Franklin chronicle

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Franklin chronicle
Russell Roberts
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United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
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rankln Phroncle 8

Franklin Chro icle

Volume 9, Number 11


May 26 June 8, 2000

Cancer Survivors On The March




.. 1 4 Leases

Wilson Seafood

By Tom Campbell
Since The Franklin Chronicle reported 1i the January ,. 1999 issue
that was 'packaging a sale raw oyster lor nation-
wide distribution." the company has grown- and expanded Oncinally
located at Saunders Seafood on Timber island in Carrabelle. the plant
now has leased "through Bankruptcy CoCurt Wilson Sea Fresh Mother
of Pearl Company in Apalachicola. as ol MayN 1 2000.
Fred W. "Bill" Thomas explained that we haven't finalized the lease
yet, but it is due to be finalized Nlonda\ INlay 221 It \,ill be a 6-month
lease with option to purchase." The Bajrkruptcy Court ordered the
leasefrom Wilson Sea Fresh which is in liquidation with authonza-
tion of its creditors. Thomas said. 'We have a six-month lease with
option to purchase \was founded by Bill Thomas and Bob Mills in re-
sponse to the need for a safe raw oyster. as is explained on the v.ebsite
Thomas and his family\ have been in the seafood wholesale industry
in Apalachicola for three generations. Mills has 30 years experience
in and project management. The\ envision
PristineOyster com in the future "as the best nationwide distributor
of the finest oysters and seafood available -anywXhere."
The key advantage of PristineOyster is pro'\dinug 99.9 percent Bacte-
ria Free oysters \without the loss of taste o'r texture, as stated on the
PristineOyster corn processes Iresh live oysters harvested in the
Apalachicola Bay by crvogenically freezing the shucked oyster and
sealing the oyster for freshness with a water glaze The IQF freezing
process kills 99.9 percent of the deadly bacteria Vibrio Vulnificus.
According to the \website. "Product tests alter processing performed
at the University of Florda documented a complete kill of the V.
Vulnificus bacteria. Not one live bactena could be found in the test
sample. The product is safe to eat and the taste is indistinMuishable
from live oysters night off the docks."
The packaging facility' in Carrabelle currently employs about 25 work-
ers. There are three facilities in Apalachicola-Allen" s Seafood. \Wil-
S son Sea Fresh Mother of Pearl. and-Sea Fre-4+ Re-Packing plant. These
three plants in Apalachicola employ about 80 workers, so altogether
PristineOyster now has over 100 workers. According to Thomas, there
are also "contract shucking facilities" in Eastpoint that work "as
Thomas explained that the federal government has a "basic proposal
to reduce sickness and death" from bacteria-infected oysters. Oys-
ters grown in warm waters are especially vulnerable to the bacteria.
The government wants at least a "40 percent decrease in five years"
in the sickness and death from bacteria. '"Tagging and labeling does
not solve the problem," according to Thomas. "Education of the con-
sumer will do a lot." When in doubt, "steam or cook the oyster."
Thomas explained that "post-harvest treatment of oysters" will help'
in the government's goal. "Pasteurizing is cooking to a certain extent
and helps, but that does affect the flavor and texture of the oyster." has the method of freezing and it is "free of bacte-
ria," said Thomas. "And this freezing we use does not affect the flavor
or texture. The shelf life of our oysters is up to fourteen months."
"We have contacts in Europe now," said Thomas, "that want our prod-
uct. We have a USDA Type I plant here at Wilson in Apalachicola. We
expect to be world-wide and eventually get into retail as well as whole-
"We do not combat FDA," Thomas said. "But we create a model to
work hand-in-hand with them." He believes his product more than
meets the government standard for "safe, succulent oysters.",
Planning is underway to establish a PristineOyster facility in Port St.
Joe. "We don't currently have the freezer facility we need," Thomas
said. The option is to build it at Port St. Joe or expand the facilities in
Apalachicola. That decision will soon have to be made by the Board of
"Right now," Thomas said, "we are happy to keep people working
here in Franklin County. Many of these folks are long-term friends of
mine. I'm happy we've been able to avoid a crisis in the county."


Chosen For
Branch Library
By Rene Topping
The firm of CRA-Clemons, Ruth-
erford & Associates, Inc was cho-
sen Monday, May 22 at a special
Franklin County Commission
meeting, to contract with the
Commission to design and over-
see the building of the Carrabelle
branch of the Franklin County
Public Library. The firm was rep-
resented by Greg Kelley who will
also be the project manager.
Also at this meeting the commis-
sioners delegated the Franklin
County Public Library Advisory
Board the duty of working with
the chosen firm to bring the
branch building to reality.
Three other firms who had sent
in written bids on the job were
Harvard, Jolly, Clees, Toppe, Ar-
chitects, PA.; Collins and Associ-
ates, Inc. and Baskerville and
Baskerville and Donovan chose to
withdraw their bid early on Mon-
day, May 22 by way of a telephone
message to the Clerk of the
Court's office. County Attorney Al
(Sonny) Shuler said that their rea-
son was that Elsa Mosconis is the
wife of County Commissioner

Jimmy Mosconis. Mosconis spoke
on this saying that he did not
want to have even a indication of
a conflict of interest.
Before the three firms gave their
presentations Shuler also ex-
plained the procedure. He said all
three would make their presen-
tation. Then the members of the
Advisory Board would meet in
executive session and discuss
what they had just heard.
When they had come to a conclu-
sion as to the architect they felt
was the best for the county they
would form their recommendation
the county commissioners would
go back in session. The Franklin
County Public Library, and of the
Carrabelle Branch Building Com-
mittee, were on hand waiting in
anticipation of the moment they
had been looking forward to for
over two years.
Shuler instructed the commission
as to their duty and the order in
which the negotiations would be
held. He said the firm that had
been chosen as the first to try to
negotiate a contract would be


Oyster Industry Hears New Elphabis
,On Potential Regulation To Reduce
Vibrio Vulnificus To Zero Toler-dcice
A Campaign to Create A Zero Tolerance Standard Threatens
Drastic Regulatory Measures
On Friday, March 12th, David Hell of the Department of Florida Agri-
culture and Consumer Services opened a meeting of harvesters, pro-
cessors, county officials and commissioners, and political represen-
tatives at state and federal levels. Heil gave the unique assembly some
background information on the forces well beyond county lines that
could directly affect oyster harvesting in Apalachicola Bay, and in-
deed, possibly shut down the industry during the warm months.
He opened his remarks with these words. "...Now, for years the Inter-
state Shellfish Sanitation Conference (ISSC) has been discussing vibrio
vulnificus in oysters, a naturally occurring bacteria. The ISSC is the
group of individuals that make up all oyster regulations from the
health standpoint. The federal government is in this organization as
a voluntary member. The federal agencies involved are the U. S. Food
and Drug Administration, the National Marine Fishery Service and
the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. All of the states are also
'members. Heil pointed out that the ISSC is planning its annual meet-
ing for the fall in Arizona.


David Heil
In the annual ISSC meetings, the shellfish processing entities have
always been in attendance, but the harvesters have historically not
attended these policy-setting conferences. Once annually, the ISSC
meets to change, modify, add to, or delete the health regulations that
govern the shellfish industry, and state attendees return to their gov-
ernments and implement the new or modified recommendations into
rules and regulations. The same cycle of activity Occurs in the Food
and Drug Administration. If the state does not conform to recom-
mended guidelines and policies from these two entities, Florida deal-
ers might not be able to transport their shellfish in interstate com-
Heil continued his scenario. The annual ISSC conference has a his-
tory of influencing the rule-making process, such as the requirement
to shade oysters so they are not exposed to direct sunlight, or certain
other rules affecting the shelf-life of the product.
About two years ago, the Food and Drug Administration performed
some analyses using deaths of individuals from eating infected oys-
ters with vibrio vulnificus. In the last 11 years, Heil said, there were
246 illnesses traced to infected oysters, and 126 deaths in that group.
"They used vibrio vulnificus deaths as the driving factor on the nega-
tive side," he said. A consumer group called the Center for Science
and the Public Interest has reviewed the oyster bacteria problem,
and in a formal petition to the U. S. Food and Drug Administration
demanded that vibrio vulnificus be subjected to a new standard, that
of zero tolerance in all oyster product. That means, if any bacteria
were found in the product, the oysters could not be sold. This year,
the Food and Drug agency informed the consumer group that FDA
Continued on Page 5

Relay For Life

Raises $30,000+

Gene Brown of
Addresses Civic
Club on Water
Gene Brown, owner of the St.
George Water Management Com-
pany, spoke to the St. George Is-
land Civic Club Thursday night,
May 18th.
After a brief introduction by Presi-
dent Bob Harper, Brown was
warmly applauded but listeners
were anxious to learn more about
the proposed new rates amid ru-
mors that the company would
have to pay for a new water line
on the new bridge and the entire
cost would be passed on to the
water customers. He began his
remarks offering an opinion that
he fought politically and legally
against removing the old bridge.
"Judge Steinmeyer has ruled
against us on all points except
one...," he said. That was the is-
sue of inverse condemnation.
"This was not a simple relocation.
Even though you're not condemn-
ing it, you are taking it," he voiced.
In the upcoming hearing on the
remaining motion, the big issue
is what, if anything, the state is
going to pay for the salvage value
of the old pipe. The Department
of Transportation says the salvage
value is the value of the pipes as
they are now. Mr. Brown says the
salvage value is the relocation
expense. The new bridge is higher,
and consists of "more bridge" in
place of the current causeway.
What works up most islanders is
the projected cost ofaccommodat-
Continued on Page 5

Franklin County's annual Relay
for Life, a Team Event to Fight
Cancer, was held at Vrooman
Park in Eastpoint Friday and Sat-
urday, May 19-20, and was a
"great success," according to
those who sponsored the event.
There were twenty teams of at
least ten people each, according
to Ms. Beth Mosley, VicePresident
of the St. George Island Gulf State
Co iunity Bank Branch, "so we
had over 200 people involved."
She said, "We especially want to
thank all the people and mer-
chants who helped by donating
food and beverages. We couldn't
have made as much money for the
American Cancer Society as we
did, without their help."
She said by 4:15 a.m..Saturday
morning, the goal of $30,000 had
been reached. 'This was the first
time in 5 years that we reached
our goal on the night of the walk.
And money is still being totaled,
so we don't know the final total
yet. It will be $30,000 plus."
There were a number of cancer
survivors on hand for the festivi-
There were seven business who
were sponsors: Gulf State Bank,
Apalachicola State Bank,
'Apalachicola Gulfside IGA,
Apalachicola Volunteer Fire De-
partment, Garlick Environmental
Association, WOYS 100.5 FM Ra-
dio, and The Apalachicola Times.

Hurricanes 101

Hurricanes are nature's most se-
vere storms. High winds, clouds,
and rain move around the calm
center, the eye of the hurricane.
Next to the eye are the strongest
winds, which make up the eye
wall. These winds swirl around
the eye in a counter-clockwise
motion at speeds anywhere from
74 to 200 mph. Hurricane Sea-
son runs from June 1 to Novem-
ber 30, with August, September
and October as the busiest
months of the season. In the sum-
mer and late fall, the air over the
ocean warms up considerably,
picks up moisture and begins to
move in a circular motion, form-
ing a tropical depression. If the
wind speed accelerates above 39
mph, it becomes a tropical storm
and is given a name. When the
winds reach 74 mph, the storm
becomes a hurricane.

Continued on Page 5

I )

Page 2 26 May 2000


IT F .. .nic. e



May 16, 2000
By Barbara Revell

Two County
Commissioners Certified
Chairman Clarence Williams
announced that Franklin County
now has two certified, county
Commissioners: Cheryl Sanders
and Clarence Williams. Sanders
and Williams successfully
completed the Florida Counties
Foundation Voluntary ,Certifica-
tion Program. Williams said that
he and Sanders would get a letter
of certification of June 21, 2000,
in Orlando. Williams then re-
quested that the Commissioners
pass a resolution that the, Com-
missioners in support of Leon
County Commissioner Rudy
Malloy, to become the
vice-president of County Commis-
sioners at the national level. The
Commissioners passed, the reso-
lution at the end of the meeting.

Bid Opening for Purchase
of Equipment for Road
Kendall opened the bids for the
purchase of a wheel loader and a
landfill compactor for the County
Road Department. Three bids
were submitted:
1. Ring Power Corporation, Talla-
hassee, Florida: One wheel
loader-$44,356; One landfill
2. Tractor Equipment Company,
Panama City, Florida: One wheel
loader-$68,000; One landfill
compactor-$ 166,742
3. Flynnt Equipment Company,
Tallahassee, Florida: One wheel
loader-$44,800; One landfill
Jimmy Mosconis made a motion
seconded by Cheryl Sanders, that
the bids be turned over to Road
Superintendent, Hubert
Chipman, to determine what
meets the requirements and to.
purchase it.

Franklin County United
Firefighters Association
Steve Fling, President, stated he
was returning at the Commission-
ers' request after being appointed
last year to form a committee to
study the current MSDU and
come up with some recommenda-
tions for an increase.
The committee recommends an
increase to $70 from the current
$28 for residential. The coinmis-
sioners requested more detailed
information before considering
any raise.
SFling stated he would get more
information for the next commis-
sion meeting. Fling also noted
there has not been an increase in
13 years and in that time the
Firefighters have doubled or
tripled the things they do for the
citizens of Franklin County in-
cluding Emergency Management
Services since 1987. He said that
there are more fire stations now
and upkeep has increased.
Jay Abbott, St. George Island Fire
Chief, then pointed out that there
is an emergency .situation in the
County because of the drought
and requested a "No Burn Order"
in the County. The Commission-
ers instructed County Extension
Agent, Bill Mahan, to investigate
the matter and if there is a prob-
lem to immediately issue the "no
burn" order.
Mahan returned later in the meet-
ing to report his findings.

Charles Sumners, St.
George Island Cable
Company Cable TV Options
Mr. Sumners said there have been
a lot of questions about the exist-
ing cable company in the County.
Sumners said, "The solution to
the problem is for the City and the
County to build their own cable
system. I think they would find
out it would be very lucrative...
they could provide quality pro-
gramming to the people of
Franklin County at a reasonable
cost." Mosconis stated, "govern-
ment does not need to get into
private, enterprise. It doesn't mix
well with what we do. Private en-
terprise can do a much better job
and much more competitive job."
Sumners stated, "I have done this
for cities before and they are so
happy. l"ve built them and
trained people." Mosconis pointed
out it could put the County in a
difficult situation when people
could not pay their cable bill and
the County would have to cut off

their cable... there's just all kinds
of problems when the government
gets mixed in with private enter-
prise." Sumners pointed out that
a building is already in place with
everything including the water
and sewer.
Mosconis suggested Sumners
come to Apalachicola, "We would
be glad to sign you up today to
start putting cable in residences"'.
Sumners stated he is extremely
busy and just does not have the
time but he would give it a lot of

University of Florida/
Franklin County Extension
4-H/FDOT Seat Belt Safety Pro-
gram: County Extension Agent,
Bill Mahan reported that the
Classroom and School Seat Belt
Safety Contests are completed.
Each school division winners will
compete with the Division Win-
ners from the other schools in the
county-wide competition.
4-H Tropicana Public Speaking
Contest: Mahan reported that the
following individuals won the pre-
liminary contest: 4th and 5th
grade division: Jesse Whitfield,
Chapman Elementary; Brittani
Chambers, Brown Elementary,
and KadyTindell, Carrabelle. 6th
grade division: Ta'Vis Bell,
Chapman; Tara Klink, Brown;
and LeAnn Bell, Carrabelle. The
countywide "Speak-Off will be
held on May 17, 2000.
Butterfly School Programs "are
up and going at Chapman, Brown
and Carrabelle Elementary
Schools. The caterpillars grew
quickly and have pupated ... The
pupa stage in their life cycle
should last approximately two
weeks and then the butterflies will
"hatch." Mahan reported that
each school is planning a "But-
terfly Release" when the butter-
flies emerge.
Aquaculture: Commissioner
Sanders said she would like to see
a workshop regarding aquacul-
ture in Alligator Harbor to include
"state agencies and all concerned
people so we can see what is go-
ing on and what we can do to help
this matter ... We need to see how
we can help the oystermen
supplement their income." The
Commissioners agreed and
Mahan will arrange the workshop.
Oysters: The Commissioners ap-
pointed Mahan to be the lead per-
son to attend all meetings regard-
ing oysters and the FDA to keep
the Commissioners apprised of
what they can do, etc. Putnal
noted that Mahan is thoroughly
involved in it already. Mahan
stated that the suggestion from
the meeting to form a local com-
mittee with everyone involved:
restaurant owners, Chamber of
Commerce, harvesters, proces-
sors, etc. to help develop a posi-
tion papers.

Public Hearing to Amend
the County Ordinance
Regulating licensing of
Mark Currenton, Assistant
County Planner, presented a pro-
posed amendment to the ordi-
nance regulating the licensing of
contractors. It has been reviewed
and approved by the Construction
Industry Licensing Board and was
prepared by their attorney,
Michael Shuler. Currenton ex-
plained that the amendment does
three things: 1. Deletes the Main-
tenance Man specialty category.
The County stopped using this
category several years ago at the
insistence of the State.
2. Adds a special contractors' cat-
egory for pressure. washing and
exterior mildew removal. This is
to make sure these contractors
have insurance in case they dam-
age a house during the process of
professional washing. Currenton
noted there have been problems
in the past when professional
washers have damaged buildings
but did not have insurance
3. Changes the way the County
changes late registration. "A reg-
istration which is inoperative be-
cause of failure to timely renew
shall be restored on payment of
the proper registration fee, if the
application for restoration is com-
pleted within 90,days after such
September 30 and the applicant
otherwise complies with the re-
quirements of this Ordinance. If
the application for restoration of
a registration 'is not completed
within the 90-day period follow-
ing September 30, then such reg-
istration shall become delinquent.
A delinquent registration shall not
be restored at any future period
until such applicant has paid
double the registration fee and
otherwise complied with the re-
quirements of this Ordinance
and, in addition, the Board may
require re-examination of the ap-
plicant. All delinquent registra-
tions shall be restored as provided
herein; a new registration shall
not, at any time, be issued in the
same category in which a, regis-
tration has become delinquent."
The Commissioners approved the
amendment, which shall take ef-
fect on June 30, 2000.

Dorothy Inman-Crews,
Executive Director of the
Capital Area Community
Action Area
Ms. Inman-Crews stated she is
coming before the Commissioners
on an issue that is very impor-
tant. She is concerned about the
moving of the Franklin County of-
fice out of the courthouse to an-
other location. She said there is
no new location to move the of-
fice to. She also pointed out the
in-kind space is a major impor-
tant part of fund-raising. She said
for every $.80 received from the
federal government has to be
matched with $.20 and the space
in the courthouse is used as the
match. Capital Area Community
Action provides direct services to
many low-income people in
Franklin County, including Head
Start, providing emergency home
repair and weatherization services
for families who are living in di-
lapidated housing, assisting resi,
dents in the County with paying
utility bills, rental assistance as
well as distributes USDA com-
modities. Inman-Crews further
said the Agency is investigating
the possibility of adding another
Head Start program in the
County, in addition to the one in
Carrabelle. She stated the Agency
Spends over $400,000 a year in
Franklin County.
Clerk, Kendall Wade, stated, "I
can certainly sympathize with Ms.
Crews and understand ... the
problem we have is the court-
house is jammed-packed and we
are very near getting an adminis-
trative order from the Circuit
Judge to find a holding cell in the
Courthouse. We have no choice
once the Judge decides that we
have to." Several offices will' be
expanding or moving. Wade said
the County Extension Office will
be moved to the airport and the
Public Defenders Office will be
moved into the current Extension
Office. Wade said the Judge wants
to use the Judge's office as a hold-
ing cell. Wade further explained
the liability of having up to 35
prisoners, some dangerous, in the
courthouse at one time. Mosconis
suggested that perhaps there,
could be room in the Health De-
partment Building.

Mahan Reports on Efforts
to talk with forester, Tony
Mahan stated that Millender is
not available because he is in Lib-
erty County fighting fires and
would not be able to be reached
unit this afternoon. Mahan was,
able to work to Travis Bentley, Sr.
Ranger, Division of Forestry, who
advised Mahan that they are not
aware of any panhandle or State'
ban, but they themselves are not'
insuring any ban permits but that
does not prevent the burning of
yard trash. Mahan asked Bentley
if banning burning would be wise
and Bentley said that would be a
"call for..." Mosconis said he
thought one needed a permit to
burn yard trash. A lengthy dis-
cussion ensued. The Commis-
sioners decided to wait until they
could get a recommendation from
Tony Millender. Abbott strongly
recommended an immediate "no
burn" order. The Commissioners
insisted they needed permission
from their senior firefighter,.
Millender, to determine if the area
is dangerously dry. The Commis-
sioners were concerned they
might make a mistake and Putnal
said, "Maybe we should let the
Forestry Division make that deci-
sion." Mosconis said, "The per-
son in charge of Emergency Man-
agement needs to be involved with

Opening of Design Bids for
Carrabelle Public Library
Wade announced that bids have
been received from the following
1. Harvard, Jolly, Clees, Toppe,
Architects, PA, Panama City, FL
2. Baskerville-Donovan, Inc.,
Apalachicola, FL 3. Collins & As-
sociates, Inc., Panama City, FL 4.
Clemons, Rutherford & Associ-
ates, Inc., Tallahassee, FL. The
amount of the bids was not dis-
closed. Some of the Commission-
ers appeared confused over what
the proper procedure should be
next. Mosconis asked Shuler what
the procedure should be and
Shuler replied, "I am not prepared
to discuss this at this time. Ms.
Ball noted that the committee is
on some time restraints. Mosconis
said, "I'm not trying to be con-
trary, y'all, I am just want to make
sure this procedure is followed...

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Regardless of how big a hurry you
are in there is still a procedure
you have to go by." The Commis-
sioners directed the County Attor-
ney to work with the Library Com-
;mittee in reviewing the bids and
the hiring of an Architect. Shuler
said that the Commissioners
would have to make the final au-
1 thorization. Because of time re-
Sstraints a special meeting will be
set when Shuler and the Library
Committee are ready.

St. Vincent's NW Refuge
.The Refuge presented the County
with the 1999 Refuge Revenue
SSharing payment in the amount
:of $36295.
Eileen A. Ball, Library
, Ms. Ball requested an increase in
pay for the temporary employee,
* Terry Hatfield, at the Carrabelle
Branch of the Franklin County
Library. Ms. Ball noted that the
permanent Library Assistant,
Jackie Gay, has been out of work
on a Worker's Compensation
Claim since March 1998. When
Ms Hatfield, "Was hired it was
believed to only for a few months,
but she has been a steady and
reliable employee for one year."
SMs. Ball further said, "While I re-
alize there may be difficulties at
this time in making Ms. Hatfield
a permanent county employee, I
would like to provide some incen-
tive for her to remain at this cru-
cial point in our library develop-
ment." Ms. Ball requested an 'in-
crease of $1 per hour, which is
within the budgeted salary range
for the Library Assistant position.
,The Commissioners decided they
needed more information on per-
Ssonnel policies before making a

Hubert Chipman/
SSuperintendent of Franklin
County Public Works
Chipman reported the Road De-
partment has done extensive work
on McIntyre Road but there
are-still problems because of the
drought and the use of the road
by loggers. One person is having
difficulty getting to and from her
home and is concerned that an
emergency vehicle, if needed,
would be unable to get to her
home. It was decided to close a
portion of McIntyre Road.
'Chipman further reported that
they have cut bushes on the right
of way by, St George Island, Sand
Beach Road and Gardners Land-
ing Road. They have graded roads
in Carrabelle, St. George Island
River Road and Twin Lakes Road.
They also removed old asphalt
from Bald Point, fixed driveways
:in Apalachicola and St. George
Island, stock piled limerock at the
Carrabelle pit, replaced-street
signs throughout the County as
well as other work througho utthe
County. Chipman stated inmates
were utilized in much of the work.


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The Capital Area Chapter of the GULFVIEW with easy beach access, across from bike path and water tap
American Red Cross is seeking to' included. MLS#4525. .................................. $62,900.00
train Disaster Services Volunteers
in your community. Contact us at
850/878-6080 or visit our website

+ Americans
Red Cross _..

One out of every two women past
menopause has osteoporosis.

Don't wait for a debilitating fracture

to find out if you're the one.

Osteoporosis is preventable and treatable.
A safe, simple painless test that takes only
minutes to complete can determine the
current status of your bones and your risk
of developing osteoporosis.

Identifiable Risk Factors are: Female over 40, Asian or Caucasian, Loss in Height, Cigarette
Smoker, Approaching or Past Menopause, Thin or Small Framed, Low Calcium Intake, Taking
Thyroid Medication or Steroids, Family History of Osteoporosis.

DXA Bone Densitometry is known as the "Gold Standard for Bone Assessment" and the Detection of Osteoporosis.
Take Steps Now To Assure Your Independence And Quality Of Life
Bone densitometry safely, accurately and painlessly measures bone density and the mineral content of
bones. During a bone density evaluation, the patient lies comfortably still and fully clothed on a padded
table, while one or more bone sites are scanned and analyzed. The entire process takes only minutes to
complete, depending on the number of sites scanned. It involves no injections or invasive procedures.

... .

"'O 2,oastal
1 H medicine
Helen Nitsios, MD
/, Diplomate American Board of
i" Internal Medicine

Keep in mind, too, that while osteoporosis is generally
viewed as a "woman's disease," an estimated five million
men have or are at risk of developing this potentially crip-
pling disease. In fact, men over 50 have a greater chance of
suffering an osteoporotic fracture than of developing pros-
tate cancer.

Coastal Internal Medicine is conveniently located in scenic Apalachicola at 74 Sixteenth Street,
right off of Highway 98.
Patients no longer have to travel 1 to 2 hours for DXA services they can have done in
Franklin County. Just call 1-800-767-4462 or 850-653-8600.

The Franklin Chronicle

Th Franklin rhronicle



Remembering The Reason For

Memorial Day

By Carolyn Hatcher
Memorial Day is a day set aside to remember our veterans, those men
and women who gave their all so that we might enjoy the freedom of
this great land. In thinking about Memorial Day I couldn't help but
remember Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. and his address delivered for
Memorial Day, in 1884. The words are still relevant today. This is a
classic Memorial Day speech, entitled "In Our Youth Our Hearts Were
Touched With Fire." It says it all. I would like to quote several pas-
sages from this famous speech.
"Not long ago I heard a young man ask why people still kept up Me-
morial Day, and it set me thinking of the answer. Not the answer that
you and I should give to each other-not the expression of those feel-
ings that, so long as you live, will make this day sacred to memories
of love and grief and heroic youth-but an answer which should com-
mand the assent of those who do not share our memories, and in
which we of the North and our. brethren of the South could join in
perfect accord."
Today, most of us remember the quote from John Kennedy, "Ask not
what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your
country."' This thought was borrowed from the speech of Oliver Wendell
Holmes, Jr., from the last sentence in the third paragraph of his 1884
speech. "For, stripped of the temporary associations which give rise
to it, it is now the moment when by common consent we pause to
become conscious of our national life and to rejoice in it, to recall
what our country has done for each of us, and to ask ourselves what
we can do for the country in return."
"So to the indifferent inquirer who asks why Memorial Day is still
kept up we may answer, it celebrates and solemnly reaffirms from
year to year a national act of enthusiasm and faith."
Mr. Holmes goes on to mention the wives and mothers who are left
behind when a soldier is called into action. "It is not of the dead alone
that we think on this day. There are those still living whose sex for-
bade'them to offer their lives, but who gave instead their happiness.
Which of us has not been lifted above himself by the sight of one of
those lovely, lonely women, around whom the wand of sorrow has
traced its excluding circle-set apart."
Mr. Holmes concludes his Memorial Day Address with these lasting
thoughts: "Such hearts-ah me, how many were stilled twenty years
ago; and to us who remain behind is left this day of memories. Every
year-in the full tide of spring, at the height of the symphony of flow-
ers and love and life-there comes a pause, and through the silence
we hear the lonely pipe of death. Year after year lovers wandering
under the apple trees and through the clover and deep grass are
--surprised with sudden tears as they see black veiled figures stealing
through the morning to a soldier's grave. Year after year the com-
rades of the dead follow, with public honor, procession and commemo-
rative flags and funeral march honor and grief from us who stand
almost alone, and have seen the best and noblest of our generation
pass away.
But grief is not the end of all. I seem to hear the funeral march be-
come a paean. I see beyond the forest the moving banners of a hidden
column. Our dead brothers still live for us, and bid us think of life,
not death-of life to which in their youth they lent the passion and
joy of the spring. As I listen, the great chorus of life and joy begins
again, and amid the awful orchestra of seen and unseen powers and
destinies of good and evil our trumpets sound once more, a note of
daring, hope, and will."
So once again let us pause and remember our brothers and sisters
whose destiny was to give their lives, for us, so that we might live our
lives in freedom.

Phone: 850-927-2186
oE 850-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
tio"' Facsimile 850-385-0830

Vol. 9, No. 11

May 26, 2000

Publisher ................................................ Tom W Hoffer
Contributors ............................................. Tom Campbell
........... Susan Gunn
............ Barbara Revell
............ Rene Topping
............ Jean Collins
............ Carolyn Hatcher

'Sales .............................................. ........ Jean C ollins
............ Tom W. Hoffer
............ Diane Beauvais Dyal

Advertising Design
and Production Artist ............................... Diane Beauvais Dyal
Production Associate ............................... Andy Dyal
Director of Circulation ............................ Andy Dyal
Proofreader .............................................. Lois Lane
Citizen's Advisory Group
Rand Edelstein ....................................... Alligator Point
George Chapel ......................................... Apalachicola
Karen Cox-Dennis ................................... Apalachicola
Rene Topping ........................................ Carrabelle
Pam Lycett .................... .................... Carrabelle
D avid Butler .......................................... Carrabelle
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung ........................ Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins ................. Eastpoint
Pat M orrison ............................................ St. George Island
Dominic and Vilma Baragona ................. St. George Island

Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are
available free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for
postage and handling. For example a 10 page issue would
cost $2.00 postpaid. Please write directly to the Chronicle
for price quotes if you seek several different or similar
issues. In-county subscriptions are $16.96 including tax.
Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26 including tax.

Changes in subscription addresses must be sent to the
Chronicle in writing.
All contents Copyright 2000
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.

Letter To The Editor

June 19, 2000, is a day Fishermen will support Fishermen using
legal nets within the Constitution and Florida Statutes. Fishermen
legally fishing legal nets will not give up their property after this date.
The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWCC) will
be informed of the difference of opinion or interpretation of the law
and that the Fishermen have no other choice. Fishermen fishing within
our interpretation are cited by the Florida Marine Patrol with a pos-
sible $2,000.00 in criminal fines and $10,000.00 in civil penalties.
Fishermen fishing within the political policy of the FW are not cited
for up to a year. The issue is that we win all cases in court when
fishermen fish within the law and our ins ions, have lost 411 cases
when fishermen fish by the policy of the FNT. Does this seem
The dispute is that the FNP will only allow nets described by
68B-39.0047 Florida Administrative Code, (1) The harvest or attempted
harvest of any mullet by or with thb use of any' gear or method other
than the following is prohibited. (a) Cast net (b) Beach or haul seine
(c) until January 1, 2000 skimmer nets.
Cast nets cannot be thrown by the majority of women, senior citi-
zens, or citizens with disabilities, to a point of commercial viability,
Cast nets can be any material or mesh size. Seines have to be nylon
with a mesh size of 1" bar 2" stretch mesh, making the not com-
mercially viable. Skimmer nets are made of nylon with meshes up to
2-1/4" bar 4-1/2" stretch. No one has been able to make skimmer
nets commercially viable for mullet, this rule is for the commercial
allowable harvest gear for mullet.
The only commercially effective gear that allowed by 68B-39.0047
FAC is a cast net. The 2" stretch mesh requirement makes the seine
only effective for harvesting illegal Juvenile mullet, Florida's Consti-
tution, Article 10 Section 16 "Limiting Marine Nets" allows 500 square
feet seines and other rectangular nets. The Fishermen began using
the limited gear July 1995, with seines being allowed larger than 2"
mesh until January 1998. Removing the ability of Fishermen to use
mesh sizes larger that 2" stretch mesh in seines made the nets use-
less for harvesting food size mullet.
In 1997 Fishermen converged on the capital to assist in making law
that allowed gear commercially viable for limited users, This law al-
lowed gear that stopped the unnecessary killing and waste of Florida's
marine life, The Fishermen assisted in making section 370.093(2)(a)
and (b) F.S., which resolved the sea base line issue raised in Wakulla
County Judge Jill Walker's Court. 370,093(2)(a) expanded the 500
square foot limitation out 9 miles in the Gulf instead of 3. It estab-
lished that nets over 500-sq. ft. have to be expressly authorized by
the Marine Fisheries Commission,
370.093(2)(b) established that nets made of monofilament or mul-
tifilament material are gill and entanglement nets. Cast nets, dip nets,
and nets made of braided or twisted nylon, cotton, linen twine or
polypropylene twine are excluded.
Effective July 1998, section 370.093 allowed rectangular nets less
than 500 sq. ft. made of nylon with mesh size to allow escapement of
unwanted juvenile fish, and increase the catchability of food size
mullet, This gear can be deployed and pulled in at a rate of equal to a
person's ability.
The Fishermen were at the 1997 Legislature for weeks lobbying the
correct wording of section 370.093 to protect the environment and
allow equal access for all citizens to our marine resources. I was stand-
ing at the door of the House of Representatives when the vote was
taken. Everyone understood that this resolved several disputes. We
were there
It's simple; our position protects the environment and gives those
with limiting an opportunity to carry out one of their lives activities.
The state's position is to kill and waste marine life, denying citizens
equal access.
JUNE 19, 2000 we will say no to hate, prejudice, and discrimination
well established in this government. We say YES to protecting the
marine resources and rights of Florida Citizens.
Let Right Be Done
Ronald F. Crum .
W.F.A. President

j Three River Pest Control, Inc.
"Your Hometown Pest Specialists Since 1984"
Serving Wakulla County, Franklin County & Leon County
Residential Commercial Lawn Termite
Monthly Offices Fertilization Real Estate
Bi-Monthly Food Handling Weeds Inspections
Quarterly Health Care Insects Fungus Soil Poison
Fungus Control on Piling Homes, Decks & Docks
Call 850-926-5440 or Toll-Free 1-800-906-5440
4369 Crawfordville Highway Crawfordville, FL 32327
Andy Roberts Owner

Law Offices of

Third generation of Lawyers providing
legal services to this area.



"The hiring of a lawyer is an important decision that should not be based upon advertisements.
Before you decide ask us to send you free written information about our qualifications & experience."

Notice Of Final Environmental Impact Statement
/ for
Conversion Of Two F-15 Fighter Squadrons
To F-22 Fighter Squadrons
Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

The U.S. Air Force has prepared a Final Environmental Impact
Statement (FEIS) to analyze the potential consequences of the Conver-
sion of Two F-15 Fighter Squadrons to F-22 Fighter Squadrons at
Tyndall AFB, Florida. The conversion would occur over a five-year
period with a continuing reduction of F-15s lasting three more years, In
2011, after the transition, 87 aircraft would remain at Tyndall AFB, the
same number assigned to Tyndall when the Air Force initiated the
environmental study in 1998.
The Final Environmental Impact Statement addresses comments
received during the public comment period from October to December
1999, including three public hearings. The FEIS will lead to a Record
of Decision, as part of the National Environmental Policy Act, in which
the Air Force will document its final decision on the conversion.

The FEIS is available for review at the Tyndall Air Force Base Library
and at the following local libraries:

Bay County Library
25 West Government St.
Panama City, FL 32401

Jackson County Library
2929 Green St.
Marianna, FL 32446

Apalachicola Public Library
76 Sixth St.
Apalachicola, FL 32320

There is a 30-day public review period. On June 19, 2000, the com-
ment period will close. For further information or to submit com-
ments, please contact: Herman Bell; Public Affairs; Tyndall AFB 325
FW/PA; 445 Suwannee Rd, Suite 129; Tyndall AFB, FL 32403; (850)

Impact Statement

Regarding F-22's
At Tyndall

By Tom Campbell
The planned conversion of two
F-15 Fighter Squadrons to F-22
Fighter Squadrons at Tyndall
AFB, Florida, has led to a "Final
Environmental Impact State-
ment" (FEIS) of more than 300
pages. It was distributed by the
Department of the U.S. Air Force
Air Education and Training Com-
mand. It was prepared with "con-
sideration and compliance of rel-
evant and pertinent environmen-
tal laws, regulations and policies,"
According to the report.
The FEIS addresses the com-
ments received during the public
comment period, October 19,
1999 to December 13, 1999 (in-
cluding three public hearings).
These public hearings were held
in Apalachicola (among other cit-
ies) from November 15-17, 1999,
where a court reporter officially
recorded comments.
In response to a question at
Apalachicola, answer was given
that "During the months of No-
vember through May, the area
near the confluence of the Broth-
ers River and the Apalachicola
River will not be overflown below
1,000 feet AGL." Also, that
"public-use airports" would be
avoided "by a radius of 3 NM or
3,000 feet AGL."
"Supersonic flight is authorized in
those portions of over water air-
space above 10,000 feet and no
closer than 15 NM from the clos-
est shoreline, including St. George
"Avoid the St. George Island ar-
eas at all times except to fly the
published departure and recovery
routes at medium altitudes and
normal cruise airspeeds. Except
during emergencies or severe
weather avoidance, do not fly over
St. George Island below 10,000
feet AGL."
"Chaff and Flares will not be de-
ployed over land below 9,000 or
above 23,000 feet MSL.
(Carrabelle and Compass Lake
Work Areas EA)."
In the Executive Summary, the
need for shifting to F-22 Fighter
Squadrons at Tyndall AFB is to
further the "goal of air superior-
ity," which means "to dominate
the skies over the battlefield, over
U.S. and allied forces, and over
as much of the enemy's territory
as possible." This means that
"U.S. aircrews must identify, tar-
get, and neutralize enemy aircraft

1 mile south of the
Tillie Miller Bridge A P^TT


Open 7 days
a week at 11 a.m.



on the ground and through
air-to-air combat." Other practice
needs are listed and described.
SThat section concludes: 'To maxi-
mize the F-22's full war-fighting
potential, the Air Force needs to
train fighter pilots that are knowl-
edgeable of the capability of the
aircraft and who have the ability
to fully exploit its operational
The map in Figure 3-7 on page
3-18 of the document shows the
"Major Highways in the Region."
(Highway 98 in the south to In-
terstate 10 in the northern sec-
Apalachicola Bay Basin

Here the document provides the
following description of the
Apalachicola Bay area: "The
Apalachicola Bay Basin com-
prises about 200 square miles of
estuary, including St. George
Sound, East Bay, Apalachicola
Bay, and St. Vincent Sound. The
Apalachicola River is the main
supplier of the bay's water.
Apalachicola Bay is generally
more turbid and less saline than
other Florida estuaries, and sup-
ports a very productive shellfish
It describes the Apalachicola River
and the entire bay as "considered

by the state as Outstanding
Florida Waters," and an "Area of
Critical State Concern, requiring
intensive regulation of planning
and development by the state."
A thorough description of the bay
and area is given with emphasis
on maintaining its quality. Other
areas of concern, because of Ex-
ecutive Order in 1994, are minor-
ity and low-income populations
(discussed on pages 3-89 of the
All facets of elements expected to
be affected by the F-22 aircraft
were tested and discussed in de-
tail. It was anticipated that "F-22
aircraft would incrementally in-
crease." The noise environment
around the installation was ex-
pected to increase. "On-going test-
ing may further modify the en-
gines of the aircraft. 'Therefore,
since those noise data collected
to date are incomplete, noise data
are not available for use in the Air
Force's noise modeling programs.
Complete noise data for the
F-22 are not expected to be
available until a full-production
aircraft is available for testing."
Hazardous Waste
The document states that "In
most cases, the types and quan-
tities of waste generated would be
similar to the F- 15 aircraft, since

Continued on Page 4

Y 850-697-9333

TRI-r ON Ribs, chicken,
beef & pork
Dine inside or on
our deck.

S 1 Gulf Beach Drive
Carrabelle, FL 32322

S 26 May 2000 Page 3




"Always...Patsy Cline" June 1 18
"The Woman In Black"............ June 22 August 13
"The Dining Room" June 29 August 10
"I Ought To Be In Pictures" .... July 27 August 20
"Steel Magnolias" ........... August 24 September 3
To Be Announced September 7 17

Performance Times:
Thursday, Friday and Saturday: 8 p.m.
Sunday: 2:30p.m.
Single Ticket Price: $15.00-Season Ticket Price: $75.00

Call the Box Office for more information at 850-653-3200
or write to us or at:
P.O. Box 220, Apalachicola, FL 32329.


Page 4 26 May 2000


Tfiigj T~'r~inL1un (rim~p1g~
S. Alt, A. AflAAaflaNA tAlk ~~1llt.At.

F-22's continued from
Page 3
both are comparably sized,
twin-engine fighters. The F-22
uses the same fuel, lubricants,
greases, and hydraulic fluids,
etc." The document concludes
that there would be "no adverse
impact on the overall waste man-
agement program."
Studies showed that "potential
effects on wildlife from the use of
chaff are inhalation of chaff fibers,
ingestion... and concussion from
falling debris." The conclusion
was tat "In the event that air-
borne chaff fibers are encoun-
tered by an animal they would not
be inhaled due to the length of the
dipoles, and would be ejected
(U.S. Air Force 1997). As a result,
no adverse effects to wildlife are
expected from the inhalation of
chaff fibers."
The report stated: "No models are
available to quantify the probabil-
ity of debris (plastic end cap and
piston) from chaff striking ani-
mals." But the report concludes
that, " effects to wildlife from
falling chaff debris are expected."
The study evaluated "the risk of
injury from chaff debris and con-
cluded that these components
weigh so little that no injury would
be anticipated if a person were to
be struck."
Estuaries and Wetlands
"Estuaries and coastal wetland
areas are areas of concern," the
report stated, "due to the sensi-
tivity of their ecosystems to dis-
turbance. The productivity of es-
tuarine systems is dependent on
the health of and abundance of
seagrass beds." The report con-
cludes "there should be no per-
ceptible effects to seagrass beds
or the productivity of estuarine or
wetlands ecosystems."
The Coastal Zone Management


By Jill Elish
Last year's Hurricane Floyd and
the nation's largest evacuation
may be long forgotten in the
minds of many, but it has left in
its wake some important lessons
for emergency managers' prepar-
ing for the start of a new hurri-
cane season.


Act of 1972 requires that federal
activities in coastal zones be con-
sistent with state management
plans in order to protect and pre-
serve coastal areas.
The report concludes, after some
discussion, that "there would be
no effect to soils from the pro-
posed use of flares."
The report states that "There were
no significant differences in mor-
tality or shell deposition in oys-
ters between the controls and any
of the concentrations tested. Even
at the highest concentration ... no
effects were measured .... Based
on the ... toxicity tests, we con-
clude that the proposed use of
chaff in the Tyndall AFB Overland
MOA will not significantly impact
oysters. Based on review of avail-
able literature of aluminum tox-
icity, it is unlikely that there
would be adverse effects on other
aquatic receptors."
Laboratory data and scientific re-
ports are presented in detail for
further study.
During the peak period, FY08, the
average number of aircraft opera-
tions per day at the installation
is estimated to increase from 302
to 342, "an increase of approxi-
mately 13 percent. Considering
an average training day of 12
hours, this increase averages ap-
proximately three operations per
hour. This increased level would
be barely detectable within the Air
Traffic Control (ATC) management
of the air space. By 2011, it is
estimated that average daily op-
erations at the airfield would re-
turn to approximately 302."
An increase in sortie-operations
in the training airspace is ex-
pected. The additional use of the
airspace during the "estimated
two to three training periods pro-
jected ... would have minimal

World War II Veterans

Sacrificed for Our Freedoms Carrabelle Port

World War II Sacrifices of Veterans and How That Affects The Ald Aiprt
Freedoms We Enjoy Today. Authority Met
By Lee Ann Lemieux

The sacrifices of veterans from World War II, and every war, must be recog-
nized and remembered-especially by young people.
All of the freedoms we enjoy today are in part due to the sacrifices of our
veterans. We have freedom of speech, freedom of religion.
freedom to make career, choices, and everyday freedoms such as what to
eat, what to wear, and where to go.
I think many young people do not really appreciate the true sacrifices made
by all the men and women in the armed forces. These men and women
went off to fight for their families and all future generations when many of
them were just 18 like me. I have numerous family members who are veter-
ans, dad who is a Vietnam Veteran, and my uncle Kevin
Martina, who is a Persian War veteran.
Several of my uncles were veterans of World War II, including Phil Stanley,
George Martina, and Dennis Martina. Phil was here at the local air base
when he met my Aunt Martha and they were later
married and raised a family of six children. Phil was a very honorable man,
and his son, Michael, went on to become a veteran in Vietnam. Months
went by when the family did not hear from him, and this was a very trying
time. Fortunately for all of us, he came back safe and sound.
Many of our veterans never came back to their families. This is the ultimate
sacrifice-to give one's life for their country. Today, many young people
would take the attitude-let someone else do it. In World War II, it was an
honor and a privilege to be a part of our military forces. Even though these
young men and women were scared to death, they did what had to be done
and for that we must all be extremely grateful. We must also, remember.
We too often take the sacrifices of the veterans for granted because we
live in times of peace. It is because of them that we have this peace.
Also, as a future leader of our country, I feel we must do what we can to
insure that all of our veterans receive the recognition and benefits due
them. They should have good medical care and never have to worry that
their country has abandoned them. Veterans.should have their pensions
protected and as the leaders of tomorrow, it is our responsibility to make
sure this is done. '
Without the veterans of World War II, I might not be in a position to even
apply for such a scholarship. I might not have the freedom to choose to
further my education. I might nothave the freedom to choose my future
career, own a home, drive a car or even decide where I would go each day.
The veterans have sacrificed time :with their own families so that I can
enjoy mine. For this I am truly grateful, and I will always remain apprecia-
tive of their efforts.

mI -_ __ _____._ M I

The above essay was the winner in camp Goraon
SU Professor Says Officials Can Learn JohnstonAssociation's Scholarship competition among
FSU Professor Says cis Can Le Franklin County seniors.'

By Rene Topping
The Carrabelle Port and Airport
Authority (CPAA), met at the
Franklin County Senior Center on
May 13 for their regular monthly
Treasurer and secretary Ray
Quist reported on the money due
back from the city in the amount
of $949, due to cancellation on a
winch that is sited on the Tommy
Bevis Dockside Marina on Timber
The Carrabelle City Commission
had agreed to repay the CPAA,
with two stipulations. One re-
quested that the CPAA will main-
tain a separate account dedicated
to the winch insurance, and, sec-
ondly, they want to find out the
actual cost of a new motor in or-
der that any extra amount of the
returned premium needed to sat-
isfy the total cost be put into that
account. Quist said he already
had $3,500 set aside.
Quist reported that Ann Cowles
be thanked for some leg work in
getting out the advertisements on
bids to lease the Carrabelle Air-
port. Cowles reported that 11 re-
sponses had been received from
the advertisement,for, a. Fixed
Base Operator (FBO), and they
came from all over the United

to evacuate unless they live in
mobile homes or substandard
housing. Other regions are pro-
tected enough for residents to ride
out most hurricanes.
"I think public officials will be
more cautious in making sure we
don't get more over-response," he
said. "Florida, in particular, is
willing to try to discourage people
who don't need to evacuate or at
least keep them from going far-
ther than they need to.
Another way to avoid a repeat of
'Floyd's-traffic tie-ups is to encour-
age people to use non-interstate
highways if those secondary roads
are being underused, Baker said,
adding that officials need to find
better ways to keep evacuees in-
formed about alternative routes.
Fortunately, many evacuees in
Floyd received information about

Lycett asked for assistance to put
together a bid package. He asked
if he could spend up to $500 to
obtain professional help. Attorney
Ann Cowles said she was willing,
to donate her extra unused time.
Motion was made to approve the
The Chairman also reported that
Franklin County Commissioner
Bevin Putnal had given him a
folder after a county meeting ex-
pressing some concerns about
some proposed ordinances that
need to be done to standardize the
three airports in the county-
Carrabelle, Apalachicola and St.
George Island.
Some of it seemed as if it might
affect homes and businesses that
are near the airport on maximum
height of buildings and noise from
the planes flying in and out of the
airport. He said a radius will be
drawn around the airport where
noise abatement would be in
Quist said that he did not think
there would be too many prob-
lems. Much of the land around the
airport is vacant parcels and the
flyway at this time is only over a
very few homes. Barry Woods said
the circle around the windsock is
the area that is mostly affected.
Quist said he did not think that
the regulations in the ordinances
would affect building a temporary
office in a mobile home. Barry
Woods said that there is a future
plan to extend the runway for
about 500 more feet.

Continued on Page 10

evacuation route difficulties be-
fore leaving their homes and
modified their plans accordingly.
Finally, Baker's study shows that
public officials need to do more
to provide for the needs of those
stuck on the road for long peri-
ods-including water, gasoline
and the No. I need cited by study
participants, bathrooms.
Baker's study will be used to de-
velop transportation models,
which will help officials plan new
routes, coordinate traffic flow
among affected states and develop
techniques to get people to leave
on a gradual basis. The study also
will be used to formulate shelter
plans and public information

Florida State University geogra-
phy Professor Earl Jay Baker has
completed an extensive study of
Sthe September 12 -16, 1999
evacuation from South Florida
through North Carolina for the
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
Baker, who compiled and ana-
lyzed data based on interviews
with nearly 7,000 residents in 11
coastal regions of the four South-
eastern states, presented his find-
ings at the National Hurricane
Conference in New Orleans in
Although it is difficult to deter-
mine the total number of people
who evacuated, by all accounts,
Baker said, it was the nation's
largest such event with 65 to 75
percent of all the cars available
to evacuating households in use
in the 11 regions studied. Two
million people left Florida alone.
The result was crowded interstate
highways throughout the South-
east, with people stranded on
roadways for hours.
In fact, 23 percent of respondents
in the central South Carolina area
that includes Charleston said it
took them from five to 10 hours
longer than expected to reach
their destination. Northeast Flo-
ridians fared much better with
only 14 percent indicating their
trip took five to 10 hours longer
than expected.

The sheer size and strength of the
storm coupled with the large area
of potential impact were funda-
mental reasons for the large
evacuation. But the biggest fac-
tor contributing to logistical and
traffic problems was the large
number of so-called shadow
evacuees: those who weren't told
to evacuate but did so anyway.
"The Weather Channel got blamed
for a lot of that because they re-
ally hyped it, but people were re-
ally ta-ifig"thicr'cu'i frbm what
they believed public officials were
saying,'5Baldi said.ctWheir people
thought they were being told to
leave they did so."
Others evacuated because they
believed they were vulnerable to
flooding when they were not,
Baker said. In counties not on the
coast but adjacent to coastal
counties, 30 percent of the resi-
dents believed their homes would
experience dangerous flooding if
Floyd struck near them. And 50
percent thought their homes were
unsafe when they considered po-
tential effects of wind and water.
At the same time, some residents
who live in dangerous surge zones
did not evacuate.
Baker also found that many
people traveled much farther than
they needed to. In some cases,
people in flood zones fled the state
when often they could have found
safety in a non-surge area on the
other side of town.

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Baker's study drives home the
need for public officials to give
very specific information to en-
sure they are delivering the mes-
sage they intend. People often
don't know if broad terms like
"low-lying areas" apply to where
they live. And if officials don't
want people to leave, they need
to say so.
Many officials are reluctant to
take that responsibility even
though Baker said only those in
storm surge areas actually need



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The Concertina


By Rene Topping
They call him the "Concertina
Man." This octogenarian with the
whimsical smile. This man who
was in the Marine Corps for four
years in World War II and knows
the fury of battle. This man who
has given his talent to those most
in need of it.
John Gavlik of Carrabelle, still
remembers the time when he was
storming the beaches in the
South Pacific. That is one reason
he has put in hundreds of hours
entertaining some of the forgot-

ten men and women at tne
Veteran's Hospital at Lake City.
There he regales the veto with
spirited music, such as the "Beer
Barrel polka."
He goes over to the Harbor Breeze
Congregational Home where he
meets with members of the First
Methodist Church of Carrabelle
one Sunday out of each month
and belts out some great gospel.
He goes to the Senior Center, in
Tallahassee where Judy, the pub-
lic relations lady, says she gave
him the name of the "Concertina
Man. He is always well received
by the seniors there.
In an age when holding down one
job for over 38 years is something
to marvel at, he is one person who
can say he did it. He will tell you
proudly, "I was a Civil Servant, I
was a meat inspector."
Be it a nursing home, a senior
center, a hospital or just a group
of people gathered together, John
is ever ready to make music.
Happy music, soulful music and
dancing music.
When you see him sitting on his
chair, and pumping his
concertina he seems to say, "I
want to make the world happy
with my sound of music."
John says he has been playing the
concertina since he was sixteen.
He urges people who have not

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danced in years to get up and
move around. He likes to have the
audience sing along, and he will
lead off with a rollicking chorus
of a polka. Or he will sweetly sing
"The Old Rugged Cross," and
other old favorites.
Let the audience be large or small
the "Concertina Man" always is
ready to give a sterling perfor-

Brandy Marine
Appoints Roberson


Announces Two

Brandy Marine, Inc. has an-
nounced the appointment of
Roberson, Certified Public Ac-
countant,' of Port St. Joe, to per-
form accounting the Port
St. Joe Marina.
"We have chosen Ralph and his
firm because of their accounting
expertise and proficiency as well
as local knowledge of the Port St.
Joe business community," said
John Landry, Senior Vice Presi-
.dent and Chief Operating Officer
of Brandy Marine.
Ralph C. Roberson, a member of
the Florida and American Insti-
tutes of Certified Public Accoun-
tants since 1979, opened their
Port St. Joe office in 1997.
'The Port St. Joe Marina is a tre-
mendous recreational facility for
our area as well as a center for
economic development and job
opportunities," stated Ralph
Roberson. "We are very pleased to
be associated with Brandy Ma-
rine, Inc. and their management
of the Port St. Joe Marina."
In addition to the -firm of
Roberson, Glenda Brigman and
Dorothy Mullis, two other Port St.
Joe natives, have been promoted
within the marina staff.
Glenda Brigman now serves as
the Marina Office Manager. She
has worked at the marina since
October of 1999 and is married
to Sam Brigman.
Dorothy Mullis has moved from
part-time to full-time ship's store
clerk at the marina. Dorothy is a
graduate of the Port St. Joe High
School and has worked part-time
at the marina since July of 1999.
Brandy Marine, Inc., the leading
international marina manage-
ment, waterfront development
and consulting firm was chosen
by Port St. Joe Marina, Inc., a
subsidiary of the St. Joe Com-
pany, to direct the 199-slip full-
service marina operations and to
make it a model facility for the
community and region.

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Hurricanes 101 continued
from Page 1

A striking hurricane creates four
major hazards: storm surge, high
winds, tornadoes, and heavy
* Storm surge is a rise in the sea
level caused by strong winds. It
affects both coastal and inland
* High winds from 74 to 200 mph,
take down trees, houses, and
anything else in the storm's
* Tornadoes are often spawned by
hurricanes. If this occurs, seek
shelter immediately in an inte-
rior bathroom or small hall, pref-
erably below ground level.
Flooding caused by the torren-
tial rains can occur in both
coastal and inland areas. Resi-
dents of storm-prone areas
should purchase flood insur-
ance (which is not provided for
in a homeowner's policy).
A hurricane watch is issued
when a hurricane or hurricane
conditions pose a threat to coastal
areas, generally within 36 hours.
Everyone in the area covered by
the watch should listen for fur-
ther advisories and be prepared
to act promptly if a hurricane
warning or evacuation is issued.
A hurricane warning is issued
when hurricane winds of 74 mph
or higher, or a combination of
dangerously high water and very
rough seas, are expected in a spe-
cific coastal area within 24 hours.
When a hurricane warning is is-
sued, all precautions should be
completed immediately. If the
hurricane's path is unusual or
erratic, the warning may be is-
sued only a few hours before the
beginning of hurricane condi-
Stay informed of atmospheric be-
havior by listening to N.O.A.A.
Weather Radio. N.O.A.A. Weather
Radio broadcasts National
Weather Service warnings,
watches, forecasts and other haz-
ard information 24 hours a day.
It is provided as a public service
by the Department of Commerce's
National Oceanic and Atmo-
spheric Administration. The
N.O.A.A. Weather Radio Network
has more than 425 stations in the
50 states and. near adjacent
coastal waters. Weather service
personnel use information from
Doppler radar, storm spotters,
state and local officials, satellites
and other sources to issue warn-
ings. These watches and warnings
are broadcast over local NOAA.
Weather Radio stations and also
are retransmitted by many local
radio and television stations. With.
this information, local emergency
management and public safety
officials can activate local warn-
ing systems to alert communities
to an impending weather threat.
For additional information on
Building a Disaster-Resistant
Neighborhood or hurricane pre-
paredness tips please contact the
Capital Area Chapter of the
American Red Cross in Tallahas-
see at 878-6080, in Perry at
584-6663, in Monticello at
342-0211, in Bristol at 643-2339
or in Apalachicola at 653-3952
or visit our web site at

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Vibrio Vulnificus continued from Page 1

Local Committee Developing Position .Papers on the
issue of Vibrio Vulnificus and Regulation
Coordinator Bill Mahan called a meeting on Tuesday, May 23
at the Emergency Management Office at the airport for a dis-
cussion of all aspects of the current oyster harvesting situa-
tion. Representatives from the harvesting and processing sec-
tors, and the community at large attended along with David
Heil and some government agencies. The outcome of the ini-
tial meeting was a draft statement on the issues, to
vised, and recirculated-at another local meeting to be called
in June before the first regional conference.

would not act on the petition but would await the deliberations and
recommendations from the ISSC in the fall of 2000. Heil reiterated:
"...That's good and bad. It tells the ISSC 'you gotta do something.'
And it better be something significant. Or the FDA might do some-
thing with the consumer group petition, and that would be "bad news."
Heil' reminded the assembly that the Center for Science and Public
Interest has concluded that popcorn at the movie theater is bad for
Compounding the growing concern about vibrio vulnificus is a White
House food safety initiative aimed at reducing illnesses transmitted
through eggs and hamburger by certain percentages. In the ISSC
program, the industry has never set goals for reducing illnesses or
deaths with vibrio vulnificus. But now "(the ISSC) is moving toward
setting goals," Heil said, citing an organized vibrio management com-
mittee within the ISSC that has been working on a plan all year. The
post-harvest treatments being considered include mild pasteuriza-
tion, quick freezing or high pressure treatment. Temperature control
on-board harvesting vessels and prohibited harvest during the sum-
mer months are other possible measures. These potential changes
may economically impact the harvesting, processing, distribution, sale
and consumption ot oysters.
Moreover, the ISSC has asked the Food and Drug Administration to
investigate whether oyster harvesting areas that are the likely cause
of human illness and likely resulting from overboard discharge of
sewage are property classified and should remain open to oyster har-
"Of course," Heil said, "when you set a goal, there are things that you
have to achieve in order to reach that goal. That means there will
probably be some restrictions that will be placed on your industry."
David Heil has been a member charged with developing recommen-
dations and they have formulated some target goals for the reduction
of vibrio illnesses.
Another regional conference important to the shellfish industry is
being held this summer, the Gulf and Shellfish Conference in New
Orleans in June. Heil urged the assembly to send representatives to
provide input to both meetings, and to follow developments.
There is a body of medical opinion that many, if not all, of the deaths
were persons predisposed to problems such as having diseased livers
before eating raw oysters. It would appear, "...those who died were
medically-compromised persons," Heil concluded. Therefore, this
would not make the matter a public health issue, an argument that
might vitiate pressure on the issue. One item suggested with such
policies would be an active consumer information program.
The assembly also discussed some alternatives, such as.closing har-
vest water when temperatures reached over 65 'degrees, or labeling
oysters "for shucking or cooking on'\ A host of questions emerged
at this po6it':isuch as: Will treated oysters still maintain demand?
Who would be willing to eat a treated oyster? Is it economic to apply
post-harvest procedures such as Ameripure process, radiation or freez-
ing? There might be a savings in removing shucking from the process
but this would also increase unemployment locally. Will a safer prod-
uct increase demand? Some assert "yes," others say "no."
Finally, the assembly decided to form a committee to develop posi-
tions on the issue with the first stop at the Franklin County Commis-
sion. Heil reiterated "...We've got to get as many people to the table,
developing as many approaches to the problem, as we can..." Anita
Gregory added, "Don't just stick with the seafood workers ... You've
got to call on other people too. Janegale has offered to get some scien-
tists on this committee... Get the Chamber involved... the Mayor in-
volved, the County Commission involved We're all in this together.
You can't do it by yourself."
Major Meetings Addressing the Vibrio Vulnificus Issues
in the Shellfish Industries
Gulf and South Atlantic Shellfish Conference New Orleans, June
13-15, 2000 at the Hilton, New Orleans Airport Co-hosted by the
ISSC and Louisiana. An opportunity for the shellfish industry
and the states to be involved in discussions of the Vibrio Man-
agement Committee's proposed action in addressing Vibrio
vulnificus. For additional info: ISSC Executive Office, 115 Atrium
Way, Suite 117, Columbia, South Carolina, 29223. 803-788-7559.
Fax: 803-788-7576. E-mail:
Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference, July 15-20, 2000 Sun-
burst Resort, 4925 North Scottsdale Road, Scottsdale, Arizona
85251. For additional info: 480-945-7666; Fax 480-946-4056.
Registration: 115 Atrium Way, Suite 117, Columbia, South Caro-
lina, 29223. (See ISSC Executive Office phone and fax numbers

St. George Water Management continued from Page 1

ing a new water pipe on the new
bridge. The bridge contractors es-
timate that a new pipe will cost
about $ 5.6 million. The new
bridge is budgeted at $73 million,
but Mr. Brown believes it will
come closer to $100 million.
In the meantime, his water com-
pany is getting ready to start a
rate case with the Public Service
Commission, probably by the first



Highway 98 & 6th Street
EST. 1836
8:00 A.M.
10:00 A.vM.

or second week in June. Given the
estimated costs for a new water
line, current interest rates, etc.,
the monthly cost of water could
rise to 114% of current rates.
"Nobody's happy about that," he

There are some options. One is to
win the lawsuit and through in-
verse condemnation, place part of
the burden for paying for the new
bridge on the state. Another way
to keep costs down would be to
identify and apply for grant money
at a much lower rate, such as
3.5%. The revised rates for water
would rise only to about 68% of
what is paid now.
It appears as if the new line will
be fastened on the outside por-
tions of the new bridge, saving the
water company about 600,000.
In the question period that fol-
lowed, Mr. Brown was asked if he
were willing to "go public" with the
facility and sell tax-free bonds. He
replied "that would mean giving
up ownership of the water com-
pany NO." He does plan a num-
ber of upgraded services for the
water lines on the new bridge
such as the installation of 12-inch
lines. A fourth well is scheduled
to come on line shortly, costing
the company $275,000.
In closing, Mr. Brown reminded
his listeners that before too long,
the island would have to revisit
the issue of sewer as it had sev-
eral years ago.

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26 May 2000 Page 5

The Franklin Uhronicle

Pape .; 6 2 Mav 2000n


The Franklin Chronicle

Audit Excerpts,

(Continued From Chronicle Issue Of May 12th.)

Franklin County Board of County Commissioners
Franklin County, Florida
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Franklin County, Florida (the County) is located in northwest Florida. The
County is governed by an elected five-member Board of County Commission-
ers (the Board) which is governed by Florida Statutes and regulations, and is
the oversight unit being reported upon. The County serves approximately
11,000 residents by providing human services, public health and safety, and
economic development. The elected offices of the Clerk of the Circuit Court.
Sheriff, Tax Collector. Property Appraiser, and Supervisor of Elections are com-
ponent units of the County, and are operated as separate County agencies in
accordance with applicable provisions of Florida Statutes. These constitu-
tional officers operate on a budget system whereby County-appropriated funds
are received from the Board with unexpended funds returned to the Board.
Separate accounting records and budgets are maintained by each individual
In evaluating the Board as a reporting entity. potential component units (tra-
ditionally separate reporting entities), which may or may not fall within the
Board's oversight and control and, as such, be included within the Board's
financial statements have been addressed: There were no other entities that
required inclusion as a component unit within the Board's financial state-
ments. There were no entities for which there were positive responses to spe-
cific criteria used for establishing oversight responsibility that were excluded
from the Board's financial statements.

Did You Know?

The following fund types and account groups are used by the County:
1. Governmental funds:
a. General fund-used to account for all financial resources, except those
which are required to be accounted for in another fund.
b. Special revenue funds-used to account for the proceeds of specific rev-
enue sources that are legally restricted to expenditure for specified pur-
Fposes. Special revenue funds are used to account for activities in fines and
orfeitures, road and bridge projects, grants received by the County and fire
c. Debt service funds-used to account for the accumulation of resources
for, and the payment of, general long-term debt principal and interest.
d. Capital projects fund-used to account for the construction of certain
capital facilities.
2. Proprietary fund:
a. Enterprise fund-the proprietary fund is the enterprise fund. Proprietary
fund measurement focus is based upon determination of net income.
financial position, and cash flows. The generally accepted accounting
principles used are those applicable to similar businesses in the private
sector and, thus, this fund is maintained on the accrual basis of account-
ing. The County has elected not to apply Financial Accounting Standards
Board (FASB) pronouncements issued after November 30, 1989, for the
proprietary fund types as permitted under the provisions of Governmental
Accounting Standards Board (GASB) Statement No. 20.
The enterprise fund is used to account for the leasing activities of George E.
Weems Memorial Hospital (the Hospital), formerly Emerald Coast Hospital.
3. Account groups:
a. General fixed assets account group-used to account for all property,
plant and equipment owned by the Board other than that acquired and
accounted for in the enterprise fund.
b. General long-term debt account group-used to account for unmatured
general long-term liabilities of the Board including notes and bonds pay-
able, capitalized lease obligations and employees' compensated absences
other than those accounted for in the enterprise fund.
Property Taxes
Procedure for property assessment-Real and personal property valuations
are reassessed each year as of January 1 by the Property Appraiser's office.
Each assessment roll is submitted to the Florida Department of Revenue for
review. Florida Statutes require that all property be assessed at 100% of just
value and permit counties to levy property taxes at a rate not to exceed 10
mills. The 1999 millage rate assessed by the Board was 7.339 mills.
Procedure for tax collection-The County's tax calendar is as follows:

Lien Date:
Levy Date:
Delinquent Date:
Discount Periods:

January I'
October 1
April 1
November through February

The Tax Collector advertises, as required by Florida Statutes, and sells tax
certificates on all real property for unpaid taxes prior to June 1 following the
tax year. Certificates not sold are considered "county held certificates. Per-
sons owning land upon which a tax certificate has been sold may redeem the
land by paying the Tax Collector the face amount of the tax certificate plus
interest and other costs. Application for a tax deed on unredeemed tax certifi-
cates may be made by the certificate holder after a period of two years.
Cash and Investments
Cash consists of deposits made locally in commercial banks which are quali-
fied depositories authorized by Chapter 280, Florida Statutes. The deposits
are insured through FDIC and multiple financial institution collateral pools.
At September 30, 1999, the County's investments consisted of the following:

State Board of Administration $9,021,848
Florida Local Government Investment Trust 1,181,026
Totals $10,202,874


Certain resources of the enterprise fund are classified as restricted on the
balance sheet because their use is limited by applicable bond covenants.
Fixed Assets
Changes in general fixed assets account group during the year ended Septem-
ber 30, 1999, were as follows:

Improvements other
than buildings
and equipment

$ 646,259

Additions (Retiremen


3,470,920 667,415 (58.17(
$12,643,584 715,415 (58.17

Employee Benefits
a. Retirement Plan
Plan Description-The Board participates in the Florida State Retirement Sys-
tem (FRS), a cost-sharing, multiple employer public retirement system ad-
ministered by the State of Florida Department of Administration. Division of
Retirement, to provide retirement and survivor benefits to participating public
Funding Policy-The System provides vesting of benefits after 10 years of cred-
itable service. Members are eligible for normal retirement after 10 years of
service and attaining age 62, or 30 years of service regardless of age. Early
retirement may be taken any time after completing 10 years of service: how-
ever, there is a 5% benefit reduction for each year prior to normal retirement.
Generally, membership is compulsory for all full-time and part-time employ-
ees. Retirement coverage is employee noncontributory.

General Long-Term Debt

General long-term debt of the Board at September 30, 1999. is as follows:
Original. 'Balance Additions Balance
Issue 9/30/98 (Reductions) 9/30/99
Jail construction
- capital improvement
revenue bond, dated
November 1989 $ 1,500,000 1,030,000 (73.000) 957,000
Various installment
purchase agreements
for office and communi-
cations equipment 43,160 29,122 (12,712) 16.410
Long-term landfill closure
and postclosure liability,
see note 12 $ 0 804,060 163,065 967,125

Liability for

compensated absences 149,800 (10,900) 138.900
Totals $ 2,012,982 66,453 2.079.435
USDA Rural Development (formerly Farmers Home Administration) provided
$1,500,000 in Capital Improvement Revenue Bonds dated November 27, 1989,
to finance a portion of the construction of the County jail facility. These bonds
are repayable annually each September 1, over twenty years with interest
payable annually at 5 %, secured by a pledge of the race track and Jai Alai
Fronton funds accruing annually to the Board. Any early retirement of bonds
requires a premium be paid commencing at 5% and decreasing to 1% on any
bonds retired prior to maturity during the period September 1, 1996 to Sep-
tember 1, 2005.
The revenue bond indenture requires a bond principal and interest sinking
fund to be maintained for the next year's debt service payment. In addition.
monthly transfers of $1,038 are required to be made to a reserve account
until a balance of $124,550 is attained. At September 30, 1999, the reserve
account cash balance is $178,824.
Enterprise Fund Bonds Payable
On June 1, 1976, the Hospital issued $400,000 in revenue bondsto finance
additions and improvements to its facilities. The bond issue was paid in full in
December 1998.
George E. Weems Memorial Hospital Enterprise Fund
In March 1997, the County entered into a ten-year lease of the Hospital with,
Centennial Healthcare Investment Corporation (Centennial). The lease agree-
ment provides for monthly rentals of $10,000 to the County. In addition, the
lessee is responsible for all taxes assessed against the Hospital property.
The lease also provides for the County to make monthly payments to Centen-
nial of $5,000 for ambulance services provided to citizens of the County by
Centennial, and for the County to provide two County-owned ambulances to
Centennial for a nominal annual rent of each ambulance. An ambulance ser-
vice agreement requires Centennial to provide all upkeep, maintenance and
insurance on the ambulances and for the County to provide replacement ve-
hicles when necessary.
The financial activities associated with the lease agreement are reported in
the enterprise fund. The lease of the Hospital property is accounted for as an
operating lease in the Board's financial statements.
Other Disclosures
The County, adopted an ordinance effective January 1, 1998. for a period of
twenty years providing for a five-cent per gallon local option gas tax on fuel
sold in the County. The proceeds of this tax are being expended on road con-
struction and road maintenance. The tax is estimated to produce approxi-
mately $250,000 annually to the County during the initial several years of the
The Board participates in several state and federal grant programs. These
programs are subject to program compliance audits by grantors or their rep-
resentatives. The audits of these programs for, or including, the year ended
September 30, 1999, have not yet been accepted/approved by the grantors.
Accordingly, the final determination of the Board's compliance with appli-
cable grant requirements will be established at a future date. The amount, if
any, of expenditures which may be disallowed by granting agencies cannot be
determined, although the Board expects such amounts, if any, to be immate-
Fund Equity
The following funds had a portion of fund equity reserved at September 30,
1999, in the following amounts:

Special revenue fund-landfill
Debt service fund




Risk Management

0 646.259 The Board is exposed to various risks of loss related to torts; theft of, damage
0 6,369.782 to and destruction of assets; errors or omissions; injuries to employees an /
or the public; or damage to property of others. The Board is a member of the
0 2.204.623 Florida Association of Counties Trust (the Trust) for its general liability insur-
S 2.204,23 ance coverage. The Board pays an annual premium to the Trust and a debt
service payment to the pooled liability insurance program revenue bond. The
0) 4.080.165 Trust is to be self-sustaining through member premiums and will reinsure
0) 13.300.829 through commercial companies for certain claims. The Board continues to
purchase commercial insurance to cover their other risks of loss. Insurance

against losses is provided for the following types of risK:
* Workers' compensation and employer's liability
* General and automobile liability
* Real and personal property damage
* Public officials' liability
* Accidental death and dismemberment
Landfill Closure and Postclosure Care Costs
The Board maintains a special revenue fund for its landfill management es-
crow account to ensure the availability of financial resources for closing the
landfill. The escrow account balance is $705.442 at September 30. 1999.
Receipt of waste at the County's central landfill has been indefinitely sus-
pended and the County contracts for waste to be transported to a Jackson
County, Florida landfill. In the event operations were to resume at the landfill.
there are about three years' remaining capacity.
State and federal laws and regulations require the County to place a final
cover on its landfill site when it stops accepting waste, and to perform certain
maintenance and monitoring functions at the site for approximately thirty
years after closure. The $967,125 amount reported as landfill closure and
postclosure care liability at September 30, 1999 (see note 5), represents the
portion of costs to be incurred and reported as a liability to-date based on the
use of 56% of the estimated capacity of the landfill. Total estimated costs are
projected at $462,000 for closure and $1,257,000 for postclosure care at cur-
rent prices. Actual costs may be higher due to inflation, changes in technol-
ogy, or chances in regulations. The Board follows GASB Statement No. 18
entitled Accounting for Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Closure and Postclosure
Care Costs.
Litigation and Contingent Liabilities

The Governmental Risk Insurance Trust (GRIT) was the County's workers'
compensation carrier in 1997. GRIT has recently requested the County to pay
outstanding workers' compensation claims, as GRIT claims it is financially
unable to do so. Two substantial claims are in the conclusion state and a
settlement of$145,000 on one of these claims is pending. In the opinion of the
County's legal counsel, the County may or may not be liable for such claims.
and may or may not have a counter claim for failure to defend claims which
GRIT should have defended or tried to settle. No provision has been recorded
in the accompanying financial statements of the County for any loss the County
may incur upon the ultimate resolution of this matter, which is not presently
The County is involved in various other litigation arising from the ordinary
course of business, including contested ad valorem tax assessments as well
as a number of claims by developers and landowners for the County's denial
of building permits to them. In the opinion of management, after consultation
with legal counsel, these matters will be resolved without a material adverse
effect on the County's financial position.
Lease of Franklin County Airport
The County leases out the Franklin County Airport under a twenty-year lease
expiring in the year 2012, with up to four renewal options available aggregat-
ing an additional twenty-five years. The lessee pays the County the sum of
$1,150 monthly for hangar rental and parking space through September 2001.
plus five cents per gallon for all aviation fuel sold or used at the airport. In
addition, for the area utilized for T-hangars, the lessee pays 5% of the net
monthly rental. Monthly rental amounts will be revised commencing October

The County entered into a lease agreement with GT Com (formerly St. Joseph
Telecommunications) in July 1996, to provide "Enhanced 911 Emergency
Reporting Service" to residents of the County. The County incurred telephone
equipment installation costs of $50,535 and makes monthly lease payments
of $1,678. Minimum annual rentals of $20,136 are payable under the terms
of the lease for a period of eight years. The total remaining obligation under
this noncancellable lease at September 30, 1999, is $114,104. The lease is
accounted for as an operating lease.

Stewardship, Compliance and Accountability
The following special revenue fund had a deficit fund balance at September
30, 1999:
Local option gas tax road paving $ 97,089
The County has the intent to liquidate the deficit fund balance through rev-
enue received from the five-cent local option gas tax.
In the next Chronicle Issue, June 9, 2000, we will publish the Independent
Auditors Report of the Franklin County Sheriffs Office.


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Alice Jean Gibbs Vivifies Mundane

Looking For The All-American
Girl Next Door
By Tom Campbell
Some persons, by their very pres-
ence, appear to light up a room'
as they enter and continue to
vivify their surroundings, making
the mundane special, even splen-
did. Such- a person is Alice Jean
Gibbs, a top model and dancer of
the World War II era.
Alice Jean Gibbs became ac-
quainted with Franklin County
and Apalachicola when her
daughter Lynn Wilson Spohrer
bought the Coombs House, trans-
forming it into the Coombs House
Inn. Right away, Gibbs knew she
wanted to live in Apalachicola.
The interest in preserving "its ar-
chitectural and historical heri-
tage" make it a cornucopia of
beauty and elegance, according to
As a young lady, Gibbs was a
dancer at the "Roxy" Theatre, the
original "Radio City Rockettes" in
New York City, and traveled in
several road shows in the U.S.
and Canada. Later she opened her
own dancing school.
She was also one of the famous
Coca-Cola girls. As a professional
model, she modeled for Haddon
Sunblom for many Coca-Cola ads,
trays and billboards.
"I also advertised for Oldsmobile,"
laughed Gibbs, "and back then,
you could buy a new Oldsmobile
automobile for $856."
,Gibbs worked as a model from,,
about 1.935 until about 1950.:
When she started, she lived in
Lake' Forest,'Illinois, about 30
miles from Chicago. She lived with
her mother and father. When she
was about 17 years old, she went
to New York.
She explained that she was a



I,: 7

dancer in New York about
1934-35. "1 was at the Roxy one
of the Rockettes," she said.
Artist Haddon Sunblom was "from
Chicago and used various mod-
els for his Coca-Cola girls." Some
times he would use three models
in order to make one Coca-Cola
girl, because he wanted the look
of the All-America girl next door,
not any one, particular girl.
Haddon Sunblom was famous for
"his Santa Claus in the Coca-Cola
ads. He worked from photo-
graphs," explained Gibbs. "He had
his own photographer. Two or
"''three girls might be combined to
make one girl in the painting.
SOnce, he took the same picture
of a roommate of mine, and me,
and put it together with the nega-
tives, with graphite on the back.
He put it on canvas and copied it.
Three different models were some-
times used to get one figure.
In Chicago, Gibbs lived with two
other models. "When he
(Sunblom) was having trouble
with a picture maybe some part
of a girl-he would call me, and I
would go over and pose for him.
And those pictures I saw finished.
This one picture he had a bru-
nette, and he said, 'I'm sorry,
Alice, that we have to keep you a
brunette, but the sales represen-
tative-his girlfriend had dark
hair. So he wanted to-had to-
make the model brunette." She
laughed, "And that picture is still
around. I saw that at the
Coca-Cola Building in Atlanta."
Her model name at the time was
SAlice Anderson. 'Gibbs explained
,-that her "oldest daughter-I have
two-she has a whole thing of my
modeling. I didn't save them, but
thank heavens, my mother did.
She has stacks of them. She (the
daughter) is in between Miami
and here, and she still has busi-
ness in Miami, but she is sup-
posed to be getting them to-

^jiH "), !

,ii-- ',

Art Show For Students A Big Hit
On Friday, May 12, students from Apalachicola High School and Brown
Elementary School were rewarded with an art show of their work at Artemis
Gallery. Organized by Cass Allen, art teacher at Apalachicola High School,
and Hollis Vail, owner of Artemis, the show was a great success.
Many of the youthful artists were in attendance as the show began. Their
pride and enthusiasm upon seeing their creations in a formal setting was
delightful. As SOLD tags began to appear, the atmosphere simply turned
High school students submitted very individualized pottery, designs in
yarn and three-dimensional forms cleverly made of everyday items.
Paintings, etchings and paper mache masks decorated every available
inch of the upper gallery.
Paintings from the elementary school students were enhanced with unusual
materials such as felt. The result was charming. Local scenes naturally
influenced much of the work of both groups, but school and home lessons
were also pleasantly apparent in the younger artists' creations.
Support for this well-organized event was wonderful. Proud parents and
the community turned out in great numbers. Ms. Allen reported on Sunday
that nearly seven hundred dollars had been received for the exhibits offered
for sale. Donations for the high school art program were around two
hundred dollars at that time.
The show will remain in place until May 26, with purchases still possible,
at Artemis Gallery, 67 Commerce Street, Apalachicola. Donations for the
high school program are welcome. Checks should be made payable to
Apalachicola High School Art Studio.

New Regulations

Announced For

The Gulf Of Mexico


NOAA Fisheries has approved new
measures intended to prevent
overfishing of gag, black grouper,
and red grouper. The following
measures are effective on June
19, 2000:
(1) the recreational minimum size
limit for gag and black grouper is
22 inches; (2) the commercial
minimum size limit for gag and
black grouper is 24 inches; (3) the

Gulf commercial fishery for gag,
black grouper, and red grouper is
closed from February 15 to March
15; and (4) two areas in the east-
ern Gulf (219 square nautical
miles) are closed to all fishing,
except highly migratory species.

Size Limits
The increased minimum size lim-
its are intended to reduce harvest
rates and to allow some female
gag to reach sexual maturity and
spawn before being exposed to
fishing mortality. The increase in
the recreational minimum size
limit to 22 inches and the mea-
sures intended to reduce the com-
mercial harvest should result in
an equitable reduction in the har-
vest by each sector. NOAA Fish-

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cAU4 Iii~;~~r::; 1 "

By Susan F. Bonner
Hunting. Something I knew little
about, Women, after all, are sup-
posed to be the gatherers, not the
hunters. But my experiences and
travels of the last five years
sparked interest in this long hon-
ored rural tradition.
Living in the Florida Big Bend
area, specifically Wakulla County,
has given me opportunities to use
the sportsman capital of Florida
as my personal playground. (Al-
ways respectful of the flora and
fauna, of course.) My family and I
have swum, boated, fished and
canoed the many beautiful rivers
and beaches. We have hiked the
forests and even 4-wheeled in the
National Parks. But to date, have
never hunted.
I decided it was time to get my
concealed firearm carry permit
and one of the requirements is a
firearm safety course. So why not
kill two birds with one stone and
take the Florida Hunter Educa-
tion course? It is held in Leon
County a few times a year by the
Fresh Water and Game Commis-
sion. It starts with an extensive
classroom lecture held over four
nights and ends with a day at the
range, firing the weapons.
My daughter at the ripe old age of
15 decided she also wanted to be
the great white huntress, so off
we went to Tallahassee. Two of
only three women taking the
course, we found the lectures
stressed hunter safety and re-

series disapproved the Gulf'of
Mexico Fishery Management
Council's proposal to increase the
recreational minimum size limit
beyond 22 inches by 1 inch per
year until reaching 24 inches. In-
creases in the recreational mini-
mum size limit beyond 22 inches
could disproportionately reduce
the recreational harvest compared
to the commercial harvest. Such
an inequitable reduction in the
harvest of the recreational sector
would be contrary to national
standard 4 of the Magnuson
Stevens Fishery Conservation and
Management Act.

Commercial Fishery
From February 15 until March 15,

gether." That would make another
article, the photographs from
those early modeling days.
Her daughters are Carol Harris
and Lynn Wilson Spohrer. Lynn
Wilson is known the world over
as an Interior Designer. "She is
still active," according to Gibbs,
and will be retiring. She and her
husband own the Coombs House
and other properties in the
Apalachicola area.
Gibbs said that "Haddon
Sunblom was the one who started
me painting. I went to the Art In-
stitute at night, and took all kinds
of classes. I would watch Haddon
Sunblom paint." She studied at
The Academy of Fine Arts in Chi-
cago, The Metropolitan and Lowe
Museum in Miami, with Suzanne
Dilthey, and attended several
workshops in North Carolina and
La Romita School of Art in Italy.
She has works on exhibit "at
Linda's (Linda Arnold's Gallery
Upstairs) and at the Paradise Res-,
taurant on the beach." There are
also works on display in the Alice
Jean Gallery on the second floor
above Foster's on Avenue E. The
natural light in her studio is ex-
cellent. This is where she teaches
art class.
She has a number of students. "It
varies. I had a dozen adults and
three children. Some of them go
away for the summer, then come
back. I have two men students-
John Taylor and Malcom Nicolas.

,, t I ." ,".c'

SAT f. FR E5 ME5

sponsibility, but also covered
Wildlife Conservation and Man-
agement, Wildlife Identification,
Survival and First Aide. A lot of
useful information, if you live in
our rural area.
There were also demonstrations
of all sorts of weapons. From
muskets and muzzle loaders, to
semi-automatic weapons. (Not to
be confused with fully automatic
weapon. Something our govern-
ment and media can't get correct,
but just ask my fifteen year old
and she'll tell you the difference.)
There were also bow demonstra-
tions for bow hunting. After the
fourth class, we all took a final
exam and then it was off to the
range to actually fire the weap-
What a thrilling day that was! I
never realized how much fun and
excitement there was to target
shooting. Especially if you are
taught how to properly handle a
weapon. Just like any good tool,
it's better if you know how to use
it and what its uses are. We fired
rifles, a muzzle loader, shot skeet
with a shot gun and used a com-
pound bow. An unbelievable day.
Living here makes this course a
must for beginners. It introduced
me to a whole new world. My hus-
band participates in Cowboy Ac-
tion Shooting (but that's another
story) and now I can enjoy shoot-
ing all those single action guns
also. Oh, and get a little hunting
in as well this season.

eacn year beginning in 2001, the
sale or purchase of gag, red grou-
per, or black grouper is prohib-
ited, and no person aboard a ves-
sel for which a valid Federal com-
mercial permit for Gulf reef fish
has been issued may possess
these species in the Gulf, regard-
less of where harvested.

I have eignt ladies registered. We
meet on Wednesdays at 9:30 a.m.
and Fridays-until a little before
12. The children I teach on Mon-
day afternoon."
Gibbs has been in Apalachicola
since 1996; coming from Miami,
where she had been since 1953.
"I did a lot of painting when I was
in Miami."
She is widowed and divorced. "I
was divorced first and then wid-
owed. I guess you don't call me
widowed then," she smiled. "But
he did pass on about a year and
a half later."
"I think it's wonderful for
Apalachicola to develop as it is.
Keeping the houses as they
were-that's excellent. The con-
trol is wonderful-as long as they
don't let it get like every other
town. The possibilities are won-
derful. Fantastic town. You either
seem to belong to it, or you can't
stand it. I am very, very happy
'here. It's a fantastic place to be.
And slowly, the family is coming
here. Which is wonderful. Lynn
has another house that she is fix-
ing up-the old Porter House. And
Carol has got her little house, and
I have my little house. So it's re-
ally pretty terrific."
As a matter of fact, according to
Alice Jean Gibbs, life is pretty ter-
rific, as demonstrated in her art
and in the way she vivifies the

A Huntress Is Born

Sales Associates: Broker: web address:
Marsha Tucker: 570-9214 Tim Jordan
Jerry Peters: 984-0103 P.O. Bx 56 e-mail:
Glen Eubanks: 984-1143 Panacea,

- -

-1 11 f' t 41SI .111 ill ,

Page 8 26 May 2000


Thin 'ot-,inkllin Chronicle

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Richard J. Lehman

Richard J. Lehman, Jr., resident of
Bay St. George Care Center, died on
Thursday, May 18, 2000 at Weems
Memorial Hospital. A native of Louis-
ville., KY, Mr. Lehman had been a resi-
dent of the area for eight years. He
was a retired owner of a retail cloth-
ing store, had served in the U.S. Army
during the Korean Conflict, and was
a Catholic. He is survived by his son,
Michael B. Lehman of Jupiter, FL; two
daughters, Jennifer Richards of Okla-
homa and Betsy Lehman of West Palm
Beach: his father, Richard J. Lehman,
Sr. of Fort Myers, FL; two brothers,
Joe Lehman of Tallahassee, and
Tommy Lehman ofTequesta, FL: three
sisters, Billie Susan Michael of Ken-
tucky. Babs Anderson of Orlando, and
Peggy Lehman of Fort Meyers: and six
grandchildren. Memorialization by
cremation. Kelley-Riley Funeral Home,
Carrabelle, FL, in charge of arrange-

Beaufort Goosby

Beaufort Goosby. 67, 3961 Weatherby
Lane, Valdosta. GA, died on Monday,
May 22. 2000 at the Holly Hill Nurs-
ing Home. Born on June 12, 1933 in
Brooks County, GA to the late Nora
Goosby. At an early age he and his
family moved to Apalachicola. He
joined Mt. Zion Baptist Church, and
he was a professional roofer. He is
survived by two sisters. Carrie L.

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runs. *Teams start .42-.45c $1,000 Sign-on bonus for
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DRIVERS-When it comes to benefits, we've got all the
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Chisolm of Panama City and Betty A.
Carter (Leon) of Brooklyn, NY; one spe-
cial nephew, Alfred Goosby (Willa)of
Valdosta; and a host of nieces, heph-
ews, cousins, and many loving friends.
Visitation will be held 5:00 until 7:00
p.m. Friday, May 26, 2000 at Kelley
Funeral Home. Funeral services will
be held at 2:00 p.m., Saturday, May
27, 2000 in the Chapel of Kelley Fu-
neral Home, Apalachicola, FL. Inter-
ment will follow in Snowhill Cemetery,
Apalachicola. FL. Kelley Funeral
Home, Apalachicola, FL, in charge of

Nelda Rebecca Barkmann

Nelda Rebecca Barkmann, born Sep-
tember 20, 1932 to John and Claudia
Kelley in Carrabelle, FL, passed away
May 18. 2000 in Kingwood, TX. Nelda
loved gardening and quilting and be-
longed to the Kingwood Quilting
Guild. For many years Nelda worked
as a bookkeeper for a home construc-
tion company in Galveston, She is
survived by her husband, Karl
Barkman: daughters, Karla Glova and
her husband David, and Ronnie
Barkmann-Ynosencio; sons, Stephen
Barkmann and his wife, Diana, Kelley
Barkmann and his wife, Cindy, and
John Barkmann and his wife, Char-
lotte; brother, Buddy Kelley of
Apalachicola, sisters, Marie Allen and
Erma Barbert bcth of Apalachicola,
Judy Mihlfeld of Gainesville, and Jean
Garrison of Port St. Joe; and 12 grand-
children. Funeral services were held
on Saturday, May 20, 2000 in the
chapel of Kingwood Funeral Home
with Dr. Christopher C. Carlson offi-
ciating. For those desiring, the familY

Help Wanted

JOB AND BUSINESS Information See Website:

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Mobile Homes/Sale

PACKAGE DEALS, your land or ours. No money
down. Payments starting at 3 bedrooms, $259/mo. 4
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tions accepted. Toll Free (877)305-5640.

Real Estate

BREVARD, NC. LOG Cabin Retreat 5+ AC/Spring/
$79,900. Beautiful new log cabin being built w/over
2,000 sq. ft. living space. Incredible high-elevation
setting, gorgeous mtn. views & crystal clear mtn. spring.
Easy financing. Must see. Call now (800)829-6183, ext.

suggests memorial contributions to
Vitas Hospice, 123 SE Ave. C, P8N:
110, Miami, FL 33131-2003.
Kingwood Funeral Home in charge of

Clarence Willard "Nook"

Clarence Willard "Nook" Odom, 71, of
Crawfordville, FL, died on Wednesday,
May, 17, 2000 at Tallahassee Commu-
nity Hospital. A native of Carrabelle,
"Nook" had lived in Aransas Pass, TX
before moving to Crawfordville six
months ago. He was a retired com-
mercial fisherman, had served in the
U.S. Army during the Korean Conflict,
was a member of the V.F.W., and was
Methodist by faith. He is survived by
his three daughters, Suzanne
Brannan and Brenda Sapp, both of
Carrabelle, and Phyllis Carrigan of
Panama City; his mother, Zilphia
Sauls of Crawfordville; one brother,
William E. Odom of Panama City; two
sisters, Madge Matheson of
Crawfordville and Melba Ball of Mi-
ami, FL; six grandchildren and nine
great-grandchildren; and many nieces
and nephews. Graveside services were
held on Saturday, May 20, 2000 at
Evergreen Cemetery in Carrabelle.
Interment followed the graveside
service. Military honors were
observed. Kelley-Riley Funeral Home,
Carrabelle, FL, in charge of arrange-

Sara "Sally" Pinson

Sara "Sally" Pinson Lonbom, 50, of St.
George Island, FL, died on Sunday,

Real Estate

TENNESSEE LAKE BARGAIN. 3 Acres with boat slip 524,900
Beautifully wooded, spectacular views, with access to crystal
clear mn. lake-next to 18 hole golfcourse! Paved roads, utilities.
soils tested. Low, low fiainancing Call owner now (800)704-3154
ext 3735.

LAKEFRONT SALE! 2.7 AC/500+ FT WF. Only $44,900.
Beautifully wooded 2.7 acre parcel in spectacular min setting.
Over 500ft frontage on pristine 34,000 ac recreational lake. Close
to 8 hole golfcourse! Excellent financing. Call now! (800)704-
3154 ext 3.

LOG CABIN at lake w/marina $59,900. Authentic log
cabin w/access to one ofTN's largest recreational lakes
&private covered boat marina, Great financing. Call TN
Timberline now at (800)861-5253, ext. 35.

TENNESSEE LAKE BARGAIN. 3 Acres with boat slip
$24,900. Beautifully wooded, spectacular views, with
access to crystal clear mtn. lake-next to 18 hole golf
course! Paved roads, utilities, soils tested. Low, low
financing. Call owner now (800)704-3154 ext. 3735.

bank repos being sold now! Fantastic savings! Financ-
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ONLY $199.00 DOWN! Beautifully wooded high/dry
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NORTH CAROLINA Mountain Properties for sale. Call for free
brochure of listings/homnes Acreage lots, Lake properties, Cab-
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7715. 1

TanningBeds/Misc for Sale

and SAVE! Commercial/Home Units from $199.00.
Low Monthly Payments. FREE Color Catalog. Call
TODAY! (800)842-1310.

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Repossessed!! Must sell immediately!! One Steel I-
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ATELY. All Steel Buildings. We Pay Freight! 25x40; 30x60,
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May 7, 2000 at her home on St.
George Island. The daughter of the
Late Joseph N. Pinson and Lee Hunt
Pinson, was born in Anderson, SC.
She spent many years in Honea Path,
SC, and had lived in Tallahassee, FL
for 20 years before moving to St.
George Island in 1990. She was the
Closing Officer for First American Title
Insurance Company in Eastpoint, FL
for many years. She was a graduate
of Stetson University with a B.A. in
Economics, and a member of St.
George Island United Methodist
Church, a member of the Daughters
of the American Revolution, the Colo-
nial Dames of the XVII Century, the
Alpha Chi Omega Social Soriety, and
the St. George Island Yacht Club. She
is survived by her husband, Paul W.
Lonbom of St. George Island; two
brothers, Joe Pinson of Conway, SC
and Jim Pinson of Honea Path, SC;
three nephews and one niece-, one
grand-niece and one grand-nephew;
two stepdaughters, Paula Brown of
Perry, FL and Wendy Blackmon of
Amarillo, TX; and two grandchildren.
Memorialization will be by cremation.
A Memorial Service will be held at
11:00 a.m., Saturday, May 13, 2000
at the St. George Island United Meth-
odist Church. In lieu of flowers: Con-
tributions can be made to the St.
George United Methodist Church, St.
George Island, FL 32328 or to the First
Responders of St. George Island, St.
George Island, FL 32328. Kelley Fu-
neral Home, (850) 653-2208,
Apalachicola, FL, in charge of arrange-

Louise Durrance Langston

Louise Durrance Langston, 68, of
Carrabelle, died on Wednesday, May
3, 2000 at her home in Carrabelle.
Born in Medart, Mrs. Langston lived
for many years in Medart, before mov-
ing to Carrabelle from Tallahassee in
1994. She was a homemaker and a
bookkeeper, and a member of the
Daughters of the Confederacy and
of Faith Assembly of God Church in
Tallahassee. She is survived by her
husband. Jessie J, Langston of
Carrabelle: two sons, Kelwin Langston
of Tallahassee and Derek Langston of
Tallahassee; one daughter, Tamara
Dickson of Grass Valley, CA; two
brothers, Clark Durrance and Fletcher
Durrance, both of Tallahassee. FL:

Erin Joanna Butler Graduated

Erin graduated with honors, earn-
ing a degree in Political Science
with a minor in Business from the
University of Florida on May 6,

Her college career included many
honors, including being named a
1999 Anderson Scholar for the
College of Liberal Arts and
Sciences,the Mortar Board Na-
tional Honor Society, Omicron
Delta Kappa Honor Society, Pi
Kappa Phi Honor Society, Phi Eta
Sigma Honor Society and Gold
Key Honor Society.

She served as a U.F. Senator, was
elected to Blue Key Leadership
Honorary and was named a

and two sisters, Mary Love Moore or
Crawfordville, FL and Nannie Ruth
Bowen of Sanderson, FL. Funeral ser-
vices were held on Sunday, May 7,
2000 at the Carrabelle United Meth-
odist Church. Interment followed in
Evergreen Cemetery in Carrabelle.
Rev. Emmett Whaley and Rev. Ralph
Wrightstone officiated. Kelley-Riley
Funeral Home, Carrabelle, FL, in
charge of arrangements,

Clinton H. Bankester

Graveside services for Clinton H.
Bankester, 72, of Daphne, were held
Tuesday in Baldwin memorial Cem-
etery in Robertsdale. Mr. Bankester
spent 30 years in the Franklin County,
FL, school system as a coach, princi-
pal and assistant superintendent. He
then had a second career as vice presi-
dent of a bank in Apalachicola, FL,
for 10 years before retiring again. A
native of Robertsdale, Mr. Bankester
and his wife, Louise Dawson
Bankester, moved back to Baldwin
County where they have resided for
the past 11 years. Other than his wife,
Mr. Bankester is also survived by one
son, Byron, of Hartselle: a
daughter-in-law, Debbie, one Sister,
Ruth Skaggs of Atlanta; three broth-
ers, Edward of Say Minette, Hancell
of Jackson, Miss,t and Merrill of
Loxley; two grandsons, Brad and
David, both of Hartselle; and numer-
ous nephews and nieces. Pallbearers
were his two grandsons and six neph-
ews. The family requests that any me-
morials be made to the American Can-
cer Society or to the First Methodist
Church of Apalachicola, care of Mrs.
Roland Schoelles, P.O. Box 315,
Apalachicola, Florida 32329. Funeral
arrangements by Mack Funeral Home.
Inc., Highway 59, Robertsdale, AL.



Grounds Cleared

By Tom Campbell

President Barbara Revell of the
Carrabelle Lighthouse Association
talked with pride about the "won-
derful job of cleaning the grounds"
that was done recently. The light-.

Stephen C. O'Connell Scholar!
She was the Philanthropy Chair
for Alpha Chi Omega Sorority. She
appeared on the Dean's List or the
President's List every semester.

Butler has accepted a position
with a national company in Jack-
sonville and begins in June. She
plans to attend law school after
some professional experience.
Erin is the 21 year old daughter
of Cliff and Denise Butler of
Eastpoint and the granddaughter
of Joe W. Butler of Carrabelle and
Rosa G. Dosal of San Antonio,

She is a 1997 graduate of
Apalachicola High School.

house is located just west of
Carrabelle Beach, north of High-
way 98. "Mr. Don Wilson with the
Department of Corrections (DOC)
has helped us a great deal," said
Revell. He arranged to have
county prison workers assist in
the cleaning of the grounds.

Ms. Ruth Varner of the Board of
Directors of Carrabelle Lighthouse
Association was "a big help in the
cleaning," according to Revell. The
driveway from Highway 98, lead-
ing up to the lighthouse, was
cleared. Formerly, there was only
a path with "shrubs and small
trees likely to scratch a vehicle
that attempted the drive." "Now,"
smiled Revell, "you can drive your
car up to the lighthouse without
scratching the paint on the sides."
The county prisoners, under su-
pervision of Don Wilson, hauled
off debris and trash, "and the
whole area is looking much bet-
ter," said Revell. "We are grateful
to all who helped."

The Carrabelle Lighthouse Asso-
ciation meets regularly each sec-
ond Monday of each month at
6:30 p.m. at the Episcopal
Church in Carrabelle. The asso-
ciation now has over 200 mem-,
bers and progress has been re-
ported in trying to get ownership
of the lighthouse for public ser-
vice and preservation for the fu-
The association is scheduled to
participate in Renaissance Days
Celebration on Saturday, May,
271, from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m.,,
according to Revell. That celebra-
tion is a fund-raiser for the
Carrabelle Branch Library, and
the Lighthouse Association will
also seek to raise funds for the'
preservation of the lighthouse.
Revell said that a Crooked River
Lighthouse Celebration Day will
be announced for some time in.
the future. The light station was
first built in 1895 to help boat'
traffic safely navigate the.
Carrabelle River and beyond.

Selling the Pearl of the Panhandle
My Specialty area is Carrabelle Lanark -
Carrabelle Beach St. Teresa St. James Eastpoint
SLet me be your guide to finding your
"perfect pearl" of a property.
' / Please call Rene for all your real estate needs, buying or selling.


mz ,W


(the name says it all)
Office: (850) 697-2181
Home: (850) 697-2616
FAX: (850) 697-3870

In arn effort to help get every
piece of property with a
house number on it
Carrabelle Realty will
present each buyer of
property with a number plate.

LANARK VILLAGE Retirement home or just a spot to get

away from it all. Curbside parking on this unit in
Lanark Village. Has a Florida room, living room, kitchen
with double door refrigerator, bedroom, nice bath.....

Only $15,900.

How ABOUT A HOME ON THE WATER? This 2 bedroom,
loft, great room and one bath on 200' beach property is

a place where you can enjoy the sound of the surf.



Hours: 8 a.m. 5 p.m. Monday through Friday
9 a.m.- 3 p.m. SATURDAY
Call for an appointment to demo a Logic Boat, Hobie, or Kiwi Kayak


The Franklin Chronicle


26 May 2000 Page 9

'.A sirs

May 23 -

Postal Jobs $48,323.00/Yr.

Now Hiring-No Experience-Paid Training

Great benefits for app, and exam info:
1-800-429-3660 ext. J-815
7 days a week

Homeowners with money worries
may qualify for low-interest loans
LOANS: Direct lender loosens its require- credit? Seif-empioyed? Late house
ments for homeowners who need money merits? Financial problems? Medical b
now. IRS liens ? It doesn t matter!
Have you been turned down for a loan? If you are a homeowner with sutfic
Do you need more than S 10.000 for any rea- equity, teres an excellent chance you
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High credit card debt? Less-than-perfect

Don't let your

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J go up in Smoke!
Call DBF to find out if a company is
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Florida Department of Banking and Finance

The Songbird of the South

Bishop Danie4White

CD's and Tapes
at the Love Center 151-10th Street (653-2203)
and Double Dippin' Hwy. 98 Apalachicola
For more info call 653-2203 or 653-8373

iu wiil


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.HAS OVER 2000
2, 3, 4, Bedroom



1557 Highway 98
right across the road from "Julia Mae's"
"Beacon Ridge"-Phase III is now open!!!! Ten big tracts close
to Carrabelle Wayside Park on Harbor Road. We also have a
few lots left in Phase I and II. Call Jan for the latest prices and
plats. Owner financing available.
"Crooked River"-40-acre tracts on the river. Also have some
acreage close to the river. Planted pines and dry high river
frontage. Call for pricing!
"New River"-Lots on New River with deepwater dockage. If
you are looking for waterfront property, call Jan the "Island
"Beacon Ridge"-2 bedroom/2 bath m/h one year new, fully
furnished, big screen porch, landscaped, two out storage
buildings, located on large lot, over an acre high and dry.
$80,000. Call and make an offer!!!! Some financing available.

Audie E. Langston Licensed Real Estate Broker
Sales Associates
Janet Stoutamire 697-8648
Mike Langston 962-1170


Promotes Unity
By Tom Campbell
"Cross-Ties" is an original play
with music that celebrates life in
the Panhandle of Florida. It was
performed recently at Gulf Coast
Community College in Port St. Joe
to an appreciative audience of
about forty-five persons.
The stories and folk tales were
based on recorded oral history,
according to a program note, with
interviews with the people of
Calhoun County. "Cross-Ties" is
performed by a cast of local citi-
zens. Using the actual words of
the people, performed by their
relatives and neighbors,-
"Cross-Ties" is a ceremony of
honor and remembrance for the
whole community. "This year's
performance is the first in a se-
ries of three versions of the play
that will be developed with the
guidance of the community," ac-
cording to the program.

The full title is "Cross-Ties:
Folktales of the Florida Pan-
handle," adapted for the stage by
Rebecca Williams. She said she
has been working on the script
i "about three years." The stories
were gathered from mainly
Calhoun County in "neighbor-.
hood story circles," according to
Director Williams. "We met in li-
braries, churches and homes."
There were about ten in the cast,
the youngest being 11-year-old
Caleb Skipper, who was very good'
in his roles. The oldest member.
of the cast was Charles Peacock,
who also wrote and performed the
original song "West Florida Blues."
Peacock said he was "85 years
young." He was also very good in
his roles and in his yodeling.
The whole cast seemed to enjoy
what they were doing and the
audience applauded loudly and
appreciatively throughout the
program, which lasted about an
Hour. ,
The production is sponsored by
the WT NEAL Civic Center, and is
funded "by the WT NEAL Trust,
Florida Arts Council, Florida Di-
vision of Cultural Affairs, Florida

Teaching From The Zimbabwean


By Chipa Kazingizi
Publisher's Note: Many of outr readers know, that ourformer;,
Editor, Brian .Gerck. i. t'Lra.hin. at the Matsine-SecondaryrSchpol
in \\edz.:,. Zinbe.v.. Hi;sfrien.d, Chipa Kazingizi, has written the
follo'.nrig piece about teaching in the same community, but from
a Zimbabwean perspective. Here, you will learn directly about
the problems students and faculty experience in a poverty envi-
ronment half a world away. We are constantly told about the enor-
mous changes in our economy going from a collection of domes-
tic concerns to one of global dimensions. This piece is but one
example, on a parallel level with education concerns in our county,
of the problems faced by the Zimbabwe populations in their quest
for educational opportunity. In some respects, the problems are
the same. In other respects, we have an opportunity to learn about
another part of our same world in this global village. With this
"exchange," I hope we will both become wiser.
Tom W. Hoffer

Teaching in Zimbabwe's rural secondary schools can be both a chal-
lenging and frustrating experience due to the nature of the educa-
tional system that we work within.
There is an obvious distinction between schools in the rural areas
and those in urban towns and cities. The setting of a school tends to
have an impact on the quality of education received by the students.
In urban areas, schools have better facilities in terms of library fur-
nishings and books, laboratory equipment as well as classroom text-.
books. It must be understood that the schools in urban areas are not
as far away from each other as in rural areas, and this has a great
impact on the distance a student will walk to his or her school.
In rural schools, it is not surprising for some students to walk as
many as 15 kilometers to school. At Matsine Secondary School, there
are students living in an area known as-Hare Village who walk such a
distance to school every day.
In addition to the distance that each student walks, it should be noted,
that the terrain on which he or she travels may be rough and quite
mountainous. Some students have tp cross large and dangerous riv-
ers to reach the nearest school.'4Some students attending Matsine
Secondary School must cross the dangerous crocodile-infested Ruzawi
The problems of this daily travel ar compounded during the rainy
season, which stretches from Noverhber to March. More often-than
not, the rivers are flooded during bhig ime period. Consequently. the
students are forced to miss valuable lessons at school.
In trying to address and redress the1 problem of these lengthy treks
and to make education accessible tm' as many children as possible.
the government at Independence in '980 constructed many schools
called upper tops. Matsine Secondary ..School is one example of such
a school.
However, the problem of students walking long distances remains (as
mentioned of the residents of Hare Village). And, because of this, the,
rural secondary school child is disadvantaged.
There are also other problems thatst:tdents in rural secondary schools
must confront. Before coming to sco'hl early in the morning, these
students are required to work at hor e. Some of this work may con-
sist of plowing fields, weeding thd g @ren, sweeping and waxing the
floors, preparing breakfast and cAop ing firewood.
All of the required work compoud 'd with an arduous journey to
school seriously works against the student's academic pursuits. By
the time a student gets to school, he s already quite tired. This situ-
ation is the rule and not the exception for the average student in
rural areas.

Department of Juvenile Justice.
21st CC LC, and the Southern
Arts Federation.
This writer kept thinking that
such a production in Franklin
County would be wonderful in
preserving the folktales of the fish-
ing community, the hunting com-
munity and the turpentine com-
munities. The toe-tapping music
and funny stories were highly in-
teresting and entertaining. "Don't
You Know Things Were Different
Way Back Then" is a song done
by the whole cast, which captures
the feeling of the whole produc-
tion. As one of the cast members
said, "We want to capture the
folktales before they are lost
Another cast member said, "Our
community came together for the
first time, working on this produc-
tion." The coming together of a
community occurs when the
people realize there is something
of value there. "We are; part of a
larger body," said the lady, "and
by working together, the whole
community is improved." That
does away with a great deal of
arguing, strife and destruction.
"What results," she said, "is cre-
ative and a whole lot of fun."

Owl Cafe to Host
Dixie Theatre 2000

Gala Opening Party
The Dixie,.Theatre wiill open its
2000 Summeri" Reetttbry Season
with "Always ... Patsy Cline" by
Ted Swindley,. which will run
through Sunday, June 18. The
Gala Opening will be Friday. June
2nd with a preview on Thursday,
June 1st. This-year's Gala party
will beheld at the Owl Cafe with
champagne and delectable hors
d'oeuvres from some of the fine
area restaurants. Tickets are still
only $30.00 per person this year
and reservations are now being
taken for this 'black tie optional'
affair. Come join the fun at the
Dixie Theatre this year and hear
the incredible voice of Linda
Edwards as she thrills audiences
with her portrayal of Patsy Cline.

June 18, 2000


By Carolyn Hatcher
May 23-Carrabelle High School
Award Ceremony
May 25-Apalachicola High
School Awards: 9:00 a.m.-
Middle School Awards: 1:00 p.m.
This ceremony will be held in the
school cafeteria for both high
school and middle school.
May 27-Armed Forces Day
May 27-Crooked River
Lightstation Celebration Day.
10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. Everyone
is invited to help the Carrabelle
Lighthouse Association celebrate
the "saving" of the light. Vendors
welcome. Drawing for Crooked
River Lighthouse replica.
May/every Saturday-San Luis
Focus Tour-Explore lives of 17th
Century Spanish-Indian Mission
Site; Mission San Luis. 2020 W.
Mission Road; 11 a.m. Free. For
more information call: 487-3711.
May 27-The Renaissance Festi-
val will be held in Carrabelle, Me-
morial Day Weekend. For more
information call: Marion Morris:
May 28-Baccalaureate Cer-
emony will be held at the Com-
munity House in Apalachicola at
7:00 p.m.
May 28-Carrabelle Baccalaure-
ate Ceremony will be held in the
lunch room of Carrabelle School
at 7:00 p.m.
May 30-Emergency Manage-
ment Disaster Planning Workshop
for Business, Industry and Gov-
ernment. Sponsored by the
American Red Cross, Leon County
Division of Emergency Manage-
ment. 8:30 a.m., 187 Office Plaza
Drive, Tallahassee. Cost: $125 (in-
cludes lunch).
May 30-Graduation Ceremony
for Carrabelle High School will be
held on the football field in
Carrabelle at 7:00 p.m.
May 31--Apalachicola Gradua-
tion Ceremony will be held on the
football field at 7:30 p.m. In case
of inclement weather the cer-
emony will we held at Living Wa-
ters Assembly of God at 8:00 p.m.
The address for the Church is 158
Bluff Road. Phone number is 653-
3321. .
May-1,3,1i-Panhandle Poets and
Writers meeting 7:00 p.m.; Epis-
copal Church Carrabelle; Contact
person: Carolyn Hatcher
June 1-Beginning of the Dixie
Theatre 2000 Summer Reperatory
Season at 21 Avenue E,
Apalachicola, Florida. June. 1 -
18: "Always... Patsy Cline."

Continued on Page 10

Most students in rural secondary schools also face the problem of a
limited textbook supply. The shortage of textbooks is so acute that it
is not surprising to see five pupils sharing one textbook.
So severe is the problem in some schools that only the teacher has a
textbook and all the eager-eyed .students have to rely on him or her
as their only fountain of knowledge. Laboratory equipment is another
commodity in short supply in most schools. This has such a dire
impact on those schools aspiring to excel in the field of science. Such
problems inhibit those students with real potential from passing their
course work.
In a country where the responsible authorities (in this case, the Ru-
ral District Councils) are reeling under financial stress, the problem
seems doomed to continue steadily in its present course. Only stu-
dents who come from a well-to-do family (and these are quite few-
perhaps three or four per school) can afford to buy their own text
books. The rest are just out of luck. As we say in Shona, Zvakapresser
(life is hard).
Large classes of often unmanageable sizes are typical in both rural
and urban schools. Some classes have as many as 50 and 60 stu-
dents. The classes are often not streamed, so the teacher must work
with students of varying academic abilities. In such cases, it is nearly
impossible for a teacher to give individual attention to pupils, thus
compromising the quality of education rendered. In addition, disci-
plinary problems are certain to arise with classes carrying so many
The general economic hardships bedeviling the country have hit hard,
especially in the rural areas. Some students who used to learn in the
urban towns and cities are now coming to the rural areas because of
the increasing and grinding economic hardships that seem to affect
those in urban areas more dramatically. This, of course, adds to the
problem of oversized, unmanageable classrooms.
It must be also noted that school fees are lower in rural secondary
schools as compared to those in the towns and cities. Some students
cannot even afford to attend rural secondary schools due to abject
poverty. These are the students who are forced to drop out of school.
At Matsine Secondary School, we have lost eight students this year
because the government's Social Dimension Fund has been frozen.
Because of our debilitating economic situation, the extended family
has become less extended. It is our custom to lend support to mem-
bers of our extended family (cousins, uncles, etc.). However, the large
drop-out rate affecting this country is indicative of a faltering ex-
tended family unit. We are struggling to ensure our relatives a decent
These problems are not peculiar to Matsine Secondary School alone.
Our school is but a microcosmic reflection of what has transpired
throughout rural Zimbabwe.
And while I point out the intense hardships affecting ouryouth popu-
lation, I must also point out that all is not doom and gloom. Out of all
the hardships described, there are some students who have excelled
against all odds.
These difficult conditions have given the most determined students
all the more perseverance to obtain a decent education. These are
our shining stars. They are the future leaders and builders of this
country. Personally, they are my inspiration to continue even in the
darkest of times.
Mr. Kazingizi is an English instructor at Matsine Secondary School where
lie is an inspiration to many within the student population.

Pae 10 26 Mav 2000

- A -.


The Franklin Chronicle

Memoriam To Bankester

In a memorial to Mr. Clinton Bankester who recently passed away,
Gulf State Community Bank Board of Directors passed a resolution
recognizing this former bank employee for his many years of service
and contributions to the Franklin County Public School System and
the Gulf State Community Bank. After retiring from the Franklin
County School District as the assistant superintendent with thirty
years of dedicated service to educational aa teacher, coach and ad-
ministrator, he then served 10 years with Gulf State Community Bank
as a Vice President and a loan officer.
In addition to this resolution, Cliff Butler, President of Gulf State
Community Bank, presented Brenda Galloway, Superintendent of
Franklin County School District (pictured above), with a memorial
gift of $500 in honor of Mr. Bankester's contributions to the commu-
nity. This memorial gift will be used to establish the Franklin County
Public School Foundation Fund through The Community Founda-
tion of North Florida, Inc.

Summer Orientation At GCCC

Gulf Coast Community College will conduct summer orientation to
give incoming freshmen the opportunity to become familiar with the
policies and procedures of GCCC, the campus and campus person-
nel and to obtain instructions on how to register for classes. Orienta-
tion is required for those who wish to register during the July 10-21
early registration period. All on-site orientations will be held in the
Language Arts Lecture Hall on campus, Dates for summer orienta-
tion are as follows:

Monday, July 3
Wednesday, July 5
Friday, July 7
Tuesday, July 11
Thursday, July 13
Wednesday, July 19
Gulf/Franklin Center
Thursday, June 29
Thursday, July 6

10 a.m. 12 noon
5:30 p.m. 7:30 p.m.
10 a.m. 12 noon
5:30 p.m. 7:30 p.m.
1 p.m. 3 p.m.
1 p.m. 3 p.m.

5:30 p.m. 7:30 p.m. EDT
10 a.m. 12 noon EDT

For more information, please call the GCCC counseling center at

Make the World Your Classroom.
Imagine an education that takes you to exciting new places builds your leadership
skills, and pays you to learn! That's what education looks like in the Air Force Reserve.
II you're ready to go somewhere special in life. we'll help you get there with over $9.000
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of the Air Force, an extra income, and outstanding
benefits. It all happens for a commitment of
1 weekend a month and 2 weeks a year.

The world is waiting.
Call 1-800-257-1212


of Franklin County, Inc.
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Attention: If your organiza-
tion would like to have notices
of meetings, fund raisers or
events placed in the Franklin
Bulletin Board, please pro-
vide name or organization
name and phone number of
a contact person and send it
to Carolyn Hatcher, P.O. Box
345, Carrabelle, FL 32322 or
call (850) 697-2251.

Carrabelle Port and Airport
Authority continued from
Page 4

Quist announced that the new
gate has been put in place. He also
reported that the airport will be
closed from May 15 to June 15
for the proposed paving to be com-
pleted. The FAA has been notified
and the contractor will mark the
ground in order to warn off a pi-
lot who had not known it is closed.
Turning to the need to fill out the
CPAA board with two more mem-'
bers. Lycett said he had talked to
Mavis May, Appointment Secre-
tary to Governor Jeb Bu-sh.
Names had been submitted some
time ago but there had been no
action on the part of the Gover-;
nor, who must approve members.
May said she now needs two or
three names submitted for each
seat on the board and the people
have to fill out a lengthy form.
Approval of names selected by the
Carrabelle Area Chamber of Com-
merce must also be approved by
Associated Industries and Talla-
hassee Chamber of Commerce,
before submission to the
The Carrabelle Chamber has
already submitted two names for.
each vacancy and it is difficult to
get anymore to apply. Lycett said
there are members whose terms
are coming to a close. He added
that he could not remember in
situations like this that the
Governor's office did not respond.
Lycett asked for a motion to write
a strong letter to the Governor's
Office requesting that the office
could soften some of the terms as
there are not too many persons
available who wish to serve. It was
approved for the letter to be sent.
Tommy Bevis was asked about
the declaratory judgment suit
heard on March 2 and 10, by
Judge Steinmeyer, between the
City of Carrabelle and the CPAA
along with Bevis and Associates.
Bevis said that the Judge was still
working on a judgment and there
was no definite date for a re-


201 E. Gulf Beach Drive

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the Chronicle Bookshop

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Franklin Bulletin Board
continued from Page 9

June 5 + -Beginning of an 8
week Family Life Support Group,
Apalachicola, Florida. This group
will cover topics such as self-es-
teem and replacing negative la-
bels. For exact location, time and
other info, please call Jeannie
Taylor, Refuge House: 653-3313.
June 8 10-Annual Florida Af-
rican Dance Festival-Statewide
festival features Florida and na-
tional artists in dance and drum
work-shops, performance concert
and more; times/fees vary, for
more information call: 539-4087.
June 8 11; 13 18-Theatre
Southeast 2000 Featuring plays
and playwrights of the Southeast-
ern U.S.; FSU School of Theatre's:
The Lab Theatre; 8 p.m. Wed, -
Sat.; 2:30 p.m. Sun.; $10/gen-
eral, $8/seniors and state em-
ployees, $6/students; for more
information call 644-6500.
June 16 18-The Yamaha Big
Bend Saltwater Fishing Classic
will be held over the Fathers Day
Weekend in Carrabelle. The Head-
quarters for this event is the
Moorings Marina, located in
Carrabelle. The four divisions for
this year's Tournament are: ajun-
ior division for children under 12,
a commercial Division, a master's
division, and a recreational divi-
sion. Great prizes will be awarded
this year. First place for the Jun-
ior Division is a trophy with cash
and merchandise. There will be
cash prizes for the 1st through
4th for the Recreational Division,
with a grand prize of round-trip
accommodations for two for a
Costa Rican fishing trip. For more
information call: The Moorings
Marina in Carrabelle.

(263) At The Water's Edge:
A Pictorial and Narrative
History of Apalachicola
and Franklin County. Au-
thors: William Warren
Rogers and Lee Willis, III;
Joan Morris and Bawa
Satinder Singh. Published
by the Donning Company,
1997. Here is the detailed
history and visual memory
of Apalachicola from the
'beginnings in 1820 to the
modern era. Bookshop
price = $39.95.

Mq 'r *4 IM

comuPL By1 THE ST AF F or TH

-- AUL mLosUuI -
I --ra. r- |

(266) The Encyclopedia of
Country Music compiled
by the staff of the Country
Music Hall of Fame and
Museum, Nashville. Edited
by Paul Kingsbury. About
1,300 alphabetical entries
put eight decades of coun-
try music at readers' finger-
tips, from the earliest re-
cordings of the Carter Fam-
ily to the 90s chart-topping
albums ofLeAnn Rimes and
Garth Brooks. Published by
Oxford University Press,
1998, 634 pp., oversize,
Hardcover. A distinguished
field of 137 contributors
provides a readable and re-
liable guide to the singers,
songwriters, record compa-
nies and industry movers
and shakers who have
made country music popu-
lar and profitable. Sold na-
tionally for $60.00.
Bookshop price = $49.95.

(267) Over Here, Over
There: The Andrews Sis-
ters and the USO Stars in
World War II by Maxene
Andrews and Bill Gilbert.
Published by Kensington
Publishing Corp, 1993, 260
pp, Hardcover. Maxene,
Patty and LaVerne-the
Andrews Sisters. Their
songs immortalized the
1930s and 1940s. They
brightened the spirits of
Americans at home and
abroad during the dark
years of World War II. This
book brings those years
alive in a rich and warm
nostalgic look back at a
country at war. The story is
about other entertainers
too-Bob Hope, Bing
Crosby, Mickey Rooney,
Glenn Miller and dozens of
others. Sold nationally for
$22.95. Bookshop price =

(268) The History and An-
tiquities of the City of St.
Augustine, Florida by
George R. Fairbanks. A fac-
simile reproduction of the
1858 edition with an intro-
duction and index by
Michael V. Gannon. Hard-
cover, 200 pp plus 13 page
index. St. Augustine is now
the oldest continuous
settlement in what is now
the United States. George
R. Fairbanks, born and
educated in the north,
moved South to St. Augus-
tine and lived there for
nearly 64 years. While prac-
ticing law in St. Augustine,
he developed an interest in
historical research. Early in
1856, he and his friends or-
ganized the Historical Soci-
ety of Florida. Fairbank's
book was the first to make
use of Spanish records in
writing a serious account of
St. Augustine's past. This
book is the first of three
editions that were pub-
lished. Bookshop price =


(248) The Riverkeepel
John Cronin and Robe
Kennedy, Jr. Hardco
381 pp., published
Scribner's 1997. A re
from the "frontline of
ronmental activism.
advocates who have t:
on powerful corporate
government polluters.
activists fight to reclaim
environment as a basic
man right! Sold natio:
for $25.00. Bookshop
= $19.95. Limited sup



7Two ,Ativists Fight t Relaim(
Environment a a Bas Ic Huinn i

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(256) Florida's Sandy
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pp. This access guide will
help in finding the major
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extensive coastline, show-
ing where the beaches are,
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Comprehensive info on
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c hu- (220) Landscaping for
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ply. Your Yard. By Joe Schaefer
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S Florida, 1998. In a
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book tells how to create a
JR. wildlife-friendly-landscape
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