COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
STATE OF FLORIDA
COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE,
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, AND
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT
OF AGRICULTURE, COOPERATING
Vegetable Crop Speciiadis
AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE
COUNTY AGENT AND
HOME DEMONSTRATION WORK
SUGGESTED VEGETABLE VARIETIES FOR FLORIDA
SNovember 7, 1950
Individual vegetable crops have many different varieties with specific attributes.
In certain instances the same varieties are known locally under several names. New
varieties are, however, usually introduced for purposes of increased yield, high
quality, disease resistance, market acceptance, or adaptability to methods of culture!
or growing conditions. New varieties should in general first be introduced into any
given area by trial plantings.
There follows an attempt to present on a suggestion basis some of the outstanding
varieties to be used in Florida, Individual areas and markets may have justifiably
reasonable differences. Our remarks are not intended to be all-inclusive, (See the
'Descriptive List' of any seed company.)
Additional information on many of these varieties was presented in a paper titled
"New Vegetable Varieties in Florida" by D. G. A. Kelbert, Associate Horticulturist,
Vegetable Crops Laboratory, Bradenton,.at the 1950 meeting of the Florida State Horti-
cultural Society, October 31 to November 2, .inter Haven, Florida.
Black Valentine: Rounded. A standard variety. Has shown extensive blossom-drop
under hot weather conditions late in season. Seed, black.
Contender: Rounded, Black Valentine type, but with increased yields. Developed to
hold pods in late plantings. Resistant to common bean mosaic and powdery mildew.
Logan: Rounded, Resistant to common bean mosaic, several strains of rust, and pow-
dery mildew. A degree of tolerance to bacterial blight. Seed, brown, mottled with
Florida Belle: Flattened, Resistant to several strains of rust and powdery mildew.
A degree of tolerance to common bean mosaic. Use on muck only. Seed, buff, mot-
tled -with purple.
Tendergreen: Rounded. A former standard variety. Has shown extensive blossom-drop
under hot weather conditions late in season. Seed, dull black-brown mottled with
Toperop: Rounded. Resistant to common bean mosaic. For home garden use. Seed,
brown mottled buff-purple.
Cherokee Wax: Rounded. Of the Black Vaentine type, except for yellow coloring,
Sure Crop Wax: Flattened. Pods with yellow coloring. Seed, black.
U. S. No. 4: Rounded. Of the White Kentucky Wonder type. Resistant to certain forms
of rust. Seed, white.
No. 191: Rounded. Of the White Kentucky Wonder type. Seed, white. Quite similar
or same as U. S. No. 4.
yJcCaslan: Flattened. Seed, ivory white. A standard variety.
Alabama No. 1: Rounded. Pods green but develop purple pigmentation. For home gardor
use. Seed, black.
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Fordhook 242: Similar to Fordhook buT- fth increased yield under adverse conditions.
Concentrated: Similar to Fordhook but with pods concentrated in position and in time
of maturity. Seed, white, tinged green.
Peerless: Dwarf Fordhook type. Pods light green and cannot be sold on market as
Fordhooks. Seed, white-cream, tinged green.
Henderson: Baby lima. For home garden use. Seed, cream-white.
Early Wonder: Flattened globe. Tops medium height, green0
Detroit Dark Red: Nearly globular. Tops medium height, green, tinged red.
Crosby Egyptian: Flattened globe. For home garden use. Tops medium-tall, green,
Early Green Sprouting: Early. High total yields in majority of locations.
Freezers and Midway: Promising.
Copenhagen Market: Early. Rounded. Green, smooth-leaved. Small.
Early Round Dutch: Early. Rounded. On peat or muck only. Green, smooth-leaved.
Resistant Detroit: Early. Rounded. Yellows-resistant. Green, smooth-leaved. Small.
Globe: Mid-season. Rounded. Yellows-resistant. Green, smooth-leaved. Large.
Gloy of Enkhuizen: Mid-season. Rounded. A standard variety. Green, smooth-
Midseason Market: Mid-season. Rounded. Green, smooth-leaved. Large.
Marion Market: Mid-season. Rounded. Yellows resistant. Green, smooth-leaved. Large.
Bonanza: Mid-season to late, according to hold-over in field. Rounded. Green,
smooth-leaved. Small, firm heads. Particularly well suited to muck.
Red Acre: Early. Rounded, Generally smaller than later reds.
Round Red Dutch: Early. Rounded. Slightly larger than Red Acre.
Savoy Chieftain; Rounded top, flattened base, Green, curled leaf. Large.
Chinese Pekin Celery Cabbage: Long, narrow heads. Several varieties. For home
Smith's Perfect: Excellent quality, large melon. Resistant to downy mildew,
Several reports of light netting. Later than standard varieties.
Hale's Best No. 36: Heavy netting. A standard variety.
Powdery Mildew Resistant No. 45: Well netted.
Powdery Mildew Resistant No. 3T Fairly well netted.
Texas Resistant No, 1: Moderately netted, Developed for aphid and dowvy mildew
resistance. For home garden use,
Seheca Bender and Schoon's Hardshell: Muskmelon types. Latter is resistant to
worms. For local market only.
Imperator: A standard variety. Root long, tapering to a semi-blunt end.
Nantes: Root cylindrical, blunt end. Shorter than Imperator.
Chantenay Red Cored: Root short, For home garden use,
arly-, Super-, -X and Snowball Y: Suitable strains available.
Snoal1. nd -16: Promising." Not generally stocked.
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Summer or Florida Pascal: Green. Resis-tantto mosaic and early blight. Standard,
Emerson Pascal: YellowI Wide petioles, somewhat short, but large size stalks.
Golden Plume: Yellow, Of the Golden Self-Blanching type, but earlier and shorter.
Keystone Noe 7: Yellow, Somewhat similar to Special Noo 763 and Supreme Golden.
Special Nor 763: Notcgenerally stocked. Yellow
Supreme Golden: Yellow. Of the Golden Self-Blanching type, medium early. Full
heart development. Winter crop,
Tall Non-Bolting Golden Plums: Yellow. Adapted for late spring A degree of
resistance to mosaic compared to other yellow typesS
Vates: High yielding, heavy foliage type.
Georgia: A standard variety,
Louisiana Sweet: Very heavy foliage type.
Ioana and Golden Cross Bantam: Yellow.- remain in standing as dependable varieties.
Many Others: For example, Calumet, Huron, Flagship, Improved Sencross, Aristogold
Bantam Evergreen, Oto, Gold Rush Golden Security, Illinois Golden No. 10, Erie,etcc
Seneca Chief: Excellent quality. For home garden use. Needs best of care.
Marketer and Colorado: Standard varieties.
Palmetto and Santee: South Carolina introductions resistant to downy mildew with
quality comparable to standards. Good yielders.
Straight 8: For home garden use,
Fort Myers Market: Broad blossom-end. A standard variety.
Florida Market: Phomopsis resistant. High yielder. Initially a small percentage
of off-color fruit. A long-shaped fruit.
Florida Beauty: Phomopsis resistant. High yielder. Initially a small percentage
of off-color fruit. As much as 10 days earlier than Florida Market, and fruit
have a definitely more oval shape.
Deep Heart Fringed: Very large deep, wide, bleached heart. Curled.
Green Curled: For home garden use.
Full Heart Batavian: Broad-leaved with deep, vide bleached heart. Smooth.
Early White Vienna: For home garden use,
Great Lakes, Imperial 4h and Cornell 466: Heading types with a tolerance to hot
weather. Cornell 16 developed for muck.
Bibb: Loose heading type. Should be planted early. For home garden use.
B9l'k Seeded Simpson: Leaf type. For home garden use.
Southern Giant Curled: A standard variety.
Florida Broad Leaf: For home garden use,
qWhite Velvet: Pods
Perkins Long Green:
Perkins green pod type.
For home garden use.
A standard variety.
For home garden use.
Excel: Yellow Bermuda type, but earlier anT more productive. Bulbs, flattened.
Flesh, white, mild.
Texas Grano: Yellow. High yielding. Bulbs, top-shaped. Flesh, white, mild.
Creole: Hot. For home garden use. Late. Semi-globe shaped. Thrip resistant.
Moss Curl d (Double- or Triple-):
For home garden use,
A standard variety. Seed, buff-brown, dark brown eye,
Seed white, with black eye. Many strains.
Little Marvel: A standard variety. Seed, squarish, wrinkled and
Hundredfold: Seed somewhat flattened, wrinkled and creamy-green.
lark Skinned Perfection: Recommended in Sanford area.
Laxton's Progress: Seed, elongated, wrinkled, and creamy-green.
For home garden use.
For home garden use.
California Wonder: Sweet. Mostly 4-lobed fruit. A standard variety.
World Beater: Sweet. Mostly h-lobed fruit. A standard variety. Certain strains
are said to be resistant to one form of leaf spotting.
Hungarian Wax: Hot. Yellow, red at maturity. Fruit slender, tapering.
Anaheim Chill: Hot. Green, red at maturity. Fruit slender, tapering. For home
Sebago: White. A standard variety. High yielder.
Kennebec: White. Resistant to late blight. High yielder.
Pontiac and Triumph: Reds. Standard varieties.
Dakota Chief: Red. Good yielder,
Katahdin: Thite. A former standard variety. For home garden use.
Unit No. 1 Porto Rico: A standard viing variety. Variously named.
Ctiet;tBunch 'Prt3oRico: A standard bunching variety. Variously named.
Early Scarlet Globe: Rounded. Red. A standard variety.
Scalet Turnip White Tipped: Rounded. Red with white tip
Cincinnati Market: Long and tapering. Red. Flesh, white,
area. Flesh, white.
Virginia Savoy: Curled type. Not tolerant of hot weather, A degree of mosaic
Bloomsdale Long Standing: Curled type. Holds up around 10 days longer under hot
Dark Green Savoy: Curled type. Dark green for longer fresh appearance. Not tolerant
of hot weather.
New Zealand: Small, broad, pointed leaves. Cuts over long period. Slow germinating.
Suited to summer planting. Not a true spinach,
Early Yellow Summer Crookneck: Bush. Fruit used immature. Enlarged blossom end,
Cocozelle: Bush. Fruit, large, long, smooth. Green tith light stripes lengthwise.
Cylindrical, around 16" by 4" at maturity but usually harvested when one-half this
Zucchini: Bush, Fruit, large but generally smaller than Cocozelle, long smooth.
Black-green overall. Cylindrical, around 13" by 4" at maturity but harvested at
Early Prolific Straightneck: Bush. Fruit, large, but around Zucchini length, long
smooth to sparsely wanted. Yellow overall. Club-shaped.
Table Queen: Vine. Fruit, around 5" by -1" (several strains, pointed acorn-shaped,
dark green, grooved. Used for baking. Flesh slightly fibrous.
Alagold: Vine. Fruit, belle-shaped, 5 lb. Orange overall. For winter use.
White Bush or Patty Pan: Bush. Fruit disc-shaped, white at maturity, 2- lb. For
home garden use.
Missionary: A standard variety.
Ilonmore: A high yielder but with tendency to small fruit in several cases.
Rutgers, Grothen Globe, Stokesdale: Standard varieties.
Manahill: Resistant to fusarium wilt, early blight and leaf spot.
Jefferson: Resistant to fusarium Yilt.
Pan America: Resistant to fusarium wilt. For home garden use.
Southland: Developed for resistance to fusarium vilt, alternaria, late blight and
blossom-end rot. For home garden use.
Japanese Foliage (Shogoin): Rounded. Flesh and skin, ihite. Good greens.
Resistant to aphids. For home garden use.
Cannon Ball (Black Diamond, Florida Giant): Rounded. Solid green. Seed, brownish-
black, mottled. A standard variety.
Garrison: Elongated. Dark green stripes on ivory-cream background. Seed, white.
Mainly local market,
Congo: Elongated. Light green stripes on dark green background. High percentage
of large melons. Anthracnose resistant. 2xtra tough rinds. Considerable hollow-
heart reported in '50 season. Seed, white.
Blacklee: Elongated. Solid green. Fusarium wilt resistant. Seed, black. Mainly
Black Kleckley: Elongated. Solid dark green. Seed, dwite. For home garden use only,
Vegetable Crops Specialist
FLORIDA TYPE OF FARMING AREAS
Prepared by the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Department of Agricultural Economics. September 1, 1945.
Sources of Information: 1. Land in farms-Aerophotographs.
2. Type of farming areas-United States Census data and technical agricultural workers.
2. Northwestern Florida-Cotton,
3. Gadsden-Shade Tobacco
4. Madison-Shade Tobacco
5. North Florida-Flue-cured Tobacco, Cotton
6. North Central Florida-Watermelons, Po-
tatoes, other truck; some citrus
7. St. Johns River
8. Central Florida-some truck
9. Indian River
10. Lower Indian River-some truck
11. Gulf Coast
12. Peace River Flatwoods-considerable truck
14. Hastings-Potatoes, Cabbage
15. Sanford-Celery, Cabbage
18. Plant City-Strawberries
19. Manatee-Tomatoes; some citrus
21. Caloosahatchee River-some citrus
23. Lake Okeechobee-Beans, Celery, Cabbage,
Potatoes, Sugar Cane
24. Pompano-Beans, Peppers
25. Lower East Coast-Tomatoes; some citrus
26. Dade-Tomatoes, Potatoes, Beans, Avo-
cados; some citrus
27. Jacksonville-Dairy, Poultry, Market Gar-
dens (adjacent to large towns and cities)
28. Fellsmere-Sugar Cane
UNSHADED AREAS Little Agriculture; forest;
marsh; cut over land; range for cattle and hogs