Title: CitrusLines
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090045/00004
 Material Information
Title: CitrusLines
Series Title: CitrusLines
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: Summer 2007
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090045
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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The Mission of UF/IFAS is to develop
knowledge in agricultural, human and
natural resources and to make that
knowledge accessible to sustain and
enhance the quality of human life.

Summer 2007 UF

July, August, &



IFAS Extension
Lake County Extension

As this summer swings into full gear, the last of the citrus crop is harvested, giving the opportu-
nity to reflect on this past years season. Fruit prices helped citrus producers make record profits
a big change from just three years ago, this coupled with real estates stagnation and disease
pressures in south Florida have renewed central Florida citrus production. Also having a re-
newal of design is Citruslines with its new format. My hope is that you will find it full of the same
great information that you have been receiving over the years. Included with this newsletter is a
survey and evaluation form for our extension program. Please fill it out and return to my office.
This is your opportunity to influence what type of extension activities are offered. I value your
feedback and look forward to your comments. Best of all, those who return their surveys will
be entered into a drawing to win a "free" season of our Weather Watch subscription service!

tor, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this information to further the purpose of the May 8 and June 30, 1914 Acts of Con-
gress; and is authorized to provide research, educational information, and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with
respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions, or affiliations. Single copies of exten-
sion publications (excluding 4-H and youth publications) are available free to Florida residents from county extension offices. Information about alternate formats is
available from IFAS Communication Services, University of Florida, PO Box 110810, Gainesville, FL 32611-0810

Snaye 2

Greening Update

HLB or Citrus greening disease is being
found more and more throughout the state.
The latest counties with at least one positive
find are Orange, Osceola, Seminole, and
Volusia with a suspected find in Marion.
What does this mean for you? Surveying
your groves for detection of possible
greening infected trees is important.

Steve Futch an extension agent working in
citrus shared his observation from a trip
that Florida growers recently took to Brazil.
This trips purpose was to observe how Bra-
zilian growers are combating citrus green-
ing disease. Dr. Futch mentions that grow-
ers are using a three pronged approached
and liken it to that of a three legged stool.
Take any of the legs away and the stool (or
approach) does not work. The three ap-
proaches are:

1. Survey groves to identify greening in-
fected trees.

2. Eradiation of greening positive trees

3. Aggressively managing the vector of
the disease- the psyllid.

It was told by many Brazilian growers that
psyllid suppression alone would fail, there
needs to be routine identification and re-
moval of diseased trees for a successful
greening management program.

Proper tree removal consists of removing
the tree just above the soil line and apply-
ing a herbicide to kill the trunk. Not treat-
ing the trunk will allow for sprouting and
these sprouts would still be greening posi-

Distribution by TRS of HLB PCR+ Results in Florida



1 HLB PCR POs~rT IR$ ~ -

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and 1713 co

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Most recent copy of map can be found online at http://

"If we don't control this disease now -
today we will have no citrus industry,"

"The survival of your groves depends on
how well your inspectors are trained to
detect HLB."

-Joseph Bove, professor of microbiology at the University of
Bordeaux 2 in France

Quotes from the Lakeland Ledger 6/8/07

Jage 3

2006-07 Drought

As we head into the 2007 summer season we finally have re-
ceived some much needed rain with tropical storm Barry. As
of the beginning of June, Florida has been in an eighteen
month drought, the third worst for the state since weather data
has been recorded. There is a renewed awareness of how
precious and limited a resource water is becoming in our state.
Proper irrigation scheduling can help ensure your trees health
and maintain our natural resources. The Florida Automated
Weather Network (F.A.W.N) has an irrigation tool based on
weather conditions in your area and your specific grove char-
acteristics (soil, spacing, emitter, etc.) that can help you opti-
mize your irrigation schedule. The tool can be found at http://

Hurricane Outlook

US Drought Monitor fro MayIT -29th, 200
US Drought Monitor from May 29th, 2007

Named Storms Hurricanes Major Hurricanes
Dr. Gray 17 9 5
NOAA 13-17 7-10 3-5

Experts at the National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) are predicting
above normal hurricane season this year-showing the ongoing active hurricane era re-
mains strong. With the start of the hurricane season upon us, NOAA recommends those in
hurricane-prone regions to begin their preparation plans.

"For the 2007Atlantic hurricane season,
NOAA scientists predict 13 to 17 named
storms, with 7 to 10 becoming hurricanes,
of which three to five could become major
hurricanes of Category 3 strength or
NormlN -retired Navy Vice Adm. Conrad C. Lautenbacher Ph.D.,
75% undersecretary of commerce for oceans and atmosphere and
NOAA administrator

3J'ae 4

Certified Pile Burner Tavares July Ilth 8:30-4:30 register please

This class is for those who
burn more than 20 days a
year. Certified Pile Burners
can burn on days when the
general public cannot. With
district foresters approval cer-
tified pile burners can start
burning earlier and finish later
than non-certified burners.
Southwest Florida citrus grow-
ers have been conducting a

lot of burning with their
greening management pro-
grams, as is it is suggested to
remove greening positive
trees from your groves. With
the recent wildfire activity the
Division of Forestry has been
restricting burn permits, the
certified pile burner designa-
tion provides the opportunity
to burn more frequently.

Call Maggie or Ryan at 352-
343-4101 to register. Cost $50

Grape Day

Tavares August llth 9:00-1:00

Are you interested in growing
grapes at home or for a com-
mercial enterprise? Come
learn about the different types
of Florida grown grapes. Dr.
Grey from the Mid Florida Re-
search and Education Center
in Apopka will be discussing

Packinghouse Day

the latest happenings in the
grape industry. Industry you
say? Yes a small one that is
growing steadily there are
currently 17 wineries in Flor-
ida and the numbers look to
be increasing. The Florida
Department of Agriculture and

Consumer Sciences co-
sponsoring a program aimed
at increasing commercial
grape acreage by giving po-
tential or current growers
$1,000 for every acre they
plant in grapes.

Lake Alfred September 6th starts at 9:30

This years program will again focus on presentations, discussions, and workshops of how to suc-
cessfully ship fresh citrus under changing citrus canker regulations. Presentations include:
* Changing regulations for the new season
* The latest research results from leading pathologists
* Update on work to improve electronic grading of canker
* Argentine trip report on canker-related pre- and postharvest practices
Training sessions, with certificates of completions, will also be available covering:
* Canker identification on fresh fruit

* Good worker health and hygiene practices

Jagye 5

Everything you need to know for a Worker Protection Standards

inspection & Train the Trainer Certification.

Mid Florida Research Center, Apopka September llth 9:00-11:00

There will be Work Protection
Standards (WPS) training for
all agricultural producers at
the MFRC in Apopka. We will
be holding a Train the Trainer
for those looking to become
certified. Also, we will do a

walk through of the MREC
with an compliance monitor-
ing inspector who will give us
their instruction and insight as
to what inspectors look for
when they come to visit your

Two CEU's for pesticide appli-
cator license have been ap-
plied for. The registration fee
is $10. Please call Maggie
Jarrell or Ryan Atwood to reg-

Money trickling in for Citrus Greening Research

Many citrus organizations
around the state have been
working hard to find funding
for research that is needed to
combat citrus greening dis-
ease. Currently there is $4
million in the FDACS budget
for the upcoming fiscal year
for working with citrus dis-
eases (canker and greening).
Of this money $250K is for a
diagnostic lab at Immokalee
(UF's SWFREC). The remain-
ing $3.75M is available to the
research box tax council to
distribute. However there is a
matching requirement for the
$3.75 M. Also, the all the mon-
ies must be spent during the
current fiscal year, any un-
used monies will be lost. It is
estimated that there will be
from $1.5 M to $1.7 M gener-

ated from the production re-
search tax next year. This
leaves $2 M to $2.25 M to be
raised in order to take full ad-
vantage of the state funds. The
Florida Citrus Commission had
included one cent per box for
next year's tax to provide some
of the matching funds (once
again $1.5 to $1.7 M). We do
not know if they will approve
this penny at their meeting
June 20th. If they do not, then
there will be a scramble to find
matching dollars. In addition
IFAS has received a one time
non-recurring $500,000 from
the state for disease tolerant
plant development. There is
also work being down by in-
dustry groups in Washington
D.C. trying to get some federal

"We are pleased to get
some funding from the
state but when you
compare the 4 million
dollars for greening
research to the 50
million dollars for
ethanol research it
seems a bit low. The
citrus industry is here
today and brings in a
billion dollars to
Florida's economy
whereas an ethanol
industry is just a
theoretical idea for the
-Peter McClure, Chairman of the
Florida Citrus Production
Research Advisory Council

Jage 6

USDA Releases two new citrus rootstocks US-897 & US-802

The agricultural research
service, U.S.D.A. has re-
leased two new citrus root-
stocks US-897 & US-802.
The US-897 originated from
a cross of Cleopatra man-
darin and Flying Dragon
Trifoliate Orange. In all
field evaluations US-897
produced dwarf trees that
had good fruit productivity
on a canopy volume basis
and yielded good fruit
quality. Positive character-
istics of this new rootstock
is resistance or tolerance
to tristeza virus, phy-
tophthora palmivora, and
diaprepes root weevil. A
notable negative of this
rootstock may be a relative
high rate of tree loss after
ten years of age to citrus
blight or a similar disease.

The US-802 originated from
a cross of Siamese pum-
melo and Gotha Road Trifo-
liate Orange. In all field
evaluations US-802 pro-
duced vigorous and pro-
ductive trees that were tol-
erant of disease and pest
problems and exhibited
excellent survival. Positive
characteristics of this new

rootstock is resistance or tolerance to citrus tristeza virus, citrus
blight, Phytophthora palmivora, and diaprepes root weevil.
Also it induces high vigor and good fruit productivity on grafted
scions. Some negative characteristics of this rootstock are the
tendency for large trees and the production of fruit with low to
intermediate soluble solids concentration.

Tables are reproduced from official USDA rootstock announcements.

Table 4. Juice brix/acid ratio at harvest of 'Hamlin' sweet orange on US-897 and
selected rootstocks in cooperative trial with Mr. Oric Lee in Osceola County.

Juice brix/acid ratio
Rootstock Years 4-7 Years 15-17 Average
US-897 12.7 b 15.1 a 13.9
US-896 12.6 bc 15.1 a 13.8
US-801 13.1 a 14.4 a 13.7
US-852 12.2 bc 15.1 a 13.6
Swingle 12.1 c 13.3 b 12.7
US-802 12.3 bc 13.0 b 12.6
Mean separations for significant ANOVA within columns were by Duncan's multiple
range test at P<0.05

Table 6. Tree size of 'Hamlin' sweet orange on US-802 and selected rootstocks in
cooperative trial with Mr. Orie Lee in Osceola County.

Rootstock Tree height 8 vrs (m) Canopy volume 8 vrs (m3) Tree height 18 vrs (m)
US-802 4.0 a 17.7 a 6.1 a
Swingle 3.0 b 9.1 c 4.8 b
US-801 2.5 c 6.8 c 4.4 b
US-852 3.0 b 11.4 h 3.7 c
US-896 2.6 c 8.4 c 3.3 c
US-897 2.4 c 6.6 c 2.7 d
Mean separations for significant ANOVA within columns were by Duncan's multiple
range test at P<0.05

Fane 7

Whole Foods Market Announces Low-Interest Loan Program
For Local Food Producers

Whole Foods Market, the
leading organic and natural
foods supermarket, is seeking
local farmers and other food
producers who are interested
in participating in its new Lo-
cal Producer Loan Program.
As part of a company-wide ini-
tiative supporting local agri-
cultural producers and food
artisans, the company plans to
provide up to $10 million an-
nually in low-interest loans to
small producers in the U.S.
At five to nine percent, the in-
terest rates currently offered
through Whole Foods Mar-
ket's pilot program to small
agricultural producers can be
extremely attractive. The pro-
gram has other attributes
geared to small producers:
loan application paperwork is
minimized; there are no pen-
alties for early repayment;

and loan terms may be from a
few months to ten years.
The Local Producer Loan Pro-
gram is part of Whole Foods
Market's renewed commit-
ment to local agriculture. This
includes hosting farmers mar-
kets at stand-alone stores, re-
focusing in-store marketing to
highlight locally-produced
products, and hiring regional
staff focused specifically on
sourcing local products.
Producers throughout the U.S.
are invited to participate in
the program. Those interested
can find more information and
a loan application at the web-
index.html. They can also con-
tact the program coordinators
at plplp(wholefoods.com.

"It is Whole Foods
Market's intention to
help finance local food
production all over the
United States, We are
going to 'walk our talk'
with financial support
for local, small-scale
agriculture. We believe
this financial
assistance of up to $10
million per year can
make a very significant
difference in helping
local food production
grow and flourish
across the United

John Mackey, co-founder and
CEO of Whole Foods

Revised Agri-mek Label

There is a new label for Agri-mek. The major changes for citrus are:
* The use of 5 20 oz./A for the control of citrus leafminer & citrus rust mite
* A maximum of 3 applications per season
* A minimum application interval of 30 days

* A maximum seasonal use amount of 40 oz./A

Fagye 8

Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) in Honey Bees

Over the years, the beekeep-
ing industry in the United
States has faced a number of
obstacles. Now a new prob-
lem threatens the beekeeping
industry, and it may eclipse
altogether the bee maladies of
old. Termed "colony collapse
disorder" (CCD), the disorder
has gained considerable na-
tional and international atten-
Beekeepers around the United
States have reported higher-
than-usual colony losses since
the fall of 2006. Some bee-
keepers in states reporting
CCD have lost fifty to ninety
percent of their colonies, often
within a matter of weeks. In a
country where honey bees
contribute billions of dollars in
added revenue to the agricul-
ture industry, these bee losses
cannot be taken lightly.
Symptomatically, colonies
with CCD can appear healthy
as few as three weeks prior to
collapse. However, the adult
bees soon "disappear" (hence
its historic nickname
"disappearing disease") from
the colonies, leaving behind a
box full of honey, pollen,
capped brood, a queen, and

maybe a few worker bees.
Beekeepers report that colo-
nies with CCD do not contain
any dead bees, neither are
there dead bees on the
ground outside of the colo-
nies. The adult bees simply
vanish. The final symptom is
that small hive beetles, wax
moths, and other nearby
honey bees ignore the empty
hives even though the hives
contain foodstuffs on which
they ordinarily feed.
The cause of CCD is under in-
vestigation. At this point, al-
most every conceivable and
realistic cause remains a pos-
sibility. The leading candi-
dates and a brief explanation
of their potential role are
listed as:

1. Traditional bee pests and

2. Style of feeding bees and
type of bee food.
3. Bee management.
4. Queen source.
5. Chemical use in bee colo-
6. Chemical toxins in the en-

7. Genetically modified
8. Varroa mites and associ-
ated pathogens.
9. Nutritional fitness.

10. Undiscovered or new pests
and diseases.

States (in red) where beekeepers are reporting significant honey bee losses to CCD.

ai9e 9

Agricultural Theft

Has your agricultural opera-
tion ever been a victim of
theft? No matter how small the
theft you are encouraged to
report the crime to the local
authorities. Once a crime
such as agricultural theft is
conducted across county
lines, such as a theft ring car-
rying equipment, commodi-
ties/products, chemicals, etc.,

then the Florida Attorney Gen-
eral's office gets in-
volved. There are unlawful
organizations that move trac-
tors and other agricultural
equipment and/or products
out of the country. Law en-
forcement offices around the
state are working together to
make sure these crimes don't
go unpunished.

Here is a list of numbers to call
if you have a theft to report.
Lake Co. 352-343-2101
Orange Co. 407-836-4357
Seminole Co.407-665-6650
Marion Co. 352-732-9111
Osceola Co. 407-348-2222
Brevard Co. 321-264-5100
Volusia Co. 386-248-1777

Bee Aware -Africanized Honey Bees

African Honey Bees (AHB) of-
ten referred to as "killer
bees" continue to spread thru
Florida. AHBs breed and
compete with the European
strains of honey bees that nor-
mally inhabit our state. Be-
cause Florida's AHB popula-
tion is increasing, it is impor-
tant to become familiar with
AHBs and their behavior.
Africanized honey bees can
interbreed with European
bees, which means that all
wild colonies of bees are at
risk of being European/
African crosses. The Florida
Department of Agriculture and
Consumer Services currently
recommends that all wild bee

hives be exterminated by cer-
tified pest control operators.
If you are stung by any type of
bee, do not stay in one place
and swat the bees. Remem-
ber, AHBs are trying to defend
their nest. When a stinging
event happens, you are too
close to the nest, and you
need to leave the area imme-
diately. If you stand still, the
bees may become more agi-
tated. Cover your nose and
mouth with your shirt as you
run. This restricts bee access
to your airways.
Furthermore, do not hide in
thick underbrush or water. It
may take the bees thirty min-
utes or longer to leave an

area. Finally, seek shelter in a
building or vehicle. Some
bees will probably enter the
shelter with you, but not as
many as will remain outside.
If you witness an attack, do not
go to the victim and try to
help. It is better to stand at a
safe distance and yell to the
person to leave the area as
quickly as possible.

"Floridians are used to
living among
dangerous animals and
insects education is
the key to staying safe."
-Charles Bronson,
Commissioner of FDACS

Summer 2007

Ryan Atwood
Extension Agent
Lake County Agricultural Center
1951 Woodlea Rd.
Tavares, FL 32778
Phone: 352-343-4101
Fax: 352-343-2767
E-mail: raatwood@ufl.edu


The Vision for the University of Florida's Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) is to increase and strengthen the
knowledge base and technology for:

* Expanding the profitability of global competitiveness and
sustainability of the food, fiber, and agricultural industries of
* Protecting and sustaining natural resource and environmental
* Enhancing the development of human resources.
Improving the quality of human life.

Greening symptoms are most visible in fall and winter
months. However, some greening symptoms have been
observed this summer such as small yellow leaves with
green islands. These leaves are found are typically found
on new flush occurring near the outer canopy of the tree.
Extreme zinc deficient leaves show this same characteristic.
Maintaining tree health with a proper fertilization program
helps eliminate confusion when scouting for greening
symptoms in your grove.

http://www. trusexpo.net/

The 16th annual Citrus Expo
will be held on August 22nd
and 23rd at the Lee Civic Cen-
ter in Fort Meyers, Florida.
The expo includes two days of
seminars with experts from
around the world speaking on
citrus greening research and
management. Speakers will
also be presenting information
on advance production sys-
tems for citrus around the


world and for here in Florida.
Both days of the seminar offer
the chance at for certified
crop advisors to earn CCA's
and licensed pesticide appli-
cators to earn CEU's. The
event includes 150 plus ex-
hibitors. Complimentary
breakfast and lunch on both
days are provided. Registra-
tion for the event be done
online or by calling 352-671-


1909. All attendees who reg-
ister by August 15th, 2007 will
qualify for a grand prize draw-
ing at the Expo. Hotel infor-
mation, exhibitors list, spon-
sorship information, and a ten-
tative schedule will be in the
summer issue of citrus indus-
try magazine or can be found
online at www.citrusexpo.net.

Summer 2007 Survey
Please mail back completed survey to 1951 Woodlea Rd. Tavares, FL 32778

How many acres of citrus do you actively own/manage?

1-20 Acres 20-50 Acres 50-100 Acres 100+ Acres

How long have you been growing citrus?

1-5 Years 5-10 Years 10-20 Years 20+ Years

Have you attended any of the extension programs this past year?

Yes Approximately how many? No

If yes, which was the most useful program?

If No, why not?

Please give the following topics a ranking between 1 (most interesting) and 5 (least interesting).

HLB/Greening Pesticide Training
Canker Weather/Cold Protection
Weed Management Taxes
Nutrition Farm Safety
Economics Small Farm Opportunities
Pest Management Organic Production
Exotic Diseases Plant Improvement
Other Fruit Crops

What kinds of programs would you like to attend in the future if offered?

What do you find most useful?

Newsletter Workshops Internet OJ meetings

Field trips Other (please give example)

Are you currently growing or considering growing any other fruit crop?

Yes If yes what type No

Contact Number for Weather Watch Drawing Notification Only:



IFAS Extension

Orange County/University of Florida
IFAS Extension Education Center
6021 S Conway Rd
Orlando, FL 32812
(407) 254-9200
FAX (407) 850-5125
http: //landscape.ifas.ufl.edu




Private Applicator Agricultural This license will be issued to persons who apply or supervise the application of restricted use
pesticides for agricultural production such as vegetable, fruit, or cattle farm, sod farm or nursery and greenhouse. You will need
to take both the General Standards exam and the Private Agricultural Applicator exam.

Ornamental and Turf This license is for persons employed on a golf course, park, athletic field, or cemetery. You will need to
take both the General Standards exam and the Ornamental and Turf exam.

Training manuals cover exam questions SM1-Core/Gereral Standards, SM7 & SM38-Ornamental and Turf, SM53-Private Ag. They
can be ordered at 800-226-1764 or http://ifasbooks.ufl.edu If you plan to take an exam, you should study the training

8:00 8:30 AM Registration
8:30 11:00 AM Review for the General Standards Exam
11:00 NOON IPM and Pests
NOON 1:00 PM Lunch on your own
1:00 2:00 PM Calibration/Equipment Review
2:00 PM All Exams Administered

AUGUST 30, 2007


Business General Standards (CORE) Review D

Address Exam D

Private Applicator Agricultural Review D

City/State/Zip Exam

Phone (



Confirmation of registrations by: 0 Fax 0 Email



Deadline to register: August24, 2007. Make check payable to "Orange County Extension Fund"and send to Celeste White,
at 6021 S. Conway Rd. Orlando, FL 32812. Special accommodations: Persons with disabilities needing assistance to attend
should contact the County Extension Office at least 5 working days in advance of the meeting.

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Science (IFAS) is an Equal Employment Opportunity-Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services
only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap or national origin U S DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, FLORIDA COOPERATIVE

Orange County/UF/IFAS Extension Education Center
6021 South Conway Road
Orlando, FL 32812-3604
Office: (407) 254-9200
Fax: (407) 850-5125

,w --- --nn I-





East-West Expy

Hoffner Ave
_____________________________----- ----------------- a,________----

Orange County Extension <
Education Center
6021 S. Conway Rd.
Orlando, Florida 436
J Vista Blvd

Judge Rd

Beach Line (Bee LineS EXDV .

Orla- o
InternstionaI. t
Beac UnjB- "-' --

A JS h

From north Orange County: Take I-4 west to E. Michigan Street and turn left. Continue to Bumby Avenue and turn right. Turn left on
Lake Margaret Drive, then turn right on Conway Road. Continue south approximately 3 miles to the Extension Education Center at 6021
S. Conway Road.

From west Orange County: Take Colonial Drive to I-4 West. Exit at E. Michigan Street and turn left. Continue to Bumby Avenue and
turn right. Turn left on Lake Margaret Drive, then turn right on Conway Road. Continue south approximately 3 miles to the Extension
Education Center at 6021 S. Conway Rd.

From east Orange County: Take Colonial Drive west to Semoran Blvd / 436 and turn left. Continue south for approximately 5 miles,
then turn right on Hoffner Road. Turn left onto S. Conway Road. Continue south approximately 0.8 miles to the Extension Education
Center at 6021 S. Conway Rd.

From south Orange County: Take Sand Lake Road to Jetport Drive (near Boggy Creek Road). Go straight on Jetport Drive, then turn
left onto Tradeport Drive. Tradeport Drive becomes S. Conway Road. Continue north approximately 0.9 miles to the Extension Education
Center at 6021 S. Conway Road.


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