Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090510/00004
 Material Information
Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Series Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Publisher: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Pineland, Fla.
Publication Date: December 2002
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090510
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Friends of the Vol., No.

Sane Res December 2002
Rand el l Research Center

Tracking the Calusa Overseas

RRC Begins Archival Research

byJohn Iblith

* : .. a ,.

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was a month long research trip to the archives in
Seville, where I delved into a wide range of docu
ments, from letters and dispatches by governors
and bishops in Florida and Cuba to detailed financial
accounting records from Havana. I was pleased
to find quite a bit of material that has been over
looked or under-utilized by Florida scholars.
One fascinating package of materials is the
1569 lawsuit by Captain Francisco de Reynoso
demanding payment for his promised salary
during three years stationed at Fort San Anton at
the Calusa capital on Mound Key. In addition to
the original 1566 order dispatching Reynoso
with more than 50 soldiers to construct the fort
(signed by Pedro Menendez de Aviles himself),
the papers include signed testimony by witness
Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda, the famous
shipwreck survivor and ex Calusa captive who
had served alongside Reynoso throughout the
fort's three-year existence.

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mission Indians in the nearby church of Nuestra
Senora de la Asuncion in the suburb of Guanabacoa.
Some of the most intriguing new material I
found relates to the early Cuban fishing industry
in Southwest Florida, and the commonplace
transport of parties of Seminoles from Tampa
and Sanibel to Havana for meetings and gifts
during the 1780s and 1790s. The dominant
presence of these immigrant Creeks/Seminoles
across South Florida can be documented as early
as the 1750s, and at present there seems no
reason to suspect that there were any remnants
of the Calusa in Florida after 1760.
My second trip was a week in Cuba, establish-
ing contacts with Cuban archaeologists studying
the earliest Spanish presence there, and laying
the groundwork for future archival research
trips. A highlight of the trip was a visit to the
Asuncion church in Guanabacoa, and Fort San
Carlos de la Cabana in Havana (see photos),


Early 18th-century church of Nuestra
Sefiora de la Asuncion in Guanabacoa, Cuba

both sites where remnant Calusa settled. Sincere
thanks are due to Dr. David Noble in Decatur,
Georgia for his generous support of this trip, and
also to Dr. Vernon J. Knight at the University of
Alabama for inviting me on the expedition. In
future trips, I hope to delve deeper into Cuban
archives to learn more of the Florida Cuba
connection, and how it relates to the decline of
the Calusa and the emergence of the Seminole.
The new archival research does not mean
that we will not be doing archaeological work
at Pineland. Quite the contrary we will begin
new excavations here in 2003. But the Spanish
writings are already adding exciting new inform
tion to the Calusa story as well as to the 18th
century history of Southwest Florida.


Report of

the Coordinator

by John Worth

Fall has come and gone, and the cool, dry
season is in full swing. Although weekend tour
visitors are still sparse, we've had quite a few
school groups visit the Pineland site so far,
and thanks to the efforts of our docents, we're
increasingly able to accommodate week
day tours. We've had a lot of activity at C
the RRC this fall, including the design the
and construction of seven walking and
trail signs with information about
important features of the site. season,
Thanks go to Lowe's Home see the con
Improvement Warehouse of
Cape Coral for their donation the teach
of materials and sawing, and to with indoor
the many volunteers who helped teaching sp
build and install the signs (see
p. 4). We've also set up table facilities,
displays at several seasonal gift shop,

events in our area, staffed by RRC and a
volunteers, as well as a month-long
display at the Port Charlotte Public
Library in Charlotte County. The RRC has
been well represented in public presentations to
a variety of local organizations and venues,
including the Museum of the Islands, the Pine

Island Kiwanis Club, the Cape Coral Yacht Club,
and the Cape Coral Library.
The '._.._., I i,, is that we are finally nearing
the start of the long-awaited pavilion project.
The federal and state permitting process is
S nearing completion, and a county zoning
application has been filed, so we
winter currently anticipate groundbreaking

ly spring
we should
struction of
ng pavilion
and outdoor
aces, storage
a book and

early next year. Over the winter
and early spring season, we
should see the construction of
the teaching pavilion with
indoor and outdoor teaching
spaces, storage facilities, a
bookand ,ili -i 1. restrooms,
and a parking lot. Although the
facility won't open before the
end of peak season this year,
visitors should begin to see

parking changes in access and schedules
over the course of the next year.
The Pineland site will take a giant step
toward increased access to the public, from
local schoolchildren to out of town visitors.
As always, we hope our members will be able
to visit and see our progress as it happens.


Author at the monument to Jose Marti at the Plaza of the Revolution in Havana, Cuba
(photo by Jim Knight)

In appreciation

I I. many who have recently contri
buted to the progress of the RRC are the following.
Julie Hancock and Pat Blackwell created a set of
permanent displays and labels for a month-long
exhibit at the Port Charlotte Library. Dick Owens
and Gary Edwards have worked tirelessly to repair
and maintain the RRC tractor. It is now being used
for a variety of tasks, not the least of which is pulling
vehicles out of the mud on the site. Betty Anholt
donated several items of furniture for the RRC office,
including a desk and printer stand, and a flotation
tank. ,i -nii i 11, ,i PI I b.1 ii: I )araToomey for
Pineland. Pat Blackwell donated two shelving units,
which were assembled by Gary Edwards. Steve Tutko
and Chuck Hostetler donated a number of back issues
of The Florida Anthropologist and The Florida Historical
Quarterly for the RRC library. Joan McMahan donates
currentissuescf 1, ... I, .,I .1 1 ,. ,i. am 1I, I,..1.
Don Swearingen worked on the design and initial
constructionoffti., I ii .-d.,- I. i i' I ii"' 1 worked
with Lowe's on their donation of materials and
sawing. Dick Owens helped with the final design
and construction of the signs and the posthole
excavation, and Dave Hurst and Christopher Worth
helped install them. Jack McCoy (Lee County Natural
Resources) assisted in capping the corroded flowing
well on the Pineland site, which was carried out by
Parker & Sons Well Drilling. Kevin Watts (Lee County
Hyacinth Control) provided several treatments to
control the duckweed in the Pine Island Canal. Scott
Mitchell used his personal boat to carry geochemist
Donna Surge and RRC staff and volunteers on a clam
and water sampling expedition, and Parke Lewis
donated his time both on that trip and on another
to locate an undocumented archaeological site in
Matlacha Pass. Ernie Estevez of Mote Marine
Laboratories, Sarasota, invited the RRC to participate
in Mote's annual symposium on Charlotte Harbor
research, and is working with the RRC to generate a
bathymetric map west of the Pineland shoreline. Ed
Chapin (Calusa Land Trust) piloted the boat that
brought Bud House, John Worth, and Alan Gruber
(Archaeological Conservancy) to view several
sites on the northern side of Pine Island. Pat Hagle
has also generously provided boat transportation
to and from Useppa Island and other locations for
RRC staff. Last but not least, we would like to extend
our sincerest appreciation to the rest of our regular
volunteers not singled out above, including Colby
Croshaw, Debbie Cundall, Marty Kendall, Diane
Maher, Karen McKee, Meghan and Suzanne McPhee,
and Barb Thomas. Our apologies in advance for
anyone we have inadvertently omitted.

Hall of South Florida Opens
by Bill Marquardt

the Florida
Museum's Hall of South Florida People and
Environments opened to an enthusiastic crowd.
The 6,050-square-foot hall focuses on the people
who have lived in South Florida through time and
the environments that have supported them. The
$2 million exhibition is the Museum's first-ever
permanent hall on South Florida. Bill Marquardt
served as curator, Dorr Dennis as lead designer,
and Darcie MacMahon as project coordinator.

The exhibit features new
knowledge about South Florida,
largely based on the museum's
extensive archaeological and
ecological research at Pineland .
and elsewhere since 1983
Key to the story are the Calusa
Indians, who prospered from the
immense bounty of their coastal
environment to such an extent
that they controlled the southern
half of Florida when Europeans .
arrived in the 1500s.
Galleries in the exhibition
include display cases featuring
some of the most rare a Iii Ii Ii ..
artifacts in the Florida museum's
collections; a boardwalk through a full-scale
mangrove forest; a hands-on natural history
gallery; a 12-times-life-size underwater scene
filled with marine creatures; a gallery devoted to
6,000 years of fishing traditions on Florida's Gulf
coast; a recreated mound with a Calusa house
and family; a house of the Calusa leader at the
time of European contact; the story of what
happened to the Calusa; and a gallery about
the Seminole and Miccosukee people who live
in South Florida today.
Display case with conserved wooden
artifacts from Key Marco site.

Richly detailed full-size diorama portrays
the Calusa leader and his retinue.

The exhibit is in Powell Hall, located near the
intersection of Southwest 34th Street and Hull
Road on the University of Florida campus, just 2
miles from Interstate 75, exit 384. Admission is
free. Hours are Monday Saturday from 10 a.m.
to 5 p.m. and Sundays and holidays from 1 to 5
p.m. (closed Thanksgiving and Christmas). For
more information, call (352) 846 2000 or visit

New and Renewing Friends of the RRC
as of November 30, 2002
(Please let us know of any errors or omissions. Thank you for your support!)

Sponsoring Members
Lammot DuPont
Joan M. McMahan
Contributing Members
Nancy and Robert Brooks
A. William and Edna Hager
Gene and Evelyn Hemp
Catherine A. House

Carl B. and Sue Johnson
Ronald and Mary M. Koontz
Barbara W Mulle
Howard L. and Karen K. Noonan
Family Members
Stephen W Kent
Joseph T. and Freda M. Long
Alice R.C. Sharp
William M. Spikowski and Alison

Individual Members
Martha "Marty" Ardren
Denise B. Duckworth
Janet A. Gooding
Tom Grabowski
Ann S. Hunnicutt
Darcie MacMahon
Abraham and Cynthia Ofer
Robert T. Page
Lucille Spuhler

II ~u
\\ hd


Students Have a Field Day

by Lana Swearingen

would have stared in
wide-eyed wonder at the sight. Long, yellow and
rolling toward them -what were these aberra
tions? We know them as school buses. And to
docents Diane Maher, Gary Edwards, and Lana
Swearingen, they became a familiar sight, as the
RRC scheduled up to 4 student tours a week from
September through November. Elementary school
students from Lee and Charlotte counties eagerly
scrambled off the buses, eager to learn about the
Calusa Indians during their 2-hour tour. The varied
activities held the children's interest and prompted
many questions. They sat quietly as the story of
13-year-old Hernando de Escalante Fontenada
unfolded, and thought it was neat that he lived
with the Indians. They were happy, though, to hear
that he was rescued and got to go home in the end.
As with all children, the students found the
hands-on activities exciting, and enjoyed weaving
palm leaves and twining palm fiber. They also
gained a better understanding of archaeological
techniques, and learned that fieldwork involves
much more than digging for artifacts. The students
could easily relate to the Calusa "recycling" shells
to make tools. Some of the 4th and 5th grade

John Worth
William Marquardt
Lana Swearingen
John Worth

Merald Clark

Students enjoy a lunch break under the gumbo
limbo trees alongside Brown's Mound
students took careful notes for future reports, and
one class even had their student photographers
take pictures for the school newspaper. The docents'
enthusiasm matched that of the children, and
energy levels remained high throughout the tours.
Very satisfied children and their adult chaperones
ended the day with lunch under the shade of the
gumbo-limbo trees. Even then, some could not
resist hefting the shell hammer one last time, or trying
their hand at twining palm fiber. As the youngsters
lined up to board those big yellow buses, the teachers
assured the docents that they would return next
year. But best of all was one young boy's parting
comment. "The Calusa are my friends:' he said
with a grin and a wave good-bye.

GBS Productions
Send questions or comments to:
John Worth
Randell Research Center
PO Box 608
Pineland FL 33945-0608
Telephone (239) 283-2062
Email: randellcenter@aol.com



S--PO BOX 608
_I PINELAND, FL 33945-0608
4,' . .,/

Return Service Requested

Pineland, FL
Permit No. 26

New Grant

Will Match up

to $200,000

toward RRC


by Bill Marquardt

The National Endowment for the Humanities
has approved the University of Florida's
Challenge Grant application on behalf of the
Randell Research Center. This federal grant will
match one dollar for every four dollars we raise
from non-federal sources toward our endowment
fund, up to $200,000 in federal funds. For example,
your $800 gift will become $1000 with an NEH
match of $200. Your gift of $4,000 will be matched
by $1,000 for a total of $5,000, and so on. Contri
butions in any amount are welcome and will
be matched.
Income from the RRC endowment will support
archaeological research, humanities staff and
public programming, dissemination of information,
and maintenance of facilities at the l iii i: .' I
our endowment fund is the best way to ensure that
the Randell Research Center will always be here,
and that our learning and teaching programs
will never falter, even in lean financial times.
Please consider a special gift today toward the
RRC Endowment Fund. Donations may be pledged
now and paid over a four-year period. Make your
check payable to the Randell Research Center,
indicate that you want it to be matched by NEH,
and mail it to PO Box 608, Pineland, Florida
Thank you for your support.

Randell Research Center

Pineland, Florida December, 2002
Phone (239) 283-2062 E-mail: randellcenter@aol.com

Dear Friend,

You are cordially invited to join, or renew your membership in, the RRC's support society, Friends of the Randell
Research Center. (Current members can find out when their memberships expire by looking at the address label on
their newsletter.)
All Friends of the RRC receive a quarterly newsletter. Supporters at higher levels are entitled to discounts on our
books and merchandise, advance notice of programs, and special recognition. Your continuing support is vital to our
mission. It means more research, more education, and continued site improvements at the Randell Research Center.
Thank you.

John E. Worth, Ph.D.
Coordinator of Research Programs and Services
Randell Research Center

Please check the membership level you prefer, and send this form, along with your check
payable to Friends of the Randell Research Center, to:
Membership Coordinator Randell Research Center PO Box 608 Pineland, Florida 33945
- Individual ($30) and Student ($15): quarterly Newsletter O Supporter ($1,000-$4,999): The above + listing on
annual donor plaque at Pineland site
] Family ($50): Newsletter + advance notice and 10% annual donor plaque at Pineland site
discount on children's programs O Sustaining Members ($5,000-$19,999), Benefactors
($20,000-$99,999), and Patrons ($100,000
] Contributor ($100-$499): The above + annual honor andabove) receive all of the above complimentary
and above) receive all of the above + complimentary
roll listing in newsletter + 20% discount on RRC publications and special briefings from the
RRC publications and special briefings from the
publications and merchandise Director.
O Sponsor ($500-$999): The above + invitation to annual matching funds from the
D tO Please use my gift to obtain matching funds from the
Director's tour and reception National Endowment for the Humanities.

Permanent Address Seasonal Address (so we can send you your newsletter while you are away)

Name Name

Address Address

City / State / Zipcode City / State / Zipcode

Use my seasonal address from to
(date) (date)

The Randell Research Center is a program of the Florida Museum of Natural History, University ofFlorida.

D eiBooks and Videos a


The Domain of the Calusa $
.- VHS video, $19.95

S Expedition Florida: $
From Exploration to Exhibition
VHS video, $19.95
r. Expedition Florida: $
The Wild Heart of Florida
VHS video, $19.95

New Words, Old Songs: Understanding the Lives of
Ancient Peoples in Southwest Florida Through Archaeology $
by Charles Blanchard, illustrated by Merald Clark
hardcover $24.95
softcover $14.95
SFisherfolk of Charlotte Harbor, Florida $
a by Robert F. Edic
hardcover $ 35.00

Culture and Environment in the Domain of the Calusa $
edited by William H. Marquardt
S softcover $25.00

Sharks and Shark Products in Prehistoric South Florida $
by Laura Kozuch
S softcover $5.00

The Archaeology of Useppa Island $
edited by William H. Marquardt
hardcover $35.00
softcover $20.00
Total price of books and videos: $
Friends of the RRC who give at the $100 level
or above may deduct 20% Discount:
Florida residents add 7% sales tax: +
Shipping: Add $2.00 for first item,
$0.50 for each additional item: +

To order books or videos, make check payable to: Randell Research Center and mail to:
Randell Research Center / PO Box 608 / Pineland FL 33945.
Check or money order only. Sorry, no credit cards.
Inquiries and Questions? 239-283-2062 / Fax 239-283-2080

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