Title: Florida forest steward
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090040/00041
 Material Information
Title: Florida forest steward
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: Fall 2006
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090040
Volume ID: VID00041
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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The Florida Forest Steward

A Quarterly Newsletter for Florida Landowners and Resource Professionals

Volume 13, No. 2

Fall 2006

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Call for Master Tree Farmers
and/or Master Wildlifers to Host
and Lead Stewardship Property
Tours in 2006-2007 Season

July 1 marked the beginning of another
year of Forest Stewardship Program
activities and this year we plan on
continuing the series of Stewardship
Property Tours. Property tours are the
most requested activity offered through
the Program and benefit landowners and
natural resource professionals by
providing an opportunity to witness and
discuss various management objectives
and practices in the field and meet with
other landowners and professionals. In
the last five years we've held a total of
16 tours with over 600 landowners and
professionals in attendance.

Many of you reading this newsletter
have completed one or more of the
Master Tree Farmer or Master Wildlifer
shortcourses offered through the
Southern Forest Resources Extension
Calling Master Tree Farmers / Wildlifers to lead Team, UF-IFAS, Florida Division of
Stewardship Tours. Forestry, Florida Fish and Wildlife
Conservation Commission and Florida
Forestry Association. The certificate
you received after completing one or
more of these




programs states that you have:

"completed 21 hours offorestry and/or
wildlife management training and
hereby given the title Master Tree
Farmer (or Master Tree Farmer 2 or
Master Wildlifer) for volunteering to
work to advance forestry and/or wildlife
management in Florida."

This year we'd like to give Florida's
Master Tree Farmers and Wildlifers an
opportunity to volunteer by hosting and
leading a landowner tour at their
property. If you've been to some of our
tours, you know the sky's the limit when
it comes to topics but most fall under
these categories:

* Timber management objectives and
* Wildlife management objectives and
* Agroforestry enterprises (such as
cattle and pines)
* Soil and water conservation (such as
planting along the contour)
* Recreation/aesthetics
* Best Management Practices
* Role of prescribed fire and/or other
vegetation management techniques
in meeting objectives
* Regulations affecting management
or opportunities
* Historical resources and
* Other alternative enterprises that
have been featured include pine
straw, hunting leases, shiitake
mushrooms, ecotourism, eco-
cemetery, etc...

An added feature of tours this year will
include time at the beginning of each
tour for landowners to briefly introduce
themselves and share some objectives,

challenges or experiences. As in past
tours, agency and/or private natural
resource professionals will facilitate the
discussions by providing additional
information as needed. We will
continue to solicit funding from
sponsoring organizations to cover the
meals provided at the end of each tour.

If you have completed the Master Tree
Farmer and/or Master Wildlifer courses
and wish to volunteer by hosting and
leading a landowner tour at your
property during the 2006-2007 tour
season, please contact Chris Demers at
352-846-2375 or cdemers(@ufl.edu.

Highlights of Stewardship
Workshop Series: Beyond Food
Plots Enhancing Wildlife
Habitat on Your Forest Property

Wildlife is a hot
topic for many
especially when it
comes to game
species and food
plots. While food
plots can supplement wildlife habitat, they are
no substitute for healthy, diverse forested
landscapes in providing habitat for varied and
abundant wildlife populations. Managing native
vegetation in forests and permanent openings is
usually less costly than establishing food plots
and can be very effective. In addition to some
basic information about food plot establishment,
this program focused on management practices
that can be used to improve or provide the
essential components of productive wildlife
habitat on forest properties.

The program was held in Jackson, Santa
Rosa and Hamilton Couties. We used the
same agenda for each program but, as is
the case with all our workshops in a series,

each workshop was also unique and
featured different presenters and field
examples. Here are some highlights and
take-home messages from the series:

Wildlife habitat components: know
what you have and set realistic goals

Arlo Kane and Chris Wynn set the stage
with this introductory presentation. First
things first: before you can decide what to
do, you need to know where you are going
with your management. Some important
* What species am I interested in?
* Do I have the right habitat type(s)?
* Can I create the right habitat or
enhance what I have?
* Do I have the right equipment?
* Can I afford it?

Food: What plants does your target
species eat? What are their nutritional
needs and preferred foods?
Cover: Cover is needed for shelter,
protection from predators, and nesting
for birds.
Water: Some animals need it more than
others but all require it.
Space: Depends on home range, body
size, territoriality and mobility of target

The arrangement of these components
on your property and possibly the rest of
the landscape around your property will
be important.

Non-game species and species of
special concern

Presenting on this topic were Mike
Wilson, Ted Hoehn, Kevin Enge, Rick
McCann and Leslie Adams. Habitat loss
is a major factor leading to the status of
imperiled species. One of Mike's slides
showed the historical and current extent

of the longleaf pine ecosystem in the
southeast and, after seeing that, it's easy
to understand why species dependent on
this habitat, like gopher tortoise, red-
cockaded woodpecker, fox squirrels,
indigo snakes and others, are in decline.
About 3% of the original area covered
by the longleaf ecosystem remains
today. An important component of the
longleaf ecosystem is fire. Today fire is
either completely absent or more
challenging to use as a management tool
due to increased densities of people,
roads and structures near forestlands and
liability associated with smoke. Habitat
can be improved for these species with
growing season burns every 2-5 years to
promote important food plants; thinning
pine stands to 50 or 60 square feet of
basal area/acre or less; and restoring
native groundcover plants like wiregrass,
broadleaved grasses, gopher apple,
asters, legumes, vervain, goosefoot and

Wetlands, interspersed across Florida's
landscape, are another critical habitat
type. Maintaining or restoring the
function of wetlands is critically
important for many species of birds,
mammals, reptiles and amphibians.

Freshwater streams are home to many
fish and other unique creatures like
mussels, many of which now have
imperiled populations due to water
quality issues and declining riparian
habitat. Ted Hoehn with the Florida
FWC pointed out that while Best
Management Practices for forestry are
effective at reducing erosion and
siltation into streams, they may not be
adequate for maintaining habitats for
certain animals dependent on riparian
habitats. Buffer widths recommended
by FWC for many birds, reptiles and
amphibians are at least 100 feet or more.

A fact sheet showing buffer widths
recommended for different benefits is
available at this link:

Habitat management practices:
putting equipment, fire and chemicals
to use

Those of you that have worked with
them know that Wayne Harris and
Scotland Talley have extensive
knowledge and experience with the
practical aspects of wildlife
management. Their "Habitat
Management 101" presentation provided
a good overview of the practices and
equipment that can be used to manage
for wildlife. It's interesting to note that
the purpose of most of these practices is
to bring the site back to an earlier
successional stage and most of them are
also used in timber production.

Mechanical treatments: Anyone
involved with timber production is
familiar with chopping, disking,
thinning, scalping and raking. All these
treatments can benefit wildlife by
knocking down vegetation, moving
vegetation from the site, scarifying the
soil to promote growth of herbaceous
food plants or preparing the site for
planting food plants or trees.

Chemical treatments: Herbicides are a
very useful tool for managing vegetation
and, if successfully applied, can provide
valuable wildlife habitat and much
longer lasting control of unwanted
vegetation than mechanical methods.
This is especially important when
preparing a site for planting pines and/or
controlling unwanted woody vegetation
or invasive plants to restore native

Fire: Florida conservationists can never
say enough about the importance of fire
in managing upland habitats, or even
wetland habitats in some cases. If you
attend many workshops and tours you
are probably tired of hearing about fire
and want us to just make it easier to bum
so you can start putting some fire on the
ground, right? We all know fire is one
of the best and cost-effective tools
available to us for managing habitats but
we live in a fast-growing state with more
people, roads and structures added to the
landscape each day. Prescribed fire is
not as accepted and low-risk as it once
was and following a few simple rules is
essential. Have a burn plan and always
contact your Division of Forestry (DOF)
District Office to get a bum
authorization before you burn. A
summary of other pertinent rules is at:
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/FR055. Find your
District Office here: http://www.fl-
dof.com/field operations/index.html.

The key to successful implementation is
knowing how, when and where to use
these various applications as a single
treatment or in combination to
accomplish your objectives.

Wildlife management technical and
cost-share assistance

Jeremy Martin, Kim Mortimer and Mike
Blondin handled this topic well. There
are many Federal and state cost-share
programs available to help landowners
with managing natural resources on their
property. The Wildlife Habitat
Incentives, Landowner Incentives,
Conservation Reserve, Environmental
Quality Incentives, Partners for Fish and
Wildlife, Keeping Common Species
Common, Wetland Reserve, and
Grassland Reserve Programs all provide
financial assistance to landowners

interested in managing natural
resources on their properties.
Information and contact information
about most of these is in the
Stewardship publication,
"Improving, Restoring, and
Managing Natural Resources on
Rural Properties: Sources of
Financial Assistance", on the Web at
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/FR156. You
can also apply for most of them at
your local USDA Service Center.

Field Trips

Lily Pad Ranch and Hunt Club,
Jackson County: Steve Smith, owner of
the property, graciously allowed us to
take a tour of Lily Pad Ranch, also
known as Daniel Springs. Features of
the tour included one of the 6 or 7
springs that originate on the property,
crimson and ladino clover plantings,
summer and winter food plots (oats,
clovers, wheat, peas), cogongrass control
demonstration with Cogon-X,
demonstration of a Posi-trac with
mulcher head, hack and squirt herbicide
demonstration on chinaberry, modified
hub-and-spoke food plot arrangement,
timber sale considerations, and DOF
prescribed fire services.

West Florida Research and Education
Center at Jay, Santa Rosa County: Rick
Williams led us around the property to
see areas where they are controlling
exotic plants, like Chinese tallow and
cogongrass, with herbicide; a hack and
squirt demonstration on Chinese tallow,
food plots where data on nutritional
outputs have been documented; and
hardwood tree plantings for intermediate
income from biomass fuel harvests.

Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan
DroDertv. Hamilton County: The moral

of the story here: you can do a lot for
wildlife on a highly disturbed site, even
a phosphate mine. Features of this tour
were fish management in the lakes
created by the mining operations,
prescribed fire for maintaining quail
habitat on Bienville Plantation, thinning,
wetland mitigation, quality deer
management, and a drag-line operation
in progress where a larger-than-one-can-
imagine-without-seeing-it shovel can
move over 50,000 tons of earth in a
single swoop.

There are many folks to thank for
conducting these programs: Leslie
Adams, Tim Baxley, Mike Blondin,
Charles Brasher, Brian Cobble, Dan
Darby, Chris Demers, Daniel Dorosheff,
Kevin Enge, John Hadden, Wayne
Harris, Ted Hoehn, Arlo Kane, Tim
King, Ed Jowers, Andrew Lee, Jeremy
Martin, Rick McCann, Chuck McKelvy,
Kim Mortimer, Barbara Pledger, Steve
Rockwood, John Sabo, Steve Smith,
Greg Staten, Scotland Talley, Allen
Tyree, Robin Vickers, Sally Waxgiser,
John Wester, Rick Williams, Beau
Willsey, Mike Wilson, Robert Wolfe
and Chris Wynn. Thanks everyone for
all your time and effort!

Division of Forestry Announces
a New Bridge Mat Loan

The Florida Division of Forestry
Hydrology Section is proud to announce
a new outreach program aimed at
loggers and forest landowners
conducting logging activities. The
program provides, at no cost to the
borrower, logging bridge mats for use as
temporary stream crossings. Each bridge
mat is 24 feet long and 4 feet wide.
Three mats are used for skidding logs
over streams. Three sets of bridge mats
were purchased using Forest
Stewardship funds and will be located at
Division of Forestry offices in Ocala,
Lake City, and Bonifay. Bridge mats are
loaned out on a first come first served
basis. It will be the responsibility of the
borrower to provide sufficient equipment
for loading and transporting the bridge
mats to and from the Division of
Forestry office. Specific details about the
program can be obtained by contacting
your local Silviculture Best Management
Practices (BMP) Forester.

Other outreach programs available from
your Silviculture BMP Forester include
BMP Workshops, BMP Notice of Intent
submissions, general BMP advice, as
well as onsite Courtesy Audits. The
Courtesy Audit program is designed to
provide landowners and resource
professionals with feedback on how their
silviculture operation (logging, site
preparation, etc.) is complying with
Division of Forestry's Silviculture Best
Management Practices. If a BMP
concern is identified, recommendations
will be made on how to remedy the
situation and mitigate any possible
negative impacts to water quality.
Silviculture BMPs are guidelines that
apply to all ongoing silviculture

activities. When implemented,
Silviculture BMPs will significantly
reduce impacts to water quality and
wetlands from nearby silviculture
activities. More information on the
Silviculture BMP program can be
obtained by contacting your local BMP

Northwest FL, Greg Staten
Bonifay: 850-547-7008
Northeast FL, Neal Mitchell
Lake City: 386-758-5706
Central & South FL, Robin Holland
Ocala: 352-732-1273

Timber Price Update

The timber pricing information below is
useful for observing trends over time,
but does not necessarily reflect current
conditions at a particular location.
Landowners considering a timber sale
are advised to solicit the services of a
consulting forester to obtain current
local market conditions. Note that price
ranges per ton for each product are
included in parentheses after the price
per cord.

Stumpage price ranges reported across
Florida in the 2nd Quarter 2006 Timber
Mart-South (TMS) report were:

* Pine pulpwood: $11 $23/cord ($4 -
$9/ton), [ from 1st Quarter 2006
* Pine C-N-S: $63 $78/cord ($21 -
$29/ton), [
* Pine sawtimber: $98 $112/cord
($33 $42/ton), [
* Pine plylogs: $99 $129/cord ($37 -
$48/ton), [
* Pine power poles: $113 $169/cord
($42 $63/ton) [
* Hardwood pulpwood: $9 $23/cord
($3 $8/ton), I

Average Pine Stumpage Prices for Florida
2nd Qtr 1997 through 2nd Qtr 2006

72 74 82 84 92 94 02 04 12 14 22 24 32 34 42 44 52 54 62

Year/Quarter (beginning second quarter 1997)

-- pulpwood -A-chip-n-saw -- sawtimber

Trend Report

Average stumpage prices for all products
were down from last quarter in Florida
and across the Southeast due to
widespread drought conditions, high mill
inventories and strict quotas. This
follows a 4-year trend of lower second
quarter average stumpage prices
compared to those of the first quarter.

Many Thanks to these
Landowners for Hosting
Stewardship Tours in 2005-2006:

Jerry Davis and Ferrell Robinson,
Lost Pond Plantation, Madison County.
Bruce Huffmaster and his Staff,
AlfordArm Greenway, Leon County
Ron and Jennifer Fisher,
Windy Hill Ranch, Walton County
Charles Dingmon and the family,
Putnam County
George Owens,
Washington County

Thanks 2005-2006 Forest
Stewardship Program Sponsors
for a Great Year:

American Forest Management, Inc.
BASF, Inc.
Blanton's Longleaf Container Nursery
DRMP, Inc.
DuPont Forestry Products, Inc.
Environmental Services, Inc.
Farm Credit of North Florida
Farm Credit of Northwest Florida
Florida Farm Bureau Federation
Florida Forestry Association
Georgia Pacific Forest MAP
International Forest Company
Marden Industries, Inc.
Meek's Farm/Nursery Inc.
Red River Specialties, Inc.
Southern Forestry Consultants, Inc.

Forestry / natural resource businesses: If
you are interested in sponsoring the
2006-2007 Forest Stewardship Program
activities, call Chris at 352-846-2375.

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