Title: Vegetarian
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00087399/00436
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Title: Vegetarian
Series Title: Vegetarian
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Horticultural Sciences Department
Publication Date: February 2001
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Bibliographic ID: UF00087399
Volume ID: VID00436
Source Institution: University of Florida
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Vegetarian Newsletter

A Vegetable Crops Extension Publication
University of Florida
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Cooperative Extension Service
Vegetarian 02-01
February 2001

'Index Page

A oAdobe Acrobat



Evaluation of Open Pollinated and Hybrid Okra Varieties for Plasticulture Production
Herbicide Potpourri
National Organic Program


Raised Sawdust Vegetable Beds and Some Techniques that Have Worked for Me in North-Central Florida

List of Extension Vegetable Crops Specialists

(Note: Anyone is free to use the information in this newsletter. Whenever possible, please give credit to the authors. The
purpose of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing information and does not necessarily
constitute a recommendation of the product.)

... .......... ... .. "... .. ....

2001 FL107 In-Services:
Feb. 13: Strawberry in-service training. GCREC-Dover. Contact: John Duval.
March 5-8: Florida Postharvest Industry Tour. Contact: Steve Sargent.
April 23-25: Beneficials and Biorationals for Vegetable Pest Management. Contact: Susan Webb.

Page 1


4 ;" *;- .'*---; ;*---- -; ,

Evaluation of Open Pollinated and Hybrid Okra Varieties for Plasticulture

An okra variety trial was conducted in the Spring of 2000 at the North Florida Research and Education Center -
Suwannee Valley near Live Oak, FL (Table 1) on a Lakeland fine sand soil. Okra was transplanted on April 7 in double
rows 1-foot apart, onto 10-ft long plots at a within row spacing of 1 foot. White plastic mulch and drip irrigation were
used. Center-to-center distance between beds was 5 feet, which created a stand of approximately 8,700 plants per acre.

Preplant fertilization consisted of an application of a 13-4-13 fertilizer at the rate of 500 Ibs per acre. Beginning four
weeks afer transplanting and through final harvest, additional N and K were injected daily through the drip system. Total
N and K used (applied+injected) was 175 Ibs/acre for the whole season. No fungicides were used, but Malathion was
applied on June 16 and 30 to control stink bugs. Okra was harvested 3 times weekly between May and July for a total
number of 21 harvests. Early yield was determined by adding the production of the first three harvests (Table 2).

Reference varieties for the area are the hybrid 'North&South' and the open-pollinated 'Clemson Spineless'. The
experimental line 'SOK-601' had the numerically highest early yield (1,545 Ibs/acre), while 'Louisiana Green Velvet' had
the lowest (712 Ibs/acre). 'North & South' (4,0591bs/acre) and 'SOK 601' (4,113 Ibs/acre) had significantly higher May
yields than the other entries. 'Mita #7' (17,5001bs/acre) and 'North & South' (16,7821bs/acre) had significantly higher
season yields, and 'Louisiana Green Velvet' had the lowest (11,109lbs/acre). In this test, average pod production per
harvest ranged between 833 Ibs/acre ('Mita #7') to 529 ('Louisiana Green Velvet'). Yield differences in 'Clemson
Spineless' and 'Clemson Spineless 80' were small.

The unusually large pods of 'Big Un' made this variety a 'specialty okra' (see Fig. ). Growth habit and foliage types were
different among varieties (see Fig. 2, 3, 4, 5). The bushy, compact growth habit of 'Babby Bubba' made harvest difficult.
This variety is not suited for commercial production.

Overall, hybrids tended to perform better than open pollinated varieties and to be earlier. The best performing hybrid
varieties in this test were 'Mita #7', 'North&South', 'Annie Oakley', and 'Spike', while the best performing open pollinated
varieties were the standard 'Clemson Spineless', 'Clemson Spineless 80', and 'Penta Green'. The experimental hybrid
'SOK-601' showed good potential for the area.

Table 1. Seed source, earliness and pod color of selected okra varieties.

Variety Seed Source1 DTH2 Pod

1 2

Annie Oakley (Fl) 1 48 40

Baby Bubba (Fl) 2 53 40

Big Un (OP) 9 NA 42

Cajun Delight (F1) 3 52 40
I II---- I

Color, Shape

Green, Ridged

Green, Ridged

Green, Ridged, Large

Green, Ridged

Page 2


Clemson Spineless (OP) 1,4,5 55 40 Green, Ridged

Clemson Spineless 80 (OP) 6 58 40 Green, Ridged

Emerald Green (OP) 6,7 55 40 Green, Smooth

Green Best (F1) 3,8 48 40 Green, Ridged

Lee (OP) 3 56 40 Green, Ridged

Long Green Pod (OP) 2 50 42 Green, Ridged

Louisiana Green Velvet (OP) 9 58 42 Green, Smooth

Mita #7 (F1) 9 49 40 Green, Ridged

North & South (F1) 10 46 40 Green, Ridged

Penta Green (OP) 8 50 40 Green, Ridged

SOK 601 (F1) 8 NA 40 Green, Ridged

Spike (F1) 9 48 40 Green, Ridged

1 1=Petoseed; 2= Burpee Seeds; 3=Park Seed; 4=Asgrow; 5=Kelly Seeds; 6=Ferry-Morse; 7=Advance Seed;
8=Sakata; 9=Wilhite; 10=SeedWay
2 DTH = Days to Harvest: 1=from commercial literature; 2=observed from transplant

Table 2. Yield of Okra Varieties in the Spring of 2000 at the North Florida Research and
Education Center Suwannee Valley (Ibs / acre),2

Early May June
Variety Mkt. Wt. Mkt. Wt. Mkt. Wt.
(Ibs/acre) (Ibs/acre) (Ibs/acre)

Mita #7 1,269a 3,683ab 10,089a

North & South 1,275a 4,059a 9,225a

1,262a 3,508a-c 9,447a

SOK 601 1,545a 4,113a 8,863a

Green Best 1,206a 3,274a-d 8,898a

Annie Oakley 1,425a 3,540ab 8,417a
-I I I f

Mkt. Wt.







Mkt. Wt.







Mkt. Wt.







Page 3


1,140a 3,631ab 8,254a

Spike 1,377a 3,648ab 7,993a

Penta Green 981a 3,312a-d 8,071a

Cajun Delight 1,188a 3,264a-d 6,828a

Big Un 852a 2,141d 8,020a

Emerald Green 1,007a 2,749b-d 6,573a

Lee 673a 2,271cd 7,167a

Baby Bubba 886a 2,473b-d 5,623a

Long Green Pod 781a 2,635b-d 6,110a

La. Green Velvet 712a 2,271cd


Spineless 80











1 Early yield was the sum of the first 3 harvests; 6 harvests in May; 11 harvests in June; 4 harvests in July; 21
harvests for season yield.
2 Within columns, means followed by different letters are significantly different according to Duncan Multiple
Range Test (5% level).

Figure 1. Pods of selected okra varieties (coin in the center of the picture is a U.S. quarter).

Page 4

15,334a-c 730

14,684a-c 699

14,513a-c 691

13,372a-c 637

12,662a-c 603

12,139a-c 578

12,133a-c 578

11,645bc 555

11,254bc 536

11,109c 529




Figure 2.'Louisiana Green Velvet' okra.

Figure 3.'Clemson Spineless 80' okra

iated variety for the area).

Page 5


Figure 5. 'Baby Bubba' okra.

.-' -_.

(Simonne and B. Hochmuth, Vegetarian 02-01)

Page 6

1 111


[ Herbicide Potpourri

Several people have asked about specific herbicides in vegetables, and where they are in the
labeling process. I will try to explain the situation on several herbicides as I understand them. You
should keep in mind that the situation changes constantly.

DCPA. AMVAC now has the rights to Dacthal. They have told me that the new materials and labels
will be in Florida by this coming Fall. I don't know of any label changes for the old product.

Halosulfuron. Permit, Sempra, Sandea. Monsanto is marketing Permit and Sempra in Georgia,
but only Sempra in Florida. It is labeled on sweetcorn, field corn, sugarcane, fallow land and turf.
Gowan is labeling Sandea for use in vegetables. The cucumber and squash tolerance is
approved. I would not recommend POST (emergence) applications on squash, due to phyto. The
PRE label and plant-back tolerance, however, is there. The melon (muskmelon and watermelon)
tolerance is at EPA as is the fruiting vegetable (tomato, pepper). The POST watermelon
application for nutsedge control may have to be a third-party registration due to timing concerns.

Rimsulfuron. Matrix is labeled on potatoes and shadeout on processing tomatoes. DuPont is still
not considering a fresh market tomato label.

Carfentrazone. Aim just received a sweetcorn label. It is a burn down product with only small
residual control. FMC is assisting IR-4 in obtaining a tomato-pepper row middle label. Aim will
control paraquat resistant nightshade as well as Eclypta and purslane. Carfentrazone is on a fast
track with IR-4 and EPA.

Clopyralid. Stinger will soon receive a tolerance in matted row strawberries. The PHI (preharvest
interval) will be 30 days. Dow is now talking to us and IR-4 to allow new residue trials to look at
residue at 3 and 7 days PHI. Stinger may have to be a third-party registration in Florida.

Stinger is also at EPA for labels POST over all crucifers. Cabbage, collards and mustard tolerate
applications very well.

Ethalfluralin. UAP is looking at a premix of curbit with clomozone. This combination should be
safer on cucurbits as well as having a wider weed control range.

Oxyfluorfen. Goal is at IR-4 for application in strawberry row middles. Goal will burn down many
broadleaf weeds as well as having good preemergence activity.

Clethodim. Labels should be coming from Valent for Select or Prism on a wider range of
vegetables. Clethodim is a post-grass material.

Terbacil. Dupont is considering labeling Sinbar for pre-transplant under mulch in strawberries. A
section 18 is in place for Sinbar use under mulch in transplanted watermelons in Delaware. This
use is very safe on watermelons but not safe in any of the other cucurbits. The tolerance for this
use is at EPA.

S-metolachlor. Metolachlor (Dual) labels and product are being replaced by the isomer

Page 7


S-metolachlor (Dual Magnum). Lower application rates should be used with Dual Magnum. With a
little more testing, Dual Magnum is a candidate for a third-party label under mulch in pepper as a
methyl bromide alternatives addition.

Glyphosate. Monsanto is applying to EPA to expand the Roundup label to include hooded sprayer
application to row middles of several mulched vegetable crops.

With the consolidation of several herbicide manufacturers, the answers on labeling of herbicides
on vegetables is very speculative. Just remembering which product is owned by which company (if
they have not sold it) is confusing.

Also, we have to watch and see how the new administration is going to handle the "pesticide"

If anyone has heard any other good rumors on what is happening, I would be glad to hear from

(Stall, Vegetarian 02-01)

National Organic Program

The USDA announced in December 2000 Organic Production and Handling Standards after a
long development and review process. The Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 required USDA
to develop national standards for organically produced agricultural products and establish an
organic certification program based on recommendations of a 15-member National Organic
Standards Board (NOSB). In December 1997, USDA published a proposed rule and received
275,603 public comments explaining why and how the rule should be rewritten. A revised proposal
was published in March 2000. An additional 40,774 comments were received many of which were
incorporated into the December 2000 rule.

Some highlights:

prohibits the use of genetic engineering (included in excluded methods) and growth
prohibits ionizing radiation
prohibits sewage sludge
increased the minimum percentage of organic ingredients in products labeled "Made with
organic ingredients" from 50 to 70%
adopted 5% of the EPA pesticide residue tolerance as the pesticide residue compliance
farms and handling operations that sell less than $5,000 annually of organic agricultural
products are exempt from certification, but must still comply with all other national standards
for organic products and may label their products as organic
retail food establishments that sell organically produced agricultural products, but do not
process them, are exempt from certification

Page 8


land will have no prohibited substances applied to it for at least 3 years before harvest


The USDA will accredit state, private, and foreign organizations or persons to become "certifying
agents." Certifying agents will certify that production and handling practices meet the national

Farmers and handlers will have to submit specific information to an accredited certifying agent to
become certified. Information will include:

type of operation
history of substances applied to land for the previous 3 years
organic products being grown, raised, or processed
organic plan and practices used
keeping of records for 5 years concerning the production, harvesting, and handling of
on-site inspection of applicants operation for certification eligibility, annual inspections, and
the USDA may conduct unannounced inspections at any time
residue tests to be performed to help in enforcement of the regulations

Certifier Training

The USDA will be hosting a workshop for organic certification agencies on March 7-8, 2001, in
Buena Park, CA. The objective of the training workshop is to familiarize private and state organic
certifiers with the requirements of accreditation under the National Organic Program and ISO
Guide 65. For further information, please contact Beth Hayden at 202-720-8405 or by email

These standards are to be implemented over 18 months beginning in February 2001. The USDA
Seal may not be used on any "100% organic" or "organic" product until 18 months after the
effective date (February 2001).

Newspapers have carried farmer concerns over the new regulations to help the $7.8 billion organic
food industry. Most say the small farmer could get hurt because of the one size-fits-all standards.
Keith Jones, who runs the USDA organic program has stated the NOSB, established in 1992, to
come up with the standards can make recommendations on changes as the need arises. In a new,
release dated January 17, 2001, Agriculture Secretary Dan Glickman announced the appointment
of five new members to the NOSB. Dr. Rosalic L. Koenig, Gainesville, FL, was appointed as one ol
4 organic farmers on the board. The NOSB includes 4 organic farmers, 1 retailer, 2 organic
handlers, 3 environmentalists, 3 consumers, 1 scientist, and 1 certifying agent.

For additional information, visit the web sitewww.ams.usda.gov/nop

(White, Vegetarian 02-01)

Page 9


Z'':... .. .. *. .. ..- : : I-

Raised Sawdust Vegetable Beds and Some Techniques that Have Worked
for Me in North-Central Florida

For about seven years now, I have tried different vegetables and methods using fresh sawdust
(cypress & pine mixture) from a local sawmill to grow vegetables in raised beds (at least one foot
high so I can get away from nematodes, especially for my carrot crop). Some of the problems I
have had include nitrogen, phosphorous, iron and calcium deficiencies in some of my
heavy-feeding Spring crops that I like to plant this time of year: Swiss chard, spinach, broccoli,
carrots, lettuces, etc.

I have had success by mixing the following before I plant into a new sawdust bed (4 feet by 8 feet):
one cup of dolomite, cup of complete minor element mix from a fertilizer plant (Micromate, for
example, is one brand), 4 ounces iron sulphate, 2 cups 6-20-6 analysis fertilizer. It is really
important to thoroughly mix these nutrients into the sawdust bed before planting seed or
transplanting plants.

Sawdust is a high carbon material that ties up nitrogen as warm weather stimulates microbial
activity, so I add nitrogen frequently. At planting/transplanting, I topdress the bed (4 feet by 8 feet)
with 1 cup of a 13-4-13 analysis fertilizer and about 4 ounces of iron sulphate. Maintain moisture
with daily light irrigations.

About every two weeks, I topdress the bed (4 feet by 8 feet) with another cup of a 13-4-13 analysis
fertilizer. I also topdress with 2 to 4 ounces of iron sulphate at that time (leafy vegetables like
spinach, Swiss chard and lettuce show chlorotic interveinal areas and stunted leaves without
additional iron applications).

Raised sawdust beds are the only way I have been able to grow carrots (Chatenay types seem to
do best) without nematode damage to the roots.

A word about Swiss chard, an over-looked vegetable. Swiss chard can take warmer
temperatures than spinach. During the cool season the leaf blade can be used like spinach in
salad. When it warms up and becomes stronger tasting, it can be steamed like spinach (stuffed
chicken breast, omelets, quiches, etc.). When it gets hot, it can be used in Oriental stir-fry dishes
(substitute chard for bok choy) or Carribean soups (kalalu, "spinach & rice", etc.). Chard stems can
be cut separate from the leaf blade, steamed and served with a white cream sauce (before they ge
hard and strong-tasting during hot weather) as a separate and elegant vegetable dish replacing
asparagus on the menu. Some cultivars have beautiful red or yellow stems, in addition to the
traditional white stems; which if you don't like color in your foods, can at least be cut for decorative,
edible garnishes in your dishes when you want to make a creative, elegant presentation dish.

Page 10


Fordhook Giant is the standard white-stemmed variety.Bright Lights is a multi-colored variety
(stem colors can include gold, pink, orange, purple, red and white with all kinds of bright and pastel
variations). Bright Yellow has a bright yellow stem with dark green leaf blades.Ruby
Red/Rhubarb chard has candy-apple red stems with re-veined leaf blades that are dark green. I
am sure there are other varieties out there that you might want to try planting this month.

I soak the seed (they look like beet seed) in a cup of slightly warm water overnight before planting
the next afternoon. Soaking seed at least for a day before planting seems to give a more
consistent stand. In north-central Florida (Union County), planting from February 15 to March 15
seems to allow enough cool weather growth. Later plantings have not held up in the heat. Most
varieties are rated from 50 to 57 days of growth in the seed catalogs, but I have had chard as late
as mid-May. It all seems to depend on how hot the weather gets and whether the nights cool down
Keep the moisture to these leafy greens, they tend to "flag" during the middle of the day, but
recover with a late afternoon watering. Keep cropping the leaves when they get to harvestable size
and you will enjoy a longer supply of Swiss chard. Try this versatile crop and let me know your
results (jwb@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu).

(Breman, Vegetarian 02-01)

Manual of Minor Vegetables

In June, 1988, I authored IFAS publication SP-40,Manual of Minor Vegetables. Since that time,
many thousands of copies of this book have been purchased all over the world, which attests to its
usefulness in a wide variety of circles. This 120-page black and white manual contains over 150
write-ups plus photos of vegetables seldom considered to be of major importance.

The vegetables are listed alphabetically according to a common name followed by the accepted
scientific name, according to Hortus, III and Smith and Welch (Smith, P.G., and J.E. Welch. 1963.
Nomenclature of vegetables and condiment herbs grown in the United States. J. Amer. Soc. Hort.
Sci 84:535-547).

The text includes other common and related botanical names, plus the vegetable's history,
description, climatic adaptation, and cultural requirements. In some cases, other information is
included such as harvesting, marketing, preparation and use, and composition.

SP-40 is available at a very low cost from IFAS Publications, University of Florida, P.O. Box
110011, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (toll free 1-800-226-1764). In addition, each vegetable entry is
available on-line at the University of Florida's web-site, EDIS, at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu

List of Vegetables in the Manual:

Common Name Scientific Name

Achoccha Cyclanthera pedata L

Amaranth Amaranthus spp.

Page 11





Artichoke, globe

Artichoke, Jerusalem


Bambara groundnut



Bean, broad

Bean, dry

Bean, hyacinth


Bean, sword

Bean, moth

Bean, mung

Bean, scarlet runner

Bean sprouts

Bean, tepary

Bean, wild mung

Bean, willow-leaf lima

Bean, winged

Bean, yard-long




Angelica archangelica L.

Pimpinella anisum L.

Maranta arundinacea L.

Eruca sativa Mill.

Cynara scolymus L.

Helianthus tuberosus L.

Asparagus officinalis L.

Voandzeia subterranea(L.) Thouars

Phyllostachys spp.

Phaseolus angularis (Willd.) W.F. Wight

Vicia faba L.

Phaseolus vulgaris L.

Dolichos lablab L. or Lablab purpureus(L.) Sweet

Canavalia ensiformis (L.) DC.

Canavalia gladiata (Jacq.) DC.

Vigna aconitifolia (Jacq.) Marechal

Phaseolus aureus Roxb.

Phaseolus coccineus L.

Phaseolus aureus R. and Glycine max (L.) Merr.

Phaseolus acutifolius A. Gray

Vigna vexillata (L.) A. Rich

Phaseolus lunatus forma salicis Van Esel.

Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC.

Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis (L.) Verde

Ipomoea batatas (L.) Poir

Brassica oleracea L. (Italica. group)

Page 12


Broccoli Chinese

Broccoli raab

Brussels sprouts


Cabbage, Chinese

Cabbage, sea-kale

Cabbage, swamp

















Corn salad

Brassica alboglabra L.

Brassica rapa L. (Ruvo group)

Brassica oleracea L. (Gemmifera group)

Ardium lappa L.

Brassica campestris L. (Pekinensis group)

Brassica campestris L. (Chinensis group)

Brassica oleracea L. (Tronchuda group)

Sabal palmetto (Walt) Lodd. ex Schult & Schult.f.

Cucurbita moschata Duch. ex Lam.

Capparis spinosa L.

Cynara cardunculus L.

Manihot esculenta Crantz

Apium graveolens L. var. rapaceum (Mill.) Gaud.-Beaup.

Lactuca sativa L. var. asparagina

Cnidoscolus chayamansa McVaugh

Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw.

Cichorium intybus L.

Allium; schoenoprasum. L.

Chrysanthemum coronarium L.

Cyperus esculentus L. var. sativus Boeck

Coriandrum. sativum L.

Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf. var. citroides (Bailey) Mansf.

Brassica oleracea L. (Acephala group)

Symphytum peregrinum L.

Valerianella locusta (L.) Betcke

Page 13

Cucumber, Armenian





Eggplant, white

Florence fennel



Garlic, elephant

Gherkin, West Indian



Gourd, bottle

Gourd, cucuzzi

Gourd, luffa

Gourd, Okeechobee

Gourds, ornamental

Gourd wax


Hanover salad,


Cucumis melo L. (Flexuosus group)

Dioscorea trifida L.

Taraxacum officinale Weber

Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott.

Anethum graveolens L.

Solanum ovigerum Dun.

Solanum melongena var. esculentum (L.) Nees.

Poeniculum, vulgare var. azoricum (Mill.) Thell.

Cicer arietinum L.

Allium sativum L.

Allium ampeloprasum L. (Ampeloprsum gToup)

Cucumis anguria L.

Zingiber officinale Roscoe

Panax quinquefolius L.

Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.

Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.

Luffa cylindrica (L.) Roem

Luffa aegyptica Mill.

Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb.

Cucurbita okeechobeensis Bailey

Lagenaria spp.; Cucurbita spp.; and Luffa spp.

Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cop.

Cyamopsis tetragonolobus (L.) Taub.

Brassica napus L. (Pabularia. group)

Page 14



Horseradish tree

Huckleberry, garden


Anise, Basil, Borage, Caraway, Cardamom, Catnip, Chervil, Chives,
Comfrey, Coriander, Costmary, Cumin, Dill, Fennel, Garlic, Ginger,
Ginseng, Horehound, Lemon balm, Lovage, Marjoram, Mint, Oregano,
Parsley, Rosemary, Sage, Savory, Tarragon and Thyme

Armoracia rusticana Gaertn., Mey., Scherb.

Moringa oleifera L.

Solanum melanocerasum All.

Ice plant Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.

Jicama Pachyrrhizus erosus (L.) Urban

Jojoba Simmondsia chinensis (Link) S.

Kale Brassica oleracea L. (Acephala group)

Kangkong Ipomoea aquatica Forsk

Ipomoea reptans Poir

Kohlrabi Brassica oleracea L. (Gongylodes group)

Leek Allium ampeloprasum L. (Porrum. group)

Lentils Lens esculenta Moench.

Lens culinaris Medic.

Lovage Levisticum officinale Koch.



Melon, casaba

Melon, honeydew


Xanthosoma spp.

Proboscidea louisianica, (Mill.) Thell.

Cucumis melo L. (Inodorus group)

Cucumis melo L. (Inodorus group)

Momordica spp.

Page 15


Mustard collard

Mustard, potherb


Nasturtium, garden


Agaricus bisporus (Lge.) Sing.

Brassica carinata L.

Brassicajuncea (L.) Czern. var. japonica (Thunb.) Bailey

Solanum, quitoense L.

Tropaeolum majus L.

Onion, potato Allium cepa L. (Aggregatum group)

Onion, tree Allium cepa L. (Proliferum group)

Onion, Welsh Allium fistulosum L.

Orach Atriplex hortensis L.



Parsley root


Pea, pigeon

Pea, snap

Pea, snow


Pepper, chili

Pepper, datil

Pepper, pimiento



Capsicum annuum, L.

Petroselinum crispum (MM.) Nym.

Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nym. (Tuberosum. group)

Pastinaca sativa L.

Cqjanus cajan (L.) Millsp.

Pisum sativum L., (Macrocarpon group)

Pisum sativum L. (Macrocarpon group)

Arachis hypogaea L.

Capsicum annuum L.

Capsicum frutescens L.

Capsicum sinense Jacques

Capsicum annuum L.

Phytolacca americana

Cucurbita spp.

Page 16

Pumpkin, naked-seeded



Cucurbita pepo L.

Portulaca oleracea L.

Radichio Cichorium intybus L.

Radish, Chinese Raphanus sativus L. (Longipinnatus group)

Rakkyo Allium, chinense G. Don.

Rampion Campanula rapunculus L.

Rape Brassica napus L.

Rhubarb Rheum rhabarbarum L.

Romaine Lactuca sativa L.

Roselle Hibiscus sabdariffa L.

Rutabaga Brassica napus L. (Napobrassica group)






Sea kale




Sorrel, garden

Soybeans, edible

Spinach, Malabar

Crocus sativus L.

Tragopogon porrifolius L.

Smilax spp.

Sassafras spp.

Scorzonera hispanica L

Crambe maritima L.

Allium cepa L. (Aggregatum group)

Sium sisarum L.

Apium graveolens L.

Rumex acetosa L.

Glycine max (L.) Merr.

Baiella rubra L.

Page 17

Spinach, Now Zealand

Squash, banana

Squash, spaghetti

Squash, zucchini

Swiss chard


Tetragonia tetragonioides (Pallas) O. Ktze.

Cucurbita maxima Duch.

Cucurbita pepo L.

Cucurbita pepo L.

Beta vulgaris L. (Cicla group)

Tomato, husk Physalis pruinosa L.

Tomatillo Physalis ixocarpa Brot. ex Hornem

Tomato, tree Cyphomandra betacea (Cav.) Sendt.

Truffles Tuber spp.

Upland cress Barbarea verna (Mill.) Aschers.

Water celery Oenanthejavanica DC.

Oenanthe stolonifera Wall.

Waterchestnut Eleocharis dulcis (Burm. f. Trin. ex Henschel

Watercress Nasturtium officinale R. Br.

Watermelon, seedless Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf.

Yams Dioscorea spp.

(Stephens, Vegetarian 02-01)

Extension Vegetable Crops Specialists

Daniel J. Cantliffe Mark A. Ritenour
Professor and Chairman, Horticultural Sciences Department Assistant Professor, postharvest
Timothy E. Crocker Ronald W. Rice
Professor, deciduous fruits and nuts, strawberry Assistant Professor, nutrition
John Duval Steven A. Sargent
Assistant Professor, strawberry Professor, postharvest
Chad Hutchinson Eric Simonne

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Assistant Professor, vegetable production
Elizabeth M. Lamb
Assistant Professor, production
Yuncong Li
Assistant Professor, soils
Donald N. Maynard
Professor, varieties

Stephen M. Olson
Professor, small farms

Assistant Professor and Editor, vegetable nutrition
William M. Stall
Professor, weed control
James M. Stephens
Professor, vegetable gardening
Charles S. Vavrina
Associate Professor, transplants
James M. White
Associate Professor, organic farming

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