Group Title: Historic St. Augustine: De Mesa Plans
Title: [Household identifiers]
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 Material Information
Title: Household identifiers
Series Title: Historic St. Augustine: De Mesa Plans
Physical Description: Report
Language: English
Subject: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
43 Saint George Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
de Mesa-Sanchez House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 43 Saint George Street
Coordinates: 29.896429 x -81.313225
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00091264
Volume ID: VID00043
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution.
Resource Identifier: B7-L6

Full Text





Betty lamp

brasero -

A common storage cabinet often found in Spain and Latin America,
used principally for storage of food and vessels. Examples -
Ribera House dining room, Gallegos Hyuse, Spanish Inn.

A large, usually two door, wooden cabinet which serves as a
clothes closet, sometimes called a Guardarropa. Examples -
Spanish Inn, Ribera House.

S A term referring to a flat roof, generally of tabby, supported by
a sheathing of boards, but also of tiles resting upon spaced wooden Examples Gallegos House, Ribera House, Sanchez-
Ortigosa House.

S (ban-dcr) In Spanish, bahn-d6o-ree-ah. An early stringed
musical instrument, similar to the guitar. Example Spanish

- Commonly used in colonial times, these lamps were constructed
with thin sheet metal, either copper or tin. The side supported
a wick fueled by a variety of oils. Example Gallegos House.

This piece consists basically of a metal pan, usually brass or
copper, mounted on an iron or wooden stand. It is the principal
source of heat for many Spanish homes. It is fueled with live
coals and even more commonly (in Spain) with olive pits.
Examples Ribera House, Spanish Inn.

- A two-dimensional, carved representation of a saint not meant
to be viewed from the back.

casement -

chocolatera -


dormer window

A vertically hinged window frame that opens outwards or inwards.
A casement window often has two such frames.

A copper cup fitted with a handle, cap, and molinillo (see bloww.
It is used for heating and whipping hot chocolate --a staple Spanish
breakfast drink. Examples Gallegos House, Ribera House,
Spanish Inn and Arrivas House.

A type of limestone, coquina is composed of millions of 1tny sea-
shells fused together in sand. Extensive deposits of it are found
along the northeast coast of Florida. Soft and easily shaped with
saw and axe when first quarried, coquina upon exposure to the
air becomes quite solid and durable, an excellent construction

- A window set vertically in a sloping roof and having a roof of
its own.

- (hi-ron) Spanish name for any number of oversized clay
vessels. Example Spanish Inn.



~.,. .. -~-I





lusterware -

mayolica ware

A type of pottery to which metallic compounds, usually copper or
silver, have been added. In the case of Spain, lusterware was a
Moorish introduction. Example Spanish Inn.

- Spanish or Spanish colonial tin-glazed earthenware. Common
household ceramic which is often found decorated with blue and!
white designs as well as polychrome variations.

mano and metate Used since prehistoric times for grinding corn and other
grains. They are usually made from basalt, a coarse grey
volcanic stone. In form they consist of a slab about a foot
square on tri-part legs and a smaller stone which is held in the
hand. Example Gallegos House.

molinillo (mol-le-ne-yo) An instrument used for whipping hot chocolate.
It is constructed of a wooden rod fitted with a lathe-turned head
that is usually fluted or pierced. Examples Gallegos House,
Ribera kitchen, Spanish Inn.

mortar and pestle Made of either bronze, iron or wood. These articles were
popular utensils in Spanish kitchens for grinding herbs and spices.
Examples Spanish Inn, Gallegos House, Arrivas House.

olive jar A pourous clay vessel, amphora in shape, made principally for
olive oil storage. However, it is often reused to contain any
number of items such as soap or grain. Example Gallegos House.

pewter A silver grey metal which is an alloy of tin, lead, and sometimes
other metals, used extensively in the 18th century and earlier for
vessels and other household utensils.

polychrome -


General term describing the painted finish given to Santos and
other wooden statues. (literal meaning--many colors).

- The Spanish term for window grating, especially the projecting
wooden frame and spindles used on street windows. Examples -
Ribera House, Marin-Hassett House, Gallegos House.


An openwork structure consisting of crosshatching strips of metal,
wood, etc., used as a screen or support.

A white substance, calcium oxide (CaO), produced by the action
of heat on shells, limestone, and other materials containing
calcium carbonate. It is an essential ingredient in mortar,
cement, and whitewash.

- An arcaded or roofed gallery, built into or projecting from the
side of a building and serving as an open-sided room. Examples -
Ribera House, Arrivas House, Gallegos House.


- Can either be a shelf or ledge raised behind an altar to support
lights, decoration, etc., or a painted or carved panel standing
at the bac' of the altar.

saltglaze ware



- Common household ceramic often used in the 18th century,
probably -was perfected in Germany but was popularized in
England. Its name is derived from the glaze, which is achieved
by casting rock-salt into the kiln during the firing process.

General term used to refer to any carved three-dimensional
representation of a saint. Examples Pai American Building,
Ribera House, Spanish Inn.

A frame which holds the glass panes of a window. A sabh win-
dow is one in which the frames slide up and down in vertical



spout lamp


A strip of metal, often ornamental in shape, pivoting on a pin
fastened into the wall and used to hold shutters open.

A ceramic type which dates back to ancient Greece, named for
its decoration which is achieved by applying different colors
of liquid clay to the vessel's surface. A common 18th century
household ceramic especially in English colonies.

Near Eastern in origin, these lamps were common in Spain and
Mediterranean areas for centuries. They are made of cast
brass and can be fueled with fish, vegetable or olive oils.
Examples Ribera House, Spanish Inn.

Tabby was a form of concrete made of lime (obtained from
burning oyster shells), sand, and oyster shell aggregate.
Various grades, from coarse to very fine, were made, depending
on the extent to which the shell aggregate was crushed. Walls
were usually of coarse tabby, floors of the finer grades. Tabby
was the most common masonry material used during the late
First Spanish Period, 1703-1763.

vargueno -



(bargueio) A chest with a hinged front that opens to reveal
numerous small drawers, believed to have first been made in
the Spanish town of Vargas near Toledo. A type of portable
desk. Examples Ribera House, Spanish Inn.

A mixture of lime and water, sometimes including powdered
chalk and other ingredients, used to paint wood and masonry
surfaces. It both improved the appearance of the surface and
made it more resistant to weather.

A small door, gate, or shutter, set within a larger door,
gate or shutter.



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