Group Title: Berry/vegetable times.
Title: Berry/vegetable times. January 2007.
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 Material Information
Title: Berry/vegetable times. January 2007.
Uniform Title: Berry/vegetable times.
Physical Description: Newspaper
Creator: Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, University of Florida
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
Publication Date: January 2007
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00087388
Volume ID: VID00047
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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January 2007

If UNIVERSITY of From Your Agent...WPS Audit Survival and the
SFLORIDA New Florida Minimum Wage
IFAS Extension

A University ofFlorida/IFAS and Florida
Cooperative Extension Service newsletter
Hillsborough County
5339 CR 579, Seffner, FL 33584
(813)744-5519 SC 541-5772
Alicia Whidden, Editor
MaryC I .mi. ll Director
Gulf Coast Research & Education Center
14625 County Road 672,
Wimauma, FL 33598
(813)634-0000 SC514-6890
Christine Cooley, Layout and Design
Craig K. Chandler, Co-Editor
Jack Rechcigl, Center Director

If your farm has not had a WPS inspection yet, be
expecting a visit in the near future. The goal of the Florida
Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services is to have
every farm inspected once a year. I gave a talk at the Florida
Ag Expo in December about WPS inspections and how to
survive them. Here are the major compliance problems
inspectors have been finding. By knowing these common
problem areas you can make sure your farm operation is
handling them correctly.
The number one problem is the proper WPS training
for workers and handlers. Obviously the first thing to do is to
give WPS training to your workers by the beginning of the 6th
day of work. The real problem is that the workers that handle
pesticides are not being given the extra training that is
required for handlers of pesticides. Therefore, make sure that
anyone that is handling or spraying chemicals has received the
additional handler training before they do any handler duties.
The next area of compliance problems is the posting
of treated areas. Be sure to read the label to see what type of
warning needs to be given to workers oral warnings of the
treated area, posted signs or both. When posting a treated
area be sure to place the signs only around the treated area not
at the farm entrance. Signs are to go up no more than 24

(Continued on page 2)

Lannate Insecticide Cancelled on Strawberries
James F. Price

Methomyl (Lannate) is used in Florida strawberry
culture to control armyworms, thrips, aphids, and sap beetles.
Sap beetles are not on the product's strawberry label, but
"picnic beetles" (sap beetles) are on the methomyl corn label.
Because of carbamate accumulation issues in the food basket,
(Continued on page 3)

IFAS is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that
function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin U S Department of Agnculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Flonda, IFAS, Florida A & M
Umnversity Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of the County Commissioners Cooperating

January 2007

BerryNegetable Times

Berry/Vegetable Times

hours before spraying and should come down
no later than 3 days after the Restricted Entry
Interval (REI) has expired. Remember the
signs are a way to tell your workers what
areas of the farm have been treated and they
are to stay out they are not "do not trespass"
signs for the public.
One of the easiest things for an
inspector to check is the Central Posting on
the farm. Be sure to have your posters up and
that they are not faded. Also be sure the name
and address of the nearest medical facility is
readable. Be sure to see the fact sheet in this
newsletter about required posters. Be sure to
have a record of your spray activity at the
central location. Remember you need to have
the following information listed:

1. Location of treated area.
2. Brand name of spray material.
3. EPA registration number.
4. Active ingredient.
5. Time (when finished) and date of
6. REI.
7. Time and date workers can enter which is
the expiration of REI.

Decontamination supplies need to be
in place for workers and handlers. For
workers you need water, soap and single use
paper towels. Keep in place for 30 days after
the REI has expired. For handlers you need
enough water for washing the body, soap,
paper towels and coveralls in case clothing
gets contaminated. For handlers you need this
at the mixing site and where they remove their
personal protection equipment (PPE). Keep
in place for the duration of the handling task.
Some pesticides may require eyewash bottles
be included in decontamination supplies.
If at all possible avoid early re-entry
by workers into a treated area. If you must
send workers into an area before the REI is
expired be sure they have been trained for
early re-entry. Early re-entry workers and

handlers need to be provided with the PPE
required by the pesticide label. Be sure PPE
is clean and in good condition.
Remember that the pesticide label is
your best source of information for complying
with WPS. Read and follow the label!

New Florida Minimum Wage

On January 1, 2007 a new minimum wage
went into effect for Florida. The minimum
wage is now $6.67/hour, which is a 270
increase from the 2006 rate. Employers are
required by law (Section 448.109 of the
Florida Statutes) to post a notice of the new
minimum wage where workers can see it.
This is another poster for your Central Posting
location. A copy of the poster can be
downloaded from the Agency for Workforce
Innovation at
resoureces/fl min wage.html. Also
remember the federal minimum wage poster
must also be displayed even though the rate is
$5.15/hr. It can be downloaded from the U. S.
Department of Labor website at: http://

.4&A&i t i c/4eI Vegetable Crops Agent
Hillsborough County Extension
813-744-5519, ext. 134

January 2007

Berry/Vegetable Times

(Continued fom page 1)
DuPont Crop Protection has decided to
cancel the use of Lannate on strawberries.
Existing stocks of Lannate labeled for
strawberries can be used until exhausted.
Following are expected impacts that
this cancellation will have on Florida
strawberry production.

Thrips. Methomyl and spinosad (Spintro')
are the products most used by Florida
strawberry farmers for control of flower
thrips that damage developing fruit. With
methomyl unavailable then only spinosad
remains among those favored. Spinosad is
an effective, permitted control agent for
thrips and armyworms but farmers are
restricted to a total of five applications per
season. Without methomyl, farmers must be
cautious not to exhaust the allowable
spinosad in the early to mid season on
armyworms, etc. and leave their crops
without effective thrips control in the critical
late season.
Additionally, the resistance
management program for thrips has
depended on methomyl in rotation with
spinosad. Without methomyl or an effective
replacement, thrips would more likely
develop resistance to spinosad and
strawberry farmers could be without
effective thrips control.

Sap beetles. Two pyrethroids (bifenthrin
(Brigade) and fenpropathrin (Danitol)) and
methomyl are the most reliable materials
used to control sap beetles. Sap beetle
resistance management program depends on
methomyl in rotation with an available
pyrethroid. Without methomyl or an
effective replacement, these pyrethroids
would be without the most favored rotational
partner and resistance to the pyrethroids
would more likely develop and crops would
be without the most effective, critical sap
beetle control.

Armyworms. Bacillus thuringiensis (Dipel,
etc.), bifenthrin (a pyrethroid), fenpropathrin
(a pyrethroid), methomyl, methoxyfenozide
(Intrepid') and spinosad are available to
control armyworms. Newly registered
methoxyfenozide is labeled only for the very
early season when plants are small; thrips
control and resistance management plans call
for allocating a significant portion (if not all)
of the allowable spinosad for thrips control.
Without methomyl, only B. thuringiensis and
pyrethroids would be available for armyworm
control during the mid to late season.
Armyworm resistance could develop more
rapidly to these products, especially to the
vulnerable pyrethroids.

Aphids. Diazinon, endosulfan (Thiodan),
imidacloprid (Admire), methomyl, and
thiamethoxam (Actara) are used by Florida
strawberry farmers to control aphids.
Methomyl is a favored product for aphid
control because it is effective and because an
application to control aphids can also be
effective for armyworms, sap beetles, and
thrips at no extra costs. Without methomyl,
overall pest control costs thus could increase
but Florida strawberry farmers, none-the-less,
would possess adequate remedies for aphids.
Adjusting to strawberry production in
Florida without methomyl is going to be
tricky. There may be new registrations to
emerge in the near future, but until then,
strawberry farmers must be very careful in
managing their insect pests.

The use of trade names in this publication
is solely for the purpose ofproviding
specific information. It is not a guarantee
or warranty of the products names and does
not signify that they are approved to the
exclusion of others of suitable composition.
Use pesticides safely. Read and follow
directions on the manufacturer's label.

January 2007

Berry/Vegetable Times

Managing Anthracnose in Canada
Adam Dale, Professor
University of Guelph

Anthracnose is a devastating disease
of strawberries which is rampant throughout
eastern North America. In Ontario, we first
saw it in the mid-1980's. This coincided with
the introduction of California varieties to be
propagated for Florida. Our propagators
routinely import purple-stock plants, grow
them for one year and then export the
daughter plants to Florida. The main
advantage for Florida growers is that the first
hand of fruit is produced earlier. However, in
our cooler environment, the fungus that
causes anthracnose can survive undetected
on the transplants and then kill them in
In Ontario, we have been taking steps
in the propagation program to improve the
quality and plant health of the strawberry
plants that come from our propagators. Over
the last ten years the Ontario Strawberry
Plant Propagation Program has moved from
a fully government funded program to a
privatized one. This has required everyone
to adjust to a new reality.
The Ontario program is run by the
Achene Committee of the Ontario Berry
Growers Association. The committee has
representatives of all aspects of the Ontario
strawberry industry and the research
community. In 2002, we completely revised
the Ontario program as the last step in the
privatization process. Now all the virus-
indexing has been located at our
micropropagation facilities at the SPUD Unit
of the New Liskeard Agricultural Research
Station of the University of Guelph in
Northern Ontario. The SPUD Unit has been
micropropagating strawberries for twelve
years and recently has been propagating the
new Florida varieties. We are in the process
of constructing a new screenhouse which
became fully operational in the spring of

2004. Some of the first plants from this
screenhouse were used to provide transplants
that came to Florida this year.
At the SPUD Unit, virus-indexed
negative plants are micropropagated at the
most through ten generations. As part of this
process the explants are grown on media to
test for the presence of fungi and bacteria.
Once they have been shown not to be infected
they go through the final stages of
micropropagation, are grown into plug plants
and sent to the propagators. The propagators
then grow the plants for three years. The first
year they are grown in an insect proof
screenhouse, followed by two years in the
field. Throughout the time the plants are in
the program, strict guidelines to reduce pests
and disease and the potential for infection are
enforced. This includes specified isolation
distances, soil and root samples for
nematodes, and tolerance levels for viruses,
fungi and insect pests.
To ensure that the guidelines are
followed, the screenhouses and field are
inspected twice a year by a government-
approved inspector. The inspector inspects
the fields for disease problems and varietal
mixtures. Screenhouse plants or varietal
blocks in the field are destroyed if the disease
tolerance levels are not met.
Our philosophy in the program is to
build in as many checks as possible.
Consequently, observation plots of
micropropagated plug plants of all varieties
are planted at the Simcoe Research Station, of
the University of Guelph. These are checked
for disease symptoms, plant abnormalities and
variety mixtures. They are fruited for two
years and the results of the inspections
communicated to the propagators. This year
the SPUD Unit supplied 36 varieties to the
propagators. These included northern
varieties, and California and Florida varieties
such as Chandler, Camarosa, Festival and
For the last two years, we have added

January 2007

Berry/Vegetable Times

(Continued fom page 4)
an additional check for the varieties destined
for Florida. In the growing season before the
plants are shipped to Florida, representative
samples of the Florida varieties from the
Ontario propagators are sent to Dr Craig
Chandler at the Gulf Coast REC at Balm to
be checked for any diseases or abnormalities.
This allows us to check plants that are further
along the propagation cycle before that last
large planting which produces the plants you
Our propagation program is dedicated
to providing healthy plants, which are true-
to-type, for growers throughout North
America. We wish to extend an invitation to
the leaders of the Florida Strawberry
Growers Association to visit our facilities
and discuss future cooperation. We already
have a close relationship with Dr Chandler,
and would welcome an opportunity to
develop closer ties with the Florida industry
As part of our cooperation with
strawberry scientists throughout eastern
North America, I helped organize a meeting
to discuss ways to eliminate the anthracnose
disease from all our strawberry fields. This
meeting took place at the 2004 American
Society for Horticultural Science meeting in
Austin, Texas. A video of the presentations
is available from ASHS. It has six
presentations including one from Curt
Gaines, a California propagator, and one
from Dr Jim Mertely. I am of the opinion
that with active communication and
cooperation from everyone concerned, we
can develop ways over the next few years to
overcome the insidious disease, anthracnose.
As a personal note, I am enjoying my
sabbatical with Dr Chandler. It is very
interesting to experience a full strawberry
season in an environment very different from
that in Ontario. Craig and I are hoping to
develop some new research initiatives that
eventually will be profitable for both Florida
and Ontario.

Botrytis Fruit Rot May Hit Hard this
Jim Mertely and Natalia Peres

Normally, Botrytis fruit rot causes minor
losses in December and January, and more
significant losses in February, when the main
crop is beginning to come in. Weather
conditions in late January and early February
usually determine if it will be a bad year for
Botrytis. This season may be challenging,
since one of the main ingredients for an
epidemic is already in place. Chemical
company representatives and local distributors
indicate that Botrytis control products moved
early this season. Some growers have already
sustained losses in the early crop. This
indicates that the fungus is already established
in our fields. Assuming the plants are well
colonized by Botrytis, an epidemic could occur
in February. All that is needed is favorable
conditions for spore production and infection
over the next few weeks.
Past research has shown that spore
production and infection are promoted by
temperatures between 60 and 77. When mild
temperatures are combined with long wet
periods due to rain, fog, or heavy dew,
epidemics may occur. Conditions like these
during the upcoming bloom period could
trigger an epidemic of Botrytis fruit rot later in
February. Such "epidemics" are actually the
result of slowly-progressing infections which
start in the flowers and culminate in visible
symptoms 2 to 4 weeks later on green fruit,
ripening fruit, and harvested fruit in the cooler.
Fortunately, a number of good fungicides
are available for the control of Botrytis fruit
rot. These include Captevate, Elevate, Pristine,
Scala, and Switch. Because these products are
relatively expensive, it pays to be familiar with
the pathogen to know how and when to use
them. Botrytis fruit rot disease or "gray mold"
is caused by the fungus Botrytis cinerea. This
(Continued on page 6)

January 2007

Berry/Vegetable Times

(Continuedfrom page 5)
fungus survives by colonizing the flowers
and foliage of a large number of plants.
Strawberry leaves are colonized in the
nursery. After transplanting, Botrytis grows
on the old dying leaves, producing spores
that colonize new leaves and early crop
flowers and fruit. These are the main sources
of inoculum for the eventual infection of the
main crop.
Botrytis attacks fruit using two main
routes. The most important is colonization
of short-lived flower parts such petals and
stamens (photo 1, 2). The other is by direct
contact of healthy fruit with other diseased
fruit, infected fruit stalks, and dead leaves
(photo 3). To reduce losses to Botrytis, think
opened flowers are adequately protected
from Botrytis, over half the battle is won.
This explains why the selection of fungicides
for the main bloom period (mid-January to
mid-February) is so important. During this
period, use at least two of the previously
mentioned fungicides in your Botrytis
control program. Often these products are
tank mixed with captain for suppression of
other diseases. The Botricidal fungicides
should be alternated or blocked, since none
should be used for more than two
consecutive applications, or more than a total
of four applications per season. Keep in
mind that Captevate is a combination of
Captan and Elevate, and that Pristine and
Switch also control anthracnose fruit rot.
Thiram offers a low-cost alternative for
Botrytis control and may be used when
disease pressure is low or when Camarosa,
Carmine, or another moderately resistant
cultivar is being grown. 'Festival' is
moderately susceptible to Botrytis, while
'Camino Real' and 'Sweet Charlie' are
highly susceptible.
We are currently testing predictive
systems for Botrytis fruit rot control, which
may help with spray timing decisions in the

future. These models take into account
weather conditions which favor spore
production and infection by Botrytis.

Photo 1. t r. ti ,. .. ',, stamen.

Healthy fruit also
become diseased when
they touch other
infected plant parts. For
this reason, and to
reduce overall inoculum
levels, diseased fruit
should be removed from
the plants, and
preferably from the
Photo2. field. Diseased and
starting frmt infection.
mummified fruit should

be picked with some of the stalk attached since
diseased pedicles will spread the infection to
any healthy fruit they touch. Other measures

(Continued on page 7)

January 2007

Berry/Vegetable Times

that suppress Botrytis fruit rot include wide
plant spacing and good weed control to
promote faster drying. In addition, harvested
fruit should be cooled as fast as possible to
slow disease progression in storage.
Hopefully, the return of more typical
weather will prevent an epidemic in our main
crop. But if conditions are favorable for
disease, judicious use of the appropriate
fungicides will prevent serious losses. More
information on Botrytis fruit rot can be found
on the University of Florida website: http:// Type Botrytis strawberry in
the search box at the upper left-hand corer
of the page.

Powdery mildew: new options
for disease management
Natalia Peres

Powdery mildew pressure has been
quite high early this season. The disease,
caused by the fungus Sphaerotheca
macularis, typically colonizes strawberry
leaves, flowers, and fruit. Powdery mildew
infections are observed commonly on the
undersides of the leaves as a white powdery
growth (Fig. 1). Strawberry cultivars react
differently to infection. Leaves of
'Camarosa' and 'Camino Real' tend to
rapidly form irregular brown spots with red
to purple margins even though the fungus
may be hard to see with a hand lens. Some
other cultivars such as 'Sweet Charlie' and
'Winter Dawn' support more extensive
fungal growth and their leaves react by
rolling upward along the edges (Fig. 2).
Fruit infections result in seedy fruit or fruit
with visible fungal growth on the seeds.
Powdery mildew is favored by
moderate temperatures and high humidity,
but not rain. Usually, these conditions are
more prevalent in November and December
in west central Florida. Leaf infections tend
(Continued on page 9)

rig. 2. Leaves curlea cause oy rvM.

January 2007

Berry/Vegetable Times

Chemical Fungicide Maximum Rate / Acre Pertinent Diseases or
(active ingredient) Groupa PerApplic. Per Season Pathogens Remarks
Abound 11 15.4 fl. oz. 1.92 qt. Anthracnose Do not make more than 2
(azoxystrobin) Powdery mildew sequential applications and no
Botrytis (suppression only) more than 4 applications per
crop year
Cabno EG 11 14 l. oz. 70 fl. oz. Anthracnose Do not make more than 2
(pyraclostrobin) Leaf spot sequential applications and no
Powdery mildew more than 5 applications per
Botrytis (suppression only) crop year
Do not plant rotational crops
until 30 days after last appli-

NC Do not mix with highly acid
Pristine 11+7 23 oz. 115 oz. Botrytis fruit rot Do not make more than 2
(pyraclostrobin + Anthracnose consecutive applications and
boscalid) Powdery mildew no more than 5 applications
Leaf spot per crop
3 Do not plant leafy vegetables
within 30 days or root vegeta-
bles within 60 days or rota-
tional crops not on label for
one year after application
13 Do not make more than 2
consecutive applications and
no more than 4 applications
per crop
NC Do not use product alone.
Should be used in combina-
tion with other fungicides
NC Do not use product alone.
Should to be used in combina-
tion with other fungicides
NC Do not use during hot
Sulfur Ml or M9 varies varies Powdery mildew Do not use during hot
many brands3 weather

Switch 62.5 WG 9 + 12 14 oz. 56 oz. Botrytis fruit rot Do not make more than 2
(cyprodinil + fludioxonil) Anthracnose consecutive applications. Do
Powdery mildew not plant crops not on the
label for 30 days after last
Topsin M 70 WP 1 1 lb. 4 lb. Botrytis fruit rot Colleto- Do not use Topsin alone. Fun-
trichum crown rot Leaf gicides from different chemi-
Topsin M WSB scorch cal groups should be used in
Leaf blight spray programs for disease
(thiophanate-methyl) Powdery mildew resistance management
1 e.g. Kaligreen, Armicarb, Milstop
2 Prev-Am, Trilogy, JMS Stylet oil, etc.
3 e.g. Micro Sulf,, Sulfur 90W, Super-Six, Microthiol Disperss, Wettable Sulfur, Kumulus, etc.

'M = Multi site inhibitors, fungicide resistance risk is low; NC = not classified. Source: hli ii' i, !! ../ !(FRAC = Fungicide
Resistance Action Committee)
Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemicals.

January 2007

Berry/Vegetable Times

(Continuedfrom page 9)
needs to be controlled early, before it has a
chance to develop extensively in the field.
When many leaves are colonized, a large
number of spores are produced, and the
disease becomes difficult to control.
Fungicide applications may be needed
to suppress powdery mildew at least until
winter weather arrives. See Table 1 (on page
8) for fungicides labeled for powdery mildew
control. One new product in this table is
Quintec, from Dow AgroSciences, that has
just received a label for control of powdery
mildew in Florida. Quintec has a different
mode of action that makes it an excellent
rotational product with fungicides from the
other classes available (e.g., sulfur and
triazoles). Another new addition to the list is
Switch that has just received a supplemental
label for powdery mildew control.
Wettable sulfurs are still a good option
to suppress powdery mildew. However, they
also suppress predatory mites, and can be
phytotoxic when temperatures are high or
when applied within two weeks of a spray oil
application. Triazole fungicides (Nova and
Procure) are still effective for control
powdery mildew but resistant populations
may develop. The strobilurins (Abound,
Cabrio, and Pristine) are also labeled for
disease suppression. However, there is a limit
of only 4-5 applications in a given season and
those products may be needed later for control
of other diseases such as Botrytis and
anthracnose fruit rots.
For resistance management, the
fungicide resistance action committee
(FRAC) has developed a classification code to
indicate the mode of action group of each
fungicide. Some registrants currently identify
the group on the front panel of their product
labels. The numbers (1-37) and letters (M, U,
P) are used to distinguish the mode of action
groups. All fungicides within the same group
(with same number or letter) indicate same
active ingredient or similar mode of action.

This information must be considered for the
fungicide resistance management decisions
and products should be alternated with
fungicides from different groups.

Florida Ag Expo-Success in 2006
Inspires an Annual Event
Christine Cooley

The first Florida Ag Expo hosted by
the University of Florida/IFAS Gulf Coast
REC on December 8 and 9 proved to be a
one-stop resource for all that concerns Florida
fruit and vegetable producers. Over 800
participants attended the two-day event which
included seminars, demonstrations, variety
trials, and exhibits designed to help growers
increase sales, lower costs and maximize
productivity. Ag Commissioner Charles
Bronson along with representatives from
HUD, local industry leaders and UF/IFAS
officials presided over the ribbon cutting
ceremony for the Farm Workers housing unit
constructed at GCREC for the event. The unit
is available to the public during regular
business hours. If you attended the Expo and
have a suggestion or comment, please email

Commission Bronson addresses the audience.

January 2007

January 2007 Berry/Vegetable Times

Hillsborough County Extension Vegetable Factsheet 07-1

Required Workplace Posters

The following are posters which should be posted at the work site. Most can now be
downloaded and printed from the websites listed. Phone numbers are also included
for additional information. Please note that FFVA and FSGA do provide some post-
ers for their members. This list also includes some optional posters and information
on the WPS poster.

The following six posters can be printed from the Poster Page of the U.S. Department of Labor at htt://
www.dol.qov/osbp/sbrefa/poster/main.htm (Or call 1-866-USWAGE or 1-866-487-9243)

Family & Medical Leave Act Needed if you hire 50 or more people at any one time during the
year within a 50 mile radius.

Fair Labor Standards Act Federal Minimum Wage. You must now have the state poster as
well. Florida's 2007 minimum wage poster is available for downloading in English and Spanish
at: http://www.floridaiobs.orq/resources/fl min wage.html.

Job Safety & Health Protection OSHA Health & Safety.

The Law: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

MSPA Migrant & Seasonal Worker Protection Act.

Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act. (A new poster)

Unemployment Compensation (From your insurance carrier)

Workers' Compensation (get this from your carrier broken arm poster)

Florida Human Relations Commission. (Tallahassee, 850-488-7082 or 1-800-
342-8170 for voice messaging) This poster not available online. Call the commission for a

Florida Child Labor (needed only if anyone under 18 is hired) (FL Dept of Labor, Tallahassee, 850-

Tractor Decals (Spanish and English, side-by-side) (These are available from FFVA to members only.
This is supposedly related to an OSHA Training requirement, although when I called OSHA ,
they did not have it on their list of required posters.)

Protect Yourself from Pesticides(EPA WPS Poster) (Can be ordered from Gempler's along with other
WPS materials at 1-800-382-8473)

WH-516 (this is not a poster, but a MSPA disclosure statement that you can post. Optional)
http://www.dol.aov/esa/forms/whd/Form WH-516 Enalish.PDF

P. R. Gilreath and A. J. Whidden, revised January, 2007
(Source: Florida Fruit & Vegetable Association, Florida Strawberry Grower's Association)

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