Front Cover
 Half Title
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Half Title
 Christian sets out on his journey,...
 Christian is pursued by his...
 The slough of Despond
 Meets Mr. Worldly Wiseman
 At the wicket-gate
 The house of the interpreter
 The cross - Christian is relieved...
 The Hill Difficulty
 The palace Beautiful
 The Valley of Humiliation - Fight...
 The Valley of the Shadow of...
 Christian overtakes Faithful
 Christian and Faithful are joined...
 Vanity fair - Death of Faithfu...
 Christian is joined by Hopeful
 Mr. By-ends is joined by three...
 The river of the water of life...
 Doubting Castle - Giant Despai...
 The Delectable Mountains - Ignorance...
 The black man with the white robe...
 The Enchanted Ground - Talk with...
 The land of Beulah - The dark...
 The heavenly Jerusalem
 The author dreams again, and sees...
 Christiana is visited by two neighbours...
 Christiana, the boys, and Mercy...
 Through the Slough of Despond to...
 The enemy's fruit - Encounter with...
 Reception at the house of...
 Great-heart conducts the Pilgrims...
 The house called Beautiful
 Prudence catechises the boys
 Matthew's illness - His questions...
 Great-heart leads the little band...
 Great-heart's fight with giant...
 Old honesty - Mr. Fearing - Mr....
 At the house of Gaius - Slay-good,...
 The town of vanity - Mr. Mnason's...
 The river of life - By-path meadow...
 The Delectable Mountains - Entertained...
 The Enchanted Ground - Mr. Stand-fast...
 The land of Beulah - The Golden...
 Back Cover

Group Title: Pilgrim's progress
Title: The young folks Pilgrim's progress
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089008/00001
 Material Information
Title: The young folks Pilgrim's progress being an edition of John Bunyan's immortal allegory, with all the theological discussions left out, so as to adapt the work to the youthful mind
Uniform Title: Pilgrim's progress
Physical Description: viii, 184 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Bunyan, John, 1628-1688
Bunyan, John, 1628-1688
Barnard, Frederick, 1846-1896 ( Illustrator )
Dalziel Brothers ( Engraver )
Metropolitan Tabernacle Colportage Association ( Publisher )
Ballantyne, Hanson and Co ( Printer )
S. W. Partridge & Co. (London, England) ( Copyright holder )
Publisher: Metropolitan Tabernacle Colportage Association
Place of Publication: London
Manufacturer: Ballantyne, Hanson & Co.
Publication Date: 1899
Subject: Christian life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Salvation -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Christian pilgrims and pilgrimages -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Allegories -- 1899   ( rbgenr )
Dialogues -- 1899   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1899
Genre: Allegories   ( rbgenr )
Dialogues   ( rbgenr )
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
Scotland -- Edinburgh
Statement of Responsibility: with over 100 illustrations by Fred Barnard and others.
General Note: Illustrations engraved by Dalziel.
General Note: Baldwin Library copy has the following text tipped in on the title page: "This book is published by our special permission as owners of the illustrations contained therein. S.W. Partridge & Co."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089008
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002471085
notis - AMH6602
oclc - 271656852

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Half Title
        Page i
        Page ii
    Front Matter
        Page iii
    Title Page
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Table of Contents
        Page vii
        Page viii
    Half Title
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Christian sets out on his journey, and is directed by Evangelist
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Christian is pursued by his neighbours
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    The slough of Despond
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
    Meets Mr. Worldly Wiseman
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
    At the wicket-gate
        Page 15
        Page 16
    The house of the interpreter
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
    The cross - Christian is relieved of his burden, is saluted by the three Shining Ones, and meets Formalist and Hypocrisy
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
    The Hill Difficulty
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
    The palace Beautiful
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
    The Valley of Humiliation - Fight with Apollyon
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
    The Valley of the Shadow of Death
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
    Christian overtakes Faithful
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
    Christian and Faithful are joined by Talkative
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
    Vanity fair - Death of Faithful
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
    Christian is joined by Hopeful
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
    Mr. By-ends is joined by three old schoolfellows - The Pilgrims meet Demas, and come up to the Pillar of Salt
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
    The river of the water of life - By-path meadow
        Page 73
        Page 74
    Doubting Castle - Giant Despair
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
    The Delectable Mountains - Ignorance - The man whom seven devils had bound - Little-faith
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
    The black man with the white robe - The Shining One - Atheist
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
    The Enchanted Ground - Talk with Ignorance
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
    The land of Beulah - The dark river
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
    The heavenly Jerusalem
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
    The author dreams again, and sees Mr. Sagacity who tells him about Christiana and her boys
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
    Christiana is visited by two neighbours - Mrs. Timorous entertains her friends
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
    Christiana, the boys, and Mercy go on their way
        Page 110
        Page 111
    Through the Slough of Despond to the wicket-gate - Reception by the Lord at the head of the way
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
    The enemy's fruit - Encounter with two ill-favoured ones
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
    Reception at the house of the Interpreter
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
    Great-heart conducts the Pilgrims - The foot of the cross - The Hill Difficulty - The lions - Giant grim
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
    The house called Beautiful
        Page 137
        Page 138
    Prudence catechises the boys
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
    Matthew's illness - His questions to Prudence
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
    Great-heart leads the little band through the Valleys of Humiliation and of the Shadow of Death
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
    Great-heart's fight with giant Maul
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
    Old honesty - Mr. Fearing - Mr. Self-will
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
    At the house of Gaius - Slay-good, the giant, meets his death
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
    The town of vanity - Mr. Mnason's house - A monster out of the woods
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
    The river of life - By-path meadow - Giant Despair slain, and Doubting Castle demolished
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
    The Delectable Mountains - Entertained by the shepherds - Turn-away - Valiant-for-truth
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
    The Enchanted Ground - Mr. Stand-fast - Madam Bubble
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
    The land of Beulah - The Golden City
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text




"As I slept, I dreamed a dream,'

&t'? 4-ri af /A O
ok~" etTca .*rr _:










CHILDREN have always been eager readers of John Bunyan's
wonderful allegory. They follow more breathlessly even than their
elders do the merely pictorial development of the stories, for they
are not busy in looking for the secondary meanings. To the
juvenile fancy, able to accept the history in its full literalness,
the Slough of Despond is more dismal, Doubting Castle more
gloomy, Vanity Fair more surprising, the fights with Appolyon
more terrific, the Delectable Mountains and the Golden City more
beautiful than they can possibly be to the more worn imaginations
of their elders.
The young folks, however, as any one who has watched them
over the pages of the book is fully aware, meet with most dis-
appointing hindrances, most perplexing delays, between the main
Adult readers in these days find it no easy matter to master
the long doctrinal arguments which are so often brought in; and
it is quite hopeless to expect children to comprehend these dogmatic
expositions set forth minutely in dialogue form. In THE YOUNG
FOLKS' PILGRIM'S PROGRESS those portions have been omitted by
very reverent excision.
The result is that young readers will no longer find themselves


baffled in pursuing the imaginative history; they will be able to
go on from beginning to end without skipping. And it is con-
fidently believed that when they grow old enough to apply them-
selves to a re-reading of the immortal work in its unabridged
state, they will find its high spiritual allegories all the more
intelligible from having first made acquaintance with them in the
present simpler, and less distracting form.
A. S.
iith September 1889.


I. Christian sets out on his Journey, and is directed by Evangelist .. 3
II. Christian is pursued by his Neighbours 6
III. The Slough of Despond 9
IV. Meets Mr. Worldly Wiseman 12
V. At the Wicket-Gate 15
VI. The House of the Interpreter 17
VII. The Cross-Christian is relieved of his Burden, is saluted by the Three Shining
Ones, and meets Formalist and Hypocrisy 22
VIII. The Hill Difficulty 27
IX. The Palace Beautiful 32
X. The Valley of Humiliation-Fight with Apollyon 39
XI. The Valley of the Shadow of Death 42
XII. Christian overtakes Faithful 46
XIII. Christian and Faithful are joined by Talkative 51
XIV. Vanity Fair-Death of Faithful 55
XV. Christian is joined by Hopeful 64
XVI. Mr. By-ends is joined by Three Old Schoolfellows-The Pilgrims meet Demas, and
come up to the Pillar of Salt 67
XVII. The River of the Water of Life-By-path Meadow 73
XVIII. Doubting Castle-Giant Despair 75
XIX. The Delectable Mountains-Ignorance-The Man whom Seven Devils had Bound
-Little-Faith 81
XX. The Black Man with the White Robe-The Shining One-Atheist 85
XXI. The Enchanted Ground-Talk with Ignorance 89
XXII. The Land of Beulah-The Dark River 92
XXIII. The Heavenly Jerusalem 96


I. The Author Dreams again, and sees Mr. Sagacity, who tells him about Christiana
and her Boys 01
II. Christiana is Visited by Two Neighbours-Mrs. Timorous Entertains her Friends 107
III. Christiana, the Boys, and Mercy go on their way o10
IV. Through the Slough of Despond to the Wicket-Gate-Reception by the Lord at the
head of the way 12
V. The Enemy's Fruit-Encounter with Two Ill-favoured Ones 118
VI. Reception at the House of the Interpreter 121
VII. Great-heart conducts the Pilgrims-The Foot of the Cross-The Hill Difficulty-
The Lions-Giant Grim 29
VIII. The House called Beautiful 137
IX. Prudence Catechises the Boys 39
X. Matthew's Illness-His Questions to Prudence 142
XI. Great-heart leads the Little Band through the Valleys of Humiliation and of the
Shadow of Death 147
XII. Great-heart's Fight with Giant Maul I5
XIII. Old Honesty-Mr. Fearing-Mr. Self-will 154
XIV. At the House of Gaius-Slay-good, the Giant, meets his Death 59
XV. The Town of Vanity-Mr. Mnason's House-A Monster out of the Woods 165
XVI. The River of Life-By-path Meadow-Giant Despair slain, and Doubting Castle
demolished 168
XVII. The Delectable Mountains-Entertained by the Shepherds-Turn-away-Valiant-
for-truth 71
XVIII. The Enchanted Ground-Mr. Stand-fast-Madam Bubble 176
XIX. The Land of Beulah-The Golden City 17



" I saw a man clothed with rags.



As I walked through the wilderness of this world, I lighted on a certain place
where was a den, and laid me down in that place to sleep; and, as I slept, I
dreamed a dream.
I dreamed, and behold, I saw a man clothed with rags, standing with his
face turned from his own house, a book in his hand, and a great burden upon
his back. I looked, and saw him open the book, and read therein; and, as he
read, he wept and trembled; and, not being able longer to contain himself, he
brake out with a piteous cry, saying, "What shall I do ?"
In this plight, therefore, he went home, and controlled himself as long as he
could, that his wife and children should not perceive his distress; but he could
not be silent long. Wherefore at length he brake his mind to his wife and
children; and thus he began to talk to them : Oh, my dear wife," said he, and
you, my children, I am most unhappy on account of a burden that lieth hard
upon me; besides, I am told that this our city will certainly be burned with
fire from heaven; in which we shall all miserably perish, except some way of
escape can be found."


"He brake his mind to his wife and children."


At this his family were much grieved; not that they believed that what
he had said to them was true, but because they thought that some frenzy had
got into his head; therefore, it drawing towards night, and they hoping that
sleep might settle his brains, with all haste they got him to bed. But the night
was as troubled to him as the day; and, instead of sleeping, he spent it in sighs
and tears.
So when the morning was come, they wished to know how he did. He
told them, Worse and worse; he then talked to them again; but they began
to be hardened. They also thought to
cure him by harsh and surly behavipur :
sometimes they would mock, sometimes
they would chide, and sometimes they
would quite neglect him. Wherefore he
began to retire to his chamber to pray
for them, and also to think over his own
misery; he would also walk alone in the
fields, sometimes reading, and sometimes
praying; and thus for some days he
spent his time.
Now, I saw, when he was walking
in the fields, that he was reading in his
book, and greatly distressed in his mind;
and as he read, he burst out as he had
done before, crying, "VWhat shall I do
to be saved ?"
I saw also that he looked this way
and that way, as if he would run; yet
he stood still, because he could not tell
which, way to go. I looked then, and "lHe began to retire to his chamber to pray."
saw a man named Evangelist coming to
him, who asked, Wherefore dost thou cry ?"
He answered, "Sir, I perceive by the book in my hand, that I am condemned
to die, and after that to come to judgment; and I find that I am not willing to
do the first, nor able to do the second."
Then said Evangelist, "Why not willing to die, since there are so many
evils in this life?"
The man answered, Because I fear that this burden that is upon my back
will sink me lower than the grave. And, sir, if I be not fit to go to prison, I am
not fit to go to judgment; and the thoughts of these things make mecry."


Then said Evangelist, If this be so, why standest thou still ?"
He answered, Because I know not whither to go."
Then Evangelist gave him a parchment roll, on which was written, Flee
from the wrath to come."
The man, therefore, read it, and, looking at Evangelist very earnestly, said,
"Whither must I fly ?"
Then said Evangelist (pointing with his finger over a very wide field), Do
you see yonder wicket-gate ?"
The man said, No."
Then said the other, Do you see yonder shining light ?"
He said, I think I do."
Then said Evangelist, Keep that light before you, and go straight up to it:
so shalt thou see the gate; at which when thou knockest, it shall be told thee
what thou shalt do."
So I saw that the man began to run. Now, he had not run far from his
own door, when his wife and children, seeing him, began to cry after him to
return; but the man put his fingers in his ears, and ran on, crying, Life! life!
eternal life !" So he looked not behind him, but fled towards the middle of the



THE neighbours also came out to see him run; and as he ran, some mocked,
others threatened, and some cried after him to return; and among those that did
so there were two that resolved to fetch him back by force. The name of the
one was Obstinate, and the name of the other Pliable.
Now, by this time the man had got a good distance from them; but they
were resolved to pursue him, which they did, and in a little time they overtook
Then said the man, Neighbours, wherefore are ye come ?"
They said, "To persuade you to go back with us."
But he said, That can by no means be: you dwell in the City of Destruc-
tion, the place also where I was born : I see it to be so; and, dying there,
sooner or later, you will sink lower than the grave, into a place that burns with
fire and brimstone. Be persuaded, good neighbours, and go along with me."
OBST. What and leave our friends and comforts behind us ?

- o

" Then said Evangelist, 'Do you see yonder wicket-gate ?'"


.. .. J *'* .. : /
*^'' .' ;i'.il-^ -^ ^ '
-.J'L pel.~~-W'R=


CHRISTIAN (for that was his name).
Yes, for all that you would forsake is not
worthy to be compared with a little of
that I am seeking to enjoy ; and if you
would go along with me, you should fare
as I myself; for there, where I go, is
enough and to spare. Come away, and
prove my words.
OBST. What are the things you seek,
\ since you leave all the world to find
them ?
I CHRIS. I seek an inheritance incor-
S ruptible, undefiled, and that fadeth not
/ I :'. away. Read it so, if you will, in my
lil I_ book.
/ w OBST. Tush i away with your book:
will you go back with us or no ?
CHRIS. NO, not 1.
_- O._s. __ OBST. Come then, neighbour Pliable,
Obstinate, let us turn again, and go home with-
out him.
PLI. If what the good Christian says is
true, the things he looks after are better
than ours; my heart inclines to go with my
OBST. What! more fools still? Be ruled
by me, and come back; who knows whither
such a brain-sick fellow will lead you ? Come
back, come back, and be wise.
CHRIS. Nay, but rather come thou with thy '
neighbour Pliable; there are such things to be
had as I spoke of, and many more glories be-
sides. If you believe not me, read here in this \
-PLI. Well, neighbour Obstinate, I intend to
go along with this good man. But, my good
companion, do you know the way to this desired
place ?
CHRIS. I am directed by a man, whose Pliable.


name is Evangelist, to speed me to a little gate that is before us, where we shall
receive instructions about the way.
PLI. Come, then, good neighbour, let us be going.
Then they went both together.
"And I will go back to my place," said Obstinate; I will be no companion
of such misled, fantastical fellows."
Now, I saw that, when Obstinate was gone back, Christian and Pliable went
talking over the plain; and thus they began:
PLI. Come, neighbour Christian, since there are none but us two here, tell
me now further what the things are, and how to be enjoyed, where we are going.
CHRIS. There is an endless kingdom to be inhabited, and everlasting life to
be given us.
PLI. Well said; and what else ?
CHRIS. There are crowns of glory to be given us, and garments that will
make us shine like the sun in the firmament of heaven.
PLI. This is very pleasant; and what else ?
CHRIS. There shall be no more crying, nor sorrow; for He that is owner of
the place will wipe all tears from our eyes.
PLI. And what company shall we have there?
CHRIS. There we shall be with seraphims and cherubims. There also we
shall meet with thousands and ten thousands that have gone before us to that
place, all loving and holy. In a word, there we shall see the elders with their
golden crowns; there we shall see the holy virgins with their golden harps;.
there we shall see the noble army of martyrs, all well, and clothed with immor-
tality as with a garment.
PLI. Well, my good companion, glad am I to hear of these things; come
on, let us mend our pace.
SCHRIS. I cannot go so fast as I would, by reason of this burden that is on
my back.



Now, I saw that just as they had ended this talk, they drew nigh to a very
miry slough, that was in the middle of the plain; and they, being heedless, did
both fall suddenly into the bog. The name of the slough was Despond. And
here Christian, because of the burden that was on his back, began to sink into
the mire.


SPLI. Ah neighbour Christian, where are you now ?
CHRIS. Truly, I do not know.
PLI. Is this the happiness you have told me of all this while ? If we have
such ill luck at our first setting out, what may we expect between this and our
journey's end ? If I get out again with my life, you shall possess the fine country
alone for me.
And with that, he made a desperate struggle, and got out of the mire on
that side of the slough which was next to his own house: so away he went, and
Christian saw him no more.
Wherefore Christian was left to tumble in the Slough of Despond alone;
but still he endeavoured to struggle to that side which was farthest from his own
house, and next to the wicket-gate. This he did, but could not get out because
of the burden that was upon his back; but I beheld that a man came to him
whose name was Help, and asked him, What he did there ?
CHRIS. Sir, I was told to go this way by a man called Evangelist, who
directed me also to yonder gate, that I might escape the wrath to come; and as
I was going there I fell in here.
HELP. But why did you not look for the steps ? Give me thine hand.
So he gave him his hand, and he drew him out, and set him upon sound
ground, and bade him go on his way.
Then I stepped to him that plucked him out and said, Sir, wherefore is it
that this place is not mended, that poor travellers might go over it with more
security ?"
SAnd he replied, This miry slough is such a place as cannot be mended. It
is not the pleasure of the King that it should remain so bad. His labourers
have, by the direction of His Majesty's surveyors, been for about these sixteen
hundred years employed about this patch of ground; yea, and to my know-
ledge," said he, "here have been swallowed up at least twenty thousand cart-
loads, yea, millions, of wholesome instructions, that have at all seasons been
brought from all places of the King's dominions, if so be it might have been
mended; but it is the Slough of Despond still, and so will be when they have
done all they can."
Now, I saw that by this time Pliable had got home to his house. So his
neighbours came to visit him; and some of them called him a wise man for
coming back, and some called him a fool for hazarding himself with Christian;
others again did mock at his cowardliness, saying, "Surely since you began to
venture, it was base of you to give in for a few difficulties." So Pliable sat
sneaking among them. But at last he got more confidence; and then they all
began to mock poor Christian behind his back.

" Christian still endeavoured to struggle to that side of the slough that was farthest from his own house."




Now, as Christian was walking by himself, he espied one afar off coming over
the field to meet him. The gentleman's name was Mr. Worldly Wiseman: he
dwelt in the town of Carnal Policy, a very great town, and also near to that from
whence Christian came. This man, then, meeting with Christian, and having
some knowledge of him-
(for Christian's setting forth
from the City of Destruction
was much noised abroad)-
said: How now, good fel-
low whither away after this
burdened manner ?"
CHRIS. A burdened man-
ner indeed, as ever I think
poor creature had! And
whereas you ask me, Whither
Sway ? I tell you, sir, I am
going to yonder wicket-gate
before me; for there, as I am
informed, I shall be put into
a way to be rid of my heavy
SWORLD. Hast thou a wife
and children ?
Mr. Worldly Wiseman.
CHRIS. Yes; but I am so
laden with this burden, that I cannot take the same pleasure in them as for-
merly; methinks I am as if I had none.
'WORLD. Wilt thou hearken to me, if I give thee counsel ?
CHRIS. If it be good, I will; for I stand in need of good counsel.
WORLD. I would advise thee, then, that thou with all speed get thyself rid
of thy burden; for thou wilt never be settled in thy mind till then; nor canst
thou enjoy the blessings which God hath bestowed upon thee till then.
CHRIS. That is what I desire; but get it off myself I cannot; nor is there
any man in our country that can take it off my shoulders; therefore am I going
this way, as I told you, that I may be rid of my burden.


WORLD. Who bid thee go this way to be rid of thy burden ?
CHRIS. A man that appeared to me to be a very great and honourable person;
his name, as I remember, is Evangelist.
WORLD. I blame him for his counsel! there is not a more dangerous and
troublesome way in the world than is that into which he hath directed thee.
Thou hast met with something, as I perceive, already; for I see the dirt of the
Slough of Despond is upon thee; but that slough is only the beginning of the
sorrows that attend those that go on in that way. And why should a man so
carelessly cast away himself, by giving heed to a stranger ?
CHRIS. Why, sir, I care not what I meet with in the way, if so be I can also
meet with. deliverance from my burden.
WORLD. How camest thou by the burden at first ?
CHRIS. By reading this book in my hand.
WORLD. I thought so. And it has happened unto thee as unto other weak
men, who meddle with things too high for them, and run upon desperate ventures,
to obtain they know not what.
CHRIS. I know what I would obtain; it is ease from my heavy burden.
WORLD. But why wilt thou seek for ease this way, seeing so many dangers
attend it ? Especially since (hadst thou but patience to hear me), I could direct
thee to the obtaining of what thou desirest, without the dangers that thou in this
way wilt run thyself into. Yea, and the remedy is at hand. Besides, I will add
that, instead of those dangers, thou shalt meet with much safety, friendship, and
CHRIS. Sir, I pray, open this secret to me.
WORLD. Why, in yonder village (the village is named Morality), there dwells
a gentleman whose name is Legality, a very wise man, and a man of very
good name, that has skill to help men off with such burdens as thine is from
their shoulders; yea, to my knowledge he hath done a great deal of good this
way; ay, and besides, he hath skill to cure those that are somewhat crazed in
their wits with their burdens. To him, as I said, thou mayest go, and be
helped. His house is not quite a mile from this place; and if he should not be
at home himself, he hath a pretty young son, whose name is Civility, that can do
it as well as the old gentleman himself. There, I say, thou mayest be eased
of thy burden; and if thou art not minded to go back to thy former home (as
indeed I would not wish thee), thou mayest send for thy wife and children to
thee in this village, where there are houses now standing empty, one of which
thou mayest have at a reasonable rent; provision is there also cheap and good;
and that which will make thy life the more happy is, to be sure that there thou
shalt live with honest neighbours, in credit and good fashion.


Now was Christian somewhat at a stand; but presently he concluded, If
this be true which this gentleman hath said, my wisest course is to take his
advice ;" and, with that, he thus further spake:
CHRIS. Sir, which is my way to this honest man's house ?
WORLD. Do you see yonder high hill ?
CHRIS. Yes, very well.
WORLD. By that hill you must go, and the first house you come to is his.
So Christian turned out of his way to go to Mr. Legality's house for help;
but, behold, when he was hard by the hill, it seemed so high, and also that side
of it that was next the wayside did hang so much over, that Christian was afraid
to venture farther, lest the hill should fall on his head; wherefore there he stood
still, and knew not what to do. Also his burden now seemed heavier to him
than before. There came also flashes of fire out of the hill, that made Christian
afraid that he should be burnt: here, therefore, he quaked for fear. And now
he began to be sorry that he had taken Mr. Worldly Wiseman's counsel; and
with that, he saw Evangelist coming to meet him, at the sight of whom he
began to blush for shame.
So Evangelist drew nearer and nearer; and, coming up to him, he looked
upon him with a severe and dreadful countenance; and thus began:
EVAN. What dost thou here ? Art thou not the man that I found crying
outside the walls of the City of Destruction ?
CHRIS. Yes, dear sir, I am the man.
EVAN. Did not I direct thee what to do ?
CHRIS. Yes, dear sir.
EVAN. How is it, then, that thou art so quickly turned aside ? For thou art
now out of the way.
CHRIS. I met with a gentleman as soon as I had got over the Slough of
Despond, who said that he would show me a better way, and short, not so
attended with difficulties as the way, sir, that you set me in; which way, said
he, will lead you to a gentleman's house that hath skill to take off such burdens
as yours. So I believed him, and turned out of that way into this; but I now
know not what to do.
Then said Evangelist, Give earnest heed to the things that I shall tell thee
of. I will show thee who it was that deluded thee, and who it was also to whom
he sent thee. That man that met thee is one Worldly Wiseman; and rightly is
he so called. He is an alien, and Mr. Legality is a cheat; and, for his son
Civility, notwithstanding his simpering looks, he is but an hypocrite, and cannot
help thee.
After this, Evangelist called aloud to the heavens for confirmation of what he


had said; and with that there came words and fire out of the mountain under
which poor Christian stood, which made his hair stand up. The words were
thus pronounced : As many as are of the works of the law are under the curse;
for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are
written in the book of the law to do them."
Now, Christian looked for nothing but death, and began to cry out piteously,
even cursing the time in which he met with Mr. Worldly Wiseman; still calling
himself a thousand fools for listening to his advice. He also was greatly
ashamed to think that this gentleman's arguments should have caused him to
forsake the right way. This done, he applied himself again to Evangelist, in
words and sense as follows:
CHRIS. Sir, what think you ? Is there any hope ? May I now go back, and
go up to the wicket-gate ? Shall I not be rejected for this, and sent back
ashamed ? I am sorry I have listened to this man's counsel; but may my sins
be forgiven ?
EVAN. Thy sin is very great. Yet will the man at the gate receive thee, for
he has good-will for men; only take heed that thou turn not aside again.
Then did Christian turn to go back; and Evangelist, after he had kissed
him, gave him a smile, and bade him God speed; so he went on with haste,
neither spake he to any man by the way.




So, in process of time, Christian got up to the wicket-gate. Now over the gate
there was written, Knock, and it shall be opened unto you."
He knocked, therefore, more than once or twice. At last there came a
grave person to the gate named Goodwill, who asked who was there, and
whence he came, and what he wanted ?
CHRIS. Here is a poor burdened sinner. I come from the City of Destruc-
tion, but am going to Mount Zion, that I may be delivered from the wrath to
come; I would therefore, sir, since I am informed that by this gate is the way
thither, know if you are willing to let me in.
GOOD. I am willing with all my heart," said he; and, with that, he opened
the gate.
So, when Christian was stepping in, the other gave him a pull. Then said


Christian, "What means that?"
this gate there is erected a strong

" When Christian was steppingin, the other gave him a pull."

and His apostles, and it is as straight as
a rule can make it: this is the way thou
must go.
CHRIS. But are there no turnings nor
windings by which a stranger may lose
his way ?
GOOD. Yes, there are many ways
which turn out of this, and they are
crooked and wide; but thus thou may-
est distinguish the right from the
wrong, the right only being straight
and narrow.
Then I saw that Christian asked him
further if he could not help him off with
his burden that was upon his back. For

The other told him, A little distance from
castle, of which Beelzebub is the captain; from
whence both he and they that are with
him shoot arrows at those that come up
to this gate, if haply they may die be-
fore they can 'enter in." Then said
Christian, I rejoice and tremble. But
oh what a favour this is to me, that I
am admitted here at all !"
GOOD. We make no objections against
any, notwithstanding all that they have
done before they come hither; they, in
no wise are cast out. And therefore,
good Christian, come a little way with
me, and I will teach thee about the
way thou must go. Look before thee:
dost thou see this narrow way? It was
made by the patriarchs, prophets, Christ

"Beelzebub and they that are with him shoot arrows."


as yet he had not got rid thereof, nor could he by any means get it off without
He told him, "As to thy burden, be content to bear it until thou comest to
the place of deliverance; for there it will fall from thy back of itself."
Then Christian began to gird up his loins, and to get ready for his journey.
So Goodwill told him that when he had gone some distance from the gate,
he would come to the house of the Interpreter, at whose door he should knock,
and he would show him excellent things. Then Christian took his leave of his
friend, who again bade him God speed.



THEN Christian went on till he came to the house of the Interpreter, where he
knocked many times. At last one came to the door, and asked who was there.
CHRIS. Sir, here is a traveller who was bid by an acquaintance of the good
man of this house to call here for his profit; I would therefore speak with the
master of the house.
So he called for the master of the house, who, after a little time, came to
him, and asked him what he would have.
CHRIS. Sir, I am a man that am come from the City of Destruction, and am
going to Mount Zion; and I was told by the man that stands at the gate at the
head of this way, that, if I called here, you would show me excellent things,
such as would be helpful to me on my journey.
INTER. Come in; I will show thee that which will be profitable to thee.
So he commanded his man to light a candle, and bade Christian follow him.
He took him by the hand, and led him into a very large parlour, that was
full of dust, because never swept; the which after he had looked at it a little
while, the Interpreter called for a man to sweep. Now, when he began to
sweep, the dust began so abundantly to fly about, that Christian had almost
been choked, by it. Then said the Interpreter to a damsel that stood by,
" Bring hither water, and sprinkle the room;" the which when she had done, it
was swept and cleansed with pleasure.
Then said Christian, What means this ?"
INTER. This parlour is the heart of a man that was never sanctified by the
sweet grace of the Gospel. He that began to sweep at first is the law; but she


that brought water, and did sprinkle it, is the Gospel. Now, thou sawest that,
as soon as the first began to sweep, the dust did so fly about that the room
could not by him be cleansed. Again, thou sawest the damsel sprinkle the
room with water, upon which it was cleansed with pleasure; this is to show
thee, that when the Gospel comes to the heart, then is sin vanquished and sub-
dued, and the soul made clean, and, consequently, fit for the King of Glory to
I saw further, that the Interpreter took him by the hand, and led him into
a room where sat two little children, each one in his own chair. The name of
the elder was Passion, and the name of the younger Patience. Passion seemed
to be much discontented, but Patience was very quiet.
Then Christian asked, What is the reason of the discontent of Passion ?"
The Interpreter answered, The governor of them would have him stay for
his best things till the beginning of next year; but he will have all now. Patience
is willing to wait."
Then I saw that one came to Passion, and brought him a bag of treasure,
and poured it down at his feet; the which he took up, and laughed Patience to
scorn. But in a little while he had lavished all away, and had nothing left him
but rags.
Then said Christian to the Interpreter, Expound this matter more fully
to me."
INTER. These two lads are figures : Passion, of the men of this world; and
Patience, of the men of that which is to come: for, as here thou seest, Passion
will have all now, this year, that is to say in this world; so are the men of this
world: they must have all their good things now; they cannot stay till the next
year, that is, until the next world, for their portion of good.
CHRIS. Now I see that Patience has the best wisdom, and that upon many
accounts. i. Because he stays for the best things. 2. And also because he
will have the enjoyment of his when the other has nothing but rags.
INTER. Nay, you may add another; that the glory of the next world will
never wear out; but these are suddenly gone. Therefore Passion had not so
much reason to laugh at Patience because he had his good things at first, as
Patience will have to laugh at Passion, because he had his best things last.
Then I saw that the Interpreter took Christian by the hand and led him
into a place where was a fire burning against a wall, and one standing by it,
always casting much water upon it, to quench it; yet did the fire burn higher
and hotter.
Then said Christian, "What means this ?"
The Interpreter answered, "This fire is the work of grace that is wrought


in the heart: he that casts water upon it to put it out, is the devil; but, in that
thou seest the fire notwithstanding burn higher and hotter, thou shalt also see
the reason of that."
So then he took him to the other side of the wall, where he saw a man with
a vessel of oil in his hand, of the which he did also continually cast into the fire.
Then asked Christian again, What means this ? "
The Interpreter answered, This is Christ, who continually, with the oil of
His grace, maintains the work already begun in the heart."
I saw also that the Interpreter took him again by the hand, and led him
into a pleasant place, where was built a stately palace, beautiful to behold, at the
sight of which Christian was greatly delighted. He saw also upon the top
thereof certain persons walking, who were clothed all in gold.
Then said Christian, May we go in thither ? "
Then the Interpreter took him and led him up toward the door of the palace;
and behold, at the door stood a great company of men, as desirous to go in, but
durst not. There also sat a man at a little distance from the door, at a table,
with a book and his ink-horn before him, to take the name of him that should
enter therein; he saw also that in the doorway stood many men in armour to
keep it, being resolved to do to the men that would enter what hurt and mis-
chief they could.
Now was Christian somewhat in amaze. At last, when every man started
back for fear of the armed men, Christian saw a man of a very stout counte-
nance come up to the man that sat there to write, saying, "Set down my name,
sir:" the which when he had done, he saw the man draw his sword, and put a
helmet upon his head, and rush toward the door upon the armed men, who laid
upon him with deadly force; but the man, not at all discouraged, fell to cutting
and hacking most fiercely. So that, after he had received and given many
wounds to those that attempted to keep him out, he cut his way through them
all and pressed forward into the palace; at which there was a pleasant voice
heard from those that were within, even of those that walked upon the top of
the palace, saying:
Come in, come in;
Eternal glory thou shalt win."
So he went in, and was clothed in such garments as they. Then Christian
smiled, and said, I think verily I know the meaning of this."
Now," said Christian, "let me go hence."
Nay, stay," said the Interpreter, "until I have showed thee a little more;
and after that thou shalt go on thy way." So he took him by the hand again
and led him into a very dark room, where there sat a man in an iron cage.

/ .

" There sat a man in an iron cage."


Now, the man, to look on, seemed very sad. He sat with his eyes looking
down to the ground, his hands folded together; and he sighed as if he would
break his heart. Then said Christian, "What means this ?" At which the
Interpreter bid him talk with the man.
Then said Christian to the man, "What art thou ?" The man answered,
" I am what I was not once."
CHRIS. What wast thou once ?
MAN. I was once a fair and flourishing Christian, both in mine own eyes, and
also in the eyes of others; I was once, as I thought, bound for the Celestial
City, and had even joy at the thoughts that I should get there.
CHRIS. Well, but what art thou now ?
MAN. I am now a man of despair, and am shut up in it, as in this iron cage.
I cannot get out. Oh, now I cannot!
CHRIS. But how camest thou in this condition ?
MAN. I left off to watch and be sober. I have provoked God to anger,
and He has left me; I have so hardened my heart that I cannot repent.
INTER. Let this man's misery be remembered by thee, and be an everlasting
caution to thee.
CHRIS. Well, this is fearful! God help me to watch and be sober, and to
pray, that I may shun the cause of this man's misery. Sir, is it not time for me
to go on my way now ?
INTER. Tarry till I show thee one thing more, and then thou shalt go on thy
So he took Christian by the hand again, and led him into a chamber, where
there was one rising out of bed; and, as he put on his raiment, he shook and
trembled. Then said Christian, "Why doth this man thus tremble?" The
Interpreter then bade him tell to Christian the reason of his so doing. So he
began, and said, This night, as I was in my sleep, I dreamed, and behold, the
heavens grew exceeding black; also it thundered and lightened so fearfully, that
it put me into an agony. So I looked up in my dream, and saw the clouds
driving at an unusual rate; upon which I heard a great sound of a trumpet, and
saw also a Man sitting upon a cloud, attended with the thousands of heaven;
they were all in flaming fire; also the heavens were in a burning flame. I
heard then a great voice saying, 'Arise, ye dead, and come to judgment.'
And with that the rocks rent, the graves opened, and the dead that were
therein came forth: some of them were exceeding glad, and looked upward;
and some thought to hide themselves under the mountains. I also sought to
hide myself, but I could not; for the Man that sat upon the cloud still kept His
eye upon me. Upon this I awakened from my sleep."

CHRIS. But what was it that made
you so afraid of this sight ?
MAN. Why, I thought that the day
of judgment was come, and that I was
not ready for it. But this affrighted me
most, that the angels gathered up several,
and left me behind; also the bottomless
pit opened her mouth just where I stood.
My conscience, too, afflicted me; and, as
I thought, the Judge had always His eye
upon me, showing indignation in His
Then said the Interpreter to Chris-
tian, Hast thou considered these
things ?"
CHRIS.. Yes; and they put me in
hope and fear.
INTER. Well, keep all things so in
thy mind, that they may be as a goad
in thy sides, to prick thee forward in the
"The bottomless pit opened her mouth just where I stood." way thou must go.
way thou must go.
Here Christian made ready to go on his journey. Then said the Inter-
preter, The Comforter be always with thee, good Christian, to guide thee into
the way that leads to the city."
So Christian went on his way.



Now, I saw that the highway up which Christian was to go was fenced on either
side with a wall. Up this way, therefore, did burdened Christian run, but not
without great difficulty, because of the load on his back.
He ran thus till he came to a place somewhat steep; and upon that place
stood a Cross, and a little below, in the bottom, a sepulchre. So I saw that, just
as Christian came up with the cross, his burden loosed from off his shoulders,

~~~u~- __ __ __- __ _

i- a

"His burden fell off his back, and began to tumble."


and fell from off his back, and began to tumble, and so continued to do till it
came to the mouth of the sepulchre, where it fell in, and I saw it no more.
Then was Christian glad and lightsome, and said with a merry heart, He
hath given me rest by His sorrow, and life by His death." Then he stood still
awhile to look and wonder; for it was very surprising to him that the sight
of the cross should thus ease him of his burden. He looked, therefore, and
looked again, even till the springs that were in his head sent the water down
his cheeks.
Now, as he stood looking and weeping, behold, three Shining Ones came to
him, and saluted him with Peace be to thee." So the first said to him, "Thy
sins be forgiven thee;" the second stripped him of his rags, and clothed him
with a change of raiment; the third also set a mark on his forehead, and gave
him a roll with a seal upon it, which he bade him look on as he ran, and that he
should give it in at the celestial gate: so they went their way.
Then Christian gave three leaps for joy, and went on.
I saw then in my dream that he continued thus, even until he came to the
bottom, where he saw, a little out of the way, three men fast asleep, with fetters
upon their feet. The name of one was Simple, of another Sloth, and of the
third Presumption.
Christian, then, seeing them lie in this state, went to them, if perchance he
might awake them, and cried, "You are like them that sleep on the top of a
mast; for the deep sea is under you, a gulf that hath no bottom: awake,
therefore, and come away; be willing, also, and I will help you off with your
irons." He also told them, If he that goeth about like a roaring lion comes
by, you will certainly become a prey to his teeth."
With that they looked upon him, and began to reply in this sort: Simple
said, "I see no danger." Sloth said, "Yet a little more sleep." And Pre-
sumption said, Every tub must stand upon his own bottom." And so they
lay down to sleep again, and Christian went on his way.
Yet was he troubled to think that men in that danger should so little esteem
the kindness of him that so offered to help them. And, as he was troubled
thereabout, he espied two men come tumbling over the wall on the left hand
of the narrow way; and they made up apace to him. The name of one was
Formalist, and of the other Hypocrisy. So, as I said, they drew up unto
him, who thus entered with them into discourse:
CHRIS. Gentlemen, whence came you, and whither go you ?
FORM. and HYP. We were born in the land of Vain-glory, and are going for
praise to Mount Zion.
CHRIS. Why came you not in at the gate whicL standeth at the beginning of

~~'''' Iilii
_ c- ~-. --

1: :, -__ ,

C \
.. --. ., -
-:. ,, -:, ,.. o.,


fZ, 4 ,:,

SI/ 1

i,,Be l,,r ,,inind

o ,: ,'" Ot

Behold, thrJ 'hining Ones came to him, and saluted him."


the way? Know ye not that it is written,
He that cometh not in by the door, but
climbeth up some other way, the same
is a thief and a robber" ?
They replied that to go to the gate
for entrance was, by all their country-
men, counted too far about; and that
therefore their usual way was to make
a short cut of it, and to climb over the
wall as they had done.
CHRIS. But will it not be counted a
trespass against the Lord of the city
whither we are bound, thus to violate
His revealed will ?
They told him, that as for that, he
needed not trouble his head thereabout;
for what they did they had custom for,
W and could produce, if need were, testi-
S' ii mony that could witness it for more than
a thousand years.

"And besides," said they, if we get
into the way, what matter is it which
way we may get in? If we are in, we
are in : thou art but in the way, who, as
we perceive, came in at the gate; and
we are also in the way, that came tum-
bling over the wall: wherein now, is thy
condition better than ours ?"
CHRIS. I walk by the rule of my
Master; you walk by the rude working
of your fancies. You are counted thieves
already by the Lord of the way; there- ',
fore I doubt you will not be found true
men at the end of the way. You come
in by yourselves without His direction,
and shall go out by yourselves without
His mercy.
To this Formalist and Hypocrisy Hypocrisy.


made him but little answer; only they bade him look to himself. Then I saw
that they went on every man in his way, without much talk one with another;
save that these two men-said this to Christian, We see not wherein thou different
from us, but by the coat which is on thy back, which was, as we suppose, given
thee by some of thy neighbours to hide the shame of thy nakedness."
CHRIS. As for this coat that is on my back, it was given to me by the Lord
of the place whither I go; for I had nothing but rags before. I have, more-
over, a mark in my forehead, of which perhaps you have taken no notice,
which one of my Lord's most intimate associates fixed there the day that
my burden fell off my shoulders. I will tell you, moreover, that I had then
given me a roll sealed, to comfort me by reading as I go in the way; I was
also told to give it in at the Celestial Gate, in token of my certain going in
after it; all which things, I doubt, you want, and want them because you came
not in at the gate.
To these things they gave him no answer; only they looked upon each
other, and laughed. Then I saw that they all went on, save that Christian
kept before, who had no more talk but with himself; also he would be often
reading in the roll that one of the Shining Ones gave him, by which he was



I BEHELD then that they all went on till they came to the foot of the Hill
Difficulty, at the bottom of which was a spring. There were also in the same
place two other ways, besides that which came straight from the gate; one
turned to the left hand, and the other to the right, at the bottom of the hill;
but the narrow way lay right up the hill, and the name of that going up the side
of the hill is called Difficulty. Christian now went to the spring, and drank
thereof to refresh himself, and then began to go up the hill.
The other two also came to the foot of the hill. But when they saw that the
hill was steep and high, and that there were two other ways to go; and sup-
posing also that these two ways might meet again with that up which Christian
went, on the other side of the hill, they were resolved to go in those ways.
Now, the name of one of those ways was Danger, and the name of the other
Destruction. So the one took the way which is called Danger, which led him
into a great wood; and the other took directly up the way to Destruction, which


~Si ]

"He fell from running to going, and from going to clambering upon his hands and his knees, because of the steepness of the place."


17 ZTl

;r 1':kI '
1. 1


led him into a wide field, full of dark
/ y 'i mountains, where he stumbled and fell,
.; and rose no more.
f lI looked then after Christian, to see
Si'''him go up the hill, where I perceived he
S .fell from running to going, and from
Going to clambering upon his hands and
S --''i his knees, because of the steepness of
C :the place.
f_ Now, about the midway to the top of
the hill was a pleasant arbour, made by
the Lord of the hill for the refreshment
of weary travellers. Thither, there-
fore, Christian got, where also he sat
Down to rest him; then he pulled his
roll out of his bosom, and read therein
to his comfort; he also now began afresh
-a to take a review of the coat or garment

He stumbled and fell, and rose no more." it /
that was given him as he stood by the '
Cross. Thus pleasing himself a while, he "
at last fell into a slumber, and thence into c
a fast sleep, which detained him in that '
place until it was almost night; and in
his sleep his roll fell out of his hand.
Now, as he was sleeping, there came
one to him, and awaked him, saying, -'
"Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider
her ways, and be wise." And, with that,
Christian suddenly started up, and sped
on his way, and went apace till he came
to the top of the hill.
Now, when he was got up to the top
of the hill, there came two men running :
the name of the one was Timorous, and.
of the other Mistrust; to whom Christian =-
said, Sirs, what's the matter ? You run He at last fell into a slumber."


the wrong way." Timorous answered, that they were going to the city of Zion,
and had got up that difficult place: "but," said he, "the farther we go, the more
danger we meet with; wherefore we turned, and are going back again."
Yes," said Mistrust, "for
just before us lie a couple of
lions in the way, whether
sleeping or waking we know
not; and we could not think,
if we came within reach, but
they would presently pull us
to pieces."
Then said Christian, You
make me afraid; but whither
shall I fly to be safe ? If I go
back to my own country, I shall
"I certainly perish there; if I can
get to the Celestial City, I am
sure to be in safety there. I
will go forward."
So Mistrust and Timorous
ran down the hill, and Chris-
tian .went on his way. But,
thinking again of what he heard
from the men, he felt in his
bosom for his roll, and found it


that is on the side of the hill
God's forgiveness for that his
his roll. But all the way he
sorrow of Christian's heart?
ing, wretched man that I

Then was Christian in great
S distress, and knew not what to
do; for he wanted that which
( used to relieve him, and that
which should have been his
pass into the Celestial City.
At .last he bethought himself
that he had slept in the arbour
; and, falling down upon his knees, he asked
foolish act, and then went back to look for
went back, who can sufficiently set forth the
He went on, bewailing his sinful sleep, say-
am, that I should sleep in the day-time; that


I should sleep in the midst
of difficulty! How many
steps have I taken in vain!
Yea, also, now I am like to
be benighted, for the day
is almost spent. Oh, that I 4
had not slept !"
Now, by this time he was
come to the arbour again,
where for a while he sat
down and wept; but at last,
looking sorrowfully down i
under the settle, there he es-
pied his roll, the which he,
with trembling and haste,
caught up, and put into his
bosom. But who can tell
how .joyful this man was
when he had gotten his roll
again ? for this roll was the
assurance of his life and
acceptance at the desired
haven. Therefore he laid
it up in his bosom, giving
thanks to God for directing
his eye to the place where
it lay, and with joy and tears
betook himself again to his
But oh, how nimbly now Timorous.
did he go up the rest of the
hill Yet, before he got up, the sun went down upon him; and this made him
again recall his sleeping to his remembrance; and he began again to condole
with himself.




BUT, while he was thus bewailing his unhappy mischance, he lifted up his eyes,
and behold, there was a very stately palace before him, the name of which was
Beautiful, and it stood just by the highway side.
So I saw that he made haste, and went forward, that, if possible, he might
_get lodging there. Now, before he had
gone far, he entered into a very narrow
passage, which was about a furlong off
the Porter's lodge; and looking very nar-
rowly before him as he went, he espied
two lions in the way. Now, thought
he, I see the dangers that Mistrust and
STimorous were driven back by. Then
he was afraid, and thought he also
would go back ; for it seemed as though.
nothing but death was before him.
But the Porter at the lodge, whose
name is Watchful, perceiving that Chris-
tian made a halt, as if he would go back,
cried out unto him, saying, "Is thy
strength so small ? fear not the lions, for
they are chained, and are placed there
for the trial of faith: keep in the midst
'of the path, and no hurt shall come unto
Watchful the Porter. Then I saw that he went on trem-
bling for fear of, the lions; but, taking
good heed to the directions of the Porter, he passed by them, and they did him
no harm. Then he clapped his hands, and went on till he came and stood
before the gate where the Porter was.
Then said Christian to the Porter, "Sir, what house is this ? and may I
lodge here to-night ?"
The Porter answered, "This house was built by the Lord of the hill, and
He built it for the relief and security of pilgrims." The Porter also asked
whence he came, and whither he was going.

"Fear not the lions, for they are chained."

----: : h'


CHRIS. I am come from the City of Destruction, and am going to Mount
Zion; but, because the sun is now set, I desire, if I may, to lodge here to-night.
PORT. What is your name ?
CHRIS. My name is now Christian, but my name at the first was Graceless.
PORT. But how doth it happen that you come so late ? The sun is set.
CHRIS. I should have been here sooner, but that, wretched man that I am, I
slept in the arbour that stands on the hill-side. Nay, I should, notwithstanding
that, have been here much sooner, but that in my sleep I lost my roll, and came
without it to the brow of the hill; and then, feeling for it and finding it not, I
was forced with sorrow of heart to go back to the place where I slept my sleep,
where I found it; and now I am come.
PORT. Well, I will call out one of the virgins of this place, who will, if she
likes your talk, bring you in to the rest of the family, according to the rules of
the house.
So Watchful the Porter rang a bell, at the sound of which came out of the
door of the house a grave and beautiful damsel, named Discretion, and asked
why she was called.
The Porter answered, "This man is on a journey from the City of Destruc-
tion to Mount Zion; but, being weary and benighted, he asked me if he might
lodge here to-night: so I told him I would call for thee."
Then she asked him whence he was, and whither he was going; and he
told her. She asked him also how he got into the way; and he told her. Then
she asked him what he had seen and met with on the way; and he told her.
And at last she asked his name. So he said, It is Christian; and I have so
much the more a desire to lodge here to-night, because, from what I hear, this
place was built by the Lord of the hill for the relief and security of pilgrims."
So she smiled, but the water stood in her eyes; and, after a little pause, she
said, I will call forth two or three of our family." So she ran to the door, and
called out Prudence, Piety, and Charity, who after a little more talk with him,
said, Come in, thou blessed of the Lord: this house was built by the Lord of
the hill on purpose to entertain such pilgrims in." Then he bowed his head,
and followed them into the house.
When he was come in and sat down, they talked together until supper was
PRUDENCE. Do you think sometimes of the country from whence you came ?
CHRIS. Yes, but with much shame and sorrow. Now I desire a better
country, that is, a heavenly one.
PRu. Do you not yet bear away with you some of the things that specially
belong to the country you have left ?

"This man is on a journey from the City of Destruction to Mount Zion."


CHRIS. Yes, but greatly against my will. But now all those things are my
grief; and, might I but choose, I would choose never to think of them more;
but, when I would be doing that which is best, that which is worst is with me.
PRU. And what makes you so desirous to go to Mount Zion ?
CHRIS. I would fain be where I shall die no more, and with the company
that shall continually cry, Holy, holy, holy!"
Then said Charity to Christian, Have you a family ? are you a married
man ?"
CHRIS. I have a wife and four small children.
CHAR. And why did you not bring them along with you ?
Then Christian wept, and said, Oh, how willingly would I have done it!
but they were all of them against my going on pilgrimage."
CHAR. But you should have talked to them, and shown them the danger of
staying behind.
CHRIS. So I did, and told them also what God had shown to me of the
destruction of our city; but they believed me not.
CHAR. But what could they say for themselves ?
CHRIS. Why, my wife was afraid of losing this world, and my children were
given to the foolish delights of youth; so, what with one thing, and what with
another, they left me to wander in this manner alone.
Now I saw that thus they sat talking together till supper was served.
So, when they had made ready, they sat down to meat. Now, the table was
furnished with good things; and all their talk was about the Lord of the hill;
as, namely, about what He had done, and why He had built that house; and
by what they said, I perceived that He had been a great warrior, and had
fought with and slain him that had the power of death, but not without great
danger to Himself.
Thus they discoursed together till late at night, and, after they had com-
mitted themselves to their Lord for protection, they betook themselves to rest.
The Pilgrim they laid in a large upper chamber, whose window opened towards
the sunrising. The name of the chamber was Peace, where he slept till break
of day. So in the morning they all got up; and after some more discourse,
they told him that he should not leave till they had shown him the curious
things of that place. And first they led him into the study, where they showed
him records of the greatest antiquity, out of which they read to him some of the
worthy acts that the servants of the Lord of the hill had done.
Then they took him into the armoury, where they showed him all manner
of things which their Lord had provided for pilgrims; as sword, shield, helmet,
breastplate, and shoes that would not wear out. And there was here enough


" They read to him some of the worthy acts that the servants of the Lord of the hill had done. "


to equip as many men for the service of their Lord as there be stars in the
heaven for multitude.
They also showed him some of the things with which His servants had
done wonders. They showed him Moses' rod; the hammer and nail with
which Jael slew Sisera; the pitchers, trumpets, and lamps too, with which
Gideon put to flight the armies of Midian. Then they showed him the ox's
goad wherewith Shamgar slew six .hundred men. They showed him also the
jaw-bone with which Samson did such mighty feats. And they showed him,
moreover, the sling and stone with which David slew Goliath of Gath. They
showed him, besides, many excellent things, with which Christian was much
delighted. This done, they went to their rest again.
Then I saw that on the morrow he got up to go forward, but they desired
him to stay till the next day also; "and then," said they, "we will, if the day
be clear, show you the Delectable Mountains;" which they said would yet
further add to his comfort, because they were nearer the desired haven than the
place where at present he was. So he consented and stayed.
When the morning was up, they led him to the top of the house, and bid
him look south. So he did, and behold, at a great distance he saw a most
pleasant mountainous country, beautified with woods, vineyards, fruit of all sorts,
flowers also, with springs and fountains, very delightful to behold. Then he
asked the name of the country. They said it was Immanuel's Land; "and it
is as free," said they, "as this hill is, to all the pilgrims. And when thou
comest there, from thence thou mayest see to the gate of the Celestial City, as
the shepherds that live there will show you."
Now he bethought himself of setting forward, and they were willing he
should. But first," said they, let us go again into the armoury." So they did;
and when he came there, they armed him from head to foot, lest he should meet
with attacks by the way. He being, therefore, thus prepared, walked out with
his friends to the gate; and there he asked the Porter if he had seen any
pilgrim pass by. Then the Porter answered, "Yes."
CHRIS. Pray did you know him ?"
PORT. I asked his name, and he told me it was Faithful.
CHRIS. Oh, I know him; he is my townsman, my near neighbour; he
comes from the place where I was born. How far do you think he may
be on ?
PORT. He has got by this time below the hill.
CHRIS. Well, good Porter, the Lord be with thee, and add to all thy bless-
ings much increase for the kindness thou hast showed to me !
Then he began to go forward; but Discretion, Piety, Charity, and Prudence


would accompany him down to the foot of the hill. So they went on together
till they began to go down the hill.
Then said Christian, As it was difficult coming up, so, so far as I can see,
it is dangerous going down."
Yes," said Prudence, "so it is; for it is a hard matter for a man to go
down the Valley of Humiliation, as thou art now, and not to slip by the way;
therefore," said they, are we come out to accompany thee down the hill."
So he began to go down, but very warily; yet he slipt once or twice.
Then I saw that these good companions, when Christian came to the
bottom of the hill, gave him a loaf of bread, a bottle of wine, and a cluster of
raisins; and then he went his way.



BUT now, in this Valley of Humiliation, poor Christian was hard put to it;
for he had gone but a little way before he saw a foul fiend coming over the field
to meet him: his name is Apollyon. Then did Christian begin to be afraid,
and to wonder whether to go back or to stand his ground. But he remem-
bered that he had no armour for his back, and therefore thought that to turn
his back to the fiend might give him a better chance to pierce him with his
darts; therefore he resolved to stand his ground; for, thought he, had I no
more in mine eye than the saving of my life, it would be the best way to stand.
So he went on, and Apollyon met him. Now, the monster was hideous to
behold: he was clothed with scales like a fish, and they are his pride; he had
wings like a dragon, and feet like a bear, and out of his body came fire and
smoke; and his mouth was as the mouth of a lion. When he was come up to
Christian, he cast upon him a look of disdain, and thus began to question him:
ArOLLYON. Whence come you, and whither are you bound ?
CHRIS. I am come from the City of Destruction, which is the place of all
evil, and am going to the City of Zion.
APOL. By this I perceive that thou art one of my subjects; for all that
country is mine, and I am the prince and god of it. How is it, then, that thou
hast run away from thy king ? Were it not that I hope that thou mayest do
me more service, I would strike thee now at one blow to the ground.
CHRIS. I was indeed born in your dominions; but your service was hard,


and your wages such as a man could not live on; therefore, when I was grown
up, I did as other persons do, look out, if perhaps I might better myself.
APOL. There is no prince that will thus lightly lose his subjects, neither will
I as yet lose thee; but, since thou complainest of thy service and wages,
be content to go back, and what our country will afford I do here promise to
give thee.
CHRIS. But I have hired myself to another, even to the King of princes;
and how can I with fairness go back to thee ?
APOL. Thou hast done in this according to the proverb, Changed a bad for
a worse;" but it is usual for those that have professed themselves His servants,
after a while to give Him the slip, and return again to me. Do thou so too,
and all shall be well.
CHRIS. I have sworn allegiance to Him; how, then, can I go back from
this, and not be hanged as a traitor ?
APOL. Thou didst the same to me, and yet I am willing to pass by all, if
now thou wilt yet turn again and go back.
CHRIS. I count that the Prince under whose banner I now stand is able to
pardon what I did as to my compliance with thee. And besides, 0 thou
destroying Apollyon, to speak the truth, I like His service, His wages, His
servants, His government, His company, and country, better than thine; there-
fore, leave off to persuade me further: I am His servant, and I will follow Him.
Then Apollyon broke out into a loud rage, saying, "I am an enemy to
this Prince; I hate His person, His laws, and people. I am come out on
purpose to withstand thee."
CHRIS. Apollyon, beware what you do, for I am in the King's highway, the
way of holiness: therefore take heed to yourself.
Then Apollyon straddled quite over the whole breadth of the way, and said,
I am not afraid. Prepare thyself to die; for I swear by my infernal den, that
thou shalt go no farther." And, with that, he threw a flaming dart at his breast;
but Christian held a shield in his hand, with which he caught it, and so saved
Then did Christian draw, for he saw it was time to bestir him; and Apollyon
as fast made at him, throwing darts as thick as hail, by the which, in spite
of all that Christian could do to avoid it, Apollyon wounded him in his head,
his hand, and foot. This drove Christian a little back; Apollyon, therefore,
followed up his advantage, and Christian again took courage, and stood up
as manfully as he could. This sore combat lasted for above half a day, even
till Christian was almost quite spent. For you must know that Christian, by
reason of his wounds, grew weaker and weaker.


Then Apollyon, seeing his chance, rushed close up to Christian, and,
wrestling with him, gave him a dreadful fall; and, with that, Christian's sword
flew out of his hand. Then said Apollyon, I am sure of thee now." And,
with that, he had almost pressed him to death, so that Christian began to despair
of life. But, as God would have it, while Apollyon was fetching his last blow,
thereby to make a full end of this good man, Christian nimbly reached out his
hand for his sword, and caught it, saying, Rejoice not against me, O mine
enemy: when I fall I shall arise;" and, with that, gave him a deadly thrust,
which made him fall back, as one that had received his mortal wound. Christian,
perceiving that, made at him again, saying, "Nay, in all these things we are
more than conquerors through Him that
loved us." And, with that, Apollyon
spread forth his dragon's wings, and
sped away.
In this combat no man can imagine,
unless he had seen and heard, as I did,
what yelling and hideous roaring Apol-
lyon made all the time: he spake like' .
a dragon; and, on the other side, what
sighs and groans burst from Christian's
heart. I never saw him all the while -
give so much as one pleasant look, till -
he perceived he had wounded Apollyon
with his two-edged sword; then, indeed, ---
he did smile and look upward; but it
was the dreadfullest sight that ever I
So, when the battle was over, Chris-
tian said, "I will here give thanks to
Him that hath delivered me out of the _
mouth of the lion; to Him that did help "I will give thanks to Him that hath delivered me."
me against Apollyon." And so he did.
Then there came to him a hand with some of the leaves of the tree of life;
the which Christian took, and applied to the wounds that he had received in
the battle, and was healed immediately. He also sat down in that place to eat
bread, and to drink of the bottle that was given to him a little before: so, being
refreshed, he continued his journey, with his sword drawn in his hand; For,"
he said, I know not but some other enemy may be at hand." But he met
with no other quite through this valley.




Now, at the end of this valley was another, called the Valley of the Shadow
of Death; and Christian had to go through it, because it was the way to the
Celestial City. Now this valley is a very solitary place.
Here Christian was worse put to it than in his fight with Apollyon, as by
the sequel you shall see.
I saw then that when Christian had come to the borders of the Shadow of
Death, there met him two men, making haste to go back; to whom Christian
spake as follows:-
CHRIS. Whither are you going ?
MEN. Back, back! and we would have you to do so too, if either life or
peace is prized by you.
CHRIS. Why, what's the matter ?
MEN. Why, we were almost in the Valley of the Shadow of Death, but
that by good hap we looked before us, and saw the danger before we came
to it.
CHRIS. But what have you seen ?
MEN. Seen why, the valley itself, which is as dark as pitch: we also saw
there the hobgoblins, satyrs, and dragons of the pit; we heard also in that
valley a continual howling and yelling, as of a people in extreme misery : Death
also spreads his wings over it.
CHRIS. In spite of all this I feel that this is my way to the desired haven.
MEN. Be it thy way, we will not choose it for ours.
So they parted, and Christian went on, but still with his sword drawn in his
hand, for fear he should be assaulted.
I saw there was on the right hand of this valley a very deep ditch; that
ditch is it into which the blind have led the blind in all ages, and have both
there miserably perished.' Again, behold, on the left hand there was a very
dangerous bog, into which, if even a good man falls, he finds no bottom for his
foot to stand on.
The pathway was here also very narrow, and therefore good Christian was
the more put to it; for when he tried, in the dark, to shun the ditch on the one
hand, he was ready to tip over into the mire on the other; also when he tried
to escape the mire, without great carefuliess he would have fallen into the ditch.
Thus he went on, and I heard him here sigh bitterly, for besides these dangers


the pathway was so dark, that ofttimes, when he lifted up his foot to go forward,
he knew not where he should set it next.
About the middle of this valley I saw the mouth of a burning pit. Now,
thought Christian, what shall I do ? And ever and anon the flame and smoke
would come out in such abundance, with
sparks and hideous noises, that he was
forced to put up his sword, and betake
himself to another weapon, called All-
Prayer." So he cried in my hearing,
"0 Lord, I beseech Thee, deliver my
soul." Thus he went on a great while,
till he came to a place where he thought
he heard a company of fiends coming
forward to meet him. He stopped, and
began to muse what he had best do.
Sometimes he had half a thought to go
back; then again he thought he might
be half-way through the valley. So he
resolved to go on; yet the fiends seemed
to come nearer and nearer. But, when
they were come even almost to him, he
cried out with a most vehement voice, ,
"I will walk in the strength of the
Lord God." So they halted, and came
no farther. "A company of fiends."
One thing I would not let slip: I
took notice that now poor Christian was so confounded that he did not know
his own voice; and thus I perceived it: just when he was come over against
the mouth of the burning pit, one of the wicked ones got behind him, and stepped
up softly to him, and whisperingly suggested many bad things to him, which he
verily thought had proceeded from. his own mind. This vexed Christian more
than anything he had met with before, even to think that he should now blas-
pheme Him that he had so much loved before. Yet, if he could have helped
it, he would not have done it.
When Christian had travelled in this sad state some time, he thought he
heard the voice of a man, saying, Though I walk through the Valley of the
Shadow of Death, I will fear no evil; for Thou art with me."
So he went on, and called to him that was before; but this man knew not
what to answer, for he also thought himself to be alone.


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" One of the wicked ones got behind him, and stepped up softly to him, and whisperingly suggested many bad things to him."


And by-and-by the day broke. Then said Christian, He hath turned the
shadow of death into the morning."
Now, morning being come, he looked back, not out of desire to return, but
to see, by the light of day, what hazards he had gone through in the dark.
Now was Christian much affected with his deliverance from all the dangers
of his solitary way.
About this time the sun was rising, and this was another mercy to Christian;
for though the first part of the Valley of the Shadow of Death was dangerous,
yet this second part, which he was yet to traverse, was if possible far more
dangerous, as it was full of snares, traps, nets, and pitfalls.
Yet he came through all safely.
Now, I saw that at the end of the valley lay bones and ashes, even of
pilgrims that had gone this way for-
merly; and, while I was musing what
should be the reason, I saw a little be-
fore me a cave, where two giants, POPE
and PAGAN, dwelt in old time; by whose
power and tyranny the men whose bones
lay there were cruelly put to death. But
by this place Christian went without
danger, whereat I somewhat wondered;
but I have learnt since, that Pagan has
been dead many a day; and, as for the
other, though he be yet alive, he is, by
reason of age, crown so crazy and stiff
in his joints, that he can now do little
more than sit in his cave's mouth, orin-
ning at pilgrims as they go by, and bit-
ing his nails because he cannot come at
So I saw that Christian went on his
way; yet, at the sight of the old man
that sat at the mouth of the cave, he
could not tell what to think, especially "l He can now do little more than sit in his cave's mouth,
because he spoke to him, though he could
not go after him, saying, You will never mend till more of you be burned."
But Christian held his peace, and set a good face on it, and so went by and
took no hurt.




Now as Christian went on his way, he came to a little hill which was cast up
on purpose that pilgrims might see before them : up there, therefore, Christian
went; and looking forward, he saw Faithful before him upon his journey. Then
said Christian aloud, Ho, ho! so-ho! stay, and I will be your companion."
At that Faithful looked behind him; to whom Christian cried, "Stay,
stay, till I come up to you." But Faithful answered, No, I am fleeing for
my life."
At this Christian was somewhat moved; and putting to all his strength,
he quickly got up with Faithful, and did also pass him : so the last was first.
Then did Christian vain-gloriously smile, because he had gotten the start of his
brother; but, not taking good heed to his feet, he suddenly stumbled and fell,
and could not rise again until Faithful came up to help him.
Then I saw they went very lovingly on together, and had sweet discourse
of all things that had happened to them in their pilgrimage; and thus Christian
CHRIS. My honoured and well-beloved brother Faithful, I am glad that I
have overtaken you, and that God has so tempered our spirits that we can walk
as companions in this pleasant path.
FAITH. I had thought, dear friend, to have had your company quite from
our town; but you got the start of me, wherefore I was forced to come thus
much of the way alone.
CHRIS. How long did you stay in the City of Destruction before you set out
after me on your pilgrimage ?
FAITH. Till I could stay no longer; for there was great talk, after you were
gone, that our city would, in a short time, with fire from heaven, be burned
down to the ground.
CHRIS. What! did your neighbours talk so ?
FAITH. Yes; it was for a while in everybody's mouth.
CHRIS. What! and did no more of them but you come out to escape the
FAITH. Though there was, as I said, a great talk thereabout, yet I do not
think they did firmly believe it.
CHRIS. Did you hear. no talk of neighbour Pliable ?
FAITH. Yes, Christian; I heard that he followed you till he came to the


M 2

" He could not rise again until Faithful came up to help him."



Slough of Despond, where, as some said, he fell in, and was soundly bedabbled
with the dirt.
CHRIS. And what said the neighbours to him ?
FAITH. He hath, since his going back, been greatly laughed at, and that by
all sorts of people: some mock and despise him. He is now seven times worse
than if he had never gone out of the city.
CHRIS. But why should they be so set against him, since they also despise
the way that he forsook ?
FAITH. Oh," they say, hang him; he is a turncoat! He was not true
to his profession!"
CHRIS. Had you no talk with him before you came out ?
FAITH. I met him once in the streets, but he looked away to the other side,
as one ashamed of what he had done; so I spake not to him.
CHRIS. Well, neighbour Faithful, let us leave him, and talk of things that
more immediately concern ourselves. Tell me now what you have met with in
the way as you came.
FAITH. I escaped the Slough that I perceive you fell into, and got up to the
gate without that danger.
CHRIS. Did you meet with no assault as you came ?
FAITH. When I had got about half way up the hill called Difficulty, I looked
behind me, and saw one coming after me, swift as the wind. He overtook me
just about the place where the settle stands.
CHRIS. Just there did I sit down to rest; but being overcome with sleep, I
lost this roll out of my bosom.
FAITH. But, good brother, hear me out. So soon as the man overtook me,
he was but a word and a blow; for down he knocked me, and laid me for dead.
He had doubtless made an end of me, but that One came by, and bid him cease.
CHRIS. Who was that?
FAITH. I did not know Him at first; but, as He went by, I perceived the
holes in His hands and His side; then I concluded that He was our Lord. So
I went up the hill.
CHRIS. That man that overtook you was Moses. He spareth none, neither
knoweth he how to show mercy to those that transgress his law.
FAITH. I know it very well; it was not the first time that he has met with
me. It was he that came to me when I dwelt securely at home, and that told
me he would burn my house over my head if I stayed there.
CHRIS. But did not you see the house that stood there, on the top of that
hill on the side of which Moses met you ?
FAITH. Yes, and the lions too, before I came at it. But, for the lions, I


think they were asleep, for it was about noon; and because I had so much of the
day before me, I passed by the Porter, and came down the hill.
CHRIS. He told me, indeed, that he saw you go by; but I wish you had
called at the house, for they would have showed you so many rarities, that you
would scarce have forgot them to the day of your death. But pray tell me, did
you meet nobody in the Valley of Humility ?
FAITH. Yes, I met with one Discontent, who would willingly have persuaded
me to go back again with him: his reason was, that the valley was altogether
without honour. He told me, moreover, that to go there was the way to
disoblige all my friends, as Pride, Arro-
gancy, Self-conceit, Worldly-Glory, with
others, who he knew, as he said, would
be very much offended if I made such
a fool of myself as to wade through this
CHRIS. Well, and how did you an-
swer him ?
FAITH. I told him that, although all
these that he named might claim kindred
with me,'and that rightly (for, indeed,
they were my relations), yet, since I be-
came a pilgrim, they have disowned me,
as I also have rejected them, and there-
fore they were now nothing to me.
CHRIs. Met you with nothing else
in that valley ?
FAITH. Yes, I met with Shame; but,
of all the men that I met with in my
pilgrimage, he, I think, bears the wrong "
name. Discontent.
CiRIS. Why, what did he say to you ?
FAITH. What ? why, he objected to religion itself. He said it was a pitiful,
low, sneaking business for a man to mind religion. He said that a tender
conscience was an unmanly thing; and that for a man to watch over his words
and ways would make him the ridicule of the times. He said also, that but a
few of the mighty or wise were ever of my opinion; nor any of them before
they were persuaded to be fools.
CIIRIS. I am glad, my brother, that thou didst withstand this villain: for
'of all, as thou sayest, I think he has the wrong name.


Arrogancy. Self-Conceit.

I --

r 1




FAITH. I think we must cry to Him for help against Shame who would have
us to be valiant for truth upon the earth.
CHRIS. You say true. But did you meet nobody else in that valley ?
FAITH. No, not I; for I had sunshine all the rest of the way through it, and
also through the Valley of the Shadow of Death.
CHRIS. It was well for you! I am sure it fared far otherwise with me.



THEN I saw that, as they went on, Faithful, as he chanced to look on one
side, saw a man whose name is Talkative walking beside them; for in this
place there was room enough for them all to walk. He was a tall man, and
more comely at a distance than close at hand. To this man Faithful expressed
himself in this manner.
FAITH. Friend, whither away ? Are you going to the heavenly country ?
TALK. I am going to that same place.
FAITH. That is well; then I hope we may have your good company.
TALK. Gladly will I be your companion.
FAITH. Come on, then, and let us go together, and let us spend our time in
talking of things that are profitable.
TALK. To talk of things that are good, to me is very pleasant, with you or
with any other; and I am glad that I have met with those that incline to so
good a work; for, to speak the truth, there are but few who care thus to spend
their time on their travels, but choose much rather to be speaking of things to
no profit; and this has been a trouble to me.
FAITH. That is, indeed, a thing to be lamented; for what things are so
worthy of the use of the tongue and mouth of men on earth, as are the things of
the God of heaven ?
TALK. I like you wonderfully well, for your saying is full of truth; and I
will add, What thing is so pleasant, and what so profitable, as to talk of the
things of God ? What things so pleasant ? that is, if a man hath any delight in
things that are wonderful. For instance, if a man doth delight to talk of the
history or the mystery of things, or if a man doth love to talk of miracles, wonders,
or signs, where shall he find things recorded so delightful, or so sweetly penned,
as in the Holy Scripture ?


4-' ,iiiii

"A man whose name is Talkative."


I7- -
C -<^--


\ ^s-
^ ^



FAITH. That's true; but to profit by such things in our talk is what we
should aim at.
TALK. That is what I said; for to talk of such things is most profitable;
since, by so doing, a man may get knowledge of many things; as of the vanity
of earthly things, and the benefit of things above. Besides, by this a man may
learn what it is to repent, to believe, to pray, to suffer, or the like.
FAITH. All this is true; and glad am I to hear such things from you.
Now did Faithful begin to wonder; and, stepping to Christian (for he walked
all this while by himself), he said to him softly, "What a brave companion have
we here! Surely this man will make a very excellent pilgrim."
At this Christian modestly smiled, and said, This man with whom you are
so taken will beguile with this tongue of his twenty men that know him not."
FAITH. Do you know him, then ?
CHRIS. Know him ? Yes, better than he knows himself.
FAITH. Pray, what is he?
CHRIS. His name is Talkative; he dwelleth in our town. I wonder that
you should be a stranger to him : only I consider that our town is large.
FAITH. Whose son is he ? and whereabout doth he dwell ?
CHRIS. He is the son of one Say-well. He dwelt in Prating Row, and is
known to all that are acquainted with him by the name of Talkative of Prating
Row; and notwithstanding his fine tongue, he is but a sorry fellow.
FAITH. Say you so ? .. Then am I in this man greatly deceived.
CHRIS. Deceived! you may be sure of it. I have been in his family, and
have observed him both at home and abroad, and I know what I say of him is
the truth. His house is as empty of religion as the white of an egg is of savour.
It can hardly have a good word in all that end of the town where he dwells,
through him. Thus say the common people that know him: "A saint abroad,
and a devil at home."
FAITH. Well, I see that saying and doing are two things, and hereafter I
shall better observe this distinction.
CHRIS. They are two things indeed, and are as different as are the soul and
the body; for, as the body without the soul is but a dead carcass, so saying, if it
be alone, is but a dead carcass also. This, Talkative is not aware of: he thinks
that hearing and saying will make a good Christian, and thus he deceiveth his
own soul.
FAITH. Well, I was not fond of his company at first, but I am sick of it now.
What shall we do to be rid of him ?
CHRIS. Take my advice, and do as I bid you, and you shall find that he will
soon be sick of your company too, except God shall touch his heart and turn it.

FAITH. What would you have me to do ?
CHRIS. Why, go to him, and enter into some serious talk about the power of
religion, and ask him plainly (when he has approved of it, for that he will)
whether this thing be set up in his heart, house, or conversation.
Then Faithful stepped forward again, and said to Talkative, Come, what
cheer ? How is it now ?"
TALK. Thank you, well: I thought we should have had a great deal of talk
by this time.
FAITH. Well, if you will, we will fall to it now; and since you left it with me
to state the question, let it be this : How doth the saving grace of God discover
itself when it is in the heart of man ?
TALK. I perceive, then, that our talk must be about the power of things.
Well, it is a very good question, and I shall be willing to answer you. And
take my answer in brief, thus. First, where the grace of God is in the heart, it
causeth there a great outcry against sin. Secondly,-
FAITH. Nay, hold; let us consider of one at a time. I think you should
rather say, it shows itself by inclining the soul to hate sin.
TALK. Why, what difference is there between crying out against and hating
sin ?
FAITH. Oh! a great deal. I have heard many cry out against sin in the
pulpit, who yet can abide it well enough in the heart, house, and conversation.
Some cry out against sin, even as the mother cries out against her child
in her lap, when she calleth it naughty, and then takes to hugging and
kissing it.
TALK. You want to entrap me, I perceive.
FAITH. No, not I; I am only for setting things right. But what is the
second thing whereby you would prove a work of grace in the heart ?
TALK. Great knowledge of Gospel mysteries.
FAITH. This sign should have been first; but, first or last, it is also false;
for knowledge, great knowledge, may be obtained in the mysteries of the
Gospel, and yet no work of grace in the soul. When Christ said, Do ye
know all these things ?" and the disciples had answered, "Yes," He added,
Blessed are ye if ye do them." He doth not lay the blessing in the know-
ledge of them, but in the doing of them.
TALK. You want to entrap me again. This is not for our good.
FAITH. Well, if you please, point out another sign how this work of grace
shows itself where it is.
TALK. Not I; for I see we shall not agree.
FAITH. Well, if you will not, will you give me leave to put this plain


question: Does your religion consist in word or in tongue, and not in deed
and in truth ? Pray, if you incline to answer me in this, say no more than you
know the God above will say Amen to.
Then Talkative at first began to blush; but, recovering himself, he said,
" I count not myself bound to answer you, unless you take upon you to be a
catechiser; and though you should do so, yet I may refuse to make you my
judge. But, I pray, will you tell me why you ask me such questions ?
FAITH. Because I have heard of you that you are a man whose religion lies
in talk, and that your conversation gives your profession the lie. They say
you are a blot among Christians, and that religion fareth the worse for your
ungodly conversation.
TALK. Since you are ready to take up reports, and to judge so rashly, I
cannot but conclude you are some peevish fellow, not fit to be talked with;
and so adieu.
Then came up Christian, and said to his brother, I told you how it would
happen; your words and his lusts could not agree. He had rather leave your
company than reform his life. But he is gone, as I said: let him go; the loss
is no man's but his own; and he has saved us the trouble of going from
FAITH. But I am glad we had this little talk with him; it may happen that
he will think of it again.
Thus they went on, talking of what they had seen by the way, and so made
that way easy, which would otherwise, no doubt, have been tedious to them; for
now they went through a wilderness.



THEN I saw that when they were got out of the wilderness, they presently
saw a town before them, and the name of that town is Vanity; and at the town
there is a fair kept, called Vanity Fair. It is kept all the year long. It beareth
the name of Vanity Fair, because the town where it is kept is lighter than
vanity, and also because all that is there sold, or that cometh thither, is vanity.
This fair is no new-erected business, but a thing of ancient standing. I will
show you the original of it.
Almost five thousand years ago, there were pilgrims walking to the Celestial

"At the town there is a fair kept, called Vanity Fair."

* I Jf

(~1 II

~k' '*1\l~

*r' 2J

~ -~s~

'~$a ~I



City, as these two honest persons are; and Beelzebub, Apollyon, and Legion,
with their companions, perceiving that the pilgrims made that their way to the
city through this town of Vanity, they contrived here to set up a fair; a fair
wherein should be sold all sorts of vanity, and that it should last all the year
And, moreover, at this fair there are at all times to be seen jugglings, cheats,
games, plays, fools, apes, knaves, and rogues, and that of every kind.
Now, our pilgrims, as I said, must needs go through this fair. Well, so they
did; but, behold, even as they entered into the fair, all the people were moved,
and the town itself, as it were, in a hubbub about them, and that for several
reasons; for,
First,-The pilgrims were clothed with a different kind of raiment from that
of any that traded in that fair.
Secondly,-They naturally spoke the language of Canaan; but they that
kept the fair were men of this world.
Thirdly,-But that which did not a little amuse the people of the fair was,
that these pilgrims set very light by all their wares. They cared not so much
as to look upon them.
One chanced, mockingly, beholding the carriage of the pilgrims, to say unto.
them, "What will you buy ?" But they, looking gravely upon him, said, "We
buy the truth." At that there was an occasion taken to despise the men the
more; some mocking, some taunting, and some calling on others to smite them.
At last things came to a hubbub and great stir in the fair, insomuch that all
order was confounded. Now was word presently brought to the great one of
the fair, who quickly came down, and deputed some of his most trusty friends
to arrest these men about whom the fair was almost overturned.
So the men were brought up for examination; and the magistrates asked
them whence they came, whither they went, and what they did there in such an
unusual garb.
The men told them that they were pilgrims and strangers in the world, and
that they were going to their own country, which was the heavenly Jerusalem,
and that they had given no occasion to the men of the town thus to abuse them,
except it was that, when one asked them what they would buy, they said they
would buy the truth.
But the magistrates did not believe them to be other than bedlams and mad,
or else such as came to put all things into confusion in the fair. Therefore
they ordered them to be beaten, and then to be put into a cage, that they might
be made a spectacle to all the men of the fair.
There, therefore, they lay for some time; but being patient, and not ren-


during railing for railing, but contrariwise blessing," and giving good words for
bad, and kindness for injuries done, some men in the fair that were more observ-
ing and less prejudiced than the rest, began to check and blame the baser sort
for their cruel conduct. They, therefore,, in an angry manner, turned upon these
men again, counting them as bad as the pilgrims in the cage, and telling them
that as they seemed confederates, they should be made partakers of their mis-
The others replied, that, for aught they could see, the pilgrims were quiet
and sober, and intended nobody any harm; and that there were many that traded
in their fair that were more worthy to be put into the cage, yea, and pillory too,
than were the men that they had abused.
Thus, after divers words had passed on both sides, they fell to blows, and
did harm to one another.
Then were these two poor pilgrims brought before their examiners again,
and there charged as being guilty of the late hubbub that had been in the fair.
So they were beaten again, and irons were hung upon them, and they were led
in chains up and down the fair, for an example and terror to others. But
Christian and Faithful received the ignominy and shame that were cast upon
them with so much meekness and patience, that it won to their side several of
the men in the fair.
This put the other party in yet a greater rage, insomuch that they concluded
the death of these two men. Wherefore they threatened that neither cage nor
irons should serve their turn, but that they should die for the abuse they had
done, and for deluding the men of the fair,
Then were Christian and Faithful remanded to the cage again, until further
proceedings should be taken against them. So they put them in, and made
their feet fast in-the stocks.
Here, therefore, they called again to mind what they had heard from their
faithful friend Evangelist, and were comforted in their sufferings, by what he
told them would happen to them. They also now consoled each other by saying
that he whose lot it was to suffer should have the best of it; therefore each
man secretly wished he might have that preferment. But, committing themselves
to the all-wise disposal of Him that ruleth all things, with much content they abode
in the state in which they were, until they should be otherwise disposed of.
When the time was come, they were brought before their enemies, and
arraigned. The judge's name was Lord Hate-good: their indictment ran thus:
-" That they were enemies to and disturbers of trade; that they had made
commotions and divisions in the town, and had won a party to their own most
dangerous opinions, in contempt of the law of their prince."

Lord Hate-good.


Then Faithful began to answer, that he had only set himself against that
which had set itself against Him that is higher than the highest. And," said
he, "as for disturbance, I made none, being myself a man of peace ; the parties
that were won to us, were won by beholding our truth and innocence, and they
are only turned from the worse to the better. And, as to the king you talk of,
since he is Beelzebub, the enemy of our Lord, I defy-him and all his angels."
Then proclamation was made, that they that had aught to say for their lord
the king against the prisoner at the bar should forthwith appear and give evi-
dence. So there came three witnesses.; namely, Envy, Superstition, and Pick-
thank. They were then asked if they knew the prisoner at the bar, and what
they had to say for their lord the king against him.
Then stood forth Envy, and said to this effect: My lord, I have known
this man a long time, and will attest upon my oath before this honourable bench
that he is- "
JUDGE. Hold! Give him his oath.
So they sware him. Then said he, My lord, this man, notwithstanding his
plausible name, is one of the vilest men in our country. He neither regardeth
prince nor people, law nor custom, but doth all that he can to possess all men
with -certain of his disloyal notions, which he calls principles of faith and holi-
ness. And in particular, I heard him once myself affirm that Christianity and
the customs of our town of Vanity were quite opposite, and could not be recon-
ciled. By which saying, my lord, he doth at once not only condemn our laud-
able doings, but us in the doing of them."
JUDGE. Then did the judge say to him, Hast thou any more to say ?"
ENVY. My lord, I could say much more, only I would not be tedious to the
court. Yet if need be, when the other gentlemen have given their evidence,
rather than anything shall be wanting that will despatch him, I will enlarge my
testimony against him.
Then they called Superstition, and bade him look upon the prisoner. They
also asked what he could say for their lord the king against him. Then they
sware him: so he began:
SUPER. My lord, I have no great acquaintance with this man, nor do I desire
to have further knowledge of him. However, this I know, that he is a very
pestilent fellow, from some discourse that I. had the other day with him in this
town; for then, talking with him, I heard him say that our religion was naught,
as by it a man could by no means please God. My lord, your lordship very
well knows what necessarily thence will follow; to wit, that we still do worship
in vain, are yet in our sins, and finally shall be damned : and this is that which
I have to say.






Then was Pickthank sworn, and bade to say what he knew, on behalf of
their lord the king, against the prisoner at the bar.
PICK. My lord, and you gentlemen all, this fellow I have known a long
time,'and have heard him speak things that ought not to be spoken, for he
hath railed on our noble Prince Beelzebub, and hath spoken contemptuously of
his honourable friends, whose names are, the Lord Old-man, the Lord Carnal-
Delight, the Lord Luxurious, the Lord Desire-of-Vain-Glory, Sir Having
Greedy, with all the rest of our nobility; and he hath said, moreover, that, if
all men were of his mind, if possible, there is not one of these noblemen should
have any longer a being in this town. Besides, he has not been afraid to rail
on you, my lord, who are now appointed to be his judge, calling you an ungodly
villain, with many other such-like vilifying terms, with which he hath bespattered
most of the gentry of our town.
When this Pickthank had told his tale, the judge addressed the prisoner at
the bar, saying, "Thou runagate, heretic, and traitor! hast thou heard what
these honest gentlemen have witnessed against thee ?"
FAITH. May I speak a few words in my own defence ?
JUDGE. Sirrah, sirrah, thou deserves to live no longer, but to be slain imme-
diately upon the place; yet, that all men may see our gentleness towards thee,
let us hear what thou, vile runagate, hast to say.
FAITH. I say, then, in answer to what Mr. Envy hath spoken, I have never
said aught but this, that what rules or customs were flat against the Word of
God, are directly opposed to Christianity.
As to Mr. Superstition and his charge against me, I said only this, that
in the worship of God there is required a divine faith. But there can be no
divine faith without a divine revelation of the will of God.
As to what Mr. Pickthank hath said, I say, that the prince of this town,
with all the rabblement his attendants, by this gentleman named, are more fit
for a place in hell than in this town and country. And so the Lord have
mercy upon me!
Then the judge called to the jury (who all this while stood by to hear
and observe), "Gentlemen of the jury, you see this man about whom so
great an uproar hath been made in this town; you have also heard what
these worthy gentlemen have witnessed against him; also you have heard
his reply and confession. It resteth now with you to hang him or to save
his life.
Then went the jury out, whose names were Mr. Blindman, Mr. No-good,
Mr. Malice, Mr. Love-lust, Mr. Live-loose, Mr. Heady, Mr. High-mind, Mr.
Enmity, Mr. Liar, Mr. Cruelty, Mr. Hate-light, and Mr. Implacable, who every

Mr. Blind-man, Mr. No-good, Mr. Malice, Mr. Love-lust, Mr. Live-loose, Mr. Heady, Mr. High-mind, Mr. Enmity, Mr. Liar, Mr. Cruelty,
Mr. Hate-light, and Mr. Implacable.

Mr. Hate-light, and Mr. Implacable.


one gave in his private verdict against him among themselves, and afterwards
unanimously concluded to bring him in guilty before the judge.
And so they did : therefore he was
presently condemned to be taken from
1" the place where he was, to the place
',,". from whence he came, and there to be
'i put to the most cruel death that could
be invented.
S. They therefore brought him out, to
S" .). i do with him according to their law; and
first they scourged him, then they buf-
'-, '" feted him; after that they stoned him
with stones, then pricked him with their
."" *swords, and, last of all, they burned him
".., _, i to ashes at the stake. Thus came Faith-
'. e ; ',." .;>".L, ful to his end.
". Now, I saw that there stood behind
," '~,,"'...: ."'-! the multitude a chariot and a couple of
'" : 1 horses waiting for Faithful, who (so soon
7 as his adversaries had despatched him)
'. was taken up into it, and straightway wvas
*. __ carried through the clouds with sound
They burned him to ashes at the stake." of trumpet to the Celestial Gate. But
as for Christian, he had some respite,
and was remanded back to prison; so he there remained for a space.
But He who overrules all things, having the power of their rage in His own
hand, so wrought it about that Christian for that time escaped them, and went
his way.



Now; I saw that Christian went forth not alone; for there was one whose
name was Hopeful (being so made by the beholding of Christian and Faithful
in their sufferings at the fair), who joined himself unto him, and, entering into
a brotherly covenant, told him that he would be his companion. Thus one died
to bear testimony to the truth, and another rises out of his ashes to be a com-

There was one whose name was Hopeful, who joined himself unto him.

~_ ~C~_ __






panion with Christian in his pilgrimage. This Hopeful also told Christian that
there were many more of the men in the fair that would take their time and
follow after.
So I saw that, quickly after they were got out of the fair, they overtook one
that was going before them, whose name was By-ends; so they said to him,
"What countryman, sir ? and how far go you this way ?" He told them that
he came from the town of Fair-speech, and he was going to the Celestial City;
but told them not his name.
CHRIS. From Fair-speech! are there any that be good live there ?
BY. Yes, I hope so.
CHRIS. Pray, sir, what may I call you ?
BY. I am a stranger to you, and you to me: if you be going this way, I shall
be glad of your company; if not, I must be content.
CHRIs. This town of Fair-speech,.I have heard of it; and, as I remember,
they say it's a wealthy place.
By. Yes, I can assure you that it is; and I hrve very many rich kindred there.
CHRIS. Pray, who are your kindred there ? if a man may be so bold.
BY. Almost the whole town; but in particular my Lord Turnabout, my Lord
Time-server, my Lord Fair-speech, from whose ancestors that town first took
its name, and others; and to tell you the truth, I am become a gentleman of
good quality; yet my great-grandfather was but a waterman, looking one way
and rowing another, and I got most of my estate by the same occupation.
CHRIS. Are you a married man ?
BY. Yes, and my wife is a very virtuous woman, the daughter of a virtuous
woman; she was my Lady Feigning's daughter; therefore she came of a very
honourable family, and is arrived at such a pitch of breeding, that she knows
how to carry it to all, even to prince and peasant. 'Tis true we somewhat differ
in religion from those of the stricter sort, yet but in two small points : First, we
never strive against wind and tide; secondly, we are always most zealous when
Religion goes in his silver slippers: we love much to walk with him in the street
if the sun shines and the people applaud him.
Then Christian stepped a little aside to his fellow Hopeful, saying, It runs
in my mind that this is one By-ends, of Fair-speech; and if it be he, we have as
very a knave in our company as dwelleth in all these parts."
Then said Hopeful, "Ask him; methinks he should not be ashamed of his
So Christian came up with him again, and said, "Sir, you talk as if you
knew something more than all the world doth. Is not your name Mr. By-ends,
of Fair-speech ?"


BY. That is not my name; but, indeed, it is a nickname that is given me
by some that cannot abide me, and I must be content to bear it as a reproach,
as other good men have borne theirs before me.
CHRIS. But did you never give cause to men to call you by this name ?
BY. Never, never! Only I had always the luck to jump in my judgment
with the present way of the times, whatever it was, and my chance was to
benefit thereby.
CHRIS. I thought, indeed, that you were the man that I heard of; and, to
tell you what I think, I fear this name belongs to you more properly than you
are willing we should think it doth.
By. Well, if you think so, I cannot help it: but you shall find me a fair com-
pany keeper if you will allow me to go with you.
CHRIS. If you will go with us, you must go against wind and tide; the
which, I perceive, is against your opinion: you must also own Religion in his
rags, as well as in his silver slippers; and stand by him, too, when bound in
irons, as well as when he walketh the streets with applause.
BY. I will never desert my old principles, since they are harmless and profit-
able. If I may not go with you, I must do as I did before you overtook me,
even go by myself, until some overtake me that will be glad of my company.



Now, I saw that Christian and Hopeful forsook him, and kept their distance
before him; but one of them, looking back, saw three men following Mr. By-
ends; and, behold, as they came up with him, he made them a very low congd,
and they also gave him a compliment.
The men's names were Mr. Hold-the-world, Mr. Money-love, and Mr.
Save-all; men that Mr. By-ends had been formerly acquainted with; for in their
boyhood they were schoolfellows, and taught by one Mr Gripe-man, a school-
master in Love-gain, which is a market town in the' county of Coveting, in the
North. This schoolmaster taught them the art of getting, either by violence,
flattery, lying, or by putting on a guise of religion; and these four gentlemen
had attained much of the art of their master, so that they could each of them
have kept such a school themselves.

-" /

/ ~6 ) 9


" 1

kw 1,


SAnd, behold, as they came up with him, he made them a very low congi."







Well, when they had, as I said, thus saluted each other, Mr. Money-love said
to Mr. By-ends, Who are they upon the road before us ?" for Christian and
Hopeful were yet within view.
BY. They are a couple of far countrymen, that, after their mode, are going
on pilgrimage.
MONEY. Alas! why did they not stay, that we might have had their good
company ? for they, and we, and you, sir, I hope, are all going on pilgrimage.
BY. We are so, indeed; but the men before us are so rigid, and love so
much their own notions, and do also so lightly esteem the opinions of others,
that, let a man be ever so godly, yet, if he jumps not with them in all things,
they thrust him quite out of their company.
SAVE. That is bad; but we read of some that are righteous overmuch, and
such men's rigidness prevails with them to judge and condemn all but them-
selves. But, I pray, what and how many were the things wherein you differed?
BY. Why, they, after their headstrong manner, conclude that it is their
duty to rush on their journey all weathers; and I am for waiting for wind and
tide. They are for hazarding all for God at a clap; and I am for taking all
advantages to secure my life and estate. They are for Religion when in rags
and contempt; but I am for him when he walks in his silver slippers, in the
sunshine, and with applause.
HOLD. Ay, and hold you there still, good Mr. By-ends; for, for my part, I
can count him but a fool, that, having the liberty to keep what he has, shall be
so unwise as to lose it. Let us be wise as serpents. It is best to make hay
while the sun shines. You see how the bee lieth still all winter, and bestirs her
only when she can have profit and pleasure. Abraham and Solomon grew rich
in religion; and Job says that "a good man should lay up gold as dust;" but
he must not be such as the men before us, if they be as you have described
SAVE. I think that we are all agreed in this matter, and therefore there
needs no more words about it.
MONEY. No, there needs no more words about this matter, indeed; for he
that believes neither Scripture nor reason (and you see we have both on our
side), neither knows his own liberty nor seeks his own safety.
Now, because, as they thought, no man was able to contradict them in this,
and because Christian and Hopeful were yet within call, they jointly agreed to
assault them with the question-if it was not right to profess religion if by so
doing one could thereby become rich, and have thus the means of doing good-
as soon as they overtook them; and the rather because they had opposed Mr.
.By-ends before.


So they called after Christian and Hopeful, and they stopped and stood
still till they came up to them; but they concluded as they went that not Mr.
By-ends, but old Mr. Hold-the-world, should propound the question to them,
because, as they supposed, their answer to him would be without that heat that
was kindled betwixt Mr. By-ends and them at their parting a little before.
So they came up to each other; and after a short salutation, Mr. Hold-the-
world propounded the question to Christian and his fellow, and bid them to
answer it if they could.
Then said Christian, "Even a babe in religion may answer ten thousand
such questions. For if it be unlawful to follow Christ for loaves, how much
more abominable is it to make of Him and religion a stalking-horse to get and
enjoy the world! Nor do we find any other than heathens, hypocrites, and
devils are of this opinion. To answer the question, therefore, affirmatively, as
I perceive you have done, and to accept as authentic, such answer, is heathenish,
hypocritical, and devilish; and your reward will be according to your works.
Then they stood staring one upon the other, but could not answer Christian.
Hopeful also approved of the soundness of Christian's answer; so there was a
great silence among them. Mr. By-ends and his company also staggered and
kept behind, that Christian and Hopeful might go on before them. Then said
.Christian to his fellow, If these men cannot stand before the sentence of men,
what will they do with the sentence of God ? And if they are mute when dealt
with by vessels of clay, what will they do when they shall be rebuked by the
flames of fire ? "
Then Christian and Hopeful went till they came to a delicate plain, called
Ease, where they walked with much content; but that plain was but narrow, so
they quickly got over it. Now at the farther side of that plain was a little hill,
called Lucre, and in that hill a silver mine, which some of them who had for-
merly gone that way, had turned aside to see; but going too near the brink of
the pit, the ground, being deceitful under them, broke, and they were slain;
some also had been maimed there, and could not to their dying day be them-
selves again.
Then I saw that a little off the road, over against the silver mine, stood
Demas (gentleman-like) to call to passengers to come and see. He said to
Christian and his fellow, Ho! turn aside hither, and I will show you a thing
worth seeing."
CHRIs. What thing so deserving as to turn us out of the way ?
DEMAS. Here is a silver mine, and some digging in it for treasure; if you
will come, with a little pains.you may richly provide for yourselves.
HOPE. Let us go and see.


CHRIS. Not I. I have heard of this place before, and how many have here
been slain; and besides, that treasure is a snare to those that seek it, for it
hindereth then in their pilgrimage.
Then Christian called to Demas, saying, Is not the place dangerous ? Hath
it not hindered many in their pilgrimage ?"
DEMAS. Not very dangerous, except to those that are careless.
But he blushed as he spake.
Then said Christian to Hopeful, "Let us not stir a step, but still keep on
our way.
HOPE. I will warrant you, when By-ends comes up, if he hath the same
invitation as we, he will turn in thither to see.
CHRIS. No doubt thereof, for his principles lead him this way; and a hun-
dred to one but he dies there.
Demas cried again that he also was one of their fraternity, and that, if they
would tarry a little, he also himself would walk with them.
Then said Christian, "What is thy name? Is it not the same by the which
I have called thee ?"
DEMAS. Yes, my name is Demas; I am the son of Abraham.
CHRIS. I know you: Gehazi was your great-grandfather, and Judas your
father, and you have trod in their steps. Assure thyself that when we come to
the King, we will tell him of thy behaviour.
By this time By-ends and his companions were come again within sight, and
they at the first beck went over to Demas. Now, whether they fell into the
pit by looking over the brink thereof, or whether they went down to dig, or
whether they were smothered in the bottom by the damps that commonly arise,
of these things I am not certain; but this I observed, that they never were seen
again in the way.
Now, I saw that just on the other side of the plain the pilgrims came to a
place where stood an old monument hard by the highway-side; at the sight of
which they were both concerned, because of the strangeness of its form; for it
seemed to them as if it had been a woman transformed into the shape of a
Here, therefore, they stood looking and looking, but could not for a time tell
what to make of it. At last Hopeful saw written upon its head, a writing in an
unusual hand; but he, being no scholar, called to Christian (for he was learned),
to see if he could pick out the meaning; so he came, and after a little laying of
letters together, he found the writing to be this, Remember Lot's wife."
So he read it to his fellow; after which, they both concluded that that was
the pillar of salt into which Lot's wife was turned, for her looking back with a

"They stood looking and looking upon it, but could not tell what they should make thereof."


covetous heart when she was going from Sodom. Which sudden and amazing
sight gave them occasion for this discourse:
CHRIS. Ah, my brother! this is a seasonable sight. It came opportunely
to us after the invitation which Demas gave us to come over to view the hill
Lucre; and, had we gone over, as he desired us, and as thou wast inclining to
do, my brother, we had, for aught I know, been made ourselves, like this woman,
a spectacle for those that shall come after to behold.
HOPE. I am sorry that I was so.foolish, and am made to wonder that I am
not now as Lot's wife; for wherein was the difference betwixt her sin and mine ?
She only looked back, and I had a desire to go and see. Let grace be adored;
and let me be ashamed that ever such a thing should be in mine heart.
CHRIS. Let us take notice of what we see here, for our help in time to come.
This woman escaped one judgment, for she fell not by the destruction of Sodom;
yet she was destroyed by another, as we see : she is turned into a pillar of salt.



I SAW, then, that they went on their way to a pleasant river, which David
the King called "the river of God," but John, "the river of the water of life."
Now their way lay just upon the bank of this river; here, therefore, Christian
and his companion walked with great delight; they drank also of the water of
the river, which was pleasant and enlivening to their weary spirits. Besides, on
the banks of this river on either side were green trees that bore all manner of
fruit; and the leaves of the trees were good for medicine; with the fruit of
these trees they were also much delighted. On either side of the river was also
a meadow, curiously beautified with lilies, and it was green all the year long.
In this meadow they lay down and slept, for here they might lie down safely.
When they awoke, they gathered again of the fruit of the trees and drank again
of the water of the river, and they lay down again to sleep. This they did
several days and nights.
So, when they were disposed to go on (for they were not as yet at their
journey's end', they ate and drank, and departed.
Now, a little before them there was, on the left hand of the road, a meadow,
and a stile to go over into it, and that meadow is called By-path Meadow.
Then said Chri tian to his fellow, If this meadow lieth along by our wayside,


let's go over it." Then he went to the stile to see; and behold, a path.lay
along by the way on the other side of the fence. It is according to my wish,"
said Christian ; "here is the easiest going. Come, good Hopeful, and let us go
HOPE. But how if this path should lead us out of the way ?

CHRIS. That is not likely. Look,
So Hopeful, being persuaded by

-_ ,--


doth it not go along by the wayside ?
his fellow, went after him over the stile.
When they were gone over, and were
got into the path, they found it very
easy to their feet.
Then, looking before them, they
espied a man walking as they did, and
his name was Vain-Confidence: so they
called after him, and asked him whither
that way led ? He said, To the Celes-
tial Gate."
Look," said Christian, "did not I
tell you so ? By this you may see we
are right."
So they followed, and he went before
them. But, behold, the night came on,
and it grew very dark; so that they that
were behind lost sight of him that went
before. He, therefore, that went before
(Vain-Confidence by name), not seeing
the way, fell into a deep pit, which was
on purpose made by the Prince of those
grounds to catch vain-glorious fools, and
was dashed in pieces with his fall.

Now Christian and his fellow heard him fall. So they called to know the
matter; but there was none to answer, only they heard a groaning.
Then said Hopeful, Where are we now?" Then was his fellow silent, as
fearing that he had led him out of the way; and now it began to rain, and
thunder, and lighten in a most dreadful manner, and the water rose amain.
Then Hopeful groaned in himself, saying, "Oh that I had kept on my way!"
CHRIS. Who could have thought that this path should have led us out of the
way ?
HOPE. I was afraid of it at the very first, and therefore gav you that gentle
caution. I would have spoken plainer, but that you are older an I.


CHRIS. Good brother, be not offended. I am sorry I have brought thee out
of the way, and that I have put thee into such imminent danger. Pray, my
brother, forgive me: I did not do it of any evil intent.
HOPE. Be comforted, my brother, for I forgive thee, and believe, too, that
this shall be for our good.
CHRIS. I am glad I have with me a merciful brother; but we must not stand
still: let us try to go back again.
HOPE. But, good brother, let me go before.
CHRIS. No, if you please; let me go first, that, if there be any danger, I may
be first therein, because by my means we are both gone out of the way.
HOPE. No, you shall not go first; for your mind being troubled may lead
you out of the way again.
Then for their encouragement they heard the voice of one saying, Let
thine heart be towards the highway, even the way that thou wentest; turn
again." But by this time the waters were greatly risen, by reason of which the
way of going back was very dangerous. Yet they tried to go back; but it was
so dark, and the flood so high, that they were like to have been drowned nine
or ten times.
Neither could they, with all the skill they had, get again to the stile that
night. Wherefore, at last lighting under a little shelter, they sat down there
until daybreak; and, being weary, they fell asleep.



Now, there was, not far from the place where they lay, a castle, called
Doubting Castle, the owner whereof was Giant Despair, and it was in his
grounds they were now sleeping; wherefore he, getting up in the morning early,
and walking up and down in his fields, caught Christian and Hopeful asleep.
Then, with a grim and surly voice, he bid them awake, and asked them what
they did in his grounds. They told him they were pilgrims, and that they had
lost their way. Then said the giant, "You have this night trespassed on my
fields, and therefore you must go along with me." So they were forced to go,
because he was stronger than they.
They had also but little to say, for they knew themselves in fault. The
giant, therefore, drove them before him, and put them into his castle, into a very

Giant Despair.

..Ik\\\ -

t 61

- --------------

`I ;j


dark and foul dungeon. Here, then, they lay from Wednesday morning till
Saturday night, without one bit of bread or drop of drink, or light, or any to ask
how they did. Now, in this place Christian had double sorrow, because it was
through his thoughtless haste that they were brought into this distress.
Now, Giant Despair had a wife, and her name was Diffidence. So, when
he was gone to bed, he told his wife what he had done; to wit, that he had
taken a couple of prisoners and cast them into his dungeon for trespassing on
his grounds. Then he asked her also what he had best to do further to them.
So she asked him what they were, whence they came, and whither they were
bound; and he told her. Then she counselled him, that when he arose in the
morning, he should beat them without any mercy.
So, when the giant arose, he took a large crab-tree cudgel, and went down
into the dungeon, and there first rated Christian and Hopeful as if they were
dogs, although they never gave him a word of distaste. Then he fell upon
them, and beat them fearfully, in such sort that they were not able to help
themselves, or to turn them upon the floor. This done, he withdrew and left
them there to mourn over their distress. So all that day they spent their time
in nothing but sighs and lamentations.
The next night the giant's wife, talking with her husband about them
further, and understanding that they were yet alive, advised him to counsel
them to make away with themselves. So, when morning was come, he went to
them in a surly manner, and, perceiving them to be very sore with the stripes
that he had given them the day before, he told them that, since they were never
like to come out of that place, their only way would be forthwith to make an
end of themselves, either with knife, halter, or poison : For why," said he,
" should you choose life, seeing it is attended with so much bitterness ? "
But they desired him to let them go. With that, he looked ugly upon them,
and rushing at them, had doubtless made an end of them, but that he fell into
one of his fits (for he sometimes, in sunshiny weather, fell into fits), and lost for
a time the use of his hand; wherefore he withdrew, and left them as before to
consider what to do.
CHRIs. Brother, what shall we do? The life we now live is miserable.
For my part, I know not whether is best, to live thus, or to die out of hand.
HOPE. Indeed, our present condition is dreadful; and death would be far
more welcome to me than thus for ever to abide. But yet, let us consider:
others, so far as I can understand, have been taken by Giant Despair as well as
we, and yet have escaped out of his hand. Who knows but that God, who
made the world, may cause the giant to die ? or that, at some time or other, he
may forget to lock us in ? or that he may, in a short time, have another of his


fits, and lose the use of his limbs ? and if ever that should come to pass again,
for my part, I am resolved to pluck up the heart of a man, and try my utmost
to get from under his hand.
So they continued together in the dark that day, in their sad and doleful
Well, towards evening, the giant went down into the dungeon again, to see
if his prisoners had taken his counsel. But when he came there, he found them
alive; and truly, alive was all; for now, what from want of bread and water,
and by reason of their wounds, they could do little but breathe. But, I say, he
found them alive; at which he fell into a grievous rage, and told them that,
seeing they had disobeyed his counsel, it should be worse with them than if they
had never been born.
At this they trembled greatly, and I think that Christian fell into a swoon;
but, coming a little to himself again, Hopeful comforted him by speaking thus:
" Rememberest thou not how valiant thou hast been heretofore ? Apollyon
could not crush thee, nor could all that thou didst hear, or see, or feel in the
Valley of the Shadow of Death. Thou seest that I am in the dungeon with
thee, a far weaker man by nature than thou art; also this giant has wounded
me as well as thee, and hath also cut off the bread and water from my mouth;
and, with thee, I mourn without the light. But let us exercise a little more
patience. Remember how thou playedst the man at Vanity Fair, and wast
neither afraid of the chain nor cage, nor yet of bloody death. Wherefore, let us
bear up with patience as well as we can."
Now, night being come again, and the giant and his wife being in bed, she
asked him concerning the prisoners, and if they had taken his counsel: to which
he replied, "They are sturdy rogues; they choose rather to bear all hardship
than to make away with themselves." Then said she, "Take them into the
castle-yard to-morrow, and show them the bones and skulls of those that thou
hast already dispatched; and make them believe, ere a week comes to an end,
thou wilt tear them also in pieces, as thou hast done their fellows before them."
So when the morning was come, the giant goes to them again, and takes
them into the castle-yard, and shows them as his wife had bidden him.
"These," said he, were pilgrims, as you are, once, and they trespassed in my
grounds as you have done; and, when I thought fit, I tore them in pieces; and
so within ten days I will do you. Go, get you down to your den again." And,
with that, he beat them all the way thither. They lay, therefore, all day on
Saturday in a lamentable case, as before.
Now, when night was come, and when Mrs. Diffidence and her husband,
the giant, were got to bed, they began to speak again about their prisoners.

" So they continued together in the dark that day, in their sad and doleful condition.'


The old giant wondered that he could neither by his blows nor counsel bring
them to an end. And, with that, his wife replied, I fear," said she, "that they
live in hope that some will come to relieve them; or that they have picklocks
about them, by the means of which they hope to escape."
Sayest thou so, my dear ? said the giant: I.will therefore search them
in the morning."
Well, on Saturday, about midnight, they began to pray, and continued in
prayer till almost break of day.
Now, a little before it was day, good Christian, as one half amazed, brake
out into this passionate speech: "What a fool," quoth he, "am I to lie in a foul
dungeon, when I may as well walk at liberty I have a key in my bosom called
Promise, that will, I am persuaded, open any lock in Doubting Castle." Then
said Hopeful, That is good news, good brother: pluck it out of thy bosom,
and try."
Then Christian pulled it out of his bosom, and began to try at the dungeon
door, whose bolt, as he turned the key, gave back, and the door flew open with
ease, and Christian and Hopeful both came out. Then he went to the outward
door that leads into the castle-yard, and with his key opened that door also.
After, he went to the iron gate, for that must be opened too; but that lock was
very stiff, yet the key did open it. Then they thrust open the gate to make
their escape with speed; but that gate, as it opened, made such a creaking, that
it waked Giant Despair, who, hastily rising to pursue his prisoners, felt his limbs
to fail; for his fits took him again, so that he could by no means go after them.
Then they hurried on, and came to the King's highway again, and so were safe
because they were out of his power.
Now, when they were gone over the stile, they began to contrive what they
should do at that stile to prevent those that came after from falling into the
hands of Giant Despair.. So they decided to erect a pillar there, and to engrave
upon it this sentence: Over this stile is the way to Doubting Castle, which is
kept by Giant Despair, who despiseth the King of the Celestial Country, and
seeks to destroy His holy pilgrims." Many, therefore, that followed after, read
what was written, and escaped the danger.




THEY. went then till they came to the Delectable Mountains, which mountains
belong to the Lord of that hill of which we have spoken before. So they went
up to the mountains to behold the gardens and orchards, the vineyards and
fountains of water, where also they drank and washed themselves, and did freely
eat of the vineyards. Now there were on the tops of these mountains shepherds
feeding their flocks, and they stood by the highway-side. The pilgrims, there-
fore, went to them, and leaning upon their staves (as is common with weary
pilgrims when they stand to talk with any by the way), they asked, "Whose
Delectable Mountains are these, and whose be the sheep that feed upon them ? "
SHEP. These mountains are Immanuel's Land, and they are within sight of
His city; and the sheep also are His, and He laid down His life for them.
CHRIS. Is this the way to the Celestial City?
SHEP. You are just in your way.
CHRIS. How far is it thither ?
SHEP. Too far for any but those who shall get thither indeed.
CHRIS. Is there in this place any relief for pilgrims that are weary and faint
in the way ?
SHEP. The Lord of these mountains hath given us a charge not to be forget-
ful to entertain strangers ; therefore the good of the place is before.you.
Then the Shepherds, whose names were Knowledge, Experience, Watchful,
and Sincere, took them by the hand and led them to their tents, and made them
partake of what was ready at present. They said moreover, We would that
you should stay here awhile, to be acquainted with us, and yet more to solace
yourselves with the good of these Delectable Mountains."
They then told them that they were content to stay. So they went to rest
that night, because it was very late.
Then I saw that in the morning the Shepherds called up Christian and
Hopeful to walk with them upon the mountains. So they went forth with
them, and walked a while, having a pleasant prospect on every side.
By this time the pilgrims had a desire to go forward, and the Shepherds a
desire they should; so they walked together towards the end of the mountains.
Then said the Shepherds one to another, Let us here show to the pilgrims the
gate of the Celestial City, if they have skill to look through our perspective


glass." The pilgrims then lovingly accepted the motion; so they led them to
the top of a high hill called Clear, and gave them their glass to look.
Then they essayed to look; but they could not look steadily through the
glass; yet they thought they saw something like the gate, and also some of the
glory of the place. Thus they went away.
When they were about to depart, one of the Shepherds gave them a note of
the way. Another of them bade them beware of the Flatterer. The third
bade them take heed that they slept not upon the Enchanted Ground. And
the fourth bade them God speed.
Then I saw the same two pilgrims going down the mountains along the
highway towards the city. Now, a little
below these mountains, on the left hand,
lieth the country of Conceit; from which
country there comes into the way in
which the pilgrims walked a little
crooked lane. Here, therefore, they
met with a very brisk lad, that came
out of that country, and his name was
Ignorance. So Christian asked him
from what parts he came, and whither
he was going.
IGNOR. Sir, I was born in the country
that lieth off there a little on the left
hand, and I- am going to the Celestial
CHRIS. But how do you think to get
in at the gate ? for you may find some
difficulty there.
She. IGNOR. "As other people do," said
___., J he.
Ignorance. 'CHRIS. But what have you to show
at the gate, that may cause that the gate
should be opened to you ?
IGNOR. I know my Lord's will, and have been a good liver; I pay every
man his own; I pray, fast, pay tithes, and give alms, and have left my country
for that to which I am going.
CHRIS. But thou camest not in at the wicket-gate that is at the head of this
way: thou camest -in hither through that same 'crooked lane; and'therefore I
fear, however thou mayest 'think of thyself, when the reckoning day shall come,


thou wilt have laid to thy charge that thou art a thief and a robber, instead of
getting admittance into the city.
IGNOR. Gentlemen, ye be utter strangers to me: I know you not: be con-
tent to follow the religion of your country, and I will follow the religion of mine.
I hope all will be well. And, as for the gate that you talk of, all the world
knows that that is a great way off from our country. I cannot think that any
man in all our parts doth so much as know the way to it; nor need they matter
whether they do or no, since we have, as you see, a fine, pleasant green lane,
that comes down from our country, the next path into the way.
When Christian saw that the man was wise in his own conceit, he said to
Hopeful, whisperingly, "There is more hope of a fool than of him." And said,
moreover, "When he that is a fool walketh by the way, his wisdom faileth him,
and he saith to every one that he is a fool. What! shall we talk further with
him, or pass him at present, and go leave him to think of what he hath heard
already, and then stop again for him afterwards, and see if by degrees we can
do any good to him ?"
Then said Hopeful, "'It is not good, I think, to say all to him at once: let
us pass him by, if you will, 'and talk to him anon, even as he is able to bear it."
So they both went on, and Ignorance
came after.i7
Now, when they had passed him a
little way, they entered into a very dark '
lane, where they met a man whom seven -
devils had bound with seven strong
cords, and were carrying back to a door
that they saw on the side of a hill. i ''-
Now good Christian began to tremble, '
and so did Hopeful his companion;
yet, as the devils led away the man, I
Christian looked to see if he knew
him; and he thought it might be one ',\'
Turn-away, that dwelt in the town of
Apostacy. But he did not perfectly '-."
S see his face, for he did hang his head \-'-
like a thief that is found; but, being
gone past, Hopeful looked after him,
and espied on his back a paper with
this inscription, "Wanton professor and
wicked apostate." A man whom seven devils had bound."

C1*.. \.. IV c
Z -

"They came up all to him, and with threatening language bade him stand."


Then said Christian to his fellow, Now I call to remembrance that which
was told of a thing that happened to a good man hereabout. The name of that
man was Little-Faith, but a good man, and he dwelt in the town of Sincere.
The thing was this : At the entering in at this passage, there comes down from
Broad-way Gate a lane called Dead Man's Lane; so called because of the mur-
ders that are commonly done there; and this Little-Faith, going on pilgrimage
as we do now, chanced to sit down there, and slept. Now, there happened at
that time to come down that lane, from Broad-way Gate, three sturdy rogues,
and their names were Faint-heart, Mistrust, and Guilt, three brothers; and
they, espying Little-Faith, came galloping up with speed. Now, the good man
was just awaked from his sleep, and was getting up to go on his journey. So
they all came up to him, and with threatening language bade him stand. At
this, Little-Faith looked as white as a clout, and had neither power to fight nor
fly. Then said Faint-heart, Deliver thy purse;' but he, making no haste to
do it (for he was loth to lose his money), Mistrust ran up to him, and, thrusting
his hand into his pocket, pulled out thence a bag of silver. Then he cried out,
'Thieves! thieves!' With that, Guilt, with a great club that was in his hand,
struck Little-Faith on the head, and felled him flat to the ground, where he lay
bleeding as one that would bleed to death. All this while the thieves stood by.
But, at last, they hearing that some were upon the road, and fearing lest it
should be one Great-Grace, that dwells in the city of Good-Confidence, they
betook themselves to their heels, and left this good man to shift for himself.
Now, after a while, Little-Faith came to himself, and, getting up, made shift to
scramble on his way. This was the story."



So they went on, and Ignorance followed. They went then till they came
at a place where they saw a way put itself into their way, and seemed to lie as
straight as the way which they should go; and here they knew not which of the
two to take, for both seemed straight before them; therefore here they stood
still to consider. And, as they were thinking about the way, behold, a man,
black of flesh, but covered with a very light robe, came to them, and asked
them why they stood there. They answered they were going to the Celestial
City, but knew not which of these ways to take. Follow me," said the man;


"it is thither that I am going." So they followed him to the way that but now
came into the road, which by degrees turned and turned them so from the city
that they desired to go to, that, in a little time, their faces were turned away
from it; yet they followed him. But by-and-bye, before they were aware, he
led them within the compass of a net, in which they were both so entangled that
they knew not what to do; and with that, the white robe fell off the black man's
back. Then they saw where they were. Wherefore, there they lay crying
some time, for they could not get out.
Then said Christian to his fellow, Now do I see myself in error. Did not
the Shepherds bid us beware of flatterers ? As is the saying of the Wise Man,
so we have found it this day : 'A man that flattereth his neighbour, spreadeth
a net at his feet.'"
HOPE. They also gave us a note of directions about the way, but therein we
have also forgotten to read, and have not kept ourselves from the paths of the
destroyer. Here David was wiser than we; for saith he, Concerning the
works of men, by the word of Thy lips I have kept me from the paths of the
destroyer." Thus they lay bewailing themselves in the net.
At last they espied a Shining One coming towards them with a whip of
small cord in his hand. When he was come to the place where they were, he
asked them whence they came, and what they did there. They told him that
they were poor pilgrims going to Zion, but were led out of their way by a black
man clothed in white, who bade us," said they, "follow him, for he was going
thither too." Then said he with the whip, It is- Flatterer, a false prophet, that
hath transformed himself into an angel of light." So he rent the net, and let
the men out. Then said he to them, Follow me, that I may set you in your
way again." So he led them back to the way which they had left to follow the
Flatterer. Then he asked them, saying, "Where did you lie the last night?"
They said, "With the Shepherds upon the Delectable Mountains." He asked
them then if they had not of those Shepherds a note of direction for the way.
They answered, "Yes." But did you not," said he, "when you were at a
stand, pluck out and read your note?" They answered, "No." He asked
them, "Why ?" They said they forgot. He asked them, moreover, if
the Shepherds did not bid them beware of the Flatterer. They answered,
'"Yes; but we did not imagine," said they, "that this fine-spoken man had
been he."
Then I saw that he commanded them to lie down; which when they did, he
chastised them sore, to teach them the good way wherein they should walk;
and, as he chastised them, he said, As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten;
be zealous, therefore, and repent." This done, he bade them go on their way,


and take good heed to the other directions of the Shepherds. So they thanked
him for all his kindness, and went softly along the right way, singing.
Now, after awhile they perceived afar off, one coming softly and alone, all
along the highway, to meet them. Then said Christian to his fellow, "Yonder
is a man with his back towards Zion, and he is coming to meet us."
HOPE. I see him: let us take heed to ourselves, lest he should prove a flat-
terer also.
So he drew nearer and nearer, and at last came up to them. His name
was Atheist, and he asked them whither they were going.
CHRIS. We are going to Mount Zion.
Then Atheist fell into a very great laughter.
CHRIS. What is the meaning of your laughter ?
ATHEIST. I laugh to see what ignorant persons you are, to take upon your-
selves so tedious a journey, and yet are like to have nothing but your travel for
your pains.
CHRIS. Why, man, do you think we shall not be received ?
ATHEIST. Received! There is no such a place as you dream of in all this
CHRIS. But there is in the world to come.
ATHEIST. When I was at home in mine own country, I heard as you now
affirm, and, from that hearing, went out to see, and have been seeking this city
these twenty years, but find no more of it than I did the first day I set out.
CHRIS. We have both heard and believe that there is such a place to be
ATHEIST. Had not I, when at home, believed, I had not come thus far to
seek; but, finding none (and yet I should had there been such a place to be
found, for I have gone to seek it farther than you), I am going back again, and
will seek to refresh myself with the things that I then cast away for hopes of
that which I now see is not.
Then said Christian to Hopeful his fellow, Is it true which this man hath
said ?"
IIOPE. Take heed; he is one of the flatterers. Remember what it hath cost
us once already for hearkening to such kind of fellows. What no Mount Zion ?
Did we not see from the Delectable Mountains the gate of the city ? Also, are
we not now to walk by faith ? I say, my brother, cease to hear him, and let us
believe to the saving of the soul.
CHRIS. My brother, I did not put the question to thee for that I doubted of
the truth of our belief myself, but to prove thee, and to fetch from thee a fruit
of the honesty of thy heart. As for this man, I know that he is blinded by the

-y J _P

" Then Atheist fell into a very great laughter."





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$'h7~~ r\ r~ii i

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god of this world. Let thee and I go on, knowing that we have belief of the
truth, and no lie is of the truth.
HOPE. Now do I rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
So they turned away from the man, and he, laughing at them, went his way.



I THEN saw that they went till they came into a certain country, whose air
naturally tended to make one drowsy if he came a stranger into it. And here
Hopeful began to be very dull and heavy of sleep; wherefore he said unto
Christian, I do now begin to grow so drowsy, that I can scarcely hold up mine
eyes; let us lie down here, and take one nap."
CHRIS. By no means, lest, sleeping, we never awake more.
HOPE. Why, my brother ? sleep is sweet to the labouring man: we may be
refreshed if we take a nap.
CHRIS. Do not you remember that one of the Shepherds bade us beware of
the Enchanted Ground ? He meant by that that we should beware of sleeping;
wherefore let us not sleep as do others, but let us watch and be sober.
HOPE. I acknowledge myself in fault; and had I been here alone, I had, by
sleeping, run the danger of death. I see it is true what the Wise Man saith,
"Two are better than one." Hitherto hath thy company been my mercy; and
thou shalt have a good reward for thy labour.
I saw then that Hopeful looked back, and saw Ignorance, whom they had
left behind, coming after. Look," said he to Christian, "how far yonder
youngster loitereth behind."
CHRIS. Ay, ay, I see him : he careth not for our company.
HOPE. But I trow it would not have hurt him, had he kept pace with us
CHRIS. That is true; but I warrant you he thinks otherwise.
HOPE. That I think he doth; but, however, let us tarry for him. So they did.
Then Christian said to him, "Come away, man; why do you stay so
behind ? "
IGNOR. I take my pleasure in walking alone, even more a great deal than in
company, unless I like it the better.
Then said Christian to Hopeful (but softly), Did I not tell you he cared


not for our company ? But, however," said he, come up, and let us talk away
the time in this solitary place." Then, directing his speech to Ignorance, he
said, "Come, how do you? How stands
it between God and your soul now ? "
IGNOR. I hope well; for I am always
full of good motions, that come into my
mind to comfort me as I walk.
CHRIS. What good motions ? pray
tell us.
IGNOR. Why, I think of God and
CHRIS. So do many that are never
like to come there. "The soul of the
sluggard desireth, and hath nothing."
INoR. But I think of them, and
Slave all for them.
CHRIS. That I doubt, for leaving of
all is a very hard matter; yea, a harder
matter than many are aware of. But
why, or by what, art thou persuaded that
thou hast left all for God and heaven ?
IGNOR. My heart tells me so.
I am always full of good motions." CHRIS. The Wise Man says, He
that trusteth. in his own heart is a fool."
IGNOR. This is spoken of an evil heart; but mine is a good one.
CHRIS. But how dost thou prove that ?
IGNOR. It comforts me in the hopes of heaven.
CHRIS. That may be through its deceitfulness.
IGNOR. But my heart and life agree together; and therefore my hope is well
CHRIS. Who told thee that thy heart and life agree together ?
IGNOR. My heart tells me so.
CHRIS. Thy heart tells thee so! Except the Word of God beareth witness
in this matter, other testimony is of no value.
IGNOR. But is it not a good heart that hath good thoughts ? and is not that
a good life that is according to God's commandments ?
CHRIS. Yes, that is a good heart that hath good thoughts, and that is a good
life that is according to God's commandments; but it is one thing, indeed, to
have these, and another thing only to think so.

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