When Dewey came to Manila, or, Among the Filipinos


Material Information

When Dewey came to Manila, or, Among the Filipinos
Series Title:
Stories of American history
Portion of title:
Among the Filipinos
Physical Description:
107 p. : ill. ; 21 cm.
Otis, James, 1848-1912
Dana Estes & Company ( Publisher )
Colonial Press (Boston, Mass.) ( Printer )
C.H. Simonds & Co
Dana Estes & Company
Place of Publication:
Colonial Press ; Electrotyped and printed by C.H. Simonds & Co.
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Youth -- Conduct of life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Conduct of life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Filipinos -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Guerrilla warfare -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Sailors -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Admirals -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Spanish-American War, 1898 -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
War -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Manila Bay, Battle of, Philippines, 1898 -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
History -- Juvenile fiction -- United States   ( lcsh )
History -- Juvenile fiction -- Philippines -- Revolution, 1896-1898   ( lcsh )
History -- Fiction -- Philippines -- Philippine American War, 1899-1902   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1899
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Massachusetts -- Boston


Statement of Responsibility:
by James Otis.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 002394845
notis - ALZ9752
oclc - 02690561
lccn - 99004554
System ID:

This item is only available as the following downloads:

Full Text

*1. ,~=~-"ljCb~E

1 IC' ~ :

FIwrM kT n;.~


..:..... ::
:..... 1.
1.- ..
~i.. ~~r-

1-eilC~~~. ,
~~-~'i" ~

r%, '~/ -~

: T':2rI


EO2~Ih 3:~

- I .-. .





r I .:. I


.- ..

I \:g 1










Copyright, 1899

colonial yrrss:
Electrotyped and Printed by C. H. Simonds & Co.
Boston, Mass., U. S. A.









S 46

S 69













P ANDA, Raymond, and I had arranged for an excur-
sion, on a fisherman's banca, from Manila to Cavit6,
and, without any very considerable coaxing, succeeded in
getting our parents' permission for the pleasure trip.
So far as this permission is concerned, I speak only of
Raymond and myself.
Panda was the son of our cook, a Filipino, although she
looked more like a Chinese woman than a true native of
the island.
Perhaps it would be better to explain first, before be-
ginning the story of what happened to us at Cavit6 during
the last of April and the first of May, in the year 1898,
how Ray and I, two Yankee lads from Boston, chanced to
be in the Philippines on that day when the fleet carrying
the stars and stripes sailed past Corregidor, and destroyed
the Spanish ships.


Ray and I are brothers; our father's name is Joseph
Hyde, and he is the representative of a firm of Boston
merchants who deal in hemp. With our mother, we two
lads came to Manila one year ago, having travelled from
Boston to San Francisco by railroad, and from there to
the Philippines on steamers by the way of Hong Kong.
When Ray and I left home it was decided that we had
as good a right to put into print an account of our visit to
the islands discovered by Magellan, as any grown man
who travels abroad for two or three months, and then sets
himself down at home to write concerning what he saw.
We were very certain that every boy in Massachusetts,
or any other State in the Union for that matter, would be
pleased to know what two Yankee lads saw when they
visited that archipelago, which, to our minds at least, was
made up in equal parts of pirates and gold.
We had read wonderful stories of adventure met with
in that group of islands which seemed to be situated
almost in another world, and doubted not but that we
would have full share in many startling happenings:during
the two years it was our father's purpose we should
remain with him.
Therefore it was that both of us kept a journal of our
travels, setting down everything we saw which was strange
to us of Massachusetts, and believing that, when the time
for our stay in Manila was come to an end, we should
have written such a tale as would be in every way enter-
taining to lads of our own age, Ray is fourteen and I
am nearly sixteen.


To our idea the most important article in the outfit-
ting" was the mass of paper and dozens of pencils which
we purchased for the purpose of writing the story, and
nearly every day during that wearisome journey on the
Pacific Express did we set down one or more items which
appealed to us as being worthy a place in the wonderful
tale we were to relate.
Then, once on board the steamer China, bound for Hong
Kong, we filled the pages rapidly, for there was much of
interest in the sea voyage.
At the Sandwich Islands we wrote no less than two
chapters, and in Hong Kong it seemed to us as if we
must bring the story to an end because there was so much
to tell regarding the strange people and the odd things
we saw.
After remaining ashore four days we embarked on the
seven-hundred-mile voyage to Manila, and a disagreeable
motion of the steamer, so different from what we had
experienced while aboard the China, prevented us from
continuing an account of our travels until after we entered
the Boca Chica channel at the entrance to Manila Bay,
steamed past Corregidor Island, and knew that we were
within the limits of Luzon.
At the end of this long journey, during which we had
travelled nearly half around the world, we were met by our
father, whom we had not seen for three years, and twenty-
four hours were spent with him before we began to look
about Manila.
Here was to be the end of the story which we proposed


to send home to the Massachusetts lads, firmly believing
that by such means we should make ourselves well and
agreeably known to those whom we might never meet.
We described Manila Bay as it appeared to us on the
afternoon we entered; told of the queer little custom-
house on the quay; of the odd-looking oxen, the goats,
and the Span-
ish officers who
were to be seen
We walked
about old Man-
ila, as a portion
of the city is
,, called, looking at
the wall which
hems it in, and
set forth what I
considered very interesting descriptions of the peculiar
houses, the funny beds, and everything that met our gaze,
for nowhere in our progress did we see familiar objects.
To wear suits of white cotton cloth such as our father
ordered for us from the native tailor was in itself worthy,
as Ray said, a full page, and that building situated on the
banks of the Pasig River, which was to be our home while
we remained in the Philippines, needed many words to
describe it properly.
Fancy a stove for cooking which is only an earthen
jar, a dozen being necessary for the cook who counts on


preparing an ordinary meal, or windows in which are sea
shells instead of glass; buildings that are no more than
two stories high, built low because of possible earth-
quakes, and queer-looking Filipinos, -men who are more
often seen with game-cocks under their arms than books;
barbers who carry their chairs with them, and ply their
trade on the streets.
It seems a cruel waste of labour and good material for
a story, to throw aside all Ray and I had written regard-
ing what we saw; but because of that which came to us
when the American fleet entered the bay to give the
Spaniards such a lesson as was needed, it is necessary, in
order to make room for that which befell us when, with
Panda, the Filipino lad, who, as I have said, was the son
of our cook, we set out on what was intended to be a
pleasure excursion to Cavitd.
Of course, since the war broke out, if not before, every
American boy knows that Cavit6 vas the Spanish naval
station in Manila Bay, and that the city is the capital of
the province known by that same name.
There is a town, a bay, and a peninsula, all of which
are called Cavite; but before visiting the place Ray and
I believed it was simply a naval station, because those in
Manila whose language we could understand referred to
it as if there were nothing else of importance to be found
Now Panda had a brother who was a fisherman, and
who sailed on a boat such as would attract no little atten-
tion in Boston Harbour. It was a long, wooden canoe,


and the Filipinos call such craft "bancas." It had two
masts with sails made of lateen stiffened by bamboo ribs,
and a lateen sail looks very much like such a window cur-
tain as I have seen in my great-grandfather's home near-
about Gloucester, formed of thin, narrow strips of what
appears to be wood.
Two of these boats work in company, and are fastened
together with strips of bamboo, which hold them ten or
twelve feet apart, while made fast to the stern of each
craft is a scoop-net. It is only a question of sailing here
and there wherever the fish are supposed to be found
near the surface, and dipping up such as are not fright-
ened away by the approach of the canoes. Not very
exciting sport; but Ray and I were certain we should
find some amusement in it, when Panda, who, luckily for
us, could speak English because of having been employed
by my father during such time as he had lived in Manila,
explained that we would run down as far as Cavit6, stay-
ing there all day, perhaps, and returning during the
We knew on leaving Hong Kong that war was about
to be declared between the United States and Spain ; yet
it did not seem reasonable that in these far-off islands we
would see any fighting, and it is certain that our father
had little idea we might be so decidedly mixed'up with
the conflict between the two nations as to be in great
danger of our lives.
Of the queer-looking and queer-tasting food which we
took with us, or of the odd contrivances for fishing which


we found on board the bancas, there is no opportunity to
speak, for I would come to the end of our adventures in
the number of pages which Ray has insisted shall make
up the story.
If it so be that some gentleman sees fit to publish it,
the lad who reads what I have set down must imagine, by
aid of such books as can be borrowed from the Public
Library, what sort of an appearance we made on that
morning, the last day of April, when we embarked on
an excursion which promised a little something in the
way of novelty, and introduced us to more actual danger
than we are ever likely to see again in the same number
of hours, no matter how long it may be permitted us to
So far as concerned the fishing, it was neither more
nor less than might have been seen in any portion of the
world where a net is dragged through the water with the
chance of capturing such fish as are near the surface;
not exciting sport, nor calculated to give one a desire for
more of the same kind.
Ray and I lay idly on our backs upon the bench-like
seat in the stern of the banca owned by Panda's brother,
gazing curiously at the shore, for to us there was much
of interest even in the conformation of that bay wherein
so many stirring actions had occurred; but Panda ran
to and fro something after the manner of an excited
monkey, jabbering in his own language with the crew,
as if this skimming the top of the water with a net was
a very heroic deed.


Ray, forgetting that we were for the time supposed to
be fishermen, recalled to my mind the fact that this archi-
pelago of the Philippines was discovered by Magellan on
the twelfth day of March, in the year 1521, and by him
named the St. Lazarus Islands. He referred to the
severe earthquakes of 1874 and 1880, when, in the last
named year, the destruction of property and life in the
island of Luzon was fearful.
Having in view the story of our travels, which was
nearly completed, he read from a printed slip which we
brought with us from Boston the following facts that had
been constantly in my mind for the past three months,
and may as well be set down here in, condensed form for
the benefit of those lads who are given to indolence in
matters of geography.
There are thirty-one islands of considerable size in
the Philippine group, with eight ports open to commerce.
The population is about eight millions, of which more than
three millions are in the island of Luzon, the largest of
the archipelago, having an area of 40,885 square miles.
Manila, the principal city, had as population in 1880 in
the walled town 12,000, and in the suburbs from 250,000
to 300,000.
The city was founded in 1571, and is situated on the
eastern shore of a circular bay one hundred and twenty
miles in circumference.
"Manila was captured from the Spaniards by the Eng-
lish in 1762, the assaulting forces being led by General
William Draper, with Admiral Cornish commanding the


naval division. On the twenty-fourth of September the
troops were disembarked just south of the city, and
the siege continued until the sixth of October, when
a breach was effected in the Spanish works, and the
town carried by storm. After the surrender the Spanish
officials agreed to pay as a ransom for the city two mil-
lions of dollars in gold, and the same amount of money
in bills on the Treasury at Madrid."
As if considering it necessary to read all the informa-
tion we had gathered concerning these islands of the
Philippines, Ray went further into the history of the group
from his store of clippings, and read of what had taken
place in this same bay of Manila from the year 1571,
when the island of Luzon was reduced to subjection by
General Legazpi.
He read of ten attacks which were made within less
than four years thereafter by the Chinese, when the battles
lasted several days; of the massacre of Chinese in 1603,
when 23,000 were murdered, and also that of 1629, when
no less than 35,000 were killed in cold blood,. to say
nothing of the many attacks that were afterward made,
when hundreds of the so-called foreigners were put to
Then came the story of the latest insurrections in the
Philippines, beginning with that headed by Dr. Jos6 Rizal,
and ending with the one in progress at this day, when we
knew, although it seemed like something occurring afar
off, that Emilio Aguinaldo, with a following of natives,
threatened Manila.


This last fact, however, gave Ray and me no more dis-
quietude than it did Panda, for it was not believed the
insurgents would be able to make much headway against
the Spaniards, unless by chance the American forces
should come to this portion of the world, and whatever
others may have thought, we two lads were quite certain
the Philippines were too far from the United States for
such an event to be probable.
How much more of descriptive matter with which we
were already familiar Ray might have read, I cannot say;
but he was in the humour to continue, as if wishing to
refresh his own memory, and would have gone on at this
work for some time had we not just then arrived within
a respectful distance of the Spanish fleet.
Since leaving San Francisco we had seen many naval
vessels, but never at so short a range; and it pleased me
when the fishermen brought the bancas around in order
to empty their nets, with the hope that they might be
able to sell some of the catch.
Ray spelled the names for me to write down, and very
glad indeed did I feel at that moment because this for-
midable array of war-ships was not where they could make
an attack upon our people.
There was the Reina Maria Christina, the Castilla,
Velasco, Don Antonio de Ulloa, Don Juan de Austria, and
such small craft as the General Lezo, El Correo, Marques
del Duero, Isla de Cuba, and Isla de Luzon.
Whether the fishermen had a successful catch or not
it is impossible to say, for by the time I had gotten these


Spanish names written down we were considerably beyond
the fleet, and now all the conversation turned to warfare,
Panda joining us that he might describe in his peculiar
fashion what the insurgent Aguinaldo had done, and what
it was believed he yet would do, but to that I gave little
Surely those who had arisen against Spain would not be
able to do much mischief roundabout Manila while so
large a fleet lay anchored between that city and Cavit6,
and I put an end to Panda's boasting by declaring, as if
I knew all the particulars, that until the American peo-
had given the Spaniards a much needed lesson, there
was little chance any insurrection on the island would
make very great progress."
You do not know my people," Panda said, vehemently,
and then for the first time I began to feel just a trifle
uneasy in mind.
The boy had said that Aguinaldo's force was even then
within a short distance of Cavit6, and might it not be
possible that we should find ourselves between the fire of
this Spanish fleet and the insurgents' guns ?
I said as much as this to Ray, for Panda, having
exhausted his predictions and his threats against the
Spaniards, went forward to see the fish that had been
taken from the nets.
"It is not probable these half-naked people will be so
venturesome as to make an attack anywhere in this bay
while it is so well fortified," Ray replied, laughingly.
"Look. at the forts there at Cavit6, and then at the


batteries around Manila. If that isn't enough to set
your fears at rest, remember' that both the islands of
Corregidor and Caballo, at the entrance to the bay, are
fortified, to say nothing of that point yonder. Why,
Ernest Hyde, there is no ordinary fleet of vessels that
would dare to enter such a body of water as this, where
are planted submarine mines, as father has said, and yet
you talk about Aguinaldo's beggarly army, as if believing
he would dare make a venture that could end only in
defeat, however many there might be who follow him."
All this seemed reasonable, and I put from my mind
the faint forebodings of the future, which had come at a
time when we seemed most secure, to enjoy the scene
around me.
I had-almost forgotten there were any insurgents on
the island of Luzon, when finally we were come to the
landing-place at the suburbs of Cavit6, and immediately
our bancas were surrounded by a crowd of natives who
talked loudly, indulging in many gestures which seemed
to me threatening, meanwhile looking at Ray and me
from time to time in a manner by no means agreeable.
It is all very well for a fellow to declare that he is
brave, but put him where Ray and I were at that moment,
with none but natives near at hand; then surround him
with two hundred or more disagreeable-looking fellows
who appeared on the point of making an attack upon him,
and I venture to say he will feel quite as uncomfortable
in mind, however much he prides himself upon his bravery,
as did my brother and myself.


Having once given Ray an opportunity to laugh at me
because of my fears, I tried hard to hold my tongue while
we remained here on the shore, unable to move in either
direction because of the half-naked throng which entirely
surrounded us, and it was absolutely a relief, oddly as
that statement may sound, when my brother displayed
signs of fear.
1"If this is the sort of company we are likely to have,
it would be a good idea to find passage back to Manila in
some of the steamers which father has said run to and
fro, for I have no desire to spend a day with such com-
panions as these."
"Let us ask Panda to lead us at once to his brother's
house," I said, for it was understood when we left home
that we should find cleanly and comfortable quarters less
than a mile outside the city, with the cook's son, but
Panda was too busily engaged with these newly met
acquaintances to pay much attention to us until we
had called his name loudly several times, when he
came up with the air of one who is vexed at being dis-
"Why have all these men come here to meet us?" I
asked, perhaps a trifle roughly, because, as I have said,
there was considerable disquietude in my mind.
He seemingly gave no heed to my roughness of speech;
but answered curtly, almost insolently, as I fancied:
Does it seem strange to American boys that a poor
Filipino should be glad to meet his relations ?"
"Are all these relatives of yours?" Ray asked, with


a laugh, and it was not a pleasant expression which came
over Panda's face as he replied :
We are all of the same blood, and those who are op-
pressed by the Spaniards are drawn more closely together,
perhaps, than people who live in a free country."
Surely Panda had never talked about oppression, or had
very much to say regarding the insurgents, until the
moment when we were come within hail of the Spanish
fleet; but now
it was as if he
had suddenly
learned of the
wrongs done his
I p people, and was
minded to
i avenge them.
At least that
was the way I
read the decided change in his demeanour, and it was by
no means pleasant to find ourselves thus mixed up in what
might cause our father trouble with the Spanish officials
if it should be made known.
"You shall show us where we can find conveyance
back to the city," I said, decidedly. "Ray and I have
concluded it will be better to stay at home, than here
among people who do not seem friendly disposed."
"They are the same as your brothers," Panda replied,
now laying aside somewhat of his insolence. Surely an
American should be a welcome visitor, for it is that


country which we believe will free us from Spanish
"If this is the way of showing friendliness, I wonder to
what lengths they might go in case of meeting with an
enemy," Ray added, with a laugh, and I understood that
he was beginning to grow more comfortable in mind.
"The day may come when you shall see that," Panda
said, with an ominous shake of the head, and I interrupted
him by insisting that he lead us to where we might find
a steamer on which we could take passage back to Manila.
"You must go to my brother's house," he replied,
much as if we were under his command. "I have told
these good friends that the Americans will thus honour
us, and you cannot well force me to break my word."
Whether he gave a signal to the throng around us, or
they, understanding somewhat of the conversation, acted
upon an impulse, I cannot say; but certain it is that
Panda had no sooner spoken than we were surrounded in
such' manner that escape would have been impossible,
and immediately every man, Ray and I in the centre of
the crowd, moved away from the shore toward what
appeared to be a suburb of the town.



IT seemed ridiculous to suppose for a single instant
that we were prisoners, and yet it amounted to very
much the same thing, since we were literally forced to go
whithersoever these excited friends of Panda's chose to
direct their steps.
I was not disposed to let Ray know all that was in my
mind, fearing lest he would laugh at me for being a
coward; but I glanced at him now and then as we were
forced through the outskirts of the town toward the
country beyond, until coming to understand that he was
by no means pleased with the general situation of affairs.
Then I said in what I intended should be a careless
These people of Cavit6 are disposed to be very
I wish I could think they had no other feeling
toward us, Ernest, for just now it seems much as if we
had been captured."
One might think that but for such an idea being
ridiculous," I said, sharply, hoping to convince myself in
persuading him that there was no danger in the situation.


" Why should the Filipinos, and particularly friends of
Panda, have any care concerning us ? "
That is a question which I cannot answer, but would
give much to know exactly why they are so careful
regarding our welfare. Do you think it would be of
any avail if we should make stout resistance just now?"
I glanced quickly around us. At the lowest estimate
there were not less than a hundred and fifty who thus
forced us along at a pace so rapid that at times we were
obliged to break into a run lest we be overthrown.
It would be folly to think of making a stand against
them, unless it so chanced they really were in a friendly
mood, and in such case I had no desire to make myself
ridiculous even in the eyes of a Filipino.
Ray read what was in my mind, and the knowledge of
our helplessness aroused him to anger.
"I will soon know what they mean Panda shall make
some kind of an explanation, if it so be he can "
Then he raised his voice, calling upon the lad by name,
and those nearest began gesticulating wildly, pointing
repeatedly toward Corregidor Island, much as if to say
that he who brought us into this snarl had gone in that
Now for the first time I realized that we were indeed
alone with these natives to whom the shedding of white
men's blood is no real crime, and, despite all efforts to
the contrary, my courage oozed away until I was thor-
oughly alarmed.
During all this time we had been proceeding, as I have


said, at a rapid pace toward the country immediately
behind Cavit6, and were now well beyond the town.
Ray, no less disturbed than I, began to look about for
something in the situation which might appear less dark;
but his speculations were not well calculated to relieve my
anxiety of mind.
If there had been any danger in our coming here with
Panda, father would have known it, and put a stop to the
excursion when it was first mentioned; but yet, if every-
thing is as it should be, why have that miserable little Fili-
pino and his brother suddenly disappeared ? Why has this
crowd of villainous-looking natives brought us away when
it must have been known we counted on going back to
Manila ?"
As a matter of course I could not answer these ques-
tions. For a moment came the thought that I would
force the affair to an issue by refusing to go a single step
Then, when I made as 'if to halt, those in the rear
pushed me forward roughly, and yet with every indication
of mirth.
It was a singular situation, to say the least, and would
have puzzled many an older and brighter lad than my-
If the excursion had been arranged several days in
advance, it might seem as if this were a scheme to take
us prisoners for some especial purpose. Perhaps that we
might be held for ransom, or to force our father, one of
the leading American residents in Manila, to use his


influence in favour of Aguinaldo's plans. But from the
moment we had decided to go, until, embarking on
the banca, Panda had not so much as left our dwelling.
Puzzle over it as we might, the only certainty about the
situation was that we must, for the time being, do whatso-
ever those who virtually held us prisoners commanded, for
we had seen no white man to whom an appeal could be
made, and even though we met one it was doubtful if, in
case this throng of Filipinos permitted an interview, we
should be able to make ourselves understood, because
neither Ray nor I spoke Spanish.
As we advanced more slowly now that we were clear of
the town, men left the throng to run hurriedly back, while
others joined us with what was evidently important and
pleasing information. Their movements reminded me of
a swarm of bees, and the sound of their conversation was
not unlike the buzzing of these insects when they set out
in search of a new home.
During fully half an hour we were urged forward, and
then the party had arrived at the bank of a small, swiftly
running brook, on either side of which could be seen crops
of hemp or groves of cocoa palms, while directly in front
one might look through the narrow pathway of green cut
in the foliage, until he saw the mountains beyond.
A short distance from where we had halted were
several dwellings with thatches of nipa palm; but for
the time being these appeared to have no occupants, and
none of our captors made any attempt at entering them.
The Filipinos squatted down by the side of the brook,


still talking loudly and without paying any apparent atten-
tion to us; but I was quick to note the fact that we
were surrounded, although not quite so closely as when
we were forced to make the journey from the shore.
The men fell back with a sort of respectful manner,
leaving us comparatively alone; but they took good care
to form a circle completely around us, so that any attempt
at escape-I use the word because in my mind there was
no question but that we were prisoners -would have been
absolutely in vain.
In view of the wonderful things we saw shortly after-
ward, and the many dangers which beset us, the time
spent here amid the Filipinos seems now to be but a
trifling matter, but yet at the moment it appeared most
Therefore it is that I will say no more concerning our
fears and forebodings, nor set down that which we said
one to another, for both of us believed our lives were in
We finally solved the matter in our own minds, and
then came a decided sense of relief at being able, as we
believed, to penetrate the mystery, by deciding that
we were really prisoners, to be held until father could
effect our release by ransom, or whatsoever else it was the
natives were eager to obtain.
We were given food and fruit in plentiful abundance;.
no one ventured to come nigh us, save in order to bring
something which we might need, and thus did we remain
until sunset, when, to our great surprise and yet greater


relief, Panda and his brother, in company with half a dozen
others, came up.
Immediately I began to reproach the miserable Filipino
lad for his treachery; but there was on his mind some-
thing of such vast importance that he gave no heed to the
angry words which sprang to my lips.
"We must not go back to Manila until morning,
and perhaps not then," he said, excitedly, while those
who accompanied him were talking vehemently to their
"Why do you say that we must not go back ?" I cried,
in anger. "Do you believe it possible that we can thus
be spirited away, and without danger to yourself ? You
shall pay for this outrage with your liberty."
Panda looked at me in mute astonishment, and I knew
full well that the expression on his face could not have
been assumed.
"Have you been treated ill ?" he asked, solicitously.
"What else can you call it, when we are thus held
prisoners ?"
Panda looked around him as if asking what might have
happened during his absence, and Ray, shaking him by the
arm, said, hotly:
"Do not think to deceive us by such a show of igno-
rance! We were forced to come to this place, as. you
know full well, when it was our desire to go back to
But you cannot go back, senior," the boy said, quite
innocently. It is not safe when the American war-


vessels may sail into the bay at any moment. Why not
remain here until the fight is ended?"
"What fight?" I asked, now thoroughly bewildered,
and after many an attempt to hit upon the right word to
express his meaning, Panda finally told a story which
seemed to me, at the moment, to be positively incredible.
It would be useless to make any attempt at repeating
it after his fashion, for many times was it necessary to go
over certain statements several times, that we might come
at the true meaning; but in substance, this was the
marvellous tale he told :
Word had been brought by some of the insurgents that
an American fleet was rapidly approaching Manila Bay,
and, since war was declared between Spain and the
United States, there could be no question as to the pur-
pose of these naval vessels in coming this way.
So nearly as we could gather, this information had been
kept a profound secret by the Filipinos lest the Spaniards,
getting wind of the intended attack, should be prepared.
The insurgents' great Hope was that the Americans would
win a decided victory, and thus give them liberty.
Panda had even more important news to tell, or, at
least, so it seemed to him, for his people stoutly affirmed
that no less a person than Aguinaldo himself would be
on board one of the vessels to pilot the fleet into the bay.
Try as we might, it was impossible to get a clear idea
of how this startling information had been received.. One
version of his story was that some fishermen, sighting the
squadron, had paddled with all speed to Cavit6, and there


told those who were known to be true to the cause of
freedom of the great deliverance which was .apparently at
hand. Then again he spoke of runners, coming over
land, who had seen the vessels off Point Subic, but
whether the information had been brought by one or both
of these messengers, we
could not determine.
At all events, Panda was
certain that within a very
few hours, perhaps before
we could return to Manila,
the American squadron
would enter the bay, and
now that this explanation
had been made, we could /
well understand the ex- ii
citement which prevailed i'
among those who had es-
corted us hither.
After the lad told the
news, I demanded to know why his people had made us
prisoners, and he gave such explanation as seemed sat-
isfactory, an explanation which I doubted not was the
With his brother and four or five others he had been
sent along the shore to warn the insurgents, for it seemed
that these humble fishermen were league with those who
would throw off the yoke of Spain, even as we of the
United States had thrown off that of the British. His


departure was necessarily hurried, and he, thinking to
return within an hour, charged those nearest at hand that
special care be taken of Ray and myself.
The Filipinos, believing a desperate battle was about
to be fought, perhaps within a very short time, and know-
ing that Cavit6, as the naval station, would be one of the
points of attack, had simply sought safety in this secluded
retreat, bringing us with them apparently by force, because
of their inability to explain why it seemed necessary we
should accompany them.
Now, as I have since learned, there had been much talk
in Manila concerning the possibility that the city might
be attacked, and my father regretted sorely having sent
for his family; but once they were arrived, he kept all
such information from them, believing there was no good
reason why my mother should be alarmed because of what
might perhaps be only idle rumour.
Had Panda told his story to my father, it would have
been believed at once; but to Ray and me, who had hear
of the war only in a general way, and, being taken up with
the novelty of the journey, had given but little heed to the
statements, the information given by the Filipino seemed
However, here we were half an hour's tramp from
Cavite, and the night had already come.
Unless Panda or his brother could be persuaded to
return with us, there seemed little chance we would find
our way back without some mishap, unable as we were to
speak the language of the country.


From this point of view, it appeared best we should
remain quietly where we were until morning; but, know-
ing how great must be our parents' anxiety, for it was
supposed we would return before nightfall, it seemed
absolutely wicked for us to thus delay.
Both Ray and I urged this upon the Filipino lad, de-
manding that he go with us as guide; but he, magnifying
the dangers, as I believed then, stoutly refused, declaring
it was necessary for our own safety that we remain with
his friends, who, as he said, would keep us from all
The boy's story had been interrupted from time to time
by those around us, who appealed to him for information
concerning the force at Manila, or regarding messages sent
by their insurgent friends along the shore, and thus, in
addition to the difficulty of understanding all he said, was
the tale delayed in the telling fully two hours.
Half as much more time was spent in trying to persuade
him to go back-with us, and then it was so late that, even
had we agreed, we questioned whether transportation
might be readily procured.
"There is no other way for us than to stay where we
are," Ray said, at length. "It will soon be daylight, and
we'll get back as best we can, leaving Panda and his
friends to recover from the shock which this news seems
to have given them."
There was no other conclusion to be arrived at, and
we strove to make ourselves as comfortable as possible,
by putting resolutely from our minds all thoughts con-


cerning the anxiety from which our parents must be
suffering because of our absence.
After a time, and while the Filipinos were discussing
the position of affairs as excitedly as ever, we two fell
asleep, lying there by the side of the brook, and it seemed
as if my eyes had but just closed in slumber when we
were aroused by Panda.
"Our friends have decided that we shall go back to
Cavit6," he said, in a matter-of-fact tone, as if Ray and I
could have no voice in the matter.
"If it was so dangerous to remain there at nightfall,
why should you do such a thing?" I asked. "Has it
suddenly been discovered that the American fleet is not
near the port ?"
"There is no thought of going into the city, senior.
We will make our way to the high land just beyond, and
there it will be possible to see General Aguinaldo when
he shows the enemies of Spain how they may advance to
You won't see your general near the American fleet.
If there is any idea of going back to Manila, we'll start;
otherwise, I count on finishing my nap," and Ray laid
himself down again as if determined to remain where he
At these words Panda showed great alarm, and began
to talk rapidly in a mixture of Spanish and English, until
he would have been good at language who could, have
understood the purport of his words.
Then Panda's brother, hearing what must have sounded


much like an altercation, came up and added his entreatiesi
until Ray cried, petulantly:
Very well, we'll go with you, for there's little chance
of my falling asleep again after such a row."
The remainder of the throng, and it seemed to me that
the number had been increased very sensibly since we
lay down to sleep, came forward with a rush, forcing
us onward as they had when we believed ourselves
At a violent pace were we swept onward by this living
tide, until finding ourselves upon the brow of a slight
elevation, half a mile or more beyond Cavit6, where could
be had an unobstructed view of the city and the entrance
to the bay.
Tired from much walking, and fretted by loss of sleep,
Ray and I decided that all this excitement, which must
have occasioned our parents great anxiety, had no founda-
tion in fact. The story of an American fleet coming into
Manila Bay had been invented by some of the insurgents
to bolster up the weak-kneed ones in that city, and it was
folly for us to put any faith in it.
I am going to lie down here, and if you are awakened
when day breaks, rouse me; we'll start for home as soon
as there is a hope of finding our way," Ray said, as he
lay down upon the ground, while the throng of natives
squatted here and there in such position as would give
them the best opportunity for looking out over the
I would have followed my brother's example, but by


this time all desire for slumber had left my eyelids, and
I crouched by his side, involuntarily looking seaward,
although positive nothing of importance would be seen
in that quarter.
It was when the silence seemed most profound that
a great shout went up from those around me, and in an
instant that hilltop was covered with dancing, screaming
beings, while I gazed around in bewilderment.
The noise awakened Ray, and as he leaped to his feet
in alarm, Panda ran up, throwing his arms around our
necks as he screamed incoherent words, at the same time
pointing seaward.
Then, far away in the distance, we saw tiny flashes of
light at brief intervals, and heard a faint rumbling as if
of thunder.
"Can it be possible that our ships are really coming
into the bay ?" Ray asked, as soon as we could shake off
Panda and stand face to face.
There was no question but that heavy guns were being
discharged far away in the vicinity of Corregidor, and
I believe the time never passed so slowly to any one as
it did to us two lads, who stood there on the brow of the
hill amid that throng of excited Filipinos, waiting for the
day to break.
Now and then, when the cries of the men died away
for an instant, I fancied I heard the thud, thud of a
steamer's screw upon the water, but yet not a light could
be seen.
If an attack was about to be made on the Spaniards,


our people would try to steal quietly into the bay, and
as this thought came to me I glanced toward the right,
down at the quiet city of Cavit6.
Then it was I understood that we upon the hilltop were
not the only ones who believed a fleet of war-vessels was
advancing with deadly intent.
The Reina Christina, on board of which we knew was
the Spanish admiral, lay just off the arsenal, and astern
of her was the Castilla. This much I remembered full
well, and now as I looked at these two vessels in particu-
lar, giving but little heed to the others which lay farther
outside, I saw lights flash here and there along their
decks, sparks coming from their smoke-stacks, and heard
the clanking of iron cables as if the anchors were being
There was no longer any doubt in my mind as to the
truth of Panda's story.
The Americans were come into Manila Bay, incredible
though that had seemed, and my heart sank within me,
because in my ignorance I believed it would be impossible
for any fleet of vessels to capture a place so well fortified
as was the city of Manila.
It must have been that Ray had thoughts similar to
mine, for he said, almost in a whisper, as we stood watch-
ing the lights dance to and fro upon the Spanish vessels :
If there is to be a battle here, and our people are
defeated, what will become of the few Americans in
Manila? "
"We won't think of anything like that," I replied,


speaking as bravely as was possible. "We should be
able to whip the Spanish fleet."
And that done, what of the forts ? Do you believe
they can be taken ? "
I made no reply, and he failed to notice the fact, for
just then we saw that they were astir on the other ships;
we could hear the sound of oars, and fancied it was possi-
ble to distinguish the outlines of small boats as they sped
to and fro from one vessel to the other.
Then we looked seaward again; but nothing met our
gaze, and I failed to hear even that faint noise which we
had believed might be the churning of a steamer's screw.
Had our people gone back, or was it all a fancy, in
which the Spaniards were tricked as well as ourselves?
It seemed as if I ceased to breathe, save at rare inter-
vals, during the next hour, and then, suddenly, as is the
case in the tropics, the light of day flashed out.
In two or three minutes, where had been darkness, was
that gray mist which tells of the sun's coming, and a
moment later the waters of the bay were lighted up.
Now it was that Ray and I cried quite as loudly and
quite as wildly as did the Filipinos, for we saw, seemingly
very near the shore, although perhaps it may have been
five or six miles away, a noble fleet of mighty ships, from
each of which could be seen floating the stars and stripes.
As we afterward came to know, the one nearest at
hand was Commodore Dewey's flag-ship, the Olympia,
then the Baltimore, the Raleigh, the Petrel, the Concord,
the Boston, and lastly the revenue cutter McCullock.


"Aguinaldo! Aguinaldo!" went up from full two
hundred throats, and I saw on the bridge of the com-
modore's vessel a figure smaller than those around him,
who may have been, for aught I know, the insurgent
leader; but at the time I gave no heed to .those tiny
specks which represented. men, for before us were the
vessels of my own country, come, as I then foolishly
believed, to meet destruction in an enemy's waters.
And after that destruction, what might be the fate of
my father's family?



IT was a glorious sight which we saw from that hill just
beyond Cavit6 on the morning of the first day of May-
and the lad who has never been in a foreign country fails
to realise what a thrill comes upon him when he sees flying
from the masthead of a ship the star-spangled banner.
If one flag will awaken enthusiasm, fancy what unspeak-
able sensations must have come upon Ray and me as we
saw our flags upon all those noble ships which advanced
as if disdainful of such an enemy as they were about
to meet.
It was no longer possible for me to unite with the
Filipinos in shouts of joy; there was in my heart such
a fear for what the future might bring, as held me silent
and motionless.
It would be impossible for a lad like me to describe in
any fitting way that which followed, when the greatest
naval victory the world ever knew was won before
I can only write of what I saw, without attempting
to describe the emotions which were awakened by the
scene, and leave to the reader, if it so chance there


be a reader of these lines outside of my own family, to
imagine how we two Boston boys must have felt during
that forenoon in May.
To witness a naval engagement, when the spectator has
no interest whatsoever in either force, cannot fail of
being thrilling; but it passes
beyond words when he who
looks on believes that the
lives of those\ "'
dear to him, as 'd .
well as his own, I- "
depend upon the ,/ '
result. .,'
v. II/ v'i- A, i '.I-
Our vessels l I "
were drawn out '
in line, heading'
straight up the I
bay as if to pass '
Cavit6 and the
Spanish fleet without giving any heed to them whatso-
Below us, almost at our feet, the enemy's vessels were
steaming slowly to and fro like fighters who await an
opportunity to gain some slight advantage in the first
grapple, and even the Filipinos were awed into silence by
the view of these mighty war-machines making ready to
go into action.
Our vessels were moving slowly, as if courting an
attack, when suddenly, with a boom and a roar that


caused me to start in alarm, came the report of a gun
from the arsenal.
We on the hillside could see- the enormous shot as it
sped its way through the air, and I gripped my hands
hard until my finger-nails were pressed into the flesh,
expecting to see the missile crash into one of those
gallant craft whereon floated the stars and stripes.
It fell far astern of the Boston, as if to show how
poorly the Spaniards could aim.
Then came another roar, and it was as if the hill on
which we were standing trembled; a huge volume of
smoke went up, and we knew a second gun had been
Yet there was no answer from our vessels, and Ray,
clutching me by the arm with a force which left the
imprints of his fingers for more than two days after,
cried, nervously:
"Why don't they fire ? Our ships will be destroyed
without having done the enemy any damage "
He had no more than spoken when a line, made up of
tiny specks of colour, was strung aloft from the Olympia,
and, although knowing but little regarding warfare, we
two understood that the commodore was giving some
order to the other vessels of the fleet.
Now we expected -to see the flame and smoke belch
forth from those mighty ships, and yet they steamed on
quietly and silently as if their mission were simply to gain
an anchorage off Manila.
Ahead of them, from the direction of the city, came


shot after shot, and the Spanish fleet was hidden in a
cloud of smoke as they added to the shower of missiles.
The ground trembled as if smitten by an earthquake,
and the roar and rumble of guns was deafening; but yet
our fleet steamed straight ahead, with nothing to show
that there was life on board, save those bits of colour on
the Olympia, the commodore's flag, and the glorious stars
and stripes.
On they steamed without quickening the pace, but
bearing slightly to the left, the Spanish line all aflame
from Cavit6 to Manila, and yet, so far as we could see,
not one of all those shots struck its target.
During five minutes or more it appeared to Ray and
me as if the Americans were bent on gaining the opposite
shore of the bay out of range; as if, after viewing the
fortifications and the enemy's fleet, they would retreat,
understanding that defeat must follow an attack, and I
believe the tears came into my eyes as this thought
formed itself in my mind.
We were standing, Ray and I, with clasped hands, and
around us were the Filipinos, now suddenly grown silent
because it seemed as if the Americans flinched from the
combat, when I saw the prow of the Olympia turn slightly
shoreward. Nearer and nearer on the arc of a circle she
bent, until the entire line of vessels was rounding to
opposite Manila.
Then it was that Ray and I shouted more loudly
than any Filipino could have done, for the battle was


Our people were. not to be provoked into opening fire
until they had made ready, and were in such position. as
best pleased them. This evidence of cool bravery sent
the blood bounding through my veins, and from that
moment I ceased to fear the result.
It had seemed certain that the Americans, disregarding
the Spanish fleet, counted on opening fire upon Manila,
and yet the fleet was swung into line again, heading
straight for Cavit6 without a shot having been fired from
the Yankee guns.
Then, and before the battle had opened on our side,
occurred what at the moment seemed to me like a strange
Directly in front of the second ship, which was the
Baltimore, a huge column of water shot up, rising to
twice the height of her short masts, and the thunder of
the guns was drowned by the rumbling roar which seemed
to come from the very bottom of the bay.
Then, and even while we were trying to decide what
had caused that sudden up-shooting of the waves, there
was another spouting of water, another shock as if the
earth itself had come in contact with some heavier body,
and it appeared to us on shore as if the waves dashed
directly over the third vessel in line.
"The torpedoes!" Panda shouted. "It is said there
are many of them between Manila and Cavit6."
Surely the Spaniards, with their batteries, fleet, forts,
and submarine torpedoes, should be able to beat off that
slender line of vessels which had come so far to avenge


the dastardly deed that had been perpetrated in the
harbour of Havana.
To us on shore it was as if the vessels carrying the
stars and stripes were close upon Cavit6 before any sign
was made that they proposed to notice the Spanish
At this time every battery along the shore, so far as we
could see, was hurling shot and shell at the American line,
which was advancing as if bent only upon a voyage of
Then, and while the Filipinos were shouting words,
which I could not understand, but believed they expressed'
impatience or anger because of the delay, from the for-
ward part of the Olympia came a jet of smoke, a tongue
of fire, and I distinctly saw an iron missile strike the
aftermost part of the Castilla, ploughing its way through
the deck as if through so much paper.
At the same instant another line of fluttering flags
went up on the commodore's vessel, and they had no more
than been flung out by the breeze before great clouds of
smoke arose from our fleet, and we heard the pounding
of shot against the hulls of the enemy's vessels even
above the roar of those thundering guns.
Now the Filipinos' cries of impatience and anger were
suddenly changed to shouts of rejoicing, in which Ray and
I joined without really being conscious of what we were
The battle was on, and, however much damage might
have been inflicted upon our ships, of a certainty the


enemy was getting a punishment so terrifying that they
could not long withstand it.
Now and then, as the clouds of smoke lifted, I counted
the leaden-coloured hulls, fearing lest one or another--
perhaps all-had been sunk by that furious rain of iron
which came from the shore and the Spanish vessels; yet
each time I did so the number was complete.
There was no sign of disaster, no increase of speed, nor
lessening of it. All, so far as the manoeuvre was con-
cerned, remained the same as when we first saw the
Would that I could describe the spectacle so that he who
reads might see it in his mind's eye, as our fleet steamed
past Cavit6 Point, circling to the right only a mile or more
beyond, and coming down again in line of battle, dealing
death and destruction at every discharge of the rapidly
served guns.
The morning was blazing hot; but we on shore heeded
it not. Now and then a missile, as like from one fleet as
the other, would strike within five hundred yards of where
we stood; but it caused us no alarm.
We had ceased to have any other sense than that of
sight. Personal discomfort was entirely forgotten. The
heat and the mental strain caused the perspiration to run
down my face in tiny streams, and I was conscious of it
-only because my eyes were suffused with moisture.
We had lost sight of town and of ship and of battery,
in the sulphurous smoke which hung over all, when the
cloud was wafted aside by a gentle breeze from the shore,


and we saw two small steamers putting out from the
shore at full speed, heading directly for the American
I wondered if they were carrying a message from the
Spanish-admiral, when Ray shouted in my ear:
"They are-torpedo-boats They are torpedo-boats, and
in the smoke our people will fail to see them "
Again it was as if my heart literally stood still, as if
my breath ceased to come because of the fear which beset
me that his words might prove true.
Then suddenly, almost at the same instant the terror
had come upon me, I saw one of the little craft disappear
beneath the waves as if forced down by some giant hand.
The other, turning swiftly, while the black smoke which
poured out of her stack evidenced the frantic efforts of
her firemen, headed for the shore, eager to escape that
murderous rain of shot and shell which had destroyed her
The smoke shut down once more, and when it lifted
again we saw a Spanish shot strike the second vessel in
the line, the Baltimore, fairly on her side, and disappear
within the iron armour.
It was when the ships were steaming back toward
Manila again that this was done, and from the Filipinos,
as well as us two American boys, a cry of horror burst
But no more than five minutes later we saw her again,
apparently uninjured, and doing as much execution in the
fight as either of the other vessels.


Until our people came back past Cavit6 again the
Spanish fleet remained close inshore, moving slowly back
and forth, but evidently taking good care not to increase
the distance from the land, and then it was that the
Reina Christina went swiftly out toward the Olympia as
if challenging her to a duel.
And the challenge was accepted.
It seemed to me as if I had no more than time to count
a hundred before the enemy's flag-ship was steaming
back at full speed to get under the shelter of Cavit6
Point, while the flames were bursting out from her stern.
"The Spaniards are getting the worst of it all along the
line, and our people appear to be as bright and smiling as
ever," Ray yelled in my ear, apparently unable to remain
silent any longer.
The smoke settled down again; the roar of the guns
and the tremor of the earth seemed to have increased.
The very air quivered under the terrifying concussions,
and while enveloped in this cloud, American and Spaniard,
from vessel and fort and battery, did their full part in the
horrible din.
It seemed to me as if a very long time passed during
which we saw nothing and heard nothing distinctly,
because the heavy thundering had destroyed our sense
of hearing, and then I realized that the noise had abated.
It became less and less until finally ceasing entirely, and
we on the shore anxiously asked ourselves who had come
off conquerors in this battle, wherein it seemed as if the
odds were heavily against the Americans.


Gradually the smoke lifted, and we saw, to our surprise
and consternation, those vessels flying the American flag
headed directly for the opposite shore of the bay as if in
full retreat.
I looked around about me, and at that moment felt a
certain sense of affection for those Filipinos, whom, a few
hours before, I had considered my enemies, for on the face
of each was. written deepest sorrow.
They also believed the battle was lost, and we stood
staring after that retreating line of noble vessels, not one
of whom appeared to have received serious injury, until
Panda burst forth in a perfect explosion of noise.
He was dancing to and fro on the hill, as if unable to
remain quiet a single moment, and pointing with both
hands at the enemy's fleet below us.
Lying close under Cavit6 Point was the Reina Christina,
the black smoke pouring up from her decks telling of the
enemy which she had within her hull. The Castilla ap-
peared to be in flames from stem to stern, and one of the
other vessels, the Velasco, I afterward came to believe it
was, gave good evidence that she would soon be destroyed.
Every vessel in our fleet was steaming away in much
the same order and at the same pace as when she entered
the bay, while no less than three of the Spaniards were the
same as destroyed, and I asked myself, involuntarily speak-
ing aloud, why our people were running away.
It was a question none of us could answer, and for ten
minutes or more we stood there in a most singular frame
of mind.


On one -hand was that which caused us keenest satis
faction and joy,- not because of the loss of human life,
but that our people had whipped their enemy. On
the other hand we saw the stars and stripes in what
seemed like full retreat, and we were gladdened and
perplexed, and sorrowful and wondering, all at the same
While we stood there in a maze of bewilderment the
flames burst out from the Isla de Cuba, and on nearly all
the other vessels in Cavit6 Bay were the men running to
and fro as if in dire distress.
We had fresh cause for wonderment when our fleet,
steaming slowly around, came to a standstill opposite the
city, but so far away that, so far as fighting was concerned,
it might as well have been at the other end of the bay.
There the vessels remained silent and menacing, as if
having steamed off simply to watch the work of destruc-
tion which was being continued even after they had
withdrawn from the fight.
After a time perhaps half an hour we came to
understand, or believed we did, that our fleet had simply
retired to allow the flames opportunity to complete the
work they had so well begun, and ohce this satisfactory
idea gained lodgment in our minds we were able to speak
with some degree of calmness concerning the wondrous
spectacle which had been witnessed.
The Filipinos were literally wild with delight. They
knew beyond a question that, if the Spanish fleet had not
been absolutely destroyed, it was so far disabled as to be


virtually out of the fight, and the victory was with the
To a man they insisted that Aguinaldo himself was on
the bridge of the Olympia when she first steamed past
Cavit6, and equally positive were they that freedom from

foreign rule was near at hand for the inhabitants of the
Ray and I had a very good idea as to how lively was
their sense of thankfulness, when each in turn insisted
upon embracing us, simply because we had come from the
United States, and before that time of hugging was at an
end we knew that the noise and smoke of battle had not
deprived us of all our senses.
The evidences of disaster to the enemy increased each


moment, until before the end of an hour I think no less
than five vessels were in flames to a greater or less degree,
and the forts and water batteries showed signs of much
suffering from Yankee shot and Yankee shell.
Several of the more venturesome among our Filipino
companions would have advanced nearer the city, bent,
evidently, upon some concerted plan, of which Panda pro-
fessed himself to be in ignorance; but the cooler heads
pointed to the war-vessels lying just beyond range, sug-
gesting, with apparently good reason, that there might be
more fighting in the vicinity of Cavit6 Point.
As for Ray and myself, we had no desire to approach
nearer the enemy, feeling quite certain that if we showed
ourselves to, the Spanish soldiery just at this time we
might receive exceedingly rough handling. We no longer
felt that our parents were in great anxiety concerning us,
for surely now the cause of our delay must be in some
slight degree understood, although it was reasonable to
suppose father would fail to guess exactly why we had not
returned home early the previous afternoon, and it seemed
in every way wisest and safest to remain on the hill until
the Spaniards were more thoroughly beaten than at that
time was evident.
How the moments dragged after we had settled in our
own minds the precise condition of affairs on both sides !
How eagerly we gazed at the American vessels for some
signs of their return, and how keenly we watched the
enemy's ships lest one or more of them should make an
attempt at escape!


It seemed to me as if one whole day passed while we
remained inactive there, looking out over that terrible
picture, and then it was with a sense of deepest relief,
as if some terrible time of trial and suffering were about
to be brought to an end, that I saw the ships, which
had been lying in wait, begin to move toward us once
I think at this moment black smoke was pouring up
from no less than four .of the Spanish fleet, and it seemed
much like striking a man after he was down, to pour shot
and shell into those disabled vessels; but it was neces-
sary because the royal flag was still flying because they
did not choose to acknowledge themselves beaten when
they were well-nigh destroyed.
Steadily our vessels advanced, and this time the enemy
was not eager to renew the conflict.
Commodore Dewey's fleet steamed gradually up -into
position, opening fire with such precision that we could
distinctly see the first half-dozen shots as they fell upon
the uninjured of those vessels lying in Cavit6 Bay.
Then the smoke of battle covered everything once
The thunder of the guns drowned all other noise, and
the tremor in the air caused one to experience a sensa-
tion of giddiness.
It was noontime. The heat was so intense as to be
painful to us on the hillside.
There was no breath of air stirring, and one could well
imagine what must be the sufferings of those gallant lads


confined between walls of iron, heated inside by the fires
of the furnaces and the discharges of the guns until such
a temperature as caused us suffering was like unto cool
Before the cloud of wool-like vapour shut out 'the fleet
from view, we saw the Baltimore standing well in toward
the shore to begin a deliberate attack upon the fortifica-
tions on Cavit6 Point, stopping after the first discharge
to pour a broadside into the Reina Christina that seemed
literally to blow her to fragments.
Some one farther down the hill passed back the word
-for one could not shout with any hope of being heard
a yard away -that the San Juan de Austria was sunk,
and after that we saw no more until the firing ceased.
This time we did not suffer from suspense as before,
for we knew beyond a question that all the Spanish
vessels and fortifications were disabled or had surren-
dered, and we waited with more of curiosity than of
eagerness to learn which it might be.
What we saw when the clouds of smoke passed away
was almost appalling.
The forts and batteries within our range of vision were
silenced, and -where the Spanish fleet had floated so
proudly only a few hours before, there was nothing but
blackened hulls, half submerged or beached upon the
Three vessels were missing, and we knew they had
been sunk. Eight were quite or nearly consumed by the
flames, and a number of small craft which had plied be-


tween Manila and Cavit6 were following in the wake
of our fleet, flying American instead of Spanish flags.
As for our vessels, they were steaming in the direction
of Manila, with the exception of one which was yet
behind the point pouring shot into two or three small
gunboats that were huddled together in shallow water
as if for mutual protection.
I gave little heed to this last work, so deeply was I
interested in the further manoeuvres of our ships, and,
as might have been expected, we presently saw them come
to anchor off the city of Manila.
As for the town and arsenal of Cavite, they were still
in the possession of the enemy; but that seemed at the
moment of small importance, for we knew they could be
captured whenever Commodore Dewey was minded to go
back to his work.
It was at this time, while the Filipinos were given up
to a delirium of triumph and joy, that Ray and I mutely
questioned each other as to what we should do.
Under the present condition of affairs, while the
American fleet lay off the city, it was not probable we
would be allowed to enter, for unquestionably the Spanish
troops were guarding it as closely as might be.
This also was the case with the city at our feet, and
there seemed to be no choice left us but to remain with
our Filipino companions, sharing such quarters as they
might be able to provide us with.
I do not think either Ray or I spoke while we stood
facing each other with such thoughts in our minds. It


was as if I could read readily the perplexities which beset
him, and he was not at a loss to understand me.
It was Panda who settled the matter for us by coming
up excitedly as he embraced us once more, crying, in
a tone .of deepest affection:
The Americans and the Filipinos are brothers! You
shall remain with my people until the red, white, and blue
flag is hoisted over Manila. We will care for you as we
would for our best beloved, for it is your people who have
given us freedom !"



TT was all very well for Panda to talk about the Fili-
pinos being our brothers, and that sort of thing, but it
did not go far toward relieving our minds.
To the right of us, and directly below on the shore,
we could see the Spanish flags still flying. The inhabit-
ants of both cities were shut in until it should please the
military authorities to allow them to depart, and we were
shut out.
No one could say how long a time might elapse before
we could be with our parents again, and it was this fact
which dampened the joy that had come to us at the
moment of victory.
The longer I thought of the situation the more unpleas-
ant, even dangerous, did our position appear, until I was
resolved to put it out of my mind for the time being, and
I said to Ray, with as much of cheerfulness as it was
possible to assume:
"Since we cannot mend matters, there is no good
reason why we should borrow trouble by imagining that
all sorts of evil must come upon us. Father will surely
find some means of communicating with the commander


of our fleet, and before many hours have passed we shall
see him."
That might be true if he knew exactly where to find
us; but how is it possible for him to learn that we are
skulking in the hills back of Cavite, or how may he send
a message to us while the Spaniards hold possession of
the shore ? "
"Both cities must be surrendered before a great while,
now that the fleet has been destroyed," I replied, trying
to make what seemed very dark to me appear bright
to him.
Then Panda interfered, and it was well he did, for we
had almost forgotten the glorious victory in our own per-
sonal troubles. Had we been left alone a few moments
more both of us would have been plunged into utter
The Filipinos were making ready to approach the city,
confident that the insurgents would be nearabout await-
ing the landing of their leader, for, as I have said, every
one was confident Aguinaldo had entered the bay on board
the American fleet.
Panda insisted, with somewhat of authority in his tone,
that we accompany the throng, and indeed there seemed to
be no other course for us to pursue. To separate ourselves
from those who were willing to give us shelter and food
would, at this time, have been little less than folly, and
I was determined to appear brave even while I felt
"We will go with Panda," I said to Ray, "and forget,


so far as possible, all disagreeable matters. Neither. our
parents nor ourselves are in any danger "
How can you say that ? my brother asked, bitterly.
"After what our vessels have done this day, do you believe
the life of an American is safe?"
Who would do them harm?" I asked, stoutly, but
with an inward tremor, for a yet greater fear suddenly
came upon me. "Surely the natives will be friendly,
and. if the lower classes of Spaniards in the city should
attempt to commit murder, the English would take sides
with the Americans."
It was well this discussion was not allowed to proceed
further, else might we have worked ourselves into such a
frame of mind as would have unfitted us for that which
followed, when it became necessary we be keenly alive to
all the surroundings.
Panda's friends were eager to approach the city, and
not disposed to spend much time in persuading us to
accompany them. In fact, the Filipino lad himself, grow-
ing impatient because of the delay, plumply told us that
we must set out with him at once, or go our way without
further expectation of assistance or guidance from him.
The victory, which these natives believed would be of
such wondrous benefit to their cause, made them all
exceedingly valiant, and just at this time their General
Aguinaldo was a greater man than the American Com-
modore Dewey.
Ray and I followed the party down the hillside, and
then along the plain until we had come to the suburbs of


the city, when the majority of them- halted while a few
went forward to reconnoitre, for there were too many
Spanish soldiers in and about Cavitd, every one-of whom
was probably in a bad humour, to render it safe for a party
of insurgent sympathisers to show themselves boldly.
We had halted under the shade of a nipa-thatched ware-
house, and there the party remained upwards of an hour
before any of the scouts returned.

The arsenal, the navy yard, and the water batteries on
the point were yet in possession of the king's forces, so
the spies reported, and it would be in the highest degree
unsafe to .enter the city until the Americans should com-
plete their work.
As a matter of course there was no possibility we might
get transportation to Manila, even had we been disposed
to run the risks of the short passage, and with such good
grace as could be called up we submitted ourselves to the
inevitable. In other words, we bowed to the fact that


we must remain away from our parents for at least
twenty-four hours longer.
Had we been less troubled in mind, this delay would
not have seemed unpleasant, because of what was occurring
around us.
The insurgents and their friends had begun to gather
in expectation of seeing Aguinaldo; and the disaffected
natives joined the rapidly increasing throng from motives
of curiosity or policy, for now had come the time when
they must declare for or against those who styled them-
selves patriots.
We came down from the hillside perhaps two hundred
strong, and in less than an hour after arriving at the ware-
house I believe there were more than a thousand in the
immediate vicinity.
At first we saw weapons in the hands of a few; but as
night approached nearly every man armed himself after
some fashion or other, until the throng presented a most
formidable appearance.
Even Panda, boy that he was, carried a sword-like
knife, and would have pressed upon us something of the
same kind but that we refused to accept arms of any sort.
"Weapons would be of but little use to us, either
against these people or the Spanish soldiers, and we are
safer while defenceless," Ray whispered to me when the
party began to take on a warlike appearance.
I was of the same opinion, and therefore did we refuse
Panda's offer.
There was no lack of food. The people nearabout, and


even for several miles back in the'country, rejoicing be-
cause of the downfall of their ancient enemy, brought out
all their stores, and had Aguinaldo appeared then he
would have found at his call a full regiment of armed
men, provisioned for two or three days.
Until late in the night Ray and I spent the time in
watching these people, but understanding not a word that
was said, and seeing Panda only at rare intervals.
The cook's son had suddenly become a person of impor-
tance, in his own eyes at least, and gave but little heed
to us.
We were not troubled by his neglect for the time being;
but promised each other that we would keep a watchful
eye on him next morning, so that he should be forced to
act as guide. It seeAed probable that then we might
succeed in getting into Manila, for I believed the city
would speedily surrender to Commodore Dewey after
such an exhibition of his power as had just been given.
We remained in the warehouse all night, for. the very
good reason that there was no other convenient place near
at hand, and slept as best we could while, a thousand or
more natives moved restlessly to and fro, brandishing
weapons and giving vent to what we believed were threats
against the government which had so long held them in
With the first light of dawn Ray and I were where we
could command a view of the bay in the direction of
Manila, and to our great relief we saw one of Commodore
Dewey's vessels get under way and steam toward us.


Now was come the time, as we believed, when all our
troubles would be speedily ended, but we were not so
It was the Baltimore, as we afterward learned, which
had left her anchorage, and, instead of stopping at Cavit6
even long enough to throw a shot or shell into the fortifi-
cations, she steamed directly past us in the direction of
Corregidor, and more than one of the natives believed she
was leaving the bay to summon assistance.
"Our people will give no attention to Cavit6 until after
Manila has surrendered," Ray said, despondently, and I
was of the same mind until a few moments later, when we
saw another vessel leave her anchorage to come in our
It was the Petrel, and the fear flashed upon me that all
of the squadron would leave us; that the destruction of
the Spanish fleet was Commodore Dewey's only purpose
in visiting the bay, and, the task having been accom-
plished, he was about to return to his former rendez-
This time, however, we were happily disappointed.
The Petrel steamed nearer inshore than had the Balti-
more, and came to a full stop within a distance of five or
six hundred yards of the arsenal.
Then a boat was lowered, and we two lads, together
with all the Filipinos, watched eagerly to learn the mean-
ing of this manceuvre.
Our curiosity was not gratified for some time. After
perhaps half an hour had been spent on shore, the


small boat pulled off to the Petrel again, and matters
appeared to be in the same condition as before her ar-
Surely it was perplexing, and the natives exhibited
quite as much disappointment as did my brother and I.
Now came a long time of waiting, or, at least, so it
seemed to us, although no more than three hours elapsed
before the word was passed from one to the other of the
Filipinos that the Spanish troops were marching out of
the fortifications.
Cavit6 was being evacuated, and our time of deliverance
seemed near at hand.
We are all right now," Ray said, joyously, throwing his
arms about my neck as if only by some display of affec-
tion could he show his great relief of mind. We're all
right now, for as soon as these Spaniards have quitted the
town we can make ourselves known to the commander of
the war-vessel, and he must take us on board. Fancy the
sensation of being among our own countrymen, rather
than this rabble, any one of whom appears ready to
commit murder! "
The Filipinos moved yet nearer the city, and we fol-
lowed eagerly, for it was our purpose to show ourselves in
the front as soon as it might be safe, in order to attract
the attention of the Americans.
We were come into -what appeared to me to be a
market-place, when the party halted, and from where we
stood -a motley gathering of men, women, and children,
for by this time our numbers were added to by the inhabi-


tants -a good view could be had of the retreating Span-
iards, who were marching out fully armed.
Here and there was a native venturesome enough to
raise his voice in cries of triumph; but those nearest
quickly checked such an outburst, which was in the high-
est degree dangerous, for men in such mood as were these
vanquished soldiers would not hesitate to send a volley
among a throng like ours as a means of relieving their
own feelings.
Less than half an hour after we were arrived, the last of
the troops disappeared in the distance, marching in the
direction of Manila, and there was no longer anything to
restrain the Filipinos, who, with loud shouts of triumph
and menacing cries, rushed forward into the city.
Ray and I went with them because we could do no less
while in the midst of such a gathering, and would have
done so even had it been possible to choose our own
course, for we were advancing toward that point where
I believed the Americans were most likely to come ashore.
It had been an hour or more since we last saw Panda;
but I had little care as to his absence, because now we
needed no guide.
Once we had made ourselves known to the boys in blue,
all troubles would be at an end.
While we were crossing the market-place the Filipinos
contented themselves with uttering joyous or menacing
cries; but once the leaders of the throng were in the
vicinity of stores and dwellings their evil instincts burst


In an instant what had been a crowd of people happy
in the belief that the cause of freedom was triumphant
became a howling, shrieking mob, ready for mischief of
any kind, and seeking some living thing on which to wreak
revenge for the wrongs endured so long in silence.
It seemed almost incredible that all those men could
have changed in appearance, as well as intent, so sud-
denly. At one moment I saw about me only friendly
faces, and in a twinkling Ray and I were surrounded by
brutes in human form who panted for blood.
We stood appalled, not knowing which way to turn,
when shrieks of pain from a dwelling near by caused us
to leap' forward, believing it possible to relieve a fellow
creature in distress.
There was no question as to the distress; but it was
beyond our power to lend a helping hand.
The Filipinos had come upon an old Spaniard, one who,
perhaps, had insulted or wronged some of them, and were
dragging him from his dwelling that all might participate
in the revenge.
The' Indians of America could not have been more
cruel, or looked upon human agony with greater zest.
Even the women tried to force their way among the crowd
which surrounded the prisoner, and, failing, threw what-
ever came nearest at hand at the old man, who was being
dragged by the heels back to the market-place.
Ray and I, knowing full well that we could give no aid
to the poor wretch, would have gone in the opposite direc-
tion, hoping to escape a view of what we knew only too


well must follow; but so dense was the throng that we
were forced along with that yelling mob despite our frantic
efforts to the contrary.
We saw all that followed, for while so many were
brandishing weapons it seemed in the highest degree
dangerous to close one's eyes even for an instant, and
neither of us will ever be able to forget it.
To describe how that old man was tortured would be
too horrible even for words, and I rejoiced when death
finally came to his relief.
The people were massed so closely around us that we
could not move half a dozen inches in either direction
until after the terrible spectacle had come to an end,
when loud shouts in the distance told that another victim
had been found.
The bloodthirsty brutes ran eagerly in the direction
indicated by the cries of joy and triumph, and on the
instant Ray and I set our faces toward the hills, for we
would not advance on a course where we might witness
another scene of horror, even in order to meet those who
would rescue us from these so-called patriots.
I had rather skulk around the country a week, or take
the chances of making our way back to Manila, than stay
here a single minute," Ray said, with a convulsive tremor,
which told how deeply the cruel death of the old man
had affected him, and I was ready to go wheresoever he
proposed, providing the course led us away from these
wretched Filipinos.
Hand in hand we ran, believing there would be no


difficulty in finding the warehouse in which we had spent-
the night, and from' there we could readily gain the open
The streets were thronged with people, some, like our-
selves, frightened; others triumphantly noisy, and yet
more breathing threats of vengeance against those of
Spanish blood.
If our squadron accomplished no more than the freeing
of such as these, then to my mind it was worse than
a waste of ammunition.
The multitude that continued to flow into the city may
have confused us, or, in our agitation, we forgot the direc-
tion, turning to the right when we should have gone to the
left; but whatever the cause we failed to find the
way out of the city, and instead of arriving at the ware-
house, we found ourselves in an open square, where a
hundred or more half-naked men were sacking stores and
These people differed in appearance from Panda's
friends, and I fancied they had come from the interior
of the island, attracted by the reports of the heavy guns;
but there was no thought either in my mind or Ray's that
we were in any danger from them.
During two or three minutes we stood at one side of
the square trying to 'determine in which direction we
should proceed, and then I observed four evil-looking
fellows eyeing us in anything rather than an agreeable
"Look over there! I whispered. "Those men are


talking about us, and it may not be well to loiter
Surely none of the Filipinos would harm an American
after what our vessels did yesterday," Ray replied, with
a nervous laugh.
"That may be true; but yet I had rather not have too
close an acquaintance with such vicious-looking fellows.
A moment ago I hoped we should never see that wretched
Panda again; but now I would feel more safe if he were
There is no reason why we should stay, if you are
afraid," Ray replied, seizing me by the hand as one would
a child, and turning to retrace his steps.
I followed meekly, expecting to feel the blade of a knife
in my back at any instant, and wholly unnerved.
Before we had taken a dozen steps the sound of hurried
footsteps from the rear told, as plainly as if I had seen all
the movements, that we were being pursued.
Now I was the one to lead the way, and at full speed
I ran, literally dragging Ray after me, until a hand roughly
grasped my shoulder,' pulling me backward so violently
that I was thrown from my feet.
A cry of anger rather than fear burst from Ray's lips,
but I was literally unable to -make the slightest sound.
That horrible deed we had witnessed near the market-
place was before my eyes, and I believed we were doomed
to suffer as had the old man.
Ray, who had managed to retain his footing when the
fellows seized us, turned with a brave show of courage,


as if ready to meet them empty-handed, facing the gleam-
ing knives without a tremor.
Even. though believing absolutely that we would be
killed without a show of mercy on the part of any in all
that throng, I overcame the stupefaction of terror suffi-
ciently to cry:
"Be careful, Ray, dear! Do not enrage them yet
further "
Get on your feet and stand by my side! he cried,
sharply. I'm not minded to hold my head down that
these villains may cut my throat the more easily. Stand
by me, and we will back them down."
What can we do against a thousand ?" I moaned, in
Die fighting, if no more!" and the dear boy struck
out with his right fist, tumbling one of the half-naked
brutes over with a blow full on the neck.
It was the younger who had taken the part of leader,
and from that moment until we were finally escaped from
danger, I obeyed on the instant any and every order he
His display of bravery had given me some slight show
of courage, although the despair in my heart was not
lessened, and, regardless of the flourish of knives, I
managed to regain my feet, standing close by Ray.
; "Get behind me! he cried. "It must be back to
back now, for these brutes would sooner. strike a foul
blow than a fair one."
"If we can gain time Panda may come up," I whim-


pered, for I am free to confess that at this trying moment
I was a rank coward.
"There's little hope of that, and even if he should let
us see his brown face here, I'm uncertain whether it
wouldn't be as an enemy. After what our sailors did
yesterday, an American should be ashamed to show the
white feather, however great the danger, so hold your
ground to the last minute."
I was not so terrified but that I could note a certain
change of expression on the face of the man directly in
front of me when Ray spoke the word "American," and
instantly the thought came that it might be possible to
make known who we were. Then I cried, at' the full
strength of my lungs, repeating the words again and again :
"We are Americans Americans!"
Ray meanwhile was warding off an attack, apparently
giving little heed. to my shouts.
The foremost of the pursuing party was evidently bent
on making us yet closer prisoners, in order, most likely,
that we might be the more readily tortured, and had
dropped his long knife for the time being.
At such a game my brother could hold his own with
any ordinary Filipino, and right manfully was he doing
it, dealing a blow now and then with such vigour that
the villain was rapidly getting the worst of the battle.
Strange as it may seem, his discomfiture pleased those-
who had gathered to have a share in our death.
Every one of them stood by watching the battle, and
my cries were no longer heeded.


Look out for yourself !" Ray shouted, when I had half,
turned to aid him, if necessary. "You should be able to
do something of this kind if any of them come too near! "
To my mind this was but prolonging the agony, and
by thus struggling we were affording amusement for the
savages, who at any moment might put an end to our
weak defence
by attacking us
with their
knives, when a
Sn single thrust
S would disable
one or both.
Therefore it
i was I continued
I to cry out that
we were Ameri-
cans, regardless
of whether they
heeded me, and as I did so there came the hope that
the sailors from the war-vessel might soon come this way.
Surely a landing would be effected once it was under-
stood that the Spanish forces had evacuated the place,
and even at this moment they might be on shore.
This much I said to Ray, hoping to cheer him who had
vainly been trying to cheer me, and he replied, panting
with the severe exertion of keeping the supple Filipino at
a proper distance:
"I can't hold out much longer, Ernest, and it isn't


likely this murderer will be willing to play at such a game
a great while. Once his temper gets the best of him we
are done for "
If Ray was growing disheartened, surely the end was
near at hand, for I could not hope to make so brave a
showing, and once more I gave way to cowardice.
I thought of mother and of father, wondering if they
would ever learn how we had died, and as the tears came
into my eyes -there was a prayer in my heart that we
might not live as long under the torture as had the old
man whose murder we had witnessed.



AS we stood there, Ray battling manfully but nearly
breathless because of the severe exertions, and I in
the last stages of despair, believing there was no hope our
lives might be spared, the thought came to me that if by
a sudden dash we could make our way to the waterside it
would be possible to attract the attention of those on
board the American war-vessel.
For a single instant this idea revived me, and then,
looking around upon that mass of brown faces which
surrounded'us, for the crowd of spectators had rapidly
increased, I realized that fifty men would not be able to
force a passage through, therefore what could two lads
hope to effect ?
It was when the last vestige of hope was swept away
that almost unconsciously I raised my voice once more in
the cry:
"We are Americans Americans "
Amid the hum of voices and the laughter of those who
were enjoying this badgering of two boys before murder-
ing them, I caught a cry in the distance which had a
friendly ring, and in the stupefaction of despair which was


creeping over me I wondered why it should be, when all
were seeking our blood, that any would answer in such a
tone what I believed to be my last declaration.
Again was the cry repeated, and Ray, who, because of
his courage, was more keenly on the alert, shouted, as he
struck his antagonist a blow that would have sent him
headlong but for the throng in the rear :
That was Panda who cried There may be a chance
for life yet, Ernest! Take my place until I can. get
breath! "
His words had a marvellous effect. In an instant the
cowardice and despair had left me, and I thought no
longer that we were doomed; but only of how I might
best get the advantage of that half-naked Filipino who
was striving to show his followers that he did not deem a
weapon necessary in order to overpower two lads like us.
Ray and I changed places in a twinkling, some of the
throng giving vent to cries of anger as if they saw in such
a move something savouring of foul. play; others cheered,
jabbering in such manner as caused me to -believe they
were insisting that, while the odds were so strongly
against us, we should be allowed to carry on the battle in
whatsoever manner we pleased.
For a moment the fellow who had pitted himself so
unsuccessfully against Ray stood hesitating, breathing
heavily as if nearly winded, and for an instant I fancied
he was about to retire from the-contest, or, perhaps, end
it quickly.with.the long knife which was held conveniently
at hand by one of the bystanders.


Then those in the rear. urged him on, as I judged from
the tone of the voices, and as he advanced, more warily
this time, understanding that the lad before him was fresh
for the fray, Ray took up the cry which I had been repeat-
ing again and again, and immediately was it answered.
There could be no question now but that Panda was
coming with all speed to our relief, for his voice sounded
nearer than before; but I had no opportunity to speculate
upon the matter, because the Filipino rushed toward me
At boxing Ray is my superior, although younger, but
I knew enough regarding self-defence to hold my own
against a man who had most likely never fought save with
weapons in his hands, and I could do little more.
The fellow counted on putting an end to the battle
quickly by rushing in and seizing me, therefore was I
forced to exert all my strength and-knowledge.
How long we thus fought at close quarters I know not;
it seemed to me that ten minutes must have elapsed,
although probably not more than one-third of that time
was spent in warding off his savage rushes, and then, to
my intense relief, Panda, with a following of not less than
twenty, forced his way through the throng, making such a
diversion as caused the brute who counted on taking our
lives to fall back momentarily.
There was no longer any idea in my mind that Panda
was insolent, or disposed to take advantage of our help-
lessness, for never before had I seen a face so friendly-
certainly never one that was more welcome.


Ray and I received no immediate benefit from the com-
ing of this relief party, however, for during five minutes it
appeared as if we were in even greater danger than while
Those who had surrounded us were not inclined to give
way, evidently holding to it that our lives belonged to
them, and weapons were flourished in such reckless fashion
that it seemed as if blood would be spilled unwittingly,
because the people were pressed so closely together.
It was Panda's brother who acted as spokesman, and
Ray and I fancied he was telling these fiendish Filipinos
from the interior that we were Americans, and, conse-
quently, friends ; but his appeals, if indeed such they were,
failed of success.
First one party would surge toward us, and then the
other, until finally, through skilful manceuvring, we were
surrounded by Panda's following, and then our would-be
protectors grew more bold, massing themselves in a circle,
and by their gestures inviting an attack.
Can't you make them understand who we are ?" I
asked of Panda, as he turned his head for an instant to
look at us.
My brother has told them again and again; but these
people are not Manilamen. They are half Malay, half
Chinamen, and see in every white face an enemy."
Haven't the Americans landed yet ?"
No ; they still remain on board their vessel, and the
city is being looted by the patriots. Cavite will be
destroyed unless your people come on shore soon."


There was no time for further conversation. Panda's
brother had given the word to advance, and these brave
fellows, who were ready to protect us at the cost of their
lives, advanced step by step, still presenting to the
enemy a complete circle of steel, with Ray and myself
in the centre.
We moved forward no more than twelve inches
every minute; but yet it was progress, and once the
Malays were giving way it might be possible that we
could continue on until a place of safety was gained.
But where should we find such a place until after our
troops had landed?
I hoped we were moving toward the water's edge, oppo-
site where the Petrel lay; yet I knew she was so far
toward the. arsenal that a journey of such length, at the
snail's pace we were moving, would occupy many hours.
The street in advance and behind us appeared literally
choked with human beings ; but fortunately not all were
bent on our murder. Hundreds upon hundreds were
occupied with sacking the stores and the dwellings, and,
while giving no heed to such a trifling matter as the
slaughter of two lads, they unwittingly impeded our
progress by throwing household furniture and goods
into the street.
Before ten minutes had passed we were halted, abso-
lutely unable to go farther because the throng in advance
was so dense it could not be forced back, and now it was
that I saw an expression of apprehension upon the faces
of those who guarded us.


Panda's brother spoke sharply and hurriedly to his men,
and Ray said to me :
We are coming to the end of this business very soon.
These fellows cannot hope to fight long against so many,
and the knowledge that others are getting much plunder
only serves to make our enemies the more eager to bring
the matter to a finish."
"We will make a stand in this house," Panda said,
turning his head ever so slightly toward us. "Be ready
to rush in as soon as we gain the door."
He motioned toward a small stone building, on the
threshold of which could be seen broken furniture and
articles of wearing apparel, showing that it had been
gutted by the mob, and although not such a place as one
would select for a fort, it looked wonderfully inviting to
us at the moment.
Our people, meaning those who were protecting Ray
and me, massed themselves yet more closely together for
a rush, and then at a signal struck out in every direction.
I saw half a dozen evil-looking faces smeared with
blood ; we heard cries of rage which told that the battle
would come to a speedy end unless the odds could be
made more nearly equal, and then came the rush, during
which Ray and I were literally shoved into the dwelling.
For the moment we were safe again, safe if we could
hold our position here until the Americans took possession
of the city, which I doubted not they would before many
hours elapsed.
In a twinkling the doors were closed, shutters fastened,


and guards stationed at every point where an attempt at
forcing an entrance might be made.
Now.we had a breathing spell, and it was. needed, for
Panda's followers had been indulging in most severe
The Filipino. lad took no heed to his own comfort until
after making certain we were uninjured, and. even then
seemed to consider it necessary to assure us again and
again that he was sorely grieved because we had been so
badly treated.
Why did you leave us ?" Ray asked, speaking- more
sharply than I believed to be necessary.
To see the American vessels.- We, all of us Manila-
men, believed the soldiers would come on shore at once,
and it was not in our minds that these miserable half-
breeds would attempt to destroy the city. Wait till
General Aguinaldo comes, and you shall see them
He, like our own people, seems to be a long while in
making his appearance. Cavit6 is likely to be laid in ashes
before the Americans take possession."
It may be that the commander of the vessel has sent
to the fleet for orders," Panda suggested ; but this did not
seem to me probable, for, on knowing that the natives were
sacking the city, he would first set ashore troops to pro-
tect it, and afterward learn what his superior officer
thought about the matter.
How far from here is the American ship? Ray


More than four miles."
I was astounded by this information, for Ray and I had
believed her to be close at hand. It no longer seemed
strange that a delay was made in the landing; those on
board could not know how desperate was the situation
on shore.
Ray looked at his watch, believing it to be nearly night-
fall, and again we were surprised. It -lacked a quarter of
an hour of being ten o'clock in the forenoon.
Only five hours since we began to approach the city!
It was to me as if a full day had passed from the moment
when the first victim of this mad, purposeless rush was
I looked around the apartment in which we two lads had
taken refuge, leaving to the Filipinos the outer rooms
where they might keep watch over the mob, and here
could be seen evidences of that blind, unreasonable spirit
of destruction.
The furniture had been hacked and hewed with swords
until not one article remained whole; rugs were slit into
ribbons, and even the hard wooden floor was dented and
scratched in such manner as told that one insane with pas-
sion had spent both time and labour upon a task which
could have no results. It was a scene of wanton destruc-
tion such as I do not believe could have been found any-
where outside these islands, and well calculated to alarm
those in a position similar to that which we were in, for
it showed that murder would be done simply for the sake
of killing.


Outside the mob yelled and raved, frenzied because we
two lads had for the moment escaped them, and at fre-
quent intervals showers of missiles were sent against the
doors and windows, telling that those who thirsted for
blood were on the alert.
Can Panda's friends hold this place?" Ray asked,
with a certain tremor in his voice which told that even
his courage was giving way under the strain.
The same question had been in my mind from the first
moment we sought refuge here, and now as the lad spoke
I remembered having seen, before the old man was put to
death, certain men tear out blocks of stone from such.
buildings as showed signs of decay. This was done
simply in the spirit of destruction; but it was to me good
proof of what might be accomplished in case the howling
Malays persisted in their desire to kill us.
It cannot be long now before troops are put ashore
from our vessel," I replied, giving words to the hope in
my mind. "Surely we can hold out here until nightfall,
I stopped speaking very suddenly, for at that instant
there came a shock, as if the building had been struck by
some heavy object, and Panda ran into the room, his
face of that grayish hue which bespeaks terror in one of
a coloured skin.
What is it ?" Ray cried, seizing the Filipino by the
arm, and unconsciously I echoed the words.
"The miserable Malays are striving to destroy the
building. Two stones have been removed by force, and


this moment a large portion of the corner wall fell
He would have said more, but his brother summoned
him, and Ray and I, unable to remain where it was im-
possible to see what might be done, followed him into
that apartment overlooking the street.
While we had remained in safety these Filipinos had
been battling for our lives,
as could be seen by the
blood which flowed from '
more than one
I wondered
how it might be
that wounds
were received
when a wall of
stone separated
us from the en-
emy, and would have approached one of the windows
in order to look out, but Panda's brother pulled me
Surely he saved me from an ugly cut, if not from
death, for at that instant a knife, lashed to a long
length of bamboo, was thrust through an aperture in
the thin shell at the very point where I proposed to look
The trampling as of many feet on the floor above, and
a cry of mingled anger and pain, caused me to look up at


the ceiling as if expecting the enemy might appear from
that quarter.
Our friends are up there trying to make payment for
some of the wounds we have received," Panda said, and,
seizing me by the arm as I turned to ascend the stairs, he
added, It is not for you to join them; the windows are
open, and the Malays must not see you for whom they
are seeking."
We may as well show ourselves as stay here until
the house is torn down," Ray cried. "It is better to
do something in our own defence than cower here in
Another shock, and at one corner of the room appeared
an aperture in the outer wall through which a man
might have crawled.
If the enemy were allowed to work unmolested we must
soon be forced to flee to the chamber above, where death
would speedily follow.
Then came a great crash ; cries of pain ; a noise as of
scampering from the throng outside, and Panda cried, his
eyes all aflame with excitement:
"They have thrown out the bed-posts, and some of the
.villains have been caught napping! "
It seemed impossible for me to remain there in igno-
rance of what was being done, and, shaking off the light
grasp which Panda had of my arm, I ran up-stairs, Ray
following close at my heels.
Now indeed could we see evidences -of battle; two of
the Filipinos lay in one corner of the room disabled ; at