Iw w'.lalufiI eIdu I
^A- UNIVERSITY OF
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Dr. HN7 'I "'
,UB IC ELftrl
In This Issue
Status of IFAS and CREC Budget. 1
Dr. Moore Retires ..................... 1
News Around CREC
Diaprepes Task Force Mtg .... 2
Spring Seminars ................ 2
Welcome, Farewell ............... 3
Congress Putnam Visit ................ 3
Citrus Fest Winds Up ................. 3
Meet the Braddock Lab
Dr. Braddock ..................... 4
Rockey Bryan ....................... 4
Norman Nehmatallah............. 5
Eve W eiss ........................ .. 5
Program on page 5
is the monthly newsletter for
employees and friends ofCREC.
Would you like to be in "Citrus
Leaves?" We welcome your
contributions, suggestions and
corrections. Editor, Monica
email@example.com, Ext. 233.
Photography, Gretchen Baut;
Production and Distribution: Word
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Flynn and Linda Murphy; Customer
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On the web: www.aLufledu and
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Status of IFAS and CREC Budget
Summary of Budget Matters
by Harold Browning, Center Director
The following is a brief overview of our
budget situation following the special ses-
sion of the legislature that convened in
December. The Special Session called for a
return of state general revenue funds from
the current fiscal year which started in July,
200 1. State agencies were asked for a "cash
callback" to make up for lost revenue from
the declining Florida economy in recent
months. The share of that callback in IFAS
was over $8 million, but some assistance
was provided in meeting the callback
through the legislature approving non-re-
curring funds to replace a portion of the
state funds recalled. Thus, the actual cut
w as about $4.6 million. Administrative re-
ductions, off-the-top savings, and savings
from personnel vacancies were used to re-
duce the impact of the cuts, and ultimately,
individual units were informed of cuts that
they would experience.
By the end December, CREC had returned
$137,000 of state funds to meet our required
reductions. This came from vacant USPS
and A&P positions salary savings. Lim-
ited spending of all state funding at CREC
during the period provided some additional
flexibility Discussions with CR .C faculty
and infrastructure departments led to a plan
to continue providing support to the Cen-
ter under the budget reductions. Details of
the budget for the remainder of the year
include the following:
A freeze is in effect for all USPS and
A&P positions. Those that have been
vacated since the freeze was
implemented will not be filled. but some
substitution of use of OPS to meet
needs of critical positions is being
made. This freeze is likely to continue
past July of2002
see Budget Update on page 2
Dr. Moore Retires
by Dr John Attaway
S-, After 59+ years of service to the Florida citrus grower, Dr.
Edwin L Moore has retired from the Scientific Research
Department of the Florida Department of Citrus, effect i e
December 31, 2001. This is literally the end of an era.
After receiving his Ph D in food chemistry from the Univer-
sity of Massachusetts, Dr. Moore joined the staff of the Florida
Citrus Commission on July 1, 1942. His initial research project
was to find a way to ship orange juice to American service men serving overseas during
the Second World War. The result of the project was the development of frozen concen-
trated orange juice technology which was patented in 1948 by Dr. L.G. MacDowell, Dr.
E.L. Moore and Mr. C.D. Atkins,
In the subsequent years from the 1940s to the 2000s, Dr. Moore contributed -o even
research project by the FCCDOC staff in the area of citrus juice processing.
Dr. Moore continues to maintain his office in the Packinghouse and w'r I
continue to provide his expertise to CREC and the citrus industry.
Citrus Leaves .
:- -Februiry 2002
Citrus Research alid [_`dltcation ('enter- 1NV8%S ;In(] Information Volume 20, No. 2
Budget update... from page 1
With some minor adjustments to the operating budgets for the
remainder of the year, we will continue to support the pro-
grams of the center. The resources of the Center have been
allocated to complete the current year with some contingen-
cies for unexpected facilities repairs, utilities and other needs.
A carry-over contingency also has been set aside to allow
some flexibility as we move into the next fiscal year.
Faculty at CREC have discussed some measures that will
conserve the resources of the Center and several of these
have been implemented, including additional charge backs
on some of the support services at the Center.
The prospects for state budget improvement for the next year
starting in July are uncertain as the Legislature begins to address
state shortfalls, but at this time, the budget cuts experienced
during 2001 may establish the starting point for next year's
budget. We continue to make plans that will help address the
future budget situation. Planning also is advancing in IFAS to
address the budget and its possible impacts on our organization.
The continued ability of CREC faculty and staff to meet our
program goals and address citrus industry challenges will be
based on making some changes to insure that the funds needed
to support the program are in place. Increases in grant funding to
faculty in recent years will provide some ability to substitute for
loss of state funds. Our goal is to make adjustments as the
budget situation unfolds to avoid unnecessary personnel
reductions. Your patience is appreciated as we face the budget
I NES ARUND REC1
Diaprepes Task Force Meeting
February 8, 2002
9:00 9:10 am Welcome and Introductions -Garvie Hall and
Connie Riherd BHG Room 1
9:10 9:30 Status of Congressional Funding for Diaprepes
9:30 9:45 Scope of Diaprepes Research at the University of
Florida- Harold Browning
9:45 10:00 Scope of Diaprepes Research at the USDA
Laboratories Calvin Arnold
10:00 10.30 Polk County Grower Panel J. Steve Rogers
10:30 11:00 Coffee Break
11:00 12:00 Scientific Poster Session BHG Room 2
12:00 Lunch break
1:00 -2:30 Scientific Posters, continued
The public is invited.
Harry E. King IV- OPS (Dr. Albrigo)
Joaquin Gonzalez del Fuente student (Dr. A Ibrigo)
Mark Pobjecky OPS (Dr. Briansky)
Samunder Singh- Postdoc (Dr Singh)
Victorine Alleyne OPS FDOC (C. Davis)
Lyudm) la Tretyak- volunteer (Dr. Michaud)
Daniel Crew s OPS (Dr. Whitney)
Tony Putter Visitor (Dr. R. Lee)
Drew S. Downs OPS (Dr. Childers)
Tanya R. Thompson OPS (G Baut)
All seminars are on Tuesdays with refreshments beginning at
10:45 AM and seminars at 11:00 AM 12:00 PM, BHG Room 1.
Feb. 19- Dr. MahmoodNachabe, Ph.D., Department -ifC il and
Environmental Engineering, University of South Florida. Use of
Precision Agriculture to Determine Variability of Crop Yield in
Dryland Agriculture Systems.
Mar. 5-Dr. Reza Savabi, Research Leader, USDA-AF.S, SiHRS,
Everglades Agro-Hydrology Research Unit, Miami, FL. Title:
To Be Announced
Mar. 26 Dr. Bayram Cevik, Ph.D., former student of Dr.
Richard F. Lee, UF/IFAS Citrus Research and Education Center,
Lake Alfred, FL. Characterization of the RNA-Dependent RN A
Polymerase Gene of Citrus Tristeza Virus
May 7- Dr. Edgardo Etxeberria, Professor, UF/i FAS Citrus
Research and Education Center. Lake Alfred, FL. Title: To Be
May 14 Dr. Larry W. Duncan, Professor. UF/i-AS Citrus
Research and Education Center, IFAS, LakeAlf-ed, FL. Profit-
ability of Using Entomopathogenic Nematodes for Manage-
ment of Diaprepes abbreviatus
May 21 Dr. Muhammad Farooq, Post-Doc with Dr. M. Salyani,
UF/IFAS Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred,
FL. Title: To Be Announced
Sandra McKittrcik OPS (Dr. Dawson)
Cheri Dickinson -OPS (Dr. Graham)
Timothy Dorriety OPS (Dr. Schumann)
Congressman Putnam and Trade Polic3 Officer
Hughes Visit CREC
Congressman Adam Putnam i F L-Disrrict 12, far left and Mr. James
Hughes (second from le n i. a trade policy officer with the British embassy
in Washington. D.C., visited CREC on January 17. Hughes, anew
appointee, represents the United Kingdom in the US on trade police
issues involving agriculture. The purpose of the visit was to familiarize
Hughes with Florida's agricultural industries.
At CREC. Dr. Harold Browning (second from right) spoke to Putnam
and Hughes about the Center's research programs and its role in the
citrus industry. The group also had the opportunity to speak with Dr.
James Graham i far right) about citrus canker research, and with Dr.
Mickey Parish on food safety issues.
The tour for Putnam and Hughes also included the Florida Departmeni
of Citrus, Florida Citrus Mutual, Citrus World and a cattle operation.
Citrus Fest Winds Up
b Left: CREC had an exhibit at this year's Citrus
.CA 4 Festival with free fruit and citrus information.
The exhibit was one of several citrus displ ay in
the Orange Dome.
Righi: The Florida Department of Citrus
brought the world's largest glass of orange juice
to the Citrus Festival. It stands 8 feet tall and
holds more than 730 gallons of orange juice. It
was first unveiled in 1998 to promote awareness
of citrus' health benefits for National Minority
Cancer Awareness week. In 1999, it x as ofic ial I-,
accepted into the Guiness Book of World
Records as the % world's largest glass of OJ!
Congrats in Order
Employees are welcome to submit news and photos o personal andr, m,. :
accomplishments. Submit to Monica Lewandowski. Ext 233 or nmnl,. n o '. i.1 .'.inu
Julia Beretla, above, displays her medal and
T-shirt for running in the Disney Marathon
on January 6. The race course included
back lot areas of Disne .\ world as well as
parts of the parks. It was Julia's first
Bradley Drouillard, above, displays his
medal for earning his way into the 100 Book
Club Rea.ding Incentive Pro.,r,nm in his
kindergarten class. Proud parents are Diana
and Greg Drouillard.
Congratulations to Turksen
and Jcffrtc ShlItl on the
arrival of their new son,
JetLrcv M. Shilts. Jr. on
October 12(6 lb. 15 1/2 oz,
20"). Turksen works in Dr.
MEET ... THE BRADDOCK LAB
Dr. Robert Braddock
For past 32 years, Dr. Robert Braddock, UF Professor of Food
Science. has worked on technology related to processing and citrus
Citrus by-products include the leflo\ er peel. pu Ip and other waste
products generated in juice processing, which are recovered and
converted to usable products. For example, oils from the peel are
extracted for food flavorings, while the rest of the leftover peel,
pulp and other residues are processed into cattle feed and molasses.
Dr. Braddock's work has focused on several aspects of juice and
b.-products technology, including membrane concentration and
freeze concentration, high-pressure pasteurization, feed mill air
pollution, and citrus oil recovery and quality issues. His has also
worked on viscosity problems related to concentration ofpulpwash
in citrus juices, and is currently working with his pdaduate student,
Eve Weiss, on issues related to halogenated compounds in citrus
Dr. Braddock is a native of Port Orange, Florida. He earned a BS
in Mathematics and a MS in Food Science from UF, and a Ph.D. in
Food Science from Michigan State. He came to CREC in 1970.
Dr. Braddock has always felt that "one of my main missions is to
Dr Braddock has mentored
25 students in his career,
including Drs. .Aicket' Parish
and Renee Goodrich.
train students future
scientists and technical
people for the indusir\ "
He has mentored 25
students in his career,
including current CREC
faculty members Dr.
Mickey Parish and Dr.
Renee Goodrich. Currenil, his lab includes iraduaic students Eve
Weiss and Norman Nehmatallah and chemist Rockey Bryan,
Dr. Braddock teaches Citrus Processing Technoloe. which was
the first course taught at CR EC. He originally taught the class in
Gainesville, but began olfcring the course at CREC after the
construction of Ben Hill Griffin. Jr. Citrus Hall. Today, it is one of
the Center's most popular courses and is taken by food science
students from CREC and Gainesville as well as citrus industry
In 1999, Dr. Braddock published the "Handbook of Citrus By-
Products and Tech-nolog ." a 247-page resource for industrial and
engineers, processors and
students. "I have tried to
answer the questions that
have been asked of me all
these years, said Dr.
Braddock, noting that the --
book contains references .
and information that are .
otherwise difficult to find.
"I don't know [of a book]
ant% %here that has this _'__ :
kind of inlo rma ion Rockey Br an dicfl) and Norman Neh
Dr. Robert Braddock and his laboratory are involved in research on
processing and citrus by-products technology. Left to right:
chemist Rockey Bryan. Dr. Braddock, and graduate students Eve
Weiss and Norman \Nchmlallah
\ ith over 90% of Florida's oranges processed mainly into juice,
Dr. Braddock says that processing research is vital to the industry,
"1 feel sort of that the processing research group [at ( RFCJ is like
the tail wagging the dog," he said with a wry smile.
His many outside interests include music, fishing, hunting and
Gator sports. "I'm a big Gator fan," he said. lie plays racquetball
twice a week with Dr. Bill Miller, as he has done for the past 25
Also a musician, Dr. Braddock played clarinet in the Imperial
Symphony Orchestra for 12 years and saxophone in dance bands.
Dr. Braddock currently oversees Facilities issues as part of
C R F C's Faculty Management Committee.
His family includes wife Mary Jo, a former elementary school
teacher, and a son and daughter that both have careers in Florida's
Rockey BrNan, a \N inter Haven native, has worked with Dr.
Braddock for 5 years. Iis lab work involves gas chri mdatoLrdTph\.
capillary electrophoresis, GC-mass spectrometry, high-performance
liquid chromatography (HPLC) and other techniques associated
with analytical chemistry. One of his lab interests is developing
methods for the analysis of compounds.
earned an AA
in pre-law from
Polk Jr. College
College) and a
gree in crimi-
Rockeys career history
includes working in magic
shows at Circus iborld. He
also competed prfes-
sionally as a kick boxer
nology from Florida State University. At FSU, he ma-
jored in criminology with an emphasis in forensics,
and minored in sociology. He was accepted into two
see Braddock Lah, page 5
The Braddock Lab continued ...
Rockey Bryan, from page 4
law schools, but opted to work and earn money for law school.
So... he started working for the Ringling Brothers and Barnum
Bailey's Circus World. then located near Interstate 4 and US 27. At
Circus World, he was a customer services host, an assistant magi-
cian doing magic shows and a sound and light technician.
Impending changes in Circus World management prompted
Rocke> to start job searching, and he found a job with Dr. Herb
Nigg. His work involved running statistical analyses, then later
was trained as a lab technician. When grant funding came to a
close, he took a job at Florida Distillers as a quality control
About ten years ago, Rockey returned to CREC to work for the
FDOC's Dr. Paul Cancalon, and five years ago was hired by Dr.
Rockey's outside interests include karate and the martial arts.
He holds a black belt in karate and competed as a kick boxer (his
record as a professional was 10-2) and as an amateur boxer. He
also delved into Thai-style kick boxing, which Rockey describes
as "a lot rougher." with different rules than the American style of
kick boxing. Nowadays. he focuses on karate and enjoys both
the physical and mental aspects of the discipline.
Norman Nehmatallah is native of Leamington, Ontario
Canada. After graduating with a BS in Food Science and Human
Nutrition from U F, he worked in research and development in the
beverage industry. He decided to pursue a career in this area,
and entered the UF graduate program in the Department of Food
Science and Human Nutrition in Fall 2001
Norman is working towards a MS with Dr. Braddock. His
research involves developing methods for the detection and
quantification of folate in citrus juice using capillary electro-
phoresis. Folate, or folic acid, is an important vitamin found in
citrus. A major goal is to develop methods that can be used to
monitor folate concentrations during processing and storage.
Norman is currently taking Dr. Rouseffs Flavor Chemistry and
Technology course at CREC. After Norman completes his
required coursework in Gainesv ile, he will move to CREC to
conduct research in Dr. Braddock's lab.
Norman's hobbies include playing the guitar and piano and
Eve is working towards an MS in Food Science with Dr. Braddock.
After completing coursework in Gainesville, she moved to CREC
last May. Her research involves the study of halogenated
compounds in cold pressed orange oil, a citrus processing by-
product used for flavorings.
A native of Yonkers, New York, Eve moved to Jacksonville in
1990. She holds a BS in Food Science from UF and entered the
graduate program in Fall 2000.
In her graduate research, Eve has gained experience with
analytical techniques using HPLC, GC and NMR. She is interested
in nutrition and health, and would like to pursue a career along this
Eve is one of four graduate
student finalists chosen to
Among Eve s favorite
present her research at the
American Chemical Society foods. citrus!
National Meeting Agricultural
and Food Chemistry Division in Orlando this April As a finalist.
she will have her travel expenses paid and will compete for a S750
Eve holds a Hunt Brothers Assistantship, funded by an
endowment established by the Frank and Ellis Hunt families in Lake
Wales to support graduate research at CREC. In addition. Eve was
awarded the A.S. Herlong Graduate Fellowship, funded by an
endowment in memory and honor of citrus grower A S. Herlong
Although most of her time is spent with her graduate work, Eve
has a variety of interests, include music and the outdoors. She
plays the piano and has composed music, and enjoys outdoors
activities such as walking, hiking and canoeing. She also enjoys
yoga, cooking and the theatre. Among her favorite foods.. citrus!
Eve works alongside Rockey Bryan and Dr. Braddock in Room
45 in the Packinghouse.
Citrus Canker Info
CREC personnel are reminded that canker decontamina-
tionidisinfection procedures are mandatory for equipment
and personnel working near or contacting any citrus
plant. This includes strict limitations on movement of
plant material, including fruit. Info is posted on a bulletin
board outside the CREC Mailroom.
Manuscripts Submitted to the Publications Committee in January
R T. Villanueva, J. P. Michaud, and C. C. Childers. Ladybeetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) as Predators of Mites (Acari) in Citrus.
L. R. Parsons, T. A. Wheaton, W. S. Castle. Reclaimed Water forAgricultural Irrigation -A Florida Experience. Irrigation Journal.
M. Farooq and M. Salyani. Spray Penetration into the Citrus Tree Canop% for Two Air-Carrier Sprayers. AppliedEngirei rng in
W. M. Miller, W. F. Wardowski, and W. Grierson. Packing line Machinery. Book Chapter for Fresh Citrus Fruits.
Sun Mon Tues Wed Thurs Fri Sat
Plant Path &
Friends 11 am
3 4 5 6 7 Diaprepes8 9
Seminar: Soil Meeting 9 am
Southem Assoc, of Water Meas. PlantPah &
Agricultural 11 am Teach- Friends 11 am
Scientists dinner ing Lab Flavor Chem &
Citnculr II 4-7 Dim Tech 4-8 pm
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Happy Chinese In-service training) Citrus Plant Path &
New Year Rootstock and E cion Varieties Friends 11 am
Problems and O portunities
Flavor Chem &
Citricult 114-7 pm __ Tech 4-8 pm
17 18 Semin.,:19 20 8:3ac m" 1 22 23
CRE Foundation Precision Ag FL Rural Water In-service
mtg 11 am Assoc. workshop training, citrus Friends 11 am
in urban env.
Flavor Chem &
Citricult 1 4-7 pm Tech 4-8 nm _
r* ?-:- 4 0--
mtg 8-30 am
t~ak fnrr' mtn
Flavor Chem &
_ _ q 14
All events subject to change.
4-Southern Assoc of Agricultural Scien-
fists dinner at CRFC
6 Soil water measurement using capaci-
tance sensors." Dr. Colin Campbell, Prof
of Soil Science, Washington State Univ.
11 am, BHG Teaching Lab.
8 Diaprepes Task Force meeting. 9 am -
13-14 In-service training, Citrus Rootstock
and Scion Varieties: Problems and
Opportunities. Dr. Ed Stover, IRREC. BHG
18- CRE Foundation meeting, Packinghouse
Conf. room. Dr. Browning.
19 -'Use of Precision Agriculture to
Determine Variability of Crop Yield in
Dryland Agriculture Systems." Dr.
Mahmood Nachabe, Dept of Civi and Env
Engineering. Univ of South Florida. BHG
Room 1, 11 am- 12 pm (10:45, refresh-
20- Florida Rural Water Assoc. "Focus on
21 Faculty mtg BHG Room. 8:30 -10:30
21 In-service training, Citrus production in
the urban environment BHG Rooms
2,3,4. Dr. Steve Futch.
26- Supervisors mtg, Packinghouse conf
room, 8:30-10:30 am.
Classes at CREC
HOS 6546 Citriculture I Mon. 4pm -7pm,
Dr. Albrigo. BHG Conf room.
FOS 6317C Flavor Chemistry and Technology,
Thurs, 4pm- 8pm, Dr. Rouseff BHG Teaching