Title Page
 Table of Contents

Group Title: Quarterly report (Farming Systems Support Project)
Title: Quarterly report
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00091285/00009
 Material Information
Title: Quarterly report
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Farming Systems Support Project
Publisher: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Office of International Programs, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, FL
Publication Date: October-December 1984
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00091285
Volume ID: VID00009
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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Full Text






Executive Summary ................ ............ ........ ..................1

Main Report

I. Setting .........................................................2

II. General Accomplishments...................................... 3

III. Conclusions.....................................................4

IV. Activity Reports

67. Poey/USA/10/01 to 10/05/84.................................6

68. Martinez/Mozambique/10/24 to 10/25/84.....................8

69. Gelaye/Botswana/11/24 to 11/28/84........................ 10

70. Jones/Mexico/11/11 to 11/18/84...........................13

71. Poey/Paraguay/11/17 to 12/08/84.............................16

72. Galt/Thailand/12/02 to 12/08/84..........................18

73. Galt/Indonesia/11/24 to 12/01/84.........................24

74. Hansen/Zambia/11/23 to 12/08/84........................... 31

75. Hansen/Botswana/11/29 to 12/02/84........................33

76. Hansen/Zimbabwe/12/03 to 12/04/84.........................35

77. KKU-Thailand Staff/Philippines/12/10 to 12/14/84...........37

Attachment 1
Farming Systems Support Project Annual Meeting Summary
for 1984..... ..... ............ ...... ...........o.... .........39

Executive Summary

Throughout the last quarter of 1984, emphasis was
given to specific implementation planning for the 1985
work year. Planned activities included workshops,
technical assistance efforts, and training sessions.
Other activities in the quarter continued in field
implementation in all regions.

The FSSP annual meetings held at Kansas State
University in conjuction with the Annual FSR/E Symposium
were very successful as a basis for testing planning
ideas developed early in the quarter. The administrative
co-ordinators addressed policy and procedural issues
that will culminate in a FSSP procedural manual.

Concern was established this quarter through the
threat of budgetary cuts for the project from action in
the S&T Bureau. A nearly twenty-five percent cut in the
budget may be necessary, which will have substantial
impact on the project's capability. Continued planned
emphasis on program development which may further
curtail program delivery is supported and considered to
be essential for the continuation of the project.

4th Quarter, 1984


The quarter began with emphasis on the forthcoming annual meeting of
the FSSP at Kansas State University. Pre-planning in the previous quarter
provided a framework for the 1985 and beyond workplan against which
specific meetings could be held to review that plan with the support
entities and AID. At Kansas State University the meetings included program
leaders, administrative coordinators, the technical committee, the advisory
council, and various task force groups along with meetings on each of the
regional strategies. The meetings were well attended with an enthusiastic
response. A summary of the meetings is attached to this document as a
quarterly report supplement (Attachment 1). Other activities in the
quarter continued in field implementation in Africa and Latin America and
initial support for interinstitutional visits in Asia. Emphasis was given
to specific implementation planning to launch workshops, technical
assistance activities, and training sessions in 1985.


The accomplishments during the fourth quarter of 1984 in many respects
exceeded all expectations of the director and the Core staff of the FSSP.
The Kansas State University meetings were a resounding success as a basis
for testing planning ideas and advancing those ideas to greater fruition.
Specific meetings by the various participants culminated in results such as
a plan to develop specific guidelines for on-farm research that would be
manifest through publication guidelines so that comparative results might
be accomplished across projects.

Similarly the administrative coordinators addressed policy and
procedural issues with the advisory council that will culminate in a
procedural manual which will be made available to support entities and AID
early in 1985. Regional strategy sessions provided a form for discussing
implementation plans of great detail in West Africa and across Africa while
discussions in Asia surrounded the initiation of the project in that region
of the world. Latin America discussions addressed the difficult task of
assigning priorities to a region where enthusiasm runs very high for
Farming Systems Support Project interventions. Many other sessions were
held most of which are captured in the attached summary report (Attachment

One result not captured in the report is a growing sense of direction
by Farming Systems Research and Extension practitioners and enthusiasts. A
healthy consensus is emerging to provide for continuous dialogue and
presentation of research and implementation results. Kansas State
University is to be commended for providing a form through the symposium
for that purpose and the Farming Systems Support Project captured that
enthusiasm in an implementation mode following the symposium.

Survival of the FSR/E approach is without a doubt assured even though
the term farming systems may not fare that well. The concepts and skills
associated with farming systems adaptive research, etc. are becoming
imbedded into research on an international and national scale. These

4th Quarter, 1984 2

concepts will survive because they fine tune research and extension
approaches of considerable historic import and recognition. The farming
systems approach to research and extension does not portend to substitute
for either research or extension and for that reason it will be lost in
research and extension to the betterment of the overall agricultural
development process. In so doing, adaptive farmer involved, on-farm
research, will lead to greater success in augmenting agricultural
production. The enthusiasm for this approach has extended beyond the early
"religious zeal" to research results and reports at professional meetings
that suggest a lasting impact.

From the Kansas State meeting, information was taken into another round
of planning with the FSSP Core, the advisory council, the technical
committee, the evaluation task force, and other task activities through
various modes of communications. These priorities and policies were
captured along with implementation plans in the 1985 and beyond workplan.
Results of the past year were reported in the 1984 workplan which suggests
that the project accomplished most of what was set before it and many
activities that could not have been anticipated in the Fall of 1983 at
which time the 84 plan was being developed.

FSSP field activities were varied throughout the quarter. In Africa,
FSSP co-sponsored with CIMMYT a Farming Systems Orientation Seminar in
Mozambique and funded Eugenio Martinez attendance to provide an overview of
FSR/E and provide information on th FSSP structure and support. Art Hansen
completed a multifaceted trip to Africa in which he represented the FSSP at
a workshop in Zambia, acted as a social science consultant in Botswana, and
discussed regional training in Zimbabwe. In Latin America, FSSP core was
represented at the conference of A.I.D. Agricultural Development Officers
in Mexico. FSSP sponsored a short applied course on the FSR/E approach to
livestock production in Paraguay. Activity in Asia included the
sponsorship of seven individuals from the Khon Kaen University FSR Project
on a study trip to the Farming System Development Project, Eastern Visayas
(FSDP-EV) in the Philippines.

The FSSP core met with a management consultant who assisted in bringing
specifics of the overall operation to bear in a rational flow of events to
capture complimentarity among the various program development activities
within the project.


While the quarter registered some significant program development plans
and culminated with a solid world wide symposium at Kansas State University
and the annual meeting of the FSSP, concern was established through the
threat of budgetary cuts for the project. Pre-analysis of budgets and
plans would suggest that the FSSP has been on a rational spending pattern
that began slowly as experience needs and plans were tailored for the
future, and has expanded on a rational path which would suggest careful and
effective use of the budget provided by S&T. A nearly twenty-five percent
cut in that budget may be necessary which will have substantial impact on
the capability of the project. Discussion within the core and at the
management level in S&T suggest that the only way to proceed with the cut

4th Quarter, 1984 3

is to continue with the planned emphasis on program development which may
further curtail program delivery. The program development base is one that
is necessary for bi-lateral contractors and the commodity oriented
international research programs. If that base is not developed the
investments in the FSSP will not have long lasting impacts. Thus the
program development strategy established in the previous quarter and
confirmed at Kansas state University is considered to be essential for
continuation of the project.

4th Quarter, 1984 4

IV. Activity Reports

4th Quarter, 1984 5

67. Poey/USA/10/01 to 10/05/84

Region: North America
Country: United States
Assignment: To edit book on On-Farm Research (OFR) design analysis
and debriefing on recent trips.
Name: Federico Poey
Date of Activity: 10/01 to 10/05/84
Team: None
Home Institution: AGRIDEC
Address: 1414 Ferdinand Street
Coral Gables, FL 33134


1. To edit a book on OFR design and analysis and debriefing on recent

1) Final editing was accomplished and manuscript will be sent to
publisher on week of October 8, 1984.

2) Held a debriefing on the INSORMIL FS Sorghum workshop in
Mexico, the Peru assignment of 08/27 to 09/01/84 and other visits
to Guatemala, Costa Rica, and Panama.

Needs/Problems: none noted


Institutions: not applicable
Individuals: not applicable
Potential Trainers: NA
Publication Potential: NA


Demands on FSSP:
1. In the debriefing session, the following tentative alternatives
were considered:
a) Peru Assist the intended workshop of November 16 18
sending one FSSP representative that could continue on to
Paraguay. Assist the annual production FS course being
planned there. Partial payment of international team was
offered by the Paraguay AID Mission that needed to be

b) Guatemala's applied course on FSR/E with the AID project for
the highlands is now planned for Jan, 1985. Details would be
discussed with Dr. McFarlane of Guatemala USAID and Ing.
Arjona, local coordinator for the project on the upcoming FS
Kansas State Congress. Also, the possibility of holding a
regional course on OFR designs and analysis in 1985 with

4th Quarter, 1984 6

ILTA's collaboration was renewed to be discussed further,
independently of the regional seminar prepared with CATIE's

FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:

4th Quarter, 1984

68. Martinez/Mozambique/10/24 to 10/25/84

Region: Southern Africa
Country: Mozambique
Assignment: To represent the FSSP at
Name: Eugenio S. Martinez
Date of Activity: 10/24 to 10/25/84

Dr. Donald Winkelmann, CIMMYT
Dr. Marcelino Avila, IDRC
Dr. Chris Seubert, CIMMYT

Home Institution:

a seminar on FSR in Mozambique.

Marcelo Dougnac, SIDA (Sweden)
David Gollifer, Botswana
Allan Ldw, CIMMYT
Eugenio Martinez, FSSP

FSSP/International Programs
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, FL 32611


Objectives: To represent the FSSP at the FSR Seminar. Specifically
the objectives included:
a) To explain FSR/E.
b) To present the ICTA -Guatemala Case.
c) To explain what FSSP does.

1) Used the module "Introduccion a la Investigacion e Extencion
de Sistemas de Produccion Agropcuaria (FSR&E) TMS 101" to
accomplish 1st objective.

2) Delivered a short summary of ICTA's project design,
organization, implementation, impact areas, crops and

3) Explained the role of the FSSP.

1) Suggested the design of a general plan for research
development with immediate, mediate, and long range goals and
the restructuring of INIA using the FSR approach.


Institute Nacional de Investigaciones Agronomicas
Facultade de Agronomia e Engenheria Florestal
Admir Bay, Director, INIA, agronomist
Rui Ribeiro, director, DNTA/Ministerio Agricultura; Agronomist
Jose Rodriques Pereira, Director, Facultad de.Agronomia, Agron.

4th Quarter, 1984

Dr. Marcelina Avila, IDRC, Economist
Dr. Chris Seubert, CIMMYT, Swaziland
Dr. Marcelo Dougnac, SIDA (Sweden), Agronomist
Dr. David Gollifer, Research Director Dept of Ag. Research
Dr. Donald Winkleman, CIMMYT, Economist
Dr. Allan Low, CIMMYT, Economist
Dr. Alvaro Diaz, FAO,
Dr. Alfredo Bruno, DDR/MA FAO
Potential Trainers:
Dr. Chris Seubert speaks fluent portuguese
Dr. Marcelino Avila (spanish/english)
Publication Potential:

None noted


Demands on FSSP:
1. Additions to newsletter mailing list.
FSSP commitment-promised responses: none made

Materials collected:

1. "Investigacao Sobre Sistemas de Producao de Mandioca
Mocambique", Spittel M., M. Ferrao, P. Woodhouse.

2. "Pesquisa de Sistemas Agricolas Numa Parte do Sul da
Costeira." J. Van Leeuwen

no Norte de

Faixa Arenosa

3. "The Farming Systems Research Programme in Zimbabwe." Marcelino

4. "Investifacao de Amendoim Baseada nos Sistemas de Manejo Agricola."
Malithano A.D., K.W. Ramanaiah, and B.S. Chilengue.

5. "0 Estudo dos Sistemas de Producao nos Centros Rurais de
Desenvolvimiento." Bruno A., and 0. Henao.

Contributions to Inventory:

4th Quarter, 1984 9

69. Seyoum Gelaye/Botswana/11/24/ to 11/28/84

Region: Southern Africa
Country: Botswana
Assignment: To participate as a participant add-on in a visit to the
Agricultural Technology Improvement Project (ATIP) in Botswana.

Name: Seyoum Gelaye
Date of Activity: 11/24/ to 11/28/84
Team: Dr. R. E. McDowell, Seyoum Gelaye (PAO)

Home Institution: Tuskegee Institute school of
Address: Agriculture and Home Economics
Tuskegee Institute
Alabama 36088


1. To visit the Agricultural Technology Improvement Project (ATIP)
as a participant add-on. The ATIP is a project established in
1982 for the purpose of helping limited resource farmers.
2. To visit some of the agricultural programs run by the ministry
of agriculture and ATIP.
3. To strengthen my ability to play a major role in incorporating
Farming Systems component into our institutions program.


1. Visited the director of agricultural research.
2. Visited the animal drawn equipment center in Sebele, evaluation
of farming systems and agricultural implements program (EFSAIP)
3. Visited cowpea project. Project leader seems to be interested
in commodity oriented research.
4. Visited the Animal Production Research Unit (APRU). APRU is
aggressively working on areas of commerical livestock
5. Visited the general purpose laboratory, Sebele run by the
Department of Agricultural Research (DAR). The laboratory is
equipped to carry out 1) proximate analysis, 2) invitro dry
matter determination, 3) Mineral analysis.
6. Visited Integrated Farming Pilot Project (IFPP) located in
Pelotshetla which was established in 1975.
7. Visited the Agricultural Technology Improvement Project (ATIP)
in Mahalapy and Francistown. The target groups of farmers for
ATIP are groups of farms having 1-10 hectares available for
cultivation and 40 or less cattle.
a) observed aspects of project on draft animals, farm
implements, tools, management of cattle, and management of
small stocks.
ATIP could prepare brochures and publication on selection,
training and feeding of draft animals which could serve as
important aids to agricultural demonstrators (AD's) in training

4th Quarter, 1984 10



1. If the cowpea project is to be of a major force in improving
the life of the small farmer in Botswana, in addition to its
commodity orientation, the project needs to have a farming
systems component.

2. It would be useful if tannin and fiber analysis (Van Soest
fiber) are added to the determinations carried out at a

3. Another livestock specialist or 3 additional Botswana
counterparts should be added to the livestock teams of ATIP.

4. Most of the ATIP counterparts do not have the required level of
training to fully participate in experimental designs and data
analysis, and should be allowed to get the necessary training.



EFSAIP Evaluation of Farming Systems and Agricultural Implements
APRU Animal Production Research Unit, Ministry of Agriculture
IFPP Integrated farmer Pilot Project
ATIP Agricultural Technology Improvement Project, Mahalapy
MIAC Mid America International Agricultural Consotium


Mr. Horspool, EFSAIP Director
C.J. de Mooy, Botswana cowpea project director
Mr. B. Addy, APRU director
Dr. N. D. Hunter, IFPP
Hobbs, A. Agronomist Gaborone, MIAC
Norman, D.W. Ag. Economist Sebele, MIAC
Siebert J.C. agronomist, Mahalapye, MIAC
Baker, D.C. Ag. Econ, Mahalapye, MIAC
Heinrich, G. Agronomist, Francistown
Koch, B. Animal Science,Francistown
Miller, W. Ag. Econ, Francistown

Potential Trainers: Training Area EFSAID, Sebele
Publication Potential: None noted


Demands on FSSP: None

4th Quarter, 1984 11

FSSP commitment-promised responses: None
Materials collected:

1. List of references: (see attached)
Contributions to Inventory: None

4th Quarter, 1984

70. Jones/Mexico/11/11 to 11/18/84

Region: Latin America
Country: Mexico
Assignment: To attend LAC/ADO's Conference in Mexico, which is held
every two years.
Name: James C. Jones
Date of Activity: 11/11 to 11/18/84

Home Institution: FSSP/International Programs
Address: University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, FL 32611



1. To discuss FSSP What the project is about and what it can do in
Latin America.

2. To gather information useful to FSSP for operating in Latin


1. Attended workshop where new policy and program directions with the
agricultural development officers (ADO's) from the AID Missions in the
region were discussed.
a) Brown opens conference. States that Economic Support Funds
(ESF) are especially important in Central America and
throughout the Caribbean basin.
b) first session: deals with private sector market
identification and development noting shift of AID from public
to private sector.
c) Rodgers discusses the need for agribusiness in the Americas.
d) Like presented the case of the highlands diversificaiton
project under the topic of agricultural productivity and
diversification. The idea of the project is to get them to
plant vegetables which they have never done. This case is
presented in the context of Support for the private sector.
e) Discussion regarding the role of research followed.
f) Sawyer addresses the need for a local research capacity beyond
that of mere adoptive research.
g) Nichols argues the need for a local research capacity
h) County and Regional Reports were presented

1. Bolivia The Chapare project has a heavy research and
extension components and seeks to diversify production.
2. El Salvador AID is still deciding what to do with the
private section.

4th Quarter, 1984 13

3. Honduras large export promotion project
4. Haiti AID is doing little with the private sector.
5. Peru entire research and extension structure collapsed
during the Velusco years and must now be reassembled.
6. Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) the CBI Agricultural
Export Marketing study was presented.
7. ROCAP ROCAP Agricultural Marketing Project was
i) Visited Rob Tripp and Juan Carlos Martinez of CIMMYT Economics
1. discussed the upcoming training materials development
workshop to be held in Gainesville.
j) Bean Cowpea CRSP discussed by Don Isleib
k) Discussed creation of national research capabilities

1. Honduras
2. Peru
3. Lac Bureau project examines institutional setting for
agricultural research and extension (Rutgers, ISNAR).
Suggested development of networks.

1) The issue of low salaries as a barrier to quality work by
nationals was discussed at length.
m) Bisset led a discussion on the gray amendment
n) Discussed the topic of fragile lands. This, along with
resource deterioration is a major issue with the LAC Bureau
o) Held personal discussions with ADO's:


1. There is now a compelling need to clarify the roles of and
relation between the private sector and agricultural
development offices in the AID missions.

2. Some of the ADOs attack the IARC's, whose representatives
become defensive. One controversial issue the IARC's real
support to national programs

3. Discussion of the priority that AID missions should give to
local research





Albert Brown, ADO LA/Caribbean director
Mr. Havener, Director General
Mr. William Rodgers
Mr. George Like, AID/Guatemala
Richard Sawyer, Director General of International Potatoe Ecntral

4th Quarter, 1984 14

John Nichols, CIAT
Dave Bathrick, ADO/Peru
Kelly Harrison, AID/Caribbean consultant (agri. economist)
Don Winklemann, CIMMYT economics program director
Ron Cantrell, CIMMYT, Maize program
Anson Bertrand, USAID/W
William Weir, University of California
Don Isleib UOM
Steve Wingert
Margaret Sacles, LAC Bureau/W
Fred Hutchinson
Jerry Oyeis
Phil Church
Alfred Bisset (LAC/DR)
Marion Ford
Ab dueWahah AID/Haiti
Bill McClusky, Jamaica/AID, ADO
Gordon Straub, USAID/Honduras, ADO
Joe Goodwin, USAID/Ecuador, ADO
Dave Joslyn, ROCAP

Potential Trainers:

Publication Potential:


Demands on FSSP:

FSSP commitment-promised responses:

Materials collected:

1. Agenda for LAC/ADO conference
2. LAC strategy: Agriculture and Rural Development
3. The need for agribusiness
4. Current S&T projects in agribusiness and marketing
5. Country- by- country list of AID -S&T/AGR Projects which are
or have been, active in Latin America.
6. Development strategies for fragile lands: Draft proposed for
a joint LAC-S&T program.
7. Agricultural Research, extension and education project (Peru)
8. Presentation Week, August 1984: Brief notes on CIMMYT's
Economics Program

Contributions to Inventory:

4th Quarter, 1984 15

71. Federico Poey/Paraguay/11/17 to 12/08/84

Region: Latin America
Country: Paraguay
Assignment: Organize and conduct a 3 week applied course o FSR/E
approach to animal production.
Name: Federico Poey
Date of Activity: 11/17/ to 12/08/85
Team: Ing. M. C. Romeo Solano AGRIDEC leader
Dr. Federico Poey, AGRIDEC
Ing. M.C. Francisco Romeo, University of Florida
Ing. M.C. Mario Ozaeta, AGRIDEC/PTPA

Home Institution: AGRIDEC
Address: 1414 Ferdinand Street
Coral Gables, FL 33134



1. To organize and conduct a 3 week applied course on FSR/E
approach to animal production which complements other events
of the USAID financed "Proyecto de Tecnologia para Pequenos
Agricultores" PTPA.


1. Course conducted as planned
2. Effective partly as a result of participant election.
3. Two documents prepared by participants constitute excellent
guidelines for PTPA's specific needs and as reference for
other courses. (see publication ptoential for specifics)


1. A course on FSR/E approach to intra home dynamics to include
marketing and administrators of farm production.
2. The one major institutional problem is the persisting
antagonism between the research and extension directors.



PTPA "Proyecto de Techologia para Pequenos Agricultores"

Ing. Juan Molinas, Director and Ing. Juan Morell, subdirector,
of Servicio de Extension Agropecuaria SEAC, San Lorenzo.

4th Quarter, 1984 16

Ing. Alberto Alvarez, director, Departamento de investigation
agricola, Ministerio de agriculture

Ing. Bertoni, Minister of Agriculture, Asuncion.

Dr. Paul Fritz, USAID/Paraguay, Asuncion.

There were 30 participants, mostly from PTPA, and also sraff
member from the animal production research and extension institutions.

Potential Trainers:

Publication Potential:

The sondeo and model of a crop/animal production system prepared
during the course should be considered for translation to English and
French to be used as reference papers in other events related to
animal production.


Demands on FSSP: None

FSSP commitment-promised responses: None

Materials collected:

"Additional information for workshop related activities"
participants reports: 1) Sondeo, 2) model of crop/animal
production system.

Contributions to Inventory:

Possible courses in March, 1985.

4th Quarter, 1984

72. Galt/Thailand/12/2 to 12/08/84

Region: Asia
Country: Thailand
1. Exploratory visit to USAID/T
2. Visit to Khon Kaen University's FSR Project
3. Visit to USAID's NERAD (North East Regional Agricultural
Development) project in and near Khon Kaen
4. Visit to Chian Mai University's FSR Project
5. Visit to AVRDC sponsored backyard garden "FSR" project at
Kasetsart University.

Name: Dan Gait
Date of Activity: Dec. 2 Dec. 8, 1984
Team: Dan Gait, FSSP core
Delane Welsch, FSSP SE (UMN) agricultural economist

Home Institution: UOF/FSSP (DG); UMN (DW)
Address: IFAS/International Programs
3028 McCarty Hall
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611



1. Complete first exploratory visit to USAID/T to ascertain the
needs of the Mission and Thailand in regard to FSSP
interactions in any or all aspects of FSR/E.

2. Visit Khon Kaen University's FSR staff and project site(s) and
ascertain what, if any, follow-up activities might occur
between KKU and FSSP.

3. Visit the NERAD (Northeast Rainfed Agriculture Development)
project staff and project site(s) to ascertain what, if any,
follow up activities might occur between NERAD and FSSP.

4. Visit Chiang Mai University's staff and project site (s) and
ascertain what, if any, follow-up activities might occur
between Chiang Mai and FSSP.

5. Visit the AVRDC -sponsored, Kasetsart University-conducted
Home Garden Project near Bangkok to ascertain their approach
and needs.

6. Begin the process of understanding more about the history,
thrust and direction fo FSR/E in Thailand.


4th Quarter, 1984 18

1. John Foti and I drafted a cable to Wendell Morse covering the
details of a proposed FSSP co-sponsorship (Ford Foundation) of
seven individuals from the KKU FSR group to visit FSDP-EV
project in the Philippines.

2. I provided informal advice about the upcoming NERAD project
evaluation including the fact that the evaluation Task Force
would be looking for "cases" for field application of the FSR
project evaluation protocol.

3. Visited the FSR staffs and some selected project sites of both
KKU and CMU. Also visited FSR sites of the NERAD project and
of EEC's NECDP west and southwest of the city. In Chiang Mai,
visited FSR staff of MCP and met with representatives of the
KUA VRDC Home Garden Project.


1. FSSP, upon request only, to interact with FSRI of the
Department of Agriculture, through USAID/T
2. FSSP to have a role in the training aspects of FSR in
3. IARCs to recognize the differences between their situation and
the restrictions which apply to national programs. (I see a
very vital role here for some of the draft guidelines coming
out in the KMcD/Meiman.RKW effort. Supplemented with some of
the stuff I've written and thought about on this subject, this
could be a very positive FSSP contribution. These two topics
could also be the focus of a workshop or brainstorming session
between IRRI, CIMMYT,ICRISAT, and AVRDC sometime soon. Larry
Harrington, CIMMYT outreach, stated that he's been working
along these lines and would hope to be able to host such a
session in the near future. I would say'this should be a
high-priority FSSP activity. I'd tentatively suggest that
both KMcD and/or RKW and myself attend such a session.)
4. A mechanism to build "working coalitions" in countries between
FSR projects with a focus on overcoming problems which are
similar across all of them.
5. Foster more "farm-level FSR practitioner" exchanges. (While I
personally agree, FSSP needs to take some sort of policy
decision on this).



1. USAID/Thailand
2. FSRI (Farming Systems Research Institute) of the DOA
3. Khon Kaen University -- KKU
4. Chiang Mei University --CMU
5. Kasetsart University --KU
6. CIMMYT (outreach)

4th Quarter, 1984 19

7. NERAD (USAID-funded Northeast Rainfed Agricultural Development
8. TAWLD (The Austrailian-World Bank Land Development Project)


Dr. John Foti, USAID/T, ADO
Dr. Terd C.
Dr. Charles Alton, Project officer, NERAD
Dr. Infanger
Dr. Craig
Dr. Ragland
Dr. Massey
Dr. Damkheong, Thailand FSR Institute, KU
Dr. Tai
Dr. Aran P., KKU
Glynn Baker
Dr. Kanok Rerkasem, Multiple Cropping Project
Dr. Nakorn Nalampang, Dean of Faculty of Agriculture
Norman Williams, TAWLD Project
Sawatdee Boonchee TAWALD
Dr. Thompson, AVRDC contact for Home Garden FSR Project
Dr. Apisith Issar; Yanukula, Director HGFSRP
Dr. Hagen, Univeristy of Missouri, Columbia
Dr. Gershon, AVRDC
Lee Twentyman, Deputy Director, USAID.T
Dr. Briskey, Ag. office USAID/T

Potential Trainers:

1. lain A. Craig
Cropping Systems Specialist
Northeast Regional Office of Agriculture and Cooperatives
Tha Phra, Khon Kaen 40260

2. Charles Alton
Agricultural Economist
Office of Agriculture and Rural Development
APO San Francisco 96346
(Charles is based at Khon Kaen as Project officer of NERAD)

3. Aran Patanothai
Faculty of Agriculture
Cropping Systems Project
Khon Kaen University
Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand

4. Terd Charoenwatana
Cropping Systems Project

4th Quarter, 1984 20

Khon Kaen University
Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand

5. Benjavan Rerkasem
Multiple Cropping Project
Faculty of Agriculture
Chiang Mai University
Chiang Mai, Thailand 50002

6. Kanok Rerkasem
Multiple cropping Project
Faculty of Agriculture
Chiang Masi University
Chiang Mai, Thailand 50002

7. Methi Ekasingh
Multiple Cropping Project
Faculty of Agriculture
Chiang Mai University
Chiang Mai, Thailand 50002

Publication Potential:

I'd like to review some of the materials brought back from FSRI, KKU a
1. CMU for possible publication as extraction (see Indonesia trip
report for more details). Otherwise, nothing obvious.
I also returned with some materials from Charles Alton that are 2.
quite interesting. Unfortunately, I haven't had the time to review
them at all.


Demands on FSSP:

1. Co-sponsorship of trip of 7 KKU staff to Tacloban City to
visit the FSDP-EV project. This has already been handled by Wendell
Morse, John Foti and myself through a series of cables to facilitate
this activity in mid-December, 1984. I requested, through Dr. Terd C,
copies of any trip reports submitted by the participants.
At this time, there are no other firm demands on the FSSP.

Potential (expected) demand: the NERAD project will be evaluated
sometime in early summer, tentatively June, 1985. It will be a joint
Thai-USAID evaluation. One expatriate team member will possibly be
Gordon Conway. FSSP may be asked to

1) provide names from the biodata for some of the expatriates, or

2) be more involved in team selection, briefings, etc.

We will await further work from Charles Alton or John Foti on this.

Given the emphasis on training, once the FSSP has developed the
first four training units, there may be some demand for either the

4th Quarter, 1984 21

units or for some assistance in training. Requests could be
forthcoming from

1) KKU
2) CMU
3) KU, or
4) FSRI.

FSSP commitment-promised responses:

1. To add individuals to FSSP mailing list (SK)
2. Write to Larry Harrington, CIMMYT outreach for SE Asia,
concerning the possibility of FSSP participation in a regional IARC
meeting to discuss methodologies and applicability to host country
3. Follow up the FSR experience in Ban Don Pow Daeng (near Ban
Phai), Northeast Thailand, for relevance to the rest of the world.
This domain is characterized by massive out-migration of village men
to the mid-East (Suadi Arabia et al.). Of the 151 men in the village
18 months ago, 100 have left for work in mid-East. The relevance of
this closely-monitored project site could have implications for the
Southern African countries which suffer a similar manpower drain in
4. Send literature on out-migration, suggestions of what to do,
and maize leaf-feeding studies literature (Japanese) to Palagorn

Materials collected:

1. "Agroecosystem analysis." 1983. Gordon R. Conway. ICCET
series E, No. 1. Imperial College Centre for Environmental
Technology. University of London. 51 pp.

2. "A study on farming/family living systems in Thailand." May
1984. Apisith Issariyanukula, Napaporn Phromchana and Chamnier
Boonma. Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Kasetsart University.
Bangkok, Thailand. 276 pp.

3. "An interdisciplinary perspective of cropping systems in the
Chiang Mai Valley: key questions for research." 1980. Phrek
Gypmantasiri, et al. Faculty of Agriculture, University of Chiang
Mai. Chiang Mai, Thailand. 238 pp.

4. "Lecture notes: ecology of agricultural intensification."
1983. Gordon R. conway. Centre for Environmental Technology.
Imperial College of S&T. London SW7. 79pp.

5. "Tambon and village agricultural systems in Northeast
Thailand." 1982. KKU-Ford Foundation Cropping Systems Project.
Report of a workshop held at KKU, Feb. 22-26, 1982. Faculty of
Agriculture, Khon Kaen University. Khon Kaen, Thailand. 174 pp.

6. An agroecosystem analysis of Northeast Thailand." 1982.

4th Quarter, 1984 22

KKU-Ford Foundation Cropping Systems Project. Faculty of Agriculture,
Khon Kaen University. Khon Kaen, Thailand. 167 pp.

7. "Crop-livestock integrated systems research in Thailand." no
date. The Farming Systems Research Institute (FSRI), Department of
Agriculture (DOA). A project proposal submitted to IDRC. 21 pp.

8. "Organizational information" on FSRI.
Systems Research Institute (FSRI). 24 pp.

no date. Farming

Contributions to Inventory:

same as above list of materials brought back.

4th Quarter, 1984

73. Galt/Indonesia/ 11/24/ to 12/01/84

Region: Asia
Country: Indonesia
Assignment: (1) Exploratory visit to USAID/I
(2) Exploratory visit to AVRDC sponsored backyard
garden "FSR"
Name: Dan Gait
Date of Activity: 24 Nov. -1 Dec., 1984
Team: None
Home Institution: UOF/FSSP

Address: IFAS/International Programs
3028 McCarty Hall
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611



1. Complete first exploratory visit to USAID/I to ascertain the
needs of the Mission and Indonesia in regard to FSSP
interactions in aspects of FSR/E.

2. Visit FSR practitioners at IPB (Institut Pertanian Bogor:
Bogor Agricultural University), Bogor, through the itinerary
and contacts arranged by Dr. Jerry McIntosh, IRRI outreach

3. Visit the AVRDC-sponsored, IPB-conducted household garden
effort near Bogor to ascertain their approach and needs.

4. Begin the process of understanding more about the history,
thrust and direction of FSR/E in Indonesia.


1. Visited personnel in USAID and (AARD) agency for Agricultural
Research and Development of the Department of Agriculture,

2. Reviewed FSR materials collected during the week. Concluded
that few publications meet our needs in Networking Paper
Series (see "FSSP demands" for suggestion)

3. Drafted a cable listing my impressions of the exploratory
visit possible areas of follow-up, and unresolved issues.
(copy of "draft cable" is attached to the main report).

4th Quarter, 1984 24


The most vivid need identified is the need for systematic
materials and methods for instructors of personnel in FSR
methods training. There is a need for both material and
standard procedures for presenting FSR methodology.


AARD Agency for Agricultural Research and Development of the
department of Agriculture, Indonesia
IPB (Institute Pertanian Bogo) Bogor Agricultural University
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
Organization of Australia's ADAB)
CNFR (Department of) Community Nutrition and Family Resources,
of IPB
CRIAS Central Research Institute of Animal Sciences, Bogor


1. Richard (Dick) Cobb, Chief, Office ARD/USAID/I, Jakarta
2. Dr. Enrique Barrau, USAID/ARD/UFS, Jakarta. Project officer,
Citanduy projects I and II. A very interesting tour he's had.
I invited him to pass through Gainesville if (when) he leaves
USAID/I (he's been there 8 years!) to brief us on the Citanduy
3. I. Ketut Djati, Agriculture Program Specialist, USAID/ARD/UFS,
4. Ms. Retno Setyowati S(idarta), Ag Advisor and responsible for
my agenda, USAID/ARD/UFS, Jakarta. I encouraged her to
respond to the Pop Con/FSSP household case studies
5. Robert Dakan, Chief, USAID/ARD/LI, Jakarta
6. Mr. William Douglas, USAID/ARD/LI, Jakarta
7. Frank Gilespie, Chief, USAID/ARD/UFS and Upland Agriculture
Project Officer, Jakarta
8. Dr. Warren Vincent, retired professor, MSU agricultural
economist on TDY w/ CAER, Bogor. I'd asked Warren to
accompany us as much as he could for parts of two days while
we were in Bogor. He did so, but was extremely busy.
9. Dr. Jerry McIntosh, IRRI outreach agronomist, Bogor
10. Dr. Joel Levine, AARP, USAID/Bogor
11. Dr. M. Sultoni Arifin, Director, Upland Agriculture Project
(USAID), Bogor (IPB: Institut Pertanian Bogor)
12. Mr. Inu Ganda Ismail, IPB (is in high need of obtaining his
13. Dr. John Petheram, Australian PARD Advisor, CSIRO, Bogor (IPB)
14. Dr. Edi Basuno, PARD/BPT, Bogor (IPB)
15. Dr. Jajah Koswara, Ir, Associate Dean, IPB Master's Program,
16. Dr. Ir Hidayat Syafief, Chairman, Department of Community

4th Quarter, 1984 25

Nutrition and Family Resources (CNFR), IPB, Bogor
17. Isi Candidate, Ph.D. in Rural Sociology, IPB/CNFR,
Bogor. Isi acted as our hostess during a very interesting
day's visit to the Indonesian household gardens/FSR locations.
18. Joan Schroeder, Curriculum Development Specialist, IPB/CNFR,
19. Mr. James Gengerich, Chief, USAID/ARD/ARP, Jakarta
20. Ms. Meg Brown, USAID/ARD/LI, Jakarta
21. Dr. Will Knowland, USAID/ARD Environmental Adivsor for
Southeast Asia, Jakarta
22. Dr. Degan Fakultas Pascasarjana, Director, IPB, Bogor
23. Dr. John Wheeler, Director, CSIRO, IPB, Bogor
24. Mr. Firman Aji, USAID/ARD/LI Training coordinator, Jakarta
25. Dr. Hans Helen Keller Foundation Representative,


AAETE Agency for Agricultural Education Training and Extension (of
the DOA)

AARD Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (of the DOA)

AARP Animal Research Project (USAID Indonesia)

ADAB Australian Development Assistance Bureau

ARD (Office of) Agriculture and Rural Development, USAID

ARP Agricultural Research/Planning Division, USAID/ARD

AVRDC Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center (Taiwan)


BPLPP (Indonesian acronym for) Agriculture Extension and Training

BPT Balai Penelitian Ternak: Research Institute for Animal
Production (LPP + P3T)

CAER Center for Agro-Economic Research (of AARD)

CFC Center for Food Crops (of AARD)

CNFR (Department of) Community Nutrition and Family Resources, of

CRIHC Central Research Institute for Horticultural Crops (of AARD)

CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
(of Australia's ADAB)

DOA Department of Agriculture, Indonesia

4th Quarter, 1984 26

Institut Pertanian Bogor: Bogor Agricultural University

LI Local Institutions Division, USAID/ARD

LPP (former) Animal Research Institute of IPB: merged with P3T to
form the new BPT

P3T (former) Animal Research Centre. @ Ciawi, West Java (near
Bogor): merged with LPP to form the new BPT

PARD Project for Animal Research and Development: a part of BPT
managed by CSIRO

PDP Provincial Area Development Project (of USAID): located in 8

PKK (Indonesian acronym for) National Women's Association

UFS Upland Farming Systems Division, USAID/ARD

UPMMR Nutrition Unit of the Department of Agriculture (DOA)

Potential Trainers:

My recommendation is to identify the following as our contacts in
Indonesia into such a time as a ???/list can be updated:

Dr. Jerry McIntosh Dr. M. Sultoni Arifin Dr. Erique M. Barrau
P. 0. Box 107 Kalompok Reneliti Sosial Ag. Extension Advisor
Bogor, Indonesia Ekonomi J1.Cimanggu Kecil2 USAID American Embassy
Bogor, Indonesia Medan Merdeka Selantan 3
Jakarta Pusat
Publication Potential:

1. Solicited material from several persons/projects including Dr.
Barrau, Ms. Sidarta (USAID/I, Jakarta), and Dr. Petheram (of

2. Few publications meet our needs in Networking Paper Series with
some minumal editing excerptingg sections), a collection of
"regionally relevant" papers could be initiated through the
Networking Paper Series. We might also consider a Latin
American collection, a West and East African collection, and a
Near East/mainland collection.


Demands on FSSP:

1. None specifically made. Was asked to draft a cable to Wendell
Morse concerning my observations .and issues raised for further
potential interaction. Recommendations for future interactions

4th Quarter, 1984 27

a) AARD/CFC Upland FSR Project- thought given to responding to a
potential request for a manpower development needs assessment:
we would call it training needs assessment.
b) AARD/CFC Upland FSR Project-
Interest was expressed in FSSP facilitation of the exchange
of field-level practitioners
c) IPB/BPT/PARD Interest shown in FSSP facilitation of exchange
of field level practitioners. Questions: where and with
d) IPB/GNFR Possible provision of person for training needs
assessment. John Caldwell comes to mind.
e) USAID/ARD on FSR upland projects in general Could FSSP
undertake to survey upland Indonesia/FSR project to identify
common and unique problem areas and to lay out a logical
research agenda or strategy.
f) Could FSSP survey or backstop a look at what issues exist in
POP home gardening component. Is the effort being made
enough? Should more be done? Could FSSP consider doing case
studies of the POP?

2. Issues to be resolved:

a) In light of overall FSSP priorities, how many of above could
be responded to?
b) What are the possibilities for either joint funding (USAID I
and FSSP) or Mission buy-ins?
c) Should FSSP work harder toinvolve IRRI, ILCA, CIMMYT or AVRDC
in providing response to any of above?
d) What is trade-off between FSSP core and FSSP network
investment in follow-up? Can response through network
individuals be approached as piggy-back activities provided
sufficient lead time is allowed?
FSSP commitment-promised responses:

Materials collected:

1. "Project for animal research and development at Balai
Penelitan Ternak." 1982 Research Report. Ciawi, Bogor,
Indonesia. 66 pp.

2. Ibid. 1983 Research Report. 69 pp.

3. "FSR Research Briefs -- Abstracts -- Review." Report
assembled by Jerry L. McIntosh, IRRI outreach, Oct. 1984. 58
pp. + several appendices, including a list of 57 FSR projects
through AARD of the MOA in Indonesia.

4. "Graduate School Programs 1984-86." Bulletin, Graduate
School IPB (Institut Pertanian Bogor). Bogor Agricultural
University, Indonesia. 11 pp.

5. "Penetrating the system." no date. Roberto A. Monserrat, A-
griculture Advisor, PDPII-NTT. 4 pp.

4th Quarter, 1984 28

6. "A proposal for a network of collaborative research on women
in rice farming systems." no date. USAID document.. 18 pp.

7. "Warta KEPAS: Newsletter of the Indonesian Research Group on
agro-ecosystems. Vol. 1, No. 1. Maret 1984. unnumbered pp.

8. "Overcoming the technology gap. Oct. 24-29, 1982. S. W.
Sadikin. Asian Conference on Agricultural Research for
Development: Potentials and challenges. Jakarta. 21 pp.

9. "Contribution of home and village gardens on the improvement
of small-farm families welfare." no date. no author. 10
pp. + 1 figure.

10. "Home garden model as a starter in a complete FSR in
transmigration area." 23 Oct. 1984. Dbpartemen Pendidikan
Dan Kebudayaan, Fakultas Pasca Sarjana, Institut Pertanian
Bogor (IPB). 10 pp.

11. "Memo: garden/farming systems research proposal by IPB,
University of Missouri and AVRDC to the farming systems
support program (sic) (FSSP)." Aug. 9, 1984. From Retno
Setyowati, ARD/LI, through Mr. William Douglas A/Chief
ARD/LI, to Mr. James Gingerich/Chief of Agr. Research.
unnumbered pp.

12. "Provincial area development program: Comments on the
agricultural sector assistance." no date. Kenneth A.
Prussner Agriculture Advisor (AID/AGR/PDP), Retno S.
Sidarta -- Program Specialist (AID/AGR/PDP), and Priyanto
Santoao -- Program Assistant (AID/AGR/PDP). 7 pp + "B"

13. "The Citanduy river basin development project: Panawangan
Pilot watershed implementation and evaluation report." Jan.
1980. PRC Engineering Consultants, Inc. Directorate General
of Water Resources Development, Ministry of Public Works,
Republic of Indonesia. IV-8 pp +.

14. "Women in rice farming systems: an IRRI conference. 26-30
Sept. 1983. IRRI. Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines.
unnumbered pp.

15. "Ecosystem models for development: workshop report. Jan.
1984. A. Terry Rambo, John A. Dixon and Wu Tsechin. Based
on papers presented and discussion at a workshop held in
Kunming and Guangzhou, China, 27 Sept.-11 Oct., 1982. 37 pp.

16. "Saving our soil with the A-frame." no date. A World
Neighbors Filmstrip (text only in both English and
Indonesian). 3 pp +.

17. "Lucaena: multipurpose tropical tree." no date. A World
Neighbors Filmstrip (text only in both English and

4th Quarter, 1984 29

Indonesian). 5 pp +.

18. "Leucaena Leucocephala: Farming systems.for agroforestry
and the control of swidden agriculture." Nov. 19-21, 1981.
Kenneth A. Prussner. USAID Jakarta. Seminar, Agroforestry
and the control of swidden agriculture.
Forest Research Institute, Bogor. 12 pp.

19. "Leucaena farming systems in NTT." Aug. 23-25, 1982.
Roberto A. Monserrat. Paper presented at the National
Leucaena Seminar in Jakarta. 21 pp +.

Contributions to Inventory:

4th Quarter, 1984

74. Hansen/Zambia/11/23 to 12/08/84

Region: Southern Africa
Country: Zambia
Assignment: To represent the FSSP at a workshop in Lusaka, Zambia on
the role of rural sociologists and anthropologists in FSR/E.
Name: Art Hansen
Date of Activity: 11/23/ to 12/08/84
Team: NA
Home Institution: University of Florida

Address: Anthropology Department
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611


1. To represent the FSSP at a workshop in Lusaka, Zambia on the
role of rural sociologists and anthropologists in farming
systems research and extension (FSR/E).


1. Represented FSSP at the workshop. The workshop was jointly
sponsored by the Adaptive Research Planning team (ARPT),
Research branch of the Zambian ministry of agriculture and
Water Development and by the Eastern Africans Economics
Program of the International Maize and Wheat Improvement
Center (CIMMYT).
2. Delivered the keynote address.
3. Delivered paper.
4. Talked with Mike Collinson:
he is concerned about an increasingly negative evaluation of
FSR in project evaluations.
emphasized the continuing improvement in acceptance of FSR
principles, methods, and institutionalization of FSR programs
in countries throughout the region.
concerned about the potential slackening of funding support for
5. The workshop was a rewarding experience offering good ideas
about how to incorporate the social sciences other than
agricultural economics in their program.



Institutions: ARPT, Adaptive Research Planning Team

Participants included rural sociologists, anthropologists, and

4th Quarter, 1984 31

other social scientists from Zambia and ten other countries.

Ms. Yvonne Merafe, Rural Sociology Unit (RSU) Division of planning and
statistics, ministry of Agriculture, Botswana.

Mr. John Lesothlo, RSU, ATIP

Dr. Pamela Reynold Land management department, faculty of Agriculture,
University of Zimbabwe

Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:


Demands on FSSP: None
FSSP commitment-promised responses: Has already assisted in locating
Materials collected:

1. one copy of keynote address

Contributions to Inventory:

4th Quarter, 1984

75. Art Hansen/Botswana/11/29 to 12/02/84

Region: Southern Africa
Country: Botswana
Assignment: response visit to provide a sociological/anthropological
imput to the USAID funded ATIP
Name: Art Hansen
Date of Activity: 11/29/ to 12/02/84
Home Institution:
Address: University of Florida
Department of anthropology
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611



1) To provide a sociological/anthropological input to the USAID -
funded ATIP (Agricultural Technology Improvement Project).


1. Visited Ministry of Agriculture in Gabarone to review existing
2. Discussed possibilities for my future involvement with ATIP.
3. Visit Mahalapye (ATIP field site) met with Doyle Bakerand Jay
Siebert. Discussed their work, RSU-ATIP relationship, FSR and
Botswana in general, and my possible involvement with ATIP and
4. Read ATIP reports and formulated ideas about how/and whether I
could structure two months or so a year in Botswana in such a
way as to significantly contribute to ATIP and RSU.

work would focus on research, training and
institutional linkage
research involvement would be identifying hypotheses
to test clarifying methodologies and training in
social science research and analysis procedures.
Strengthen institutional linkages between ATIP and RSU
by producing clear research direction and training to
enable RSU staff to make recognizable contributions to




ATIP Agricultural Technological Improvement Project

4th Quarter, 1984 33

ALDEP Arable Lands Development Program
RSU Rural Sociology Unit


Ms. Merafe, Ministry of Agriculture, RSU, Chief Rural Sociologist
Mr. Lesothlo, ATIP
Ms. Bonnake Sitsimako, RSU, Asst. Rural Sociologist
Mr. Meshack Mokone, Deputy permanent secretary of the ministry and
Chief Agricultural Economist (CAE)
Doyle Baker; agricultural economist, ATIP
Jay Siebert, agronomist, ATIP

Potential Trainers:

Publication Potential:


Demands on FSSP:

1. D. Norman notes that reference service was needed which would
keep professionals working in other countries in touch with their

FSSP commitment-promised responses: None

Materials collected:

Contributions to Inventory:

4th Quarter, 1984

76. Art Hansen Zimbabwe/12/03 to 12/04/84

Region: Southern Africa
Country: Zimbabwe
Assignment: To meet with University of Zimbabwe staff who are engaged
in FSR/E activities and related small holder research.
Name: Art Hansen
Date of Activity: 12/03 to 12/04/84
Home Institution: University of Florida
Address: Anthropology Department
Gainesville, FL 32611



1. To meet with University of Zimbabwe (UZ) staff who are engaged
in FSR/E activities and related small holder research.
2. To asist Mr. Kofi Akwabi Ameyaw, a UF graduate student in
anthropology in obtaining research clearance to enter Zimbabwe
to conduct his dissertation research.


1. Accomplished both objectives successfully.
2. Had conversations with Zimbabwean and visiting professionals
a) Discussed UZ FSR training and FSSP FSR training with Dr.
Mandi Rukuni. He feels:
That CIMMYT program of sequential in-country training is
essential and that workshops and modules are inadequate.
Modules are academically good but do not substitute for
field experience nor are they useful for technical
African slides are needed in the modules
he could develop othermodules form this region of Africa
CIMMYT-style FSR courses are more oriented towards on-farm
trials. FSSP courses are less focused and include more case
studies and concepts.

b) Discussion with Malcolm Blackie: responsible for the
creation of the Department of Land Management introduction
of agricultural economics into the faculty of Agriculture,
and the research thrust of that faculty.




4th Quarter, 1984 35

Dr. Norman, UOZ
Dr. Pamela Reynolds, UOZ
Dr. Mandi Rukuni
Malcolm Blackie, UZ
Thayer (Ted) Suidder, anthropologist, California Institute of
Marcelino Avila, FSR team leader
Dr. Rae, economist
Enos Shuma, agronomist
Bright Mombshona, livestock scientist.

Potential Trainers:

Publication Potential:


Demands on FSSP:

1. Dr. Mandi Rukuni, UZ:

wants copies of all modules
he would like funding to Africanize the modules
he feels FSSP could build its file of case studeis from on
going African programs
encourages FSSP to start a working paper series
suggested sponsorship of a conference for academics on the
state of FSR for the Eastern and Southern African region.

2. The Sebungwe program is an entry point for FSSP and Florida into
UZ agricultural activities.

May, 1985 there is to be an annual meeting of research staff
to report on Sebungwe activities and plan for next year.
Sebungwe program could serve FSSP as another mode of FSR and a
module could be made around it.

FSSP commitment-promised responses:

Materials collected:

Contributions to Inventory:

4th Quarter, 1984 36

77. KKU-Thailand Staff/Philippines/12/10 to 12/14/85

Region: Asia
Country: Philippines
Assignment: To engage in a study tour of Farming Systems Development
Project, Eastern Visayas (FSDP-EV).
Name: Khon Kaen University Staff team report
Date of Activity: 12/10 to 12/14/85
Mr. Mipan Prajantrasaen, chief Provincial Officer for Agricultural
Extension, Khon Kaen Province
Mr. Anan Lila, Subject Matter Secialist, Department of Agricultural
Extension (DOAE) and DOAE representative on assignment to KKU-FSR
Mr. Attachai Jintrawet, Agronomist, Researcher, KKU-FSR representative
directing the Peanuts After Rice Project (PARP)
Mr. Suchint Simaraks, Veterenarian, Lecurer and Researcher, Assistnt
Head of KKU-FSR livestock component
Mr. Suriya Smutkupt, Anthropologist, Lecturer and Researcher, KKU-FSR
Ms. Mantana Samart, Economist, Lecturer and researcher, Assitant Head
of KKU-FSR Social Science component
Ms. Sukaesinee Subhadhira, Sociologist, Lecturer and Researcher, Head
of KKU-FSR Social Science component


1. To engage in a study tour of the Farming System Development
Project-Eastern Visayas, Philippines.

2. To encourage institutional linkages and enhance communication.

1. Visited the office of the Ministry of Agriculture and
located in Tacloban, Leyte.

Food (MOAF)

2. Met with staff members of VISCA technical team.

3. Visited three FSDP-EV sites; Jaro, Matalom, Villaba.

4. Held academic discussions (2-3 hours) every evening.

5. Made observations of:
a. Staff Training
b. Modes of communication to FADP-EV
c. Interaction among the project staff members
d. Research Work Plans
e. The support of VISCA social scientists
f. The livestock component

6. Noted recommendations for KKU-FSR:
a. The KKU-FSR team should try to replicate the modes of communication
used by FSRD-EV staff members.
b. The KKU-FSR team should follow the style of research work plans.
c. The KKU-FSR activities focused on livestock are as essential as the

4th Quarter, 1984

crop activities.
d. The KKU-FSR have started to work jointly with the Department of
Agriculture Extension Office. We hope that in the future we will
have more experiences to share with each other.

Needs/Problems: none


MOAF- Ministry of Agriculture and Food

Dr. Agapito Tauro,. MOAF, Assitant regional director
Engr. V. Quero, FSDP-EV, Director
Dr. Clive Lightfoot, Agronomist, Cornell University

VISCA Technical Team Members:
Dolores L. Alcober, Rural Sociologist
Leonila S. Parrilla, Agricultural Economist
Marianito R. Villanueva, Technical Coordinator
Sergio E. Abit, Assitant Technical Coordinator
Rogue de Pedro, Agricultural Engineer
Rogelio A. Jaime, Agricultural Extension Specialist
Nestor Gloria, Horticulturalist

SRMU staff member:
Dr. Jim H. Gould, University of South Pacific, Alafua Campus, Western

Potential Trainers: none

Publication Potential: none


Demands on FSSP:
1. Dr. Terd Charoenwatana, Coordinator, KKU-FSR project Thailand
expressed the desire that FSSP might be willing to support a
similar visitation nex year for possible three Thais.

FSSP commitment- promised responses: none

Materials collected: none

Contributions to Inventory: none

4th Quarter, 1984 38

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