Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090510/00018
 Material Information
Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Series Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Publisher: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Pineland, Fla.
Publication Date: June 2006
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090510
Volume ID: VID00018
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Friends of the

'Randell Research Center

Useppa Island Fieldwork Reaches

Successful Conclusion

Possible shell tool workshop revealed

by John Dietler

1mSt beneath the Slrfae1 of a grassy hillside on Useppa
Island lies a dense layer of shell that may hold a key to understanding
the beginnings of Calusa political dominance. Over 50 Randell Research
Center, UCLA, and Useppa Island Historical Society volunteers donated
more than 2,000 hours of their time this spring to exposing what appears
to be a prehistoric shell axe workshop.
In sharp contrast to the mixture of food remains and pottery found in
most shell middens in the area, this layer consists almost entirely of large
lightning whelk shells, the species from which
shell axes were made. They may have been left
behind by craftspeople who lived there just prior
to A.D. 800, when the Calusa were beginning to
adopt a more complex political system. The shell
tools could have been used to manufacture canoes
and other wooden items that were essential to the
Calusa, a powerful maritime society that dominated
south Florida by the 1500s.
At some point, Calusa leadership became
centralized, and social status became inherited,
not just earned. But how did such a social structure first develop? Part
of the answer may have to do with the ability of enterprising leaders to
control certain resources, and to distribute them in return for political or
economic advantages. In a fishing society like the Calusa, canoes and
the tools used to make them might have been resources worth controlling.
The person or persons who did so would become politically powerful.
Tipped off by the unfinished shell tools first noted during construction
in 1998, we designed the current project to determine whether a shell
tool workshop was present. Working a stone's throw from the historic
Collier Inn, volunteers excavated thousands of whole and broken
lightning whelks, along with shell hammers and sandstone fragments

(Left) Lightning whelk fragments.
(Photo by l.Dietler.)

that might have been used to
manufacture tools. The precise
location of each tool and large shell
was recorded, and all of the excavated lightning whelk fragments were
collected for further study. Several unfinished shell tools were also
recovered, providing even stronger evidence for on-site tool production.
Fully answering the question of whether this deposit represents a shell
tool workshop will rely on laboratory analysis at UCLA's Cotsen Institute
of Archaeology. Distinguishing among shell breakage caused by meat
removal, tool making, and damage caused by modern construction activities
is challenging, to say the least. For that reason, our analysis will attempt
to demonstrate that the shells found on Useppa Island were broken in
a manner that is both uniform and consistent with the manufacture of
shell woodworking tools.
Continued on page 2

June 2006

/ -

"-.. \

Shell tool workshop revealed continued

In all, we excavated ten square meters of the hillside and recovered
artifacts from three distinct time periods. The potential shell tool workshop
deposit appears to date to A.D. 600-800, based on associated pottery.
Beneath it was an earlier black sand midden that rests upon sterile dune
sand, approximately one meter below the modern ground surface. Above
it was a thin scatter of Cuban-period artifacts, an unexpected bonus.
These included three glass beads, several olive jar fragments, and a piece
of iron grape shot. These items are most likely associated with the early
nineteenth-century fishing camp operated by Jos6 Cald.z.

The value of this project goes beyond the fascinating archaeological
results. It was also a wonderful opportunity for a diverse group of scholars
to work together, and for hundreds of people to experience archaeology
first-hand. Thanks to the Randell Research Center, Garfield Beckstead
and the Useppa Island Club, the Useppa Island Historical Society, the
UCLA Friends of Archaeology, the National Science Foundation, and the
many volunteers who gave of their time, we may discover an important
key to the emergence of the powerful Calusa.

Details Emerge on

"Spanish Indians"

of Useppa Island

by John Worth

it hdS lon, been knOWn that the Cuban fishermen of Useppa
Island's well-known fishing rancho lived with and in some cases intermarried
with a little-known group of Native Americans known as "Spanish Indians"
during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Many of these Indians not
only spoke Spanish, but were also transported back to Cuba for baptisms
and perhaps other Catholic sacraments. In recent years my own archival
research into the Cuban fishing period of Southwest Florida has provided
voluminous new information regarding not only the origin and ethnic identity
of these "Spanish Indians" (predominantly of Creek/Muskogee extraction),
but also their routine interactions with Cuban fishermen, both here along
the Gulf coast and during regular visits to Havana on board Cuban sailing
vessels. The amount of information alone is a daunting task, increasing in
volume from the American Revolution era through the transfer of Florida to
United States control in 1821.
what has only recently come to light are remarkable personal details
contained in parish registries for the church of Nuestra Seiora de Regla in
the harborside community of Regla, Cuba, the base for the South Florida
fishing fleet in Cuba at that time. Thanks to recent digitization of many of
these records through a project entitled "Ecclesiastical Sources and Historical
Research on the African Diaspora in Brazil and Cuba" administered by Dr.
Jane Landers of Vanderbilt University, I have been able to review records of
non-white baptisms in the Regla church, revealing a number of these "Spanish
Indian" baptisms during the early 19th century.

Useppa Island Archaeological Project volunteers. (photo by Dietler.)
.. . . . . . . . . . . . . ..". . . .

Details and patterns are o I '
only beginning to emerge, ..
but among the finds are -. .
several infants and toddlers
born on Useppa Island right'
here in Pine Island Sound,
including the three-year-old
Fernando Gonzalez, son of *,.
Asturias (Spain) native
Fernando Gonzalez and an
Indian woman named
Manuela, also a Useppa
native, and an infant girl "
named Ana Masearreio,
born May 7, 1820 on Useppa
Island, daughter of Canary
island, daughter of Canary Excerpt of 1859 map showing Useppa
Island (Spain) native Jose Island. Note "Old Wharf" indicated
Masearreio and another where the landing spot for the Spanish
Indian woman native to fisheries would have been. (Source:
Useppa named Fabla. Both of "Map of Charlotte Harbor Approaches"
these half-Spanish, half- by A. D. Bache, scanned from document
Indian children were trans- in the possession of Vernon Peeples.)
ported to Cuba by Captain Jose
Maria Caldez among a total of 133 Indians who arrived on his ship Nuestra
Seuora del Rosario on January 13, 1821. Their baptisms were performed a
week later.
Ironically, as teenagers these two multi-ethnic children would ultimately
witness the destruction of the Cuban fishing ranchos and the forced removal
of the "Spanish Indians" to the American west after 1836. Now, almost two
centuries later, their stories are finally coming to light.

RRC Takes

First Steps as

Regional Public



RRC is one of three

charter centers
by John Worth, RRC Assistant Director

rS repOYte in the March issue of the
Friends newsletter, the RRC was recently selected
as one of three charter regional centers within the
new Florida Public Archaeology Network (FPAN),
alongside the new charter centers at Flagler
College in St. Augustine and the University of
South Florida in Tampa, as well as an expanded
program at the state coordinating center at the
University of West Florida in Pensacola. Working
in consultation with FPAN Director Bill Lees and
State Archaeologist Ryan Wheeler, the RRC has
begun planning for its new and expanded outreach
program to a five-county area, including not only
conducting a search and interview process for a
new full-time Public Archaeologist (still ongoing at
press time), but also hiring a half-time Program
Assistant and a half-time Fiscal Assistant, and
reclassifying the local coordinator's position to
Assistant Director to reflect his role in the RRC's
new range of functions associated with FPAN.
Once staff and office infrastructure are in place, the
RRC team will build on its successful existing
model for public archaeology in and around Lee
County, expanding its mission to include all four
surrounding counties, extending eastward all the
way to Lake Okeechobee. Not only will the RRC
serve the public of this five-county area as a
resource for information on archaeology and the
importance of our dwindling archaeological
resources, but it will also form part of a broad-
based statewide network of scholar-educators
with similar goals, and will be able to share with
and also learn from other regions. The RRC's new
five-county region roughly corresponds to the
sixteenth-century domain of the Calusa Indians,
which ran from Charlotte Harbor inland to Lake
Okeechobee and south to the Ten Thousand
Islands district of the western Everglades. If we can
achieve even a small measure of success in
comparison to the Calusa within this same region,
we will consider ourselves very fortunate indeed.

New and Renewing Friends of the RRC from
February 16, 2006 through May 20, 2006
(Please let us know of any errors or omissions. Thank you for your support!)

Sustaining Members
($5,000 $19,999)
John & Gretchen Coyle
Dale W. Schneider, Inc.
(donated services)
Supporting Members
($1,000 $4,999)
Lawrence & Carol Aten
Chris & Gayle Bundschu
John Conroy
Contributing Members
($100 $499)
Sharon Albright
Boca Grande Historical
Bruce & Joanne Bielfelt
Robert Biggs
Patricia M. Blackwell
Joseph P. Brinton III
Paul & Mary Douglass
Edison Garden Club
Gaea Guides
Catherine House

Barney King
Lifelong Learning
Institute Inc.
Edith Marquardt
Jerald Milanich
& Maxine Margolis
Architects (donated
Vernon Peeples
Brenda & Robert South
Chris S. Sparks
Family Members
Randy & Chris Briggs
Robin C. & Jan Brown
Martin & Debbie Fairley
Louis & Joan Franks
Alan & Jennifer Gruber
Wayne & Shirley House
Diane & John Maher
John & Myrtle Orzalli
Arthur & Emily Pastor
John & Sally Van Schaick
Kim & Kris Sears

Graig & Kris Shaak
Stuart & Rita Stauss
Individual Members
Paul & Christine Andrews
Mark Brenner
Carolyn Graham
Charles H. Hostetler
Michael P. Haymans
Kissimmee Valley
Archaeological &
Historical Conservancy
Elaine Rock Lindroth
Bette Northrop
Bob Page
Alan Pape
Marie Rock
Sanibel Public Library
Student Members
Mary C. Carlson
Nancy Kilmartin

A Report from the Calusa

Heritage Trail

by Craig Timbes, RRC Operations Manager

ItS been i w while since my last report, as we have been very busy here at the Randell
Research Center following two years of active hurricane seasons. We are happy to announce the
near-completion of the teaching pavilion, and also the installation of our new tool shed (see
photo) located along the back fence line of the Pineland site, where we keep our tools, tractor, and
mowing equipment,
including our brand new 72- -
inch zero-radius mower. I ."- *
would like to thank Doug
Jones, Director of the Florida
Museum of Natural History,
for helping us to acquire our -
new mower. The site is a
monumental task for one
person to mow, and the new *
machine allows me to cut
the nature trail, headquarters,
and post office properties in
one day, leaving about two
Craig Timbes has moved his maintenance equipment and
continued on page 4 supplies into a new storage building. (photo by W.Marquardt.)

3 3



RRC Welcomes Dave Hurst

by John Worth, RRC Assistant Director

We are Cpeased to welcomethe
newest member of the RRC staff, Dave Hurst,
who has recently come on board as fiscal
assistant with our new Florida Public
Archaeology Network program. Dave was born
and raised in the Cleveland, Ohio area, and
developed an interest in archaeology and history
early on in life. He graduated with a B.A. in
History from Cleveland State University in 1977,
and then moved to Utah, working in coal mines
and factories, living on a ranch, and working as
an orthopedic technician in a hospital. As Dave
reminisces, "What's the coolest thing about
working in a coal mine? Looking up at the roof
and seeing the bottoms of dinosaur footprints
that were imprinted towards the end of the
Carboniferous Period and later covered with
Dave moved to southwest Florida in 1994. He
began volunteering with the RRC in December,
2002 as a docent. He participated in digs and lab
work at Surf Clam Ridge at the Pineland site and
twice on Useppa Island. He also began to study
accounting in 2002, and received his A.S. in
Accounting and A.S. in Business Management
and Marketing in June, 2004, both from
Southwest Florida College. This year he also
received his B.S. in Accounting from International
College. He has worked in the accounting field
since March, 2004 in a number of area busi-

Dave Hurst works at his temporary desk in
the Gill House. Renovations are now under-
way to create new work spaces for the
Florida Public Archaeology Network
program. (Photo byJ. Worth.)

nesses, and joined the RRC staff this April. Dave
enjoys gardening, stained glass craft, reading,
golf, and bicycling, and plans to take up kayaking
"when I have the time."

Editor: Send ques
William Marquardt John V
Writers: Randell
John Dietler PO Box
William Marquardt Pinelan
Craig Timbes Telephc
John Worth Fax (23
Fax (23!
Production: Email: r
GBS Productions Websit

continued from page 3
hours left for trimming and weed-eating the
following day. This task used to take an entire
week with our earlier equipment. Thank you,
Dr. Jones!
Thanks to our grant from the Florida Division of
Forestry, the extensive growths of exotic Brazilian
Pepper trees have been eliminated on more than
thirteen acres throughout the site and headquarters
properties. we will also soon be purchasing more
than 900 native trees and shrubs, which will allow
us to reforest and enhance portions of both the
cleared areas and the existing open areas along
the trail. This will provide shade and restore some
elements of the indigenous Calusa landscape.
Do I dare ask where the rain is? Some of you
may have noticed some rather dry conditions around
the trail this spring. It has been extremely dry here
for a while, and a little rain would at this point be
appreciated instead of dreaded.
I would like to thank all of you for contributing
and taking an earnest interest in what we do here
at the RRC. Because of you, we have been able to
achieve amazing things. If you haven't been here
in a while, please drop by and see us and the ever-
changing Pineland site and Calusa Heritage Trail.
It's never the same twice.

tions or comments to:
Research Center
d FL 33945-0608
ne (239) 283-2062
e: www.flmnh.ufl.edu/RRC/



PO Box 608
IPINELAND, FL 33945-0608

Forwarding Service Requested

Pineland, FL
Permit No. 26

/ -

Friends of the

Research Center

Pineland, Florida June, 2006
Phone (239) 283-2062 E-mail: johneworth@comcast.net

Dear Friend,

You are cordially invited to join, or renew your mncm-Inl ship in, the RRC's support society, Friends of the Randell
RcIscMii Center. 'CLI rent members can find out when their memberships expire by looking at the address label on
their c .. .;lc[[c, I
ll Fi ionds of the RRC receive a quai ti0 1\ nl.. slt[tei and free admission to the Calusa Heritage Trail at Pinoljind
Suppoi [Cc s at higher levels are entitled to discounts on our books and mcich.lindi s. ad\ajnc notice ia piogI ams. jnd
special recognition. Your continuing support is vital to ou mission it meaj n. moe ecO ci. mo1e educaJ[on. and conlin-
ued sIc nmpioC\ men[ s a[ tihe I;Jlndll IRoeseilch Center. Than k oLI

Jo i1n E. \\'oI l. iih o .

Rildeoll Rc03ejcli Conl[0'

Please check the nmcinbersllip level you prefer, and send this form. along with your check
paYable to Friends of the Randell Research Center, to:
Membership Coordinator Randell Research Center PO Box 608 Pineland, Florida 33945

J Individual 1530 aind Student ($15): quarterly Newsletter
and rlic admi,-,iii to Calusa Heritage Trail
j Family 15501: ThI w a'c + ad' aiicC notice and 10-..
Jdcocini on childsnai's pO'sa,3m -
j Conlribulor IS 100-$-1991: Tihe lcab' + annual honor
i011 I~C Ii, I11 1 i C, i + 20 ,':. discount on PRRC
lpuI, icC3C II 311jid I1ciCI1311di,.C
I Sponsor 1500-$999): Th li Cbc' i + invitation to annual
CDI lC[cI [C' LII -1d iCCC [Pl'lo

Peotmanaent .ddiess


City / State / Zipcode

" Supporter ($1,000-$4,999): The abc ic + listing on
annual donor plaque at Pineland site
Sustaining Members ($5,000-$19,999), Benefactors
($20,000-$99,999), and Patrons ($100,000
and above) receive all of the above + complimentary
RRC publications and special briefings from the
1 Please use my gift to obtain matching funds from the
National Endowment for the Humanities.

Seasonal Address (so we can send you your newsletter while you are away)



City / State / Zipcode

Use my seasonal address from



The Randell Research Center is a program of the Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida.


Books, Video and RRC Gear



The Calusa and Their Legacy: South Florida People
and Their Environments
by Darcie A. MacMahon and William H. Marquardt
U. Press of Florida, hardcover $39.95
Culture and Environment in the Domain of the Calusa
edited by william H. Marquardt; Monograph 1, softcover $25.00
Slharks and Shark Products in Prehistoric South Florida
by Laura Kozuch; Monograph 2, softcover $5.00
The Archaeology of Useppa Island
edited by william H. Marquardt; Monograph 3, hardcover $35.00, softcover $20.00
New i\'ords. Old Songs: Understanding the Lives of
Ancient Peoples in Southwest Florida Through Archaeology
by ,-iC i Ics FlaEclhaid. illustrated by Merald Clark
hardcover $2 $19.95 on sale
Csoico\C 1 i4.95 $ 9.95 on sale
Fisherofolk of Charlotte Harbor, Florida
b\ Il.Roli F EdJi
idco', 1 $1 C 00
The Domain of the Calusa: Archaeology and
Adi'enture in the Discovery of South Florida's Past
VHS video S 19.95
Expedition Florida: From Exploration to Exhibition
\HS idOc $1 9.95
Expedition Florida: The Wild Heart of Florida
VHS video $19.95
Expedition Florida: Wild Alachua
VHS video $19.95


RRC logo Hat
(specify color: bone, charcoal, or blue) $20.00
RRC logo short-sleeve cotton staff shirt /
(specify size: S, M, L, XL) $35.00 /

RRC logo short-slect-e cotton T-shirt t
l 1.1,Cit\ S. S. ;C S L. XL I S 12 00C'

RRC logo tote balg s ic oo

RRC logo coffee mug s10 0o0

Tk pl.'c. ord.r. ii.il, i. ci., p'.t.blI. [u Randell Research Ccnctr and imail to'
P Ind ill P .. ;rcl h i c.-ln r Pi.- l. '.O no S fiil .ind FI '04-
,'11 .lI .r irI'.ii .rd1 r i ll.l irri r, e d1i c irds

Inqiuriks aind QuIsllons'I 7'10-2 '-20- o L-ma.l rand> li nlllr... ,omKasl n1 l

STotal for items ordered: S
SFriends of the RRC who give at the $100 level
or above may i idct 20% Discount: -
Fic, ida C sidCits 3dd Isles tax: +
Sh1ppingc JJ 5'2 00 t'i rirst item,
S !0 0 ii i:3ch 3jddi[ic'nil item: +



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