Front Cover

Group Title: Conservation area land management (CALM) plans
Title: Digital design wetland
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090230/00007
 Material Information
Title: Digital design wetland
Series Title: Conservation area land management (CALM) plans
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Facilities Construction & Planning, University of Florida
Publisher: Facilities Construction & Planning, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090230
Volume ID: VID00007
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
Full Text

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University of Florida Conservation Area Land Management Plan
Digital Design Wetland / Sweet Sink

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Digital Design Wetland is a 7.8-acre Conservation Area south and west of the Digital Design Facility
and includes a portion of the floodplain of the unnamed creek that flows east to Lake Alice, between
Center and North-South Drives. As the name implies, this Conservation Area is primarily made up
wetlands and their associated buffers. Historical photography and documents indicate that this area was
previously more of a depression marsh and sink, with the sink being named Sweet Sink. According to a
report completed in 1948, Lake Alice Drainage Project, this sink was plugged to prevent wastewater
from directly entering the aquifer (and then the City's drinking wells).

The 2000-2010 Campus Master Plan identified this area as Wetland Preservation Area 11. Future
alternative uses of this Conservation Area are limited by the fact that the majority of the area is wetland,
with only small areas of upland buffer surrounding it. The working group that inventoried this area in the
spring of 2004 suggested that the boundaries to the conservation area be expanded to include a small
forested area, largely following the 100-year floodplain.

Natural Areas Inventory

Water Resources
The unnamed creek that makes up approximately half of this Conservation Area enters campus from the
east and flows westerly with upstream tributaries on either side of Diamond Village. Most water flow
within the creek comes from stormwater runoff, irrigation and seepage from upstream areas on the eastern
quadrant of campus that include the health center facilities to the south and older parts of campus to the
north. Additionally, flow from areas east of US 441 (S.W. 13th Street) around Norman Hall and Sorority
Row also contribute to the creek.

This creek becomes fairly level as it goes under Newell Drive and as a result shows the results of upstream
erosion in the form of sedimentation buildup. In fact, the creek in this area acts effectively as a sediment
trap in that water velocity slows down and allows for particulate matter to settle out. However, this
sedimentation buildup does create the need for regular dredging in order to prevent the floodplain from
rising and culverts filling in.

According to the Lake Alice Drainage Project report, Sweet Sink was the recharge area for Lake Alice in
times of high water. As stated previously, the sink was blocked off to prevent wastewater (now routed to the
reclaimed water irrigation system), from the nearby treatment plant, from entering the aquifer. This
blockage appears to have been accomplished by both a berm that separates it from the creek and by some
blockage of the sink itself. The sink now functions as a wetland marsh and does not appear to be a major
recharge point any longer.

Unnamed Creek

Natural Communities
The natural communities of Digital Design Wetland are a mix of stream, pond and ephemeral wetlands,
with a great deal of emergent aquatic vegetation present in the water column of the open water
segments. Thus, the two most common natural communities present on site are Marsh Lake (sinkhole
pond) / Freshwater Marsh and riparian corridor, which is primarily made up marsh vegetation and small
areas of floodplain forest. Wildlife and floristic inventories are not planned for this site.

Plant Species
Plants typical of these systems include: arrowheads, pickerelweed, bladderpod, common reed, coreopsis,
glasswort, water primrose, pignut hickory, winged elm, sweet gum, loblolly pine, basket oak, basswood,
laurel oak, cabbage palm, slash pine, red maple, swamp chestnut oak, hop horbeam, water oak, live oak,
red maple, sweetgum, cypress, loblolly bay, swamp tupelo, spruce pine, American beech, dahoon holly,
wax myrtle, swamp dogwood, and Florida elm.

Invasive Non-Native Plant Species
The following list of non-native invasive plants has been documented within the conservation area:
lantana, glossy privet, Japanese climbing fern, wild taro, cogon grass, mimosa, cat's claw vine, elephant

Animal Species
Animals potentially occurring on site include cricket frog, pig frog, leopard frog, American alligator,
eastern mud snake, banded water snake, striped swamp snake, northern harrier, red-tailed hawk, turkey,
yellow-billed cuckoo, screech-owl, great-horned owl, ruby-throated hummingbird, acadian flycatcher,
pileated woodpecker, hermit thrush, cedar waxwing, yellow-throated warbler, raccoon, river otter, gray
squirrels armadillos, slimy salamander, Cope's gray treefrog, bronze frog, box turtle, eastern glass
lizard, green anole, broadhead skink, ground skink, red-bellied snake, gray rat snake, rough green snake,
coral snake, woodcock, barred owl, pileated woodpecker, shrews, eastern mole, wood rat, cotton mouse,
gray fox, mink, bobcat and white-tailed deer.

sweet sink marsh

Soils Inventory
The following soil information for on-site soils was gathered from the Soil Survey of Alachua County

Blichton Urban Land Complex (0-5% slope)
This complex consists of poorly drained, nearly level to gently sloping Blichton soils and Urban land. It
is irregularly shaped with relatively small areas. About 50 to 85 percent of each delineation is open areas
of Blichton soils. These open areas are gardens, vacant lots, lawns and playgrounds. About 15 to 50
percent of each delineation is Urban land. Urban land consists of areas covered with houses, streets,
parking lots, sidewalks, industrial buildings and other structures.

Urban Land Millhopper Complex
This complex consists of Urban land intermixed with nearly level areas of Millhopper soils. The areas
are irregular in shape and range from 15 to 200 acres. About 50 to 85 percent of each delineation is
Urban land. This Urban land consists of areas covered with buildings, streets, parking lots, sidewalks,
and other structures. About 15 to 50 percent of each delineation is open areas of Millhopper soils. These
open areas are vacant lots, lawns, parks, or playgrounds.

Cultural and Passive Recreational Resources
Digital Design Wetland is used primarily as a pedestrian and bike throughway for people moving
between Center and North-South Drives. Due to the presence of turtles, alligators, and wading birds in
the streams and wetlands, this area is a pleasant place to take a break from the hustle of campus.
Currently there are no amenities present within this Conservation Area. There are no known
archeological sites present within this Conservation Area.

Future Improvements

Digital Design Wetland is a riparian corridor and buffer adjacent to a creek and former sink (now a
pond) with its upland areas being largely cleared and mowed. This area should be considered a Nature

Park with the associated public use improvements that go along with this designation. Since this area is
well used as a pedestrian thoroughfare, some attention should be paid to providing a few sitting areas
along the paved paths, along with conservation signage and planting of wildlife friendly plants. Another
improvement that has been recommended for this site is to put in an elevated boardwalk to replace an
unmarked trail that runs from Center Drive, adjacent to the unnamed creek, to the parking lot of the
Particle Science / Black Hall. The current trail runs through a wetland and is therefore inundated
periodically. Also, some currently mowed areas between the Particle Science parking lot and wooded
area should be allowed to grow up, with a less frequent mowing schedule or elimination of mowing
altogether (some fencing may be required to bring this to fruition). Finally, the management of invasive
plants, along with a replanting plan for the stream and wetland area is recommended.

Maps on the following pages:
1. Aerial Photo
2. Water Resources
3. Natural Communities
4. Soils

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