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The Florida Forest Steward
A Quarterly Newsletter for Florida Landowners and Resource Professionals
Volume 9, No. 2
IForest Stewardship Program Update
12002 Farm Bill:-Forestry-and Natural Resource Provisions
ISouthern Pine Beetle.Update .
IChromated Copper Arsenate to Be Phased Out By 2004
Wildlife Plant Feature: milk pea (Galactia volubilis)
IThanks to Stewards for Hosting Tours
Timber Price Update
IStewardship Mailing List Emergency We Need Your Help
A University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service and Florida Division of Forestry joint project:
Chris Demers (editor), School of Forest Resources & Conservation, UF, P.O. Box 110410, Gainesville, FL
32611-0410, (352) 846-2375 or cdemers(a@mail. ifas. uf edu
Alan Long (co-editor), School of Forest Resources & Conservation, UF, (352) 846-0891 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Todd Groh (co-editor), Florida Division ofForestry, 3125 Conner Blvd, Tallahassee, FL 32699-1650, (850)
414-9907 or grohtkdoacs. state. f7 us
Chuck McKelvy (co-editor), Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, 3125 Conner Blvd,
Tallahassee, FL 32699-1650, (850) 414-9911 or mckelvcfwc.state. f us
F ES FLORIDA
Coopera tive Extension Service
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Forest Stewardship Program Update
Fiscal year 2001-2002 brought a renewed statewide focus on
Florida's Forest Stewardship Program. The increase in Program
promotion led to a significant increase in the number of new
Stewardship plans prepared by county foresters, consultants, and
the Stewardship biologists. Between July 1, 2001 and June 30,
2002, 214 new management plans were completed, a record
number since the Program was initiated in 1990. This translates AR
to 51,268 new acres enrolled in the program. In addition to new
plans, twenty-eight properties were certified this year as
Stewardship Forests, distinguishing the owners of those
properties as individuals and families who are actively managing
their land for long-term, multiple benefits. Two of these owners
hosted Stewardship tours last winter and spring, where their Stewardship Forest signs and plaques
were presented. As of August 2, 1,670 landowners and a total of 506,663 acres are enrolled in
Florida's Forest Stewardship Program. Many thanks to all the foresters, biologists and landowners
involved in making this an outstanding year!
2002 Farm Bill: Forestry and Natural Resource. Provisions
President Bush signed into law the 2002 Farm Bill on May 13. Although the details of these
programs are still being worked out, here is a preview of some of the conservation provisions
featured in the new Bill. Included in the Forestry Title are the Forest Land Enhancement Program,
Community and Private Land Fire Assistance Program and The Sustainable Forestry Outreach
Initiative. The Conservation Title expands the Environmental Quality Incentives Program to
include private, non-industrial forestlands and funds these programs through 2007: Conservation
Reserve Program, Conservation Security Program, Private Grazing Land Conservation Assistance,
and Farmland Protection Program.
Forestry Title Programs
Forest Land Enhancement Program (FLEP): The Forestry Incentives and Stewardship Incentives
Programs (FIP and SIP) have been repealed and replaced by FLEP, which combines the elements of
FIP and SIP to encourage the long-term sustainability of private non-industrial forestlands. Each
state forestry agency, in consultation with the state Forest Stewardship Coordinating Committee, is
required to develop a State Priority Plan that defines the Program's guidelines within the state.
The USDA Forest Service has set the general program parameters to help guide the states. To be
eligible for FLEP, forestland owners must have a management plan that provides for the treatment
of no more than 1,000 acres. This upper limit may be increased to no more than 5,000 acres if
significant public benefits will result. Minimum acreage limits will be set by each state. Up to 75%
cost-share assistance will be available for approved activities. FLEP will be funded at a total amount
of $100 million through September 2007 (exact dates to be determined by the agencies). Remaining
FIP and SIP funds appropriated for fiscal year 2002 will be used until depleted.
Community and Private Land Fire Assistance Program: This program is aimed at promoting
firefighting efficiency at all levels on Federal and non-Federal lands and at protecting communities
from wildfires. The Forest Service will administer and implement the program through State
Foresters or other State officials. Funding for Fire Assistance is authorized at $35 million annually
The Sustainable Forestry Outreach Initiative: Authorized at $30 million annually through 2007, this
initiative will educate landowners about the value and benefits of practicing sustainable forestry, the
importance of professional forestry assistance, and the array of public and private resources
available to assist them.
Conservation Title Programs
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EOIP): This program will provide funding for activities
that enhance agricultural production while optimizing environmental benefits. The new version of
EQIP will expand the categories of lands eligible for cost-shares to include private, non-industrial
forestland and it will be funded at $1.3 billion annually through 2007.
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP): Payments will be provided, on a contractual basis, to owners
of eligible lands for conserving and improving soil, water and wildlife resources. Eligible land will
include marginal pastureland to be devoted to appropriate vegetation, including trees, for enhancing
water quality and wildlife habitat. As in the previous version of this program, trees planted on land
under CRP contract cannot be harvested or commercially sold unless expressly permitted in the
contract. Likewise, no contract shall prohibit activities consistent with "customary forestry
practices" such as pruning, thinning, or stand improvement. The new Farm Bill directs the USDA to
allow prescribed bums and other measures "intended to enhance forage." According to a summary
by the Pinchot Institute for Conservation, entering into a CRP contract will be contingent on
participation in the Forest Stewardship Program
Conservation Security Program: This program will assist agricultural producers in promoting
conservation and enhancing the quality of soil, air, water, energy, and plant and animal life.
Payments will be made to landowners who have devised conservation security plans and entered
into conservation security contracts with the government, and can be used to cover the costs of land
management. Forest land that is an incidental part of an agricultural operation will be eligible for
Private Grazing Land Conservation Assistance: Technical and educational assistance will be
provided to enhance private grazing land resources. "Private grazing land" means private, State-
owned, tribally owned, and other non-Federally owned rangeland, pastureland, grazed forestland,
and hay land.
Farmland Protection Program: Funding will be used to purchase conservation easements for the
purposes of protecting topsoil by limiting nonagricultural uses of the land. Eligible land includes
forestland that is an incidental part of an agricultural operation, as determined by the Secretary of
Agriculture, acting through the Natural Resources Conservation Service.
More details on these and other programs will be included in a Stewardship publication to be written
this year. For more information on the current provisions of the 2002 Farm Bill, see these Web sites:
Southern Pine Beetle_ Update .
By the Florida Division of Forestry Forest Health Section
As of late July, there were 515 Southern pine beetle (SPB) spots
reported State-wide, affecting a total of 1,114 acres. Clay, Gadsden,
Hamilton, Lake, Putnam, and Volusia counties report the most
activity so far this year. However, only two of these counties are
currently at outbreak status: Clay County, with 166 spots and 159
acres infected; and Lake County, with 93 spots and 303 acres
Fortunately there is little to report this summer regarding SPB. Summer precipitation has been closer
to normal throughout most of the State and beetle activity should remain low as the precipitation
continues. Another factor that may be playing a role in this year's decline in SPB activity are
increased predator populations. Several counties have reported increased occurrence of insects, such
as the clerid beetle, that prey on SPB.
Despite some positive news, landowners and managers should frequently review their timber stands
for bark beetle activity. This will allow for early detection of active infestations when they are still
small and can be controlled with cut and leave methods of removal. The strategy is to halt
infestations and escalating populations before serious problems develop. This may help to avoid
large losses that have little or no salvage value, while at the same time retaining more living trees/
stands for the future. Also, in areas of known or projected SPB problems, avoid intermediate or
partial cuts (e.g., thinnings), or other damaging disturbances (e.g., burning), at least temporarily until
the threat or actual problem dissipates. Such disturbances have been documented to help create,
exacerbate and/or prolong beetle problems.
Where SPB populations are low and trees are not drought stressed, some preventive practices can be
conducted to reduce the risk of SPB infestation in the future. Thining overstocked and stagnant
stands, and harvesting overmature, diseased and/or damaged areas of timber, particularly loblolly
pine, can help to decrease the risk of SPB activity in your stands.
For the tables and maps associated with the SPB trapping survey and latest reports, see the on-line
version at: www.fl-dof.com/Conservation/forest health/SPB2002/index.html
Chromated Copper Arsenate to Be Phased Out By 2004
The application of chromated copper arsenate (CCA) to pressure-treat wood used in play structures,
patios, decks, benches, picnic tables, landscaping, fencing and boardwalks is slowly being phased
out and will be replaced by alternative wood preservatives by 2004. This phase-out is the result of a
re-evaluation by government agencies of environmental and health concerns associated with arsenic
containing wood preservatives. The Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Consumer
Product Safety Council concluded that people who come in contact with CCA pressure-treated wood
are not likely to experience short- or long-term health effects. Despite this conclusion, the
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced a voluntary decision by the wood-treatment
industry to gradually phase out the use of CCA to pressure-treat wood by December 31, 2003. The
phase-out does not apply to industrial uses such as utility poles.
Interestingly, the Florida Physicians Arsenic Workgroup just released their findings that treated
wood has never been linked to skin diseases or cancer in children exposed during recreational use.
The panel of six doctors, including the chief epidemiologist for the Florida Department of Health,
concluded that "children can safely play on items made with the wood."
Wood treated with CCA before December 31, 2003 may be sold from wholesale and retail
inventories anytime thereafter. The Home Depot simultaneously announced a CCA phase-out but
the exact timing of that will depend on when the industry is completely switched to the new
alternative products. EPA is not recommending that consumers remove or replace CCA-treated
structures, but studies suggest that applying certain penetrating coatings on a regular basis may
reduce the migration of wood preservative chemicals from the wood.
Wildlife Plant.Feature.: milk pea (Galactia volubilis)
This issue's wildlife plant is milk pea, a native legume that grows like a vine in a variety of forest
and open habitats from Florida to Texas, north to Indiana and Kansas, and east to New York. This is
a favorite of the bobwhite quail.
Form: twining perennial vine from a
Leaves: alternate, oval to lance-shaped leaves; .5 to 2 inches long, .3-1 inch wide; with round bases
and a finely pointed tip.
Flowers: June-September; small, pea-type pink to purple flowers.
Fruit: July-December; small legume pod.
Wildlife value: seeds are important food for bobwhite quail, songbirds and small mammals;
occasionally browsed by deer.
Miller, J.H. and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest Plants of the Southeast and their Wildlife Uses. Southern
Weed Science Society. Champaign, Ill. 454 pp.
For more information on wildlife food plants see the reference above or the University of Florida's 4-
H Companion Plant page at: www.sfrc.ufl.edu/4h/Trees Plants/trees plants.html
Thanks to Stewards for Hosting Tours.
Another great tour season has come and gone.
Many thanks to the landowners that hosted ...
tours this year, all of you who helped organize
the tours, and to all who attended one or more
tours. This was a fantastic opportunity for
fellowship with landowners and natural
resource professionals and to share
experiences. Our gracious hosts were
Harvey Sweeney, Gadsden County
Lloyd and Dara Dobson, Walton County
Dr. David and Virginia Rozier, Madison County
We will have another round of tours starting in the fall and will try to cover different areas,
particularly south of the Gainesville area. If you are a certified Forest Steward, or have managed
your land according to the stewardship ethic and would like to host a tour, contact Chris Demers at
352-846-2375 or cdemers(,mail. ifas. ul. edu
Timber Price Update-
This information is useful for observing
trends over time, but does not necessarily
reflect current conditions at a particular
location. Landowners considering a timber
sale would be wise to let a consulting
forester help them obtain the best current
Stumpage price ranges reported across Florida in the 2nd quarter 2002 Timber Mart-South (TMS)
report were: $15-$24/cord for pine pulpwood, $49-$71/cord for pine C-N-S, $74-$103/cord for pine
sawtimber, and $98-$111/cord for pine plylogs. On average, prices were down for all products
except for plylogs, which were up slightly compared to 1st quarter 2002 prices. Hardwood pulpwood
prices ranged from $8-$18/cord, which was about the same as those from the previous quarter. A
more complete summary of 2nd quarter 2002 stumpage prices is available at your County Extension
We have updated and improved our timber price trend graph to reflect average prices for the entire
state. It now charts average quarterly Timber Mart-South stumpage prices for three major pine log
classes for all of north Florida since the beginning of 1996. Numbers on the horizontal axis indicate
the year (first digit) and quarter (second digit), so 61 indicates the first quarter of 1996.
Click on the link to see the graph use the "Back" function to return here.
On average, south-wide stumpage prices decreased for all major products except pine sawtimber.
Contrary to earlier trends, some states have higher average pulpwood prices for hardwood than pine.
In real economic terms, the south-wide average pine pulpwood stumpage price is the lowest since
1976, down 7% from last quarter. The average pine sawtimber stumpage price remains relatively
stable, at 6% over that of the 1st quarter. Building construction remains strong across the nation,
with housing starts at a rate 8% higher than that of last year. In the south, housing starts are 15%
higher than a year ago.
Canadian Softwood Trade Update: WTO Rules that Duties on Canadian Lumber Unjustified
According to a recent report by the Florida Forestry Association, the World Trade Organization
(WTO) has ruled against arguments used to justify permanent antidumping and countervailing duties
on Canadian Softwood. The long-standing claim that Canadian provinces are subsidizing their
timber industry due to cheap fees for logging on public lands was rejected by the WTO. Officials
said the U.S. cannot apply its own fee schedule to Canada in order to determine a need for duties on
Canadian lumber. A final ruling is not expected until late fall on this case and Washington is certain
to appeal before the year's end. We'll keep you posted on the latest developments.
Stewardship-Mailing List Emergency We Need Your Help
Post offices in some parts of the state are no longer delivering to route-box addresses (example: RR
1 Box 234). They will only deliver to 911 addresses, which is a house number followed by a road,
street, drive, lane, circle, place, etc. (example: 123 Hound Dog Rd). PO Box addresses are good too.
If you have a route-box address and know your 911 address, please take a moment and send your
911 address to the editor of The Florida Forest Steward. If you don't know your 911 address, ask
your local post office. If your 911 address is not yet available, simply send it to us when it is.
Thanks very much in advance for your help!