded a Doctor Honora Causa degree from
the Universidade de Bahia, and in 1964 a Doctor of Laws
from Notre Dame University. Most recently, in 1980, he
received the Medal for Science in Amazonia from the
National Institute of Amazon Research in Brazil.

As a scholar, Professor Wagley is best known for his
work in Brazil. His monograph Amazon Town has become a
classic in anthropology, and his most recent book, Welcome
of Tears: The Tapirape Indians of Central Brazil, is noted for
its sensitivity and insight into indigenous life. Although con-
sidered one of the leading Brazilianists in the United States,
Professor Wagley is also known as the delineator of "Plan-
tation America," a concept that has been crucial to scholar-
ship on culture area studies in the New World, and for his
notion of "social race," which is widely cited in the literature
on race relations in Latin America.

The Kalman Silvert Award Panel, honoring Professor
Wagley, will take place on Friday morning, March 18, at
10:45. Titled "Recent Directions in Social Science Research
in Latin America," the panel will include introductory
remarks by Professor Wagley and presentations by Helen
Safa (University of Florida), "Research on Women"; Emilio
Moran (Indiana University), "Human and Cultural
Ecology"; and by Marianne Schmink and Charles H. Wood
(University of Florida), "Frontier Societies in the Amazon

Professor Wagley is the fourth recipient of the Kalman
Silvert Award, created in 1982 to honor senior members of
our profession who have made a distinguished lifetime con-
tribution to the study of Latin America and to the advance-
ment of the profession generally. Previous winners were John
J. Johnson (1983), Federico Gil (1985), and Albert 0.
Hirschman (1986). The winner is selected by a committee con-
sisting of LASA past presidents and the editor of the Latin
American Research Review. The 1988 committee consisted of
Cole Blasier, chair (University of Pittsburgh), Wayne Cor-
nelius (University of California, San Diego), Helen Safa
(University of Florida), and Gilbert Merkx (University of New

A View of New Orleans
Alma H. Young
University of New Orleans

New Orleans is in a class by itself. At the time it became
a part of the United States in 1803, it was already a 100-year-
old European-style city and the fifth largest in the country.
New Orleans considered its Franco-Spanish civilization
superior to the English, and even after the Louisiana Purchase
it successfully resisted cultural assimilation.

That New Orleans is a "foreign" city will be apparent
from the beginning of your visit: from its tropical climate, the
Latin character of much of its architecture, and the rich,
varied ethnic mix, to the permissiveness of its Catholicism and
the distinct racial mix of blacks, Creoles and whites. New
Orleans has preserved its cultural individuality and gone its
own way, at its own inimitable pace, with seemingly little
regard for the way things are done elsewhere.

For a proper appreciation of New Orleans, one needs to
start at the beginning, the Vieux Carre (French Quarter),
where the city began in 1718. The Vieux Carre was designed
along the lines of a medieval French village. In its center was
the parade ground, the Place d'Armes. Facing the river and
the square was the church. The Old Ursuline Convent at 1114
Chartres Street, an outstanding example of pure French col-
onial architecture, is the only surviving structure of the
original village. Two disastrous fires, in 1788 and 1794, com-
pletely devastated the town.

New Orleans was a busy port city when it passed into
Spanish hands in 1762, and the reconstruction following the
two great fires reflects the influences of different nationalities:
Creole cottages with grey mansard roofs; white stuccoed
Spanish buildings with filigreed arches; Italianate courtyards
with sculpted fountains and lush tropical plants; carved
gingerbread curlicues gracing the eaves of early American
homes. Today the Vieux Carr6 remains a picturesque pot-
pourri of many architectural styles, but the French imprint is
still noticeable.

In 1856, the Place d'Armes was renamed to honor
General Andrew Jackson, the hero of the fierce 1815 Battle of
New Orleans. Jackson Square is now the heart of the French
Quarter. St. Louis Cathedral, the oldest active cathedral in the
country, is flanked by the Cabildo on one side and the
Presbytere on the other, both now part of the Louisiana State
Museum. The Cabildo, built in 1795 and graced with wide
Spanish arches, was used for government offices and law
courts when the Spanish ruled New Orleans. The formal
transfer of the Louisiana Territory to the United States took
place here. The Presbytere was built in 1791 as a residence for
the priests of the cathedral but was later used for shops and
then for the Supreme Court. Lining the square are the graceful

wrought-iron facades of the Pontalba Apartments, completed
in 1852 and believed to be the oldest apartment buildings in
the United States. On any day the square is filled with portrait
painters, jugglers, mimes, musicians of all kinds, and of
course people-watchers.

Immediately across from the square is the Moonwalk, a
lovely promenade leading to the river's edge. There you can
watch domestic and foreign freighters, barges, tugs and river-
boats move up and down the river in a stream, evidence that
New Orleans is the world's fourth largest port. The Moon-
walk connects the renovated Jackson Brewery on the right
with the Cafe du Monde on the left. The brewery is one of two
festival marketplaces in the downtown area (the other is the
Riverwalk, a nearby Rouse development that begins at
Spanish Plaza and goes to the city's new convention center).
Caf6 du Monde is a twenty-four-hour haven where people go
to enjoy cafe au lait and beignets, hot rectangular doughnuts
topped with powdered sugar. Behind the cafe is the French
Market, were elegant shops and eateries join the long, open
sheds of the original farmers' market, in operation for over
160 years. Behind the market is the recently renovated Old
U.S. Mint, which is the oldest mint building still standing in
the nation and houses the New Orleans Jazz Museum and the
Museum of Mardi Gras.


5- A1411 ,.I
7 77-

If you move away from the river back past the Cathedral,
you will come to two of the most famous streets in the French
Quarter. The sedate Rue Royale is a veritable paradise of
antiques, jewelry, rare books, and art galleries plus the 19th
century Gallier House, the Historic New Orleans Collection,
and the Louisiana State Museum. The other is "sexy, sassy,
brassy" Bourbon Street. It is a pedestrian mall and constantly
in motion as people go from bar to bar and nightclub to
nightclub in search of alcoholic and musical frenzies. A night
in the Quarter, which comes alive around 10p.m., is not com-
plete without jazz. There are about fifty clubs offering dif-
ferent varieties of jazz, rhythm and blues, zydeco, and some
reggae. A few blocks off Bourbon Street on St. Peter Street
is the Quarter's busiest bar, Pat O'Brien's, home of the Hur-
ricane. Next to the bar is the Quarter's best known jazz land-
mark, Preservation Hall, where musicians of the '20s play the
old songs once again.

A visit to the French Quarter will help you understand
that this is a "living museum." The architecture may date
back to the 18th century, but the uses for many of the
buildings reflect the 20th century. Many people still live in the
Quarter, most of them in apartments over shops, with patios
in the back; residential use is balanced with commercial and
historical uses. As architectural historian Bernard Lemann
wrote, "As an historic storehouse, the Vieux Carr6 represents
a cumulative effect, not an isolated moment of history, but a
kind of mobile moment, ever receding into the background,
or moving forward, depending on how one prefers to see it."

Force yourself to leave the French Quarter, for New
Orleans has much more to offer. Cross Canal Street, the
historic neutral ground between the French and the
Americans who settled in Faubourg St. Mary, today's central
business district. Take the streetcar uptown and follow the
path of development for the Americans. The streetcar, an
official historic landmark, is the oldest continuously running
street railway system in existence. It affords a stunning view
of the garden district and uptown New Orleans. On St.
Charles Avenue, perhaps the most beautiful street in the city,
it rolls beneath huge arching oaks, past miles of gracious man-
sions. It also passes the former site of the 1884 World's Fair,
where today are situated Tulane and Loyola Universities (side
by side) and Audubon Park, home of the zoo. The streetcar
ends at Carrollton and Claiborne; a round-trip takes about an
hour and a half.

If you continue your trip away from the river and
towards the lake, (This is how directions are given in New
Orleans: away from and toward the river, uptown and
downtown of Canal Street; there are no east, west, north,
south, yet the city is easy to negotiate.) you will come to City
Park, home of the New Orleans Museum of Art, which
houses the largest collection of Latin colonial sculptures and
paintings and an outstanding selection of pre-Columbian art.

Pontalba Apartments

Joseph A. Arrigo

(Don't forget Tulane's Middle American Research Institute,
with 26 showcases of Mayan and pre-Columbian pottery,
costumes, marble vessels, and figures from Honduras,
Guatemala and Mexico.)

Facing the park is Esplanade Avenue, the 19th century
home of French Creoles who sought to leave the crowded
Vieux Carr&. Here again you will find majestic trees, lovely
homes, and French cafes. You will also find one of the city's
largest cemeteries. In New Orleans, cemeteries look like little
cities. Because the city is five feet below sea level, graves are
not put underground due to the threat of flooding (it could
also be the French influence of above-ground burial). The
raised tombs of various architectural styles are the "houses"
comprising the "cities within the city" or 'cities of the dead,"
as New Orleans cemeteries are known. The tombs
resemble rowhouses and even temples, made of marble,
brick or stucco.

Moving away from City Park, we follow Bayou St.
John, the original route for coastal vessels to gain a
Mississippi portage. Without the bayou there would have
been no New Orleans as we know it today. Overlooking the
bayou is the authentically restored 18th century plantation
home of James Pitot, first New Orleans Parish Court Judge.
Inside this West Indies-style mansion is a collection of late
18th and early 19th century antiques.

At the end of the bayou we come to the Lakefront, where
you can watch sailboats, have a picnic, and see the Mardi Gras
Fountain, a year-round tribute to New Orleans' favorite
celebration. Along the Lakefront you will also find 20th cen-
tury mansions and New Orleans' two public universities, the
University of New Orleans (part of the LSU System), with
16,000 students, and Southern University at New Orleans
(part of the Southern University System), with 3500 students.
The University of New Orleans faces Lake Pontchartrain,
where one of the first major submarine battles was fought.
Further out, across the lake and the world's longest overwater
bridge (called the causeway), lies Covington, an artists' col-
ony and health resort. The seat of government for St. Tam-
many Parish in the mid-1800s, Covington is a historical
monument, with shopping areas created in old Creole

As you can see, New Orleans is more than the French
Quarter, and the Quarter is more than Bourbon Street. New
Orleans reveres its past and thrives on diversity. It is this diver-
sity, the mixture of cultures-French, Spanish, African,
Caribbean, Italian, Irish, German, Vietnamese-that gives
New Orleans its magic. The magic is reflected in the cuisine,
the music, the architecture, and the folklore that surrounds
the city. While each ingredient plays an important role, it is the
rich blend of ingredients that makes New Orleans unique.

Listen to the way New Orleanians speak, here the stories they
tell, watch the way they act: you will be enraptured. An
interesting way to engage New Orleanians is to ask them about
the local cuisine, for cooking and eating are taken seriously.
The variety of food is dizzying, from continental Creole
cuisine (at places like Arnaud's and Commander's Palace) to
soul Creole (at places like Dooky Chase and Chez Helene,
after which Frank's Place is patterned) to seafood eateries
(from Felix's to Casamento's) to po-boy delights (from
Mother's to Napoleon House).

As the song asks, "Do you know what it means to miss
New Orleans?" By the time the congress is over, we think
you will.

-~ l

Jackson Square


Joseph A. Arrigo

New Orleans, Louisiana
March 17-19, 1988
Clarion Hotel

By the time you read this report in the Forum, you may
already have received in the mail the program for the con-
gress. Although the number of sessions this year is roughly the
same as in recent meetings, the program itself is a shorter
document. This year the Program Committee, with the
approval of the LASA Secretariat, decided to eliminate
translations of session and paper titles; session organizers and
individual presenters chose the language in which they will
present their material, and that is the language used for the
listing in the program. The result is a more readable program
and reduced costs.

The Program Committee is particularly pleased with the
quality and number of special sessions, which focus on com-
parative themes as well as contemporary issues. A list of these
sessions was sent to members in a special mailing in

Many people, including the session organizers, the staff
at the LASA Secretariat, and members of the Executive
Council have helped us in our labors since they began in
Boston in October 1986. We wish to thank especially the staff
at the Center for International Studies at Duke University,
who assembled all program material and oversaw its publica-
tion and distribution.

See you in New Orleans.

Charles Bergquist, Chair (Duke University)
Douglas Bennett (Swarthmore College)
Jan Flora (Kansas State University)
Regina Harrison (Bates College)
Nora Lustig (El Colegio de M6xico)
Scott Whiteford (Michigan State University)

Congress Highlights

Activities begin on Wednesday, March 16, at 5:00 p.m.
with a welcoming reception for all LASA members at the
World Trade Center, 2 Canal Street.

The film festival also begins on Wednesday, 6:00 p.m-12
midnight in the Exhibition Hall of the Clarion Hotel. Festival
films, those awarded the 1988 LASA Award of Merit in Film,
will be screened Thursday and Friday from 12 noon until 12
midnight, and Saturday from 12 noon until 6:00 p.m. In
addition, there will be a film exhibit on Thursday, Friday and
Saturday from 8:00 a.m. until noon.

Panels, breakfast roundtables, and tertulias begin on
Thursday morning, March 17. Roundtables will meet during
breakfast (7:30-8:30 a.m.) on Thursday and Friday in the
Grand Ballroom, Salon A; tertulias will meet Thursday from
6:15 to 7:45 p.m. in the same location. Most participants will
have purchased roundtable and tertulia tickets in advance and
will find their tickets in their registration packets. Tickets still
remaining will be available at the registration area in advance
of the sessions.

Supplementing the regular panels and workshops is a
series of special sessions scheduled from 4:30 to 6:00 p.m.
Thursday, Friday and Saturday afternoons. Some of these
sessions emphasize comparative themes, often featuring com-
ments by noted scholars from outside the field of Latin
American studies. Others deal with contemporary issues of
great moment in Latin America and may include addresses by
important political figures.

The Kalman Silvert Award Panel, "Recent Directions in
Social Science Research in Latin American," will take place
on Friday at 10:45 a.m. in the Oak Room. It will feature
introductory remarks by Charles Wagley.

Also on Friday is the LASA business meeting at 6:15
p.m. in Audubon A/B/C; the meeting is open to all current
(paid-up) members. A gran baile will be held at 9:00 p.m. in
Salons B/C of the Grand Ballroom. Tickets may be purchased
in advance at the registration area.

Some thirty-five publishers of materials on Latin
America will display their wares in the Clarion Hotel's Tulane
Room. Book Exhibit hours are Thursday from 10:00 a.m.
until 5:00 p.m., Friday from 9:30 a.m. until 4:00 p.m., and
Saturday from 9:30 a.m. until 2:00 p.m. Congress papers will
be sold for $1.00 each at a location designated by posted signs.

The final congress event is the LASA reception, with jazz
combo, on Saturday at 6:30 p.m. in Audubon D/E.

Joseph A. Arrign


The Cabildo

State, Regime, and the Democratization Muddle
James Petras
State University of New York
at Binghamton

It has become fashionable to write about the state, but
much of the current writing reveals confusion on essential
concepts. The state refers to the permanent institutions of
government and the concomitant ensemble of class relations
which have been embedded in them. The permanent institu-
tions include those which exercise a monopoly over the means
of coercion (army, police, judiciary) as well as those that con-
trol the economic levers of the accumulation process. Types
of states include liberal, terrorist, capitalist authoritarian, and
democratic socialist.

The government or regime refers to the political officials
that occupy the executive and legislative branches of govern-
ment and are subject to renewal or replacement. There are
various types of government classified along several dimen-
sions: civilian, military, elected, or self-appointed. There are,
in turn, various kinds of regimes that attempt to represent dif-
ferent socioeconomic strategies.

In analyzing the process of political change, it is impor-
tant to recognize the different levels at which transformation
takes place in order to adequately characterize the process.
For example, in Latin America recently, there have been a
number of political changes that have been dubbed a
"democratization" process, producing "democratic states."
In terms of our conceptual distinctions, however, these
political changes have not in the least changed the nature of
the state but rather have led to changes at the level of govern-
ment and regime. In the overwhelming majority of cases, the
military, police, and judicial officials have remained in place,
with the same controls over "security," with the same values
and ideologies, and without having been brought to justice for
their terrorist behavior.

Moreover, the same class linkages that defined the state
before the changes continue under the new regimes. The
political regime exercises its prerogatives and its executive and
legislative initiatives within the framework established by the
preexisting configuration of power. This means that any
characterization of the process of political change must
include both the continuities of the state as well as changes at
the level of the regime. Moreover, since the state is prior and
more basic than the regime in the functioning of the social
system, it is the nature of the state which is the "noun" and
the regime which is the "adjective" in characterizing the
political configuration. Hence, in the case of Guatemala, for
example, the continuities in the state apparatus-
organizationally and ideologically intact from the period of
terrorist rulership-provides the key to defining the political

system, while the change from an appointed military to the
elected Cerezo regime provides the modification. The
Guatemalan political system could thus be referred to as an
elected-civilian police-state.

The accommodation between elected-civilian regimes
and the terrorist-military state is based upon a convergence on
socioeconomic projects, and not-as many analysts would
argue-circumstances "forced" upon reluctant reform-
minded civilians. In both the cases of Argentina and Uruguay,
the incumbent civilian regimes have elaborated development
strategies that are essentially directed toward integrating the
export-oriented growth projects of their predecessors with
more "rational management" of the domestic economy and
more effective mobilization of outside economic resources.
Since the civilian regime's economic models are built on
supply-side incentives and premised on creating a favorable
climate for external funding, it engages in the same restrictive
domestic income policies as its predecessors. Upon taking
office, the civilians are very aware that the political capital
accumulated from their displacement of the terrorist-military
regime will sooner or later begin to dissipate. In anticipation
of popular protest and in defense of their economic strategy,
the elected-civilian regimes retain their ties to the existing state
apparatus. The socioeconomic continuities serve to bridge the
political differences between the military and civilian, as the
former retains the state and the latter is relegated to manag-
ing the regime.

Changes of regime are not always congruent and com-
patible with the preexisting state. Elected regimes may attempt
to restructure the state apparatus, and linkages between
classes and the state apparatus, to bring them in line with their
social-economic project. When the project of a new regime
differs substantially from the basic orientation of the state
upon which it rests, a period of conflict ensues; but invariably
it is the state apparatus that wins, overthrowing or forcing a
modification in the behavior of the regime. For example, the
conflict between the state and the regime in Chile during the
Allende regime was resolved by the state, which proceeded to
form a new regime reflecting the structure of the repressive
apparatus. Likewise in Cuba in the period following the
Batista regime, the revolutionary army became the basis of the
new state while the liberals formed the regime. In the ensuing
conflict between the state and regime over social policy, it was
the state, linked to the working class and peasantry, that
prevailed. Thus the composition, orientation, and class rela-
tions of the state shape the long-term, large-scale policies of
a political system. That is why Washington is willing to accept
changes in regime (even from military to civilian) in order to
preserve the continuity of the state; conversely, and for the
same reason, Washington is adamant in opposing political
changes that dismantle the existing state, particularly when
the new state is organized to sustain a regime with a nationalist
and socialist project. Washington is willing to sacrifice
regimes such as those of Marcos and Duvalier and accept

civilians as long as it can preserve the state apparatus-a
policy that was tried and failed in Cuba and Nicaragua.

There is no question then of discussing political regimes,
electoral-civilian or otherwise, without referring to the state-
class relations upon which they depend. Regimes cannot
defend themselves when they act contrary to state interests.
This is understood by the incoming civilian politicians who
fashion development agendas and political relations that
adapt to these institutional realities. In many cases the need
to adapt is minimal since the civilians share a common
perspective with the state elites. This agreement over policy
between the regime and state is obscured by the ideologues of
the civilian regime who promote the ideology of "democracy
without adjectives"-who attempt to reduce the political
system to regime changes and the accompanying electoral
procedures, without examining the larger historical-structural
configuration within which those changes take place.

A major problem in this neoliberal discourse is the
marked tendency to dichotomize the political process in terms
of authoritarian/democratic categories. This analysis is
flawed at several levels. First, the authoritarians are active
negotiators and facilitators during the transition. Second, the
authoritarians continue to exercise power and control over the
instruments of violence. Third, there are issue areas (punish-
ment of military human rights violators, debt obligations,
reform) which are off limits to the civilian regime. Fourth, in
some cases human rights violations have continued under the
civilian regimes and at times increased massively (Peru under
Belainde and El Salvador under Duarte are two clear
examples). In other cases political terror has become more
selective: killing of peasants advocating agrarian reform con-
tinues in Brazil under Sarney, while over 200 political murders
took place during the first eight months of the Cerezo regime
in Guatemala. The continuation of repressive institutions,
policies, and practices demonstrates the interpenetration of
electoral-civilian regimes and authoritarian institutions.

The facile equation of elected-civilian regimes with
"democracy" or "democratization" and the concomitant
respect for elementary rights is thus contrary to numerous
examples in recent Latin American history. The civilian
Balaguer regime, elected in the aftermath of the U.S. invasion
of the Dominican Republic, oversaw the emergence of
paramilitary death squads responsible for several hundred
political murders. The M6ndez Montenegro regime, elected
in 1966 in Guatemala, presided over one of the bloodiest
chapters in that country's gory history. If we add the Belainde
regime in Peru-with its over 8,000 civilian deaths, and the
Duarte regime with over 60,000 citizen deaths, we get some
notion of the gap between electoral processes and the elemen-
tary ingredients of citizenship-the right to life.

In some cases one could argue that certain
"authoritarian" military regimes provided more of the essen-

tial conditions for citizen participation than the elected
regimes which succeeded them. This is clearly the case in Peru
if we compare the Velasco military regime with the Beladnde
electoral-civilian regime. Under Velasco a vast number of
neighborhood, trade union, peasant, and professional
associations emerged and, despite efforts at cooptation,
managed to establish broad areas of popular social participa-
tion and even control over decisions affecting their lives,
without any of the terrorism so common under the elected
civilian regime. Under Belafnde, on the other hand, trade
unions were undermined, shanty towns were assaulted, and
hundreds, if not thousands, of peasant activists were
assassinated. Likewise under Colonel Camano's leadership,
during the ill-fated popular uprising in Santo Domingo in
1965, there was far more freedom and citizen involvement
than was to emerge during the subsequent civilian regime.

The presence or absence of civilians or military, or even
elections, is less important in shaping the democratization
process than the relationship of the state to the class structure
and the underlying relationship of power between classes
within the state. Thus electoral-civilian regimes linked to class
and states promoting regressive socioeconomic policies fre-
quently rule within an authoritarian framework. Conversely
we find, on rare occasion, military regimes linked to popular
classes which open up opportunities for extending and
deepening citizen participation and extending popular control
over important areas of social life.

What neoliberals describe as the "democratization pro-
cess" has the dual character of reconsolidating authoritarian
state power-both the military institution and accumulation
model-while conceding political space for individual expres-
sion and limited social mobilization. The contradictory nature
of this conjunctional process creates the basis for deepening
the alienation of those majoritarian social movements which
conceived of democratization as a process in which regime
change would be accompanied by profound change in the
state apparatus and the accumulation model. The delusions
and self-deceptions of these ex-leftist intellectuals turned
neoliberal and their adaptation to the needs of capital leads
directly to an attack on the class content and program of labor
union and left parties.

The Evolution of Neoliberalism
Progressive intellectuals from the late 1940s through the 1970s
worked from a perspective which defined the nature and pro-
cess of the class struggle and the insertion of that struggle into
the process of state formation and transformation. A rich and
profuse theoretical, empirical, and historical literature was
accumulated that simply overwhelmed the conventional
North American conception of "state" as government, of
government as an "open sesame" to competing interest
groups, of civil and military bureaucracies as neutral actors
merely pursuing their professional institutional interests. The
rise of mass social movements in the 1960s and the success of

the Cuban Revolution spelled the demise of "liberal political
science" and with it liberal ideology and conceptual
frameworks in Latin America (even to the point of spreading
"class analysis perspectives" into North American

The counterresponse to the ascendancy of class analysis
was the emergence of two alternative frameworks, namely
"bureaucratic-authoritarianism" and "corporatism," which
in their own way subsumed class relations and differences into
supraclass political categories that cut across basic class
cleavages. In the early 1970s the intellectual pressures
emanating from the hegemony of class analysis made its
presence felt on these precursors of contemporary
neoliberalism; the Weberian categories of bureaucratic
authority wielded power among and between competing and
conflicting Marxian classes; the fascist categories of cor-
poratist repression were reinterpreted to provide benign and
malignant variants of "state association with interest
groups"; a bastardized Gramacian notion of "hegemony"
served as an intellectual gloss over this effort to substitute the
categories of fascism for class identity.

Early on these intellectual currents had devised categories
that underplayed the centrality of class struggle and modified
the class nature of state power through the mystification of
the state as an autonomous bureaucratic actor. Henceforth
the intellectual movement reified the state by emptying it of
any class content; this was accomplished through the rather
vacuous notion of "political space," and the arbitrary separa-
tion of electoral process from real power vested in the armed
forces. Cutting off political analysis from its long-standing
and deeply entrenched power matrix, the neoliberal theorists
focused on the epiphenomena of narrow electoral interests,
personalities, and partisan party concerns-the stuff of North
American political science vintage 1950 but passed off as the
latest up-to-date post-Marxist intellectual innovations.
The superficiality of the analysis evokes a kind of Nor-
man Vincent Peale approach to political reality: the
neoliberals define themselves as "Optimists about the
Chances of Democracy" and dub critics as the "Pessimists
about Democracy"-in the milder versions. In the worst of
cases, the defenders of civilian-terrorist cohabitation resort to
scurrilous labeling techniques, amalgamating the critics of the
process as "pro-golpistas" or "enemies of democracy."
Neoliberalism's revival and attempt to regain intellectual
hegemony occurs as a consequence of the military defeat and
extermination of the revolutionary left during the 1970s. That
defeat and the terror imposed by the military succeeded in
defining new boundaries for political discourse. Within this
framework, however, some sectors of the 1970s left con-
tributed by practicing an authoritarian-militaristic style of
politics that substituted elite vanguards for class action and
the "seizure of power" for the growth of democratic social
control from below. Where the left was able to promote a
revolutionary conception of democratic socialism-in Chile

and Uruguay-the neoliberal conceptions of democracy have
not gained hegemony. Where the 1970s left was dominated by
"centralized authoritarian elites," neoliberal conceptions of
'democracy" have gained virtual absolute hegemony-as in
the case of Argentina. In countries where mass popular social
movements have emerged parallel to, and independent of, the
traditional left parties, neoliberal conceptions of democracy
are contested by class and quasi-class modes of theorizing
(Peru and Brazil).
Neoliberal concepts of politics emerge in a transitional
period: in the aftermath of military terror and at the beginning
of the revival of mass social movements. The new civilian
regimes capitalize on the temporary mutual impotence: the
bourgeois-military can no longer directly rule and the mass
movements cannot yet project their own political program. In
this transitional context, the neoliberal theorists delve deeply
and ponder seriously about the "durability of democratic
institutions," the "intrinsic value of democratic freedoms,"
and the "autonomy of the individual." Meanwhile their col-
leagues in the civilian regime promote "democracy without
adjectives" by imposing class-selective austerity programs to
pay foreign bankers, promote multinationals to "modernize"
the economy, and promulgate amnesties to absolve their
military cohabitators of terrorist crimes. The working class
and peasants, who fortunately do not read the texts about
classless democracy but feel the painful class effects of their
policies, engage in growing numbers of class actions: eight
general strikes in Argentina, several major strikes in Brazil
and Uruguay, and growing popular insurgency in the Peru-
vian countryside.

In the face of the reemergence of class politics, the pro-
ponents of neoliberal doctrines of democracy can be expected
to retreat further into the fantasy world of "individual
choice" and ad hoc ahistorical notions of political "cycles."
What is clear is that the debate goes far beyond the confines
of academia. Today for the left to allow itself to be held
hostage to a claim to democracy built on the twin pillars of the
terrorist state and supply-side economics is to abdicate its role
in the emerging class struggles which will inevitably come into
conflict with the real basis of politics-the state and capital.
In the period immediately following the retreat of the
military and in the euphoria of mass electoral victories,
neoliberalism could live the illusion that the political regime
overcomes all barriers, represents all classes, and embodies
the democracy of every person. Theory was formulated as an
electoral celebration. Political realities are revealed, however,
as the regime's policies and practices unfold and class
cleavages and international conflict sharpen. The appeal of
neoliberalism is in this conjunctural moment-when it
resonates with the cynicism of repentent leftists and the
ambitions of upwardly mobile intellectuals (fast approaching
middle age). As one former left-wing intellectual turned
government advisor stated, "I woke up one day and asked,
'What have I got to show after twenty years of activity, and
I'm over forty!"' He, like others of his generation who have

joined the civilian regimes, have tied their personal fortune to
the survival of these regimes, thus explaining the vehemence
and irrational posture they have adopted toward their critics.
The problem is that what is decisive for the personal fortune
of the neoliberal is not tied to the destiny of the great majority
of the population.

The particular conjuncture which gave rise to
neoliberalism is quickly passing. The euphoria accompanying
electoral fronts is giving way to sharp class cleavages and new
popular movements; and the targets are increasingly the
civilian regimes and their military guardians. As the civilian
regimes turn toward the military to solve the problems of
insuring stability, the distinction between "democratic" and
authoritarian regimes becomes irrelevant. The populace is
awaiting a new conception of democracy, one that combines
changes in regime with transformation of the state and
accumulation models.

Federaci6n Internacional de Estudios
Sobre America Latina y El Caribe
Jorge J.E. Gracia

The III Congress of the Federaci6n Internacional de
Estudios sobre America Latina y el Caribe (FIEALC) took
place in Buffalo, New York, September 23-26, 1987. Among
the 100 scholars who participated were representatives from
more than twenty countries of Latin America, Europe,
Africa, and Asia. In addition, close to 200 scholars,
educators, and other interested individuals from North
America attended. Cole Blasier, LASA President, was one of
the two keynote speakers.

Many of the congress participants and attendees were not
well acquainted with FIEALC and were interested in know-
ing something of its goals and history. The brief description
that follows may prove helpful to LASA members in a similar

FIEALC is an international association consisting of
national and local societies, institutions, centers, depart-
ments, and programs. Its aims are: (1) to establish extensive
exchanges among its members that contribute to their
research and experience in Latin American studies; (2) to
facilitate the exchange of information, publications, and
scholars and the planning of congresses, symposia, panels,
courses, and lectures; (3) to stimulate the interdisciplinary
character of Latin American studies, promoting the enrich-
ment that results from the confluence of diverse disciplines;
and (4) to collaborate in the creation of libraries and
specialized centers of information on Latin America in loca-
tions where there are none, and to help expand those libraries
and centers already in existence.

It is in the worldwide nature of its activities that FIEALC
can make a unique contribution. Although national and local
societies, organizations, and centers carry out an indispen-
sable task in the development and promotion of Latin
American studies, they cannot be expected to serve as
worldwide clearinghouses. It is very difficult to maintain a
worldwide perspective when the members of a particular
group are mostly nationals of one country and the product of
its culture and educational system. The understandable
tendency toward parochialism applies to large associations as
well as small ones, and, of course, to both Latin American
and non-Latin American organizations. There is
consequently a need for an organization whose members
come from all parts of the world and in which no point of
view, methodological or otherwise, becomes institutionalized.
We are all aware of the complaint among many scholars from
Latin America that North American Latin Americanists do
not understand them, and we have even heard the view,
expressed by some North American Latin Americanists, that
Latin Americanists from Latin America do not understand
themselves. The existence of such claims point to a need for
an organization of Latin Americanists that transcends not
only national frontiers, but continental and cultural barriers
as well. That is the role FIEALC tries to fulfill.

FIEALC was founded in response to a UNESCO call for
the stimulation and coordination of Latin American studies
worldwide. This would be accomplished through the
establishment of an institute or coordinating center for Latin
American studies that would promote the creation of other
such centers throughout the world. The National
Autonomous University of Mexico agreed to become the
federation's permanent headquarters and in 1979 established
the Coordination and Communication Center for Latin
American Studies (CCYDEL) with Leopoldo Zea as director.
FIEALC's first meeting took place in Caracas in 1983 and
the second in Madrid in 1985; the third was the Buffalo
meeting this past September, and the fourth is planned for
1989 in Paris.

More than 100 non-Latin American organizations,
representing some twenty different countries outside of Latin
America, are currently affiliated with FIEALC. The Latin
American Society for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
(SOLAR), which includes more than 100 organizations
representing nineteen Latin American nations, is also a
member. FIEALC is organized to insure the participation in
its governance of the broad spectrum of nations and points of
view represented by its members. The federation's three
presidents so far have come from three different continents.

Centers, institutions, and organizations devoted to the
study of Latin America are encouraged to seek membership
in FIEALC by contacting the president, Jorge J. E. Gracia,
Department of Philosophy, SUNY at Buffalo, Amherst, NY
14260. No fees are required for membership.

Consortium of Latin American Studies Programs
Major Activities, 1985-87
Richard E. Greenleaf, Chair

The Consortium of Latin American Studies Programs
(CLASP) is the institutional affiliate of the Latin American
Studies Association with responsibility for furthering
Latin American studies throughout the United States. Its pro-
grams range from the stimulation of research activities and
the funding of professional workshops to the encouragement
of citizen outreach activities and the development of
classroom teaching aids.

CLASP has adopted a position of refraining from in-
volvment in political controversy so that it can effectively
carry out its mission: (1) protection of the research
environment of its institutional members; (2) promotion of
serious scholarship; (3) active encouragement of precollegiate
teaching; (4) communicating with and serving the informa-
tional needs of the international business community active
in Latin America; and (5) advocacy of the field of Latin
American studies, especially in the funding area, before the
U.S. Congress and Department of Education.

In September 1983, CLASP developed a five-year plan
to produce instructional materials and location guides for
schools, universities, and foundations. Following discussions
with the LASA Executive Council, CLASP authorized
Tulane's Center for Latin American Studies to publish the
manuals and directories under the joint aegis of Tulane and
CLASP. Five such publications issued so far and a sixth in the
final stages of editing are listed below; they are distributed free
of charge to CLASP members, libraries, foundations, and the
federal government.

Georgia Kilpatrick. As We See Ourselves: A Look at
Latin Americans. 1984.

Robert J. Knowlton. Teaching About Latin America.
Curriculum Projectsfor Grades 6-12. 1985.

Patricia O'Connor and Nancy J. Nystrom. Siestas and
Fiestas: Images of Latin America in United States History
Textbooks. 1985.

Nancy J. Nystrom. Latin American Education: A Quest
for Identity. 1986.

David B. Bray and Richard E. Greenleaf. A Directory of
Latin American Studies in the United States. 1986.

Thomas K. Niehaus. A Guide to Publishers and
Booksellers in Central America. Forthcoming.

CLASP has conducted three training seminars for
primary and secondary teachers: Boston, 1985; New Orleans,
1986; and Tuscaloosa, 1987. It has also distributed free
packets of pretested materials. In 1986 CLASP established an
educational outreach clearinghouse and *has conducted
workshops on how to organize, finance, and disseminate
pedagogical materials. As its part of our mutual efforts,
Tulane circulates an outreach newsletter for CLASP and
distributes a model for the organization of a curriculum
resource center. CLASP and the Tulane Curriculum Resource
Center were recently recognized by the National Federation
of State High School Associations for their work in the area
of educational outreach. Beginning in the fall of 1987 and
continuing until 1992, CLASP and the Title VI National
Resource Centers are cooperating in a national program
entitled "Americas 1992," sponsored by the University of
Florida and funded by American Express.

Under the aegis of Tulane and the University of
Wisconsin-Milwaukee, CLASP has launched a well-received
international business outreach program. CLASP's business
task force, chaired jointly by Donald Shea (Wisconsin-
Milwaukee) and Richard Greenleaf (Tulane) has organized
four national conferences: "Latin American Studies and the
International Business Community" (New Orleans); "Finan-
cing and Protecting Investments in Latin America" (Miami);
"Latin American Studies and Business Careers" (Mexico
City); and "Latin American Studies and the International
Business community: The Tulane Model" (Amherst). These
meetings, as well as the CLASP session planned for LASA 88,
stress strategies for forging linkages between Latin American
studies programs and the business community.

Over the past six years, CLASP's secretariat (located at
Tulane University) has conducted sixteen sessions on how to
organize Latin American studies programs, how to organize
library and photographic collections, and how to forge
linkages with professional schools. The secretariat has been
consulted by the Association of Graduate Schools of Business
and the Pan American Health Organization, as well as
institutes in Spain, Canada, Japan, India, and Mexico.

The CLASP steering committee visits legislators and
government representatives, and annually mails over 200 let-
ters to congress lobbying for appropriations to and recogni-
tion of Latin American studies. It is currently gearing up
for the budget fight over allocation of resources for the next
three years.


[Editor's Note: With a view toward encouraging communication between LASA and the regional Latin American studies
organizations, the secretariat has formalized a newsletter exchange with the regionals and will report on their activities in the
Forum as information is received].



The North Central Council of Latin Americanists
celebrated the twentieth anniversary of its founding during the
annual meeting on October 2, 1987. Robert J. Knowlton, one
of the "founding fathers," delivered retrospective remarks,
concentrating on the organization's second decade. (The first
decade had been chronicled by John J. Harrigan in the Latin
American Research Review, Vol. 14, No. 3, 1979.)

In reiterating the organization's purposes, he mentioned
two over-arching ones: "to provide an academic/intellectual
organization to promote mutual understanding of the
Americas and to provide committees by which communica-
tion, coordination, and cooperation of efforts might be
realized with those individuals, corporations, and public
bodies that have an interest in Latin America." Some of the
organization's major decisions during the last ten years were
the change from two meetings a year to one annual meeting
(1981); the establishment of NCCLA Research and Teaching
Awards to recognize a professional research work, teaching
project, and student research project each year (1984);
approval of reduced registration fees and subsidized par-
ticipation for student members (1983); and regular sponsor-
ship of sessions at LASA congresses. Professor Knowlton also
pointed out the value of NCCLA's association with the
Center for Latin America at the University of Wisconsin-
Milwaukee, a relationship that has made possible a number
of the Council's activities and accomplishments.


The Rocky Mountain Council on Latin American
Studies is holding its 1988 annual conference February 4-6 in
Fort Collins, Colorado. The meeting features twenty-five
panels on such diverse topics as "Women in Latin America,"
"Contemporary Greater Caribbean Theater," "The Politics
of Presidential Succession in Mexico," "Economic Adjust-
ment in Latin America," "The Nicaraguan Popular Revolu-
tion," and "Latin American Literature of Social Protest."
RMCLAS's president is Dr. Stephen P. Mumme, Department
of Political Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins,
CO 80523; (303) 491-5156/7428.

The Pacific Coast Council on Latin American Studies
has established an executive secretariat at Arizona State
University that will be responsible for membership, finances,
record keeping, and the council's ongoing business. For infor-
mation or inquiries contact: PCCLAS Executive Secretariat,
Center for Latin American Studies, Arizona State University,
Tempe, AZ 85287-2401; (602) 965-5127.

PCCLAS will publish a new semiannual interdisciplinary
journal, the Review of Latin American Studies, which will
contain papers presented at the annual meetings as well as
those submitted directly to the journal. Editorial cor-
respondence and inquiries should be directed to the editor,
Frederick M. Nunn, Office of the Dean, College of Liberal
Arts and Sciences, Portland State University, Portland, OR
97207; (503) 464-3514.

The PCCLAS 1988 meetings will be held in Mexicali,
Baja California, Mexico. They will be hosted by San Diego
State University, Imperial Valley Campus; cohosts are
Universidad Aut6noma de Baja California, Secretaria de
Educaci6n y Bienestar Social de Baja California, Colegio de
la Frontera Norte, and Centro de Ensenanza T6cnica y
Superior. Unusual special events are planned: visits to ejidos
and maquiladoras, lectures by prominent Latin American
political and literary figures, and cultural events. For infor-
mation contact: Dr. Reynaldo Ayala, President PCCLAS,
Institute for Border Studies, SDSU Imperial Valley Campus,
720 Heber Avenue, Calexico, CA 92231; (619) 357-4747.


The Southwestern Council of Latin American Studies
will hold its annual meeting April 7-9, 1988, in Hemisfair
Plaza, San Antonio, Texas. The meeting is being sponsored
by Trinity University, the University of Mexico-San Antonio,
and the Institute of Texan Cultures. A recent grant from the
Texas Committee for the Humanities will make possible a
special project, "Mexico as a Metaphor for the Americas,"
to be carried out within the context of SCOLAS. Invited guest
speaker is Elena Poniatowska, the Mexican author of Night
of the Massacre and Dear Diego.


On January 1, 1988, Paul Drake became President of the
Latin American Studies Association, and Cole Blasier, Past

LASA's 1987 election was completed on December 15,
1987, with the official vote count at the LASA Secretariat of
the 779 valid ballots received (32 percent of LASA's 1987
membership). Jean Franco was elected Vice President. Cyn-
thia McClintock, Adolfo Figueroa and Peter Evans were
elected to the Executive Council joining Peter Bell, Lorenzo
Meyer and Marta Tienda; Richard Newfarmer is first alter-
nate. Gilbert Merkx, editor of LARR, Richard Greenleaf,
chair of CLASP, and Reid Reading, Executive Director, re-
main ex officio members of the Executive Council.

Warm congratulations to the winning candidates and
thanks to all those who allowed their names to be placed in
nomination; your willingness to serve LASA is much

June 11-25, 1988

The LASA Task Force on Scholarly Relations with
Nicaragua will conduct its fourth two-week field seminar in
Nicaragua for LASA members June 11-25, 1988.

As in the past, this seminar is designed to introduce
established Latin Americanists and advanced graduate
students to the variety of institutions, people, resources, pro-
tocols, and methods for studying Nicaragua and conducting
research there. Participants will be introduced to various
social science "think tanks," academic institutions, and
research facilities.

In addition, Latin Americanists with a general interest in
Nicaragua, not necessarily tied to specific research objectives,
may also participate. In this regard, a second objective of the
seminar is to give LASA scholars a close-up view of the
multifaceted reality of revolutionary Nicaragua. The group
will have discussion and interview sessions with important
political and social actors from across the political spectrum,
including representatives of the churches, mass media,
business community, grassroots organizations, diplomatic
community, government, and the military.

Though much of the time will be spent in Managua, trips
outside of the city to a variety of rural communities are also

envisioned. Group activities will be tailored to the major inter-
ests of the participants. In addition, throughout the seminar
an effort will be made to accommodate individual interests
through special interviews, etc. To understand how this type
of seminar works in practice, prospective participants
are advised to read the reports on the 1986 and 1987
seminars, published in the Winter and Fall 1987 issues of the
LASA Forum.

Unless there are unforeseen price changes, the entire
seminar- including living expenses, in-country transporta-
tion, and round-trip group airfare between.Mexico City and
Managua-will cost around $1160 per person. (Bona fide
graduate students will receive a $200 discount.) The group will
be limited to 15-18 participants plus the co-coordinators. Par-
ticipants must be Spanish-speaking LASA members. All
philosophical and political points of view are welcomed.

Each applicant will be requested to submit a current
resume and a 250-500 word letter of application explaining
what (s)he expects to gain professionally from the seminar.
Participants will be selected primarily on the basis of the
potential relevance of the seminar to their professional plans
as outlined in that letter. An effort will also be made to
balance the group in terms of gender, discipline, region of
origin, etc. Deadline for the first round of selection is May 1,
1988. Qualified late applicants will be included if space

Co-coordinators of the seminar will be Tom Walker and
Harvey Williams. For more information write or call:

Professor Thomas W. Walker
Department of Political Science
Ohio University
Athens, Ohio 45701
(614) 593-4376 (or 4372)

Professor Harvey Williams
Sociology Department
University of the Pacific
Stockton, CA 95211
(209) 946-2931


Due to continuing demand, including requests for use in
courses, the report of the LASA delegation to observe the
Nicaraguan general election of November 4, 1984, "The
Electoral Process in Nicaragua: Domestic and Interna-
tional Influences" (November 19, 1984), has been
reprinted. Copies are available for $3.00 each from the
LASA Secretariat, 9th Floor, William Pitt Union, Univer-
sity of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260.

New Orleans, Louisiana
March 17-19, 1988

Mail 3 copies to:
LaVonne C. Poteet, Coordinator
1988 LASA Film Festival
Bucknell University
Lewisburg, PA 17837

Film Council:
LaVonne C. Poteet
Julianne Burton
Dennis West


Film and video materials not integrated into a panel, workshop, roundtable, or meeting may be presented in one of two ways: (1)
as selections in a LATIN AMERICAN FILM FESTIVAL; or (2) as part of a noncompetitive FILM EXHIBIT of visual and infor-
mational materials. Materials not selected for the festival may be presented at the exhibit for a fee. Please use a separate form for
each film/video suggested.
Films and videos chosen for the FESTIVAL are designated as recipients of the 1987-88 LASA Award for Merit in Film for "excel-
lence in the visual presentation of educational and artistic materials on Latin America." Approximately 15 such awards will be made.
Criteria used in selecting films or videos to be screened are: artistic, technical and cinematographic excellence; uniqueness of con-
tribution to the visual presentation of materials on Latin America; and relevance to disciplinary, geographic and thematic interests
of LASA members, as evidenced by topics proposed for panels, workshops and roundtables at recent congresses. Films and videos
released after March 1986 and those that will premiere at the congress will be given special consideration if they also meet the above
The noncompetitive FILM EXHIBIT of Latin American films, videos and descriptive materials (brochures, catalogues, etc.) is
organized in coordination with the book exhibit. For information on the film exhibit contact Harve C. Horowitz & Associates, LASA
Film Exhibit, 10369 Currycomb Court, Columbia, Maryland 21044; phone (301) 997-0763.

Title of work:


[ ] Film (16mm [ ]; 35 mm [ ])
[ ] Video (available formats:

Distributor (name and address):

Year of release:

Screening time:

Brief description (25-50 words) of subject matter, including country or area treated:

Your name: Affiliation:

Phone: (office)


If you have questions, call LaVonne C. Poteet at (717) 524-1353.



Peace Corps/Campus Compact. Campus Compact, a
national consortium of more than 100 colleges and university
presidents and their institutions, and the Peace Corps are
developing an overseas internship program to help
undergraduates internationalize their college experience.
Offered year-round, internships may begin in January,
March, June or September, and interns may serve either one
quarter, trimester or semester. Possibilities for 1988 are four
Latin American countries: Honduras, Ecuador, the
Dominican Republic and Belize. Interns are offered a taste of
life and work in one of these countries, and in exchange assist
the Peace Corps staff through projects tailored to the needs
of a particular office and the talents and interests of the intern.
The Peace Corps covers housing and work- related expenses
abroad, and provides orientation as needed. Other costs,
including travel, food and medical expenses, and incidentals
are the responsibility of the intern and/or the home institu-
tion. For information contact Campus Compact, Box 1975,
Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, (401) 863-1119.

Valleinclanistas. A partir de los numerosos congress
celebrados en 1986 en distintos lugares del mundo con motive
de celebrar el cincuentenario de le muerte de Ram6n del Valle-
Inclin (1866-1936), se organize una Asociaci6n de
Valleinclanistas. La Asociaci6n tendrd por objetivo no solo
mantenerse al corriente de diversos proyectos de investigaci6n
en torno a la figure del autor, sino tambien promover cual-
quier actividad escolar sobre la obra de Valle-Inclin en cual-
quier pais y cualquier lengua, mediante la publicaci6n de un
boletin informative. El boletin dard a conocer intereses y pro-
yectos tales como titulos de trabajos recientemente publicados
y los en preparaci6n, tesis y tesinas, y otras actividades pro-
fesionales. Los interesados en ser miembros de la Asociaci6n
deben dirigirse a la Profesora Virginia M. Garlitz, Secretaria
de la Junta Organizadora, Asociaci6n de Valleinclanistas,
Plymouth State College, Plymouth, NH 03264, USA. Miem-
bros de la Junta Organizadora: Carol Meier, Bradley Univer-
sity; Leda Schiavo, University of Illinois at Chicago; John P.
Gabriele, College of Wooster; Albert LeMay, Kellogg
Institute-Notre Dame University; Iris Zavala, Spaans
Inst-Rijksuniversteit, Utrecht.

NEH Seeks Proposals for Five-Hundredth. As part of
the international observance of the 500th anniversary of
Christopher Columbus' voyage, the National Endowment for
the Humanities is inviting proposals for original scholarship
on related topics and for the dissemination of both new and
existing scholarship. Topics may include the expansion of
European civilization through the efforts of the Spanish and
Portuguese crowns; the establishment of new societies and
new forms of cultural expression through encounters among
native American, European, and African peoples; and the
political, religious, philosophical, scientific, technological,
and aesthetic ideas that shaped the processes of exploration,

settlement, and cultural conflict and transformation set in
motion by the momentous voyage. For further information:
Division of Fellowships and Seminars, National Endowment
for the Humanities, Room 316, 1100 Pennsylvania Avenue,
N.W., Washington, D.C. 20506.

Ibero-Latin American Studies Center. The Ibero-Latin
American Studies Center has been created at the University of
Colorado, Boulder. The Center will facilitate the coordina-
tion of current and forthcoming activities of University per-
sonnel interested in Latin America and in the topic of
Hispanics in the United States. As part of the College of Arts
and Sciences, the Center is housed in the Department of
Spanish and Portuguese.

Arizona State University. The Center for Latin
American Studies at Arizona State hosted the 1987 annual
meetings of the Pacific Coast Council on Latin American
Studies, held October 8-11 on the ASU campus and the nearby
Sheraton Tempe Mission Palms Hotel. Over 250 people
registered. There were 55 panels, and special events included
a drama presentation, a salsa dance, movies from Latin
America and the annual awards luncheon. In other
developments, the Center was awarded a $3.48 million grant
from USAID to undertake research, training, and technical
assistance for land reform beneficiaries, particularly
agricultural cooperatives in El Salvador. ASU's linkage grant
with the Catholic University of Bolivia also was extended for
one more year; the grant is designed to help establish master's
degree programs in business administration and agribusiness
at the Catholic University, the first such programs in Bolivia.

Smithsonian Institution's Quincentennial Commemora-
tion. The Smithsonian currently is developing a series of
diverse programs, exhibits and publications designed to
stimulate scholarly and public interest in the impact of the
voyage on the past, present and future cultures of the
Americas. As part of this series, the Quincentenary Program
of the Smithsonian is presenting a conference entitled
"Explorations, Encounters and Identities: Musical Repercus-
sions of 1492." Internationally distinguished scholars will
present new insights and research examining the diverse
musical history of the Americas and address such issues as: the
meaning of the "age of discovery" in the arena of ideas, com-
position and performance; the relation of musical thoughtto
social processes; and performance as mediator of change.- '
Musicologists, ethnomusicologists, anthropologists, .
educators, and all persons interested in interdisciplinary j
perspectives on history are welcome. The conference will be
held from March 10-13 in Washington, D.C. Admission is
free, but advanced registration for each day is necessary. To
request a registration form, please call (202) 357-4794.

Latin American and Caribbean Studies Unit at Queen's
University. As part of its ongoing programme of studies in
national and international development (SNID), Queen's

University at Kingston, Ontario, Canada, recently established
a Latin American and Caribbean Studies Unit (LACSU). The
unit was created primarily to provide a multidisciplinary
forum for Queen's professors and graduate students with
Latin American interests and to develop links with other
scholarly groups in and outside of Canada. Faculty include
Abigail Bakan and Catherine Conaghan, political studies;
George Lovell, geography; Catherine Legrand, history; and
John Walker, Spanish. Scholars interested in presenting their
work as part of the SNID/LACSU Seminar Series should
contact Abigail Bakan or Catherine Conaghan, Department
of Political Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario,
K7L3N6, Canada, (613) 545-6230. Limited funds are
available for travel reimbursement.

First ODC-CONACYT Visiting Fellow. The U.S.-
Mexico Project of the Overseas Development Council
announces the arrival of Sergio Martin Moreno, the first Mex-
ican visiting fellow to participate in the joint ODC-
CONACYT (National Council on Science and Technology)
Visiting Fellow Program. Dr. Martin Moreno will investigate
the impact of the U.S. economy and U.S. economic policy on
the Mexican public sector and the repercussions in other sec-
tors of the Mexican economy.

New Documentary Available for Classroom Use.
Minefield is an 87-minute color documentary on the politics
of democratization in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay. It
utilizes historical footage and interviews with prominent
public figures (e.g. President Radl Alfonsin, Cardinal Raiil
Silva Henriquez, General Liber Seregni) to describe the
dynamics of this process in the three countries. For further
information contact: Enrique Baloyra, Associate Dean,
Graduate School of International Studies, University of
Miami, P.O. Box 248123, Coral Gables, FL 33124;
(305) 284-4173/74.


Women, Development, and Health. The Women in
Development Program of Michigan State University will
sponsor an international conference on Women, Develop-
ment and Health, October 21-23, 1988. The conference will
examine the connection between socioeconomic change and
women's health in the Third World. Session topics will
include: rural production, migration, international division
of labor, the informal sector, transfer of technology, child
survival, reproduction and sexuality, women as health care
providers, health care and the community, and public policy.
Deadline for submission of paper abstracts is March 15, 1988.
Send abstracts and requests for conference information to:
Rita S. Gallin, Director, The WID Office, 202 Center for
International Programs, East Lansing, MI 48824-1035; (517)
353-5040 or TELEX 650-277-3148 ISP.

Continental, Latin American, and Francophone Women
Writers. Wichita State University will sponsor a conference
on this subject April 7-9, 1988. For information contact:
Eunice Myers or Ginette Adamson, Department of Modern
and Classical Languages, Box 11, Wichita State University,
Wichita, KS 67208.

Latin American Fiction in the '80s. This conference will
be held April 7-9, 1988, at Rice University. For information
contact: Juan Manuel Marcos, Oklahoma State University,
Stillwater, OK 74078.

Gauchos and Nation-Builders in the Rio de la Plata. A
conference with this theme, focusing on the arts and
literature, will be held April 14-16, 1988, at the University of
Wisconsin, La Crosse. Write William Katra, Department of
Foreign Languages, University of Wisconsin, La Crosse, WI

Transportation and Communication in Latin America.
The Southeastern Council on Latin American Studies
(SECOLAS) will host this conference at the University of
Tennessee, Knoxville, April 14- 16, 1988. For information
contact: Paula Heusinkveld, Department of Languages,
Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634.

Western Social Science Association. The Latin American
studies section is calling for paper and panel proposals for the
association's meeting to be held in Denver, April 27-30, 1988.
Proposals may be sent to Steve Ropp, Department of Political
Science, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071;
(307) 766-6517.

Dialectologia del Caribe Hispainico. The IX Simposio de
Dialectologia del Caribe Hispanico will be held on the San
German campus of Inter American University of Puerto
Rico, April 28-30, 1988. For information contact: Dr.
Bohdan Saciuk, Dean of Studies, Call Box 5100, San
German, Puerto Rico 00753; (809) 892-4300.

Romance Languages and Literatures. The Eighth
Annual Cincinnati Conference on Romance Languages and
Literatures will take place May 11-13, 1988, at the University
of Cincinnati. For further information contact: Sadek Anis,
Conference Chair, Department of Romance Languages and
Literatures, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio

Conference on Basque, French and Hispanic Literatures.
A conference on this subject will be held June 22-25, 1988, in
San Sebastian, Spain. For information contact: F61ix Men-
chacatorre, Departamento de Lengua y Literatura, Univer-
sidad del Pais Vasco, Apartado 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.

International Institute of Iberoamerican Literature. The
Institute's Congress will be held in Mexico City, July 24-31,

1988. For information contact: Alfredo A. Roggiano,
Hispanic Languages and Literatures, University of Pitts-
burgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260.

American Association of Teachers of Spanish and Por-
tuguese. The AATSP will meet in Denver, August 19-23,
1988. For information contact: AATSP, P.O. Box 6349,
Mississippi State, MS 39762-6349; (601) 325-2041.

El Espanol en los Estados Unidos/Spanish in the United
States. Call for papers on original research, written in Spanish
or English, for this conference to be held in Miami, Florida,
October 13-15, 1988. For information contact: Dr. Ana Roca,
Conference Chair, Department of Modern Languages,
Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199; (305)
554-2851 or 554-2046.

Symposium on Spanish Linguistics. The College of
Liberal Arts and Sciences and the Department of Spanish,
Italian, and Portuguese of the University of Illinois at
Chicago are sponsoring a conference on Spanish linguistics
November 3-5, 1988. The organizers welcome 20-minute-long
papers dealing with synchronic and diachronic issues in
Spanish linguistics. For information contact: Rafael Nunez-
Cedeno, Department of Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese,
University of Illinois, Box 4348, Chicago, IL 60680.


Council on International Educational Exchange. CIEE
is currently accepting applications for two positions: (1) Resi-
dent Director of the Spanish Language and Caribbean Area
Studies Program at Universidad Cat6lica Madre y Maestra,
Santiago, Dominican Republic. Qualifications include
fluency in Spanish and knowledge of the Latin American
university system. Candidates should be on the faculty of a
North American college or university. Previous group leader-
ship experience, residence in Latin America, and admin-
istrative experience are preferable. (2) Resident Director of the
Language and Area Studies Program at the University of
Alicante, Alicante, Spain. Qualifications include fluency in
Spanish and knowledge of the Spanish university system.
Candidates should be on the faculty of a North American col-
lege or university. Previous group leadership experience,
residence in Spain, and administrative experience are
preferable. For both positions, appointment is for two years
beginning July 1988. Send resume, names and current addres-
ses/telephone numbers of three references, and salary history
to Academic Programs Department, CIEE, 205 East 42nd
Street, New York, NY 10017. Application deadline is
February 29, 1988 (or as soon thereafter as possible).

University of Connecticut. The Department of Anthro-
pology seeks a tenure-track assistant professor in

sociocultural anthropology beginning September 1988.
Applicants must have conducted significant ethnographic
research with Amerindian or peasant populations in South or
Central America, have significant publications, and be com-
mitted to field research. Candidates should be prepared to
teach introductory and advanced courses, including the
history of anthropological theory. Ph.D. required at the time
of application. Application, curriculum vitae, and the names
of four referees should be sent immediately to Prof. R.P.
Rohner, Chair Search Committee, Department of Anthro-
pology, University of Connecticut, 344 Mansfield Road,
U-158, Storrs, CT 06268.

Comparative Politics/Latin America. The Department
of Political Science at Amherst College invites applications
for a tenure-track position in Latin American politics effec-
tive September 1988. Preference will be given to candidates at
the assistant professor level who have special interest in
political development, broadly defined, including revolu-
tionary change, authoritarianism, transitions to formal con-
stitutional democracy, and the articulation of conflicts in civil
society at the grassroots level. Additional areas of teaching
and research interest may include the relationship between the
domestic politics and foreign policy of Latin American states
and/or U.S. Latin American relations. Scholars from related
fields in the social sciences, whose work focuses on Latin
American politics, are encouraged to apply. Please send a
resume, three letters of reference, and writing samples by
March 1, 1988, to Pavel Machala, Chair, Department of
Political Science, Amherst College, Amherst, MA 01002.
Amherst is an AA/EO employer.

Associate Director, Latin American and Caribbean Pro-
gram. The Carter Center of Emory University is accepting
applications for Associate Director of the Latin American and
Caribbean Program. M.A. or Ph.D. (or ABD) in political
science, economics, or history and specialty in U.S. policy
toward Latin America and the Caribbean is preferred. Can-
didate will assist director in organizing a public policy and
research program and staffing the Council of Freely Elected
Heads of Government, which is chaired by former President
Jimmy Carter and includes many current and former
presidents of countries of the Americas. Principal respon-
sibilities will be administrative, with limited time for research
and the possibility of teaching, if desired. Fluency in Spanish
is required; Portuguese is desirable. Contract is for one year,
with possible renewal for second year, beginning in August or
December 1988. Salary at assistant professor level. Send let-
ter, resume, recent publications or writings, and two letters of
reference to Dr. Robert Pastor, Director, Latin American and
Caribbean Program, Carter Center of Emory University, 1
Copenhill, Atlanta, Georgia 30307 before March 1, 1988.

Assistant Professor of Economics. The State University
of New York at Albany has a tenure-track position in the
Department of Economics for an assistant professor with a

primary interest in Latin American economies. Applicants
will be judged on their potential and commitment to scholarly
research and teaching at the graduate and undergraduate
levels. Candidates should have a solid foundation in economic
theory and econometrics. The selected person will be expected
to give regular support (teaching, advisement) to the Depart-
ment of Latin American and Caribbean Studies. Teaching
load is two courses per semester. Persons with Ph.D. pending
will be considered only if there is an extremely high probability
of completion of all degree requirements by August 1988.
Send resume, letters of recommendation, and research papers
to Chair, Recruitment Committee, Department of
Economics, University at Albany, SUNY, Albany, NY 12222.
The University at Albany is an equal opportunity/ affirmative
action employer; applications from minority persons,
women, handicapped persons, and Vietnam-era veterans are
especially welcome. Position will remain open until filled.

Assistant Professor of Educational Administration. The
University of New Mexico's Department of Educational
Administration seeks applicants with doctorates for a tenure-
track assistant professor position. Candidates must be able to
speak Spanish fluently and have a special interest and ability
to provide graduate-level instruction and advisement for
Spanish-speaking educators from Latin America as well as for
English-speaking students. Special skills are sought in one or
more of the following substantive areas: educational policy,
law, administrative applications of educational technology,
economics of education, or educational finance. Experience
in Latin American settings is highly desirable. Appointment
will be for August 1988. Salary range is $22,000 to $29,000
depending upon qualifications. Summer employment is
highly probable. Interested persons should send letters of
application, curriculum vitae, three references, and placement
file to Mike Milstein, Educational Administration Depart-
ment Chair, Room 211, College of Education, University of
New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131.

Latin American History. The History Department of the
State University of New York, College at Cortland, seeks a
Latin American historian who can also teach survey courses
in world history. This is a tenure-track position beginning in
fall 1988. Applicants should have the Ph.D. and a
documented commitment to excellence in teaching and
research. The department encourages women and minority
candidates to apply. Send curriculum vitae and three letters
of recommendation to Dr. F. Czerwinski, History Depart-
ment, State University College at Cortland, Box 2000, Cort-
land, NY 13045.

Latin American History. The History Department at
Dartmouth College seeks candidates for a visiting professor
in Latin American history for the academic year 1988-89.
Teaching responsibilities would be five courses at the intro-
ductory and upper level for undergraduates. Candidates
should have Ph.D. or be nearing completion of degree

requirements. Teaching experience is desirable. Salary com-
mensurate with qualifications. Applicants should contact
Prof. Marysa Navarro at the LASA XIV International Con-
gress in New Orleans March 17-19, 1988. Thereafter, appli-
cants should send dossiers to Prof. Kenneth Shewmaker,
Department of History, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH
03755. Dossiers should be received by April 15, 1988. Dart-
mouth College is committed to affirmative action and is
especially interested in identifying female and minority


NEH Grants for Elementary and Secondary School
Teachers. The National Endowment for the Humanities' new
Teacher-Scholar Program will provide grants to allow
teachers sabbatical leave for one academic year of full-time,
independent study in history, literature, foreign languages, or
other humanities disciplines. The stipends may be as high as
$27,500 to replace the applicant's salary or to supplement sab-
batical pay up to the amount of the academic-year salary.
Each applicant must submit a thoroughly planned course of
study focusing on important primary and secondary texts in
the humanities. NEH will evaluate applications according to
the intellectual quality of the proposed plan; the significance
of the topic and materials to be studied; and the relevance of
the plan to the applicant's teaching responsibilities. The
deadline for applications is May 1988; grant-funded study
could begin in September 1989. For information contact:
Division of Education Programs, National Endowment for
the Humanities, 1100 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W.,
Washington, D.C. 20506; (202) 786-0377.

Public Programs on the Columbian Quincentenary. The
National Endowment for the Humanities announces a special
competition for planning grants in public humanities projects.
Colleges and universities, museums, historical societies, ar-
chives, libraries, community organizations, and other non-
profit institutions are encouraged to submit proposals for
projects focusing on the scholarly issues raised by the Colum-
bian Quincentenary. Awards in this competition could sup-
port symposia, film series with colloquia, debates, reading
and discussion groups, and panel exhibits for the general
public; of special interest are collaborative projects or those
combining various formats for programs addressing out-of-
school audiences. Nonprofit organizations or institutions-
with resources in the humanities and the ability to reach
general audiences-are eligible to apply. Priority will be given
to those applicants who outline an effective strategy for
reaching national, regional, or metropolitan audiences. Plan-
ning grants of up to $20,000 will be offered for projects rang-
ing from six months to one year. The deadline for receipt of
applications is March 18, 1988. Inquiries regarding more in-

formation, guidelines and application forms should be ad-
dressed to: Public Humanities Projects, Columbian
Quincentenary, Planning Grants, Division of General Pro-
grams, Room 426, National Endowment for the Humanities,
1100 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20506;
(202) 786-0271.

Visiting Scholars Program. The University of Illi-
nois/University of Chicago Joint Center for Latin American
Studies announces its annual Visiting Scholars Program for
faculty from U.S. colleges and universities without major
research facilities. The program enables visiting scholars to do
research and write on a Latin American topic for a month dur-
ing the summer at either Chicago or Urbana, or both. Awards
of up to $1,500 cover travel and basic living expenses for the
month of residence. Visiting scholars will be associate facul-
ty of the joint center and will enjoy full access to libraries,
faculty, and other resources at both universities. The deadline
for receipt of applications for summer 1988 is March 15, 1988.
Applicants should submit a letter of application, curriculum
vitae, a separate letter of reference, and project proposal of
no more than 500 words; the proposal should indicate how a
period of residence would relate to the project. Send applica-
tions and inquiries to: Visiting Scholars Program, The Center
for Latin American Studies, University of Chicago, 5848 S.
University Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637; phone (312) 702-8420.

Social Science Program in Chile. The University of Iowa
will offer a program of study in Santiago, Chile, June 6-July
29, 1988. The program will take place at the Institute of Inter-
national Studies of the University of Chile; it is coordinated
by Prof. Joseph L. Scarpaci of Iowa's Geography Depart-
ment. The program will consist of three courses carrying
graduate and undergraduate credit. Latin American
Economic Development will analyze the structural conditions
of regional development in Latin America with emphasis on
the postwar period. The State and Society in the Southern
Cone will be taught at the Latin American Faculty of the
Social Sciences (FLACSO) under the direction of Prof.
Manuel Antonio Garreton. It will deal with the determinants
of the rise of authoritarianism and the transition to
democracy in Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina and Chile. The
third course will consist of an independent study project. For
more information contact: Prof. Joseph L. Scarpaci, 316 JH,
Department of Geography, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA
52242; (319) 337-4794.

Fellowships in the Humanities at Newberry Library. The
Newberry Library invites applications for resident fellowships
in the humanities for 1988-89. Although most of the
fellowships are designed for postdoctoral scholars, many
awards are available for graduate students and others. Terms
in residence are a few weeks to eleven months; stipends also
range broadly. For further information and application forms
contact: Awards Committee, Newberry Library, 60 W.
Walton Street, Chicago, IL 60610; (312) 943-9090.

NEH Travel Grants. The Travel to Collections program
of the National Endowment for the Humanities provides
grants of $750 to assist U.S. scholars meet the costs of long-
distance travel to research collections of libraries, archives,
museums or other repositories throughout the United States
and the world. Application deadline is July 15 for research
travel between December 1 and May 31. For information con-
tact: Travel to Collections Program, Division of Fellowships
and Seminars, Room 316, National Endowment for the
Humanities, 1100 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington,
D.C. 20506; (202) 786-0463.

Fellowship Program in Combined Soviet/East European
and International Security Studies. The Ford Foundation and
Columbia University announce the tenth round of the dual
competence fellowship competition for academic year
1988-89. This is a training award (not a research grant) to pro-
vide support for Soviet and/or East European analysts to
study international security affairs or for international
security analysts to study Soviet and/or East European
affairs. Advanced graduate students with Ph.D. or equivalent
experience (including nonacademic experience) are eligible.
The deadline for applications is March 1, 1988. For informa-
tion and application form contact: Soviet/East European &
International Security Program, Box 53 International Affairs
Building, Room 1328A, Columbia University, 420 West
118th Street, New York, NY 10027; (212) 280-3535.

Summer Seminar in Mexico. The Oregon International
Council, in cooperation with the University of the Americas
in Puebla, Mexico, offers a four-week seminar designed to
introduce professional educators to the history, culture, and
current concerns of Mexico, and to assist them in developing
curricular applications on this subject. The seminar runs from
July 1 to July 29, 1988, and offers six graduate credits. A
knowledge of Spanish is not required. Cost for the seminar is
$1395, and includes predeparture briefing, round-trip fare
from Portland, Oregon, to Puebla, Mexico, room, and all
field trip expenses. For more information contact the Oregon
International Council, 999 Locust Street NE, Salem, OR
97303, (503) 378-4960.


European Americana. Volume V of European Americana: A
Chronological Guide to Works Printed in Europe Relating to
the Americas, 1493-1750, will be released shortly. Published
by the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University and
Readex Books, European Americana is a multivolume
chronological guide to the printed record of all that Euro-
peans wrote about America, from Columbus' first address to
the Court of King Ferdinand through the mid-eighteenth cen-
tury. Volume V, edited by Dennis C. Landis, covers the years
1701- 1725. For more detailed information about the series

and the volumes published to date, contact READEX, 58
Pine Street, New Canaan, CT 06840, or call toll free
800-223-4739 (In Connecticut or Canada, 203-966-5906).

Latin American Pamphlet Colletions on Microfilm.
Through a Title II-C grant, Princeton University Library has
microfilmed thus far approximately 7,000 items consisting
primarily of pamphlets, serials with short runs, broadsides
and some posters. Organized by country and therein by sub-
ject or issuing body, each of the 225 filmed collections carries
a full set of subject headings and listing of corporate bodies
(e.g., political parties, revolutionary groups, government
agencies, women's organizations). The materials cover
approximately 1960 to the present although many titles
published earlier in the 20th century are included. A brief
listing of all the filmed collections is available. For further
information contact the Latin American Collection,
Princeton University Library, Princeton, NJ 08544.

Latin American Monographs. The Latin American
Monograph Series at Ohio University is currently soliciting
scholarly works related to Latin America, in all disciplines.
Manuscripts should range between 80 and 150 single-spaced
typed pages (or equivalent). Final selection will be based on
the quality of scholarship, clarity of expression, and the
estimated importance of the topic to the scholarly com-
munity. Manuscripts (with self-addressed stamped envelope
for return) or inquiries should be sent to Thomas W. Walker,
Editor, Latin American Monograph Series, Center for Inter-
national Studies, Burson House, Ohio University, Athens,
OH 45701.

Colonial Latin American Literature Editions Series. The
Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies, Ltd. and the
members of the Editorial Board announce a new series of edi-
tions devoted to the publication of texts from the colonial
period, in celebration of the quincentennial of Columbus'
voyage. New editions of canonical texts, previously unedited
texts, and collections of documents which constitute impor-
tant research tools for colonial scholars are included. An invi-
tation is extended to potential editors from the disciplines of
literature, linguistics, history and anthropology to submit
proposals. For more information contact Margarita Zamora,
General Editor, Department of Spanish and Portuguese,
University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706.

Lexico Hispanoamericano. The Hispanic Seminary of
Medieval Studies, Ltd. announces the publication of El
Lexico Hispanoamericano delSiglo XVI, the latest in a series
of reference works designed to illustrate the development of
Spanish-American vocabulary from the 16th century to the
present. The latest volume contains a wealth of 16th century
medical and technical terms, several hundred Amerindian
loanwords, and an index of recorded forms featuring com-
mon Hispanic suffixes. The series, based on documentary
sources representative of each region, illustrates usage in

America in particular regions or periods. For information,
contact the Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies, 3734
Ross Street, Madison, WI 53705.

Directory of Master's Programs. The Modern Language
Association of America announces the publication of the
Directory of Master's Programs in Foreign Languages,
Foreign Literatures and Lingusitics, a current and com-
prehensive listing of such programs in the United States. The
volume not only provides information for prospective
graduate students and their advisers, but also offers depart-
ments a useful tool in comparing and evaluating curriculum.
Entries contain data on languages offered, curricular
emphases, requirements, program options, and certificates or
diplomas. Contact the MLA, 10 Astor Place, New York,
NY 10003.

The Americas Review and Hispanic Autobiography. The
Americas Review announces a special issue in 1988 on U.S.
Hispanic autobiography and invites papers on the expression
of self and culture in Latino autobiography and fiction. Of
special interest is the application of recent critical theory on
autobiography to Hispanic autobiography and innovative
essays on first-person narrative fiction. Studies challenging
the culture of crime and poverty as portrayed in works
published by mainstream and commercial presses are encour-
aged. For information: The Americas Review, Arte Publico
Press, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77004.

Occasional Papers Series. The Institute of Latin
American Studies at La Trobe University announces the
availability of the following titles in its occasional papers
series: Juana Manso-Argentine Feminist (Jim Levy); Gdes
Monteiro and the Role of the Army in Brazil (Peter Seaborn
Smith); Echeverrfa and the United States: Mexico's Deepen-
ing Dependency (Errol D. Jones); The English and the Por-
tuguese Brazil Trade, 1660-1780: Some Problems and Per-
sonalities (C.R. Boxer); Whatever Became of the "Southern
Cone Model"? (Laurence Whitehead); Obstacles to
Redemocratization in Brazil: A Historical Perspective
(Richard Graham); The Church and Revolution: Cuba and
Nicaragua (Margaret E. Crahan). Available for $2.50 each
from: The Institute of Latin American Studies, La Trobe
University, Bundoora, Vic., 3083, Australia.


Theo Crevenna, Institute of Latin American Studies at the
University of New Mexico, notes that LASA members who
have BITNET accounts can use them to communicate with
each other. If you have a BITNET account, you may wish
to report your user name (maximum of eight letters) to the
Secretariat; if there is enough interest, this information will
appear in the Forum.

LASA Secretariat
William Pitt Union, 9th Floor
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, PA 15260
1988 Membership Renewal or Application

Please use this form to renew your membership or to become a LASA member. Dues are for one calendar year: January 1 -
December 31, 1988.
Membership Categories and Rates: 1988 only Amount
Introductory (for new members only) o $21 $__
Under $20,000 annual income E $28 $
Between $20,000 and $29,999 annual income 0 $32 $__
Between $30,000 and $39,999 annual income E $38 $_
Over $40,000 annual income o $44 $_
Joint Membership (for second member at same mailing
address as first member; one copy of publications sent.
Add to rate (above) for highest income of the two, or to
categories below: E $13 $
Student Associate (five-year limit)
[Professor's signature certifying student status]:
E $18 $
Latin Americanists permanently residing in
Latin America or the Caribbean (incl. Puerto Rico) o $18 $_
Emeritus Member (for retired members) E $18 $__

All members receive three issues of the Latin American Research Review and four issues of the LASA
Forum per year. If you wish to receive the Forum by air mail, please add the following amount per
year for postage: Canada and Mexico, $3; all other countries, $13. If you desire air mail delivery of
LARR, please contact the LARR office at the latin American Institute, 801 Yale NE, University of
New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131.
We encourage you to make a contribution to the LASA Endowment Fund. $_
TOTAL PAYMENT ENCLOSED ........................................................ $-
Please make checks payable to the Latin American Studies Association and mail along with this page to: LASA Secretariat, William
Pitt Union, 9th Floor, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260. Members residing outside the U.S. must send either a money
order, a check in U.S. dollars drawn on a U.S. bank, or a UNESCO coupon for the U.S. dollar amount payable. There will be a
$10 charge for all returned checks.


(If this is a new application for membership, please provide the information requested below; if a renewal, please fill in your name
and any information that has changed since you last renewed.)

Name Discipline

Mailing Address

City, State, Zip, Country
Business Telephone Home Telephone

Institutional Affiliation

Country Interest/Specialization


We are pleased to announce the availability of the 1986-87 LASA Membership Directory, which can be purchased from
the Secretariat for $2.50 per copy. Inexpensively produced in 8-1/2 x 11" format, it contains an alphabetical list of members
with their mailing addresses and a list by discipline, which includes office telephone numbers when provided by members.
Please use the form below to request copies; be sure to include your check, payable in U.S. dollars to the Latin American
Studies Association, for $2.50 per copy ordered.


Please send me copy/copies of the 1986-87 LASA Membership Directory. My check for $ is enclosed.



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