Guyana chronicle

Material Information

Guyana chronicle
Portion of title:
Sunday chronicle
Place of Publication:
Georgetown, Guyana
Guyana National Newspaper Ltd.,
Guyana National Newspaper Ltd.
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
Daily[Nov. 21, 1983-]
Daily (except Monday)[ FORMER Dec. 1, 1975-Nov. 30, 1983]
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 45 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Georgetown (Guyana) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Guyana -- Georgetown


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1 (Dec. 1, 1975)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Publication suspended: Oct. 12-24, 1983.
General Note:
Sunday ed. published as: Sunday chronicle.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Guyana National Newspaper Ltd. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
29013105 ( OCLC )
sn 93049190 ( LCCN )
UF00088915_00180 ( sobekcm )
Newspaper N & CPR ( lcc )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Guyana graphic

UFDC Membership

Caribbean Newspapers, dLOC
University of Florida

Full Text

The Chronicle is at

K ^. .... m .. . ?I\frl

Brits less popular after
Europeans get to know them
BRUSSELS (Reuters) A poll of Europeans showed
people of different nationalities liked each other
more after getting to know each Qther, except in the
case of the British who became less popular.
A project organized by the Notre Europe think tank
brought together 362 citizens from 27 EU states for
two days of deliberations in Brussels last weekend.
They were asked their views on a range of issues

before and after the event, including how much they liked or dis-
liked Germai, French, Polish, Italian, British and Spanish people.
The Spaniards were most popular with 78.6 percent approval
at the end of the weekend. The Polis the least with 67 percent.
But all nationalities gained in popularty, bar the British who
went from 4 70.3 percent approval rating at the start of the week-
end to 68.1 percent by the end.
Professor James Fishkin-of Staford-University in the United
States, who developed ithe pulling t chqiqua used, urged some cau-
tion about the findings. I
"I would be careful about drainmg too much inference about
people disliking the British it's small 4nd not significant, but
I! -

you know, it is what it is, and it did happen that way."
Fishkin said he did not think .France's defeat by England
in the rugby World Cup semi-final in between the two polls
had had 'an influence, even though the number of French
participants in the survey was disproportionately high.

u... .1

Training in,






TRAINING in agro-businessiwill be administered by the Guyana School of Agriculture and technical institutions on
the Essequibo Coast from next year, Minister of Agriculture Robert Persaud announced yesterday.

Page three

False and


Editorial in


STABROEK News of Friday,
October 19, 2007 carried a reprint of
an Editorial from the Trinidad
Express of October 17, 2007,
enamored with gross inaccuracies and
reflecting a commitment to its
campaign of denial and
misinformation. Page two
' _______ __

- To t .- ," -" ,.1. w -

- .-. '.--' -,- 2- d Oc t 2007


IN recognition of Breast
Cancer Awareness
Month. Avon
yesterday wrapped
trees along Camp
Street between
Lamaha and Middle
Streets, and marched
along the route.. The
company is hoping to
spread the message of
the effects and
prevention of breast
cancer through a
number of activities.

: ~.--i .'

t0eim0wQe07 WpM


C-~~dB% :






False and

anFas xt oria

f Trinidad IExpress

STABROEK News of Friday,
October 19, 2007 carried a re-
print of an Editorial from the
Trinidad Express of October
17, 2007, enamored with
gross inaccuracies and re-
flecting a commitment to its
campaign of denial and mis-
A statement from the Gov-
ernment Information Agency
yesterday said were it not so
blatantly false and misleading as
well as conveying a damaging
accusation attributed to Presi-
dent Bharrat Jagdeo, there
would have been no need for a
The statement read, "For
the record, President Jagdeo

never expressed a view as
claimed in the Express that the
Stabroek News is "hostile" and
"biased" against his Govern-
"On the contrary. as has
been stated without any rebut-
tal. if criticisms against the Gov-
ernment were the reasons for
withdrawal of the advertise-
ments. then Kaieteur News
would not receive any Govern-
ment advertisements, as
Kaieteur News daily carries an
abundance of hard criticisms of
Government officials and the
Administration's developmental
For the record, the with-
drawal of advertisements relates

to Stabroek News' declining cir-
culation. For the Government.
the issue of placing advertise-
ments pertains to economics and
maximisation of the impact of
its advertisement dollar.
"Stabroek News' apparent
obsession with linking the with-
drawal of advertisements to vio-
lations of press freedom in
Guyana cannot withstand any
reasonable degree of scrutiny.
"At any rate, this mis-
leading Editorial in the
Trinidad Express does not in-
duce any surprise, as the
Trinidad Express is a share-
holder of Stabroek News,"
the GINA statement con-

SUNDAY CHRONICLE October 21, 2007

CLICO (Guyana) is expanding its services in the ancient county of Berbice with the establishment
of a new branch office which officially opened its doors for business on Friday last.
This was followed by another successful hosting of the CLICO DAY of Races. a sporting
event beloved by Berbicians.
Berbicians can now access the superior financial services offered by CLICO at the new loca-
tion Corriverton Berbice, (Anamayah Law Office). according to a CLICO press release.
CLICO says. in a statement, that it has continuously contributed towards the development of
the Ancient County.
Recently. visitors to the Berbice Expo were awed at the Company's significant contribution of
a spectacular fireworks display, arguably the highlight of the 2007 exhibition.
The release said the opening of the new branch comes at a time when CLICO (Guyana) is
prepared to "go beyond" for its existing and potential customers offering superior service and
unmatched customer care.
Chief Executive Officer, CLICO (Guyana). Ms. Geeta Singh-Knight noted. "our fur-
ther expansion should reassure Berbicians of our continued dedication towards the devel-
opment of the Ancient County."

Toshaos conference opens today
Training and governance issues will be the main highlights of the Toshaos conference opening
today at the Guyana International Conference Centre, Liliendaal.
Toshaos and Senior Councillors from more than 100 Amerindian communities will deliberate on
several topics and engage in training sessions to ensure they have the necessary skills to effectively
execute their duties.
Toshaos will be trained to conduct the duties of Rural Constables and Justices of the Peace. while
the Toshaos' Representative to the Indigenous Peoples Commission will be nominated.
Another pertinent issue to be addressed is the formulation of village rules with respect to identity,
land, culture, development and taxation.
With the established rules, Amerindian village leaders can decide who will be a member of
the community, who can vote in the village and occupy lands to undertake activities such as
farming, fishing and hunting.
Under the new Amerindian Act, Village councils have the power to collect taxes in their community
to further its development.
The Ministry of Amerindian Affairs Toshaos' conference titled "Building Capacity for Good Governance" is
in keeping with the Government's commitment to developing Amerindian communities and in particular to en-
hancing the skills of the communities' leaders to improve governance and over-all development.
The conference ends Friday. (GINA)

VA" AWc :A c :"

The Bank of Guyana is inviting applications from suitably qualified persons to
fill the following vacancy of Director in its Research Department.
Full details including the requirements and job description for this position
can be obtained by accessing the Bank's website at www.bankofguyana.orggy.
Application along with a detailed Curriculum Vitae should be submitted to
the Bank not later than FRIDAY, November 16, 2007 and should be
addressed to:


your vibe.,,

Say itwith

Free A


after~ ins[Eeryday
3.- t
E S.

a ** 0 5 *

.3 -.
- -lz~

Expect More Get More.


DRAW DATE 2007-10-20




191 153



MONDAY 2007-10-15 08 11 *17 18 14
TUESDAY 2007-10-16 01 21 02 19 '06
WEDNESDAY2007-10-17 13 09. 15 11 '21
THURSDAY 2007-10-18 24 14 16 08 21


2007-10-18 12

-*atud 73a to:0p

'18 04 19 16

6 W S W1

FREE TICKET \ \ 2007-10-20


I Plar,

SUNDAY CHRONICLE October 21, 2007 3

Training in agro-business

from next year

By Tajeram Mohabir
TRAINING in agro-business
will be administered by the
Guyana School of Agriculture
and technical institutions on
the Essequibo Coast from
next year, Minister ofAgricul-
ture Robert Persaud an-
nounced yesterday.
The training programme, he
said, is part of the ministry's
programme to move away from
traditional modes of agriculture,
and to produce entrepreneurs
capable of setting up, managing
and organizing their own busi-
Most Essequibians depend
on fanning for a living, the Min-
ister noted, but he said the sec-
tor cannot rely on the traditional
forms of agriculture any longer
but must move into the realm of
Minister Persaud was
speaking to students, teachers,
parents and education officials at
the opening of an agriculture ca-
reer fair at the Anna Regina
Multilateral School.

He said moving away
from traditional forms of ag-
riculture make will ensure
that Guyana remains com-
petitive on the regional and
international markets.
Mr. Persaud said utilising
modern technology in agricul-
ture will spur growth and ex-
pansion in the sector.
He noted that in the drive
to encourage agriculture in
schools, the government spent
some $500, 000 this year to en-
sure students have increased ac-
cess to tools and demonstration
Focusing'on Essequibo, the
Minister noted that the region
is primarily an agriculture belt
and government has invested
some $ IB to ensure proper
drainage and irrigation system
which is critical to the survival

of the main livelihood of resi-
dents there.
He said the investment
provides for the current re-
pairs to the Westbury and
Golden Fleece sluices. In ad-
dition he noted that the four

prime independent Dawa
pumps will be replaced to ex-
pand drainage capacity in key
rice growing areas.
Government is spending
some $100M to upgrade the four
pumps used to boost drainage
and irrigation at Anna Regina
and Cozier on the Essequibo
Also, the Minister said,
some $125 M has been spent

*SALES RKS Former Mathematics Lecturer
*PORTERS of the University of Guyana
APPLY WTH REFERENCESTO: is offeng lessons at the
_3j, 4', 5" and 6' Form levels..

99 First &Albert Streets. Alberttow
Tel. 2254160,2276122.

15 u .. q r
Tel 21-95,'938060~


These persons are no longer employed at Courts Guyana Inc.
as Collectors and are not authorized to transact any business on
behalf of the Company.
Xl~ By Order of Management
Adtl wl VRia d sialuyif

this year to enhance drainage at
Charity and Supernaam. In ad-
dition, three excavators have
been stationed at Pomeroon to
carry out critical works. He
stressed that these interventions
by government are pivotal to
ensuring growth and expansion
of agriculture in the region.
In addition, he said rice and
other crop farmers in the region

have been benefitting from tech-
nical support provided through
agriculture extension services.
Officials from the Minis-
try have increased their vis-
its to farmers to carry-out
workshops in forestry and
the proper use of pesticides
and toxic chemicals, among
several other key areas of in-
terest to farmers.



1999 model, Green colour, AT210
4.6 metre long, spacious, 1587 cc
42000 Km, excellent condition

Contact: Mr. Rama
Indian High Commission
307 Church & Peter Rose Streets
Queenstown, Georgetown
Tel: 227-7573 or 226-3996
225-0968 (Residence)


SBlackberry j samsung
oonn rI d840 1.


223-5282, 223-6006

Sony HTC Nokia
z710 s620 e61
$90,000 $140,000 30,000
S90,00BK ] B $1 3 0n,00.

$80,000 $120,000 '$110,000
AUTO ZONE: 105 REGENT ST TEL: 227-8030,2278096

1/4" to 1%" available from stock. Special order on larger sizes

T L-3- 4 6 2S 2A33 4L9 FROtM Sr i O

Email swis Ccmabin net rise'.D O is


S $100,000

I -- ------.--- ""

- ii



---1----~-----"11- -------~1--1~ ----~--

.,' ~"4


4 SUIRAY CHRONCLE October 21, 2007

r r yMIL JM

-., -

i' 4L:

ElF Il~1dIF1Thl~ ilPiT~IiTlU

TEHRAN (Reuters) Iran's
chief nuclear negotiator has
;resigned and the man named
'to replace Ali Larijani could
present the West with a
.harder line in a long-run-
ning dispute over Tehran's
atomic ambitions.
Saturday's announcement
,exposed a rift over tactics with
President Mahmoud
'Ahmadinejad, who accepted
Larijani's resignation and has
taken an uncompromising ap-
proach in the nuclear standoff.
Analysts say Saeed Jalili,
the senior foreign ministry offi-
pial replacing Larijani, is close to
the president and his appoint-
ment showed that those deter-
inined to defy the West were

gaining a greater influence in de-
A government spokesman
said there would be no policy
Western states fear Tehran
wants to build atomic bombs.
They have imposed two sets of
sanctions through the United
Nations and are considering a
third. Iran, the world's fourth
largest oil producer, insists its
aim is only to produce electric-
"Larijani has resigned due
to personal reasons, but this
does not mean changes in, poli-
cies and programs," said govern-
ment spokesman
Gholamhossein Elham, the offi-
cial IRNA news agency re-

Top Flat Building

At Lot 17 Brickdam

5 Rooms- 1500 ft.
Price negotiable
Call Mr. Sayroo 225-0683-5




L L'et 5, containing an area of 100.866 acres,
being part of Belmont, East Bank Berbice.

Fenders must be sealed in an enveloped marked "Tender
or Property and placed in the Tender Boxes at our
vlain Office at 230 Camp and South Streets, Georgetown
)r our Rose Hall Branch Office at Lot 71 Public Road,
lose Ilall, Corentvnc. Berbice no later than 14:00 hours
mn Wednesday October 31. : :l-

The Bank reserves the right not to accept the highest
or any Tender, without assigning a reason.

Larijani, secretary of Iran's
Supreme National Security
Council and chief nuclear nego-
tiator since 2005, had been set
to meet EU foreign policy chief
Javier Solana in Rome on Tues-
day for more discussions about


Iran's nuclear ambitions.
The European Union said
the talks would go ahead.
"We have just spoken to the
Iranians. Solana is keeping
to his plan to travel to Rome
on Tuesday and will meet
whatever senior negotiator
the Iranians send," an EU
spokeswoman said.

A car burns next to a truck which had carried former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto
during her welcome rally in Karachi October 19, 2007. (REUTERS/Athar Hussain)

Photo of

Karachi bomber


KARACHI (Reuters) -
Pakistani police released a
photograph on Saturday of
a suicide bomber .who
killed at least 139 people,
as opposition leader
Benazir Bhutto worked out
her next step after the
bloody start to her
comeback campaign.
The militant threat

5 bedrooms, self-contained, large Hall,
Kitchen and Garage
Price negotiable_

Invitation is extended to all Organizations which are
involved in Volunteerism in Guyana to apply for
Award in recognition of Outstanding Volunteers.

Nomination Forms may be uplifted from the
Department oflnternational Co-operation, Mintistry
of Foreign Trade and International Cooperation,
Takuba Lodger 254 South Road, Georgetown from
October 22-29.2 l between 09:00 h and 16:00 h.

The closing date for completion and retur-n of all
nomination torm-s is October 30.2007.

demonstrated to such
devastating effect in Karachi on
Friday raised fears over the
prospects for a national election
due in early January that is
supposed to mark a transition
from military-led to civilian-led
Prime Minister
Shaukat Aziz said the
general election would not
be affected but government
officials had indicated that
campaigning could be
restricted because of
security worries.
Newspapers carried
photographs of the head of the
suicide bomber propped on a
white sheet. The dead eyes
stared blankly out of a chubby,
unshaven face.
"The age of the suspect
is between 20 ta 25 and he
looks to be a Karachiite,"

said a security official, who
declined to be identified.
Police said at least 139
people were killed in Friday's
attack and 325 were wounded.
On Saturday, a car bomb
killed four people in the
southwestern province of
Suicide bombings have
multiplied since the army
stormed the Red Mosque in the
capital Islamabad to crush an
armed student movement in
The United States and its
allies want to see elections
go-ahead in nuclear-armed
Pakistan in the hope that a
moderate, pro-Western
government will emerge to
fight the al Qaeda and
Taliban threat and help
Western forces stabilize

Myanmar lifts curfew

imposed after protests
YANGON (Reuters) Myanmar's military junta lifted a curfew in the country's main city
Yangon on Saturday in another sign the generals are feeling strong enough to relax their
grip after crushing a monk-led revolt last month.
The announcement. made by loudspeaker trucks driving through the streets of Yangon, also
ended a ban on gatherings of more than five people, residents said.
"All measures imposed on September 25 have been lifted." one resident quoted the announce-
ment as saying.
It was not known if a similar clampdown in the central city of Mandalay. which also saw mass
protests against the junta, had been lifted too.
Last weekend the junta restored public Internet access more than two weeks after cutting Web
connections to stem the flow of images of the protests. The response to the protests outraged the
world and triggered tougher Western sanctions. the latest announced by U.S. President George W.
Bush on Friday.
The curfew and ban on assembly were imposed at the height of the crackdown on the biggest
challenge to 45 years of military rule in the former Burma since 1988. when some 3.000 pro-
democracy protesters were believed killed by soldiers.
The government admits 10 people were killed last month when the army crushed the huge
demonstrations which began as small protests against fuel price rises in August and escalated as
Buddhist monks joined in.
Western governments say the toll is likely far higher.


One (1 Vanette Mini Bus
One 1 Nissan Laurel Car
One 1 Ten (10)-ton Bedford Truck

Tender must be sealed in an envelope and marked
"Tender for Vehicles" and de'ivGrad ai the Guyana
National Shipping Corporation Limited Head Office, 5-
9 Lombard Street, La Penitence, Georgetown on or
before Wednesday, October 31,2007.

Inspection of the vehicles can be done anytime
between the hours of 08:00 and 15:00 hours.

SUIDAY CHRONICLE October 21, 2007 5

1r~tc7LJi'tiV -,

Kingfish-says it'll up pressure

Successful Jamaican police task force marks

3rd year with stern warning to drug dealers

eration Kingfish yesterday
marked its third anniversary
by trumpeting its successes,
including what it said was a
100 per cent conviction
record, and by issuing a steely
warning to drug dealers that
they will get no breathing
space from the police task
".1 have disturbing news for
all drug dealers and those who
are members of organised gangs;
the work of Operation Kingfish

Head of Operation King-
fish, Deputy Commissioner
of Police Glenmore Hinds,
speaks at yesterday's press
conference at the national se-
curity ministry marking the
third annii ersary of the police
task force formed to take
down drug dealers, gangs and
crime bosses. With him are
(from left) Canadian High
Commissioner Denis
Kingsley, British High Com-
missioner Jeremy Creswell
and United States Ambassador
Brenda La Grange Johnson.
(Photo: Michael Gordon)

A new shipment of vehicles
Yanmar excavators
Fork lifts
T/Corolla -NZE 121 -00-02
T/Corolla Wagon -97-98
T/vios -01-02
Tlallion -01-02
T/Carina AT 212 -96-60
T/Carina AT 192 95-96
T/ist -01-02
MiLncer CK 2A & CS 2A 97-01
TIRAV 4 ACA 21 -01-02
H/CRV -01-02
T/Hilux Single Cab -90-95
T/Hilux Extra Cab -98-02
T/Hiace RZH 111RZH 112 -98-02

will not only be continuing, it
will be intensified. There will be
no respite for the purveyors of
evil deeds," Deputy Commis-
sioner of Police Glenmore
Hinds, who heads Kingfish, told
journalists at a press conference
at the national security ministry.
Operation Kingfish was
launched on October 19, 2004
with a mandate to bring down
drug dealers, gangs and crime
bosses using science and tech-
nology combined with "old
fashioned detective work".

The task force is supported
by other operational arms of the
security forces, including the
Special Anti-Crime Task Force,
Flying Squad, Organised Crime
Investigation Division, Financial
Investigation Division, National
Intelligence Bureau and the
Contraband Enforcement Team.
It also has the benefit of
full-time professional legal as-
sistance throughout the investi-
gation process which contrib-
uted to its boast yesterday of
not having lost a single court


A L ILdb 4.a1 fI I 1- I
S- 215 ExcavatlorOperator DELL COMPUTERS
S PO wOBlckk 4 complete
r roa ors internet Ready $55 000.

/"" "-.

t^K'inlriTlir nl3^

wIi~lth ml|im

(oSac Radr 00:JQ ~T.*

"When it comes to case
preparation, our elite inves-
tigators work very closely
with our legal team to ensure
that the files are properly
prepared and no stone is left
unturned in covering every
area," said Hinds. "So pre-
pared and well-managed are
our case files that to date we
have not lost a single case in

RECOVERING: Government Printery worker Hazel Pinto at
he Port of Spain General Hospital yesterday. She was work-
ng on the printing of ballot papers for the upcoming general
elections in Trinidad and Tobago. Pinto and another female
worker were shot by gunmen on Thursday night. They have
called for Police protection. (Trinidad Express/STEVE McPHIE,

Boy distributing COP posters shot dead
TRINIDAD EXPRESS- Centre. support of the COP candidate
The Congress of the People Police said he hopped off a for the area, Nirad Tiwarie.
cancelled its political rally in stretcher and left without receiv-
Enterprise, Chaguanas, last ing treatment.
night because of the ma- The killing happened at
chine-gun killing of a teen- around 7 p.m., on Thursday.
ager at a street corner in the Earlier that day, Palmer, a
village. part-time welder and electri-
Nicholas Palmer, 17, was cian, had cycled through the .
shot multiple times to the head village distributing posters in
and body by a man who stood -
over his body and fired until he
was dead. The Learning &
A second man was shot in Development Centlre
the leg. But he allegedly refused O e .pt-ti c
treatment when taken by para- Ofer part-time casses
medics to the Chaguanas Health between 4 antd 7 pinm h ;.

* Supervisor
* Cooks
* Handymen
* Counter Staff
* Room Attendant
Apply at:
K& VC Hotel
223 South Road, Lacytown

Subjects offered
Bio, Chem., Plhys,
iMafiths, Eng, POA, II ii.
POB, OA 4:/iZ11Ca -Ssir s acUle
S140 "B" Quamina St.
TEL: 225-2387, 227-5095

ULniversitv ot f;uyana Campus
T'urkeyen, East Coast Demerara
Tel: 222-4423-4425. 22(5
Computer Classes!!!
Just completed secondary school! Or in
need of Microcomputer Software training?
Come and be certified by the
For the Diploma in Computer Studies
Classes will commence on November 5, 2007
and end on November 30, 2007
Scheduled times: 09:00 12:00 hrs or 13:00 16:00 hrs
Days: Monday Friday
For additional information please .:
contact the Training Department
Te.I No. 222-2265, 222-4425-26
Anytime between 08:30 hrs and 16:00 hrs

Hurry Limited Places !!!!

'_ .. --- _-_

Motorola Nokia Motorola Samsung Samsung
Q \e60 Rokre2 I x640 i320
$100.000 O$110,000 $75,000 r $45,000 $90,000

$90.000 $100.000 65,000 $40,000 $80,000
i & WELLINGTON STS. TEL: 223-5282, 223-6006 AUTO ZONE: 105 REGENT ST TEL: 227-8030,2278096

10/20/2007. 9:01 PM



3000 CC Excellent condition.
Original owner.
CALL: 261-5032-35/ 623-9009.

/_i 73 !
\.4 J1/4


a-- ---------------

I --

I~ ......

. s~rP~r~


W ';I m! qw,







SUNbAY CHRONICLE Octbb~r 2 ~iio:


Editorial: 227-5216; 227-5204; 226-3243-9
Sports: 225-7174
After hours 226-3243-9
Fax: 227-5208
Lama Avenue, Bel Air Park,
Georgetown, Guyana


a one-man


It is an agonizingly difficult exercise to even contemplate
any favourable review of the activities and several re-
leases associated with the Guyana Human Rights As-
Its history is certainly not reassuring and the clear
impression imparted by its multitudinous press releases
is one of persistent ridicule against the security forces,
alleging unconstitutional gerrymandering in their efforts
at apprehending wanted and elusive criminals.
There is never ever a single iota of sympathy for the
several hundred victims who suffer loss of property and
life at the hands of these hardened criminals.
The GHRA never sympathises with those who lose
loved ones and breadwinners.
To be honest, the GHRA's agenda comes over as
totally biased against the PPP/C administration, a stand
which is frowned upon by all right-thinking Guyanese.
To compound this unhealthy and odious stand, the
association comprises one member in the person of
Mike McCormack.
There is never any mention of any other officeholder,
a totally unacceptable and suspicious eventuality for an
association purporting to be dealing with human rights.
There is another serious dimension to this one-man
According to reliable sources, the GHRA attracts size-
able voluntary contributions and it is evident that ques-
tions must be asked about the fashion of satisfying ac-
countability requirements.
Should there not be an annual auditing of financial
statements of this publicly acclaimed association?
Is it really a one-man association, and can a trans-
parent professional audit be conducted on the affairs of
this important entity?
Mike McCormack cannot remain silent on this mat-
There is need to clear the air if he expects to garner
credibility from all concerned as regard to human rights,
or remain a mere impostor.
Here is a thought that could create a better image of
the human rights body.
Should it rise above petty criticism of the government
and examine the many areas of human rights to deter-
mine how the government measures up, this would be
a worthwhile exercise indeed.

Dear Readers,
Thanks for expressing your views and opinions
through WhatOur Readers Say.
Space limitations may dictate how many of your
letters we publish in a single edition, but do keep on
We ask only that you be as brief as possible and
that you deal with issues rather than with


I believe that the international donors who are funding Mike
McCormack and his one-member Guyana Human Rights As-
sociation (GHRA) should demand an impartial report on how
their money is being spent.
The GHRA has no legal or moral right to express any opinion
on human rights. Its entire approach has been one of patronage to
political elements which are anti-national.
Most of the time Mr. McCormack is like Rip Van Winkle.
The People's Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/C) is not a perfect
Government. It has committed some blunders but it will learn from
its mistakes.
But it is disgusting to read McCormack lecturing on human
rights in Guyana. Let us get this straight: The GHRA is a non-
organisation. It is existing only in name.
It should be ashamed to say human rights in Guyana are being
violated, when this is not true.
Why was it silent when human rights and freedom of expres-
sion were being violated? Come on Mr. McCormack clean up your
house. There are too many skeletons in your cupboards.
Close shop and let an impartial human rights agency take
your place. The GHRA in its present context is an embarrass-
ment to Guyana.

Two sources of

We Catholics believe that after her death, Our Lady was as-
sumed, body and soul, into the glory of Heaven, although this
truth is nowhere mentioned in the Bible. This is because we
hold that there are two sources of revelation: Sacred Scrip-
ture and Sacred Tradition. Not everything that God has re-
vealed is recorded in the Bible. Many truths have come down
to us through the writings of the great Fathers and Doctors of
the Church, scholars, saints, popes and bishops. We call this
Sacred Tradition. These truths do not contradict Scripture but
are, in fact, implicit in Scripture, if we read it carefully. The
earliest reference to the Assumption of Our Lady is found in
the Greek work, De Obitu S. Dominae, dating back to the 4th
or 5th century. In the following centuries, it is found in the
writings of St. Gregory of Tours (ca. 574) in the West, and of
St. Modestus of Jerusalem (ca. 700), St. Andrew of Crete and
St. John Damascene in the East. St. John Damascene formu-
lates the tradition of the Church of Jerusalem as follows: "St.
Juvenal, Bishop of Jerusalem, at the Council of Chalcedon
(451), made known to the Emperor Marcian and Pulcheria,
who wished to possess the body of the Mother of God, that
Mary died in the presence of all the Apostles, but that her
tomb, when opened, upon the request of St. Thomas, was found
empty; wherefrom the Apostles concluded that the body was
taken up to heaven." The event is said to have taken place 3-
15 years after Christ's Ascension. Both Jerusalem and
Ephesus claim to be the place where it occurred, though tra-
dition favours Jerusalem, where the Holy Spirit miraculously
gathered the Apostles together as Mary lay dying.
The feast of the Assumption was celebrated in Palestine ca.
500 (Life of St. Theodosius); in Gaul in the 6th century; the Em-
peror Maurice set the date for the Greek Empire on 15th August,
in 602; in Rome, in St. Mary Major, in the 6th century; and in
Germany, in the 15th century. The date varied from place to place.
In many countries, for hundreds of years, Catholics celebrated what
is called the Dormition (falling asleep) or Assumption of Our Lady
on 15th August.
St. Gregory of Tours wrote that, "Because of her preservation
from original sin, it is inconceivable that Mary's sinless body, lik-
ened to the Ark of the Covenant made of incorruptible wood, should
decay in the grave, for Ps 132,8 says: Rise thou and the Ark of
Thy strength." St. John Damascene asserts: "It was fitting in the
case of Mary", and Germanus of Constantinople: "It befits the di-
vine Motherhood." From the 16th century, many paintings and writ-
ings refer to Mary as, "The Woman adorned with the sun..."(Rev
12,1). The Assumption is the logical consequence of the Immacu-
late Conception. If, as Scripture says, "The wages of sin is death",
and Mary was sinless, then death cannot hold her in bondage. She
must conquer death through the power and merits of her Divine
On May 1, 1946, Pope Pius XII asked all the bishops of
the world whether they thought this belief (universally held
for more than 1,000 years) should be defined as a proposition
of faith, whether with their clergy and people they desired
the definition. Almost all the bishops replied in the affirma-
tive. Therefore, on November 1, 1950, Pius XII declared as a
dogma revealed by God that, "Mary, the immaculate, perpetu-
ally Virgin Mother of God, after the completion of her earthly
life, was assumed body and soul into the glory of Heaven."
Nothing is mentioned about the year, day or manner. The As-
sumption of Mary is a sign of hope for all of us. If we follow
her in fidelity and obedience to God's will, where she is we
will follow, through Divine grace, to give glory to God. For
the Christian, death is not the end of everything. Like Mary,
we too can triumph over death by the grace of God.

Holy Family Church,
Mumbai, India

Repeat call for


From the very inception of the advent into Guyana of ATN
the owners of GT&T, I have been on record of criticizing the
sweetheart deal entered into by the then Hoyte government. 1
am also on record of accusing GT&T of being most rapaciou:
in exploiting the population to the extent that the profit gar
nered from Guyanese contributes very substantially toward
the favourable balance sheet of the American parent company
Atlantic Tele Network.
The sweetheart deal, which was handed them by the Hoyt(
administration, occasioned them to have the rudeness to attempt
to publicly threaten the PPP government by indicating that the'
were prepared to use their international contacts to expose wha
they then perceived was a policy of anti-private investment beint
pursued by the PPP administration, simply because they could no
get their way in imposing an exorbitant rate increase, which the)
were then seeking. This was very early in their conduct of busi
ness in Guyana,
Now the unvarnished truth is out about their rapaciousnes:
originating from no less a person than the Chief Executive Officel
(CEO) and owner of Digicel, Mr. Dennis O'Brien, who not sur
prisingly to this communicator, exposes the fact that Guyanese wen
long "ripped off for international calls," and that we are all paying
a whopping 135% more than what we should. Mr. O'Brien attribute:
this to GT&T making super profits from the people of Guyan;
and further believes that GT&T will not give up their intemationa
The response to these serious charges by O'Brien coming frprr
Chief Executive Officer, Brigadier General (ret'd), Joseph Singh, hi
been pathetic to say the least. He has failed to successfully cha
lenge the accuracy of the 135% rip off exploitation of Guyanes
and as we are on this matter, could Mr. Joseph Singh say some
thing about Guyana's 20% share in GT&T company, specifically%
in relation to dividends earned?
I wish to repeat a previous appeal I made about the re
nationalization of GT&T. There is more than justified evi
dence to adopt this nationalistic measure.


We need them here

RE Vincent Ferreira's article Concerned about Bajans corn
ing here" dated October 19, 2007 in the Chronicle.
Guyanese must take responsibility for their negative action
when in someone else' country and when you do, you would'
have to pay the consequences and penalties meted out by the au'
Of course, one would expect that there will be times when ill
nocent persons might be subject to some not so nice experience!
but this happens on a daily basis whether it be in the Bahamai
Aruba or elsewhere.
If we should focus our attention on regional integration and de,
velopment towards one single economy, inviting Bajans or any other
foreign nationals to invest definitely falls under this topic and foi
eign investment is what Guyanese are really in need of for progress
Guyana, please be reminded that the next big event wi
be Carifesta 2008 and all of us have a civil duty to welcome
both the regional and further counterparts with open arms.


Minister's interest inm

rice encouraging
I have noticed the recent move by the government of Guyana'
in particular the Minister of Agriculture, to retain and accej
more markets for Guyana's rice.
As a rice farmer for more that fifteen years, I would like
commend the Minister for this initiative to secure additional ma
kets for our rice within the Caribbean Region. It is challenging 1
survive as a rice farmer, especially due to the increase cost of ii
puts such as fuel, fertilizers etc. However, acts of concern for t,
industry as demonstrated by the Minister of Agriculture are con
forting to the industry and farmers.
Overall, the industry has performed excellently this crop and
am sure that many farmers like myself benefited for lucrative r
turns to expand their production for the coming crop..
This move to support the rice industry serves to clear the pa
for the industry to rightfully reclaim itself as a profitable sector.
am pleased that a renewed focus has been placed on the rice indu
try to ensure its continuity and sustainability to improve the liv
lihood of rural farmers like myself.
In conclusion, I envisage a bright future for the rice ii
dustry and I would also like to state my enthusiasm for tl
future ahead as farmers will receive the respect they truly d



~ I__~l~bs~BPBIP~aas~BB~B~~

sunIOU CHRONICLE-06t-ober '7:'i-,'"60

.................... ......... i ....


INDAY CHRONICLE October 21, 2007 7

Doing T&T,

3'dos polls face

-ycle of defeats

k1-F ri rulhingpari esdow[in[1mohs

UR INCUMBENT parties in CARICOM states haye been
*cessive electoral casualties within 11 months. Will the rul-
parties for the two upcoming CARICOM elections also suf-
a similar fate?
That is the big talking point, among pollsters, social commen-
)rs and talk-show radio programmes, as campaigning intensifies
Trinidad and Tobago's November 5 general election and Barba-
ns continue the guessing game over new election in the next four
:Within the past eleven months, elections in four CARICOM
!es have resulted in successive defeats for incumbent parties-
t in St. Lucia in December 2006; then in The Bahamas and the
fish Virgin Islands and lastly in Jamaica op September 3.
'Now the latest opinion poll in Trinidad and Tobago was last
ek forecasting a'neck-and-neck battle for state power.between
me Minister Patrick Manning's incumbent People's National
)vement (PNM), and the 13-month old Congress of People
OP) led by the country's former Central Bank Governor Win-
n Dookeran.
SThat poll, conducted by the St. Augustine Research Associates
kRA) of political scientist Selwyn Ryan, sharply contrasted with-
earlier one carried out by the North American-Caribbean Teachers
.sociation (NACTA) of Vishnu Bisram. NACTA gave Basdeo
nday's United National Congress/Alliance "a huge lead" in some
ditional strongholds, but "facing an uphill task to win the elec-
A previous'NACTA poll over a month ago had warned that fail-
by the UNC and COP-the latter formed by a breakaway fac-
n of the former-to either merge or engage in an electoral arrange-
;nt for contested constituencies, could result in "a landslide vic-
y" for the incumbent PNM.
Ryan's SARA poll, done in collaboration with the 'Trinidad Ex-
sss' newspaper, however, seems to reflect a closer assessment of
t electoral mood of the estimated one million-strong electorate
r a likely change in government or a return to power for a third
nsecutive term of the PNM, possibly by a narrow margin.
, The state of popularity for the respective parties, as emerged

last week from the SARA poll, was: PNM in the lead with 34 per-
cent; COP 30 percent and UNC/Alliance merely five percent. Pub-
lication of the results evoked a stinging dismissal from Panday, claim-
ing that it was a "conspiracy" to favour the PNM.
In Barbados, the results of a poll done by CADRES (Carib-
bean Development Research Services) and commissioned by the
Nation Publishing Company, revealed last Sunday a surprising "close
call" for the incumbent Barbados Labour Party (BLP) of Prime Min-
ister Owen Arthur and the main opposition Democratic Labour Party
(DLP) led by David Thompson.
CADRES reported a five percent swing from the Bets that has
raised the hopes of the Dems that have been languishing in opposi-
tion for a third consecutive term since losing power in 1994.
In his own analysis, CADRES director and political con-
sultant Peter Wickham suggested that a new government may
now be "in the DLP's reach..."
Wickham had earlier reported that in the case of Trinidad and
Tobago, approximately seventy percent of respondents had signalled
a preference for change in government from the PNM.
As this analysis was being written, the strategists of the two
traditional dominant contenders for state power in Barbados were
polishing their spins on this latest of CADRES/Nation poll on the
likely outcome of the forthcoming general election, naturally, put-
ting their respective best effort to win hearts anid'minds.
Neither Prime Ministers Manning nor Arthur,
however, appeared fazed last week by the findings of the polls.
They maintained their public optimism.
Nevertheless, it is relevant to note that until a month ago there
was no scientific basis to support claims of two more likely casu-
alties in the cycle of electoral defeats for incumbent CARICOM
With the closure of nominations last Monday in Trinidad and
Tobago, there are now 123 candidates battling for the new 41-mem-
ber House of Representatives.
The PNM and COP are fielding full slates of 41 each, UNC/
Alliance 39 (by staying out of the contest for the two Tobago con-



SThere, in that sister isle, a newly formed, party has thrown its
hat in the ring for a three-way fight that could possibly cost the PNM
one of its two seats won at the last 2002 election to secure a four-
seat majority in the then 36-member parliament to the UNC's 16.
COP's Dookeran currently finds himself sandwiched be-
tween the fierce pressures from his former party, (UNC), and
the PNM in defence of his St. Augustine constituency amid
orchestrated propaganda by his opponents that he would lose
his own seat.
He has scoffed at such dismal predictions as he keeps alive hopes
that the fledgling COP would make sufficient inroads in the
traditional ethnic bases of the PNM and UNC to be part of a new
government-even if not sufficient to form one on its own.
For all the enormous challenges, personal and political, he faces,
Panday boastfully speaks about "an electoral tsunami" for the UNCf
Alliance, leadership of which he shares with the enigmatic Jack
Warner who admits to being :'ever an optimist".
So, for all the optimism being projected by the incumbent and
its challengers-old and new-are we then to expect a continuation
of the cycle of electoral defeats with a fifth one in Trinidad and To-
bago on November 5?
One CARICOM government certainly anxious about the out-
come of next month's poll would be Prime Minister Arthur's.
His BLP is hoping for a fourth consecutive term when new elec-
tions take place, likely in the first quarter of 2008.
A distinguishing factor in the battles for state power in Barba-
dos and Trinidad and Tobago is that in the case of the former, the
contest remains as it has largely been, between two traditional foes
(BLP and DLP).
In Trinidad and Tobago, on the other hand, what has emerged,
with the entrance of the COP, is the most significant three-party
parliamentary contest in 26 years. When, in 1981, the now defunct
Organisation for National Reconstruction (ONR). of Karl Hudson-
Phillips had unsuccessfully sought to break the traditional two-party
Consequently, speculations grow about a continuation of the
cycle of .electoral defeats for incumbent CARICOM parties that
began in St. Lucia last December.
Will this trend be broken in Trinidad and Tobago on No-
vember.5, or continue right into the following Barbados elec-
tion? For Manning, as it is for Arthur, the answer would be the
same--"yes"! We simply have to await the voters' pleasure.

Musings on the

campaign trail

WO weeks before the gen-
-al elections in Trinidad and
obago, and it's still
anyone's guess as to which
arty will emerge victorious
hen all the ballots are tal-
ed for the 41 constituencies
iat are at stake.
No one,. and I dare say, not
ven the pollsters at this time,
an safely predict how many
-ats any of the three political
parties will win; who will
merge the winner and which of
ie three parties will end up as
ie parliamentary opposition.
The politics are that fluid in

this southern Caribbean repub-
With no clear winner yet in
sight, the three parties the
ruling People's National Move-
ment (PNM), the parliamentary
opposition, the United National
Congress (UNC) and the minor-
ity opposition, the Congress of
the People (COP) will no
doubt put their cafipaign in full
swing over the coming days as
it seeks to convince the elector-
ate, particularly the undecided
voters, who comprise a signifi-
cant percentage of the elector-

The latest poll by pollster
and political scientist Selwyn
Ryan, published last week, puts
the PNM and the COP at neck
and neck in terms of which
party respondents preferred to
govern the country over the next
five years and which party they
would vote for.
Surprisingly, the UNC led
by veteran politician Basdeo
Panday.and football jefe Jack
Warner was put in a distant
The poll, commissioned
by the Express newspaper,
also assumed that with the

COP turning down any unity
with the UNC, the percent-
ages of support for the two
parties would increase.
A sneak preview of the
Ansa McAl poll which is pub-
lished in today's Sunday Guard-

ian puts the PNM slightly
ahead, barely edging out the
Asked which political party
they would vote for; 30 percent
of the respondents identified
the PNM and 28 percent the
COP. Only 19 percent said they
would-choose the UNC Alli-
Both polls also had a signifi-
cant number of undecided vot-
What is really interesting
about the two latest opinion
polls is the increasing sup-
port for the one-year old COP
led by political leader Win-
ston Dookeran, a man who
comes across as a clean and
honest person, comfortable in
the executive boardroom as
he would be in the farmland.
Within my own circle of
friends and relatives who have
previously supported either the

UNC or the PNM, most are
now saying that their support
this year is behind the COP
which has presented a mix of
young professionals alongside
some experienced politicians
and.a dominant female cast as
their candidates to contest the
It's therefore not surprising
that given the so-called surge the
COP seems to be getting in
terms of support, the PNM and
the UNC have trained their guns
at the upstart newcomer party.
Hearing the platform
rhetoric night after night
frorp the two incumbents rul-
ing and opposition parties
about the COP seems to in-
dicate a realisation on'their
part that this third force in
the traditional two-party elec-
tion race could potentially
Please turn to page eight


-r I.

d800 30 5200 d820 s500i
S70,000 $110.000 50,000 $75,000 $80,000


I $65,000 $90,000 48,000 $65,000 10,000
S73 ROBB & WELLINGTON STS. TEL 223-5282, 223-6006 AUTO ZONE: 105 REGENT ST TEL: 227-8030,2278096

10/20/2007. 9.54 PM


8 eSUIAY Ii MCUI. October 21, 200

The Caribbean and

Europe: On the brink

(The writer is a business
executive and former
Caribbean diplomat)

It appears that the European
Union (EU) has dropped its
threats to end preferential
market access for 78 African,
Caribbean and Pacific (ACP)
if they do not conclude Eco-
nomic Partnership Agree-
ments (EPAs) including ser-
vices by the end of the year.
Several reports from Brus-
sels where the European Com-
mission is headquartered, sug-
gest that the EU would now be
content to limit agreements to
trade in goods with other issues
to be built.into the treaties for
later negotiation.
This would get the EU and
the ACP over the hurdle of
having to complete agreements
that are compatible with rules of
the World Trade Organisation
(WTO) by December 31st when
a waiver ofthe existing trade re-
gime between the EU and ACP
runs out.
Negotiations between the
EU and the six groups within
the ACP have proven to be dif-
The greatest difficulties
have come from the EU's insis-
tence on ACP countries open-
ing up their economies to EU
service companies and invest-
On the services aspect,
many ACP countries fear that
their local businesses will be'
pushed out of their own do-
mestic markets by EU compa-
nies with deeper pockets. In
addition, the ACP countries
are keenly aware that what-

ever they agree with the EU
will be used as a standard by
other countries with whom
they negotiate trade and in-
vestment arrangements.
Therefore, local ACP'busi-
nesses would eventually face
competition not only from EU
companies but others as well.
And while most ACP coun-
-tries welcome foreign invest-
ment, they want to preserve
some areas of the economy for
local entrepreneurs to establish
and grow.
The issue is less about per-
mitting foreign investment for
which many countries have-
granted attractive incentives; it
is more about trying to preserve
space for domestic companies
to operate successfully.
The inclusion of these
items on the agenda of the EPAs
- especially a right for EU com-
panies to get ACP government
contracts pre empts global ne-
gotiations under the WTO
where agreement has so far been
Many ACP countries do not
want to concede to the EU what
has not been achieved in global
trade negotiations.
Now that the EU will no
longer insist that the EPAs by
year-end should cover services
and liberalise rules for invest-
ment and government procure-
ment, interim agreements that
are WTO, compatible appear
possible with many if not all
the ACP states.
By all accounts it looks as
if, of the three regions,'the Car-
ibbean is most likely to reach a
comprehensive agreement with
the EU.

Musings on ...

From page seven

create some kind of upset on
polling day.
The COP incidentally is the
party least using the media, both
print and electronic, to run po-
litical advertisements, mainly
because it does not have the fi-
nances to support the expensive
campaign on the airwaves and in
The ruling PNM, through
the guise of advertisements
from the government ministries,
has been bombarding the news-
papers with full colour, full
page advertisements, while run-
ning a series of "business fea-
tures" on television about the
work they did over the last five
With the abuse of taxpay-
ers' money for these costly ad-
vertisements, advertising agen-
cies and media houses no doubt
stand to benefit from millions of
I was also taken aback by
a PNM political advertise-
ment in the newspaper last
week showing a full uni-
formed police corporal help-
ing an elderly woman to a
pavement. The ruling party
was advertising how many po-
lice stations it built over the
last five years, as though this

has stopped the criminals
from their rampant killings
across the country.
But the main point here is
that the Police Commissioner
Trevor Paul has not said a word
on this .
Well, perhaps it may have
his blessings as the Commis-
sioner found himself talking to
supporters of the PNM at one
of their cottage political meet-
ings a couple months ago; and
in defending his reasons, he-said
he was invited to talk about
The opposition parties
have also invited him to talk to
their supporters about crime.
Curiously, the police commis-
sioner to date,. has not re-
sponded to their invitations.
But just for the record,.
the police regulation states
that a police officer may not
or in any document or any
other medium of communica-
tion, whether T&T or not,
publish any information or
expression of opinion of mat-
ters of national or interna-
tional political interest."
One of the major issues on
the political campaign trail by
the two opposition parties is a
so-called secret draft constitu-
tion which the opposition par-
ties claim Mr. Manning plans to

While all the terms of what
has been agreed and what is still.
being negotiated are not widely
known, the Caribbean Regional
Negotiating .Machinery
(CRNM) has clearly indicated
that, on the issue of giving mar-
ket access to the EU, the region
can table a WTO-compatible
offer that protects sensitive ar-
eas through a long exclusion list
with phasing-in periods of -up
to 25 years.
It is understood that the
EU has also agreed to a spe-
cific allocation of 33 million
Seuros to help the Caribbean
with the implementation; of
the terms of the EPA. This is
said to be in addition to an al-
location fo? EPA implementa-
tion that exists- in an alloca-
tion from the European De-
velopment Fund.
Even though the monies are
not earth shattering, they are, at
least, a demonstration of a will-
ingness by the EU to recognize
that the EPAs will cause dislo-
cation in Caribbean economies
for which they will need real
help if they are to cushion the
The tragedy of these nego-
tiations is two fold: in general
terms, it remains a severe dis-
advantage to the ACP countries
that they did not enter these ne-
gotiations as one unit as they did
in the past when they negoti-
ated the Lome Convention.and
then the Cotonou agreement
with the EU..-
Had they done so, they
would have been stronger and
better able to bargain for better
terms. They were fortunate that
powerful non-governmental-

implement if he gets a special
majority in Parliament.
The document, according to
the opposition parties, states
that the person who will become
executive president must first
win his seat in the elections and
after a two-third majority sup-
port in the Parliament will be
appointed to the exalted posi-
Among the major highlights
of the so-called draft constitu-
tion dated June 2007 is that the
DPP must consult with the At-
torney General in relation to
criminal proceedings and that
the Parliament will be given the
power from time to time to pre-
scribe which matters shall not be
subject to judicial review.
Dangerous course indeed, if
this document is really bona
Incidentally, the man who
first spilled the beans on an
executive presidency is the
out-going Trade and Industry
Minister Ken Valley who
warned the country about the
draft constitution and the
"dictatorial tendencies" .of
Mr. Manning.
Mr. Valley's outbursts came
after Mr. Manning blocked him
from seeking re-election for the
ruling party under the guise that
he performed poorly in a poll
commissioned by the PNM's
political leader.
So far, I have not yet
heard any responses from the

organizations in Europe fought
their cause and made it a politi-
cal issue in many key European
capitals causing the EU Com-
missioners to retreat from stri-
Of course, getting the ACP
countries to agree on a set of
proposals would not have been
easy. There are varying require-
ments in each region and even
in smaller groups within the re-
gions. But within that "variable
geometry", it would still have
been possible to advance pro-
posals to the EU that took ac-
count of the. need for countries
to be categorised differently.
The second tragedy of the
negotiations instrictly Car-
ibbean terms has been the
paucity of public discussion of
the issues surrounding the
EPAs, the failure of the pri-
vate sector and other public
institutions, such as the
region's universities, to seek
meaningful participation in
them, and the lack of greater
empowerment of the CRNM.
Apart from the Caribbean
Hotels Association, few other
private sector organizations
have sought to engage their gov-
ernments or the EU directly in
discussion of the EPAs. The one
country that has been an excep-
tion to this rule is the Domini-
can Republic whose private
sector, it is reported, has par-
ticipated in large numbers and
taken full advantage of the ac-
cess to the negotiations given to
them by their government.
As for the CRNM, its rep-
resentatives have been negotiat-
ing with the European Commis-
sion (EC). The difference be-

ruling party to convince me
that this is a bogus docu-
In response to the opposi-
tion, Mr. Manning simply as-
sured that whatever constitu-
tional changes are proposed,
they will first be taken to the
He has not out-rightly de-
nied the existence of such a
document and that bothers a lot
of people.
Another interesting aspect
to this year's elections is the ab-
sence of the ethnic tension that
we're accustomed experiencing
in the past.
Since thq PNM strong in
dominant support from the
afro-Trinbagonians and the
UNC which has its base
among Indo-Trinidadians, I can
only conclude that the COP -
which has been drawing sup-
port from a-mix of ethnic
groups, is the dampening factor
in what would have otherwise
been an ethnic-charged election
Race relations are very cor-
dial between the two dominant
ethnic groups in the country ex-
cept during an election period
when there is a level of tension
between them.
With just two more weeks
to go before polling day, I an-
ticipate it's going to be an in-
teresting period in the lead
up to November 5.
(hutchlin @

tween these two bodies is that
the EC is an institution of the
EU fully and legally empowered
to negotiate on behalf of all the
EU member states on a man-
date give to them by a Council
of Ministers. The Commission-
ers have real authority. The
CRNM, on.the other hand, does
not even have a legal identity.
Brought into being to nego-
tiate in three sets of hazardous
trade theatres (the EU, the
WTO and the Free Trade of
Americas Area), the CRNM has
struggled to pull Caribbean
states together and to get .them
to agree on common negotiating
positions. This has not been
easy. It has also struggled to se-
cure funding for its work from
within the region, and such ex-
ternal funding as it has received
has been adversely affected by
its lack of a legal
identity: Within the WTO it has
no formal recognition.
The CRNM has- done well


to be on the brink of an agre/
ment with the EU that wou!
give the Caribbean continue
market access to Europe c
terms better than the EU
generalised system of prefer
Seances which all developing coui
tries get and would, therefore
give the Caribbean no advantage
The.questioinis: coul
the CRNM have done bett
had it been part of a Cal
bean Commission empoj
ered by regional treaty a'
'the national law. of its me!
ber states? In other wore
the equal of the Europem
Responses t

The Greater

Caribbean This Week




By Watson R. Denis, PhD

GLOBAL warming today proves, if proof were needed, tha
the world has always been a global village. We are all con
gected to one another, from one end of the world to the
other. Moreover, this phenomenon calls on us all to act ti
stabilise the atmosphere'by at least 1 C in the years tF
Today, weather phenomena are striking hard. For example
in 2003, the world saw its hottest year for 500 years. This he,
wave caused thousands of deaths in Europe. In December 2004
there was the Tsunami in South East Asia that caused the death
of 273,435 people and caused considerable material damage t
the road and tourist, infrastructure. We could also mention Hul
ricane Katrina in Louisiana and the Gulf of Mexico, whose in
tense sea surges and winds knocked over the barriers and de
fences of the city of New Orleans. 1836 people died and mate
rial damages were put at billions of dollars. In the Caribbea'
region, in July 2004, a torrential downpour, followed by lane
slides, killed nearly 2000 people in the city of Les Gonaive
(Haiti). The phenomenon was so surprising that the local popt
lation called it a deluge, referring to the deluge mentioned in th
Bible at the time of Prophet Noah. We can now Understand thi
this deluge was one of the manifestations of the Earth's warn
ing up at that time.
Landslides, devastating forest fires, powerful hurricanes, vi(
lent storms, devastating earthquakes, tidal waves, prolonged
droughts, invasions of destructive insects... have become con
nignplace. More and more we are caught off guard by the&
events, which are becoming more and more violent and destrui
tive. These so-called natural disasters spare nobody. Whethi
you are a rich State or poor country, hegemonic powers or sul
altern countries, natural phenomena of various kinds strike i
Every day there is a new fact or piece of evidence, tellir,
us that the climate has changed. We are in the middle of climaI
change and its manifestations are palpable, visible and somi
times deadly.
The earth's atmosphere has changed significantly. Id

Please seepage nine

Page 8 & 21.p65

SSUNDAY CHRONIC CLE October21, 2007 9

"We Really Massacred Them" I

NOTHING much will happen
right away. The Turkish
ambassador to Washington
has gone home for
"consultations" after the
Foreign Affairs Committee of
the House of Representatives
approved a bill declaring that
the mass killing of
lArmenians in the Ottoman
Empire during the First
World War was a genocide.
But he will come back to
Washington, and it will be
weeks before the full House
passes the bill. This will be a
slow-motion disaster.
The White House tried hard
to stop this bill. President
George W.Bush declared that*
"This resolution is not the right
response to these historic mass
killings," and all eight living
former U.S. secretaries of state,
both Democratic and Republi-
can, signed a joint letter to the
Foreign Affairs Committee urg-
ing it not to approve the bill.
But it did, by a 27-21 vote, and
next month the full House will

From page eight
the course of the 20th century, the temperature increased by
0.74 degrees centigrade. The sea level also rose by 17 cm. Flora
and fauna are affected: 20 to 30% of plants and animals are
in' danger of extinction. And of particular concern is the melt-
ing of the polar glaciers at an accelerated rate, which increases
the heat of the atmosphere. This has also changed rainfall pat-
terns. In temperate zones, out of season snowfalls and unex-
pected precipitation have become common, causing flooding
sometimes. Concurrently in the tropical zones rainfall is de-
clining, giving way to drought and famine. In these tropical
regions access to water has become a question of daily sur-
vival, public security, and in many situations, this question has
strong political implications, considering that agriculture is
compromised and that the food security of many millions of
people is at stake.
The situation of the Caribbean islands is as delicate as in the
rest of the world. The rise in sea levels remains the major worry.
Global warming, which causes violent weather, hurricanes and cy-
clones, against which they cannot always do much alone, increases
their physical vulnerability and consequently, their economic and
financial sulbstantiality. Since the 1970s, hurricanes have become
very frequent in the region. They find favourable conditions to grow
and spread and often leave behind them a trail of death and de-
Global warming is a growing phenomenon, on the planetary scale
and over several years, of the average temperature of the oceans
and the atmosphere. This phenomenon is the result jointly of oce-
anic expansion and of the uncontrolled action of mankind on its
environment. The Earth is heating up with the expulsion of the gases
it holds. If in the first days of the Earth, warming was necessary
for life to flourish (500 millions years of this), today's warming is
excessive. The last ten years have been the hottest of the last 2000
years. This warming is due to the strong increase in the atmosphere
of several greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, chlorofluoro-
carbons, methane and nitrogen dioxide.
In general terms, global warming is explained by two types of
problems: (1) The hole in the ozone layer; the sun's rays are not
adequately filtered.(2) The excess in carbon dioxide (C02) In nor-
mal doses, C02 is vital, when there is too much, it heats up the
earth with all the pollution that comes with it. When we recognize
that the levels of C02 have increased from 1990 to today, we can
imagine the rate of increase in global warming!
Global warming causes the melting of polar glaciers, rises in sea
levels, absolute humidity, droughts, precipitations, uncontrolled
snow cover, an excess in tornadoes, frequent floods, the disappear-
ance of animal and plant species, the continued increase in tem-
perature and even the complete disappearance of certain terrains in
certain countries. In the future we will speak of climate refugees, if

do the same: more than half the
members have signed up as co-
sponsors of the bill.
Bush promises that it will
die in the Senate, but by then
the damage will be done. The
U.S.-Turkish alliance will be
gravely damaged, and American
use of Turkey as a major sup-
ply line for its troops in Iraq -
70 percent of U.S. air cargo for
Iraq goes through Turkey will
be at an end.
"I can assure you that Tur-
key knows how to play
hardball," as Egeman Bagis, an
adviser to Turkish Prime Min-
ister Recep Tayyib Erdogan,
told reporters in ashington.
Turkey may also send its
troops into northern
(Kurdish) Iraq, thus
destabilising the one stable
and moderately prosperous
part of that country. But then,
it might have one that any-
way. Fifteen Turkish soldiers
and twelve civilians have
been killed in the past week
by Kurdish rebels who are al-

the estimated increases in temperatures for the 21st century (an
increase of 1.8 to 3.4 C) come to pass.
Today, it is the time for action, considering the extent of the
damage already registered and the calamities to come. Fortunately
we have begun to become aware of the situation and to take action
accordingly. Thus on 24th September 2007, the Secretary General
of the United Nations called all the political leaders of the world,
Heads of State and of government, to New York, to a high-level
meeting, to debate the question. The address by Mr. Ban Ki-moon
at the meeting was an emergency call. Basing his speech on the
results of scientific research and the observation that we should do
all we can with regard to the most dramatically changing ecological
phenomena, he then invited the leaders to accept their historical
responsibility asking them to take measures in their sphere of ac-
tion and influence and to propose solutions to remedy the situa-
Also the Nobel Peace Prize awarded jointly on 12th October
to Al Gore and the Intergovernmental Group of Experts on Cli-
mate Change- a Secretariat formed by experts from the World Me-
teorological Organisation (WMO) and by the United Nations En-
vironment Programme (UNEP) -is another decision of the Nobel
Prize Committee at Oslo which incites reflection and action. To
link current environmental problems to peace in the world is quite
innovative. More than that, the awarding of this prize to Gore and
the climate group is a clear indication that global warming is a seri-
ous and universal problem, and it could compromise, now or in the
future, world peace.
While recognizing that global warming today is not a new phe-
nomenon, that it has happened before-in-effect, climate experts
agree that the Earth has known many warm and cold cycles over
the last 400,000 years-it is imperative that we act quickly, to
lessen, at least, the consequences and the potential damage. If nothing
is done, global warming will be an even more dramatic reality in the
decades to come. In our global village, it has become a matter of
action, choice and responsibility.
If everyone, the governments and institutions responsible,
work towards the resolution of the problem, we are sure that
we will achieve quite satisfactory results. In this sense, we can
make a case for Adaptation (the stabilisation of the concen-
tration of the greenhouse gases which are the main cause of
the problem) for 2015, and Mitigation (in terms of positive ac-
tion for energy security, environmental protection and sustain-
able development). This is an environmental, political, eco-
nomic, and security project, that concerns every one of us to
some extent and which will set out the way forward in a less
uncertain direction for future generations. In this light, all
the partners of the cause and the participants of the UN Con-
ference on Climate Change will convene in Bali, Indonesia
next December, to adopt a satisfactory multilateral framework
agreement which could contribute to making life on earth
more clement.
(Dr. Watson Denis is the Political Advisor of the Association
of Caribbean States)

legedly based across the bor-
der in Iraqi Kurdistan, and
the political pressure on
Prime Minister Erdogan to
authorise another cross-bor-
der military operation is in-
The United States will be
the 23rd country to fall to the
Armenian campaign to link the
Ottoman Turkey of ninety years
ago with the Nazi Germany of
sixty years ago and, by ex-
tension, to implicate the current
Republic of Turkey in the crime
of premeditated genocide.
Once such a law is
passed, to question the Arme-
nian take on what happened
is to become the equivalent of
a denier of the (Jewish) Ho-
locaust. The Armenian desire
to have their national tragedy
given the same status as the
Jewish Holocaust is under-
standable, but it is mistaken.
The facts of the case are
horrifying, and certainly justify
calling the events in eastern
Turkey in 1915-16 a genocide,

but the key elements of prior
intent and systematic planning
that distinguish the Nazi Holo-
caust are absent.
When I was a young gradu-
ate student in Middle Eastern
history, as a translation exercise
I was given the hand-written di-
ary of a Turkish soldier who
was killed during the retreat
from Baghdad in 1917.
"Mehmet Cavus" (Sergeant
Mehmet) was a youthful village
school-teacher who had been
called up in 1914. At first he
had a safe billet guarding the
Black Sea entrance to the
Bosphorus, but in 1915 his unit
was suddenly ordered to march
east to deal with a Russian in-
vasion, and an Armenian rebel-
And then, in the diary of
this pleasant, rather naive young
man, I read the phrase "iyi
katliam etmistik." Loosely
translated, that means: "We re-
ally massacred them" and he
wasn't making a sporting anal-
ogy. The diary was written in

Industrial Products
Sound secondary education
Must be knowledgeable of V-Belts,
Bearings and Fire Extinguishers
* Knowledge of rural areas is a plus
* 3 years experience in the similar
capacity would be an asset
* A valid Driver's Licence

* Sound Secondary Education
3 years experience in Sales
* A valid Driver's Licence (lorry / van)

Please send applications addressed to:
Human Resources Administrator
Wieting & Richter Limited L
10-13 Water Street li
Only relevant applicants
will be acknowledged.


Blackberry I Motorola Samsung

SCurv RAZR Gold d830 O.WE
'Curve S AVE
51i65V --
$- BIG

S$155,000oo 175,000 $90,000 ON PLASMA TUS
'iBBia WELLINGTON STS. TEL: 223-5282. 223-600 AUTO ZONE: 1 ii T ST TEL 227-8030, 221 96

10/20/2007, 9:02 PM

the old Ottoman rika, a version
of handwritten Arabic script
that never really served Turkish
well, so I asked my teacher if it
really said what I thought it did.
"Oh yes," he said. "Those were
different times."
That excuses nothing, but
it explains much. The foolish
young officers who led the
Ottoman empire into the war
panicked when they realized
that the Russians were invad-
ing from the east and the
British were about to land
somewhere on the Mediter-
ranean coast. And just at that
point, Armenian revolution-
aries (Dashnaks and
Hnchaks) who had been plot-
ting with the Russians and
the British to carve out an Ar-
menian state from the wreck-
age of the empire launched
feeble, futile revolts to assist
the invaders.
The Turks responded by
slaughtering many Armenians in
what is now eastern Turkey and
deporting the rest to Syria in
long marching columns.
Huge numbers were mur-
dered along the way: at least
600,000 died, and perhaps as
many as 1.5 million. It was cer-
tainly a genocide, but it was not
premeditated, nor was it sys-
tematic. Armenians living in
other parts of the empire were
largely left alone, and even in
the war zone those with money
to travel by rail mostly reached
Syria safely.
So why is the U.S. Con-
gress recognizingg" the Arme-

nian genocide, but not the rather
more recent genocide of the
Tutsis in Rwanda? Because
there are not many voters of
Tutsi descent in key Congres-
sional districts. This is all about
domestic politics: alienating the
Turks doesn't cost much politi-
Today's Armenian
activists aren't looking for
"justice". They want to drive
the Turks into extreme
reactions that will isolate
them and derail the domestic
changes (including a gradual
public acceptance of Turkey's
responsibility for the
atrocities) that are turning
that country into a modern,
tolerant democracy. They do
not want Turkey to succeed.
And Western countries are
falling for it.

Gwynne Dyer is a
London-based independent
journalist whose articles are
published in 45 countries

,u SUNDAY CHRONICLE October 21, 2007



VAT is coming! And VAT
unsurprisingly is raising eye-
brows in the established cor-
porate quarters. In a period of
trade liberalization and de-
clining tariffs, 136 countries
have now adopted VAT, ac-
counting for some 25% of the
world's tax revenues. And Pe-
ters and Bristol in a forth-
coming paper in Social and
Economic Studies support
VAT implementation for
CARICOM countries. How
come then there seem to be
some misgivings about the
purpose of VAT?
It is well known that tax
law is an important measure of
corporate leaders' capacity to
protect their wellbeing; also. it
is well known that taxes are
used to finance government pro-
grams for the benefit of all; and
to redistribute income.
Anyway, notwithstanding
the purposes of taxes, it is com-
monplace for many people to
believe that taxes are too high;
but the regular corporate gentle
folks believe that taxes are al-
ways too high, regardless of the
rate. These gentle folks would
not sit idly by, if in their judg-
ment, tax law changes would
make their interests vulnerable;
undoubtedly, they may perceive
VAT as a threat to their corpo-
rate consolidation.
And, indeed, Corporate

Guyana did not show signs of
vegetating at the opening of
GUYEXPO 2006; but showed
signs of dabbling in 'voodoo
economics' in the name of pro-
tecting all Guyana; but, is it re-
ally all Guyana?. Its Chairman
And he said: "We believe,
considering the impact on the
informal economy and the de-
pendency on it by our society
that the cost of living will go up
(with the institution of VAT).
We urge the President, in these
circumstances, to move quickly
to cut personal Income Tax and
Corporation Tax and put excess
revenue back into the hands of
our workforce, as well as legiti-
mate businesses...Cutting these
taxes, Mr. President, we believe,
will counteract the cost of liv-
ing increase and stimulate the
expansion of the economy a
goal for which we all need to
strive in order to create legiti-
mate wealth in our society."
Sounds good and reason-
able; how then is it voodoo eco-
nomics? Read on!
There was this view for the
U.S. economy in the early 1970s
and 1980s: lower tax rates
would boost private sector in-
centives, resulting in increased
employment, productivity, and
output; and this reduced tax rate
would increase tax revenue and
lower government deficit; this

view became the cornerstone of
'supply-side economics'.
Professor of Economics at
New York University Nouriel
Roubini supplied the arguments
for supply-side economics as
follows: that reduced tax rates
on wage income should increase
the labor supply and therefore
increase tax revenues; and that
reduced tax rates on interest and
capital gains tax should increase
savings and raise tax revenues:
how so?
In perfect competition,
higher savings should lead to
lower real rates of interest as
more savings are filtered into
capital markets, increasing in-
vestment; that in turn leads to
greater capital, extra productive
labor, and increased output and
wage incomes; and, therefore, a
broader tax base.
In fact, the Reagan Admin-
istration reduced tax rates for
the wealthy in the early 1980s.
The Administration's belief
was that the reduced tax rate,
in the end, would benefit the
poor; how so?
The increased income to the
wealthy through lowered tax
rates would be invested, gener-
ating additional income; and this
extra income to the wealthy
should trickle down to the
working class and the poor, cre-
ating more jobs and wage in-
come; the infamous 'trickle-

down economics' in action; In
theory. more tax revenues; but
these prognoses did not hap-
Roubini argued that the
voodoo economics through re-
duced tax rates did not increase
tax revenues, but exploded bud-
get deficits, decreased GDP
growth rate and productivity.
and lowered savings and invest-
The evidence is clear that
those in the highest income
brackets did exceedingly well,
while the working classes and
the poor experienced reduced
real incomes; creation of more
inequality and a shrinking
middle class.
And former President
George Bush in the 1980 Prima-
ries referred to this side of sup-
ply-side economics as 'voodoo
In 1992, the U.S. Internal
Revenue Service estimated that
more than 50% of those earn-
ing $200,000 or more paid less
than 25% in taxes. In addition,
if former President Reagan did
not reduce the tax rate, the rich-
est 1% would have paid more
than $70 Billion in taxes by
1993; this amount would have
covered the $15 Billion to the
poor for Aid to Families with
Dependent Children (AFDC) in
1992, plus $27 Billion for food
stamps, and $9 Billion for hous-
BrainStreet Learning ww.braitrl .com) is a'Virutal I.earning Environment' that allows students
to access online lessons and tutorials to support their efforts as they pursue their studies for Secondary School
Entrance Examinations, Caribbean Secondary Schools Examination (CSEC), Caribbean Advanced Proficiency
Examination (CAPE) and other secondary school examinations. Students now have the option of accessing
academic courses and tutors to help with their homework or as they study for upcoming examinations.

7ef 4coeanI:r -fi 1stsoas

Mathematics I

Mathematics II

Mathematics III

Mathematics IV

CXC Mathematics

English III

Biology I 0

Principles of Business

. ,,,,.,,,,,,.r.^ ^ __

For students in Forms 1 & 2

For students in Forms 2 & 3

For students in Forms 4 & 5
studying for CXC/GCE
For student Forms 5 studying Additional
Mathematics for CXC/GCE
'Mock exams', drills for students studying
for CXC and GCSE Mathematics
For students Forms 5 and studying for
CXC and GCSE Examinations
For students in Forms 4 & 5 studying
for CXC Examinations.
For students in Forms 4 & 5 studying
for CXC and GCSE E -riiHti:,ni.n

$2,000 per month

$2,000 per month

$2,500 per month

$2,500 per month

$2,500 per month

$2,500 per month

$3,000 per month

$2,500 per month

I I $ I. ~.- . .Maw Y I

24A 1'.ping lAve., Bel Air Park, Georgetown

Phone: (592) 231-6580

i',_.uS: s;l1cs?'BrainStrcetlI Q(com or inq

ing assistance to the poor, with
a residue of $19 Billion for
other services. This is one as-
pect of the redistribution of in-
come through the tax law; and
it remains one of the most ef-
fective methods in the fight
against poverty.
In a global economy, these
lessons are real from the
United States of America. But,
strangely enough, the Chair-
man of Corporate Guyana
continues to use voodoo eco-
nomics to make his case for
reduced tax rates. Is this what
we want for Guyana?
(Previously carried in B-
the Guyana Chronicle)


It was a cold windy Saturday of mid winter on New En-
gland. The wind was biting cold; the snow drift was deep
and wet. The driveway was impassable. It must be cleared
for the milkman and mailman. The young men who usu-
ally clean the sidewalks are no where to be seen, perhaps
busy elsewhere. I ventured out wearing a face of courage
and determination. I shovelled feverishly to dear the way
and dash back inside a warm house. The job went slowly,
the snow was heavy. and within a few minutes my face and
fingers were numb. Kathy, my neighbour and nurse, all
bundled up, came over and talked about her new college
course dissertation.
I could not resist her enthusiasm. I slopped shovelling,
placed my left foot on the shovel, both hands on top. We talk
for about what may seemed ten minutes. She then told me the
real reason for coming out. She saw me compulsively labouring
and knew the consequence of compulsion. She wanted to dis-
tract me to get a few minutes rest. She then said, "You can
now go back". \
The problem with\the term "distractability" is that the word
connotes little or no attention span. being fidgety and non-con-
forming. As such, it is associated with social problems span,
hyperactivity and learning disorders. It thus may adversely af-
fect learning and school achieviemeni. It mav even become a so-
cial problem because he or she may not follow the rules of con-
centration and violate the norms of behaviour.
Distractability, in spite of the bad rap it has received,
serves numerous purposes. Among them are relaxations
from any form of obsessive compulsive behaviour and help-
ing the reader to think and reflect on the matter being
studied. It may even become a relief and break from any
rut or mental set known as functional fixedness. Obses-
sive compulsive behaviour is the thinking and behaviour
where the individual engages in an activity to the exclu-
sion of all else. In so doing, there is much tension to the
whole body physiologically. The body muscles are tense,
the heart beats faster. Such conditions for a prolonged pe-
riod are destructive to both the mind and the body. Doc-
tors and nutritionists have continually and wisely advised
that in eating we need to take morsels of food, stop, take a
deep breathe, put down the knife and a fork, look around.
One is able to eat less, and more importantly, enjoy the
meal. Gulping food is unhealthy and bad for digestion.
Distraction provides the antidote.
Concentration, mentally, may be productive in helping the
person to reach the desired goal. However, when we become
fixated on a problem and it seems unsolvable, the problem may
seem insurmountable as we push further with the same "one
track" mind. Taking a new direction may be needed. It is pro-
ductively wise to remove oneself, return another time or day
when a new and different frame of thought will be employed.
This is quite common in solving mathematic problems.
EMOTIONAL: One can become an emotional wreck in an
environment that calls for deep concentration or commitment.
One needs to break the spell, get away from it all. Psychologist
Fechbach wrote about her husband and best friend who was
diagnosed with cancer. She spent many hours caring for him
but the main solace she received was when she was able to move
away from him, spend a few hours at the office, take a walk in
the park, play with the pets and watch the birds. Being so
deeply involved with her husband was also making her think
and worry about the consequences of a new life without him of
being alone, etc. The break away was a God-sent relief.
PRODUCTIVITY: The Hawthorne study in Chicago, nearly
a hundred and fifty years ago researched productivity in hu-
mans who were "idling workers" because they spend too much
time interacting. The company separated then, giving the indi-
vidual tasks and no interaction. Productivity fell sharply. The
company had no choice but to return to the old method and
productivity improved. What the company felt was wasting
time was actually socializing. wNith a more positive atlilude and
more productivity. Psychologist Szaa/ considered \\,rk itself
as a di;riclion from life and a wonderful one at that.
The'-'c is a positive aspect to distractability. It breaks
the co'puiiision, allowing us to relax, enjoy the sunshine
and nl.;lii-c. The body and the mind enjoy the "break".

SUNDAY CHRONICLE October 21, 2007 11

The Flight

of Morality
NO nation can long endure without virtue or morality in the
people .A loss of principles and manners is the greatest threat
to a free people. Samuel Adams, the father of the American
Revolution, said, "While the people are virtuous they cannot
be subdued; but when once they lose their virtue they will be
ready to surrender their liberties to the first external or in-
ternal invader".
Morality is the centre pillar of any decent, free society. A soci-
ety that has abandoned its morality will inevitably degenerate into
an ungovernable, anarchical state.
Let us examine our own beloved Guyana. This is a land that
prided itself in possessing a rich
cultural diversity and to some de-
gree an ethnic utopia. Many of us
are the beneficiaries of the virtues
and values, forcibly instilled by
grandmothers of the sixties. While
the methodologies in many ways
were archaic and even backward.
undeniably, the generation it pro-
duced has validated its benefits in *l
many ways. We were more re-
spectful and moral. We had a .
greater sense of decency and char-
acter. While immorality has always
been with Ius. the generation 1 gIrew
up in were respectful enough to
Colltin themselves and Ieserve ccr-
lain behaviourLIs and indulgences lor 4,
iheir private life. as a mark of ire-
,speCt for public decency .
Children never swore in the-
presence of adults. Manners was ---.--- --. .
taught deliberately in schools and
enforced in society. The respect foi self. others and the property of'
others xcrec personal x alucs that were all a part of out upbringing.
lThe celebration of our culture was soneihit g to be proud o01 a,
a Guyanese. Creativity and artistic expressiveness were the evident
standards to he pursued in the national celebrations, such as
Mashramani. Mass Games and many such activities .
Today. so much has changed, that one can't even be sure that
we are still the same nation. There has been a sad flight of morality
from our nation, both at the societal and institutional levels. While
it is not my attempt to apportion blame, it is however imperative
to identify the cause or source of a problem. if you have any inten-
tions of fixing that problem.
In recent years, the music and entertainment industry has man-
aged to destroy virtually overnight what parents, educators, reli-
gious leaders and many others have laboured to build over decades.
That is a society grounded on decency and morality.
Music has greater influence over behaviour than even legisla-
tions. The impact of the music and entertainment industry emanat-
ing out of North America has significantly destroyed the founda-
tion of the Guyanese moral fabric. Culture is now replaced by Vul-
gar. Wining, gyrating, and sexually provocative displays have be-
come the norm at our national celebrations. Our women are paraded
virtually naked, as sexual objects, while gyrating to lyrics that are
demeaning to them. Since when it is cool and acceptable to address
our mothers, wives and sisters as bitches and whores? Totally un-
There is a sexual revolution taking place around us that we must
carefully understand in order to effectively deal with it. But vulgar-
ity must never-become a substitute for artistic creativity. The cul-
tural trends of other nations must not dictate our cultural expres-
sions. From whence has come this idea of pajama party and wet T-
shirt party and Mini-skirt party? How can one not see that these
obviously highly sexual experiences will impact negatively on an
already vulnerable society? Many may. not agree with me, but the
spread of HIV/AIDS is a behavioral issue. We are doing a greater
ill to ourselves by promoting activities that will encourage irrespon-
sible sexual behaviour. We are not at all serious about dealing with
the HIV/AIDS issue, if we do not address the issue of morality
.Dr. Martin Luther King said, "Behaviour cannot be legislated, but
it can be regulated", thus establishing that governments are not nec-
essarily the ones to provide solutions to these issues, but rather
those of us who help to nold and inform the mindset in society.
Our women must have more pride in themselves and not continue
to allow themselves to be used to further corrupt a highly sexual
society. They are not advertising props, they are God's gift to the
world that makes human life possible. Women! Take pride in your-
selves and cover up.
Let us redeem our society one step at a time. Let us begin
by putting our sense of morality and decency back.

: I i L '. ',

r; i'

Stand up! Speak out!
MEMBERS of the Art of Living Foundation Guyana recently joined the 'Stand Up Speak Out!" UN Millennium Campaign
in support of the eradication of extreme poverty and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals by
2015. A service (in picture) was held at the new Art of Living Centre in Turkeyen, where the "Stand Up Speak
Out!" pledge was read.
Art of Living Guyana took a stand to work towards these goals and to collaborate with partners to ensure that
Guyana realises these goals.

Conde Nast Guyana finalist

off to Puerto Rico

MARIAN Academy student
Kevin Comacho has been se-
lected as the Guyana finalist
in the Conde Nast "My Car-
ibbean" essay contest, for

which he is currently in
Puerto Rico.
Comacho's essay was
judged the best out of 14 entries
submitted to the Guyana Tour-

ism Authority (GTA). Execu-
live Director Mr. Indanauth
Harlsingh announced Friday.
As a result, he won an all
expenses paid trip to Puerto


,' .. ;. %

T y e:r Trave

traveler To


vel i

5 ~~:

'~~rsi~ '
.. ~~.
'-' -' i -

COORDINATOR of the Conde Nast "My Caribbean" essay contest Ms. Carla James
presents Kevin Comacho with a certificate for having qualified as the Guyana finalist.
(Guyana Tourism Authority/Natasha Mohamed)

Rico. where the winner ol llhe
contest will be announced in
conjunction with the annual
Caribbean Tourism Conference.
Comacho and the other finalists
from the Caribbean will tour the
city of San Juan and other parts
of the island.
The essay contest has
been held for the past four-
teen years and is designed to
encourage the next genera-
tion of leaders in the Carib-
bean, and to reward them for
their knowledge of their
country. The contest asks 8-
12-year-old students to sub,
mit a 250-word essay address-
ing a relevant topic in tour-
This year, the students vere,.
asked to write about projects
they would create to help bring.
locals and tourists together if
they were to be Minister'of
In his essay, Comacho; said
that first,he would have to de-
cide on a team of dedicated,
hardworking, enthusiastic -and
cooperative staff to promote the
tourism industry. Then, he v6nt
on to describe events such as
Mashramani, and foods such as
According to the Guyana
Coordinator of the contest,
Ms. Carla James, entries
were only received from pri.
vate schools.

NOClUUMS*a r Tn..


73 ROBB & WELLINGTON STS. TEL: 223-5282, 223-6006 AUTO ZONE: 105 REGENT ST TEL: 227-8030,2278096

10/20/2007, 8:51 PM


_M . .P.

12 Er

..-----..---..----....------------ ---..-.-.--...-- .......-.--,. _-T't.r ..

.- ... .. ...-.... ... ... ..

AS United Nations 'set out
October 2, 2007 to be the In-
ternational Day of non-vio-
lence based on the Gandhian
philosophy, the World finds it-
self bounded by theory and
ideals. Aspects of tolerance,
full respect for human right,
democracy, mutual under-
standing and respect for hu-
man beings, are core prin-
ciples in this resolution. How-
ever, the greatest challenge
has been the transformation
of such ideals into practical
reality. Gandhi's philosophy
was tried, tested and proved it-
self against the mightiest of


powers and among the richest
of nations in his era.
While this resolution is com-
mendable, what is lacking is the
willingness of the world to go a
step further. If the world goes a
step further in putting the quin-
tessence of this resolution into
practical reality indeed there
would be hope for peace and
stability. How can we deal with
the issues of nuclear weapons
without resorting to war? What
is the future of the Middle East
with the continuous threats of
war and instability? Is the
world becoming more inequi-
table as power becomes more

concentrated? These are all criti-
cal issues that go beyond the
ideals of the great Mahatma and
require resolute and decisive ac-
tions by the United Nation on
an even platform.
All nations must have equal
access to global freedom, de-
mocracy and space to operate.
The excessive of various pow-
ers must be reduced to build an
environment whereby mutual
trust and understanding can be
realized, thus leading to a
greater degree of tolerance for
each other. Non- Violence is not
about a day but it's about de-
veloping a culture and methods

of resolving conflicts without
the use of violence.
Gandhi not only spoke of
non-violence but he practised it,
nurtured it and taught it.
Einstein, speaking of Gandhi had
this to say. "Generations to come
will scarcely believe that such a
one as this ever in flesh and
blood walked upon this earth. He
further stated, "In the shadow of
the nuclear bomb, we see more
and more clearly that all men are
brothers. If we can recognize
this simple truth and act accord-
ingly, then humanity can move
on to a higher plateau".
As pertinent as these philo-


Demerara Tobacco Company advises the smoking public of its recommended retail prices as per below.

Prices are VAT inclusive. (PACK)
20's Full Flavour $220
10's Full Flavour $90
20's Full Flavour $180
20'sMenthol $180
20's Lights $180
20's Special Filter $260
20's Menthol $260
20's Lights $260
Consumers are encouraged to pay the prices quoted above.
For additional information you may contact DEMTOCO on our toll free # 862 3733 or office # 225 1900, ext 222/230
For your convenience, listed below are some of the outlets which sell at the Recommended Price

West Coast Demerara
Padmoutle Sukhraj
Danny Sing!h
Circe K mKhame Chan)
Panchie : Dwarkai
West Bank Demerara
Sia Ranmrhanny
R Mohan Son & Daughters
Vincent Persaud
J Singh & Sons
Ranbarrnr General Store
On the Go Service Station
Rajindra Mohabir
Estier Adhari
Essequibo Coast
L all
E Sukdeo
Allie Baksh
Ganesih PersfId
Victor Warner & Sors Gen'eral Store
Ramnharat Nar;ne
Aunty Vee
khus :vai Persaud
Jaigo Bisn
George Nadine
East Bank Essequibo
Milton Year'oodi.
S Sortwaru
KenrL piersau d
L Bukl.'an & Sons
PFgu General Store

Lot 2 & 3 Public Road
Lot 50 Housing Scheme
Lot 100 Third Street East
Lot 19 & 20 Public Road
Lot 8 Corneila Ida
3 &4 Public Road

Lot 149 Public Road
Lot 9 Unity Street
Lot 88 Independence St
LOt 21 Public Road
Loi 278 "" Seventh Street
Lot 195 Fifth Street
Lot 37 New Road
Lot 100 New Road
Lot 118 Third Street
Lot 101 Fourth Street
Lot 29 Second Street
Loi 20 Lancasler Street
Lot 16 Public Road
Lot H Pub:ic Road
194 7th Street
Lot 9 Temple Street

Lot 31-32 Pubiic Road
Lot 1 Public Road
Lot 49 Public Road
[ I .. " 1 , "
1 I I- ,1,1
Lot 22 Public Road
Lco 33 Public Road
Let 53 Old Road
Lot 49 Public Road
182 2nd Street
48 Pubiic Road

l.o i2 Sectotn 3
I., 190 Old Road
Lo a Min, Roead
Lo 214 Old Road
Lot 9 Public & COi Road

Anna CaUierina
La Jalousie

La Grange
La Grange
Vreed en Hooo
Vreed en Hooo
Goed Fortcin
Windsor Forest
Windsc- Forest

&,lden Fleece
Cotton Field
Joh&nna CeC- a
Pomona H'S
Three Fnends



Warning: The Minister of Health advises that


Moving towards implementing

the Gandhian Philosophy

sophical precepts-are, yet over
the decades we cannot recog-
nize this truth and act accord-
ingly. For this philosophy of
Gandhi to be our catalyst to
promote change and give sub-
stance to the struggles of
Gandhi, all of us without excep-
tion in this global village must
be the change we wish to see in
the World. One does not be-
come enlightened imagining fig-
ures of light but by making the
darkness conscious." And there-
fore let us look forward in hope
and not fear, in peace and toler-
ance and not anger and vexation
as a result of the anguish of the
past. It is only through this rec-
onciliation that the ideals of
Gandhi would lead to a more
peaceful World.
Gandhian Philosophy in
short was based on honesty,
trust, integrity, leadership, self
sacrifices and conviction. In
achieving peace Ghandi as a
matter of principle opposed
poverty and injustice based on
two principles (l)Sarvodaya
(The welfare of all).
And (2) Andodaya (The
welfare of the least ). In address-
ing the question of inequality
Ghandi expressed this view, "
Let us devote all our energies for
half a century to helping the mil-
lions of people who have been
left behind to catch up." Gandhi
recognized that the gap between
the richest of nations and the
poorest was extraordinarily wide
and must be addressed if we are
to achieve a peaceful and just so-
ciety. Poverty itself
leads to the widening of the
gap between the rich and the
poor. There is a direct relation-
ship between the death rate of
the world poorest people and
their country's debts. We must
therefore call on the UN to
lobby more strongly for the re-
duction and cancellation of the
debts of poor countries. Gandhi
again said, "The world has
enough resources to meet the
needs of everyone, though not
to satisfy everyone's greed."
Gandhis's view of econom-
ics was explained in (Harjong,
9th October, 1937). He advo-
cated that economics stands for
social justice, equality, inclu-
siveness of the weakest and is
indispensable for decent life. He
believed strongly in localized so-
lution to economic issues, de-
centralization and organization
of production activities as close
to the source of production as
possible. The relevance of this
theory remains ever more im-
portant today as we seek to
educate societies of the impor-
tance of local production and

hands of all. Today inachinery
merely helps a few to ride on
the backs of millions. The im-
petus behind it all is not the phi-
lanthropy to save labour, but
greed." (Schumacher, 1974:128)
believed that the accomplish-
ment of Gandhi's dream meant
the use of a level of technology
that was relevant to the needs
and resources of the poor with
tools and equipment designed to
be small, simple, low cost and
environmentally friendly.
Today as we grapple with
issues of global warming, food
security, globalization and wid-
ening inequality we should rec-
oncile ourselves to the Gandhian
philosophy of economic devel-
opment and align ourselves to
sustainability rather than greed.
Gandhi would have wanted a so-
ciety whereby there was a right
balance between man and nature.
In 1951-52 India debated exten-
sively two approaches to their
development. These were the
Gandhian approach and the
Nehruvian approach. Nehru at
that time adopted a more social-
ist framework towards the for-
malization of economic societies.
In a continuation of this
article I intend to deal with
the Gandhian model of world
politics, education and envi-
ronment and urge that in rec-
ognizing his contribution to
human kind we dedicate our-
selves towards implementing
his teachings and concepts of
development and life.

Page 12 & 17.p65 1

----- -- ----- -------------
consumption. Agricultural diver-
sification to meet the varied
needs of local consumption re-
quirements are fundamental
principles in his theory of eco-
nomic growth and progression.
Many would argue that
Gandhi's philosophy opposed
the use of machinery but Gandhi
was not against the use of ma-
chinery. He objected to the
craze for machinery. He ex-
plained, "I want to save time
and labour not for a fraction of
mankind but for all. I want the
concentration of wealth, not in
the hands of a few but in the



Qualified applicants should possess the
following requirements:

Five (5) or more years experience in a
senior accounting position.
ACCA qualified or equivalent
Must be .: crlputer literate and well-versed
in the following software programmes:
Word, Excel, Dac Easy & Quick Books
Must be self-motivated and willing to work
long hours

Position requires successful applicants to live and
work in Charity, Essequibo Coast.

Attractive Salary and accommodation will be
Interested applicants please send applications to
the CEO 16 Mudlot Kingston, G/town.


lllllssg8~8sls~ s~aeeqq~

SUNLDMMLY RmMIOF totnhor 91 93007

- - - - -

Fatal Nexus

HIV/AIDS and Sexual Violence

On Friday, Minister of Hu-
man Services and Social Se-
curity Ms. Priya
Manickchand officially began

consultations on her initia-
tive aimed at "strengthening
existing protection against
sexual violence and reform-



A glance at sexual violence and dancehall
One of the key determinants of sexual violence in Carib-
bean societies is the relationship between the level of
sexual violence present in the society and its appearance
in music. One of most popular and influential genres of
music in the Guyana Jamaican dancehall has been
roundly criticized for its depiction of sex, violence and of-
ten sexual violence.
In dancehall finds widespread support here within the youth
population, sexism, sexuality and related violence figure heavily.
From Beenie Man's diatribe against cunnilingus,

"No gal caan sit down pun me head
If a gal try that she dead..." Elephant Man's standard display of raw sexual aggres-

"gal inna mi bed now
Unda mi kiki, me kno she hafi dead now
Cock it up, put a pillow unda she head now"

...dancehall music is filled with often poorly articulated ar-
gument. One particular tenuous but yet recurring link is the
association of an ostensibly heterosexual act, male on female
cunnilingus, with an overtly homosexual act, consensual anal
sex between males
which is followed
more often than not
by a call for violent
The 'debate
about the relation-
ship between lyrics
which imply or
condone sexual vio-
lence and the
prevalence of sexual
violence in a soci-
ety is an ongoing
one. Are the lyrics
responsible for, or
merely symptom-
atic of, the vio-
Those ques-
tions aside it is clear
that there is some
link between the
exists in Jamaica vis
a vis sexual violence and the island's musical output.
"In the highly publicized incarceration," writes one blogger,
Danielle Tappin, "of Jamaican reggae singer Jah Cure who wais
jailed in 1999 for the brutal rape of a young girl artists, radio
personalities and popular local figures came out in support of
the artist with the cry of 'Free Jah Cure'. What was lost in the
rhetoric was the story of the victim, while the man convicted
of her assault has been elevated to the level of a wrongfully
imprisoned political prisoner, with callers on call-in programs
even drawing parallels between Jah Cure and Nelson Mandela."
The potential problem for Guyana is that the codifica-
tion of sexual violence in Jamaican music along with its
corollary of gangster culture ethic, homophobia, and wan-
ton promiscuity may present a very real if intangible pub-
lic health dilemma for Guyana.

ing the law on sexual of-
In the first paragraph of
Foreword to the consultation
paper, militantly entitled
'Stamp it Out' Minister
Manickchand states that:
"Sexual violence is the most
widespread and unpunished of
crimes. It destroys lives, fami-
lies and communities, holds back
our society and economy, and
spreads HIV/AIDS and other
The nexus between sexual
violence and the spread of HIV/
AIDS is one which has been es-
tablished in many societies,
within the region and outside of
it. In the extreme cases of post-
conflict societies, particularly
where rape was used as prima-
rily a tool of war, the linkage
between nass HIV transmission
and sexual violence is clear. The
example of the recent conflict in
the Democratic Republic of
Congo stands out. According to
an article in the April 8, 2004
edition of the U.S. magazine,
'The Nation'. it was estimated
that some 60 percent of com-
batants in the conflict were
HIV-positive, while some 30
percent of the women raped
during the conflict were infected
with the virus.
In conflict-free societies
however, the connection is less
obvious, with the linkage estab-
lished only through dedicated
initiatives which necessarily in-
clude components of research,
analysis, discussion, consensus
and then policy formulation.
For example, in 2000, the
Canadian government hosted an
inter-agency conference con-
vened with the specific purpose
of examining the two issues in
"Over the last three
years," reads the background
abstract for the conference,
"Health Canada (Canada's
federal department of health)
has supported policy and
programme development re-
lated to HIV and sexual vio-
lence through a series of ini-
tiatives targeted at counsel-
lors, health care profession-
als, and women who have ex-
perienced sexual violence
and are at risk for HIV or liv-
ing with HIV/AIDS. These
initiatives have brought to-
gether representatives from
government and various non-
governmental organizations
to work collaboratively in
linking HIV and sexual vio-
According to Minister
Manickchand. much of the new
measures proposed by the con-
sultation paper are geared to-
wards deterring potential of-
fenders by cleaning up the in-
vestigative/judicial side of the
equation, wherein there is in a
meager 1% conviction rate in

"A recent study found that condoms were used in only 3% of reported sexual
violence cases in Guyana. Sexual violence carries not only a risk of pregnancy
but a particularly high risk of transmission of HIV/AIDS. because of the
increased risk of injury and bleeding."

Stamp it Out: The Ministry of Human Services and Social Security Consulta-
tion Paper on Sexual Violence

rape cases: and reforming the
legislative side where much of
the current laws on sexual of-
fences are outdated.
But what happens in the
cases where legal deterrents fail
to work? In the HIV/AIDS and
larger social work community in
Guyana there is ample anec-
dotal evidence of deliberate
transmission of HIV through
sexual violence, specifically


One social work official
related to this paper a case
she encountered some time
ago. A girl in her mid-teens
who was raped several times
during the course of one day
initially tested negative for
HIV. The relief felt by those
familiar with and connected
to the case was short lived
however when a subsequent
battery of medical tests, in
which the HIV-test was only
incidental, showed the rape
victim was infected with the
One area the Ministry of
Human Service's Consultation
paper does not address is with
what some jurisdictions referred
to as the malicious or deliberate
transmission of HIV..According
to Minister Manickchand, while
this issue was not included in the
consultation paper, one of the
very first responses she received
after distributing 'Stamp it Out'
was one in which the respon-
dent posited that rapists who
are aware of their status and
sexually assault their victims
without protection should be
charged for murder or attempted
This is a problem that is en-
gaging several countries at
present. South Africa denies bail
to any HIV positive person ac-
cused of rape unless there are
special circumstances brought
to be bear on the case.
According to Minister
Manickchand, one foreseeable
problem of going in that direc-
tion would be that it could in-
fringe on the confidentiality
presumed with HIV-testing and
counselling in Guyana. An asso-
ciated problematique arises re-

guarding transmission via consen-
sual sex whereas the transmit-
ting partner is aware of their sta-
tus and the newly infected part-
ner is not.
There are also other areas of
concern, some not as direct.
Three years ago. when Minis-
ter of Health, Dr. Leslie
Ramsammy suggested the de-
criminalization of homosexual
sex as a means of combating the
spread of HIV/AIDS, he re-
ceived vigorous opposition from
the local religious community
as well as other sections of so-
Societal homophobia, par-
ticularly in the Caribbean, has
often been associated with the
larger issues of sexual violence
and the spread of HIV/AIDS.
In Jamaica for example, accord-
ing to a Human Rights Watch
report published in 2004, ho-
mophobia resulted in many ho-
mosexual people, both male and
female, leading sexual double-
lives due to the fear of violent
reaction often rape in the case
of lesbians to their sexuality
being exposed.
In the Ministry of Human
Services' 'Stamp it Out' consul-
tation paper, Article S351 which
covers 'Gross indecency of
male with male' will be retained
and "will continue to cover
consensual activity."
Sunday Chronicle asked
Minister Manickchand about
the reason for not using the op-
portunity to decriminalize con-
sensual adult homosexual sex,
particularly since the
criminalization of what is le-
gally known as 'buggery' has
been identified as a stumbling
block in the fight against HIV/
According to the Minis-
ter, this consultation process
is by no exhaustive
one vis a vis the reform of
Guyana's sexual offences leg-
islation. She stated that the
decision was taken to touch
on aspects of tle existing leg-
islation with clear and mea-
surable negative impact, and
any legislation: dealing with
consensual sexual activity was
not highlighted for change in
what she says is a first phase
of consultation and reform.
The very last resort of pro-
tecting victims of sexual vio-

lence from HIV infection is what
is termed Post-Exposure Pro-
phylaxis or PEP. PEP consists
of the administering of anti-
retroviral (ARV) drugs immedi-
ately after potential exposure to
the virus.
The two major situations in
which PEP is usually warranted
are in the health care environ-
ment wherein a health care
worker is exposed to possible
infection; and in cases of sexual
In some countries, PEP
practices are codified in law.
A new Sexual Offences Bill
was passed in South Africa, a
country known both for its
significant level of HIV preva-
lence and its high incidence
of rape, in April this year: the
bill effectively put into law a
2002 Cabinet policy decision
providing PEP to victims of
sexual assault.
Guyana has a fairly compre-
hensive PEP regimen as outlined
in the Ministry of Health's 'Na-
tional Guidelines for Manage-
ment of HIV-Infected and HIV-
Exposed Adults and Children,
August 2006 Revision.'
"The basic ARV regimen for
PEP," the guidelines state
"should be available 24 hours a
day, including nights and week-
ends, in all healthcare facilities."
The document also im-
plies that HIV post-exposure
prophylaxis should be admin-
istered within seventy-two
hours of any reported sexual
According to Minister
Manickchand however, recent
responses to her ministry's
consultation paper indicate that
post-sexual assault PEP regimen
is not being strictly followed
across the country. Health
workers from several health fa-
cilities, during a recent consul-
tation with the Ministry of
Health, stated that there have
been cases of rape where PEP
was not readily available.
Hopefully, she told this pa-
per, the situation will be im-
proved. On the possibility of
the need for legislation instead
of policy to ensure this im-
provement she had this to say:
"You hope sometimes you
don't have to regulate with a law
but if it turns out that you have
to, then you have to."

",n6n o h kyfeos fi ig heeidni.
aniodp fyg'I
Pii~tH awtnlqlual HBieA iTBjHU"ji-M3 i si

vB~iblence.ViaIn'd 8.0 ifrail-eu 'f I a l ,L',*jT 1ffiT? i )ai-f

a A l n e a ,,. h"



713 ROBB a WELLINGTOR STS. TEL: 223-5282, 223-6006 JUTOS 011uE 105 BEiGETST TEL.2


~------------ ---------------- :-

112 e^r>


*" !" ~~i. ,,r .'l^ rLf r.' ^:(
^ /ll*yi'*^' *o ^ 1.



Key to




(BBC News) US scientists have pinpointed a difference in
brain chemistry which may explain why some people cope
better than others in the face of adversity.
They found a key pathway in mice differs in tlose who cope
well with stress, and those who do not.
The findings, published in Cell, could lead to pew treatments
for conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder.
Experts said evidence increasingly showed!responses t1o
stress were linked to chemical mechanisms in the rain. ,
People differ widely in their responses to stressful 'ituai-
tions some people seem highly resilient to stress while bthei,
struggle to cope.
For example around a third of people may suffer post-trau,
matic stress disorder (PTSD) after an exceptionally ,traumatic
event, such as a terrorist attack or a natural disaster.
The researchers, from the University of Texas South-
western Medical Centre, looked at differences in mice fac-
ing a stressful situation in the form of a larger more ag-
gressive mouse.
Some of the mice coped with the stress well and others,be-
came timid and withdrew from social interaction.
In the mice who did not cope well with stress, nerve cells I'
fired signals at a faster rate in two areas of the brain associated
with pleasure and reward, releasing a substance called BDNF,
which has previously been linked to poor coping.
The resilient mice had no increase in BDNF, probably
because the neurons were firing less rapidly.
Blocking BDNF in the timid mice caused them to become i1
more resistant to stress.
In mice who coped better with stress, there were also greater
regulation of genes in the key brain regions, suggesting resilience
to such conditions is an active process rather than a lack of a
Analysis of brain samples from depressed and non-depressed
humans, showed that depressed people ha\e a 4-10. increased
level of BDNF.
Preventing BDNF release in certain brain regions mal be a
way to increase coping ability to stress or depression. the re-
searchers concluded.
"Chronic stress, depression, post-traumatic stress"dis-
order and similar disorders might be treated by l'omoring
the mechanisms that underlie resilience." Dr Etic Nestler,
professor of psychiatry and study leader
However, he added that simply blocking BDNF mrghit also,
affect other systems, so researchers would ha\e to find a wav
to target the specific pathway involved in tres. f;
Dr Jonathan Bisson, senior lecturer in ps chiatry at the Un
versity of Cardiff said one of the theories of why some people
developed PTSD and others did not was that certain areas of
the brain failed to dampen down the fearful response to a trau-
matic situation.
"If we can identify parts of the brain acting differently and
look at the chemical changes in theory we can develop treat-
Dr Martin Deahl, consultant psychiatrist in Shropshire said
there was no doubt that chemicals in the brain were terribly im-
But he added: "It doesn't mean you're born with
it, life experiences affects the make up of chemicals
in the brain and why some people are vulnerable is
not known exactly."

UNDER the Made i' Guyana, Grown in Guyana drive, Canje
Night is scheduled to be held this year on Saturday, October
27, at the Rosehall Community Centre Ground, East Berbice,
Region Six, under the auspices of the Ministry of Agriculture,
in collaboration iith thp Guyana Marketing Corporation
(GMC) and the Pr ate Seior.
Marketing Manager of 3MC, Richard Hanif, during a visit to
the venue last Wedesday, told reporters that this year's event is
expected to be large thanprevious agriculture expositions held in
the Region, as moreparticipants are showing an interest in promot-
ing products made ard grown in Guyana.
S"Canje Night is the last major event in observance of Agriculture
Month 2007. It will attract a wide cross-section of people, not only
from Regions 5 arid 6, but from as far away as Georgetown too.
More private secto' companies have also signalled their intention to
be a part of the exposition, as well as the agencies under the Minis-
try of Agriculture;" he disclosed.
Among the agriculture agencies participating in this year's event
are the National Agriculture Research Institute (NARI), Guyana For-
estry Commission, Guyana.Sugar Corporation (East Berbice Estates
and Port Mourant Training Centre), and Pesticides & Toxic Chemi-
cals Control Board.
Private sector companies include, Associated Industries Lim-
ited Berbice branch (AINLIM), Demerara Distillers Limited
(DDL), Banks DIH Limited, Nand Persaud and Company Lim-
ited, and several farmers' groups from the region, among oth-
For participants travelling' from Georgetown and other outlying

areas, tables and chairs will be available for rental at minimal cost,
Hanif said, thereby relieving them of the burden of transporting same
for use in their booths.
General Manager of GMC, Nizam Hassan, reflecting on
past expositions held in the region, noted, "The response has
always been overwhelming since we started staging these agri-
cultural expositions across the country under the Made in
Guyana, Giown in Guyana campaign, initiated by the late Min-
ister of Agriculture, Satyadeow Sawh. This year it will be held
for the first time ih Cahje, and from all indications, it prom-
ises to be a successful event."
Hanif indicated that the entertainment line-up is fun-filled, and
caters for all age groups, with special attractions for children, in-
cluding a host of games and rides.
"I am encouragifig all Berbicians to come, bring out the entire
family and enjoy a wide variety of local products, craft, games, food,
live musical entertainment and much more. We also intend to have
on stage, one of Guyana's top recording artistes, who is also a
He further noted that special arrangements have been made with
the Transport and Harbours Department to extend the departure time
of the last ferry from New Amsterdam to Rosignol, to 12:30am. This
is to accommodate persons travelling back to West Berbice, the East
Coast Demerara, and Georgetown on the night of the event.
The highlight of the Made in Guyana, Grown in Guyana
expositions is the annual Guyana Night, which was held this
year at the Guyana National Stadium, Providence, attracting
in excess of 20,000 patrons.

He added: "As well as making it simple to control how much
S: CO is introduced into a patient's body, it will be possible to
refine the design of the molecules so that they target a par-
ticular place while leaving the rest of the body unaffected.

(BBC News) Scientists say they have developed a safe way to
:n'm minister the toxic gas carbon monoxide (CO) in a way that
,co 'ld htlp organ transplant patients.
Although too much of the gas is deadly, minute doses help widen
blood vessels and cut inflammation, which could boost the survival
chances of donor organs.
Sheffield Uiniversity scientists have devised a wa\ to release tar-
geted small doses ofCO using carrier molecules.
They say lab tests have been promising and hope to start hu-
man trials by 2010.
The team is !i-: by Professor Brian Mann. who is working
alongside Dr Robe';a .Mottlerlini at Northwick Park Institute for
Medical R:search.
They claim their discovery could have other applications too.

including treating inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthri-
tis and high blood pressure in the lungs.
Conventional CO inhalation carries the risk of patients .r medi-
cal staff being accidentally exposed to high doses.
The new treatment method should remove this risk, says Pro-
fessor Mann.
It comprises water-soluble molecules, known as CO-releas-
ing molecules (CO-RMs), which, when swallowed or injected,
release calculated doses of CO inside the body.
Professor Mann said: "The molecules dissolve in water. so they
can be made available in an easy-to-ingest, liquid form that quickly
passes into the bloodstream.
"They can be injected exactly where required without being a
threat. It's a much safer way to give CO."

"For transplant patients, we could treat the donor organ t(
minimise the risk of damage and rejection."
He said CO was great at protecting against reperfusion damage
tissue damage caused when blood supply returns after a period oi
no supply.
Dr lan Fairlamb, a chemist at the University of York, said man)
scientists were now looking at developing CO-RMs on the back o
Dr Motterlini's pioneering work.
"At first it may seem surprising that CO can be beneficial be
cause it is a known toxin. But low doses of CO can elicit a wide
range of biological effects, which can be exploited in many therapeu
"In terms of using carbon monoxide as a therapeutic agent
it is preferable to avoid using it in its gaseous form. These car
ri-r compounds can transport it in a safe way."

O .anisers gearing r grn exhibition
O Ianlisers gearing for grand exhibition

gl l

Nlt'.b olled

CLE October 21, 2007 15

Outgoing Indian


Commissioner bids


ACTING President Samuel Hinds Friday evening bade fare-
well to outgoing Indian High Commissioner to Guyana, Avinash
Gupta at the Indian Cultural, Centre, Bel Air.
"The departing of Mr. Gupta as our High Commissioner is not
a reflection of a parting relationship, but of all the accomplishments
that Guyana has made during his tenure," Prime Minister Hinds said.
He offered Government's commitment to building better relation-
ships with India.
"The relationship with the two countries will continue to blos-
som. India's assistance to Guyanese has been a significant contribu-
tor to the development of the people of Guyana," he noted.
The construction of the Guyana National Stadium at Providence
and the installation of traffic lights at 50 junctions in and around the
city were a few examples of I dia's contribution to bettering the lives
of Guyanese which the Prime Minister Hinds identified.
Mr. Gupta said his experience in Guyana has been fruitful
and has allowed for the gneat exchange of the two countries'
"My thanks are due to' the political leadership and people of
Guyana for extending their warm hospitality and giving their fullest
support for further extending our relationship," the outgoing High
Commissioner said.
He said that he is grateful for the experience he and his family
had gained over theirfour-year stay in Guyanm.
"Guyana, our final port of call, with its pristine forests and pol-
lution-free environment, has indeed left many lasting imprintsion us.
It was in Guyana that I made so many friends who are not only
willing to help mte at any point of my stay in Georgetown, but grace-
fully offered the hospitality to ensure that we were as comfortable
as the circumstances permitted," Gupta said. !
"The journey which I would be undertaking might be the last
one in my diplomatic career, as I would be superannuating from the'
Indian Foreign Service on October 31," he said
Gupta has been working with the Government of Indian for
more than 40 years.
Bilateral relationships between Guyana and India were fur-
ther strengthened during a state visit to Guyana by Indian Vice
President, Bharion Singh Shekhwat earlier this year. (GINA)

::. :: ;

I . --- -- -


I'- o --" .. r "i

j | HIGH Commissioner Avinash Gupta (at podium). Prime Minister Samuel Hinds is at left.




Recently held its Annual Awrd Luncheon for
The Year of Production 2006-2007 at the .-


iGeorgetown Club where the Top Producers were
presented with Gold & Diamond Pins and Trophies.

,4 -.
* B-


TIp Auaw
Mr. Patrick Falconer receives his trophy from Mr. Wilfred
Lee, Director/Chairman of the Sales & Marketing Committee

Stli.ding: Fro ll le t Mr. B.ihcls-:i.n Sanicharra Awardee
Mr. R\; il BAccllhu Sccoitld Ri: ner-up
Mr. I M tther lihiri :.unner-up
Mir. Habillh I I'.F!i First P i r-up
Mil, Huh M1. ,lohiii 1\w ;idi.
M r. BirniL-t! 10.. S, !n %%v-irdc


:li I


,.; I


rTI i~i;


-- -;

.., !7

Sitting:Mr. PaAir;. .t-i.




- -.....-- - - -------- ------ -------------. _ 7,. M;irMl 1 1,.

Treasure ship leaves Spanish port

(BBC News) A US salvage
boat impounded by Spanish
authorities in a dispute over
sunken treasure has been al-
lowed to leave the port of
Algeciras in Spain.
The Odyssey Explorer was
seized by Spanish police on

Tuesday. and taken to Algeciras,
where the captain was subse-
quently arrested for a short
The dispute follows the
discovery in May of shipwreck
booty estimated to be worth
$500m (245m).

The Spanish government
asserts it may have a claim on
the treasure.
But the US salvage com-
pany. Odyssey Marine Explo-
ration says the trove said to
include half a million silver
coins and hundreds of gold ob-

jects was found in international
The Odyssey Explorer was
cleared by a Spanish judge and
harbour authorities to leave
Algeciras port on Saturday. said
Odyssey Marine Exploration in
a statement.

NJBNFPI lYE~n]E URtii I K.;1Coli QDlra ~ K c53*K'

Z44)I~EU JE JW)E 44j)PUE 4)4YJ

... ......VOL.u.R?...t r IEG.. .IO .

Launching of Pig Breeding October 22, 2007 14:0ohrs GDF Farn, Garden of Eden, EBD
Region 10 Loggers' Forum October 23, 2007 13:30hrs Linden Constabulary Building, Region
Rock Stone farmer's October 23, 2007 16;oohrs Rock Stone, Region 10
Region o1 career Day October 24, 2007 9:oohrs Linden Constabulary Building, Region
1 10
SMocha Farmers' Meeting October 24, 2007 16:00hrs Mocha, EBD
MMA Open Day October 25, 2007 9:oohrs MMA Headquarters, Onverwagt,
__Region 5
Ministry staff Award October 26, 2007 14:3ohrs Lawns of the Ministry of Agriculture,
Ceremony Regent Street
Canje Night October 27, 2007 16:00hrs Rose Hall Canje Ground, Region 6
RPA County Conference October 28, 2007 9:30 hrs Bush Lot Secondary School, Corentyne
Dairy Exhibition October 28, 2007 13:0Ohrs NDDP Office, Mon Repos, ECD



VAT Policy Corner

POLICY 20- VAT and Sports

This. policy forms the guiding principle as it relates to zero-rated items which may be used within the
sports sector.

Under the Value-Added Tax Act of 2005, Schedule I provides a list of the goods and services which
attract VAT at the rate ofzero- percent (0%).

The following items are zero-rated under Schedule I:
A supply of sports gear or sports equipment qualifying for exemption from Customs duties
under the First Schedule to the CustomsAct.
The supply ofa cup, medal, shield or similar trophy, imported for the purpose of bestowal
:- in honorary distinction or prize, and either won abroad or awarded by a donor resident abroad. It
s ;t be noted that the above-mentioned items must be shown to the satisfaction of the Commissioner-
.erial that they are not:-
for general use
bearing ay adv ertiseme'nt.
imported or stocked for the pu-rose of trade.
A passenger vehicle, as shown to the satisfaction of the Commissioner-General io have been
; ,n abroad, or bestowed as an honorary prize to a sports personality.

Si h respect to the above provisions, a written request for the zero-rating of sports gear. sports
...uipment. cups. nmedMs. shield, other trophies, etc. from VAT musI be made to the Commissioner-
'neral and an invoice ofithe items to be imported must also be attached.

Id ,!itionally, a recommendation from the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sport is required before
S-nsideration is given to the request for zero-rating of the item (s). The above zero-rated
: -icessions are only available to sports organizations and individuals who satisfy the above

S! case be advised that VAT-registered companies which supply the above listed items are required to
Siarge VAT at a standard rate of I 6%. It is only after written approval from the Commissioner-General
granted that the item(:. will be zero-rated.

SPersons who have queries with VAT are encouraged to write to the Commissioner, VAT
S.d .id xcise Taz 17art ment. 210 'E'Albert and Charlbtte Street,,. Bourda for clarification.

P,^r.,-1'.&- m8-J61-5

It said the ship would travel
to another port. from which
search and recovery operations
would recommence.
There was a tense stand-
off earlier in the week, after
the boat left the port of
Gibraltar. a British territory.
The Spanish Navy threat-
ened to open fire if civil
guards were not allowed on
board to carry out a search.
The boat was then im-
pounded in Algeciras, where its
captain Sterling Vorus was ar-
Mr Vorus was freed on con-
dition he present himself every
fortnight to the judicial authori-

Madrid suspects the 17th
Century sunken treasure galleon
may either have been Spanish or
have gone down in Spanish wa-
The American firm will only
reveal the wreck codenamed
Black Swan is somewhere in
the Atlantic and says it is keep-
ing the location secret to deter
Odyssey said it flew all of
the 17-tonne treasure haul from
Gibraltar back to Florida in
In July Spanish police
searched another ship be-
longing to Odyssey, the
Ocean Alert, after it left

Britain's Prince William meets Royal Navy family
members based in Helensburgh, Scotland, October 19,
2007. REUTERS/David Moir

Cuba set for



Cuba is holding elections today to choose more than 15,000
municipal council members.
It is the beginning of a process that will culminate in del-
egates electing a new National Assembly next March.
These are the first elections since President Fidel Castro
temporarily handed over power to his younger brother, Raul,
over 14 months ago.
Critics, led by the US and several European Union nations.
say the process in the one-party state is undemocratic.
The communist government in Cuba describes its electoral
system. which was enshrined in the constitution of 1976, as
one of lhe freest and fairest in the world, where almost anyone
can be elected to a municipal council or national assembly seat.
However. critics like the US and the EU. along with dissi-
dents on Ihe island. disagree.
They say the electoral process in Cuba is merely a cos-
metic democratic exercise, which has no place for government
:ipponcnts, as it is fully overseen by the country's ruling Com-
munist Party.
This latest round of municipal elections will see as many
as 959c of voters on the Caribbean island turn out.
The poll is given added significance because it is the first
since Raul Castro took over as acting president in place of the
81-year-old Fidel at the end of July last year.
Since then, the status quo has reigned in Cuba and there
has been no sign that the country's ruling Communist Party
has lost any of its hold on power.
This is despite predictions to the contrary from Washing-
ton and the leadership of the Cuban.exile community in Mi-
But in a sign that it recognizes its system is one pri-
marily governee-by ageing revolutionaries, -the Commu-
nist Party has urged yo ng Cubans to stand for seats in
*!I poll in the bope of pumping younger blood into the
o. trua ant sos a g.pol ical structure.
-..-___ ---'f i : "' .. '..* .-,: ** .. .

~x -- -- ~1 i 1 ~~~~~~ -----^-I---~'~-" `*~U~.~.Yl~.kls.r.YV_-.

i -t. b\



A w


. 7 .-

- 1 .."

SUINAY CHRONICLE Optoer, ,, 2007.

\ --------- '. ..;.U -------' W --------

Bolivia s



(BBC News) In Bolivia, a weak economy and a shortage of
jobs means some parents are moving abroad to find work
and earn money for their families. But, in many cases,
their children are being left behind with no one to care
for them.
There are telephone shops all over Bolivia, places where
people often too poor to have a phone of their own go to
make their calls.
They are full of rickety plastic booths and are abuzz with
the sound of locals calling long distance.
Frequently, they are calling the people who clean houses,
look after other people's children, pick fruit, and work on con-
struction sites in countries like Spain, Italy, Argentina and Brit-
These migrant workers are the fathers or mothers of young-
sters like Carlita.
Her mother left their home in Santa Cruz a year ago and
now works as a domestic servant in Madrid.
"She is going to send for me as soon as I turn 18," Carlita
says as she leads me towards her home along a dusty path where
bin liners blow in the warm breeze.
Carlita, who is 17, seems a typical teenage girl with a shy,
awkward smile.
But her childhood ended some time ago.
Until recently she lived with her grandmother and aunt who
promised to take care of her.
But it seems what they cared for most was the cash her
mother sent from Spain each month.
Carlila fell ignored, began to fight with her aunt, and before
long the rows became violent.
When Carlita telephoned her mother to tell her she wanted
to leave, her aunt feared the remittances would be lost.
Her reaction was to beat Cariia until she was black and
blue, and could hardly move.
"She used a belt," Carlita tells me, glancing towards the psy-
chologist who is here to check on her progress and is sitting in
on our interview.
"I do not know where I found the strength to defend my-
self, because I did defend myself.
"But I know that if I had been younger and smaller, I would
not have been able to put up a fight." she says.
Carlita now sleeps on the floor in another aunt's ramshackle
There are 17 children staying here. many of whom have a
parent working abroad or in another part of Bolivia.
The scene is nothing unusual for psychologist Carlos Perez,
who sits on a broken chair in the yard.
He sees cases like Carlita's all the uime. But normally the
children are younger and the maltreatment more severe.
"The mother leaves and the child is effectively left in the
care of no-one," he says.
"They show signs of neglect and become rebellious. It is
tremendously frequent and iI is creating a generation of chil-
dren who do not know how to behave in society."
Carlita is old enough for her experience not to have too much
lasting impact on her character.
Others are less fortunate, with many suffering irreparable
psychological damage or falling into drugs and delinquency.
When we get back to the justice centre where Carlos works,
he is immediately bombarded by people who want his help.
Although he seems to respond completely professionally,
his frown shows that he feels tense and beleaguered.
"There are babies just one or two months old who are be-
ing left behind," he says.
"And when their mothers come back they can not
recognize them. One boy told me 'I don't want these shoes
or clothes I have been given. I want my mother here to
comb my hair and bathe me and tell me a story'."


Mexican ex-prostitutes fidt home-

(BBC News) Go to the centre
of Mexico City after dark and
you can see the women start
to colonise the district.
The grey suits that are ev-
erywhere during daylight hours
give way to multi-coloured mini-
skirts as the time arrives for a
different kind of product to be
There are not enough street
corners to accommodate all the
women. Instead, there are rows
of them along the main boule-
The parade of women
means the male clients can stay
in the dry warmth of their cars
as they make their impersonal
One estimate says there are
3,000 prostitutes in the city at
any one time.
But what happens when
they get older and can no longer
walk the streets'?
One answer lies behind an un-
remarkable brown door of a two-
storey block in the city's poorer
northern neighbourhood
ush open the door and you
walk into what is believed to be
the world's first retirement
home for prostitutes.
A fountain in its central
court yard gives it the tranquil
feeling of a home for pension-
ers in Florida.
Here all of the 30 women
who have so far moved in are
former workers in the sex indus-
The house is the idea of
Carmen Munoz, herself a pros-
titute for 20 years.
"It's taken me a long time
to get this place opened," she
says. "We had to convince the
local government and the police
it was needed. But when I saw
elderly women lying in the
streets with nowhere to go, I
knew I had to act"
An enlightened city mayor
and private donors are paying
for the home, Carmen says.
As we talk, one woman
shuffles by on a walking frame.
Carmen turns to me and whis-
pers: "She's 90 and spent 40
years as a working girl."
Set around a central square
with walls painted in blue and
yellow, the house is called Casa
Xochiquetzal. It is named after
the Aztec goddess of beauty
and sexual love.
We go into the room of
Maria, 75. On one wall hangs a
small picture of Jesus. A collec-
tion of six black, brown and blue
hand bags are pinned to another.
It is a sign, she tells me, of
her determination to retain some
femininity in a career of cold,


In April 2006 the National Assembly passed the income Tax
(Amendment Bill No. 2) which became ACT NO 12 of 2006
paving the way for the introduction of the Taxpayer
Identification Number (TIN). This law requires anyone who
conducts business with any public authority, including the
Guyana Revenue Authority, any government organization,
any public corporation, or the Central Bank, to have a TIN.

anonymous, encounters.
After providing a lifetime of
comfort for others she, like all
those here. was condemned to
a life of solitude herself.
'-Before I came here, I lived
with people who used to hurt
me. If I couldn't pay the rent
they used to make me suffer
very much." Maria says. before
breaking down in tears.
Later, we see other women
and more rooms, most of them
equipped with nothing but a
Any money the women
earned was long ago siphoned
off by pimps and corrupt po-
lice officers.
I see a young boy and girl
playing by the fountain. Carmen
tells me there is an occasional
visit by a grandchild. But the
sons, daughters, brothers and
sisters of the women stay away.
"In a country like Mexico
which is very conservative and
religious, those friends and fam-
ily don't want to know," she
Martha, 74, has not seen her
two sons for years. The house
now provides the dignified
sanctuary so long denied her.
"I have many comforts here,"
she says. "here's food and a roof
over my head. I don't want much,
just seaity adto be with friends."
Until now, Martha and the
other residents were proof that
the sex industry had a forgotten
demographic: elderly, former
practitioners, discarded by the
cruel forces of a market that
penalises the imperfections of
old age.

The death is announced of N
also known as LENS Propl
and of 186 Atlantic Gardens,
Sunrise January 28, 1949

Husband of Sheila Rambharose
Father of Hamarane. also knoor, as Max. Babita
also known as Nanda- and Pomesh also known
as Sczech. of Mae's Schoo
Father-in-law of Racquel and Sachin
GrandfaLner of Marissa and Melissa
He was he son of the lale Ramoharose and
Ellen Sumntrna of Craig Village, East Bank
Son-in-law of Doreen and the late Arnold
Brother of Richard, Zena, Narad, Vena,
Roweena, Suresh, Savitri, Davitri and the late
Brother-in-law of Ronald, Roy. Robby, Patricia,
Richard also known as Bully, Kamela. Pamela,
Julie. Nadira, Danny and Nalini.
Nephew of Rookmin, Sumintra, Babe also
known as Micev. Vil,-, Vinod, Sewah and the
late Buiia.
Cousin of Esiyn. Dennis. David, Merlyn, Angela,
Kathleen. Shanta. Daro, Davika and ir .,:
Uncle of Chris. Vijay. Manoj, Tony, Rehana.
Raioh. Anal;sa. '..? ,: Ellen, Felicia. Carl. Andy.
Tricia. Joshua. Daniel, Shalini. Sangita.
Friend of many.
also known as LENS will take place on Monday.
October 22.2007. Arrangements are as ,i ,:..

Viewing at Lee's Funeral Home from 9 to 10 am
Thence to Residence, Atlantic Gardens for
Religious Ceremony 10:30 am to 1pm.
Body leaves home at Ipm for Good Hope Crematori

But after a life of violence,
discrimination and exploitation,
these women have at last found
people who are showing them

Prostitutio is the oldest
profession in the world, but
some of its oldest profession-
als now have a place to call

Security Officers & Drivers

0 Recent Police Clearance

0 Written Application

[7 Two References


F Paid Training

[7 Paid Annual Leave

[ Medical Scheme

RI And Lots of other Benefits

Apply in person

Edward B. Beharry & Co Ltd
191 Charlotte Street,

I 1 OC~1I T OE R 6,207

rietor of Lets Variety Store
East CoastiDererra.
Sunset Otober t7,2007

,.: .,


.. .O


16:15/20:30 hrs 13:00 hrs
with Luke Wilson : KI DIWANI HOON"
plus with Hrithik, Kareena.
"THE CONVENANT" 16:30/20:30hrs
in Steven Strait : "TRANSFORMERS"
with Robert Onic

with Chung Young Fat

a m -- ..---n----- .---A '


Channel 11.

02:00 h Pakistan vs
South Africa 2nd ODI
09:00 h Anmol Geet
10:00 h -Art of Living
10:15 h Lifting Guyana
To Greatness
10:45 h Weekly Digest
12:00 h World Food
13:00 h Dharma Vani
14:00 h In Style

,.A ,. l O F li*l. il bl Sllb
i riiot> P1 i1 D|

"he Ministry of l'Home A\iirs invites scaled hid firomi eligiIble and qualil'ied bidders ior

;Hunanaq i',lt io re w

-alv:ilna Fire Sci- ik-

'irction ol l

'i ry of Honme Affairs ccretariat

R iabilitation to G(iroui.!d1 HI0io

Biddiing will be conducted through the National (.ompetinlit c tidding N('NB) prIocccdius.
specified in the Procuireeiu \Act 2003 and is open to all bidders subject to provision of
Section 111 (IligibieCo unlics) ofhis document.

Interested eligible Bidders may obtain further in tfrmation from the Permanent Secretary.
Ministry of Home 'Affairs and inspect the bidding documents at the Ministry. Lot 6
Brickdamn, Gieorgetown.

A complete set of the bidding documents in English may be purchased on the submission
of a written application and upon payment of a non-refundable fee of five thousand
(S5000.00) dollars. The method ofpayment will be in cash or manager's cheque.

Bids mtist be submitted with the following:

.A valid Compliance Certificate from the Commissioner General of the
'Guyana Revenue Authority and
2. A valid Compliance Certificate from the General Manager, National
.Insurance Scheme

:Addi al requirements/details are provided in the Bidding Documents.

Tendersmnust be enclosed in a sealed envelope:bearing no identity of the Tenderer on the
outside The envelopes should be clearly marked in the upper left-hand corner, for
example. 'Tender for the Rehabilitation of Wismar Police Station- Ministry of Home
SAffair' Bidders who are applying for more than one project must place each bid in a
separate envelope.

.Bids: mst be delivered to:

SThe Ghairman
Nationif Procurement and Tender Administration Board
Minis$ of Finance
Main and Urquhart Streets

and deposited in the tender box at the above address not later than 0900 h on Tuesday 6"'
November 2007. Electronic bidding will not be permitted. Late bids will be rejected.

Bids will be opened at 0900 h on Tuesday 6'h November 2007 in the Boardroom of the
National Procurement and Tender Administration Board and in the presence of the
B idd'er'ortheir reprcscnatives who choose to attend the opening in person.

T he Ministry of Home Affairs reserves the right to reject any orall Bids without assigning

Permanent Secretary
Ministry of Home Affairs

14:30 h Catholic
15:00 h Grow with
16:00 h Homestretch
16:30 h Family Forum
17:00 h Lutheran
Men's Fellowship
17:30 h Guysuco
Round Up
18:00 h NCN Week in
19:00 h Close Up
19:30 h Kala Milan
20:00 h 60 minutes
21:00 h President's
21:30 h KFC Regional
Cricket Guyana vs


',.)L... ,.

For Sunday, October 21, 2007 13:00h
For Monday, October 22, 2007 13:30h

For Tuesday, October 23, 2007 14:00h

For Ocean Going Vessels opening lasts about I-I"hirs



Question: If I need to transfer my land or
other property to a relative, am I required to
have a TIN?

Answer: Yes. Since you would need to apply for.a
Compliance Certificate to effect the change of
ownership for the said asset, a TIN must be issued
before the transaction is processed. Before any
asset is transferred, by sale or gift, a Compliance
Certificate must be obtained from the GRA to
indicate that the person making the transfer has
fulfilled his obligations under Section 60 (1) of the
Income Tax Act, Ch:81:01 and have paid all taxes
due and payable to the Commissioner, Internal
SRevenue; hence, it is important that you obtain your
TIN early.
(If you have questions on the Taxpayer Identification Number. kindly
contact the Registry, GPO Building, Robb Street. Georgetown,
Telephone, 225 5587 or write to the Corporate Communications Unit,
Guyana Revenue Authority, 210 E Albert and Charlotte Streets,

Page 11 & 18.p65

i. /. ..
. .;^'-



c, r: I

ilo ai I

'I ---

WANTED <>r i> inco(

x- 92 i-O' ifi)
.ix-- 22.~>-
>us ;il
e) 1 I

C/VILLE furnished 1-
bedroom apt. for local/overseas
visitors, starting from $4 000
daily. Tel. Anand 227-8356,
622-2118, anytime.

INDRA'S Beauty Salon,
122 Oronoque Street, for cold
wave, straightening, facial,
manicure, scalp treatment and
design on nails. Also Beauty
Culture available. Tel- 227-

COMPUTER Repairs, Sales &
Series Call Kersting's Computer
Repairs & Sales Centre @ 227-
8361. 618-8283. Home & Office
Services available. 24 hrs.
EXPERT Computer
Repairs Genius Computers
Unlimited 231-7650, 626-
8911. Our office is located
where your problem is!
BRAND new Acer Laptops
- $180 000 Vista Desktops -
$115 000. Computer repairs
home and office. Kris 681-
4208, 220-6262.

JEAN offers courses in
Dressmaking, Fabric Designing,
Curtains, Cushion Floral, Cake
Decoration. 153 garr St., Kitty
- 226-9548.

HOME Schooling for
children or ladies needing
help, phonics, grammar,
writing, etc. Call 651-7662.
MATHS Lesson available
from 2"d form to CXC/GCE.
Contact Ingrid Ally 168 Eping
Ave., Bel Air Park. Tel. 227-
offer all chemical
applications, nails- manicure
pedicure, straw nails, air brush,
facial, etc. 226-9448.
DOMESTIC Science class
offers elementary cookery and
advance pastry making
Registration Tuesday 16'a
October, 2007. Call 227-7048.
MASTER Computer
Repairs. Become A+ Certified
unbeatable cost. A+. Network+,
MCSE Certified Trainer.
Practical Training Focus. Call
Joel 655-0614.
LOOKING for international
employment, get trained by
Guyana Training College on a
Canadian Curriculum as a
Canadian Certified personal
support worker (Care Giver). We
are a recognized and
exclusively authorized by the
administer this program in
Guyana. Day and evening
classes available. Call 22T-

DOES 4 our child need
individual attention in Maths,
English A, Social Studies and
Science? Then call specialist
teacher on 609-3431.

GET rid of all your health
problems with fhe latest
medical treatments combined
with naturopathic therapies,
including hydrotherapy, diet
therapy, spinal manipulations.
etc. Also ome visits for bed
ridden patients. Contact Dr. T.
Rahat, fully registered and
licensed Medical Practitioner.
at 79 Collingswood Avenue.
Nandy Park, EBD, (Enter
Republic Park. go straight at
the first junction, follow the
road to Lot 79). Tel. 233-5944
or cell 624-1181. Mon. Sat..
9 am to 5 pm.

AT SHALOM Enterprise. 2
Croal Street. Stabroek. G/to'vn.
You could also obtain an
International Driver s Permit.
For more informritcn cai! 227-
3835. 227-3869 227-7560.
622-8162 611-iC3l

Indera Singh Massage. If
you need a balance massage
try my therapeutic massage
combined with reflexology.
Cell 615-6665

TAKE NOTICE that there will be
publicly sold to the highest
idder at the Vreed-en-Hoop's
Magistrate's Court Yard on 26"'
October 2007 at 10:00 am. 1.
One red five-piece chair suite,
2. One double door refrigerator
Serial No. IE 938500641, 3. One
Daka four-burner gas stove, 4.
One wooden TV stand, 5. Two
glass tables, 6. One five-piece
dinette set, 7. OnAe wooden two-
seater chair and one wooden
one-seater chair, 8. One red
carpet, 9. Two tex as cylinder
bottles (empt. VENICE LA
Plaintiff -And-NEIBERT HALE
Defendant. Terms of Sale Cash
Plus 3% auction sale duty. Sita
Ramlal. Registrar Supreme Court
of Judicature.

1 50-year-old female looking
for companionship. 652-0876.
A 25-year-old male is looking
for soul mate. 619-0924.
INDIAN male age 45 would
like to meet male and female
friends. Please call 629-4605.
SINGLE male, age 27,
needs female pen friends. Write
to PO Box 10315, Georgetown.
INDIAN female age 39 would
like to meet male age 40 to 50
for friendship. Please call 692-
INDIAN male, age 35, would
like to meet single female age
23 to 35 for friendship. Please
call Tel. 629-4605.
22 YEARS old male looking
for young lady, ages between 22
and 25 or serious relationship.
Call 654-1724.
MAGAZINE of Worldwide
Pen Friend. Information?
Send stamped envelope -
CFI, PO Box 12154
Georgetown. Guyana
TRUE Love: Pen Pals and
Phone Pals Service. Are you
looking for true friends and true
love? We are here to help you-
Please call 629-4605 or 692-

trestle type, 16 feet high with 20-
foot plank $7001day,
Georgetown. Telephone 641-

GET rid of evil, fix love,
sickness, etc. Get Dutch spiritual
help. Call 612-6417, 220-0708.

FOR HIRE 4 x 4 for hire,
out of town and around town.
Tel. # 646-4501.





FoItod, groce-ry
drugs, beverages,
water, gas. etc.

"Sameday delivery"
and "Rush delivery"

Call: Sharmie

225-2598/ 041-0784

guaranteed. Household furniture,
office furniture, vehicles, etc. Tel.
694-7796, 276-3652.


Contact us for al you Canadian
lmnilration ani Visa matters.
Canaila: Bawat fIesaud
Tel: 41-431-8845 or
GMia: CaiiMa at

TECHNICIANS available for
appliance repairs washers,
dryers, microwaves, stoves, deep
Iryers, etc. Call 622-4521/218-
FOR all your construction
repairs, renovations, as well as
masonry, varnishing, plumbing
and painting. Contact Mohamed
on 233-0591, 667-6644.


-t I IP I&

CALL 233-2495-6
Or visit: wTwwab. net

1 EXCAVATOR operator to
work in the Interior. Tel. 669-
CASHIERS for Supermarket-
Must have some knowledge of
computer. Call 680-3863.
OFFICE Clerks. CXC English
& Mathematics 1 to 3, D Lama
Avenue, Bel Air Park 225-4492,
VACANCY exists for
Marketing Representatives to
work for printing and advertising
company. Tel. 609-5086, 657-
PERSON to work in record
shop. Male and female singers
for live band. handyman.
security. Majestics tel. # 226-
MOULDING machine
operator to make ceiling
moulding, hand rails, etc.
Contact Eccles Industrial Site,
Richard 609-7675 233-2614.
ELSA Body Massage Girls
18 25 to work in Exotic Spa in
Barbados Earn USS200 per
week Cont Elsa 1-246-257-
4625. Sleepinn 231-7667
expe ienced Accouins Cc :r
Po''ers and Drivers Dnver m..;
b-- .. !', hep !o ad vehc
.-' ', a -tAlabanma Trad gnq Cai!
L2 1' 1

knowledge of Maths and English.
2 years working experience.
Apply in person with application
to Len, Sheriff & Fourth Sts., C/
ONE Hauler (tractor unit)
Driver. Minimum 5 yrs.
experience Porters to work in
Lumber yard. Eccles Industrial
Site, E.B. Demerara. Call
Richard 609-7675 or 233-2614.
PH F.I.-CiST. 322 NEW
ONE I1) Female Office
Assistant Must have knowledge
of Payroll, NiS. Filing and must
be computer literate. Must be
between the ages of 25 and 30
years old. Must have knowledge
of Maths & English and at least
two (2)years working experience.
Apply in person with a written
application and two (2)
references to: Len's, 136 Sheriff
& Fourth Sts., C/ville. Tel: 227-
professionals, Managers,
uperso, Sales Reps., Sales
sand boys, Counter Helpers,
is, Drivers (6) Porters (55)
Cleaners (35) skilled and
unsiaed workers helpers, pump
and wash boy attendants, Office
Assistants. Clerks, Receptionist
Seretaries, Computer Operator,
Confidential Secretary, IT
Specialist, Internal Auditors,
Junior Auditors, Waitresses, &
Waiters. Tele-marketers (3).We
also provide jobs within the
Caribbean. Call National
Renuiters 227-7471,643-2959/
227-4728.. e-mail :

1. 693-3513..
31 ACRES at Nismes on
WBD rice land for sale price neq.
Phone No. 254-0397, 225-7670.
BRANCH ROAD around rice
factory S26M. TEL. 226-8148,
100 X 55 FT. IN LIME ST:
2i C*.=: FT. BROAD ST. TEL.
8148, 625-1624.
HH-,ir,'-a- 4 acres farm land with
cre e, acres with creek. Call
261-5500, 643-1861
RIVER side land for sale Pin.
Peter Hail. app. 6 acres, Vreed-
ei-Hc, op Canal No. 1, GuySuCo
Gardenr Tuschen, Diamond.

EMPTY lot, situated in the
heart of the city. Call 223-7593
or 641-0549.
8148. 625-1624.
BROAD Street, Opposite
Gafoors warehouse, large prime
lard 20. / 60 for commercial
r.:-aer,,al Reduced $30
rll,,,:.r, C...,,,er 226-1742, 623-
GREIA Double lots in
Ganges Street. Prashad Nagar-
$14M. Meadow Bank, S4M,
Farm. Parika 4 /2 acres, prime
land for h.:ui ;ro development -
$101M. -a-. c0x 200- S12M.
Tel. 225-4398. 225-3737.
LARGE oiece of land. 1.1
acres or 47 00 sq. feet of prime
land situated at Public Road
Melanie Dam shana. transported
property for only S8.5M. Contact
ete s Real Estate Lot 2 Georqe
and Hadfield Sis. 223-6218. 226-
5546. 226-9951. 231-7432.
(81) EIGHTY-ONE acres of
farm laro siuated in Demerara
River. situae= a; a place called
S u 2drt .' F R ner r e,
hu d v e, T,



for sale at
Demerara, from
Conservancy go
scheme or ai
development. Go
and canal along
reasonable offer
Ambrose Real E
6513, 227-0809.
lots (together pl
180 x 75.3. Pro
(road side, Hapj
Court, Lama
Diamond, New
income) Canal #
lands, 2860 acre
Savannah. TEL.

10 acres
FOP sale I

LAND in Pra
$8M, 200 000 sq
D'Urban front lI
bond or any bus
$19M, Bro;
Charlestown, trial
neg. Continental
lot $21M, Ne
double lot $1
Alberttown, redi
Dowding Street.
and all weekend
227-4040 225-0
669-7070. Lamah
x 100 $14 milli
- 100 acres -
Yarrawkabra 2
million, Yarrawka
$15 million,
Wellington Sts
US$1.4 million
Main Streets -
Alberttown 1:
million, North Ro
$8 5 million, Goo
sq ft. $4 million
E.B.D -$12-$4
Acres $11 million
Call us now.

227-2995 KIT
1010, 667-8410
CALL 226-0242.
all modern fac
ONE 2-bec
Cumming's Lodg
8876. 622-8533
1 3-BEDRO(
Lot 6 Public Mc I
single working
226-5035 (08:0'
rooms in Prashac
227-2993 or 629
ONE two-be
rent in K ty S35
225-0-'. r 668

Ga- "Sreei
o..e - : **uest

Iu IR ROOM to rent, single
OEK R T working person only.
Residential area. Contact 231-
$05MH 8661, 688-9167.
*l ONE (1) fully furnished
two-bedroom apartment in
Lamaha Park US$450 month.
Tel. 693-5390.
Acres of land-
Supply, E.B. FURNISHED rooms single
Public Road to persons only at Bachelors
od for housing venture, E C. Dem. Tel. 229-
ny agriculture 614
od access road REGENT Street 2-flat
g this land. No building for business. Over 1
r refused. Call 000 sq ft- on each floor. Tel.
Estate 226- 624-6432_
1 2-BEDROOM bottom
VENIR, 7 house flat, Turkeyen Fully secured
us 150' x 120 & -$30 000. 611-0315, 690-
perties together 8625.
py Acres, Earl's
ha Gardens, 1-BEDROOM fully
Scheme (High furnished for overseas and out
1 & 2; Highway of town visitors, in Kitty. Tel.
es Intermediate 227-2466 or 644-2447.
226-8148/625- OFFICE space $50 000,
SInternet Cafe $60 000, Beauty
Salon 60 000, Bond space -
$100 000- Tel. 683-0172.
riverside 8148, 625-1624.
or lease. TWO brand new executive
>apartments_ Prime location.
Call 223-7593'br 641-0549.

1 2-BEDROOM house for
ashad Nagar rent in Parafaite Harmonie. Call
q. ft. of land in 685-9701, West Bank
and for school, Demerara.
iness purpose -
pie lot $25M SPACE 2 flats 1 500 s. ft.
l Park, double each Charlotte St. TEL. 226-
.w Providence, 8148, 625-1624.
18M 5" Street FULLY furnished two-
uced to $5.7M, bedroom top flat short term or
We work 18 hrs. long term rental. Tel. # 261-
I. 225-2626. 56f1, 261-5635, 627-3658 or
)MES REALTY 610-7840.
h995, 628-0796, SPACE to rent. Ideal for
ha Gardens 40 business operations. Call 223-
on, Yarrawkabra 7593 or 641-0549.
$22 million, ari oo.
00 x 100- $1.5 minseles
bra- 19 acres- ONE two-storeyed
Robb and concrete house, located in
S. 100 x 100 Greater Georgetown. Call 223-
, Middle and 7593 or 641-0549.
$125 million,
20 x 48 -$15
iad 30 x 30 3-BEDROOM upper flat
Id Hope- 9 000 large approx 210 sq. ft., in
on. Peter's Hall, Alberttown, without electricity
5 million, Happy $40 000 month. $480 000 to
n $37 million. move in. Te. 641-2372.
AVAILABLE for rental -
one 2-storey concrete
unfurnished property, 3
bedrooms, in Newtown Kitty -
$80 000 negotiable. Contact
IT TO RENT 226-7038
S GUEST. 226- FURNfunfurn. Executive
-style house in highly residential
NISHED SALON area US$1 OOT neg. & Eccles
226-9442. ASK US$800. Tel. # 231-6540,
652-4591 Ryan.
D FLATS FOR ONE partlyfurnished three-
ITORS. PHONE bedroom house (fully grilled,
TY. parking, water reservoir,
overhead tank. Telephone 218-
;E TO RENT IN 4142, 616-7994. 663-9383.
N. CALL 626-
. TWO ground floor flats and
one middle flat Camp St., area
) FLAT TO LET ideally suited for any type of
AS VISITORS. office, top location. Call
Richard 609-7675 or 233-
:OOM apt. with 2614
ilities. Contact FOR rental one self-
contained semi-furnished
apartment with hot and cold,
Room apt., in telephone, parking. Ideal for
|e. Contact 698- couple or single male. Call
623-4498, 685-4612, 218-
OM apartment at
Doom, EBD. Tel. LG- business spaces -
Alexander St. Kitty $80 000
& $70 000 neg.. Boutique,
3 room decent money transfer. internet cafe.
g female. Tel. Rest doctor's office, office
0 17:00 hrs.) space, etc. All amenities. Tel.,
.. ... ... etc. Call 225-0571.
) self-contained
d Nagar. Contact BUSY 4-comer junction on
3-2424. Camp St.. above Guyana
S Variety Store & Nut Centre. has
bedroom apt. to water and Iir,'.. Move in today
000. Please call $120 iB.1,, neg. Agents
8-8773. welcome. Call 225-5239, 227-
D apa7677. 624-8402
D apartment
iC a' For BUSY --corner spot,
S23-106' located at 38 Cummings &
idd:e Sits F rvi equipped.
'iartruc!arly AC LIove ii today
S::O C00 -eq Aaents
: eber welcome. Cati 225-239" 227-
5 e 2- 7677 624-86-2.

US$500 SECTION 'K' -
$35 000. KEYHOMES 615-


s~B~IBIPICI----n~i-cllb~-. ------ "9ICI~-~rX-- --3~-~--a.r~-~T---~-~-i-.

Ljm-LUUIfVU -jl fm

lli.,kL iI "


---~iF~rPB~ --f;-l .lli~l

Bn T I

St J "' f \' fLLC I U ID-91 'CZ I, f

THE best in furnished and
unfurnished houses and
apartments in residential area.
Bonds, school, offices,
Ex-ellence Realty -231-9184,
625-7090, 227-8010.
LUXURIOUS apartment
for overseas visitors, close to
Sheriff St. Fully furnished
with AC, hot & cold bath, etc.
Transportation available.
Call 226-8990, 226-2543.
bedroom upper flat, fully
furnished, AC, tel, H/C, secured,
parking. Single person
S$550, couple US$700.
Tel. 226-1457, 613-6005.
FOR professional working
people available from Nov. T,
2007. New unfurnished 2-
bedroom apts., with telephone,
Nandy Park. Price $60 000
, monthly. Tel. 628-1900, 645-
CONTACT 225-2535, 626-
6909. 642-7963.
Springs, Queenstown, Bel Air
Park (Lama Ave.), Prashad
Nagar, Atlantic Gardens,
Republic Park, Nandy Park,
Courida Park (Apt..), C/ville
(Apt.) business rental
Kingston. Bond space. TEL.
226-8148, 625-1624
FOUR 2-bedroom
apartments. Prime location,
semi or unfurnished. Apartment
consists of Hot and cold shower,
pressurized water system and
other modern conveniences.
Well secured premises and
spacious parking. Air-condition
optional. Serious en uiries
only. Contact Tel. # 225-9941-
2 or 623-1786.
SHADES Shapes.
residential accommodation for
ILO and embassies and
executives furnished apt. -
US$500, Bel Air Gardens -
US$2 500, Subryanville -
US$1 500 Queenstown -
US$1 500, el Air Park US$1
500, UG Gardens US$2 500,
Prashad Nagar US$1 500.
SCall anytime 642-8725, 695-
6701. Landlords welcome too.
227-4040, 225-0995, 669-
7070, 628-0796. GuySuCo
Gdns. US$2 500 Bel Air
Springs US$2 506 US$3
000, Republic Park US$800,
North Road US$1 500,
Queenstown US$3 500, Ole
US$ 1 500, 13 Blair ParR -
US$2 500, William St., C/ville
US$2 500, Lamaha Gdns -
US$2 500, Subryanville US$1
500, Church St. US$500.
4- bedroom, partly furnished -
US$2 000. BETTER HOPE 3-
storey building. Ideal for
school or office US$2 000.
brand house, 3 bedrooms,
furnished US$1 000.
apartment $75 000. PLUS
Bel Air Springs, Subryanville
etc. OFFICES- downtown and
with wharf facilities. Call 226-
7128, 615-6124. ABSOLUTE
REALTY for "Homes with Style."
bedroom furnished $30 000.
AGENCY Bel Air Gdns (unfur.)
US$3 500 Bel Air Park (fur/
semi US$1 800 $1 200,
Lamaha Gds. (unfurl.) US$2
300 Section 'K' (fur.)-
US$600, AA Eccles (full fur.) -
US$1 800 Nandy Park (fully
fur.) US$2000 P. Rd Eccles
(fur. Unfur.)- US$1 500, $1
000 East St. top ft. (fur.) -
GY$70 000, Office buildings,
flats and spaces Charlotte
St., Regent St., Lamaha St.,
South Rd. two large bonds,
ware houses, New Amsterdam,
wharfage $40M. A going
sawmilr complex. WE HAVE
FOR SALE: Section 'K' Nandy
park, blygezight, Lamaha Gdns.
$30M, Happy Acres, Kitty,
Bourda Triumph, Lusignan,
Foulis, Brickdam, South Rd.
Camp St., Thomas Sts., Croal
St. etc. LAND ACRES: Land of
Canaan (60), Crane (4),
Schoonard (40), Kuru Kururu
8), Yarrowkabra (260), House
ots: Enterprise Gdns. $5M,
Earl's Court, Lusignan,
Triumph Kitty, Alexander
Village, ast La Penitence -
$2M Pouderoyen, Best VIg.,
Land of Canaan Berbice (101).
TEL./FAX: 592-226-4362,
MOBILE: 592-621-4802, E-
W e b s i t e

US$500 SECTION 'K' $35
000. KEYHOMES 615-8734.
1 3 BEDROOM apartment
by itself, located in North
Ruimveldt. Contact 614-6480,
ONE two-storeyed concrete
house, situated on the east bank.
Call 223-7593 or 641-0549.
TWO storey9J concrete two
bedrooms house with business
placeto rent at Annandale ECD
near Annandale Secondary
School garage for two vehicles
$50 000 per month call 227-
LATCHMAN Singh Realty -
2-bedroom apartment parking
facility. 158 Rupununi Street,
Bel Air Park US$500, 2-
bedroom apartment Blygezight
Gardens US$500. Parking
facility. Dial 225-8097, 227-

Vergenoegen, EBE. Ideal for
business. Contact Clement on
260-2318, 688-9712.
9731 OR 621-1548.
BENT ST., Wortmanville. 4-
bedroom wooden and concrete
house. Call 226-5720, 628-
$27M. TEL. 226-8148, 625-
HOUSE and land for sale -
Vreed-en-Hoop, Kitty, La
Penitence Canal No. 2,
Diamond. 656-5967.
ONE 2-storey property at
Hadfield St., Lodge. Wooden top
and concrete bottom walkway -
$5.8M. Tel. 227-7186.
HOUSE in Good Hope on
the East Coast, in excellent
condition $30M negotiable.
Call for more details 218-0303,
HOUSE lots located on the
east bank. Call 641-0549 or 223-
7 5 9 3
HOUSE & land for sale,
located in Bath Settlement,
Berbice. Call 223-7593 or 641-
0 5 4 9
PROPERTY for sale located
on the east coast. Call 223-7593
or 641-0549.


Broad St 200 x 55 ft

Gaited Cummunity
2 acres

Rainforest Resort -
Essequibo River

Quick Serve

Robb St business with
living quarters 45 & 49
Strand New Amsterdam B/(e

GREIA Parika -
developing township, large
colonial type building on /4 acre
land road to river. Price $20M
neg. Tel. 225-4398, 225-3737.
GREIA Drysdale St., large
three-storey concrete and
wooden building $12M,
D'Urban St. flat concrete
building $10M. Tel. 225-4398,
GREIA Grove concrete and
wooden building $10M
Friendship, two lots with small
wooden building $8M, Ogle -
6 rooms, concrete, on land 60
x 120 $19M, Ogle, concrete
and wooden building, 7 rooms,
building 35 x 77 on double
lots $28M neg. Tel. 225-4398,

new A.A Eccles S30JM,
SheriffStreet- $35M1neg.,
Kitty, C/ville S10M.

Strand and Trinity Streets IN
of Nova Scotia. Tel. 226-8148,
PRASHAD Nagar. Two-
storey executive concrete and
wooden building, no repairs,
vacant possession. Price
negotiable. 642-0636.
GREIA Old J.P. Santos on
High Street, prime commercial
spot $38M, Happy Acres land
- 80 x 107 $12M. Tel. 225-
4398, 225-3737.
NO agent, call Hubert 227-
1633 to view 6-bedroom, 4
bathrooms, 2 kitchens 110 -
240v. Suits 2 families. Property
investor. Campbellville.
FRONT house and land,
Vreed-en-Hoop, Kitty, Canal No.
2 WBD, La Penitence. Tel. 693-

[ 1lii iit 1t
1-2 storey property, 5 house
lots space at 190 'Uhan St
and ortont. Ppice $8.OM.

BETTER Hope Market St.,
one two-storey two-bedroom
house for sale. Land size 50 x
100. Price $6M neg. Call Naresh
Persaud 225-9882, 650-2724.
5 ACRES land with one large
ranch type concrete house. Ideal
for resort, hotel, etc. Situated at
Unity Street, La Grange WBD.
Price $25M negotiable. Tel.
GREIA Herstelling, EBD,
land with old building $3M,
land at Diamond $3M, Land at
Agriculture Road, Triumph, ECD,
lots $2M, $2.5M, $3M. Tel. 225-
4398, 225-3737.
GREIA Eccles $4.5M,
Houston $5M, D'Urban St. -
$10M, Agriculture Road/Triumph
ECD, 3-bedroom concrete -
$11M, 5-room concrete $13M.
All on spacious land. Tel. 225-
4398, 225-3737.
GREIA Diamond three-
bedroom flat concrete building,
near to public road $5M, flat
concrete unfinished building -
$2.6M, Grove, EBD $8M, Craig
- $8M, Herstelling, EBD $11M,
Vreed-en-Hoop $8M, Pike St. -
$8M, Ole $5M Upper
Hadfield St. $6M. Yel. 225-
4398, 225-3737.
ROBB STREET- back house
with walk way $3.5M.
ANNANDALE 5-bedroom 2-flat
flat near hospital $30M.
VACANT LOTS Middle, Main
Water Streets and lots more all
over. Call 226-7128, 615-6124.
of Better Bargains."
land 60' x 120' $40M. BEL
AIR VILLAGE 2 houses -
$30M, or front -$20M, and back
- $10M, with driveway. OGLE
PROPERTY on 240' x 60', land -
PROPERTY $16.5M. TEL. 226-
8148, 625-1624.
Street, Sheriff Street,
Subranville, Lamaha Gardens,
Prashad Nagar, Bel Air Village,
Bel Air Park, Republic Park,
Diamond Newtown Kitty -
$12.9M. TEL. 226-8148, 625-
D'URBAN Street,
Wortmanville. Massive two-storey
commercial wooden and
concrete building measuring -
24-ft. x 120-ft. with single and
three-phase wiring suitable for a
factory, school, spare parts, etc. -
$26M neg. Call 624-3378.
FRONT building on South
Road, between Cummings and
Light Streets, for $15M.
Mortgage is available, pay down
$3.5M. Contact Pete's Real
Estate Lot 2 George and
Hadfield Sts. 223-6218, 226-
5546, 226-9951, 231-7432.
KASTEV, WCD 2-storey
wooden and concrete building
(52 ft. x 24 ft.), 3 bedrooms, 2
bathrooms, 2 toilets, pressurized
water system & other
conveniences. Land (59 ft. x
152 ft.) corner lot $18M
negotiable. Tel. 275-0396 or

2-STOREY concrete/
wooden business/residential
situated D'Urban and Palm
Streets, front building, no repairs,
mortgage available. Now for
$15M. Contact Pete's Real
Estate, Lot 2 George and
Hadfield Sts. 223-6218, 226-
5546, 226-9951, 231-7432.
BUSINESS/residential on
the main Highway at Agricola
Public Rd., (2) two-storey.
concrete/wooden building, land
space, corner lot, two entrances,
mortgage available. Call or visit
Peters Real Estate Lot 2 George
and Hadfield Sts. 223-6218, 226
5546, 226-9951, 231-7432.

concrete three-bedroom building
situated at 51 Canje Street,
Section 'K' C/ville for only
$16.5M, 75% on sale can be
arranged as a mortgage. We can
assist you with the mortgage.
Contact Pete's Real Estate, Lot
2 George and Hadfield Sts. 223-
6218, 226-5546, 226-9951, 231-
CORNER, 22 Fort Street and
Wight's Lane Kingston, G/t 2-
storey concrete ,4 bedrooms 2
arages. Land approx. 100 ft. by
0 feet. Get smart buy now. Oil
will flow soon, Georgetown Brazil
Road open, modern hotel
coming, Kingston busy like
Manhattan. Give away price.
Reputable agents welcome.
Phone 225-9201.
227-4040, 225-0995, 669-7070,
628-0796. South R/ Veldt Gdns -
$13M, Queenstown $55M-
175M, Festival City $16M,
Hadfield St. $30M, Good Hope
Gdns $15M, Continental Park,
EBD $19M, Nandy Park -
$28M, Republic Park (2)- $23M,
GuySuCo Park $38M, Ogle -
$21M, William St., C/ville -
$37M, Cummings Lodge $15M
and many more houses for sale.
NOW available, new one-
storey concrete three-bedroom
building, vacant, now situated at
Earl's Court, LBI, a quiet
neighbourhood. Pay down
($2.5M) two million five hundred
thousand dollars and move in.
Price only $11.5M. The balance
will be arranged as a mortgage,
now at Petes Real Estate Lot
2 George and Hadfield Sts. 223-
6218, 226-5546, 226-9951, 231-
7432. Mortgage available

CONTACT # 226-2081.
4505, 622-7804.
200 NEW truck tyre liners,
Goodyear, size 20 $600 00
each. 641-2284.
EARTH for sale. Delivery to
spot also Bob Cat rental. Call
1 DIESEL fuel injection
pump calibrating machine. Call
for information 669-7529.
ENGINE. CALL 260-4459, 653-
BEDFORD Turbo TK 330 (5
tons) dump truck. Contact Tel.
220-9914 or 624-1125.
Vista, Office 2007, Corel Drawl3,
Adobe C53. 627-8832.

TRUCK LOAD. TEL. 611-1819.
MADE $200 000. 220-4791.
3" inches Swimming Pool
Tablets. PHONE 233-0608 (8 am
- 4 pm), Mon. to Fri.
PURE breed rottweiler
puppies 6 weeks old # 650-8496
ome # 216-0045 after 7 pm.
MIXED German Shepherd
pups. South Ruimveldt. Call
ebra 218-1532, 647-3467.
puppies 1 8 months and 1 6
weeks old. Both males. # 227-
PITBULL pups, 8 weeks old,
dewormed and vaccinated.
Contact 276-0539. 276-0795,
VIDEO Projectors, laptop
computers, 42" Plasma, electric
guitars, digital cameras. Tel. #
26-6432, 23-2477.


Over 35 years experience
We only use Energizer batteries

SALE ON slate pool table -
large small, imported and local,
brand new. Tel. 275-0347, 693-
GENIUNE Halaal mutton in
wholesale quantity. Price $550.
Please call Bro. ntiaz 277-
0307, 621-5380.
bag 27" x 30", electric motors.
Serious enquiries only. Contact
4 -100 LBS gas bottle $5
000 each, 1 wheel balancing
machine $30 000, 1 double
head compressor (large) $30
000. Call 680-7910.
LATEST Computer Software
Genius Computers Unlimited.
Accounting. Editing,
Educational, games, etc. 231-
7650, 626-8911.
GUTTERING and roof
drainage system! NO VAT! 13
pieces of 6-inch biggy guttering
and 7 pieces drain pipe complete
with fittings. Brand new. G$74 000
obo. 680-1055.
FOR sale or rental foreign
pool tables and accessories e.g.
rubber coin shoot, balls cloth, etc.
Tel. 220-4298, 609-3311.
1 YAMAHA EF 6000
generator, 110 220v, 12v battery
charger, key/crank start $250 000.
231-2206, 6440-6760.
Shepard mixed puppies, six weeks
old, vaccinated and dewormed.
616-7377, 226-0931, after 4 pm.
ONE portable Horbart welder/
generator, gasoline run, 110-220
volts, 140 Amps. Price $395
000. Tel. 234-0270, 642-5590.
SONY 60" Wega flat screen
television. Almost new $525 000
neg. Call 225-5239, 227-7677,
FORKLIFTS, Clarke hoister, 3
000 Ibs lifting capacity, low hours,
like new. Call 225-5239, 227-
7677, 624-8402.
16 cu. ft. 2-door frost free, used in
good condition, $180 000 new
75 000 for quick sale
Georgetown. Telephone 641-
BARBIE doll house $40 000,
60 colour aquarium with fishes,
ornaments and pumps on stand -
$100 000. All prices neg. Call
225-5239, 227-7677, 624-8402.
NUMARK CDN 88 CD player
like new $120 000, Stanton
mixer RM 80 perfect condition -
$30 000, horns (big lip) $60
000 pair, bullet tweeters 220-
servicing $150 000, Sony XBR 32"
TV with PP working $150 000,
GE 25" TV working $60 000,
Sharp 27" TV working $70 000.
All prices neg. Call225-5239,
227-7677, 624-8402.
LARGE commercial display
cooler, stainless steel working -
$110 000, large commercial
freezer, needs minor work $90
000, large Admiral double door
fridge working $80 000. All prices
neg. Call 225-5239, 227-7677,

ON sale for 1 month
leotards from $500 Roxie's
Fashion, Merrimans Mall.
1 200 WATTS bridgeable
4/3 2-ch Amp Pyramid, 1 000
watts, 12" speaker, Sony 1 300
CDX car deck. Contact 689-

One new model Nissan
Car (Yr 2000) in excellent
condition, 22,000 miles,
crystal lights. Dual side
air-bags, ABS, PS, MT,
Digital Panel, Central
locking, Twin Cam,

FREON GAS: 11, 12, 22,
502, 134A, 404A & 141. Also
Helium for Balloons and
Argon Gas. PHONE 233-0608
(8 am- 4 pm), Mon. to Fri.
OXYGEN and Acetylene
Gases. Fast and efficient
service. 10-11 Mc Doom
Public Road, EBD. PHONE
233-0608 (8 am 4 pm),
Mon. to Fri.
4 MM '/" 3/8" /"
PLYBOARD. Long boots, rain
coats and suits. Waheed's
Gen. Hardware, 113 Pike St.,
Kitty. Tel. 226-7585. Fax:
lathes machines $1 500 000
neg. Diamond water proof
sand paper, 1 four-door fridge
and 1 stainless steel freezer.
PHONE 233-0608 (8 am 4
pm), Mon. to Fri.

(Ideal for lumber
cement, etc.)
One Leyland Hauler
With trailer 40
Leyland trucks
Ford tractor
German tractors
Business property
on Water Street

Call: 810-0094,

233-2474, 233-2891

For more information

SPARES or 580C Hymac,
2 hoist rams $80 000 each,
1 top Ram $180 000, 1 Ford
360 engine, dismantled -
$250 00,O 2 Walkin motors,
$80 000 each, 2 sprocket
shafts $40 000 each, 1
complete gear box $140
000, 1 Hymac bucket with
teeth $75 000. All prices
negotiable can be sold as
package. Call 623-9566.
1 2500 watt Honda
generator (like new), 1 16
gallon wet/dry vacuum 1 -
650 PSI electric pressure
washer, 1 metal car ramp, 1
computer set complete with
printer, 1 gallon jewellery
ultra Sonic, 2- alarm systems,
2 pressure washer guns, 1 -
fax machine, 1 jewellery
scale, 1- warmer 15" x 15" x
30. All items reasonably
priced. Tel. 332-0128.
SAWMILL equipment
gang saw, clamp and saw
sharpener 110v, USA made
feeding roller on stand to roll
wood on electric winch on
stand with gear box 240v
all for $200 000, 1 Bedford
spare wheel 900 x 20 8-
hole 35 starter $40 000, 1
Mazda Titan canter 4-
cylinder diesel engine and
gear box minus head $75
00, 2 iron safes, 1 large, 1
small need to get keys both -
$100 000 fridge and freezer
embrace new compressors -
240v $15 000 each. Owner
leaving 641-2284.



SALE! SALE! SALE! 1 five-
head Robinson moulder, 1 4-
head, 12 inches moulder, 1 24"
surface, 2 band saws, joiner
and surface, sharpeners, cross
cut saw, radial arm saw, square
blocks, round blocks, slotted
knives, flat knives, saw blades,
dust extractors, 3-phase motors,
etc. Tel. 270-6460, 609-7852,
JUST arrived from the UK
are Perkins Industrial 4-
cylinder 4236 and 6-cylinder
6354 Turbo and Non-Turbo
engines, Perkins engine block
crankshaft and cylinder head
Hiab Crane to work on boat,
generator and welding plant,
chain hoist, Model M Turbo
DEF and gear box, Model M
engine and gear box. Heavy-
duty woodworking machine
planners, band saw, rip saws
wood lathes, wood shapers,
drilling machine, rolling
machine, air compressors and
hack saw. Also in stock
Caterpillar skid steer, JCB
backhoe, excavator, bulldozer
Ford County tractor 5000 6
600 and 1 500 1 400 x 20 tyres,

SAW (tiff5 '1'1F<.,6 *M: .4w*fvalC
Over 20 000 Movie Titles Available

I D M-o
Low as $135 QTY. Discount
CO ,' 5ELPH DSBIC PrijT PhlirNrl
.'o Printers

SPre Schol-CxC
Just Larunch
SBites BLXA S50 0
OkILL T 5x '7SF5b 04
J t %l 9.,, 4xe1 o -
tol pR9P iRlfT G u!

1 NEW industrial water
ump on metal frame 240 -
80 460v 2 '/2 inch 50/60 Hz,
5 Hp motor $100 000 (wash bay)
(chiller), 4 industrial used water
pumps, 2 inch bore, 50/60 Hz
- 240 380 460v $30 000
each (Chiller) 2 new industrial
electric motor 50/60 Hz 240 -
380 460v 5Hp $60 000, 7.5
Hp $75 000 1 pressure washer
complete 2000 PSI $55 000,
25 KVA transformer $75 000,
1 large industrial stabliser for
factory work shop $100 000, 2
drill presses, English made
large $85 000 small $55
000, 110 240v a50/60 Hz, 1
large bench grinder 110v $25
000 1 cross cut saw 110v -
$8000, 1 edge sander 110v on
stand $25 000, 1 Hammer mill
110v 110v on stand $80 000,
1 corn cracker mill, 110v on
stand $75 000, 1 large
radiator for 6 8 cylinder
engine $50 000. Owner
leaving 641-2284.

1 TOYOTA -GT Starlet
(Advance). Call 660-6969.
$690 000 NEG. 652-1120,
ONE Mitsubishi Canter
enclosed. Call 220-3459, 616-
1 TOYOTA Pick up. in good
condition. For details call 218-
1 TOYOTA Hiace Long
Base, 43 Route minibus.
Contact 660-4292.
HILUX Extra Cab.
Immaculate condition never
registered 689-5858 anytime.
ONE Nissrn car working
condition $150 000
negotiable. 627-5391 231-
ONE Nissan Pathfinder,
fully loaded, leather interior.
sun roof. etc. 619-0063, 643-
AE 100 Sprinter, Metallic
Brown, mag rims. PHH Series.
$11M neg. 668-2179 Jerry.
RAV-4, PJJ Series, 17"
Chrome, side & rear bars, roof
rack, sun roof $3.2M. 643-
MASSEY Ferguson tractors
from England. Just arrived.
Models 185 & 188. Call 218-
1 RZ Long Base minibus,
excellently customized. Mags,
music, crystal lights, etc. Owner
leaving country. Call 629-

ONE AT 192 Carina, fully
loaded. PKK Series. Contact
LIST your vehicles for sale
with Atlantic Realty and Autos
Sales. Tel. 226-9731 or 621-
ONE AT 192 Carina.
Automatic, fully powered, AC,
ma s, music. Tel. 256-3216 or
62 -3875.

TOYOTA RZ Long Base in
working condition $T 150 000
neg. Tel. 220-4103, Cell 655-
RZ SUPER Custom, 2RZ
engine, fully powered. Excellent
condition. Sheriff St. 624-6814.
1 21.2 CARINA,
immaculate condition fully
powered, mags, music. Call 225-
4500, 225-9920.
1 192 CARINA, PJJ Series,
1 AE 91 Sprinter, PGG, 1 RAV-4
PHH Series..Tel. # 641-1127.
1 SUZUKI Swift, slightly
damaged. Owner migrating.
Reasonable price. Tel. 229-
ONE AE 81 Sprinter. Lately
sprayed with sports seats. Stick
gear 5-speed, automatic
available. No mechanical repairs
needed $550 000. Tel. 218-
3018, 611-0128. .
ONE Honda CG motorcycle,
bought from- Madcs, CD Series.
Price $260 00 neg. Tel. No.
1 TOYOTA Tacoma Extra
Cab, 4 x 4, manual. Excellent
condition never registered. Call

19 l Al .JI !QTjl!E

4 door, music, roller bar.
Side step bar, mag rims, air
condition, Bed liner
Only $1.7 million neg

behind Brickdam
Police Station
225-9700 or 623-9972

FORD tow truck needs minor
work sold as is $350 000. Call
225-5239, 227-7677,_624-8402.
BMW 3251 Convertible
Sports car, fully powered -
S1.8M. 225-5239, 227-7677,
LINCOLN Town car, fully
powered, excellent condition -
$2.8M. Call 225-5239, 227-
7677, 624-8402.
TOYOTA T100 4 x 4 AC,
fully powered, mint condition -
$2.3M neg. 225-8527 643-
5182 220-2449.
NISSAN Pick up Cab, D21
model, just off wharf will register
at no cost $1.5M. Call 225-
5239, 227-7677, 624-8402.
2000 FORD F-150 Pick up,
just off wharf, needs minor work
will register free of cost $1.9M.
Call 225-5239, 227-7677, 624-
BOB Cat 743 Series 1998
Model, fully reconditioned, low
hours, like new, diesel. Price neq.
Call 225-5239, 227-7677, 624-
1 TOYOTA MK 11 car,
excellent condition one owner,
never in hire $300 000 neg., 1
Toyota Pick-up Single Cab,
excellent for Market work $250
000. Call 680-7910..

NISSAN Laurel Grand extra,
automatic fully powered $450
000 neg. Call 225-5239, 227-
7677, 624-8402.
1 TOYOTA Corolla, PKK
849 must be sold. Tel. 335-
AT 192 CARINA, AC, music,
(PKK series), excellent condition,
one owner $1.3M. Tel. 655-
7839, 662-1156 or 259-3237.
automatic, mags, CD player, fully
flair, mint condition. Price neg.
Call 684-0962, 220-9818.




Mag rims,

music set, etc.

AT 170 AE 91, AE 100 and
AT 192 vehicles need to buy.
Cash buyers. Call Atlantic Realty
Auto Sates 226-9731 or 621-
2 EP 71 Toyota Starlets
(Turbo), 2-door, manual and
automatic. Fully powered, AC,
alarm, CD player spoiler. Price -
$750 000 each. Contact Rocky -
225-1400 or 621-5902.

Need any


of used


to buy.

1 TOYOTA EP 82 Starlet (2-
door) automatic, fully powered,
AC, mag rims. hardly used. Price
- $1M. Contact Rocky # 621-
5902, 225-1400.
1 TOYOTA Hilux Surf -
automatic, fully powered, a/c,
mags, crash bar $2.1M(4 x 4).
Contact Rocky 225-1400, 621-
TOYOTA 4-Runner (4-wheel
drive) enclosed (5-door)
automatic, fully powered, AC,
mag rims, CD player, crash bar,
sun roof, alarm, side bars (V6
engine). Price $2.4M. Contact
Rocky # 225-1400 or 621-5902
1 TOYOTA Tacoma Extra
Cab (4- cylinder), automatic.
a/c (4 x 4), GJJ Series. Price -
$2.4M. Contact Rocky 621-
5902 or 225-1400.
1 AT 170 Toyota Corona
(full light), automatic, fully
powered, A/c, CD player. Price
- $875 000. Contact Rocky -
225-1400. 621-5900.
1 TOYOTA (3-ton
double wheel) Canter (long
tray), diesel, manual with
Rails. Price- $1.2M. Contact
Rocky 225-1400 or 621-
1 TOYOTA AA60 Carina
(back wheel drive), manual,
fully powered, tape, mag rims.
Price $500 000. Contact
Rocky 621-5902 or 225-
1 MITSUBISHI (7-seater)
minibus (PHH series), automatic,
AC, mag rims, never work hire.
Price $1.1M. Contact Rocky -
# 225-1400. 621-5902.

LEXUS LS 400, every option
excellent condition $10 million
negotiable. 225-1060.
AT 150 Corona 5A engine
5A gear box, p/steering p/
windows, p/mirrors $450 000
Tel. 618-9745.
1 SV 30 Camry, F/powered
with mags & CD in excellent
condition. Price $1.1M neg. Tel.
266-2461, 625-6397.




Behind Brickdam
Police Station.

ARRIVING soon 2002 2003
model Tacoma. Contact B & B
Auto Sales. Ask for Fizul. Tel. #
592-216-0578, 684-7631.
NISSAN Presea, white, fully
powered AC working, needs work
on engine. Asking $320 000
neg. Call 622-5465.
1 (3-ton) Long Base Double
axle MMC Canter, (new model),
1 At 150 Toyota. Contact 222-
5123 Shammie.
CARINA 212 old and new
models, fully powered with fog
lamps from Japan. 74 Sheriff St.
- 226-9109.
ONE White RZ minibus
number, BHH 6831, five-forward
gear box. Price $1.8M neg.
Contact Tel. # 225-8495.
ONE new model 212 with
spoiler- and 15-inch rims, music
set, sixteen month old. Contact
642-3185 or 690-1671.



Never registered

Only $3 million
2001 Silver Hyundai Santo Fe
Suburban Jeep. Velvet luxury
edition, LHD, Low mileage. All
wheel drive. Too many options to list
Call owner for details

MITSUBISHI Canter truck
Long Base, wide, 6-speed.
gearbox. 16" tyres AC, negv from
Japan. 74 Sheriff St. 226-9109.
TOYOTA 4-Runner 2M,
Toyota Mk II $2.7M. Dolly's
Auto Rental, 272 Bissessar Ave,
Prashad Nagar. Tel. 225-7126.
TOYOTA Hilux Extra Cab
pick up, 4 x 4, diesel engine, fully
powered, automatic CD. maqs,
GJJ Series $2.8M. Call 276-
0313, 626-1141.
Carina. Both in excellent
condition. Phone 268-3953, 612-
AT 212 CARINA -S1.7M,
NZE $2.8M. RAV-4 3.2M,
CRV S3.3M. Tacoma $3.5M.
Titan $8.5M. Unique Auto
Sales 647-0856, 227-3551.
GRAND Cherokee Limited -
spinners, leather interior. Acura
Legend Limited Lexani wheels,
leather. Majestics 226-6432'
623-2477. _
1 NISSAN Titan 4 x 4,
automatic 4-door, fully loaded.
Price $6.3M neq. 1 Toyota
Tundra 4 x 4 $3.M neg. 90-
9493, 629-4979.
SV 30 CAMRY $1.6M, SV
50 Vista $3M, Nissan Maxima -
$2M. All excellent condition with
mag, CD changer etc. Call 227-
447 225-6798, 226-1844.

1 WHITE Mercedes Benz
190E car, 6- cylinder, 2.66
engine, low mileage, automatic
transmission, sun roof, car in good
condition. Contact 226-3526,
TOYOTA Hiiux Extra Cab
pick up, GJJ 7676. 2L diesel
engine with Turbo timer, fully
powered, automatic, AC, air bag,
alarm system, CD player, sunrooF.
Price $3.4M neg. Tel. 624-4588,
1 TOYOTA SV 40 Camry -
automatic, fully powered, AC, 17'
chrome mag nms, DVD, Mp3, CD
players, alarm. Price $2.6M.
Contact Rocky 621-5902 or
1 EP 82 TOYOTA Starlet (4-
door), PHH Series, manual, fully
powered, AC, mags. Price $950
00. Contact Rocky #225-1400,



AT tIZ,iAT 70 1
32-25- S,HC

233-286 Br p1S 600

1 TOYOTA -tilux Extra Cab
Pick up (4 x 4), automatic, fully
power, AC, magrims, CD player
(diesel engine)2L Turbo. 'Price --
$2.8M. Contact Rocky # 225-
1400 or 621 5902.
MERCEDES 190E sunroof,
excellent condition $1.1 .million
negotiable. BMW 528E fully
equipped, sun roof good
condition $650 000 negotiable.
TOYOTA.Hilux 4WD -Extra
Cab Pick-up 2001 5L MT, 4WD
2002 IKZ MT, 4 WD 2003 IKD
MT & AUT 4WD. Tel. 688-9855.
RZ LONG Base:bus 4 x-4 IKZ
diesel, manual, 6-hole front and
rear, AC, 98 model, fresh from
Japan. 74 Sheriff St. 226-9109.
EP 9:1 TURBO Starlet,
Sunroof, mag rims, AC, full
powered, fog lamps, big exhaust,
never registered, from-Japan.74
Sheriff St. 226-9;109.
1 TOYOTA RAV-4 'F/powered
with mags, roof:rack, roller cars
and craspi bar, etc. PJJ Series in
excellent condition. :Price -
$2.8M neg. Tel.266-2461, 625-


.:L SAE. .

1 Lite Ace small bus,
Moon Robf;M,ags,
Automatic beautiful
for family uses

model, PKK Series, with leather
seats, alarm, alloy wheels, CD/
DVD player, reverse alarm &
camera, fully powered & loaded.
Price negotiable. Contact Fazela
Auto Sales 276-0345, 628-
DEAWOO 850 .Bob cats,
caterpillar CA 25 Dyna PAC road
roller, Mack 17 ton freezer truck,
-55C Hanomag-front-end loader,
85 KVA Lister.generator 220-
440 volts. Contact B & B Auto
Sales. Ask for Fizul. Tel. # 592-
216-0578, 684-7631

Clearance Sale. Vehicle RZ
minibus van, used for goods
transportation, GHH Series.
Priced for easy sale $600 '000.
Computer monitors (used)$5 000
each. Contact 231-7186. Ask for
Mr. Tinni or Mrs. Bristol


BR=l UN DOlaph
Green 'SUI JI
Yes, only 10 miles. Rated
best buy in the world under
Cruisers, Wide seat, etc
Asking only $400,000.00

DOUBLE Cab PSikyp 4 >x4,
price- $1 7M iititLat Desin
5L ;oidk-up \with 9 (Y6ilb winch -
2 7M Toyora i(ites (car -
1.3M 2 AT 212(Gar, price -
1 3M and more (Ci Vs, prok lps
and cars to sell CallIK&*NiAUite
Sales. 71 Brickdam and \Winlter
Place 225-0995 227-21Z4 .,
628-0796, *669-707,.0'.
:FfR nthf*i iBE-SrT fcadtary
recorrdltinead 'JJapanese
vehiclesiinstobk 1 1.., 2 IRZ cat
:eyes, tEFI minibus, 11!92 .& 21'2
newimodels, air!bags, (00 )Iplayer,
mag -rims, :BS brakese, (G-
Touring & .L-turittg Caldina
wagons, o.yota 1lyna (Canter
Struck Tundtra 2004," 'iesel (Cab
solid axle pick up, BAV-4 dlly
loaded credit :terms and trade iin
facilities available @ Paadl
Camacho Auto Sales ,1.1'Clroal
St., Stabroek (bet. -Albert &A
Oronoque). Tel. .225-0773, '656-
TOYOTA -Solona, Toyota
Camry SV41, Toyota ;RAAV-4,
Toyota CarnnaCorona AT 212
AT192, AT 170 ST 170 Toyols
Corolla AEE 100 AE 81
Mitsubisni Pajero 2 Toyoia
Sinole & Double Cab Pict up
2 x4l &8 4 Toyota H. Ace RX
n pnvate EFI Toyoia Town Ace
-9-searer Tovota Dyna 1 ', ton
Toyota Carib 4-wheei drave
Manila Auto Sale Loi 43 Croal &
Alexander Si Tel 227-8910
227-8550 68-2833 '660-4816
We buy an sell all types of used
1 TOYOTA iHilux (enrdlosed
van needs some bbody work
:engie suspension excellentt
stick .gear power s-teering (driving
condition -- $875 000, it Tzoydta
KT 1 47,Waqon private 'use (stidk
gear $75 .00 1, Toyota L-and
CruiserT FJBO "x ;50"0 cc, !fully
powered, PJJ Series -- $8rf,
excellenticondition. ;Must -see.
1 [Englishmade TMorris i[arina,
never registerede, ,automatic. -
$7.00 00., 1 small Vaneiie
minibus needs-some booD work
driving condition- $325 000, 1
canter Nissar, diesel 6-cylnaer
3-.on open bad sleel Iray acouble
backwheel GDD Seres- $1 1M
Owner migrating (641-2284.
RECENT shipment ironr
JapanfSingapore-- 'Honda Fit
(2003 Model, alloy wheels,
leather, fun body ;kit, :black,
alarm) $2.3M.-Honda CCity -
$1.4M, (leather, alloy Wheel, 'CD
player). Nissan Sunny 2002 -
$2.0 (executive car, 'leather,
alloy wheel, CD
Mitsubishi ..Colt 2003 Model --
$1:7M, Nissan Sunny -i'.1M,
(CD changer, alloy wheelsl,
leather). Milsubishi Lancer 2002>
$1.5M, (Alloy wheels, OCD
changer, leather). .Honda Civic
(2002 Model. Alloy wheels,
leather, full body kit, black,
alarm) $1.7M. Toyota 'Camry
2002 $2,9M (alloy wheels, CD.
player, leather). Toyota Corolla;
NZE 2002 model -'$1.9M (Alloyi
wheels, CD player leather .
Suzuki Balerr. .iI00 $1.2M
.(Alloy wheels, (CD playerr,
leather). Mitsubishi .Dirrgo -
:$12M. Nissan Civilian 30-seater
bbus $2:9M. iDaihatsu WiRt
Turbo (Body kit,sun rodf itereo
,system with .dul .arrpliiei
leather, alloy .wheels $a
Toyora'Vitz $12. EB1W- f lli
loaded $2:OM S& $2.2M. 1BW
"mileage on all ivhidles. FPrites
are negotiable rand (quoted ron
Sthe wharf! ket ius oeder-vehidles;
directly from Japan ;and.
Singapore and save you money!,
Contact Fazela ,Auto Sales -i
276-0245, 628-4179.
S -I"3

22 SUNDAY CHRONICLE October 21, 2007

Series, CD player, AC,
automatic, pearl white & in
excellent condition. Tel. 693-
ONE five-door Starlet
Reflex-X Toyota Motor car.
Power windows and doors, air
conditioned.- Telephone 218-
4142, 616-7994 or 663-9383.




mag rims,

fully loaded:

$100 000 cash back on all
cash purchases from October 15
to 26, 2007. Select from our
range of top quality
reconditioned vehicles. CARS:.
Toyota Altezza (loaded_ 6-
speed) Toyota Vitz. TOYOTA
ISTA: Wagons-Caldina
Honda CRV, oyota Land
Cruiser (fully loaded),
Mitsubishi Pajero, Toyota Hilux
Double Cab Pick-up. DIESEL
BUSES: Toyota Hiace (15-
seater); Nissan Vanette 12-
seater, Mitsubishi Canter Trucks
2/3.tons enclosed, 3-ton freezer,
Toyoace open tray 4WD truck.
Order early and get the best
prices. on duty free vehicles, full
after sales service and
finafrcing available.. Deo
Maraj Auto Sales, 207 Sheriff
and Sixth .Streets,
Campbellville. 226-4939, 624-
0762, A name and a service you
can trust.

2005 FORD

Fully powered
Only 15 000 miles,
leather interior,
PKK 6446.

Corolla NZE 121, AE 110,
EE 103, Honda Civic EK3 &
ES1, Toyota Hilux Extra Cab'-
LN 172 LN 170, RZN 174 Toyota
Hilux Double Cab YN 107 LN
107, LN 165, 4 x 4, RZN 167,
RZN 169, Toyota Hilux
Single Cab LN 106, Toyota
Hilux Surf RZN 185 YN 130
KZN185, Toyota Carina,- AT
'192', AT 212, Toyota Marino
AE 1-00, Toyota Vista AZV
50, Honda CRV RO1,
Toyota RAV 4, ZCA 26, ACA
21 SXA 11, Toyota Mark
IPSUM SXM 15, Toyota Mark 2-
GX 100, Lancer CK 2A, Toyota
Corona Premio AT 210,
Toyota Hiace Diesel KZH110,
Mitsubishi Cadia Lancer SC2A.
Toyota Corolla G-Touring
Wagon AE 100. Contact Rose
Ramdehol Auto Sales 226
South Rd., Bourda.
Georgetown. Tel. 226-
8953. 226-1973, 227-
3185, Fax. 227-3185. We
give you the best cause
you deserve the best.

HELPER wanted. Call 628-
3559 from 8 am to 4 pm.
AUTO Hydraulic lifts,"
prefer not working. Kens
Muffler 220-8213. ,

1 MAID. Contact Molly -
$190/BM. CALL 261-3055.
CONTRACT cars needed at
Classic Cabs. 226-7268 or 621-
ONE host for television
pro ramme. Please contact tel.
# 618-5543.
CONTACT 647-4432.
for a reputable organisation.
Contact 231-7904.
TEL. # 220-7846.
9044, 691-1036.
CABS. TEL. 225-4111 OR 225-
SKILL joiners, upholstery
workers, lathe turners. High rate
paid. Call 220-7132 (anytime).
CASHIERS boys to cook
with Food Handler's Certificate.
Apply to Kamboat, 51 Sheriff St.
.EXPERIENCED Salesgirls.
Apply Bissan's Trading, 94-King
Street, Lacytown. Tel. # 22 -
WANTED 1 single bedroom
apartment; between $20 000 and
$25 000 monthly. Contact 654-
BAR Attendant/Salesgirl to
work in Bar, 3 am to 11 pm
Barber to work in G/town. Call
227-3674, 622-2442.

One experienced
Apjply in person with
professional references
and police clearance.
Please call: 618-5641

BUYING old batteries. 93
Sussex & Adelaide Sts.,
Georgetown. Call 231-0215,
225-9812, 609-2449, 649-2172.
work 4 to 6 days per week $1
500 per day. Serious enquiries
only. Call 223-1647.
tools $3 000 per day. Apply
Guyana Variety Store & Nut
Centre, 68 Robb Street,
Lacytown, G/town.
MATURE Sales/supervisor.
Must have experience and
qualification. Apply Guyana
Variety Store & Nut Centre, 68
Robb Street, Lacytown, G/town.
ONE Salesman/bicycle
assembler. Sound secondary
education salary starts at $6 000
weekly. Apply Guyana Variety
Store & Nut Centre,'68 Robb
Street, Lacytown, G/town.
WANTED Waitress at Bibi
Jameel Restaurant and Bar.
Living can be arranged. Contact
220-5244, 657-8700, 649-9001.
ONE Cook to make puril egg
ball, fish cake, one male
work in shop. Contact Lee's
Snackette. Tel. 231-1272
ONE Live-in Domestic.
Preferably from country area,
age between 25 and 45 yrs. Call
621-3865, 616-2593.
PUMPAttendants at Esso, Mc
Doom. Must have ID Card, NIS
Card and two references. 233-
CASHIER, Salesgirl wanted,
knowledge of computers will be
of asset. Apply in person@ 144
Regent Road, Bourda. G/T.
PROPERTIES, apartments
and land to rent and buy.
Qualified buyers/tenants. Call
Atlantic Realty & Auto Sales -
226-9731 or 621-1548.
1 HANDYMAN/Gardener to
work between the hours of 7 am
and pm. Apply in person 53
David St., Kitty.
ONE Driver/Porter. Must
have a valid bus Licence. Must
work flexible hours. Apply in'
person 53 David St.. Kitty.
LAND empty or otherwise,
in decent area for residence.
Offer $5M $9M. Call 227-
0612, 621-3361. 618-0647..
DRIVERS. Apply Bissan's
Trading, 94 King Street
Lacytown. Tel. # 227-3206
preferable from East Coast Area.
Must have Lorry Licence.

Experienced Porters
to work on a truck and
in a warehouse. Apply
in person -91 -94
WANTED to work at Club
Purple Heart one (1) experienced
Cook. Contact 225-2535, 626-
CONTRACT cars Drivers and
'Dispatchers needed at Classic
Cabs. Contact 226-7268 or 621-
Apply with handwritten
application to Regent Household
EIectronics. 143 Regent Road,
Bourda. Te. # 227-4402.
Apply with handwritten
application to Regent Household
Electronics, 143 Regent Road,
Bourda. Tel. # 227-4e402.
MATURE Domestic Help,
preferably from Wt Dmerara.
Light duties. Call 623-1033
during working hours or 263-5809
SEWING machine Operators
for .Garment Factory. Porters
Gardeners Carpenters and
Mason. D Lama Avenue, Bel Air
Park, 225-4492, 225-9404.
2 WAITRESSES and 1 Maid
to work at Jam's Bar at 124
Montrose, Public Road, ECD- 7
500 weekly. Live-in can be
arranged. Call 220-2706, 220-
ONE Domestic between 17
and 30 years old, from country
area to do very light house
keeping with small Live
In OK. Call Tel. # 226-708Ui8.

Must have Food Handler's
Certificate. Apply at Shanta's -
225 Camp & New Market Sts.,
between 2 and 5 pm. No Phone
TWO able-bodied'persons
age 25 50 to work as a Night
Security. Preferences and Police
Clearance required. Apply in
person @ R. Sookraj & Sons, 108
Regent St., Lacytown (opp.
ONE 5-door enclosed Hilux
Surf, with mags crash bar, AC,
automatic, fully powered in
excellent condition at an;
excellent. Price direct from-
owner. Tel. 276-3826.
WELDERS, mechanics and
machinist to work overseas. Must
be qualified, send resume with
contact # and be available for
an interview on October 30h in
Georgetown. For more
information, call 661-4923 -
TWO (2) Drivers with car, van
and lorry Licence. Three. (3)
years experience, excellent
wages and NIS coverage. Apply
in person to: Mr. Colin Boodie
General Manager Ag.) RK's
- security Services, 172 Light &*
Charlotte Streets, Georgetown.
1-284-499-6139. IF YOU HAVE
CONTACT ME AT 1-284-494-

Montgomery ...

From back page

dors for South African rugby
over the last four years.
The boot dominated a game
in which England, whose title
defence seemed doomed when
they were humiliated 36-0 by
th'e Springboks in the pool
stage, were attempting to be-
come the first side to success-
fully defend the trophy.
After South Africa had
taken a 9-3 halftime lead on a
chilly autumn evening, England
centre Mathew Tait threatened
to set the game alight two min-
utes after the break.
Tait scooped up a wayward
pass from Andy Gomarsall and
set off on a startling solo run
past four would-be tackles. '
He was dragged down on
the line and the ball was quickly
recycled left for wing- Mark
Cueto to drive over in the cor-
ner in Fourie du Preez's tackle.
After a lengthy deliberation the
television match official Stuart
Dickinson decided the winger's
foot had been in touch before he
grounded the ball.

.South Africa stole two early
England lineouts and got their
first points in the seventh
minute when Tait was penalised
for holding on after losing his.
foothold on the slippery sur-
face. Montgomery kicked a
simple penalty from 18 metres
straight in front of the posts.
Wilkinson replied five
minutes later with a fine kick
from the right. touchline
when England swung the ball
wide to the right and Bryan
Habana was penalised for not
Montgomery put South Af-
rica ahead again two minutes
later after Lewis Moody had
been penalised for tripping
South Africa flyhalf Butch
Wilkinson sliced a drop.
kick wide of the uprights and
South Africa's long-distance
specialist Steyn was short with
a penalty from a metre inside
England's half.
South Africa had the best

Please contact: Mr. G. Wynter on 333-3154/333-6628 Or
Mr. Clifford Stanley on 618-6538/328-2304

2-STOREY house with
large land space, corner lot
at Edinburgh, East Bank
Berbice. Tel. 265-3419,
622-3879 Andy

GOING business place
e, 30ft x 35ft. 1-secured
beautifully tiled office 30ft
x 25ft. 1-3 bedroom house -
fully grilled in N/A. Call 333-
UPPER flat of two-
storeyed building for
business purposes Tocated
in Coburg Street (next to
Police Headquarters). Call
TePlephone # 618-6634
BUSINESS premises at
Edinburgh Village, near Main
entrance to Glasgow Housing
Scheme. Prime hardware
business in operation. For more
details call, owner on 333-

1 3-STOREYED building,
newly built in the h. eart of
New. Amsterdam. Price
reduced drastically. Call
333-2457, 337-2348.

OXYGEN and Acetylene
Industrial Gases. #58 Village,
Corentyne, Berbice. Phone 338-
2221 & 338-2335 (David

1 TOYOTA Corolla, PKK
849. Must be sold. Tel. 335-
GX 90 MARK 11, in
ood condition. Contact
339-4525 or 613-6990.
1 NISSAN Pathfinder
(V6 EFI), automatic, fully
owered. 330 Bedford
ump Truck, just rebuilt.
Never used. Night Hawk
motorcycle. Tel. 338-

chance of a first-half try when
they pilfered the ball from an-
other England lineout and Steyn
stretched the England defence
to the limit with a burst through-
the middle. The ball moved left
and first Steyn. again, and then
John Smit were stopped just
short of the line.
England won a scrum af-
ter a South Africa knock on
but after four resets they
were penalised for handling
in the ruck -and Montgomery
kicked his third penalty.
Although Wilkinson kicked
his second penalty immediately
after the Cueto try was disal-

lowed, two further penalties to
the Springboks gave them a
comfortable cushion.
England fullback Jason
Robinson. playing his final in-
ternational. limped off the field
six minutes into the second half
and although England used their
entire bench they were unable to
breach the Springboks' defence.
South Africa lock Victor
Matfield, who had an im-
mense game in the middle of
the lineout and produced one
clever touch in the loose with
a cross-field kick, was deserv-
edly named man-of-the-

Conquerors new...

From back page
Jomo Hinids nullified the goa-lscoring opportunity.
SHowever, it was Lance Rolston, who netted the winning
goal in the 46th minute (added time) that gave the eventual win-
ners a slim 1-0 halftime lead, which remained unchanged at the
end of the regulation time.
With Conquerors securing their fifth win. along with two
draws and a singular amount of losses, they have progressed to
17 points.
While Alpha with four wins. a similar amount of draws and
two losses remain on 16 points. Camptown have progressed to
14 points and continue to occupy the fourth spot, while Santos
are two points behind, in the sixth position.
Allister Serret after 37 minutes had given Camptown a slim
1-0 lead at the interval. But Santos, who exerted tremendous
pressure on theft opponents while russing a few goal-sconng
opportunities in the process with relentless attacking, perse-
\ered in the end.
Their constant attacks down the night flank paid dividends,
when an aerial cross met Quacy Price unchallenged header in
the 91st minute, seconds before the final whistle.
Earlier Lumumba Hinds in the 37th minute gave Beacon the
lead which was matainned at halfnme. Calvin Barnwell, 16 min-
utes into the second half. produced the equaliser for Butxon.
Sho after two matches in group 'B' lead the points standing
with four points
Nleanwhile, play in both competitions conunues today at
GFC ground. Bourda. w ith another three matches.
At 19:30h in the feature match the seventh-placed GDF on
10 points play Western Tigers., ho have 12 points and cur-
rently occupy the fifth spot alth 12 points.
And from 17:30 h in the first of the two prefiuer League
Cellink plus matches, bottom-of-the-table Police with five points
meet the unbeaten Pele currently third on 15 points.
Kick-off time is 15:30 h in the curtain raiser of a group
'A' Supligen Under-20 round-robin encounter between
Santos and Uprising.

Bahamians sweep

five gold medals to

win CAC title
NASSAU, Bahamas (CMC) The Bahamas swept five gold
medals en route to emerging Central American and Caribbean
(CAC) Bodybuilding champions in Bermuda this past week-
Heavyweight champion Gina Mackey copped the women's
overall title to go with her divisional crown and led the Bahamian
champions' list as they snared theii first CAC Bodybuilding title
in four years.
Men's heavyweight champion Aaron Green, middleweight James
Darling and lightweight lan Williams also secured gold medals, as
did the team of Mackey and Raymond Tucker, who landed the
mixed pairs title.
With her overall crown, Mackey earned her professional card
and can now compete for cash in top competitions worldwide.
Guyana's Sylvon Gardner secured the men's bantamweight
crown for the fourth time.
The prolific Gardner took previous titles in 2002. 2003 and
Barbadian Carol King produced a superb show to capture the
body fitness title. She landed the tall class and the overall crown.
Barbados had to settle for third in the team competition. fin-
ishing behind Bahamas and hosts Bermuda.
Traditionally strong in bodybuilding, the Barbadians were
below par and only had one champion Hoskins Worrell land-
ing the light middleweight and masters titles.

- - I - I

SUNDAY CHRONICEE Oct6ber 21, 2007 23

Yousuf hits century as Pakistan beat S. Africa by 25 runs

LAHORE, Pakistan Mohammad Yousuf ham-
(Reuters) Seamers Rao mered a century to guide Pa-
Iftikhar and Umar Gul kistan to a 25-run win over
shared six wickets and South Africa in the second

\ w -

one-dayer at the Gaddafi sta-
dium yesterday.
Yousuf's 117 led the hosts
to 265 for nine before they
bowled out South Africa for 240
to level the five-match series 1-
Iftikhar (3-43) and Gul (3-
59) bowled a disciplined line on
a slow, wearing pitch.
South Africa captain
Graeme Smith top-scored with
65 in 96 balls but he enjoyed a
charmed life as he was bowled
first ball off a no-ball and was
dropped on 19, 29 and 44.
He and AB de Villiers

(35) shared a stand of 76 for
the third wicket.
After Smith went with the
score on 140 for six in the 35th
over, the experienced Shaun
Pollock hit 37 and Albie Morkel
made 31 in a partnership of 55
but Pakistan stayed cool to
clinch victory.

"It was a challenging total
on that wicket," Smith told re-
porters. "Credit to Yousuf, his
hundred was a good effort.
"We got close but we kept
on losing wickets in the middle

Pakistan made an excel-
lent start when Gul trapped
Herschelle Gibbs lbw for a
duck from the third ball of
the innings and in the next
over left-arm paceman Sohail
Tanvir removed Jacques
Kallis for another duck.
Younis Khan took over as
Pakistan captain in the 10th
over after Shoaib Malik went off
with a calf strain.
Malik, though, returned for
the final few overs.
Earlier, Yousuf notched
his 13th one-day interna-

tional century for Pakistan.
After opting to bat first, the
home team built their sizeabIl
total on a 107-run fourth-wickce
partnership between Yousuf an>
Malik who clubbed four sixes i
his 56.
Yousuf said it was a tricl
pitch to bat on.
"It was slow and difficu
to make shots when the ball g
old," he said. "It was a good c
fort from me."
Malik said winning tl
toss was important after t!
same pitch was also used f
.the first match on Thursda

Mohammad Yousuf celebrates his hundred, against South
Africa in Lahore. (Yahoo Sport)

-, .5

PAKISTAN innings
. Nazir cBotha b Ntn 2
K. Aknal b Pollock 0
Y. Khan run-out 32
M. Yousu bMorkel 117
S.Malk c Kemp b Langevek 56
Mlbahul-Haq c Smith b NUnl 21
S. Afridl c Langeveldl b Kalls 6
S. Tanvir not out 4
A.Rehmn cGibbs b Mrkel 2
R. ftikharbLangeveidt 0
U. Gul not out 8
Extras: (b-,w-11) 17
Total: (nine wickets. 50 overs) 265
Fall of wickets: 1-1,2-13,3-73,4-180,
Bowling: Shaun Pollock 10-1-29-1.
Makhaya Ntinl 8-0-44-2 (w-6), Charl
Langeveldt 9-0-47-2 (w-2), Alble
Morkel 9-0-43-2 (w-2), Johan Botha
9-0-59-0, Jacques Kallis 5-0-37-1 (w-

G. Smith c K. Akmal
bA. Rehman 65
HKGibbslbwb U.Gul 0
J. Kallls c Y. Khan b S. Tanvir 0
AB de VIllers b Iftkhar 35
J. Kemp lw b Ildtar 8
ILBoucherc & b S.Ard 14
S. Pollock bU. Gu 37
J. Morkel un-out (Gut) 31
J. Botha c S. Tanvir b ftikhar 9
C. Langeveldt c S. Tnvir b 0. Gul
M. Ntini not out 9
Extras (lb-2. w-14, nb-4) 20
Total (all out. 49.3 overs) 240
Fall of wickets: 1-2,2-4,3-80,4-94,5-
125, 6-140,7-195,8-212,9-220.
Bowling: Omar Gul 9.3-0-59-3
(nb-1, w-3), Sohail Tanvir 10-0-50-
1 (2nb, 4w), Rao Iftlkhar 10-1-43-
3 (w-1). Shahid Afrldl 10-0-41-1
(w-1), Abdur Rehman 10-1-45-1
(nb-1, w-5).

SOMAR died by
accident on
September 28,
2007 in Bronx,
New York.

She was the wife of Rishi HIarryram,
mother of Sabrina Harryram,
daughter of Patrick-Somar and the late
Shirley Sonmar, sister of Ricky and
Ravi Somar and Shelly-Ann Persaud,
aunt of Kevin, Michael, Christina. Ann
Marie, Nadia and Ramesh, sister-in-
law of Cheddie, Debbie, Fazie, Sandra,
Romonia, daughter-in-law of Raj.

The funeral of Sheryl Nadira
IHarryram took place in Long Island,
N.Y.- on October 2, 2007.

In loving memory of a
Idear son, brother, father,
S uncle, nephew, cousin,
went to live with God on
I October 17,1999. '

Those we love remain withus for love itself lives on
I And cherished memories never fade
Th sew Because a loved one's gone ..
Those we love can never b more than a thought ap*rt
For as on as memory
They'llive.on the heart
/i For even though death leaves heartache no one canheaol
Love leaves a memory no one can steal
STo live in hearts we leave behind is not to die
You are alive in our hearts Ben
We love and miss you
Sadly remembered by his parents John and
Shelbourne Erskine, daughter Tishika
Erskine, brother Miles Erskine, sisters
S Rhonda Erskine Lancaster and Kristine
Erskine, uncles, aunts, cousins, F
friends and relatives.

3In uemoriam
In cherished and everlasting memory of nr lr
Beloved MARY LAT'CHMIN KISH()'OL a kua
AUNTIE MUDAS (MOTHERS). business bui
Woman of 4 Plantation Walk, \recd-tn-
Hoop, West Bank Demeraria, who died on l I
STuesday October 19 2004.
SThree agonizing years have passed since that sad day .."
SWhen our dearest one ended the last lap of her earthly life I
So suddenly and abruptly '
a Many were shocked! Death is inevitable but the manner of -'"
your dying has caused immeasurable and unending grief and
However God knows best
Your boundless love, extraordinary faith, tremendous socrlhie
Devotion and service to others will never die but will live on in
the hearts of all those whose lives you touched and enriched in
so many ways
Those wonderful limes spent together may never retu'- hlt the a' "1 'i'
golden memories of you are so very precious that once here is "'
S love in our hearts you will walk with us forever
Having been called to higher service, we believe that God garden ,,
oya bit more beautiful with your gracious presence
Not only at your memorable funeral service and before, but always we
S will sing a "Hymn to Mary" As we give special thanks to God for her
B1 remarkable life.
=" ~ Dearest mother of light pray for us continually
May eternal rest grant to her 0 Lord and may perpetual light shine upon her
May our beloved MARY LATCHMIN KISHORE rest in peace.

* Sadly missed and lovingly remembered by her sons Michael, Paul and Mohan and other relatives and friends.
L= a a a w.a a... sa .n=..= a a a na=J

The Management and staff of MMC Security

Force Inc., and the relatives and friends of the
deceased extend our gratitude to all those who
shared our grief and sorrow at the tragic death :
of the late Constable Warren Hutson and the
late Constable Rodwell Clarke on Monday,
October 01, 2007.

We are grateful to those who telephoned, visited, sent
cards and letters and who attended the funerals and
offered assistance and words of comfort.

M =i T




24 SUllAY CHR m1E October 21, 2007


By Simon Baskett

MADRID, Spain (Reuters) -
Holder Roger Federer will
meet unseeded Argentine
David Nalbandian in the
Madrid Masters final after
the pair recorded victories
Nalbandian defeated world
number three Novak Djokovic
6-4, 7-6 to reach his first final
of the year while world number
one Federer progressed to his
10th final of the season with a

6-4, 6-4 win over unseeded Ger-
man Nicolas Kiefer.
The 26-year-old Swiss,
who will get a crack at his 15th
Masters Series crown today,
cashed in on an early break in
the third game to glide through
the first set.
Although Kiefer, who re-
turned in June after more than
a year out through injury, put
up stiff resistance in the second,
his opponent broke in the ninth
game as he extended his winning
run to 18 matches.

Federer has beaten
Nalbandian in eight of their last
nine meetings including a 6-4,6-
0 win in the semi-final here last
Nalbandian, a former world
number three, has slumped to
25th in the rankings this season.
"This is a very important
win for me as I haven't had a
good year," he told reporters.
"I had some physical prob-
lems this year but I've been
working hard to regain con-
fidence and today I got the re-



The Ministry of Home Affairs invites sealed bids fiom eligible and qualified Bidders to
supply the following vehicles:

1. Four (4) Double Cab Vehicles 2700-3000 CC (Gasolene) (Reconditioned)
2. Two (2 Trucks 1990 CC (Diesel) (Reconditioned)
3. Two t2) Motor Cars 1800 CC (Reconditioned)
4. Five (5) 15-Seater Mini Buses 2000 CC (Reconditioned)
5. One (1) Truck (Diesel) -(New) Troop Carrier complete with canopy and tarp
_36kr CC

N B: Reconditioned Vehicles must not be more than three (3) years old and mileage must
not exceed 50s,00 kilometers.

Bidding will be conducted through the National Competitive Bidding (NCB) procedures-
specified in the Procurement Act 2003 and is open to all Bidders, subject to prove isions of
Section 11 l E[i[ible Countries) of this document.

Interested eligible Bidders may obtain information from the Permanent Secretarmy
Ministry ofHome Affhirs and inspect the Bidding Document at the Ministry. 6 Brickdam
Stabroek. Georetown. between the hours of 0830 h and 1530 h.

A complete set of Bidding Documents in English may be purchased by written application
to the Permanent Secretary. Ministry of Home Affairs. 6 Brickdam. Stabroek.
Georgetown and upon payment of a non-refundable fee of three thousand I.'.i ,I?.F
dollars. The method ofpayment will be cash or manager's cheque.

All Bids must be accompanied by a Bid Security of two (2bo) percent of the Bid price.

Bidders are required to submit their bids with the following:

1. A valid Compliance Certificate fiom the Commissioner-General of he
Guvyana Revenue Authority ((.RA)
2 A alid Compliance Certificate from rlic (jneral Manag-r. National fa-surance
Scheme (NIS)

Tenders must be enclos-ed in scaled envelopes bearing no identity of the Tenderer on the
outside. The envelope should be clearly marked in the upper left-hand corner- 'Supply of
Vehicles Guyana Police Force'.

Bid, iustn be addressed to:

The Chairman
National Procurement and Tender Administration Board
Ministry of Finance
Main and Urquhart Streets
and deposited il the TIender Box at the above address not I: tcr than 09:00i h rn Tuesday.
Nom ember h. 2)0)7. Electronic Bidding will not be perinuied. L ;ic bids willl be reTeced

I he \i inm-r. ut onic .\ fmia r ,cre cs the right. to eect any or all Bids 1v itlo -.,'itfgning
i'C.l"so >.

[ I'c client 'Sccretar'
Ministry of Home Affairs

Nalbandian crushed home
favourite Rafael Nadal in the
quarter-finals on Friday and he
picked up where he had fin-
ished off against a jaded


The Argentine put the 20-
year-old Serb under heavy pres-
sure as he returned deep and hit
the lines with his
Nalbandian failed to convert
two break-point opportunities
in the opening game but broke
serve in the third.
He kept Djokovic on the
rack in the second set, working
his opponent across the court
with his heavy whipped fore-
hands before taking the tiebreak
It was the first time
Nalbandian had reached a fi-
nal since April 2006, his
previous best performance
this season coming when he
advanced to the Barcelona
Open quarter-finals in

Nalbandian to meet

Federer in Madrid final

Foreign Exchange Market Activities
Summary Indicators
Friday, October 12, 2007 Thursday, October 18, 20)07
Buying Rate Selling Rate
Batk of Baroda 200.00 200.00 206.00 206.00
Bank L f Ni.a Scota 195.00 19800 206.00 206.00
C(ti/cs 192.00 200.00 203.25 205.25
I)eriirarL Baitk 197.00 199-00 202.00 i 203.00
(iBTI 196.00 197-00 204.00 205.00
RB;L 195.00 200.00 202.00 206.00
A;l Ircr Io.,S." 199i00 20.3 Q 205.21

\i il.k t'arnl-mi itV s Largesi 201.00 0 203 12

Bi1(, -, ciliicnd .Ie:ag e t-:.\cui c Rate : t'S 1.00 = G,20)3.5

It. Canadian DItllar
t.,1.* .r i, ,y Ii.Th I72 /t 1.82 III /185 6(

C. Putid Sterling

i .4 ,' 6 t c 0 ..0 .9. 4/.' 410..96

1). Eurl
'.,;*-,r. ': ..;,,, 2414o.1o1 25S 2o( 267. ) m 274.,*/I

E. Sdlttctd (ariconm l-\change I-. I.lltR US$ (. Prime Rate
a .. lol Intet .lllk U(llcL ed
Rite ;o Thur.. Oct. I I. 2007
"[f"" = C;(, 2s -T)
BdosS = 911 0t) 0 moiith 5. 205(0'; S 7.75'i
JS= CS, 4.45 I \icar 5.0()6s7', iGu\ana gt.i 14.09';
[-('s = G0 (_ 60
Belc/e= (XS 94L51
Source: International Departent, Bank of Guyana.

Narine produces fine

all-round performance

in NBS cricket
VETERAN senior Essequibo Inter-county all-rounder
Ramesh Narine produced a fine performance with bat and
ball for Devonshire Castle in a losing effort however, as
the New Building Society North Essequibo 40-over cricket
competition continued last Sunday.
Narine, bagged four to help dismiss Gunner Sports Club
(GSC) for 166 in 40 overs while he chalked up his second suc-
cessive half-century with 65, as his team only managed 158 in
40th over.
Leading the way for GSC who batted first was Brian En-
glish with 39 while Raymond Reid supported with 30 as Narine
put in an impressive bowling spell. He was assisted by R.
Persaud who took two for 21.
Devonshire Castle, who won the competition which was
inaugurated last year, threatened the score momentarily
but eventually succumbed, with Narine getting batting help
from D. Persaud who chipped
in with 19.
Lima United made light work
Sof Sparwin having disposed of
them by an emphatic nine-wicket
margin. Sparwin took first strike
and were bundled out for 71 in
28 overs as Basdeo Khemraj
grabbed four for 18 from seven
overs while Zaki Salim snatched
two for four from three overs.
When Lima United suc-
cessfully chased the target, D.
Lall was unbeaten on 24.
Walton Hall, led by a solid
half-century from Kishav
Samsundar, beat Ravens by a
RAMESHNARINE comfortable six-wicket margin.
Ravens took first knock and
were all out for 157 in 22 overs while Walton Hall in reply
reached 160 for four in the 22nd over.
Punraj Singh made 34 while Kaif Bacchus and Dennis
Benjamin scored 34 and 33 respectively. Off-spinner
Uvendra Balgobin collected three for 25 and Sunil Persand
two for 34.

K .

SUNDAY CHRONICLE October 21", 2007 2

'5* *1 *

McGill to clash

with Zeeburg in

New Line Aqua

Farm final today
VICTORY for McGill Superstars over Canal #2
Cricket Club has set them up against Zeeburg Cricket
Club in the final of the New Line Aqua Farm 40-over
cricket competition set for today at Canal #2 Sports
Club, West Bank Demerara.
The Superstars of McGill pulled away from their op-
ponents halfway in the last innings when the wickets of
Canal #2 Sports Club started to tumble in the final overs.
McGill were asked to bat first which proved to be a
poor decision on the part of the home team. McGill amassed
235 for 7 in their allotted 40-overs with Prahalad Singh and
Chilanand Shivrain contributing 56 and 55 respectivelyI for
the Superstars who hail from neighboring Canal #1.
This was despite decent bowling from Chabiraj
Ramcharan who has been in good form throughout the
tournament. He ended with three wickets for 47 in his
allotted eight overs.
In reply, Canal #2 could manage only 172 all out in 32.2
overs, despite superb batting from young Troy Gonsalves
who contributed 76.
In the end it was the spirited all-round performance
of the cohesive McGill Superstars which was too much
for the home team to handle. Captain of McGill,
Sudesh Persaud, picked up three for 26.
But it was Jajdesh Balgobin who inflicted great pun-
ishment grabbing four for 29.
Over at Cornelia Ida, West Coast Demerara, Zeeburg
Cricket Club out-muscled the highly skilled Windsor For-
est Cricket Club.
In a match that was reduced to 35 overs Windsor For-
est could manage only 172 for nine. Muneshwar Balgobin
top-scored with 54, including two fours and four sixes. Jo-
seph Persaud's task was incomplete having scored 30 not
Fazal Khan'did most of the damage for Zeeburg
picking up three wickets for 33 runs in seven overs..
Zeeburg then knocked off their target by quickly reaching
176 for the lohs of four wickets in 26.4 overs.
SSafraz Karim blasted his way to 63 with seven fours
and one six on his "wa..
Anrid Jairam contributed 59 not out with three fours
and three si \es.
Maniram Rajunauth picked up two for 29 for Windsor
President of the West Demerara Cricket Association,
SAnand Sanaie and Salim Azeez, proprietor of New Line
Aqua Farm were on hand to witness McGill's victory at
Canal #2 Sports Club.
They assured that all arrangements are in place
for the final and urged supporters to join the cricket
festival for the final of this rewarding tournament.


THE Annua l Inter '!amaat Blkel6l s fbllruhand
round-robincrickecmptiio l I n ssce Iul ed tos arn eI x

Gambhir powers India to wi

over Aussies in Twenty20

By Sanjay Rajan

MUMBAI, India (Reuters) -
Gautam Gambhir scored a
half-century to power India to
a seven-wicket victory over
Australia in a one-off
Twenty20 international yes-

Left-handed opener
Gambhir cracked 63 and shared
in two useful partnerships to
help the hosts, world champi-
ons in this form of the game.
achieve the target of 167 with
11 balls to spare.
Australia skipper Ricky
Pointing lashed a 53-ball 76 to

MAN-OF-THE-MATCH Gautam Gambhir pulls to the
boundary during his innings of 63. (Yahoo Sport)

guide his side to 166 for five
after opting to bat on an ex-
cellent batting pitch at the
Brabourne Stadium.
But the Australian bowlers
failed to curtail India. who were
playing their first Twenvt20 in-
ternational at home and seemed
to be scoring at will.
"We were outplayed by
the Indians who won again,"
Pointing said.
Australia. the 50-over world
champions, lost to surprise w\in-
ners India in the T\\enl\2()
World Cup semi-finals in Sep-
Man-o f-thc-match Gamhhir
and the exciting Robin Uthappa
(35) shared an 82-run second-
wicket stand to give the hosts a
flying start after opener
Virender Sehwag's early exit.
"I think Twenty20 is work-
ing for me, I just want to con-
vert it (my form) to the 50-over
format," said Gambhir, who was
returning after an injury break.

Left-arm spinner Michael
Clarke dismissed Uthappa,
caught behind trying to steer
the ball through the slips, with
India on 102 in the llth over.
But Gambhir, who hit
five fours and a six in his 52-
ball knock, and the in-form
Yuvraj Singh, who struck a
majestic 31 not out, put on 41
for the third wicket.
Gambhir, who struck a half-
century in the Twenty20 World
Cup final against Pakistan, was
caught by Ponting while giving
pacer Ben Hilfenhaus the
But Yuvraj, who hit
paceman Stuart Clark for two
consecutive sixes, and skip-

Hamilton pips rivals in Brazil qualifying

By Alan Baldwin
(Reuters) McLaren's Lewis
Hamilton drew first blood in
his Formula One title battle
by qualifying in front of his
two rivals for today's Brazil-
ian Grand Prix.
Hamilton, the 22-year-old
rookie who can become Formula
One's youngest champion to-
day, will start second with
Ferrari's Brazilian Felipe Massa
on pole position for the second
successive year in front of his
home fans.
Ferrari's Kimi
Raikkonen was third fastest

in yesterday's qualifying and
shares the second row in the
season-ending race with
McLaren's unhappy double
world champion Fernando
Hamilton leads Spaniard
Alonso by four points, with
Finland's Raikkonen a further
three behind in the first three-
way title decider since 1986.
"It's good, it's almost all
in his hands now," team boss
Ron Dennis told Britain's
ITV television.
"There's a bit more work to
do, (there were) a few glitches
but nothing too serious. We're
looking forward to a good clean

fight and a good conclusion to
the championship."
Hamilton, who saw the
Interlagos track for the first time
only on Thursday, said he had
enjoyed the session.
"We seem to have really
good pace here," he said.
"I'm just buzzing, really
Hamilton will be cham-
pion if the grid positions are
maintained and having
Massa, who won in Brazil
last year, on pole rather than
Raikkonen or Alonso also
boosted his chances.
No driver has won a race
this season from further back

per Mahendra Singl
(nine not out) guided
victory with the skipl
ing the winning run
six off fast bowler Br
Ponling hit 13 four
on 48 for the second
with opener Matthe\\
(17). 50 for the third
dre\\ Svlmonds (20) an.
Michael Clarke (25 no
the fifth.
But the Indian
Hlarbhiajan Singh an,
Kartik. making hi:
checked the run ral
middle overs and the
w ere further pegged b:1
dismissals of Symonds
Hodge (2) in rapid suc
Australia won t
day series 4-2 earl

AUSTRAUA innings
A. Gilchrist b RP Singh
M. Hayden b H. Singh
R. Ponting b Pathan
A. Symonds run-out
B. Hodge b Pathan
M. Clarke not out
B. Haddin not out
Extras: (lb-2, w-7)
Total: (five wickets, 20 overs) 16.
Fall of wickets: 1-12, 2-60, 3-110,
Bowling: RP Singh 4-0-39-1,
Sreesanth 4-0-47-0,1. Pathan 4-0-34-;
H. Singh 4-0-17-1, M. Kartik 40-27-0.
INDIA innings
G. Gambhir c Ponting
b Hilfenhaus 63
V. Sehwag c Gilchrist b Lee
R. Uthappa c Gilchrist b Clarke 31
Y. Singh not out 31
M.Dhoninotout 9
Extras: (Ib-12, w-9, nb-3) 24
Total: (three wkts, 18.1 overs) 167
Fall of wickets: 1-20,2-102,3-143.
Bowling: Lee 3.1-0-35-1, Bracken 2Z
0-19-0, Hilfenhaus 4-0-28-1, Clark
0-33-0, Symonds 3-0-26-0, Clarke


than third place on the grid.
"It's a fantastic feeling,"
said Massa of his sixth pole
of the year that also leaves
him with a real chance of
winning again today.

ff,1J 1 BO/ AT RDA
.* i / CRICKET

icKFC Cup egilu 50 Uvrs

Cricket Competition 2907


WI Under-19 vs. Leewards Enmore
Barbados vs. Jamaica National




*I -<_-


B .j.'' ~x

26 SUNDAY CHRONICLE October 21, 2007


aL *_,[ A Wj

T&T top KFC Group B with

four-wicket win over Guyana

By Vemen Walter at Providence
In association with P & P Insurance Brokers and D. Balram
(Shane) General Store

DEFENDING champions kinidad & Tobago produced a clini-
cal performance tocomfortably dispose of Guyana by six wick-
ets in their fial Group 'B' KFC Cup match yesterday, at the
Guyana Natial Sadium at Providence.
The win has ensured the men from the Twin Island Republic
top Group 'B' at the end of the
preliminary stages with 12 points,
ahead of second-placed Guyana
with eight as both teams head for
Barbados to contest next week's
Kieron Pollard slammed three
fours and a six from 62 balls in an
unbeaten 52 to set up Trinidad &
Tobago's successful run chase,
.5 1t reaching 209 for six in 46 overs af-
ter their bowlers, spearheaded by
Medium pacer Rayad Emrit, four
for 43, had bowled brilliantly in re-
-, stricting Guyana to 208 for eight
S in their allotment of 50 overs.
Neil McGarrell led the way
for Guyana with an unbeaten 51
EIOS JOHNSON from just 39 balls, decorated
with three fours and a six, and
debutante left-hander Leon Johnson hit 50, a knock from 72
balls, spiced with four fours and two sixes. -
Apart from Pollard, opener Mario Belcon also weighed in with
a composed47, while captain Daren Ganga and Dwayne Bravo sup-
ported with 37 and 28 respectively.

Guyana, who were without skipper Ramnaresh Sarwan, suf-
fering from an ankle injury sustained minutes before the commence-
ment of play, during the pre-match warm-up (and may force him
to miss the rest of the tournament), along with Mahendra
Nagamootoo, who was granted a rest, were very sloppy in defend-
ing their modest total, putting down at least four chances.
Royston Crandon, Narsingh Deonarine, Zaheer
Mohammed, McGarrell and Reon King had a wicket each.
Earlier, Guyana's innings was build around Johnson and
McGarrell after the Trinidad & Tobago bowlers had reduced them
to 77 for five in the 27th over.
Sent in to bat on a pitch that had invariable bounce, Sewnarine
Chattergoon (27) and Travis Dowlin (7) put on 36 for the first
wicket in II overs before Mervyn Dillon (1-44) broke through, find-
ing the edge of Chattergoon's bat, with a beautiful delivery that
pitched and left the left-hander on its way to wicketkeeper Ramdin.
Emrit then picked up the scalps of Dowlin, Royston Crandon
(3) and Assad Fudadin (8) in quick succession while medium pacer
Pollard (1-17) accounted for the demise of Narsingh Deonarine for
Dowlin had his stumps knocked back, Royston Crandon
popped back a catch to the bowler while Fudadin, hooking, only
succeeded in offering Belcon a catch at square-leg.
Deonarine, leading the team in the absence of Sarwan, need-
lessly surrendered his wicket, trying to go over the top of mid on,
where Dillon clung onto to a well-judged catch.
Johnson first commenced the rebuilding process in a 43-run
sixth-wicket partnership with Derwin Christian that pushed the to-
tal to 120 in the 39th over, at which stage Christian (11), who took
16 balls to get off the mark, was run-out.
With just 11 overs remaining in the Guyana innings,
Johnson and the veteran McGarrell proceeded to launch a bru-
tal assault on the Trinidadians, hammering 46 off 39 balls in
an important seventh-wicket stand.

Growing in confidence, Johnson smashed the off-spin of Sherwin
Ganga for a-six over wide mid-wicket and a four through cover off
consecutive deliveries in the 44th over and followed up with an-
other six, this time over mid-wicket off Bravo (1-43), in the next
over to move closer to his 50, but upon reaching the landmark that
contained four fours and two sixes off 70 balls, in the same over,
he eventually perished, caught by Sherwin Ganga at backward
square, hooking.
Johnson exited with Guyana on 166 for seven but
McGarrell using his vast experience to his advantage in com-
pany with Esaun Crandon, who spanked three fours in 12, con-
tinued to bat aggressively, propelling their team to 184 in the
48th over, when Crandon became Emrit's fourth victim, caught
by Simmons at point.
McGarrell's dominance prevailed in the remaining overs, spank-
ing the last delivery of the innings from Emrit to wide mid-wicket
for four, simultaneously bringing up his fifty as Guyana rattled up
42 in the last five overs.
The tournament continues today with the final two Group
'A' matches that will see Barbados tackle Jamaica at the
Guyana National Stadium at Providence and the Leeward Is-
lands match skills with TCL West Indies Under-19 team at

!. .. .
GUYANA innings
S. Chatergoon c wkp. Ramdin
bDion 27
T. Down b Emrt 7
R. Crandon c & b Emrit 3
SDeonarine c Dillon b Pollard 15
A. Fudadin cBeconb Emrt 8
L Johnson c Ganga b Bravo 50
D. Christian run-out 11
N. McGaell not out 51
E. Crandon c Smmons b Emril 12
Z. Mohammed not out 1
Extras: (w-21, nb-, lb-1) 23
Total: (eight wkts,50 overs) 208
Fa ot wicets: 1-36, 2-36, 3-42, 4-57,
Bowmig: Dillon 10-1-44-1, Rampaul
7-1-28-0, Emrit 10-2-43-4, Bravo 10-
1-43-1, Pollard 5-1-17-1, S. Gangs 8-

T&T innings
L Simmons c Chattergoon
b King 1
M. Belconlbw bMcGanell 47
D. Ganga run-out 37
D. Bravo c King b Deonarine 28
K. Pollard not out 52
D. Ramdln Ibw b Mohammed 10
S. Ganga c (sub.) Bamwell
b R. Crandon 12
J. Mohammed not out 4
Extras: (w-14,b-1, b-3) 18
Total: (six wkts, 46 overs) 209
Fall of wickets: 1-29,2-75,3-121,4-
Bowling: King 8-0-35-1, E.
Crandon 6-0-36-0, McGarrell 9-0-
31-1, R. Crandon 5-0-24-1,
Mohammed 10-1-42-1. Deonarine

Windwards beat CCC to register first victory

By Ravendra Madbolall

WINDWARD Islands de-
feated Combined Campuses
and Colleges (CCC) by five
wickets in their final pre-
liminary round match of the
2007 KFC Regional 50-over
game yesterday at the
Blairmont Community Cen-
tre ground in West Berbice.
Windward Islands, who
won the toss but decided to
field first, coasted to 132 for
five from 334 overs in reply to
CCC 131 all out in 39.1 overs
in sunny condition.
Leading the successful
chase for the Windwards were
West indies all-rounder Darren
Sammy with a steady 32 and
Under-19 batsman Donwell
Hector who chipped in with 30.
The pair shared an easy
43-run fourth-wicket stand af-
ter losing the important wicket
of left-hander Devon Smith for

CCC innings
S. Clarkec HectorbShillingfordl15
. Phillipsc Sammy
b Shilnmgford 26
R. Currency ckp. James
b Mathurin 5
I F. Rifer cHector b Lewis 26
C. Walton c Walton b Lewis 25
S. Jackson c and b Sebastien 4
C. Emmanuel bSebastien 10
SR. Chattergon c Shillingford
Sb Lewis 3
J. Bennett r-out 0
K. Catfin ibwlbSeastien 0
K. Kantasingh not out 6
Extras: (w-7,b-2, lb-2) 11
STotal: (al oit,39-1 overs) 131
Fan of maa.s:. 1-45,2-54.3-54, 4-96,
I 5-111, 6-111,7-19,8-119,9-119.
SBowling: Butler 6-0-26-0 (w-2),
ISammy 5-0-13-0 (w-2),

a 38-ball 19 runs and his open-
ing partner Miles Bascombe for
a similar score.
Windward Islands with
three changes for this encoun-
ter, fully aware of their elimi-
nation from the competition
despite the win, lost number
three batsman Heron
Campbell without scoring.
But Sammy and the right-
handed Hector showed good appli-
cation to ensure their team's conso-
lation victory, before Hector, who
hit two fours and a solitary six in
his 29-ball, nipped a catch to
wicketkeeper Chadwick Walton off
leg-spinner Rawle Lewis.
The CCC bowlers main-
tained a consistent line and
length on a pitch which offered
variable bounce, but the total of
131 was obviously insufficient
as Liam Sebastien with 11 not
out and the experienced captain
Lewis. saw their team home
without further loss.

Shillingford 7-2-20-2 (w-1),
Mathurin 6-0-23-1, Lewis 8-0-20-3
(w-1), Sebastien 7.1-0-2-25-3 (w-
D. Smith c Phillips b Kantasingh 19
M. Bascombe c Catlin b Clarke 19
H. Campbell Ibw b Clarke 0
D. Sammy c Clarke b Emmanuel 32
D. Hector c wkp. Walton
b Katansingh 30
L Sebastien not out 11
R. Lewis not out 7
Extras: (w-12, lb-2) 14
Total: (five wkts, 33.4 overs) 132
Fall of wickets: 1-43,2-44,3-56,4-99,
Bowling: Bennett 8-0-30-0 (w-5),
Catlin 2-0-19-0 (w-7), Clarke 10-0-42-
2, Chattergoon 2-0-8-0, Kantasingh
9-3-20-2, Emmanuel 2.4-0-11-1.

Supporting the off-spin-
ner Clarke who nabbed two
for 42 from his allotted ten
overs was Trinidad & Tobago
left-arm orthodox spinner
Kavesh Kantasingh with two
for 20 from his nine tidy
Earlier, CCC after inserted
to bat, made a promising open-
ing stand of 45 in 11.4 overs, as
Clarke and Omar Phillips batted
responsibly until they were

Phillips who made 26 which
included three fours from 41 de-
liveries and Clarke (15) were un-
done by leg-spinner Shane
Shillingford and that signalled a
brief collapse.
Romel Currency went for five
quickly while the veteran Floyd
Reifer and Jamaica wicketkeeper/
batsman Chadwick Walton threat-
ened with a fine 42-run fourth-
wicket stand.
Walton, who hit four fours
in his 33-ball stay, looped the

ball to slip where Sammy took
a simple running catch. Reifer
(26), who scored the first century
(130) in the competition against
defending champions Trinidad
& Tobago in the opening match,
skied a catch to Hector at deep
There was no resistance
from the lower-order as wickets
tumbled in quick succession.
Lewis bowled impressively
to finish with three for 20 from
eight economical overs while
off-spinner Sebastien collected
three for 25 from 7.1 overs,

bowling with excellent variation.
Shillingford also in the
wicket column picked up two
for 20 from seven overs, bowl-
ing for the Windward Islands.
Windward Islands ended
with four points while CCC
finished with one point while
the final preliminary round
stage is set for today with two
more matches.
Jamaica will take on Bar-
bados at the Guyana Na-
tional Stadium at Providence
while West Indies Under-19
meet Leeward Islands at

Liverpool snatch late victory in Mersey derby

By Martyn Herman

LONDON, England (Reuters)
- Liverpool scored in stoppage
time to beat Everton 2-1 in a
dramatic Merseyside derby
yesterday at Goodison Park
as the hosts ended the match
with nine men.
Sami Hyypia's own goal af-
ter 38 minutes gave Everton the
lead in the 206th meeting be-
tween the city rivals but fortune
favoured Liverpool after the
break as two Dirk Kuyt penal-
ties got their title challenge back
on track.
The top seven in England all
won with Arsenal maintaining
their two-point lead over
Manchester United thanks to a
2-0 home defeat of Bolton Wan-
derers. who slipped to the bot-
Kolo Toure from long range
and a Tomas Rosicky tap-in
broke Bolton's resistance after
the break as Arsenal made it I 1
wins in a row in all competi-
United conceded their
first goal in more than 10

hours as they fell behind at
Aston Villa but stormed back
with three goals in nine min-
utes before the break as Villa
Wayne Rooney was twice
on target in the 4-1 victory with
Rio Ferdinand and Ryan Giggs
also chipping in. Villa had Nigel
Reo-Coker and goalkeeper Scott
Carson sent off after the break
while Rooney had a penalty
Didier Drogba's future at
Chelsea has been under a
cloud but he scored the
opener for the seventh-placed
Blues as they continued their
improvement with a 2-0
cruise at Middlesbrough.
Manchester City remain
third after a 1-0 home defeat of
Birmingham City courtesy of
another goal from Brazilian
Portsmouth, in fifth spot.
beat Wigan Athletic 2-0 away
while sixth-placed Blackburn
Rovers beat Reading 4-2.
Derby County are off the
bottom with a 0-0 draw against
a Fulham side who played half

the match with 10 men after
Paul Konchesky was sent off
for elbowing.

Fourth-placed Liverpool
looked set for more misery at
their neighbours after last
season's 3-0 hammering when
Hyypia crashed an attempted
clearance past his keeper Pepe
They levelled after 54
minutes when Everton de-
fender Tony Hibbert tangled
with Steven Gerrard in the
box to concede a penalty and
receive a red card from ref-
eree Mark Clattenburg.
Kuyt scored from the spot to
make it 1-1 and the Dutchman kept
his nerve to convert another pen-
alty in stoppage time after Phil
Neville had been sent off for a Ily-
ing save with his hand to deny Bra-
zilian substitute Lucas.
Everton should have had a
penalty of their own in a breath-
less finish when Jamie Carragher
appeared to wrestle Joleon
Lescott down in the area.
Liverpool manager Rafael

Benitez, under pressure after
some poor performances in
the league and in Europe,
withdrew a grim-faced
Gerrard in the second half to
boos from the away end.
"These games you need to
play with the brain and we
were playing with the heart,"
Benitez told Sky Sports when
asked why he had taken off the
influential Gerrard. "We needed
to keep the ball and to pass the
His Everton counterpart
David Moyes was convinced
his side should have had at
least one penalty.
"Decisions are difficult for
referees but that one wasn't dif-
ficult. it was a simple decision,"
he told the BBC.
Arsenal lead the table with
25 points from nine games. a!-
though six of those have been
at home. United have 23. City
22 and Liverpool 19.
West Ham United host
Sunderland today with third
bottom Tottenham Hotspur
in action at Newcastle United

Page 3 & a26p5

SUNDAY CHRONICLE October 21, 2007 27


;-. ,'

\? F~'

Suriname blow away uyana by 53 points

tak Inter-Guian !eaq'a Sitle

By Faizool Deo

SURINAME out-hustled, out-
rebounded and out-ran
Guyana's female Under-19
basketball team to thrash
them by 53 points yesterday,
the second day of the second
leg of the Inter-Guiana
Games, at the Cliff Anderson
Sports Hall.
With the victory and an-
other against French Guiana
(36-34) on Friday. Suriname
have retained the female basket-
ball title.
Playing on Guyana's home-
court, they failed to deter the
Dutch team from their ultra-ag-
gressive approach. The visiting
girls schooled the locals from the
tip-off to finish the game 71-18.
They enforced full court
traps which restricted the
Guyanese from taking shots;
these traps forced the turnover
or created the steal. So poor was
Guyana's scoring that in three
quarters they had only seven

By Michael DaSilva

GUYANA'S young brigade of
cyclists out-pedalled their
Dutch and French counter-
parts to win the inaugural
Team Time Trial Cycle Race
that was staged around the
inner circuit of the National
Park yesterday and national
cycle coach, Hassan
Mohamed, is confident that
the locals will occupy the top
three places in today's 36-
mile road race.
Led by the experienced


Alonzo Greaves who is tipped
to win today's 36-miler, with
support from the Caribbean ju-
venile champion Geron Will-
iams and runner-up Christopher
Holder, the locals clocked 21
minutes 38.43 seconds
(21:38.43) to win the 15K (10-
lap) event ahead of French
Guiana's four-some who re-
turned 22:43.81 and Suriname's
quartet (22:58.46) respectively.
According to the Guyana
Cycling Federation's (GCF)
vice-president Brian Allen,
one change will be made to
Guyana's f ,r-man team for
today's roan race.

points a bucket scored each
period. Surinamc. on the other
hand, had a game plan and with
good rotation by coach Ray
Karsodileromo they continued
to excel.
Only Kean Andrews with
10 points showed any resis-
tance to the visitors. Eight of
those points were scored in
the last four minutes of the
game, at a time when
Suriname had already estab-
lished their mammoth lead.
For the Dutch team which
led 32-5 at the half.' four play-
ers reached double figures:
Zephanya Zeefuik scored 14
points, Whitney Rijp scored 12,
while Susan Lou made 11 and
Tricia Abby Galer Striuken
added 10.

The Guyanese girls, though
outplayed in all aspects, were
victims of bad organising. Ac-
cording to coach Abdulla Hanid
he had 12 days of practice with

Allen said Enzo Matthews
will replace Scott Savory who
dropped out of yesterday's
time trial after just three laps
were completed.
According to Mohamed.
the victory by the Guyanese
foursome was an excellent one
especially since it's the first
such event on the Inter-Guiana
Mohamed, who has been
organising cycle races for the
country's youths for over
three decades and who has
produced some of the
country's best cyclists, said
he is very happy that the
event started on time and
that the representatives from
Suriname and French
Guiana assisted with the re-
cording of the times of each
"I'm glad that they were
able to be here to assist and that
they are satisfied with the re-
sults of the event. I'm even
happier that they assisted in
keeping the time and that all are
in agreement with the final re-
Mohamed, the coordinator
of the cycling events, opined
that the smooth running of the
event was due to the success-
ful technical meeting he had
with officials of the two visit-
ing teams.
"1 want to thank the
supporters for coming out
to make this event a truly
international one but I'm
kind of sad that the
other members of the
Guyanese team (male and
female basketball and vol-
leyball teams) were not
there to lend their support
to the Guyanese 'Young
Brigade' as was the case

the girls, a miniscule comparison
to the Suriname and French
Guiana teams who dedicate
months to practice.
The team also had no
strict criteria for selection,
seeing that no competition
was held to evaluate who
were the best female players
to represent Guyana at the
Hamid thinks that the play-
ers have a good future since
some of them have up to five
playing years remaining in the
annual competition. He feels
that practice should start at the
end of the games today to get a
jump-start on the 2008 compe-
tition. "The girls want to play."
In theory this is the right
advice, but the reality of the
matter is that Guyana failed
to field a team at last year's
competition and the appropri-
ate authorities knew that
they had to put measures in
place for this year, but noth-
ing happened.

with the support given to
the foreign riders by mem-
bers of their delegation."


Mohamed believes that the
locals can win today's road race
because the Guyanese are accus-
tomed to the terrain, they know
the course and apart from that,
they have an added advantage
by competing more regularly
than their French and Dutch
"I feel personally we can
win the road race today. We
came up against stiffer opposi-
tion than they are giving us ...
so I don't think they can beat
us today." the coach noted.
Mohamed would like to
thank the National Parks
Commission as well as the
members of the Guyana Po-
lice Force Traffic Department
for a job well done and ex-
tended a personal thank you
to Minister of Works and
Transport, Robeson Benn, for
patching up the National
Park's inner circuit.
"I'm happy with what they
have done but we need to get
the entire circuit resurfaced."

The jubilant 2007 Inter-Guiana Games female basketball champions, Suriname. (Adrian
Narine photo)

THE countdown to the No-
vember 4 Caribbean and In-
ternational Race of Champi-
ons at the South Dakota Cir-
cuit has begun, creating great
excitement and anticipation
for race fans in Guyana.
With the 2006 meet still
fresh in their minds, the Guyana
Motor Racing & Sports Club
(GMR&SC) is going all out to
make the November 2007 meet-
ing the best and biggest ever.
From this week top racers
and their machines start ar-
riving from Trinidad and To-
bago, Barbados, Jamaica,
Suriname, Canada and the
Coming with them will be
mechanics and officials from
Caribbean clubs, along with
their many fans and supporters.
all adding to the thousands of

force, and have proved to be fast
learners, going faster every

Graham will be back with
side-kick Craig Atkinson as

Champion Mark Vieira winning in Barbados this year

meeting as they develop racing
skills and build up courage.

FLASHBACK: The 12cc races on the grid November,

Guyanese who flock the South
Dakota for the year-end meet.
To satisfy the fans' need
for speed and excitement, the
GMR&SC has organized a
formidable line-up of the
most powerful cars in the
For the first time the Blue
Ribband Group 3 races will see
no less than eight 600 horse-
power cars among the 15 cars
to start those races.
The lower Group 2 classes
have 20 cars entered in each of
their races, with the father-and-
son Rahaman team being the
main contenders and set to meet
serious challenges on race-day.
The Rookies will be out in

Kevin will show local rid-
ers how it's done at a
Superbike Race Clinic he'll
conduct before the races
aimed at raising skill-level,
of Guyana's motorcyclists
and will launch the initiatiN
and his brand-new race-bik
at a special GMR&SC recep
tion on Thursday Novembc-
1 at Le Meridien Pegasus.
The small-bike riders wi;
also be in action, with their
ranks swollen with riders fron
Suriname, and Karting sensatic,
Juliana Chiovitti will have an
other go at the Guyanese kartel
lead by veteran Stanley Ming.

Champ Juliana Chiovitti leads the Kart race

Motorcycle racing fans
will get more than their share
of thrills and excitement on
race-day as Canadian
Superbike champion Kevin

Juliana is one of the be'
female racers in the USA an
is remembered for her con
manding performance in N,
vember 2006.

I -:



'rc ,



kicks S.Africa to

World Cup victory

By John Mehaffey
PARIS, France (Reuters) -
South Africa defeated defend-
ing champions England 15-6
yesterday to claim the World
Cup for the second time, in a
match packed with atmo-
sphere but short of excite-
Percy Montgomery kicked

fotir penalties and Francois
Stdyn converted a fifth ;for the
Spjringboks, at the Stadelde
France. Jonny Wilkinson,
England's natch-winner in
Sydney four, years ago, kicked
a penalty each side of halftime.
South Africa, who won the
Cup at homr in 1995 on their
return from (international! sport-
ing isolation, join Australia' as

the only country to claim the
William Webb Ellis trophy
"A massive win for us;
all credit to England, a lot
of people expected them
not to be as competitive as
they were ...," South Af-
rica coach Jake White told
ITV television.
"It just shows you. how

tough World Cups are. I always
knew we had to play to win it;
they were not going to give it
to us.
"It's important for our
country and I think everyone
back home is rejoicing, and
all credit to the players, they
have been fantastic ambassa
P lease see page 22

1-- .,;L ''P

FRUTA Conquerors have assumed the pdle position in
the Georgetown Football Association (GFA) Cell Link
plus Premier League, following a hard-fought 1-0 vic-
tory over defending champions Alpha United on Fri-
day evening at the Georgetown Football Club (GFC)
In the supporting clash, an injury time goal earned Santos a
vital point, after they held Camptown to a 1-1 draw; while in
the curtain raiser a similar result prevailed between Beacon and
Buxton, in a group 'B' encounter of the GFA $upligen round-
robin/knockout Under-20.
In the feature match it was the defending champions and
former leaders, who were the busier of the teams, launching nu-
merous attacks.
They were unfortunate not to score, primarily due to poor
finishing and, to a lesser extent, excellent goalkeeping from the
Conquerors custodian Oswald Cornette; who in one instance
produced a magnificent one-handed save, which was parried for
a corer-kick from a Shawn Bishop's penalty down in the sec-
ond half.
Conquerors, whose counter-attacking was a cause of
bother to Alpha's defence, had two one-on-one situations
with Alpha's custodian Shawn Johnson. But hesitancy of
P lease see page 22

Rage 1V&?2865

Printed and Published Dy Guyana Njalionai Newspapers L.mrnle. Lama A jnue Bel Aia Palk. Georgetown TElenonrn.2:6 3.133 i3 iGerrEal Ealorial 227.5204. 227.5216 Fax 227-5208 SUNDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2007


- I



Not to be sold separately

I Q19



1I11 UK



S,: .
.% .. -, = ;

4I C
* ..j:-*~

- t,. *4
' **... -- : ."^ ., ^ 7 *-.. ..-. .-- '.;'1 ;

-'4 :i-: r:
-t .

'Z:; 3'o.: 4:,5. *,.-% ..,: *:'.4 :"' .

k:h )TY --ma -
il-.. . w -=! % --:,:. ., .j ,
$. : .:. :; -:- ._.- .- .:
.. -,..: . ,\ ;!
,> ';' ;...; ,- .,- -. ..
Z %-=2.-3 ;2 :'
.. . ' . - [ "


* -," 5-t.r..
- ~
4-, -






-- 4- --'

fW10T.27, ~~5 PM



*-64 ta
'CE~i' fl



II r~ -~ ---- -

,%dayCronficle Supplemen

'*'- J

III~ P ',

~~.. =~
~ :P":


Page II Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007



THERE are some very straightforward signs to
look for that show either a man is interested
in you, or that he's not that bothered about you.
In this article girls you will find out what those
secret signals are, and what they really mean.
Learn to read his body language.

Is he interested?

The chemistry between two
people is fascinating. I'm sure
you have been surprised at
times when looking at a couple
and thinking, 'How on earth did
they get together? They look so
ill-suited!' This is because per-
sonal chemistry is determined
by many factors and is prima-
rily guided by non-verbal com-
munication, or body-language
Non-verbal communication
accounts for about 93 per cent
of all communication, and is ter-
ribly important in the commu-
nication between two potential
He gives you the 'triple
take' glances once, glances

twice, and then either holds
your eye contact or smiles.
He pulls his posture iup
fairly confidently.
He might loop his fin-
gers into his pockets or belt
loop in a subconscious gesture
to guide your eye line down to-
ward his 'masculinity'.
He uses the male "saun-
ter' that masculine walk (slight
swagger) if he's walking towards
Once chatting. he closes
your personal spaces by 'bridg-
ing' between you (e.g. touching
your forearm as he speaks)
He uses the 'slide' where
he moves his fingers up and
down his glass.
He uses the 'screen'
when he moves in slightly

nearer and screens you off from
other potential male competi-
tors with his upper body. At
this point he stops flicking his
eyes around the room in a sub-
conscious search for other at-
tractive women
Signs that he's not
SWhen engaged in con-
versation he continually looks
around, especially every time.
the door opens as someone
new enters the bar. This means
he's only partly interested in
you and is keeping his options
He asks you a ques-
tion and when you start to an-
swer. his gaze drifts off, or he
interrupts your answer with

Call us for the

something else.
When seated, his feet
and legs point away from you,
even if his upper body is
twisted towards you a sub-
conscious signal that he's look-

Women are very good
at picking tp the
discrepancy between
what he says and what
he does but don't listen
to their intuition when it
picks up these signals.

ing for a way out of the situa-
He appears easily dis-
tracted during a conversation.
Trust your intuition, he's not
really in to the conversation!
He half-heartedly asks
for your phone number with no
enthusiasm or real interest.
Again, rely on your intuition -
it's there for good reason.
What he says and what he
means: Once you're getting to
know a man a little better you
can start gauging his interest and
intentions by what he says and
work out what he really means.
Sometimes with good intentions
(and sometimes with not-so-
good intentions) men will say
something when they mean
something else. They think it's
easier on both of you to put
things a certain way, or they

want to spare your feelings or
their own embarrassment.
For example:
He says he'll 'call you
soon'. Actually he means he's
not particularly in-
terested or he'd
specify a window of
time, like he'll 'call
you in the next day
or two' or even 'to-
SHe explains
that he's not been in
touch because he's
been 'very busy'.
This means that, at
this point, you don't
factor very high on
his list of important
things. We're all busy
nowadays but if you're
really interested you'll
text or e-mail someone
He says he can't
meet up with you be-
cause he's got 'so much on'.
Again, if someone's keen they'll
make room in their diary even
to share a glass of wine or cup
of coffee
On the positive side: If he
texts you within two or three
days of meeting you and makes
a date. this is a positive sign.
Even when a man gives clear
signals of interest, too many
women doubt every little action
or every little word in a text.
Keep reminding yourself that,
to a man, sending a straightfor-
ward text, making a straightfor-
ward date, and getting on with
it is the goal. He is not agonising

over how many kisses to put on
the end of his text message!
Actions speak louder than
words. The most important rule
when it comes to what he says
and what he means is this: Does

what he says match his
behaviour? For example. does he
ring you when he says he will?
Is he on time when he sets a
certain time? Does he show up
with his friends when he tells
you he's coming on his own?
Women are very good at
picking up the discrepancy
between what he says and
what he does but don't listen
to their intuition when it
picks up these signals.
Where do you think the say-
ing 'actions speak louder
than words' comes from? It
comes from the wisdom that
what someone does really is
the most important thing.

call us at
69 Main Street. Georgetown

Tel: 227-1701
Rose Hall Town, Berbice

Tel: 337-5200


also offering connecting flights to:
Canada, London,
Europe, India,
Barbados, Antigua &
all domestic cities within
the United States

book online @l MANHATTAN 110 W 34, Suite 300 NY -Tel: 212-268-4632 QUEENS 104-04 111th St Tel: 718-323-0606
104-09 123 St & Liberty Ave Tel: 718-845-0437
or call your local Travel Agent BROOKLYN 1569 FlatbushAve-Tel: 718-859-3007
S1161 Nostrand Ave Tel: 718-774-9725
B FT LAUDERDALE 4236 N.S Rd 7 -Tel: 954-717-4124

i '",*
k .R I

q ) G *
a 000

Guyana Lands and Surveys Commission
22 Upper Hadfield Street, D'Urban Backlands
Georgetown. Telephone: 226-0524- 9 Fax: 226-4052


All Sworn Land Surveyors and Stake Holders are
invited to a meeting at the Guyana Lands and Surveys
Commission's Training and Conference Room on the
November 7, 2007, commencing at 09:00 hours and
concluding at 16:30 hours.

This meeting is to discuss Part 1 of the Draft Land
Surveyor's Act

Ppne &2 1 '7Cr

------ ----- ----

Page II

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007



Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007 Page III




And the Guyanese Avant-Garde tradition.

MAYBE because just being
an artist is weird enough, no
one rushes to understand or
enjoy the unusual works of
avant-garde artists whether
writers, painters, sculptors,
film-makers, playwrights, etc,
- those who invent new forms
or styles of presentation and
communication in the Arts.
The housewife thinking of
new blinds, sofas, refrigerators,
washing machines, household
bills, etc, might find an avant-
garde artist an odd unrealistic
and unsuitable husband, or
wife, if the artist is female. In
other words, what use is such a
person in this calculating mate-
rialistic world ( except for times
when the avant-garde artist goes
on one of those famous spend-
ing binges?) or to be more pre-
cise, in Guyanese society to-
day- Could such an artist show
us a new direction that is men-
tally uplifting and sensually ful-
The avant-garde artist re-
sponds to the urge or necessity
to write, paint, sculpt, film,
make music, etc, in a manner
that is different and distinct from
the vast majority of novels,
poems, paintings, sculptures,
films etc, we come to know
well. We cannot help having an
opinion on what a novel, a
poem, a story, a painting, etc,
should look like or speak about.
But then the avant-garde artist
comes along and changes these
conceptions with his or her
work. In the arts of Guyana
three creative writers have done
this since the 1950's: Edgar
Mittelholtzer, Wilson Harris,
and Denis Williams.
Mittelholtzer wrote a lot, and all
his novels are interesting to read
to the very end, but at least
three of these are profound ex-
amples, in both content and
style, which started a tradition
of avant-garde creative writing
for today's Guyanese writers
and readers. The first
Mittelholtzer novel with this
AMONG THEM, a novel
which brought him much praise
and fame in London, New York,
and wherever it was read The
title alone alerts us to something
Mittelholtzer is saying about
this novel's characters, who be-
come a sort of microcosm of
Guyanese society that is
haunted by historical events.
superiority and inferiority com-
plexes inherited from master
and slave models, conventional-
ity versus individualism. in-
stinct versus intellect, chastity
versus promiscuity, etc. What is
avant-garde is first the content
of the novel, about an uncon-
vcn.tionai Guyanese family
headed by authoritative parson/
father who lives way up the

Berbice River. The man, his
wife, and two young daughters
practice nudity, living in an
Edenic 'primitive' style, yet
they are educated, well read, ap-
preciative of the Arts, etc; while
their two servants, an African
male and Amerindian female.
provide a tragic-comic look at
misunderstandings and rivalries
among the uneducated. The key
to this novel's distinct avant-
garde style is really provided by
the visit of an English gentle-
man to this eccentric family in
a remote area steeped in a colo-
nial history of human bondage,
and affected by the weird mys-
terious surrounding jungle with
a million sounds and a vast bio-
logical and botanical life. This
visitor's mind is perfect to
project the novel's inner voice
because he is from a more con-
servative lifestyle, and even
more interesting, has suffered a
broken love affair, so that his
neurotic sensitivity is awakened
by the strange social environ-
ment and customs of the un-
usual Guyanese family he stays
with; their bold, curious, and
charming daughters, the casual
sexual curiosity of the instinc-
tively innocent indigenous ser-
vant girl who tells him secretly
one time: Come quick an tek
a lil sweetness nuh!". But more
important socially is the novel's
slow revelation of the pastor/
father's uncontrolled authority,
which ends the novel with a
critical, painful vision of an ex-
treme experience
Which makes us think,
and helps us to cautiously
choose our own lifestyles.
Mittelholtzer makes his

novel speak with a sensitive,
disturbed human voice, so
that the language is a unique
rhythmic, colourful, musical
recording of human sight and
Many avant-garde novels
are so bold and truthful that any
idea we had of what we thought
a novel should say and how it
should say it, is jettisoned. This
reaction is perhaps even more
relevant to the Caribbean and
Guyana. where people who
never read a novel like
Mittelholtzer's A MORNING
AT THE OFFICE remain able
to act out many of the same bi-
ases and bigotries this novel ex-
posed and analysed
brilliantly.This is also one of
Mittelholtzer's greatest ex-
amples of clear descriptive, sen-
sitive, sharp prose, sentence by
sentence. His description of the
building in Port-of-Spain
where the characters of an of-
fice interact remains one of the
first influential approaches to
the novel which was later devel-
oped in unique avant-garde fic-
tion by the French New Novel-
ists, like Alain Robbe-Grillet,
Marguerite Duras, Philippe
Sellers, Claude Simon, and oth-
ers. But it is THUNDER RE-
TURNING which proved
Mittelholtzer's advanced writing

That is at once a power-
ful combination of uninhib-
ited dialogue, tone of voice,
and descriptions of Guyanese
landscape and environment
stamped with genuine local
mood. But even on the level
of content, to write such a


The Guyana Sugar Corporation Inc. invites suitably
qualified vendors to submit quotationsfor Phase III of the
Oracle E-Business Suite Implementation Project. The
following modules within the Oracle E-Business Suite
will be implemented in two phases:

Phase II A9
/ Inventory
/ Purchasing
/ General Ledger
/ Accounts Pavable
v/ Human Resources (For Application Users
& Purchasing Approval Hierarchy)

P'lhase HI K(
/ HIuman Resources (Core)
/ Order Management (Core)
Accounts Receivable

The implementation shall be done in accordance .1h
specifications and requirements detailed in the Request for
Quotations document which can be downloaded from
GUYSUCO's website at 'r ...- ., Tab.
"Invitations to Tender".

-i-, closing date and time for Quotations is the 8' of November.
2007 a. -p.m.


all these aspects of THUN-
an avant-garde novel acutely
relevant to Guyanese society,
past and present. Amidst this
topic, the novel's sentences
capture our mind's focus as
they act like vivid scenes that
return at intervals in a film
or song; a refrain, massaging
images into our minds, mak-

ing us see and feel Guyana in
a deeply appreciative manner.
Sentences like: Plumbago
petals weave a wet pattern of
pale- blue foam amid the
mists of morning." Is
Mittelholtzer a visual artist
or what? Or: Cock crowing
comes weak but clear in the

Please turn to page V

GRANT# GYA-304-G01-H

The Co-operative Republic of Guyana has received financing from the Global Fund
towards the fight againstAIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis. It is intended that part of the
proceeds of this financing will be applied to eligible payments under the contract for
minor civil works.

1. The Government of the Co-operative Republic of Guyana invites sealed bids
from eligible contractors for the construction of the following Treatment and Care

i. Rehabilitation of Suddie Treatment and Care Centre, Suddie
Hospital, Suddie, Region No. 2

2. Interested eligible bidders may obtain further information for, and inspect the
bidding documents at: the following address from 09:00 h to 15:00 h.

The Civil Works Department
The Health Sector Development Unit
GPHC Compound, East Street
Georgetown, Guyana
Tel: (592) 226-6222,226-2425
Fax: (592) 225-6559

3. A complete set of bidding document for in English, may be purchased by
interested bidders on submission of a payment of a non-refundable fee of
$G10,000. The method of payment will be by company oLrmnager's cheque.
The bidding document may be uplifted at the above address at time of payment.

4. Bids must be delivered in envelopes to the following address and clearly marked:

Ministry of Health
Health Sector Development Unit
Global Fund!Guyana HIV/Aids Programme
GRANT# GYA-304-G01 -H
Rehabilitation of Suddie Treatment and Care Centre, Suddie Hospital. Suddie,
Region No. 2

Attn: The Chairman
National Procurement and TenderAdministration Board
Ministry of Finance
Main and Urquhart Sts.
Georgetown, Guyana

5 ll -ii: .,:-,r h, 1n,- (- ,2 h!7 !-1,. (-' ,d-, r I ,,tF, .= r,-, l, In l -r,. i F -,..i-
-- i n .: n t In I F I, n, ,1 -i [ r , :l t ;r |rj : r i a- ,:I r: .. J ; u 1, -n ,

6. All bids must be accompanied by a bid security of 2.0% of the bid price.

7. All Bids must be deposited in the Tender Box in sealed envelopes at the National
Procurement and Tender Administration Board, Ministry of Finance, Main
and Urquhart Streets. Georgetown, Guyana, no later than 9:00 am on Tuesday,
November 13. 2007. The bids must be addressed to the Chairman, National
Procurement and TenderAdministration Board and marked on the top right-hand
corner of the envelope "the name of the programme and the description of the
bid. including the words'do not open before Tuesday, November 13, 2007'."

8. Bids 'ii be opened in the presence of bidder's representatives and anyone who
chooses to attend at Ministry of Finance on November 13. 2007 at 9.00am.

The purchaser is not responsible for bids not received thereof on or before the time
specified for the reception of bids. Late bidswill be rejected and returned

10/19/2007. 5 03 PM

novel which shows attitudes
we often deny, or rather not
speak about, such as the over-
emphasis on our cultural ori-
gins, the bondage of women
in households they have sold
themselves into in return for
economic security, the sordid
results of clandestine affairs
which end with fatherless
children or unknown fathers,

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007

Page III

Page .2

6% -z4-t-&v

BY~ F'P? ,1vf)~4 a: '::-;e*



another landmark in our literary development

(An extract of an interview with Janet A. Naidu,
Georgetown, Guyana, October 2007. Naidu is
president of the newly formed Guyanese
Canadian Writers and Artists Association.)
PP Your real effort at writing, that is writing poetry, was sort
of influenced by a group of cultural artistes and writers going
through their paces; expand on this.
JN That was what I would say a very enlightening period of
my life. I was working next door to the home of Rajkumari Singh
in Lamaha Street. She was very friendly and welcomed me into the
house; her door, I discovered eventually, was always open to artistes
and writers. Here I met Gora Singh who was teaching dance to a
group of people. I was really fascinated by the arts and then the
drama presentation that Rajkumari Singh was preparing for the The-
atre Guild in Kingston. And I was sitting back watching all of this

then one day she asked me if I would like to write a couple of
poems for the 'Heritage' magazine. At first I hesitated but she en-
couraged me. So I wrote two poems, one was called 'Sunshine',
talking about the brighter side; of life. About that same time I was
corresponding with about 25 pen pals all over the world, telling
them about Guyana, how I live in a place called 'Paradise Island',
sort of embellishing 'the island' at Covent Garden. I used to
dramatise my own description of the place. So I was in effect writ-
ing all the time but after I wrote those two poems, I felt inspired. I
think Raj herself was a very vivacious woman, you know she would
always try to let you see yourself as you may be running around
very busy with your life. She was a very observant woman.
PP Who were some of the other artistes and writers in the
JN In the group, I know for sure, there were Henry Moottoo,
and Mahadai Das, and Rooplall Monar who was writing copiously,
stories about the workers on the Sugar estate and the people in the

backdam. He had a lot of ideas because I would hear him talking,
discussing these ideas, he was passionate about growing up on the
East Coast, Annadale area. He was exploring how to express these
things churning up inside of him. And he and Rajkumari use to be
having some really dramatic conversation about the past, the sugar
worker and Indian immigrants and Guyana as a multicultural, mul-
tiracial society.
PP Were those discussions on technique of writing or just
story content?
JN Story content, no, they were not focusing on technique
or style, just sharing experiences, stories that need to be told.
PP Let's locate this period.
JN This was around 1972-1973 period
PP Carifesta time?
JN I met the group around 1971, the group consolidated in
'72-'73. But strangely I can't recall more about Carifesta.
PP So we have a time and place as to your birth as.a writer.
Where did this lead you?
JN I left Guyana for Canada in 1975 and I would say
like most immigrants I spent a lot of time trying to adapt to
living in a different place. A good ten years of my life was spent
working but I must say that I never stopped writing it is just
that I never took it up as a dedicated effort. Now and again I
would write something or draw something; I use to draw pen-
cil sketches. When I was quite small, I used to go around Covent
Garden selling greens with my mom and while I was writing
up accounts mainly who owes money, I use to sketch people
and landscapes. In fact, there is an old man, still alive, on this
Please turn page VI

Co-operative Republic of Guyana
Rehabilitation Of The Committee's Room On The
Lower Floor Of The Public Buildings

IFB Number: May 21, 2007
1. The PEU of the Fiscal aIld Financial Management Program on behalf of the National
Assembly hereby invites sealed bids from eligible and qualified bidders for
Rehabilitation Of The Crommittee's Room on the Lower Floor of the Public
Buildiitgs The delivery/donstruction period is 2 (two) months.

2. Bidding will be conducted through the National Competitive Bidding (NCB)
procedures, specified in the Procurement Act 2003 and the IDB's competitive bidding
procedures specified in the IDB's Policies for the Procurement of Works and Goods by
the ID[, 2005, and is open 'o all bidders, subject to provisions of Section Ill (Eligible
Countries) of this document.
3. Intercstcd eligible bidders iay obtain further information from The Administrative
Assistant, and inspect the Bidding Documents at the Fiscal and Financial
Management Program. Public Buildings, Brickdam, Stabroek, 8:00h to 16:30h.
4. A complete set of Bidding Documents can be purchased by interested bidders upon
payment of a non-refundable'fee of G$5,000.00.
5. Qualifications requirements include:
(1) Valid NIS Compliance Certificate
(2) Valid GRACompliance Certificate
(3) Bid Security ofGS120,000.00 .,

6. Bids must be delivered in an envelope to the following address and clearly marked in
the upper left hand corner:

lTnderTor the Rehabilitation of the Committee's Room on the Lower Floor of the
Public buildings
Att: The Chairman
National Procurement and TenderAdministration Board
Ministry of Finance
Main and Urtquhart Sts
and placed in the tender box in the Ministry of Finance Building. by 09:00h on Tuesday
6"' November, 2007
7. Bids will be opened physically in the presence of the bidder's representative and anyone
who c!.,,ses to attend at he Ministry ofl finance at 09:00hrs on Tuesday 6' November.
2007. bids u ill be rejected.


Applications are invited from suitably qualified person to fill the following Vcancy
existing at the Regional Health Authority (RH A)Region 6

Technical Sujpport Officer

Duties and Responsibilities:

The Technical Support Officer is responsible for the maintenance of the Regional Health
Authority's (RHA) Health Information System (HIS) and Management Infomnation
Systems (MIS) and related Information and Conununication Technology (ICT)
equipment and infrastructure and also to provide technical support-to end users.

Qualifications, Knowledge and Experience:

Diploma in Computer Science from the University of;Guyana or any other
recognized institution along with three (3) years post qualification experience
working in a PC and network troubleshooting and support environment.


CompTIA A+ and/or CorpTiA Network+ training andlor certification with at
least four (4) years post qtialification experience working in a PC and network
troubleshooting and support environment.

Detailed Terms of Reference for this'position can be obtained from, and applications
addressed to:

Executive Director
Health Sector Development Unit
Georgetown Public Hospital Compound
East Street. Georgetown, Guyana
Tel. No.: 226-6222.226-2425

Deadline for submission of applications is Wednesday 31" October, 2007 at 15:30.
Only short-listed applications will be acknowledged.

Page 4 & 25.p65



Sunday Chronicle October 21 2007

Page IV

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007 Page V

My younger brother and his
wife called me days before my
first child was born. I thought
they were calling to see if the
baby had arrived or to con-
gratulate us, as I made a
huge effort to fly out east
when they had their first
child. I helped them finan-
cially as well. However their
call was stressful and rude.
I never expected them to
treat me so horribly at the birth
of my son! I moved across the
country when I was 18 to go to
college. My mother, adoptive
father and I have been estranged
ever since. Our parents were
extremely destructive, emotion-

ally and physically abusive. So
much so I was diagnosed with
PTSD and suffered from depres-
sion for many years.
My brother was favored. I
have been back east to celebrate
his milestones, yet my family
treated me like garbage in front
of my fiance, who they were
meeting for the first time. In the
years I've lived out west they
have never visited. None of
them-including my brother
who I took good care of when
growing up-made an effort to
attend my wedding!
I did not understand how
this phone call started so tense
and became so draining so fast.

When my husband came home,
he insisted I get off the phone.
I try to set boundaries with my
brother, but he bullies me.
Later I sent my brother an
e-mail. I told him I love him and
would speak to him after my son
was born. The next day I was
sent the ugliest most abusive let-
ter from my sister-in-law. She
attacked my character left and
right, yet I flew out when her
daughter was born, and we gave
them thousands of dollars to help
them buy their house. I've never
mentioned that to them.
My husband and I took our
only vacation to fly out and of-
fer support when their daugh-

WA~LD E~:N4~:(ejr4:Fr'

dawn, in the damp mist of early twilight and veil reality beyond the mosquito net." Or: "In
ink black dark, water winds over meadow and lonely plantation land." Or: "Scarlet dreams
drip speckled bubbles." These sentences come and go in THUNDER RETURNING, weaving an
experience of the Guyanese novel that is firmly rooted in avant-garde writing.
All novels, stories or fiction are the sum total of sentences, but in avant-garde writing the sentence
is supreme. It satisfies our need to contemplate language and focus on the experience received, not
simply run through sentences on our way to some plot that is the purpose of the writing. You can
open the avant-garde novel at any page and read; no need to start at page one and read diligently to the
final page. Why? Because a good sentence is the microcosm of a story; it opens up a world by itself.
Wilson Harris' first novel PALACE OF THE PEACOCK was an avant-garde miracle that was bound -
to achieve success. This is the novel's first sentence: .

"A horseman appeared on the road coming at a breakneck stride."
We do not simply read that sentence, we see it, as in a film, like the opening scene of Audie ~:i
Murphy galloping in RIDE A CROOKED TRAIL. Harris was influenced by movies, consciously or
sub-consciously. The sentence does not tell us what to think, does not dictate, does not lecture. In-
stead it presents, it shows. At the end of PALACE OF THE PEACOCK, we realise that all of Harris'
descriptions serve not to build up a background for the activities of characters, as in the traditional
novel, but to make us the narrator of the story. The novel's language becomes the voice of eternal life.
which "each of us was seeking, and eternally possessed."
This novel's language makes us see beyond "stories", "plot", etc, we are left with sen-
tences that lead to a sensation of peaceful freedom via an avant-garde or progressive vision of
creative writing. '


Bids arc hereby invited for the sale and purchase ofiihe lk looking unserviceable vehicle on
a "wifrcis' s'" b'hasis:

One (1) Toyota Coaster 35 scat Minibus BGG 6572

Tenders n'.oi be placed in seal envelopes. clear ly mark on the top right hand corner
TENIER 'R SALE OF UNSIERVCABLE I -lC( LEA' and should be deposited in the
Ienul Box provided at the address below.

Icnderers or their representatives are free to inspect the vehicle at Bauxite companyy of
(Guana Inc (B3CG) Mi ne Sile Workshop. A 'm.: after making arrangements wih the
Privatization Unit NICI L,

[hhe Successful lendercr must be ready and A '. to execute ihe transaction of purchase
within seven (7) days o'fnotice o' the award azin: --!,.!t bie r-eady to rem-ove the vehicle Ifrom
Company's premises Within s' ce(7n )days ii eion oRthe irinsaclion.

The bidh .should bedelivered nolat c than () .,' 1 .12007 o the address helow.

The Execmuive Sco-. ,v- and I lead
l'rivatis;!: ,* i i..' tn
126 Barlr:a-k !trcet
Kings ion
(icorato'- ,n
IEmail: punitl a '. uyana ne.Lgy
Fax 220(-420


Bonnie, poker is
because it is not onl
ematically sophisticate
is psychologically so]
as well. Poker pi;
poker is not a card ga
people game played
In poker there is ;
known as the fundam
rem. The fundament
states that every tim
ponent plays as if 1
your hand, he gains. V

ter was born. I the
brother and I were
who would stick toge
ways thought of him
What should I do?

time you play as if you can see
your opponent's hand, you gain.
With your brother, you are
ought my playing as if you have no knowl-
survivors edge of his hand. In fact, you
ether. I al- have perfect knowledge. Give
with love. and he will take; defend your-
self and he will abuse you. His
strategy is no more complicated
BONNIE than that.
When you arrived on the
interesting planet, you were dealt an
ly a math- unplayable hand: an abusive
ed game, it stepfather, an uncaring mother,
phisticated and a favored brother. At 18
ayers say you escaped, but you are still
ame; it is a hoping to turn losing cards into
with cards, a royal flush. A good poker
a basic rule player would tell you it's time
mental theo- to mix up your play.
al theorem Is the way your family treats
e your op- you just? No. Is it fair? No.
he can see Would a psychologist recommend
While every you stay in this game? No.

-T i T- 3 A j R-Tii B^

ith i.nut and keep me ndiia"'

PO Bx9 prn d MO
rne A '. *|

. ..

QUESTIONN Jeving Invalidity Benefit from NIS but can
"are as I was never qualified for Sickness Benefit. M
lot of money, and I am a poor person. Why can't I get N
from NIS.

You can receive maintenance drugs for your condition provided
you register with the Medical Section of NIS.

SNote, that Medical Care is attached to Sickness Benefit, and not
Invalidity Benefit.

Do -,:. have a c -.sstion on N.LS ? Then write/call.

SC/0) Dianne I.,e wis Ei~.tter
blicity and Public Relations Officer (ag)
National Insurance Scheme
Brickdam and Winter Place
P.O. Box. 101135
Tel: 227-3461.

10/19/2007. 4.59 PM

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007

Page V

A behavioral psychologist
would say by treating your
brother to money, time, and at-
tention, you are strengthening
his bad behavior. A develop-
mental psychologist would say
you were damaged growing up,
so you must repair the damage
to yourself and protect your
children. Allowing them to be
in contact with people who
abuse their mother abuses them.
Game theory, justice, and
psychology all point in one di-
rection: minimize or elimi-
nate contact with these
people. Being estranged from
your family is nothing to be
ashamed of. No fault attaches
to you. It is what you must do
to protect your children, your
husband, and yourself.



Men 'benefit most' from aspirin

(BBC News) The heart-prolecting benefits of aspirin ma. be
available mainly to men. Canadian experts have suggested.
Some research studies haje suggested that the drug nughi cut
heart attack risk bs half
But an analysis of trials in\olh ing II 3.00 patients hinted those
with a higher number of female panicipants 'ere lesI likely to lhow.
Ho-,eicr. the BNIC Medicine study was described as "poten-
tially mnileading" by one UK researcher.
Heart attacks happen uhen a narrowed or damaged blood %es-
sel feeding tie heart is blocked by a blood clot
Aspirin can make it harder for these clots to form and studies
urLgesiirr. ihis could present attack, or make them less likel:,. haae
led to thousands of people \ orldw ide taking the drug every da\
However, the precise benefit ha, been hard to gauge, w ith some
research coming to the conclusion that t t a, u unlikely to offer .in.
protection; whatsoe er
The researchers from the James Hogg ICapture Centre for Cardnioas-
cular and Publonar) Rerearch. part 1 the Linnnersii o Bnush Colunm-
bia, believe that gender maj be one of the mair rea.L ns tor tuhi.
They say that the make-up of a woman's heart and its sur-
rounding blood vessels ma te more resist.-nt to the effects ul as-
They looked at the ratio of men and women taking pan in ma-
jor aspirin research projects and found that those involving pre-
domini:ntl, men were the most likelN to find a benefit.
Con\ersel), those mnsolinmg mainly %nomen \%ere more hkel)
to find a lesser benefit, or none at all
Dr Don,' Sin, one of the studs authors. said "'\e found that a
lot of the liabilityty in these trials seems to be due to the gender
ratios cupponrng the theory that omen may be less responsive
to aspinn ihan men for heart protection.
"Ftoin our findings %\e wouldd caution chimctans on the prescrib-
ing of aspinn to women. especially for pnmary presenuon of heart



Toyota Townace Mini Bus # BHH 8932
Toyota Townace Mini Bus # BEE 5502
Toyota Hiace Mini Bus # PHH 4160
Mitsubishi Pajero # PHH 5308
Toyota Corona Motor Car # PHH 3807
Mitsubishi Pajero # PHH 4414
Mitsubishi Pajero # PHH 4415
Jialing Motor Cycle # CD 7960
Nissan Station Wagon # PCC 3297
Toyota RZ Mini Bus # BHH 2181
Toyota Hiace Mini Bus # GCC 4959
Toyota Carina Motor Car # PFF 4031

174 Waterloo Street, Georgetown
174 Waterloo Street, Georgetown
174 Waterloo Street, Georgetown
174 Waterloo Street, Georgetown
174 Waterloo Street, Georgetown
174 Waterloo Street, Georgetown
174 Waterloo Street, Georgetown
Republic Bank Limited Anna Regina Branch
Republic Bank Limited New Amsterdam Branch
Republic Bank Limited New Amsterdam Branch
Republic Bank Limited Corriverton Branch
Republic Bank Limited Linden Branch


Tender forms can be uplifted at any of our Republic Bank Limited locations. Tenders must be sealed in an
envelope marked "Tender For ..." and placed in the Tender Box at Water Street Branch on the
Receptionist's Desk no later than 14:00 hrs on Friday October 26, 2007.
The Bank reserves the right not to accept the highest or any tender without assigning a reason.


"Whether or not other pharmaceutical products would be mor
effective for women is unclear; more sex-specific studies should no\
be conducted."
This is unlikely to be the last word on who should be taking aspirin
a study of 80,000 women published in March 2007 claimed to have foun
heart benefits for healthy women who regularly took aspirin.
Long-term aspirin use does raise the risk of internal bleedin
and some doctors are reluctant to recommend it for people wh
have not already suffered a heart attack for this reason.
One UK expert, Dr Colin Baigent, from the Clinical Trial Sei
vice Unit at Oxford University, said that taking aspirin in th
months and Nears after a heart attack delivered equal benefits t
men and uomen
He said "'This is potentially misleading by far the largest tri.
included in this research was concerned mainly with the primary
prevention of heart attacks giving aspirin to people who had never
had a heart attack.
"It would be a tragedy if women who are taking it because
they had already had a heart attack stop doing so."



From page IV
visit, who wanted to know if I am still drawing to which
replied not as much as I would like.
PP Are you still writing as much as you would like?
JN I am not writing as much, but I am very glad I took
that opportunity to get some of my poems published. My fi
collection came out in 1999 and my second in 2006. So I am wi
ing, but I need to make more time.
PP Let me congratulate you on your first collection, 'Winged Hec
which was shortlisted for the Guyana Prize for Literature. This mean
lot because a short listed book has the potential to be a winner.
JN Actually when it was shortlisted I was really happy
was very delighted that Guyana recognizes the Guyanese Diaspo
The opportunity to submit something to Guyana for review a
consideration and that recognition really makes a difference. Wh
I am doing well abroad, we are orphans because our Motherland
here and we are there; the mother is lost.
PP You are in a fortunate position in that you have t'
worlds to write about and to write from. In what way is this u:
ful to you as a writer?
JN It helps me. What I think is an interesting phenomena
the degree of alienation that one experiences in a different enviru
ment which is so spread out that I draw upon my Guyanese exi
rience. I am not saying that this restricts me or isolate me furt]
but it allows me to dig deep, deeper into childhood experiences.
being there and having a Guyanese experience is very enriching.
I personally feel (I've been away for 32 years but I've have
left Guyana, my heart is still here. I function very well in Canad
society but every now and then I would have visions of going dov
stairs and walking barefooted in the mud, eating awara, talking o
the fence with the neighbour what this does, it put me in
mood for better poetic expression).
PP .Writing means a lot to you so much so that you h;
spearheaded the formation of a literary group in Canada.
JN This is a new experience for me; previously I just do
own writing but moving in this direction of setting up a grc
came out of a need for Guyanese to come together to share ide
and experiences and support each other. So in 2005, a group of
got together and that was it. At first, we thought about a Canadi
Caribbean grouping but that was so spread out, so we concentra
on a Guyana-Canadian organisation because our hearts are in Guy.
and it would be a simpler group to work with. And we name
'Pakaraima' after the mountain range in Guyana. We have a dive
range of writers, academics, people with the technical know-h
of publishing and putting information online. We are already hi
ing our second fund-raising event, a dinner, so we are not sitt
back. We are growing.
PP Any plans to collaborate with Guyanese writers b
home and other places?
JN Yes, that's in the making, like facilitating book launc
and readings etc.
PP Good luck to Pakaraima.
Responses to this author telephone (592) 226-006!
or email: oraltradition2002
Literary update
Contact this writer for copies of the book THE FIRS
CROSSING Being the Diary of Theophilus Richmonr
Ship's Surgeon on the Hesperus (1837-8) edited i
David Dabydeen, Brinsley Samaroo, Amar Wahab
Brigid Wells, and for copies of the book SELECTE
Now available Volume 3 Numbers 1 & 2 of The Ar
Journal an Abolition edition, 'Governance, Confli,
Analysis & Conflict Resolution' edited by Cedric Gral
& Mark Kirton and 'Arise Africa' by Ashton Chase.
Look out for the National Book Fair at th
Uitvlugt Community Centre October 24 25,200
under the theme 'Read a lot...Learn a lot'

Page 6 & 23:p65

Page VI

Sunday Chronicle October 21. 20(

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007

But Full Court sets aside the

compensation for brain damage

IN 1968, the Guyana Court of
Appeal found that the Full
Court acted correctly when
it set aside part of a
magistrate's judgment which
called on Bookers Sugar Es-
tates Ltd to pay electrical ap-
prentice Ralph Hansraj com-
pensation for brain damage
which he had received as a
result of a foot injury on the
job in 1965.
The Court of Appeal, con-
stituted by Chancellor Kenneth
Stoby, Justices of Appeal Ed-
ward Luckhoo and Guya
Persaud, in considering the ap-
peal took into account evidence
relating to Perception and evalu-
ation and the principles on
which an appellate court would.
The facts revealed that the
appellant Ralph Hansraj, an em-
ployee of Bookers Sugar Es-
tates Ltd., was severely burnt
when his foot came into contact
with an exposed high voltage
electric wire.
He was hospitalized and
treated by three doctors, two of
whoi eventually pronounced
him as having fully recovered.
The third doctor concluded
that he had suffered a ten per
centum permanent partial dis-
ability to his foot and a fifty per
centum permanent partial dis-
ability to his brain.
The magistrate accepted
this evidence and awarded the
appropriate measure of com-
pensation to the appellant.
On appeal to the Full Court
the decision was varied and the
compensation for brain damage
was set aside.
The worker appealed the


decision of the Full Court.
The Appellate Court held
that what the Full Court had to
consider was not so much a
conflict of facts as of conclu-
sions based on given facts and
where the points in dispute is
the proper inference to be
drawn from proved facts, an ap-
pellate Court is generally in a
good position to evaluate the
evidence as the court of trial.
The Appeal was dismissed
and the decision of the Full
Court was affirmed with costs
to the Respondents.
At the hearing of the appeal
in the Appellate Court, Mr.
Ashton Chase, S.C., associated
with Miss S. Doobay. appeared
for the appellant while Mr. G.
M. Farnum, Q.C., represented
the respondents.
In his judgment, Justice of
Appeal Luckhoo noted that the
appellant, an electician. whilst
in the employment of the re-
spondents as a rigger running
electric wires at Albion on the
4th February. 1965, had the
misfortune of having his foot
come into contact with an ex-
posed wire of 440 volts.
He sustained severe burns
to the foot and the necessity for
medical treatment became some-
what prolonged because of the
resulting disturbance of an ulcer,
followed by necrosis of a bone
in the ankle.
At first he was nearly three
months at the New Amsterdam
Hospital: then Dr. Subryan took

care of him until January 1966,
after which he was sent to St.
Joseph's Mercy Hospital for an
operation to remove the piece
of bone which had become un-
On his discharge from the
hospital on the 6th January,
1966, he continued to receive


outdoor treatment until seen
again by Dr. Subryan in April
1966, who discharged him on
the 18th of-April. 1966, as be-
ing fit for work.
But he did not resume
work, because of pains in his
left foot which carried scars
from the burns. Then for the
first time. he consulted Mr. H.C.
Hugh, a Fellow of the Royal
College of Surgeons that was
on the 21st April, 1966.
This was followed by a

claim for compensation based
on an alleged ten per centum
permanent partial incapacity
from the injury to his foot and
fifty per, centum permanent
partial incapacity for alleged
damage to the brain tissue.
The magistrate accepted his
claim and awarded compensa-
tion in the total sum of $3,
The employers were dissat-
isfied with this decision and ap-
pealed to the Full Court, which
varied the magistrate's order.
The award relating to incapac-
ity arising from damage to the
brain was set aside.
As a consequence, the ap-
pellant approached the Court of
Appeal asking that Court to re-
store that part of the
magistrate's decision denied by
the Full Court.
The Appellate Court judg-
ment observed that the magis-
trate had before him the evi-
dence of three medical opinions
in deciding the question of in-
capacity: that of Mr. Hugh. a
witness for the appellant, and
Mr. George, also a Fellow of
the Royal College of Surgeons.
and Dr. Subryan. witnesses for
the respondents.
That the injury was caused

by the accident to the
workman's foot was not an is-
sue, but whether any incapac-
ity existed after the 18th of
April, 1966, was disputed, also
whether any injury was ever
caused to his brain so as to give
rise to any permanent partial
Mr. Hugh in his actual ex-
amination on the 21st April,
1966, found:-
(1) A healed scar on
the outer side of the left knee.
(2) Alarge depressed
scar incompletely healed in the
middle and
outer side of the
left leg. Much muscles and soft
tissue missing
at the side of the
burn owing to tubular necrosis.
(3) A partly healed scar and
on the outer side of the left ankle
keloid formation and
adhesion to underlying struc-
(4) Palpation showed the
absence of the left lower half of
he fibula
bone presumably lost
owing to the necrosis of the
bone as a
result of the burns.
He was given a history of
'the accident and of headaches
experienced since the accident.
.In his opinion, the headaches
were likely to be permanent,
owing to "damage to the brain

tissue from the electric charge",
and would cause permanent
partial disability affecting the
workman's earning capacity as
a porter to the extent of 50 per
Continuing, Justice
Luckhoo added, Quite natu-
rally, he thought that
whatever brain damage there
was would depend on the se-
verity of the shock
and the amount which
passed through the brain.
He related that most
of the electric energy takes the
shortest way to
get out of the body, and that
he would expect the headaches
to come on
within a month after the ac-
Significantly, however, the
headaches did not come on un-
til nearly three months after the
The Judge noted too, that
Dr. C. R. Subryan had treated
the applicant for the first time
on 21st April, 1965 (presum-
ably after he left the New
Amsterdam Hospital), for an ul-
cer which manifested itself on
the injured leg.
He next saw the-appellant
on 28th April. 1965. This was
the occasion when the first
complaint of a headache was
Please turn
to page VIII




will hold

@at the

SUitvlugt Development Centre

Wednesday, October 24, 2007

1:30 PM to 4 PM and

Thursday, October 25, 2007

.9 am to 4 pm


Local, Caribbean, North American books, magazines will be on sale


10 1902007. 4 56 PM

1aM l By George Barclay

DDL is now recruiting highly motivated individuals to fill the following positions:

<) Degree in Mechanical Engineering

SDegree in Electrical Engineering

DDL offers a competitive remuneration & benefits package, on-the job training and
exciting promotional opportunities for high performers.

Candidates who meet the requirements should either drop in to our offices at
Plantation Diamond with proof of qualifications or send written application as soon as
possible to:

The Recruitment Officer
Demerara Distillers Limited
Plantation Diamond.
East Bank Demerara.

I-- -- -`--



Page VII

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007

Promising results

for malaria jab

(BBC News) Scientists and global health campaigners have welcomed the early re-
sults of a malaria vaccine trial in African infants.
Tests showed the vaccine gave a high level of protection, and was safe
The results, published online by the Lancet, appear to bring closer the prospect of a vac-
cine against one of the developing world's biggest killers.
Every 30 seconds a child in Africa dies from malaria around one million every year.
So an effective vaccine would have massive life-saving potential.
A prototype vaccine has been in development and trials for 20 years and now it has been
tested in African babies the most vulnerable of all age groups.
The study, was small, involving 214 infants in Mozambique. Furthermore, these
are early results, 'so caution is needed in interpreting the data.
But crucially the vaccine was shown to be safe.
But it also appears highly protective: after three months infants who'd received it were
65% less likely to contract malaria than a control group.
The quest for a vaccine represents a partnership between several African nations,
the pharmaceutical industry and the PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative (MVI).
Christian Loucq, director of MVI, said: "These results essentially provide another green
light indicating that we can move toward a large Phase 3 trial with this vaccine." 1
That trial will begin next year in ten sites across sub-Saharan Africa and involve 10,000
thousand children.
If successful the vaccine will be licensed in 2011.
It would mark a hugely significant step forward in the fight against malaria.
Dr Joe Cohen, from GlaxoSmithKline, has spent 20 years on the project.
He said: "Creating a malaria vaccine has been a huge challenge because of the complexity
of the disease.
"We have pTlety of vaccines against viruses and bacteria but this would be the first
vaccine against a parasitic infection in humans."
The Microsoft billionaire Bill Gates has given hundreds of millions of dollars to malaria
vaccine and treatment programmes.
He called on global leaders to embrace "an audacious goal to reach a day when no human
being has malaria, and no mosquito on earth is carrying it."
He was speaking in Seattle to a meeting of 300 scientists and policymakers.
"We have a real chance to build the partnerships, generate the political will, and develop
the scientific breakthroughs we need to end this disease," he said.
"We will not stop working until malaria is eradicated."

for network maintenance
MONDAY BERBICE -No. 46 Village to Phillipi 08:00 to 16:00 h

-Carifesta Ave., Duke & High Streets, Kingston
23 OCTOBER -Thomas Road around GT & T
-North & South Cummingsburg to Church St. 08:00 to 16:00 h
BERBICE No: 54 Village to Moleson Creek
Ithaca to Plantain Walk 08:00 to 16:00 h
WEDNESDAY DEMERARA WBD Versailles to Vriesland
24 OCTOBER Ave of the Republic, Church St, Main & Lamaha Sts.
Along Carmichael & Lamaha $ts. 08:00 to 16:00 h

But Full Court sets aside


From page VII
made, for which he was given aspirin, codeine and phenacetin and some vitamin tablets.
The next and only other occasion of a similar complaint to this doctor was on the 7th of May,
1965; but as the headache was 'mild' the treatment was 'reduced' and Dr. Subryan attributed;these
headaches to general worry and depression as the patient had not been working for some time.
He said that from the 7th May, 1965, until the appellant was discharged as fit for work on
the 19th April, 1966, no other complaint was made to him of any headache. He thought that if
the headaches were the result of damage to the brain, he would expect these to be continuous
if the damage remained uncured.
Before he discharged the appellant, he put him on light work for 14 days, in order to rehabilitate
his muscles by exercise, and when he discharged him he was satisfied that he was fit for his usual
work. He ascertained that the papillary and muscular reflexes were normal.
In his opinion, the central nervous system could only be affected if the charge was received on the
head or backbone and the current passed thrqughi the body; in this case, the current did not pass
through the body. His examination of the papillary reflexes was to ascertain if there was any gross
damage to the brain.
He also thought that if the electric shock and burning resulted in.the disturbance of the central
nervous system, the headaches would be immediate if he is conscious, or as soon after he recovered
consciousness, and not several months after; and that if there was any injury to the central nervous
system, his test would have revealed that, Dr.;Subryan concluded, according to Justice of Appeal
Luckhoo's judgment went on to state, ;"Mr. John George, senior surgeon of St. Joseph's
Mercy Hospital, operated on the appellant on 28th January, 1966. He removed four to five
inches of bone from about the.level of the ankle joint, and discharged him on the 26th Febru-
ary, but the wound was not completely healed then.
"On the 15th of April, he saw him again when the wound was healed
and advised that he be put for normal duties. His opinion was that the
removal of that portion of thetibia would cause no functional disability, and
he would be able to use is leg in the normal way. The appellant only once
complained to him of headaches and that was on the 24th of January, when he
referred him to Dr. Roy, the eye specialist, who did no find anything wrong
with his eyes. He did not think that the appellant was suffering from any
brain injury and there was no-injury to the qentral-tervous system as far as
he knew".
Referring to the decision of the Full Court, Justice Luckhoo in his
judgment added ,"As was pointed out in the decision of the Full Court, Mr. Hugh only saw the
appellant two or three.times, and that was about one year after Dr. Subryan saw him. And whereas
Dr. Subryan conducted tests for ascertaining whether there was gross damage to the brain and central
nervous system by examining papillary and muscular reflexes, it does not appear that Mr. Hugh
conducted any such examination, which admitttdly was very important and ought to have been done",
the judge said.
Mr. Luckhoo, who later became Chancellor of the Judiciary concluded "This Court has no choice
in concluding thpt the Full Court did not violate any principle of law in reversing in part the decision
of the magistrate.
"What was there done was well within the category of the ground of appeal taken. This Court can
only interfere where a question of law arises, which is well founded. To ask for a restoration of the
magistrate's finding, without the existence of some legal basis for so doing, is to ask for the exercise of
jurisdiction in the area of facts, which this court dpes not possess. This Court is only to decide whether
the Full Court acted within the ambit of its legal authority.
"The appeal is therefore dismissed and the decision of the Full Court affirmed with costs
to the respondents".

1 .: 6x1 m I7J:0^7 1l 1'0iI '.-

Applicants should be physically fit and between the ages of 20
and 45 years.
Must have a sound Pririary Education.
Must have served in the military or police force.
Drivers must have a valid driver's license and at least 2 years;
driving experience.

Attractive Remuneration Package
Successful applicants will be required to successfully complete 5 weeks of
S residential training which will include classroom studies as well as rigorous
S physical activities.

Persons who have applied within the last three months need not re-apply.
Applications should include Police Clearance and two recent testimonials

Applications must be brought in person to:

MMC Security Force Inc. Headquarters
95-99 Commercial Blvd.
Happy Acres
East Coast Demerara

No later than 16th November, 2007


Page 8 & 21.p65


NdATINA ChronileSOcoberS1ES207MENT (EG IS

Exercise 1.
1. supplied
2. rang

Exercise 2.
1. will learn
2. shall visit

3. travelled
4. received

3. will come
4. shall be

Exercise 3.
1. present continuous
3. present continuous
2. present continuous

had written

5. encouraged

5. will sell

5. past continuous
4. past continuous

This week we will continue with tenses
Perfect Tense
The Perfect Tense is formed by the Auxiliary Verb
to have" and the Past Participle.
You must first know the forms of the auxiliary verb
'to have".

Present Past Tense


I have I had

You have You had

He, She, It He, She, It

has had

We have We had

They have They had

The Present Perfect Tense shows actions which
has just completed in the past but extend to the present
time of speaking.
Present Tense plus auxiliary verb "to have' has, have
and the Past Participle
has eaten have heard
has come have written
has spoken have read
has begun have seen
has sung have told :

Exercise 1

Underlin e thePresent Perfect Tense. i
1. The hunter has shot a deer. 1

2. My uncle has gone to New York :

3. The referee has blown his whistle to end the,

4. They have torn the packets from the box.

5. I have shaken the bottle already;

The Past Perfect Tense
The Past Perfect Tense shows action which took
place and was completed before another past action.
This Tense is formed by combining the Past Tense
of the auxiliary verb 'to have" (had) and the Past Parti-

had eaten
had come

had said
had returned

had heard
had sung

had spoken had seen

Exercise 2
Underline the Past Perfect Tense
1. We had come early.
2. They had seen the pictures
3. She had eaten the cake.
4. Father had removed the keys.
5. They had made new friends.

Now we move on to Adverbs
Parts of Speech -Adverbs
Some verbs are used to put an action into sentences.
However, to describe the action another word may be

0 E.g. The old man walks slowly (How does he

0 The boy came immediately. (When did he

The pupils went upstairs. (Where did they go.)

We eat greedily. (How do we eat?)

In each set of sentence, a word is used to modify
the verb; it adds meaning or describes the verb -
came immediately, walks slowly, went upstairs,
eat greedily

These words are called ADVERBS.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an
adjective or another adverb. Many adverbs end
with ly.

Adverbs with the ly formation
Add-ly to form adverbs
quiet quietly neat neatly
sudden suddenly bright brightly
honest honestly proud proudly

For words ending with y change the -y to -i and add -

happy happily
easy easily
heavy heavily

.speed speedily
merry merrily
sleepy sleepily

For words ending with e, drop e and add -ly
simple simply comfortable comfortably
true truly hmble humbly

Foir words already ending with -I, keep the i andadd
^ .. ,. .' \ -

peaceful peacefully
.wonderful- wonderfully
careful carefully :

usual Usually.
awful:. awfully.
skilful skilfullj

Exercise 3
Form the adverbs from. the following words
loyal ------------- rapid --------
busy ----------- usual -----------
extreme -------- peaceful .-------------

Some adverbs do not end with -ly

1. The tourist left yesterday. (When did the
tourist leave?)
2. The miners went below. (Where did the min-
ers go?)

Responses for last week

10/19/2007, 4:52 PM

3. Mary works here. (Where did Mary
4. They will visit us tomorrow. (When they will

Exercise 4
Underline the adverbs in these sentences
(a) She will come soon.
(b) The children left yesterday.
(c) The man came home early.
(d) The bird flew fast.
(e) He did well.


Read the following passage carefully, and then
choose the correct answer.
Every one listened with deep interest to the story
which Androcles told them. He related the tale of the
miserable existence under a cruel master, and how he
had eventually escaped. He told of his first encounter
with the injured lion in the cave and of the immense
thorn and he had pulled from the lion's paw.
The people gasped in wonder at this brave deed and
were glad to hear that the lion had been so grateful that
he supplied Androcles with meal everyday until the hunt-
ers trap him and brought him in a cage to the city.
Now they realized why the recaptured slave had not
been killed in the arena by the wild beast, for this lion
was Androcles' friend from the jungle cave!
So the people called for his pardon, and the gover-
nor released Androcles and his unusual companion.

1. Before his escape Androcles had been a
(a) hunter (b) story teller (c) rich man (d)

2. Why did the lion stop bringing food to
(a) he was full (b) hunters call him (c) he was
tired (d) he didn't like him anymore

3. Where was the lion's cave?
(a) on the beach (b) on a mountain (c) in the
park (d) in a jungle

4. What kind of man was Androcles' Master?
(a) kind (b) considerate (c) harmless (4) wicked
4. Who setAndrocles and the lion free? :
(a) The master (b) the governor (c) theoieople (d)
the hunters

S Composition
Expository Writing ..
Writing in paragraphs explaining how something is
done. .:

Sequence words
first, next then, finally

Discuss the topic with your class mates then write
in paragraphs :
"How to make fruit drink"

papers. We smincerl V apoons,,tothJ e stden '

Page IX

monday Chronicle October 21, 2007

PNageNA GR D SISundSEN (ay hrne Octobr 1 20

Responses to last week.
Exercise 1.
1. 10 40
2. 110
850 940
3. (b) 527 530
4. 2670 2320

Exercise 2.
(a) 2 000

1. (b)
2. (d)

60 60 70 80 80 100 100
280 320 410 590 540 670 710

(e) 863 860


(b) 2 000 (c) 4 000 (d) 7 000 (e) 8 000

3. (b)
4. (c)

The Romans used letters for numerals
I or i on

13 320

Read these Roman numerals;
i; iii; v;
xx; LX; C;

5. (b)

Numerals Round to the Round to the Round to the
nearest 10 nearest 100 nearest 1 000
1814 1810 1800 2000
3 682 3 680 3 700 4000
5721 5720 5700 6000
6275 6280 6300 6000
8 436 8430 8400 8000
This week we will look at rounding decimals

Rounding Decimals
Look at the number line.
/I. I-----,-/-I _. ../---/-.../ -./-

3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4

3.5 3.6

3.7 3.8

3.9 4

Between which two whole numbers these numbers lie?
3.3 3.7 3.8 3.9
These numbers lie between 3 and 4.
3.3 is nearer to 3; so 3.3 is rounded to 3.
3.7 is nearer to 4; so 3.7 is rounded to 4.

NB: When rounding decimals to whole numbers you must know between which two whole
numbers the decimals lie.

I am sure you have observed that:

If the decimal shows 0.5 or more you round to
the next whole number but if it is 0.4 or less you
round to the whole number before.

Example: 6.3 is rounded to 6
7.6 is rounded to 8.

-/- -- -- -.-- ----- 014-- .------ / --./ ---/- /---0-
010 0.12 0.14 0.1 018 020

Round to 0.1

0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14
0.15 0.16 0.17 0.18



Round to 0.2

are rounded to 0.1
0.19 are rounded to 0.2






x; xi;

When reading and writing Roman numerals, we must remember that;
(i) Some letters are repeated; eg. iii or xx
(ii) When the letters are repeated the numbers are added; eg
(iii means 1+1+1=3) (xx means 10+10=20)
(iii) A letter can only be repeated three times
(iv) V and L are never repeated
(v) Two or more letters can be written together; eg xvi
(vi) When a letter of greater value comes first, add the value to the letter; eg vii is 5+2=7.
xv is 10+5=15
(vii) When a letter of smaller value comes first, subtract the value of the first letter from the value
of the second; eg. iv is 5-1-=4; ix is 10 1= 9; XL is 50 10 = 40.
Here are some other examples:
ii = 2; vi = 6; ix=9; XL = 40.
LX =60; XC =90 CX = 110.

Exercise A.
1. What numerals are shown by these:
iii; xx; vi; viii; ix.
2. Write the numerals for each of these Roman numerals.
vii; xii; Li; Lviii; XV; LV.
3. Arrange in Ascending order
4. Which is the greater numeral in each pair?
(a) voriv (b) XL or XV (c) XC or XX
(d) XL or Xvii; (e) xxi or xvii
5. Which is the smaller numeral in each pair.
(a)xxiorxiv (b)ixorxi (c) XCorCX
(d) xxi or L (eO) Li or Ci
6. Add these. Write your answer in Roman numerals
(a)XI + XU (b) LXXX + CV (c) XLV + XCIX
7. Write Roman numerals for:
35; 46; 50; 39; 90.

On your own. Check your responses with your classmates.

1. Draw a clock and insert the number using Roman numerals
2. Write the responses in Roman numerals.
The number of pupils in your class.
The age of your friend.
The number of persons in your family.
The number of houses in the street where you live.
The lot number where you live.

Ordinals refer to positions, for example

Try these by yourself.
Round to the nearest tenth.
1.12; 2.35;

SDid you come up with; 1.1;
Then you are correct


Lets try these.
* What is the first day of the week?
* What is the fifth day of the week?
* Arrange in order: 6th -32nd


2.4; 3.9; 7.4; 8.2

r -- ------- ---------------- i
STo round decimal to the nearest tenth, look at the digit in the hundredth place. If the digit in the
hundredth place is 0-4, leave it as it is; but if it is 5 to 9
increase it by 1
L---------------------__ _--

Congrats if you have; 81,

50th 30th 15th


132. 169, 256,

Exercise 1.
1. Round to the nearest whole number:
(a) 1.3 (b) 1.7 (c) 2.5 (d) 2.8 (c) 9.15 (f) 3.6

2. Round to the nearest tenth;
(a) 2.41 (b) 3.63 (c)4.58 (d) 6.21 (c)9.15 ([1 16.92

For you to do:

,1. 42

2. 52 3. 7'

S6. 182 7.21 8.242


9. 262

5. 14'

10. 282

Look out for your responses and keep on working with numbers.

To square a number it is multiplied by itself; for example;
The square of 6 is represented as 62 = 6 x 6 = 36
What is 82: 8 x 8= 64
Try these.
9' 11' 13' 16- 202 2

400, 625.

a a -- mm Ld~ Is ~

Page X

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007

,,1 2 3 56

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007 Pane XI

Elephants can literally





LONDON (Reuters) Elephants can literally smell danger,
according to a study on Thursday that shows the animals can
sniff out whether humans are friends or foes.
The study in Kenya found elephants detected both the scents
and colors of garments \\orin by Masai tribesman who often come
into conflict with the animals when herding cattle.
When detecting the scent of a Masai. the elephants turned up
their trunks to orient themselves to the smell and then stampeded
away until they reached cover in the tall grass.
"The degree with which the elephants are able to classify people
hasn't been shown before in any animal." said Lucy Bates. a cognitive
psychologist at the University of St. Andrews. who worked on the
study published in Current Biology.
Working with the Amboseli Elephant Research Project in
southern Kenya, the researchers presented the animals with clean
clothing and material worn by either a Masai or Kamba tribesman.
They did not stampede when sniffing either clean clothes or
those worn by Kamba tribesmen, farmers who pose little threat to
the animals. Bates said.
"The reactions between the Masai and the Kamba were so
different." Bates said in a telephone interview. "'They weren't
reacting as if it was the same predator."
To test their reactions further, the researchers presented the
elephants with red material, the same color as the Masai's traditional
costume. and plain \\l'iic clothing.
When the aninlual spied red. they stamped their feet and shook
their heads in an aggressic llmanner while the color white failed to
spark such aggressive beha ior. Bates said.
"'The reaction \\ilth ll e NIsai clothes was very intense." Bates

The fininngs couildi tnoost conservation efforts in Kenva focused
on keeping people ic1' p! achvderis apart. Blales said.
The researcher-, suspect elephants across Africa are just
as perceptive. "Elephantss would likely have the same ability
to make these discrimination across Africa but it would be
for different groups," Bates said.

(BBC News) University exam
results should be supple-
mented with more detailed
information about students'
achievements, says a report.
But an inquiry conducted
by university leaders says it has
not found any better degree
classification system.
So grades such as first class,
2:1 and 2:2 will continue along-
side a pilot scheme giving more
detailed exam marks.
This will give employers
more "fine grain" information
about graduates' abilities, says
their report.

The inquiry team, chaired
by Professor Bob Burgess of
Leicester University, has been
considering how to improve the
system of showing students'
An initial inquiry report, in
2004, argued that the current
system was "no longer fit for
And there have been con-
cerns that the broad brush of the
present grades in which almost
60% of students receive a first
or 2:1 fails to distinguish be-
tween candidates.
Their concluding report still

argues that the "degree classifi-
cation system needs updating".
But it proposes retaining
the current grades on the
basis that there is no evi-
dence of an acceptable alter-
"Would it make good sense
to take the classifications away?
I doubt it," said Prof Burgess -
who says his committee consid-
ered many other systems used
worldwide but failed tolfind
any likely to be adopted in the
'The way forward is build-
ing upon.the current classifica-


The Ministry of Health invites applications for the vacant post of Print Shop
Manager within the Ministry.


A sound secondary education with at least five (5) years experience in a materials
production environment.

The salary of this post is $41,691.00 monthly.

Interested persons are required to submit their applications not later than
October 31, 2007 to the:-

The Secretary,
Public Service Commission,
De Winkle Building,
Fort Street, Kingston,

tion system and augmenting it."
The inquiry rejected ideas
such as introducing more grades
within the 2:1 band; having a
simplified system of pass, fail
and distinction, or using a spe-
cific percentage mark.
Instead, it proposes piloting
a parallel system to be called
a Higher Education Achievement

Report (Hear) which would
provide a detailed breakdown of
marks in exam papers and course
This would run alongside
the existing grades, at first
for a sample of students, with
the possibility of a national
roll-out from 2010-11.
Such a transcript would give

employers more precise inilo-
malion about strengths aindl
weaknesses than a single clas-
sification, says Prof Burgess.
The report Beyond the
Honours Degree Classification
- says the current classifications
could eventually be replaced by
a more detailed record.
"We intend that the
existing degree classification
system will decline in
Please turn to page


Vacancy exists for a skilled and dynamic individual to work as a
Confidential Secretary within the Ministry of Agriculture.


A pass in English Language at GCE "O" Level or CXC at the
acceptable levels or Pitman's Advanced English or an equivalent
qualification in English Language from a recognized body together
with the ability pype at the rate of forty-five (45) words per


Diploma in Secretarial Science from the Government Technical
Institute or the New Amsterdam Technical Institute.

Applicants must also have five (5) years working experience in this
or a similar field.

Written application and Curriculum Vitae must be sent to the
Deputy Permanent Secretary (Finance), Ministry of Agriculture,
Regent Street & Vlissengen Road, Georgetown not later than
October 26, 2007.

10'19/2007. 4 49 PM


Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007

Page XI

-- ek B m

1 1
'' GT


vower r ***,
S-';iYt L' ..
l<2 :.: ... ..

." ,; i "'"i E, A1
.=.~e ;mf"; : =... -, .j. =;--.:. .

LONDON (Reuters) Solar
power could be the world's
number one electricity source
by the end of the century. but
until noNw its role has been
negligible as producers w;,i.t
ior price parity with i'ossi
fuels, industry leaders sany.
Once the choice only of ide-
alists who pul the environment
before economics, production of
solar panels will double both
next year and in 2009, accord-
ing to U.S. investment bank
Jefferies Group Inc, driven by
government support especially
in Germany and Japan.

Similar support in Spain.
Italy and Greece is now driving
growth in southern Europe as
Governments turn to the Sun as
a weapon both against climate
change and energy dependence.
Subsidies are needed he-
cause solar is still more expen-
sive than conventional power
sources like coal. bul costs are
dropping by around 5 percent
a year and "grid parity," with-
out subsidies, is already a real-
ity in parts of California.
Very sunny countries could
reach that breakeven in five
years or so, and even cloudy

Ministry of Culture, Youth & Sport
Rehabilitation of Sophia Holding Centre, Administration
Building and Laundry Room

1. The Ministry of Culture, Youth & Sport invites sealed bids from
eligible and qualified bidders for Rehabilitation of Sophia Holding
Centre.Administration Building and Laundry Room. The
delivery/construction period is three (3) months.

2. Bidding will be conducted through the National Competitive Bidding
(NCB) procedures. specified in the Procurement Act 2003 and is open to
all bidders.

3. Interested eligible bidders may obtain further information Ifrom Ministry
of Culture, Youth & Sport, 71-72 Main Street, Georgetown; Mr. Booker.
Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Culture, Youth & Sport, Main Street.
Georgetown. and inspect the Bidding Documents at the address given
above between 9:00am to 3:00pm Monday to Thursday and 9:00 am to
2:00 pin on Friday.

4. Qualificaions reCquiremrents include: Contractor should have: (1) under
tak;ii :i ie;as! six jobs of similar size and scope within the last three years.
(2 i nli' in :: ! n of" five years exper-ience in similar type and
,. m "ieMi-- o.i'\\ '[ ork'..

.\i hi mu< ;. ic.o't! i(ed i'. valid NIS and (iRA (IRD)t

\ oi. p.. s ',. i cdJ i'Oum the Rehabilitation of Sophia
ioldlinil (.d'IIIrr. \Admi Irist attoiii I i.ildini tnd LaundI Idry Room may be
irc,:ha'l cs b int s .tcd "(iddecr>. on the sibri" isio ori a C rittcn
Appl!c!tim tio b, io ll'O bselow' and ulpon payment o1'a non reltindable
ce otf 000 (i ch. The mciliethod o!pa meant will be cash. The Bidding
D)ocuiilnin should 'c deposited in lthe tender box at the following
addlrcss: Chairman, National Board of Procu reien t and Te[nder
.dhiniisration. .Ministry of Finance, Main and IUrquhart Streets,
('Geor co er of the envelope.

"7. i-duic< nuiti be dciivercd to the address above at or before )9:()0amn. 30"'
()ctobe)r. 2007. l:emironic bidding -'shall noti" be permitled. Late bids
will he r i' t il Bids will be opened physically in the presence of the
bidders' representatives who choose to attend in person 9:00am, 30''
October, 20077.

Britain by 2020.
"At that point you can ex-
pect pretty much unbounded
growth," General Electric Co's
Chief Engineer Jim Lyons told
the Jefferies conference in Lon-
don on Thursday, referring to
price parity in sunny parts of
the United States by around
"The solar industry will
eventually be bigger than wind."
The United States' second
largest company, GE is a big
manufacturer of wind turbines
and wants to catch up in solar,
said Lyons.
Grid parity is considered vi-
tal for freedom from potentially
fickle governments for support.
Established solar power compa-
nies are more optimistic than

GE about the timing.
The crux is how fast the in-
dustry cuts costs and how fast
power prices rise. European
power prices neared all-time
highs this week, driven by
record oil prices.
The industry could halve
costs and achieve parity in sig-
nificant markets including the
United States, Japan and parts
of southern Europe by 2012,
said Erik Thorsen, chief execu-
tive of the world's biggest solar
power company Renewable En-
ergy Corp (REC).
"If grid prices go up at the
present rate if could happen be-
fore," he told Reuters.
REC expects to halve costs
on new production by 2010.
German solar power company

Q-Cells AG, the world's second
biggest maker of solar cells, ex-
pects similar cuts by making
more components itself, thinner
than before, and by using
cheaper techniques for process-
ing the silicon raw material.
The solar sector has grown
at 40 percent per year despite
a shortage of silicon, but that
bottleneck should ease over the
next two to three years, said ex-
But all the growth is from a
tiny base. The sun supplies just
0.3 percent of electricity even in
market leader Germany, says
"It doesn't even register
statistically outside Ger-
many," said Jefferies analyst
Michael McNamara.


The Guyana Responsible Parenthood Association (GRPA) will
convene its 34"' Annual General Meeting on Wednesday. November
14, 2007 at 17:00 hrs (5 pm) in the Rupununi Room, Hotel Tower, 74
aii;, Street, South (Pummingsburg, Georgetown.
The Agenda will include:
SMinutes and Matters arising
Executive Director's Report
Secretary's Report
ST'reasurer's Report
Motions, Resolutions andtl Amendments
r Election of three (3) Trustees
Appointment ot'Auditors
SAny other business

Please note that Motions, Resolutions and Amendments must reach
the Secretary seven (7) days prior to theAGM.
Nominations for the election of Trustees should reach the Returning
Officer, c/o GRPA, 70 Quamina Street, South Cummingsburg,
Georgetown at least forty-eight (48) hours before the start of the
Lydia Wilson

S Page 12 & 17.p65

Si'SC A 74WF.'dJrJ'I:

T --ey

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007

Sunday Chronicle October. 21. 2007 Page XIII


first major fashion show

JUYONGGUAN, China (Reuters Life!) Built centuries ago
to keep out the barbarian hoards, China's Great Wall was lit
up on Friday with its first ever big-name fashion show.
While China's Communist Party is enclosed in a Congress, some
of the country's most famous stars gathered at the Wall at
Juyongguan. an hour north of Beijing, for the unveiling of a new
line partly designed by Karl Lagerfeld for fashion house Fendi.
Eight-eight models strutted down a catwalk constructed on a
raised platform on a restored part of the Wall to Euro-Trance mu-
sic, showing off a colorful mix of furs and silks complete with bell
buckles and Fendi's signature "Baguette" bags.
Chinese movie star Zhang Ziyi, perhaps best known for her
role in the Oscar-winning "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon", and
a host of other celebrities added to the glamour.
"We've worked very hard for one year to prepare the collec-
tion," designer Silvia Fendi told Reuters. "Where do we go after'?
Maybe the moon. Why not? 1 feel like we have succeeded in doing
something that was really a dream."
But organizing something of this scale on a landmark that the

Chinese government has gone to great lengths to protect, was full
of uncertainties, said Fendi CEO Michael Burke.
The event was supposed to have been held in May, but was
then pushed back, which actually turned out to be a blessing, he
"The weather is perfect. You can see the sunset. In May there
are sandstorms."-Burke told Reuters.
The permit to hold the show only came through six weeks ago,
even though it had been planned for over a year, as many official
bodies had to give the go-ahead.
For the show, Lagerfeld said he "played with circles" to create

the combination of arcs and symmetry symbolizing harmony.
"I experimented with the cuts and prints to achieve a graceful
effect that would look good on Chinese models." he told Reuters,
explaining his "circle" theme.
Chinese models sported mid-calf dresses in sheer and semi-
opaque, worn over shorts with matching round-toe strappy stiletto
China is increasingly attracting the attention of global
brands, hungry for new business in a market where a boom-
ing economy has put spending money in people's pockets and
stimulated a desire for luxury.

A model is assisted off the catwalk while wearing a dress
by fashion label Fendi at sunset on the Great Wall of China
near Beijing October 19,2007. A total of 88 models displayed
designs by designers Karl Lagerfeld and Silvia Venturini
Fendi. (REUTERS/David Gray)

to the Daily and Sunday

circulated newspaper

CALL : 225-4475/226-3243-9


Monday October22

Tmosd October 2

Nodosdw obr 2

Georgetown Reg. Office 9:45h

Berbice Reg. Office 10:4511

Fagu's at Parika 9:45h
I 9:45h,,

*Presentation of Prizes Saturday, 27th October, 2007
Georgetown Regional Office 11:00h

Jj j J.J JJfj I J)JjjLJj'jlJ 'jj fi Jjjjj ;. 'J'

: : "' II III ii II I I i iI I 11" -J* '


........... ....

Page XIIl

Sunday Chronicle October. 2-1, -2007

: :

";~. IL


-1~'-. .
~Wj4 .~Cr
JJ ...-


'"_ Guyana Chronic



Sonia Noel's


Serenity and


the Old Black and White




~E s


q I*RL"

le October 21, 2007 ,ix


4-~, '-~fP


SONIA NOEL is stuck in her "ass travel the Caribbean. and win it all. hands down.
\\hen shehe S ed At the \Vt in isl.ndrl F.iahiorn \\eek .ard St Kills Faj. ionn \Weekend Ieceiir l\. hier si' t1.I ui
sho% -siopping collIe, lions eie is nie-niicii /iIli s e'. e
%\ hen the models are on thel catlwalk. \ou want the audience w rapped up in that which \ou
ha\e put your heart and soul into. and Sonia Noel always gets that. She doesn't know how to do
it di'ferentl\.
\\ en iei "e S'erI-e1 \" I lectlil i.1celd [ltfie .,i[',ailk i [t \le V ii, iitn \\eek. .i tile N ,la111il
Fenc.hnll in'_ Re fI ini S TTioriiaus. Ii '..i' lAl' [il' i .iit lheal 1i the a.udi-iu1111 I ose i, 1 nin0 hei le"'el i llA the
AudlenllCe Sciealled anld appl.iuded J thlie miudel. locked the ILIu Vi Thie .i.'accomplan\ I pilctuies Itell v.hat
\Cent on. so we' e lnot tgoin l t.o ke up the page ,space
But just so Iou would d Iknow, the men's* collection w a, of eaith tones ,rid imodest hind paint., in the
casual end, catering for the beach, and leisuiel\ trolls LIS Model Neon. accessorlzed \\nih a1 black tie that
featured her label nime "'MariskL". had the ladies pulling out those tissues to dri up all that perispnation
Fro the female line. she dabbled in the usual earth tones, but the\\ in a lot of lattice Vwork. ruftles and
While all of this \as happening in St Thomas. Nlariska's Designs. her signature brand. was showing
another collection called "The Old Black and White."
This collection sought to showcase the elegance of black and white and the majestic
feeling it add to any event. St. Kitts Fashion W\eekend was held at the Miarriot's Dome,
and old airplane hangar was transformed into a fabulous fashionista's dream.
The guest of honor for St. Kitts Fashion Weekend was NMis Ri o Mort, Miss LUni\erse 2007.
Eighteen designers from Barbados. Trinidad. Jamaica, the United States. Japan and St. Kitts
came together to make the event a success. There was also a side gaggle of models from the
%%ell known Pulse Model Management of Jamaica, top models from Barbados. St. Vincent, Trinidad,
the United States. Sweden and St. Kitts.
International Press such as Vibe, Sister 2 Sister. Carib world Shabeau Magazine and She Caribbean
\ere also in attendance.
Sonia Noel is in the process of selecting designers and models from Guyana to be a part of
the fashion shows and fashion weeks that she attends.
M'.I ..-; ..Lt3. r. -" b... .-:". ,. =-.^ -;I-.-..-: : ..,-. -- ..: '; ^:l .-1. .*. .M ,s ,y.+-'.>i:-^- - .. -..: *-*- .. i .... -. .-:.i us: I:'. --i-."; .,=.*;,' + I w .^'L.,f -X.P- o /.isS St a

WtOS19QQZ, 4:36 PM


PaeSunday CXVronice October21
Pag, ______ ";Sunday Chronicle October 21 ;-2007

Iiviafwn 'l- Biss -
Co-operative Republic of Guyana
1. The Ministry of Public Works and Communications, Guyana Sea Defences -
Emergency Works Project invites sealed bids from eligible and qualified bidders for
the following projects:

I. Construction of 150m Rip Rap River Defences at Orangestein,East Bank

Essequibo, Region 3.

II. Construction of 300m Rip Rap River Defences at La Retraite,West Bank

Demerara, Region 3.
1I. Construction of 120m Rip Rap River Defences at Toevlugt.West Bank Demerara,
Region 3.

IV. Scour Protection Works at Henrietta, Leguan, Region # 3.

V. Scour Protection Works at Craig/Good Success, East Bank Demerara Region #4.
VI. Scour Protection Works at Kartahu, Mazaruri River Region #8.

VII. Construction of Gabion Basket Groynes at Riverview, Essequibo River-Region


2. Bidding will be conducted through the National Competitive Bidding (NCB)
procedures, specified in the Procuirenent Act 2003 and is open to all bidders, subject to
provisions of Section III (Eligible Couritries) of this document.

3. Interested eligible bidders may obtain further inlbrmation from Project Man.i,-It
Guyana Sea Defences-Emergency Works .Project at Fort Street, Kingston,
Georgetown: Email ht,/' ril; ul,. Iim,dil.,..,- and inspect the Bidding
Documents at the same address between the normal working hours from 18th Octoher
2007 to 12th November 2(107
Qualificationsrequiretents include: C(ontracorshoutt/
Undertaken ai least tobvo s' tifilar.izn (li d.cope withilt the asttwo years
" An l. turnoverr ll lq GS2;'5 million. in lny o('!the /!asttltec t'eearls

5. All bids nnmust be accompanied by valid NIS and GiRA Compliance

(. A complete set of Bidding Documents may be purchased by interested bidders on the
submission of a wriuen Application to the address stated in Item 3 above and upon
payment of a non-refundiable tee of five thousand dollars(GS5000.t00). IThe method
of payment will be cash. The Bidding Documents should be deposited in the tender,
box at the billowing address: The Chairman. National Procurement and Tender
Administration, Ministry of Finance, Main & Urquhart Streets, Georgetown.T'hc
name of the project should be in the upper left-hand corner ot'ilh en veope.

7. Bids must be delivered t tthe address stated in Item 6 above at or before 09:O0h on
Tuesday, November 13, 2007. EIcclronic bidding ". halntI t be permitted. Late bids
will be rejected. Bids will be opened physically in the presence of the bidders'
representatives who choose to attend in person at the address Ifem 6 above at 09:00h
on Tuesday, November 13,2007.

All bids "'ha!! "be accomtparnied by a "RidSecurity"as stated in '1'B 17.1

The Ministry of Public Works and Communications reserves the right to accept or
rejectany or all Bids i. 'ii. i... ;,_ rceason(s) forsuch rejection.

A Pre-Bid Meeting w ill be held on October 23, 2007 in the Boardroom of the Guyana
Sea Defence at 09:0(!nh.

Iraj Balram
rmanent Secretary

After the admission
ceremony from left, are
Mr. Edward Luckhoo, new
lawyer Miss Nandine
Ramkumar, other
Attorney-at-law, Mr. Sunil
Scarce and Justice Rishi

Mr. Justice Rishi Persaud last week admitted two newly graduated law-
yers, ...Nandine Ramkumar of Goed Fortuin, West Bank, Demerara, and
Mr. Sunil Scarce of Leguan, to the Guyana Bar, to enable them to practice
their profession in the Courts of Guyana.
Their petitions for admission were presented by Senior counsel, Mr. Edward Luckhoo.
Daughter of Biossondai Deoram, a teacher, Miss Ramkumar had an outstanding career at the
Goed Fortuin Primary School.
At the Secondary School entrance exam in 1994, she attained 556 marks earning her entry into
Bishops' High School. At the CXC level she got eight subjects with distinctions. In 2001 she got
three "A" levels and three CAPE.
She obtained the distinction of being the most prominent student, Mr. Luckhoo told the court.
He added after completing her law degree at University of Guyana, Ms Ramkumar proceeded to
Hugh Wooding Law School in Trinidad, where she was awarded the legal Education Certificate on
27th August, 2007 by the Council of Legal Education. She did her In service training at Luckhoo &
Luckhoo, where according to Mr. Luckhoo, she was a diligent and enthusiastic trainee. She is now
attached to the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions.
In his presentation of the Petition of Attorney-at-Law Sunil Scarce, Mr. Luckhoo pointed out that
the new entrant had attended the Eastern Leguan Primary School during 1990 1996.
During 1996 2001 he attended the Brickdam Secondary School, where he obtained seven sub-
jects at CXC Examinations.
In2001 2002 he attended the University of Guyana and completed a Pre-Law Course in English
Between 2002 2005, he completed LL.B. Bachelor of Law Degree at University of Guyana.
In 2005, he proceeded to the Hugh Wooding Law School in Trinidad and was successful in obtain-
ing the Council of Legal Education Certificate on 27th August, 2007.
Since 2006, Mr. Scarce has been attached to the Chambers of Mr. Parmanand Mohanlal, Attor-
ney-at-Law, who has a wide practice and from which he would no doubt had obtained valuable experi-
ence, Mr. Luckhoo emphasised.
Both Attorneys-at-law thanked the judge, Mr. Luckhoo and their tutors for their words
of wisdom and guidance, and promised to do all in their power to live up to the high traditions
of the Bar.

V( /: q#

Wedding anniversary
greetings go to Mr.
and Mrs. Dhanram
Dyal of Good Hope
Gardens, from their
parents and friends,
and four children
Dhanram Jr.,
Hemlata, Nearmala.
and Amala. They all
wish you two many
more happy years.

(y /01

PRyjei313;8&61pR65 11



- g~-U' ~i~s~ I --

~p~ :~-~ c
i~ ~



' ~'~

Sundayc Chroicl jiOtbr2.1 207fagT7 I


Let's see


you colour this sailboat

Soon after they got me
A discarded toy drum
Which I didn't like
Good fortune came my way
My parents couldn't bear
The constant dum-dum-dum
Of this dull toy drum
whichh they threaten to put awa:
Leaving rme to turn again
To make music
Upon the bottoms of pots and. p
Using a metal rolling pin

Who needs fancy toys
When pushing chairs
Across the floor will do
Jumping and romping L
On spring-filled mattresses
Sliding down banisters
And making music sweet
Upon the bottoms of pots and p
Beating them with rolling pin

Multiple-choice questions pertaining to Agriculture Month.
Circle the correct answer (A, B. C or D):

1. Which of the following
entitiesiorganizations was not
officially, represented at
Orealla's 2007 Agriculture
Month launching?
(A) National Ayi.: i.'iurl Research
Institute (NARI)
(B) New Guyana '.;j- ;1i
Corporation (rG !,;.-:
(C) Guyana Lumber & Timber
Company Inc. (GLTCI)
{D) Guyana Forestry Commission
A type of tree -h, is pre-
dominant in the swampy areas
of Guyana's hinterland.
S IMora & Craovwood
,D Purpieheart
A type of tree that is pre-
domirnantl. irt Guyana's sandy
soils, often on slopes and
(A) Futui
iB) Huruasa
(C) Hakia
(D) Greenheart

4. All of the following field
demonstrations by GFC,
preceded the launching of
Agriculture Month celebrations at
Orealla, except:
(A) Directional felling of a log.
(B) The use of tracking systems.
(C) The loading of trucks with the use
of log loaders.
(D) The conversion of a felled log into
lumber with the use of a chain

5. Common name for timber of the
'Bombacacaea' family produced
in Guyana.

7l .iri ; :1!

6. Common name for timber of the
'Lauraceae' 'mii., produced in
(A) Greenheart, Silverballi
(B) Kabukalli
(C) Wallaba
(D) Purpleheart
The answers to last week's questions are:
1.- (A), 2.- (D), 3.- (C),
4.- (B), 5. -(D), 6.- (D)


-. c




--A-- --i-e CR S V
F O T G 0 H
V B^ J/E 0 R
U Qa K R H
L K X W \*


EN 1
S C t




1011912007, 4:46 PM

I -

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007





Page XVlI

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007

The employers listed below are hereby informed that contribution statements for 2006 are available for their employees


' 4






Design & Construction Service
E.C. Vieira Investments Ltd.
Guyana National -Shipping .Corp.
Guyana Gold Board
Newtown Assembly of God Church
Ricks & Sari Agro Industries Ltd.
Shamdas Kirpalani & Daughter
New Life for all Guyana,
Professional Guard Service Ltd.
Laparkan Holdings Ltd.
Courtney Benn Contracting Co. Ltd.
R.C. Cathedral
Mother's Union Guyana
British West Indies Airways
John Fernandes
Guyana Liquor Corporation D.D.L.
Multi-investors (Guyana) Ltd.
Guyana Human Rights Association
Engraving and Trophy World
Mocha Arcadia Village District Council
Wesleyan Bible College
Somwaru's Travel Service Ltd.
N.P. Electronics international
Institute of Private Enterprises
Joy F. Davis
Clerical & Commercial Workers Co-op Credit Union
Guyana Publications Limited
Variety Woods and Greenheart Ltd.
Guyana Fertlizers Limited
Guymine Pensioners' Association
Lakhram Singh
Jaiwantie Bacchus
Roy Baksh
Working People's Alliance
Regional Executive Officer Reg.#8
Prampatie Persaud
RRT Establishment
Hairlox.(Guyana) Ltd.
National Parks Commission
Guyana Motor Racing & Sports Club
Carmen Veronica Bryan
Valerie Joy Joseph
Loring; Laboratories (Guyana) Ltd.
Guyana Manioc Development Ltd.
National Spiritual Assembly
Herbert Dyer
Meadow Brook Church of the Nazarene
Organic Juice Products
Dynamic Engineering Co. Ltd.
Voluntary Services Organisation
Guyana Congregational Union
Civil Engineering Consultants
Stephen Fraser
Clairan; Enterprises Limited
Industrial Equipment & Supplies
Toucan Industries Ltd.
MKS.Export Ltd.
Construction Management Services
Eric Barker
Balwant Singh Jr.
Mayffeld French
CaticomRice Mills Ltd.
Mohamad Roshandin
Yussuf lshmail
Dhoray's Shopping Center
Shirley Elinor Jordan
Muneshwers Ltd.


-:9e ': & 18.p65



Ruimzeight Rice Industries Ltd.
Ganesh Parts & General Store
Ray's General & Spare Parts
North Road Church of Christ
William Mc Donald
F & F Foreign Exchange Enterprise
Colleen Dettering
Liat (1974) Limited
Min. of Pub. Works & Comm. Emergency Works
Delmur Company Limited
General Equipment Guyana Ltd.
Bish & Sons
Food.for the Poor Guyana Fund
Colin lan Langford
Embassy of the Republic of Suriname
Ansa Mcal Trading Ltd.
Grace Kennedy Remittance Service
Bissoodyal Deodasinah
Amazon Tractor &- Equipment Co. Ltd.
Silvie's Variety Store
M.P. Insurance Brokers & Consultants Ltd.
North American Life Ins. Co. Ltd.
North American Fire & Gen. Ins.
Mohamed's Enterprise
Maraj Travel Agency
Selwyn Prescott
B & K Transportation Services Ltd.
Evangelical Lutheran Church
Paul Andrew Carto
Hari Narayen Ramkarran
Merry Makers Daycare & Playgroup
Guyana Sea Defences, P.E.U.
Ramanaj RagbeerA/K Ramchand Ragbeer
Citizens Bank (Guyana) Limited
E & A Consultants Limited
Int. Pharmaceutical Agency (Guy.)
Executive Chairman G.N.R.A.
Plus Marketing Agencies
Rambaran Imports & Exports Ltd.
Charity Urasara N.D.C
Oriental General Store (Guy.) Ltd.
William Andrew Boyce
Beharry Automative Ltd.
Strategic Action Security Service
Tagman Bureau Services
Computers & Controls (Guyana) Ltd.
Demerara Harbour Bridge Corporation
Lotus Lounge Restaurant & Bar
Micro Design Technology (M.D.T.)
Neville A. Waldron Conservation
Correia Mining Co. Ltd.
Doctor Frank
Andrew Debedin
Youth Challenge Guyana
Roraima International Travel Agency
John Lee
Comvitec Audio Vision
Desmond Agard
Glowing Star Day Care Centre
Automobile Power Products
Metro Office & Computer Supplies
Compustruct Engineering Inc.
Phyllis Joyce Jordan
Ministry of Local Govt.
Dr. Brian O'Toole
Guyana Cricket Board
Solutions 2000 Inc.
Linden Hospital Complex
NHLAlproguy Inc.
Kalabule Chemical Co. Ltd.


Responses to last week.
Exercise 1
1. Trinidad, on July 04, 1973
2. 15
3. Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana, Barbados, Jamaica
4. Guyana
5. Belize
6. Belize, Guyana, Suriname

TI N C -



T E U O, 0 J1


U S ~^ ,W A I A
A ;; R E N "-&

This week we continue to look at our indigenous people.

How they lived.
The first Guyanese were hunters and fishermen. They came with their own skills of mak-
ing fire, weapons of stone and bone.
hunt and trap animals for food
Use stone and bone knives to scrape animals skin to make clothing.
Cultivate the land and produce food.

The Amerindians in Guyana today obtain food by:
Planting roots crops, like yam, cassava, maize and peanuts.
Fishing using blow pipes, bows and arrows and spears.
Hunting in the jungle for meat of tapir, deer, labba, etc

Now the Amerindians are taking up jobs to earn cash. E.g. timber grants, mining camps,
as vacqueros, balata bleeders and as traders.

Diet: The staple food of Amerindian is cassava and it by- products.
Cassava bread is made from the grated cassava. The juice is squeezed out by using a
matapee. The grated cassava is then dried in the Sun and is called congotay. The congotay
is then pounded and sifted and baked to make cassava bread.

Food: Cassava bread with Pepper pot.

Drink: Cassiri and Piwari made from cassava.

Tasso: Sun dried beef

Culture: Amerindians have their culture. After completing their cooperative project
they would meet for merriment. This is called Mashramani.

Tales: Makonaima, Bush Dia Dia, Massacuraman and Kanaima.

Dance: Mari Mari, Baboon, Carrion Crow

Homes: Benabs

Places names
Let us look at some places named by the Amerindians.
Kaieteur Falls named after Old Kaie.
0 Bartica meaning 'Red earth'

Aruka Arakaka, Moruka, Mararuma words ending with 'tuk' refers to falls e.g.
Amatuk, Waratuk, Kaituk.

They named rivers e.g. Cuyuni, Mazaruni
Waterfalls e.g. Kaieteur
Guiana land of many waters.

The Amerindians are talented. They are skilled in producing craft using materials from
the forest. E.g. Tibisiri, Mucrui. Nibbi, Awara straw to make hammocks, furniture, mats, orna-
ments and jewellery from beads.

Look at the picture
Do you know which tribe built the Umana Yana?


The Umana Yana is an Amerindian word meaning" meeting place". It was built by the
Wai-Wai tribe.

Exercise 1
1. Which Amerindian tribe is found South of Guyana?
2. Their favourite food is with cassava bread.
3. The Amerindians came from the continent of
4. Mari Mari is an Amerindian
5. Makonaima is one of the Amerindian _

The Europeans
The Europeans came to this part of the world in search of The Golden City of El Dorado.
They were not successful in their search so some of them remained in the country to de-
velop the land. They grew tobacco, cotton, sugar and other crops.

The Europeans nations which came to Guyana were the:
Dutch from Netherlands
Spanish from Spain
French from France
English from England
0 Portuguese from Portugal/ Maderia

Why the Europeans came to British Guiana?
They came because:
they were explorers and searched for new lands for their countries.
they had heard the story of the Golden City of El Dorado.

Christopher Columbus an Italian seaman made his first voyage to the West Indies. He
got help from Spain in the form of money, men and boats.-The Pinta, Nina and Santa Maria.
He sailed across the Atlantic Ocean and reached the West Indies. He met the Amerindians
and other Europeans who came looking for wealth. These were the Portuguese, the Dutch,
the English and the French. They set up colonies in the West Indies and they grew tobacco,
sugar, cotton, cocoa and coffee. Sugar was the most profitable crop and was in big demand
in Europe.

Why the Europeans settle in Guyana?
1. Provide a base from which they can operate in their search for gold.

2. Set up trading posts with the Amerindians through the barter system. Hemp, annatto
and dye for knives, axes and cloth.

3. Soil and climate were suitable for planting tobacco, cotton and sugar.

The Dutch were the first to set up trading posts. They built Forts to protect themselves
from invaders.

The Forts are:
1. Fort Kyk over-al: found at the confluence of the Essequibo, Cuyuni and
Mazaruni River.
2. Fort Nova Zeelandia; found at the mouth of the Essequibo.
3. Fort Nassau: found fifty miles up the Berbice River.

Do you have kokers, seawall in your village.Visit them and observe the drainage system.
The Dutch built infrastructure- kokers. dykes, groynes canals and dams to protect thl
land from floods

To be continued next week. Happy reading.

L I ~i~_ aB~f~ -- JI IBh II ,

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007

Paee XIX


PA IN LG A ESXAgeSS EN XX (Suna(hoieN Otoer 120

Responses to last week.
Foryou to do
1. Hypogeal
2. The radicle
3. germination
4. air, water or suitable temperature ( any one).

For you to do
1. (b)
2. (a)

3. (d)
4. (c)

5. (a)
6. (c)

They breathe by tracheae
They have a pair of compound eyes.

The Housefly.


We will now pay attention to Invertebrates.
Can you say what is an invertebrate? Discuss your response with your friend and teacher.

An mals

ertebrates Invert rates




Flat worms
Segmented wonrms
Round worms

Study the classification table. Let's check our understanding.

Exercise 1.
1. Invertebrates are divided into ..... main groups.
2 The main groups are ........... and .......
3: Crustaceans belong to the group of......
S 4. Flat worms belong to the group of.......
5. An example of an insect is ......

1. Have jointed legs and segmented bodies.
2. Have a hard covering outside their bodies that is an external skeleton or exo-skel-

Look carefully at these arthropods:

Grasshopper Millipede Shrimp Butterfly

PB they have the same number of legs?
AMthropods are grouped according to the number of legs.

"iare are four groups of Athropods: They are:
.t Insects
2. Arachnids
3. Crustaceans
4 Mynapods

lats look at the largest group of Arthropods. -
Unscramble the letters to form the largest group of Arthropods.i-:

Yet-lits insects. Very good!. .
Wh.a do you know about insects?
" : Where are they found?
" How many legs do they have?
" How do they detect dangers or enemies?
Insects live almost everywhere, in the soil, on plants, on animals and also in our homes.

Characteristics of insects.
Insects have six legs.
" They have three body parts head, thorax and abdomen.
S Insects have a pair of feelers which help them detect dangers and enemies.

Stages of development
Some insects go through four stages of development while some go through three stages
of development
V The four stages of development are egg, larva, pupa and imago or adult. This is
termed a complete metamorphosis.

The Egg

The Adult

h....e lar..
The larva-

Incomplete metamorphosis.
Incomplete metamorphosis is when an insect goes through three stages of development.

t The stages are egg, nymph and adult

0 The nymph is the young insect that appears as the egg is hatched.

The nymph then develops into the imago or adult.

Life cycle of a cockroach

CC ;.



: -- -

"'" Z

For you to do.
1. Draw and name the life cycle of another insect that goes through
incomplete metamorphosis.
2. Draw the life cycles of the Butterfly and mosquito.

-~a I

Page XX

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007

`The Pupa.


~ndayChroncle Otober21 207 XX

Internet actually a

boon for books

LONDON Reuters Life!) So
much for longstanding pre-
dictions that the Internet
would crush the book pub-
lishing industry with digital
readers and online sales of
used books.
Penguin publishers said this
week that the explosion in
online and second-hand retailing
has not caused the damage they
were expecting and that the
Internet has in many ways been
a boon for booksellers as a tool
for marketing, experimentation
and reaching out to the next
generation of readers.
The publisher, whose au-
thors include former Federal Re-
serve Chairman Alan
Greenspan, novelist Nick
'Hornby and celebrity cook

Jamie Oliver, was rattled by the
threat of fast-growing online
auction giants like EBay
(EBAY.O: Quote, Profile, Re-
search) but has discovered that
unlike the music industry
people still want to own a
physical book.
"There is a lot going on in
the music publishing industry
:that is not going on in the book
industry. Consumers don't
want albums they want tracks
and in publishing people want
books not chapters," Penguin
Chief Executive and Chairman
John Makinson told journalists
during a briefing earlier this
He said that although
sales of second-hand hooks,
which appear on online auc-

tion sites shortly after release
have posed a threat to hard-
back business as well as sub-
sequent paperback releases,
the impact has not been as
great as expected.
"The used book market
doesn't seem to have made
the inroads into the new
book market we initially
feared," he said.
Makinson cited the example
of a U.S. woman who bought a
Penguin classics collection of
1,375 titles for $8,000 after her
house burnt down. The woman
was briefly retained by Penguin
to help it research how people
grow and manage their collec-
New research and experi-
menting are industry




The Guyana Oil Compaiy limited is wholly owned by
Government. It is the Country's leading Marketer and Distributor
of Fuel, Lubricants and Bitumen Products.


At least five (5), yearsproven Sales and Marketing experience in a sales
Excellent inter-personal and communication skills.
A self motivator with proven persuasive and problem solving skills.
Good leadership and organisational skills, team player with calm and
professional approach. Must be able to prioritize, meet deadlines and follow
through on tasks.
Articulate dynamic. confident and enthusiastic target driven individual, with a
passion for selling and service.
Computer literate Word. Excel. Power Point. etc.


A Degree in Marketing from an accredited University plus five (5) years
Sales and Marketing experience
A Diploma in Marketing plus seven (7) years Sales and Marketing experience
A Degree in Engineering plus ten (10) years Sales and Marketing experience.
Any other equivalent qualification with ten (10) years Sales and Marketing

Attractive. depending on quali ic'ations and experience.

Applications. i.-- i with C'urriculum Vitae and names of two (2) referees, should be
submitted to the Company Sccretary. The Guyana Oil Company Limited. 166
\\'alocrl,,, hici. .or.,. '.!-. no ki. i ti ()c oher 31. 20107.

Bloomsbury (BMY.L:
Quote, Profile, Research) said
last month electronic media was
a critical part of its future busi-
ness, having already entered
rights contracts with groups like
Microsoft (MSFT.O: Quote,


Profile, Research).
Last week, Penguin's owner
Pearson (PSON.L: Quote, Pro-
file, Research) launched, a
Web portal with video and au-
dio book reviews aimed at and
managed by teenagers. <.
"These are our readers of
the future," said Makinson,
adding that Spinebreakers also
provides valuable strategic in-
sight into how teens create and
share publishing information via
the Web.
Another Penguin project
launched this month was a
web-based novel writing com-
petition run with Amazon
(AMZN.O: Quote, Profile,
Research) and Hewlett
Packard (HPQ.N: Quote,
Profile, Research) that at-
tracted a manuscript every
minute over its first days in
the quest for a publishing
deal and $25,000 advance,
Amazon users will ultimately
pick the winner next year.


The Guyana Revenue Authority is advising that the following
individuals/companies are indebted to the Guyana Revenue Authority and
that efforts to locate them have been futile. The following persons or
anyone having information on their whereabouts are kindly asked to
contact the GRA's Legal Division on the following numbers: 226-1256 and
... ........... .........-. -' .- .....

Su Bao Lu

Mahendra Sukhraj

Sheldon Gravesande

Tong Tian Long

Last known addre s

33 Garnett Street, C/Ville,

53 Seafield. Leonora.
West Coast Demerara

280 Brookdale Avenue.
Meadow Brook,

48 Sheriff Street. CI/Ville,
G eorgetown

S ializo Shaw 84 Robb Street, Lacytown.
D evanand Ramnarine 5 Bagostown.
East Bank Demerara
Ravmond Jones 186 Calendar Street, Albouystown.
Abdool A. Salaarm 251 Gale Street. Annandale North
SEast Coast Demerara

Rajbar New Annglet, Canal No.2 Polder,
Wj' West Bank Demerara

Latcha Kwok 15 Coralita Avenue, Bel Air Park.
Derck Chan 170 'A' Rupa Place. Bel Air Park,
Worldwide Commission Agency D Louisa Ro-w. Worthmanville,
General Manager Mr. Leroy Carter Georgetown

Wing Hing Inv. & Trading Co. Inc. 165 Barr Street, Kitty. Georgetown

Software Dynami

M icro Solution' n

os .
-.e -----

Fenton Jaggernauth

152 Regent Road. Bourda.
94 Regent & King Street.

5 95 Bel Air Street. Albouystown.
Georgetown '.

The Guyana Revenue Authority (GRA) is hereby informing all Taxpayers,
particularly business persons that it is their obligation under the various tax laws
that they inform the GRA ofany change of their business addresses and telephone


-- --

......... .... ..... ........ .......... ........I .......... ............

I----` ~" -

unday Chronicle October 21, 2007

IN, ant eS


Makinson said such experi-
ments in digital publishing
would help publishers like Pen-
guin find new talent and learn
about new manuscript filtering
processes and online author
Makinson said Penguin's
sales via Web retailing in Brit-
ain and the United States, its
main markets, accounted' for
around 8-9 percent of division
revenues and were "growing
quite fast".
Pearson, which also owns
the pink-sheeted Financial
Times newspaper and Econo-
mist magazine, is primarily an
educational publisher with an-
. nual sales of around 4 billion
pounds ($8.19 billion).
Penguin has invested
heavily in mature western
markets like the United;
States- and Britain, but these
are only generating book
Please turn to page-
".! /xxIW:'
i' i,


Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007

:BBC News) Each year, 100,000 women who give
birth in poor countries develop a devastating
condition which leaves them incontinent and
Obstetric fistula, a hole linking the vagina with the
bladder or rectum, occurs when women often in their
early teens are in labour for days.
Campaigners at a global conference on maternal
health in London this week, entitled Women Deliver,
have emphasised that a simple and cheap operation can
cure it.
The BBC News website speaks to two
survivors about how surgery has transformed their

"I was 13 years old when I
was married to my husband and
14 when I developed.fistula af-
ter a difficult birth.
It was an arranged marriage.
[ wasn't-happy about it but my
parents told me that he was a
good man and that he would
look after me. It's better than
I got pregnant after my
very first period. I didn't under-
stand what was happening with
my body. I started to have little
illnesses and the traditional
medicine wasn't working so my
husband told me to go to the
It was there that they told
me that I was pregnant. My re-
action was: "Oh God! I'm

When I returned home I was
still ill all the time but I contin-
ued to do everything I had to
collect wood, prepare meals,
clean the house and care for my
husband as well as work in the
fields. I had to do everything.
When the time came for me
to give-birth, I had two days of
labour at home because in my
culture it is preferred if you can
give birth at home.
But it wasn't working so
I went to a clinic. Labour con-
tinued and they said I would
need a Caesarean section but
the doctor sent me home be-
cause I couldn't afford the
I had to wait for my family
to collect the money to pay for
the operation. Then we drove to




was cursed

Niamey which took a day..By
that stage I had been in labour
for days. I didn't know where I
was, I was almost unconscious.
At Niamey they carried out
the Caesarean. The baby died.
He was-a boy, I felt so sad.
Three days after the birth I
realized that I could not hold in
my urine. I was told to be pa-
tient but the leaking carried on
for six days. They told me to
go home and come back in two
We didn't tell my husband,
we told him that I was ill and I
went back to stay with my par-
ents. We tried to hide it from
They thought I was cursed.
I didn't want anyone in the vil-
lage to know. I felt very isolated.
After two months we re-
,urned to Niamey to a non-gov-
ernmental organisation which
helped me.
I had one operation and I
was healed. I was delighted. Be-
fore, I was always crying but

m " ". Y .
~~~~~~~ __________________ 4 brt

" Pimr e iILL; i.jlJnd. (appro a:. 1 73 acres) sitJ ted 31 tiact, 4
and 5 b1 ing portions of Section 'A' Siu:.ess Legu,1n,
" ResidLenlial land 4. ( ,968 q t.i sitlatJiea at Sub-Lot 'C' r
Lot 61, G Area 'A.',, hi.. 78 VillJge Cui riverton, Corenrypnt.
Beibice. ,'ith one ,ltoley wooden iuiilding (500 sq. tt.)
including verarldahli I0 sq it ) and kichen enclosure I120
sq it.) below
> Residential Lot (No 360 with two-storey wooden building
(680 sq ft eac'i) and cultivation lots Nos. 278 and 422
totalling two !2) acres, Dartmouth. Essequibo Coast.
SResidential land (0 276 acre/12,022 sq fH situated at
Parcel 1703, Block 1. Hand-en-Veldt, West Bank Mahaica
> Residential lands 13 355 acres) situated at Parcels 12, 58,
78, 125, 192. 319, 360 and 402, Block Ill, Zone B.R.W..
Part Friends. Retreat and Woodlands, West Coast Berbice.
> 20 years residential Lease land (0.1377 acre) with two
storey wooden and concrete building (496 sq. ft.) situated
at Lot 136 Richmond Housing Scheme, Essequibo Coast.

Individual sealed bids marked 'Bid for Property' must
be sent no later than Friday October 26, 2007 to:

The Officer-in-Charge
Human Resources & Administration Department
Guyana Bank for Trade and Industry Limited
47/48 Water Street, Georgetown

For further information please call 227-8167
or 226-0718.

afterwards it was like I was re-
born. Only now that I am healed
does my husband know what
happened to me."

I was raped at the age of 19.
The rape left me pregnant and I
developed obstetric fistula dur-
ing the birth.
I was in labour for more
than 18 hours. I'm an orphan so
I' was taken to the health care
centre by my aunt. But once
there I was left alone, nobody
cared. I didn't understand what
was happening.
The doctor only came at
the very last minute and I was
referred to another health fa-
cility nearby. They delivered
the baby by Caesarean sec-
tion it was a stillborn baby
boy. He weighed 4.8kg.
After three days, I realized.
that I was alwaysmwet. I was told
that I had a fistula problem. I
never rely understood what
this meant.
I was told that I could seek
further medical assistance but
I'm an orphan, I simply didn't
have the financial means. So I


t--- ------ --- ---- ----- ---------~

just went home.
It was such a difficult time
for me, I suffered rejection, iso--
lation, discrimination. I felt I
didn't have a place in my soci-
My friends didn't under-
stand what had happened. It
made me lose hope in life, I saw
no reason to live. I couldn't see
my friends and go out with other
people my.own age.
I lived with fistula for 12
years. In April this year I suf-
fered depression and it was
then that the doctor realized
that the problem of leaking urine
was affecting me psychologi-
cally and I was referred to a
gynaecological clinic.
The surgery was done in
May. It took four and a half
hours. I felt confident going into
theatre, I knew this could bring
about a change in my life.
Now I no longer smell of.
urine, I can go back to my soci-
Sety, carry out my duties. Now
I ani just like any other woman.
Three weeks ago I took
part in a national event on
fistula and it was then.that I
realized that there are thou-
sands and thousands of
women affected by this con-




REGD. NO. 1254

Pursuant to Regulation 14 of the Co-operative Societies'Regulation Chapter 88:01.
I hereby give notice that the Annual General Meeting of GUYANA DEFENCE
FORCE CO-OPERATIVE CREDIT UNION LTD., Regd., No. 1254 will be held on
Wednesday,' October 31, 2007 at 10:00 hrs in the Mess Hall, Base Camp

2.Agenda will be as follows:

a) Meeting Call to Order;
b) Roll Call;
c) Confirmation of Minutes of previous Annual General Meeting and any
intervening Special General Meeting;
d) Consideration and approval of Supervisors' Report;
e) Consideration and approval of Committee's Report;
f) Hearing and deciding upon complaints by members aggrieved by a
decision of the Committee;
g) Consideration and approval ofAuditor's Report;
h) Motions;
i) Election of Committee of Management and Supervisory Committee;
j) Any other Business.

3. Notice of complaint to be brought before the meeting must be submitted
to the Secretary in writing at least two (2) days before the date fixed for the

4. lt. Col T Ross, Chairman is hereby authorised to preside.

Order dated 28" September, 2007 has been amended.

Greorgvtown6~z, r



-; '*".ft-l.? Z-.:. U I,, !
: . .

,. ;:- :' ^. : '
.. ; i

.- t' :
' ; :


I ___ _

I-- I" -'~----1 11-1~-~ - -"--

. ". u ,re r.,. Bank reserve: e r!ih tO rfu.,.e lo ," .,' or ,n\ .

F. C-(' ,\id.

S u ngy Ce O e

Degrees 'should

give more ...
From page XI
importance until it should no longer be considered necessary," says the report.
But Prof Burgess made it clear that there was no imminent likelihood of the 200-year-old system
being removed.
"You could say that the report is aspirational but how many years it could take to reach the
aspiration is less clear," he said.
Degree grading has already survived the Dearing Report into higher education, which concluded in
1997 that the "honours classification system has outlived its usefulness".
The proportion of students awarded firsts and 2:1s has risen steadily since the 1980s with
warnings that some graduate employers are rejecting the minority who achieve only a 2:2, a
grade that once would have been the most common outcome.
A report from the Quality Assurance Agency has also argued that the grading system lacks the
transparency, necessary to compare degrees from different institutions.
The Burgess report will be considered by university leaders and, if adopted, any future decision
on degree grades will be taken after the piloting of the Hear.
England's Higher Education Minister, Bill Rammell, welcomed the proposal to provide additional
exam information.
"However, I wish to be clear that I believe progress can best be made by building on the current
system, and certainly not by replacing degree classifications," said Mr Rammell.
But the National Union of Students said it was "disappointed that the pace and scale of the pro-
posed reforms have been frustrated by some sections of the higher education sector".
Mike Harris, head of education and skills policy at the Institute of Directors, said many employ-
ers would welcome receiving greater detail on students' achievements.
"However, the determination ultimately to replace the current system remains clear.
"This would be a mistake. Whilst not flawless, it is well understood by employers and is an
important recruiting aid."

g-A From page XXI
industry growth rates in line with national economic growth.
This has underpinned the drive into emerging markets like India where Makinson said 20-25 per-
cent growth rates were achievable, China and South Africa.
Pearson, which publishers Rough Guides and Dorling Kindersley travel books has been digitally
coding all its travel-related content so it can be used across mobile and Web applications. Makinson
said the jury was still out on whether the enormous amount of travel literature via the Internet was
depressing the market for travel publishing.
He said the genre was problematic for some publishers amid growing interest in publishing Chi-
nese-language travel guides.
Makinson said there have been cases of publishers of Chinese travel guides not referring to histori-
cal events such as the 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown in which hundreds, perhaps thousands of
peaceful student-led democracy demonstrators were killed by Chinese troops.
Penguin would "keep a careful watch" on this month's acquisition of travel publisher Lonely
Planet by BBC Worldwide, the commercial arm of the British state broadcaster, to see how far
it might cross-promote the business in the publicly funded broadcaster and thereby hamper
competition, he added.


il I Ii

Ministry of Health

The Ministry of Health/National AIDS Programme Secretariat will be
sponsoring a national Art Competition to promote the fight hi combating
HIV/AIDS and to raise awareness on the need for greater involvement0of
children in primary and secondary schools. The Competition is open to all'
primary and secondary school students in public and private schools
across Guyana

Topic for Primary School Students Our Children A future without
Topic for Secondary School Students Don't Let HIV ruin your Life


Use crayons, markers, paint, coloured pencil, collage or other materials.
Submit entries on paper or cardboard within the following size limits

Maximum 45 x 60 cm (18" x 24")
Minimum 21 x 28 cm (84'2" x 11")

The art works should be forwarded in sealed envelope and include a separate sheet of
paper with the following details and information:

Parental approval of the child's participation.

The child's age, name and address.

School attending

The technique employed (oil. crayons, watercolours, etc.).

Name and a brief explanation of the art work.

The top three schools in each category will receive a desktop computer, and winning
entries will receive cash and book vouchers.

The paintings must be sent to:

National School Art Competition
National AIDS Programme Secretariat
Hadfield Street & College Road

Entries Close on Friday November 23. 2007 before 15:00 Ih (3:00 pm)
Staff mnemnlhb'- of the Ministry of Health and their immediate family are not
eligible to p ntc,
mmmimm a.

Support to the competitiveness of the Rice Sector in the Caribbean
Publication reference: Project 9 ACP RPR 006 REG176411000

The Guyana Rice Development Board is charged by the CARIFORUM, the
contracting authority, with the responsibility to conduct Research and Extension
activities in Guyana with the financial assistance from the EU-funded programme 9
ACP RPR 006 "Supportto the Competitiveness of the Rice Sector in the Caribbean."

The Guyana Rice Development Board (GRDB) has been contracted to execute the
activities under the Research and Extension component in Guyana.

As such, the GRDB thru Guyana Research and Extension Management Unit wishes
to invite sealed bids from individuals or firms to provide the following supply of goods
mentioned below for Spring Crop (First Crop) 2008:

Lot Description
1) Urea Fertilizer- 50kg Content
2) Triple Super Phosphate (T.S.P) 50 kg
3) Supply ofAgrochemicals

Bidding Documents can be purchased by interested bidders upon payment of a non-
refundable fee of Five Thousand Dollars ($5 000) for each lot at the Guyana Rice
Development Board at 117 Cowan Street, Kingston, Georgetown.

Bids must be addressed to The Programme Manager, Guyana Research and
Extension Management Unit and marked on the top right hand corner of the envelope
"the name of the programme, lot number and the description of the bid." The bid must
be deposited in the tender box of the Guyana Rice Development Board at 117 Cowan
Street, Kingston, Georgetown not laterthan November 9, 2007.

For further information, please contact the Programme Manager at the Guyana
Research and Extension Management Unit at 117 Cowan Street, Kingston,
Georgetown or attelephone number 225-2487.

General Manager
Guyana Rice Development Board

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007



Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007

October 17, 2007: International Day for the Eradication of Poverty

"People Living in Poverty as Agents of Change: 20th Anniversary of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty."

Goals (MDGS).
The UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, in his address to the
world, to mark the observance of International day for the
Eradication of Poverty stated that:
"At the dawn of the millennium, world leaders made bold
pledges to the world's poor.
They pledged a world where all children complete their
elementary education; a world where people have access to safe



Demerara Tobacco Company advises the smoking public of its recommended retail prices as per below.

Prices are VAT inclusive. (PACK)
20's Full Flavour $220
10's Full Flavour $90
20's Full Flavour $180
20's Menthol $180
20's Lights $180
20's Special Filter $260
20's Menthol $260
20's Lights $260

Consumers are encouraged to pay the prices quoted above.
For additional information you may contact DEMTOCO on our toll free # 862 3733 or office # 225
For your convenience, listed below are some of the outlets which sell at the Recommended Price

Natryar General Store
Moti's Generai Store
Shireen's Grocery
Hl-onlaizry De.i Bholai
R.E. Khan & Son Grocerv
Shop Girl
Arnold Grocery
R & G L r I : .. -
Bharat Khusial
Tinmmy's Grace
J ilian
SibL PoonalJ
D sooilan & Oaughte'r
Mer:dr:onces Grocery
Slta Vn"e .y Sihop
Sundees Beer Garden
Re &? Sons Ge'ieral Store (PnyIa
Sams & Sons' Grocery
R & R Sam-uejs
Anand Shop
Abdoci Yak"ub

Bot'; oa:eryy
V& V J.s ala Genersi~Store

Ra-he! -iSt- -,:r -or MFor,
W're Castle sivh ShopL
JJ & Sons Eterprse (SmiTih)
RoLrick Sa':I:on Graiie:

Rotblee Snacke l & Vaane:y Store

:i Lg.. & Lamaha Street
35 Seco-;d & Light Street

26 Hi:! Steet
55 Jmes Street
Lot 5 First Street
Lct 29% S%-anti Nikitan Street
60 Robb Street
Robb Sireei & Oranoe Wa.k
100 Regent &C. : .i :
Bo:ra Market
Boar:;rda Market
Robb & Lighii S!s. Boufda lopp Nigels Sup. MNE-i
Lot ?P Pike & Stone Ave
5i Gamette Street
6 Station Street
Loe 2 Sandy Bobb & Railway Streets
64 Sandy Babb Street
222 Lamaha Street
77 David & Lamaha Street
Lo- 1 Lamaha Street
65 Sandy BobS Streel
I.,;A Puibic Road
P:i;c Read
:.c: -t3 Bicrk R
Sa'or St. Chariestown
5- Hgh Sreet
Geor-e & Bent Street
38 Cuban Sireet
adfie;ld Sireet
LcO 50 Norton Street & Louisa Row
*:9 Noon Stireets
2Z Nsorn Street
Thon-as & New Market S-teets

1900, ext 222/230

vexanode! Village
Bei Air



.La Peitelnce
La Peniitence

Weil-en-R ,si
Wo rtmanville
No eum--inci.n

Every year on October 17, World Day to overcome
extreme poverty is celebrated. In 1992, this event
was recognized by the United Nations as the
International Day for the Eradication of Poverty.
This year's theme, "People Living in Poverty as Agents of
Change: 20th Anniversary of the International Day for the
Eradication of Poverty," focuses on what progress has been
made since the development of the Millennium Development

Page 5 -& 24.p65

Warning: The Minister of Health advises that


drinking water, and families are protected from deadly diseases like
malaria; a world where nations work together to cut greenhouse gas
emissions that contribute to
global warming. Above all, our 'r
leaders promised a world where ."'
people are no longer condemned .
to a life of extreme and egregious ''
poverty. z
This year, the International C
Day for the Eradication oft 5
Poverty falls just after the
midpoint in the race to reach
those commitments -- the Cilat'1/7
Millennium Development Goals
-- by the target date of 2015. The Day provides an important
opportunity to take stock of our progress, and to re-energize our
Eradicating poverty and hunger by 2015 is the first of the
MDGSs. One of its targets is to halve the proportion of people
whose income is less than one US dollar a day between 1990
and 2015. Using the proportion of people living below the US$1
per day as one of four indicators; the MDGS Report 2007 states
that worldwide, the number of people in developing countries
living on less than US$1 a day fell from 1.25 billion in 1990
to 980 million in 2004.

Table showing (Percentage) Proportion of people of
different regions living on less
than $1 a day in 1990 and 2004

Region 1990 2004

Sub-Saharan Africa 46,8 41,1

Southern Asia 41,1 29,5

Eastern Asia 33 9.9

Latin America & the 10,3 8.7


South-Eastern Asia 20.8 6,8

Western Asia 1,6 3.8

Northern Africa 2.6 1.4

Data extracted from the MDGS Report, 2007

Generally, the proportion of people living in extreme poverty
fell from nearly 33% to 19% over this 14 year period. The report
stated that if progress continues, the MDGS target will be met.
However, success is unequally shared, since the decline in global
poverty is mostly due to rapid economic growth in Asia Eastern
and South-Eastern Asia. in particular.
In Guyana, the 2007 MDGSs report produced by Office
of the President indicated that the percentage of the
population below the national poverty line has decreased
from 43% in 1993 to 35% in 1999. However, the report
also states that since 2000, while no survey was conducted,
the growth-poverty relationship suggests that poverty has
worsened and that a contributing factor may have been
the devastating floods Guyana suffered in December 2005
January 2006 that adversely affected many livelihoods.
A Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) is
currently underway which is expected to provide the
necessary data to indicate the country's poverty status.
The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper is the main
document that addresses poverty in Guyana. The Office
of the President spearheads the development of the
annual Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report.

For more information on the Poverty
Reduction Strategy Paper or its progress
reports, please visit the Government
Information Agency Website at: http://

You can also share your ideas and questions
by sending your letters to: "Our Environment",
C/o EIT Division. Environmental Protection
Agency, IAST Building, Turkeyen, UG Campus,
GREATER GEORGETOWN. Or email us at with questions and

~ii~ ~gt -~--s~ ---- -I -~Ls~P~ --sI

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007


, ', '



----Pag --XXX nachronicle.coa,


ARIES -- If all else fails today, talking things out will help. Whether you're in-
volved in an innocent fender bender or you're a bystander in a botched industrial
sabotage plot, your excellent communication skills will go a long way toward easing
tensions. Hopefully, you can solve the real problem altogether. You have a lot more
influence over the attitudes of others than you may realise. Try flashing a smile and
see what happens. You might be surprised how it inspires people to smile right

TAURUS -- Fanciful ideis and romantic wishes have been blooming inside your
head. They're all so pretty ... and it's a waste that no one sees them but you. Today,
the time is right to share them with a person wlo loves you the most. They really
want to know more about what makes you tick,! and they can tell that you've been
working on something in your mind. Give them a glimpse of what you're thinking and
their reaction will delight you -- and bring you closer together.

GEMINI -- Today you should reach outside of your comfort zone to find some-
thing new in your life. Tallk to people who you 'Would not typically talk to and see
what they have to say. Go to a place you've been meaning to check out for a while.
These visits to the outside realm will intrigue you and change you. It might even
change your mind about something -- you have to'be open to that possibility. A leop-
ard may never change its Spots, but you're no leopard. You are a wise, courageous
lion -- go ahead and roar!

CANCER -- If you have a regular physical exercise routine, try to mix it up a bit
today. Mundane physical exertion will do more to hinder your good energy levels
than improve them. If you do not have any sort of regular physical routine, today
you definitely need to start one. Even if it's something small -- like taking a walk at
lunchtime, or walking upstairs instead of taking the elevator -- it will make a big dif-
ference in your energy level and in your attitude today.

LEO -- Things are not going very smoothly for someone in your life who always
seems to have the world on a string -- and it may:throw you for quite a loop. Sud-
denly, the person you looked to as an example for how to behave no longer exists!
What to do? After you recover from the shock, take some notes -- because this is a
wonderful learning opportunity. It's time to be your own best example and stop mod-
eling yourself after people you think you would like to be like.

VIRGO -- You're known for your great advice, but at least one of your people is in
a situation they may be too embarrassed to talk to you about. Put out your feelers
today ... send a few probing emails and find out what's up with everyone in your
inner circle. You just might be able to pull someone shy out of their shell. Listening
skills will come in handy in all sorts of places today,.giving you a wonderful excuse
to poke your nose into a particularly juicy-sounding conversation.

LIBRA --.Your bright smile is more powerful than you could have ever imagined --
especially today, when a dour person holds the key tI a place you want to explore.
Turn on the charm. Look at the situation optimistically, and you might get exactly
what you want! You have to harness the power of positive thinking, though, because
focusing on what could go wrong or what isn't fair will only get you grumpy -- and
no one wants to hang out with someone who is grump-y!

SCORPIO -- Full of mysterious clues and confusing comments, this day will bring
out the amateur sleuth in you. Follow your instincts aid poke around in a few places
until your curiosity is satisfied. You'll have a fun time figuring things out and detect-
ing the patterns in someone's unusual behaviour. Be up front about your findings and
you'll spark a very interesting conversation. While the answer to the mystery might
not be earth-shattering, the process of finding it will create an adventurous day. i

SAGITTARIUS -- Being out in the natural world is the right way to rejuveate
yourself, get a new perspective on where you're going, and find a new friend hip
right now. Visual beauty willfbring another level of joy, so take a long walk in a flower
garden, at the beach, or in some other environment you may find inspirational As
long as you ha\ e fresh air, sunlight and the sounds of nature around you, you widget
the dose of contemplation you really need right now.

CAP~ CORI The level of romance in your life is about to go up, up, up! The
sky's t limit -when it comes to the amount of chemistry between you and a: very
specialonieone. Most of the explanation can be found in your brimming confidence
-- people are attracted to people who have a strong sense of self. Your creativity is
also a iig tur-bn, so use it to convey your feelings in an unexpected (and very hlat-
tering) way. ThI is a period-of new beginnings and exciting conversations.

AQUARIUS -- When it Comes to your finances, youzcannot let your reputation
come before your bank account. If you are afraid of being called 'cheap,' you need to
get over it. The people who toss those types of terms around are the same people
who are deep in debt, so what do they know about money matters? Being more thrifty
will help you increase your cash flow -- and decrease your stress level, so draw up a
tighter budget and ignore what people say about your spending habits.

PISCES -- The company you keep says a lot about who you are -- and that fact
is more important than ever before, now. New folks can be entertaining, but be sure
you totally understand their motivations before inviting them into your inner circle.
Ti-si is something to be earned, not given away freely. Resist the urge to abandon
your standards in an attempt to fit into someone else's w t e i s-
c....a iour future is some-
thing only you can control, and it' - .
.. wenty-four hour a day job.

*^hB ~ jYXMAi M. ^IL" *-"Ao




Mm G
Ja~t^ ^

,,: 0 ,:


S l .. .- r" :U"Ilin e

TheHealtlh 5., Program
IDB loan i. /SF- GY
The Supply of Medical Equi), ret and related Services
For the Linden .:- ital Complex
IDB/GO/d B/O1005
1 This Invitation for Bids follows the G,. cral Procurement Notice for this Project tiha
appeared in DevelopmentBusiness. issue no.322-095/05 ofMarch 2005

2. The (Government of Guyana has received financing from the lnter-Americart
Development Bank toward t he cosofheHealth Sector Program and it it intends to apply partofthe
proceeds of this loan to payments under the Contract for The Supply of Medical Equipmelit and
related Services.(install, commission and maintain).

3. The Ministry of Health inviites sealed bids from eligible and qualified bidders for The
supply, installation and com r1issionling of medical equipment for the Dispensary, Emergency,
ICU, In-Patient, Laboratori.Obstetrics. Pediatrics.,OPD, Rehabilitation and Radiology units.

4. Bidding will be conducted through the International Competitive Bidding (ICB)
procedures specified in ihe .nter-American Development Bank's Policies for the Procurement of
Works and Goods financed by the Int r-American Development Bank, and is open Io all bidders
.r'.ii [Li ; ible Source CoIunries as defined in the Policies.

5. Interested eligible bidders -may obtain further information from The Health'Sector
Development Unit, Ministry of I-lI.lith. East Street Georgetoxn, Guyana: Attention: Dr. Charles
Garrett. Civil Works Manager.(cgarriet@( and inspect the Bidding Documents at the
below address given, fniom Monday toFriday 9:00 h 15:00 Ih.

6. Qualifications requirements iclude: Financial: NtL \\orth or L.quimt
Indebtness ratio. Etc. Experience apd Tethnical capacity in the supply i ol goods .and elated el ic e,
similar to those required in the schedule requirements. Legal and othci rcquin cl.:lnis nml m ot.
preference foreligiblenarional coniracriios "shall not" be applied. Addit ion;l del.iil11e .pl ott Idd Iin
the Bidding Documents.

7. A complete set ofBiddingDlociments in English lhay be purclhaisd h\ iluneited bide, -
on the ;submission of a written AApliction to the address below .ad upon p:.i inent ofl non
refundaible fee of one hundred I Intidrc Slttc doll.iti-, ( I,% 1(1(1l) i ,an ey alenln .,ole nnil i (jin l Gi.r ;
Dollars The method ofpayment will be h casliier s cheque rien in laj our o, The Pernminmil
SScretLarT ofihel\lini tr\ oflHeailh ihc Itidding l)icuim ints ill be sent eLlLeIctron lll

8. ',;,; Bids mustbe delivered todhe address below at o1 before December 04. 201:1 a () I00 local
time. E' tronic bidding will not bepormitted. Late bids will be ielieced Bids til be opened ,i thed
pre% t of the bidders' representativesiwjo choose to attend in pcr.on al thiUlddicc bhelo, at 1 nif.
ion FD eniber 04, 2007, All bids musthbe accompanied by a "Hid Securiny.ol I hrts Itltb:and
SUnited States dollars.

'9. TIlie addrcssc relened to ab\e mateL
For ins'ctrion ufdocuynieni and illourntion Ilhe Piinihaser's'addre hall be.
Atteint: n Dr Charle Gariett iri(t. CiI Woik, ManlaIr.
Street .\'ddrev 1 lie MNuimin of Heallthl
t H.eallh Sectolr D)ee\ lopinenl It lln-
Ear;t Street
City:,.. Georgetown
Country: Guyana i
Telephone: (592) 226-24' 22.6-62 '
Facsimile number: (592)2245-('50
Electronic mail address: cnaneit,nlv In g em.u\

For bid submission and Opening purposes. ih- Purchaser's addressI I:
Attention: The Chairman.
Central Procurement and Tender administration Board
Main and Urquhart streets
City: Georgetown
Country: Guyana
Th .-"
... uauntne tor the submission ofbids is:
SDate: December 04, 2007,
Time: 9:00 h. local time

- C r r


I Invitat^ionf0

_~rr~ ___


I id I

Page XVI unda ChroicleOctoer 2. 20

Hello students,
Plea.- come in. These columns are open to all who
care about a bright future. The watchword is: Be
strong; do more independent work; but preserve your
place in serious study groups.
Endeavour to preserve good relationships
through constant discussions with people who care.
Increase and improve ideas through good books.
Please make necessary adjustments to your form
of study to avoid stress and anxiety. Enjoy this is-
Love you.

They went out from the house. The sun turned the
sweat of Durante to hot water and then dried his skin
so that his shirt felt transparent. "Tony, 1 gotta be
mean," said Durante. "Stand right there where I can
see you. Don't try to get close. Now listen. The
Sheriffs gunnna be along this trail some time today, look-
ing for me. He'll load up himself and all his gang with
water out of your tanks. Then he'll follow my sign
across the desert. Get me? He'll follow if he finds wa-
ter on the place. But he's not gunna find water."
"What you done, poor Dick?" said Tony. "Now look,
I could hide you in the old wine cellar where nobody --

"The sheriffs not gunna find water," said Durante.
"It's gunna be like this."
He put his rifle to his shoulder, aimed, fired. The
shot struck the base of the nearest tank. A semicircle
of darkness began to stain the edge of the iron wall.
Tony fell on his knees. "No, no, Dick! Good Dick!"
he said. "Look! All the vineyard. It will die. It will
turn into old, dead wood, Dick...."
"Shut your face," said Durante. "Now I've
started, I kinda like the job."
Max Brand, "Wine on the Desert"

The above passage has all the elements of a short
story. The first paragraph shows someone fleeing from
someone else, which has formed the basic action in
countless fictional narratives.
In the penultimate paragraph, Durante, the main
character, is ruthless and single-minded. He confronts
kind, trusting Tony.
Through the ages, writers have told stories struc-
tured just like the one on Durante. They have told sto-
ries about the struggle between good and evil.

Short Story Elements
Let's revise the elements of a short story, which is
one kind of fictional narrative, even though we have
gone through those elements repeatedly, we still feel
them good to be told again.

Short stories are created in the writer's imagination
and they tell of some made-up event or occurrence.
In a short story, an event or series of events forms
the plot.
The events happen to characters, usually people.
They happen in a time and place the setting and
are told from a certain angle, or point of view.
[A point to note here is that a story's point of view
: .....n li chosen during prewriting: that is before you
a' uLl. J, _...
begin to write the story proper.

Stories can be told from a first person narra-
tor. The writer that tells a story from a first person point
of view, which is his own point of view, uses the first

person pronouns "I" and "me." This point of view al-
lows readers to know the characters better. Readers
are allowed to get a "you-are-there" feeling.

Stories can be told through a limited third-person
story-teller. The narrator, who uses a third-person lim-
ited point of view, writes the story from one character's
point of view. The reader learns about the other
character's thoughts and feelings through this chosen
character. The reader is assisted by clues, subtle or
otherwise, throughout the story.

There is yet another point of view that can be
presented by writers. This is called the third-person
omniscient narrator. Here the narrator knows the
thoughts and feelings of all the characters. The reader
knows the other characters through him or her.

There is a chart below that can help you exam-
ine the elements that make up the short story "Wine on
the Desert" from which the passage above was taken.

Plot: This is the story's action and events. The plot
focuses on a problem faced by the main character. In
the short story "Wine on the Desert," Durante is being
pursued by the sheriff. He destroys Tony's water tanks
to solve the problem.

Character: The characters of a story are the people
or animals involved in the plot. In the short story "Wine
on the Desert," Tony and Durante are the characters.
The sheriff is pursuing Durante, but doesn't appear in
the story. You can try doing this kind of thing, where a
character's name is mentioned but he/she does not ap-
pear in the story.

Setting: The setting is the time and place in which
the events of a story happen. You have been told some
time back that setting can create mood or atmosphere.
In the short story "Wine on the Desert," the desert set-
ting is an atmosphere of starkness and danger. What
kinds of atmosphere have you tried using so far? Tell
them to a study partner or interested listener.

Point of View: Point of view is the particular van-
tage point from which the story is told. Read over the
passage from "Wine on the Desert," and you will see
that it is told from Durante's viewpoint, using the third-
person pronouns "he" and "him." You should agree with

What to Do
Write a short story based upon three persons and
one animal, set in a winding, and threatening river. Write
it in first person narration.

Better Writing

When you write again, try to use techniques to en-
hance your story's success such as:
choosing a narrator's point of view, deliberately
including mechanisms to visualize familiar
places and persons,
fixing in mind both the story's location and ac-
listing striking details you want to include,
using your kind of energetic verbs, and
writing a first draft, and finally revising the para-
- need
graphs il tmere .- ...I

Things will be easy for you if you have been up-
dating a commonplace book. Remember that it is a

I'm afraid you've got a bad

egg, Mr. Jones.
Oh, no, my Lord, I assure
you! Parts of it are excellent!
PUNCH vol.cix, p.222. 1895

self-assorted book which contains exciting and worth-
while quotations, songs, jokes, menus, and any other
thing that you have put there because you find them in-
teresting or thought-provoking.
Pictures; postcards; clippings from diaries.
newspapers, letters, and magazines; poems; plans
of houses, towns and villages stored in it; along
with any other thing that leads to stimulating good
writing such as a dried natural plant or insect can
also be included.

Combining Sentences

Good short stories also depend upon the writer's
strategy of combining sentences. How does that
help the writer's style? You'll understand after you
check the writing skills listed below:
combining short sentences into more complex
and good sentences
expressing ideas with more precision and clar-
knowing when shorter sentences are better
deleting repeated words
using connecting words
rearranging words
changing the form of words

The Sentence
A sentence is a complete thought furnished with an
end stop.
I finished my breakfast early yesterday morning.
Decided to call my sister Mary (Non-sentence -
Missing subject)
A house next door to the blacksmith's shop (Non-
sentence Missing predicate)
They've been friends for six months. (Sentence)
Skipping over the fence (Non-sentence Missing
subject and predicate)
Brought a great discomfort to the family (Non-sen-
tence Missing subject)
Family business is a uniting force. (Sentence)
Good for you (Non-sentence Missing subject and

Punctuate the following passage correctly, inserting
capital letters where they are called for.

I went to my medical man he is an old friend of mine
he feels my pulse looks at my tongue and talks about
the weather all for nothing when I fancy im ill so I
thought I would do him a good turn by going to him now
what a doctor wants I said is practice he shall have me
he will get more practice out of me than out of seven-
teen hundred of your ordinary commonplace patients
with only one or two diseases each so I went straight
and saw him and he said well whats the matter with
you I said I will not take up your time with tel!!in, you
"',,ht is the matter with me life is brief I will tell you
v. i.- tith me.
what is not the mac ith me.


Sunday Chronicle October 21 2007

4 ... : 1 --- -

Sunday Chronicle October 21, 2007


Obituary: Deborah Kerr

The perfect English rose
P Z"

DEBORAH Kerr with Yul Brynner in 'The King and I'.

Actress Deborah Kerr, who appeared in almost 50 films, was
often regarded as the actress who, more than any other, suc-
cessfully exported her Britishness to Hollywood.
Her image was of a refined, lady-like and level-headed person
- the perfect English rose. She never liked the image. not least
because she was born in Scotland.
Within a few years. her family moved to the south of En-
gland, and she went to boarding school in Bristol. At first she
studied for thL ballet. but then decided on acting.
An aunt taught drama in Bristol. and it was from her that she
learned her stagecraft. Just before World War 11. she had walk-on
parts at the Open Air Theatre in Regents Park in London.
A film agent saw her, and by the time she was 20. Kerr had
played important parts in three films including Major Barbara and
Love on the Dole.
She was then in two of the most successful wartime Brit-
ish films, The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp and Perfect
Shortly after the war. she gave a sensitive performance as a
nun in Black Narcissus. She was signed up by MGM and went
to Hollywood on a 750-a-week contract.
Initially her roles were almost all typecast as the world's idea
of an elegant Englishwoman, but soon she showed that her range
was considerably wider.
The image of gentility took a knock in 1953 in From Here to
Eternity when. as a lusting wife, she rolled in the surf with Burt
Lancaster in what was. for the time, a tempestuous love scene.
Her performances earned her an Oscar nomination. In various
films. she played opposite Frank Sinatra, Yul Brynner and Cary
She received five further Oscar nominations for her per-
formances in Edward My Son, The King and I, The End of
the Affair, Heaven Knows Mr Allison, Separate Tables and
The Sundowners.
On the stage. she gave a notable performance on Broadway in
1953 in Tea and Sympathy a role she repeated on the screen.
After a period of retirement, she returned to acting, most no-
tably in 1985's The Assam Garden.
In 1994, in poor health, she was the most touching partici-
pant in the Oscars ceremony, receiving an honorary award to make
up for her six unrewarded nominations.
She was twice married, first just after the war to a Battle of
Britain pilot. They had two daughters and the marriage was dis-
solved in 1959.
Since 1960, she moved to Switzerland with her second
husband, US scriptwriter Pete' Viertel.

1. m -u au-a -u-tits]n, ti *N161





YOU L Ponr v U t


LJD I kTT rT nr .
LL tR %..lp 1 L LjEjOnlinnle


Cookery Corner

J Welcome to the 474"h edition of
"Champion Cookery Corner", a
weekly feature giving recipes and
tips on cooking in Guyana.

Here are two recipes using Champion Products to make wondeifid sweet treats for you

1 cup flour
1 cup rolled oats
i4 cup desiccated coconut
'4 cup brown sugar
Teaspoon Champion Baking Powder
120g butter
2 tablespoons golden syrup
Makes 35

Combine flour, oats. coconut, sugar and
Champion Baking Powder.

Melt butter and add golden syrup. Stir
over low heat until syrup has melted. Add
butter mixture to dry ingredients. mixing
until smooth. Roll mixture into small
balls. Place on greased baking tray and
flatten slightly.
Bake in preheated oven at 150'C (300'F)
for about 15 minutes.

1 pkg. dark chocolate cake mix
3/4 cup milk
1'3 cup oil
3 eggs
2 cup Champion Icing Sugar
b,2 cup butter
130 o. can evaporated milk
6 oz. pkg. (1 c.) chocolate chips
1 tsp. vanilla
1 qt. chocolate ice cream
Makes 15 servings
TOPPING: To prepare topping in
medium size heavy saucepan. combine
Champion Icing Sugar, butter,
evaporated milk, and chocolate chips.

iihngq FPo dC
Cu .ll. l Po i.
bllhk t'.pp r Z
- S~

Cook over medium low heat until mixture comes to a
boil, stirring constantly. Remove from heat: stir in
vanilla. Cool 1 hour without stirring.
FILLING: Heat oven to 350 degrees. Grease and flour
two 13 x 9 inch pans. In a large bowl, combine all cake
ingredients at low speed until moistened. Beat at high
speed for 2 minutes. Pour half of batter into each
prepared pan. Bake at 350 degrees for 14 to 17 minutes or
until cake springs back when touched lightly in center.
DO NOTOVERBAKE. Cool 15 minutes:remove I cake
from pan onto wire rack. Cool completely.
To assemble cake, spread ice cream over cooled cake in
pan. Place remaining cake layer over ice cream. Spread
fudge topping over top. Cover; freeze. At serving time.
thaw slightly: cut in squares.
If desired, top each serving with whipped topping and a
It 1Y THE ,1 l. I I I RERS OF
J, I2n::F 1i
IcPASTAing Sugr
~PASTA 0 CurGy Pon.der
l i Garam Masala

10/1902007.5 12'PM,





Chocolate Ice Cream Cake




S. Embarrassed Sonam, Ranbir say

S.. they are not big stars
TWO young actors making a debut next month with "Saawariya" have been put in an embar-
-- : raising situation: a tabloid story says Sonam Kapoor threw a tantrum at a promotional TV
.rogramme while Ranbir Kapoor has been called a gay icon in another report.
: .' "Yes. it's true that I re-shot one portion of one of my promotional programmes on Channel V. But.
please, there was no starry tantrum. 1 was very apologetic." Sonam told IANS.
She explained: "I've been tutored in the Sanijay Bhansali school of filmmaking. Over there, we
were taught to strive for the best. no matter what the medium. For me. a TV show isn't a casual thing.
So, after shooting the whole day if I re-shot for 15 minutes. does that make me a tantrum thrower'?'"
S' Ranbir, son of Neetu and Rishi Kapoor. says let him prove his mettle before any title is given to
He said: "'m just starting out. My first film hasn't been released. l'm in no position to be called
"*'- -.. any kind of icon. Once I prove myself. I'd be happy to be loved by any community of people."
The duo are debuting with Sanjay Leela Bhansali's musical "Saawariya", releasing Nov 9.
w -.(Bollywood World)

-X P-

g 2 -, '- ,

*, .! ,l rI il I I

\oted as one of the
world's .sexiest women
anu last ; wea appeared in
the Pirelii calendar which
"vsuall plIcfers top

.* i- 0

,- . 'l,

--. -,7 ,- -- --: --;'.- .: -:p '
:I --~ .24-t c t

Age 1 & '& 2&4886:

~ 'r


Full Text
xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd
INGEST IEID E44MVD1Q2_RNSAHX INGEST_TIME 2012-04-04T15:50:09Z PACKAGE UF00088915_00268