Franklin chronicle

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Franklin chronicle
Russell Roberts
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United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
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Florida State University
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Barbershop Chorus Brings Seafood Festival To

A Rousing And Nostalgic Close On Sunday






Volume 10, Number 22 A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER November 2 15,2001

More Pictures On Paqe 7 .~i .

Petroleum Based Fire At CabLpuint
The heavy, black, thick A petroleum-based fire had fume-filled gasoline tanks
smoke was the first tell-tale accidentally started after a began to explode. The oil
sign, as it drifted from the welder was used to cut-out continued to burn along
Shade Tree Towing office a transmission from a with the usual array of
site, across Highway 98, and junked auto. The flames plastics and other
out to the Bay. spread to other cars, then combustibles in the cars
piled up in the auto
St. James Bay Golf Course Has
Ground Breaking

By Rene Topping
The first golf course to be built in
Franklin County will be open in
October of 2002, if all goes well
and the weather stays good. This
statement was made by developer
Eddie Clark at an official ground
breaking for the development of
the course, along with 525 homes
and a commercial area that will
feature a major grocery store and
other stores in a small mall.
On hand for the ceremony was
Florida State Representative Will
Kendrick and County Commis-
sioner Cheryl Sanders, who
helped to turn over the first clods
of soil along with Eddie Clark and
Freda White, consultant for the
White recognized all the city and
county and other officials, finan-
cial institution and others in the
community who were present
and, who had worked with her on
the way to making the project vi-
She said that she had received
support from almost everyone in
the community and called it a
valuable asset to the entire
White called first on Representa-
tive Kendrick. He started his short
address by saying that he
thanked White and Clark for
bringing this good project and
working on it in the right way. He
added that, "When the project is
finished it will bring over a mil-
lion dollars into the Franklin tax
base." He went on to say that, "By
doing it the right way they will be
winners in the end. This will pro-
vide manyjobs here in the county
in service industries."
He added that this was some
"good old dirt that needed to be
The County Clerk of the Court
Kendall Wade, said he was defi-
nitely for it from day one. "I don't
have a vote on the commission
but I talk to a lot of people. One
thing I heard over and over was,
"... if Freda white is in it, it will be
done right."

Commissioner Cheryl Sanders
who has become somewhat of a.
watchdog for any development on
environmentally fragile ground,
said that she had been apprehen-
sive at first about the project but
had come around to support it.
She said, "I bit the bullet, Freda."
After the speeches Clark,
Kendrick and Sanders poised to
dig the first ceremonial shovelfuls
of dirt; Kendrick called on White
to share in the ceremony.
The land was first developed as a
Georgia based school and hospi-
tal and was known as
Annawakee. There are still small
vestiges of that project in six small
offices and a larger building.
Clark said that the smaller build-
ings will be refurbished and will
be made into small units for visi-
tors. The larger building will be
made over to offices for the devel-
The entire acreage is 370 acres
which includes about 90 acres of
wetland. At build-out it will have
525 lots. The area is covered with
beautiful trees, which will be
saved, if at all possible, accord-
ing to the developers.
The 18-hole golf course has been
designed by Robert Walker, whose
most recent work was the Regatta
Bay golf course in Destin. The
course will be an Audubon certi-
fied course and will be open to the
public, with homeowners having
some preferential rights. The golf
course Superintendent Shane
Bass, formerly of the Killearn Golf
Course, is on the grounds super-
vising the construction. There will
also be a clubhouse, a well
stocked pro shop and informal
The project will begin with Phase
One, which will have 161 lots.
Clark said that 75 lots had al-
ready been sold. He added that
the multi-family area had been
sold out.
Residents will have access to the
Gulf of Mexico by way of a beach
club about one mile from the de-
velopment. It will be heavily deed-
restricted, in order to preserve the
natural setting and provide a ho-
mogeneous neighborhood.


This Issue
10 Pages
Apalachee Regional
Planning Council ...... 2
Editorial &
Commentary......... 3. 4
Franklin Bulletin Board
................................. 4
Veteran's Day 2001 ... 4
Library Happenings... 4
Coastal Supply Opening
................................. 6
Eastpoint Fire........... 7
Hard Clam Farming In
Florida ............. 6, 7
FWC ...................... 7
FCAN ....................... 8
ABC Schools ............ 9
Bookshop................ 10

-* ; -" '/-T '.' .-
"- : .

7Z ~-

St. James Bay groundbreaking, featuring (from left)
Representative Will Kendrick, Freda White, Eddie Clark
and Cheryl Sanders.
Organizational Meeting For Humane

Society Held At Eastpoint Fire Station

With far more persons than many
close election contests have been
decided in recent years, county
citizens met with the leadership
of the Franklin County Humane
Society last Thursday, October
25th at the Eastpoint Fire Station
to discuss common concerns with
regard to the society. Chief among
these concerns were the erratic
and reduced level of financial sup-
port from the county government
in the recent rounds of budget
Gayle Dodds, President of the
Humane Society, stated, "As you
know we asked for $50,000. They
reduced us to $5,000. And then
they said they would give us
$22,000. At the last (county)
meeting, they then said they
weren't sure they were going to
give us $22,000. They may have
something better to do with their
money..." She added, "...I can as-
sure you. This is not a threat but
a promise. If we close, (the hu-
mane society building), every ani-
mal in Franklin County that is
unwanted, after five days of pick-
up, will be put down. That is what
is going to happen in this county
and unfortunately, the county
commissioners all agree-that is
all right with them." She said Ani-
mal Control officer Van Johnson

told her he is not in the adoption
Mrs. Dodds reminded her audi-
ence that over a nine month pe-
riod, the humane society saved
503 animals and placed them into
new homes. (Heavy applause). A
lot of people helped with that.
(Heavy, loud applause).
The meeting was held to ascer-
tain what kind of help from the
public the society might receive,
either through volunteer efforts,
money or other means.
"It is very political. And, I don't
know how it got so political,.." said
Mrs. Dodds. "Some people say
there is a duplicity of services ...
one person misunderstood a line
item marked "extermination",
pointing out that this meant "eu-
thanasia." The mis-impression
was soon corrected. The line item
referred to pest control. Another
County Commissioner believed
that the Society was given thou-
sands of dollars annually, and in
official session, the rumor was
exposed as false. Very few of the
County Commissioners have even
visited the facility, Mrs. Dodds

Continued on Page 10


First Ilse Newell Concert of the
Season at the Dixie Theatre,
November 4, at 4 p.m. EST

The Ilse Newell Concert Season is proud to present the
Capital Chordsmen, Tallahassee's Barbershop Chorus, as
well as several Quartets from the group, as a part of the
2001 Florida Seafood Festival. The concert will be held at
the Dixie Theater on Sunday afternoon, November 4, at
4:00 PM EST.
The Tallahassee Chapter of the Society for the Preservation
and Encouragement of Barbershop Singing in America was
founded in May 1966. The 45 members of the chorus meet
weekly and perform in Opperman Music Hall at Florida
State University, in the Festival of Lights, at Governor's
Square, in the Civic Center, and in retirement homes and
extended care centers. The chorus and Quartets sing such
favorites as "Sewannee", "Sentimental Journey", "As Time
Goes By", "Sweet Georgia Brown", and "Shenandoah".
The use Newell Fund for the Performing Arts is sponsored
by the Apalachicola Area Historical Society, a 501--3
educational incorporation in the State of Florida. A $2.00
donation is requested at the door for those not holding
season memberships.

FSU Dissertation Explores Local Seafood

A Case Study of Florida Fishers

and the "'Net Ban"'

Thomas Kelley Study Focused upon the Reaction of
the Commercial Net Fishers to the 1994 "Net Ban
Study by Thomas B. Kelley; Commentary by Tom W.

While the visitors to the 38th Annual Seafood Festival will un-
doubtedly sample the best of the ocean's offerings, massaged by
the traditional cookers from this area, the taste and pleasure of
celebrating seafood from this industry may be enough. But, not
all is well in this business, and much of the problem is shared
among the numerous forces at work in harvesting this health
food for the nation's eating tables. Ask any fishermen. What has
destroyed the seafood business? Many will say the State has de-
stroyed it with overzealous enforcement of the net limitation
Amendment, where the criteria are not uniformly executed and
enforcement is heavy handed. Others argue that there ought to
be additional methods employed in conserving the resource in-
stead of drumming out families who have devoted their lives to
the harvesting of the delicious gems visitors have consumed at
the festival. Still others argue that the mesh size on nets kill juve-
nile fish, further destroying the future resource that will never be
harvested. Thomas B. Kelley finished his dissertation in Crimi-
nology at the Florida State University last year, 2000. I admit
that we cannot "digest" or "annotate" his 155 page academic pa-
per for this article. But, Dr. Kelley has raised some useful sug-
gestions after examining various sides on the net limitation
Amendment issues. As Dr. Kelley indicated, part of the solution
may repose with the Marine Patrol viewpoints that argue for a
more flexible set of rules, thus, finding an ally among the "en-
Tom W. Hoffer, Publisher

His 2000 academic study in the School of Criminology was limited to
a fictitious county named "Dolphin", that included the fictitious com-
munity of "Bayside". The findings of Thomas B. Kelley's dissertation
have implications for all citizens of Florida. He wrote in his conclu-
sion, "...Together we benefit from environmental preservation, and
together we should bear the burden of the adverse effects of regula-
tion. The Net Ban statute has created social injustice by damaging
the commercial net fishing industry and the fishers who struggle to
survive. The real injustice is the sacrifice of a few significant individu-
als in the guise of protecting the interests of the citizens in the State
of Florida when there are alternatives that would not be as
Some Preliminary Perspective
Dr. Kelley disguised his coastal communities with the language, "Due
to confidentiality issues, fictitious names were used for cities and
counties in this dissertation." However, contextual information as given
below has provided some insight into the true identities of the people
interviewed and places examined.
An example of lifting the veil of fiction as to some of the identities of
places and persons is given here. On page 57, the author described
the research site: (see page 57)
"Dolphin County is located in Florida on the Gulf of
Mexico. To the east is Pompano County and to the west
is Bass County. These counties are included in this re-
search for comparative purposes....
"...(Franklin) Dolphin County covers 545 square miles.
The county claims more than 200 miles of coastal shore-
line. The population of approximately 10,800 is predomi-
nately between the ages of 45 and 64. Its labor force ac-
cording to 1995 figures is 14,143 and the unemployment
rate 3.5%. The per capital personal income is $14,272
according to 1992 data. In 1994, 599 people were em-
ployed in the fishing industry. The county seat of Dol-
phin County is Bayside. In 1997, Bayside had an ap-
proximate population of 2,798 (County Economic Pro-
ile, 1998). Continued on Page 5

JZ~fU4- Ntw Rtk44 EV(j y D

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Pao, 7.9 2Novmbeihr 2001


The Franklin Chronicle

Regional Planning
Council October

25 Meeting

Emergency Response
Training Provided
By Tom Campbell
The Apalachee Regional Planning
Council (ARPC) Board Meeting
was held October 25, 200 1, on
the campus of Chipola Jr. College
in Marianna. Franklin County
members are Kendall Wade,
Raymond Williams and Jack Tay-
lor Jr.
Counties included in the council
are Calhoun, Franklin, Gadsden,
Gulf, Jackson, Jefferson. Leon,
Liberty and Wakulla. The council
(ARPC) generally: meets once a
month to discuss matters of re-
gional development.
Mike Donovan and Rick McCraw
presented the Developments of
Regional Impact (DRI) updates.
Concerning St. George Island,
they reported that "Franklin
County held a public hearing on
September 18, 2001, and ap-
proved the request to transfer five
residential units from the Nick's
Hole area to the Casa Del Mar
area. An Amended Development
Order is expected within a few
The total amount of development
allowed is not changed. "Five resi-
dential units will be built within
the Casa Del Mar Phase II Subdi-
vision and property adjacent to
Nick's Hole. There is no increase
in total density." (Page 22 of the
report). Council staffs under-
standing was that "this request is
consistent with the Franklin
County Plan."
A positive change in environmen-
tal impacts is expected. The Nick's
Hole property is very environmen-
tally sensitive. Removing pro-
posed development from this area
"will protect the water quality of
Apalachicola Bay. While some of
the individual lots at Casa Del
Mar are less than one acre, all
residential units will be served by
on-site aerobic systems."

Training Emergency
Under the Title III Report pertain-
ing to Emergency Response, Neil
Fleckenstein reported that this
fiscal year, 665 law enforcement
officers, fire fighters, EMS tech-
nicians and hospital workers had
participated in 27 courses coor-
dinated and funded by the Local
Emergency Planning Committee
(LEPC). He noted that "4,600

hours of training were provided to
emergency workers in the
Apalachee Region at no cost to
local agencies and the market
value of the training offered to
responders in the Region this year
was approximately $60,000."
Mr. Fleckinstein added that "a
proposal submitted by Council
staff to the FL Division of Emer-
gency Management was recently
approved, resulting in the pur-
chase of equipment that will be
used to provide advanced train-
ing to rural counties in this re-
gion, noting that the Tallahassee
Fire Department would assist in
offering this training."
Mr. Fleckinstein reported that
"staff had completed site visits at
Small facilities storing large quanti-
ties of Extremely Hazardous Sub-
stances in Calhoun, Franklin"
and three other counties, as part
of the process of updating the
counties' hazards analyses. He
noted that in all, staff would com-
plete hazard analyses for approxi-
mately 85 facilities in the Region.
Debbie Lightsey questioned what
an example of an extremely haz-
ardous substance was. Mr.
Fleckinstein explained that ex-
tremely hazardous substances
have the ability to become air-
borne and the potential to affect
large numbers of the population.
He gave the example of chlorine
gas, which is used mainly by wa-
ter and wastewater facilities.
Regarding a District Hazardous
Materials Response Team, Mr.
Fleckenstein said that a feasibil-
ity study is being done. He noted
that staff continued to meet with
the Tallahassee Fire Department
and others in the area, in order
to move this process closer to
Staff is 99 percent complete with
updating and enhancing the
Comprehensive Emergency Man-
agement Plans (CEMPs) for
Franklin and Calhoun Counties
to meet recently approved com-
pliance criteria developed by the
FL Division of Emergency Man-
Council Attorney Ed Blanton re-
ported that Franklin County had
instructed the Council to file suit
against all delinquent accounts in
the Franklin County Revolving
Loan Program. Mr. Blanton noted
that the collection process had
been started against these bor-
rowers, however the.County re-
fused to pay for Council services.
He reported he would continue
working with the Franklin County
attorney on the contract in ques-

"100 Year Flood Zone"
Regarding the "adopted Amend-
ment Series 01-1 to the Franklin
Count', Coh'prehensi%\e Plan,'...

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If your idea of paradise is to be in an area surrounded by
miles of rivers, thousands of acres of wetlands and
unspoiled forests you'll find no better place to live than
St. James Bay. This new golf course community is
located in picturesque Carrabelle. An 18-hole golf course,
two tennis courts, swimming pool, restaurant and bay
access will all be part of this affordable 370-acre commu-
nity. Fishing, bird watching or sun worshiping-it's all
within walking distance of the Gulf of Mexico. With only
161 lots available in Phase One these
beautiful sites will go
fast-so call us to
reserve yours
today! Contact Freda White

or Raymond Williams

850-697-3919 Ba)i
ST.JAMES Really. Inc

there are five text changes to
change the definition of wetlands
to the current state definition, and
to allow more flexibility in the
application of a buffer from wet-
The ARPC Objection to the pro-
posed Amendment 01-1 Series
Objection: "The map amendment
increases development intensity
in an area which is entirely within
the 100-year floodplain. This in-
crease is in conflict with Regional
Goal EP 4. 1, concerning mitiga-
tion for emergency events; and
Regional Policy EP 4.1.4, to avoid
development in the 100 year flood
This objection has been ad-
dressed. The proposed map
amendment was not adopted. The
Council determined that the
Franklin County Amendment Se-
ries 0 1 -1 is consistent with the
Apalachee Strategic Regional
Policy Plan.
Survey of Local
Governments and School
In a special report, the ARPC
asked questions of the counties.
For example, Does the County
receive a "General Educational
Facilities Report (due October 1
of each year)?
Franklin County: reported "Does
not recall seeing one."
Another question: Does the
County receive "Educational Plan
Survey (to be provided to the lo-
cal government at least once ev-
ery five years)?':
Franklin County: "Does not re-
call seeing one." (Page 68 of re-
Another question: Does the
County receive "Notice at least 60
days prior to acquisition of land
by the School Board that may be
used for a new public educational
Franklin County: "Land for a new
educational facility has not been
purchased in the last 13 years.
Two years ago a land trade took
place between the County and
School Board, but there is no plan
for a new facility at this time. St.
Joe Corp. has indicated that it
may donate a ten-acre site for a
future school. The City of
Apalachicola may annex this
"Does the County provide'their
School Board with the following,
in accordance with the require-
ments of section 235.193, F.S.:
Preliminary consistency com-

ments within 45 days ol notifica-
tion of intent to obtain land?"
Franklin County: "There have
been no new schools in over 13
"Has the County undertaken any
of the following collaborative ac-
tivities to address school facilities
needs? Adopted a public school
element in their local government
comprehensive plan?"
Franklin: "No."
"Other notable activities that the
County and School Board have
done in relation to siting and con-
structing new educational facili-
ties, including coordination/coop-
Franklin: "The County and
School Board engaged in a land
trade two years ago. There may
exist more activities between the
City of Apalachicola and the
School Board. It should also be
noted that a Charter School
opened with full enrollment from
grades K through 3.
"Is better coordination between
School Boards and local govern-
ments needed? If so, provide sug-
Franklin: "If there was growth in
the County, the need for addi-
tional coordination might be war-
ranted. At some point the County
will have to address the need for
a new High School; but not due
to growth, but to replace existing
facilities and consolidate."
It has been acknowledged that
consolidating the two high schools
into one new facility for Franklin
County would greatly enhance the
educational opportunities for stu-
Another question in the report
was: "(Are there) Other notable
activities that the County and
School Board have done in rela-
tion to siting and constructing
new educational facilities, includ-
ing coordination/cooperation?"
Franklin: "There has been declin-
ing enrollment in the Franklin
County public school system for
the past several years. The con-
struction of new schools is not an
issue at this time. However, nu-
merous development proposals
are coming before the Board of
County Commissioners, so the
potential for future' growth in
school enrollment and construc-
tion exists." (Page 81 of report).
"What incentives would encour-
age the School Board to improve
coordination with its local govern-
Franklin: "Money that can be
flexibly spent and not earmarked

specifically for construction, such
as a block grant to establish co-
ordinated planning up front.
Money is also needed to employ
staff for this purpose."
Franklin County Clam
Cooperative Project
One final item dealt with in the
report is the Franklin County
Clam Cooperative Project.
The State of Florida is preparing
to lease 100 acres in the Alligator
Point area for approximately 46
(1.5 acre) leases. An initial meet-
ing on October 18 involved staff
meeting with "representatives
from the U.S. Department of Ag-
riculture Rural Development,
Franklin County Extension Office,
a local banker, Farm Service
Agency, and a representative of a
potential cooperative of clam
The meeting centered on strate-
gies to finance the initial capital
outlay of the farmers. "Jim Dean
of Rural Development in
Marianna," according to the re-
port, "suggested the ARPC be a
partner in this effort and has en-
couraged staff to apply for vari-
ous funding sources for relending
to the cooperative or individual
lease holders. A similar project in
Cedar Key has been a successful
alternative for fishermen ad-
versely affected by the net ban."

Disaster Services Volunteers
State of Florida employees are
eligible to volunteer up to 15 days
per year with full pay for disaster
relief operations for the American
Red Cross.
Contact the Capital Area Chap-
ter of the American Red Cross at
850/878-6080 or visit our website
+' American
Red Cross

is thetime t


Poets And

Writers To Elect

New Officers
At the Panhandle Poets and Writ-
ers meeting Wednesday, Novem-
ber 24, members decided several
items of business, including elec-
tion of'new officers to be accom-
plished at the next regular meet-
ing on the last Wednesday of No-
vember:28 at 7 p.m. at the Epis-
copal Church in Carrabelle.
Secretary-Treasurer of the group,
Carolyn Hatcher, reported that
author Dawn Radford has agreed
to check with The Hut in
Apalachicola about using the res-
taurant at some time in the fu-
ture for showcasing some of the
original work of local writers. She
wil report back to the group in
. President Tom Campbell checked
with Cleo and Rex Partington of
the Dixie Theatre in Apalachicola
about having a reading of selected
original works from the Writers'
group, which would include origi-
nal music compositions, short
stories and poems shared by
members. The Partingtons agreed
they would get back to the group
regarding the possibility of some
future day for a benefit for the
Dixie Theatre.
Marilyn Pusateri delighted the
Writers' Group with an original
musical composition called "Spir-
its" about communicating with a
Carolyn Hatcher read an original
story by Dan Rayner, an out of
town member. Kathleen Heveran
read her original story,
Betty and Allan Roberts, back
from a writers workshop in Main,
shared brochures and knowledge
gained'with the other members.
The group will make a decision on
publication of a new anthology
soon. Several writers will be at-
tending the workshop over in Sea-
side, Florida, sponsored by the
University of Miami.
The November 28 meeting will fea-
ture continued sharing of new
works by the writers, and election
of officers.



Notice is hereby given that the certified Tax Roll for the year 2001 has been delivered to
Franklin County Tax Collector James A. Harris, Jr., CFC by Franklin County Property Ap-
praiser Doris Barber Pendleton, for collection. The tax rolls will be open for payment Novem-
ber 1st, for the 2001 Ad Valorem, Personal Property and Centrally Assessed properties for:

SFranklin County Franklin County School Board *

*City of Apalachicola City of Carrabelle Eastpoint Water & Sewer District*

Dog Island Conservation District Alligator Point Water Resource District *

Northwest Florida Water Management District *

Payments may be made at the Franklin County Court House, 33 Market Street, Suite #202,
Apalachicola, Florida or at the Carrabelle Branch Office located at 1647 Highway 98 (Old
D.O.T Building) Carrabelle, Florida. Office Hours are Monday thru Friday 8:30 a.m. until 4:30
p.m. Payments may be mailed to the Franklin County Tax Collectors Office, P.O. Drawer 188,
Apalachicola, Florida 32329.








Statements will be mailed to all property owners or their agents at the last known address on or
before November 1, 2001. If you do not receive your tax bill notice, please contact this office at
(850) 653-9323 or (850) 653-8384 between the hours of 8:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. Monday thru
Friday or write to Franklin County Tax Collector, Post Office Drawer 188, Apalachicola,
Florida 32329.

James Harris, Jr., CFC
Franklin County Tax Collector


The Franklin Chronicle


2 November 2001 Page 3


Letter From The State American

Association Of Retired Persons
Clearly we are living in troubling times. We have witnessed horrors
that are difficult, if not impossible, to understand. But through it all
we have been reminded of just how committed we are to one another
and to our country and that is a good thing. Stories abound of our
willingness to make personal sacrifice and put others first. Our com-
mitment to survive and be stronger for these difficult times is certain.
In the months to come, we will have to make difficult decisions about
the future. None will be more difficult than the decisions our law-
makers in Washington and Tallahassee will be making on our behalf.
They will need our help. There has never been a more important time
for all of us to get involved in our government and to make our voices
heard. Getting involved in the democratic process is something all
Americans can do to help in our time of need. And so we are again
asking for your help.
During recent weeks lawmakers gathered in Tallahassee to decide
how to cut $1 billion dollars from our state budget. AARP asked leg-
islators and the governor to make protecting our most frail and vul-
nerable citizens their highest priority.
During the 2001 legislative session AARP focused on the protection
of the frailest of the frail -nursing home residents. We succeeded in
getting significant nursing home protections and quality improvements
into the law. One of the most important new protections is a mini-
mum staffing requirement that will be phased-in beginning in Janu-
ary 2002. This new staff is critical to ensuring the resident safety.
But meeting the new requirement will cost the state money and the
Senate has proposed cutting some of this money from the state
Please write, call or visit your state legislators and ask them not to
abandon the most vulnerable of our society during this time of trouble.
Ask them to ensure that the staffing requirements and all the other
provisions of Senate Bill 1202 are implemented on time. These are
the most basic of protections, not extras that can be delayed.
Urge them to look for other state expenses that might be temporarily
postponed so that the elderly, disabled and our children can receive
the basic services they need.
Ask them to look at ways to improve the state's.revenues, and not
just at ways to cut expenses.

The Boyd Report

Priority One: Winning The War

On Terrorism

By Congressman Allen Boyd
On September 11, 2001, our great nation witnessed a type of terror
we have never before seen. In response to the attacks, Congress and
the President have been working day and night to develop legislation
to respond to and assist those who have been so greatly impacted by
these.terrorist acts. I believe the most important function of the United
States government is ensuring public safety and protecting our na-
,tional security, and I will review any legislation Congress considers
with these two goals in mind. Unfortunately, the Economic Stimulus
Packages that Congress considered yesterday did not include these
priorities. The contest between stimulus packages, which were either
heavy on tax cuts or heavy on inappropriate spending, did nothing to
increase our ability to win the war on terrorism or ensure that Ameri-
cans are safe. These approaches are out of step with the real needs of
the American people' diuring'this time of crisis. ':' ''
In particular, the plan to initiate additional tax cuts for big business
is drastically out of step with the needs of America in today's reality
and therefore, I voted against it. In regards to this plan we must ask
ourselves, should we repeal the corporate alternative tax or provide
the funding necessary to protect our airports? Should we lower the
capital gains tax or should we ensure our mail delivery system is

safe? Should we increase expensing for businesses orshould we make
sure our nation's drinking water supply is safe? The Republican pro-
posal is weighted down with corporate tax relief and does nothing to
ensure that we have the resources necessary, to win the war on ter-
rorism or to prevent future terrorist attacks in the United States.
Further, it does little to protect the economy just a few short years
from now.
The American people deserve better. While working with my colleagues
in the Blue Dog Coalition, we developed a different approach which
sets the priority on winning the war on terrorism and protecting pub-
lic safety without losing the battle to save the economy. We believe
Congress should provide the resources necessary to fight and win
the war on terrorism as well as protect the American people from
attack, and that all costs of the package should be fully offset over
the ten year budget window to avoid a return to long-term budget
deficits and an increase in national debt.

Never in the history of this country has the government cut taxes
during times of war, and our history books prove this has been the
correct and appropriate approach to take. The United States is at
war, a war different from anything we have seen before. Every Ameri-
can citizen is a soldier on the front line of battle. We lost over 6,000 of
our soldiers on September 11th and more since as a result of
bio-terrorism. Americans understand the urgency of the dire situa-
tion our country faces, and true to our greatest qualities, we see the
need for sacrifice. We are the strongest country in the world and now
is not the time to engage in fiscally irresponsible policies. We must
provide resources to restore the public's confidence in their own safety
and in our national security. This will. in turn restore confidence in
our economy and only then will the economy rebound to where it was

Letter To The Editor
October 22, 2001
The Wakulla Fishermen's Association would like to thank citizens for
helping raise over $1,200.00 with fish fry's at Hudson Park in
Crawfordville. The funds will go towards legal fees resolving the issue
of 500 sq. ft. rectangular nylon nets allowed by our Constitutional
Net Limitation. We still need an additional $18,800.00 to take the
issue to the Florida Supreme Court.
The Fishermen had two exhibits on stage at the park to help support-
ers understand the simple dispute. Exhibit #1 was 500-sq. ft. nylon
net constructed with 2" stretch mesh netting. Exhibit #2 was a 500-sq.
ft. nylon net constructed of 3.5" stretch mesh netting. The nets were
the same in rectangular shape, same material, same length, same
depth, same color, but with one difference. Judge Jill Walker and the
Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission define exhibit 1 as a seine or
non-gill net and exhibit #2 as a gill net.
It was helpful having citizens look and feel the nets with some using
the descriptions of the FWC. We then ask why identify exhibit #2 as a
gill net? It allowed us to understand how little non-fishermen under-
stand the issue.
The Florida Supreme Court instructs us to use historical precedence
and common sense when considering gear allowed by the net limita-
tion. The high court in 1996 and in latter cases agreed that commer-
cial viability was a relevant consideration. The court in 1996 while
approving our shrimp nets stated, "The amendment must be read as
a whole to be given its proper effect."
The most important decision was in 1993 allowing the amendment to
go before the voters November 8, 1994. The court agreed the name
depicted its content and it contained a single subject. The name "Lim-
iting Marine Net Fishing" and single subject was stopping the unnec-
essary killing, over fishing and waste of marine animals.
Using these standards as guidelines we shared with citizens why we
support exhibit #2 as allowed by our constitution.
Standard I of historical precedence and common sense is that never
before in Florida history has non entanglement nets been defined by
mesh size or regulated to 500 sq. ft. Seine nets had bunt or pockets
making it impossible to construct with 500 sq. ft. Seines were .5 stretch
mesh or' 6" stretch mesh with no constraints or mesh size. Gill and
entanglement nets have never been required to be 500-sq. ft., but
history allowed 1800 ft in length and over 100 ft. in depth. Common
sense does not support mesh size as the deciding factor.
Exhibit #1 fails the test of historical precedent and common sense.
Standard #2 of commercially viability is simple. Mullet have to be 11"
to possess. Exhibit #1 with 2" stretch mesh gills and kills fish less
that 10 inches. The small mesh creates a situation whereby fisher-
men spend their day discarding illegal juvenile fish. The net sup-
ported by the FWC is not commercially viable and creates unneces-
sary killing and waste.
SNet exhibit #1 haspoor catchability or selectivity. Non targeted juve-
nile fish gill in the small mesh overcoming the ability of the net to
harvest targeted legal fish. Net exhibit #2 allows small non-targeted
fish to pass through the mesh alive and unharmed. This leaves the
limited size net to catch legal size targeted fish. It is simple net #2 is
commercially viable and net #1 is not.
The Florida Supreme Court established numerous standards to in-
struct us that the purpose of the amendment was to stop the unnec-
essary killing and waste of marine animals by limiting net fishing.
Exhibit #1 fails on all points miserably.
The dispute is simple, "Did the people vote hate with the single sub-
ject of banning gill nets with a net ban, taking the heritage and jobs
of fishermen?" The FWC supports this, but the Supreme Court estab-
lished that a limitation to protect the environment is the goal.
The fishermen are patiently awaiting the final order of the Honorable
Judge Sander Sauls on this subject. We are praying that he remem-
ber his final words the last day of trial. Judge Sauls was directing his
statement to Mr. Winner on the stand; it went something like this,
"What the state is doing is not what the voters voted for". I think
Judge Sauls is right.
A ruling allowing commercially viable nets could save thousands of
jobs at a time of real need.
Wakulla Fishermen's Association will have one fish fry a month until
the balance of legal fees are paid. Thank you for your support.

A Message From Our Former Editor,

Brian Goercke, In Zimbabwe

I am trying to raise funds for a three-year-old child from Zimbabwe.
who has a heart defect. The child, whom I mentioned to you once
previously, is named Tariro Mushava. Her family had voiced concern
about her labored breathing a few months ago. I took her to a general
practitioner initially, who noted that she was in heart failure. He re-
ferred the child to a cardiologist, who in turn ordered an EKG for the
child. It turns out that Tariro has a hole in her heart. There is a
chance that the Rotary Club of Patchogue, NY may fly the child to the
states for free and provide surgical attention. In order to get to this
stage, I will need to set up a test in South Africa for her to check her
lung pressure. I have already raised $850 US for this child, and will
need approximately $1150 more. I've received many pledges from
friends around the world to help this child. I'm asking if you could
also contribute to this cause. It doesn't have to be a huge contribu-
tion, as I am asking a lot of people and hopefully many smaller dona-
tions will meet the costs. Please feel free to speak to friends and fam-
ily members about this issue ... I need all the help I can get.
If you can provide payment for Tariro, please contact my uncle (War-
ren Goercke) at the following e-mail address to let him know that you
are willing to contribute: Warren asks that
you make all checks payable to the Rotary Club of Patchogue. You
may send the check to:
Warren Goercke, 3 Damaris Court, Bayport, NY 11705
This matter is super important to me, so I ask that you please join me
in this effort.
Thanks in advance for your help. I hope to hear from you soon.
Sincerely, Brian

The Chronicle has been informed by Brian Goercke of
a website for Tariro. The address is:
TariroMushava. The new website for Lovemore Home,
where Brian works, is:

Scholarship Watch 2001

By Teresa Jones, Guidance
High School
This is the first in a series of ar-
ticles to be printed throughout the
school year, The information
within this article is provided as
a service to parents of high school
students-seniors, in particular. It
is hoped that this information will
alert parents and students to the
many scholarship opportunities
that exist for students in Franklin
College is very expensive, How-
ever, prospective students should
never use this fact as an excuse
for not pursuing a college or vo-
cational education. There are
many sources of funding (grants,
loans, and scholarships) available
to all students to go to college.
Later articles will provide infor-
mation'on grants and loans and
the processes to apply for them.
Scholarships are available from a
diverse and seemingly endless list
of sources, There are scholarships
based on family heritage, work
places or types of jobs, ethnic
and/or religious groups, organi-
zations that students, parents, or
even grandparents are members
of, department stores, restau-
Srants, and even scholarships for
people with green eyes or who are
left-handed. A search on the
Internet for "scholarship" results
in thousands of sites that are con-
stantly changing.
This article will highlight national
and state scholarships that cross
the desk of the guidance counse-
lor and that are distributed to stu-
dents at Apalachicola High

The NEFE High School Finan-
cial Literacy Awards have four
categories of participation: Essay,
Web Site, Mixed Media and Artis-
tic. NEFE will be awarding
$36,000 in scholarships in April.
The theme.of their competition is:
Money: Will You Make It? All in-
formation is available on their
website which is posted at the
school. Deadline for entry is.Janu-
ary 31, 2002.
The Sons of Italy Florida Foun-
dation is currently accepting ap-
plications from students of Ital-
ian descent for their scholarships.
Last year twelve scholarships
were awarded to Florida students.
To qualify a student must be of
Italian descent, be accepted at a
community college or university,
have an unweighted grade point
average of 3.000 as well as re-
quired ACT or SAT scores. The
application must be postmarked
by April 1, 2002.
The Society of Automotive En-
gineers is offering numerous
scholarships to seniors who in-
tend to major in engineering or a
related science. Students must be
citizens of the United States. and
must meet minimum require-
ments with regard to grade point
average and SAT/ACT scores. Ap-
plications must be postmarked
by December 1, 2001.
Columba Bush, Florida's First
Lady, will be recognizing senior
art students. Twenty-four stu-
dents will receive $1000 scholar-
ships to continue their artistic
education, Students may enter by

Continued on Page 10

Phone: 850-927-2186
o 850-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
0o- Facsimile'850-385-0830

Vol. 10, No. 22

November 2, 2001

Publisher ............................................... Tom W Hoffer
Contributors ............................................. Tom Cam pbell
............ Sue Cronkite
........... Barbara Revell
........... Rene Topping
........... Jimmy Elliott

Sales ............................. .................. Diane Beauvais Dyal
........... Tom W. Hoffer
Advertising Design
and Production Artist............................... Diane Beauvais Dyal
Production Associate ............................... Andy Dyal
Director of Circulation ........................... Andy Dyal
Proofreader ............................................ Tom Cam pbell
Citizen's Advisory Group
Rand Edelstein ............................ ...... Alligator Point
George Chapel ...................................... Apalachicola
Karen Cox-Dennis ................................ Apalachicola
Rene Topping ..................................... ... Carrabelle
David Butler ......................................... Carrabelle
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung .................... Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins................. Eastpoint
George Thompson ................................... Eastpoint
Pat M orrison ........................... ......... ... St. George Island
Dominic and Vilma Baragona .............. St. George Island

Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are
available free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for
postage and handling. For example a 10 page issue would
cost $2.00 postpaid. Please write directly to the Chronicle
for price quotes if you seek several different or similar
issues. In-county subscriptions are $16.96 including tax.
Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26 including tax.

Changes in subscription addresses must be sent to the
Chronicle in writing.
All contents Copyright 2001
Franklin Chronicle, Inc.

Ronald F. Crum
,President, WFA

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PafPe 4 2 November 2001



S Franklin
Board .

By Tom Campbell
November 2 16, 2001
Friday, November 2-Congressman
Allen Boyd (D-North Florida) is avail-
able to all media outlets throughout
the district for interviews, statements
and updates. Please contact Con-
gressman Boyd's Press Secretary.
Colleen Kroll, in Washington. D.C. at
the following contact numbers, if you
should need to get in touch with the
Congressman. Colleen Kroll at cell
phone 202-225-9656. or pager
1-800-759-8888 pin: 1256609.
Saturday, November 3-Art Exhibit
at Gulf Coast Community College-Vi-
sual and Performing Arts Division will
present an art exhibit titled "Gender/
Violence," featuring the work of Janice
Hartwell-November 3 to November
30 in the Amelia G. Tapper Center for
the Arts on campus. A reception will
take place on November 3 from 5 p.m.
to 7 p.m. in the Amelia Center gal-
lery. A professor at FSU, Janice
Hartwell's recent work is a series of
twelve silk screened, life size female
images on free standing aluminum
Saturday, November 3-Due to the
mail services being shut down
throughout the Capitol Complex, any,
mail sent to Congressman Allen
Boyd's Washington, DC office since
October 8, 200 1. has not been re-
ceived. It is not clear at the time of
this writing when normal mail proce-
dures will resume. Therefore, if you
have a time sensitive matter, or need
assistance from the Congressman's
office, you may either fax or e-mail your
correspondence. Washington, D.C. fax
number: 202-225-5615, and email
can be located on Congressman
Boyd's website at
Boyd for direct communication.
Saturday, November 3-Security
Forces Reminders The 325th Secu-
rity Forces Squadron at Tyndall Air
Force Base announces that the cbm-'
bat arms section is cautioning all to
stay clear of the land adjacent to the
firing range. Trespassing is illegal and
dangerous. The red range flag will be
flying during the day firing, and the
red beacon will be flashing during
night firing. For more information
about combat arms, call 283-2114.
Saturday, November 3-The Tyndall
Thrift Shop will be open for sales only
from 9 a.m. noon the first Saturday
of every month. Regular operating
hours are 9:30 a.m. 12:30 p.m.
Wednesday, Thursday and Fridays,
with consignment hours of 9:30 a.m.-l
1:30 a.m. Wednesday and Thursdays
only. It poSsible to cotsigii 20
items, Dpna1iqAar. t also accepted
and tax forms are available. For more
information, call 285-5888.
Monday, November 5-Free UF Sug-
arcane Cuttings: Monday, November
5, beginning at 8:00 a.m., the Univer-
sity of Florida IFAS North Florida
Research and Education Center
(NFREC)-Quincy will be giving away
free sugarcane cuttings to the public
with a limit of no more than 25 stalks
of each variety (chewing and syrup).
This event will take place at the
NFREC-Quincy, 30 Research Road in
Quincy Florida. If you are traveling on
1-10, take exit #26 and look for the
signs on the west side of Pat Thomas
Parkway (SR 267). If you are interested
in participating in this annual event
you must register at the rear entrance
of the main office (across the road
from the cane fields) with Sue Anne
Poppell, before you will be allowed to
cut your sugarcane. Once you are reg-
istered, you will be given a name tag
with a personal registration number
that v411 be your pass to enter the
field and cut your free sugarcane. In
the event that your return trip home
involves stopping at agriculture stops
along highways or the interstate, a
notice will be taped into the bundles
stating that the sugarcane was grown
at the NFREC in the State of Florida.
If you have any questions on the free
sugarcane give awat, or if you wish
to pre-register for the event, please
call, Sue Anne Poppell at
Wednesday, November 7-Boyd Staff
Office Hours In Carrabelle and
Apalachicola. A member of Congress-
man Allen Boyd's (D-North Florida)
staff will be visiting Carrabelle and
Apalachicola on the 1st Wednesday of
every month so that the people of
Franklin County will have the oppor-
tunity to discuss in person issues;
which concern them. Congressman
Boyd's staff has been trained to as-
sist constituents with a variety of is-
sues related to various Federal Agen-
cies. It is important to the Congress-
man that his staff makes themselves
available for those who are not able
to travel to either his Panama City or
Tallahassee offices. Office Hours with

Congressman Boyd's Staff: Wednes-
day, November 7. 2001, 9:30 a.m. -
11:30 a.m., Carrabelle City Hall.
Carrabelle and 1:00 p.m. 3:00 p.m.,
Franklin County Court House Board
Room, Apalachicola.
Thursday, November 8-Riverkeeper
Program Highlights St. Joe Corp. -
Apalachicola Bay and River Keeper
will sponsor a community meeting for
members and interested citizens to be
held on Thursday, November 8, at 7
p.m. at the Eastpoint Firehouse. Mr.
George Willson, conservation lands
specialist for St. Joe Development
Corporation, will be joined by a rep-
resentative from the Arvida Develop-
ment Corporation, to present the pro-
gram. These gentlemen will address a
number of issues regarding the
company's plans for development in
Franklin County and how these will
affect Apalachicola Bay and River and
the watershed. For more information,
visit ABARK's office in the Point Mall
in Eastpoint. 29 Island Drive. Suite I
or call Dave McLain, Apalachicola
Bay and River Keeper Executive Di-
rector, at 670-5470. Volunteers and
supporters are welcome.
Thursday, November 8-Sea Oats
Garden Club of Carrabelle will hold
their next meeting on Thursday, No-
vember 8 at 7:00 p.m. in the Episco-
pal Church at 110 NE First Street. A
knowledgeable speaker will address
the group about Panhandle Garden-
ing. The general public is invited to
attend this informative program. If
you are interested in what plants do
well in our sandy soil, consider com-
ing to this lecture. Contact Mary Ann
Shields, Publicity Committee.
Sunday, November 11-Three
Franklin County Groups Celebrate,
Veteran's Day, 2001, 8:00 a.m. The
AMVETS Post 107, Carrabelle, Florida
will hold a formal dedication of Infan-
try Division Historic Marker at
Carrabelle Beach, Florida on Veterans
Day November 11, 2001. The historic
marker is located at the site where the
4th Division trained for it's Normandy
landings. The securing and placing of
the marker is the result of efforts by
the Camp Gordon Johnston Associa-
tion and, in particular, Camp Gordon
Johnston Association member
Chester Cowan whose Father served
with the 4th Infantry here and over-
seas. The invocation will be given by
AMVETS Post 107 Chaplain Rev. Gene
Halstrom, a W.W. 11 veteran who
served with the 4th Infantry and was
wounded in combat. After the invoca-
tion, Cdr. Jim Lawlor, AMVETS Post
107, will introduce the President and
Vice President of the 4th Infantry Di-
vision Association who will make a
short dedication of the 4th Infantry
division Historic Marker, Post 107
AMVETS, The American Legion and
the Camp Gordon Johnston Associa-
tion welcomes all interested persons,
and especially all veterans, to attend
the dedication. 11:00 a.m. The Ameri-
can Legion Camp Gordon Johnston.
,Post 82 and the Ladies Auxiliary, in
Lanark Village, will host a Veteran's
Day ceremony at Post 82 at 11:00 a.m.
followed by a covered dish brunch and
subsequently a flag retirement cer-
emony and 4 p.m The CamppGordon'
Johnston Association will formally
dedicate the Camp Gordon Johnston
Museum located at Peachtree
mini-Mail in Carrabelle. 40's music,
heavy hors d'oeuvres and drinks will
be served. Contact: Tony Minichiello.
Tuesday, November 13-
River Basin Commission and The
Commission's Water Allocation For-
mula Committee will meet Tuesday,
November 13, 2001. 8:00 a.m. (EST)
at Georgian Department of Natural
Resources Empire Room, West Floyd
Tower (20th Floor), 205 Butler Street,
SE, in Atlanta, GA 30334. The ACF
River Basin Commission Meeting will
be held immediately following the ACF
Allocation Formula Committee at the
same location. For further informa-
tion, please contact Florida Depart-
ment of Environmental Protection at

Wednesday, November 14-Franklin
County School Readiness Coalition-
November 14, 2001, Time: 11:00 a.m.
EST, Location: Franklin County
Emergency Management Office,
Agenda: Financial report, Report on
Number of Children Served. INFOR-
MATION: For additional information
regarding the meeting or agenda, con-
tact Vicky Patterson at Early Child-
hood Services, Inc. 872-7550, ext.
Thursday, November 15-FLORIDA
day, November 15, 2001, 7:00 p.m.:
Dr. Michael K. Faught. Department of
Anthropology, Program in Underwa-
ter Archaeology at Florida State Uni-
versity, will present: UNDERWATER
BEND. Dr. Faught is Director of the
Program in Underwater Archaeology
Summer Field School. OPEN TO THE
LIMITED SEATING. Free Coffee and
refreshments start at 6:45 p.m. 3618
Highway 98, St. Teresa, Florida; (be-
tween Carrabelle and Panacea); Build-
ing #407, Room #2.
Friday, November 16-Tihber Island
Yacht Club is seeking sponsors for
their Ninth (9th) Annual Boat Parade
of Lights to be held on December 8,
200 1. If you would like to sponsor or
participate, please contact Flo Coody.
Scribe/Purser of the Club at

Veterans Day

There is no question that the
enormous debt that-this nation
has to the "greatest generation"
popularized by Tom Brokaw and
others is profound, necessary and
continuing. Veterans Day is one
additional opportunity to recog-
nize the sacrifices of all those who
have gone on before in the defense
of our country. Indeed, one pos-
sible artifact in staging or writing
recognition to that generation
might be to instill something of
the sacrifice and commitment vet-
erans have made for the
now-living generation.
For this modest recognition and
in search of a credible appeal, I
thought I would read through
some old letters to recapture some
of the anxieties of the moment, the
lingering loneliness, and above all
the uncertainties that existed
among returning veterans.
There was one person in particu-
lar that I did not know very well
at that time for a bushel of rea-
sons. He was my father, Martin
H. Hoffer, a dentist who volun-
teered for service in the United
States Navy, embarking on an ad-
venture that would take him from
rural Iowa ainda .'maill to.-i den-
tal practice to a Natal Air Station,
Maul, in the Hawaiian Islands.
My mother, Margaret, told me
once that their lives in wartime
were one of the highlights of their
marriage, despite the painful
years of separation, and the di-
lemmas each had without the
other. She saved most of his let-
ters, bundled into a huge "grip"
with stern warnings inside: "If
opened, do. not read. When I am
gone, burn them." Well, at one
age, I carefully followed her in-
structions until she was no longer
able to take care of herself. Then,
I began to read them, and discov-
Continued on Page 7

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New Library Hours, Fall
Programs, Events
Eileen Annie, Director of the
Franklin County Public Library,
announces that arrangements are
being made to begin the move to
the new Carrabelle Branch on
Highway 98. Hours at 208 Marine
Street will remain the same dur-
ing the week-Tuesday 12:00 -
6:00 p.m., Wednesday, Thursday,
and Friday 9:00 5:00 p.m. Regu-
lar library hours on Saturdays will
be temporarily suspended.
Carolyn Sparks, Library Assistant
and Branch Manager, Charlotte
Griffith, VISTA Volunteer, and
Marlene Moore, Family Learning
Coordinator have been working
on a campaign to inspire library
project volunteerism. Volunteers
have long been the backbone of
the Franklin County Public Li-
brary system. As the library is
growing, additional volunteers are
desperately needed for general li-
.brary duties, working and
mentoring with youths, and adult
tutoring. For more.information,
please contact Carolyn Sparks at

FROG Family Learning
The FROG Family Learning Pro-
grams will sponsor a special
evening of story telling fun on
Tuesday, November 6th from 6-00
7:00 p.m. at the Eastpoint
Branch of the Library. Storyteller
and author, Dawn Evans Radford
will be the'guest speaker. Regis-
tration is required for this special
event open to all ages. There is
no charge for this and any other
library-based program. Refresh-
ments will be provided. For more
information, please call Marlene
Moore, Family Learning Coordi-
nator at the library, 670-4423.
Join us at Pre-School Story Hour
on Saturday from 10:30,- 11:30
a.m. in the Carrabelle Branch of
the Franklin County Public Li-
brary on the 1st and 3rd Satur-
day of the month and at the
Eastpoint Branch in the Point
Mall on Island Drive on the 2nd
and 3rd Saturday. Please call
Rhonda Swords, FROG Resource
Coordinator at 697-2366 for more
information and registration.
Story Hour is also held on Satur-
days in Apalachicola at the li-
brary-based site at the NeW Life
Center on '8th Street. Betty
Stephens, FROG Resource Assis-
tant at 653-2784 for schedule and
registration information.
Eileen Annie, Franklin County
Public Library Director, received
an invitation to present the library
based literacy project at the An-
nual Southeastern Literacy Con-
ference held in Pensacola Beach
in November. Elinor Mount-
Simmons, FROG Resource Spe-
cialist, Rhonda Swords, FROG
Resource Coordinator, and Bonny
SBall, FROG Childcare Coordina-
tor will be on hand to present the
multi-faceted FROG Family
Learning Programs at the Confer-
ence. FROG (Families Read On
,Grant) principles are to inspire
lifelong learning and to encour-
age parents to be their child's first
teacher. The program encom-
passes adult and family learning
,projects, including adult work-
shops, GED training, tutoring for
children parenting, parent and
child together time at the library
and at home, increased library
and, caregiver and child together
field trips.
The Franklin County Public Li-
brary Family Learning Programs
include: FROG Family Learning
Programs funded by the
Governor's Family Literacy Initia-



tive for Florida Grant; ROLL
(Reach Out for Lifelong Learning),
funded by a Library Services
Technology Act Grant: TREE-
FROG (Together Reaching Every-
one Everywhere) funded by a
Florida Library Literacy Grant;
and LEAP-FROG a mini-grant
from the Department of Children
and Families. At a press confer-
ence at the Governor's Mansion
in Tallahassee on June 15th, the
Franklin County Public Library
received special recognition from
Governor Jeb Bush for its ongo-
ing family literacy projects, now
in its 4th year and praised the
library's dedication in reaching
out to families in need of support,
The Franklin County Public Li-
brary has been selected to par-
ticipate in a Florida Department
of Education GED Pilot Program
which will allow students to ac-
cess the PACE Learning Systems
via the Internet. Staff Members
Marlene Moore and Rhonda
Swords will be attending a spe-
cial training on November 2 in
Tallahassee, The software will be
installed on computers at the
Carrabelle Branch of the Library.
Other special projects being of-
fered at the Library through
FROG Family Learning include
CPR-instruction conducted by
Marlene Moore, RN; Stress Man-
agement conducted by Elinor
Mount-Simmons, and Parent/
Child Fun Nights. Caregiver and
Child Together Field Trips are now
being organized and planned.
Contact Marlene Moore at
670-4423 or Rhonda Swords at

Youth Program Events
TIGERS and WINGS students are
receiving special dance instruc-
tion during workshops conducted
by Jennifer Shannon on Thurs-
days at the New Life Center in
Apalachicola. Students from the
three library based program sites
are learning swing, jazz and other

popular dance forms. TIGERS/
WINGS participants in costume
will make a trip to the Bay St.
George Nursing Home this week
to read special stories to resi-
dents. TIGER/WINGS Teen Coun-
cil will meet this week to finalize
plans for a Car Wash to be held
at Pearl Linen on Highway #98 in
Eastpoint on Saturday, November
17th. The Fundraiser is to assist
with the Red Cross Relief Disas-
ter Fund. Students sent letters
and pictures to youth from the
Brooklyn Public Library immedi-
ately following the event of Sep-
tember 11th. WINGS is a Juve-
nile Justice Partnership Grant
Program now in its 7th year, and
the 2 year old youth enhancement
program, TIGERS is funded by a
Grant from the Gulf Coast
Workforce Board.
The Franklin County Public Li-
brary is On The Move.s Look for
the van depicting library pro-
grams such as TIGER, WINGS
and FROG as it moves through-
out the county. The purchase of
the van was made possible by the
Gulf Coast Workforce Board and
The Friends of the Franklin
County Public Library, Inc.
Other special WINGS/TIGERS
programs include the special in-
teractive writing and performing
workshop, "Poetry Slam," and "A
Place At The Table," based on the
award winning video and text
from Touching Tolerance. The
November/December workshops
will be. conducted by Educator
arid FROG Resource Specialist,
Elinor Mount-Simmons. These
special sessions afford exciting
opportunities for youth to learn,
grow, and enjoy and to realize and
develop skills and talents they
were not aware of and be provided
the forum to express themselves
in their own unique way, Parents
will be invited to take part in some
of these workshops. For more in-
formation, please call Eileen
Annie at 670-8151 or Ms.
Mount-Simmons at 653-2784.



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The Franklin Chrnnielp

The Franklin Chronicle


2 November 2001 Page 5

Florida fishers and the "Net Ban" continued from Page 1
Bayside was first established in 1821, incorporated in
1828 and renamed in 1831. The port was established for
shipping cotton all over the world. By the middle 1830's,
merchants from New England and New York began to
value Bayside as a link to the raw cotton vital for the
mills. The demand for these raw resources brought pros-
perity to the port and Bayside became popular featuring
a racetrack, an opera house, and plush hotels that of-
fered modern accommodations and gambling.
"...Today. this community has a United Nations Biosphere
Reserve and National Estuarine Research. The commu-
nity relies heavily upon the fishing industry for survival.
Dolphin county is one of the greatest seafood producing
counties in the state, providing 90 percent of the oysters
and more than 52 percent of the entire shellfish crop in
Florida (Rogers and Willis, 1997).
According to a February 1998 Sports Afield magazine
article, Bayside is rated as one of the top 50 outdoor sports
towns in America (Benedict, 1999). It is a sportsman's
paradise with acres of untouched river and swampland
for hunting, a bay that provides deep-water fishing and
tourist retreats within five miles of the city limits. .."
This study collected data from representatives of all com-
mercial net-fisher families that target mullet, all elected
or appointed officials (excluding the County Judge) and
all Marine Patrol law enforcement officers who regularly
patrol in the Bayside jurisdiction. The data included the
following: 1) thirteen survey and semi-structured inter-
views with representatives of ten commercial net-fisher
families, 2) semi-structured interviews with five elected
or appointed officials (two prosecutors, one mayor, two
political representatives) and 3) semi-structured inter-
views with seven law enforcement officers (Marine
This case study included representatives of all the com-
mercial net-fisher families that target mullet who have
current commercial net fishing licenses (saltwater prod-
ucts license, SPL, and restricted species endorsement,
RSE) and reside in the Bayside, Florida community of
Dolphin County. According to the Florida Marine Re-
search Institute, the number of Dolphin County fishers
from 1993 to 1999 who purchased licenses has not fluc-
tuated greatly."
Bayside appears to be the town of Apalachicola. Dolphin County ap-
pears to be Franklin County. To the east, Pompano County is really
Wakulla County, and to the west is Gulf County (Bass County in the
Kelley dissertation).
No attempt has been made to identify respondents Dr. Kelley inter-
viewed except for the obvious persons who could be identified by con-
textual references such as Apalachicola Mayor Alan Pierce, or Repre-
sentative Janegayle Boyd.
These identifies are not as important as the findings of his systematic
review of events since the 1994 net limitation Amendment was voted
into the Florida Constitution.
Kelley investigated the issue of compliance with the net limitation
Amendment from the standpoint of fishers, law enforcement and of-
ficers, prosecutors, and elected or appointed officials who reside and
work in what he calls "...this microenvironment." He surveyed events
from official citation data of the Marine Patrol and the judicial pro-
cess in Franklin County. He concluded that the majority of commer-
cial netflshers who lived in Franklin continued to poach to make. a
living for their families, while the Marine Patrol officers continued to
give citations to violators of the net limitation Amendment.
Moreover, Kelley concluded,
"...The Judge in (Franklin County) Dolphin County con-
tinues to dismiss the cases of Net Ban (sic) violators. This
creates a cycle of repeat offenders who do not fear arrest
or the judicial system."
With regard to reforming the state of affairs that has evolved since
the Amendment was put into place, Kelley concluded that all parties
to the problem, including the Marine:Patrol officers, suggest Florida,
FlIsh and Wildlife Conservation Commission considers regulatory con-
Sservation methods other than just liiitirignet and mesh sizes. Citing
data from the Commission itself, Kelley added," the mullet popula-
tion has revived in Florida coastal waters..." justifying additional
methods of conservation beside arrest and trial. He added that the
net limitation has "...also forced commercial net-fishers to become
criminals." He offers one solution to the arrest and trial dilemma.
Change enforcement policies concerning gear, use sound biological
catch documentation to establish quotas and regulate the times when
fishing is prohibited in an area.
The Kelley study is outlined in the following manner. Following a brief
history of the "net ban", Chapter 2 presents a theoretical model for
studying crime. Chapter 3 discusses the study objectives and meth-
ods. The profiles of "various matters" taken up with the Marine Patrol
and Judicial activity form chapter 4, and the more interesting narra-
tive portions of the 155 page paper, with Chapter 5 devoted to various
perspectives of compliance with the net limitation Amendment sum-
marizing positions taken by the Marine Patrol, fisher persons, pros-
ecutors, elected or appointed officials.

History Of The Net Limitation Amendment
Dr. Kelley wrote that the impact of the commercial net-fishers upon
marine resources initially came under scrutiny in 1991. In 1991,
approximately 6,100 Florida commercial net-fishers landed over 68
million pounds of finfish and other products that had a dockside
value of over $32 million dollars. Sport-fishing and conservationist
groups alleged that the fishery populations could not survive under
the fishing pressure. Prior to the passage of the net statute, these
groups had attempted to limit the use of gill, purse seine, and tram-
mel nets through legislative lobbying with only limited success. These
entangling nets are lengths of soft monofilament mesh set at fixed
depths to entangle the catch. Boats that encircle the schools of fish
deploy these nets to capture the fish by trapping them in the mesh.
The mesh sizes are adjusted according to the sizes of the targeted
catch. The nets are effective due to their invisibility.
Motivated by the legislative failure to control the use of these nets,
the sportfishers and conservationists began a movement to ban the
use of these commercial nets in Florida waters through a state con-
stitutional amendment. According to the sport-fishers and other con-
servationist groups, the nets were too effective in that all species of
fish were caught.

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The Net Ban Statute, which limits the nets that can be used by fish-
ers in Florida coastal waters, was passed in November of 1994. The
Statute, which became effective July 1, 1995, specifically prohibits
the use of "all gill or entangling nets in all state waters" (excluding
cast nets) and "other nets containing over 500 square feet of mesh
area in nearshore and inshore Florida waters" (including cast nets).
The ban affected approximately 1500 fishing families in coastal com-
munity around the state (Barnes, 1995). This statute was intended to
protect marine species such as sea turtles and mullet. According to
the Interagency Task Force on the Net Fishing Ban, formed in late
1994, no investigation was conducted before the ban was enforced to
explore its effects upon the families of fishers or the social impacts
upon the community built financially upon the fishing industry. The
Task Force limited its investigation to the possible financial effects of
the statute for the State of Florida. According to the Task Force, the
total cost of the Ban would be $55 million with $25 million required
to compensate fishermen with 50% of wage losses and gear buy-back.'
Kelley continued his historical narrative.
"...The ban affected more than a vocation. It potentially
damaged families by challenging a way of life that had
been present for generations. The ban also had the po-
tential to affect the financial stability of whole commu-
nity dependent upon the seafood industry..."
"...In the winter of 1992, the Florida Marine Fisheries
Commission, (MFC), the body charged with marine fish-
eries management, examined the regulations concern-
ing commercial netting. Regulations were flawed because
they did not control net lengths or soak time for the nets.
Under pressure from sport-fishermen, fisheries. scien-
tists, and conservation groups, the MFC considered regu-
lations that would limit the length of nets. This triggered
a response from the Coastal Conservation Association
(CCA), formerly Florida Conservation Association, and
Florida Sportsman magazine. In March of 1992, a joint
campaign began called "Ban the Nets" which called for
major restrictions on the use of nets by commercial fish-
ers. Initially, efforts began with lobbying through the state
legislature. These unsuccessful lobbying efforts forced a
petition campaign to place a Ban the Nets initiative on a
ballot. This required 430,000 voters or 8% of the number
of votes cast in the last preceding presidential election in
Florida to sign a petition filed with the Secretary of State
to place the motion on the ballot. A majority vote by reg-
istered voters was required for acceptance and imple-
mentation (Fla. Const. art. XI, section 3). The issues un-
der consideration were over-fishing in Florida coastal
waters, indiscriminate use of nets, and net-related strand-
ing of marine mammals and turtles.
The commercial fishers blamed the development of coastal
areas with the concomitant destruction of fish breeding
and nursery grounds and the growth of the sport-fishing
industry for the decreasing fish populations. The Orga-
nized Fishermen of Florida (OFF), viewed as the protec-
tor of the rights and activities of the commercial fishers,
felt the. existing rules and regulations adequately ad-
dressed the netting issues. They felt that any ban on the
use of the nets would change a traditional way of life in
Florida for the commercial fishers and could have a sig-
nificant financial impact on the state as a whole.
The Florida Seafood Consumers and Producers Associa-
tion (FSCPA) also opposed the ban. This organization rep-
resented the many businesses and support industries
Involved in bringing, the the markets as '.well
as the commercial fishers themselves. They argued that
a total ban on net fishing would deprive Florida citizens
of certain species of fish in local stores and have a sig-
nificant negative effect on employment..."
When the CCA and Florida Sportsman magazine alerted the Florida
citizens of the "Ban the Nets" campaign, the focus was on the Florida
legislature. While the legislature considered the bills for net regula-
tion, the sport-fishers and commercial fishers drew battle lines at
MEC meetings throughout the state. From public meetings in Talla-
hassee, Crystal River, and Sarasota in 1992, the Marine Fisheries
Commission ruled to limit the size and soak times of the commercial
The MFC adoption of the gear changes was a major turning point in
the Net Ban controversy. The leadership of the net ban campaign
argued that the new regulations would have little effect on landings
and would provide insufficient time for fish populations to recover.
This encouraged the petition drive to place the Net Ban amendment
on the November 1994 ballot. A media blitz calling for this "Save Our
Sealife" amendment was kicked off in the November 1992 issue of the
Florida Sportsman magazine. It began with the distribution of peti-
tion forms throughout Florida. Endorsers of the ban were groups
such as the Florida Wildlife Federation, the Florida League of An-
glers, and most influential, the Audubon Society. To counter this the
commercial fishers, through OFF, launched a campaign called "Save
Our Seafood". Brochures and bulletins were publicly distributed.
The OFF campaign focused on the potentially detrimental effects upon
the fishers and the consumers of Florida seafood concluding that
jobs would be sacrificed and the industry would be destroyed, that
higher prices for seafood would be passed on to the consumer, and
that the economy would suffer as fish processing and supply indus-
tries were eliminated. By July 1994, the "Save Our Sealife" campaign
had gathered more than the required signatures to be placed on the
November ballot. The Net Ban amendment, Amendment 3, obtained
the support of almost 72% of the voters (MFC, Constitutional Results
Nov. 9, 1994). The Net Ban, going into effect on July 1, 1995, prohib-
ited the use of all entangling nets. The prohibition also extended to
the use of other nets greater than 500 square feet in mesh area, af-
fecting the use of trawl nets as well.

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In Chapter four of his study, Kelley evaluated arrest data embracing
citations issued to fisher persons from July 1, 1995 to March 31.
2000. Violations included exceeding catch limits, use of illegal gear,
and commercial fishing with improper licenses. The sanctions im-
posed upon fisher persons for these violations included fines and
court costs, gear forfeitures and the confiscation of the illegal catch.
It should be noted that there were no uniform sentencing guidelines
provided by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission
for net limitation violators.
In the period under evaluation, Kelley counted 280 cases involving
the arrest of 204 violators that were processed in the five county
area. Overall Dolphin County (Franklin County) had more citations
and repeat offenders than the other counties in the Florida jurisdic-
tion. In this five-year period, Dolphin (Franklin) County citations
numbered 121, over twice the average for each county in the five
county area under analysis. In terms of judicial activity, out of the 45
cases adjudicated in Dolphin (Franklin) county, 23 or 42% were dis-
posed with fines. Most were guilty pleas. The rest of the cases were
dismissed. Thus, Kelley concluded, "It appears that fishermen who
allow the court in Dolphin County to decide the disposition of their
cases are successful in winning dismissals 96% of the time."
In his concluding chapter, Kelley wrote that the issue of the net stat-
ute compliance is a sore subject with all Marine Patrol officers. Many
feel they have been placed in the middle of a dispute that involves
friends, and in one case, family. Before the net limitation Amend-
ment was put into the Constitution, the relationships between the
Marine Patrol and the fishers was "very cooperative." Since the Amend-
ment, the number of citations increased. Kelley opined, 'There have
been regular instances of verbal abuse, physical threats and a gen-
eral disrespect shown by the fishermen and the community toward
the Marine Patrol officers. One described an incident that occurred in
Bayside (Apalachicola).
"...Bill and I went to breakfast this morning at the fast
food restaurant in Bayside. Standing at the front of the
line was a deputy sheriff. He was politely served and the
manager made sure he received a customary discount
on his food. When it was our turn to be served, the girl at
the window recognized our Marine Patrol uniforms and
asked the manager if we were to get the discount as well.
The manager replied that we were not real cops. All we
did was cause trouble for the fishermen and we didn't
deserve any discounted food. This just about sums up
how the community views the Marine Patrol..."
Kelley added, "...The attitudes of the community and the fishers who
are affected by the Net Ban statute have influenced the attitudes of
the Marine Patrol officers. In a sense, the officers are alienated from
their own homes. They cannot mentally separate from their job du-
ties when they complete their shifts. They feel they have been labeled
as the "bad guys" when they cannot rewrite the statutes they are
entrusted to enforce. Every officer feels that he enforces the Net Ban
statute uniformly, without prejudice. It is a great challenge to enforce
without prejudice when confronted by the attitudes of the citizens in
this community.
The officers denied targeting specific fishers for surveillance.
"...However, I was in the Marine Patrol office during a
recent incident when an officer jumped from a helicopter
into the path of a speeding airboat to catch a suspected
poacher for the first time. I was able to follow the action
by listening to the chopper pilot relay the play-by-play
action on the radio. This incident appeared to be a com-
petition between the "cops" and the "robbers." Luckily,
the poacher decided to stop the airboat before anyone
was hurt. When the officer returned to the base, he ad-
mitted that he had been looking for this mullet fisher for
several months. He could not let the opportunity to catch
this poacher get away and he felt the evidence would be
destroyed before the Marine Patrol officers in boats could
catch him. The officer elected to place himself in danger
because he wanted to "win the game..."
The Fishermen May Have An Ally In Their Perceived
Kelley's observations contained some unexpected views regarding the
fishermen and thenet limitation rules:;Most of the, Marine' Patrol
personnel he interviewed oppose the current regulations mandated
by the Amendment. Kelley continued,
"...They argue that the fishing populations should be regu-
lated according to the landings data that provide an ac-
curate indicator of marine species in trouble. The nets
that have been legalized for commercial use should be
modified according to the fishing season. For example,
mullet are larger in size in the fall months during spawn-
ing season. The nets limit the size of the fish that can be
caught through the regulation of mesh sizes determined
by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commis-
"The Net Ban statute has devastated the wrong people. It
has forced good people to become criminals in order to
support their families," commented an officer. The Com-
mercial net-fishermen should be given a net that will al-
low them to make a decent living..."
The Fisher's View: "The Son Of A Bitch Who Started
This, I Would Blow His Damn Brains Out."
In looking into the fisher's point-of-view, Kelley interviewed many
commercial fishermen who had their gill nets declared illegal by the
"Net Ban" statute. They all targeted mullet as their primary catch. All
were forced to use cast nets to continue making a living. Many be-
lieve the net limitation Amendment to be unconstitutional.
"...It denies them the opportunity to make a fair wage
legally. As one fisherman stated, "this statute prevents
me from feeding my family. I don't understand, the Lord
fished and fed everyone and the judges think they are
better. This is a decent way to live and the State has no
right to starve me and my family." The State has "messed
up my living." Another fisher commented, The Net Ban
statute stinks because now there is no good way to catch
fish." An older fisher stated, '"The net statute is not right.
There is no difference between knocking us out of work
than if we worked for Florida Power. That statute has put
most of us out of business." The comments made by the
fishers are indicative of the frustration they feel with the
State of Florida. They do not understand the ban on the
S Continued on Page 6



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Florida fishers and the "Net Ban" continued from Page 5
Mugil cureom.I

j ^- '" '. ,. ,
I ",.

nets they were taught to use by their fathers. They all
feel the Net Ban statute has forced many of the commer-
cial net-fishers out of business.
The perceptions of the Net Ban could be seen in the faces
of the commercial net fishermen during the interviews.
The fishers would become angry and place the blame for
their loss of wages upon the law enforcement officers in
their district. The fishers ultimately realize that the Ma-
rine Patrol officers are just doing theirjobs, but they have
no one else to focus their anger upon. An older fisher
exclaimed, "The son of a bitch who started this, I would
blow his damn brains out." The emotional stress from
the loss of income coupled with the realization that the
legalized net is inadequate to catch enough fish to sup-
port the family has made "law abiding citizens into ren-
egade poachers."
Other observations made by Kelley in his academic paper included
the following anecdotal generalizations:
1. The general impression held by fishers of the net buy-back pro-
gram is that it was riddled with fraud.
2. The enforcement of the "net ban" statute is biased without a uni-
form rule. The rules are vague.
3. Confrontations with the Marine Patrol are common.
4. The penalties.disposed for net violations are viewed as too severe
by all the fishers interviewed.
5. According to the Mayor ofApalachicola, Alan Pierce, the net limita-
tion Amendment is "over kill." He feels the commercial net-fishing
industry has been ruined due to the net limitation Amendment.
6. The net limitation Amendment has created a "tidal wave of rising
prices for seafood throughout Florida."
7. Some elected representatives interviewed in Kelley's study believe
that the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission has been
stubbornly refusing to modify the fishing gear to accommodate the
fishers' request for a net that is commercially effective. One case in
Wakulla County before Judge Sauls is still pending and may decide
this issue.
One must keep in mind that the prosecution of these cases is con-
ducted under the rubric of enforcing the laws of Florida, including
the requirements of the State Constitution. This puts the Attorney
General and the Governor in a difficult position, sworn to uphold the
law on one hand and sometimes empathetic on the other hand. Former
Governor Chiles was often heard saying "Cut them some slack..." in
the enforcement of fishing rules reviewed by the Cabinet. Still, over-
zealous state attorneys have generally demonstrated little coopera-
tion and occasional arrogance. In a mediation session between the
Marine Patrol and the fishermen in Wakulla County in the early 1990s,
the state's attorney walked out, citing pending litigation for the rea-
son not to participate in the sessions. No one realized that there were
exceptions to the "rules" permitting mediation when there were pend-
ing cases, yet the attorneys for the Fish and Wildlife Commission
arrogantly left the room. This also left a lasting impression upon the
fishermen who where there, and perhaps the Marine Patrol as well.

Commentary On State Action
The Kelley dissertation underscores the same conclusions pertaining
to state actions in the attempted influencing of social and economic
behaviors as a result of commissioned programs.and policies. As in
the ill-fated Franklin County aquaculture project the state agencies
involved in new programs and policies utterly failed to take appropri-
ate preparatory action.and study into the potential impacts such pro-
grams. and policies would have upon the targeted populations in-
volved. In the aquaculture project, the agencies failed to become in-
formed about the oyster industry and the important anthropological
aspects that would have facilitated innovation.
Instead the politics of the process became a barrier to innovation.
A lot was said about "technology transfer" without learning much
about the social patterns, family lifestyles, and communication pat-
terns of life in this rural area. In the net limitation period (roughly
1991-present) state agencies involved were not very aware nor sensi-
tive to the created mental stresses resulting from the net limitation
Any changes in the fishing industry affected the fishing families di-
rectly, and as a whole. For example, economic stress produced a role
exchange when wives assumed primary income responsibilities. Fish
ermen in some instances became depressed over the change in their
identity. In a study conducted by Suzanna Smith between 1991 and
1993 she investigated 95 commercial fishing families in ten coastal
communities involved in inshore gill net-fishing. The families, she
concluded, were very concerned about the potential financial prob-
lems brought on by the changing regulations. With more regulations,
the families' incomes decreased. More than one-third dropped their
health insurance, Women entered the labor force, which increased
family strains and decreased marital satisfaction.
After the "net ban" was put into the Constitution, there was an in-
crease in consumer debt with financial strains forcing the women to
play a greater role in the family finances. Women became money pro-
viders as well as money managers. But men experienced less job sat-
isfaction; women experienced greater depression. There were increases
in emotional problems, drug and alcohol abuse and sexual difficulty.
Smith and Kelley concluded that the State of Florida legislature did
not consider these consequences of the net limitation Amendment,
nor did they consider economic costs of assistance programs in job
retraining, aquaculture, net buy-back, and unemployment.
The cultural effects from the Amendment and the lack of skilled plan-
ning included the loss of traditional family values, relocation due to
reduced unemployment opportunities, increased divorce, and the loss
of a way of life.

MM I "WilMWtad

Hard Clam Farming In Florida

Hard clam culture has almost a 20-year history in the Sunshine State
with the industry originally centered around Brevard County on the
east coast. Fluctuating wild clam harvests in the Indian River lagoon
during the late 1970s prompted clammers to investigate the potential
of hard clam culture as an alternative to fishing wild stocks. How-
ever, it was not until the 1990s that the industry began developing on
the Gulf Coast, primarily through the efforts of job retraining pro-
grams. Soon after, clam production took off and the Florida farm
Raised clam has become recognized in the national market. Expand-
ing employment opportunities for the Florida fishing industry was
the focus of Department of Labor-sponsored programs funded through
the Job Training Partnership Act. Over the past decade these pro-
grams provided an infrastructure for introducing shellfish aquacul-
ture as a means of economic growth for rural coastal communities.

Clam Culture Components
The components of clam culture can be viewed as occurring in three
biological or cultural stages: production of small seed in a hatchery,
growing of larger seed for final planting in either or both a land-based
and field nursery, and growout to a marketable size.
Seed-Clam culture begins in the hatchery with the production of
seed. While hatchery techniques are well defined, they are fairly com-
plex. Most growers purchase seed from a hatchery. There are about
12 hatcheries in the state, ranging from backyard operations to com-
mercial sized facilities. As the industry continues to grow significantly,
the availability and cost of field plantable seed remain one of the
major production concerns and expenses.
Nursery-The nursery component serves as an intermediate step and
provides the small seed produced in a hatchery with an adequate
food supply and protection from predators until they are ready to be
final planted on the lease for growout. Nursery systems built on the
land usually consist ofwellers and raceways. Currently, over 75 land-
based nursery facilities are located statewide. Most growers are at-
tracted to the field nursery option. These systems can be novel, but
all designs place juveniles within the natural environment. Floating
wellers are employed at specific sites in Florida; whereas, smaller-
meshed varieties of the growout system are used extensively state-
Growout-Being a bottom-dwelling animal, growout systems are de-
signed to place the larger seed clams in a bottom substrate and pro-
vide protection from predators. The system must allow substantial
water flow to provide both oxygen and natural food, or phytoplank-
ton,'for growth. Growers employ some sort of in-bottom planting
method and the use of cover nets. The technology transferred in the
retraining programs for culturing clams and being used by most grow-
ers in the state is the soft tray which is made of a polyester mesh
material in the form of a bag. Phenomenal production of clams in
Florida is attributed to subtropical waters and high natural produc-
tivity allowing for almost year-round growing conditions. Crop times
range from 12 to 18 months as compared to 2 years in the mid-Atlantic
states and 3 years in the northeastern states.
Harvest and Market-Once the crop is harvested, clams are pre-
-pared for market by certified shellfish wholesalers who wash, sort,
grade by size, count, tag and package. Clams are generally sold as
live, or shellstock, and refrigerated trucks are used in transporting
product to the marketplace. Hard clams are a good source of protein,
low in fat, high in vitamins and minerals, and tops in flavor. Enjoy
delicious Florida farm-raised clams!

Grand Opening At Coastal Building

Supply Draws A Crowd Of Shoppers



Elaine Feehan, St. George Island, looks over cabinets.

John ark, St. George island, with his parrot Saphire.
John Clark, St. George Island, with his parrot Saphire.

Tacitly celebrating the end of the Eastpoint lumber supply
monopoly, the Coastal Building Supply opened its doors
Friday and Saturday in a Grand Opening with door prizes,
drawings, and hot dogs with the trimmings. The store
features a complete line of nationally advertised brands of
cabinets, doors, paint, and hundreds of hardware products.
The lumber company and hardware supplier brings a new
element of competition into the Eastpoint marketplace
with the economic benefits passed to the consumer
accented with "people-oriented" sales and service.

--`~~----; --


Fire trucks from St. George
Island, Eastpoint, Apalach-
icola, Alligator Point and
Ochlockonee Bay were
arriving along with their
operators heavily clad in
protective gear while the
afternoon sun and fire were
warming up the site on
Friday, October 27th, about
3 p.m. Foam was rushed to

Florida's Clam

Culture Industry

Delivers A $34

Million Economic

The economic impact of the hard
clam culture industry on Florida's
economy was assessed in a
project recently completed by
economists at the UF Food and
Resource Economics Department,
University of Florida. This project
solicited market information from
49 shellfish wholesale dealers that
handled cultured hard clams in
1999. Information about sales
volumes, sources and destination
of product, market prices, and
out-of-state Florida sales were

Market Structure
According to telephone survey re-
sponses about 143 million clams
were sold by Florida wholesalers
in 1999. The valued of these sales
was over $21.8 million. The indi-
vidual wholesaling firm that ac-
counted for these sales varied
considerably. Thirty firms han-
dling less than one million clams
annually made up about 10 per-
cent of the market. The seven
firms with sales between 500,000
and a million clams averaged a
market share of 3 percent each.
Seventy percent of the sales vol-
umes were attributed to nine
firms handling more than one
million clams.

Source And Destination Of
Clam wholesale firms obtained
the majority of their cultured
clams from other growers (72%),
with the remainder coming from
their own personal leases (20%)
and other wholesaler firms (8%).
Regions varied in terms of the
clams they obtained from outside
their own region. For example, the
Northwest Coast obtained 5 per-
cent from other regions; whereas,
the East Coast obtained 26 per-
cent from outside their region.
Of the total number of cultured
clams sold, about half went to
out-of-state buyers, while 25 per-
cent went to buyers within the
same region. The remaining 25
percent went to buyers outside of
the sellers' region but still in
Florida. Regional differences oc-
curred as well with 36 percent of
East Coast sales occurring within
the region and 39 percent of
Southwest Coast sales occurring
between the regions. Other whole-
sale distributors represented the
most important type of buyer.
Restaurants and retail buyers
were of almost equal importance,
with 'sales directly to consumers
representing a very small share.

Economic Impact
The total economic impact of cul-
tured clam sales was estimated to
be $34 million statewide. Thus,
the added economic activity (di-
rect, indirect and induced im-
pacts) associated with cultured
clam sales is significant, particu-
larly when compared to initial
grower ($16 million) and whole-
sale ($22 million) sales. The eco-
nomic output of $34 million een-

the scene from parts east
and south. The fire was out
within three hours as the
volunteers stowed their
equipment and drove off.
No one was injured. The
highly toxic remnants of
burned petroleum-based
products remained for a
rated an additional $17 million
in state income and $12 million
in value-added activities
(out-of-state sales). Within each
region the economic impact was
calculated based upon the pro-
portion that region represented in
export sales. This allocation
method may result in a conser-
vative estimate.

More Economic Info
Results from this project are use-
ful in providing a more accurate
measure of the contribution that
clam culture is making to
Florida's economy. This will allow
the state's resource managers and
local decision-makers to make
more informed regulatory and
economic development decisions,
as well as understanding the
tradeoffs associated with future
changes in water quality condi-
tions where clam farming exists
or has potential.
If you would like to discuss these
results further, please contact
Chuck Adams, Sea Grant marine
economist, at (352) 392-1826, ext.
223. This economic information
is in the process of being pub-
lished as a report by Florida Sea
Grant. To obtain a copy of the
Economic Impact of the Florida
Hard Clam Industry, contact Geri
Simmons at (352) 392-2801 or the
Shellfish Aquaculture Extension
Program at (352) 543-5057.
From ShellfishAquaculture News-
letter Vol. V, No. III, August 2001.
FWC Implements

New Commercial

Pompano Fishing


New rules to manage Florida's
commercial pompano fishery take
effect on Nov. 1. The Florida Fish
and Wildlife Conservation Com-
mission approved the
May, however, implementation
was delayed by an administrative
rule challenge, which was dis-
missed on October 11. The intent
of the new provisions is to allow
for a pompano gill net fishery in
federal waters while deterring the
illegal use of gill nets in state
The rules allow qualified fisher-
men to harvest pompano legally
with gill nets in an area of federal
waters adjacent to Florida waters
between Cape Sable and Hurri-
cane Pass under certain condi-
tions. Rules also provide a mecha-
nism to establish legal gill net
fishing zones in other federal wa-
ters adjacent to state waters
where viable pompano fisheries
exist. Only eligible fishermen may
possess a gill net and pompano
in specified state and adjacent
federal waters under the new
Commercial fishermen who do not
possess either a qualifying pom-
pano endorsement or a special
activity license are allowed to har-
vest pompano with only
hook-and-line gear, cast nets and
beach or haul seines. A daily har-
vest, possession and sale limit of
250 fish per vessel in state wa-
ters apply to those fishermen. In
addition, fishermen who harvest
other legal species in federal wa-
ters are allowed a bycatch of 100
pompano harvested in legal nets.
The complete text of the new pom-
pano rules is available on-line at or by
calling (850) 487-0554.

Veterans Day from Page 4
ered a father that I hardly knew.
One with a quick wit and temper,
another with a stream of roman-
tic lines, and above all, another
person who, like' thousands of
other veterans I supposed expe-
rienced the high moments of war-
time excitement followed with the
hours of boredom. And, superim-
posed over all of that were the
yearnings for companionship, in-
timacy and family. As a Vietnam
vet and "cold warrior" I would later
share a little of his feelings;
enough to become one with him.
For me, his, own words were the -
best way to recreate the mood, the
temper of the time, his internal
feelings and other attributes that
might more accurately describe
the common experiences thou-
sands of veterans encountered.
What follows are highly truncated
excerpts from Dad's letters, and
that of a correspondent, a Dr.
Maplethorpe, the "town physi-
cian" who provided some perspec-
tive on the home front as veter-
ans were discharged.

September 1, 1945
"...Dearest Marge and Boys.
Didn't do much today, only had 2
patients out of 8 show up. Guess
the kids are more interested in
going home than getting their
teeth fixed. Don't care if they show
up or not as (I) feel this thing (the
war) is really all over and let them
get their teeth fixed out in civil-
ian life ..."
"...Sat down at the radio tonight
and listened to the Calif. stations.
They came in pretty clear. Made
me wish (I) was there with all of'
you, like the time last year. Had
broiled steaks tonight; they were
good... Well, they finally set "V-J"
Day- Now (they) should start mov-
ing some of the persons out and
back home when all the ships
come back this way.... They have
posted a notice in Morning Orders,
the last couple days, saying for
men going back, not to have their
families meet them on the coast
as (the) housing shortage was se-
rious ...
"...Got a chance to take a boat trip
around the Isle (Maui) Mon.
morning, so will probably do it. Is
a pretty rough trip I guess, and
hope I don't lose my breakfast.
Got a letter from Maple(thorpe)'
today... (Dr. Maplethorpe was the
town physician in Toledo, Iowa.
he wrote Martin Hoffer on August
28th 1945)
Dr. Maplethorpe:
"...Everybody is figuring points for
discharge and about the time they
get things figured out, the Army
changes the point system and fig-
uring starts again. The Navy is a
bit slower than the Army..."
He continued:
Charles (my son) is still down in
Florida. He says he is in the AEF,
Americans exiled in Florida. He
thinks he will be sent out soon
but says it's just like sending in a
sub after the game is over. He says
the battle of Miami still goes on

Dr. Maplethorpe continued:
"...The fellows who have been sent
home are hard to handle. Most of
them are in bad shape physically
and mentally. I have three malaria
cases, recurrent, and I had to go
down to the hospital at SUI (State
University of Iowa) and steal qui-
nine because they took all we had
when this thing started, giving us
in return a nice sticker to put up
somewhere. This was not so bad

but now they do not send quinine
back with the fellows who need
it. We can buy atabrine and that
helps a lot. Some of the return-
ees seem to feel they do not need
to observe the trafficlaws or any
other law for that matter and
messes often occur. To make mat-
ters worse everybody is on a gas
spree since gas is not rationed any
more and with these synthetic
tires, which were not built for
speed, wrecks are the order of the
"...Folks are waiting for 'Dr. Hoffer'
to return as their teeth (are) in bad
shape. We'll be waiting for you.
/s/ Maplethorpe."
Continued on Page 10

FWC Set To

Meet At Key


The proposed ban on divers feed-
ing marine life will top the agenda
on the second day of the Florida
Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Commission's (FWC's) October 30
November 2 meeting at Key
Commissioners plan to hear 30
minutes each of public input from
both sides of the issue and then
decide to adopt, attend or reject
the proposed rule. This will be the
fifth meeting in which the FWC
has heard public comment and
discussed the issue.
Marine-life feeding by divers sur-
faced as a concern two years ago
when a south Florida group told
Commissioners divers who feed
sharks and other marine species
may pose a public safety hazard.
Numerous environmental groups
have speculated the practice
could alter the natural feeding
behavior of marine species.
The proposed rule would also pro-
hibit the operation of any for-hire
vessel for the purpose of taking
persons to any site in state wa-
ters to observe the feeding of ma-
rine life. The proposed effective
date for this rule is January 1.
Also on the November 1 (Thurs-
day) agenda is a proposed rule to
reduce the daily bag limit on
snook from two fish to one and
add May to the summer closed
season on snook on Florida's Gulf
Coast, effective January 1. No
changes to snook fishing rules for
the state's East Coast are under
consideration at this time.
in other Thursday marine fisher-
ies actions, the Commission will
review and discuss its artificial
reef ship policy and a draft rule
to extend the current moratorium
on the issuance of marine life en-
dorsements (permits for commer-
cial collection of ornamental fish)
through June 30, 2005.
Friday's marine fisheries items
begin with a review and discus-
sion of the spiny lobster fishery
and seasons, including the
two-day sport season, wire traps,
importation of lobster during the
closed season and possession of
undersized lobster.
Wednesday's agenda includes
consideration of petitions to re-
classify the Panama City crayfish
from species of special concern to
threatened and the West Indian
manatee from endangered to
threatened. Criteria for listing
under the three classifications
include population levels, confine-
ment to a limited range, probabil-
ity of extinction within the next
few years and other factors. Peti-
tioners believe the manatee may
no longer meet the criteria for list-

ing as endangered, and the cray-
fish may warrant a higher level of
protection than afforded under
the species of special concern
Staff reports to the Commission
will include: minimum flows and
levels for Florida waterways, a
marketing plan for Florida Wild-
life magazine, a strategy for posi-
tioning Florida as the fishing capi-
tal of the world and a report con-
cerning Lake Trafford restoration.
Commissioners are scheduled to
elect a new chairman and
vice-chairman for 12-month
terms on Friday and also to rec-
ognize two-term Commissioner
Julie K. Morris, whose term ex-
pires in January.


Pine Str
St. Georg

*Strg* Com p ost
i lit

SE 1 O thSreB
U^^ ^TrS Hwy. 98 ^

Gift Certificates Party Trays Fruit &
Gift Baskets Choice Beef Fresh
Poultry Fresh Seafood (in season)
We specialize in choice
Custom Cut Meats with a Mon. Sat.:
Cold Cut Department. 9 a.m. 6:30 p.m.
Fresh Produce Groceries noon 6:3 ..
Beer and Wine

eet Mini Complex 2nd and Pine East
,e Island, Florida 850-927-2808

No obligation ilic in 1 101, oin
Health Insurance* ^
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M jke's aibnt Located at the intersection of
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SO w.wwnik.espaintandbody-corm


3140 Coastal Highway MV #12153
Crawfordville, PL 32327 .
(850) 926-6181 WREC "HECK'

Eastpoint Fire continued from Page 1
Eastpoint Fire continued from Page 1

Hwy. 98 Eastpoint FL 32328 (850) 670-8808
Crickets Minnows
Shinersn Worms
*Squid Cigar Minnows
Live Shrimp Tackle
Licences Chum
*Ice *Feed
Specializing in Live Shrimp CHARLES PENNYCUFF-OWNER
Hours: Mon. Sat. 6 6 Sunday 6 a.m. 9:30 a.m./ p.m. 5 p.m.


---~,i~~sBrl ~` 3, "--,
r' ~..
_d~ '41TB bg:~q ; h.


Paee 8 2 November 2001


The Franklil Chronicle

FA Florida Classified

FCb Advertising Network

Each of the classified ads in this section reaches an audience

of 1.8 million subscribers through 112 Florida newspapers!

The Chronicle can place your advertising into this network. Please call the paper

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The Chronicle is now accepting classified ads, up to 40 words each, for
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the cost will be an additional $5.00. Discount rates available. Please re-
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2001. Thus, ad copy, your check and your telephone number must be
received by Tuesday, November 13. 2001. Please indicate the category in
which you want your ad listed. Thanks.


ABSOLUTE AUCTION. Oct. 23rd. St. Petersburg,
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PINE ISLAND, FLORIDA-Nov. 5th. 294+- acres in
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NATIONAL SUB SANDWICH franchises for sale in
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homesites *3 Waterfall sites *Breathtaking Mt. views.
*Mini farms *New homes available. In one small
town in TN. Call (800)628-9073.

Enjoy cool NC Mountains and relax. Homes, cabins,
acreage. Cherokee Mountain Realty Inc. 1285 W. US
64, Murphy, NC 28906. Call for free brochure.

on your lot for $79,900. Call Precision Homes. 5.5%
financing available. (866)734-5717, and ask for

CUSTOM RANCH STYLE Home. 3 Bedroom 2
bath. Wooded lot. Access to Private gated boat ramp
on the prestine Wakulla river, with access to the Gulf.
Furnished. A Bargain at $135,000.00 Call (850)926-

TanningBeds/Misc for Sale

Direct and save! Commercial/ Home units from
$199.00 Low Monthly Payments FREE Color Cata-
logCall TODAY (800)842-1310

Vacation Rentals

Destin, Navarre, Ft. Walton, Beaches ofSouth Walton.
From $113 per night, fall, three-night minimum. Free
golf. or (800)336-9669.

berships. Distresssales-cheap! Worldwide selections.
(800)543-6173. Free Rental Information (954)563-


Ministers, Elegantly Decorated Full Service Chapel.
Photos, videos, honeymoon cabins. Fourth night free.
Gatlinburg, TN (800)933-7464.
www.sugarlandweddings.conm e-mail

nis of the season. The St. George Civic Club staged their
tober meeting on the beach.

WA.e. r1 5 &

Art Little's "Coon Run Bar-B-Que" was featured at the
successful yard sale staged by the St. George Island United
Methodist Church.





Refuge House clients are in
need of the following in good
working condition: washer,
dryer, bunk beds and mat-
tresses, chest of drawers. If you
can provide any of the above,
please contact our office at 653-

5,815 sq. ft. commercial build-
ing with 7 storage units located
on 215'x250' lot in the Lanark
Village Retirement Community.
$238,000. Call 850-697-3395
(697-3183 nights/weekends).

Fostoria Glass, American Pat-
tern #2056, for eight persons,
clear glass dishware housed in
cherry cabinet. Extensive set
priced at $2000. Must be seen
to be appreciated. Please call
850-385-4003 for appoint-

T, ,

Tea-cart of solid walnut with
fold out leaves and silverware
drawer, mounted on two wheels
and shelves made by Amana,
Iowa furniture makers. $375.
Please call 850-385-4003.

Per Florida Statutes 713.78 (3) (b) File No.
Date of this Notice 10/26/01 Invoice No. 6640
Description of Vehicle: Make Mercury Model Tracer ColorRed
TagNo B77DFT Year1995 StateFL vinNo. 3MASM10J5SR657908

To Owner: Ruby Glass To Lien Holder:
P.O. Box 380
Eastpoint, FL 32328

You and each of you are hereby notified that the above vehicle was towed on
10/17/01 at the request of FHP that said vehicle is in its
possession at the address noted below. They the undersigned claim a lien for
towing, storage and cost. The vehicle will be sold after 35 days from the date of
impound free of prior liens. Payment by the above date of notice in the amount
$ 302.00 plus storage charges occurring at the rate of $ 20.00 per
day from the date hereof will be sufficient to redeem the vehicle from the lien of
the lienor; that subsection (4) of Florida Statute 713.78.

To subsection (5) of Florida Statute 713.78
You and each of you are hereby notified that on 11/22/01 at 12:00 noon
o'clock, the vehicle described above will be sold at public auction
at: 447 HWY 98 EASTPOINT, FL From the proceeds will first be paid all
towing and storage charges plus all costs including cost for this sale. Any excess
will be deposited with the Clerk of the Circuit Court.
You and each of you are urged to make satisfactory arrangements to pay all
charges and take possession of the said vehicle. In order to obtain a release of the
vehicle you must present personal identification, driver's license and PROOF
OF OWNERSHIP (title, registration, etc.) at the address below and pay the
P.O. Box 971
Eastpoint, FL 32328
(850) 670-8219


Tim Jordan, Lie. Real Estate Broker:
984-0001 984-5734 146 Highway 98 or
P.O. Box 556, Panacea, FL 32346
ASSOCIATES: Marsha Tucker: 926-1492 Jerry Peters: 984-0103
Ed Brimner: 544-3354 Jacki Youngstrand: 925-6631 Mike Gale: 567-2227
Call us for a complete list ofproperties. Beacl rentals & sales.
web address: e-mail: L S

SAlligator Point! Peninsula Circle! 1306 sq. ft. w/2BR/2BA on pilings, CHA, large
great room, built in 1974, remodeled in 1998. A must to see with a view that is breath
taking! All on 2 oversized lots on Bay! Just $329,000. 136FWH.
* Alligator Point! Near the marina! Gulf to bay! 1BA/1BA up and 1BR/1BA down
with sleeping porch, 2 kitchens! Great investment property. All on 100'x600' gulf to
bay lot. Just $575,000. 137FWH.

* Alligator Point! Cypress St. Gulfview/Bayview 3BR/2BA, 1400 sq. ft. home with
widow's watch, summer kitchen, carport, hot tub, deck, screened porch, greenhouse
and beautiful landscaped, fenced backyard with fish pond, fountains and statues.
The house has character! All for $165,000. 73FAH.
*Bayview/Canal Front! Great location! George Vause Road, city water available.
Beach access! Just 3 lots left! Starting at $80,000. 35FWL.
*Gorgeous Lot! Alligator Point! 50x535+/- w/10' deeded easement to bay to build a
dock. Just $375,000. 36FWL.

To view all of our sales listings and beach rentals go to:

850 670 8143

BR O R I 4:11 E I 1 R-




Children's & Adults Boots Anchor
Retrieval Systems Rope Frozen
Bait Triple Fish Line Deep Sea &
Flat Rods 4/0 & 6/0 Penn Reels *
Daiwa 350H & 450H Reels

Per Florida Statutes 713.78 (3) (b) File No.
Date of this Notice 10/19/01 Invoice No. 6638
Description of Vehicle: Make Chevy Model Blazer Color Blue
TagNo 622KYZ Year 1992 tate SC vmNo. IGNCS18Z6N0106211

To Owner: Shawn E. or Jennifer Bairefoot To Lien Holder:
3527 Charleston Hwy. Lot #3
West Columbia, SC 29172

You and each of you are hereby notified that the above vehicle was towed on
10/13/01 at the request of FHP that said vehicle is in its
possession at the address noted below. They the undersigned claim a lien for
towing, storage and cost. The vehicle will be sold after 35 days from the date of
impound free of prior liens. Payment by the above date of notice in the amount
$ 302.00 plus storage charges occurring at the rate of S 20.00 per
day from the date hereof will be sufficient to redeem the vehicle from the lien of
the lienor; that subsection (4) of Florida Statute 713.78.

To subsection (5) of Florida Statute 713.78
You and each of you are hereby notified that on 11/22/01 at 12:00 noon
o'clock, the vehicle described above will be sold at public auction
at: 447 HWY 98 EASTPOINT, FL From the proceeds will first he paid all
towing and storage charges plus all costs including cost for this sale, Any excess
will be deposited with the Clerk of the Circuit Court.
You and each of you are urged to make satisfactory arrangements to pay all
charges and take possession of the said vehicle. In order to obtain a release of the
vehicle you must present personal identification, driver's license and PROOF
OF OWNERSHIP (title, registration, etc.) at the address below and pay the
P.O. Box 971
Eastpoint, FL 32328
(850) 670-8219

302 Coata Hghay* r-fori -l, loid 332
1 8 5 ) .2 6 3 1 4 ( 0 0 7 6 1 0 9 F a : g85 ) 2 6 4 1 0

J, (-


2 November 2001 Page 9


'I rcg



; B -g

... 111B
^Saas -


Bears And
People Can
Co-exist In


By Rene Topping
"Bears and people can co-exist"
was the theme of a talk given by
Dan Sullivan, a biologist em-
ployed by the Florida Fish and
Wildlife Conservation Commis-
sion (FFWCC), to the members of
the Sea Oats Garden Club, on
October 11.
As the panhandle of Florida is
being developed there is less
space for the bear. The house you
live in and its grounds will almost
certainly have been the habitat
and feeding grounds for the
Florida Black bear.
So when the black bear roams
back into the grove of trees he
knew well, sometimes he finds a
new source for "easy to get at
Sullivan said that the bear will eat
almost anything. He favors fatty
foods, much of which can be
found in the neighborhood gar-
bage cans. In addition, the bear
finds other food in the bird feed-
ers, pet food, compost heaps, fruit
and nuts, all apparently put out
there for the taking.
So, if you do not want a bear to
take up your backyard as a great
place to shop in, Sullivan recom-
mends that you protect your gar-
bage can by covering it up se-
curely, fencing it in and waiting
until the last moment to put in
the fruits, vegetables, dog and cat
food or seeds of any kind. The
bear is not finicky about his diet.

Sullivan said if you get a bear in
your yard, give him a chance to
just walk through. If he persists
in staying make a lot of noises,
bang pans and shout loudly. The
bear will not like it and usually
will move on.
He also said it is not a sign that
the bear is ready to charge when
he rears up on hishind legs; it is
a sign that the bear is trying to
sniff the air to locate where the
food is, as bears do not have good
eyesight. He cautioned that a bear
who is clicking, huffing, or snap-
ping his jaws is warning that he
is uncomfortable and you are too
close to him. If you feel the need
to retreat, do not make motions
of going towards the bear, stand
your ground and then slowly back
away. Do not make eye contact.
It you have a bear that comes
more than once to your backyard
the best thing will be to call
FFWCC to do something about
the intruder. Sullivan said you will
most likely have a visit from him-
self or another biologist. They will
look over your yard and point out
things that are attracting the bear
to your home place.
If you take away these things and
the bear persists and shows signs
of hostility and lack of fear, as a
last resort the ranger will call for
a beartrap. Then they carry the
bear away from the area.
"Sometimes that will work,"
Sullivan said. "But the bear that
I trapped at the Carrabelle School
was taken 30 miles up County 67
and was back in a few weeks but
unfortunately was hit by a car and
A couple of other bear facts are
that only the black bear roams in
Florida. However, in addition to
black, they come in brown, cin-
namon and blonde colors in their

fur. He added that the Florida
bear does not go into complete
hibernation. On an early spring
day they will come out of their den
and eat a little.
Just remember, all of us who have
built our home here are the ones
who first transgressed on the
bear's territory. So heed the rules.
Then we humans and bears can
co-exist in harmony with each
respecting the other.

"American Holiday"
Coming To The
Dixie Theatre

"American Holiday will be pre-
sented by the Panhandle Players
at the Dixie Theatre, Apalachicola,
on December 7 and 8, 2001, be-
ginning at 8 p.m.
The evening of short perfor-
mances will feature local perform-
ers in showcase celebrating the
arts on the theme of "American
Holiday." Proceeds, after ex-
penses, will be donated to the
American Red Cross for relief ef-
forts in New York City.
For additional information, please
call Beth Blair at 653-4021 or
Royce Hodges at 927-2651.


Pizza Dinner And Fall Festival Combine At
Apalachicola Bay Charter School Celebration
The Apalachicola Bay Charter School Parent-
Teacher-Student Association produced a festival event last
Friday, October 26th, involving parents and their children,
school faculty and guests. Costumes were worn and awarded
prizes. Quarter tickets for a hay ride, games, prizes and
treats helped raise funds after all students were given four
free tickets. A short student theater presentation was
staged during a pizza dinner, followed with the Festival
conducted outside, at Battery Park. Parents interacting
with their children in the school-sponsored event was a
major, highly visible activity that distinguished the Fall
Festival while celebrating the Halloween season.

fw '-" S

14 Ncmtimli
A ltitque blecti of
qatlqm es, Mnautcal items,
funtrlttAre, collectibles,
art, books an. mkany
more dbstlMctlve accent

Photos circa 1900, of area
lig tthouses at St. Marks, St.
George Island, Dog Island,
Cape San Bas.
Postcards, circa 1900, of old
Apalachlcola. .
Extremely tanque nautical
items; arckhtectural stars,
turtle lamps a~nti muck

A ndiqes& f
Collectibles ^.jl-e'4

Look or the big tin shed on
170 Water Street along the
historic Apalackicolt River.
170 Water Street
P.O. Box 9
Apalachkcola, FL 32329
.(850) 653-3635
Linct & Harry Arnold, Owners

r Coastal Trailer

SHitch 0
Sales & Service
Medart, FL
Across from Medart Elementary


All Types Of Trailers
We also sell parts
We make Axles
Road service available

Rolls Aluminum Boat Trailers
Performance Boat Trailers
Utility Trailers
Hours: 8:30 6:00 M-F
9:00 3:00 Saturday

201 E. Gulf Beach Drive
St. George Island, FL 32328

Adult Sunday School 8:30 a.m.
Morning Worship 9:30 a.m.
Children's Sunday School
And Nursery during Morning

Phone: 927-2088
Rev. James Trainer, Pastor

Pet Styling Salon & Bathery
Kind & Priendly Service
The Latest in Pet Styling
The Ultimate Bath
Masage Therapy
Iydro-Surge Bathing
Doggie Day Care
In-Home Pet Sitting
Sniff us out! 670-5969
43 Island Drive
Eastpoint, FL 32328
Donna Richards,
Professional Groomer

Cook Insurance Agency, Inc.


+ Specializing in Coastal Properties
from Alligator Point to Mexico Beach

23 Avenue D, Apalachicola, FI 32329
850-653-9310 800-822-7530/

Estabtishied1913 'lii

3* ,, Offices in Apalachicola, Panama City
,: ':. ard Tallahassee
Wetlands regulatory permitting and
development feasibility assessments;
Environmental site assessments and
Marine construction including marinas,
i;. piers and shoreline protection
(850) 653-8899 FAX (850) 653-9656


A Realty,=.

Residential, Waterfront & Dog Island Properties
"River Front Land"-We have properties on both Crooked River and New River.
Crooked River is a shallow river surrounded by lush vegetation in a pristine
environment, very secluded and tucked away! New River is a very deep river with
access to the Gulf. With Tate's Hell State Forest across the river this is a fisherman's
paradise, in a nice quiet neighborhood. Both are excellent to sit back, relax, and
enjoy the outdoors! We have 1 acre lots up to 40 acre tracts. Call today for more
information. $69,000.00 to $135,000.00.
"Wilma's Haven"-Double wide mobile home with all the extras. Features a
covered carport, Florida room across the back, and is nestled on three lots in the
Lanark Beach area. Home has a beautifully landscaped yard with fruit trees and
every kind of fern to grace the oaks nestled around the back yard. This is a really
special home. MLS#90469. $149,900.00.
"Casey's Nest"-Located on Holland Street in Lanark, it's quiet and tucked away
with plenty of room to park. This was two units and converted into one large one.
Beautiful yard with.large Magnolias and crepe myrtle. Totally remodeled with up-
to-date kitchen, central A/C & heat and lots more. Don't miss this one, it's a real
showplace, the best of the village. Call! Shown by appt. only! MLS#90169.
$63,500.00.Bayside Realty, Inc.
101 S. Marine Street P.O. Box 267 Carrabelle, FL 32322
Office: 850-697-9505 Fax: 850-697-9541 Mobile: 850-545-7714
Jan Stoutamire-Realtor Freda White-Lic. Real Estate Broker
Raymond Williams-Lic. Real Estate Broker

Now is the time to
subscribe to the


The Chronicle is published every other Friday.
Mailed subscriptions within Franklin County
are $16.96 including taxes for one year, or 26
issues. The out-of county rate is $22.26 in-
cluding taxes.

City State
I Renewal"
Basic Subscription, 26 issues.
Qi Out of County QI In County
*If renewal, please include mailing label

Please send this form to:

Franklin Chronicle
Post Office Box 590
Eastpoint, Florida 32328
850-927-2186 or 850-385-4003

I. 'I

Pizza Dinner and Fall Festival

i ne r ranrlliin s -m-unicic

Who Uvanklin Chmnivit-

ii _,
f ,

o *-i>

Page 10 2 November 2001


The Franklin Chronicle

Veterans Day from Page 7

September 6, 1945
... Way I feel now will take me
more than a month to 'catch up'
on our 2nd honeymoon. Guess I
have been getting a little brazen
by the way I have been writing
about it... but it is the way I feel.
and to get home to you all and
some cool, or should I say cold
weather, I may be even harder to
handle. Boy, it's been a long time,
seems like years..."

September 20, 1945
"Worked for a mail man today and
he says the mail is all messed up.
Practically no airmail has come in
for 3 or 4 days. None at all today,
so should have a few letters on
the way some place. Examined 37
enlisted men today for discharge,
have 37 more tomorrow. Just
have to check their teeth and all
fillings recorded right, etc. If they
have cavities (we) will fix them if
they want to stay and have it done
but you can imagine what they
say at the suggestion ...

September 22, 1945
".. Is Sat. nite and sure wish I
was home, 'hell' to go to bed with-
out you, and the boys wake us up
in the morning. Did I say 'wake'?"

September 25, 1945
"Going to give the Corpsmen a
party next Tuesday night on the
beach. Will be 6 Corpsmen and 4
dentists. Go to a beach house we
are borrowing from 4 9:30 p.m.
Next week there is a dispensary
party at the beach. ...Lusterman
says everyone is confident he and
I will be home for Christmas and/
or before. I mean that is what they
told him over at Pearl (Harbor)..
My Dad did return home just be-
fore Christmas 1945. The memory
of that kitchen backdoor slowly
opening to reveal a swirling Iowa
snowstorm and a blue-coated
Naval officer is still fixed in my
One is moved to make lofty state-
ments at this point, I suppose.
The capstone event in a Home-
coming reminds me, and I hope
reminds us all, that thousands of
men arid women left their fami-
lies, some never returning, to
serve their nation for the duration
and the defeat of fascism and
Nazism. While each generation
may answer the same call, and
experience the same things in
wartime, the following generations
will learn of the demands for ser-
vice anew. Veterans Day memori-
alizes that service and the per-
sonal sacrifices involved.

Tom W. Hoffer, Publisher

Scholarships from Page 3
the November 2, 2001 deadline in
the following categories. Visual
Art, Theater, Dance, Music, and
October 31, 2001 is the deadline
for submission of The Prudential
Spirit of Community Awards Ap-
plications. This program is open
to students in grades 5 12 who
are actively involved in a volun-
teer community service activity.
Toyota Motor Company will again
award 100 outstanding seniors
with its Toyota Community
Scholarships. Recipients must
have demonstrated a commitment
to academic excellence and a will-
ingness to contribute to the bet-
terment of their schools and com-
munities. High schools may sub-
mit one student's name. The
deadline for submission of the
completed nomination form to
school officials is November 21,
Another opportunity for one se-
nior at Apalachicola High School
is the Principal's Leadership
Award that is jointly sponsored by
the NASSP and Herff Jones, Inc.
Students in the top 20 percent of
their class who are interested in
this prestigious award and schol-
arship should complete the appli-
cation and return it no later than
November 16, 2001,
Buffalo Rock Pepsi and News
Channel 7 are again sponsoring
the Student of the Year program.
Two local high school students
will be selected to represent
Apalachicola High School in this
competition for up to $12,000 in
scholarships. Interested seniors
should register at the school by
November 12, 2001. See the coun-
selor for information.
Discover Card Tribute Award
scholarship is open to high school
juniors with a cumulative grade
point average of 2.75 or better,
Three letters of reference are re-
quired for this award with a dead-
line of January 11, 2002, Nearly
$250,000 will be awarded to de-
serving juniors this year.
Finally, colleges often send infor-
mation about scholarships from
their particular institutions. Cur-
rently information is available for
Florida Atlantic University in Ju-
piter, the University of Alabama
in Livingston, Emory University in
Atlanta, Erskine College in South
Carolina, DeVry Institute in se-
lected cities, the Catholic Univer-
sity of America in D.C., Young
Harris College in Georgia, and the
University of Miami.
More information will be available
as it is dispatched from the do-
nor organizations. Remember to
search the Internet, and other
sources. Until next time, good
luck and happy hunting.

Pamrel 2122200110000 Leon County, FL
Scale 1:3600

0 150 300 450 600 750 Feet

Zoned MR-1 Medium Density
Residential District

1. District Intent
The MR-1 distrctis intended to be located
in areas designated Mixed Use-A. B. or C
on the Future Land Use Map of the
Comprehensive Plan, in close proximity to
more intensive non-residential uses.
including commercial and office uses: and
to residentially compatible public facilities
such as schools, parks, and transit
facilities The MR-1 district shall provide
for a wide range of residential housing
types. The maximum gross density allowed
for new residential development in the
MR-I district is 16 dwelling units per acre
while the minimum gross density allowed
is 6 dwelling units per acre. unless
constraints of concurrency or
preservation and/or conservation
features preclude the attainment of the
minimum densities.


Humane Society from
Page 1
The often heard rumor that the
society might abandon the facil-
ity built on county land has ap-
parently been abandoned. Mrs.
Dodds said, "I should not have
said that we would close the shel-
ter... It reverts back to the county.
At present, we're keeping the shel-
ter open with volunteer help."
Much of the meeting was devoted
to various strategies for fund rais-
ing and operations with questions
coming in rapid-fire from the floor
of voters. Initially, a surge of
bald-faced anger toward the
County Commission was highly
vocal but that subsided. Ben
Watkins spoke of conciliation and
Vandalism occurred at the shel-
ter sometime after October 18th,
with dog fecal matter spread
throughout the facility. A gate was
found unlocked.
While the theme of "privatizing"
the program, developing funds
from non-government sources,
continued, many said they did not
want to "give up" the.shelter and
allow the county to take it over.
Those who may be interested in
joining the effort to help solve the
Society's concerns are invited to
join. Single member's dues are
$15.00 per year; family member-
ships are $25.00 per year. Help is
also needed from volunteers
working with the animals,
grantmanship, accounting, pho-
tography of animals for the web
site, landscaping, painting and
repairs. Send your checks and a
note of interest to: Franklin
County Humane Society, Inc.,
Post Office Box 417, Eastpoint,
Florida 32328.

This property is a "developer's
dream!" There are no comparable
properties this size within the city

Listed exclusively with Marion Miley,
George Island, Inc., (850) 927-
2821. 61 West Gulf Beach Drive,
Suite C., St. George Island, Florida

2. Principal Uses
(1) Community facilities related to residential uses, including
religious facilities, police/fire stations, and elementary, middle.
and high schools. Other community facilities may be allowed in
accordance with Section 18.1 of these regulations. (2) Day care

Centers. (3) Golf courses. (4) Multiple-family dwellings. (5] Nurs-
L ighth o u se ing homes and other residential care facilities. (6) Passive and
igo 0 U active recreational facilities. [7] Single-family attached dwellings.
i ( 8] Single-family detached dwellings. [9] Two-family dwellings.
7 R ealt 1 (10) Zero-lot line single-family detached dwellings.

Of St. George Island, Inc.

i (850] 927-2821 office/[850] 927-2314 fax

the Chronicle Bookshop

SMail Order Service *

2309 Old Bainbridge Road
Tallahassee, FL 32303

Saint George Island & Apalachicola
from Early Exploration
to World War II

(21) Outposts on the Gulf by William Warren Rogers. Uni-
versity of Florida Press, Hardcover, 297 pp. In this book,
Rogers traces and documents the economic, social and
political emergence of the Gulf coast port of Apalachicola
and the, pristine barrier island, Saint George. From the
earliest times, both the island and Apalachicola have be-
come intertwined. The account of the machinations of con-
troversial developer William Lee Popham is the first phase
of area development, later leading to the controversial
struggles of the 1970s when environmentalists and sea-
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nomic fate of the Bay area. The Chronicle has obtained
a fresh supply of newly reprinted volumes at an at-
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(145) Updated Atlas of
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many other facets of
Florida, including natural
environment, history, cul-
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plus a section on the origin
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First published in 1982, the
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About 35 percent of the
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(183) Florida Lighthouses
by Kevin McCarthy; Paint-
ings by William L. Trotter.
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(22) University Of Alabama
Press. Fair To Middlin':The
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'-. '. .4

1(126) Shipwreck and Ad-
!ventures of Monsieur
Pierre Viaud From 1768,
the sensational story of a
shipwreck near Dog Island,
and the adventures of Pierre
Viaud and his search for
survival. Published by the
University of Florida Press,
139 pp. Hardcover. Sold
nationally for $24.95.
Bookshop price = $20.95.

A Biography of Dc John'Gorrie

12.95. Book- I- _.__... .-
$10.00 (192) Vivian Sherlock's bi-
ography of John Gorrie,
The Fever Man, is available
once again after being
S out-of-print for more than
a decade. This is the story
fDIA Aof John Gorrie, young phy-
IlUA sician who invented an "ice
THOUSES machine" that many argue
IULE was a forerunner to air con-
ditioning dozens of years
later. His cooling device was
developed to provide relief
to his suffering yellow fever
patients. A museum in
Apalachicola to this day
Marks the work of John
Gorrie just across from his
last resting place in Gorrie
I' M.c Square, down from Trinity
",,m- Church. This book tells
'Wi'am. what is now known about
S Dr. Gorrie, his work and his
ice machine. Paperback,
New, 151 pp. Bookshop
price = $10.00

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