Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090510/00014
 Material Information
Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Series Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Publisher: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Pineland, Fla.
Publication Date: June 2005
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090510
Volume ID: VID00014
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


This item has the following downloads:

RRC_Vol4_No2 ( PDF )

Full Text

/ -

Friends of the

Research Center

The Pineland Site

and Calusa-Spanish

Relations, 1612-1614
by John Worth

The identification of the Pineland site as the likely remains of
the important 16th 18th-century Calusa community of Tampa (see June,
2002 Friends newsletter, Vol. 1, No. 2, p. 3) along the northern Calusa
frontier lends new significance to documentary evidence regarding
Calusa-Spanish relations between 1612 and 1614, and suggests that
Pineland was not only visited, but perhaps even attacked, by Spanish
forces during this little-known period.
The 1611 murder of 17 Christian Timucua Indians near the mouth of
the Suwannee River sparked Spanish military retaliation i, Il.. I. I H .
culprits, the Pohoy and Tocobaga Indians along the middle Florida Gulf
coast. The swift execution of their chiefs evidently prompted the Calusa
chief to acquiesce to a Spanish diplomatic mission from St. Augustine
during the summer of 1612, during which a launch led by Ensign Juan
Rodriguez de Cartaya traveled south along the Gulf coastline to present
day Boca Grande, entering the "River called Tampa" there and proceed
ing southward through Pine Island Sound and San Carlos Bay to the
Calusa capital at Mound Key in Estero Bay. Pineland may even have
been one of the "large settlements of Indians" along the way that initially
received the Spaniards and provided "fish and other things" upon orders
from the Calusa chief.
Although the Calusa chief received the Spanish emissary in peace,
exchanging gifts and promising peaceful relations, in March of 1614
less than two years later -the new Spanish governor of Florida issued
a military order to Rodriguez 1i ....I in 1ll i the Calusa chief had
recently sent 300 war canoes to the province of Mococo along the
southern Spanish frontier near modern Tampa Bay, killing some 500
men, women, and children in two towns there. The chief had sent a
dozen survivors north to St. Augustine with threats to all other Spanish
allied Indian groups, and had even warned the governor that any
Spanish soldiers he might send in retaliation would also be killed.
Ignoring this warning, the governor dispatched two vessels to converge
on the Calusa domain and "exact the greatest punishment possible" on
the Calusa chief.
Further documentation is scarce, but financial records from early
June of 1614 indicate that the launches San Martin and San Pedro (each

Locations of Mocovo, Tampa (present-day Pineland), Calos, and
Muspa in the seventeenth century. (graphic by. J. Worth)

probably carrying a crew of 25) were outfitted with munitions and
supplies for an expedition that summer. Later military service records
refer to the "the war that was made in the Cove of Carlos, Tanpa, Tachista,
and [M]uspa" during this period, suggesting that contact was made,
probably including the Pineland site. Since the expedition leader survived
and was later promoted, it seems likely that his mission was at least
partially accomplished. Given typical Spanish military tactics of the
era, even if Pineland had been abandoned in advance of the Spanish
force, it would likely have been torched in retaliation for the Mococo
province massacre.
Spanish documents are often maddenly silent on details of Calusa
Spanish relations during the colonial era, but this little-known military
action in Southwest Florida during 1614 provides a tantalizing glimpse
of human events that might eventually provide more information about
Pineland and its neighbors within the Calusa domain.

Life Returns to the Calusa Heritage Trail
by Craig Timbes, RRC Operations Manager

Since Hurricane Charley slammed the west coast of
Florida (see September, 2004 Friends newsletter, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 4-6), life
has re-emerged in a spectacular way on the Calusa Heritage Trail. One area
that is immediately recognizable is the native vegetation that has returned
on the grassy landscape after years of cattle, citrus, and other outside
intrusions that restrained the natural spread and abundance of vegetation.
Sea oxeyes have bloomed all over the area where bahia grass had been
growing for so long, and within a few years the area should be returned to
some semblance of its pre-modern vegetation. Wildflowers and ground
cover vegetation are also prominent, adding to the food supply for bees,
insects, mammals, and birds.
Ospreys have returned with a vengeance, seemingly in defiance of what
Mother Nature threw at them. Within a few days of completing the construct
tion of their nests, the females laid eggs and began the hatching process of
about six and a half weeks. We are happy to announce the birth of three
baby ospreys in the main nest on the Pineland road side, at least two baby
ospreys over by the Ibis Pond, and at least two more in the Australian pine
at the beginning of Citrus Ridge, for a total of seven new residents along the
Calusa Heritage Trail. Four Carolina wrens have hatched on the back porch
of the RRC headquarters.
Earlier I mentioned bees. These bees have been through the worst of
what happened after Hurricane Charley. One Australian pine that was
removed as an exotic invasive housed about forty thousand bees that had

Proud parent. (photo by T. Pierce)

made a home in a hole at the top of the tree. This was realized only after the
tree was brought down, and it was discovered that they were residing in the
treetop. The hive was dropped about sixty feet and slammed into the ground,
completely shaking the honey all over the nest. The tree was put on a wood
pile to be chipped, but the nest portion was removed with the Blue Dawg (our
field vehicle) and a chain and set aside, hoping the hive would survive.
Unfortunately all of the honey rotted and the hive was abandoned after a
period of time. However, I put out ajug of sugar water for the bees to feed
on because the flowers had not bloomed and the honey was unusable. The
part of the tree that was preserved has now resumed its position in nature,
and a hive of bees has returned to re-claim its former place along the Trail.
Although the original nest was completely destroyed, it was soon cleaned
out by raccoons and worms (with a little human help, including the retrieval
of beeswax and the honey comb). I've also supplied some protection for the bees
from wildlife and water intrusion, both to ensure the safety of the hive, and
for pollination of the beautiful flowering plants that are enjoyed by our visitors.

The Winds of Change
by Charles Holmes

For well over a year, I have been involved in a survey to
locate and catalog the prominent vegetation on the grounds of the RRC. It
would have been completed somewhat sooner were it not for the "big winds."
Actually, three factors have caused the original survey to be considerably
revised to capture a truer image of how the vegetation appears at this time.
Factors one and three -the erection of a perimeter fence around
the RRC and the clean-up after the big blow -caused some disruption
because heavy equipment, inherent destroyer of vegetation, had to be
used in a few cases to get the jobs done. Other than some minor terrain
disruption in a few areas, those necessary projects caused little real
damage in the final analysis. On the other hand, let someone else tell
you about how much of that fence had to be re-erected because of factor
number two.
Factor two was the "big wind" itself -Hurricane Charley. Nothing much
has been written about how much the RRC lost in terms of trees, shrubs,
and smaller plants. But, before getting too drastic, keep in mind that nature
has superlative resilience. Almost all that was cracked, knocked down, or
blown away shortly will be partially or even fully restored by nature.
Upon first impression two days after the storm, the typical response was
"Wow! What a huge mess this is." Large numbers of the taller, bigger trees,
both native and non native, were defoliated. I am glad to report that new
leaves are already showing themselves. The principal factor that is still
missing is the shady, "t, 1.... I canopies caused by aggressive vines reaching
into the highest locations of the massive gumbo limbos and royal poincianas
on the western slope of Brown's Mound and the northern and southern
slopes of Randell Mound. Most of the locations that were shaded are now
open to an unusual flood of sunlight. We can expect big differences in the
near future because of this change.

View from Brown's Mound toward Calusa Heritage Trail. Gumbo
limbo trees lost some limbs, but are sprouting new leaves. (photo by
T. Pierce)
Enormous branches of the "soft wood" trees that flex too much under
such overwhelming pressure -the gumbo limbos, the royal poincianas,
the tropical almonds -were torn off and thrust to the ground; only a very
few were actually uprooted. New growth is already beginning to appear,
even though these elderly masters of the landscape may now be only half of
their former selves.
A few of the trees with shallow root systems, like the despised Australian
pines, were actually uprooted or blown over. We took the opportunity to cut
the pines down and chop them up. Unfortunately, the stumps produce new
growth that has to be harshly dealt with.
So, where do we stand now? Nature will soon heal almost all the
wounds. It will be interesting to observe what comes next, as the vegetation
continually changes under the control of natural forces.

New and Renewing Friends of the RRC
from March 22 to May 31, 2005
(Please let us know of any errors or omissions. Thank you for your support!)

Sustaining Members
($5,000 $19,000)
Paul & Warren Miller
Susan & Dwight Sipprelle
Supporting Members
($1,000- $4,999)
Southwest Florida
Community Foundation
Sponsoring Members
($500 $999)
Honc Marine Contracting, Inc.
Greater Pine Island Chamber
of Commerce
Frances Louise Wolfson

Contributing Members
($100- $499)
Carter & Mary Bacon
Robin C. Brown
Bill Boden
Edison Garden Club
Stan & Mary Farnham
Michael P. Haymans
Russell McCarty
Phillips Electronics North

Family Members
Brenda J. Anderson
Bruce & Joanne Bielfelt
Linda T. Sturgis
Deborah Randell Taggart

Individual Members
Mary Carlson
Shirley S. Hoch
Anne Kacerovskis
Mary McCormick
Elaine McLaughlin
Barbara B. Mann
Denege E. Patterson
Joan Rogers
Alice R. C. Sharp
Student Members
John Dietler

III f=

Annual Honor Roll, 2004

Each year the Randell Research Center recognizes all those who have
donated $100 or more during the previous calendar year by listing
them in the Annual Honor Roll. We extend our heartfelt appreciation
for the continued financial support that these and all our gifts represent.

($20,000 $99,999)
Anina Hills Glaize
Maple Hill Foundation
The Pew Charitable Trusts
Dwight & Susan Sipprelle
Sustaining Members
($5,000 $19,999)
11'ii.. 1.i 1..i i inhonorof
Thomas Pickett Taylor
Bonita Bay Group
Paul & Warren Miller
Supporting Members
($1,000- $4,999)
Paul G. Benedum, Jr.
John & Gretchen Coyle
Charles B. Edwards
Bernard Johnson
William H. Marquardt
Luis Maza
Lee Ann Newsom
Linda & Nick Penniman
Useppa Island Historical Society
Robert A. Wells, Jr.
Sponsoring Members
($500 $999)
Lawrence E. & Carol Aten
Robert & Anne Boomer
Robin C. Brown
Carol Byrne & R. Bruce Williams
Don Cyzewski
Florida Anthropological Society
Honc Marine Contracting, Inc.
Kissimmee Valley Archaeological
& Historical Conservancy

Koucky Studios & McGowans Farm
Elaine McLaughlin
Joan M. McMahan
Joyce C. Mutz
Anne Reynolds
Stephen Tutko
Victoria & William Winterer
Contributing Members
($100 -$499)
Anne Allan
Archaeological Consultants, Inc.
Mr. & Mrs. William S. Badgley
Barbara Gilpin Beddall
Peter & Sally Bergsten
Patricia Blackwell
William H. Boden
Joseph P. Brinton III
Henry & Susan Browne
Harold & Deborah Bruner
Captiva Cruises, Inc.
Jefferson Chapman
Ann Cordell
James G. Cusick
William & Mary Cyzewski
Charles B. Dalton

William Mar
John Worth
Charles Hol
Craig Timbe
John Worth
GBS Produc




Ding Darling Society
Lammot duPont
Edison Garden Club
Estero Historical Society
Stan & Mary Farnham
Florida Archaeological Council
Four Points Editing, LLP
Robin & Lin Fox
Friends of Englewood Library
Gaea Guides
Gatewood Custom Carpentry, Inc.
Kim Gibbons
Margaret L. Griffin
Hager Family
Michael Haymans
Gene & Evelyn Hemp
Hendry Law Firm
Catherine A. House
Carol & James Hoyem
David P. Hurst
Ben & Sue Johnson
Carl & Penny Johnson
Tom & Jeane Joseph
Carole A. Kircher
Bob & Jackie Kish
Ronald & Mary M. Koontz
Robin C. Krivanek
Janet Levy
Darcie MacMahon
Jennie McBean
Richard & Marilyn Merritt

Send questions or comment

John Worth
Randell Research Center
PO Box 608
Pineland FL 33945-0608
Telephone (239) 283-2062
Fax (239) 283-2080
Email: randellcenter@comcast.net
Website: www.flmnh.ufl.edu/RRC/

Barbara W. Mulle
Carolyn Murphey
J. William & Carol Newbold
Drs. Howard L. & Karen K. Noonan
Mr. & Mrs. Desmond H.
O'Connell, Jr.
Dan & Linda O'Connell
Ed & Linda Oelschlaeger
John & Lynne Paeno
Claudine Payne
David & Darbee Percival
William & Carol Rosenberg
Donna L. Ruhl
Karl & Kathryn Schroeder
John & Glenda Sirmans
Lillian E. Sizemore
Barbara & Bob Sumwalt
Time Warner, Inc.
Tropic Star of Pine Island, Inc.
Lyle Ulinski
Karen Jo Walker
Leonard 0. & Ruth C. Walker
Warm Mineral Springs
Archaeological Society
Richard & Patty Jo Watson
Deborah Russell & Elmer Wheeler
Norris H. Williams
Ann L. Winterbotham
Ann & Bill Wollschlager
Dick Workman
Ed & Gloria Winn



SPO Box 608
PINELAND, FL 33945-0608

Forwarding Service Requested

Pineland, FL
Permit No. 26

/ -

Friends of the

Research Center

Pineland, Florida June, 2005
Phone (239) 283-2062 E-mail: johneworth@comcast.net

Dear Friend,

You are cordially invited to join, or renew your membership in, the RRC's support society, Friends of the Randell
Research Center. (Current members can find out when their memberships expire by looking at the address label on
their newsletter.)
All Friends of the RRC receive a quarterly newsletter and free admission to the Calusa Heritage Trail at Pineland.
Supporters at higher levels are entitled to discounts on our books and merchandise, advance notice of programs, and
special recognition. Your continuing support is vital to our mission. It means more research, more education, and contain
ued site improvements at the Randell Research Center. Thank you.

I/ _linF \\k i F'I h.D.
S n i I i i. i I Reksearch Programs and Services
R., l i I R . i t Center

Please check the membership le el i ou prefer, and se nd this form, along with your check
payable to Friends of the Randell Research Center, to:
Membership Coordinator Randell Research Center PO Box 608 Pineland, Florida 33945

" Individual ($30) and Student ($15): quarterly Newsletter
and free admission to Calusa Heritage Trail
" Family ($50): The above + advance i ..i,. and 10%
discount on children's programs
Q Contributor ($100-$499): The above + annual honor
roll listing in newsletter + 20% discount on RRC
publications and merchandise
0 Sponsor ($500-$999): The above + invitation to annual
Director's tour and reception

Permanent Address



City / State / Zipcode

" Supporter ($1,000-$4,999): The above + listing on
annual donor plaque at Pineland site
Sustaining Members ($5,000-$19,999), Benefactors
($20,000-$99,999), and Patrons ($100,000
and above) receive all of the above + complimentary
RRC publications and special briefings from the
Please use my gift to obtain matching funds from the
I i ili 1 Endowment for the Humanities.

Seasonal Address (so we can send you your newsletter while you are away)



City / State / Zipcode

Use my seasonal address from



The Randell Research Center is a program of the Florida Museum of Natural History, University ofFlorida.


Books, Videos and RRC Gear

dU t The Calusa and Their Legacy: South Florida '
People and Their Environments
by Darcie A. MacMahon and William H. Marquardt
U. Press of Florida, hardcover $39.95
Culture and Environment in the Domain of the Calusa
edited by William H. Marquardt; Monograph 1, softcover $25.00
Sharks and Shark Products in Prehistoric South Florida
by Laura Kozuch; Monograph 2, softcover $5.00
The Archaeology of Useppa Island
edited by William H. Marquardt; Monograph 3, hardcover $35.00, softcover $20.00
New Words, Old Songs: Understanding the Lives of
Ancient Peoples in Southwest Florida Through Archaeology
by Charles Blanchard, illustrated by Merald Clark
hardcover $24.95
softcover $14.95
Fisherfolk of Charlotte Harbor, Florida
by Robert F. Edic
hardcover $35.00
The Domain of the Calusa: Archaeology and
Adventure in the Discovery of South Florida's Past
VHS video $19.95
Expedition Florida: From Exploration to Exhibition
VHS video $19.95
Expedition Florida: The Wild Heart of Florida
VHS video $19.95
Expedition Florida: Wild Alachua
VHS video $19.95

RRC logo Hat
(specify color: bone, charcoal, or blue) $20.00
RRC logo short-sleeve cotton staff shirt /
(specify size: S, M, L, XL) $35.00
RRC logo short-sleeve cotton T-shirt -
(specify size: S, M, L, XL) $12.00 ,
RRC logo tote bag $10.o/
RRC logo coffee mug $10.00oo

To place order, make check payable to: Randell Research Center ii .. .1 11 11i
Randell Research Center / PO Box 608 / Pineland FL 33945.
Check or money order only. Sorry. no credit cards.
Inquiries and Questions? 239 283 2062 / E-mail: randellcenter@comcast.net

Total for items ordered:
Friends of the RRC who give at the $100 level
or above may deduct 20% Discount:
Florida residents add sales tax:
Shipping: Add $2.00 for first item,
$0.50 for each additional item:




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs