Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090510/00016
 Material Information
Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Series Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Publisher: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Pineland, Fla.
Publication Date: December 2005
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090510
Volume ID: VID00016
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Friends of the
.1 ..... ... i n o 1h Vol. 4, No. 4

7Randell Research Center

Randell Center Receives Reforestation Grant

Native Trees Will Educate While Enhancing Trail Experience

by Bill Marquardt

The Randell Research Center has received a
grant of $122,700 from the Division of Forestry, Florida Department ii .
of Agriculture and Consumer Services, to plant more than 900 native "--
trees at the Pineland Site. Also included are funds earmarked for -
removal of invasive exotic plants, such as Brazilian pepper. The grant
proposal was written by John Worth and RRC Advisory Board member
Rick Joyce. The planting will be supervised by Rick, a certified arborist
who will donate his time to the project. W i t i....i ii on volunteers
to help plant, water, and mulch, so this is your chance to get some
exercise while learning about native plant cultivation. Phone the Center
at 239-283-2062 to learn about this and other volunteer opportunities.
The RRC qualified for this grant because in August of 2004, the
50 + acres of land we manage suffered a direct hit from the eye-wall
of Hurricane Charley, with sustained winds exceeding 150 mph and
a storm surge of more than 3 feet. Tree and shrub damage was extensive,
costing $18,500 for debris removal alone, and dispersing the seeds
of exotic invasive plants throughout low-lying areas of the property. .
The new project will involve complete removal and herbicide treat ---
ment of exotic pest species from storm affected areas, and the -
planting and maintenance of a range of appropriate native trees '.,
to reforest these areas as well as other open areas of the site. The i
plan is to create "ecological restoration islands" of 40 50 trees in
public areas, restoring shade to the recently opened 3,700-foot-long
Calusa Heritage Trail.
Many people in southwest Florida have learned firsthand that native '
trees often stand up to high winds better than such exotics as the
ubiquitous Australian pines. Native trees, which are well adapted to
local soil and weather conditions, provide shade, protection from
storms, and habitat for wildlife. We hope that in addition to providing
much needed shade for visitors along the Calusa Heritage Trail, the
project will be a positive and visible example of reforestation and
habitat restoration in a critical shoreline area of a quickly-developing Hurricane Charley knocked over many non-native Australian pine trees, such
coastal region in South Florida. For further reading, see Growing as this one (top photo) on Waterfront Drive in Pineland. In contrast, the native
Native, by Richard W. Workman, published by the Sanibel-Captiva gumbo-limbo trees (bottom photo) lost their leaves and some of their limbs,
Conservation Foundation, Inc. but most were not toppled over and are coming back (photos by B. Marquardt).


In Brief
by Bill Marquardt

Two Presentations


The Randell Research center
was well represented at the Southeastern
Archaeological Conference in Columbia, South
Carolina. On November 3, John Worth presented
"Exploring Early Pineland: 2003-2004 Excavations
at Surf Clam Ridge." Findings from our last two
volunteer-assisted field seasons at Pineland have
provided new information on ancient 1 li., i, i
the shore of Pine Island Sound at about A.D.
450 500. Systematic sampling of a black sand
midden that underlies a surface shell layer has
revealed clues to foods eaten, artifacts used, and
activities carried out next to wooden structures
on the shore-ward side of the ridge's summit.
The shell artifacts are made from local materials,
but steatite, quartzite, and chert all point to travel
to other regions or trade with people from other
areas (see page 3).
On November 4, Karen Walker and Bill Marquardt
displayed a poster entitled I !.... 1 111i and
Presenting Sixteenth Century Pineland." Also
. ..1 11 ii 1ii I11 i to the poster were Merald Clark, John
LoCastro, Darcie MacMahon, and John Worth.
The poster featured a new map of Pineland based
on excavations, interviews, aerial photographs,
and the 1895 1896 descriptions and sketches of
Pineland by Frank Cushing recently discovered
by Phyllis Kolianos. The combination of all the
different kinds of information allowed Karen and
Bill to draw a new map of Pineland's probable
sixteenth-century appearance. They now envision
a much more complex site and a repositioned
canal route. Alterations in the early twentieth
century included the destruction of at least two
enormous mounds. John LoCastro of Synergy
Design Group digitized the new map and modeled
it in three dimensions, helping us to select views
to be transformed into scenes of sixteenth-century
Pineland life. These were drawn by Merald Clark
and incorporated into outdoor signs for the Randell
Research Center's Calusa Heritage Trail, now
open to the public.

Classroom Permit


The last hurdle has been cleared for
construction of the RRC's classroom and book
shop at the Pineland site. A building permit has
been granted by the University of Florida's Facilities
Planning and Construction division, and the
S1i ili. ,I ii. now cleared to begin construction.
If all goes well, the building will be completed
by next spring. The permit followed submission
of revised and updated plans compiled by RRC
Advisory Board member J. ff 1 in.i 11 of Parker
Mudgett Smith, Architects. Jeff donated his
services to the RRC. Thanks again, Jeff, for
your great support.

New Project on

Useppa Island

UCLA graduate student John
Dietler, who did archaeological excavations on
Buck Key last year for his dissertation research,
will continue his work in February and March,
this time on Useppa Island. John is interested in
the relationship between craft specialization and
the emergence of political complexity. Because
wooden items (e.g., canoes, containers) and

John Dietler, pictured here on Buck Key in
2005, will continue his dissertation research
on Useppa Island in 2006 (photo by J. Mathison).

shell tools were essential components of prehistoric
economies in southwest Florida, John thinks that
elites may have organized craft specialists using
a coordinated system of production, distribution,
and consumption, and that this may have happened
between A.D. 600 and 1000. An area of Useppa
Island first investigated by Karen Walker in 1998
has deposits of the right time period (about 1,000
to 1,400 years ago), and it has yielded shell artifacts
in abundance. With volunteer assistance, John
will open up an excavation in the southeastern
part of the island and try to locate and expose
evidence for shell-tool manufacturing. The project
will be sponsored jointly by the Useppa Island
Club, the Useppa Island Historical Society, and
the Randell Research Center.
continued on page 4

To be planted at the
Pineland site in the
coming months:

cat claw (Pithecellobium unguis-cati)
green buttonwood (Conocarpus erectus)
gumbo limbo (Bursera simaruba)
Jamaica dogwood (Piscidia piscipula)
mastic (Mastichodendron foetidissimum)
pigeon plum (Coccoloba diversifolia)
sabal or cabbage palm (Sabal palmetto)
satinleaf (Chrysophyllum oliviforme)
seagrape (Coccoloba uvifera)
strangler fig (Ficus aurea)
wild tamarind (Lysiloma bahamensis)
West Indian mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni)
cherokee bean/coral bean (Erythrina herbacea)
cocoplum (Chrysobalanus icaco)
firebush (Hamelia patens)
Florida mayten (Maytenus phyllanthoides)
Jamaica caper (Capparis cynophallophora)
joewood (Jacquinia keyensis)
marlberry (Ardisia escallonioides)
myrsine (Rapanea punctata)
red stopper (Eugenia rhombea)
Simpson's stopper (Myrcianthes fragrans)
spicewood (Calyptranthes pallens)
Spanish stopper (Eugenia myrtoides)
white indigo berry (Randia aculeata)
white stopper (Eugenia axillaris)
wild coffee (Psychotria nervosa)
wild lime (Zanthoxylum fagara)
wild olive (Forestiera segregata)
List prepared by Rick Joyce, Certified Arborist

Extra-local Stone at Surf Clam Ridge
by John Worth

Despite the fact that the Pineland site is situated well south of
the natural geologic range of stone suitable for making tools and other implements,
shell tools were not the only items of this sort recovered during recent field
work at Surf Clam Ridge. During 2003-2004 excavations in Pineland's southern
pasture, several examples of stone from well outside of southwest Florida
were found, indicating not just casual down-the-line trade from nearby
Florida groups, but also much longer distance exchange. Flakes and tools
made from chert (a flint-like rock) were found in several places, including
an elongated hearth-like feature sandwiched in the middle of a shell midden
dating to between ca. A.D. 500 and 600. A charred and exploded Sarasota
type spearpoint fragment was found within this hearth. It and other chert
artifacts must have originated no closer than 100 miles from Pineland, because
chert occurs naturally no farther south than the Hillsborough River region
just north of present-day Tampa Bay.
This same hearth layer produced a hand sized water-worn cobble of quartzite,
possibly used as a hammerstone, as well as two fragments of a pipe bowl
carved from steatite, or soapstone. While the quartzite cobble might have
been picked up from the Florida panhandle within a riverbed that ultimately
brought it from its source in the middle Georgia Piedmont region, the
steatite has a much more restricted distribution, with the nearest major
quarry located near Atlanta some 500 miles away.
The later mounds at Pineland have previously produced evidence for long
distance trade in the form of chunks of galena (lead ore) traced to Missouri,
but the steatite pipe from Surf Clam Ridge dates to Pineland's pre-mound
occupation, about 1500 years ago. This places it within the era of the Hopewell
culture, a pan-eastern North America interaction network that was
characterized by long-distance trade in exotic materials, including steatite.

The possible platform pipe, carved from steatite and engraved with at least
one circular design (see exterior surface, upper right quadrant), may well
indicate that Pineland's 6th-century A.D. inhabitants were on the far
southern margin of a far-flung trade network that linked local societies
across much of the eastern United States.

New and Renewing Friends of the RRC
from September 2, 2005 through November 22, 2005
(Please let us know of any errors or omissions. Thank you for your support!)

Supporting Members
($1,000- $4,999)
Gretchen & John Coyle
Florida Anthropological
Sponsoring Members
($500 $999)
Peter & Sally Bergsten
Sear Family Foundation
Contributing Members
($100- $499)
Anne Boomer
Ann Cordell
Robin & Lin Fox

Gatewood Custom
Carpentry, Inc.
Robert N. McQueen
Dan & Linda O'Connell
John & Lynne Paeno
Darbee & David Percival
Anne Reynolds
Beverly & Jon Sensbach
John & Mary Anne Wasileski
Victoria Winterer
Bill & Ann Wollschlager
Richard W. Workman
Family Members
Noel & Karen Andress
Tom & Carol Brown

George & Leonora Edwards
Peter & Phyllis Kolianos
Jack & Kimberly Liddell
Freda & Janet Long
John M. Miller Jr.
& Susan R. Miller
Patricia & Edward Oakes
Henry & Deanne Sawyer
William M. Spikowski
William & Vicki Welsch
Individual Members
Mark Brenner
Denise Y. Buonopane
Jenna Wallace Coplin

Barbara B. Dobbs
Frances E. Hermann
Charles Holmes
Marcella Howard
Michael Marsano
Lona E. Meister
Susan Milbrath
Mary Myers Peterson
Barbara Swire
Karen J. Walker
Catherine Williams
Stephanie Wilson


In Brief continued
by Bill Marquardt

Wilma a Near Miss

Hurricane W ilma entered Florida
to the south of us, but Pineland was once again
lashed by hurricane-force winds on October 24.
Although the RRC headquarters survived thanks
in part to recent siding repairs after 2004's
Hurricane Charley, the entire staff and volun
teers spent three days picking up branches and
other debris, including some from fallen strangler
figs and gumbo limbo trees on Brown's Mound.

RRC staff and volunteers pose with three days of debris hauled from Pineland site (Back row:
John Worth, Jennifer Jennings, Craig Timbes, Terry Pierce; Front row: Henry Worth,
Christopher Worth; (photo by Scott Jennings).

Gill House Repairs

Repairs are underway at the RRC head
quarters building at the Gill House, funded in
part by a small grant from the Lee County Historic
Preservation Board as well as a number of private
donations from RRC supporters and friends.
Exterior siding damage has already been repaired,
along with the stairwell and rooftop handrail on
the garage, and interior work will be implemented
over the next few months.

Volunteers Active

Volunteers have continued to participate
in lab work relative to the 2003 2004 Surf Clam
Ridge excavations, and two docent/greeter

training sessions have recently been held for
new and returning volunteers. The RRC also
participated in several recent local public events,
including Ding Darling Days and Matlacha Madness,
when the northern half of the Great Calusa
Blueway was inaugurated, featuring a highlighted
stop at Pineland and the RRC (see map at

Calusa Heritage Day

Mark your calendars for
Saturday, March 18, when the RRC will sponsor
Calusa Heritage Day at the Pineland site. More
details to follow.

Jennifer Jennings and Craig Timbes clear
debris of strangler fig from Brown's Mound
(photo by John Worth).

William Marquardt
William Marquardt
John Worth
GBS Productions

Send questions or comments to:
John Worth
Randell Research Center
PO Box 608
Pineland FL 33945-0608
Telephone (239) 283-2062
Fax (239) 283-2080
Email: randellcenter@comcast.net
Website: www.flmnh.ufl.edu/RRC/



PO Box 608
SI PINELAND, FL 33945-0608

Forwarding Service Requested

Non profit
Pineland, FL
Permit No. 26

\Friends of the


Pineland, Florida* December, 2005
Phone (239) 283-2062 E-mail: johneworth@comcast.net

Dear Friend,

S1 .. ... . .. i I I i, I i I II II I iI i i, 1 i<. 1 Ii iI iii li. it I si in, the RRC's support society, Friends ofthe Randell
i .. a, , I nl. I ii ii i l i i, . i I i ,.1 i I- 11 ii. i! ii. mberships expire by looking at the address label on
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Please check the membership le el i ou prefer, and send this fbrm. along i ithi your check
pai able to Friends of the Randell Research Center, to:
Membership Coordinator Raiidell Research Center PO Box 608 Pinelaiid. Florida 33945

jIidiidtial ($30) il-I Studenti ($15): -Ili I, ii. 11 -1

SFandINl ($50): lh..1n~ ~ 11~~1~1~ 1~ 1
.I 1 1.. Ii II I II0 1 II -I I
. Coiirribtiior (1$00-$-I49)): Ih .I I 1111111 iii
I I I' lili1!1 i 1 i I II I I i. Ii I I" III Illi

,j Sponisor1(500- S999): III I' I I II il I 11111111

P-mi aiie Addiess

[1 Ii I.
1 1 11 1

" Supporter ($1.000-$1.999): The al. .+ :i-lin. on
d, III I1. 1I ,,,, plaque at Pineland site
Sustaining Members ($5.000-$19,999), Benefactors
($20.000-$99.999). and Patrons ($100,000
and above) receive all of the above + complimentary
RRC publications and special briefings from the
1 Please use my gift to obtain matching funds from the
National Endowment for the Humanities.

Seasonal Address (so we can send you your newsletter while you are away)



City / State / Zipcode

I TJ my seasonal address from



Thei R.indell Resea il Ceteri is a. pl ogi in of the Florida Museum of Natural History, University ofFlorida.

L, ~

1 1 .1 11. /1 1 .. .. 1.

7Randell Research Center


Books, Videos and RRC Gear


The Calusa and Their Legacy: South Florida People
and Their Environments
by Darcie A. MacMahon and William H. Marquardt
U. Press of Florida, hardcover $39.95
Culture and Environment in the Domain of the Calusa
. .li' .1 by William H. Marquardt; Monograph 1, softcover $25.00
Sharks and Shark Products in Prehistoric South Florida
by Laura Kozuch; Monograph 2, softcover $5.00
The Archaeology of Useppa Island
S.li,, 1 by William H. Marquardt; Monograph 3, hardcover $35.00, softcover $20.00
Neul ilbirds. Old Songs: Understanding the Lives of
Ancient Peoples in Southwest Florida Through Archaeology
by C1 i1., El il, 1. I,1, illustrated by Merald Clark
1,I, .... I $~b- $19.95 on sale
-,,I I $14.4-9 $ 9.95 on sale
Fishlerfolk of Charlotte Harbor, Florida
, ,,I ,, I ii l 1 I II

The Domain of the Calusa: Archaeology and
Adlienture in the Discoveri of South Florida's Past
I I ,1, 1. !" i',
Expedition Florida: From Exploration to Exhibition
Milb vidu $1 ', .,
Expedition Florida: The Wild Heart of Florida
VHS video $19.95
Expedition Florida: Wild Alachua
VHS video $19.95

RRC logo Hat
(specify color: bone, charcoal, or blue) $2n no
RRC logo short-sleeve cotton staff shirt
" I' !If. size: S, M, L, XL) $35.00
RRC logo short-sleeve cotton T-shirt .
I'. "'l, -||. ". [I | "'' I .! .1111 "

RRC logo tote bao fi,1111


RRC logo coffee mug '. I I .i--

I"1, 1 , 1 .1 li, I I I I ,I, , Randell Researcli Center ii ,.....1 i ,
Randell Research Center / PO Box 608 / Pi., I iii, F I
Check or money order only. Sorry. n,, i,, I , I-
Inquiries and Questions? 239-283-2062 / E-mail: i.inil I 11H 111 1 11 11.itii 1111 I

'a I

Total for items ordered:
Friends of the RRC who give at the $100 level
or above may I,, hi i Discount:
[ l.. !, , -ih it, i.1.1 des tax :
|,!,,!, ' l, 1,1 1.-' I I I, I,! firstt item ,
:.i .i i II ,,! i, i I, I, li, ,1 1 i ite m :



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