Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Executive summary

Group Title: Quarterly report (Farming Systems Support Project)
Title: Quarterly report
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00091285/00010
 Material Information
Title: Quarterly report
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Farming Systems Support Project
Publisher: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Office of International Programs, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, FL
Publication Date: January-March 1985
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00091285
Volume ID: VID00010
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents
    Executive summary
        Page 1
        Page 2-3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
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Full Text

1st QUARTER 1985






Executive Summary ...............................................1

Main Report

I. Setting ................................................ 2

II. General Accomplishments ............................ ....2

III. Conclusions ............................................4

IV. Activity Reports

Zuidema-Caldwell/Philippines/01/07 to 01/19/85 ........6

Tohme/Senegal/01/14 to 01/27/85.......................13

Caldwell/Taiwan-AVRDC/01/21 to 01/24/85...............15

Poey/Peru/02/06 to 02/09/85...........................17

Poey/Honduras/02/01 to 02/15/85.......................19

Andrew/Ivory Coast/02/17 to 02/23/85..................21

Poats/Togo/02/25 to 03/16/85 .........................24

Oxley/Togo/02/04 to 03/14/85..........................27

Martinez/Zambia/02/27 to 03/23/85....................29

Jones/Dominican Republic/03/03 to 03/07/85............31

Oxley/Ethiopia/03/15 to 03/21/85......................33

McArthur/Honduras-PAO/03/17 to 03/23/8 5................35

Galt/Philippines/03/18 to 03/25/85 ....................39

Poey/Honduras/03/18 to 03/22/85 .......................43

Oxley/Ethiopia/03/22 to 03/29/85 .....................45

Galt/Thailand/03/26 to 03/28/85.......................47

Galt/Burkina Faso/03/29 to 04/05......................50

Executive Summary

During the first quarter of 1985, FSSP learned of
potential project budget cuts for the 1986 fiscal year.
FSSP continued development and expansion of the support
base to training, networking, and technical assistance
activities. Primary regional programming emphasis was
placed on Africa, with actions in Asia and Latin America
being limited by budget constraints.

Production of both the draft handbook for technical
assistance teams, and the FSSP procedural manual were
completed. Development of training resources in the
form of training units was begun. An animal traction
workshop was successfully delivered in Togo. Activity
in Africa, Asia, and Latin America was well underway in
responses to AID mission and other requests of the FSSP.
A number of trips were sponsored dealing with training,
technical assistance and networking in Africa, Asia, and
Latin America.

The 1985 workplan received approval and
implementation of proposed activities were underway.

1st Quarter, 1985


generic courses, this strategy has been pursued so that courses can be
adapted to specific requests by using the most appropriate training
units and sub-units. The development process will continue through
use and those individuals performing training will provide input back
to the training unit files for further strengthening the knowledge and
material base.

One of the most important achievements during this quarter was the
livestock systems animal traction workshop held in Togo. This
workshop was important because it further established a format for
development of problem oriented networks. As a result of the workshop
the themes location and general participants for a 1986 workshop were
established. Particular concern will be given to traction with
emphasis on equipment, management, and forage needs. This effort fits
within an overall livestock activity initiated through the livestock
task force in 1983 and linked with further work to, occur in an ILCA
workshop later this year. All will also help fulfill a desire for the
development of a training unit in the area of mixed crop and livestock

Additional activity in Africa, Asia, and Latin America was well
under way in response to AID Mission and other requests of the FSSP as
delineated in the 1985 workplan.

FSSP sponsored individual trips to the Gambia, Senegal, Ivory
Coast, Togo, Zambia, Ethiopia, Bourkina Faso, and Syria including
activities in technical assistance, evaluation, networking, and
training. Follow-up information sharing visits were made in Thailand.
In Latin America a training workshop was carried out in Honduras and
this also provided an opportunity for a participant add-on to gain
valuable experience. A short trip was also sponsored to Peru for
participation and representation in a workshop on the implementation
of FSR/E in that country.


Budget pressure on Farming Systems in Washington and to some
extent at the mission level is extending to the FSSP. Farming Systems
generally is a term that has been mis-used and will receive
considerable pressure for change in the future. The FSSP provides a
wide array of support to the technical assistance effort in research
and extension with the philosophy that Farming Systems is an approach
and tool for strengthening the linkage between agricultural research
and the farmer. This approach will survive and its importance is
generally well known.

With respect to solid research, extension and systems principles,
it is heartening to know that field practitioners are quite dedicated
to the concepts of on-farm research and farmer participation in the
research and extension process. Thus, the overall changes that are
caning in the emphasis on "farming systems" per se may be quite good
in that solid research and extension programming will be improved.

1st Quarter, 1985

Nevertheless, the value of the FSSP through all of its support
mechanisms should be well understood and sane differentiation should
be made between a support system and the maligned and mis-understood
concept of farming systems. It is recommended that the recent paper
by Park commissioned by the CGIAR system be reviewed as it gives a
good base for differentiating the various applications of the term
farming systems.


1st Quarter, 1985


Zuidema-Caldwell/Philippines/01/07 to 01/19/85

Region: Asia
Country: Philippines
Assignment: Response to request for assistance from the Government of the
Philippines Ministry of Agriculture and food (MAF) and USAID in assessing
training needs for the FSDP-EV and the Philippines.

Name: L. Zuidema and J. Caldwell
Date of Activity: 01/07 to 01/19/85
Team: Larry Zuidema, Associate Director International Ag. Programs,
Cornell University. John Caldwell, International Vegetable Production,
Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University

Home Institution: Larry Zuidema John Caldwell
Address: International Ag. Prog. International Veg. Crops
384 Caldwell Hall 301E Saunders Hall
Cornell University Virginia Polytechnic Inst.&
Ithaca, N.Y. 14853 State University
Blacksburg, VA 24061



1. To assess the strengths and weaknesses of different training approaches
that have been used in the FSDP-EV.
2. To identify resources and institutions in the Philippines with farming
systems training capabilities.
3. To help develop a more generalized model for future FSR&D training
needs assessment and human resource development.


1. Wrote a comprehensive report addressing the stated objectives. Outline
of report follows:

I. Background

II. Training in the Farming Systems Context

III. Training Needs Assessment and Strategies

1. Analysis
2. Needs and clientele
3. Resources
4. Strategies

B. The Philippines

1st Quarter, 1985

I I ,

1. Analysis
2. Needs and clientele
3. Resources
4. Strategies

IV. Training Needs Assessment Procedures

V. FSSP Involvement
A. Contribution to Philippines
B. An Asian strategy for training
C. Philippines contribution to FSSP


1. Schedule of activities of team
2. Professional contacts
3. List of acronyms

Needs/Problems: The following needs were discussed in the report:
1. Training strategy for a new area or region should begin with
orientation and diagnostic training with cropping systems training
presented later only if diagnosis and farmer input into design
suggests that a change in the cropping pattern might be a workable
solution for farm family needs.

2. Cropping systems methodology should be presented as only one of
several testing options, rather than as the single methodology for
testing through on-farm trials.

3. Giving a greater role to national research institutions would help
build experience for creating consensus at the national level.
Placing emphasis on the national as opposed to outside institutions
would help assure greater relevance of training.

4. The project is encouraged to continue its strategy of training
non-project staff identified within the MAF and VISCA.

5. Need to go back and document the process which has brought them to
their current level of understanding of FSR&D concepts and

6. FSDP was a pioneering effort and the desire to strengthen
implementation skills was reformulated as a desire to share
Experience with other [:-ojects in Asia which are similarly in
pioneering stage.

7. A need to obtain greater support from administrators was expressed.
Field exposure would help MAF administrators to understand better
the differences between sites, and acquire a better appreciation
for why site-specific technology development is necessary.

8. A need for methodology dealing with crop-livestock interactions was

Ist Quarter, 1985

identified. Other specific needs included technical writing skill
improvement, statistical methods appropriate for on-farm trials,
methods to observe and record farmer interaction, extension in the
Farming Systems context.

9. Non-project MAF staff needs include how to assimilate the project
into day-to-day activities of the Regional MAF and to strengthen it
a. building a stronger research-extension linkage through the
PTVT-RIARS linkage,
b. better meeting the needs of upland farmers.

10. Two major MAF needs are to acquaint PAOs and MAOs with the project
and to involve non-project extension staff in diagnosis and design

11. VISCA project staff expressed several needs. There is a need to
strengthen their training delivery skills to allow their playing a
greater role in in-service training. Socio-econmaic staff saw a
need to build on previous training of SRMU project staff in
socio-economic data collection and analysis. Another need is to
determine how to implement a truely participatory approach to
research and monitoring back-stopping. There is a need to develop
evaluation criteria for funding and praootion that are based on the
process rather than on initially predicted specific outputs. The
link between VISCA and the Regional MAF needs to be strengthened.

12. Other FSR&D projects in Asia represent an important potential
substantive resource, but facilitative assistance is needed to
determine which projects have which kinds of substantive strengths.

13. A 6-component training strategy for the FSDP was suggested:
a. documentation workshop
b. training activities plan based on a series of training cycles
c. strengthening testing leading into the institutionalization mode
d. national level workshop involving Region VIII, national training
resources, PCARRD, and national MAF representatives designed to
contribute to the development of a national consensus.
e. VISCA workshop on agro-social interactions
f. series of workshops to develop an overall plan for a total
agriculture research-extension-education system for Region VIII.

The Philippines:

1. Most critical need is an orientation to FSR&D concepts with a focus
on the individual's role in the process.

2. FSR&D researchers need to develop the capacity to design and guide
the conduct of on-farm trials, and develop the capability of
designing and conducting diagnostic activities, and to develop the
skills to elicit the participation of farmers.

3. Extension workers will need to understand the research process, be

1st Quarter, 1985

able to identify farmer-initiated experimentation as a basis for
on-farm research, conduct on-farm trials and demonstrations, and
evaluate farmer responses.

4. Workshop activities for top level MAF and PCARRD research
administrators will be important as part of the process of adoption
of FSR&D concepts, methods and procedures. The workshops for top
administrators would also focus on procedures for implementing
FSR&D. One cadre of administrators at the operations level where
the process could begin includes RIARS managers, RESCORs, and
Research Directors of units in the PCARRD network.

Training Needs Assessment:

1. Training needs assessments for projects should be conducted in the
context of their own regular planning, monitoring, and evaluation




International Center for Research on Corn and Wheat
International Center for Potato Research
Farming Systems Development Project-Eastern Visayas
International Rice Research Institute
Kalusugan Sa Kaunlaran (bounty in the farm)
Ministry of Agriculture and Food
National Irrigation Authority
Philippine Council for Agriculture and Resources Research and
Program on Environmental Science and Management
Philippine Training Center for Rural Development
Provincial Technology Verification Technician
Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and
Research in Agriculture
Visayas State College of Agriculture

Ed Quisumbing, Director, ARO
Manny Lim, Consultant to MAF
Aluel Go, Staff, ARO
Amado Maglinao, Director, Farm Resources and
Department (FRSRD)
Dely Gapasin, Director, Crops Department
Betty del Rosario, Staff, FRSRD

Systems Research

Virginia R. Cardenas, Training and Extension Coordinator
Percy Sajise, Director
Suraphol Sanguansri, Deputy Director
Florentino Librero, Executive Director, PIC-RD Network

1st Quarter, 1985

"arangal, Head, Rice Farming Systems Program and Coordinator,
Asian Rice Farming Systems Network

a Abanilla, Project Manager
antacion Penpillo, Training Coordinator and
Portus, Training Officer
Pornejo, Marketing Specialist
alena dela Cruz, Researcher, ATR
n Miranda, Researcher, ATR
ira Monsale, EMT


. Aniceto, Horticulture
Carcallas, Horticulture
alfo G. Escalada, Agronamy
Escalante, Agricultural Engineetring
son Esguerra., Plant Protection
erico Flores, Director, PTC-RD
oy Ponce, Director of Instruction and Leader of Cdmmunity
Development Project
:ylen Ponce, Home Science:
tung, Director, Regional Coconut Research Center
iilo Villanueva, Agricultural Economics and former Technics
Coordinator, FSDP
Lita Zapatos, Home Science

ive Lightfoot, Agronomist

at Potential:


is on FSSP: Involvement in training includes the following:

. Contribution to the Philippines:
a. Series of training units
b. Biodata roster of experience professionals
c. Facilitates the involvement of national research persons in
training/workshop/conference in other locations.
d. Developing a worldwide registry of FSR&D projects.
e. Reviews the literature and recommends readings.

. An Asia Strategy for training:
a. FSSP could play-a facilitating role in developing further
opportunities for exchange of ideas and experiences through
networkir. activities.
b. One possible initial stage would be to organize a meeting of
heads of FSR&D projects in Asia.
c. The meeting of project heads could also propose nominations of
the Asia technical committee of the FSSP.

cacmitment-prcmised responses: none
trials collected: none noted

Quarter, 1985


n bia/01/09 to 02/16/85

We Africa
The Gambia
it: Provide horticultural, pest management, and fanning systems
3 in the design phase of a 15 year research project aimed at
itng agricultural production including fruits and vegetables.
ay D. William
activity : 01/09 to 02/16/85
University of Wisconsin Project Design Team
Elon Gilbert- Project Leader
Earl Gritton- Agronmaist (UW)
Howard Ream- Forages (UW)
Bill Basu- Veterinarian (UW)
Don Price- Social Analysis (Virg.)
Ken Shapirp- International Programs (UW)
Chris Sharfenberger- Irrigation and Socio-econcmics (local)
Duncan Boughton- Economist (British Overseas Development)
Loretta Erdahl- Accounting
Lynn Nelson- Personnel

stitution: Oregon
2709 N.W. Glenwood Place
Corvallis, OR 97330


Provide horticultural, pest management, and farming systems
expertise in the design phase of a 15 year research project aimed
at diversiying agricultural production including fruits and

The horticultural and pest management activities of the Ministry of
Agriculture were reviewed and a moderate program was designed with
a FSP/E approach.

Although controversial, an attempt at assessing and designing an
agroforestry component was pursued briefly.

Integration of the-various research components using the FSR/E
app coach were progressing.

.The pest management and forestry components had not conducted
research and both groups have been funded from external sources.
As a result, integration of these groups may require a slightly
different approach than groups already conducting research within
the Ministry.

Quarter, 1985


S(referred to Elon Gilbert internal reports)


:hough already planned, future FSR/E workshops and long-term
7olvement of FSSP and related groups regarding FSP/E methods are
xcial for long-term success of the project.
tment-pranised responses:

carter, 1985

/1 01/27/85


T Training Course in Dakar, Senegal

: 01/14 to 01/27/85

Michigan State University
324B Agriculture Hall
East Lansing, MI 48824-1124


T training course funded by FSSP-USAID at the
-y Research Center in Dakar, Senegal.

Is conducted on 8 IBM-PC provided by the Ministry of

y of the participants to understand and operate the
ram and to apply the program to research was quite
A factor inhibiting rapid assimilation of the training
mitW statistical background of the participants.
.SJ package and the presentation of the information
a 11well received. The evaluation sheets and verbal
suggest that all the participants will use MSTAT
Ly in their research.

problems. Some complaints about allocation of one micro
various discussions with the participants the following
ns have emerged:
sh a regular follow-up questionnaire every 6 months for
he US to monitor the rate of progress or problems
SLSD, Duncan and CV in all analysis of variance.
Same genetical analysis like diallels and stability


3e Research Stations:
aint Louis)
kar, Zinguinchor, Bombey)


Workshop was attended by 15 agricultural and social scientists from
the capital and various research stations. A full list is attached to
the main trip report.
John Posner
Jim Bingen
Ms. Valery Kelley

Potential Trainers: none noted
Publication Potential: none noted


Demands on FSSP:
There are certain specific possibilities for future collaboration
between AID, FSSP, and MSTAT which should be mentioned:
1. a follow-up workshop using version 3.0 can be arranged to train
other scientists, to assess the quality of informal instruction of
collegueas by participants in the first workshop, and to determine
how MSTAT use has been disseminated and integrated in research.
2. possibility of holding a statistical workshop.

FSSP ccamitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:
1. Summary of evaluations for the Senegal Workshop.
2. List of participants.

1st Ouarter, 1985
Imw019:2 14

-t-Ai C/01/21 to 01/24/85

xploratory visit to the Asian Vegetable Research and
nter (AVRDC).
.ty: 01/21 to 01/24/85

.on: Virgina Polytechnic Institute
International Vegetable Production
Blacksburg, VA 24061


ke an exploratory visit to the AVRDC.

-tof findings is in two sections: a) Perceptions and questions
: FSR/E expressed by AVRDC staff members and
commendations for the AVRDC.

receptions and questions
ate and Program
issues regarding farming systems and International
t .rs.
Issues regarding Farming Systems specific to AVRDC.
Farming Systems and the AVRDC Garden Program.

commendations by the author
Those for FSSP consideration
Those for AVRDC consideration

theirr points discussed at AVRDC.
AVRDC Training Program
Relationships between biological and Socio-econcmic Sciences.

mnendations for AVRDC:
Should include a fanning systems component in its regular
reductionn courses and train local-level research and extension
personnel .
Should establish a farming systems working group.


,'ear East and Asia Advisory Ccmnittee
trition, Environment and Management Program

, 1985

Dr. S.C.S. Tsou- NEM leader
Ed Sulzberger- Editor, AVDRC
Mr. D. Castro- Training Officer, AVRDC
Ms. H.Y. Huang- Research Associate, Economics
Dr. S. Lin- Sweetpotato specialist/breeder
Dr. S. Shanmugasundaram(Sundar)- Legume program leader
Dr. H. Imai- Soil Scientist
Dr. R. Opena- Chinese cabbage and tomato breeder
Mr. F.R. Neri- Research intern and faculty member
Dr. G. Kuo- Plant Physiologist
Don Mariano Marcos, State University, Bacmotan, La Union, Philippines

Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:


Demands on FSSP:
1. Technical Committee should consider question of relationship of
Farming Systems and International Centers:
a. the mandate of international centers not including direct work
with farm family members.
b. the crop specific technology development and introduction focus
of international centers.
FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:

1st Quarter, 1985

I to 02/09/85

participate in "International Workshop on the
:f FSR/E approach in Peru".
S02/06 to 02/09/85

1414 Ferdinand Street
Coral Gables, Florida 33134


ticipate in "International Workshop
approach in Peru".

wo lectures including one about the
citing a paper (Annex "A" of original

.ent contacts were made for possible
s contacts .

on the implementation of

FSSP and the other

follow-up activities for

Ts well motivated on FSR/E but needs better implementation
Jures. There is too much top-down procedure and they are not

eternal strategy to integrate departments and personnel and to
practitioners is needed.

)ugh there are AID funds for FSR/E they are already committed
:he rest of the year.


as Pomareda, Co-lider Programa Nacional de Agroeconania
fredo Carballo, P.N.A.
o Tapia, Co-lider Programa Sierra
Benites, Plan Selva


Demands on FSSP:
1. Back up for organizational and training activities.

FSSP commitment-prcmised responses:
1. Assistance was offered to organize a workshop on "Organizations,
goals and objectives of a permanent training program on FSR/E", and
a 10 month applied course for practitioners in La Selva on
"Diagnostic, design, evaluation and extension in the FSR/E
approach". Partial financing on those activities was also offered.

Materials collected:
Annex "A", Poey's actual presentation: Analisis y Recanedaciones.

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 18

to 02/15/85

:ra erica
Organize and conduct a two week course on the FSR/D approach
agy applied to the Progreama de Tecnologias Rurales (PTR) from
a Desarrollo Industrial (CDI).
ico Poey
vity 02/01 to 02/15/85
Julian Velez, AGRIDEC, Leader
Federico Poey, AGRIDEC
Sergio Ruano, AGRIDEC/ICTA
;., M.S. Pcmeo Solano, AGRIDEC/CATIE
I., M.S. Carlos Crisostamo, PTR
j., Ana Vilma Herrera, AGRIDEC/CENTA

ition: AGRIDEC
1414 Ferdinand Street
Coral Gables, Florida 33134


organize and conduct a two week course on the FSR/D approach and
.holgy addressed to field teams of the PTR frao six regions of

irse was conducted effectively. The course lasted for two weeks
i was divided into a theoretical portion with practical exercises
:ing the first week, and applied work in the second week. The
:k for the applied sessions was based on a sondeo conducted the
:st day of the second week, its interpretation, and the
separation of work plans.

urse effectiveness was partly a function of the participants.
posure to previous training in conducting sondeos.

e course participants prepared documents containing the
termination of several recommendation domains and the work plan
Solve at least one problem identified in the sondeo conducted
ring the course.,

'aluation indicated that all participants gained new valuable
owledge on FSR/D.

iveral training needs were identified during the course including
limal production, conservation and preservation of foods, and
-ials related to rural technology evaluation. These training
-eds will hopefully be satisfied during 1985 if AID-Honduras
^nt to support FS activities.

ar, 1985



B. Cooper, Project Manager, PTR. AID/Honduras
g. J.A. Zuniga, Director, Centro de Desarrollo Industrial, Ministry
of Economics. Tegucigalpa, Honduras
g. J.R. Ponce, Manager, Programa de Tecnologias Rurales, Centro de
Desarrollo Indusrtial.
g. V. de Beausset, Adviser on Appropriate Technology, AID/Honduras

lere were 3 participants in the course. All of them, except one, we,
from the PTR. The other participant was frame the Ministry of
Natural Resources.

tial Trainers: Trainer team profiles are given in the report.
cation Potential:


:ds on FSSP:
.. USAID/Honduras, as well as the PTR, wish to continue receiving
assistance for the FSSP in order to consolidate the initial impact
.of the course.

,dq tment-pranised responses:
1. rates were set for the evaluation and workshop to take place in
March, 1985. The team members for these two activities were also
rialss collected:

Reading materials and hand-outs: Annex E of report.

;t Quarter, 1985



Andrew/Ivory Coast/02/17 to 02/23/85
Region: Ivory Coast
Assignment: FAC, USAID, World Bank, R&E Linkages Conference
Name: Chris O. Andrew
Date of Activity: 02/17 to 02/23/85.
Home Institution: Farming Systems Support Project
Address: International Programs
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Fl 32611



A. Conference Cbjectives:
1. Discuss research and extension linkages in W. Africa.

2. Discuss cost effectiveness of research and extension in W.

B. FSSP Andrew Objectives:

1. Meet research and extension leaders in W. Africa.

2. Determine potential support roles for research and education
administration, management and policy with reference to the
R/E linkage.

3. Discuss specific program plans for FSSP network activities in
Togo, Burkina, Cameroon on cropping systems, livestock
systems, and socio-econanics.

4. Ascertain importance of FSR/E in research and extension
programs and plans.


Generally fulfilled objectives beyond expectations (correspond with

1. Very impressive and enthusiastic group of participants More
attended than planned by World Bank. Those who attended the two
conferences in Asia and one in E. Africa said the discussions were
more profound and showed greater ccmnitment to strengthening R/E.

2. Potential is good that World Bank will follow up on requests for
more in depth conferences with this group. FSSP/AID should
participate at the practitioner level through training and
workshops as evolving. Must work with country cases and build
from this excellent base.

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 21

3. Talked with REDSO/AID, World Bank, FAC people about Togo workshop,
Sawadogo Burkina about SAFGRAD/PU workshop, Fotso MRDA about
Ag. econ workshop and WARD training request, Cameroun delegation
about FS training (degree and short term) at Dschang for W.
Africa. Clear that people are eager to join in working with those
activities or have us join them. General feeling that OFR
training need is greatest concern similar to E. African program
followed by problem (commodity, cropping systems, constraints)
workshops. Many countries are starting their own training or plan
to but need materials and trainees.

4. This objective was a great surprise. All countries affirmed that
brief pre/diagnostic farmer studies are essential and that OFR
must became a mode of R and E integration. All agree that each
country must adapt frac all FSR methodologies and from all
extension approaches to fit need as in adapting technology farmer
need. FS is not generally debatable They are learning frma each
other about how to do OFR etc. A good debate evolved around the
product of FS with Okigbo and Faye giving eloquent statements
saying that FS improved R/E capability and the' product was
constraint identification and resolution. Senegal has used FS to
adjust national policy and improve farmer recommendation.


1. More rapid development of a training support base is needed
including materials, trainers, evaluation of cases. Need to
announce training support base and TUD process. Several countries
are thinking about launching their own training programs and can
contribute/use the materials. Senegal and Burkina might be first.

:2. R&E leaders want more training prior to major R&E project designs.

3. C. J. Faye and J. Bingham Senegal want FSSP to identify
agronomist with OFR experience to assist with forth coming short



For individual participant list, see original report filed in Ivory

Sibiri Sawadogo Burkina
Epitace Nobera Burundi
Abina Tchala Cameroon
Jacques Faye Senegal

Potential Trainers:

Publication Potential:

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 22

Sibiri Sawadogo is proposing a case study for the intra-household
project. Results of the workshop will be published in a book that
should be one of the 100 items. We might check conference papers
to see if an abstract or two would be appropriate. Must clear
with World Bank Jane Carroll and author.


Demands on FSSP:

Need to discuss further the KWRDA training program, the W. African
Ag. Econ request, management training with World Bank for R&E
leaders. AID REDSO believes working with bilateral contracts
would be good (D Miller)

FSSP commitment-promised responses:


'Materials collected:

Most papers are available in draft form and all will appear in
French and English in World Bank publication this year.


a. FSSP should put more into principles, alternative gudielines and
considerations and less into a or the methodology for FSR/E.

b. Probably will need to stimulate some country level workshops with
bilateral contractors helping to prepare specific cases so
multinational workshops can be more meaningful.

c. Sane countries may think of producer associations for extension
along reccmnendation domain lines which is a point of interface
for National R&E with farmers -Associations are desired by several
countries as means of involving farmers more in extension and
reducing extension numbers. Mali has associations but I didn't
hear much about them.

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 23

Poats/Togo/02/025 to 03/16/85

Region: West Africa
Country: Togo
Assignment: To act as resource person at the FSSP Togo Networkshop:
"Animal Traction in a Farming Systems Perspective". (Lana Kara, Togo)
Name: Susan Poats (report is abstracted from a combination of
individual reports).
Date of Activity: 03/03 to 03/08/85
Team: Susan Poats, Jim COley, John Lichte, Paul Starkey, Malcolm
Home Institution: Susan Poats
Address: FSSP
3028 McCarty Hall
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611

Related reports: Starkey/Togo/03/03 to 03/08/85
Oxley/Togo/02/24/ to 03/14/85
Faye/Togo/03/03 to 03/08/85 in French
Kanu/Togo/03/04 to 03/05/85



1. To provide a workshop which would encourage peer exchange of
problems and results on "Animal Traction in a Farming Systems

The workshop objectives included:

- Establishing information exchange among animal traction projects
in West Africa
- Developing an inventory of animal traction projects and activities
in the sub-region
- Identifying animal traction research problems, and potential
Developing research agenda for the specific regional problems
Developing follow-up programmes, which might involve exchange
visits, technical assistance and training activities.


1. Held successful workshop
a) Keynote presentations included
Poats, FSSP
Zandstra, On-farm research methodology
Lichte, Conceptual typology of animal traction programs
Starkey, Animal traction in Africa
b) Made group visits to different areas, projects, farmers.
c) Synthesis of field trip experiences
d) Gained information from the projects of the participating

1st Quarter, 1985
imw019:2 24

e) Made presentations on the following subjects:

management of draught animal technology
forage and feeding
pre-conditions for successful animal traction
methodology for animal traction research
monitoring and evaluation of animal traction activities
f) Held discussion relating to possible solution to the problems

2. Formal and informal information exchange and contact development
between the individuals and organizations was.considered of great
value by all concerned.,

3. Allowed for synthesis of experiences, clarification of major
constraints, and identification of potential solutions.

4. Convergence of opinion on the need for multi-disciplinary farming
systems approach to animal traction research and extension was no

5. Prepared recommendations and guidelines on management feeding
systems, research methodology and pre conditions for successful
adoption, and monitoring and evaluation of draught animal

6. Significant progress was made in all objectives.

7. Set follow-up activities.


1) The diversity of project experiences in the different countries
and systems prevents the development


Individuals: For list see original trip report or abstract of

Potential Trainers:

Publication Potential:

In addition to the proceedings of the 1985 networkshop, an
annotated bibliography of documents specifically related to animal
traction should be produced as part of FSSP's documentation effort.
Reports on topics of interest relating to livestock in FSW/E should be
commissioned over the coming year to serve as background papers at the
1986 networkshop.

All of the following are proposals which must be approved by
USAID, FSSP, and the governments of other organizations named.

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 25

S visit by Togolese researchers to the Sierra Leone Work Oxen
ject's plowing competition in May, to be followed by a
.rra Leonean researcher's visit to Togo for a work/study
visit of Togolese Animal Traction Projects.

SSupport for at least one West African livestock researcher to
attend the ILCA conference on methodologies from farm research
with livestock in June and to present a paper on his/her

3. The opportunity for a West African Group (one anglophone, one
francophone, one facilitator) to join the Asian Cropping
Systems Network's livestock monitoring tour in August 1985.

1. A Meeting of the coordinating committee for the 1986
Networkshop on animal traction, together with at least one
FSSP representative, to be held in The Gambia in November
1985, to finalize plans and agenda for the networkshop. A,
tour of animal traction programs in Senegal and The Gambia
will be included.

mnds on FSSP: The various follow-up activities planned are all
ject to the financial provision of FSSP (or other).

? c itment-premised responses:

arWlI collected: none noted.

3t Quarter, 1985
,w019:2 26

Oxley/Tcgo/02/24 to 03/14/85

Region: West Africa
Country: Togo
Assignment: Assist in an Animal Traction Networkshop
Name: James W. Oxley
Date of Activity: 02/24 to 03/14/85
Susan Poats FSSP
John Lichte Independent
Jim COley CSU
Paul Starkey United Kingdom
Vincent Barrett USA
Sandra Russo The Gambia

Home Institution: Colorado State University
Address: Office of International Programs
University Services Bldg.
Fort Collins, CO 80523


1. Assist the planning team in conducting the workshop and serve in a
participatory/advisory capacity to identify possible workshop
participants who might contribute a paper or attend the ILCA

2. Identify research methodologies related to animal traction that
could be used in the guidelines document and became more familiar
with the literature on animal traction and the major participants
in animal traction projects in West Africa.

3. Provide disciplinary inputs as a resource person, particularly in
the areas of livestock feeding and management.


1. Met most of the objectives stated above.

2. Feel that the topic of the ILCA workshop was very timely and that
the search should continue to identify case studies in Africa.


1. Researchers involved in on-farm and on-station research related to
animal traction in Africa were either not in attendance or the
amount of research being done, particularly in the FSR mode, is
extremely limited.


Institutions: ILCA

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 27

Solomon Owens
Richard Schuman
Adama Faye
Joseph Nagy
Herbert Chm
Rudo Wynands
Jaques Delobre
Bai Kanu
Hans Sagebiel
Hubert Zandstra
Tchapo Tabe Dejean
Michael Handlas
Pakoubatcho lekezime
Koffi Tebou
Kokou Dake Dgbe
Joseph Howell
Ttm Remington
Kossi Lcho
Christian Sebastian
Kossitse Amouzou
Ekoue Assiongbon
'James Lewis
After September 1985:
Arthur Westneat
Kossivi Apetofia
Payato Padjawe Toky
Adjevi Mensah
Bouraima Olagboye
Craig Kramer
after September 1985:

Awa Coulibaly
Soungalo Diarra

John-Malcolm Aste

Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:

The Gambia
The Gambia
Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone




Demands on FSSP:
FSSP commitment-premised
Materials collected:


1st Quarter, 1985

ia/02/27 to 03/23/85

Project Evaluation
o Martinez
ity: 02/27 to 03/23/85

!ne Pilgram
uis Ignasias
3nio Martinez

:ion: University of Florida
International Programs, FSSP
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, FL 32611


o mid-term evaluation of the Zamare Project, Zambia.


odities programs of the Zamare Projects were reviewed
ally and their accomplishments were checked against their


i of a team-building effort in order to link the commodity
a teams with the adaptive research and planning team was
Led. (Recomnendation: common director for both teams)
reduce the geographical area.
a pragmatic approach.
link and strengthen the extension personnel.


=mbia, University of Illinois, University of Maryland-
shore, Ministry of Agriculture and Water Development of

, 1985

tr Director of Agriculture
hungu, Deputy Director for Research
tulele, Deputy Director for Extension
?atel, Chief Agricultural Research officer
ocean, National ARPT Coordinator
aginn, Zamare Team leader
3ibson, USAID Zambia, Agricultural officer
ry, USAID Zanbia
Gibson, Zamare Maize Breeder
Eylands, Zamare Sunflower Agronanist
Sancgho, Zamare Soils Microbiologist
-herland Sociologist Mt. Makulu
Joshi, Zamare Soybean Breeder
.Hudgens, Zamare ARPT Agronanist
Dedert, Zamare Research Extension Liaison Officer
ioasa, Former Research Director and now Zamare Seed

a Potential:



.n promised responses:

ter, 1985

I E~I~L n

Jones/Dominican Republic/03/03 to 03/07/85

Region: Caribbean
Country: Dominican Republic
Assignment: Response to USAID/Santa Domingo and the Government of
Dominican Republic request for the FSSP to plan FSR/E training
activities in the Dominican Republic.
Name: James C. Jones
Date of Activity: 03/03 to 03/07/85
Team: none
Home Institution: FSSP
Address: University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, FL 32607



1. To discuss possible FSR/E training activities in the Dominican


1. Met with Marion (Tex) Ford discussed background to request for

2. Met with Marino Chanlatte discussed: a) my mission and the
history of FSSP involvement in the country, b) a proposed seminar.

3. Met with Deborah Maxwell. She was receptive to FSR/E. She
represented AID at morning meeting.

4. Attended meeting and discuss FSSP history in DR and planned
activities. FSR activities should continue in Ocoa watershed and
be introduced to Las Cuevas. These could serve as FSR/E pilot
areas and training centers.

Needs/Problems: none noted




Federic Cruz Dominguez, Secretary of Agriculture
Leovigildo Bello, Ing. Agron, Sub-secretary
Rafael Martinez Richiez, Ing. Agron., Director of Research

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 31

Ildefonso Cepeda, Director of Extension and Training
Joe Vizcaino, Director of Planning
Marino Chanlatte, Director of Department of Coordination of
Programs and External Resources
Abel Hernandez: Dominican director of Proyecto Marena
Agapito Perez Luna, one-time director of extension
Francisco Perez Luna, Government Policy Researcher
Jose Nova, Agrian Reform
Garry Kemph, Ag. Economist, technical advisor to Marena.
Marion (Tex) Ford, Ag. Development Officer, USAID
Joe Kuiatkowski, USAID/Santa Dmaingo
Deborah Maxwell, Agronanist, manager of MARENA
Grant Thamas, Agonmaist, MARNEA

Potential Trainers: none noted

Publication Potential: none noted


Demands on FSSP:

1. D. Maxwell feels that the mission will use FSSP for further
activities and that she has money to do it.
2. Likely that FSSP will be called to DR in near future

FSSP comnitment-promised responses:

Materials collected:

1. "A plan for further Farming Systems Research and Extension (FSR/E)
in the Dominican Republic", J. Jones. I drafted this plan for the
mission and filed a copy with the trip report.

2. Copy of an organization chart for the Secretariat of Agriculture.

1st Quarter, 1985
Imw019:2 32

Oxley/Ethiopia/03/15 to 03/21/85

Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia
Assignment: Planning an FSSP-ILCA Regional workshop on Livestock in
Mixed Farming Systems Research methodologies and priorities.
Name: James W. Oxley
Date of Activity: 03/15 to 03/21/85
Home Institution: Colorado State University
Address:. Office of International Programs
University Services Building
Ft. Collins, CO 80523



1. To finalize plans of workshop on "Livestock in Mixed Farming
Systems,-- Research Methodologies and Priorities", an FSSP ILCA
Regional Workshop, June 24-27, 1985, Addis Ababa.


1. Planned workshop.

2. Discussed with McIntire the possibility of identifying sane W.
African scientists who have on-farm trial experience with

3. Dr. McIntire plans to contact Dr. Ricko (animal scientist) now
with ILCA in Niger to develop a joint paper with Dr. Sarafini
(agricultural engineer) on research on animal traction.

4. ILCA agreed to cover the cost of their participants.

5. It was deemed advisable to identify a bimaetrician who could
interact with the group during the week and give advice on
experimental design, statistical analysis, and in general critique
the methodological dimensions of the presentations.

6. Reviewed accounting, publication, housing, and transportation
matters related to the proposed program and ultimately developed a
budget for the FSSP.

Needs/Problem: None noted.



1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 33


Dr. Robert Waugh, CSU
Dr. Gerald Ward, CSU
Dr. Peter Brunby, Director General, ILCA
Dr. McIntire ILCA

Potential Trainers:

Publication Potential:


Demands on FSSP:

.1. Provide an editor to review
workshop in terms of having
end of the conference.

each paper with the author during the
all papers ready for publishing by the

2. FSSP will publish the document but with ILCA's name on it.

3. ILCA will distribute copies of the proceedings and will need 1500

4. Details that required immediate decisions were addressed to Susan
Poats by express mail on April 2, 1985 (for details see original

FSSP cammitment-pranised
Materials collected:


1st Quarter, 1985

. tcArthur/PAO-Honduras/03/17 to 03/23/85

Region: Central America
Country: Honduras
Assignment: To participate as a PAO on the evaluation and training
team with general responsibilities covering the role of the social
sciences and inter-disciplinary teams on FSR/E projects.
Name: Harold J. McArthur
Date of Activity: March 17 to 23, 1985

Team: Frederico Poey, President, AGRIDEC

Ramiro Ortiz, Vice President, AGRIDEC

Arturo Vasquez, Ministerio de Desarrollo Agropecuario, Panama

Laureano Guerrero, Instituto Colonbiano Agropecuario (ICA)
Seccion de Maquinaria Agricola

Rolando Lara, ICTA, Guatemala

Roneo Solano, CATIE, Guatemala

Carlos Crisostano, AID/Honduras, Program de Tecnologia Rural

Hcme Institution: University of Hawaii
Address: Hawaii Institute of Tropical Ag.
& Human Resources
Gilmore Hall 202
3050 Maile Way
Honolulu, Hawaii 96822



1. To assist the PTR teams in evaluating the socio-econcmic data
generated by their Sondeos.

2. To prepare a seminar presentation on the interdisciplinary and
inter-institutional aspects of FSR/E.


1. Worked with 6 PTR regional teams to assess the socio-econanic
aspects of their sondeos and proposed workplans.

2. Used the data they had (recognizing its strengths and weaknesses)
to develop six defensible workplans.

3. During the seminar each of the external advisors/evaluators made
brief presentations.

1st Quarter, 1985
b1w019: 2 35

4. Team presentations were made providing an excellent way to
introduce the farming systems approach to a group of senior
decision makers.

5. Case study exercise.

6. Presentation of final evaluation report.


1. Each of the teams was initially deficient in its sondeo work
(breadth was sacrificed to depth) especially in socio-economic



PTR Programa de Tecnologia Rural
J.R. Ponce, Director PTR
J.A. Zuniga, Executive Director CDI
Blair Cooper, Ag. officer AID

Potential Trainers: Arturo Vasquez, Romeo Solano, Laureano Guerrero.

Publication Potential: none noted


Demands on FSSP:

No specific requests. There was discussion of the possibility of
same type of follow-up program focused on the design and management of
on-farm trials.

PSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:

1. Material used during the evaluation workshop and
attached to the main report.
2. Program outline
3. I translated the FSR planning process and one of
on their sondeo exercise.

the seminar are

the team reports

1st Quarter, 1985

lo as/03/17 to 03/23/85

To participate as a PAO on the evaluation and training
eral responsibilities covering the role of the social
inter-disciplinary teams on FSR/E projects.
i J. McArthur
ity: March 17 to 23, 1985

:ico Poey, President, AGRIDEC

) Ortiz, Vice President, AGRIDEC

D Vasquez, Ministerio de Desarrollo Agropecuario, Panana

ano Guerrerd, Instituto Colanbiano Agropecuario (ICA)
on de Maquinaria Agricola

do Lara, ICTA, Guatemala

SSolano, CATIE, Guatemala

)s Crisostcmo, AID/Honduras, Program de Tecnologia Rural

it'*- University of Hawaii
Hawaii Institute of Tropical Ag.
& Human Resources
Gilmore Hall 202
3050 Maile Way
Honolulu, Hawaii 96822


ist the PTR teams in evaluating the socio-economic data
ted by their Sondeos.

pare a seminar presentation on the interdisciplinary and
institutional aspects of FSR/E.


with 6 PTR regional teams to assess the socio-economic
:s of their sondeos and proposed workplans.

he data they had (recognizing its strengths and weaknesses)
relop six defensible workplans.

Sthe seminar each of the external advisors/evaluators made

er, 1985

4. Team presentations were made providing an excellent way to
introduce the farming systems approach to a group of senior
decision makers.

5. Case study exercise.

6. Presentation of final evaluation report.


1. Each of the teams was initially deficient in its sondeo work
(breadth was sacrificed to depth) especially in socio-econcmic


Institutions: PTR Programa de Tecnologia Rural
Individuals: J.R. Ponce, Director PTR
J.A. Zuniga, Executive Director CDI'
Blair Cooper, Ag. officer AID

Potential Trainers: Arturo Vasquez, Roneo Solano, Laureano Guerrero.

Publication Potential: none noted


Demands on FSSP:

No specific requests. There was discussion of the possibility of
same type of follow-up program focused on the design and management of
on-farm trials.

FSSP ccmmitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:

1. Material used during the evaluation workshop and
attached to the main report.
2. Program outline
3. I translated the FSR planning process and one of
on their sondeo exercise.

the seminar are

the team reports

1st Quarter, 1985

Philippines/03/18 to 03/25/85

n: Asia
Country: Philippines
Assignment: Attend 2nd annual SUAN (Southeast Asian Universities
Agroecosystems Network) meetings; interact with James Beebe, USAID/P,
regarding any follow-up for (1) Caldwell-Zuidema training needs
assessment, (2) his paper on Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA) and (3) any
loose ends concerning the upcoming FSDP-EV evaluation.
Name: Dan Galt
Date of Activity: 3/18/85-3/25/85
Team: none
Hone Institution: UOF/FSSP
Address: IFAS/International Programs
3028 McCarty Hall
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611


Cbj ectives:
1. Attend the 2nd annual meeting of the SUAN (Southeast Asian
University Agroecosystem Network).

2. Interact with James Beebe, USAID/P, on his paper on comparative
techniques of Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA), and carry a
single-spaced hard copy to Gainesville for publication in the FSSP
Networking Paper Series.

3. Interact with James Beebe regarding (a) the Larry Zuidema-John
Caldwell training needs assessment and (b) the forthcaning FSDP-EV

4. Approach SUAN about the possibility of sending university
representatives to attend the 1986 workshop of West African
universities interested in working in FSR/E.

5. Interact with Christopher Gibbs regarding my forthcoming visit to
the East-West Center in Honolulu in mid-April.

All the above objectives were achieved. In addition, the
following occurred:
1. Several of the papers presented at the 2nd annual SUAN meetings
seemed to be appropriate to the much wider audience of FSR/E
practitioners. For this reason, several have been proposed as
publishable through the FSSP Networking Paper Series (NPS). Refer
to "publications" section for them.
2. The president of MSAC (Mt. State Agricultural College, Banguet,
Philippines) wishes to have a closer link with UOF. Specifically,
he has requested some apple scions and seeds from the UOF Dept. of
Fruit crops. (See main report for specifics)
3. Two SUAN members (Drs. Percy Sajise of UPLB, the Philippines; and
Terd Charoenwatana of KKU, Thailand) have tentatively agreed to

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 39

.piduring 1985 as Asian representatives to the FSSP TC.
t1 ers of confirmation should be drafted upon my return
uis rip.
3P has been invited to participate in the 3rd annual meeting
.q in Chiang Mai, November, 1986. I proposed that Bob Hart
ited to assist in bridging the distance between
.systems research and FSR/E.




-sity of the Philippines, Los Banos, Philippines
Llege Baguio
ain State Agaricultural College, Philippines
as State College of Agriculture, Phillipines
nan University

tute Pertanian Bogot (Bogor Agricultural University),
tVo f Ecology, Padjadjaran University
r Environmental Studies, Gadjah Mada University

ng Systems Research Institute, Thailand
Kaen University, Thailand
g Mai University, Thailand

.cipants list

L Trainers:
trip reports to Indonesia and Thailand. In addition:
Suriya Smutkupt, Lecturer, KKU, and
Nnan Ganjanapan, Lecturer, CMU
both especially good at RRA.

ion Potential:
:pose the Networkipg Paper Series (NPS) publish several papers
RA. The papers td be included should be the following. TB.

x study on rainfed farmer adjustments on flood stress
conditions Pongchan Na-Lampang. _
Rapid Rural Appraisal: The critical first step in a farming
systems approach to research." James Beebe.

rather propose that the FSSP NPS publish a volume entitled
.t like, "Innovations in FSR/E, Vol. I", which would
e following four papers in the order listed:

-ter, 1985

a. "Agricultural systems research in Asia: A comparative
discussion of human ecology, agroecosystems research, farming
systems research, and cropping systems research." Christopher
J.N. Gibbs.
b. Hildebrand's stability index article from the agronomy journal.
c. "Farming systems research based on true interdisciplinary
interactions and rapid, responsive diagnostic inputs." D.L.
d. "The management of land, labor and agricultural technology in
Chiang Mai rice-growing villages: Research design for
interdisciplinary study." Kanok Rerkasem and Anan Ganjanapan.
Permission has been obtained from all authors (except PH). Copies
of all papers are in my possession. I will undertake to write a
brief introduction to the volume if core believes it.would be


'Demands on FSSP:
I have specifically been invited to Khon Kaen University by Dr.
Terd C. on behalf of the FSSP for a workshop on RRA during the
week of September 4-6. It is to be expected that sane discussion
of the FSSP TUIIa will ensue, as this unit will be sent to KKU
before this workshop (see below). If I cannot attend, I propose
the FSSP send the technical editor of TUIIa, Malcolm Odell, or
someone like Susan Poats or John Caldwell, to backstop this

FSSP comnitment-prmaised responses:
1. I have promised to send the following training units to the
following individuals/institutions:
a. a complete set (3 units) to: (for addresses see original
Dr. Killiam Dar
Dr. Rowe V. Cadelina
Soeryo Adiwibowo
Linda Christanty
Sugeng Martopo
b. Unit (Diagnosis) to:
Dr. Terd Charoenwatana
2. I have asked both Drs. Terd Charoenwatana and Percy Sajise to
consider being Asian representatives on the FSSP TC. Including
these two candidates, my list of potential TC members: (for
addresses see original report)
Dr. Percy Sajise
Ms. Carol De Raedt
Mr. Felix Quero
Dr. Arturo Gomez
Dr. Virgilio Carangal
Ms. June Prill-Brett

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 41

Dr. Terd Charoenwatana
Dr. Aran Patanothai
Dr. Kanok Rerkasem
Dr. Benjavan Rerkasem
Dr. Anan Ganjanapan
Dr. Suriya Smutkupt
Dr. Boonrawd Thongdonphum
Dr. M. Sutoni Arifin
Dr. Otto Soemarwoto
Dr. Linda Christanty
Dr. Soeryo Adiwibowo
Dr. Sugeng Martopo

Materials collected:
Complete set of papers given at the 2nd annual meeting of SUAN and
others (30 items) see original report for listing.

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 42

Poey/Honduras/03/18 to 03/22/85

Region: Central America
Country: Honduras
Assignment: To organize a 3 day workshop on the FS approach.
Name: Federico Poey
Date of Activity: 03/18 to 03/22/85
Arturo Vasquez, BID (Panama)/AGRIDEC
Rolando Lara, ICTA (Guatemala)/AGRIDEC
Laureano Guerrero, ICA (Columbia)/AGRIDEC
Ramiro Ortiz, AGRIDEC
Harold McCarthur, University of Hawaii- (Participant add-on)
Federico Poey, AGRIDEC

Home Institution: AGRIDEC
Address: 1414 Ferdinand Street
Coral Gables, FL 33134



1) To assist in organizing and holding a 3 day workshop to be held on
March 20-22 in Tegucigalpa. Workshop objectives is to promote the
FS approach being incorporated to the Rural Technology Project
(PTR) in Honduras.


1) Each region developed and presented a report on their work plan
for one year, having identified reccnmendation domains and
research priorities during the workshop.

2) Evaluation team contributed with the regional teams and presented
a report at the workshop.


1. A more complete knowledge on defining recommendation domains and
follow-up action in executing work plan in each region needs to be

2. National institution in charge of the PTR needs to reinforce with
national staff its technical leadership.


PTR Ruran Technology Project in Honduras.

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 43


Lic. Juan Ramon Ponce, Gerente PTR
Ing. Adan Bonilla, Sub Gerente PTR
ARf. Juan A. Zuniga, Director Ejecutivo CDI
Dr. Steve Weinbert, RDO, USAID/Tegucigalpa
Dr. Blair Cooper, Project Officer USAID/Tegucigalpa
Dr. Val de Boissest, USAID/Tegucigalpa
Ing. Carlos Cristoscmo, Project leader, PTR/USAID

Potential Trainers:

Ing. Carlos Crisostcmo, Applied Farming Systems approach.
Ex-technical Director of ICIA, now project leader PTR, with a more
diversified experience.

* Publication Potential: none noted.


Demands on FSSP:

1. A potential demand on FSSP backing of follow-up activities
recommended on the evaluation report include the following:

Supporting short courses and in-service training addressing:

1. Livestock Production Systems
2. Rural Household Interaction with PTR
3. Rural Technology and Industry Training
4. Extension and Transfer of technology applied methodology
5. In-service training for analysis and presentation of results.

Materials collected:

1. Workshop program
2. Trainers' profiles


1. Informe de la ccmision evaluadora de la aplicacion del enfoque de
sistemas en el program de techologia rural.

2. Seminario sobre ia aplicacion del enfoque de sistemas al PTR

3. Trainers' profiles

4. Estudio de caso- Crisis en el Proyecto de Tecnologia Apropiada de

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 44

Oxley/Syria/03/22 to 03/29/85
Region: Middle East
Country: Syria
Assignment: To serve as "synthesizer" of a regional workshop on
"Research Methodology for Livestock On-Farm Trials", sponsored by
International Centre for Agricultural Research in the dry areas and
IDRC, March 25-28, 1985.

Name: James W. Oxley
Date of Activity: 03/22 to 03/29/85
Home Institution: Colorado State University
Address: Office of International Programs
University Services Building
Fort Collins, CO 80523


Objectives: To serve as "synthesizer" of a regional workshop on
"Research Methodology for Livestock On-Farm Trials" sponsored by
International Centre for Agricultural Research in the dry areas
and IDRC, March 25-28, 1985.


1. Served as "synthesizer" at the "Research Methodology for Livestock
On-Farm Trials" workshop.

'2. Finalized plans with some of the speakers attending the ICARDA
workshop who may also be potential participants in the ILCA

3. Reported on the Togo networking conference and informed
participants of what the FSSP is doing and briefed them on the
proposed ILCA workshop.

4. Addressed Where do we go from here?" at the end of the


1. Recommended modifications of format of ILCA conference:

a) Key people are rapporteurs and will meet and assist with the
syntheses of the case reports.

b) Rapporteurs should take lead in smaller group discussions.

2. ICARMDA workshop did not attempt to establish priorities on
researchable problems based on various topics that were present.

3. Limited time for interacting with each other.


1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 45

Institutions: ICARDA, ILCA


Dr. Frank Anderson, Leader of the Highlands Program, Ethiopia
Dr. Gryseels
Dr. Nordblma, organizer of work conference

Potential Trainers:

Publication Potential:

The publication of the ICARDA conference will be printed by IDRC in
about 4 months.


Demands on FSSP:

1. I recmnnend that the publication be reviewed upon receipt and
discussed with ICARDA/IDRC relative to the possible extraction of
parts that can contribute to the guidelines publication.

FSSP ccmmitment-promised responses:

Materials collected:

Format of the workshop
List of participants
List of papers presented with authors.

1st Quarter, 1985

)3 1o 03/28/85

Llow up visits to (1) FSRI staff (especially Dr.
jkok: (2) CIMMYT outreach staff, Bangkok; (2) KKU FSR
an; and (3) NERAD staff, Khon Kaen.

ty 3/26 to 3/28/85

International Programs
McCarty Hall
:sville, FL 32611


3ampkeong, Director, FSRI/DDA, and discuss any issues c
9 to him, as well as my views of what FSRI should be
nove more of its staff to the field.

ollow-up visit with CIMMYT staff--Larry Harrington,
Leon and/or Charlie Wedderburn -- to discuss CIMMYT ar
perceived role for other IARC's working in the region i


J saf--especially Drs. Terd Charoenwatana and Aran
.i-- to follow up first visit and continue discussions of
:s which may arise during the 2nd annual SUAN meetings.

MAD staff and USAID project officer concerning general
j especially needs for the upcoming project evaluation.

Dampheong at 10:00, 3/26. Main discussion centered around
t that there is more need for FSRI staff in the field.
d the concept of "satellite" villages around both Khon
; Chiang Mai, to be staffed by FSRI researchers,
-ating with extension, and trained by staffs from KKU and
;pectively. Agreed that I should work on a short paper
down the concepts of how such coordination between FSRI,
KKU might came-about.
i Carlos De Leon (plant pathologist), of CIMMYT's maize
, Bangkok. He has been in Thailand 3 months. Discussed
:alence of aflatoxins in Thai maize, especially central
i, which is attempting to export maize.
ry Harrington and Charlie Wedderburn were in the
lines on CIMMYT regional business.
i Dr. Terd. Dr. Aran was unavailable, he invited me to
Ct the FSSP at the upcoming KKU-hosted RRA (Rapid Rural
rkshop. If I cannot attend, the FSSP network should
familiar with RRA: SP, JC, Mary Rojas, etc.

, 1985



4. Dr. Terd asked Suriya Smutkupt (Thai anthropologist, KKU faculty
and participant in KKU RRA's) to take me to one of their dairy
cattle sites. (See original report).
5. Dr. Terd provided FSSP with copies of an upcoming activity,
through Kathy Wilson, accessing U.S. universities and others with
expertise in FSR curriculum, etc., to UOH, July 15-22. "The theme
for the Resident Deans work conference is 'Agriculture in Higher
Education' with a sub-theme being 'Agricultural Systems
Curriculum Development.'" See original report for details.
6. Dr. Terd also made available to FSSP smae sketchy details of the
newly-formed TDRI (Thailand Developnent Research Institute). He's
afraid it may try to take on the functions of a PCARRD and try to
make decisions as to funding all agricultural research in
Thailand. It has a heavy macroeconanic influence. See original
report for details.
7. Discussed an upcoming KKU workshop based on training of extension
workers in FSR/E methodology. Spent time with various NERAD staff
and Charles Alton, USAID NERAD project officer. Discussed the
upcoming expatriate staffing. The project plans the evaluation
either in June or July. It has been pushed back from May. It
looks like the project will go with a 5-person evaluation team for
a 4-week evaluation.
8. A second issue discussed was a pending NERAD/KKU extension
workshop, tentatively scheduled for July or August for 3 days.
I mentioned Federico Poey's experience in training FSR/E through
extension in Paraguay, and wondered if such experience would not
be relevant. In addition to FP's work in Paraguay, I mentioned
the CMU project, which began in 1984, and which combines the
Institute of Soybean Breeding, CMU and local soybean traders with
local extension in a novel attempt to transfer technology to
Chiang Mai rice farmers interested in raising soybeans as well.

In general, the NERAD project is beginning to be understandably
concerned with the pending evaluation. A recent USAID audit made
several suggestions for improving their accounting and benefit/cost


International Center for the Improvement of Maize and Wheat,
Farming Systems Research Institute, Thailand DQA
Khon Kaen University, Thailand
Northeast Research and Agricultural Development (Project),
Northeast Regional Office of Agriculture and Cooperatives (of
DCA), Thailand

Carlos De Leon, pathologist, CIMMYT outreach and maize program

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 48

Lee Meyer, NEAD marketing economist, UOK yearly contract
Bob Resaague, USAID/T
Suriya Snutkupt, KKU anthropologist

Potential Trainers:
Again, the KKU staff stands out in this regard.

Publication Potential:
I returned Charles Alton's two papers with the suggestion that
they were too internally sensitive the way they were written, but that
some effort to generalize from them would be very useful to other
projects. He may work on doing this.


Demands on FSSP:
1. Send DQ to RRA workshop, KKU, Sept. 4-6.
2. Send copies of all FSSP training units to NERAD.
3. Send Dr. Terd (a) copies of the Tim Frankenberger/John Lichte
reports on RRA in Liberia, and (b) a set of the TUs ASAP.
4. Send Dr. Dampkeong copy of my brief paper on training and
disbursing FSRI personnel to field levels around KKU and CMU (see

FSSP commitment-promised responses:
1. Regarding 1, above, if I cannot attend, I promised to search FSSP
network for a worthy replacement. Hopefully JC will be able to
work this into his schedule.
2. FSSP will respond as requested above.
3. FSSP will respond as requested above.
4. FSSP will respond as requested above.

Materials collected:
1. (A replacement copy of) "Tambon and village agricultural systems
in northeast Thailand", report of a workshop held at KKU, February
22-26, 1982. KKU-Ford cropping systems project, Faculty of
Agriculture, KKU, Khon Kaen, Thailand. October, 1982. 174 pp.
2. Utai Pisone. "Situation of foodgrain production under rainfed
conditions in Thailand." Northeast Regional Office of Agriculture
and Cooperatives, Tha Phra, Khon Kaen, Thailand. January 1984.
95 pp.
3. Utai Pisone. "Sufnary Report on (above title). Paper presented
to the "Tri-Mission workshop on Rainfed Agricultural Farming
Systems and Soil Resources', February 27-29, 1984. Los Banos,

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 49

I1. u Faso/03/29 to 04/05/85

I: west Africa
y: Burkina Faso
-nent: Attend.workshop, "Technologies appropriate for farmers in
arid West Africa". Interacted w/PU/FSU/SAFGRAD group in regard
workshop III (NWS III).
Dan Galt
of Activity: 03/29-04/05/85 (Workshop dates: 04/02/85-04/05/85)
Institution: UOF/FSSP
ss: IFAS/International Programs
3028 McCarty Hall
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611


Attend the workshop, "Technologies appropriate for farmers in
semi-arid West Africa".

Attempt to set dates and location of upcoming NWS III and
ascertain interest in possibly hosting it by PU/FSU/SAFGRAD team.

X n possibility of FSSP 1986 West Africa university workshop.

e on increased presence of FSSP in region and the availability
of the three TUs.

Attended the workshop.
Set tentative dates for NWS III week August 5-9.
Mentioned possibility of FSSP West Africa university workshop to
Des. James Ikiazolu (U. of Liberia), Akinola Agboola (U. of Ibada,
Nigeria). Both are interested.
Came back with 26 additions to FSSP mailing list and one change of
Spoke with Dr. Taye Bezuneh, Dir. Res., SAFGRAD. He indicated to
me that his trip to GNV with Abalu was for more FSSP/SAFGRAD
collaboration than I remember it being. we both stressed
cooperative interaction and non-duplication of efforts as goals of
both FSSP and SAFGRAD in region. I informed him of tentative NWS
and how it would probably center on bilateral AID project contract
field teams and host country (HC) counterparts. Bezuneh stated
that in future, whenever FSSP wishes to do a truely "open"
regional activity, we might want to go through SAFGRAD for advice
and assistance, and vice-versa. I agreed.
Nell Diallo BF AA to PU/FSU/SAFGRAD team, may be available to work
as short-term local organizer/facilitator of workshops. My
impression is that she would be excellent as local person she
rdinated this workshop and did an outstanding job. Her
rests are also WID.

t Quarter, 1985
w019:2 50

7. Met Al Fleming and John Becker, USAID/BF (respectively SAPGRAD
project officer and ADO). FSSP will keep them informed of
upcaning activities involving BF.
8. Carried back sane possible papers for publication in NPS
(Networking Paper Series). Discussed co-publication possibilities
with Nagy and Ohm. Methods include full proceedings, modified
proceedings (eliminating sane papers). Depends on results of
COA/Woods Thomas negotiations.

The region needs a FSR/E network that functions. Problem with
Faye and Abalu is that they are so senior as to be too busy to
organize WAFSRN. If FSSP posts someone in West Africa, why not
propose that person to be the "executive secretary": to assist in the
organization to get network off dead center (Posner's idea)? SP was
suggested. No one suggested "creating" an additional network in West


See attached "Liste des Participants" in original report for total.
The major ones I had contact with are:

PU/FSU/SAFGRAD (This project officially ended 03/29/85. Herb OHM
stays on until August. Joe Nagy scheduled to remain as advisory
one more year. All is planned and not guaranteed. Depends on
ICRISAT (as represented by Peter Matlon, Les Fussell and Robert Chase
the latter two stationed in Niamey. Les and Robert are,
respectively, millet production agronomist and senior soil
IITA (as represented by Mario Rodriguez, maize agronomist).
USAID/BF (as represented by Al Fleming and John Becker).

See attached "Liste des Participants" in original report for total
and above sub-section for major ones. In addition, I met the
Katy Ibrihams, PU AA for the PU/FSU/SAFGRAD project.
Nell Diallo, PU AA in Ouaga and coordinator of conference.

Potential Trainers:
Peter Matlon, Dunstan Spencer (ICRISAT): FSR/E micro and macro
Herb Chm, Josh Posner, Akinola Agboola, Tunde Cbilana: agronomic
aspects of on-farm work

Publication Potential:
Met Dr. Bruno Ndunguru, Tanzanian who's recently joined SAFGRAD
Benin (2 weeks ago). He has had experience with FSR/E in Tanzania and
will be introducing the concept into Benin. FSSP needs to keep in
touch with him about West Africa activities.

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 -51


Demands on FSSP:
1. Regarding Gambia workshop: Duncan Boughton indicated a need for
Posner and other Casamance personnel to add, "reality" to
workshop. His understanding is USAID/TG to pay Posner, Gilbert
and local costs. FSSP to pay for resource personnel (Franzel,
CaldwelL, SP). BOUGHTON suggested proposed team analyze itself to
decide if it has enough hands-on practical trial design
experience. If team decides it does not, he would suggest a
substitution of an agronomist with requisite trial design
experience. Posner ideal. Failing this, I suggested he consider
design experience. Posner ideal. Failing this, I suggested he
consider Federico Poey, based on the fact that The Gambia will be
first field delivery of TU IIb. Boughton would not mind if I-
attended, justified by fact I need experience in delivery for July
domestic delivery of TUIIb. Planning of workshop needs another
person in addition to Steve. I don't know if SP will attend with
SF, or if another FSSP network person has been identified to
assist SF with either technical or logistical aspects. Boughton
requests another person to assist SF in April.
2. Figure out what will happen vis a vis publications of papers from
this conference. Obtain necessary permissions from authors from
CHM. See COA about COA/Wbods Thomas understanding.

FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Follow up on Gambia workshop and planning thereof for Boughton.
Includes access of personnel from Senegal for it.

Materials collected:
In addition to an almost complete set of papers from the workshop,
the following were collected:
1. "Maize and cowpea improvement in semi-arid Africa.!' 1983.
2. "Field glossary of agricultural terms in French and English.
nphasis: West Africa." Susan MacKay. Purdue University, West
Lafayette, Indiana. 1984.,

1st Quarter, 1985
lmw019:2 52

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