Quarterly report

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Quarterly report
Farming Systems Support Project
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, FL
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Office of International Programs, University of Florida
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
City of Gainesville ( local )
Agriculture ( jstor )
Farming systems ( jstor )
Training devices ( jstor )
serial ( sobekcm )

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Executive Summary ....... ...................................1

Main Report

I. Setting ......................................................2

II. General Accomplishments......................................2

III. Conclusion ................................ ............... 4

IV. Activity Reports

52. Lichte and Frankenberger/Liberia/07/01 to 08/08/84....5

53. Dean/Jamaica/07/02 to 07/13/84.......................8.

54. Martinez/Jamaica/07/02 to 07/12/84.................... 12

55. Galt/Botswana/07/08 to 07/25/84.......................13

56. Andrew/CIMMYT-Mexico/07/09 to 07/14/84................ 18

57. Kearl/East Africa/07/20 to 08/10/84...................20

58. Flora/Chile/07/28 to 08/19/84..........................24

59. Jones/Costa Rica/08/21 to 08/24/84....................28

60. Poey/Peru/08/05 to 09/02/84...........................33

61. Poey/Mexico/09/05 to 09/09/84......................... 35

62. Hildebrand/Netherlands/09/11 to 09/14/84 ..............37

63. DeWalt/Mexico-CIMMYT/09/16 to 09/22/84................40

64. Gaudreau/IITA-Nigeria/09/09/84........................42

65. Poats/IITA-Nigeria-Ivory Coast/ 09/28/84...............44

66. Poats/Togo/09/28 to 10/01/84..........................48

1 .

Executive Summary

Program development and planning dominated project
activity this quarter. The foundations for a new
approach to training unit development was laid and a
strategy to create the training materials was discussed.

FSSP activities in Africa increased including
activities in Liberia, Botswana, Nigeria, Ivory Coast,
and Togo. In Latin America FSSP was involved in
training, technical assistance in Jamaica, Peru, and
Costa Rica. The project was represented at the FAO
sponsored Farming Systems Development Workshop in Chile
and at the INSORMIL-ICRASAT-CIMMYT workshop on FSR/E in
sorghum held in Mexico. An initiation of activities in
Asia was seen in Asia. A continuation of task group
activity was apparent resulting in the Intra-household
Dynamics and FSR/E Case Studies Series proposal.

An intensive two day FSSP core planning session
addressed issues in program development and planning as
well as general management concerns of the project.

I. Setting

During this quarter major emphasis was placed on program development
and planning in all aspects of the project. There was a reassessment of
the approach to training, a build-up of activities in Africa, an initiation
of activities in Asia, a continuation of activity in Latin America, and a
consolidation of Support Entity activities. During an intensive two day
FSSP core planning session, these issues in program development and
planning were discussed in depth along with general management concerns.
The FSSP annual meeting to be held at Kansas State University next quarter
will provide a forum for the finalizing of discussed plans.

II. Accomplishments

In training, a structure different from that anticipated in the
cooperative agreement for development and delivery of workshops and
training courses was adopted following the trainer-for trainers workshop
which was held last quarter. Rather than developing standard courses in
the area of research methodology and management methodology, a series of
training "units" will be developed which will be more useful for meeting
the projects multiple objectives.

The "unit" concept differs from that of standard courses in its
flexibility of design. Each training unit is to be composed of a number of
sub-units, each addressing specific topics within the unit. By providing
discrete, teachable sub-units, this format will provide the opportunity for
trainers to develop a variety of courses tailored to the needs of the
particular audience. Each unit will contain an array of information from
which trainers can draw to develop courses for training developing country
researchers. It is clear, then, that "unit" is not synonomous with
"course": the "unit" provides the menu from which a trainer can create
courses which vary in emphasis, level, or length.

The process of developing training "units" was set in motion at a
training units brainstorming workshop early this quarter. Potential units
were defined and plans for their development and testing discussed. The
proposed units fall into three broad groups: FSR/E concepts, FSR/E skills,
and FSR/E implementation. First priority was placed with FSR/skills since
they are needed to train developing country research and extension
practitioners in the range of skills required to carry out the farming
systems research and extension process at the field level. Participants in
this workshop were formed into a committee to coordinate the development of
the units and a subsequent training units development workshop was

During this quarter, FSSP activities in Africa increased and involved
core staff, support entities, and independent consultants. The FSR
socio-economic survey was conducted in Liberia by John Lichte and Tim
Frankenberger, together with John Jallah, Arthur Gedeo and Maran Sherman
all from CARI, Liberia. The final report will be published by FSSP and
will be useful for bilateral contractors bidding for the phase II contract.
Dan Galt participated in the evaluation of the Botswana/KSU FSR project.

Experiences and lessons from this evaluation are serving as a basis for
the design of new evaluation criteria for FSR projects, a task which will
be undertaken by the newly created evaluation task force (ETF). Steve
Kearl traveled to Kenya and Ethiopia to continue plans for documentation and
networking exchanges with CIMMYT and ILCA. FSSP core staff took advantage
of visitors to the University of Florida from West Africa to conduct
several planning sessions. Meetings with James Bingen (MSU/Senegasl), Henk
Mutsaers (IITA), and Tony Juo (IITA) resulted in defining FSSP training
support for the ISRA program in Senegal, and FSSP participation in the
IITA/OFRIC workshop in Ivory Coast. Susan Poats and Martha Gaudreau
attended this workshop as resource persons. Participants for future FSSP
activities were identified during the workshop and additional networking
activities were planned with REDSO and WARDA. Prior to the workshop, M.
Gaudreau assisted IITA coordinators inf final preparations and established
FSSP linkages to the ILCA/IITA project, and S. Poats traveled to Cameroon
to initiate prelimingar discussion on the possibility fo creating a
regional FSR/E training program at the University Center Dschang.
Following the Ivory Coast workshop, S. Poats went to Togo to initiate
preparations for the Networkshop on animal systems to be held in early

All of the above activities and interactions served as a base for
developing the 1985 workplan for Africa, which will be outlined and
discussed at Kansas State University during the FSSP annual meeting.

The FSSP assumed the responsibility to help USAID/Jordan field a team
to assist with the development of a research extension porj ect in the
small-farm upland area in Jordan. Much donor supported activity in Jordan
has been in irrigated agriculture. This is one of the relatively few
efforts in non-irrigated farming, and one that is particularly well suited
to FSR/E concepts. The University of Arizona managed the FSSP effort.

In Latin America, FSSP was involved in training, technical assistance,
and workshops throughout the quarter. An FSSP team, at the request of
USAID and the Government of Jamaica, went to Jamaica to design a short
course to introduce members of Jamaican Farming Systems Research Program to
the FSR/E approach. Delivery was postponed because money to finance it was
not available as planned. The workshop is awaiting rescheduling. Jan
Flora represented the FSSP at the FAO sponsored Farming Systems Workshop in
Santiago, Chile. A workshop was planned during a trip by Jim Jones and
Eugenio Martinez to CATIE, in which five FSR/E cases from Latin America
will be presented and analyzed in several dimensions. The workshop will
included cases from ICTA, CIMMYT, CATIE, ICA, EMBRAPA). Federico Poey
assisted the INIPA/North Carolina selva project, Peru in preparing a plan
of action to introduce FSR/E to the project. The first FSSP activity in
direct support of a CRSP took place this quarter when Poey assisted with a
Latin American Sorghum-Millet workshop sponsored by CIMMYT and INTSORMIL.

In the area of task groups, the Intra-household Dynamics and FSR/E Case
Studies Series proposal (co-funded with the Population Council)was
submitted and accepted. The management structure was developed and
preliminary work on defining case study format and content was conducted.


While it might have been desirable to arrive at the program development
and delivery structure earlier in the project cycle, we conclude that the
prior experience was necessary to suggest some of the basic changes
important to successful, field implementation of the project. The notion
of developing training units such that trainers can draw upon these units
and adapt them to suit varied country needs, while simple, was one that
had to be tested and brought forth from those who have worked most closely
with the project. It is important to remember that the project began
without guidelines developed for its's implementation even in a general
sense. Thus, the first eighteen months is commonly utilized by planning
teams prior to development of the project. This was embodied in a
development process of a support network inclusive of twenty universities
and five consulting firms at the beginning of the quarter. The core
management is pleased that the process drew forth the support entity
participation and experience along with that of the FSSP to establish so
effectively a program planning base in a short eighteen month period.


52. Lichte & Frankenberger/Liberia/07/01 to 08/08/84

Region: West Africa
Country: Liberia
Assignment: To do a survey which demonstrates the application of the
Farming Systems Methodology and provides socio-economic information which
can be used to help establish research priorities at the Central
Agricultural Research Institute (CARI). Organize logistics for a Farming
Systems Training Workshop to be held in several months time.
Name: Tim Frankeiberger and John Lichte
Date of Activity: 07/01 to 08/08/84
Team: Tim Frankenberger and John Lichte assisted by Arthur Gedeo, John
Jallah, and Maran Sherman.
Home Institution: Frankenberger University of Kentuckty
Lichte- Independent
Gedeo,Jallah, and Sherman CARI


Obj ectives:
1. To do a survey which demonstrates the application of the Farming
Systems Methodology and provides socio-economic information which
can be used to help establish research priorities at the Central
Agricultural Research Institute (CARI).
2. Organize logistics for a Farming Systems Training Workshop to be
held in several months time.

1. Met with many individuals including CARI staff (see Contacts).
2. Reviewed and read literature.
3. Changed the original plan of surveying only Bong county to include
Grand Gedeh and Nimba counties and increased the time of the
mission to six weeks.
3. Wrote detailed outline of "Topics of Inquiry" to be used in the
reconnaissance survey.
4. Interviewed farmers in seven selected villages in Grand Gedeh, 7
selected villages in Nimba, and 5 villages in Bong.
5. The team formulated hypotheses and recommendations based on the
findings of the study.
6. The team wrote a report.

1. Studying a single county was proposed, given the time allowed and
the breadth of the study requested, so that we would be able to get
into as much detail and have as many observations on individual
enterprises as might be necessary to completely understand the
system and its components.
There was not enough time allowed for a survey of three regions.
By attempting to study three counties in the time normally allowed
for studying one county, the pace of the survey was almost self

2. Ambiguity in funding. Such funding problems have important
implications for future farming systems efforts. More specificity
in funding issues in advance may help to avoid problematic

3. The team was unable to test the topical outline prior to starting
the actual survey.

4. The team was unable to develop village data tables until the
outline was tested in Grand Gedeh. The data could not be entered
on a daily basis.

5. The team had difficulty getting copying services and sufficient
typing services to finish a 200 page report with corrections in
five days.


Central Agricultural Research Institute (CARI)
Louisiana State University (project team)
Boug County Agricultural Development Project (BCADP)
Nimba County Rural Development Project (NCRDP)
Office of Extension, Ministry of Agriculture, Grand Gedeh
Ministry of Agriculture, Liberia
Saye-Dube Research Sub-Station, Grand Gedeh
Conty Supervisor, Grand Gedeh

John Flynn
Mark Smith
Myron Smith
Lois Richards, Director



Arthur Gedeo, Socio-Economic Officer (team member)
John Jallah, Fertility Officer (team member)
Maran Sherman, Research Assistant, (team member)
Andrew Paye, Director
Charles Mulbah, Head of Land and Water Resources D
Joe Subah, Research Coordinator
Sizi Morris, Head of Crop Science Department
Sam Hooke, Administrative Officer
S. Ravindran, Head of Animal Science Department
David Wounuah, Co-leader Root Crops Project
Mallik As-A-Saqui, Co-leader Root Crops Project
James Freeman, Head of Tree Crop Section

Harold Young, LSU Team leader, CARI
Hugh Williams, Rice Breeder, LSU Team, CARI
Dr. Eaverson, LSU Consultant


John Beavers, LSU Consultant

County Supervisor
County Extension Officer and Staff
Alonzo Munyeheh, Manager Saye-Dube Research Sub-station
Zleh Town Extension Office Staff

Heiko Dekena, Horticulturalist, German Advisor
Karl Kirsch, Self-Help, German Advisor
Mr. Mah, Head of Extension
Other NCRDP staff

Jerry Mason, Head Monitoring and Evaluation Section
Other sector staff

Deputy Minister Peter Young
Deputy Minister of Planning
Richard Edwards, Sector Analysis, AID Advisor

Penn Handwerker, Team Leader
Leslie Hanwerker
Jeanette Carter

Potential Trainers: The Liberian members of the survey team Arthur Gedeo,
John Jallah, and Maran Sherman, particularly Arthur and John, could and
should be included as trainers if a workshop is held in Liberia.
Arthur could help with many of the logistics as well.

Publication Potential: We hope the survey report will have publication


Demands on FSSP: A request to do a FSR training workshop may still be
forthcoming from AID/Monrovia.

FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected: The few documents collected are related to Liberian
Agriculture, not Farming Systems per se.
Contributions to Inventory:

53. J.Dean/Jamaica/July 2-13,1984

Region: Latin America
Country: Jamaica
Assignment: Design, in cooperation with the Jamaican Ministry of
Agriculture (MinAg) personnel, a Training Course for team members of the
Jamaican Farming Systems Research Programme.
Name: Jim Dean
Date of Activity: July 2-13,1984
Team: Steve Franzel, DAI (Team Leader and AgEcon)
James Dean, FSSP (Anthro)
Eugenio Martinez, FSSP (Agron)
Emmanuel Acquah, VSU (AgEcon)

Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611


Objectives: 1. To work with those persons involved with the Jamaican
Farming Systems Research Programme (JFSRP) and design a training
course for staff of the JFSRP (approximately 25 persons).

Accomplishments: 1. Designed a ten day course to the mutual satisfaction of
FSSP, MinAg, JFSRP, and other interested persons.

Needs/Problems: 1. Few problems were encountered except for the normal
ones associated with lack of communication with outlying areas, poor
roads, absence of copying facilities, and bureaucratic sluggishness.

2. Institutional Constraints:

a. Lack of sufficient, fulltime, personnel with a sufficient level of
training and /or education to implement the project, manage the
on-going activities of the project, or to supervise the field level
personnel (mostly diplomat level) who will do the bulk of the actual
field work.

b. Some personnel, originally programmed for full time involvement in
the JFSRP, have been directed todivide their time between the JFSRP
and various commodity programs which have been deemed politically

c. Only two of the Jamaican Core staff will be full time and they will

be responsible for the supervision of the six person field staff.

d. Lack of sufficient linkages and interface between the various
Divisions in the MinAg. There is little, if any, communication between
Research, Extension, Marketing, Planning, Evaluation, the various
Commodity programs and any other divisions of the MinAg.

e. In the absence of the IICA director, Mr. Chin (JFSRP Project
Leader) must make over all administrative duties for IICA activities
which may severely hamper his input to the JFSRP.


Institutions: USAID IICA
Individuals: USAID-
Mr. McClusky,ADO We met him briefly while making a departure
briefing. He was noncommittal in his remarks.

Jaime Corea, Asst. ADO Met during entry and departure briefings at AID
office. Appeared knowledgeable about JFSRP and indicated
that funding from AID would be forthcoming for a country
wide project if the present JFSRP proved effective.

Mr. Vivian Chin, is the IICA person involved with JFSRP. It would be
better if the Jamaicans were in charge of their own
project instead of an expatriate.

Dr. Irving Johnson, is a Jamaican with 37 years of experience within
the MinAG. He is currently employed by IICA as a
consultant and showed an expert comprehension of the
Jamaican experience.

JFSRP Personnel-
Mr. Vivian Chin, IICA, Project leader
Ms. Daphne Bennett, MinAg; Research and Development, Project
Coordinator. Attended CSU FSR/E workshop in 1983.
Agronomist- Has been directed(by MinAg) to also work on
Cassava For Animal Feed project.

Ms. Anne Lewis, MinAg; Research and Development, Plant Protection

Mr. Fred Alford, Peace Corps; assigned to JFSRP as an agricultural

Ms. Lavinia Hines,MinAg; Training Officer.

Ms. Jennifer Brand, formerly of MinAg; now employed by the para-statal
AGRI 21 Project in Jamaica (many more $'s). She was a
prime mover in the establishment of the JFSRP. Also
attended the CSU FSR/E Workshop in 1983.

Mr. Van Whervin, Principal Research Officer in Plant Protection (Anne
Lewis' overall superior) within the Division of Research
and Development.

Mr. Lester Boyne, Head of Data Analysis and Project Evaluation Unit of

Mr. Vincent Campbell, Head of the Jamaican Soil Survey Project of the
Depart. of Physical Planning of MinAg.

Ms. Julie Chen-Sang, of the Micro Planning and Project Preparation
group of the Planning Unit of MinAg.

Ms. Beverly Lawrence, Macro planning of the Planning Unit of MinAg.

S. Allen Poole, USAID Marketing Specialist (Working with the Produce
Marketing Organization Proj ect, ne of which is the JFSRP
area.(Dr. Gerald Feaster, Gator and former student of
COA is also working with this project).

Mr. MacDonald, Director of Research and Development MinAg. Appeared
knowledgable about JFSRP and somewhat encouraging
although his attitude was probably "wait and see."

Mr. Baker, Principal Research Officer for Crops; Research and
Development of MinAg. Supposed to be part time JFSRP

Mr. Romans, Livestock Officer within MinAg. Another part time JFSRP


Mr. George Phipps, Executive Agricultural Officer of st. Catherines
Parish (project area).

Mr. Charles White, Deputy Executive Agricultural Officer of St.
Catherines Parish. Attended the CSU FSR/E Orientation
Worksop in 1983. Very supportive of FSRS and JFSRP.
Will work closely with FSRP and be linkage with
extension personnel.

Ms. Steer, Area Extension Officer of Watermount District of St.
Catherines Parish.

Mr. Jones, Divisional Extension Officer of the Guy's Hill District of
St. Catherines Parish.

Ms. Ramsey, Area Extension Officer of the Guy's Hill Distryict of St.
catherines Parish.

Mr. Martin, Field Assistant in Guy's Hill.


Mrs. ?, Watermount District

Mr. Edwards, Guy's Hill District.

Mr. Sitall, Guy's Hill District.

Potential Trainers: None for international activities but the potential
exists for some of the Jamaicans to become instrumental in training other
Jamaicans in the FSR methodology. This could be important if USAID funds
further activities in Jamaica.

Publication Potential: None, at present, although the Jamaican situation
presents an interesting case study with regard to the problems of
institutionalization of a Farming Systems Project within the existing
administrative structure. As far as FSIP is concerned, Jamaica represents
a situation somewhat typical of developing countries.


Demands on FSSP: 1. The only immediate demand upon the FSSP is to deliver
the training workshop during 4-13 Sep, 1984.

2. There may be future requests from the Jamaicans to
provide further technical assistance during critical phases in the
evolution of their project. It was made very clear that any requests from
MinAg for FSSP assistance must come from the Jamaican government, through
AID/Jamaica, to AID/Washington, thence to FSSP. If the JFSRP proves
successful and AID decides to implement further activities in the country,
the FSSP can expect further requests, at a much greater scale, for

FSSP commitment-promised responses: 1. To return to Jamaica and deliver
the workshop during the period 4-13 Sep, 1984.

Materials collected: Numerous country specific materials were collected
during the planning trip. These will be used, primarily, for secondary
data sources during the workshop, Copies of these materials will be filed
at FSSP.

Contributions to Inventory:

54. Martinez/Jamaica/07/02 to 07/12/84

Region: Latin America(Caribbean)
Country: Jamaica
Assignment: To prepare a workshop
Name: Eugenio Martinez
Date of Activity: 07/02 to 07/12/84
Team: Dr. Steve Franzel(DAI), Dr. Emmanuel Acquah(Ind), Jim Dean and E.
Martinez (FSSP)
Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611


Objectives: 1. To prepare a workshop for Jamaica.
Accomplishments: 1. Discussed the obj ectives of the workshop. The
workshop was to train a group of 12 persons who will start an FSR
project in the hills of Jamaica.
Needs/Problems: 1. I raised the concern that the project was very poorly
done and their chances of success almost nil. I question the validity
of having a workshop.

2. I noticed that the Jamaicans themselves were not interested in the
Project- being a foriegner's idea.


Mr. Jaime Correa- USAID/Jamaica
Ing. Vivien Chen- IICA, Jamaica
Jennifer Brand- Research Officer, Ministry of Agriculture, Jamaica
Daphne Bennett- Agricultural Research Officer
P. White- Official Deputy Director
Mr. MacDonald- Director of Research
Mr. Baker- Research Director, Ministry of Agriculture
Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:


Demands on FSSP:
FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:

55. D.Galt.Botswana/July 8-25,1984

Region: Southern Africa
Country: Botswana
Assignment: Project Evaluation
Name: Dan Gait
Date of Activity: July 8-25,1984
Team: Charles Francis, Rodale Press, agronomist, team leader
Cornelia Flora, KSU, rural sociologist
Boyd Whittle, AID/W, general agriculturalist
Dan Gait, UOF/FSSP, agricultural economist

Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611


Objectives: To perform an evaluation of the USAID/Botswana, MIAC, KSU FSR
project in Botswana: ATIP (Agricultural Technology Improvement
Proj ect).

Accomplishments: 1. Planned and carried out evaluation.

2. Visited Mahalapye FSR team and Central Region farms.

3. Visited Makwate.

4. Met with DAO of Tutume, the headman of each village, and farmers.

5. Met with Francistown FSR team for refinement of issues and
discussion of observations. Issues discussed included

a.Integration of agronomy and livestock

b. Use of agronomic technical recommendations
from Sebele research station.

c. Regarding diagnosis, there is a need for good
answers to relevant questions, which
implies a need for good enumerators and more
rapport with farmers.

d. There is a need to lessen the emphasis on obtaining
data on several of the non agricul-
tural items in the MVRU (Multiple Visit Resource Use)
survey and move to more emphasis on one-time, focused
surveys over a larger selection of households. In
addition, more time can be spent examining some of the

more important exogenous issues influencing regional

e. There are statistical problems associated with the
loss of such a large number of agronomic trials to
droughts and then attempting to extrapolate from the
small sample results.

f. In concentrating efforts in the Francistown
region, it may be best to drop those farm
households from the surveys or from monitoring
who have the largest investment in off-farm
work/employment and are therefore assumed to
represent part-time farmers with too dilute a
decision-making framework to give enough
management consideration to farming decisions.

g. While everyone understands the importance of the
livestock/crop interaction in the system, the Department
of Animal Health and the DAR are completely separate w/n
the MOA. It is difficult to join crop research with
animal research at the field level for this

Needs/Problems: 1. Although impressive progress has been made, no concrete
agronomic results have emerged from the field trials yet due to the
drought in the area.

2. Too much work has been planned for the size of staff and the given
logistical support and location of the RD's(Recommencation Domains).

3. Lack of support for the FSR approach at the Botswana counterpart
levels among the upper hierarchy of the DPS(Division of Planning and
Statistics) of the MOA. Basic issues are institutionalization and the
future of the junior Botswana staff.

a. Without upper level research administrator
support at some point soon, these young
Batswana will no doubt be frustrated as to
where they fit into the system and will question their
continuity of training and future job security.

4. Teams may need some help making priority choices for research in
dropping studies and trials in the future.

5. The Francistown team is likely to encounter more problems in locally
institutionalizing the project than in Mahalapye because there are
fewer ADs(Agricultural Demonstrators) in this region, and because there
are no GOB J-4s assigned to this region for the project.



Chuck Francis, Rodale Press(Team Leader)

Cornelia Flora KSU
Boyd Whittle, AID/AFR
Lucretia Taylor, Evaluation Officer, USAID/B
Ed Butler, Deputy Director, USAID/B
Anita Mackie, ADO and ATIP Project officer
David Norman, COP/ATIP
Paul Guedet, USAID Mission Director
Art Hobbs, Research extension liason officer

Francistown MIAC/KSU Team:
Berle Koch, livestock
Wayne Miller, agricultural economics
Geoff Heinrich, agronomist

Mahalapye Team:
Doyle Baker, agricultural economist
Jay Siebert, agronomist

Howard Sigwele
Mr. 0. Masolotate, Chief Crop Production Of. DAFS
Mr. Mishak Makone. Deputy Permanent Sec. of Ag.
Mr. Justice Mathake, Principal Ag. Officer. DAFS
Dr. R. Minor, Deputy Director, Veterinary Services
Mr. John Larson, Agricul. Economist, USDA/DPS
Mr. David Findlay, Permanent Sec. of Agriculture
Mr. David Gollifer, Director, Ag. Research, DAR
Ms. Yvonne Merafe, Director, Rural Sociol. Unit
E.J. Keinsley, Principal, Botswana Ag. College
K.S.W. Tibi, outgoing Principal, Bots. Ag. College
Stewart Jones, DAR

Kenn Ellison, Ministry of Finance
R.G. Morgan, Ministry of Finance

Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential: Copy of Evaluation Report to be received when


Demands on FSSP: 1. Attempted to explain FSSP policy in anticipation of a
request for FSR orientation training for field level extension workers.
FSSP commitment-promised responses: See memo to Mr. Justice Mathake. It
is possible that a request will come to FSSP for training field-level,

diploma-level extension personnel (ADs) working in the two agricultural
regions served by the project (Mahalapye and Francistown). In
addition, persons in attendance may include DAO's (District
Agricultural Officers) and RDOs(Regional Agricultural Officers),
upper-level, local extension personnel. This audience would need a
general introduction to FSR and would be excellent for testing of the
new FSR units the FSSP plans to develop.

Materials collected:

* "Botswana Agricultural Technology Improvement Project," D.W. Norman.
4 Sept 1981. 5pp (Contains general background info on Botswana, the
Project and KSU's role therein).

* "ATIP Annual Report, No. 1" Aug 1982-Sep 1983. DAR/MOA and MIAC.
December 1983. 88 pp. (Includes annual workplan no. 1).

* "ATIP Annual Report No. 2" Aug 1983-Sept 1984. Preliminary Draft.
DAR/MOA and MIAC. June 1984. 125 pp.

* "ATIP Annual Work Plan No. 2." Oct 1983-Sept 1984. DAR/MOA and MIAC.
December 1983. 21 pp.

* "The Challenge of Developing Agriculture in the 400-600 mm Rainfall
Zone within the ASDCC Countries." D.Norman, D. Baker and J. Siebert.
ATIP and DAR/MOA. 1983. 13pp, Imap, 5 tables, and 1 figure. (Invited
paper for SADCC Seminar on Agronomic Adjustment to the 400-600mm
Rainfall Zone, Harare, Zimbabwe, 14-16 Sept. 1983).

"Household Characteristics in Shoshong East and Makwate: November 1982
Sample Frame Census Summary Results." D. Baker. ATIP Mahalapye.
October, 1983. 3pp.

"Crop Management Survey Tables." D. Baker. ATIP Mahalapye. c. Sept.,
1983. Ip. + 10 Tables.

"Technical Evaluation of Cultivation Practices." ATIP Mahalapye. c.
1983. Ip. + 9 Tables.

"Agricultural Demonstrator Survey Tables." D. Baker. ATIP Hahalapye.
July 1984. Ip. + 29 Tables.

"ATIP Makwate Farmer Workshop, April 1984." D.Baker. ATIP Mahalapye.
June 1984. 12 pp.

"MVRU Farmer Profiles." ATIP Mahalapye. c. July, 1984. 3pp.

"Farming Systems Profile." ATIP Mahalapye. c. July,1984. 1 p.

"Information and Issues Checklist." ATIP Mahalapye. c.1983 2pp.

"Farmer Success in Shoshong." ATIP Mahalapye. c.July,1984. 2pp.

"Early Season Cropping Plans of ATIP Mahalapye Farmers." D. Baker. ATIP
Mahalapye. December 1983. 11 pp. (Includes Cropping Plans Survey Form
as Appendix A).

"Overview of ATIP Mahalapye Activities." ATIP Mahalapye. c.July,1984.
2 pp.

"ATIP Project (Francistown) 1983-1984." ATIP Francistown. c.July,1984.
1 map + 6 Tables.

* "Agronomy Program Summary Francistown 1983-1984." ATIP Francistown.
c.July,1984. 3 pp.

* "Review Team Tour-July 13,1984." ATIP Francistown. c.July,1984.
1 p. (Provides summary of all livestock experimentation in both
Francistown and Mahalapue regions).

* "Profile of Arable Agriculture, Tulume District, 83-84." Gf. Heinrich.
ATIP Francistown. June 1984. 3 pp.

"Project Paper: Botswana Agriculture Technology Improvement
(633-0221)." Unclassified USAID document. Sept. 16, 1981. 65 pp. + 5

* "The Bulletin of Agricultural Research in Botswana." DAR/MOA. Gabrone,
Botswana. June, 1983. 66 pp.

* "Annual Report for the Division of Arable Crops Research 1982-1983."
DAR/MOA. Agricultural Research Station, Sebele, Botswana. April,1984.
199 pp.

* "Evaluation of Farming Systems and Agricultural Implements Project
(EFSAIP) Botswana." Report No. 7, 1982-1983. DAR/MOA. Gaborone,
Botswana. 12129 pp.

Contributions to Inventory: Those items starred (*) in the Materials
Collected list are to be added to the FSSP Inventory.

56. Andrew/CIMMYT-Mexico/07/09 to 07/14/84

Region: Worldwide
Country: Mexico- El Batan
Assignment: To attend the CIMMYT conference on US Universities
and the CIMMYT maize program research effort.
Name:Chris Andrew
Date of Activity: 07/09 to 07/14/84
Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611


Objectives: 1. To provide agricultural economics input into discussions
held by plant breeders and agronomists relative to forthcoming policy
and program changes for the maize research program of CIMMYT.

2. To represent the FSSP and farming systems in discussing interfaces
institutionally and programatically to strengthen maize research.

Accomplishments: The meeting was quite outstanding and I believe resulted
in a basis for some significant redirection of thought relative to
research programing for maize breeding.

On-farm research was a significant part of the discussion and is
recognized as an important element in the research process.

Needs/Problems: The major problem would appear to be a lack of
understanding of exactly how On-Farm research can best serve the

Generally, there are needs for further dialogue and further exposure
and experience to on farm research as well as the potential linkages
with the more fundamental plant breeding research efforts. It is
evident that this dialogue can continue with the leadership at CIMMYT
in Dr. Ron Cantrell of the maize program and Dr. Don Winkleman in the
Agricultural Economics program.


Institutions: CIMMYT and numerous US universities represented at the

A participant list is attached.

Intensive discussions were held with:
Don Winklemann
Fred Palmer, Maize/CIMMYT training program
Jim Barnett, Maize/CIMMYT training program
Ron Cantrell, Director of Maize Program at CIMMYT
Joan Saunders, Purdue
John Stovall, BIFAD
Tom Stillwell
Potential Trainers: Not specifically trainers for the FSSP I was impressed
with the enthusiasm expressed by Fred Palmer and Jim Barnett in
coordinating training efforts with FSSP and CIMMYT/Economics
particularly related to on farm research. Both gentlemen reviewed the
Hildebrand/Poey text and will be exchanging other information with us.
Publication Potential: A potential publication may result from Palmer and
Barnett relative to on farm research. This would not necessarily be an
FSSP publication but might be something done jointly.

In conversations with Tom Stillwell I understand that he too is working
on a text that will provide further information on on-farm research.

The three pieces by Hildebrand, Palmer, and Stillwell should fit nicely
together when they are all prepared.


Demands on FSSP: Particular concern was expressed for training materials
as soon as they are ready.
FSSP commitment-promised responses: To provide training materials when
available to CIMMYT/Economics and CIMMYT/Training in the wheat Maize
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:

Additional information: This was an opportunity to meet with the regional
Maize agronomists and understand some of their concerns. Specifically
they indicate that the FSSP should provide further assistance in
training bilateral contract teams for assignments in the field.

They also believe that CIMMYT might participate in this process to
further strengthen the teams and might help the bilateral contact teams
establish contacts within the national governments to further
accelerate their entry and program delivery.

There is fertile ground for cooperation with the maize program and
their regional staffs. We should follow-up on this activity.

57. Kearl/East Africa/07/20 to 08/10/84

Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya, Ethiopia
Assignment: To exchange information, especially training, documentation,
and publications and to establish a framework for a continued information
exchange. To expleroe futrue interaction between FSSP and various East
African institutions working in FSR.
Name: Steve Kearl
Date of Activity: 07/20 to 08/10/84
Team: (none)
Home Institution: FSSP
Address: International Programs
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, FL 32611


Ob ectives:
1. To exchange information, especially training, documentation, and
2. To establish a framework for a continued information exchange.
3. To explore futrue interaction between FSSP and various East African
institutions working in FSR.

1. Met with Mike Collinson and P. Anandajayasekeram, CIMMYT:
a. reviewed FSSP materials
b. supplied complete set of FSSP training materials to them
C. discussed their future materials development needs and

2. Met with Diane Rochelou, John Raintree, Filmen Torres, ICRAF:
a. reviewed ICRAF and FSSP materials
b. discussed ICRAF statistical package (Mulbud developed in
conjunction with Australian National University) especially
designed for ecomonic analysis of various potential farming
systems interactions within the system

3. Met with Matt Cunningham, Deputy Director, ICIPE:
a. Due to extensive drought, he discouraged a visit to Mbita Point
to document their on-farm trials and station trials in
conjuction with their cropping program.
b. Matt is interested in introducing a livestock component to the
research underway at Mbita Point.

4. Gave a seminar at ICIPE using slides from the FSR/E orientation
module and narrative taken mostly from the justification for
the FSSP as given in the Cooperative of Agreement.

5. Met with James P.W. Matata, a senior research officer in
biometrics, MALD Kenya ministry of Agriculture and Livestock
a. He explained what has been happening in Kenya in terms of the

development of an on-farm research program which includes plans
to have on-farm research teams located at all experiment
stations and in the districts.

6. Met with Robert Armstrong and others at REDSCO, East Africa.

7. Visited ILCA:
a. toured ICLA facilities
b. visited Debra Berhan research station
c. met with Michael Halu at documentation center
d. met with Dr. Stewart of the audio-visual unit and discussed
upcoming activities in West Africa
e. met with Dr. Nukasa, training director
.f. met with director Brumbi, briefly
g. met with Guido Gryseels (interest in MSTAT)

8. Met with Lindsey J. Durham, director of the Australian Agricultural
Consulting and Management Company.

Needs/Problems: (none noted)


Institutions: CIMMYT, East Africa, ICRAF, ICIPE, MALD Kenya Ministry of
Agriculture and Livestock Development, ILCA, USAID, AID/REDSO
Mike Collinson, CIMMYT
P. Anandajayasekeram, CIMMYT
Diane Rouchelou, ICRAF
John Raintree, ICRAF
Richard La Belle, ICRAF, coordinator of information and documentation
Matt Cunningham, ICIPE, deputy director
Luke Abe, ICIPE training officer
James P.W. Matata, MALD, senior research officer in biometrics
Robert Armstrong, REDSO/ East Africa
Robert McCullough, AID/REDSO
Jim Sailor, AID/REDSO, forester
Guido Gryseels, ILCA
Michael Halu, ILCA, documentation center
Dr. Stewart, ILCA, audio-visual unit
Dr. Nukasa, ILCA, training
Dr. Saul, ILCA, training
Director Brumbi, ILCA
Benedict Mandawa, ministry of Ag. Zambia
Lindsey J. Durham, Australian Ag. Consult.& Management Co. Dir.

Potential Trainers: None noted.

Publication Potential: Exchange of materials between FSSP and ICRAF,
CIMMYT, ILCA formalized


Demands on FSSP:

1. Collinson and Ananda, CIMMYT
a. Ananda would like to visit Florida before or after KSU
b. Discussed potential interfaces for FSSP and CIMMYT in East
1) Burundi orientation (tentative time frame). FSSP might
handle general orientation and CIMMYT handle a planning session
for team activities.

2) Rwanda orientation (tentative 7/84 or 12/84). FSSP
involvement to follow same pattern as Burundi.

3) Sudan (01/12 01/24/85). FSSP role unclear. Collinson
felt FSSP might supply an individual with expertise.

4) Zimbabwe training (02/18 to 03/8/85) FSSP representation
could become familiar with their activities, methodologies,
approach and so on. Also, they can document a case study used
in training in Zimbabwe.

c. Collinson would like to know what FSSP's interests might be in
collaborating in terms of material development (and also on
cost-sharing arrangements).

d. Reaffirmed standing agreement to exchange and publish
FSSP/CIMMYT Newsletters freely.

2. Diane Rouchelou
a. Wants to receive a complete set of FSSP modules and book of
b. Wants Louise Fresco's address for some additional information
on some of her work in Zaire.
c. ICRAF staff are interested in obtaining a copy of the KSU
bibliography for their own FSR collection.

3. Matt Cunningham
a. Invited anyone from the FSSP to visit the Mbita point research
station to see crop and livestock interactions.
b. Invited FSSP to use ICIPE facilities for training, which are in

4. James P.W. Matata
a. Requested additional information about MSTAT program.
b. Expressed interest in the possibility of FSSP putting on MSTAT
training program in Nairobi for the biometicians and the data
analysts within the ministry of Agriculture.
c. Requested that his office be added to the FSSP Newsletter
mailing list.

5. Robert Armstrong

a. Requested a copy of Livestock Task Force report.

a. Interested in knowing what kind of support FSSP might give them
in terms of development of training materials.
b. Suggests that FSSP send 2 people to ILCA to work with ILCA
audio visual in their training department and documentation
center to put together training materials that ILCA might use
in a training program (interested in associated costs).
c. Gryseels wants to know about the possibility of having MSTAT
brought to ILCA under the auspicies of FSSP and offer a
complete training program in MSTAT for ILCA scientists.
d. Inquired as to the possibility of technical workshops
(FSSP/ILCA) similar to CIMMYT's tech workshop on livestock
animal traction.
e. Research scientists from ILCA would be available for short term
assistance on behalf of FSSP (evaluation teams, project design,
training, and other short term technical assistance).

FSSP commitment-promised responses: (only as noted above)

Materials collected:
a. CIMMYT training materials copied for FSSP.
b. Ananda will package slides of some of their training activities
and bring them to KSU.

a. MULBUD (statistical package) users manual (for internal use
b. Complete notebook from last training program.
c. Complete set of working papers and various publications.
d. Copy of proposal for project called "strengthening National
Institutions for developing Agro-forestry systems in
Inter-tropical Agriculture".
e. Pamplet describing ICRAF's information service data base.

a. Secured all country books on farming systems research that
exist. FSSP is now on distribution list to receive all future
ILCA publications.
b. Slide show on ILCA farm-research will be sent to FSSP. The
transcript for the slide show was obtained during the trip.

Contributions to Inventory: none noted

58. Flora/Chile/ 07/28 to 08/19/84

Region: Latin America
Country: Chile
Assignment: To represent FSSP at the FAO sponsored Farming Systems
Development Workshop in Santiago, Chile. (07/30/- 08/03/84)
Name: Jan L. Flora
Date of Activity: 07/28 to 08/19/84
Home Institution: Kansas State University
Address: Dept of Sociology
Anthropology and Social Work
Manhattan, Kansas 66506


Obj ectives:
1) To represent the FSSP at the FAo sponsored Farming Systems
Development Workshop in Santiago, Chile.

1) Attended the meetings and represented the FSSP.

workshop objective: to introduce the various national agricultural
research and extension entities to FAO's Farming Systems
Development perspective and the accompanying computer package
FARMAP (Farm Management analytical Package).

to convince some of the institutions present to participate in a
Farming Systems development program which FAO is promoting in
Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

2) Papers were presented by participants covering their on-going and
planned work in FSR.

3) Discussed considerably both theory and practice of FSR.

4) Visited a peasants' parcela south of Santiago and University of
Chile's agricultural economics minicomputer.

5) Developed 2 position papers: 1) specifying the perspectives of FSR
and FSD; 2) stating in general terms the conditions under which
cooperation between FAG and the national institutions might take

6) Identified differences in FSD and FSR
a) FSD emphasizes the removal of constraints to productivity to a)
improve family nutrition and b) generate income which improves
family well-being.
b) In FSD, the diagnostic phase involves data collection on all
subsystems. In FSR, in its most extreme form, only one
enterprise is modified at a time and usually with only one
c) FSD approach operates on the structural level and seeks to

change national policies.

7) FAO FSD program was proposed.

8) Conference conclusions:
a) Countries attending conference are at different stages in
application of FSR and FSD, therefore, participation in FAO FSD
program would vary.
b) FAO would, in collaboration with the institutions of each
country, develop a program of FSD in a micro region of each
c) FAO requested to support a communications network on Farming
d) FAO requested to develop a training program in FSD (especially


1) The calendar of activities is unrealistically short and should be


Institutions: Representatives from institutions in six Latin American
countries, along with two international centers: CATIE and

Haim Harel, FAO/Santiago (organized and chaired the meetings)
Dr. Neal R. Carpenter, FAO/Rome (director of the Rural Administration
and Production Economics Service)
Dan Lerner, FAO/Latin America & Caribbean/Chile
Jeb Hinstra, FAO
German Escobar, CATIE
Eduardo de Miranda, EmBRAPA
Johnathan Wooley, CIAT

Participants -
Evaristo Eduardo de Miranda E4BRAPA
Oscar Miranda Pacheco EMBRATER
Ing. Sergio Bonilla INIA
Ing. Alfonso Chacon INIA
Prof. Enrique Delgado Universidad de Chile
Ing. Fernando Silva Universidad de Chile

Renato Hidalgo AID
Jose Pedro Algorta Banco Interamericano de
Desarrollo (BID)
Marc Vanbrabant Comision de las comunidades
Europeas (CCE)
Marcial Abreu IICA
Ing. Agr.Joaquin de la Fuente Smitmans (INDAP)

Dr. Gonzalo Edwards
Dr. Hernan Hurtado
Sergio Maturana

Dr. Johathan Woolley
Fabio Rodriquez

Costa Rica
German Escobar

Jorge Rivadeneira

Estados Unidos de NorteAmerica
Mr. Jan L. Flora

Victor Noriega

Ing. Wilfredo Caballero
Javier Troncoso

Raul Brignol

Universidad Catolica
Universidad Catolica
Universidad de Talca

de Chile
de Chile

Institute Colombiano
Agropecuario ICA



Kansas State University

Universidad Nacional Agraria
La Molina
Universidad Austral de Valdivia
Division Agricola Conjunta

Potential Trainers: none given

Publication Potential: none


Demands on FSSP:
1) Harel asked if FSSP would be willing to contribute to the financing
of the next conference to be held in about a year.

2) Yeb Hinstra will visit Gainesville around the end of October to
discuss FAO's FSD effort.

3) Request that Chris Andrew write Jalil, requesting Harel's presence
to help spring travel funds.

FSSP commitment-promised responses: none made
Materials collected:
1. Flora, Jan "Ensayos de Campo en Investigaciones de Systemas de

2. Paper "Systemas Agricolas para Pegueros Agricultons"

3. Carpenter, N.R. "De sarrollo de Sistemas Agricolas"

4. Paper "Desarrollo de Sistemas Agricolas para Reguenos Productoros

5. Paper "Algunas consideracciones Sobre el Desarrollo de sistemas

Additional comments:
1. It was my impression that no commitments were being made and that
the participation of most institutions was unlikely because of
their lack of enthusiasm for FSD.

2. I don't see how an institution which is doing FSR could participate
fully since time is not allowed for on-farm testing of innovations.

3. Unless FAO is willing to significantly increase its anticipated
financial contribution, institutions are not likely to be attracted
to the project.

Contributions to Inventory:

59. Jones/Costa Rica/08/21 to 08/24/84

Region: Latin America
Country: Costa Rica
Assignment: To meet with CATIE personnel and plan a workshop
presenting several "successful" FSR projects from Latin America.
Name: James C. Jones
Date of Activity: 08/21 to 08/24/84
Team: James C. Jones, Eugenio Martinez
Home Institution: FSSP
Address: International programs
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, FL 32611


Obj ectives:
1. To plan a workshop around the presentation of several "successful"
FSR proj ects from Latin America.

1. Met with Rodrigo Tarte.

a. Discussed his recent trip to CIAT where he addressed
possibilities of collaboration between CATIE and CIAT.
b. Discussed recent CATIE/CIMMYT meeting comparing their
c. Tarte seeks to move CATIE away from lengthy surveys.
d. Tarte speaks favorably of World Bank's report on FSR
state-of-the-art by Norman Simmonds.
e. Tarte's concerns for developing workshops included the
1. Need to fundamentally consider how to achieve production
gains upwards of 50% (including radical transformation of
2. Hold the workshop in early December.
3. The workshop should consider the role of research/extension.
4. World Bank has expressed interest in workshop.

2. Designed Workshop
a. The idea of the workshop is to promote collaboration and
understanding of FSR approaches. The workshop should locate
common problems and the ways different projects have dealt
with them. The workshop should provide some enlightenment in
the area of linkages among research, extension and development.
Possible obj ectives of the workshop include:

To present the methodologies of different institutions
through cases.
To portray the environment (institutional, political) in
which the project carried out.
To look at project impacts.

To focus on common problems.
To isolate the essential components of a successful project.
To strengthen linkages among institutions concerned with
technical assistance.

b. The workshop participants must be given firm guidelines for
the elaboration and presentation of the cases. Guidelines
around which the cases should be prepared include:

c. Institutions to attend the workshop include:

FUSAGRI (Venezuela)
ICA (Columbia)
ICTA (Guatemala)

d. The product of the workshop might include:

a publication delineating each project (CATIE personnel
definitely want the workshop proceedings, conclusions, etc.
to be published)
a discussion of each project (around the given guidelines)
a set of conclusions that would represent consensus among

e. Format:

Four "mesas" for discussion will be formed with the
recommended moderators for "mesas" including 1) methodology
(Tovar and Winkleman), 2) Impact (Urena and Zandstra), 3)
administration (Tarte and Waugh), 4) institutions (Marcano
and Swanberg). Each case should be written up and sent to
workshop organizers well in advance of presentation.

Needs/Problems: None noted.


Institutions: CATIE
Rodrigo Tarte, Director General, CATIE
Luis Navarro: CATIE, Agricultural economist (Chile)
Franklin Rosales: CATIE agronomist (Honduras)
Carlos Saenz: CATIE, assistant director general, (Costa Rica)
Helga Blanco: CATIE, librarian at documentation center

Potential Trainers: None stated.
Publication Potential:
1. A potential output of the workshop will be a publication
delineating each project presented. (CATIE definitely wants output


Demands on FSSP:
1. Navarro talks of the need of an FSR documentation center at CATIE
which would serve the region.

FSSP commitment-promised responses: Response to draft of proceedings and
suggestion of the next step is planning the workshop

Materials collected:
2. CATIE is soon to produce a draft of the proceedings of this

Contributions to Inventory:

Poey/Peru/08/05 to 09/02/84

Region: Latin America
Country: Peru
Assignment: To follow-up collaboration with INIPA -North Carolina
Project in Peru in strengthening their FSR/E activities.
Name: Federico Poey
Date of Activity: 08/05 to 09/02/84
Team: none
Home Institution: AGRIDEC
Address: 1414 Ferdinand Street
Coral Gables, FL 33134



1. To further analyze local conditions and to propose an action plan
with related authorities and institutions.


1. The following tentative activities are being discussed:
a. Workshop integration of research and extension
within the selva project (10/17 10/19/85)

b. Course an applied course to follow-up the workshop

c. Permanent training program (10 months) based on ICTA's
discontinued course

2. General acceptance of FSR/E approach is evident but concern on how
to implement the concept was also expressed.

3. A consideration to join efforts to present only one seminar was
abandoned in order to maintain the La Selva workshop strongly focused
on the immediate application of FSR/E concepts.


1. Dr. David Bathrick showed concern about insufficient background
communication and clearance procedures on the proposed workshop.
However, he agreed with its merits.



INIPA North Carolina Project for the Peruvian Selva


Dr. Jose Benites, INIPA, leader of the Selva project
Dr. Victor Palma, INIPA, director
Dt. David Bathrick, USAID/Peru ADO

Potential Trainers: none given

Publication Potential:


Demands on FSSP:

1. FSSP technical collaboration for applied course (3 wks). No
financing involved.

. FSSP commitment-promised responses:

Materials collected:

1. Identificacion de los sistemas de production A ;r-pecuaria",
Manual de procedimeintos, Documento de trabajo No. I, .o:nio 1984.
Institute Nacional de Investigacion y Promocion Agropecuaria (INIPA).

2. INIPA Algunas consideraciones que deben tenerse en cuenta en
la generation y transferencia de tecnicas Agropecuarias


Poey/Mexico/09/05 to 09/09/84

Region: Latin America
Country: Mexico
Assignment: To represent FSSP at the INSORMIL ICRISAT CIMMYT -
FSSP Workshop on FSR/E in Sorghum.
Name: Federico Poey
Date of Activity: 09/05 to 09/09/85
Team: (none)
Home Institution: AGRIDEC

Address: 1414 Ferdinand St.
Coral Gables, FL 33134



on FSR/E in sorghum.

1. Active participation in discussion and workshop sessions.
2. Named to be a member of the ad hoc committee to organize 1985
workshop on sorghum seed problems and solutions.
3. The program included in-depth conferences and work group
4. Participants included many young Latin American breeders and
agronomists with little or no experience in FSR/E. For these
participants the event was particularly effective.

Needs/Prcblems: none noted



Individuals: Over 100 participants (see main report)

Potential Trainers:

Horacio Juarez, ICTA, Guatemala FSR/E Management
Johnathan Wooley, CIAT, Colombia -EFR
Juan C. Martinez, CIMMYT, Mexico Economics
Robert Tripp, CIMMYT, Mexico Economics
Franklin Rosales, CATIE, Costa Rica FSR/E management
Margaret Smith, Cornell University, Breeding for Crop systems
Richard Hawkins, CATIE, Costa Rica -Climatology
Raul Morneo, CIAT, Colombia FSR/E management
Billie Dewalt, UOK, Anthropology
Charles Francis, Rodale Res. Center, Kutztown, PA OFR

SPublication Potential:
Articles Author (s)

Establishing standards: Crucial steps'
in the art of setting production research

SEstablecimiento de Normas: Un paso
crucial en el arte de fijar prioridades
de investigation en production

Guias para la fase de Diagnostico
de la investigation en Fincas con
Sorgo, para los sistemasde production
Latino americanos

La Evaluacion Agronomica en ensayos a
nivel de Finca

El analysis de riesgo en el context
de la inevstigacion en fincas de agricultores

Ron Knapp and
Compton Paul

Ron Knapp and
Compton Paul

Robert Tripp

Gustavo Sain

Gustavo Sain


Demands on FSSP:
1. Interest in backing seminars and courses at the national

FSSP commitment-promised responses:

1. To include participants in FSSP mailing lists.

Materials collected:

a) Program of workshop attended
b) Sain, Gustavo. El analysis de Riesgo en el context de la
investigation en fincas de agricultorese
c) Tripp, Robert Guias para la fase de diagnostic de la
investigation en fincas con sorgo, para los sistemas de
production Latino Americanos
d) Knapp, Ron and Paul Compton Establecimiento de normas Un
paso crucial en el arte de fijar prioridades de investigation
en production (english/spanish)
e) Woolley, Johnathan La evaluacion agronomica de ensayos a
nivel de finca

. lmw003:23

62. Hildebrand/Netherlands/09/11 to 09/14/84

Region: Europe
Country: The Netherlands
Assignment: To attend workshop on Agricultural Research Policy and
Organization in small countries IAC Wageningen, the Netherlands

Name: Peter Hildebrand
Date of Activity: 09/11 to 09/14/84
Team: none
Home Institution: FSSP
Address: International Programs
University of Florida
3028 McCarty hall
Gainesville, FL 32611


Obj ectives:
1. To present a paper and participate in the workshop on Agricultural
Research Policy and Organization in small countries. The workshops
specific objectives were:
a) to address the question of how the poorer small countries undertake
needed agricultural research,
b) to develop an agenda of researchablee topics."

1. Vern Ruttan's paper and discussion:

a. His seminar provided excellent rational for the farming systems
b. He talks about technological and institutional change as two
sources of growth.
c. He argues that an increase in social science knowledge does not do
much for technological change, although it is required for
institutional change.
d. Farming systems, which combines biophysical and social science
knowledge, can work together to simultaneously induce technological
and institutional change.

2. The workshop addressed the question of how do the poorer small
countries undertake needed agricultural research.
a. Small countries can be characterized by variance in annual budget
allocated to and # of agricultural scientists involved in research.
b. The proportion of research which is development oriented or
adaptive (in close contact with farmers), must be larger in
countries with limited budget and few agricultural scientists.
c. Smallest nations in the world would be among the most important
clients for farming systems research and extension activities.
3. Discussed developing an agenda of researchablee topics":
a) Policy linkages
research on mechanisms to facilitate farmers' influence on research

address the question : what is a minimum viable agricultural
system and if there is a minimum, what would be its components?
a mechanism for cooperation or collaboration among small countries
to help augment their limited research capabilities.

b) researcher/farmer linkages
how does one establish the hierarchy of priorities for the problems
encountered in a recommendation domain
what is the best way to categorize farmers or put them into
recommendation domains.

1. Unable to get a clear definition of researchablee topics" and
method or intensity of research involved.


Institutions: ISNAR, IAC, Wageningen
1. Dr. G. Allen, Prof., West Woodlands
2. Dr. D. Boynton, Pomology, Cornell University
3. Mr. Ir. N.B.M. Bruin, Directorate of Agricultural Reserch, ministry
of Agriculture and Fisheries
4. Dr. J. Casas, INRA
5. Dr. N.R. Collins, Program officer, The Ford Foundation
6. Dr. T. Cuevas, Prof. Plant breeding, Instituto Sup. de Agricultura
7. Dr. M. Demissie, Ethiopia
8. Dr. ir. G. Van Dijk, Agricultural Economics and Policy, Wageningen
9. Dr. R. Dodoo, Ghana
10. Ir. F.J. Doorman, Ass. Researcher daptive Agr. Res., Inst. sup. de
Agric., Dominican Republic
11. Dr. ir. D.W.b.M. van Dusseldorp, Prof.,Rural Sociology of the
Tropics Wageningen
12. Dr. ir. M. Flach, Prof. Tropical agriculture, Wageningen
13. Dr. W.K. Gamble, director General ISNAR
14. Dr. ir. J.J. Hardon, Directorate for Agricultural Research, Min. of
Agriculture and Fisheries, Wageningen
15. Dr. P.E. Hildebrand, Prof. Food and Resource Economic Dept.,
University of Fflorida
16. Prof. Dr. F.P. Jensen, director Intern. Agricultural Center,
17. Ir. J. Leeuwangh, Directorate of Agricultural Research, Ministry of
agriculture and Fisheries, Wageningen
18. Dr. Lim Chin Pang, Senior Soil Surveyor, Sarawak, Malaysia
19. Drs. f. Meijndert, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, DGIS, Bureau
DPO/OT, The Netherlands
20. Dr. Bede N. Okigbo, Dept.Div. IITA, Nigeria
21. Ir. W. Oosterberg, Adj. Dir. Intern. Agricultural Center,
22. Dr. c.r. Panabokke, Agrarian Research and Training Institute, Sri
23. Dr. L.R. Przekop, Head of Training, ICARDA
24. Dr. Subhi Qasem, Prof., fac. of agriculture, University of Jordan

25. Dr. L. de la Rive Box, Rural Sociology of the Tropics, Wageningen
26. N.G. Roling, Prof., Dept. of Extension Education, Wageningen
27. Ir. J. van Ruiten, Rural Sociology of the Tropics, Wageningen
28. Dr. V.W. Ruttan, Prof. Agr. and Appl. Economics, University of
29. Dr. P. Sinclair, ISNAR
30. Dr. R. Tarte, Director General, CATIE
31. Dr. W.N. Treitz, Dept. Director, Technical Centre for Agricultural
and Rural Co-operation, Wageningen
32. Dr. E. Trigo, ISNAR
33. Dr. ir. P. Vermeulen, Phytopathology, Wageningen
34. Ir. W. van Vuure, Directorate of Agricultural Research, Ministry of
Agriculture and Fisheries, Wageningen
35. Ir. G. Wansink, Secretary Nat. Council Agr. Res., the Netherlands
36. Dr. ir. M. Wessel, Director ICRA,
37. Dr. ir. D.e. van der Zaag, Res. Coord., Wageningen
38. Dr. ir. Zeew, Prof., Director Agricultural research, Min. of
agric. and Fisheries
39. Drs. P.J. Zuurbier, Dept. of Industr. Management, Wageningen
Potential Trainers: none given
Publication Potential: proceedings to be published

Demands on FSSP:
1. Suggested that perhaps the 5th anniversary "KSU meetings" could be
held in Wageningen with the topic being research in small countries
2. The people at Wageningen are also interested in signing an MOA with
the FSSP
FSSP commitment-promised responses: none
Materials collected:
1. Program of workshop
2. Draft proposal: Louk Box, "some proposals for further work"
3. Boynton, Damon "Scientific Linkages of Agricultural Research
Systems for Small Countries"
4. Gamble, Willian and E. Trigo, "Establishing Agricultural Research
Policy : Problems and alternatives for small Countries"
5. Ruttan, vernon, "Toward a global Agricultural Research System"
Contributions to Inventory: none

SDeWalt/Mexico CIMMYT/09/16 to 09/22/84

Region: Latin America
Country: Mexico
Assignment: To attend, the "Sorghum and Millet in Latin American
Farming Systems" workshop.
Name: Billie R. DeWalt
Date of Activity: 09/16 to 09/22/84
Team: none
Home institution: University of Kentucky
Address: Lexington,Kentucky 40506-0024


1. To attend the 4th consecutive workshop on "Sorghum and Millet in
Latin America Farming Systems". Workshop sponsored by INTSORMIL,

Topics addressed during the workshop included the following:

1. Integrating commodity and discipline centered research within a
farming systems perspective.
2. Socio-economic, breeding and agronomic priorities and goals of
farming systems research.
3. The issue of sorghum being used for food versus feed.
4. Guidelines for systems analysis.
5. Agro-ecological observations and data analysis.
6. Integrated pest management and fanning systems.
7. The status and prospects for sorghum in the farming systems in
each of the countries represented.

Needs/Problems: none noted



Individuals: The workshop brought together participants from various
national programs of Mexico, Central and South America and the

26 countries
12 CIriMYT
55 outside of Mexico
(see main report for list of individuals)

Potential Trainers:

Publication Potential: The presentations fran the conference are
currently being edited by the co-chairs of the meeting (Ccnpton Paul
(ICRISAT) and I). These will be published in Spanish about May 1,


Demands on FSSP: none
FSSP comaitment-pranised responses: none
Materials collected: none


SGaudreau/IIIA-Nigeria/09/09 to

Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria IITA
Assignment: Pre- workshop trip to IITA (prior to workshop in Ivory
Name: Martha Gaudreau (taken from report filed jointly with Susan
Date of Activity: 09/09/84
Team: none
Home Institution: University of Minnesota
Address: Soil Science Department
227 Soil Scinece
1529 Gortner Ave.
University of Minhesota
St. Paul, Minn. 55108


Objectives: 1. To establish pre-workshop contacts.


1. Visited Ivory Coast Embassy in Washington to obtain a passport
and accomplished substantial background reading on Ivory Coast
5 agriculture.

2. Visited AID-WID collection to see what documentation they had
on Ivory Coast and Burundi.

3. Met Dr. George Wilson (agronomist at IITA)
discussed his work on Alley Farming and maintenance of soil
fertility in tropical soils.
discussed plans to expand into banana research.

4. Met with Dr. Henk Mutsaers at IITA
discussed the OFRIC workshop (historical context and planning
to date)
was introduced to Dr. Manuel Palada (FSR agronomist) who
discussed the on-farm research program of IITA.
met Dr. Rattan Lai Soil Physicist
met Malik Ashraf, head of the agricultural economics group
met Dr. N.K. Nam, FS statistician
met Dr. B.T. Kang, IITA Soil Fertility specialist

5. Met Dr. Wolfgang Vogel, FS agriculutral economist

6. Observed the alley cropping research plots with George Wilson

7. Met ILCA alley cropping -FS group



Institutions: Ivory Coast Embassy, USAID, IITA, OFRIC, Ministry of
National Education and Scientific Research (Ivory Coast), Ministry of
Foreign Affairs (Ivory Coast), Surete

Bea Byer, SAID
Dr. George Wilson, Agronomist, IITA
Dr. Henk Mutsaers, IITA
Dr. Manuel Palada, FS agronomist, IITA
Dr. Rattan Lai, IITA
Dr. Malik Ashraf, head of Ag. Econ. group, IITA
Dr. N.K. Nam, Farming Systems Statistician, IITA
Dr. B.T. Kang, Soil Fertility specialist, IITA
Dr. Wolfgang Vogel, FS Ag. economist
Dr. Christine Okali, ILCA
Dr. Kwesi Atah Krah, ILCA
M. Diomande OFRIC

Potential Trainers: none given

Publication Potential: none


Demands on FSSP: none

FSSP commitment-promised responses: none

Materials collected: 1) Draft copy of the IITA publication on alley


Poats/IITA/Nigeria Ivory Coast 09/09 to 09/28/84

Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria Ivory Coast
Assignment: To assist IITA Farming Systems Program in final planning
FSR workshop. This is the second part of a planning, networking and
training trip which has included Cameroon and Togo.
Name: Susan Poats
Date of Activity: 09/09 to 09/28/84
Team: S. Poats, M. Gaudreau
Home Institution: Susan V. Poats Martha Gaudreau
Address: FSSP/International Prog. Dept. of Soil Science
3028 McCarty Hall 1529 Gortner Ave.
University of Florida University of Minnesota
Gainesville, FL 32611 St.Paul, Minnesota


1. To assist IITA Farming Systems Programme in the final planning and
arrangements for the joint FSR workshop with members of the
Nigerian FSR network and the On Farm Research in Ivory Coast
(OFRIC) Project. (M. Gaudreau)

2. To participate as resource persons in the OFRIC/Nigeria FSRE
* workshop, held in Bouake, Ivory Coast, at the Institute Agricole
de Bouake, IAB. (S. Poats and M. Gaudreau)

3. To meet with other individuals and organization in the country
associated with FSR as part of a general networking activity and
nee&! assessment for the region. (Results of these meetings are
included in a separate report to FSSP.)

Accompli siments:
1. Gained a better perspective of the IITA Farming Systems Programme,
and its support role to the highly effective Nigerian FSR network.

2. Gained a better perspective on the difficulties of creating
national level FSR programmes in Francophone countries, such as
Ivory Coast.

3. Collected relevant FSR documents from both countries.

4. Interacted with several potential FSR trainers from the region.

5. Assessed needs for several training and networking activities to
be scheduled into 1985 workplan.

6. Learned several new FSR training techniques appropriate to the
ex-ante evaluation of technology for testing in on-farm trials.

. 7. Established contact with members of WARDA/Bouake, REDSO/ACA and


1. Most people would have preferred to stay in town and commute by
bus to IAB facilities.

2. OFRIC should have "training-of-trainers" course to provide
resources to design and effective, feasible 'agenda for a workshop.
The following suggest the shortcomings of the workshop:
a) The workshop needed clearly stated objectives

b) Field trips need to be carefully planned including logistics
and advance contact with village leaders and farmers.

c) Workshop participants should go through "team building
process" before a field trip.
3. Since OFRIC does not have a physical location to base itself, a
viable alternative would be to join forces with other FSR/E
learning activities and organizations.


Institutions: IITA
Individuals: Participants
Name Specialty


Mr. Adenola Tunji Extension agronomy

Dr. Affou Yapi Agro-Economy

Dr. Akinlosotu Taiwo Agric.Entcmology

Mr. Anuebunwa Felix Ag. Economy

Dr. Ashraf Malik
Mr. Attiey Koffi

Mr. Camara Mameri
Mr. Cambier
Mr. Diallo Roger
Dr. Dicmande Mamadou
Mr. Djollo Desire
Mr. Doumbia Sekou
Dr. Elemo K.A.

Dr. Eponou Thomas

Mr. Farinde A.O.
Dr. Fotzo Tagne
Dr. Gaudreau Mimi

Ag. Economy
Plant Breeding

Pedolog ie
Agron de vulgarisa
Ass. recherche
Cropping syst.Agro


Soil Scientist

Science de Sol

National rice/Maize Centre (NAFPP)
Moor Plantation-Ibadan, Nigeria
ORSTOM /Petit-Bassam 04 BP 293
Abidjan 04, COTE D'IVOIRE
Insti. of Ag. Research & Training
University of Ife, PMB 5029 Moor
Plantation, Ibadan Nigeria
National Root Crops Research
Umudike, Umuahia, Nigeria
IITA, Oyo Road, Ibadan, Nigeria
IDESSA, BP 121 Ferkessedougou
ORSTOM, BP V 51 Abidjan, COTE D'IV
IITA, Oyo Road, Ibadan, Nigeria
t ADRAO, 01 BP 2551 Bouake COTE D'IV
ORSTOM, BP V 51 Abidjan, COTE D'IV
n Dept. of Agronomy, Institute for
Ag. Research, A.B.U., PMB 1044,
Zaria, Nigeria
CIRES 08 BP 1295 Abidjan 08, COTE
N.C.B.I.,PMB 5042 Ibadan, Nigeria

ADRAOO,01 BP 2551 Bouake,Cote D'IV
University of Minnesota, Dept of
Soil Science, 1529 Gortner Ave.
St. Paul, MN. 55108 U.S.A.

Dr. Ingawa Salisu A. Agri. Economy

Dr. Iwueke C.O.

Mr. Koffi Edo
Mr. Molinero Eloy


Assis de recherche

Odurukwe Sylvanus Agronmny

Dr. Okoli Paul S.O.

Dr. Olukosi James


Agri. Economy

Dr. Olunuga Babatunde Weed Scientist

Dr. Onudigi M.O.

Plant breeding Agron.

Dr. Osseni Bouraima Agroncmie

Institute for Ag. Research A.B.U.,
Zaria Nigeria
Federal Agricul. Support Unit.
PMB 1210 Benin City, Nigeria
IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria

National Root Crops Research
Instit., Umuadike, Nigeria
Federal Ag. Support Unit
Enugu, Nigeria
Institute for Ag. Research
Ahmadu Bello University,
PMB 1044, Zaria, Nigeria
National Cereals Research Insti.
Moor Plantation, Ibadan, Nigeria
Institute for Ag. Research and
training PMB 5029 Ibadan,Nigeria
IRFA, 01 BP 1740 Abidjan, CI

Mr. Oyedokun J.B. Agronomy I.A.R.T., PMB 5029 Ibadan, Nigeria
Dr. Palada Manyuel Agronomy IITA, PMB 5320 Ibadan, Nigeria
Dr. Poats Susan Social Scientist FSSP, University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611 USA.
Dr. 2alako Enoch Agronomy (soil science)Ag. Extension and research Liaison
Extension Service, Ahmadu BELLO University,
Zaria, Nigeria
Mr.Sangare Alassane Amelioration IRHO, 07 BP 13 Abidjan 07, CI
Dr. Sutter John Rural Sociology FONDATION FORD BP 1555
Dakar, Senegal
Dr.Tano Kouadio Agro-Economie CIRES, 08 BP 1295 A idjan 08, CI
Mr.Tehia Kouakou Assist. de recherche IDESSA/CV BP 635 Bouake COTE D'IV
Dr. Unamma Ray Weed Scientist/Agron National Root Crop Research Insti.
Umidike, Umuahia Nigeria
Mr. Vaughan 0. Agro-Econaoie National Cereal Research Inst.
PMB 5042, Moor Plantation, Ibadan,
Dr. Mutsaers Nigeria (IITA) Ibadan)

Potential Trainers:

1. Pascal Fotzo, WARDA
2. Peter Ahn, World Bank/IDESSA
3. Henk Mutsaers, IITA

Publication Potential:

Spoke to Nigerians about publishing reports on FSR and especially OFR.
They promised to send submissions for Networking papers.


Demands on FSSP: The workshop was viewed as providing a setting for
continued interaction between FSSP and IITA, which should lead to further
FSSP ccmmitment-promised responses:

Premised to send copies of papers dealing with diagnostic function of
Materials collected: Need attached list.
1. OFRIC/Nigeria FSR workshop chronology
2. Discussion Session: Dacukro Group 9/21/84
3. Summary of Plenary Sessions


Poats/Togo/09/28 to 10/01/84

WI Region: West Africa
Country: Togo
Assignment: This is the third, and last stop, of a planning and
networking trip which has included Cameroon and Ivory Coast.
Name: Susan Poats
Date of Activity: 09/28 to 10/01/85
Team: Susan Poats
Home Institution: FSSP/International Programs
Address: IFAS University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, FL 32611

1) To begin planning for a sub-regional workshop on "Animal
Systems in the Farming System", to be held in early 1985 in Togo.

Ac complishments:
1. Had initial meeting to plan workshop. Tentative workshop
title: "Animal Systems in Farming Systems Research and
Extension (FSR/E) in West Africa.
date: last week of February or first week of Iarch
length: 5 da-s
location: Lama Kara (Kara Hotel)
planning visit: to occur in early December (Malcolm Aste
(PCV) suggested as logistics coordinator, John Lighte to
collaborate with Susan Poats in workshop coordination)
language: requires further discussion
co-sponsorship: being explored with ILCA Ethiopia and IDRC.

2. Prepared a tentative outline of a workshop schedule/design.
(included in report)

3. Identified potential resource persons

1. Don Humpal DAI
2. John Ericson Ithaca International/Cornell (607-257-2541)

3. Peter L.P. Munzinger, Ag. Economist/Ing. Agron.
Erbsengasse 1
6000 Franfurt /Main 50
Tel. 069/584974
4. Hubert Zandstra IDRC
5. Rick Bernsten Winrock
6. Bob Hart Winrock
7. Henri Josserand CRED
8. Alan Low CIMMYT
9. Guido Gryseels ILCA

* 4. Identified potential participants to include 1 expatriate, 1
national to be drawn from the following projects:

1. Upper Volta
2. Mali
3. Niger
4. Senegal (Philippe L'Hoste)
5. Gambia (Sandra Russo, Scotty Defendal, Alieu Joof)
6. Nigeria
7. Ghana Northern GTZ project
8. Sierra Leone Paul Starkey, Project Manager
Sierra Leone Work Oxen Projct
Ministry of Agriculture and and Forestry
Tower Hill, Freetown
Sierra Leone Telex 3418 PEMSUSL
Njala University College
Private Mail Bag, Freetown
Sierra Leone
Cable: NJALUN Freetown

1. Need to settle on dates for workshop to make hotel
2. Need to explore further the issue of per diems for those
persons coming from other African countries.
3. We will have to have sufficient advance planning to insure that
all participants have money, or that alternative solutions are
4. Further clarification of the "end product" of the workshop is


Myron Golden, USAID Mission Director Lame
Sidney Bliss, RDO, USAID/Lcme
Mary V. ?? PCV, veterinarian
Arthur Westneat, former PCV (animal traction team)
Peggy Westneat, former PCV (animal traction team)
John Schiller, SIO River project
Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:


Demands on FSSP:
1. Select managers and logistics person
2. Convene advisory task force
3. Mail selection of background papers to Sid Bliss.
4. Cable concurrence on workshop
5. Refine participant and resource person list
6. Add names to newsletter list

7. Resolve per diem question
8. Contact D. Humpal (DAI) and J. Ericson (Ithacaw:1nt national)
about participation -
FSSP cammitment-prmaised responses: None in addition to the above
Materials collected:
1) Tentative agenda
2) "Togo Animal Traction Development 693-0218"
3) "SIO River Economic development Proposed project 693- 0226"
4) Project de developpement Economique
S5) Invoices for local Lome firm doing conference translations