Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090510/00019
 Material Information
Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Series Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Publisher: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Pineland, Fla.
Publication Date: September 2006
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090510
Volume ID: VID00019
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Friends of the

'Randell Research Center September2006

RRC Hires Public Archaeologist

FPAN Center at Pineland Gearing Up

by John Worth, Assistant Director

Following a en ith national search, we are
pleased to announce that we have hired a full-time public archaeologist
for the new Pineland charter regional center within the statewide Florida
Public Archaeology Network (FPAN). South Carolina native Kara Bridgman
Sweeney, presently a doctoral candidate at the University of Florida,
joins us from her most recent work as an anthropology instructor at
Kennesaw State University in Atlanta, Georgia (see page 2). Although
she has specialized in analysis of stone artifacts, Kara is eager to
explore social approaches to archaeology and technology as they relate
to Southwest Florida's rich archaeological record.
Kara will join the RRC team as the primary outreach specialist
serving the five-county area of the new charter FPAN center. Not only
will she be charged with bringing archaeology to the public across
Charlotte, Collier, Glades, Hendry, and Lee counties, she will also act as

a local public archaeology liaison for both the primary FPAN center in
Pensacola as well as the State Archaeologist's office with the Division of
Historical Resources in Tallahassee. In this role, she will interact with
local governments, agencies, institutions, and other organizations not
only to promote understanding of and appreciation for archaeology, but
also to advise and assist those groups in local preservation and
stewardship efforts. In addition, as the broader statewide FPAN network
evolves and expands over the course of the next months and years, Kara
and the rest of the RRC will be working alongside a diverse team of
public archaeology specialists across the state, contributing to and
learning from the other seven regional centers within the network.
The new and expanded role of the RRC within FPAN will build upon
and enhance our core activities at the Pineland archaeological site,
managing and interpreting the site, relating its remarkable human and
environmental history to the public through the
Calusa Heritage Trail, and continuing to conduct
research on a variety of fronts in association with
the many scientists at the Florida Museum of
Natural History in Gainesville.

f %,l ,XK.CH)NOLO Y

The new FPAN logo features a stylized sun,
emblem of Florida and of FPAN's mission to
enlighten the state's citizens and visitors
about the importance of archaeology.

Kara Bridgman Sweeney (right) at the
Pineland site with Bill Marquardt (left) and
Karen Walker (Photo byw. Lees).

/ /-

"\ \


Kara Bridgman Sweeney

A Closer Look

by John worth,
Assistant Director

Kara Bridgman Sweeney at
---- the Topper site in South
Carolina (Photo by D. Miller).

KIara rid man $Weene6 has been employed as an
archaeologist in public, private, and academic sectors for the past twelve years.
She has worked throughout the southeastern U.S. and also has done some
studies abroad in Ireland and Ethiopia. She is especially interested in studying
people, past and present, who can meet their daily needs without reliance
on agriculture, and in the ways they design and organize their tools.
In 1993, while undertaking her studies of anthropology and archaeology
at the University of South Carolina in Columbia (B.A. 1995), Kara served
as a lab director and research assistant for various archaeological projects
conducted by the South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology

(SCIAA). Years later, while a graduate student at the University of Florida,
she coordinated more than 100 volunteers at the ancient Topper site in
South Carolina, assisting Dr. Albert Goodyear of SCIAA.
Kara attended the National University of Ireland in Cork in 1996, where
she worked with Mesolithic-period artifact collections. Upon completing
her M.A. degree in archaeology in 1999, Kara returned to the Southeast and
worked for several cultural resources management companies. She has
directed work at a variety of sites ranging in date from the Early Archaic
period to the early twentieth century, while coordinating closely with
developers, local landowners, and state officials.
In 2001, Kara began her Ph. D. coursework at the University of Florida
under the direction of Dr. Ken Sassaman. Her dissertation research is
focused on studying patterns of Early Archaic stone tool variation through-
out the Southeast. During her time at the university, she has assisted Dr.
Sassaman's work at several Archaic-period sites in South Carolina and
Georgia by conducting analyses of stone tools. She later had the opportu-
nity to join an expedition to Konso, Ethiopia, where some people still make
and use stone tools. Most recently, Kara has served as a lecturer at
Kennesaw State University in Georgia.

Early African Heritage in Southwest Florida

Free and Enslaved Africans on Early 19th-Century Pine Island, Useppa

by John Worth, Assistant Director

In recent Friends newsletm ers, I have explored several
dimensions of the post-Calusa era here along the Southwest Florida coastline,
and specifically of the long-lived Cuban fishing era (through 1836), focusing
primarily on the interaction and sometimes intermarriage between immigrant
Creek Indians and Spanish fishermen who lived in fishing ranchos during
the early 19th century. One intriguing aspect of this era that is still only dimly
understood is the presence of people of African ancestry here, both as slaves
of local Cuban fishermen and as escaped former slaves from Anglo-American
states to the north.
Documentary evidence suggests that very few Spanish fishermen kept
African slaves at their Florida ranchos or even at their Cuban residences, but
one exception was Jose Maria Cald6z, who with his wife Maria de Regla
Gonzales owned at least two enslaved Africans in 1824 in their hometown
of Regla, Cuba (Severino, of Mandinka origin, and Maria del Transito, from
Congo). We know from an 1836 baptism record that Cald6z freed the infant
son of his slave Maria de los Dolores Cald6z, who was said to have been born
on "Cayo Tio Zespez," the earlier name for Useppa Island here in Pine Island
Sound. At the very least, this suggests Useppa may have had at least some
resident African presence late in the Second Spanish Period (1783-1821).
Just to the north, the Tampa Bay region had also been home to escaped
African slaves from the southern border region of the United States since at
least 1812, and the members of a refugee community known as Angola near
the Manatee River evidently interacted with both the Seminoles of the Florida
interior and the Cuban fishing ranchos along the coast. Not long after the

1821 transfer of Florida to U.S. rule, a Lower Creek war party was ordered into
Florida by General Andrew Jackson, not only destroying Angola and capturing
some 300 Africans, but pushing as far south as the Cuban fishing rancho at
Punta Rassa, which was plundered of some $2,000 worth of property.
In the aftermath of this raid, surviving free Africans moved southward,
taking refuge for at least a short time on Pine Island. In 1823, Florida Governor
Duval reported intelligence that "a considerable number of these Slaves
have established themselves on Pine Island at the mouth of the Charlotte
river, & are well armed with Spanish Muskets &cc, & that they refuse to permit
any American to visit the Island. The Indians state that some Spaniards are
with them who have several small vessels carrying from one to three Guns
each & that these Negroes are employed in cutting timber on the Island, and
in fishing for the Havanna market." While many or all eventually settled in
the Bahamas, their short-lived Pine Island settlement may eventually be
identified archaeologically, providing a unique opportunity to study this
free African community, which at least briefly interacted with the Spanish-
Indian communities of Southwest Florida.

inuurtd irce sachfr h Agl

Teaching Pavilion


Renovations Begin on Gill Hotse

by Bill Marquardt, Director

O ir tedchinrq p vdilionon Waterfronrl,. r. I. 1all. ini.hd
We broke ground for the pavilion, classroom, and book ;.'Ii[ .ih4. 'in C r.prIl ..
2003, following over a year of site preparation
and archaeological research at the building
site. Major gifts and donated services got us off
to a good start, and within a year the first
phase was done the rest rooms, the deck,
and the pilings for the classroom. After
additional gifts and state matching funds were
received, we were able to resume construction
in October, 2005, finally seeing completion of
the structure in July, 2006.
Our next task is to furnish and equip the
classroom and shop. We will have a built-in
presentation board and screen on the west wall of
the classroom, along with a podium with sound system. On the south wall
will be two permanent plaques, one acknowledging major contributors of
money and services, along with major gifts to our endowment fund. The
other plaque will list current annual supporters of the Randell Research
Center at the Sponsor level and above. Five dozen chairs have been ordered

The new RRC classroom(above), viewed
from the southeast. The inclined
walkway in the foreground allows easy
access to or from the Calusa Heritage
Trail. (Photo by J. Worth.)
View of the deck and doors to the book
shop (left) and classroom (right). (Photo by
J. Worth.)
o*** o ooo o** ooooo ** o,* oo*** o,,*oo o*

for seating during public lectures and programs. The chairs can be removed
and stacked in a nearby storage room when not in use, allowing us to
configure the room for small conferences or meetings as well as receptions.
The air-conditioned shop will have displays of books and gifts, and will
double as an information center for visitors.

continued on page 4

Supporting Members
($1,000 $4,999)
PaulG. Benedum, Jr.
The Bonita Bay Group
Bernard Johnson
Nick & Linda Penniman
Sponsoring Members
($500- $999)
Don Cyzewski
Lammot duPont
Greater Pine Island Cha
of Commerce
Bill & Edna Hager
Hone Marine
Contracting Inc.
Tim & Judith Sear
Contributing Members
($100 $499)
William & Mary Sims
. Cyzewski

New and Renewing Friends of the RRC from
May 21, 2006 through August 15, 2006
(Please let us know of any errors or omissions. Thank you for your support!)
Stanley & Mary Farnham Bill & Dee Fulk Judith J. D'Agostino
Gaea Guides Norm Gowan Ernest M. Dumas
Nancy Glickman William & Rosemarie Barbara A. Fleshman
Barbara Harcourt Hammond Marc & Jill Fontaine
Gene & Evelyn Hemp Shirley Hoch Janet Gooding
David Hurst John & Martha Kendall Lee Harrison
Robin C. Krivanek John & Lynne Paeno Marjorie K. Johnson
Joan McMahan Karl & Kathryn Schroeder Lona E. Meister
Denege Patterson Alice R. C. Sharp Joan Rogers
Bill & Norma Pretsch Leonard & Ruth Walker Mary Ann Scott
Limber Donna Ruhl R. E. & Dorothy Worth David Steadman
John & Glenda Sirmans Individual Members Linda T. Sturgis
Brenda & Robert South Richard Blank William G. Vernetson
Nikki Stein Boca Grande Historical Patty Jo Watson

Family Members
Maria Cochran
& Aaron Adams
Ann S. Cordell

Harold Bruner
Louise F. Bryans
Ann L. Campbell

ii Pi3


Teaching Pavillion continued from page 3

Meanwhile, with repair funds and all permits
finally in hand, our RRC staff has moved into
temporary quarters in a construction trailer as
we begin renovations to the historic Gill House,
our RRC office and lab building. Some repair
costs will be reimbursed by FEMA due to their
being necessitated by hurricane damage. Other
renovations, such as a new heating and air
conditioning system and electrical wiring, will
make the house fundamentally safer and more
pleasant for our staff and visitors. Finally, thanks
to grant support from the Lee County Historic
Preservation Board, we also plan to restore the
historic wood floors, walls, and ceilings to resemble
their 1920s appearance.
Getting the Gill House renovations finished
promptly is important for two reasons. We want
to be ready for the main visitation season that
begins in the winter, but we also need to provide
adequate space for our new public archaeology
program. Kara Bridgman Sweeney will eventually
have a dedicated office in the Gill House, but right
now she is out in the trailer with everyone else.
Finishing the Gill House renovations and opening
the RRC classroom and shop this fall will finally
complete the building project we began over five
years ago. All Friends of the RRC will receive a
special invitation to an open-house celebration
and dedication of the classroom, to be held this
fall. In the meantime, please come and visit us
anytime, and follow our progress. Without the
interest and support of our RRC Friends, none of
this would have been possible, and we are
profoundly grateful for your support.

Wet Season Arrives

at Pineland
by Craig Timbes, Operations Manager

Hello friend. The last time Iwrote
I asked where the rain was. Now I know. The
summer rain pattern is in full effect here at the
site. You can tell by the lush green aura that
surrounds you as you enter the burgeoning
canopy at the base of Brown's Mound and as it
slowly envelops you while you climb the path to
the summit of the mound, arriving at a view that
tells you that the site is recovering steadfastly in
this small respite of strong summer tropical systems
(I'm NOT going to say that other word).
We have actually had excellent rainfall this
season, filling our canals and ponds, adding to
the ambience of the trail and replenishing our

fresh water supply in and around Cape Coral,
easing our worries of inconvenient local water
restrictions. Once again our ospreys provided us
another glimpse into the world of their bittersweet
life by producing another batch of fledglings. All
but one survived this year, showing us that they
refuse to give in to what can be a hostile weather
environment. The trail is doing wonderfully and
when we plant more than nine hundred trees as a
part of our ongoing Division of Forestry grant, a
whole new world of trails and canopies will emerge,
restoring and preserving a little piece of paradise.
'Til next time.

William Marquardt
William Marquardt
Craig Timbes
John Worth
GBS Productions

Send questions or comments to:
John Worth
Randell Research Center
Pineland FL 33945-0608 MUSEUM
Telephone (239) 283-2062
Fax (239) 283-2080
Email: randellcenter@comcast.net UNVERSITY OF
Website: www.flmnh.ufl.edu/RRC/ FLORIDA

PO Box 608
IPINELAND, FL 33945-0608

Erratum: In the article welcoming Dave Hurst to
our staff in our most recent issue, we quoted
him as saying that the "dinosaur footprints...were
imprinted towards the end of the Carboniferous Period."
-^ The correct time is the Cretaceous Period.

Forwarding Service Requested

Pineland, FL
Permit No. 26

/ -

Friends of the

Research Center

Pineland, Florida September, 2006
Phone (239) 283-2062 E-mail: johneworth@comcast.net

Dear Friend,

You are cordially invited to join, or renew your mnciL'cn ship in, the RRC's support society, Friends of the Randell
RcIsccii Center. 'CLI rent members can find out when their memberships expire by looking at the address label on
their in .. l icc[[ie
llI Fi minds of the RRC receive a quai t.i 1\ nl.. sltt[[e and free admission to the Calusa Heritage Trail at Pineljind
Suppoi [e is at higher levels are entitled to discounts on our books and inechlindiso. ad\anic notice oQ pIoajmIs. jnd
special recognition. Your continuing support is vital to ou, mission i[ means 1moc1e IceOJ1. moCe educJalon. and conliin-
ued siCte mpio\lme[\ on s tihe IJlndll I~Resea Ji Center. Thjank oLI
Sincelc l\.

Join E. \\'o i[11. Pih 1 .
SSSISl[JIl[ Du 1iie oi
Riildell 1Rc%0icllC Conl[0l

Please check the mciimbersllip level you prefer, and send this form. along with your cleck
paYable to Friends of the Randell Research Center, to:
Membership Coordinator Randell Research Center PO Box 608 Pineland, Florida 33945

J Individual 130) and Student ($15): quarterly Newsletter
and rlic admin-ssi to Calusa Heritage Trail
J Family 1(501: Thi aL'c i + ad' aiicC notice and 10-..
J,..c uint on childnsi'5 pO'sa,3m5-
J Conlribulor S 100-$-1991: TIhe abl c + annual honor
I0c11 li[n [ I II(I [[,C + 20' ':. discount on RRC
lpu.I icICa Ic1s aind m ,chiCIa diisC
j Sponsor 1%500-$999): ThliC ablc' i + invitation to annual
C'[I c '- [C'LII O d iCCCi p[l'ln

Peolmanent ddless


City / State / Zipcode

" Supporter ($1,000-$4,999): The abc' ic + listing on
annual donor plaque at Pineland site
Sustaining Members ($5,000-$19,999), Benefactors
($20,000-$99,999), and Patrons ($100,000
and above) receive all of the above + complimentary
RRC publications and special briefings from the
1 Please use my gift to obtain matching funds from the
National Endowment for the Humanities.

Seasonal Address (so we can send you your newsletter while you are away)



City / State / Zipcode

Use my seasonal address from



The Randell Research Center is a program of the Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida.


Books, Video and RRC Gear


The Calusa and Their Legacy: South Florida People
and Their Environments
by Darcie A. MacMahon and William H. Marquardt
U. Press of Florida, hardcover $39.95
Culture and Environment in the Domain of the Calusa
edited by william H. Marquardt; Monograph 1, softcover $25.00
Sharks and Shark Products in Prehistoric South Florida
by Laura Kozuch; Monograph 2, softcover $5.00
The Archaeology of Useppa Island
edited by william H. Marquardt; Monograph 3, hardcover $35.00, softcover $20.00
New i 'ords. Old Songs: Understanding the Lives of
Ancient Peoples in Southwest Florida Through Archaeology
by ,-ii Ics E'laincllad. illustrated by Merald Clark
hardcover i 19.95
Csotco\ $ 9.95
Fisherfolk of Charlotte Harbor, Florida
b\ IlRob;l F EdJi
liaidco' 1 $1 00
The Domain of the Calusa: Archaeology and
Adventuttre in the Discovery of South Florida's Past
VHS video S 19.95
Expedition Florida: From Exploration to Exhibition
\HS jd S 19.95
Expedition Florida: The Wild Heart of Florida
VHS video $19.95
Expedition Florida: Wild Alachua
VHS video $19.95

RRC logo Hat
(specify color: bone, charcoal, or blue) $20.00
RRC logo short-sleeve cotton staff shirt /
(specify size: S, M, L, XL) $35.00
RRC logo short-sleLev cotton T-shirt Al *
1,COI\ dul[ ,. S. I. L.\ L I ; 00 O

RRC logo tote blg si,0o oo0
RRC logo coffee imugi s lo cc "

Tk pl.'i. ord.r. mii.il.i. ci.J . 1, I tl-l. [u Randell Research Center .rid ni.l to'
P3nd i.ll PIL. irc%.Iih i. n I.r Pi '. nO S IiiL. lnd FLI i '4-I
h' cl. I r Iniii o rd r oill, rrr n c1-r dii c rds

Inqi irki.s alnd QutlI.lionsI ' '0-2?-20o2 L-mail raindll ntilr.._., omKasl n.l

STotal for items ordered:
SFriends of the RRC who give at the $100 level
or above may ilduc 20% Discount: -
Fic, ida Cl s id nts dd Isles tax: +
Sh11ppini dJJ 52 00 to' rirst item,
Si -0 'ti i3ich 3jddi[ic' n31 item: +




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