Guyana chronicle

Material Information

Guyana chronicle
Portion of title:
Sunday chronicle
Place of Publication:
Georgetown, Guyana
Guyana National Newspaper Ltd.,
Guyana National Newspaper Ltd.
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
Daily[Nov. 21, 1983-]
Daily (except Monday)[ FORMER Dec. 1, 1975-Nov. 30, 1983]
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 45 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Georgetown (Guyana) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Guyana -- Georgetown


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1 (Dec. 1, 1975)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Publication suspended: Oct. 12-24, 1983.
General Note:
Sunday ed. published as: Sunday chronicle.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Guyana National Newspaper Ltd. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
29013105 ( OCLC )
sn 93049190 ( LCCN )
UF00088915_00180 ( sobekcm )
Newspaper N & CPR ( lcc )

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Getting tested for HIV is important Persons who would like to get tested may utilise the services of Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) sites,
hospitals, and laboratories. VCT sites provide pre and post-test counselling, and refer patients to special sites where they,can get care and treatment
for HIV. Pregnant women are referred to the PMTCT sites, others are referred to ART sites. T hre are some private laboratories which provide HIV
testing for a fee. Therefore, it is advised that persons call the laboratory selected to enquire about the fee structure. Persons who are HIV positive may
go to the public hospitals and ART sites.

Berbicians assured



table power supply.

as GUYSUCO commissions diesel generators

ige three

Dalai Lama "is not a call girl'
OTTAWA (Reuters) When Canadian prime Minister
Stephen Harper tried to explain in a yea4-end interview
why he'd met the Dalai Lama in his Ottawa office, it was
clear he wanted to show respect for the exiled Tibetan
Unfortunately, it didn't quite come out that way.
"I met the Dalai Lama in my office but I meet everyone in
my office. I don't know why I would sneak off to a hotel room
just to meet the Dalai Lama. You know, he's not a call girl,"
Harper told OMNI television.
He quickly added: "As I say, he's a respected international
spiritual leader."
China condemns the Dalai Lama as a separatist and presses
world leaders to shun him. German Chancellor Angela Merkel
met him in September, but only in private, and last month the
Vatican called off a meeting with the Pope set for December
13. i
Harper s a strong critic of China's human rights record and
what he calls the "undemocratic regime" in Beijing.
China 4on4emned Harper for "disgusting conduct" in late
October after he met the Dalai Lama in lis parliamentary office
with television cameras and photographers present.
The Dalai Lama w ho fled hi, predominanritl Buddhisi
homeland in 1959 after a failed upnsinglagainst CotrYunumsi rule
- was granted honorary% Canadian cinzenship in June.
Harper's chief spokeswoman did'not respond to a query
as to whether the prime minister regretted his choice of
words in the interview, which took place on tuesday but
was embargoed until Thursday.

4: ~

AGRICULTURE Minister Robert Persaud, in red shirt, and other officials applaud as the diesel generators are
commissioned. (Photo by Quacy Sampson.)

1 2a2moI Tt5 tPieBM


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will open today Sunday 23rd Dec., 2007 8:30 AM 8:00PM



2 SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 23, 200O

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09 11
03 16

Greater support from

main polluters crucial to

dealing with climate

change Agri Minister
THERE is need for greater support from developed countries which are contributing sig-
nificantly to greenhouse gas emissions, as a collective approach is being pursued by all
countries, both large and small, to deal with the climate change phenomenon.
This was highlighted by Minister of Agriculture, Robert Persaud, and other technical officials
who participated in the recently concluded United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change (UNFCCC) Conference of Parties (CoP) meeting in Bali, Indonesia.
The Minister and team made the remarks during an interview Friday on the National Commu-
nications Network (NCN) 'Close Up' television programme at the NCN Studio, Homestretch Av-
Minister Persaud noted that there is a clear understanding of the impact of climate
change particularly on low-lying, vulnerable states, but there is need for focus on appropriate
Please turn to page seven

, f ,

hL-Mft wm e

SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 23, 2007 3

Berbicians assured of

stable power supply

as GUYSUCO commissions diesel generators

by Tajeram Mohabir

GOVERNMENT fulfilled its
promise of a stable electric-
ity supply to Berbicians yes-
terday when Agriculture
Minister Robert Persaud of-
ficially commissioned the
diesel generators of the
Skeldon Sugar Moderniza-
tion Project (SSMP).
Minister Persaud, speaking
at the ceremony attended by se-
nior officials of GUYSUCO, the
Region Six administration and
the Chinese contracting firm,
China National Machinery Im-
port and Export Corporation,
said the administration views
the initiative not merely as a
'commissioning' but as a start-
up of the power generation
component of the entire SSMP.
"This morning we want to
signal to the people of Berbice
and the people of Guyana who
have invested in this $' US
200M project...that we are mak-
ing progress in general, but in
this specific area there is some-
thing good to tell you." he said.
Persaud said, "We have
completed installation and com-
pleted the testing ...and we have
now moved into full operation
of our diesel unit...and this will
have the capacity to supply 10
mega watts of electricity to the
national grid."
The minister explained of
the 10 mega watts of electricity
being generated, 6.5 is being
supplied to Berbice, as the
Guyana Power and Light (GPL)
Inc. does not have the capacity
to take the remaining amount

due to transmission and other
issues that have to be rectified.
He said operationalization
of the diesel facilities reflects
government's recognition of the
impact frequent black-outs have
had on residents and business
in the region, and has made ev-
ery effort to not only restore but
to guarantee a regular supply of
power there.
"The total power plant will
have the capacity to produce 10
mega watts from the diesel and
10 mega watts from bagasse or
co-generation...but the bagasse
power plant will allow us to
bring down the entire energy bill
not only for the project, but
would also allow GPL to access
much more affordable power,"
Persaud stressed.
However, he acknowledged
that yesterday's exercise should
have been done in May or June,
but the project was affected by
several shortcomings.
"While in general on the
factory side of this project we
have been proceeding accord-
ing to schedule, despite some
hic-cups, there are some
other issues, particularly on
the agriculture side, because
the factory is due to be com-
pleted in February 2008...and
we will have this huge fac-
tory, with the capacity to pro-
duce close to 110,000 tons of
sugar and mill close to 1.2
million tons of sugar cane,
but the readiness of sugar
cane supply remains a set
back," he said.
He added: "Under the
SSMP, about 4,000 hectares are

supposed to come from the
project and another 4,000 from
private cane farmers...and due to
issues of access of financing by
the private cane farmers,
weather, and other factors on
the part of the SSMP, the agri-
culture aspect has been behind".
The minister disclosed
that at the end of the last half
of next year, GUYSUCO
would be able to utilise only
30 to 40 per cent of the capac-
ity of the new factory, but he
hopes this figure will be in-
creased to 70 per cent the fol-
lowing year.
Persaud said being cogni-
zant of this fact, a new general
manager has been appointed to
man the project and to ensure
the gaps and set backs are ad-
dressed particularly on the ag-
ricultural side.
The minister noted while
the factory will be completed in
February next year, the critical
issue is having the feedstock for
the factory. However, he said all
is not gloomy, since efforts have
already been made to address
the problem.
"We have worked with all
the private cane farmers, we
brought the bankers in and
talked with them, we have
brought in equipment and have
made these available to them to
accelerate work...right now there
is a advertisement out for con-
tractors to expedite the land
prep, and land filling," he
pointed out.
"But all in all, we need to
remain optimistic about the
project, despite the latest news

we have heard from the Euro-
pean Union (EU) in terms of its
commitment after 2009...terms
in the absence of quota in the
context of the new Economic
Partnership Agreement (EPA).
We still believe that once we
have this project up and running,
it will act as the jewel of the
sugar industry to ensure its sur-
vival," the minister implored.
The SSMP seeks to reduce
sugar production cost to
USIlcents per pound and to
bring down the national cost of
production between the range of
US13 or 14 cents so that
Guyana remains competitive in
the absence of preferential
prices and markets.
The $US200M initiative
which was conceived in 1998 is the
highest amount government has
ever invested in a single sector.
The project also includes

plans to build a refinery and an
ethanol plant.
Government is negotiat-
ing with its Chinese counter-

parts and other agencies to
raise an additional $US40M
to ensure the realization of
the refinery.



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12/22/2007, 11 22 PM



Pakistan arrests suspect

in mosque suicide bombing

PESHAWAR, Pakistan
(Reuters) Authorities have
arrested one man over a sui-
cide attack at a mosque in
northwest Pakistan that
killed 48 people, and said
they suspect Islamic militants
in an Afghan border region
were involved.
Police picked up the sus-
pect in Charsadda, security of-
ficials said, the same district
where a suicide bomber deto-
nated 8-10 kg (18 to 22 Ibs) of
explosives on Friday in the

midst of a packed 1,000-strong
congregation celebrating the fes-
tival of Eid.
"We're looking for another
man who could be a second ac-
complice," a security official,
who asked not to be named,
told Reuters.
Local residents and televi-
sion said four people, including
three Afghan nationals, were ar-
rested late Friday in a town four
km (2.5 miles) from the site of
the attack near Peshawar, capi-
tal of North West Frontier Prov-

PEOPLE pray at the graves of victims of a suicide bombing
in Pakistan's northwestern town of Charsadda December
22, 2007. (REUTERS/Ammad Waheed)

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It was unclear if the de-
tentions were related to the
Former interior minister,
Aftab Ahmed Khan Sherpao,
who is a leading supporter of
President Pervez Musharraf,
was offering Eid prayers at
the mosque at the time of the
blast. He survived unhurt but
at least 80 people were
Police believe Sherpao, who
survived another suicide attack
in April, was the likely target.
Provincial police chief Sharif
Virk and intelligence officials
told Reuters the .attack could be
linked to militant groups in the
adjacent Mohmanrd tribal re-
gion, a lawless area -that
straddles the bbiorder with Af-
Many al Qaeda and
Taliban members took refuge
in remote regions on the Pa-
kistani side of thie Afghan
border after U.S. and Afghan
opposition forces toppled the
Taliban government in Af-
ghanistan after the Septem-
ber 11 attacks on the United

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- South Africa's former presi-
dent Nelson Mandela has
praised Jacob Zuma, the
newly elected leader of the
ruling African National Con-
gress (ANC), as a man who
could unify the divided party.
In a message of
congratulations, Mandela said:
"Our experience of Comrade
Zuma is of a person and leader
who is inclusive in his
approach, a unifier and one who
values reconciliation and
collective leadership."
"We have no doubt that he
will bring those well-known
characteristics to his task of
leading our organisation," he
was quoted as saying by the
Saturday Star newspaper.
Mandela urged the di-
vided ANC to rally behind
Zuma ousted President
Thabo Mbeki as party leader
after their intense rivalry di-
vided the party, which has ruled
South Africa since the end of
apartheid in 1994.
Before the election,
Mandela who decided not to
endorse one candidate or to at-
tend the conference, said divi-

FORMER South African President Nelson Mandela (L) and
then deputy President Jacob Zuma wave to soccer fans
in Johannesburg, in this November 17, 2004 file photo.
(REUTERS/Juda Ngwenya)

sions within the party race were
He said it was inevitable the
results of the elections would be
interpreted by some "as an
overwhelming victory for one
camp or faction over another".
Mandela's spokeswoman
on Friday dismissed rumors
that former president's health
has taken a turn for the worse.
Zelda la Grange said her
office had been flooded with

The National Gallery of Art will be
closed on the following days:

Monday 24th to 26th December 2007;
Tuesday 1st January 2008

Monday 31st December '07 from 2:30pm

Management regrets any inconvenience caused


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British PM


converts to

LONDON (Reuters) -
Former British Prime
Minister Tony Blair has
converted from Britain's
established church,
Anglicanism, to Roman
Catholicism, the head of
Britain's Catholics said
on Saturday.
Blair, whose wife and
four children are Catholic.
was received into the
Catholic Church b% Cardi-
nal Cormac Murph. -
O'Connor on FridaN in a
move that had been widelyy
expected after h e .epped
down from power in June
"I am very glad to wel-
come Tony Blair into the
Catholic Church," Murphy-
O'Connor said in a state-
ment, adding the conversion
took place in private at a
chapel at the cardinal's resi-
dence in central London.
"For a long time he has
been a regular orshipper at
Mass with his fanuly and in
recent months he has been fol-
lowing a programme of forma-
tion to prepare for his recep-
tion into full communion.
"My prayers are with
him, his wife and family at
this joyful moment in their
journey of faith together."
Blair, now the Middle
East peace envoy, had pri-
vate talks with Pope
Benedict at the Vatican in
June and his conversion had
been predicted
He has been recei. ng
spirinlual preparation for the
conversion from NMark
O'Toole, MNlurph>,-
O'Connor's pri\.ite secre-
tary. Blair's spokesman de-
clined to comment on the
announcement, saying it
was a private matter.
Last month Blair, who
was reticent about his
faith during his 10 years
in power, said religion
was "hugely important"
for him.

Paon 4 & ?5 n65

December 23, 2007



Mandela praises Zurna as ANC leader
I 7eade7rl



SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 23, 2007 5

I.A . H. 7LX iTHf

Trinidad CJ: No bad blood

- Sharma on working with McNicolls again:

It will be as cordial as it has ever been

Battle-weary but not de-
feated, Chief Justice
Satnarine Sharma made it
clear yesterday he did not
want revenge, after he be-
came the first Chief Justice

in the region to face a crimi-
nal charge and be subjected
to an impeachment trial.
In a brief news conference
at the Hall of Justice, Port-of-
Spain, at the start of his first
day back in office, Sharma's
message seemed to be that
people could draw their own
conclusions from the disgrace
he suffered. But as far as he
was concerned, he only wanted
to retire with his hard-earned
reputation as a Chief Justice and
judge restored.
"I am more concerned with
the progress of the Judiciary
and trying to salvage and shore
up some of the things that I
have done and bring it to
completion if I can," Sharma
told the media.
He said he did not think his
suspension from office or the
scandalous allegation from Chief
Magistrate Sherman McNicolls,
of an attempt by Sharma to ma-
nipulate the trial of former
Prime Minister Basdeo Panday,
tarnished in any way the
public's confidence in an inde-
pendent judiciary.
"I think that (the perception
of the judiciary as independent)
has been strengthened," Sharma
"Everything has come out

and I think that the judges and
the magistrates have been able
to do a very good job. I don't
think their independence in any
way has been compromised."
He scoffed at nay-sayers
and pessimists.
"People will always have
views of their own, sometimes
for reasons that are not rooted
in logic or sense. You will have
a certain proportion of people
who are disgruntled in any so-
ciety and whom you can never
"But, objectively speaking,
I don't think the judiciary has
been shaken in any way. I still
think we have an independent

Commercial piece
of land located
between Cummings
& Charlotte Srpeets.
Size -120' x 40'.

and vibrant judiciary, magis-
tracy," he declared.
At the same time, the Chief
Justice did not hide the shame
he felt during his year-long or-
"I want to make it clear that
the exercise has been a painful
(and) humiliating one... one that
has caused me and my family
great pain and humiliation," he
He said he may not have
been able to "endure" had it
not been for his faith in God.
He said he was soon to
complete his 24th year as a
judge, and he was "happy to
be back".

Prime Minister Bruce Golding
Friday proposed the establish-
ment of a team to explore trad-
ing opportunities and their
supporting transportation ar-
rangements among countries
benefitting from Venezuela's
PetroCaribe deal.
Golding made the sugges-
tion at the working session of
the fourth PetroCaribe Summit
in Cienfuegos, Cuba.
He said he was pleased to
see how the group was putting
emphasis on expanding the op-
portunities for trade among
member countries of
PetroCaribe, adding that this
was another important area


where "we can build co-opera-
tion and create areas of mutual
However, he said there was
an area of challenge, which was
the question of the transporta-
tion of goods among member
countries as we do not have
cost-effective means of trans-
He said that while it may
be important for member
countries of PetroCaribe to ex-
pand their co-operation beyond
the question of energy, there
was also the need to look at
what was happening now, not
just in terms of the movement
in oil prices, but what was hap-
pening with the movement in
commodity prices.
Golding told the delegates
that it goes beyond the question
of oil prices because it impacts
significantly on the economies
of the region. He noted that just
recently CARICOM heads of
government had to get together

to look at the implications of
price increases and the threat
that these increases could im-
pose in destabilising the econo-
mies of the region.
He said it may be useful,
with the kind of umbrella
organisation that PetroCaribe is,
to look at this "because it could
undermine much of the effort
member countries are making to
use this agreement to stimulate
economic growth", the Jamaica
House release reported.
Golding also said it may also
be useful to see if there was
some joint initiative that could
come out of PetroCaribe to help
countries to address this con-
The PetroCaribe Agree-
ment represents the strength-
ening of relations between
Venezuela and the countries
of the Caribbean by provid-
ing significant support to the
petroleum industry in the
face of rising oil prices.

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12/22/2007, 10:04 PM

Barbados jobless rate at its lowest
NATION NEWS UNEMPLOYMENT in Barbados has hit a record low level, with just
over 10, 000 people out of a job.
The unemployment rate slipped to 7.1 per cent of the labour force for July to September from
9.8 per cent in the same quarter last year.
Deputy Prime Minister Mia Mottley, who is responsible for the Ministry of Economic Af-
fairs and Development. announced the drop in unemployment Fnda'.
It is "the lowest ever unemployment figure on record in hius country", she said during the
launch. at her ministry in Warrens. St Michael. of a journal produced by the nmnistr).
A statement the ministry released later said 13-1 500 people %ere employed during the third
quarter ol the year. This represented an additional 2 800 people. compared to the figures for July-
September 2006.
The statement put the number of people unemployed at the end of September. at 10 300,
some 4 100 below the number of jobless, between lul. and September. last ear
The areas of employment %were listed as: General Sen ices 134 5001, Government Sen ices i27
00O. Distrinbunon Sector Wholesale and Retail I15 400i1. Con.trucnon and Quarrying i15 50101,
Tourism (15 300), Finance. Insurance and Business i 9001 Maniitfacturing i5 7001 Transport and
Communication (5 700.1, Agriculture and Fislung 1t3 S00( and Electricit. Gas and Water (1 7001
The Barbados Workers' Union welcomed the nes ,,t reduced unemployment but hoped it
meant a range of jobs in a number of sectors.
The 7.1 per cent figure "is quite commendable and the G(..ernment and employersr. he people
of Barbados should be happy". said general secretary Sir Ro) Troiman
"We have. however, to disco% er where %w within the community any residual unemployment lies,"
he told reporters.'"As you might be aware, there has been a6i e\iraordinarN takeoff in construction
and a lot of people are in the construction area being emplh', ed
"At the same time, there are a number of people who are trained, skilled people, some
with as much as master's degrees, who are still finding difficulty in having job mixes that
relate to their qualifications."



The New Building Society Limited wishes
to advise the general public that it will
be closed for business at the following

24th December 2007 from 12:30 hours
31st December 2007 from 12:30 hours.

We sincerely regret any inconvenience
By Order of Management

Ua. '- -

loj fOO Merry Xmas& Happy
000C)00 New Year to all our patrons

,,' A ,D A T.D Y:, 'M& 5 ,-


104 Regent Road. Bourda

Jama'ica PM suggests exploring

trade among PetroCaribe countries




-_SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 23, 2007


Sharief Khan
Editorial: 227-5216; 227-5204; 226-3243-9
Sports: 225-7174
After hours 226-3243-9
Fax: 227-5208
Lama Avenue, Bel Air Park,
Georgetown, Guyana



AS IT IS in other states of the Caribbean Community,
there are various social and economic problems impact-
ing on the lives of Guyanese this Christmas season.
The challenging crime situation and high cost of living
would most certainly be among them.
However, it is also quite correct to observe that
Guyanese would be celebrating Christmas this week,
aware that across this land, there are growing indica-
tors of social and economic progress; that warts and
all, Guyana is on the move.
These would include virtually every sector including
current new initiatives to further improve health, educa-
tion, housing, water and communication facilities.
The international financial institutions and major do-
nor governments have continued to demonstrate their
partnership commitment to enabling Guyana to keep on
the path of social and economic progress
Even the government's traditional fierce critics would
be hard pressed to ignore the signposts of progress.
Yet, no attempt should be made to minimise the harsh
social conditions that many Guyanese families are cur-
rently experiencing and which require objective assess-
ment and caring responses.
At this time when people of all faiths join in the cel-
ebration of Christmas, with non-Christians understand-
ably treating this simply as a holiday season-similarly
to Christians' attitude to Hindu and Muslim festivals-
there are numerous expressions about 'peace' and
Translating such expressions into practical efforts,
beyond this week, to help build neighborhoods and
communities across ethnic, religious and political
boundaries, could make a significant contribution to a
lived experience of our national motto of 'One People,
One Nation, One Destiny'.
Neighborhoods and communities combining efforts
to help beat back the plague of crime afflicting people
across the land is one such practical form of coopera-
tion that could be emulated to benefit the nation as a
We are all in this together-government, opposition
parties, labour movement and business communities,
civil society organizations. For, as the people in other
CARICOM countries have come to appreciate, the anti-
crime fight is not something only for the police.
What the police and the Guyana Defence Force need
to do is ensure better cooperation between them and to
keep their own reputation clean as ever against
corruption and political corrosion in order to inspire
greater public confidence in what they represent for us
as a nation committed to the rule of law.
We take this opportunity to extend a Merry Christmas
to all our reQaers,..

Nothing like

Christmas at


Guyana this year will see the largest number of overseas visi-
tors, as some of the hundreds of thousands of Guyanese living
in the USA and other parts of the world return to enjoy a good
Guyanese Christmas.
When it comes to enjoying Christmas there is nothing like being
in Guyana. This is the time that they forget all the perceived ills
that cause them to leave this beautiful land.
Let us as usual welcome them with open arms and show them
the development that is taking place. We should be proud of every
small step we as a nation have taken. We should not be ashamed to
point out to them that the development that they see is achieved
through hard work and dedication of a few who choose to stay and
develop Guyana.
The developed and advanced societies that they enjoy were not
built overnight. It took persons who were dedicated to their land to
achieve those advancements. We will get there some day.
Increases in food, gasoline, and utility prices are affecting all coun-
tries as people try to share the scarce resources available to man-
So to all who have returned to your homeland, have a truly
Guyanese Xmas!


Crime is much



It is said that there are about 600,000 Guyanese living in the
USA and other parts of the world. They chose to leave Guyana
and reside in other countries that they believe offer them bet-
ter opportunities.
I have no problem with them except when they mislead foreign-
ers by misrepresenting what is taking place in Guyana. It is known
that many Guyanese both at home and abroad make a lot of claims
to achieve their own selfish goals.
Let us for example examine the reactions to the crime situation.
Many Guyanese living in New York and the Caribbean are claiming
that they are fearful to return home. But they live comfortably in
countries where the crime statistics are much higher.
Many Guyanese visit these countries without being aware of
the dangers they are exposed to.
Jamaica is known as the murder capitol of the world with over
1000 murders per year. It is the fourth highest per capital world wide
as at 2005.
Trinidad and Tobago, a close rival of Jamaica, is known as the
kidnapping capitol of the world.
The USA is the 7th most dangerous country in the world. Spe-
cial police departments are needed for different types of crimes.
We in Guyana feel the effects of every crime due to its rarity in
our society. We are still shocked by a murder or robbery. which is
good! It shows that we have not lost our humanity and we still have
not gotten used to crime.
Crime in these countries has become a part of the daily
routine, we are a far way from that. Let us be thankful for what
we have and view facts.


Excess alcohol

use a massive


Excess use of alcohol is a massive problem in our society. Yet
private sector companies are campaigning for more alcohol
consumption as though they are concerned only about mak-
ing profit. Banks has launched a promotion luring people to
consume more and more alcohol in order to get a chance at
winning a huge sum of forty million dollars ($40M). This
comes as a slap in the faces of the organizations which are
working very hard to combat the problems of alcohol use.
Guyana is suffering from a host of terrible problems caused
or made worse by alcohol abuse: domestic violence which re-
sults in serious injuries and sometimes murders of mothers,
leaving our young children traumatised and sometimes
parentless; violence in the home against children themselves;
health issues including cirrhosis of the liver, unsafe sexual
behaviour, rape and sexual assaults, numerous road deaths
and injuries caused by drunken drivers.
Poor people, for want of money to survive, can be tempted
to leap at the opportunity of winning the Banks "prize", thus con-
suming excessive amounts of alcohol which affects their judgment,
putting their health at risk and endangering their lives and the lives
of others.
The laws in Guyana as they relate to drinking are not being
implemented. There is no monitoring of alcohol consumption and
purchases. Young children are being sent to buy alcohol. Many of
our youths are in the habit of using alcohol. Some schools are sell-
ing beer and other alcoholic beverages at school fairs and other func-
tions thus endangering the lives of many.
Organizations are battling with the crises being caused by ex-
cessive alcohol consumption, yet Banks is offering such a huge
sum of m6ney for people to consume even more. NGOs and fami-
lies without finances cannot combat this kind of commercial inter-
We call on everyone concerned to do better:
1. On the Principals of all the schools in Guyana to ensure
that there are no alcoholic beverages at school functions,
2. On parents and other adults to stop sending children to buy
alcoholic beverages,
3. On liquor stores/bar owners to desist from selling alcohol/
alcoholic beverages to children/youths,
4. On law enforcement agencies to review and properly imple-
ment the laws governing the usage of alcohol,
5. On the government to enact laws restricting companies from
placing their advertisements near schools and other environments
where children are to be found and for each advertisement to have
warnings like those of the tobacco companies,
6. On Banks DIH and other liquor companies to pool their
advertising monies and donate them to the organizations which are
trying to deal with the problems of alcohol use in Guyana. The
$40,000,000 "prize money" from Banks DIH is bigger than the
national annual budget to deal with alcohol use.
Excess use of alcohol is one of the contributing factors to the
destruction of our society and it is the responsibility of all of us
to protect the society in which we live.
We salute the groups especially Mothers In Black on
their work trying to save lives.

For Red Thread

Dear Readers.
Thanks 1or expreSSir g ou iews and pinis
though Whal Our Readers Say
Space limitations may dictate how many of your
letters we publish in a srgle edition. ut do keep on
We- ask only thai you oe as bnel as possible and
:- t you deal wth issues rather than with
<- ., : A^^ A > .-.'- ." "

Page 6 & 23 p6C


SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 23, 2007


lawlessness at

Charity must be


I am a resident of Charity and shares the concern of many
who believe that Charity still needs to be monitored, espe-
cially the Charity River dam. Several persons are building
huge structures along the Charity River dam without the con-
sent of the authorities. This is very dangerous. The river dam
comes under the sea defense authority. This means that the
Minister of Works needs to know of such development.
Some time ago a huge wharf went down, and very soon the
Charity Marketing Centre will follow if urgent attention is not given
to this deteriorating structure.
Lawlessness continues to be the order of the day along the road
sides of the Charity public road. Several persons are allowed to
build ugly looking structures to the demise of the residents of this
beautiful town in the making.
Urgent thinking and solutions'must be found so as to remedy
this unpleasant situation. The structures are built by persons from
other parts of the coasts. No one will allow anyone of us to go in
front of their home or business place and erect such an ugly nasty
looking structure which we have to endure on a daily basis.
Come next year the residents and visitors of Charity Town are
looking forward for a better environment in which we all can work
and play.
Happy New Year to all.


Inaction by GWI

despite reports

I have noticed Mr. Karran Singh from GWI lamenting about
the wastage of water and persons must report leakages so that
such leakage will be plugged. But this is not so. I made re-
ports over two years ago about a broken main in front of Lot 8
Centre View Lusignan (behind the Lusignan Community Cen-
tre) up to now nothing has been done.
I made another report about a bigger leak in front of Lot 6 Ceni-
tre View, Lusignan (behind the Lusignan Centre). They gave me a
reference number Q5-818 but up to now nothing has been done.
Whenever you get on to the Melanie Office they tell you no-
body is available to look into the problem. Mr. Karran Singh, it is
time GWI do something about these two underground leakages. Wa-
ter seeps heavily from underground causing great damage to the road.
This road is being repaired by self-help and the water is causing
undue hardship to residents. I asked Melanie office if I can get pri-
vate workmen to do the job and the reply was that I will be fined
$2,500 if I am being caught.
Please Mr. Karan Singh can you kindly use your good of-
fice and get this grave matter fixed before worst happens.


MMA's failure to pay


IT is good for the public to note the failure of the Manage-
ment of MMA to pay its pensioners once again.
Management went ahead to pay themselves and other staff on
the job the nine per cent increase like that of their counterparts in
the wider public service, but failed to pay their pensioners the in-
creases due to them from January, 2006 to December 2006 and from
January 2007 to December 2007 at the level of five percent and
this is due to the fact that no increase was paid since 2005 January
to them.
Note another nine per cent increase is due from January 2007
to them.
When will MMA pay these increases? Management knows fully
well that its pensioners cannot strike, but wait to beg arms.
One day they also will become pensioners.


Greater support from main

polluters crucial to dealing ...

From page two
actions to deal with the negative impact. It is observed that
although there is great understanding among developed
countries which contribute to the situation, there is
reluctance among some of them to.commit to assisting with
adaptation and mitigation efforts.
Reference was made to President Bharrat Jagdeo's rainforest
offei in the services of the battle against climate change which
Minister Persaud pointed out is not handouts, but a call for a
viable market-based mechanism to reward countries that have
been practicing sustainable forestry development through de-
liberate policies and strategies.
This is important, since standing rainforests play a signifi-
cant role in mitigating the effects of global climate change even
when some countries are guilty of increasing greenhouse gas
emissions. Between 18 iL. 20 percent of greenhouse gas emis-
sioun, Lome from deforestation. I
One of the main outconime of the Bali meeting is the estab-
lishment of the 'Bal Ro.d Map' which seeks to address key
building blocks of a future climate change regime, including ad-
aptatiin, mitigation and technology cooperation and financing _
the respon-e Io I limale charice
This i. imporani since it will ensure that a strategy is in
place to tackle climate change follow ing the Kyoto Protocol
hichi il conclude in 2012. Minister Per.jiiad noted that the
'Bali Roadniap I also address weaknesses that exist in the
K. uto Protocol
Ch.iirman of the National Climate Comnititce, Sli\am Nokia
noted that it -, expected that the Bali Meeting would have
focused on more definimue positions to deal with climate change;
how e~ r. t11 i suil leen a. the stari- >f that process,

Major General 'ret'd) Joe Singh noted that it was neces-
sary that o manNy countries have acknowledged the severity of
climate change evident through their participation at the Bali
Meeting. There were approximately 10, 000 participants at the
Conference from more than 100 countries.
The partnership between the Government of Guyana and
non-governmental organizations, such as Conservation Interna-
tional, was emphasized.. while it was noted that Guyana alone
cannot be a loud voice in tackling climate change, and therefore
the need for groups' formation was highlighted.
Arising from the Conference, a national team has been es-
tablished and will be responsible for developing a strategy that
will outline necessary actions to be taken with regard to adap-
tation and mitigation.
Future plans include building stronger collaboration among
key agencies to tackle the effects of climate change, while focus
will continue to be placed on sustainable development. There
has also been an agreement.for developed countries to share tech-
nology with developing states such as Guyana in this regard.
Additionally, Guyana is among 30 countries from Latin
America, Africa and the Asia-Pacific Region that will seek fur-
ther information on the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
(FCPF) at the Ball Meeting by the World Bank to combat tropi-
cal deforestanon and climate change.
The FCPF. according to the World Bank. is expected to
build capacity of developing countries in the tropical and
sub-tropical regions to reduce emissions from deforesta-
tion and degradation (REDDi and Lap into a future system
of. positive incentives for REDD. Deforestation and forest
degradation are leading causes of global warning, contrib-
uting approximately 20 percent of global greenhouse gas
emissions. iGINAp

Chuck Norris sues, says

his tears no cancer cure

NEW YORK (Reuters) -
Tough-guy actor and mar-
tial arts expert Chuck
Norris sued publisher
Penguin on Friday over a
book he claims unfairly
exploits his famous name,
based on a satirical
Internet list of "mythical
facts" about him.
Penguin published "The
Truth About Chuck Norris:-
400 facts about the World's
Greatest Human" in Novem-
ber. Author Ian Spector and
two Web sites he runs to
promote the book, including,
are also named in the suit.
The book capitalizes on
"mythical facts" that have
been circulating on the
Internet since 2005 that
poke fun at Norris' tough-
guy image and super-human
abilities, the suit said.
It includes such humor-

ous "facts" as "Chuck Norris's'
tears cure cancer. Too bad he has
_never cried" and "Chuck Norris
does not sleep. He waits," the suit
said, as well as "Chuck Norris can
charge a cell phone by rubbing it
against his beard."
"Some of the 'facts' in the
book are racist, lewd or portray
Mr. Norris as engaged in illegal ac-
tivities," the lawsuit alleges.
Norris, who rose to fame in the
1970s and 1980s as the star of
such films as "The Delta Force"
and "Missing in Action," says the
book's title would mislead readers
into thinking the facts were true.
"Defendants have misappro-
priated and exploited Mr. Norris's
name and likeness without autho-
rization for their own commercial
profit," said the lawsuit.
The suit, filed in Manhattan
federal court, seeks unspecified
monetary damages for trademark
infringement, unjust enrichment
and privacy rights.

Norris, whose real name is
Carlos Ray Norris, claims in the
suit he is protective of what his
name is associated with. He has
recently made U.S. headlines
for backing Republican presi-

dential candidate former Arkan-
sas Gov. Mike Huckabee.
A spokesman for Penguin,
owned by Britain's Pearson
Plc, was not immediately avail-
able for comment.

12/22/2007, 10:58 PM



tio SUNiBiAY CNROiMI December 23, 2007



Rising cost of living pain, new

challenges and lack of 'goodwill'

THE BIG cry all around this Christmas season, is about the
cost-of-living burden. Everything costs more to enjoy a
traditional Christmas lunch or dinner with families and/or
Every Guyanese household-irrespective of social status-
would be bearing some of this burden, coupled with the unpleasant
understanding that no respite is on the horizon for a least the first
or second quarter of 2008. Never mind the expedient assurances that
reluctantly come from officialdom.
Whatever relief may eventually result from initiatives promised
by our Caribbean Community Heads of Government at their special
one-day" summit in Guyana on December 7, are yet to be worked
out by regional technocrats and relevant cabinet ministers for final
In listening to their coming Christmas and New Year messages,
it is advisable not to raise expectations too high-not in this country
or elsewhere in the Community where the cost of living pressures
vary in degrees.
Basically, what our CARICOM leaders decided at their
December 7 meeting was to identify the Community's Common
External Tariff (CET) as "the most appropriate instrument" for a
proposed collective response in addressing the problems we face
daily in our wallets and pockets to pay more-or simply do without.
Often it is just too difficult for many households-the poorer
being the most affected-to avoid such a choice when catering to
the needs of children and elders.
Some of those CARICOM leaders involved in the "cost of living
summit" in Georgetown, have either just emerged from recent
election victories or about to engage in new battles for state power.

All, however, are faced with the challenges that constitute a mix
of flawed domestic policies and, more significantly, external factors
beyond the control of vulnerable economies. Myopic development
policies in some jurisdictions have _,videntlv contributed to
. perpetuating the dependency syndrome with importations of much
of what we regularly consume and wear.
The CARICOM leaders have rightly pointed to external factors
that are negatively impacting on our economies-such as high and
still rising oil prices; climate change (which also contribute to natural
disasters and disrupt food supplies from main producing/exporting
countries); as well as a new shift from agricultural production from
food to bio-fuels.
What, of course, they are not happy to tell us, but must be
reminded to address, is the policies and programmes that continue



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to import food and beverages that currently contribute to a
whopping bill of no less than some US$4 billion (repeat four billion
dollars) annually.
This undesirable situation continues in the1 face of all the
platitudes and advertising jingles about "grow more food";
"buy local" and "eat healthy", and while both government and
business sector representatives speak with forked tongues in
attempts to rationalise an increasingly intolerable burden for
too many.
Business people involved in the region's distributive and
retail sectors. can be depended upon to offer their
"explanations" to justify climbing prices for a whole range of
consumer commodities.
They thrive best in societies.that have for far too long been
dependent on consumer imports and where governments continue
to offer excuses as substitutes for tested policies crafted on the basis
of careful research and meaningful consultation with representative
groups and organisatioris.

While, therefore, we hold strain and make do thle best we can
this Christmas season-remembering to extend also pragmatic
',goodwill" for those in greater need-the hope must be for the
official rhetoric about "cost-of-living concerns" to be replaced by
new and imaginative policies thati would make the difference to what
we currently face this Christmas of 2007.



This challenge Would require new attitudes by our political
parties that tend to be itgo divisive, even after national
elections, in their ongoing quest for control of the reins of state
Consequently, at this season of goodwill, there is a serious
deficit in goodwill in our party politics. For instance, in
Jamaica-as it is in Trinidad and Tobago-both of which have
held elections within four months-there is little hope for
reconciliation in the New Year between winners and losers of
general elections 2007.
Similarly is the mood 'in Barbados where, even prior to last
Thursday's announcement of January 15, 2008 as voting date for
new general election, the political atmosphere had already been
poisoned with passionate invectives from the primary contestants
for power-the incumbent Barbados Labour Party and David
Thompson's Democratic Labour Party.
Prime.Minister Owen Arthur, went as far in a very surprising
verbal blast last Sunday against the opposition DLP with a
declaration that: "I am motivated in a special way by the
determination never to see the DLP hold reins of office in this
country again..."
Such a vow is, to the best of my knowledge, quite
unprecedented in the multi-pairty parliamentary democracies of
We are clearly.about to experience a very bitter; bruising election
campaign, announcement for which came as shoppers were focused
on seeking competitive advantages to ease their cost of living pain.
Let me take this opportunity to wish all readers a Blessed
Christmas with a sorrel toast.


should prepare

now for

implications ofI

EPA with Europe'-

By Sir Ronald Sanders
(The writer is a business
executive and former
Caribbean diplomat)

THE Economic Partnership
Agreement (EPA) between
the Caribbean and European
Union (EU) countries is now
a done deal.
Negotiators initialled it on
December 16th and Ministers
will sign it early in the New
The Caribbean public is yet
to see the content of the EPA
and it is, therefore, impossible
for anyone but the negotiators
to fully understand it.
We- do know two things.
First, these were extremely dif-
ficult negotiations with EU
playing hard ball throughout.
And, second, our negotiators

were Caribbean patriots who
would have fought for the best
deal they could get.
Whatever gloss the EU
Commissioners put on it, their
threat of the imposition of
Generalised S.ystem of Prefer-
ences (GSP) standards on Car-
ibbean exports into Europe, if
the EPA was not signed, suffi-
ciently frightened some govern-
ment representatives and special
interest.groups such as rum
producers whb desperately
wanted to protect their exports.
In other Words, the EU
were determined to get their
way, and however well Carib-
bean negotiators fought with
them, the EU were supremely
conscious that-the ultimate
power was in their hands the
Caribbean needs the EU market
more than the EU needs the

All the talk of development
assistance to compensate for the
disruption to Caribbean econo-
mies in vital areas of production
is cheerful talk, but the proof of
that pudding is in the eating.
And, the pudding to be shared
amongst all 78 African, Carib-
bean and Pacific (ACP) coun-
tries is not very large.
So, we should be cleari: The
EU has done the Caribbean no
favours, and whatever hasibeenr
extracted from them by the Car-
ibbean negotiators was done by
very hard graft indeed.
The EU was negotiating
at- the Caribbean .table, but
the eyes of their Commis-
* sioners were on Africa. They
wanted no precedent set in
an agreement with the Car-
Ibbean that would affect the

access they want to the re-
sources of Africa.
It was good for the EU,
therefore, that they settled their
first comprehensive agreement
with the Caribbean. Now it can
be waived as a standard to all
In very broad terms, we
know a few other things.
The EU will be able
now to compete with local
companies and get national
treatment in bidding for govern-
ment contracts in the Caribbean.

80 per cent of im-
ports from the EU will enter
Caribbean markets at lower
duties than they now pay. In
some cases, there will be no

Please turn to page ten

SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 23, 2007 9



Chalmers Johnson
Metropolitan Books, Henry Holt and Company, 2006

For years, I have believed and
still believe that the United
States culture possesses sa-
lient values that all the world
can cherish; values as democ-
racy, freedom, tolerance, re-
ligious pluralism, prosperity,
and universal suffrage.
For years, too, I have be-
lieved that several American Ad-
ministrations through global
military interventions and mili-
tary bases are responsible for the
sorry state of affairs in many
developing countries, while si-
multaneously undermining its
own widely-respected democ-
The rationale for this kind
of imperialism was well articu-
lated by Senator Albert
Beveridge in 1898, and Presi-
dent Woodrow Wilson; and
President Harry Truman added
his piece, thus: "...the whole
world should adopt, the Ameri-
can system...the American sys-
tem could survive in America
only if it became a World sys-
And now we have Chalmers
Johnson, Professor Emeritus,
University of California, Berke-
ley, with a Blowback Trilogy
featuring his books: Blowback
(2000); The Sorrows of Empire

(2004); and Nemesis (2006); all
dishing out disturbing evidence
of American atrocities around
the world; and how these atroci-
ties are returning to trouble
"Blowback" attests to the
connection between the Central
Intelligence Agency's (CIA) un-
dercover work overseas and
tragedy on the American home-
land; and this book reached the
bookstores prior to 9/11. The
"Sorrows of Empire" evidences
how human security has be-
come a number one concern
through a huge rise in American
militarism and military occupa-
tions across this earth.
And now "Nemesis" pains-
takingly demonstrates how
American imperialist actions are
fast constructing political and
economic bankruptcy in the
United States.
Today, I want to attempt
some description of "Nemesis".
In Chapter 1 'Militarism and the
Breakdown of Constitutional
Government', Johnson argues
that war is a serious threat to
the American system of govern-
ment. He cites the principal
writer of the Constitution
James Madison who supports
this line of thinking, thus: in

war, the government's unre-
stricted powers become far-
reaching; the government directs
the war; the government dis-
penses taxpayers' money; gov-
ernment secures multiple honors
and emoluments for its top of-
ficials and top backers; really
aggrandizement for principal
government people.
And note that the U.S. has
been involved in 201 overseas mili-
tary operations between 1945 and
2001; since 1947, no U.S. overseas
military operation produced any
democratic government, but created
several dictators.
Chapter 2 on 'Comparative
Imperial Pathologies: Rome.
Britain, and America' makes the
case that American imperialism
and militarism will make it dif-
ficult to combine democracy at
home and maintaining an empire
The Roman and British em-
pires are prime examples of how
to break this impasse: history
shows that the Romans stuck
with their empire, and eventu-
ally destroyed any semblance of
democracy; the British surren-
dered their empire and held on
to their democracy. The U.S.
may already be confronting this
dilemma. Which way would the

U.S. go?
Chapter 3 on 'Central Intel-
ligence Agency: The PresidLAt's
Private Army' describes how
intelligence protects the Presi-
dent from facing any test of ac-
countability. The President ex-
erts total control over the CIA,
everything the CIA does is a se-
cret, and it has unchecked
power, with limited disclosure
of its budget in Congress.
However, today, President
Bush relies more on personal
loyalists and vested interests at
the Pentagon than on the private
army of CIA personnel. The un-
fortunate thing is that this reli-
ance on both personal loyalists
and CIA's covert operations
has worked to reduce the effec-
tiveness of American democ-

FOR years, too, I have
believed that several
through global military
interventions and
military bases are
responsible for the
sorry state of affairs in
many developing
countries, while
undermining its own

There are about 500,000
U.S. troops on 737 military
bases, dispersed around the
globe in about 130 countries.
Johnson, in chapter 4, notes
that these bases are intended to


sustain American hegemony
over the world; policing the
globe to guarantee that no na-
tion can face up to America mili-
Today, both the Latin
American people, quite familiar
with U.S. military interventions
to remove popular governments
as Guatemala (1954), Cuba
(1961), Dominican republic
(1965), Chile (1973), Grenada
(1983), and Nicaragua (1984-
90), and new governments in
Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina,
Venezuela, and Bolivia, emerg-
ing since 2005, express hardi-
ness to the U.S.
And so, Johnson argues.
that to eliminate these anti-
American trends and reestablish
its foothold in Latin America,
the U.S. Southern Command
combines anti-drug activities
with the war on terrorism, dis-
honors democratic entities by
labelling them 'radical popu-
lism', resurrects the specter of
'Castro Communism' through
hurling negatives on Venezuela's
President Hugo Chavez.
But, whatever we say,
American bases are what the
colonies were to Britain; Ameri-
can bases have become part of
an American Empire.
And Chapter 5 addresses
the special .privileges bestowed
on U.S. forces on foreign bases
through the Status of Forces
Agreement (SOFA); privileges
that citizens of the host coun-
try will never experience. And
SOFAs in Japan and North Ko-
rea do not place any burden of
accountability on U.S. troops

for recompensing any damage
they made to property.
The SOFAs are acceptable
because the U.S. claims that it
provides security to these coun-
tries where their military bases
are located. But whoever con-
trols space will exercise control
over planet earth, the subject of
Chapter 6; imperialism in action
and the resulting Empire.
Johnson demonstrates
the consequences of this
American Empire in "Nem-
esis"; sustaining this Empire
requires resources and com-
mitments that would weaken
U.S. domestic democracy,
spawning a military dictator-
ship. But the U.S. has a
choice; it can dissolve its Em-
pire, end its misguided ad-
ventures; and retain its de-
mocracy. Which way would
the U.S. go?
Previously published in
the Guyana Chronicle


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The Zuma Problem

"The (African National Con-
gress) should not choose
someone of whom most of us
would be ashamed," said
Archbishop Desmond Tutu,
who has a fair claim to being
South Africa's living con-
science. But on Tuesday the
ANC did choose Jacob Zuma
as the new party leader, giv-
ing him an almost unbeatable
advantage in the race to be-
come the country's next
The party conference was a
raucous affair, with Zuma's
supporters heckling and booing
President Thabo Mbeki. The
law only allows Mbeki two
terms in the presidency, and he
wanted to hold on to the ANC
leadership as a way of exerting
influence over the choice of the
next president after he steps
down in 2009. But "most of
us", or at least most of the 4,000
ANC delegates, were not at all
ashamed of choosing Zuma,
who won the leadership with a
60 percent majority.
Not only that, but Zuma's
supporters made a clean sweep
of all five other senior positions
in the ANC leadership. Unless
he dies or is convicted of some
crime between now and 2009, he
will be the ANC's candidate for
the presidency and since the

ANC still wins national elec-
tions almost automatically, he is
very likely to be President Zuma
eighteen months from now.
How bad would that be?
Thabo Mbeki thinks it
would be very bad. In his
speech to the conference he re-
ferred repeatedly to "ethical
leadership," which was code for
"not Jacob Zuma." The two men
were once close political allies
despite the huge contrast be-
tween their backgrounds: Mbeki
the austere intellectual with a
master's degree in economics,
Zuma the charismatic dema-
gogue with no formal education.
But when Zuma was charged
with corruption two years ago
Mbeki dismissed him as deputy
The corruption charges
were dismissed when a court
ruled that documents seized
during a raid by the National
Prosecuting Authority on
Zuma's office and home could
not be used against him be-
cause the search warrant was
defective. He also escaped
conviction in a rape case
brought against him by the
daughter of an old ANC com-
rade-in-arms who had been
staying in his home. And he
began his campaign for the
leadership of the ANC, the

surest route to the presidency
He has won precisely be-
cause of what Mbeki sees as his
flaws. The rank-and-file mem-
bership of the ANC (and many
other South Africans, especially
among the poor black majority)
have grown weary of Mbeki's
distant, almost other-worldly
style of leadership, whereas
Zuma sings and dances and
wears traditional costumes and
is definitely one of the boys.
They are also sick of an
economy that grows at five per-
cent. but does not seem to
spread the prosperity beyond
the new black middle class to
the deprived millions who still
live in squalor. They take
Zuma's warm, affable personal-
ity as evidence that he cares
more about the poor. And they
think that backing Zuma, what-
ever his faults, is the best way
of ensuring that Mbeki really
does leave power.
On the other hand, what
Mbeki, the South African
middle class of all colours,
and foreign investors all see
in Zuma is a classic African
"big man"-style leader in the
making. He is not a monster,
but he has little respect for
the law. His populist instincts
would sabotage South

Africa's economic growth,
and his dependence on bet-
ter-educated advisers and old
cronies would open the door
to massive corruption.
It is not just white South
Africans who fear that the
miracle of the past fifteen years
is very vulnerable, and that the
nation could all too easily go the
way of so many other African
countries if the wrong people
get into power. For Mbeki, for
Tutu, and one suspects even for
Nelson Mandela (who chose
Mbeki as his successor, after
all), Zuma is the man who could
wreck the dream. This may be
unfair to Zuma, but he will al-
most certainly become president
in eighteen months' time unless
the law or mortality intervenes.
The law is starting to inter-
vene again. The Supreme Court
has just declared the documents
seized from Zuma admissible in
court, and prosecutors have
submitted an affidavit alleging

that Zuma received 4 million
rand (about $550,000) from a
French arms company while he
was deputy president. His
former financial adviser is al-
ready serving a 15-year prison
sentence for soliciting a bribe
from that company in exchange
for Zuma's support, and if he
cannot get those documents
ruled out of court again he is in
big trouble.
Mortality is an imponder-
able, of course, and Zuma is
only 65. But it was striking that
at his rape trial he freely admit-
ted that he had unprotected sex
with his accuser, whom he knew
to be HIV-positive. He said he
took a shower afterwards to
avoid infection, which suggests
that he is either very stupid -
or that he has nothing more to
fear from HIV-positive part-
Odds are that nothing
will go wrong, however. Zuma
will probably become the

president of South Africa in
2009, and then we will see if
the fears about him are jus-
tified or not. But here's one
positive aspect of the situa-
tion: last Tuesday was the
first time in 58 years that the
ANC has chosen its leader by
an open vote.

Gwynne Dyer is a London-
based independent journalist
whose articles are published in
45 countries.


should prepare...

From page eight
duty at all.
EU service companies in tourism, banking etc will also have access to Caribbean markets to
compete with local companies.
Of course, the EU would argue that these are reciprocal arrangements and 15 CARIFORUM
countries will have duty free and quota free access to the EU markets for all goods except
sugar and rice "for which there will be a short transitional arrangement". Caribbean service
companies, they will say, also have access to the EU market.
But, the bottom line is that the EU companies with their far greater resources will exploit the
Caribbean market. There are few Caribbean companies, at the present time, that have the means to
compete with European companies in their own Caribbean markets.
A further worry to Caribbean countries is that in seven years time, Caribbean governments will
have to eliminate "Other Duties and Charges" which are a major source of government revenue at their
These border duties and charges on imports will have to be replaced by internal taxes.
This could mean increases in income tax, government sales taxes and the introduction of new
tax measures. The burden of government revenue will shift directly to the Caribbean people.
The bottom line of all this is that, for better or worse, there is now an EPA between the Caribbean
and the EU and it has to be implemented.
The Caribbean has various periods of time to adjust to the enormous changes that this agreement
will bring. And, no time should be wasted in fully understanding all the implications of the EPA and
taking action to prepare for them.
The private sector organizations and trade union groups that remained supine while the
negotiations were going on, can not complain when the realities of the EPA start to take ef-
fect. Many of them failed to ask for a place at the negotiating table. Even worse, they did not
insist on setting up working parties to constantly engage in a dialogue with governments and
the negotiators on the various aspects of the agreement. They are now stopped from objec-
tion by their own lack of action.
But, they should now demand the very early publication of the agreement, and they should insist
on the immediate creation of regional and national working parties of governments, private sector orga-
nizations and trade unions to analyse it, understand it, explain it to the wider public, and prepare for
the changes.
They should also work to devise regional and national plans to take advantage of the access to the
EU market that has been achieved. While it will be difficult, enterprising Entrepreneurs in the region
could broaden the scope of their businesses. There should be a regional effort to do so, backed by risk
capital from indigenous banks and governments for companies with viable business plans.
The negotiations were shrouded in secrecy but maybe that was allowed because organizations in
the Caribbean did not insist on public discussion and public involvement.
Now that the deal is done, all should be revealed and collective preparation to meet the
challenges thrown down by the EU should begin without delay.
Responses to:



Information Technology/Communications and Records (ITIC&R) Clerk
The USAID/Guyana Office is seeking an appropriately qualified individual to fill the : ;,. r of
Information Technology/Communications and Records (IT/C&R) Clerk.

The Information Technology!Communications and Records (IT!C&R) Clerk will be responsible for
assisting the Systems Manager located in USAID/Guyana Program Office. The IT/C&R) Clerk is
also responsible for the management and administration of USAID/Guyana's unclassified
documents, telecommunication and records management. The incumbent provides assistance
on communications and records operations for USAID/Guyana Country Program Office located in

Technical orcollege level in Computers nce is required.

Required Experience and Skills:
1. A minimum of Two (2) years of pr',, responsible experience in records and
correspondence management is required. The incumbent should have good
interpersonal skills and excellent command of English. Demonstrated proficiency in
correspondence and records management procedures, good knowledge of the multi-
country organizational structure, functions and personnel. Must have the ability to
complete assigned tasks with minimum supervision.
2. IT experience is required. The incumbent will operate Window XP; Exchange 2,000;
manages daily, weekly and monthly systems backup; manages daily, weekly and
monthly systems backup; manages user accounts on windowsow s XP Network;
troubleshoots network devices such as printers, scanners and other devices connected
to the network, provides user assistance on Mission approved software applications;
administers the Mission telephone systems; checks security reports and corrects
vulnerability and install and deploys Mission applications. Applied use of many
computer software programs such as ali Microsoft Office applications and use of the
internet, will be required. C',,rn-iniii to continuous learning and willingness to keep
abreast of new developments in the IT field is also required.

Howto apply
Interested candidates should submit expressions of interest (including date of a.. ,-aIl
curriculum vitae and names of two (2) references :o the attention of: Program Assistant,
USAID/Guyana, Embassy of the United States of America, 100 Young & Duke Streets,
Georgetown no later than December 31,2007.

''*'*'* *.''. *9"Hse^^'(MU o7

SUNDAY sqv cHRONctICL ~arern~r'R~;Q2 07


Risk and



AS this is my final column
before the end of the year, I
would like to take this oppor-
tunity to extend my wishes
for a Merry Christmas and a
happy New Year to all. The
feedback I've gotten over the
past few months has been tre-
mendously helpful in provid-
ing the impetus to continue.
Someone recently called
me to enquire whether my ar-
ticles were all generally fo-
cused on individual responsi-
bility. I believe that it's safe
to say, from the first install-
ment which dealt with Ac-
countability to the column
which dealt Expiration Dates,
individual responsibility has
indeed been the general theme
of Critical Perspectives.
Another person suggested
during a recent conversation this
theme might be a bit overblown,
that people on the whole are
more responsible than my col-
umns convey. That's a fair criti-
cism, but not a flawless one.
For example, I've made refer-
ence to road accidents in at least
one previous column, and will
again further down in this one.
A month ago, the road fatalities
figure for 2007 was 192, some
52.3% over last year's total of
126 persons, and there have
been additional deaths since -

how responsible are people
when it comes to their driving
This week, I'd like to dis-
cuss the general topic of Risk
and Responsibility, as both an
expansion and continuation of
the last column's topic, 'Risk
and Parental Responsibility'.
Whereas the last column dealt
with the emotional impact of
parents engaging in irrespon-
sible behaviour, this week I am
broadening the focus to look at
individual irresponsibility in
general and the economic impact
it has on society.
We can begin by highlight-
ing two examples:
According to one study,
conducted by no less an insti-
tution than the John Hopkins
University, the total annual
costs attributed to smoking -
something they referred to
as the "smoking attributable
fraction of expenditure" was
some US $6 billion; and this
was a conservative estimate
according to the researchers.
Other studies estimate medi-
cal costs associated with
smoking to be actually in the
US $7 billion to 1$4 billion
range. The World Health
Organisation (WHO) esti-
mates that each year "road
traffic accidents cost US$ 518
billion globally. The annual
cost of road accidents in low-

and middle-income countries
are estimated to be between
US$ 65 billion and US$ 100
billion-more than the total
annual amount received in
development aid."
That final part of the state-
ment should be of particular in-
terest in that it draws a com-
parison between what is spent
on an ultimately preventable
health matter and money being
spent on other development ar-
eas. The figures are there, but I
prefer not to use them since that
may give the impression, incor-
rectly, that I'm speaking in my
official capacity.
Instead, we may use the
hypothetical figure of a G$1B
as representative of our total
budgetary resources for health
in a given year. Imagine that we
are spending some $50M on
smoking related lung cancer and
another $50M on preventable
traffic accidents every year.
In a country with limited fi-
nancial. resources as Guyana,
what you have then is the wast-
age of money.
Every year there are heart-
felt public appeals for financial
assistance for children with
heart disease, people on the
point of death because of the
need for dialysis, some teen dis-
figured and in constant pain be-
cause of some tumour.
The argument may be made

Minister Ramsammy

re-issues special appeal

for blood donation

As the year draws to a close,
it is more difficult for the
Ministry of Health to procure
enough blood to ensure that
there is an adequate supply
and Minister of Health Dr.
Leslie Ramsammy has re-is-
sued an appeal for persons to
come out and voluntarily do-
nate blood.
"It is necessary that we
keep a stable buffer stock of
blood for patients, including
pregnant women and impor-
tantly, emergencies. Hence, the
National Blood Transfusion
Service needs about 120 units
of blood at hand daily. At
present, the stock is about 25
units, leaving the NBTS with a
severe and dangerous shortage,"
Minister Ramsammy said.
Minister Ramsammy said
that during the Christmas sea-
son, blood donation across the
country lags as persons take the
time to indulge and partake in
the festivities. However, this
time, like throughout the year,

there is still the need to ensure
that an adequate supply of
blood is available at the National
Blood Transfusion Service
(NBTS) so that in cases of
emergency, persons will be able
to access this service.
"As we embrace this joy-
ous time of the year and in
the spirit of sharing and giv-
ing, I appeal to you to spread
this cheer to those in our
health institutions...there
are still people who suffer
from various diseases, such as
cancer, who need blood to
save their lives. There are
also pregnant women who
sometimes need surgery to
deliver their babies. Unfortu-
nately too, there are many ac-
cidents and victims need
blood." the Minister stated.
This year's target was 6,000
units but the service has only
been able to collect 5,200 units
which leaves a shortfall of 800
Of the 5200 units obtained,

just over 2,300 units came from
purely voluntary donors, which
amount to 45 percent, and this
is the highest rate of collection
in the Caribbean Community
(CARICOM) Region, except
Suriname, which only allows
voluntary donations of blood.
According to Minister
Ramsammy, there has been a
vast improvement in the do-
nation drive. During the
1990s, the Blood Transfusion
Unit was only able to collect
five to seven percent from
voluntary donors.
Persons who would like to
donate blood could come to-
gether in groups at their
workplaces, sports clubs or
churches, and the Ministry
can organise to have the ex-
ercise conducted at their 'lo-
cation. Persons interested in
doing so are advised to call
the Ministry or the NBTS on
telephone numbers 226-9022,
225-4972, 227-0418 or 227-

that we have external support to
supplement our health care bud-
get, and that we also receive
money for development in other
areas. However, we need to
look upon donor resources as fi-
nite in the long run, not some
endless cash cow that we can
keep milking forever. The fact is
that every dollar spent on a pre-
ventable health care issue could
have been better spent on some-
thing else. The irresponsibility
of individuals has an impact

As much as the State has
a responsibility to ensure
that certain basic needs of the
individual are met, we have to
understand that it cuts both
ways. We have a responsibil-
ity to ourselves to ensure

By Keith Burrowes

that we receive the best of
what the State has to offer
and not be careless or negli-
gent about our health and en-
vironment. I was driving


12/22/2007, 9:51 PM


The Government of Guyana (herein after called the "Borrower" has applied
for and received financing to the amount of US$8.65 million (Loan Contract
# I1751-SF/GY) (herein after called "funds") from the Inter-American
Development Bank (herein after called "Bank") towards the cost of the
Support for Competitiveness Program. The Borrower intends to apply a
portion of the funds to eligible payments under the Contracts for which this
request is issued and hereby invites expressions of interest for the following:

1. Consultant to Conduct a Tax Policy Diagnostic Study and Prepare
an Action Plan
a. A PhD in Economics with specialization in Tax Policy and Tax
b. At least ten (10) years of consulting experience in the areas of Tax
Policy and TaxAnalysis;
c. Proven ability to speak and write English fluently
d. Preference would be granted to consultants with specific consulting
experience in the Caribbean and other Commonwealth countries.

2. Consultant to Conduct a Trade Transaction Study and Prepare an
Action Plan
a. An advanced degree in International Trade. Process Engineering,
System Engineering o! .m ii.i.. .,L d J i n,-',
b. At least five (5) years of international experience in igdig.
evaluating and implementing streamlined administrative procedures in
the public sector, preferably in the area of Customs and International
Trade in similar developing countries;
c. An understanding of how administrative procedures and their
associated times and costs affect private enterprises' competitiveness:
d. Proven ability to speak and write English fluently;
e. Experience in the Caribbean Region and other Commonwealth
countries would be an asset.
Interested individuals from the Bank's member countries are herewith invited to submit
their Expressions of Interest (EOI) together with their (V's clearly indicating for which
positions) they are applying. Applications must be received no later than Monday,
January 14.2008 at the following address:
Support for Competitiveness Program
Project Execution Unit
Attn: Ms. Merlin Udho, Program Coordinator
229 South Road Lacytown
Georgetown, Guyana
Tel: (592) 223-5150
E-mail: mudhori'

A detailed T"erms of Reference for the posts referred to above may be obtained from the
abovementionedaddress .riit "'1.,- mimic >. gmc ..


through i -particriiular i rea of
the city recently and saw a
trench full of rubbish. Now
this is taking place during the
rainy season and in an area
where flooding would have a
greater economic impact on
individuals than most other
During the debate in the US
Senate two years ago on the
"Cheeseburger Bill" a piece of
legislation banning people from
suing restaurants for making.
them fat one Republican Sena-
tor, Ric Keller, summed up his
rationale for supporting the bill
by saying:
"We've got to get back to
those old-fashioned principles
of personal responsibility, of
common sense, and get away
from this new culture where ev-
erybody plays the victim and
blames other people for their
We haven't reached the
stage in Guyana where we
start litigation for lifestyle
choices and hopefully we
never will but that culture
of glorifying victimhood and
shifting the blame is still
very much alive here.
Best wishes to all.

.S'JMAY CF NfilCLE-DecnatetR'aj ae t;,

Soldier convicted of

manslaughter to spend

Christmas at home

Stabroek Rotary

spreads Christmas

cheer to kids in

Some 300 children from Buxton were overcome with joy and happiness Thursday when
Santa arrived in their community with his bag of goodies.
The philanthropic gesture was made through the efforts of Stabroek Rotarians. with support
from Banks DIH, Demerara Distillers Ltd, Star Computers. Jamar's Printery and CK Associates.
The majority of the kids were from the Buxton Youth Developers Project, an initiative sup-
ported by the Rotary Club of Stabroek. The children, aged five to 16, were treated to sumptuous
meals, party bags. and Christmas presents.
Christmas carols and party music played throughout the clamor of excited children and a fes-
tive mood permeated the atmosphere The objective of the outreach was to expose underprivileged
children to the festivity of the Christmas season.
For Stabroek Rotarians, the experience was fun, rewarding and unforgettable. This ini-
tiative emphasized the commitment of Rotary Stabroek to its Community Service man-

Modernisation of ferry

services being further


GOVERNMENT'S interest.
in continuous improvement
of ferry services is heighten-
ing with more investments
being made to modernise op-
erations at various locations,
including the Rosignol/New
Amsterdam crossing.
At present, efforts are be-
ing made to install a point-of-
sale ticketing system at this
crossing to ensure more effi-
ciency in the processing of pas-
sengers and vehicles. Necessary
infrastructure is being put in
place at both stellings to accom-
modate the system while the
software is being developed.
Minister of Transport and
Hydraulics Robeson Benn, on a
recent visit to Region Six, in-
spected the office being built at
the Rosignol selling to cater for

- t tickein s e t e

the point-of-sale system, which
is expected to be in place within
the next two weeks.
This initiative, the Minister
pointed out, is part of efforts to
modernise the operations, re-
duce the level of confusion as-
sociated with the current system
and provide better services to
the travelling public. Reference
was made to the level of
organisation established at the
Demerara Harbour Bridge
where a modern system is in
When the Berbice River
Bridge is completed, the sys-
tem will be transferred to the
Parika/Adventure crossing.
This will complement previ-
ous and ongoing efforts by
the Transport and Harbours
Department (T&HD) to con-

tinually enhance its services.
Over the past months, signifi-
cant efforts were made in this
regard, including upgrading
of stellings at New
Amsterdam in Berbice,
Morawhanna in the North
West District and Adventure
in Essequibo.
Several vessels were also
docked as part of the annual
maintenance programme, includ-
ing the MV Torani, which was
recently taken to Berbice to
boost services during the Christ-
mas season.
Additionally, various as-
pects of the ferry service to the
North West were addressed, in-
cluding improvements to seats
and decks, toilet facilities, docu-
mentation of passengers travel-
ling on the vessel and the pro-

T L2 -42

visions of first aid kits. The
boarding point for the vessel
was relocated from Stabroek to
Kingston, where better facilities
are available.
Government will be acquir-
ing two new ferries under an
agreement with the Government
of China that will mark the first
phase of a plan to retire the ex-
isting ferries which have been in
operation for more than 70
years. The two new roll-on roll-
off ferries were initially in-
tended for the New Amsterdam/
Rosignol crossing. But with
construction of the Berbice river
bridge, the vessels will operate
at the Parika/Adventure cross-
Under Government's
Community Services En-
hancement Programme
(CSEP), construction of a
modern selling at
Supenaam/Good Hope is cur-
rently ongoing, while upgrad-
ing of the structure at Parika
has been completed to cater
for the operation of the two
ferries. (GINA)

ecution said were due to reck-
lessness,as a against the defence
which alleged that the shooting
was an accident.
The mixed jury took about
five hours to reach a verdict.
During their deliberations,
the jury had to return for fur-
ther directions on the question
of manslaughter.
They eventually returned
with an 11-1 majority verdict
of guilty of manslaughter
and Fraser was sentenced to
four years imprisonment by
trial judge, Justice Winston
Appellant's counsel Mi.
Kamal Ramkarm filed an ;appeal
on behalf f his client andi
sought an aplplicaitio; a1li I iil
pending the appeal, which lie
said. had mcrii, aind was, likcl\
to succeed.
Twenty grounds of appeal
were submitted for the consid-
eration of the Court.
Among the grounds it is
stated that the trial judge erred
in law in failing to direct the
jury or to properly direct the
jury, on the application of the

law relating to gross negligence,
manslaughter and the defence of
accident raised by the appellant
to the evidence led by the pros-
ecution and to the statements
from the appellant.
Another ground alleged that
the learned trial judge erred in
law in finding that he did not
have the power to impose a sus-
pended sentence on the appel-
lant thus depriving himself of
the opportunity to exercise his
discretion to impose a sus-
pended sentence on the appel-
lant. if he had so considered
that he had the power to do so.
It was also suggested that
the \ verdict of the jury should be
,et :siide onl the grounds that ii
s nre;,asoniaile and cannot b
uiippoirtkd having regard to the
_\ idenl e.
It was said too, that the
acts of omissions of the
learned trial judge and
wrong decisions of law as set
out above, cumulatively con-
stituted a miscarriage of jus-
tice in the conviction and sen-
tence of the appellant.
(George Barclay)

GUYANA Defence Force sol-
dier Mark Fraser who was
sentenced to four years, im-
prisonment earlier this
month for the unlawful kill-
ing of fellow soldier Oneal
Rollins has been given the
opportunity of spending
Christmas with his family.
This happened when his
application for bail pending ap-
peal was granted by Acting
Chief Justice, Mr. Ian Chang,
who was sitting as a Court of
Appeal judge in Chambers.
Fraser was granted $150,
000 bail by the judge after read-
ing the application for hail
pending appeal with alTidavit in
support sworn to on the 14th
dLy of December. 2007
.The judge made his ruling
alfcr hearing, Attorincy- t-law.
Mr. Kamnal Ranmkarran for the
Applicant/Appellant. and Ms.
Jo-Ann Barlow, Deputy Direc-
tor of Public Prosecutions, for
the Respondent.
The Judge "further or-
dered that the Applicant/Ap-
pellant report to the
Brickdam Police Station the
last Friday of every month
commencing 28th December
2007, failing which bail is for-
feited and applicant/appellant
is liable to arrest."
GDF soldier Rollins was
shot to death with an AK-47
weapon October 26, 2002, while
operating at a Buxton camp, in
circumstances which the pros-

Over 50

'Stamp it out'



-Human Services

Minister satisfied
MINISTER of Human Services and Social Security, Priya
Manickchand, on Friday indicated her satisfaction with the
progress of the consultations on sexual violence and that
in excess of 50 sessions haie been held in the 10 adminis-
trative regions.
The Ministry, began meeting residents on its consultation
paper 'Stamp it out' on November 2 to reform the lay. on sexual
offences. Ii contains proposal that deal wiih toughening up
las against sexual offences and impro trng prolecuon against
sexual i olence.
The MinistrN is proud of its achiueements. e.peciall ~\ th
the residents' responses on eliminating sexual violence. Minis-
ter Nlanickchand said
She noted that the consulhaon kill lasi until December 31.
and is urging persons to still make contributions b. telephone.
letters and e-mals
The Mlinister said in early January she will be host-
ing a live television programme %which will extend to a
wider group of people before the Paper is laid before the
National Assembly. The Ministry hopes to present the pa-
per in the first quarter of 2008.
"The Government will continue to initiate talks on the
prevalent issues in society and we see this as a national con-
versation where the intervention of everyone is needed,"
Manickchand said.
It was noted that a massive education campaign will be
launched after the new sexual violence bill would have been
passed in Parliament.
Minister Manickchand said that protecting victims and
'stamping out' violence in the society will be a continuing ef-
fort by the Human Services' Ministry.
"We have gone farther ahead than most countries in
the Caribbean in dealing with sexual violence, and it does
not stop here. The Government is committed to 'stamping
out' violence, in the society," the Minister asserted.

CHLRN b. S .. ars.

- -91

SUDAY IHRONICLED[ ci IftlIjfi %-- 2Q7. :. 13


* k -~






Fl b 6 1:1J 6l kd


(average 8 hrs. per day)

This Islt assumes that the appliances ,quirrir- nit ,re in io,:.c .:.n tit:in

1 233

Sen ice \ouri electricallelectronic appliance and equipment at least once a ea;r.
Ha% e iour electrician test the internal %%iring at least once a %ear.
\fter all, responsibility) for %our electrical safnet inside the building is \ OURS!


i -t

.. |SS


-- -


1' fWg%-677 WV F PM



The shopping frenzy
THE shopping centres in the capital city were hit by hordes yesterday as they
continued the frenzied buying spree that is synonymous with Christmas in
our country. Of course this phenomenon will peak on Christmas Eve, when
many more will throng the stores, not only to make last minute purchases,
but just to mingle with the crowds to catch some of the holiday frenzy that
makes Christmas Eve in Georgetown the unique experience it is.

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Harpoosmiles aoove lue^raze
August blessings beyond the blanket of

Noble departure glorified December

Christmas Eve honourable memory

Intelligent heart of a peaceful dove

Shadows thou beautiful spirit of love

u e/ d P A-rts
SGuyanese/Canadian Poet & Artist

Dedicated to the great
grandchildren of Elissa -
Shakeel & Maryam Rahat
(Little Flower) of Mon Repos
Delcina Kay of USA, Esther Stone of Englano

Elissa D.O.B.: August 18, 1936
Francis D.O.D.: December 24, 1978

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SUNPAY CHRoNpLE econmber ,23 e 17

HI-IV/AIDS Around the world

Sex Ed Does Delay

By Madeline Vann
(HealthDay News) Sex education programs do
work to help discourage many teens from becom-
ing sexually active before age 15, according to
data released Wednesday by the U.S. Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Formal programs such as those presented in
schools and church groups did appear to delay
onset of sexual activity. For example, teen girls in
the nationally representative sample were 59 per-
cent less likely to start having sex before age 15 if
they had received sex education, while teen boys
were 71 percent less likely, the study found
"We were obviously hoping to find that sex edu-
cation is effective. We're glad to see the strong as-
sociations," said lead author Trisha Mueller, a CDC
epidemiologist. She emphasized that in order to be
successful, sex education should take place before
young people become sexually active.
Mueller's team also learned that teen boys who
attended school were almost three times more likely
to use contraception .if they had attended a sex edu-
cation program, compared to those who had not.
However, attendance at a sex education class did
not seem to impact girls' use of birth control, the
survey found.
The survey did not differentiate between pro-
grams that emphasized abstinence and those that
educated about contraception. Instead, research-
ers focused only on whether the teens had ever at-
tended any sex education program in a formal set-
ting, such as school or church.
The study was expected to be published in the
January issue of theJlournal of Adolescent Health
According to earlier, 2005 data available from the
CDC, 47 percent of high school students said they
had already had sex. Of those who were currently
involved in a sexual relationship, one-third said they
were not using a condom.
Curious about the effectiveness of sexual edu-
cation on these behaviors, Mueller and colleagues
examined data from more than 2,000 teen boys and
girls between 15 and 19 years of age who partici-
pated in the door-to-door 2002 National Survey of
Family Growth.
"Formal sex education is beneficial for youth who
are considered to be at-risk," noted Mueller, who
cited as an example the 88 percent reduced risk of
initiation sex before age 15 among urban black fe-

, y. 1 1 I
I i l if I1 'r .
I 'ilI 11 ,


,, -- ..,

males who had received any sex education. Urban
black teen girls who were still in school at the time
of the survey had a 91 percent reduced risk of ini-
tiation sex before age 15, the survey found.
The research also showed that boys living in
single-parent households were more likely to delay
sex past age 15 if they had attended a sex educa-
tion class.
Mueller and her team were interested in teen
sexual decision-making before and after the age of
15, because the federal governments' Healthy

Teen Sex!

People 2010 initiative treats 15 as a dividing line.
Healthy People 2010 sets a wide array of health
goals for states and communities to achieve over
the first decade of this century. One of its objectives:
to reduce the number of teens under age 15 who
are having sex for the first time.
"First and foremost, the report makes clear that
the timing of sex education is quite important. That
is, providing sex education to young people at an
early age seems quite important in helping delay
sexual activity," said Bill Albert, deputy director of
the Washington, D.C.-based National Campaign to
Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy.
The researchers said the study could not explain
why sex education might have a stronger effect in
delaying sex among teen boys and black girls, but
Albert offered an explanation.
"It is the case that declines in sexual activity
among teen boys, as opposed to girls, and African-
American teen girls, as opposed to other racial/eth-
nic groups, have been much more dramatic over the
past decade. This may, in part, explain why the ef-
fect of sex education seems stronger. It may also
be that concern about HIV/AIDS may be particularly
strong among these two groups," said Albert.
However, certain sub-populations of teens de-
serve further research, said Mueller. The data sug-
gested that both rural, white teen girls and white
or Hispanic teen girls who had dropped out of
school might be more likely to have sex before age
15 if they had sex education, but Mueller said the
number of people in those groups in the study was
so small that the results could be a statistical fluke.
"They were kind of opposite findings," said
Mueller, who acknowledged that "some subgroups
may not benefit from sex ed the same way as the
larger group of teens."
This research comes in the wake of data re-
leased Dec. 5 by the CDC showing that the annual
rate of births to teens has increased for the first
time in 14 years. Between 2005 and 2006, the birth
rate for girls 15 to 19 rose 3 percent from 40.5
births per 1,000 in 2005 to 41.9 per 1,000 in 2006.
Considering both studies, Albert said, "The
early wins may have been won. Future efforts
may well have to be more intense, focused, and
creative if the nation is to make continued
progress in reducing teen pregnancy and child-
bearing. Put another way, yesterday's way of do-
ing business will no longer suffice."

Payne Introduces Bill on

HIV/AIDS and Nutrition
(Washington, DC) United States Congressman Donald M. Payne, chairman
of the Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health, today introduced the Glo-
bal HIV/AIDS Food Security and Nutrition Act of 2007. The bill, which would
amend the President's Emergency Plan for HIV/AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), seeks
to ensure that people receiving US-funded AIDS treatment also receive nu-
tritional support.
PEPFAR, launched in 2003, is a $15 billion initiative aimed at addressing the global
HIV/AIDS crisis. Since its establishment, PEPFAR has accomplished a great deal.
According to the U.S. Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC), over 800,000
people are currently receiving anti-retroviral medications. Through PEPFAR, nearly
50,000 people living with AIDS start life-saving therapies every month.
On World AIDS Day 2006, in Nairobi, Kenya, Representative Payne stated, "It is
my belief that the United States government should double our commitment to fight
HIV/AIDS in Africa." Last May, President Bush announced that his administration
would, in fact, seek to double PEPFAR funding to $30 billion.
However, the issue of food insecurity undermines the United States' efforts to pro-
vide the adequate prevention, care and treatment of per-
sons with HIV/AIDS. The mortality rate for malnourished
individuals starting an anti-retroviral regimen is 6 times' '
higher than their adequately nourished counterparts, and .
the side effects of HIV/AIDS medication are more pro-
nounced for individuals who are not receiving adequate nu-
tritional support, which could impact a patient's adherence :" ;
to a treatment regimen. ionA c't' -
Payne's Global HIV/AIDS Food Security and Nutrition Act
of 2007 calls on the OGAC to ensure that patients receiv-
ing US-funded anti-retrovirals are given nutritional assess- ..
ments, counseling and, if necessary, nutritional support for .
a period of not less than 6 months. It also directs the
Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator assure that individuals ".1
who receive food assistance under this bill also are linked .i,'- '
with agricultural development and livelihood programs.
"PEPFAR has made great strides in combating the *-
spread and effects of HIV/AIDS," Payne said. "My t. ; _'
legislation will not only provide food assistance to DONALD M. PAYNE
those living with HIV/AIDS but also will empower
PEPFAR countries to build their capacity and to support the health and nu-
trition of their communities."


Cost of HIV

treatment may dip

NEW DELHI: First, it was
the sharp fall in the esti-
mated number of HIV/
AIDS cases in India -
from 5.1 million to 2.7
million. Now, the National
Aids Control Organisation
(Naco) has some more
good news.,
The prices of first-line
anti-retroviral therapy
(ART) drugs, the only
known treatment that sup-
presses the HIV virus and
that was available to Indian
patients till now, has
Till now, Naco paid ru-
pees 7,000 to purchase
drugs for every patient on
treatment every year.
Over 1.3 lakh HIV patients
are on ART at present who
get it free from any gov-
ernment-run ART centre.
TOI has learnt that ac-
cording to the latest ten-
der, announced and
opened for bidding on De-
cember 5 and then final-
ized by Naco, a generic
drug making Indian com-
pany will supply the same
drugs for Rs 2,000 less.
Confirming this, Naco

director-general K Sujatha
Rao told TOI: "This is great
news for the programme.
At present, we have 1.3
lakh people on ART. The
price cut will help us in put-
ting many more patients
on ART. Our target is to
reach 1.75 lakh HIV pa-
tients by March 2009." .
Though Rao did not dis-
close the name of the
company which had won
the bid, she said the com-
pany would start supplying
the drugs to Naco from
February 2008.
India uses two-drug
and three-drug combina-
tions under the ART
programme. Drugs like
Stavudine, Lamivudine,
Nevirapine, Efavirenz and
Zidavudin are given in
combination to decrease
resistance among HIV
positive patients. At
present, seven Indian com-
panies make generic first-
line ART drugs. Naco spent
Rs 60 crore on just procur-
ing drugs in 2006.
A health ministry official
said: "Competition among
pharma companies has been

steadily bringing down the
price of generic ART drugs.
When Naco started ART in
SApril 2004, it cost the govern-
ment Rs 10,000 for drugs per
person per year. In 2005, it
became Rs 8,000 and in
2006, it dipped by Rs 1,000
more. Now it's become Rs
Meanwhile, India is all
set to roll out second-line
ART to over 3,000 HIV pa-
tients from January in two
centres Mumbai's J J
Hospital and Chennai's
Tambaram ART centre.
These patients were facing
imminent death because
they had become resistant
to the first-line treatment,
thanks to poor adherence
to the treatment regimen.
Second-line therapy is
expensive it will cost
Naco Rs 8,000 per patient
on ART per month. Clinton
Foundation will provide the
drugs for free to Naco for
the next two years. The
foundation will in turn get
the drugs from UNITAID,
an international drug pur-
chasing facility.
Ten doctors from Delhi,
Mumbai and Chennai have
just returned from Thai-
land after being trained
on operational issues re-
lating to second-line
therapy. They were taught
the treatment protocols,
and how to roll out and
monitor the treatment
lest patients become re-

12/22/2007, 9 52 PM

F~f11:5 Ip\~urf~: T~Als

SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 23, 2007


NCN Channel 11

02:00 h Late Nite with
03:00 h Movie
05:00 h Mystery of the
05:30 h Newtown Gospel
1/2 Hour
06:00 h NCN 6 O'clock
News Magazine (R/B)
07:00 h Voice of Victory
07:30 h Assembly of

08:00 h Lifting Guyana
to Greatness
08:30 h In Dialogue
09:00 h Anmol Geet
10:00 h -Art of Living
10:15 h National
11:15 h Weekly Digest
12:00 h Homestretch
12:30 h Feature
13:00 h Dharma Vani
14:00 h In Style
14:30 h Catholic

15:00 h Grow with IPED
16:00 h Spicy Dish
16:30 h Family Forum
17:00 h Lutheran Men's
17:30 h Guysuco
Round Up

18:00 h NCN Week in
19:00 h Close Up
19:30 h Kala Milan
20:00 h 60 minutes
21:00 h President's Diary
21:30 h Front Burner
22:00 h Movie

I \XMAS OPENING : 14:00.17:00 hrs I

16:1520:311 hrs LONDON
, 3:10 T() LtlN A' 2,1:301
Splus *OiNE LOVE"
s\O()RD)S "*LO)\ L DON' I'O (S


-. ". ........------

e Our Daily God makes j
us fragrant ^
All things are lawful," flowers. Am I
BUT will they make srai
us stumbling blocks or spreading
stepping-stones? sweetness o ?
I Corinthians 8:13. to all?

". "

For Sunday, December 23, 2007 14:30h
For Monday, December 24, 2007 05:30h
For Tuesday. December 25,2007 05:30h

For Ocean Going Vessels opening lasts about 1-11"hrs


E IY 1 H O U S E 21 ST DECEMBER 2007 -1 ST JANUARY 2008

r r I







KITTY QIK SERV 7:30h-23:00h 7:30h-22:00h 7:30h-23:00h
N/A QIK SERV 7:30h-23:00h 8:00h-23:00h 7:30h-00:00h
ARVIDA QIK SERV 7:30h-22:00h 7:30h-23:00h 7:30h-23:00h
IDIHO 7:30h-23:00h 7:30h-23:00h 7:30h-23:00h
,, .... . . .. .

MAIN ST QIK SERV 7:30h-23:00h 8:30h-22:00h 7:30h-00:00h

STABROEK QIK SERV 7:00h-00:00h 7:00h-00:00h 7:00h-00:00h

ROOF GARDEN 10:00h-00:00h 10:00h-23:00h 10:00h-00:00h

LIQUOR STORE 8:00h-18:00h 9:00h-14:00h 8:00h-18:00h

STEAK HOUSE 10:00h-22:00h 10:00h-23:00h 10:00h-23:00h
..: -~ ...'.. ... ,; ..... ..... .... .-.,

SHERIFF St Q1K SERV 8:00h-00:00h 8:00h-23:00h 8:00h-00:00h
CAMPSITE/PATTISERIE 7:00h-23:00h 7:00h-23:00h 7:00h-23:00h
ULTIMATE CATERING 7:00h-23:00h 7:00h-23:00h 7:00h-23:00h
CAMPSITE DUTY FREE 8:00h-18:00h 9:00h-17:00h 8:00h-18:00h
KRYSTAL CLEANERS 7:30h-18:00h 9:00h-17:00h 7:30h-18:00h























Page 11 & 18.p65


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9:00h-12:00h 8:00h-16:00h 9:00h-14:00h 8:00h-18:00h CLOSED

13:30h-21:00h 10:00h-22:00h 13:30h-21:00h 10:00h-20:00h 13:30h-21:00h

8:00h-23:00h 8:00h-00:00h 8:00h-23:00h 8:00h-20:00h 12:00h-22:00h
7:00h-22:00h 7:00h-23:00h 7:00h-23:00h 7:00h-20:00h 12:00h-22:00h
7:00h-22:00h 7:00h-23:00h 7:00h-23:00h 7:00h-20:00h 12:00h-22:00h
CLOSED 8:00h-16:00h CLOSED 8:00h-20:00h CLOSED
CLOSED 7:30h-16:30h CLOSED 7:30h-20:00h CLOSED






S Q iRES lrr -1I-AI-rJK

.';ill: '14 '_' -",,2 14-')
22)5-1. 1.7.' FJax: 225.-O6()6
or ('on)zlilt()o Is a;
Lazina Avemi'c-
3el Air Pa'k
corgdfor s.

INDRA'S Beauty Salon, 122
Oronoque Street, for cold wave,
straightening, facial, manicure,
scalp treatment and design on
nails. Also Beauty Culture
available. Tel. 227-1601

WORK from home for US$$$$
weekly. Information? Send stamped
envelope to Nicola Archer, P.O. Box
12154 Georgetown, Guyana.
CONTROL your income working
from home filling 100 envelopes for
US$500 or more weekly. For
information, send stamped self-
addressed envelope to Nathaniel
Williams, PO Box 12154
Georgetown, Guyana.

COMPUTER Repairs, Sales &
Services Call Kersting's Computer
Repairs & Sales Centre @ 227-
8361, 618-8283. Home & Office
Services available. 24 hrs.

SCHOOL of Mathematics
100 Albert Street Alberttown.
Now enrolling for new classes
in Mathematics Exams CXC,
GCE and 'A' Level. Forms 1 -
5. Tel. 689-8304.
1 5 @ $20 000 per term.
Brickdam, English, Math
Spanish, French, Social
Studies, POA, POB, OA,
Agricultural Science,
Integrated Science, Human &
Social Biology. Tel. 225-6498,
CHRISTMAS is a time for
sharing, give a gift that last a
life time from Nayelli School
of Cosmetology. 3 mths
cosmetology course which
begins on the 21V Jan., 2008.
Also evening classes in
Barbering acrylic nail and air
brush. 211 New Market St.,
North Cummingsburg. Tel. 226-
4573, 226-2124.
Established 1982

57 Upper Robb Street, Bourdo
(Between Oronoque
and Albert Sts.)
Tel: 225-1540 or 622-8308

Earn local or Canadian
Computerized Accounting
Computer Repairs
Microsoft Office, Webpage
Caregiver/Patient Care,
IELTS English
Classroom Instruction and
Home Study -

Republic of India, belonging to
Ravinder Singh. Passport No.
F7516616. Lost in the vicinity
of Crane WCD. If found please
Call 642-6640 or 682-9837.

Indera Singh Massage. If
you need a balance massage
try my therapeutic massage
combined with reflexology.
Cell 615-6665.

PLAQUES for all occasions.
Trophy Stall, Bourda Market.
Tel. # 225-9230, 225-1498.

NANKUMAR Gopal 30 years
old male seeking female friends.
Call 686-8878.
educated! Get Married!
Migrate!...through the CFI.
Telephone Friendship Link. Call
592-261-5079, twenry-four hours
MAGAZINE of Worldwide
Pen Friend. Information?
Send stamped envelope -
CFI, PO Box 12154
Georgetown, Guyana
TRUE Love: Pen Pals and
Phone Pals Service. Are you
looking for true friends and true
love? We are here to help you.
Please call 629-4605 or 692-

GET rid of evil, fix love,
sickness, etc. Get Dutch spiritual
help. Call 612-6417,220-0708,
220-0708. '
RAJA yoga, physical yoga,
Hindi protection tabee planet
reading, other spiritual areas,
spiritual lecture. Contact Buddy
225-0677, 692-0697.

PRINTING T-Shirts & Polo
Printing. Trophy Stall, Bourda
Market. Tel. # 225-9230, 225-
ENGRAVING on pens,
phone, gift items, etc. Trophy
Stall, Bourda Market. Tel. #
225-9230, 225-1498.
Need Refrigerator Repairs
for the best rates, reliable, and
rompt service? Call Omar 641-
943, 683-8734.
CRASHED hard drive? Lost
all your data. Call Recover It
fat/ntfs file sys. Sata/eide and
flash drive up to 500g. Call
Ackeim 218-1582, 689-3351



GET rid of all your health I I I DELVER.
problems with the latest medical_ I,
treatments combined with -
naturopathic therapies, including
hydrotherapy, diet therapy, spinal
manipulations, etc. Also home
visits for bed ridden patients.
Contact Dr. T. Rahat, fully registered I
and licensed Medical Practitioner
go straight at the first junction
follow the road to Lot 79). Tel. 233 1 PUBLIC ROAD ECCLES, EBD.
5944 or cell 624-1181,M on. Sat.,
9 am to 5 pm. CALL 233-2495-6
Or visit

STATIONS to rent ROXIE'S Royal Hair
Hairdressers. Urgently. Call 629- Fashion, City Mall, Regent
9587. and Camp Streets. We
LEARTgive you what ypu deserve.
[ i ICall: 227-8538, 227-7525.
R.K's Creating Masters in P ROF ESS I O NAL
Driving since 1979. Students need upholstery guaranteed.
security and comfort to learn. Household furniture, office
Students must know who they deal furniture, vehicles, etc. Tel.
with. Driving is serious business not furniture, vehicles, etc. Tel.
aflybynightbusiness.R.K'slnstitute 694-7796, 276-3652, 276-
of otonng, 125, Regent Road, 3260.

TECHNICIANS available for
appliance repairs washers,
dryers, microwaves,stoves, deep
frers, etc. Call 69-880/218-
HAVE your gas stoves and
ovens service for the Christmas
holidays. Both industrial and
domestic. Call Lawrence #
646-7400, 627-0720.
TECHNICIAN on call. For
all your television, microwave,
DVD, washing machine repairs.
We provide home service. Call
Ryan 265-2634, 627-9313.
FOR all your construction
repairs, renovations, as well as
masonry, varnishing, plumbing
and painting. Contact
Mohamed on 233-0591, 667-
PERSONS available to do
general construction e.g.
Painting, plumbing, carpentry,
free estimate, etc. Credit terms
available. Call 688-2965.
DAVID'S Electrical &
general Services we
specialize in commercial
industrial & General Wiring.
We also specialize in
washing machines, stoves,
refridegerators, air
conditions, computers,
services, repairs &
maintenance. At home
service available. Tel. #
222-3509, 692-6127, 609-

Bolwant Persoud & Associates
Certified Immigration Consultants
Authorized by the Canadian Govt. to
Represent Clients in accordance with
immigration and Refugee Protection
Ad. e can assist you to Migrate to
Canada Legally, in certain cases less
than 6 months. Skilled Workers.
Businessmen. Students.
Visitors. Work Permits. Refugees.
Family Sponsorships. Appeals for
Refused Cases, etc.
Deal wilh only an Authorized
Ask lo see credentials
For a consultation call
Guyana: 225-1540 or 622-8308
Canada: 416-431-8845 or 647-284-0375

VACANCY exist for
experienced hair Stylist.
Contact Expressions Full
Service Salon. Tel. 226-7268.
ONE experienced Cook for
hotel environment. Gourmet,
creole and various dishes. Tel.
Supervisor 658-0178.
PORTERS to work in Lumber
Yard, Eccles Industrial Site E/B/
Dem. Call Richard 609-7675,
Service. Job opportunity for
attractive girls $7 200 to $8
000 weekly. Call 231-1786, 665-
VACANCIES exist for
teachers (age 25 yrs and over) at
IPE Grove EBD and Pouderoyen
WBD branches. Tel. # 220-0538,
MONAR Educational
Institute. Head office; 60 Light
street, Alberttown. Branch (2),
32 Estate Rd., Uitvlugt, WCD.
Tel. 223-7226, 227-4798 277-
3511. 2773134, Email;
Secretary, teacher tor business
subjects at West Coast Branch.
ONE (1) Female Office
Assistant Must have knowledge
of Payroll, NIS, Filing and must
be computer literate. Must be
between the ages of 25 and 30
years old. Must have knowledge
of Maths & English and at least
two (2) years working
experience. Apply in person with
a written application and two (2)
references to: Len's 136 Sheriff
& Fourth Sts., C/vilfe. Tel: 227-

LARGE plot of land at 204
Thomas Street Kitty $5.7M. Call
225-2611, 227-8689.

48 ACRES Essequibo River.
Ideal for resort. Call 612-8944.
LAND at Kitty reduced
from $10M to $6.5M. Tony
Reids Realty 225-5198, 225-
KURU Kuru 1 house lot 200
ft x 100 ft access water light and
telephone. Call 261-5500, 643-
Land AT Republic Park $9M
for lot land in Grove EBD $2.5M,
Tony Reids Realty 225-5198,
COMMERCIAL piece of land
located between Cummings &
Charlotte Streets. Call 623-1-003,
218-1469 size (120' x 40').
LBI, Ogle, Le Ressouvenir, Canje,
Parika. DeFreitas Associates .
Tel. 225-5782, 609-2302.
PRIME fenced double
Vreed-en-Hoop SINGLE $2.450.
Tel. 276-3826, 609-7625.
Diamond, Chateau Margot,
Parika 13 acre, Vreed-en-Hoop,
Supply EBD, Bella Dam, La
Grange WBD, Tuschen EBE. Tel.
693-3513, 629-8253.
GREIA EBD Herstelling
$3M, Coven Garden $3M,
upply Riverside land $16M,
Meadow bank $4M, Diamond
$3M $2M, ECD Ogle $5M,
LBI $3M, Triumph $2M, $3M,
Lusignan $3M, WBD Vreed-en-
Hoop $4M, $5M. Tel. 225-
4398, 225-3737.

FURNISHED flats for
overseas visitors. Phone 227-
2995, Kitty.
SINGLE working girl or
student to rent room at Public
Road Kitty. Call 622-5589.
ONE two bedroom furnished
top flat. Bel Air Park. 225-8153
or 227-8643.
BUSINESS space in G/town
centrally located. Call 226-5718,
621-2601, 686-9800.
TWO offices, Camp St. area.
Ideal location. Call Richard 609-
7675, 233-2614..
REGENT Street two flat
building for business. Call 624-
6432 or 234-0481 at evenings.
ROOM (furnished) for
decent single working female.
Tel. 226-5035 (08:00 hrs -
17:00 hrs).
FURNISHED two bedroom
apt. Ideal for couple single
person US$400 US$25 daily.
Call 227-3546, 609-4129.
CARICOM Gardens fully
furnished four executive
concrete building with all
modern facilities. 642-0636.
1 NEW 3-storey building
with self- contained rooms,
pressure pump, etc. Tel. # 685-
434, 231-4589.
styled apts. Suitable for a
couple or single person -
$4 000/$5 000 per day.
Call 622-5776.
000, 3 bedroom top flat Kitty
$55 000. Unique Realty -
227-3551; 647-0856, 699-
$30 000, $25 000, $45 000, $50
000, $60 000 fully furnished
house $120 000, $180 000. Call
3 BEDROOM house
furnished/unfurnished US$1500
neg, 2 bedrooms furnished apt.
$65000. Others call 226-2372
bedroom top flat with
overhead tank and parking.
K.S. RAGHUBIR Agency -
225-0545, 642-0636.
QUEENSTOWN furnished
1 & 3 bedroom apartment. AC,
hot and cold, parking, etc. For
overseas visitors, short term.
226-5137, 227-1843.
000, Queenstown $80 000,
East Bank US$1000, East
Coasst US$800 and many
more call Diana 227-2256.
ONE (1) fully furnished
two bedroom apartment in
bel Air Park. Hot and cold,
water filter system, AC, etc.
Asking US$600 neg. Tel.
231-0247 or 641-8654.

unfurnished apartment and
rooms at 331 Cummings &
Sixth Streets. Contact Julian
on 225-0709.
EXECUTIVE house from
- US$750, upward apt. with
AC US$6O0, mansions -
US$2 000. Phone Tony
Realty 231-2064/225-
APT. with AC for 1 month
US$600. Top flat unfurnished
G$75 000, house by itself
US$700 and executive house.
Phone Tony Reid's Realty -
55198, 62626, 231-2064.
LUXURIOUS apartment
for overseas visitors, close to
Sheriff St. Fully furnished with
AC, hot & cold bath, etc.
Transportation available:
Call 226-8990, 226-2543.'
ONE 3 bedroom upper flat
at LB! ECD with access to
electricity, water and flushing
toilet. Price $25 000 monthly
also lower flat $20 000
monthly. Tel. #220-2366, 615-
flats for offices, etc. Charlotte
$150 000 mth. 2 HUGE
BONDS Festival City. TEL.
226-8148, 625-1624.
1 2 BEDROOM apartment
to rent. Suitable for a mature
couple or a bachelor at 33
Garnett St., C/ville $25 000
monthly. Tel. 225-9064 between
the hours 4 pm 6:30 pm.
FULLY equipped bar. Middle
and top floor business/residence,
furnished top and bottom flats,
furnished one and two- room
apartments, furnished four-
apartment building. DeFreitas
Associates Tel. 225-5782, 609-
One 2-flat property in
Roraima Trust Housing
Scheme, Versailles, West Bank
Demerara consisting of 3
bedrooms 2 toilet and bath
with 1 bath tub, home office,
pressure pump with 2 black
tanks, facility for hot and cold
shower, grilled, 2 telephones,
furnished. 20 minutes away
from Georgetown. Call Saadia:
Tel: 618-2260 or 661-3561.
ONE large and elegant
American built house, semi
furnished and including six
bedrooms, four complete
baths, large sitting room,
maid's quarters, two car
garage, whole house water
purification system, modern
automatic power plant and
much more. Located at 217-
219 Atlantic Gardens ECD.
For enquires please call 270-
4369 or 629-1617, 666-3237.

PHASE 1, Good Hope,
H/Scheme, East Coast
Demerara. Tel. 625-0345.
HOUSE for sale of rent
310 Independence
Boulevard David Singh 226-
1 CONCRETE, 2 storey
house in Queenstown $45M.
Tel: 218-4218; 649-5649.
1 PRIME two.storeyed
business property. Must be
sold, owner leaving country.
Call 627-8989, 612-8913.
PRASHAD Nagar large four
bedroom executive concrete
building, no repair, vacant
possession. 225-0545.
HOUSE and land for sale.
Goad Intent Public Road, West
bank Demerara. Call 267-2336
for more details.
BEL Air Park large four
bedroom executive concrete
building, vacant possession,
price negotiable. Telephone
front building with land space,
no repair, vacant possession.
K.S. RAGHUBIR Agency 225-
0545, 642-0636.
executive concrete building
with four bedroom, vacant
possession, price negotiable no
repairs. Telephone 226-3866
ONE Great Republic
concrete property value
$28M. Reduced to $19M.
Vacant. Phone 225-2626/

BUILDING 75 ft by 35 ft land
240 ft by 60 ft, no repair, vacant
possession. Tel. 226-3866.
NEW Market St., prime
business place price $15M.
Telephone 225-0545.
1 BLOCK road side property
on Essequibo Coast, 6 house lots
and 6 acres of rice land. Call
254-0245, 651-8342.
FUTURE Homes Realty
has houses to sell. Prices -
$3.9M to US$1.2M. Call -
227-4040, 669-7070, 628-
LAMAHA Garden, large
executive concrete building no
repair, vacant possession price
negotiable. Telephone 226-

To all our valued
customers and friend-
Remember Jesus is the
only reason for the season
"For all of your Real Estate Needs"
227-1988, 270-4470, 623-6431

GARNETT St., price
business place large two storeyed
concrete and wooden building
vacant possession. Tel. 642-
MONTROSE Public Road
large two storeyed concrete and
wooden building vacant
possession. Tel. 642-0636.
TWO storeyed concrete and
wooden building with three
bedroom vacant possession price
$8M negotiable. Telephone 642-
1 3-BEDROOM property at
Lot 99 Mon Repos South,
contains an off-licensed Liquor
Shop. Contact Nazir @ 220-
Commercial Dream Resort.
DeFreitas Associates Tel. 225-
5782, 609-2302.
Republic Park, Diamond.
Versailles, Essequibo. DeFreitas
Associates Tel. 225-5782, 609-
ROBB/Bourda market 2-
storey building $75M/$50M -
US#250 000. Owner needs
medical. Ederson's 226-5496.
BEST Road,WCD wooden
building on 1075 x 40' land with
reservoir, overhead tank $10M -
US$50M. Ederson's 226-5496.
PARIKA new shopping center
A) 2 storey building, B) general
store C) bond/ware house $60M
- US$300 000. Ederson's 226-
BRICKDAM overseas/local
religious organization. Ideal
building for any religious function
$45M US$225 000. Ederson's
CROAL/Stabroek concrete 6
luxurious bedrooms mansion on
3 house lots. Ideal international
hotel $65M US$325 000.
Ederson's 226-5496.
ROBB St 3 2-storey wooden
building. Ideal 3-storey
supermarket, sublet 20-minimalls
$26M US$130 000. Owner
needs medical. Ederson's 226-
DURBAN SL, Lodge 2-storey
concrete 4 2-bedrooms
apartments rent will pay your
mortgages $15M US$75 000.
Ederson's 226-5496.
V/Hoop, WCD 2-storey
concrete fully furnished building
Ideal for cambio, insurance,
electronic store $35M US$175
000. Ederson's 226-5496.

12/22/2007, 9:50 PM

-......~-le_=_~~_.~.. .






LAC A I _rLi

RA A A fl


bedroom building, land road to
river. Ideal for wharfage $15M -
US$75 000. Ederson's 226-
NON-PARIEL, ECD 2-storey
wooden & concrete building,
down stairs business $9M neg
US$45 000. Ederson's 226-
storey concrete 4 luxurious
bedrooms mansion with all
modern amenities $20M
US$100 000. Ederson's 226-
NON-PARIEL building along
Public Road facing Atlantic back/
front driveway, 3 patios, 40x40
lawns $14.5M US$75 000.
Ederson's 226-5496.
BB ECCLES vacant 2-storey
concrete 6 luxurious bedrooms
mansion, parking, AC inspection
anytime $30M US$150 000.
Ederson's 226-5496.
NO Agent. Call Hubert
227-1633 to view 6 bedrooms,
4 bathrooms, 2 kitchens, suits
2 families. Reduced price,
concrete building.
KITTY $17M $10M, East
Bank $1.5M $9M $12.5M,
Queenstown $16M $34M -
$65M and many more call
Diana Tel. 227-2256
ONE large two storeyed
building with 6 bedrooms, two
bathrooms, two toilets on
double lot in Dowding St.,
Kitty- 425M negotiable. Call
227-3285, 623-9852._
HOUSE lot in Dennis St.,
Campbellville next to Lamaha
Gardens 64' x 48' has wide
driveway and fenced, very
breezy $7.2M negotiable.
Call 227-3285, 623-9852.
GREIA Eccles Public
Road, Large concrete
building on 20,000 sq ft
suitable for any business
$52M, Camp St. property
containing 3 restaurants
good investment $50M. Tel.
225-4398, 225-3737.
CAMP St. (business) -
$50M, Subryanville $38M
& $25M, Section 'K' C/ville
- $24M, Republic Park -
$18M, Lamaha Gdns -
$45M, C/ville $15M and
many more. Tel. 226-1192,
653-9990, 231-4228.
STATION Street Kitty, Shell
Road Kitty, Vreed-en-Hoop, La
Penitance, Goed Fortuin Public
Road, De Kenderen WCD, Grove/
Diamond, South Ruimveldt Park.
Tel. 693-3513, 629-8253
$5M, Eccles $8M, Triumph
ECD $7M, $10M, $12M,
Montrose $8M, Stratsphey
$4M, Lamaha St.. Newtown
$8M, $9M. De Abreau St.,
$9M, Vreed-en-Hoop Best
Road $8M, Delph St., C/
ville $12M, Milton St., C/
ville $16M, Eccles $8M.
Tel. 225-4398, 225-3737.

MONITORS. CALL 683-8759.
MARKET. CALL 652-9902.
CONTACT 698-6435.
ONE complete pools
table. Contact Tel. 643-3495,
668-2910, 641-4272.
3" INCHES swimming pool
tablets. Phone 233-0608 (8am
4pm) Mon to Fri.
WIDE variety industrial
spares. Blow-out prices. Tel. 225-
0502, 233-5711, 609-2302.
1 LISTER Generator
10,000 watts. $700,000 neg.
Call Peters at 227-1198 after
1 DELL computer, 1
inverter charger Nippon).
Contact 218-4507, 681-1971
Honda Custom 250, 2 T.V.,
one 20 U Singer and one 3Y
Van. Contact Narine on 688-
AMPLIFIER, CD player tape
deck speakers boxes high watts
good prices. Call 216-0671, 622-
MORUCA North West
Organic Casareep. Contact
Mona 226-0744, 223-9296,
1 XBOX with 4 games
$928 000, 1 digital camera
$23 000, 1 VCR $7000. Call
Chris 233-0150.
ONE Yamaha EF 6000
generator, 110/220v/12/. Price
$200 000. Tel. 231-2206/
ONE DOUBLE stall inside
La Penitence Market, front row.
Owner migrating. Contact 225-
4549 or 621-9400.

INTEL Pentium 3
computers. Complete with 17"
monitor/keyboard and mouse,
price $48 000. Tel. 231-2206.
BEAUTIFUL puppies for
sale. Mixed with German
Shepherd $5000 each. Call
226-2883 or 233-3122.
working machinery, elect.
Motors, computer items, laptop
brother printer. Call 654-0647.
1 25 CUBIC ft Kenmore
double door fridge $100 000,
1 14 cubic ft freezer $70
000. Call 612-8944 or 662-
NOW in Stock for the first
time in Guyana Prepaid Direct
TV. For more information, Call
227-6397, 616-9563.
SHOCK treatment for
swimming pools also muriatic
acid (hydrochloric acid). Phone
233-0608 (8 am 4 pm) Mon
to Fri.


233-2474/ 223-9129
PARTS for Dryers/
Washers. Thermostats, pumps,
motors, belts, valves, knobs, etc.
Technician available. Call 622-
$5.25, 11 X 8.5 $5. CALL 695-
PURE breed German
Shephard, 7 months old, fully
vaccinated and dewormed. Call
220-4298, 609-3311, 616-
1 MALE pompek $15
000, manual thread mill $20
000, Gameboy advance $15
000, dining table $5000. Tel.
227-2126, 681-1633.
outboard and .1 18 ft wooden
boat in excellent condition.
Serious calis only. Tel. 260-
4459, cell 653-0396.
FREON gas 11, 12, 22,
502, 134A, 404A & 141 also
Helium for balloons and argon
gas Phone 233-0608 (8am 4
pm) Mon to Fri.
German Shepherd puppies -
eight weeks old, dewormed
and vaccinated. Tel. # 223-
0754, 227-4872, 621-1652.
alvanise pipes, various size,
4 volts DC lamps. Wire looms,
copper pipes 5/8 size hydraulic
hoses in 3/8 size. Call 627-
OXYGEN and Acetylene
gases fast and efficient service
0 11 Mc Doom Public Road,
EBD. Phone 338-2221 & 338-
2335 (8 am 4 pm) Mon. to Fri.
(Sat 8- 12).
LAMB by pass vacuum
motor(sl industrial pressure washer
pump section 2400 & 2700 PSI,
Sony DVD/VCR recorder combo
pressure washer rubber seals
(water). Tel. 231-1786, 665-3528.
40 FT Banga Mary boat,
complete with 350 lbs seine, 40
Yamaha $800 000 neg, 50 ft
cruiser 1400 lbs/6 inch new seine,
48 Yamaha outboard $2.5M
neg. Owner leaving. Contact Sean
on 611-9902, 629-0878.
and appliances fridges,
microwave, stoves, dining table
and chairs, wardrobe, TV, beds,
washing machine, occasional
table, stereo set. Call: 624-8894.
SELLING out a quantity of
OMC new outboard space parts
for Johnson & Evinrude engine
9.9, 15, 45, 55 and 25 Hp.
Carburator. propeller, coil, gasket,
engine head, mounts, foot, crank
shaft, piston, stop switch and many
more. 641-2284.
SALE for one month only.
Black & coloured leotards & tights.
Also in stock dancing shoes, ballet
skits, costume, swim suits, gym
wear, school uniforms and much
much more. Visit Roxie's Fashion,
Merriman's Mall, Bourda, Call:

HONDA generators 3000 new
Honda Pressure washers 3000
new, Honda water pump 213"
Lister generator, Lincoln welders
225 Amp compressor new 35 HP
evindrued outboard with all
remote and string. Tel. Cell 627-
6659, 327-5348.
CAUSTIC Soda 55 lbs $5
000 alum 55 lbs $5 800 Soda
Ash 55 lbs $7500, sulphuric acid
45 gals $52 200, granular
chlorine & chlorine gas all prices
are VAT inclusive. 233-0608 (8
am 4 pm) Mon to Fri.
prices on P4M Laptops, digital
cameras, camcorders, Ipod's,
MP3 Players, power amps
desktop computers, and
portable DVD players, speakers,
etc. Call 671-6302.
Honda CBR 954 RR $1.3M,
2001 Yamaha R6 YZF $1.1M,
9 with Legal registration) new out
board engine Yamaha 200 Hp
VMAX, Yamaha 115 Hp four
stroke, Yamaha 50Hp four stroke,.
Yamaha 25 Hp four stroke,
Evirude 175Hp fuel injection 2
stroke. Contact 644-4340.
NOW in stock at Ram Auto
S pares, 114 Light St. Telephone
226-6325, 227-1454, 624-1909.
all model forklift, 48 ster,
caterpillars, TCM and Nissan,
generator from and 3 KVA to 800
KVA, Perking generator 4 & 6
cylinder, Dorman, Deutz, Isuzu,
Ford, Lister/Petter, Kobota one
complete fuel pump injection
pump work shop in container
1 large radiator for 6 8
cylinder engine $50 000, 1 large
ilwakee drill press 110 240v
on stand $85 000, 1 commercial
and industrial vacuum cleaner for
carpet 110 v $20 000, 100 new
truck tyre liner size 20 Good Year
$400 00 each 1 personal driving
set with Harris two bottles, face
mass completed $40 000 good for
resort, swimming pool, 1 small
welding set to do refrigeration
work complete hose torch, 1
acetlyn, 1 oxygen, and small
trolley, gauges $25 000, 1
swimming pool relax bed chair
adjustable PVC $15 000, 1
double cab Toyota Hilux gear box
4x4 $75 000. Tel: 641-2284.
Bicycle child carrier made
USA $10 000, 1 ruff'n tumble
ball pit game indoor and outdoor,
inflated. Size % cm x 89 cm x
102 cm 100 authentic balls
including games for children -
$15 000, 1 new 2 % inch water
ump on steel frame, volt 240,
80, 460, 50/60 Hz with 5Hp
motor. Could be used for wash
bay, poultry or animal pens $100
000, 2 new electric motors
industrial 50/60Hz 240, 380.
460 volts, 5 Hp $60 000/7.5Hp -
$75 000 new, 1 25 Kva
transformer $75 000, 1 large
industrial stabliser $100 000,
weight 1 ton, 1 edge sander 110
- 220v, 1 Hp motor use flat disc
on metal frame from England -
$30 000, 1 hammer Mill 110v,
Brazil made $75 000 on metal
frame, Tel: 641-2284.

$1.7M NEG CALL 622-7303.

ONE Prado 97 Model.
Manual transmission. Call 227-
2 LONG base minibuses BJJ
and BHH series. Call 226-4548 or
1 212 fully powered,
immaculate condition. Call 225-
4500, 225-9920.
AT 91 Sprinter. Good working
condition. Contact Number 660-
1 EFI, RZ mini-bus, BJJ
series, excellent condition, fully
loaded, mags, etc. $1.8M, neg.
Tel: 624-7304.
TOYOTA Tacoma X-Tra cab
auto, 4 cylinder mint condition
never registered $2.8M. 220-
1 TK BEDFORD truck, 5
ton GFF 944 good working
condition. Tel 266-0841 or
622-0514. M.S. Kasim.
1 TOYOTA Minibus, RZ,
Long Base EFI, BHH Series.
$1.7M neg. Call 622-6673/227-
ONE AE 81 Sprinter, 5
speed, stick gear. Lately sprayed.
No mechanical defects. Perfect
working condition. $550,000.
Tel: 2T8-3018, 611-0128.
5 NEW cars. NZE Corolla,
212 & 192 carina also long base
minibuses, BKK, BJJ & BHH
series. Call 610-7053.
1 AT 192 fully powered, rims,
music, AC, clean condition. Going
reasonable. Contact 648-9708 or
TOYOTA Hiace Super
Custom minibus. Diesel,
automatic, 4 WD, off the wharf.
Tel. 612-5293, 275-0395.

1 RZ BHH series, long base.
nickel grill, mags, cat eye,
music, excellent condition $1
250 000 neg. Tel. 680-3436,
1 RZ LONG Base minibus,
BGG series, emaculate
condition, just spray over, new
seats, mags, music, spider -
$950 000 neg. Tel. Tel 269-
0258, 627-7017.
1 RZ minibus BHH price -
$1 200 000 (neg), 1 RZ mini bus
BHH price $1 075 000 (neg),
1 RZ mini bus BGG price $975
000 (neg) Phone 268-3953,
1 TOYOTA Carina AT
170, automatic, fully
powered, new rim & tyres,
PGG series, AC, never work
hire. Call 627-3438.



AT 192, AT 170
SV 30, SV 40
225-9700; 023-9972

233-2338 or 009-0600

Fully loaded dodge grand
caravan, Nissan Extra cab
4x4 Puck up. 226-4177, 225-
2319, 688-7224.
ONE Toyota Cressida RX
80, 4 cylinder, sun roof, AC,
mag rims, excellent
condition. Price neg. Call
Hofiz 229-2209, 652-5008.
1 TOYOTA Camry,
manual, back wheel drive,
very good condition. Price
$270 000 neg.. Contact
Clarence 225-8088 or 644-
ONE (1) model SV 32
Toyota Camry 1998c. owner
driven. In excellent condition
PGG 7066 $1.8M, neg. Call
643-4271 or 684-9776.
1 RZ mini-bus,
automatic. 1 RZ mini-bus,
stick gear. 1 AT 170 Carina,
EFI. All in excellent
condition. Phone: 268-3953
or 612-5419.
CANTER truck, 17 feet
tray, 4D 35 diesel, 6peed
gear box, 3 tons, 16 tyres,
AC, fully powered, never
registered, 74 Sheriff St.
NEW Carina AT 192 AT
212, AE 110, Hilux 4x4, RZ
buses $1M down payment
also $400 000 $600 000
down payment. Call 231-
3 D4 E bulldozer in
excellent condition, angle
blades, Bedford and Cat
parts available. Tel. possible
trade for D-6 or excavator
642-2542 or 333-2644.
AT 212 192 CARINA,
Mitsubishi Pejro JR,
Mitsubishi Lancer EP 82
Starlet, AE 110 Corolla &
Ceres Honda Civic Accord.
621-6037, 227-2834.

1 TIMBER Jack 450 c log
skidder 1996 hydraulic
winch, Cummins power and
clark transmission. 1
Caterpillar 518 cable log
skidder has hydraulic winch.
Call 623-1003, 218-1469.

AT 192 Carina $1.4M, AT
212 Carina $1.7M, 114
Corolla $1.6M, Mitsubishi
Lancer $1 650 000. Unique
Realty .227-3551, 647-
0856, 699-6667.
NEW Carina AT 192 AT
212, AE 110, Hilux 4x4, RZ
buses $1M down payment
also $400 000 $600 000
down payment. Call 231-

1 BOB cat 763 skid steer
machine, 1 Cummings 855 -
350 Hp marine engine
couple up to a 8x10 high
pressure water pump and
one Caterpillar 3406 engine
for truck 325 Hp. Call 623-
1003, 218-1469.

FOUR (4) 1 7"

JUST arrived Toyota IST
2005 model, Nissan
Pathfinder 2002 model,
Toyota Panel van, manual,
diesel, Toyota Glanza,
immaculate condition,
vehicles never registered.
Call 227-8689, 225-2611.
TOYOTA Hilux Surf 4x4
mint condition crash bar, CD
player, moon roof, AC, low
mileage, clean interior, was
used by a doctor lady
driven. 220-2449, 225-8527,
655-2401. 643-5182.
2 TOYOTA T100 Xtra
cab just off the wharf, never
registered, 4x4, AC, cruise
control air bag, music, bed
liner, brand new tyres,, no
rust, side steps, mint
condition $2.4M neg. 225-
8527, 220-2449, 655-2401,
2 TOYOTA 4 runner, 2
diesel pick up, 1 back wheel
drive wagon, 1 Mercedes
Benz, 1 two ton canter, 3 AT
170, 2 AT 212, 2 AE 100, 2
AT 192, 4 RZ minibuses.
225-9700, 623-9972.
Behind Brickdam Police
1 CANTER Nissan 6
cylinder diesel, 3 ton, open
back, steel tray, double back
wheel, GDD series $1.1m,
1 Mazda pick up single cab
long tray 4x4, 82.600cc
brought in new PFF series -
$1.2m excellent condition.
Credit could be arranged.
All vehicles in driving
condition. Owner migrating
Tel: 223-8784.
1 TOYOTA K.T. 147
Wagon private used stick
gear $350 000, 1 Toyota
land Cruiser FJ 80, 4,500cc.
Fully powered PJJ series
$6.5m. Excellent condition.
Must see, 1 English made
Morris Marina never
registered, automatic 5
seater $525 000 registered,
1 small Vanette minibus
needs minor body work
driving condition $325 000-,
Tel: 223-8784._
Corolla NZE 121 leather
interior, CD changer, rims,
new model. Mitsubishi
lancer 2002 model (Black)
spoiler full body kit, leather
interior CD changer wood
panel, rims side skirts,
Toyota VIOS 2003 model
leather interior CD changer
wood panel rims, Toyota
Carina 212 old & new
model, Toyota AT 192, L
Touring Wagon, Honda fit,
Toyota Soluna. Contact R.H.
Auto Sales, 20 Waller De
Light WCD, Call 269-0522,
Corolla NZE 121, AE 110,
EE 103, Honda Civic EK3 &
ES1, Toyota Hilux Extra Cab -
LN 172, LN 170, RZN 174, Toyota
Hilux Double Cab YN 107, LN
107, LN 165, 4 x 4, RZN 167,
RZN 169, Toyota Hilux Single
Cab LN 106, Toyota Hilux Surf
RZN 185 YN 130, KZN 185,
Toyota Carina AT 192, AT
212, Toyota Marino AE 100,
Toyota Vista AZV 50, Honda
CRV RO1, Toyota RAV 4, ZCA
26, ACA 21, SXA 11, Toyota
Mark IPSUM SXM 15, Toyota Mark
2 GX 100, Lancer CK 2A, Toyota
Corona Premio AT 210, Toyota
Hiace Diesel KZH110, Mitsubishi
Cadia Lancer SC2A, Toyota
Corolla G-Touring Wagon AE
100. Contact Rose Ramdehol
Auto Sales, 226 South Rd.,
Bourda, Georgetown. Tel.
226-8953, 226-1973, 227-
3185, Fax 227-3185. We
give you the best cause you
deserve the best.

1 LAND Rover defender
110 series Turbo Diesel winch
& snorkel tray has hard cover.
Call 623-1003, 218-1469.
quality reconditioned
vehicles cars: Toyota
Alteeza (loaded 6 speed),
Toyota Vista Lancer Ceida
Wagons Corolla, Caldina,
Honda CRV, Toyota Land
Cruiser (fully loaded), Nissan
Vanette Hilux double cab
pick up, Nissan Extra cab pick
up (Diesel), Mitsubishi
Canter trucks 3 tons freezer,
used Toyota Hilux Surf RZN
185, Toyota Celica ST 202
order early and get the best
prices on duty free vehicles
full after sales service and
financing available. DEO
4939, 624-0762 A NAME

226-8272, 645-2322.
Maid live in can be
arranged. Call 220-2047,
PART-TIME Maid a few
days a week to cook and
clean in Kitty 225-6957,
Waitress for Tuschen EBE
restaurant must be from the
EBE area. Salary $7 000
per wk. Call 680-7910.
1 LIVE-IN Domestic to
do basic house work.
Salary negotiable. Call
PROPERTY to buy in
Georgetown or environs.
Price $3 4 million. Call
644-6871. No agents.
1 WAITRESS to work in
bar, live in condition can
be arranged. Contact 627-
8989, 612-8913.
1 BEDROOM apartment
for $12 000 to $15 000
monthly in Georgetown and
its environs. Call 651-5220.
CONTRACT cars and
hire car drivers needed at
Classic Cabs. Call 227-
4445, 227-4545, 621-1548.
FEMALE Clerk needed
between the ages of 25 and
35. Also saloon and gym
equipment for sale. Call
Texaco, Vlissengen Road.,
with a written application.
one waitress, Attendant and
Waiter Attendant. Tel. 226-
6527, 623-7242 Tennessee
Entertainment Centre.
MALE or female
Kitchen Attendant. Apply
with written application to
German's Restaurant Lot 8
New Market Street, North
ONE Disc jockey to work
in a Night Club and
International sound system.
Must have a wide
knowledge of Indian music
more so and one mature
supervisor to operate a
Night Club. Tel. 226-6527,

ONE (1) Maid. Apply
172 East Field Drive,
Nandy Park, EBD. Senior
Machinist, welder,
mechanics and electricians.
Also trainers (for
employment Jan, 2008).
Apply Technical Services
Inc. 18 23 Eccles
Industrial Site, Eccles EBD.

WORKERS to work in
Trinidad in the following
areas. 4 construction
workers, 2 drivers, must have
valid licence, 6 block
maker, 1 welder, 1
mechanic, 2 domestic
worker female, 2 operator
(excavator), 3 gas station
attendant. Tel. # 684-1439.

- I ,, I II II I

SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 23, 2007 21

Pioneer Cavaliers Cricket

Club of Barbados pays

tribute to Hercules

MEMBERS of the Pioneer
Cavaliers Cricket Club of
Barbados are deeply shocked
and saddened by the passing
of Ian Hercules, late Public
Relations Officer of Banks
DIH Ltd.
In a tribute sent to
Chronicle Sport, president of
Pioneer Cavaliers Cricket Club,
Glenfield Griffith, said during
the team's visits to Guyana
over the past several years,
Hercules has kindly arranged
tours for our members to the

Banks DIH Brewery plant at
Thirst Park.
Judging by Hercules' in-
teraction with the staff in
the various departments,
whether it is the rum, wine,
soft drink, bottling or in the
biscuit, bread or ice-cream
section, one could have seen
that he was a very popular
and well respected staff
member, Griffith said.
"We have always found him
to be a very pleasant person who
possesses an endearing personal-

Pioneer club secretary
Junior Holder, who is a staff
member of the correspond-
ing factory and with whom
Hercules was close, has
been particularly devastated
by the news.
"To his sorrowing rela-
tives and friends and
former work colleagues,
we extend our deepest and
sincerest condolence," the
Pioneer Cavaliers presi-
dent concluded.


Barbados beat SVG by four wickets in Twenty20 clash

dos (CMC) A Barbados
Invitational XI cruised
past St Vincent & the

Grenadines by four
ets in the first frie
Twenty20 match of
four-game series at


Sarwan delighted

Front back page

each workout.
"I've also done some sprinting to further test my ankle and
there was no problem. Now, I think it's simply a matter of re-
gaining match fitness and getting as much net practice as pos-
Sarwan injured his ankle during theXFC Cup in Ocm
tober, and missed the Final Fourweekend in Barbados.
He was also not considered for selection to the West Indies
to tour Zimbabwe and South Africa because of the injury.
Sarwan. is likely to lead Guyana', in the Carib Beer Se-
-Cii. y ea I r 'when
nes and thSianfo-rd 2 p'as- he idlast
they.won the US$1 million, jackpot.

Hall in the southern
parish of Christ Church
Chasing 149 to win from
their allocation of 20 overs, the
Barbadians reached their target
with eight balls to spare.
Young Barbados batsman
Kyle Hope hit the top score for
the home team with an un-
beaten 67 from 39 balls which
included nine fours and two
Earlier, Miles
Bascomube had played a
similar role for SVG,
when he smote eight fours
and three sixes in 66 from
44 balls to lead the visi-
tors t.o 148 for iine fcomn
'their allocation of 20

Uncapped Carlos
Brathwaite and national fast
bowler Antonio Thomas each
snared three wickets.
The second game of the se-
ries started at 14:00 h. (Eastern
Caribbean Time) yesterday, and
the other two matches are
scheduled for today at the same
Brief scores:
St Vincent & the Grenadines
148 for nine off 20 overs
(Miles Bascombe 66:'Carlos
Brathwaite 3-15, Antonio Tho-
mas 3-20, Ryan Layne 2-13).
Barbados Invitational XI -
150 for six off 18.4 overs
iKyle Hope 67 not out;
Kenroy Peters 2-35).

Hercules strikes twice... P

Mr. G. Wynter on 333-3154/333-6628 Or
Mr. Clifford Stanley on 618-6538/328-2304

From back page

up with such a game.
However, Topp XX had
them busy in Moneddelust's
own half, as the ball was be-
ing shoved around even in
conditions not conducive to
such a strategy.
Topp XX were able to
demonstrate efficiency and
poise as Moneddelust
seemed incapable of taking
their opponents off their
It was Benjamin who took
a cross from Hercules and
scored Topp XX's opening
goal in the 37th minute and the
first half ended with Topp XX
holding sway as Moneddelust
gathered themselves for what
was to come in the second half.
Seven minutes into the fi-

nal period Benjamin was on the
run and was brought down in the
box where Shevon Seaforth made
it 21-0 in the 52nd minute with
Topp XX seemingly in full
By this time Moneddelust's
best player was Elvis Croal who
was playing positive football as
his team tried to catch up using
But Hercules got into the
act in the .83rd minute and
with a well-placed shot was
able to register goal number
three as Topp XX took a com-
manding 3-0 advantage.
By this time Harris who can
also play at midfield and was get-
ting into the fray as he added pres-
sure to the Berbicians who were
out of sorts trying to mark the
Topp XX players on the muddy

Then in the 901h minute
the cool-headed Hercules toyed
-with two defenders before un-
Igashing a powerful left-foot
shot from the inside left posi-
tion past the Moneddelust
goalkeeper to seal the win 4-0.
Earlier in the evening
Winners Connection put
aside Rusal's challenge 2-1.
The first goal came for
Winners Connection through a
defensive blunder by the Rusal
In 'a scuffle Brewley
lurched on to the ball next to
two Rusal defence players and
hit it high into the nets with
the two defence players stalled
as their goalkeeper was beaten
guarding his near post to the
left on the halftime whistle.
After play resumed the
Winners Connection were

able to increase the lead
when Renee Gibbons
scored in the 56th minute
amid loud celebrations
from their fans, as they
were beaten -0 in their
previous encounter in the
Upper Demerara Football
Association's Commercial
championship by Rusal.
When Rusal were awarded
a questionable penalty three
minutes later, the kick-taken by
Travis Waterton was saved by
the substitute goalkeeper Or-
lando Carew who;came on in
the 26th minute foi the injured
Owen Williams.
Rusal's consolation goal
came in the 89th minute
when a floater by Sherlock
Adams scored before the
game ended 2-1 for Winners

Restaurant and Bar, 3 19
Main Street New Amsterdam,
Berbice. Tel. 333-2126, 333-
3880, Fax: 333-4151. Email

OXYGEN and Acetylene
industrial gases # 58 Village,
Corentyne, Berbice. Phone 338-
2221 & 338-2335 (David I
ONE BOAT, 52 ft length by
9 ft width, 5ft dept, 3,500 Ibs
seine, 2 48 Yamaha engine,
full equipped. Contact 666-
6649, 611-9954.

GX 90 MARK 11, in
ood condition. Contact
339-4525 or 613-6990.
1 NISSAN Pathfinder (V6
EFI), automatic, fully
powered. 330 Bedford Dump
Truck, just rebuilt. Never
used. Night Hawk
motorcycle. Tel. 338-2345.


situated at Rose Hall T own,
Markert Street, opposite the
Market. Contact Donette on 663-
7886, 612-7941.

building, newly built in the
heart of New
Amsterdam. Price
reduced drastically. Call
333-2457, 337-2348:
2-STOREYED house with
large land space, corner of
Edinburg, East Bank
Berbice. Tel: 265-3419, 622-
3879 Andy.

GOING business place
e, 30ft x 35ft. 1-secured
beautifully tiled office .30ft
x 25ft. 1-3 bedroom house -
fu/ll killed in N/A. Call 333-
UPPER flat .of two-
storeyed building 'for
business purposes Tocated
in Coburg Street (next to
Police Headquarters). Call
Telephone # 618-6634
BUSINESS premises at
Edinburgh Village, near Main
entrance to Glasgow' Housing
Scheme. Prime hardware
business in operation. For more
details call, owner on 333-


CWC 2007

officially closed...

From back page

projects," he said.
"As the largest and most complex Pan-Caribbean project
ever undertaken, this was a tremendous learning experience and
many West Indians developed capacity in areas that will be ex-
tremely useful in the future We must not let hat go to waste."
A relieved Dehring, who has been at the helm of the
region's efforts to host the eient for o'en 10 years, added
that the region must be positive and confident in what it
was able to achieve collectively by the hosting the event.
"We must build on these unparalleled successes." he said.
"-There were so man> people %who never thought it was even
"That we did it and surpassed targets achieved by signifi-
cantly larger and wealthier hosts is an achievement of which
Se can be proud ,
The WICB congratulated the directors, management and
staft of CWC 2007 for a job %ell done andl for ensunng thai
the first ever World Cup staged in the Caribbean was both a
memorable and profitable enterprise
The WICB also thanked all the regional governments
and local organising committees for their efforts and for
their diligence in ensuring that the event was a triumph
for the region, demonstrating the capacity of the Carib-
bean to mobilize. organise, and implement the most com-
plex of projects.
The balance on the ticket sales due to the LOCs were paid
out following the conclusion of an extensive verification, and
review by international auditing firm, KPMG.
Ticket sales have now been confirmed at US$31.4 million
which is the highest ever achieved for any Cricket World Cup,
beating the previous record of US$22 million in Britain eight
years ago.
The previous Cricket World Cup .staged in South Africa in
2003 achieved US$9.7 million in .ticket sales.
With the audit of the ticket sales now complete, the board
of directors of CWC 2007 will hold its final meeting to
approve the audited financial statements of the company..

omaal >

2 SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 23, 2007



Vettori wants batsmen

to lift their game

Be |n"ul/" %'J end poo lil~'lir, ]runwt [ 111 kt[,
3-0: wi" ,,tn! over Arn'adora[ll ,m]Ill~~ll [l11 i'f

LISBON Pormtuglt(Reu :tl'J1ters) Benica ended a 1mini-slum1pl
in hePrtguse l etl ague whent ttheybet Eteaimd

i3-li9nq1"hurl dy nigatremtc u ihu j-

DANIEL Vettori, New
Zealand's captain, wants his
batsmen to shape up ahead of
upcoming home series
against Bangladesh and En-
"'There's not more pressure
than playing in Australia, but the
pressure is on the guys to step
up and perform," he told the
New Zealand Herald. "If they
think their performances here
(in Australia) will' lead to per-
formances against Bangladesh
they've got another thing com-
New Zealand's batsmen
also struggled in South Af-
rica, primarily against the
pace and swing' of Dale Steyn,
and had little answer to Brett
Lee and Shaun Tait in their
quick visit across the Tasman
this month.
In the two Test series in
South Africa, New Zealand

failed to cross 188 Stephen
Fleming scored the only fifty -

and lost by 114 runs chasing
283 in the last match against
Vettori, having watched his

line-up capitulate once too of-
ten on both tours, has called for
a convincing, series win over
Bangladesh so everyone can be
prepared when England visit in
"Bangladesh obviously
are not as difficult as Austra-
lia, but we've also got a
tough England team at
home," he said. "If we're go-
ing to compete and win
against them, then we've got
to take a lot of notes from
what Australia have done (in
the Chappell-Hadlee Tro-
The key part was putting
runs on the board. "Generally
batsmen win a lot of one-day
games and put you in a position
to win Tests," said Vettori.
"Sheer weight of runs puts
pressure on people, something
we haven't been able to consis-
tently do.





225-5912 225-7174

225-6508 227-5204

225-7082 227-5216

"It just leads you into situ-
ations where it's tough to push.
for a win and get into position
for our bowlers and I think
we've got a good group of
bowlers when everybody is here
- to have a chance to win the
New Zealand host
Bangladesh for three ODIs
and two Tests. The series
commences with the first
ODI at Auckland on Boxing
Day. (Cricinfo)



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SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 23, 2007 23


Warne attacks


Jazz end road

skid with victory

over Magic

NEW YORK, NY (Reuters) -
Utah Jazz forward Paul
Millsap scored a career-best
28 points to help his team end
a seven-game losing streak
on the road with a 113-94 vic-
tory over the Orlando Magic
on Friday.
Millsap scored 13 consecu-
tive points in the third quarter
for Utah as the Jazz grabbed a
decisive 77-67 lead with 1:16
left in the quarter. He made 11
of 15 shots from the field for
the game.
"It is a great feeling,"
Millsap told reporters.
"It is a great thing for our
team to come, out with this win
and break this streak on the
Deron Williams had 17
points and seven assists for the
Jazz, and Matt Harpring added
10 on his return after missing
three games with a gastric prob-
Utah's bench outscored Or-
lando 50-20 as the Jazz won for
only the second time in 10
"Our bench have been ter-
rific and they helped us win this
game especially in the third
quarter," said Carlos Boozer,
who added 24 points and nine
The loss was the sixth in
eight games for the Magic.
Hedo Turkoglu led Orlando
with 27 points and Dwight
Howard added 20 points and 13
"We were ahead by one at
the half simply because we shot
the ball well." Magic coach Stan
Van Gundy told reporters.
"There's not one guy out

there, not one guy tonight could
compete with the guy he was
playing against, not one guy."
The Portland Trail Blazers
grabbed their 10th win in a row
after beating Denver 99-96.
Martell Webster scored 19
points for the surging Trail Blaz-
ers with Brandon Roy and
LaMarcus Aldridge getting 18
Paul Pierce scored 15 of his
22 points in the third quarter as
the Boston Celtics breezed to a
107-82 victory over the Chicago
The Los Angeles Lakers
scored a 106-101 victory over
the Philadelphia 76ers. An-
drew Bynum had 24 points
and 11 rebounds for the Lak-
Joe Johnson scored 16 of
his 32 points in the fourth quar-
ter and the Atlanta Hawks won
their fourth in a row with a 97-
92 victory over the Washington
Wizards. Antawn Jamison led
the Wizards with 30 points.
Dirk Nowitzki's 30 points
sparked the Dallas Mavericks to
a 102-89 home win over the Los
Angeles Clippers.
Al Jefferson had 29 points
and 13 rebounds in the Minne-
sota Timberwolves' 131-1,18
romp over the Indiana Pacers.
Mike Dunleavy scored 30 for
the Pacers.
Gerald Wallace's 27 points
powered the Charlotte Bobcats
to a 105-95 victory at home
against the New York Knicks.
Detroit held the Mem-
phis Grizzles to just 13 points
in the fourth quarter to
record a comfortable 94-67
, home victory.


CRICKET legend Shane
Warne has launched a re-
markable attack on the Aus-
tralian game and its admin-
Warne, 38, accused the
people involved in Australian
cricket of a "worrying arro-

gance" and said they would not
always be the world's number
one team.
"Administrators, ex-players
and former coaches have got to
stop their arrogant mindset that
Australia is so much better than
everyone else," said Warne.


"We are number one at
present, but other countries
will catch up."
He told Sydney's Daily
Telegraph: "The other countries
will unearth someone, that's just
the cycle."

SHANE Warne's Test
wickets record recently
went to Muttiah
Warne also tore into John
Buchanan, the former Australia
coach who presided over 25
Test series wins in a seven-year
The Hampshire captain
had criticised Buchanan's
unorthodox methods in 2006
when he organised a pre-
Ashes army-style bush train-
ing camp.
"Everything that I have
read that he (Buchanan) says,
he is living in pixieland," said
"It just shows what we

players had to put up with John
Buchanan. We had to listen to
his verbal diarrhoea all the time.
"He is just a goose and
has no idea and lacks com-
mon sense."
However Australia vice-
captain Adam Gilchrist de-
fended Buchanan and the Aus-
tralia set-up.
"Everyone knows that
Warney and John have never
seen eye to eye so I don't think
we've found out anything new
there," said Gilchrist.
"Warney's got a strong
opinion on a lot of things and
as we all know he's one of
the greatest players that's
ever been. Whatever is his
opinion is his opinion and it
doesn't necessarily reflect
the whole team.
"I don't believe that the
team's arrogant, and I cer-
tainly don't believe that the
administration's .arrogant at
Australia are set to host In-
dia in a Test series that starts
next week and Warne, who re-
tired last year, says the visitors
should not be written off.
He claims Sachin Tendulkar
is "the best batsman I have
played either with or against"
and described India captain Anil
Kumble as "one of the most
competitive players going
Warne took 708 Test wick-
ets in his glittering interna-
tional career, which ended af-
ter the 2006/07 Ashes. (BBC


, In memory of
i who passed away on
:, December 23, 2001.
; Age 14 yrs.
Don't grieve lor me
for now I'm free
qH-1 % I'm following ihe
"'* rihpn God laid lor me
', t/look God', hand when I heri
S I lrned my bad, and leh it all
I U^..hd .,, h .. dn ,

I 4 *<;a U


F lIe toll

t (uuiuo nuot slauy anoui u ay
To laugh, to love, to work or play
S Tasks [eft undone must stay that way
I found that place at the close of day
Itf my arting has left a void
Then fill it with remembered joy
.* A friendship ishcid a laugh or ao li:
A,, v:es hoe tho ing, 9Itoo w ill :. M.I::
Sie noi Lurdened ,iih iin,i of ,orYo, ,
I wi.h you the umh tunnhine of un ,i',
MI life % beer, lull, I i .'oured muh .''
Good friends. good iireie o Io,,ed one ouch /
S Perhaps mrr lmci. 'eemcd alol ltoo bri.l '.: "
u.. Don ilengli ri ii nov, vnih undue rief
Lift up yuLir hearl and 4hile wilh nri .
G oi wOanie ri no' God iEl Ile fie V
e\\c ni i \% ou ) i i
Sadly missed by -,our mom, dad, grandmothers,
-, '.,' sister Tatiana, cousins, uncle- and aunts. ,;
.^ ^ ^ 'T S^ ^ u ^ ^ ^ l

India head into

first Test with

little match

MELBOURNE. Aulralia (Reuters) India head into their
first Test against Australia on Wednesday with little match
practice under their bells after their tour match against
state side Victoria was abandoned without a ball being
bowled yesterday.
The match had already been badly affected by torrential rain
throughout Melbourne over the past three days with just 38
overs achievable on Thursday and only 10 overs on Friday.
Umnipires. Paul Reiffel and John Waid abandoniied pla. ,t he
Junction Oval in suburban Melbourne before pla, because of a
wet field and teadi rain overnight and throughout the morn-
India ended the match on 133 for four with Rahul Dravid on 38
and Yuvraj Singh on -ix.. Soura Gangul$ top-.cored \with 59 while e
Viciona pace bow ler.Aian W\\ie finished u ith four for 3 7
The tourists have spent much of the last three dais
practising in the indoor nets at the Melbourne Cricket
Ground, the %enue for the first Test, which begins on De-
cember 26.

In cherish and loving
memr ories of our
beloved husband, father '
and grandfather
of Louisiana, Leguan,
who left us peacefully
on 21-12-06.,
One year have passed since that sad day
When our precious dad was called away
A disciplinarian in all respect
He was someone who would always be there to give
us help and confidence and to share our joy and sorrow.
He was that special person ',i, ;, life more -ccn while
indeed it's a special blessing
for us to have had a father like him in our life
he will always remain in our hearts with the sweet
memories, good advice and the good times we shared together.
Jai Shree Krishna
Sadly missed by his devoted wife Yvonne, Children -
Kesho, Birdie, Nar & Vijantie. daughters-in-law -
! Nandani, Carol & Geeta: grandchildren Anuradha,
1,.anesh, Devin, Kesha, Rudra, Darshan, Yovin & Chitra
and many relatives and friends. r"


.'la -..l..P

24 SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 23, 2007


Series win would be Sachin's career highlight ...

India 'properly

prepared' Tendulkar

SACHIN Tendulkar says it
would be the highlight of his
career if India can complete
the mammoth task of beating
Australia in the four-Test se-
ries that starts on Boxing Day.
No visiting team has won a
Test series in Australia since West
Indies in 1992-93 and Tendulkar,
who is embarking on his fourth
tour of Australia, is desperate to
taste the ultimate success before
he retires.
"I think it would be the most
important tour if we can pull it
off," Tendulkar said. "Beating
Australia is obviously the ulti-
mate thing because the way they
have played for so many years
makes it a special tour. Having
come here four times, it would
be a wonderful occasion."
India last visited Australia
in 2003-04, when they won the
Adelaide Test and secured a 1-
1 series draw. Australia have
now triumphed in their past
14 Tests and two more would
see them equal their own

record set under Steve
Waugh, but it was India who
broke that winning streak
in 2000-01 and Tendulkar is
keen to help them do it
Their tour started with a
three-day game against
Victoria at the Junction Oval
but only 48 overs were pos-
sible because of Melbourne's
wet weather and play was
abandoned completely yester-
day. Some parts of Melbourne
had more than 100 millimetres
(four inches) of rain in the
week to yesterday morning -
most of it in the last two days
- although a warm change is ex-
pected by Christmas.
During the rain breaks In-
dia trained at the MCG's in-
door nets and if Melbourne's
weather remains nasty they
will be back there several more
times before the first Test.
But Australia's coach Tim
Nielsen said India would still
be fresh from their tough se-

ries against Pakistan and
Tendulkar agreed that they were
already primed for Boxing Day.
"We have come here
properly prepared because
although the practice match
was rained off, we have
come here having played
Test cricket, which is ex-
tremely important,"
Tendulkar said. "We are
geared up and as far as I
am concerned we are ready
and we would like to go out
there and put on a good
show. We are confident."
However, he felt it would
have been ideal if the players had
more time to rest and recuper-
ate between Test series. India ar-
rived just days after a demand-
ing home series against Pakistan
and their season includes a mas-
sive seven back-to-back Tests.
"We can have more cricket;
but it's equally important to
have a little more gap in-between
the tours," he said. "But the in-
ternational calendar is very tight

so there's not much time to go
back home and assess things."
Tendulkar made an en-
tertaining, albeit brief 19
against Victoria and he is
certain that the knee injury
that kept him out of the fi-
nal Test against Pakistan is
behind him.
He also wants to keep up
his impressive form in Austra-
lia from 12 Tests Tendulkar
has made 1 029 runs at 54.15.
But India's hopes rest not only
on Tendulkar but also on how
quickly his team-mates can ad-
just to the bouncier pitches in
"All the batters have
scored runs so they are feel-
ing confident," he said.
"What you do out there in
the middle matters. You can
practice various things but
you have to go out there and
get used to the occasion.
Once you calm down your
nerves, everything falls into
place. (Cricinfo)

? .. - F ** . 4. '.

Sachin Tendulkar was dismissed for 19 in the washed-out
tour match against Victoria but he is confident India have
played enough cricket lately to be ready for Boxing Day.
(Yahoo Sport)

By Mitch Phillips

LONDON, England (Reuters)
- Arsenal guaranteed them-
selves Christmas dinner as
Premier League leaders after
they beat north London rivals
Tottenham Hotspur 2-1 at the
Emirates yesterday to open a
four-point lead.
Arsenal, below their best for
much of the game, won with a
76th-minute header by Nicklas
Bendtner to move to 43 points,
four ahead of Manchester United,
who play in-form Everton today.
Chelsea, also in action today
at Blackburn Rovers, are third on
Manchester City, who
drew 1-1 at Aston Villa, re-
main fourth on 34 with
Liverpool fifth on 33 after
Fernando Torres scored
twice in their 4-1 home win
over Portsmouth t that ended
the south coast club's six-
game run of away league
West Ham United and Read-
ing claimed late goals to secure
2-1 wins over Middlesbrough
and Sunderland respectively
while Bolton Wanderers beat Bir-
mingham City 3-0.
Fulham. who sacked manager
Lawrie Sanchez on Friday. drew
1-1 at home with Wigan Ath-
letic. who ended a run of seven
consecutive awavs defeats.

Tottenham, who have now
gone 20 league and Cup games
without beating Arsenal, missed
their chance yesterday.
Arsenal took the lead three
minutes into the second half
when a backheel by Cesc
Fabregas set up Emmanuel
Adebayor for 10th league goal
this season.

Dimitar Berbatov lev-
elled from a tight angle in
the 66th minute but, after
the Bulgarian was then
tripped in the box, Robbie
Keane had his penalty
saved by Manuel Almunia.
Arsenal took almost im-
mediate advantage when 19-
year-old Danish striker
Bendtner came off the bench
to power home a header from
a Fabregas corner with his first
"We were a bit flat in the
first half and Tottenham
played well," Arsene Wenger
told Sky Sports.
"In the second half I
feel we increased the pace
of the game and dominated
i. but at 1-0 we maybe
wanted to keep that result

and slowed it down.
"Then the turning point
came when we had the luck with
the penalty save, that was a
mental blow for them."
Liverpool, whose defeat by
Manchester United last week
probably ended their chances of
a first league title since 1990,
were back on song against Ports-
mouth, whose only other away
defeats this season came at Ar-
senal and Chelsea.
Yossi Benayoun volleyed in
a Harry Kewell cross after 13
minutes and a Sylvain Distin
own goal soon after seemed to
have Liverpool in control.
Benjani Mwaruwari
pulled one back in the 57th
minute but Torres took centre
stage with two goals to take
his seasonal tally to 13.

[7 j


' --


Robbie Keane rattles the Arsenal bar before Dimitar Berbatov equalises midway through
the second half. (BBC Sport)

dents will make the best use of the articles.

Former students donate sports gear

to Anna Regina Multilateral school

OVERSEAS-based Guyanese Rohit Doobay and Raj Doobay of
Florida, USA, donated a quantity of sports gear to the Anna
Regina Multilateral Secondary School in Region Two last Fri-
S Raj and Rohit graduated from the Institution in 1979 before mi-
Sgrating to the US. But through their children William Doobay,
S" Angelique 'Jelly' Doobay and Andrew Doobay, they want to boost
A' ".. the development of sports in the school and as such donated ap-
proximately $1M worth of equipment.
.XM The gear donated include two table tennis boards, two basket-
4 S. .... J ball systems along with two basketballs, eight table tennis racquets,
/ four table tennis nets and sixteen cone markers.
". Headmistress Mohinie Ramlakan told Chronicle Sport that
the school is very thankful for the timely contribution made
by these two former students, and she promised that the stu-

Action time! Players test the equipment and gear immediately after receiving them.
(Photo: Courtesy of Mohinie Ramlakan)

Arenlgofurpons larafe bain*Sus*m

SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 23, 2007 25


A.' p -' '

Rain saves England

after Cook century

GALLE, Sri Lanka (Reuters)
- A determined 118 from
Alastair Cook and a tropical
downpour rescued England
for a draw in the third and
final Test against Sri Lanka
The fifth day was aban-
doned 31 overs before the
scheduled close due to torren-
tial rain shortly after tea with
England on 251 for six, still
trailing by 167 runs.
The tourists avoided de-
feat in the rain-affected Test
but lost the series 1-0.
Cook rescued some pride
for England, bowled out for 81
in the first innings, with a 285-
ball rearguard to anchor the in-
nings. It was England's first
century of the series.
Cook shared partner-
ships of 61 with Ian Bell
(34), 72 for the third wicket
with Kevin Pietersen (30)
and 50 with wicketkeeper

Mathew Prior, who batted for
109 minutes for his 19 not out.
Cook and Bell had made a
solid start in the morning, extend-
ing their second-wicket partner-
ship to 61 before an off break
from Muralitharan kept low and
bowled Bell.
Cook's resistance contin-
ued with Pietersen, the pair
adding 72 runs without great
With the game drifting to-
wards a draw, Muralitharan, who
bowled unchanged for two and a
half hours, had Pietersen caught
at short mid-wicket by Mahela
Two balls later Collingwood
was deceived by Muralitharan's
doosra and stumped.
Next ball, Ravi Bopara com-
pleted a pair after being run-out
by a diving Mahela Jayawardene
at slip.
England had collapsed
from a relatively comfortable

200 for two to a shaky 200 for
five, reviving memories of
their batting collapse on
However, Cook and Prior
blunted the Sri Lanka attack
during the first hour of the af-
ternoon and then the first rain
interruption washed out the rest
of the session.
When play resumed, left-
armer Chanaka Welegedera
found the outside edge of Cook,
finally ending a stubborn match-

SRI LANKA first innings 499-8 de-
clared (M. Jayawardene 213 not out)
England first Innings 81
IC. Vaas 4-28)
ENGLAND second innings
A Cook c P.Jayawardene
b Welegedera 118
M. Vaughan c M.Jayawardene
b Welegedera 24
I. Bell b Muralitharan 34
K. Pietersen c M.Jayawardene
b Muralitharan 30
P. Collingwood stp

saving partnership that lasted
104 minutes.
A heavier tropical storm
forced the players off the field
for the second time in the day a
few minutes later.
Muralitharan finished
with three for 91 from 38
overs. Welegedera, on his de-
but, finished with impressive
match figures of four for 76
from 22 overs.
The hosts won the first
Test in Kandy by 88 runs.

P.Jayawardene b Muaralilharan 0
R. Bopara run-out 0
M. Prior not out 19
R. Sidebottom not out 0
Extras: (b-6. lb-5. w-1. nb-14) 26
Total: (six wickets. 95 overs) 251
Fall ol wickets. 1-67. 2-128.3-200, 4-
200. 5-200.6-250.
Bowling: Muralilharan 38-8-91-3
(nb-8). Vaas 18-7-37-0 (nb-2),
Malinga 20-3-42-0 (nb-3).
Welegedera 14-1-59-2 (nb-1. w-1).
Dilshan 3-1-8-0, Silva 2-1-3-0.

lYIugha [I11ItEsays I outplydYLEngland0 I% Ihave1YLwA ork oHSd[o

GALLE, Sri Lanka (Reuters)
- England captain Michael
Vaughan said his team
needed to put in more work
after they were outplayed by
Sri Lanka team who won
the three-match Test series
1-0 yesterday.
Sri Lanka captain Mahela
Jayawardene said England
needed to play more posi-
tively when they travel.
Vaughan urged his players

"It's nice that we learnt in the
second innings and acquitted our-
selves better, especially Cook
who showed tremendous charac-
ter but to be brutally honest the
weather saved us from a 2-0 de-
feat, which is disappointing," he
"Sri Lanka is undoubtedly,
after Australia, the hardest
place to go and play cricket
and we just didn't have

ficult when you play here."
Vaughan said he hoped the
experience would prove the last
low of England cricket "and that
we can now start a winning cul-
"But there's a lot of hard
work to go before we can even
start talking about being a force

Sri Lanka captain Mahela
Jayawardene said he was proud
of his side and only disap-
pointed about the weather.
"It's unfortunate that we
can't control the weather but I
am very happy with the over-
all performance," he added.
"The first Test match was
a close one as they really
pushed us. We did well to win
that. The second and third Test
matches we dominated and im-
proved as a team.
"I take 1-0 but probably we
should have been 2-0," said
Sri Lanka rose to third

place in the ICC Test
Rankings after the series and
regained confidence after be-
ing beaten 2-0 by Australia in
"This was an important
Test series for us coming back
from Australia. We needed to get
things right."
Jayawardene urged England
to be more aggressive and posi-
tive if they wanted to win more
matches overseas.
"I think we wanted to win
this series more than they
did," said Jayawardene.
"We saw a lot of negativity in
that camp and that's when we
realized from that if we concentrate,
focus well and play to our strengths
then they could not get close to us.
"If you want to compete
away from home you need to
be a bit more positive and ag-
gressive and believe in yourself
- that's something Tom
Moody wanted us to do.
"We saw the results of
that change of thinking with
wins in England and New
Zealand in 2006."

England drop to fifth

in Test rankings
ENGLAND may have drawn the final Test against Sri
Lanka in Galle, but the 1-0 series loss meant they slipped
from second to fifth in the LG ICC Test Championship
Sri Lanka, on the other hand, hale jumped up two places
from fifth to third; had they won in Gaile. ihe\ would haje
replaced England in second position.
England's slip results in South Africa becoming the
No.2 team in the rankings for both Tests and ODIs. be-
hind Australia. With upcoming series between South Af-
rica and West Indies and Australia and Ind ia beginning on
Boxing Day, the rankings could well change before the 3 ear
There is stiff competition among the teams placed second
to fifth, with South Africa, Sri Lanka and fourth-placed India
all on 109, only separated by fractions of a ratings point. whilee
England are close on their heels at 107.
However, top-ranked Australia remain the runaway
leaders, and even a 4-0 loss to India at home won't see
them lose the No.1 spot. (Cricinfo)
Team Matches Rating
Australia 28 143
South Africa 33 109
Sri Lanka 32 109
India 33 109
England 40 107
Pakistan 33 94
New Zealand 18 91
West Indies 24 72
Bangladesh 18 4

Sri Lanka skipper Mahela Jayawardene celebrates his
work to complete the run-out of Ravi Bopara in Galle. (Yahoo

to learn from the experience
and hoped that his young team
would starting winning again
during their tour to New
Zealand in the new year.
Rain saved England from
probable defeat in the final
Test. They finished on 251
for six, still trailing Sri
Lanka by 167 runs after be-
ing bowled out for 81 in the
first innings.
"The way we batted in the
first innings is something that
1 haven't seen for a while,"
Vaughan told a news confer-

enough skill and expertise to
go on to force the game and
win it.
"We had enough fire in us to
get two draws but we didn't have
enough skill to go and win a
game," he added.
"We didn't bowl as well as
we could, bat as well as we could
and field as well as we could.
You throw all those into a park
they are not great ingredients for
"Full credit for the way
their team played their cricket
- they make it very, very dif-

Hill to lead Australia to Under-19 World Cup
MICHAEL Hill, the Victorian batsman, will lead Australia's Group C of the tournament. The Under-19 World Cup runs from
15-member squad for the 2008 Under-19 World Cup in Ma- February 17 to March 2 next year.
laysia. Australia's youth selection panel recognized Victoria's Squad Michael Hill (capt.) (Vie), Phillip Hughes (vice-capt.)
triumph in the recent Under-19 championships in Hobart by (NSW), Daniel Burns (NSW), Michael Cranmer (SA), James
including five players from the state in the squad. Faulkner (Tas), Josh Hazlewood (NSW), David King (Vic),
Hill was given a rookie contract earlier this year, though he's Dominic O'Brien (Qld), Kirk Pascoe (SA), James Pattinson
yet to make his senior debut for Victoria. His deputy, Phillip (Vie), Clive Rose (Vie), Kumar Sarna (Vic), Jeremy Smith
Hughes, burst onto the state scene with half-centuries on his Pura (Tas), Steven Smith (NSW), Marcus Stoinis (WA).
Cup and FR Cup debuts for New South Wales this summer. Both Standby players: Cameron Francis (NT), Chris Quelch (WA).
are graduates from the latest batch of the Australian academy. The
youngest in the squad is Josh Hazelwood, the 16-year-old bats-
man from New South Wales.
"Choosing this squad was extremely difficult," Geoff
Tamblyn, the chairman of selectors said. "We have been lucky ,
enough to see a lot of talented players representing their .
states in the Under-19 championships here in Hobart over the ''
last two weeks."
Tamblyn also praised Hughes and Hill, who scored 90 in the
championship final against ACT. A few players toured Malaysia f
in September and Tamblyn hoped the experience had prepared them .

"Phillip Hughes has played first class cricket this sea-
son, and along with Michael Hill, is a graduate of the 2007
Centre of Excellence intake," Tamblyn said. "That experi- .. t
ence will hold them in good stead for the challenge that lays
ahead in Malaysia." Phillip Hughes (batting) will be Michael Hill's deputy in
Australia are grouped with Sri Lanka, Namibia and Nepal in Malaysia.

12/22/2007. 10:02 PM


Alastair Cook p
Galle yesterday.





o SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 23, 2007

... -- -

,. --+

RHTY&SC enjoyed fruitful 2007 CEO Foster

By Ravendra Madholall

ROSE Hall Town Youth and
Sports Club (RHTY&SC) en-
joyed a fruitful 2007 year af-
ter hard work and commit-
ment towards the develop-
ment of sports in Guyana.
This declaration was made
on Friday at the club's head of-
fice at Rose Hall Town
Corentyne by Chief Executive
Officer Hilbert Foster.
Foster extended sincere
gratitude to all the sponsors
who made the club successful.
According to Foster, a very
packed programme is planned
for 2008 as they will be look-
ing at not only cricket but also
other important social activities
and an HIV/AIDS awareness
There will be more cricket
competitions for all levels, in-
cluding several major tourna-
ments like their annual Busta
champion of champions,
Twenty20 cricket for all second-
ary schools in Berbice with the
winner taking home a complete
computer set.
In addition to that, all sec-
ond division teams will be
playing another Twenty20 se-
ries while the female crick-
eters will also be in for a treat
with the same Twenty20

cricket competition.
The club will be playing a
Twenty20 match between
Demerara and Berbice for former
West Indies cricketer, Berbician
Basil Butcher.
Foster also disclosed that
they will continue to invest in
youths heavily.with players be-
ing elevated to the senior level
in an effort for their club to re-
main in the top three in Guyana,
joining Georgetown Cricket Club
and Albion of Berbice.
They will be extending their
annual Windies Sports Bar
cricket academy by inviting
more youths and the club will be
embarking on their own project
to improve their cricket field and
other matters related to the
The Allen Stanford
project never began after wait-
ing for the past 18 months on
the Guyana Cricket Board.
However, the project is set to
commence shortly according
to a source close to GCB.
Over the year, Foster said
that RHTY&SC has continued
to produce good cricketers who
have gone on to represent the
senior Berbice team and subse-
quently the national team. To
date Esaun Crandon. his younger
brother Royston Crandon and
Assad Fudadin represented

Guyana this year in both Carib
Beer and KFC regional compe-
The club which won the
GCB annual award for the two
consecutive years (2004, 2005)
has been dominating in Berbice
first and second division
cricket competitions while the
Under-19 and Under-15 sides
are also making an impact.
Finally, Foster, the
founder member of club
which was formed in 1992,
said that strong management
is the ingredient which up-
holds the club's smooth run-
ning of his organisation.
Special thanks were made
to Windies Sports Bar, DDL
(Pepsi), Cellink Plus, Bakewell,
Banks DIH, Farfan and
Mendes, Ansa McAl, Peter
Lewis, Busta Beverage, Repub-
lic Bank, Sterling Products,
Ricks and Sari, John Fernandes,
Roop Group, The Mormon
Church, Metro, Edward
Beharry, Western Union,
North American Airlines, Food
for the Poor and West Indies
captain Ramnaresh Sarwan and
many other donors.
In addition to that, Fos-
ter thanked the media for
their support of coverage en-
suring that the sponsors get
their mileage.

0I r .,tt 1 ^Is1aprlv W GI6Ihist

ADAM Gilchrist believes Australia were without
Australia's attack is much Shane Warne, who was sitting
better prepared to challenge out because of his drugs ban,
India's strong batting line-up and Glenn McGrath, who had
than when the teams last met an ankle injury.
in Australia in 2003-04. Dur- Those two stars are now
ing that visit India drew the retired but Gilchrist is confi-
series 1-1 and they posted dent that any of Brett Lee,
strong first-innings totals of Stuart Clark, Shaun Tait,
409, 523, 366 and 705. Mitchell Johnson and Brad

Hogg can trouble India this
time around.
"They (India) have done
well before without those two
guys around, but I sense we've
got a much more mature bowl-
ing group this year than what
we did four years ago,"
Gilchrist told the Weekend
Australian. "We have no doubt
teams will feel a bit more con-
fident without those guys in
the line-up and that's the chal-
lenge for us."
During the 2003-04 cam-
paign Australia used five fast
men Lee, Jason Gillespie,
Andy Bichel, Brad Williams
and Nathan Bracken and
Stuart MacGill struggled to
claim wickets.
But Gilchrist was pleased
with the way Australia's new-look
attack handled the recent Tests

?12 against Sri Lanka and he felt the
bowling performances of four
years ago would not be repeated.
"iThe reality (of missing Wame
and McGrath) kicked in during
those first two Tests (against Sri
Lanka)," he said. "I thought our
.'... bowling efforts didn't wane at all.
The guys stepped up in the ab-
sence of those two legends.
"India certainly presents
a bigger challenge because
we're playing against a more
reputable batting line-up
that will be confident against
a team without those two
players. There will be some
which hard slogs, but I think we've
whenced got the maturity there now
to deal with it." (Cricinfo)

The victorious RHTY&SC Under-19 Pepsi team pose after winning this year's competition.

dsa o e

batt1~ ing. in mW1 Arawak CupI!

(CMC) Barbados' chief se-
lector is disappointed with
the overall batting exhibited
during the just-concluded
Arawak Cup Championship
which serves as national tri-
Roddy Estwick believes it
is time for batsmen to produce
big scores in the imminent Carib
Beer Series in an effort to chal-
lenge for places in the West
Indies team, when compared
with bowlers who are more in
the forefront.
Only.three batsmen scored
more than 200 runs in the four-
team competition which is now
in its sixth year.
Two of them, opener Ja-
son Haynes and strokemaker
Alcindo Holder both with
first-class experience each
hit two of the five centuries.
The other hundred came
from Shamar Cooke, a member
of this year's Young Barbados
side that contested the TCL
Group West Indies Youth Chal-
"I'm still not happy with
the batting, and we can still do
with bigger scores." Estwick
said in a wide-ranging interview
on the Barbados Cricket Asso-
ciation website.
"Jason Haynes and
Alcindo Holder each got two
hundreds, but what I found
is that there were a lot of 30s
and 40s batsmen getting
starts, but not.going on."
There were 12 instances of
batsmen scoring in the 30s, and
10 reaching the 40s.
"I think that once you play
first-class cricket, the batsmen
normally set up the game and
if you can get big scores in the
Carib Beer Series, it puts (op-
posing) players under pres-
sure," observed Estwick, a
former Barbados fast bowler.

"It puts a team under pres-
sure so we are still not happy with
the way we are batting, but we've
got some time now.
"I felt that a lot of players
were putting their personal
achievements or goals above
the team goals, and I've always
found that once you do that,
you tend to come up a little bit
"But if you can put the team
goals first, your personal achieve-
ment goes a lot higher and fur-
Estwick expects coach
Vasbert Drakes to have more per-
sonal interaction with the 20 na-
tional players who were in
Dominica for a five-day tour
which included three Twenty20
"I'm sure that the coach
when we get to Dominica we
can do some one-on-ones, some
personal, technical things with
the players and try and get
them to concentrate, to focus
and to understand their roles
and the team concept as well,"
he said.
Barbados, by far the most domi-
nant nation in the modenm West Indies
first-class championship with 20
titles since sponsored championships
started in 1966, will step up prepa-.
rations for their defence of the Carib
Beer Cup with a four-day. trial match
from December 27 to 30.
The teams will be led by fast
bowler Corcy Collymore, who
has been appointed captain for
the Carib Beer Series, and his fel-
low discarded West Indies team-
mate, all-rounder Dwayne Smith,
who will captain the side in the
second Stanford 20/20 Cup.
which runs from January 25 to
February 24 in Antigua.
Barbados' opening match
in the 2008 Carib Beer Cup is
against Windward Islands in St
Vincent, starting on January 4,
and Estwick has called on fans

to throw their support be-
hind the national team.
"Come out and support,"
he stressed. "It's a very young
side looking at the average age.
We tend to be very. very criti-
cal of the players, but I have
always felt that you don't ma-
ture as a cricketer until you
reach the age of about 27 or

"Obviously sometimes
you are going to get disap-
pointed because we are not
as consistent as we would
like or doing as well as you
would like, but don't pull
them down.
"Just try and encourage
them and help us to go for-
ward. Our goal now should be
trying to get players perform-
ing to such a level that we can
get players back into the West
Indies side and mainly bats-
"For a long time, we've
been getting bowlers into
the West Indies side, and I
would love to see that the
players would come through
and make big, big scores and
put their names forward for
selection to represent tht
West Indies."


Adam Gilchrist says Australia's new-look attack,
is spearheaded by Brett Lee, can rattle the experi
India batting line-up. (Yahho Sport)

; --


SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 23, 2007 27


Guyana likely to host

Caribbean Futsal


(CMC) -The Cliff Anderson
Sports Hall in Georgetown,
Guyana, is likely to be the
venue for the Caribbean
qualifying tournament to
the 2008 CONCACAF
Futsal Championship.
CONCACAF announced
on Friday that five teams -
Haiti, Puerto Rico, St Maarten,
Suriname, Trinidad & Tobago,
and the hosts will be divided
into two groups of three for the
Caribbean Football Union.tour-
nament that will be held in
February of next year with the
dates to be announced in due
The Caribbean lourna-
ment will qualify two teams
to the CONCACAF Fulal
Championship at the Donoi
Polideportivo in Guatemala
City, Guatemala, ne\t w ear.
Joining the two Ca-ri hlhi;i-i
qualifiers and the hot ,.* ll bh-
Costa Rica. Cuba, Me -.,,

Panama and the United States.
Championship will qualify
three teams to the FIFA Futsal
World Cup in Brazil next year.
CONCACAF had hosted
three Futsal qualifiers for the
FIFA Tournaments in 1996,
2000, and 2004.
Cuba was the only Caribbean
side that participated in the first
CONCACAF Futsal competi-
tion in 1996, and there was no
CFU tournament.
Six teams participated in
that 1996 CONCACAF event in
Guatemala that was won by the
United States and also qualified

Cuba to the FIFA competition
in Spain 1996.
Seven years ago, eight
squads took part in the Con-
federation competition in
Costa Rica, which was won by
the host.
Cuba once again took sec-
ond as both teams progressed to
the FIFA Futsal World Cup in
Cuba, Suriname, the Neth-
erlands Antilles, and Puerto
Rico were the CFU teams tak-
ing part in the competition.
Four years later, the eight-
team CONCACAF Futsal
Championship was again held

in Costa Rica, where the United
States and Cuba claimed first
place and second place, respec-
This time, there was a full
Caribbean qualification tour-
nament which attracted eight
teams, two more than next
year's competition.

Four Manchester Utd fans

sentenced for hooliganiY
ROME, Italy (Reuters) Four Manchester United fans *vere
each sentenced to more than two years in jail on Friday
in connection with clashes with AS Roma supporters, ju-
dicial sources said.
The four were arrested after clashing with rival fans at a
bar on December 12, when Englikh .ide United played Roma
in a Champions League match.
The fans were found guilty of resisting arrest and
throwing objects which could cause harm.
Two were sentenced to two years and five months and the
other two were sentenced to two years and four months. They
can appeal the ruling twice before ihe would have to serve
the sentence.
Five United fans and one Roma supporter were stabbed
during trouble before the match. Clashes between United fans
and police also marred April's Champions League match be-
tween the two teams in the Italian capital.
Italy has been cracking down on soccer-related violence
after two deaths this year.

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CWC 2007

officially closed

operations Friday

S'4GSTON, Jamaica (CMC) Cricket World Cup
;2 7 is now, a fading memory and the company set up
to administer affairs of the global competition has now
officially ceased opera-
ICC Cricket World Cup
West Indies 2007, the sub-
sidiary of the West Indies
Cricket Board responsible
for the successful
organisation of the event,
closed on Friday having
wrapped up its wide-ranging
operations across the Carib-
bean and the World.
7Chris Dehring, man-
aging director of CWC
2007, pointed out that the
success of the World Cup
should not be measured
simply in financial terms,
Chris ehring Managing but also in the experience
Dire tor of CWC 2007 gained by the over 9 000
West Indians who were in-
"The region should ensure that the experience of the
World Cup is not only captured, but applied to other
Please see page 21

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Nour family (las awn'ays fovea
Avai(abde in StOres Comitrwide

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Sarwan delighted with progress of injured ankle
EORGETOWN, Guyana getting back into the mix," said challenge he has encoun-
MC) West Indies batsman Sarwan in his latest Digicel Di- tered in getting back to
amnaresh Sarwan believes ary submission. his best was the fickle
e has received "the best and "For the second straight Guyana weather.
ost timely gift" he could at week, I've been able to bat "Given more heavy '
is time. and run comfartabhl wh which mn ..,i -... .. ..

Sarwan has revealed that: his
injured right ankle has clearly re-
sponded well to treatment and
he is now looking to intensify
hi, tr dining ahead of the upcom-
ing Carib Beer Series and
Stanford 20/20 Cup.
"After my recent frustra-
tions at being injured and miss-
ing the ongoing West Indies tour
to Zimbabwe and now South
Africa, I'm slowly but surely


is a great sign, with just
weeks to go before the re-
gional first-class series be-
"I've had four training ses-:
sions with the Guyana squad
and will continue to do so un-,
til December 23 when we take
a short break for Christmas be,
fore resuming on December
Sarwan noted the only

airns over recent da, ur
LUL, C uays, UUI
batting practice has been
limited to the indoor con-
crete strip at the national
gymnasium," he said.:
"I'm thrilled with the
progress in my batting.
During my knockIs, my
feet have been moving in-
creasingly better and my
mind is more at ease with

Please see page 21


Hercules strikes twice to

inspire Bakewell Topp XX

"S uI fp Wnso co

By Joe Chapman
NATIONAL player Collie
Hercules scored twice as five-
time champions Bakewell
Topp XX sounded their warn-
ing in emphatic fashion as
they crushed Berbice's
Moneddelust 4-0, while Win-
ners Connection disposed of
Rusal 2-1 to reach this year's
quarter-finals of the 18th
Kashif and Shanghai football
extravaganza Friday night at
the Mackenzie Sports Club
Tonight, the action switches
to the Georgetown Football Club
(GFC) ground where Sunburst
Camptown take on Linden's
Net Rockers from 18:00 h and
Fruta Conquerors oppose BV/
Triumph at 20:00 h.
Playing the feature second
game Topp XX displayed their
superb technical composure on
a muddy outfield with the crop!
of young ,players being!
shepherded by the senior na-,
tional utility players Hercules
striking and captain Kayode

McKinnon marshalling things
at midfield, Carey Harris sta-
tioned at right back and a ris-
ing star Marlon 'Billy' Ben-
It was a deliberate move
to plant these national play-
ers in every step ,of their
game and it worked well for
Topp XX who are contem-
plating their options for this
tournament as they 'point to-
wards extending their lease
of ownership of this. champi-
onship to six.
Their opponents
Moneddelust surely rMust have
known of their opponents'
pedigree and could have been
more careful going about hop-
ing to dismantle Topp XX.
The Berbice side's ag-
gressive style seemed ca-
pable of off-tracking clubs
not having players vith such
sound technical skills, and
their hustling early in the
game, posed the question as
to how long they cap keep
Please see page 21

Collie Hercules netted twice for Bakewell Topp XX.

Did you know...

. I. ,

: . ;I ; '- -' ;'
Pit and P i b u a t l s e i e a A e l r k e t Te e 6 3 t r Et l 2 0 2 2 F 2 2 ,


Printed and Published by Guyana National Newspapers Limited, Lama Avenue, Bel Air Park, Georgetown. Telephone 226-3243-9 (General); Editorial: 227-5204, 227-5216. Fax:227-5208

PanP 1 A PA nFR


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J. -1

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r dHga^ -jt^g^-'
"^^ ^.-%".
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Not to be sold separately

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Page II

Sunday Chronicle December 23. 2007

The Dentist Advises
ii BIH i i,


Congratulations to-,

CHOOSE, WASH & WIN Promotion 2007

2nd Draw Winners!

It may not be by coincidence
that during a session of a light
banter with a few dental col-
leagues that two of them dis-
closed that their first ;(and
worst) toothache was experi-
enced on Christmas Day.
Many may be able to testify to
similar experiences.! But what
is the point here? The point
is that there is a distinct rela-
tionship between the inges-
tion of sweet and tooth decay.
During this festive season
of Christmas, there will be at
least a ten percent increase in
the incidence of dental caries
among Guyanese. The simple
reason is because of the higher
sucrose (sugar) ingestion com-
bined with the transient neglect
in maintaining oral hygiene, con-
comitant with the disruption in
routine personal activities.
Cake, sweets, jellies,
chocolates and dried fruits
are the most cariogenic (car-
ies producing) foods in exist-
ence and they are eaten in-
discriminately at this time of
year. Although sugar by itself
cannot affect the teeth in any
way, the bacteria of dental
plaque ferments these sub-
strates (sugars and starches)
most readily to product the
acid that erodes the enamel
causing tooth-decay. It only
takes bacteria a matter of
seconds to convert sweet to
acid and it is that acid which
results in the exposure of the
tooth's nerve.
People have always liked a

sweet taste. The 'sweet tooth'
of primitive man was satisfied
by fruits and other parts of
plants which were supplied by
nature. All over the world
people have used honey; a natu-
ral sugar concentrate, as the
source of additional sweetness.
In Australia, Cuba, England and
the United States of America,
each citizen consumes more than
100' pound of sugar a year.
However, in China, the most
populous country in the world,
less that five pounds of sugar a
year is consumed by each citi-
zen. As a result, the Chinese
have fewer caries than most.
The modern approach
which is designed to circumvent
the deleterious potential of
sugar on dental well-being is to
substitute the carbohydrate with
artificial sweeteners. However,
universal use of these would re-
sult in disarray for countries like
Guyana, whose economies de-
pend on sugar cane cultivation.
Presently, mainly diabetics use
artificial sweeteners. It is aca-
demic to note that the scientific
community is contemplating
whether it is more prudent to
develop a vaccine against the
bacteria Strep Mutans, the chief
culprit responsible for tooth de-
cay. Rumours in the dental com-
munity have it that a French-
man actually succeeded in de-
veloping a vaccine against Strep
Mutans but because of the im-
mense implications of having
billions of persons becoming
immune to tooth decay, the FDI

paid him to abandon the project.
So caries does not result
from a nutritional deficiency in-
volving the formation of a den-
tition which is predisposed to
decay. Rather, it is the net re-
sult of a variety of local influ-
ences in the environment of
teeth involving the biochemical
events in dental plaque which
follow the intake of each item
on the diet. The high sugar con-
tent and sticky consistency are
predominant factors for carcino-
genicity. Tooth decay also de-
pends on the amount and type
of carbohydrates eaten, the
food acidity, the length of time
between intake and swallow-
ing, enamel toughness from
fluoride and how freely the
saliva flows.
What then can be done on
an emergency basic of a ter-
rible toothache should strike
suddenly. Note that a tooth-
ache may strike suddenly but
certainly not without prior
warning. First, wash out the
mouth thoroughly. Then mix
a strong solution of baking
soda and water. Flood the af-
fected tooth with the solution
as long as possible, changing
it as it becomes diluted with
saliva. If it does not work,
pulverize a clove in a drop of
edible oil and place it in the
cleaned out, dry cavity. See
you dentist at the earliest op-






- - -- - -


Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007

(in tribute to the life and work of Martin Carter, marking his 10th death anniversary)

'A Festival of Words' was an event where words were trans-
formed to steel pan music, song and dance.
'A Festival of Words' was an event where spoken word per-
formances in English and Spanish were superb, an ultimate joy.
'A Festival of Words' was an event where words were given
new meanings and impulses transforming performers and electrify-
ing the audience.
'A Festival of Words' was an event so well-planned that not
even the rain which fell all day could have dampened the mood of
And it was an evening to remember ending on a breath-taking
note. The finale was indeed resounding the National Dance Com-
pany choreographed by Ms. Vivienne Daniels performed three of
Carter's awesome poems, 'Shape and Motion One', 'Shape and
Motion Two' and 'Shape and Motion Three'.
From the opening lines of that finale, 'I was wondering if I
could shape this passion/just as I wanted in solid fire' to 'jump off
the ground/pull down a star/.. .dance like yuh mad' to 'I walk slowly
in the wind/watching myself in things I did not make/...I walk
slowly in the wind/I walk because I cannot crawl or fly', the audi-
ence was mesmerised.
'A Festival of Words' was staged last Thursday December 13,
2007, by the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sport, in tribute to
the life and work of Martin Carter and to commemorate his tenth
death anniversary. Martin Carter died at his home in Lamaha Street,
Queenstown, Guyana, on December 13, 1997.
Martin Carter was born on June 7, 1927, Georgetown, British
Guiana. His father, Victor Emmanuel, was an avid reader and his
mother, Violet Eugene Wylde, loved books and enjoyed reciting
Although young Carter did well at Queen's College, he soon
became fed up with schooling and disillusioned with the teaching,
perhaps a disciple of Mark Twain who said, 'I never let schooling
interfere with my education'.
So Carter entered the world of work, also working diligently at
his poetry, putting out his first collection 'The Hill of Fire Glows
Red' in 1951, with the assistance of A. J. Seymour's Miniature Po-
ets series of publications. The following year, he published 'The
Hidden Man' and 'The Kind Eagle'.
In the early 50s, Carter became actively involved in the People's
Progressive Party (PPP) and the radical politics of the British
After the suspension of the Constitution and the rever-
sion to direct British rule in 1953, he was detained by the au-
thorities and remained in custody for three months. Some of
the poems he wrote while incarcerated there were published
as 'Poems of Resistance' in 1954, establishing his Caribbean
and international reputation.
Also in the year 1953, in January, he married Phyllis Howard,
a union lasting some four decades, even though many times during
a night he would disturb their sleep because he found a right word
or phrase to insert in his writing.
After a second detention, this time 1954, due to what lan
McDonald described as his 'passionate defiance in the face of flawed
authority', Carter turned to the unlikely profession of being a school
teacher from 1954 to 1959. In 1959, he joined the Booker Group
of Companies and remained as Bookers Chief Information Officer
until 1967.
During that period, having shifted from one political camp to

the other, he published in 1964, 'Jail Me Quickly', and the follow-
ing year, 1965, he presented Guyana at the Commonwealth Po-
etry Conference in Cardiff.
The year 1966 found him on a delegation to Marlborough House
discussing Guyana's Independence. Between 1967 and 1970 he held
the portfolio of Minister of Information and Culture.
In 1975, Martin Carter spent an academic year at Essex Uni-
versity as Poet in Residence, 'the longest period he was away from
Guyana'. In 1977, he was appointed Artist in Residence at the
University of Guyana. That year saw the appearance of 'Poems
of Succession' followed by 'Poems of Affinity' in 1978, in empa-
thy with yet another political party, writing 'For Walter Rodney'
and 'Bastille Day Georgetown'.
In 1989, 'Selected Poems' won the Guyana Prize for Literature
in the category of best book of poetry.
Twice he was honoured by the government of the day: in 1970
he received the Cacique Crown of Honour, and in 1994 the Order
of Roraima.
'A Festival of Words' effectively captured various aspects
of the life and work of Carter, and the event also extended
the scholarship on the poet. Delightful and enthralling per-
formances came from the siblings, Hilary Singh of St.
Margaret's Primary, who rendered 'The Poems Man' and
Brittney Singh of North Georgetown Secondary, who rendered
'Looking at your Hands'. Other outstanding performances
came from Ms. Rosamond Addo (I Come from the Nigger Yard),
Dr. Devon Dublin, a successful recipient of the Governments
of Guyana and Cuba Scholarship programme, who delivered
poetry in Spanish and English, and Mr. David Dewar, who sang
'Let Freedom Wake Him' poem set to music by Valerie
The scholarship on Carter was extended through remarks made
by Dr. Frank Anthony, Dr. Ian McDonald, Mr. David DeCaires
and Dr. Keith Carter, son of Martin and Phyllis Carter.
'A Festival of Words' also served as a prelude to Carifesta X,

that Mr. Richard Isaac known
as Ryan of Lot 322 Grove
Housing Scheme, East Bank
Demerara, is no longer
employed by Kishan Bacchus
General Contractor's Inc. As
such Mr. Isaac is not
authorized to transact any 5
business on our behalf.

By order of Management


12/21/2007. 7:25 PM

Page III




0io ot ve*

to be held in Guyana during August of 2008, by showcasing a few
emerging voices, including Kojo McPherson, Aliya Shamshudin,
Edison Jefford, Gentian Miller, Davina Lowe, Imam Baksh and
Rochelle Christie. Coordinator and chairman of the event, Petamber
Persaud, explained that dual purpose of the event using the con-
junction philosophy of Carter.
So from the opening note, 'Where have all the flowers gone'
played by Mr. Michael Smith on pan, to the blessed voice of Miriam
Corlette Williams who exhorted us 'Don't to give up', to the dance
finale, 'A Festival of Words' was a night to remember.
Responses to this author telephone (592)
226-0065 or email:

Literary update
Look out for the launch of THE GUYANA
ANNUAL 2007-2008
Contact this writer for the books THE
EGBERT MARTIN; give a book the better
gift this season.

Privately owned Import/Export Registered
Company centrally located in Georgetown
has vacancies for the following positions:
1. (1) Receptionist
2. (2) Data Entry/Accounts Clerks
3. (1) Supervisor
4. (I) Stores Clerk

Requirements for Positions 1 & 2:
1. At least 3 Subjects CXC/GCE
inclusive of English Language &
2. Computer Literacy
3. Previous experience in a similar position
would be an asset.

Requirements for Position 3
1. At least 3 Subjects CXC/GCE
inclusive of English Language &
2. Computer Literacy
3. Knowledge of Basic Accounting

Requirements for Position 4
1. At least 3 Subjects CXC/GCE
inclusive of English Language
Language & Mathematics.
2. Previous experience in a similar position
would be an asset.

Attractive Salary and allowances incl. Travel,
medical, uniforms, etc.

Hand written applications should be addressed

The Personnel Manager
P.O.Box 12185 Georgetown

Closing date for applications January 15,

Page IV Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007

Lesotho's club

for job-seekers

with HIV
**** 5** ** 600

It can be physically demand-
ing work for someone who is
HIV-positive but the very fact
he is carrying the HIV virus
is what got him the job in the
first place.
He has been HIV-positive
for three years and securing the
part-time gardening work has
been the biggest break he has
had in fighting the virus.
"I need to stay strong and
to be strong I need to eat good
food; the only way I can buy
good food is to earn money and
this job has meant that for the
first time in three years I can
look after myself properly."
Mr Damani is no different
from the other people in
Lesotho and elsewhere who live
with HIV.
The fear of being excluded
from society, from suffering
stigma, means it is not always
sensible to advertise one's HIV
But this is exactly what this
Maseru gardener, along with
about 70 others, has done in the
attempt to find work.
"I was desperate to find a
job," says Mr Damani.
"After I tested positive for
HIV, I no longer cared what

people thought of me, I just
wanted to get well and look
after my family and if that
meant telling everyone I had
the virus, I was willing to do
All the job seekers adver-
tised their services at the Posi-

tive Professional employment
club set up by a local health
food and nutrition business,
Positive Health.
Outside the shop are two
boards on either side of the en-
trance. On the right are around
35 small pink forms filled out
by women and onthe left 50
blue ones filled out by men.
The range of skills on
offer tells the story of the
indiscriminate spread of the
Please turn
to page VIII

Ghost OF

The Future
I I am 19 and have three beautiful children. I just got married one month ago to their
father. We have been together since we were 14. I love him ever so dearly, but he is an
alcoholic. I don't know what to do. I know in my mind it will never work out because
of his addiction.
He is starting to get __ .
"bad with the verbal abuse,a
and he is starting to get
mean with the children for ft e I
no reason at all. My son s .
is only three, and my twin
daughters only a year and a hall \ laniln, dpises hii. hu1 lhe a re .
unwilling to help because the\ youlJ teel b..hlii.e j t help upprit e ,
and my three children.
I understand it is not good for my children to be in this environment, and I understand it
will only get worse from here. One of my biggest fears is raising my children alone. I just
need help figuring out how to get my mind and my heart in one place.
My father was an alcoholic, and I know what it is like growing up walking on pins and
needles all the time. I don't want that for my children.
Katrina, one of our favorite lines in literature is from Charles Dickens' "A Christmas Carol."
Near the end of the story, Ebenezer Scrooge says, "Men's courses will foreshadow certain
ends, to which, if persevered in, they must lead. But if the courses be departed from, the ends
will change."
That is the essence of your life as well as Scrooge's. It stands to reason your family will
not help you, when it is their lives, which put you on this path. You married an alcoholic. At
15 you were pregnant with your first child; at 17 or 18 you had two more. Your parents don't
want to involve themselves in your life, because they will feel it is a judgment upon them.
They won't face that reality. They won't admit they let a fermented beverage ruin lives.
They won't admit their behavior has been contrary to rightness, correctness, and compassion
for children.
Now you must do for your children what your mother did not do for you. As a woman
with children, married to an alcoholic, she may have thought she could not take her children
away from their father. But that was the easy course. The inevitable question of adult chil-
dren is, how could you not protect us?
We are not asking you to judge your mother, and we are not asking you to hate
your father. But we are asking you to acknowledge the difficult spot you are in is a
direct result of your parents' behavior. You need to fully understand that, just as you
fully understand, when you see your children cringing before their drunken father, that
you must leave him.
You needed a wedding to be able to move on. You could not leave until you saw marriage
wouldn't fix anything. Now that you have achieved that ideal, you are left with nothing but
the reality of life with an angry drunk. At least the wedding will give you more standing with
your children and legal protections you would not otherwise have had.
Today, make a list of anyone who can help you. Your list needs to include government
agencies, women's centers, and domestic violence shelters. List every organization you can
think of, public or private. Tomorrow, you will be contacting everyone on your list. From
those contacts your future course will emerge.
In Dickens' tale, Scrooge begs the ghost of the future to assure him he can still
change the outcome of his life. That is your question to us. Our answer is, you can. It
will be hard. But if you stand up to the hard challenges of your life, it will be the
making of you as a person.
------- --------------------- J


191 Charlotte Street, Lacytown, Georgetown
Tel: 227 0632-5, 227 2526,

Wishes to inform our customers that we
will be closed for business on


Management regrets any inconvenience
this may cause and wish all our
Customers a very Happy New Year.

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Cummins power and Clarke transmission.

Cable log skidder, has hydraulic winch.

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110 Series, Turbo Diesel, Winch W
& Snorkel, Tray has hard cover. I

Page IV

Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007

Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007

Court rules that snatching property

and running away is not robbery

Larceny from the person

A ruling by the Guyana
Court ofAppeal in 1976 made
it dear that a person who
snatched property from an-
other and ran away with it
had committed larceny from
the person and not robbery
with violence.
This ruling resulted from an
appeal brought by Colin
Anstrong and his co-defendant
Leslie Johnson who were con-
victed for robbery and aggrava-
tion, when the offence commit-
ted was larceny from the per-

were indicted at the Criminal
Assizes for robbery with ag-
gravation and were both
found guilty of that offence.
The particulars of the of-
fence were that they, being to-
gether; robbed one Charles
Sykes of $37 in money.
According to the evidence,
while Johnson was holding on
to Sykes' hand asking him for a
'raise' (which Sykes under-
stood to mean he was being
asked for a 'tip'), Armstrong
approached Sykes from behind,
snatched at, and ripped off the

Thereafter, the court re-
served for a further argument
the question whether, on the
facts and on the law, a verdict
of robbery with violence rob-
bery simpliciter, or larceny from
the person was the appropriate
one to record against the appel-
lant, Armstrong, in the circum-
The Appellate Court held
(1) The jury ought to have
been directed that before
they could properly convict
the accused of robbery, they
had to be sure he had the in-

A III By George Barclay

The offence was committed
on August 8, 1973. After con-
viction at the lower Court,
Armstrong was sentenced to
imprisonment for a period of
three years and ordered to re-
ceive a whipping of six strokes.
Johnson was sentenced to
imprisonment for a period of
four years and ordered to receive
a whipping of six strokes.
Armstrong, it is said, had
snatched $37 from the breast
pocket of school-master
Charles Sykes. Johnson, it is
said, had stopped Sykes and
begged for a 'tip, thereby lay-
ing a trap, for Armstrong to ef-
fect the theft by ripping away
Sykes's pocket and running
away with $37.00-
Johnson who it is alleged
had given a confession to the
police had his appeal granted on
the ground that no proper foun-
dation had been laid for the re-
ception in evidence of the con-
fession statement. He was
Later, Armstrong was also
freed of robbery on appeal on
the grounds that it was incum-
bent on the trial judge to have
laid for the jury's consideration
the verdict for the lesser of-
fence of larceny from the per-
The Court of Appeal sub-
stituted a 'larceny from the per-
son' conviction for the robbery.
Arnnstrong benefitted from a re-
duced sentence.
The facts of the case dis-
closed that the two appellants

left breast pocket of his shirt,
in which was contained $37,
running off with both shirt
pocket and the money it con-

The trial judge, in his
charge to the jury, explained
that if they came to the conclu-
sion that robbery was done by
Armstrong alone, then the case
would be "just plain robbery",
that is. simple robbery, and that
they would, in that event, have
to acquit Johnson. Johnson as
was explained earlier was found
guilty by the jury.
Johnson's appeal was al-
lowed in an earlier decision of
the Court of Appeal, on the
ground that no proper founda-
tion had been laid for the recep-
tion in evidence of a confession
statement he was alleged to
have given to a policeman con-
cerning the crime.

tention to inflict force and
violence on the victim.
(2) The judge ought to have
directed the jury to consider
whether or not the evi-
dence relating to the
manner in which the
event occurred, consti-
tuted the force and vio-
lence necessary to make
the offence one of rob-
bery. The omission to
do so amounted to a
misdirection substan-
tially affecting the out-
come of the case.
(3) It was incumbent
on the trial judge to have
left for the jury's consid-
eration the verdict for
the lesser offence of lar-
ceny from the person.
The failure to do so de-
prived the accused of the chance
of the jury's returning a verdict
for the lesser offence.
(4) It is an established prac-
tice of the Court of Appeal in
recording where it is possible,
a verdict for a lesser offence
when intention, which is an in-
gredient in a criminal offence has
not been proved.
The Appellate'Court, con-
stituted by Chancellor J. 0. F.
aynesHaynes, Haynes and Jus-
tices of Appeal Victor Crane and
R.H. Luckhoo, after a five-day
hearing, substituted for robbery
a conviction for larceny from
the person in relation to
Senior counsel Peter Britton
represented the appellants,

while Mr. Nandram Kissoon,
Senior State Counsel, (now a
Justice of Appeal) appeared for
the State.
Justice of Appeal Crane,
who delivered the judgment,
said, "We were compelled to al-
low Johnson's appeal on the
ground that no proper founda-
tion had been laid for the recep-
tion in evidence of a confession
statement he is alleged to have
given to a policeman concerning
the crime.
Thereafter, we reserved for
further argument the question
whether, on the facts and on the
law, a verdict of robbery with
violence, simple robbery, or lar-
ceny from the person was the
appropriate one to record
against Armstrong in the circum-
stances .
Crane J.A. added, "Briefly,
the role played by Armstrong as
narrated by the victim Sykes
and a witness to the crime is
that while Johnson was holding
on to Sykes hand asking him
for a 'raise', which Sykes un-
derstood to mean he was being
asked for a tip, Armstrong ap-
proached from behind and with
hand extended over Sykes left
shoulder snatched at and
ripped off the left breast pocket
of his shirt in which was con-
tained the sum of $37, running
off with both shirt pocket and

the money it contained..
"The violence was obvi-
ously part of one transaction",
Crane observed.. However, in
view of Johnson's acquittal as
aforesaid and the consequent
impossibility of our arriving
at a positive conclusion that
there was a joint enterprise
between the two men, i.e.,
that they acted in concert ,
the problem is: Is a convic-
tion for robbery simpliciter
(as the trial judge thought),
or one of larceny from the
person, the proper offence to
be substituted in place of the
jury's verdict of guilty of rob-
bery with aggravation.
"Insofar as robbery with
violence is concerned, I think we
can rule that out from our
consideration, since a conviction
for that offence could only be
sustained if 'personal violence'
was used against Sykes, and the
facts are not capable of
supporting such an offence',
Justice of Appeal Crane
Pointing out that the ques-
tion was always one of degree,
Justice Crane explained ,
"When, however, force does in-
volve violence to the person
the offence committed is rob-
bery with violence. Take for ex-
ample the case where a thief
snatched a lady's earring in or-

der to get possession of it, but
only succeeded in tearing it
away from the lobe of her ear
to which it was attached, so that
it lodged in the curls of the hair,
it was held by 12 judges that the
accused was rightly convicted
of robbery with violence.
"But mere snatching of
money or property from the
person is generally not suffi-
cient force to constitute rob-
bery A sudden snatch is not
robbery unless accompanied
by resistance from the victim
to keep the property. Snatch-
ing a a lady's handbag in the
street or from the victim or a
man's hat from his head and
running away with them
will not be robbery, for the
force used to get possession,
though used on the person, is
not considered sufficient. It
is otherwise, however, if the
victim resists, and there is a
struggle. So where a thief
asked an unsuspecting victim
the time of day, and the vic-
tim took out his watch to tell
him, holding it loosely and
the thief snatched it away
from him and made off with
it, that was held to be no rob-
bery, but larceny from the
person instead" Justice of
Appeal Crane, (who later be-
came Chancellor of this coun-
try) pointed out.

1221/,007. 728 PM



Pursuant to the provisions of section 3 (1) of the Public Holidays Act,
Chapter 19:07 of the Laws of Guyana, Tuesday 25"' December, 2007
and Wednesday 26' December, 2007 are hereby declared Public

Christmas Day : Tuesday, December 25,.2007
Boxing Day : Wednesday, December 26, 2007

Clement Rohee M.P.
Minister of Home Affairs

Dated: December 03, 2007


Pan V

Page VI Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007




the end of the night" and "Death on the installment plan", which
chronicled how his abject childhood poverty, family bigotries,
childhood lack of education, and abusive parents led to his horrible
temperament and support for racist and Nazi views. None of this

ACROSS the world, particularly in certain nations and subject matter is too revolting or honest for the making of
societies, ideas and opinions on tolerance, social change, the works of literature written in innovative styles, and these M
reform of waywardness, delinquency, criminality, etc, are not pursued it, reforming themselves and the educated world
merely topics for letters to the process. The tradition has led to recent books that created
newspapers, sermons by of excitement across the literate world; books such as the first
clergymen, community leaders, narrative I Jan Cremer", revealing the rollicking ribald adve
police officers,judges, etc, but a of a Dutch bohemian gigolo; "Papillon" and "Banco"
-_ 'hy', practical creative process bestsellers by Henry Charriere, the French convict who es
1. encouraged by the art of creative from Devil's Island in French Guiana, came to British Guian
Writing and publishing. Columbia, and finally Venezuela, where he settled, ran a f
S. i -.. In countries like France, Caf6 in Caracas, and wrote his stories; "The Happy Hooke
Britain, Sweden,Denmark, the famous Dutch prostitute Xavier Hollander, whose heart o
Holland,the USA, Italy, Japan. led to her finding sincere love, much respect, and education
I Brazil, and others, the various daughter; the real story, titled "Black like me", of an American
educational and economic benefits man from the South who blackened his skin and went o'
Sof a Free Press continually offer American society disguised as a black man to experience rac
both professional salvation for his own race, before writing his real life account of his expe
F once wayward but ambitious The list is endless of such writers who turned to education, r
individuals, and the enlightenment and self-criticism, thereby helping others to do the same.
:" ., and instruction of the public on But the tradition of such writing also led to eye-o]
BY why and how such human styles of creative fiction and poetry from young and
experiences develop and occur. experienced writers who used their real life experier
Such prose, poetry, autobiographies, memoirs, etc, of course explore the human condition. Evelyn Lau is one such
have a tradition extending as far back as ancient Greece,
Rome, China and Japan, but it became really exciting and
instructive with the rise of liberal ideas, literacy levels and
education in Western Europe in the 18th century. This
freedom of expression does not merely apply to
newspaper journalism alone, but includes the right to write
poetry and prose based on real life experiences, which
some with a bad conscience and feelings of guilt would
prefer not to see published. However, the progress and
pleasures of many civilised democratic countries have been
strongly linked to this mature freedom of expression which
includes the visual arts, and film-making.
One of the greatest 18th century thinkers and writers
on the equality of man, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, wrote
"CONFESSIONS", which revealed how he transformed
himself into a bastion of human liberty, discovered the
pleasures of his libido by masturbating into a fireplace,
his avid reading of great writers preceding him, the
wealthy intelligent women he seduced and who supported
him financially, etc. Some of the world's great classic
authors, like Maupassant, Nerval, Baudelaire, Zola, Hugo,
experienced life among both the dispossessed and rich,
thieves, scoundrels, prostitutes, abandoned women and
children, etc.
Numerous classic authors, including Nerval and
Baudelaire, but also the famous liberal German
philosopher Frederich Neitzche, and the famous
English poet Thomas De Quincey, also took hashish
and opium then later enlightened us about the
experience and the effects in classic works of
literature. This tradition of revealing such frowned
on habits which nevertheless have become a
distressing social problem worldwide, has been
further explored by some of the best 20th century
authors, like Aldous Huxley, Henry Michaux, William
Burroughs, and many others.
The French doctor Louis Ferdinand Cclinc produced
- ._--two brilliant.s5ylistically.ip~luential .novels, ": Journy to. ONE 6f L;0u books'pjUbiishd j sh yH6aper/Collins ofCanada

f great
in the
, both
a, then
er", by
of gold
for her
n white
ut into
ism by

d older
ices to

creative writer of both fiction and poetry. Lau, a Canadian c
totally Chinese ancestry, after two years of living on the street
of Vancouver, using all sorts of drugs, partying involved wit
prostitution, and mixing with similar girls and male client:
at age 17, wrote her story: "Runaway: Diary of a street kid".
It was quickly published by Canadian publishers, an
became a national bestseller, then a Canadian TV movie. Thi
was a positive encouragement from her society to Lau, wh
delved deeper into creative writing which led to the brillial
collection of short stories: "FRESH GIRLS", and so far three
collections of equally daring exciting poetry. As I have already
shown, the process whereby a literate person is able to convey
his negative past or present experiences into a positive sourn
for both himself and society, is quite old, but only in tho:
civilized nations where freedom of speech, writing, an
modernity are linked, guaranteed, and demonstrated.
Women writers especially have benefited from such liberalit
Before Lau, the sophisticated rebellious example of Francoise Saga
the very famous French author who after failing her Universi
exams while enjoying a wild Beatnik lifestyle, at age 17 and
wrote two short stylishly beautiful first person novel'
catapulted her to wide acclaim and literary success beyond Franc
both books becoming movies later, with "A Certain Smile" al
inspiring a wonderful theme song sung by Johnny Mathis
Of course such women succeeded as good creative writers on
because they were literate and read good literature, not the commit
trash that usually passes for fiction and poetry these days. Lai
collection of ten stories in "Fresh Girls", each about a girl who h
fallen into a lifestyle full of stressful glamour, vice, drugs, a
confusion, succeed because of their exciting uninhibited, ev
pornographic content, unsparingly honest in a vividly descripti
arid probing writing style. All the fashion, the apartments, housi
exploitively helpful men who boost these girls' courage with dru;
making their speech incoherent, their memory defective, etc, is
there in these powerful carefully crafted stories. But neither
the girls' lives without cultural sophistication picked up along t
way. Some even listen to classical music, know vintage wines, e
all the better to seduce their clients. They do anything to imprn
and receive their money, yet they can also be very sympathet
and genuinely in search of tender, lasting, progressive love. Her(
a sample of Lau's style in the opening paragraph of the book's fi
story: "Fresh Girls".
"Carol in the bathroom, holding her hair with one hand an
mascara wand with the other, her face lopsided in the mirror on
medicine cabinet. Her face floating alongside cherry-red mouthwa
dental floss, old razors. Carol fixing her honey hair and saying: "'
don't think I'm you? Do you?"... coming out into
living room with the zipper teeth of her makeup bag between
fingers, smiling a girl's smile. She's twenty-four same age as J;
at the massage parlor, bowing her head in the hallway when
thought no one was looking, after that old guy left."
This is the sort of sharp prose which helped lift Lau oui
a wayward life and into being a successful author today. 1
we should also thank the ,el-known Harper/Coil
Publishers in Toronto Canada for giving us this exanmpk
its liberal publishing.

Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007

Page VI

Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007

r--- ----------- --- ---------- U.

Lesotho's club ...

1 From page IV
virus in Lesotho where the HIV prevalence rate among adults is just under 25% one
of the highest in the world.
There are bank clerks, journalists, nurses, domestic workers, plumbers mechanics, IT special-
The forms also state how long the job seeker has been HIV-positive and whether they
are on antiretroviral therapy (ART).
I The job club, a free service, was set up by Matseliso Lebakae, the owner of Positive, Health
I and in its first six weeks had placed around 20 people in new full and part-time jobs a consider-
able achievement in a country where the unemployment rate is around 45%.
A lot of people in Lesotho with HIV are now receiving ART treatment, but it is less effective
if those people are not getting the right nutrition a situation which influenced Ms Lebakae to set
up the employment club. I
I "Many HIV-positive people come to my shop and .tell me that on ART they are now healthy
and strong and want to work.
"We are appealing to the country to help them get back into work and contrib-
ute to society rather than just providing them with a handout to help them sur-I
Positive Professionals is advertised on radio stations and on posters, although there I
I are some organizations which are not willing to: display the posters either because they do I
not agree with positive discrimination or are unwilling to be associated with a service for
people with the HIV virus.
But importantly, there are enough prospective employers who are willing to keep an open
mind about the contribution those people can make.
Margaret Ssendija has employed a domestic worker through Positive Professionals and
after the first week is "extremely happy" with her new employee.
"She's doing an excellent job and I'm happy to be able to give a second chance to a woman
who has HIV."
Ms'Ssendija understands that there may be times that her oyee will have to go to hospital or
may be too sick to work, but that is a situation that she is content.p live with.
"My sister passed away of Aids-related illnesses a few years ago and I think that if society
had been more open about HIV then, she may have survived. I feel that providing a job to some-
one with HIV is somehow doing something for my sister."
Back at Positive Professionals another job seeker is filling out a pink form.
It is a small beginnmming for people living with HIV, but has proved so successful so far
that Ms Lebakae for one believes that it is an approach that could be adopted by busi- I
nesses like hers across Africa.
- mL mmi- --i m- --- imm-mm-- J

.cut meoutandkeep me .

m ailBa

I was advised by a friend who is an NIS clerk like me, that there are some
employees who should not be registered. I am however, not sure of this.
Could you advise me?

There is a list of persons who should not be registered as employed

1 Anyone who is earning less than five dollars ($5.00) per week.
2. A married woman who work for her husband. (She can be registered
as self-employed)
3. A non-citizen who is exempt from social security legislation because of
diplomatic status.
4. Anyone employed by an International or Regional Organization of which
Guyana is a member (e.g. Caricom). .

NIS extends Christmas greetings to all Contributors,
Pensioners and the Guyanese Community.
We look forward to improved relationships over the coming year.
Do you have a question on N.IS ? Then write/call.
C/O Dianne Lewis Baxter
Publicity and Public Relations Officer (ag)
National Insurance Scheme
Brickdam and Winter Place
P.O. Box. 101.135
Tel: 227-3461.
f4T R-T-71 a1:171711111

Ist PRIZE $30,000
Ms. Diana Sucre
Shopped at National Hardware

2nd PRIZE$20, 000
Ms. Juliana Peters
Shopped at Mike's Pharmacy

3rd PRIZE$ 10 000
Mr. Errol E. Wilburg
Shopped at National Hardware
Republic Bank (Guyana) Limited, Guyana Bank for Trade and Industry Limited
and Demerara Bank Limited are giving you a chance to win.
Use your
Debit cards at point of sale locations and win
every two weeks!

,] ...A,,,i GBTI


This promotion is endorsed by the Bank of Guyana .

12/21/2007.7:31 PM

x Vgu

frore tleslosterioner
(BBC News) Men are naturally more comedic than women because of the male hormone
testosterone, an expert claims.
Men make more gags than women and their jokes tend to be more aggressive, Professor Sam
Shuster, of Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, says.
The unicycling doctor observed how the genders reacted to his "amusing" hobby.
Women tended to make encouraging, praising comments, while men jeered. The most aggres-
sive were young men, he told the British Medical Journal.
Previous findings have suggested women and men differ in how they use and appreciate humour.
Women tend to tell fewer jokes than men and male comedians outnumber female ones.
Research suggests men are more likely to use humour aggressively by making others the butt
of the joke.
And aggression generally considered to be a more masculine trait has been linked by some
to testosterone exposure in the womb.
Professor Shuster believes humour develops from aggression caused by male hormones.
He documented the reaction of over 400 individuals to his unicycling antics through the streets
of Newcastle upon Tyne.
Almost half of people responded verbally more being men. Very few of the women made
comic or snide remarks, while 75% of the men attempted comedy mostly shouting out "Lost
your wheel?", for example.
Often the men's comments were mocking and intended as a put-down. Young men in cars were
particularly aggressive they lowered their windows and shouted abusively.
"This type of behaviour decreased among older men however, who tended to offer more admir-
ing comments, much like the women.
"The idea that unicycling is intrinsically funny does not explain the findings," said Professor
The simplest explanation, he says, is the effect of male hormones such as testosterone.
"The difference between the men and women was absolutely remarkable and consistent," said
Professor Shuster.
"At 11-13 years, the boys began to get really aggressive. Into puberty, the aggression became
more marked, then it changed into a form of joke. The men were snide."
The initial aggressive intent seems to become channelled into a more subtle and sophisticated
joke, so the aggression is hidden by wit, explained Professor Shuster.
Dr Nick Neave is a psychologist at the University of Northumbria who has been studying the
physical, behavioral, and psychological effects of testosterone.
He suggested men might respond aggressively because they see the other unicycling man as a
threat, attracting female attention away from themselves.
"This would be particularly challenging for young males entering the breeding market
and thus it does not surprise me that their responses .were the more threatening."



S a 1 icle rI, .rV%,m 9C-7, 9c fl

(BBC News)The disappearance of about 100 children from
camps for displaced Reang tribes people in India's north-east-
ern state of Tripura is causing increasing concern.
Parents of 47 of these children have lodged formal complaints
with the police. .
But officials say that many others who have lost their children
to .a trafficking racket have not so far complained.
More than 30,000 Reang tribes people fled from Mizoram state
in-1997 complaining of persecution by the dominant Mizos.
Theidisplaced Reangs were housed in camps in the Kanchanpur
area of northern Tripura state-bordering Mizoram.
The Mizoram government refused to take them back despite
heavy pressure from the Tripura government and the central gov-
ernment in Delhi.
Police say one former Assam government employee of the Reang
tribe Biradamani Reang was the alleged kingpin of the traffick-
ing network. He has now disappeared.
Parents have formally complained to the police that Mr Iteang
went to the camps for displaced people in Kanchanpur for the last
five years..
"He got many of the parents to sign documents that their child
was an orphan and that they were only his relatives taking care of
him. Then he took away the children with permission from the camp
authorities," says Drao Kumar Reang, a former minister of Tripura
who hails from Kanchanpur.
"I am illiterate. I was promised that my child would be put in
a good school and given quality education, so I signed the docu-
ments this man gave me," said Tapamuni Reang, after his 11-year-
,old son was brought back from Shillong.
But Biswakumar Reang is worried about his daughter who was

taken away by the same man and has not been found since.
1 "He told me that my daughter would be put in a top class col-
lege and I can go and meet her regularly in her college. But now I

. THE missing children are between 5 and 15 years old.

don't know where is she and Biradamani has vanished," he said.
Most of the children who have gone missing are between five
and 15 years of age.
"The girls might have found their way into the sex trade, while

Missing in Indi.



A dynamic and progressive organization invites
suitable qualified person
to make application for the position of



ACCA qualified /CAT completed or Diploma in
At least 3 years experience-in a senior
managerial capacity in an Accounts Department
Should possess superior organizational,
interpersonal, leadership and communication
skills. -
Must be self motivated and goal oriented.

RcI.u.erati( -. .
R.e neration p."-,'ge is corn-et ,-ive. "This vill be based on,
othllientions n.ine, exnerincn <, .

F tnriiaunma5 upmn. nuur a -
Psat.15th to Thur. 20th 9:00am to 10:00pm .

Fri. 21st to Mon. 24th b900am to 12:00 Midnig'ht '


SThu, 27th to Mon, 31st 9:. m to 10:00 p.m,.

*iiai~ ilL 7

Mail to P.O.BOX 101590, Georgetown, Guyana

Page 8 & 21.p65

the boys might be used as child labour," another parent, Drao Kumar
Reang, said.
Biradamani Reang has now officially been declared an absconder,
and all that aggrieved parents have been given is the name of an
orphanage, the Ananda Marga Children's Home. But no address has
been provided for this institution.
The Ananda Marg (Blissful Path) is a deeply secretive Hindu
group that promotes occultist practices and are vehemently opposed
to the Marxist governments ruling Tripura and the state of West
They were named by central police as possible recipients of a
huge quantity of weapons air-dropped by a British gunrunner Pe-
ter Bleach in West Bengal's Purulia district in 1995 a charge that
could not be proved in court.
The group were als6 accused Of attempting to murder senior
Marxist leaders,-including former West Bengal Chief Minister Jyoti
Basu, as revenge for the massacre of 12 of their monks in Calcutta
in 1982.
Indian intelligence says the Ananda Marg has tried unsuccess-
fully to promote a Bengali radical group, the Amra Bangali (We are
Bengalis), in the states of Tripura and West Bengal.
The Ananda Marg says some of the Reang children taken from
the camps in Tripura may be in their centres and that they are try-
ing to locate them.
. "We have 700 centres across the country and it will take time
to trace them, but to implicate us in child trafficking is to malign us
intentionally," said an Ananda Marg spokesman in the group's head-
quarters in Calcutta.
But Tripura police chief Kumar Trishuldhari Singh has no
doubts that this is a child trafficking issue.
"Otherwise why should the parents be fooled to declare their
own children as orphans. That smacks of foul play," Mr Singh said.
The many-ethnic conflicts in the north-eastern states have
created tens of thousands of displaced people.
And their camps have been regularly .targeted by trafficking net-
Scores of women have gone missing from camps for dis-
placed people in western Assam since the late 1990s, with
around 5,000 women disappearing over the last 10 years.


y adnuS Chronicle Dece 7

, pp i""

Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007

Page IX

Responses for last week
I'm sure you have written your letter. Show it to your parent

Exercise 1
1. The shopkeeper.
4. The trench

1. D 2. C

1. cereal 2.1
6. thinnest 7.
10. courageous

2. The monkeys
5. Mother.

3. A


4. C

and then to your

Fun With English
Book 6
Writing Team


3. Sue

5. B

3. label 4. neighbour
8. spectacle 9. explosion

5. cautious

P Greene
H Layne
R Duke
Ministry of Education

Acknowledgement expression of thanks.
Special thanks are given to persons who were involved in the production of the book.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or trans-
mitted in any form or by any means.

Table of Contents- List of topics, and their pages

This week we are going to look at Alphabetical order
Alphabetical Order
Look at the dictionary you will notice the words are arranged in alphabetical or-


Some other books which are arranged in alphabetical order are telephone direc-
tories, registers
Words beginning with 'a' come first. Words are arranged in this order

1st letter

2nd letter

3rd letter

4th letter

5th letter

Exercise 1
Arrange the
1 orbit
2. drug
3. block
4. ancient
5. wheel
6. record

area comes before perimeter because a come before p.

dirt comes before dung because I comes before u.

cherry comes before church because e comes before u.

brother comes before brown because t comes before w.

strange comes before strap because n comes before p.

words in each line in
sun planet
drunk drum
blank black
agree active
whether wheat
recruit recall

alphabetical/ dictionary order

Let's Pretend
A Famous Guyanese
Poem- The Dog
Life is so Special


Index This is found at the end of the book. It is a list of all the topics men-
tioned in the book and the pages on which they can be found. It is arranged alpha-

Abbreviations 17, 18
Adjective 19 27
Capital letters 28
Degrees of comparison 29, 30.

Glossary It is found at the back of the book. It is a list of words and meaning
and is in alphabetical order.
You can look in the library for a book with glossary.


The layer of gases and vapour which surrounds the earth.
Official count of people of country or district.
A long period of dry weather.
The imaginary circle around the Earth between the Poles.
A body of water enclosed by land.

Exercise 2
Study the information carefully then answer the questions.


Parts of a book
o Look at a book you will notice it has a front and a back cover, a spine, and
o The cover protects the page, the spine is like a backbone for the book. It
holds the pages together.
A library has two kinds of books
Fiction These are stories that are written from a writer's imagination e.g.
.fairy tales, novels and Literature.
Non Fiction: These books are factual (true) stories about events and real
people e.g. Social Studies, Science, Biography.
Biographies are true stories about people's lives.

Reference Books: These are books that give information .These include
Dictionaries, encyclopedias, atlases and calendars
A book has different parts and contains relevant information. They are as fol-
Cover has the name of the book.
Title page

The title page states the publisher of the book, the place and date of publication
and illustrator

Here is a sample of a title page

Ilustrated: by D Smith
Published by Mc Donald
1. Who wrote the book?
(A) Phillip (B) Frank (C) Fra

ink and Phillip (D) Frank Phillip

2. What is the title of the book?
(A) Mathematics book 6 (B) Common Mathematics
(C) Common Entrance Mathematics Book 6 (D) Common En-
trance Book 6

1. Who did the drawings in the book?
(A) D Smith (B) Frank (C;

4. The name of the publisher is
(A) G Frank (B) Mc Donald

)Phillip (D) Donald

(C) F Phillip

(D) D Smith

5. The part of the book the extract was taken is the page.
(A) content (B) cover (C) title (D) index

Reference Materials
1. Dictionary Finding meaning and function of words.
2. Thesaurus Finding synonyms.
3. Encyclopedia Book often in a number of volumes, giving
information on many subjects
4. Atlas Books of maps or charts.
5 Directory Book with a list of telephone subscribers.
So long, until next week. Keep on reviewing your work. Remember to
keep on reading and spelling. Have a happy holiday.

12/21/2007, 7-17 PM

N NATI GRD Six.., :Si1] N GLT^S H)

I I II II I C Ir Is st I I

Page X

. ..I . . . .

Responses to last week.
Exercise 1
1.106 2.42 3.62kg
Exercise 2
1. _______

Look at these shapes. From what you have learnt earlier what name will you give to these shapes?

4. 121 books 5. 39



Yes, these shapes are called Quadrilateral.
Whnt i: m dri.. t-11

t a s a qua rilatera ?

Polygons with 4 sides ansd
Singles are called

2. (a) right angle (b) acute angle (c) acute angle
(d) reflex angle (e) acute angle
This week we will continue with shapes. From angles we will move to triangles.
What is a triangle?

A triangle is a plane figure
bounded by three straight lines. eg
It has three angles and the sum
of its angles is equal to 180 degrees

Types of Triangles
* Isosceles triangles:
These have two sides equal and the base angles are 60 degrees.

* Right angled triangle:
It is triangle with one of its angle being a right angle or 90 degrees.

* Equilateral triangle:
It is a triangle with all its sides and angles equal.


* Scalene angled triangle;
It is a triangle with none of its sides or its angles being equi

All its angles are
60 degrees each.

Look carefully at these two drawings.


With a friend list the differences between them.
What type of shape is B? Yes, it is an open shape.
Did you say A is a polygon? Then you are correct. But what is a Polygon?

There are many special types of
A Parallelogram is a Quadrilateral in
which both pairs of opposite sides
are parallel

A Rectangle is a parallelogram with four right angles, so
all rectangles are also parallelogram and quadrilaterals. On
the other hand not all parallelogram and quadrilaterals are

Rhombus 3 cm
A Rhombus is a parallelogram 17
with four congruent sides. The 3 cm 1
plural for rhombus is Rhombi

3 em 17
3 cm
Square J
A square can be defined as a rhombus which is also a rectangle in other
words a parallelogram with four congruent sides and four right angles.

Trapezoid (Trapezium)
A trapezoid is a quadrilateral with exactly one pair of parallel sides. -- 7

Isosceles Trapezoid
An isosceles trapezoid is a trapezoid whose
non-parallel sides are congruent.

A kite is a quadrilateral with exactly two pairs of adjacent congruent sides. This definition excludes

A Polgon is a closed
shape bounded by
straight lines.

Names of Polygons by number of sides and angles.

Names Sides Angles
Triangle 3 3
Quadrilateral 4 4
Pentagon 5 5
Hexagon 6 6
Heptagon 7 7
Octagon 8 8
Nonagon 9 9
Decagon 10 10

Venn diagram of quadrilateral classification
Quadrilaterals |

Trez So long, until next week


II ~ ~a I

I [


I --~p~ II-I' LDL- -1_ I I I

Sunday Chronicle December 23 20 7


Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007 Page7XI



(BBC News)The benefits of cutting down tropical forests in order to convert the nutrient-rich
soil into farmland are only short-lived, scientists suggest.
US researchers studied deforested land in Mexico and found that soil levels of phosphorus, a key
nutrient for plants, fell by 44% after three growing cycles.
In the long-term, the land risked becoming so degraded that it would be uneconomic to farm, they
The findings appear in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
The researchers from the University of Virginia examined the disruption to the phosphorus (P)
cycle in southern Yucatan, where a dry tropical forest had been felled to become farmland.
"After three cultivation-fallow cycles, available soil P declines by 44%, and one-time P inputs
from biomass burning decline by 76% from mature forest levels," they wrote.
The team added that the lack of a forest's canopy also resulted in hampering an area's ability to
replenish phosphorus levels.
"The decline in new P from atmospheric deposition creates a long-term negative ecosystem bal-




f L-. ------ -E .I -

S : L.guy

The Public is advised that the CLICO (Guyana)
Head Office and all agencies

will be closed for business on Friday,

December 21, from 14:00 h (2:pm) and

Monday, December 24, from 12:00 NOON



The ongoing decline of the nutrient, which is a key component in the growth of organisms, trig-
gered a "feedback" effect, they-explained.
It could affect the growth of plants in the study area, and "may induce a shift to sparser vegeta-
tion", they warned.
As well as the area's ecosystem, the researchers added that local farmers were likely to be affected.
"Without financial support to encourage the use of fertilisers, farmers could increase the fallow
period, clear new land, or abandon agriculture for off-farm employment," they wrote.
"[The farmers'] response will determine the regional balance between forest loss and for-
est regrowth."

Ministry of Tourism, Industry and Commerce >
Support for Competitiveness Program Lr

The Government of Guyana is currently working closely with the Private Sector to implement a National
Competitiveness Strategy (NCS) that is expected to boost economic growth and deliver more jobs,
more exports and more investment for Guyana. To this end the Government has applied for and
received financing from the Inter-American Development Bank towards the cost of the Support for
Competitiveness Program. In addition to the setting up and staffing of a Program Execution Unit (PEU),
the Support for Competitiveness Program also makes provision for the establishment and functioning
of a National Competitiveness Strategy Unit (NCSU).
Interested applicants are hereby invited to submit their applications for the following posts:
I. Program Management Officer
Minimum Requirements:
A Bachelor's Degree in Management, Public Administration or a related field; Minimum of five years
professional experience at least three of which is in project management/execution; Familiarity with
Donor (in particular IDB) procedures; Computer literacy; excellent command of the English Language;
results oriented and a team player.
ii. Finance and Accounting Officer
Minimum Requirements:
A Bachelors Degree in Accounting or Financial Management, or equivalent level of professional
qualifications (ACCA level II); more than seven years professional experience, five of which should be
in a senior financial accounting position; knowledge of Project/Program Budgeting; a working
knowledge of the procedures of international financial institutions, especially the IDB and in the use of
Accounting-related software would be considered assets and excellent knowledge in use of Microsoft
Office, especially Excel and Word;
iii. Administrative Assistant
Minimum Requirements:
A Diploma in Communication, Public Administration, Management or related field; computer skills in
Microsoft Office and good dexterity in the use of modern office equipment; secretarial and
organisational skills with a minimum of five years professional experience; fluency in the English
language, in:iudrin excellent writing skills; willingness to work long hours in order to meet tight
deadlines; capacity to handle multiple tasks and a proven ability to deal politely and efficiently with a
wide range of people.
iv. Driver/Office Assistant
Minimum Requirements:
Preferably post primary education leading to some certification; Valid Driver's License, good
background of driving and at least five years driving experience; Good command of English Language
and neat presentation; Familiarity with office procedures and technical aptitude to use standard office
equipment; and Willingness to work long hours and perform multiple tasks. Applicants who had
previously applied for this position need not reapply.
iii. Economist
Minimum Requirements:
A Bachelor's degree in Economics (or related field such as business management or public policy,
provided the candidate has adequate understanding of economic concepts); at least 3 years of
postgraduate experience performing analysis and/or research in relation to an economics-, public
policy- or business-related field; good organisational, team-working, writing and numerical skills and
fluency in English.
Administrative Assistant
Minimum Requirements:
Same as the requirements for the Administrative Assistant in the Program Execution Unit.
.Dtj..e.t d...m...s.....f....f....r.ef.ce. for these positions may be accessed on-line at or uplifted from the Support for Competitiveness Program
Execution Unit, Ministry of Tourism, Industry and Commerce, 229 South Road, Lacytown, Georgetown.
Qualified candidates should send one original and three copies of their CV, cover letter, salary history
and 2 references in a sealed envelope for the attention of the Program Coordinator, Support for
Competitiveness Program, Ministry of Tourism, Industry and Commerce. At the top right hand corner of
each envelope, the post being applied for should be stated in bold letters. Applicants should ensure
that their application contains their email address/telephone number/postal address. The closing date
for all applications is Friday. January 4, 2008.

12/21/2007, 7:41 PM

Sunday Chronicle December23, 2007-


Pa-g='TTe ig m

to the Daily and Sunday

circulated newspaper

CALL : 225-4475/226-3243-9


225-5912 225-7174

225-6508 227-5204

225-7082 227-5216

Pricing the

Indonesian forests

(BBC News) Trees in Setulang village are viewed the old-fash-
ioned way as building material for boats.
Tucked into the Borneo rainforest, there is not much debate
about climate change here. No one reads about carbon stocks in the
morning paper there isn't one.
But a few months ago, something happened on Setulang's door-
step that brought this village face to face with the cutting edge of
carbon trading.
A London-based company called Global Eco Rescue has begun
setting up a project to offer companies carbon credits in return for

S7.' & .

SELLING timber is the fastest way to make money from
the forest.

protecting the forest.
Until now, carbon trading schemes have focused on replanting
trees, rather than protecting those that already exist.
But it is an idea that makes a lot of sense to Setulang village
head, Elisar Ipui.
"At first we had no idea what carbon was," he explained,
"but we were told that there's carbon in the forest, and it can
be sold, and the compensation given to the village. And that's
how we're thinking right now."
Making money from keeping the forest intact is a new idea,

but Elisar says he has seen other villages hand over their forest to
outside investors, and he likes the idea of a scheme that leaves the
forest intact.
Whether this works will depend on how much companies
in the developed world are willing to pay for the carbon it holds
- and also how much they are willing to invest in a remote,
largely unpoliced patch of rainforest.
The river up to Setulang is scattered with logs overspill from
a bloated timber industry, much of which is illegal.
And with global demand for timber largely out-stripping sup-
ply, that is a powerful lobby to take on.
So how do you protect your carbon investment from people
who want to cut it down?
Gabriel Eickhoff has been working on this problem for Global
Eco Rescue.
The organisation's project covers 325,000 hectares much of it
surrounded by logging concessions.
"For the first time." he said. "there's a very solid partnership
between the regional government, the local government and an
organisation, whereby we arc abie to-iimplciment a project on the
ground using local people, and also \\ aich it from the skv using
There is little doubt the government here is on board, but
getting the support of everyone on the ground is still a long
way off.
A five-hour journey down river, in the provincial capital, the
local forestry head, Gerard Silooy, is out planting trees.
It is part of a government drive to raise awareness of defores-
tation and climate change.
But spreading awareness of the new carbon project has not re-
ally taken off yet, and he admits that many of those living inside
the area do not even know it is happening.
Setulang is taking a chance on this project much like the com-
panies who will invest in it.
There is little data as yet, and little idea of how the market will
take to it.
But it could mean large amounts of money flowing to the gov-
ernment, and in a remote region like this, that is going to need care-
ful accounting.
To make this scheme work, the rewards will need to be
felt here, in Setulang, as well as Jakarta, London or New York.

GRANT # GYA-304-G01-H

Applications are invited from suitably qualified persons to fill the following vacancy:


The main function is to assist in auditing all projects and financial systems in the Health Sector
Development Unit in order to assess the effectiveness of controls, accuracy of financial and other
related records, and efficiency o operations.

Qualifications and Experience

Degree in Accountancy OR ACCA (level II) PLUS 2 years experience working in
accounting/financial environment

Diploma in Accountancy OR Certified Accounting Technician Certificate (Level HI)
PLUS 5 years experience working in accounting/financial environment at the level of
Assistant Auditor

All applicants must be familiar with accounting procedures for loans/grants given by International
FundingAgencies and Government Accounting Systems, Have knowledge and practical experience
with and simple software applications (Word. Excel, Power Point, and Internet).

Details for this position could be obtained from, and applications addressed to:
I'xecuie v Director
Health Sector Development L'nit
Georgetown Public Ho>piial Corporation Compound
I.ast Street
Tcic No,. 226-o222;22o-.2425
Fax No. 22i-6t55

Deadline for submission of application is Monday December 31st, 2007 at 3:30 p.m.
Only short-listed applications will be acknowledged.

GRANT # GYA-304-G01-H

Applications are invited from suitably qualified persons to fill the following Vacancy exiting at
the National AIDS Program Secretariat, Ministry of Health:


Duties and Responsibilities:

The Child Care Case Worker will be attached to the Child Protection Unit Field Staff working at
keeping children safe by helping families find solutions to problems whether they are social,
psychological or emotional. The successful applicant is also expected to play an integral role in
shaping new approaches to child and family support services. The Case Worker will be assigned to
families with children at risk as well as provide social work services for children placed in foster and
kinship care.

Qualifications and Experience:

A Degree in Social Work
At least one year experience in the field of social work
Computer Literate
Must be self-motivated
Must have a passion for working with children

Detailed Terms of Reference for this position can be obtained from, and applications addressed to:

Health Sector Development Unit
Project Management Unit
Georgetown Public Hospital Compound
East Street, Georgetown. Guyana
Tel. No.: 226-6222. 226-2425
Fax: No.: 225-6559
Email: moh gowg('

Deadline for submission of applications is Monday. December 31", 2007 at 3:30p.m.
Only short-listed applications will be acknowledged. A

Page 12 & 17.p65


Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007





People who did a short
period of very vigorous
exercise didn't improve their
metabolic syndrome scores
as much as those who
performed less intense
exercise for a longer period,
the researchers found.
This suggests, they say, that
there's more value in doing
moderate intensity exercise ev-
ery day rather than more intense
activity just a few days a week.
All of the exercisers lost
inches around their waistline
over the 8-month study pe-
riod, whereas the inactive
control group gained an aver-
age of about one pound and a

half-inch around the waist.
"That may not sound like
much, but that's just 6
months. Over a decade, that's
an additional 20 pounds and
10 inches at the belt line,"
noted Duke cardiologist Dr.
William E. Kraus, the study's
principal investigator.
"The results of our study,"
he added, "underscore what we
have known for a long time.
Some exercise is better than
none, more exercise is generally
better than less, and no exercise
can be disastrous."
SOURCE: American
Journal of Cardiology, De-
cember 15, 2007.

NEW YORK (Reuters
Health) A brisk 30-minute
walk six days a week is
enough to trim waistlines
and cut the risk of metabolic
syndrome an increasingly
common condition that is
linked to obesity and a sed-
entary lifestyle, a new study
"Our study shows that
you'll benefit even if you don't
make any dietary changes,"
study leader Johanna L.
Johnson, a clinical researcher at
Duke University Medical Cen-
ter, Durham, North Carolina,
said in a statement.
It's estimated that about
one quarter of all U.S. adults
have metabolic syndrome -
a cluster of risk factors that
raise the odds of developing
heart disease, diabetes and
stroke. To be diagnosed with
metabolic syndrome, a
person must have at least
three of these five risk
factors a large waistline,
high blood pressure, high
levels of harmful
triglycerides, low levels of
"good" HDL cholesterol, and
high blood sugar and
according to many studies, a
growing number of people
have these problems.
The new findings stem
from the STRRIDE study an
acronym for Studies of a Tar-
geted Risk Reduction Interven-
tion through Defined Exercise
- in which investigators exam-
ined the effects of varying
amounts and intensity of exer-
cise on 171 middle-aged, over-
weight men and women.
Before exercising regularly,
41 percent of the study subjects
met the criteria for metabolic
syndrome. At the end of the 8-
month exercise program, only
27 percent did.
"That's a significant de-
cline in prevalence," said
Johnson. "It's also encourag-
ing news for sedentary,
middle-aged adults who want
to improve their health. It
means they don't have to go
out running 4 or 5 days a
week; they can get significant
health benefits by simply
walking around the neigh-
borhood after dinner every
The results of the
STRRIDE study, which was.
funded by the National Insti-
tutes of Health, appear in the
American Journal of Cardiology
this month.
People in the study who
exercised the least walking 30
minutes 6 days a week or the
equivalent of about 11 miles per
week gained significant ben-
efit, while those who exercised
the most, jogging about 17 miles
per week, gained slightly more
benefit in terms of lowered
metabolic syndrome scores.

^ " '' ] / .... ..............

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12/21/2007. 7:49 PM



" *Guyana Chronil


By Lionel Persaud

Brief History of Christmas:

After the Roman Emperor
Constantine legalized Chris-
tianity around 310 A.D, there
was, a move to christianize
some pagan holidays by re-
naming them in honor of
Christ or. the saints. Among
these whs the feast of
'Saturnalia' which was cel-
ebrated after the winter sol-
stice when the days began to
grow longer. Solstice is the
word used to describe the con-
dition when the sun is fur-
thest from the equator. The
celebration of Saturnalia was

intended to demonstrate that
light had once again tri-
umphed over darkness. This
'Saturnalia Feast' was re-
named 'Christmas' in honor
of the True Light that came
into the world. I
There is' no biblical evi-
dence, however, that Christ
was born at the time of the
winter solstice. As such it
should be no surprise that
Christians differ asi to
whether they should celebrate
Christmas.. In fact Scripture
is silent a4 to whether believ-
ers should celebrate Christ's
birth or not. The undeniable
fact is; that He was born anrd
the celebration of His birth is

a choice each one makes for

Born to save
The birth of Jesus is re-
corded in the gospels of Mat-
thew and Luke. The second
chapter of the gospel of Luke
states "For there is born to you
this day in the city of David, a
Saviour who is Christ the Lord."
One of the central messages of
Christmas, therefore, is that a
Saviour is born. He is the per-
sonification of God's great sal-
vhtion. The devout Simeon lift-
ing up the babe Jesus in his arms
could declare "My eyes have
seen your salvation." Through
Christ's birth God's intervened

mightily on behalf of mankind,
offering forgiveness, reconcilia-
tion to Himself, eternal life, and
hope,to all. The essential mes-
sage of Christmas is that Christ
Jesus cane to give Himself, to
die ou the'cross, that there could
be salvation, that is exemption
from tlfe wrath of God to every-
one 'vho believes.
pt is important to give Christ
his rightful place in our hearts
this Cll istmas. Statistics show
that; fewer persons believe on
Christ during this season than at
any) ot!ser time of year. .They
alsq show that many are. side-
tracked with festivities, func-
tioqls, charity, toys and other im-
portant things. Some even get


VAT Policy Corner

Policy 13-VAT and Tax-inclusive pricing

drunk and do things l'at
dishonour Christ yet thinking
within themselves that they re
celebrating Christmas. But this

patible with what Christ stands
for both in a moral and spiritual
sense. When we focus on what
is of Christ we liberate ourselves

The following forms the guiding principle when advertising or quoting prices for joods and/or services
that are subject to VAT at the standard rate of 16%.

Persons registered for Value Added Tax (VAT), must charge VAT on all goods and services at the standard rate of
16% except where the good or service is exempt or zero-rated.

If the registered person fails to charge the tax in the price of the good or service, then thbecost of the item will be
considered to include VAT and the business person will have to acdoint for the tax as if it, 'as charged in the price
of the item. !I

Section 90 (1) of the VAT Act states that:

price charged by a taxable person in respect of a taxable supply is deemed to include, for
the purposes of this Act, the tax charged on the supply under section 9 (1) (a), whether or
not the taxable person has included tax in such price."

Further, according to Section 90 (2) and (3) of the VAT Act, where a registered person a lvertises or quotes a price
for a good or service that is subject to 16 % VAT, the price is required to include the ta' and the advertisement or
quotation must state that VAT is included. The customer or consumer then makes a single payment.

However, the registered person may advertise or quote a price that excludes VAT, but, apart from the price of the
good or service, the advertisement or quotation must also state the amount of tax to be charged on the supply and
the-final price when the tax is added.
Moreover, the price inclusive of tax and the price exclusive of tax must be advertised or quoted with equal
prominence or impact.

According to Section 90 (4) and subject to subsection (5), price tickets on goods supplied by a registered person
need not state that the price includes tax if this is stated by way of a notice prominently displayed at the premises in
which the taxable person carries on a taxable activity, including the places in such premises where payments are
effected, that is, the cashier area.

Subsection (5) states that

"The Commissioner may, in the case of a taxable person or class of taxable
person, approve any other method of displaying prices of goods or services by such

Consumers should not suffer a 'tax shock' when they get to the cash register or payment area. They should be made
aware before hand what is the final price they will pay for the selected item.

NOTE: businesses which choose to absorb the VAT on behal fof their customers, must still issue tax invoices that
shows the total cost of the goods and the amount ofVAT that was absorbed.

The VAT Department will continue to make public its policy so as to clear any uncertainty or misunderstanding
with regard to the Tax.

Persons who still have queries with respect to VAT are encouraged to write to the Commissioner, VAT and Excise
Tax Department, 210 E'Albert and C I., [i'.;': Streets, Bourda, for clarification.

can be different. You can give
Jesus His rightful place in your
heart. Believers have a role in
this process, as stars to be like
lighthouses, pointing others to
Christ who is the real reason for
the season.

Born to be
Christmas is preeminently
about honoring Christ particu-
larly through worship. In the
book of Hebrews we hear God's
voice in verse six of chapter one
which reads "But when He again
brings the Firstborn into the
world, he says 'let all the angels
of God worship Him'." The
bible teaches in John 4 that the
very reason for salvation is that
those who avail themselves of
this great blessing would worship
the Father in "spirit and truth."
But what does it mean to
worship? One has simply put
it as 'worthship', giving Christ
what He is worth, what is due
to Him. There are two key ideas
associated with worship. The
first is 'getting close' and the sec-
ond is 'to prostrate oneself be-
fore another to do him honor and
reverence'. Getting close to
Christ goes beyond the idea of
being in close proximity as far as
distance is concerned. Worship
involves being morally and spiri-
tually close to Christ. At the
moral level it involves distancing
oneself from behaviour such as
drunkenness, overeating, 'party-
ing like fire' as the saying goes,
selfishness and corrupt commer-
cial practices, if one intends to
come close to Christ. It involves
separation from all that is incom-

from the worry when the price
of eggs and cow heel triple, o
from the maddening rush to shoj
till you drop, for things you ma:
not need or can afford. Instea,
we give more focus to separation
form sin and sinful actions an-
habits, and we give of ourselves
and of our substance to other
including the needy.
There is also a practice
side to worship. You would
recall that Christ was rejected'
at the inn, representing th
commercial world, by His ow
brethren, the religious work
and by king Herod, the polit'
cal world. We worship Him b
receiving Him into on
homes, churches and heart:
Recall also His words, that ii
asmuch as we do a kind dee
to His own such as feeding th
hungry, clothing the naked c
visiting those in prison, we d
it unto Him. These two idei
are juxtaposed in the book
Hebrews chapter 13 verses 1
and 16 which states Thern
fore by Him let us continual
offer the sacrifice of praise
God, that is, the fruit of o0
lips, giving thanks to H
Name. But do not forget to (
good and to share, for wit
such sacrifices God is we
Most importantly, 1 b
lieve, we worship Him by E
lowing Him to rule and reii
in our lives. Recall the que
tion of the wise man, whe
is He who has been bo
King of the Jews? He w
born to be King. lsai,
prophesied about 700 yea
before His birth "Unto us
Child is born, unto us a Sf

;e December 23, 2007 xv

is given, and the government
will be on His shoulder and
His Name will be called,
Wonderful, Counselor,
Mighty God, Everlasting Fa-
ther, Prince of Peace. Of the
increase of His government
and peace there will be no
end." The Lord Jesus would
later respond to Pilate in
John 18 when asked if Hd was

4'." 1',
r a King that "... to this end I
3 was born..". The Apostle
y Paul expands on the nature of
j His kingdom by pointing out
a that it is not about eating and
j drinking but righteousness,
s peace and joy in the Holy
s Spirit. As He rules and reigns
in our lives we become instru-
il ments of righteousness, we
d demonstrate and convey His
d peace, the peace of God as
e well as the message of how
n men can have peace with God
1, through faith in His work on
i- the cross of Calvary. As He
y rules and reigns in our hearts
r we are increasingly changed
s. from worry, complaining and
i- murmur, into vehicles that
d convey His joy, love, grace
ie and kindness.
0 Born to reign and
Is rule
A Finally, worship involves
5 living lives of truth and bearing
Witness to the truth. In the
ly same passage referred to above
in Jn. 18:37 the Lord said to
r Pilate ... for this cause I have
is come into the world that I
o should bear witness to the
A truth. Everyone who is of the
truth hears My voice." The
Lord was born to bear witness
1 to the truth. John had earlier
said "grace and truth came by
s- Jesus Christ." Accordingly, we
worship, practically, by living
ie lives of truth and bearing wit-
" ness to the truth. In Lk. 2 the
;Is very shepherds who praised and
h glorified God for what they had
rs seen and heard concerning
a Christ bore witness by making

"widely known what was told
them concerning this Child".
Christmas places the obligation
on true believers to share the
good news of Christ.
;The actions of the wise men
instruct us as to appropriate
conduct at Christmas. Firstly
the wise men engaged in a dili-
gent search. They paid the price
of the hardships of the almost
two, year journey including the
ruggedness of the terrain to climb
to a height of 2650 feet to
Bethlehem, and the dangers of
being robbed along the way.
Wise men today still seek Jesus
and are prepared to pay a tem-
poral price for what is of eter-
nal value. It is important to
note that Christ can still be
found today. The bible states
that He is a rewarder of those
that diligent seek Him. Also it
states 'that they who seek Him
early will find Him. It involves
forsaling unrighteousness and
seeking Him fpr He will abun-
dantly pardon." The most bril-
liant stroke of wisdom you can
make this Christmas season, if
you are yet unsaved, is to for-
sake alby unrighteous thought
pattern and any wicked way and
turn to Christ for fulfillment and
joy. St. Augustine says that He
has made us such a manner that
our spirits are restless' until we
find rest in Him. He is only a
prayer away.

How shall we
therefore live?
Finally, the wise "men, on
finding Christ offered gold,
frankincence and myrrh.
The gold, frankincense,
and myrrh illustrate, I be-
lieve, our character, con-
duct and commitment to
Christ. Gold in the scrip-
ture speaks of divine righ-
teousness. It represents
our character and charac-
teristics to the extent that
they mirror divine righ-
teousness. Pure speech, for
example, is described as
apples of gold on pictures of
silver. A crown of gold is
promised for faithfulness.
The church at Laodicea,
known for its
lukewarmness and self suf-
ficiency was counseled to
buy gold tried in fire. How
could we present Christ
with gold this Christmas.
By eliminating revelry, fri-
volity and selfishness from
our lives and imitating the
character of Christ, his
love, warmth, kindness and
graciousness. In short, it is
by presenting our bodies as
living sacrifices, by living
the life or walking the
walk as the saying goes.
The wise men also offered
frankincense. Frankincense is a
very agreeable perfume made
from resins and aromatic herbs.
It is mentioned some 17 times in
scripture and is never associated
with sin or anything unclean.
Rather it is associated with ac-
tions that bring a sweet aroma to
the nostrils of God. If gold rep-
resents righteous character,
frankincense represents righ-
teous deeds. Practically it rep-
resents our deeds that bless and
benefit others.
The wise men also offered
myrrh. The word itself means
bitter and speaks of suffering.
Myrrh speaks of pleasing Christ
through suffering for Him. This
is the hard part. In I Peter 2:
21 to 23 the concept is ex-
plained. He left us an example
in urf:, iiat we should fol-
low his sic;',.
As ive remember that
Jesus is the reason for the
season, set Us truly honour
Him, Hi:s -wa.

I remeiaber our first
Christin'as in Bihar,
East In4ia. We were
the I tar School /
Inter Varsity staff
family for B har and were
just settling down. Coming
from the wafm Madras, we
felt colder than others felt.
While others wore sweaters,
we wore ov coats. Yet we
made up oui mind to enjoy
the season. 1wo days before
Christmas, te! cake-making
started. IEeh household
made 20 3 pounds of cake.
Things wereeasy there. The
customers hd to take all the
ingredients and go to the
baker with all the baking
trays they would find. The
boys in the, akery would mix
the dough! before them in
large bakeriy basins. Within
minutes the cake mix was
ready. By another few hours
the cakes were ready to take
home. Girls and moms
worked .j hard making a
dozen varieties of sweets and
snacks. /:
Christrhas da' was exciting.
The local church was full and
overflowing with people dressed
up in alli their East Indian
splendour 4 bracelets, chains, and
glittering Indian dresses made the
church bright. People we never
saw in church before were all
there. After the service people
hugged each other and shouted,
"Bada din Mubarak!" meaning,
'Best wishes of the Great Big
Christmas also was a day for
welcoming all the friends home
for a time of food and fun. Food
of much variety was spread on
the tables and the families ea-
gerly waited for friends to walk
in. Office colleagues, class-
mates of children, neighbours
from all faiths and classes, freely
walked into these homes and
were warmly welcomed. Most
homes cooked lots of lunch and
kept serving. It was greal fun.
Between Christmas and the
New Year, the local Christians
became busy visiting each other.
All the members of the family
went on as groups, visiting the
other families. Hiugs and

neighbor explained, "This is a
tinle to forgive each other and
become friends again. We don't
want to go into a pew year with
grudges. If i a friend or a
neighbour does not visit us, we
feel 'may ,be they do not want
our friendship at all." Books
and music were returned, small
loans were settled, and families
felt sorry for their quarrels with
grace. So many wrongs were for-
given and forgotten. No wonder,

the New Year Fun Day in the
church school play- ground was
full of real fun and joy.
Followers of Jesus are
only about three percent in
India, but in a country of such
a large population, this is
more than 30 million. One of
the 3000 churches in Madras
has 49 thousand members,
and about 200 more walk in
every Sunday. More and
more troubled hearts are find-
ing peace and joy by seeking
the Prince of Peace.
Thinking of Christmas
floods tons of memories of our
childhood and young days. Par-
rot and I come from a district in
the Madras province, where the
followers of Jesus are about
52%. Four parts choirs start

for the carols services. Choir
masters spend time listening to
new music and choosing songs
and music. Music lovers can
spend the whole season attend-
ing one carol service after an-
other in the many churches jin
the district. Carol singing by
churches, youth fellowships,
Sunday schools, choirs and so
on visit homes and sing with
great enthusiasm. Typical of In-
! dians, Christmas music blasts
from every street corner.

Preparations start very
early. Families start making
many types of snacks and cakes
and store them for the season.
Children and grand-children keep
gathering from all over the
world. Usually this is the time
the houses are painted fresh.
The landlords say, "Eleven
months rent for us and one
month rent to maintain the
house." Houses are lavishly
decorated and lit.
This is also a time of much
spirituality. The pastors keep
emphasizing the real meaning
of Christmas. Children are
encouraged to buy gifts for the
needy and poorer among their
class-mates and relatives. Of-
ten we keep hearing sermons
on repenhttce and having a

time of heart-searching and
new decisions before starting
another year. Since this is
holiday time, some churches
invite speakers to come and
speak in special evening meet-
ings. "Please Christ in
Christmas" is the phrase heard
The followers of Jesus being
!only three percent in India, we
'always want to tell the Christ-
,mas message to our neighbors.
Millions in East India and other
parts of Uthar Pradesh, meaning
'North India', have not even
heard of the first coming of
Jesus. Most of the thousands
if churches in the Madras prov-
ince send and support mission-
aries to North India. Churches
take keen interest in raising sup-.
port for missions during Christ-
mas, titne. While visiting homey.
simgng carols, they tell the fami-;
lies that they are collecting con-
tributions to send to the mission-
aries supported by the church.
People give generously and the
amounts are rushed as Christmas
gifts to the missionary families;
Times are changing now.'
Motorcades with Christmas
scenes, choirs on trucks are seen
everywhere. However, it is still
a time of lavish giving and shar-
ing. Clothes and money are col-
lected for various charity
projects like schools for the
handicapped and the children's
homes. People remember to
share their wealth with the
poorer members of the church,
and their extended families. It is
the time of the year when even
the poorest of the poor get
enough rice and dhal and food
stuff in plenty and are able to
store some for a few months
ahead. Indian Christian music is
heard everywhere and people
dance various types of Indian
dances to lunes of this music in
churches, meetings and every-
At the end of a Christmas
season, pastors encourage their
members to repent for the sins
of the year. The end of the year
services in churches begin around
nine in the night and end with the
Holy Communion service in the
New Year. After the annual tes-
timony and thanksgiving time
people are encouraged to repent
ask forgiveness and pray for new
strength for the new year. Mos'
pastors share the promise for th(
new year. Prophets in the coun
try tell prophecies for the com
ing year. On the whole, th,-
church becomes purer, and liquo.
and tobacco sales get a sudden
drop. The Reason for the Sea
son is Alive and Active, and i
Changing many hearts and live
everyday. The blood of Tho
mas, one of the twelve disciple
of Jesus who came and died as.
martyr in India is sprouting wit,
new life everyday.
"Bada din Mubarak!
Best wishes for the Great Da3

,'*aw'alft ; 'sw w'

Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007

o.l l

dynasties, China traded with
the world much like today,"
Professor Liu added.
The Nanhai 1 will eventu-
ally be moved to a new purpose
built museum near Yangjiang in
Guangdong province.
The dramatic building still
far from completion is being
built on the beach.
The ship will be stored un-
derwater in a massive tank, in


which the water temperature,
pressure and other conditions
will be identical to where it lay
on the seabed, allowing visitors
to watch as archaeologists un-
cover its secrets.
China has invested about
$40m in this project, in the
hope of reclaiming a part of
the country's history, and
this time ensuring it stays in
Chinese hands.

(BBC News) Chinese archae-
ologists have raised a mer-
chant ship which sank in the
South China Sea 800 years
ago while transporting a
cargo of precious porcelain.
The Nanhai 1 treasury ship,
built during the Song dynasty
which ruled China from 960-1279,
is believed to contain one of the
biggest discoveries of Chinese
artefacts from that period.
"It's the biggest ship of its
kind to be found," said profes-
sor Liu Wensuo, and archaeolo-
gist from Sun Yat-sen Univer-
"It lay in about 25m (82ft)
of water and was covered in
mud perfect conditions for
preservation. Both the ship and
its contents are in exceptionally
good condition."
The salvage team began
building a massive steel cage

around the 30m (98ft)-long ves-
sel in May in order to raise it
and the surrounding silt
The cage was made up of
36 steel beams, each weighing

"This is really only the

around 5 tons. Together with its
contents, the cage weighed more
than 3.000 tons.
The heavy lifting began a
day earlier than expected at
0900 on Friday due to
favourable weather conditions. It
was completed two hours later

and placed on. a waiting barge.
As many as 6,000 artefacts
have already been retrieved from
the 13th Century vessel, mostly
bluish white porcelain, as well
as personal items from crew
members, including gold belt
buckles and silver rings.
A further 70,000 artefacts
are believed to be still on board,
many still in their original pack-
ing cases.
Underwater archaeology is a
new field in China.
In the mid-1980s a number
of ships, containing enormous
hoards of Chinese porcelain,
gold and silver, were found by
foreign treasure hunters.
Their valuable cargoes were
sold at auction houses in the West.
At the time, China was too poor
to bid for the artefacts.
The loss of such an impor-
tant part of its history spurred

the government into action.
Nanhai 1 will be the first
major project to be undertaken
by Chinese underwater archae-
Professor Liu is confident that
the salvage will be a success.
"This really is only the be-
ginning, there are so many ship-
wrecks in this area, fishermen
often snag artefacts in their
nets, sometimes they even wash
ashore," he said.
It will also give historians
much-needed information on a
time when China was trading
with the world.
During the Song dynasty,
most of the country's trade was
with India and the Middle East.
Later that trade would shift
"People often think of an-
cient China as being a closed so-
ciety, but in the Tang and Song

THE ship will be stored underwater in a massive tank in a
new museum.

Page XVI,.

DPIn lq IRFnS5



Poetry Time-

Follow me
Step by step
As we build this Christmas tree
Or do it your way by self-help
From Guyanese books
in 2007 published
great building blocks are books
And solid foundation too .
Stand back and see -
The complete package
Books offer.
This Christmas tree of books
Will take you down memory lane
Into the future
Back to the present
So there is no need to re-invent the wheel
More on
Everything you will ever need
Can be found in books;
Grow with your Christmas tree
Of knowledge
It's Christmas everyday
With each new book added
To life's Christmas tree

Multiple-choice questions for you to answer.
Read each question carefully. Choose
the one answer you think is correct.

1. What's father Christmas called when he
takes a rest while delivering presents?
(A) Santa Jaws.
(B) Santa claws.
(C) Santa pause.
(D) Santa mission.

2. What is a ghost's favorite Christmas
(A) We Wish You a Scary Christmas!
(B) I'll be home for Christmas
(C) Silent Night, Holy Night!
(D) Have a jolly, good Christmas.

3. Spanish word for Christmas.
(A) Noel
(B) Natal
(C Navidad
(D) C'mas

4. A Christmas quotation by Mr. Richard
(A) I wish we could put up some of
the Christmas pirit in |ars and
open a jar oat it every month.
(B) I will honor Christmas in my
heart, and try to keep it al the
(C) From a commercial point of
view, if Christmas did not
exist it

would be necessary to invent
(D) Christmas is a time when kids
tejl Santa what they want and
adults pay for it. Deficits are
when adults tell the
what they want and their kids
pay for if.

5. Where does Christmas comes before
(A) America
(B) Dictionary
(C) Guyana
(D) Cuba

6. Not a name associated with Santa
(A) Father Christmas
(B) Rudolph
(C) Kriss Kringle
(D) St. Nicholas

The answers tothe
last set of questions are:

1. (D), 2.- (B), 3. -
(B), 4. (A), 5. (D), 6.- (B)

Santa is checking his list once..
he's checking it twice.
Colour him the
best you can










'A ~rs~ iY iiT-~

E *I R ..



A S l J

12/21/2007, 7:38 PM

~_ _= ___ I_

I I- I i - I I. . ...

Page XVIII Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007

(BBC News) A leading British
Asian organisation is warn-
ing that men, women and
children are being abused, at-
tacked and spat at, because
they are low caste Hindus re-
garded as impure and un-
They are the victims of the
2,000-year-old Indian caste sys-
tem which activists say is
flourishing on the streets of
Britain, even though it is banned
in India.
It is a form of social hierar-
chy and divided Hindus into
four main categories; priests,
warriors or ruling class, the mer-
chants and then the unskilled
Below them were the un-
touchables, those people deemed
so low that they could not be'
included in the system.
Two thousand years on,
caste is an integral part of the
Asian community, according to
The country's first ever
support group has been set up
in Southall in West London to
help victims of caste discrimi-
"We have around 20 people
a- week coming to us, saying
that they've been subjected to
caste discrimination", said Eu-
gene Culas, spokesman for the
Voice of Dalit International,

which is behind the Lottery-
funded support group.
"We have children at
school who are being bullied
and mocked because they're
from so-called low castes, we
have discrimination in the
workplace, where some
Asians refuse to work with
the low castes, and we even
have violence".
Asian rapper Shiv Gharu
has suffered since childhood be-
cause of his caste.
"When I was a child, I was
taunted and abused and called
slave boy and untouchable", he
"I was involved with a
woman who was from a higher
caste and her father would not
even let me in their house.
"I was not accepted and
when people from the higher
castes found out about my re-
lationship, I was beaten up, all
because I'm from a low caste".
However, there are some
Hindus who say caste discrimi-
nation is a thing of the past and
here in Britain, the Asian com-
munity has moved on.
"I deplore anybody who
discriminates on a caste ba-
sis but I can say that it is not
as widespread as these people
are making out," said
Rabindara Nath Pathak, from
the Shri Ram Hindu temple



in Southall.
"In my temple we sit to-
gether and pray together, irre-
spective of caste.
"No one is bothered about
caste yes, there may have been
problems years back, but now
we are moving forward and the
so-called 'low castes' must do
the same and forget about the
However Shiv has no
doubts about the existence of
caste discrimination.
He said: "I have suffered
for so many years, I'm a Brit-
ish Asian and I can say it has


really affected my life.
"Everybody thinks caste
discrimination only happens
in India but it's happening on
our streets. In fact, it's flour-
The problem is so bad that
one Asian marriage bureau has
reported that some people from
the so-called low castes have


even changed their names, pre-
tending to be higher castes.
The main aim is to get
a better match for their
Voice of Dalit international
is now pushing to meet govern-
ment officials in a bid to get
caste included in race discrimi-
nation legislation.

Mr Culas said: "Society has
to realise that many people are
suffering because of a 2,000 year
old Indian social hierarchy.
"Many high castes deny
this is happening, but for
people like us we know it's a
huge part of Asian society and
we have to fight against this

Public Notice

Occupants of lands belonging to GWI'S Shelter Belt Compound,
bounded by Vlissengen Road, Lama Avenue and Sheriff Street, are
asked to remove all fence and structures that encroach on the
Company's property.

Failure do this by the 1V January,
being dismantled.

2008, will result in your property

By order of Management.

The Guyana Water Inc. (GWI) invites

Tenders for the following Project:

Installation of Distribution Mains, Service Connections and Meters
at Zones W3, W5, W9, W12, W16 and W17 in Georgetown.

Bid Identification No. GWI-GOG P038-C01-2007

Bid documents can be purchased from December 24,2007, from the
Cashier: Guyana Water Incorporated, Shelter Belt, Vlissengen
Road and Church Street, Bel Air Park, Georgetown, Tel: 592-223-
7708, Fax: 592 225-5513 for a non-refundable fee of G$5,000 each.

All bids must be deposited into the tender box at the office of the
National Procurement and Tender Administration Board (NPTAB),
Ministry of Finance, Main & Urquhart Streets, Georgetown,
Guyana on or before 9.00 am on Tuesday January 22,2008.

Applications are invited from suitably qualified persons to
fill the vacant position of Graphic Artist in a reputable

Applicants should possess:-

(i) Five (5) subjects CXC including Mathematics and English
Language and

(ii) Certificates in Microsoft Word, Excel, Coral Draw, Page
Maker, Photoshop with at least two (2) years relevant

The conditions of employment are considered attractive.

Applications, including a detailed Curriculum Vitae, must be marked
Vacancy for Graphic Artist and should be addressed to
-Company Secretary PO) Box # 10120 and should reach
not later than Friday, December 28,2007.


LOW caste Hindus are treated differently


Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007

... . . . . . . .
SNdAy I NA Chronicle December 23, 2007 Pace If

This week we are continuing with the Administrative Regions.

Region Eight: Potaro- Siparuni
The Ireng River is its southern boundary and its eastern boundary by the Essequibo
River. The western boundary is the Upper course of the Ireng River.

Economic activity
Gold and diamond mining

Places of interest are
The Kaieteur Fall-" The highest one- drop water fall of 741 feet. It was discov-
ered by Charles Barrington Brown in 1870.
Orinduik Fall.
The Kaieteur National Park
A part of the Iwokrama Rain Forest

This region is administered by two centres Kato

Region Nine: Upper Takatu Upper Essequibo
This is the largest region in Guyana. Its Southern and Western boundaries are
marked by the international frontier between Guyana and Brazil while the. drainage
divide between the Essequibo and Berbice rivers and the Essequibo and New Riv-
ers respectively to form the eastern boundary

Main economic activity
cattle ranching at Aishalton, Annai, Dadanawa and Karanamho.
Beef is sold to Brazil.
-Tobacco and peanuts

Some places of interest are
The Kanuku and Kamoa Mountain Ranges
Lethem the main airstrip and administrative centre

Region Ten: Upper Demerara Upper Berbice
This region is situated in the Eastern centre of the country and is bordered by all
the regions except Region One.

The main economic activity is
Bauxite mining at Linden, Ituni and Kwakwani.
Logging Mabura

Some places of interest are:
Town Linden
The Livestock Industry Development Company's Dairy Farm at Moblissa.
Kimbia Guyana National Service Centre.
The Administrative Centre of Region 10 is located at Linden

In which Administrative Regions would you find?
1. Bartica Triangle

2. Port Kaituma

3. Kwakwani

4. Cheddi Jagan International Airport

5. Hampton Court

6. Kaieteur Falls

7. Vreed- en -Hoop.

People in our community
We will look at Population in our community.

o Population is used to describe the number of people living in a community
Some communities have a large population while others have a small population.
Now, look at your community? Can you count the population in your community?
How can we do this? Well, we can count the population by taking a CENSUS.

A census provides this information. The number of people:
-who were born
-who died
-who migrated overseas
-who have settled in the country
-in the country
-in a particular community
-in different age groups
-employed, unemployed, retired
A census also provides other information e.g. salary, occupation and qualifica-

People in the community of a country can be counted by taking a census.

Some population terms

Natural Increase: The increase of births over the number deaths.

Birth Rate The number of babies born per thousand persons of the population.

Death Rate The number of deaths per thousand of the population.

Migration: The permanent movement of people and animals from one place to
another to take up residence e.g.
o People leave Guyana to work in the Caribbean
o Birds leave the winter to spend time in Guyana.

Internal Migration: People move from one community to another in a
country e.g. people leave Georgetown to live in Linden.
Emigrants: People who have departed from their home country to take up
residence in another country.
E.g People leave Guyana to live in Canada.

Immigrants: People who have entered the country to take up residence. e.g.
Chinese from China came to live in Guyana.

The population is on the move, aeroplanes brought people who are migrating to
Guyana and it will be taking emigrants to live in other countries.

For you to do
1. You can carry out a census in your community. State how many persons
are employed, are under 18 years of age, and are over 60 years of age.
2. Find out how many persons have migrated in your community.
This can be done in groups.

Population areas on our Earth
You have learnt that our world is made up of continents, oceans and seas. These
continents have hot lands, cool lands and cold lands. These land consist of rivers,
plains, forests and deserts. People live in all areas of our world.

Many large towns are found on the coast and mouths of rivers hence many people
live there.
Population is sparse where It is very cold
There are deserts
There are mountain ranges
There are thick forests.
At home: look in your Atlas and identify the major populated areas in the
world. What percentage is Guyana's population in the world.

Next week we will continue with population.

12121/2007.7:19 PM

I II I L I I b I -1 BPl~rT

Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007

. Page XIX

. . . . . WWi I .


Responses to last week

l. b 2. a 3. c 4.d 5. a 6.c 7.d

This week we will begin with some questions on the digestive system.

Questions on the Digestive System
1. Digestion begins in the ............
2. The teeth which are used for cutting the food are the .........
3. Another name for the gullet is the ........
4. The ........ juice is produced in the stomach.
5. Bile is produced by the .....
6. Absorption takes place in the .......
7. The undigested food moves in and is stored in the ....

The Respiratory System
> All cells in our bodies need oxygen
> When oxygen releases energy in the cells carbon dioxide is formed.
> The carbon dioxide must be gotten rid of.
> The process of the body taking in oxygen and giving off carbon
dioxide is called RESPIRATION.
> The main organs that make up the Respiratory system are the nose,
the trachea or wind pipe and the lungs.

Parts of the Respiratory System.
The Lungs.
L The lungs are the main organs of the respiratory system
I In the lungs oxygen is taken into the body and carbon dioxide
breathes out.
i The red blood cells carry the oxygen to all parts of the body. It
then drops the oxygen to the body cells.
7 The red blood cells pick up the carbon dioxide which is a waste
gas and take it to the lungs and we breathe it out when we
The Trachea or windpipe
The trachea is sometimes called the wind pipe
It filters the air we breathe

The Bronchi
[ The bronchi are two air tubes that branch off the trachea
and carry air directly to the lungs.

The Diaphragm.
U Breathing starts with a dome shaped muscle at the bottom of
the lungs called the diaphragm.
0 When you breathe in the diaphragm contracts. When it
contracts it flattens out and pulls downwards.
D This movement enlarges the space that the lungs are in
K The larger space pulls air into the lungs
U When you breathe out the diaphragm expands reducing the.
amount of space for the lungs and forcing air out.




How it works
Air enters the nose or mouth and passes down the trachea or
wind pipe
The air then moves into smaller pipes or tubes into the lungs
In the lungs the oxygen is transferred from the very small air
pores to the blood
L The blood carries the oxygen to all parts of the body
The waste or carbon dioxide is released from the body and enter
the lungs then leaves when we exhale.

Things that can go wrong with your lungs and the Respiratory System
Many factors can affect the health of your lungs and respiratory system.
These are known as lung diseases. Some of these diseases are described
briefly below.
0 Asthma
Asthma is a long term, inflammatory lung disease that causes airways
to tighten and narrow when a person with the condition comes into contact
with irritants such as cigarettes smoke or dust.
U Bronchitis
In bronchitis, the membranes lining the larger bronchial tubes become
inflamed and an excessive amount of mucus is produced. The person with
bronchitis develops a bad cough to get rid of the mucus.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that can affect your lungs
and other parts of your body. With proper treatment people with
tuberculosis can be cured of the infection.
Symptoms of active TB
> A cough that last two weeks or more, especially if you
cough up fluid or blood comes from your lungs when you
> Fever
> Weight loss
> Night sweats
> Loss of appetite
Many of these symptoms can be confused with other illnesses. If you have
these symptoms, or if you think you might have TB, see your Doctor.

[ Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is a cancer that starts in the lungs.:Cancer is a disease
where cancerous cells grow out of control, taking over normal cells
and organs in the body.
Symptoms of lung cancer
> A cough that doesn't go away and gets worst overtime.
> Chest pains that doesn't go away.
> Coughing up blood
> Feeling short of breath
> Wheezing
> Loosing your voice (hoarseness)
> Getting sick with pneumonia and bronchitis a lot
> Swollen neck and face
> Not hungry, loosing weight without trying
> Feeling tired
.,People with these symptoms could have lung cancer, or it could be
something else. If you are experiencing these symptoms see your Doctor
Later you will learn in more detail other lung diseases, their
symptoms and treatment
Remember all these diseases severely affect your breathing and a
healthy lifestyle.


Page XX

Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007

SudyCrnceDeebr2,20 IaslcIXI


and the mistakes

Andrew North, the departing BBC Baghdad correspondent, looks back on his time
reporting from Iraq since the 2003 US-led invasion.

(BBC News) Deep holes from,
heavy calibre US rounds
scarred the walls of the hos-
Three dead Iraqi ;soldiers
had been laid out in the remains
of the morgue, their wounds still
The battle wasn't long over
and marines were nowi going
through the buildings room by
Some Iraqis had surren-
But as the marines moved
upstairs, they realized there had
been many more inside. Along
the corridors and in many of the
now wrecked wards, they
found little heaps of military fa-
"Look, they're taking off
their uniforms, but-keeping their
gear, their ammunition,i so they
can keep on fighting," said one
marine, holding up a camouflage
They had clearly fled before
the Americans got in and left be-
hind anything that would iden-
tify them as soldiers.
It was March 2003, a few

days into the invasion. I was in i As well as the hospital, Iraqi
the small southern city. of fighters were using schools and
Nasiriya, travelling with the US other civilian buildings as cover
Marines as an embedded re- i -tactics that have since become

"If you go back to the
Desert Storm fight [in 1991]
they used regular army !forma-
tions," said Lt Gen Richard

CORPSES came and went bythe Baghdad morgue minute by minute

They had expected little
resistance here. Instead, they
found themselves in the
midst of heavy fighting
against Iraqis employing
mainly guerrilla or insur-
gent-style tactics.
The marines were coming
under fire from people inr civil-
ian clothes, who melted into the

very familiar.
Faced with the overwhelm-
ing firepower of the Americans,
guerrilla tactics, trying to merge
in with the local population,
seemed 'a logical response by
the Iraqis who wanted to fight
the invaders.
But the commander of the
Marine task force in Nasiriya in
2003 admits it wasn't some-
thing they had prepared for.


I. The Ministry of Health has secured funding for the purchase of the items below and
invites sealed bids'from eligible and qualified bidders for the supply and delivery ofsame:
1. Moll 104/2007 Supply and Delivery of Medical Equipment.

2. Bidding will be conducted through the National Competitive Bidding (NCB) procedures,
specified in the Procurement Act 2003, and is open to all bidders, subject to provisions of Section
IV (Eligible Countries) as defined in the BiddingDocuments.

3. -Interested eligible bidders may obtain further information, clarification, examine and uplift
bid documents (upon presentation of receipt from Ministry of Hlealth--see#5 below) at the -
address in #8 below, from Monday to Fliday 9 am to 3 pm:

4. Qualifications requirements include: Valid certificates of Compliance from NIS and G RA which
should be submitted for companies with offices registered in Guyana. Additional requirements;
details are provided in the Bidding Documents.

5. A complete set of Bidding Documents in English may be purchased by interested bidders upon
payinent of a non-refundable manager's cheque / cash fee of $3.000.

6. Bids must be delivered to the address below (#9) at or before am January 8W', 2008 for ProJect "i
MollH 104/2007.

El.!L nted. Late bids will be rejected. Bids will be opened'in the
presence of the bidders' representatives. who choose to attend in person at the address below at 9
am .ianuarv 8"' 2007 for project #s: MoHl 104/07. All bid: accompanied by a Bid
Security as sued in lile Bidding document.

Purchasingol'Bfid Documents (see #5 als):
Ca('., -A'cIcounts De p.aiiment (Ground Floor)

S. Furthlir inforinalion, clarification, exadniMation and uplifting !bid documentTs (upol

"nI Il.. Iiairmr
National Procuriement and lTender Administration (North .. ..,I n i
Ministry olinainic
M\iun and _Uirql ha'rtSii'ccs.

Natonski, when I met him again
recently at the Pentagon in
"They did not resort to
what you might call irregular

And looking back, he says
he now sees the Nasiriya battles
as "an indication of what was
to come, not that we ever
thought that that was what was
going to happen"..
You could say that also
sums up Iraq since 2003. No-
one ever thought most things
were going to happen. But time
after time, it has sprung sur-
prises and shattered the expec-
tations on which the Americans
and British invasion was based.
Even when there were signs
of hope the improved turnout
in the two elections, agreement
on a new constitution it never
There might be a lull, but
then Iraq would find new depths
of madness.
Attitudes hardened, on all
sides, and the urge for revenge
burned stronger.
And in the struggle for
power in the new Iraq, no single
group could dominate not the
foreign invaders, .or even the
newly powerful' Shia majority,
because they are divided too.
That's one reason why
many Iraqis remain cautious on
the changes now. They are sig-
nificant the level of violence
has fallen dramatically .but
peace and reconciliation still
looks some way off.

So many conflicts were go-

ing on at once, it was hard to
explain. There was the insur-
gency against the occupation
and the Iraqi government, along-
side the sectarian conflict, Shia
against Sunni.
In. the background, there
were internal Shia battles, some-
times just as bloody.
Now there is Sunni against
Sunni violence too, as tribes in
Anbar and elsewhere fight al-
Qaeda in Iraq.
And the battles were
played out everywhere even
the playground. I remember
a school boy telling me of the
Sunni and Shia gangs that
fought it out at break time
each day.
The level of violence was
often hard to comprehend, to
put into context for the outside
Last year and earlier this
year, the sound of gunfire, ex-
plosions, mortars, sirens would
shake our bureau in Baghdad
from dawn to dusk, day after
I remember a visit to
Baghdad's main morgue last
year, at the height of the sectar-
ian killing. Corpses were arriv-
ing every few minutes. The
smell was overpowering.
Coffins were going out at
the same rate, held aloft by
crying, bawling men, angry

Please turn
to page XXIV



Telecom Solutions Guyana incorporated, a company in the Facey Commodity Group
of Companies, is now recruiting SALES/ DELIVERY AGENTS to service our
expanding customer base across Guyana.

A rewarding career awaits the successful candidates.

Job responsibilities include

1) Daily delivery to customers based on preordering system
2) Cash collection and balancing of invoices delivered
3) Providing feedback from customers to facilitate improved customer
4) Increasing customer base and Point of Sale


1) Sound'Secondary Education. Passes in Mathematics, English and
previous experience in sales would be a distinct advantage.
2) Recent Police clearance
3) 2 Character references, one of which must be from most recent
4) i Valid njotorcycle license

Remuneration & other benefits

1) Based on level of Sales & Deliveries can exceed G$100,000 per
2) Attractive bonus & incentives for achieving and e :-e-'Ji targets.
3) Maintenance and aft alow-ces,


Pro"iion,, c' Ne.'' Motorcvcle .ier,l il, e I -'l .- i r.. terms.

- If ,'o 1ace desirous bf'a.c '. ( ,". a ;warding career i: a dynamic ,u .- v .:
IGf:v .,, ,.,- a'pi- are,. ',.t ,. in' ., ", to; "

Th! t; :1tr

Telecu Sohutions Guyna acorpo a'ed
Lot 50, DD Eccles Industrial Site
East Bank Demerara
Guyana, South America.

12/21/2007, 7:35 PM

Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007

Page XXI


Electronics, Solid State Physics,
Applications are invited from Economics (Teaching FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES Medical Physics, Nuclear Physics,
interested persons to fill a Methods/Philosophy Medical Technology: Haematology, Statistical Physics.
number ofvacancies for & Issues in Teaching), Science for Immunohaematology and Blood
academic positioHome Economics, Curriculum Banking, SCHOOL OF EARTH
academic positions of Evaluation Chemical Pathology, Histotechnology, ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES: .
Lecturer I, Lecturer II, Senior & Improvement, Family Life Laboratory Quality Management,
Lecturer, Reader and Management, Foods & Food Science, Genetics, Biochemistry, Molecular Geomorphology/Physical Geography,
Professor at TURKEYEN Management Biology, Medical Parasitology, Climatology, Demography
of Food, Education Practicum/Research Research
AND BERBICE CAMPUSES. Study, Primary Practicum/Research Methodology & Biostatistics;
Study, Trends and Issues in Life Pharmacy: Pharmacy Orientation & FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
Persons who are interested in part-time Management, Clothing Design Calculations, Introduction to
appointment may also apply Construction Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms, Government and InternationalAffairs:
indicating that option. and Selection, Current Trends and Pharmaceutics Public Management: Local,
Applications for the position of Fashion; English: English Grammar 1, 11 & III, Medicinal Organic Chemistry I Regional ,
Assistant Lecturer are also invited and & II, Natural Products I & Municipal Government, Organisational
.from interested persons with good first Comprehension Skills fpr Teachers, 11 Analysis, Management Skills
degree qualifications in relevant Children Literature and Story Applied Pharmaceutical Chemistry I & Development, Administrative
field. Telling; II, Clinical Pharmacology I &11, Techniques, Introduction to Public
Social Studies: Social Studies Biochemical Aspects of Pharmacology Policy,
QUALIFICATION Teaching/Methods (Primary), Education and Forensic Pharmacy; Public Introduction to Public Management,
Practicum, Primary Social Studies, Health: International Relations: Comparative
Preference will be iven to holders of Education Research Study; Occupational Health and Safety, Water, Political Systems, introduction to
Preference will be given to holders of Mathematics:Caribbean Politics, Evolution of the
Ph.D and Master's Degrees in Mathematics Sewage and Solid WasteInternational System, Foreign Policy of
relevant fields plus relevant experience Teaching Mathematics (Primary); Management, Port Health and Disaster IntGa oal oitc
and research/publications. Scince: Education Management, Legal and Ethical Economy,
Practicum/Research Issues,
SUBJECT AREAS Study, Agriculture: Education Research Introduction to Food Hygiene I & II, International Financeations, international &
SSUBJECTAREAS tudy; Language & Cultural Meat Hygiene, Milk and Regional Organisations, Ethics &
Studies: Modern Languages: Latin Poultry International Relations, Politics &
Preference will be given to applicants American History & Literature, Hygiene, Communicable Diseases and Development in the Third World,
who are qualified to teach at Literature & Civilization of Spain, Vector Control, Food Legislation, in Caribbssues
least Hispanic Language Studies & Epidemiology, Homeostasis & II. in Caribbean Politics Economics:
two (2) specialisations within the Linguistics (all areas), French emioogy, omeostasis & Planning Techniques and
programmes of Faculties, including Language, FACULTY OF NATURAL SCIENCES Intermediate
post-graduate and higher degree Portuguese Language; English' Use of FACULTY OF NATURAL SCIENCES Economic Theory, Transport
levels. (Further information could be English, English Linguistics, Economics, Environmental Economics,
obtained from Faculties/Berbice English Biology: Plant Anatomy and Plant Urban
Campus and the Personnel Division, Literature (all areas including Caribbean Morphology, Parasitology, Mycology, Economics, Public Finance, Monetary.
Turkeyen Campus). Literature), Literature Experimental Methods in Biology, Plant Economics, International Finance
(including British, American, West Pathology, Coastal Ecology, and
TURKEYEN CAMPUS Indian), Literary Theory, Oral Fisheries Biology and Limnology, Industrial Economics, Labour
Traditions, English as a Foreign Biometry and Biostatistics, Economics, Law: Legal Methods,
Language, Poetry; Creative Arts: Microbiology, Law of
Fine Planttaxonomy (Systemetics), Contract, Legal Research & Writing,
FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE & Arts and Music Textile Design Chemistry: Physical, Inorganic and Law of Torts,- Jurisprudence, Public
FORESTRY Ceramics, Drawing & Painting, Analytical International Law, Law of Succession,
Sculpture, Chemistry; Computer Science: Employment Law, Family Law,
Agriculture:Agriculture Engineering and Graphic Design, Music Education, Computer Architecture and International Environmental Law, Law
Soil Sciences; Music (Theory & Practice), Materials Organization, of Corporate Management, Law and
Forestry:- Surveying & Mapping, & Micro-computer Graphics, Operating Development, Intellectual Property Law,
Wildlife Management, Forestry Methods, Art, Nature and Meaning, Systems, Computer Literacy I/hl, Law of Corporate Finance, Trade
Conservation, Forestry Policy & Law, History of Art, Theory of Art, Database Management Systems, Relations Law, Administration of Trusts
Agro-forestry and Rural Introduction to Art Education, Art Database Management and &'Estates, Caribbean Human
Development. Education and Creative Crafts for Programming in C, Rights
Forest Protection. Adolescents, Visual Aesthetics, Art Linux Systems, Java, Assembly Law, Law & Legal Systems, Criminal
Education for Nursery & Primary, Language for Microcomputers,; Law, Constitutional Law, Real
SCHOOL OF EDUCATION & Independent Research Project; Social Mathematics, Property,
HUMANITIES Studies: Tourism: Introduction to Physics & Statistics: Mathematical Law in Society, Administrative Law,
Tourism Economics, Restaurant Methods, Mathematical Analysis, Equitable Remedies, Company Law,
Foundations & Education Operations and Management, Tourism Applied Insurance Law, Law of Trusts &
Management: Measurement & Marketing, Operations Management in Mathematics, Topology, Statistical Estates, Alternative Disputes
Evaluation, Early Eco-Tourism; History: Survey of Inference, Probability and Resolution,'
Childhood Education, Psychology of Guyanese History I& II, African History, Statistical Law & Social Systems, Elements of
Adolescence, Psychology of Learning Comparative Slavery, Theory, Trigonometry, Analytic Law; Business & Management Studies:
and Philosophy Geometry, Advanced Calculus, Law
Teaching, Research Methods, of History, Historiography, Latin Engineering for Bankers, International Finance,
Curriculum Theory: Curriculum and American History. Physics, Foundation Physics, Heat and International Trade, Banking
Instruction: Home Economics: Home Optics, Quantum Physics, Information Systems, Marketing

Cotiue o pge23


Sunday Chronicle Decem 7




Management, Consumer Behaviour,
Com iniunp:l n',-.n A,.-.unting for
Bankers, Commercial Banking
Operations I, Commercial Banking
Operations II, Accounting Information
System. Principles of Business
Administration, Retail Management,
Advertising Management, Marketing
Research, International & Export
Marketing, Business
Policy and Strategy, Business
M'aihiemalics. Business
Management Science, Commercial Law
I, Commercial Law II,
Entrepreneurship & Small Business
Management, Production Management,
Project Management, Public
Sector Accounting, Taxation, Taxation &
Tax Management, Principles of
Auditing, Advanced AudJiing Advanced
Financial Accounting,
Advanced Financial Accounting I,
Accounting Theory, Financial
Organisation and Management,
Sociology and Social Work: Social
Psychology, Elements of Survey
Sampling & Social Statistics,
Statisiics for Social Research, Social
Science Methodology, Applied
Sociology, The Sociology of
Punishment & Corrections, Social
Work and
the Aging, Social Work in the Medical
Field Graduate School:
Planning for Development, Public
Finance Issues, Quantitative Methods,
Strategies in the Caribbean,
Approaches to Development in Guyana,
Local Government and Development,
International Finance and Development,
Planning and Analysis, Research
Methods and Analysis in the Social
Sciences, Advanced Political Theory,
International Organisations and
Theories of International Relations.


Civil Engineering: Highway
Engineering, Transportation
Engineering, Water
Resources/Drainage & Irrigation
Engineering, Sanitation Engineering,
Coastal Engineerirn Structural
Engineering, Geotechnical Enqine: ri,.:j)
Hydraulic Engineering, Hydrology,
Construction Management, Engineering
Materials, Engineering Siun.e. ini. Fluid
Mechanics; Electrical
Electrical Power E"iini-erin..i,
Telecommunication Fundamentals,

t4. .,. r

Design & F'.,P: agajiiri,
S ife i r lCiii.--,es Digital Electronics &
Electronics; Mechanical Engineering:
".letiir.ij;. New & Renewable Energy
Sources, Maintenance En iiierin, j
Management, Mechanic Fluids, Theory
Machines, Strength of Materials,
Machine Design, Applied Mechanics,
Applied Thermodynamics, Alternative
Energy \1 -. emenl Engineering
& Design; Architecture: Architectural
Design, Construction Technology,
Computer Aided Design, Building
Services and Art; Engineering
Mathematics, Engineering Management.



Agriculture: Soil Science, Cytogenetics,
Population Genetics, Applied
Plant Pathology, Integrated Pest and
Disease Management, Agricultural
Biochemistry: Hydrology, Water
Management or Agricultural
Agriculture Business Management and


Computer Science: Programming
Languages (Basic, PASCAL, JAVA),
Computing, Systems and Computer
Software Engineering; Mathematics &
Statistics: Statistical Inference, Linear &
Modern Algebra, Boolean
Mathematics, Mathematical Analysis,
Calculus, Trigonometry; Biology:
Biochemistry, Cryptogamic &
Phenerogamic Botany,-Ecology;
General Chemistry (Physical, Organic,
Inorganic); Physics: Modern and


Foundations & Education Management:
Issues in Education
(Per-i.: ..-:.s c ./elopment), Early
C rhihr,_...-1 Education, Psychology of
Teaching and Learning, Measurement
and Evaluation. Research Methods,
Educational Administration, Curriculum
Theory, Administration
Adolescence Psychology, Management
in Education, Education Technology

Primary Schools, Education Research
Study (Nursery), Learning &
Development. Psychology of Adolescence
& Adult Learning, Language &
Cultural Studies: Use of English,
Technical English, English Grammar,
English Literature (all areas ,-i,,iing
Caribbean Literature, Literary
Theory, Oral TraJiii,.n:-, Linguistics (all
areas); Social Studies:
of Guyanese History, Survey of Caribbean
History, Foundations of World
History, Modern World H&st.,,,,
Foundations of the Future Caribbean,
Contemporary Issues in the Caribbean;
Curriculum & Instruction:
Studies Introduction/Methods
Teaching/Education Issues/Practicum,
and F.irnmly, Caribbean Social Structures,
Curriculum and Evaluation,
Curriculum Improvement, History Forms
and Styles of Music in the
Caribbean; Language Education
(Primary), English Grammar and
Comprehension Skills for Teachers,
Language Arts Teaching (Primary),
Children's Literature and Story Telling,
Creative Arts (Nursery &
Primary); Mathematics Teaching (Primary)
Foundation Biology, Science
Teaching (Primary), Nutrition for Nursery
School Teachers, Community
Nutrition; Curriculum Improvement &
Evaluation, Methods of Teaching,

Philosophy and Issues in Teaching,
Education Research Study.


Government & International Affairs:
Introduction to Conflict
Analysis &
Resolution, Strategic Public Sector
Management, Statistics for
& Business; Economics: Introductory
Micro & Macro Economics;
The Study of Society, Introduction to
Sociological Theory, Theory
Practice of Social Work I & II, Social
Policy and Legislation,
Introduction to Social Work Research
Methods; Business & Management:
Financial Accounting I & II, Principles of
Business Administration,
Taxation, Computer Studies I & II,
Commercial Law I & II, '".Ji tim .:-
Statistics, Organizational Theory &
Behaviour, Business Environment and

Business Communication.

Salary Scal



le: Assistant
UA1: $84,728- $127, 086
Lecturer I
UA2: $96,022- $141,208
Lecturer II
UA3: $118,617 $169,451
UA4: $163,801
UA5: $208,990

UA6: $254,177 $303,598

Appointment level and placement in
appropriate salary scales are
determined by level of qualifications,
experience and

Non-Taxable Allowances and Other
Benefits: Housing (20% of basic
travelling and book allowances;
entertainment and additional travelling
allowance are payable depending on
special responsibilities.
Study/Sabbatical leave (whichever is
applicable) and leave passage
allowance; contributory medical and
pension schemes and gratuity,

Anyone recruited from overseas will
receive up to four (4) full
airfares (i.e. for self, spouse and two
(2) unmarried children up to
eighteen (18) years of age) from point
of recruitment (as determined by
the University regulations), limited
removal expenses and a settling-in

Applications with curriculum
vitae, THREE (3) COPIES,
full name, date of birth, marital
status, qualifications (with
and overall grades obtained),
work experience (with dates),
and publications (with dates)
full names and addresses of
three (3)
referees, who can testify to the
academic and/or professional
capabilities of the applicant,
(one of whom must be your
last employer, where applicable)
must reach the Personnel
University of Guyana, P.O.
Box 10-1110, Georgetown, Email: or Fax: 592-
222-4181, or Courier Service,
not later
than Monday, January 7, 2008
(Tel. Nos. 592-222-5271/4181),

Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007

..- ..~... .

~ ` ; ~~?'''`''"~~'-- ----- -- '




Sunday Chronicle December 23. 2007

: The trauma...

From page XXI

but exhausted tears tum-
bling from their faces.
An odd thought came to
mind it reminded me of a
busy train station, or a bus
terminal, this constant, back
and forth traffic.
Except that most of the
"passengers" here, the queues
of people at the gates, were
waiting to find a loved one, and
if they found them, they'd
probably find they'd been hor-
ribly mutilated before they died.
Banana boxes they will al-
ways trigger abnormal thoughts
too. How many severed heads
can you get in one? Nine or 10
seems to be the maximum.
For a while, this became a
favourite tactic of some of the
sectarian gangs in and around
After torturing their vic-
tims, sectarian gangs would then
chop off their heads and leave
them at the roadside. Strong,
double-walled banana boxes
were the container of choice.
But the surprises have con-
tinued, in other ways. Anbar
province, where the insurgency

against the occupation first got
going, was seen as the last place
that would ever stabilise.
Last year, US intelligence
reports described it as "lost" to
the insurgents.
Instead, it was the first re-
gion to start calming down. And
similar tribal rebellions against
al-Qaeda, consolidated by the
US troop surge, have followed
in other areas.
The parallel decline in vio-
lence in Baghdad has given
many Iraqis a sense of hope for
the first time in years. But
they're still very cautious.
The recent past gives them
good reason to be. And the coun-
try is still as divided as ever.
The Sunni tribes the Ameri-
cans are working with in Anbar
and other areas complain they
are not being embraced by the
Shia-dominated government in
"We do not yet have peace
in this country," Barham Saleh,
he deputy prime minister,
warned in a recent BBC inter-
"This could well be just a

ceasefire," he said, and he called
for renewed efforts to bring
Iraq's factions together.

Yet was all the terrible
bloodshed and chaos inevitable?
When I look back on the
past few years, I still ask that
question. Because having re-
ported from Iraq both before
and since the invasion, one
thing is still clear most Iraqis
wanted to get rid of Saddam
Even now, despite all the
suffering and also the voices
who say security was better
under his rule, most people are
still glad he's gone.
So much was lost in the
early days though, when occu-
pying American and British
troops failed to stop the loot-
Much of the problem was
that they hadn't fully under-
stood that the country was now
their responsibility, that this
was now an occupation.
US rhetoric before the
war that American troops
would simply "decapitate"
the regime then hand over to
the Iraqis had sunk deep
among the troops I was with.
As soon as the main fight-
ing was over in April 2003, they
were thinking of home. And just
six weeks later, the Marines I
was with were loading onto
I remember driving into
Baghdad with another unit of
marines, as looters were strip-
ping warehouses along the road.
Saddam's statue had come down
in Ferdous square just two days
The marines took in the
spectacle briefly, but then
turned away. It was not their
concern. No-one had told them
to get involved.

A few days later. I was with
more marines on the edge of
what is now called Sadr City,
famous now as the stronghold
of Shia cleric Moqtada Sadr.
I was surprised at how re-
laxed the troops were. They
were camped out in the open.
Their armoured vehicles gave
them some cover, but there
were large spaces in between.
But as far as they were con-
cerned, the war was done.
One Marine had got hold of
some real food some rice and
vegetables nothing special but
a welcome change after weeks
of living on nothing but packed
rations. I was sitting down with
them to enjoy this meagre feast-
There was a crack, then
two more. It was close. Every-
one dived for the ground. Hands
scrambled for weapons and hel-
Rounds were zipping
around the camp now, whistling
above our heads. Lines of red
tracer like lasers against the
night sky.
Two marines opened up
where they had seen flashes.
But like phantoms, the at-
tackers had already evapo-
No-one was hurt, but it was
a reminder. It was not over. The
meal now lay in sticky lumps
scattered on the ground.
Again, there were some
clues in Nasiriya-
When the marines finally
took control, looting broke out
in many areas. It wasn't on the
same scale as the looting in
Baghdad a week later, when the
capital fell.
One morning I arrived at the
main hospital to find a scene
that will always live with me.
Patients, many of them in
bloodied bandages, were hob-
bling down the driveway from
the entrance. Some supporting
each other, others being pushed
on trolleys.
They were fleeing from the
place that was supposed to be
treating them- At first, I couldn't
work out was going on.
I'd been there the day be-
fore when every bed was oc-
cupied. Many were women
and children with dreadful
injuries. Even the corridors
were being used as treatment
areas so many people had
been caught by shrapnel from
American bombs or in the
crossfire of the fighting.

Many were badly maimed,
their limbs like pieces of half
butchered meat and even ban-
dages were in short supply.
Medical rubbish was piled up in
the corners.
Some wards were now half
empty. Only those who
couldn't move at all, or who had
no friends or relatives to come
for them, remained.
"Where are the Americans?"
a furious doctor demanded
when he saw me, still wearing
my flak jacket, helmet at my
Of course he thought I was
one of them. Looters had burst
into the hospital half an hour
They had threatened staff,
grabbed equipment and many
patients had fled in terror. Hos-
pital vehicles outside had been
set alight
As he talked, there was
more gunfire outside. Min-
utes later a man was wheeled
in to the hospital, drenched
in blood. He died soon after-
The day before, marines
had been guarding the area
around the hospital. But they
were needed elsewhere.
Gen Natonski's task force
was now responsible for two
large provinces. He says he or-
dered some troops back, but
needed more: "We were
stretched thin."
And looking back he says
that if more troops had gone in
to stabilise the country "it may
have precluded the insurgency
that followed later on". "It's go-
ing to be a lesson learned for fu-
ture operations you know to
have sufficient forces to hold the

We were filming a petrol
queue one day, in a street near
our office. These queues are a
sight that has become almost as
much a feature of Baghdad life
since the invasion as the kebab
stands and street-side tea shops.
Nearly five years since the
invasion, the country with the
world's second largest oil re-
serves still can't meet its own
fuel needs.
As always, because of the
risk of kidnap or attack, we
didn't plan to stay. long, espe-
cially as we were out in the
open- We had enough shots of
the queue, hundreds of cars

long, snaking off into the back-
streets. We were filming the
piece-to-camera. The camera-
man I was working with asked
me to do another take.
Suddenly, our chief driver -
who I will call Ali shouted out-
"That's it, time to go. It's the
same guys."
We didn't need to hear any
more. His tone told us all we
needed to know. We were al-
ready moving towards our ve-
hicle. As we got in, I saw the
car Ali had spotted, now mov-
ing away on the other side of
the road an old dented
Mercedes, three men inside.
"I saw them watching us
before," he said. "And then they
came back again. I think that
was close." He was driving fast
Reporting for the BBC is
always a team effort, but even
more so in Iraq, with its many
and constant threats. I was
lucky to work with many
great people there like Ali,
who literally kept us all

As the violence worsened, it
became harder and harder for
everyone working there but for
our Iraqi local staff most of alL
They live secret lives, only
telling their very closest rela-
tives what they really do. They
live in constant fear that their
work with foreigners will be
discovered effectively a death
I've lost count of the num-
ber of people I know who have
either been killed or fled the
country in the time I was based
in Iraq.
"When you look at Iraq
now, you have only to cry,"
a professor at Baghdad
University said to me last
She had supported the US
invasion and believed after de-
cades of Saddam's rule life in
Iraq would finally change.
There may be a possibility
of change now, nearly five years
But to Saddam's terrible
legacy has been added another
five years of trauma.
Tens, hundreds of thou-
sands of people have been
killed and new wounds have
been opened. Whatever any-
one hopes, Iraq may not be
ready to heal yet.



Proposals are invited from suitably qualified and experienced companies to provide Security
Services at the Government Technical Institute.

Proposals accompanied by an outline of experienced and capacity (human or otherwise) must be
addressed to:

The Chairman
GTI Board ofGovernors
Thru'The Principal
GovernmentTechnical Institute
Woolford Avenue
Non-Parinel Park

Closing date is Weidesday, January 30, 2008 at 15:30h.

The Guyana/ Suriname

Ferry Service will not be

operating on Christmas

Day, Boxing Day and New

Year's Day. Management

regrets any inconvenience

caused by this interruption

of the Service.


We wish to advise all our policyholders and the general
public that our offices will be closed for business on
Monday, December 24,2007.

We will be reopened for business on
Thursday, 27 December, 2007.

We wish to thank you for your support during 2007 and
we look forward to providing even better service in the
New Year. -




- _

-.", 7Len%\,


225-5912 225-7174

225-6508 227-5204

225-7082 227-5216


No. 8 (2007) GUYANA


The Motor Tug 'William J' is a sunken wreck approximately eight (8)
miles off the Essequibo Coast in the vicinity of Anna Regina in Latitude
07 15.385 N Longitude 58 21.294 W. The exact position of this
wreck is not known as it is not visible and it is considered
dangerous to navigation.

Mariners are therefore, asked to navigate with extreme caution when in
this general area and to report to the Harbour Master through the
Georgetown Lighthouse on VHF Radio Channel 16 or 14 or telephone
number 226-9871, on any information relating to the location of this

V. Skeete
Harbour Master (ag)

December 18,2007



The United States Embassy in Georgetown is seeking an individual for the
position of Supply Clerk The incumbent performs clerical supply,
ordering and inventory tasks. Requirements are: completion of secondary
school, with CXC or equivalent pass in Math; one or more years of related
supply or clerical work; good working knowledge of English: good
working knowledge of record keeping concepts; must be able to type and
possess basic computer skills and have knowledge of software programs.
Persons wishing to apply may request an application form on-line at
HROGeorgetownH( or in person at the Embassy's VIP guard
booth on Duke Street, Monday to Friday, 7.30 a.m. to 4.00 p.m. If you
choose to submit a resume, it must contain ALL information contained in
the application form. Closing date is January 4, 2008. Completed
applications should be e-mailed to the above address or sent via mail to:

Human Resources Office
(Supply Clerk)
American Embassy
100 Duke Street

Sunday Chronicle December 23, 2007

. ^

1' '
U .
': .. :

~ e;e


12/21/2007, 7:27 PM

Page XXV

ARIES -- There will be a tough decision for you to make today -- are you
going to do what you know you should do, or are you going to do what you
want to do? Take a step back and look at potential problems that could de-
velop if you take the easy route. The longer you delay doing the necessary
work, the bigger these challenges will grow. The best attitude for you today
is to just dive in and get things over with. Tomorrow you will have a lot more
flexibility to do what you want.
TAURUS -- There will be a tough decision for you to make today -- are you
going to do what you know you should do, or are you going to do what you
want to do? Take a step back and look at potential problems that could de-
velop if you take the easy route. The longer you delay doing the necessary
work, the bigger these challenges will grow. The best attitude for you today
is to just dive in and get things over with. Tomorrow you will have a lot more
flexibility to do what you want.
GEMINI -- Too much of one thing is boring and stifling to your energy level.
After all, variety is the spice of life. So today, you have got to try to mix things
up and change your daily routine around. It doesn't matter how you do it.
You can take a new route to work or school, wear an old pair of shoes from
the back of your closet, or book yourself a flight out of the country. Just do
something that puts you in an unfamiliar situation or place today! It will ener-
gize you.
CANCER -- Turn your attentions toward resolving unfinished business to-
day. Is there a project you left half-finished? A person who is waiting to hear
from you? An errand you need to run? Get to it as soon as you can, this
morning. Minor slip-ups could turn into major headaches- if you're not care-
ful. Don't be shy -- you need to come out of your shell and make as many
phone calls as it takes to reconnect with the people you need to speak with.
You'll be grateful you went through all the effort.
LEO -- Join in on a team effort today with gusto, and you will get a rush out
of getting involved -- even if you don't think there is much in it for you. Start
taking a more impersonal point of view of things today, and motivate your-
self to act for the greater good, not just for your own happiness or comfort.
Give up your seat for an older person, loan someone your umbrella, let some-
one else get that killer parking space -- make a gesture that's generous, simple
and polite.
VIRGO -- An unexpected turn in the spotlight is something you should em-
brace today. Any stage fright is unwarranted, because the audience you'll be
in front of is extremely friendly. Above all else, be calm. Everyone is rooting
for you, and you can feed on that positive energy to get the strength you
need to make an impression. Your heart is struggling with a choice -- share
your dilemma with someone who's unfamiliar with your past and get a fresh
LIBRA -- An unexpected turn in the spotlight is something you should em-
brace today. Any stage fright is unwarranted, because the audience you'll be
in front of is extremely friendly. Above all else, be calm. Everyone is rooting
for you, and you can feed on that positive energy to get the strength you
need to make an impression. Your heart is struggling with a choice -- share
your dilemma with someone who's unfamiliar with your past and get a fresh
SCORPIO -- There is a time and a place for mixing finances with your friend-
ships, but that time is most certainly not today! All signs say you should
keep your money and your friends very separate today. This includes gener-
ous gestures, so do not even offer to buy someone a cup of-coffee -- and let
others know, kindly, that you can pick up your own tab if they want to treat
you to lunch. There is a high likelihood that someone could end up feeling
taken advantage of.
SAGITTARIUS -- t is not only perfectly reasonable to utilize your emotions
in a business context, it is highly recommended, today! You have a sixth sense
about what other people are thinking, and that could be incredibly helpful for
everyone involved in an important project. Look at the people whose actions
seem very inconsistent with the philosophy they like to talk about all the time.
They are not coming clean about something, A few well-timed questions could
help them reveal all their secrets.
CAPRICORN -- Let your eyes and body language do all your talking today.
A lot can be communicated with an arched eyebrow, nod of the head or clap
of the hands -- and often what they say has a lot more impact than anything
you could think to say verbally. This does not just apply to a romantic flirta-
tion. Even in business meetings or other professional, environments, you
should try to say things with as few words as possible. Today, nonverbal
communication is the best way to get your point across.
AQUARIUS -- The stage is set for you to make quite a debut today ... and
the folks in the audience are huge fans of yours! You shouldn't be worried
about making a good impression. You should only worry about staying too
long in the spotlight -- a couple of delicate egos are in the scheduled lineup.
You can afford to be generous with your time, so you should -- it would be a
wise political move. You can own any event today, from a sizzling social affair
to a staid business meeting.
PISCES -- Despite the overwhelming good energy that is zooming through
the air today, you might not be feeling like a very happy camper. What could
be causing you to feel so out of sorts? If you're completely honest with your-
self, you might admit that you have been taking things a bit too personally
lately. You would do well to add another layer i your armor -- if you let
people's careless comments get you down, yor von't stay focused on the
right issues right now.



'-"undav-ChronicleDecember 23. 2007

The Environment and

Religious Beliefs

Some Churches are developing techniques to incorporate envi-
ronmental concerns into church activities. Moreover. several
churches are conducting environmental awareness programmes and
have developed declarations stating the position they hold with
respect to the environment.

Hello Readers, "
This week we will look at the connection between religious
beliefs and the environment. Think about your religious be-
liefs. Are you a Christian, Hindu or Muslim? Can you link
your beliefs to the environment?
Every religion has an environmental component. In other words,
in every religion, nature is viewed as valuable. Therefore, leaders
and governments can and sometimes do use religious beliefs to help
protect the environment, a strategy that has been quite successful.
Today's article will show the connection between the respec-
tive religious beliefs and the environment. It will also focus on how
these respective beliefs have been successful in promoting environ-
mental protection.

Christianity and Nature
Christians believe that the whole of creation is God's handi-
work and it belongs to Him.
"The earth is the Lord's and all that is in it." Psalms 24:1
When God created the earth, He established a covenant with
humanity. He gave mankind the responsibility of taking care of cre-
Christians therefore see themselves as stewards. The word stew-
ard comes from the Greek words for house and manager. Taken lit-
erally a steward
means manager of God's household. According to the Bible hu-
mans are a part of nature. The Bibles says:
"The Lord God formed man from the dust of the ground..."
Genesis 2:7
The Bible also speaks against cruelty to animals, if an animal
has collapsed under a load one has a duty to help it.

Christianity and Environmental Protection

The Hindu View of Nature
In Hinduism, there is an absolute god. Besides having su-
premacy over all creatures, he can take the form of any creature
when he wishes. Hence, to Hindus all creation is sacred.
For Hindus nature is part of god, humans animals and even
non-living items e.g. water and soil. The Absolute One is in con-
trol and he determines when an animal should die and when one
should be born.
Hindus greatly respect animals. This is so because Hindus be-
lieve that the Supreme Being was himself incarnated into the form
of various species. Some of these incarnations included a fish, a
tortoise and a boar.

Hinduism and Environmental Protection
The town of Vrindavan, located in India is one of the most
sacred sites in all of Hinduism. According to Hindu beliefs, Lord
Krishna lived in Vrindavan. Due to its great religious significance
the town has become a pilgrimage center for Hindus. But the crush
of people coupled with the growing population started to affect
the town in a negative manner. The water supply began to dwindle.
The Yamuna River was heavily polluted with industrial wastes.
Traffic increased and large portions of forests began to disappear.
Krishna devotees realized that there was a need for remedial
action, so they formed a movement. To generate support they used
the following quote: "one who cares for Krishna cares for his land."
Community members were involved in the planting of over 2000
trees and shrubs of great religious significance. Plant nurseries were
created and two parks were constructed.
Next was the problem of sewage disposal. Vrindavan had a sew-
age system but the main pipe line was never constructed. As a
result, sewage flowed into streets and settled in the lower areas,
posing a possible health threat. Therefore, two suggestions were
made: firstly, it was recommended that since the traditional method

of recycling waste into fertilizer (composting) worked in the past.
then it should be implemented once again. Secondly, the use of la-
trines also worked in the past, so this method was also recommended
to be implemented.
Today, this restoration project has been completed but it would
not be sufficient to clean up and not put into effect measures to
prevent a repeat of the past. Therefore, in each of Vrindavan's
thirty-five schools environmental education is taught with empha-
sis on the link between the Hindu faith and nature.

The Islamic View of Nature
Islam teaches that the earth and all creatures were created by
Allah. Every creature has a unique function and although they serve
humanity, this is not the only reason for their existence. Creation,
according to the Qu'ran tells of Allah's awesome power and con-
tinuously praises him.
"The seven heavens and the earth and all that is therein praise
Him." Qu'ran 17:4
Therefore to protect and take care for creation implies that one
has great respect for the Creator.

Islam and Environmental Protection
Since the time of the Prophet Mohammed to now the concept
of Hima, has existed. It involves the setting aside of areas not to be
developed and whose protection somehow improves the welfare
of the lesser class of people. This is practiced greatly in Saudi
Arabia. Across the Middle East several Muslim environmental
organizations have been formed. These organizations seek to link
Islamic teachings with development policies and environmental pro-
Guyana can be considered a religious country. All three major
religions practiced espouse the close relation of God and the envi-
ronment. If we as a people recognize that we serve our religion
and God by positive actions to the environment surely we can
achieve the goal of environmental conservation.

You can also share your ideas and questions by
sending your letters to: "Our Environment", c/o EIT
Division. Environmental Protection Agency, 256
Earl's Avenue, Subryanville. Or email us at with questions and

Foreign Exchange Market Activities
Summary Indicators
Friday, December 14, 2007 Wednesday, December 19, 2007
Buying Rate Selling Rate
Bank of Baroda 200.00 200.00 206.00 206.00
Bank of Nova Scotia 195.00 198.00 206.00 206.00
Citizens Bank 192.00 200.00 203.25 205.25
Demerara Bank 197.00 199.00 202.00 203.00
GBTI 195.00 195.00 204.00 205.00
RBGL 200.00 200.00 204.00 206.00
Bank Average 196.50 198.67 204.21 205.21

Nonbank Cambios Av. (5 largest) 200.35 203.60

BoG Weighted Average Exchange Rate: US$1.00 = G$203.50

B. Canadian Dollar
BankAverage 167.75 177.55 188.59 .. 191.55
C. Pound Sterling

Bank Average 355.50 380.30 399.46 407.58

D. Euro
Bank Average 240.00 263.00 267.50 281.40
E. Selected Caricom Exchange F. LIBOR US$ G. Prime Rate
Rates London Interbank Offered
Rate for Mon., Dec. 10, 2007
TT$= G$ 28.81
Bdos$= G$ 91.74 6 months 4.96750% US 7.50%
J$= G$ 4.45 1 year 4.55250% Guyana (wgt.) 13.90%
EC$= G$ 67.83
Belize$ = G$ 94.72
Source: International Department, Bank of Guyana.

Page 3 & 26 p65

- .5,
- '~~~~e---.



Question: I am employed, possess a NIS card and a National
Identification Card. I would like to know if I still need to use the ID
card and the NIS card if I now have a TIN.

Answer: YES. The Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) does not
replace any of those cards, nor does it replace your Passport.

The TIN is issued by the Guyana Revenue Authority to taxpayers who
will have to conduct business with the GRA, Public Corporations and
the Central Bank.

It means that entities such as the National Insurance Scheme carn request
that you present your TIN when having a transaction done with them
but TIN cannot to be used instead of these cards.
You should also be reminded that TIN is a NLUM'BER and only replaces
numbers previously issued by GRA.

(If you have questions on the Taxpayer Identification Number, kindly
contact the Registry, GPO Buildimn. Robb Street. Georgetown. Telephone,
225 5587 or 227 73 10 ext 222 or 221.)



Sunday ihroni'cle Decemtier 23, 2007


Rapper DMX holds up his award after being named
Male Entertainer of the Year at the 14th annual Soul
Train Music Awards on March 4, 2000. After being
released from his Sony Music deal earlier this year,
DMX has signed a deal with the music division of
Canadian online gaming company Bodog
Entertainment.(Gary Hershorn/Reuters)

DMX back in business

with new label deal
After being released from his Sony Music deal earlier this
year, rapper DMX has signed a deal with the music divi-
sion of Canadian online gaming company Bodog Entertain-
The rapper plans to release his next two albums, "Walk
With Me Now" and "You'll Fl. With Me Later" in 2008. His
lone album for Sons after leaving Def Jam, "Year of the Dog ...
Again" was released in 2006 and has sold 329,000 copies in
the United States, according to Nielsen SoundScan.
Bodog Music recently snagged international distribu-
tion rights for the Wu-Tang Clan's comeback album, "8
Diagrams." (Reuters/Billboard)

J0 Winehouse is arrested by police

Singer Amy Winehouse has been released on bail after police
arrested her in connection with an investigation into pervert-
ing the course of justice.
Her husband, Blake Fielder-Civil, 25, has been remanded in cus-
tody charged with attempting to pervert the course of justice.
Mr Fielder-Civil, from Camden, north London, is due to ap-
pear in court next month to face the charge.
He has also been charged with inflicting grievous bodily harm.
Earlier, a Scotland Yard spokeswoman said: "A 24-year-old
woman has been arrested by appointment at an east London police
A statement was released on Amy Winehouse's behalf.
It said: "Amy Winehouse attended a London police station to-
day on a voluntary basis at a pre-agreed time.
"She was arrested, as is common practice, she is being inter-
viewed by police.
"No charges have been brought."
It is alleged that Mr Fielder-Civil, along with 39-year-old
Michael Brown from Holloway, north London, attacked pub land-
lord James King at the Macbeths public house in Hoxton, east Lon-
don, in June last year.
Police also suspect they then conspired to pervert the course
of justice by offering Mr King a significant amount of money to
withdraw his allegation and leave the country.
Two other men facing the same charge are Anthony Kelly, 25,
from Chalk Farm, north-west London, and James King, 36, from

WINEHOUSE recently scrapped her tour in order to rest
Risley, Derbyshire.
All four have been remanded in custody until next month and
are expected to go on trial in June.
Ms Winehouse has been in the headlines all year after reports
of drug use, rehabilitation treatment and cancelled performances -
as well as awards success and a best-selling album.
She cancelled her remaining UK tour dates following her
husband's arrest.

I am very happy to be working

in dad's film" Shahid
SHAHID Kapoor, nation's heartthrob, has moved ahead after
the success of his filmn JAB WE MET. After giving successful
hits like 'Vivaah' and 'Jab We Met', Shahid has proved to be a
fantastic actor. He is being praised by everyone around him
for his acting skills.
Recently at the ITA awards 2007 Shahid gave away the award
to his father. While giving away the award Shahid became very emo-
tional and said. 'It is an honour for me to felicitate my father. I
would be very happy if I even achieve 1/4th of what my father has
Pankaj Kapoor who never praises anyone was very happy at
--,---- ..... that moment and on this occasion he praised his son Shahid for his
fabulous acting in Vivaah and Jab We Met. He even said that he
was confident that one day Shahid will become a successful actor.
SShahid is going to be directed by his father in one of his
forthcoming film. According to Shahid, "I am very happy that
I am working in my dad's film. It is a great feeling to work
with such a great actor."


Cookery Corner

Welcome to the 483rd edition of
"Champion Cookery Corner", a
weekly feature giving recipes and
tips on cooking in Guyana.

I'1 3ep I S

1 lb stewing beef or beef brisket
I lb pig trotters or cow heel
lb pig tail
cup cassareep
I red hot pepper
1 cinnamon stick
I ounce sugar
2 stalks hasii
I bunch ine ftrCesh thyme
I large chopped onion
3 chopped garlic cloves

Soak pig tails and scald. Cook cow heel or trotiers in
covered pan with water to buil. Skim. '.... halt
tender add all the other meats hot water tos over.
Add all other ingredients and simmer gently for
about one hour until imat is tender. Adjust flavor
Sith salt and sugar.

Note: This dish develops flavor when left over a
period of days. If left unrefrigerated. it must be
reheated to a boil every day.

Pepperpot is popularly served with dense bread and
butter or cassava bread. though it is equally as good
with rice or roti.

SGarlic Pork

Garlic Pork,

3-4 lbS. lean pork
2 pints apple cider vinegar (regular
vinegar can be used, but the apple cider
vinegar reduces the acidity)
2 lb. garlic
1 bunch line i ..
6-8 wirri-wirn peppers
4-6 closes
4 isp. sl11t. or to ihslc

Pound the garlic. peppers, and thyme. Add to
the rest of the vinegar with the salt and clove.
Pour this mixture over the pork. making siuce
that there is enough liquid to cover

.eate .to soak for 3-4 days. or loncr il
possible se as desired.

i' '

Cut the pork into suitable pieces., say in, a pa. .put the pork with very little
inch long \x inch wide x inch thick. .inega.r liquid and leaxe to boil until liu
_. '.,'. .. Fry the pork. in theil fat lthl. \
Steep the pork in a solution of 1 4 .pl :eted '' ,.- boiling, until bro:

vinegar and water, then remove the pork
pieces. Put in a large jar or bottle.

C.,1- ., P.k "
Black Pt.,v,,

Note: for thw c ,who do not eat porr, beef niy i)eI
c1Fh RFR tIf.

- Garam Masl.a

__ _ _ _ -- a--.-'-- ~~"-

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i.-.: -,. rb4 ,


Smith thank


premiere fan:

I Am Legend opened with takings of $76.5m (37.9m) in the US

I i
' I
! .
'] \
' \ '

Will Smith greeted fans in London's I eicester Square
at the premiere of his latest film, I ATm Legend.
The actor signed autographs for nearly an hoir despite
sub-zero temperatures. !
He told fans: "I just wanted to say,thank you very
much it's cold out here but you've made my heat feel
warm. Thank you!"
Smith, 39, plays a military scientist who is the last sur-
viving resident of New York City after a virus wipes out
the population. I
He told Radio One Newsbeat about how he researched
the role.
"I found a couple of guys who had been former pris-
oners of war and people who were in solitary confine-
ment, and they just walked me through the psycho-
logical deterioration of being confined," he said.
Smith added that he was pleased the film had already
done so well at the US box office.
The sci-fi thriller scored a record opening .ith takings
of $76.5m (37.9m) in its first three days.
It is the best December opening of all time, beating the
$72.6m (36m) start for Lord of the Rings: Return of the
King in 2003.
The film opens in the UK on 26 December.

R. Kelly avoids
having bond revoked
R. Kelly avoided having his bond revoked Friday in his
child pornography case, but a judge admonished him for
missing an earlier court hearing.
The R&B superstar apologized to Cook County Judge
Vincent Gaughan, who set a May 9 trial date.
Kelly, 40, has pleaded not guilty to child pornography
charges for allegedly videotaping sex acts with a young teenage
girl in or before 2000.
He missed his Wednesday court appearance when his tour
bus was delayed in Utah because its logbooks didn't document
enough rest time for the driver.
Gaughan said that in similar situations in the future, Kelly
must fly to make his court dates on time.
He also ordered the singer to cancel a Jan. 13 concert
to ensure that he makes a Jan. 14 court date.

"My video is going to be

outrageously outrageous"

. .. . .

". .... L

Sherlyn Chopra, the 'Outrageous' kid in Bollywood is all set
to release her album OUTRAGEOUS-The End of the Begin-
ning. And with the launch of OUTRAGEOUS, Sherlyn Chopra
is increasingly turning out to be a 'nice package' of talent and
Music Giants T-Series have officially signed her to release the
album 'Outrageous'. The girl with attitude surely has what it takes.
She has a crack team in place for the album. A very international
looking video has been shot by Ad legend Prahlad Kakkar, with
designer Wendell Rodricks designing her outfits and 'ace Ashley Lobo
choreographing some wild outrageous dance moves. And with mu-
sic giants T-Series backing her up, OUTRAGEOQU promises to
be the biggest launch in India.
Says Ajay Kapoor, T-Series, "OUTRAGEOUS' is a nice al-
bum. When Sherlyn Chopra came to us with the ilbum, we in-
stantly liked what she did. The songs are very trendy and youth-
ful and will connect with the youth. She is very talented. We
have officially signed her for her album 'Outrageous'.
He adds, "In fact the title track 'Outrageous' is very
catchy and goes with the music trend today. We are mutu-
ally looking at releasing the album in December. An elabo-
rate promotion plan too is being chalked out with channels
and promotional city tours. Sherlyn has got the attitude,
2'. and it reflects in her album. We would like to wish her the
:* very best for her debigalbum 'Outrageous'.
Says Sherlyn" I have always been singing since
my teenager's days. With OUTRAGEOUS, I will
showcase my talent as a singer, lyricist, composer
and obviously as a hot and glamorous actress in
the video. The visuals in the video are going to
be outrageously outrageous and it will appeal
more to the youth than any other age group,
because the youth have a better understand-
ing of sex than adults."

Page 1 & 28.p65

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