Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00116
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: July 15, 1933
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00116
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text
U. S. Dipt. of Agri.,
Library-Period. Div.,
Washington, P.C.

-6 -i
I "




Representing more than 10,000
Growers o'f Oranges and GrapeFruit


Official Publication of the

$2.00 a Year Published Semi-monthly by the Florida Cit- Entered as second-class matter August 1, Volume V
10 rento a Copy rus Growers Clearing House Association, JULY 15, 1933 1928, at the postoffice at Winter Haven, Number 20
S DeWitt Taylor Bldg., Winter Haven, Fla. Florida, under the Act of March 1879.

I Industry Draws Tentative Marketing Plan

and N
Preliminary and tentative steps
have been taken by the Florida
citrus industry to adjust itself to
the national recovery program,
toward which the entire country
is bending heroic efforts. Much
remains to be done, not the least
important of which is the obtain-
official approval by the Secretary of Ag-
re to the marketing agreement which
en proposed for carrying out the terms
new farm law-the Agricultural Ad-
nt Act.
ough Florida growers will be more con-
with the regulations which will govern
rketing of the citrus crop of this state,
phase of the recovery program affect-
us will be the national program which
lly set up.
Chronologically, this is what has taken place
during the past few weeks:
Following the passage by Congress of the
Agricultural Adjustment Act, the Secretary of
Agriculture, through the press of the country,
let it be known that agriculture would have to
i take steps to remedy past marketing methods
.so as to-enable ,ihfar.er or-producer to earn
a satisfactory profit upon his investment. As
in all other agricultural sections, this announce-
ment was received in Florida with considerable
interest, but with little understanding at first
as to just what would be expected from the
Florida citrus industry. Study of the Agricul-
tural Adjustment Act by leaders in Florida's
citrus circles resulted in the assumption that
the industry as a whole must agree upon some
sort of a definite program so that the market-
ing of our oranges, grapefruit, and tangerines
could once more become a profitable enter-
Several meetings were held in the state by
representatives from the Florida Citrus Ex-
change, the Clearing House, and shippers out-
side of both groups, and tentative suggestions
made as to how our fruit should be marketed.
Armed with a draft of this tentative agree-
ment, a delegation from Florida went to Wash-
ington and there, together with representa-
tives from California, Texas, Arizona, and
Porto Rico, conferred informally with govern-

rs Confer With Agricultural Officials
ow Await Secretary Wallace's Approval
ment officials. The result of the conferences lating nol
was the adoption of a tentative agreement- (as regar
subject to the approval of the Secretary of keting of
Agriculture-whichwill have the effect of regu- that all c
I I moniousl

t only the individual state industries
ds to citrus), but will place the mar-
all citrus upon a national basis so
itrus producing areas can work har-
y with each other.

Right here it would not be out of place to
state that the delegation from Florida (com-
prising individuals who have long been keen
competitors) presented a praiseworthy har-
monious front in unanimously adopting the
tentative agreement which, when approved,
will link operations in the state with unmis-
takable federal control. Individual whims and
desires were completely ignored in drawing up
the tentative marketing agreement, and for
once the citrus industry of Florida was stamp-
ed with the impressive label indicating a 100
percent united front.
Briefly, the tentative Florida agreement calls
for the creation of a control committee of nine
members, who will serve as the governing body
for the Florida citrus industry. The members
of this control committee will be selected as
follows: three from the Clearing House, three
from the Florida Citrus ee
(Continued on

Citrus Grove Practices for Summei

Controlling of Insects and Disease

By E. F. DeBUSK, Citriculturist
Florida Experiment Station
(Broadcast Over WRUF, Gainesville)
A well-planned citrus grove management
program provides for certain things to be done
during the summer months, commonly referred
to as the "rainy season."
The first thing is to make sure of a cover-
crop. Where a fair stand of crotalaria has been
obtained and it is struggling with the grass,
the grass crop should be mowed, just above the
top of the crotalaria if practicable, and thus
give the crotalaria a chance to get ahead of the
grass. The mowed grass will shade the ground
and provide a more favorable condition for
growing the crotalaria. When a poor stand of
crotalaria has been obtained or when none was
planted, attention should be turned toward pro-

during a heavy natural cover-crop of grasses
and weeds. Any form of vegetation is desirable
in supplying the organic matter needed in the
soil. During the rainy season, when there is
usually a surplus of water and nitrogen in the
soil, is the time to grow it. When the grass
cover-crop does not grow vigorously and uni-
formily over the middles, results of tests dur-
ing the last three years justify the application
of 75 to 100 pounds per acre of sulphate of
ammonia or some other cheap nitrogen carry-
ing material. This should be applied broadcast,
preferably early in July.
It is hoped that no grower will destroy a
good young cover-crop by "working in" the
summer application of fertilizer. Apply the
fertilizer right on the cover-crop and let the
rains take care of "working it in." Apply
(Continued on Page Five)


Printing Delayed for
News From Washington
This issue of the News comes from the
press quite late but the information on
this page explains the reason for the
The July 15 issue of the News was just
going to press when it was learned that
the administration at Washington was
prepared to confer with representatives
of the various citrus-producing areas of
the country on the question of working
out agreements for the marketing of cit-
rus fruit. In order that the results of
these conferences might be made public
to all growers of Florida citrus fruit, as
early as possible, it was decided to delay
printing of the July 15 issue so that "last
minute news" concerning the conference
in Washington could be included. The
Clearing House regrets this delay but be-
lieves that the information pertaining to
The New Deal, which is printed in this
issue, atones for the tardiness.

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Committee of Fifty Department

(Articles under this heading are prepared and published in the News by the
Educational Committee of the Committee of Fifty. Through this department
members of the Committee of Fifty hope to maintain closer relations with the

thousands of other grower-members of the Clearing House and to report their
efforts and activities to them. The Clearing House Directors and Manage-
ment accept no responsibility for what appears in this department)

To Fit Demand to Production ADVERTISE

Agricultural and industrial groups throughout the
country are focusing their thought and attention on
the new Federal legislation recently enacted, which
proposes to put agriculture and industry under Fed-
eral control in the hope that the country may be speed-
ily returned to normalcy. Whether or not these Acts
will accomplish the purposes intended by Congress
will largely depend upon the cooperation given to the
government by industrial and agricultural groups in
making the Acts effective as speedily as possible.
There is much interest in citrus circles in Florida
and much speculation regarding what the Agricul-
tural Adjustment Act may do to benefit the produc-
ers of citrus fruits in this state, and it is to be hoped
that the Florida citrus industry may be wise enough
and big enough and broad enough to forget the petty
difficulties of the past and place itself in position to
derive every iota of benefit that may be possible in
the Federal enactments.
The problem in Florida is to make the growing of
fruit more profitable for the grower, and to this end
the Committee of Fifty believes that there are a few
major questions that must be definitely settled in order
that maximum benefit may be derived.
The major problem in citrus Florida is to get more
people to eat more grapefruit, oranges and tange-
rines. The increase in the production of Florida cit-
rus in the last ten years has been astounding. In the
I16-87 Florida shipped 1,260,000 boxes.
of 1893-94 production had reached
s. Then came the disastrous freeze of
1894-95 and the amount shipped that year prior to
the freeze was 2,808,187. The year following the
freeze, 1895-96, 147,000 boxes only were shipped.
With a gradual and slowly increasing production, it
was not until 1909-10 that we reached the volume
that we had in 1893-94. Our production in 1909-10
was 6,130,798 boxes. In the ten years elapsing be-
tween the season of 1918-19 and the season of 1928-29
production increased very rapidly, being almost
tripled from 8,946,204 boxes in 1918-19 to 23,200,000
in 1928-29. It is interesting to note that in 1893-94
Florida produced over twice as much fruit as did Cal-
ifornia and it was not until the season of 1897-98 that

California reached the production that Florida had
in 1893-94. So, as a citrus producing state, Florida
was far ahead of California in the early days. How-
ever, following the 1895 freeze in Florida, California
made rapid gains in production, and normal crops
from that state are now over 30,000,000 boxes.
It is readily seen that the production of citrus
fruit in California and Florida has exceeded the gain
in population of the country by tremendous propor-
tions and that in order that these huge crops may be
marketed, much more citrus fruit per capital has to
be eaten every year. We in Florida have given a
great deal of thought and have expended vast sums
of money to increase production and are now finding
ourselves with production in excess of the demand
and are faced with the alternative of cutting down
production or inducing people to eat more citrus fruit.
The sensible thing, of course, is to persuade Uncle
Sam's huge family to eat more Florida citrus fruit and
this can only be done by carrying to them through
advertising and publicity the story of the delicious
quality and health-giving virtues of the oranges,
grapefruit and tangerines produced in this state.
The law of supply and demand will always govern
the value of any product. The manufacturer can ad-
just his production of manufactured products to meet
the demand, but the citrus grower of Florida must
increase the demand to meet the production, over
which he has very little control; and demand for any
product, grown or manufactured, may most cheaply
and effectively be increased by advertising.
Whether you believe it or not, whether you like it
or not, the fact remains that the citrus growers of
Florida every year lose millions of dollars in return
for citrus through failure to invest a reasonable sum
in advertising. Of course, advertising alone will not
accomplish the job. We must send, to meet the de-
mand created by the advertising, only such fruit as
will prove the truth of the advertising done. The cull
piles must in future be kept in Florida. So it is the
firm conviction of the Committee of Fifty that the old
quatrain should be parodied and become-
Early to bed, early to rise;
Dump the culls, and advertise.

Page 2

July 15, 1933


That the Secretary of Agriculture, before
the beginning of the 1933-34 marketing sea-
son, shall appoint a Control Committee of nine
persons to represent him in the administration
of his functions under said Act and this agree-
ment as follows: Three from the Florida Cit-
rus Growers Clearing House Association; three
from the Florida Citrus Exchange, and three
from among the shippers not affiliated with
either the Clearing House or the Exchange, all
to be growers as well as shippers.
at all citrus fruits handled by Shipper in
tate or foreign commerce shall be graded
certified in conformity with the standards
w fixed by the United States Department
agriculture, or as same may be hereafter
fled, and shall show on the container the
grade thereof, or the brand or trade mark
senthng such U. S. grade, provided such
d or trade mark has been registered with
control Committee for a period of at least
y days prior to the use of same; it being
er agreed that any loose fruit which may
'pped by Shipper, not contained in any
ainer, shall be identified as to grade by
ping, marking or branding each individual
For the purpose of carrying out this
of the agreement, Shipper does hereby
e that it will utilize the standard U. S.
section service and will pay to the United
es Department of Agriculture an average
price for such service as the same is ren-
d by its inspectors throughout the life of
sat the Secretary will through the regular
nization of the United States Department
agriculture furnish and supply to Shipper
the standard U. S. inspection service on the
average cost price and standard conditions.
That Shipper shall be governed in the sale,
shipping and distribution of the citrus fruit
shipped or marketed by Shipper by the rules,
regulations or instructions issued by the Con-
trol Committee or by the Secretary for the
purpose of regulating the marketing and dis-
tribution of citrus fruit. Said Control Com-
mittee shall beauthorized to limit and control
the amount of citrus fruit, or any variety or
varieties of same, which may be shipped from
Florida during any period of time, by invoking
any one, two, three, or all of the following
methods of control, namely:
(a) By prohibiting or limiting from time to
t'me, in accordance with the market situation,
the sale or shipment of the least valuable
-grades and sizes of citrus fruit;
(b) By prohibiting or limiting from time to
time, in accordance with the market situation,
the sale or shipment of the least valuable
grades and sizes of citrus fruit to the auction
(c) By prorating among all Florida shippers
- the total Florida tonnage which may be allowed
for shipment from Florida during any period
of time by either of the National Citrus Stabili-
zation Committees or by agreement between
the Control Committee and appropriate Con-
trol Committees representing other citrus pro-
ducing areas of the United States.
(d) By prorating among all Florida shippers
their shipments to the auction markets;

(e) By prorating among all Florida shippers
the total tonnage of tangerines allowed to he
shipped during any period.
It is specifically understood and agreed by
shipper that in the application of any or all of
the systems of control of volume hereinabove
authorized and provided for, it is the purpose
and intent of the Secretary that the interests
of the individual growers shall be recognized
and protected, and to this end the obligation
is hereby imposed upon Shipper to equitably
distribute, insofar as he may be able, the re-
sulting benefits and burdens among the various
producers and owners of the citrus fruit be-
ing handled by said Shipper, by apportioning
the shipments among them insofar as may be
That, for the purpose of eliminating unfair
competition, and for the benefit of the citrus
producers, the Shipper will not sell, dispose of,
or market to any cannery or juice factory, or
for cannery purposes, any citrus fruit at a
price less than 50c per Florida standard field
box, at the packing house or grove.
That in orderto make effective Section 5 here-
inabove, the Secretary will enforce a license
system as to all persons and corporations en-
gaged in the citrus canning business in Florida,
one term and condition of which licenses shall
be the requirement that said canners shall not
purchase citrus fruit in Florida from any
source whatever for cannery purposes at a
price of less than fifty cents per standard Flor-
ida field box at the packing house or grove.
That for the purpose of bringing about as
intelligent a distribution and marketing of cit-
rus as possible the Shipper will report daily
to the Control Committee, in such manner as
may be directed by said Control Committee,
its shipments of citrus fruits for that day,
segregated as to variety and grade; together
with the number of cars sold and prices real-
ized; the number of cars unsold and whether
moving East, West or South; the number of
cars rolling to auction and the destinations
thereof; the number of cars disposed of by
private consignment or joint account sales, or
otherwise marketed in any way.'
That the Shipper will pay to the Control
Committee such uniform charge as may be as-
sessed against it and other shippers executing
agreements identical with this agreement, by
the Control Committee and approved by the
Secretary, per standard Florida packed box or
its equivalent, for all citrus fruit handled by
the Shipper in interstate or foreign commerce
during the life of this agreement, such charge
to be paid monthly on or before the tenth day
of each month for all amounts accruing during
the month preceding. Such charge shall be
fixed with the sole intent of defraying the ac-
tual cost of those services of the Control Com-
mittee to be performed hereunder, and in the
event an excess amount shall be derived from
such charge in any marketing year, such excess
shall, at the end of such year, be rebated pro-
portionately to the shippers by whom the
charge has been paid.
That the Shipper will submit to the Control
Committee its books, records and accounts at
any time for such examination, inspection and

Text of Tentative Florida Agreement

audit as may be required by the Secretary or
the Control Committee.
That the Control Committee shall have
power to adopt such rules and regulations and
enforce such orders as may be necessary to
effectuate the purposes of this agreement and
of the Agricultural Adjustment Act.
That the Secretary will, in order to make the
terms and conditions of this agreement applic-
able to the Florida citrus industry generally,
enforce a licence system under Sub-section 3
of Section 8 of such AGRICULTURAL AD-
JUSTMENT ACT, the terms and conditions of
said licenses, required by all the handlers of
citrus fruit in order to qualify them for oper-
ating in interstate or foreign business, to be
the same as the terms and conditions embraced
in this agreement, individual licenses being re-
quired for each packing house.
That the Secretary will require the Control
Committee to have all of the information fur-
nished to it by Shipper and other shippers,
under paragraph 6 hereof, compiled by one or
more reputable persons designated for the pur-
pose, without disclosing or revealing the name
of any shipper furnishing such information,
save and except as may become necessary by
reason of investigation to determine whether
such shipper has complied with his agreement
and the rules or instructions issued by the
Control Committee hereunder. Such informa-
tion so compiled in composite form by the Con-
trol Committee shall be issued that same day to
Shipper, as well as to all other licensed opera-
tors who may request same, for the purpose of
bringing about as nearly as possible a uniform
price attitude and otherwise assisting all ship-
pers in intelligently handling their marketing
problems. Furthermore, the Control Commit-
tee shall secure daily by wire from all auction
markets such information as will be further
beneficial to the citrus operators of Florida,
such information being compiled and issued in
bulletin form and made available by wire or
otherwise to all licensed operators requesting
same. All of the compiled information furnish-
ed under this paragraph shall be furnished at
the expense of the Control Committee except
that any shipper desiring to receive informa-
tion hereunder by wi' ense
of such wire service.

Text of Tenta ve

National Agreement
(By agreement among representatives from each
citrus area present at Washington conferences, it
was decided that this National Agreement be in-
cluded in and made a part of each State Agree-

It is agreed that the Control Committee shall
join with other State and Insular Control Com-
mittees in the selection of a National Citrus
Stabilization Committee for Oranges, the rep-
resentation thereon to be as follows: Four rep-
resentatives each from California and Florida,
and one each from Arizona, Texas and Puerto
Rico, who shall serve in cooperation with a
National Co-Ordinator to be appointed by the
Secretary of Agriculture.
It is further agreed that the Control Com-
mittee shall join with other State and Insular
Control Committees in the selection of a Na-
tional Citrus Stabilization Committee for
(Continued on Page Four)

July 15 1933_

July 15. 1933

Page 3




T. G. HALLINAN . . . . .. Editor
Co-ordinating members' activities for orderly control
of distribution.
Controlling supplies at key markets.
Disseminating marketing information.
Standardizing grade and pack through impartial in-
spection service.
Increasing consumer demand by advertising and pub-
Securing best freight rates and transportation
Developing mutual interests of, and better under-
standing among growers and shippers.
Maintaining representation of industry in all matters
of common welfare.
E. C. AURIN Ft. Ogden
J. C. CHASE . Winter Park
JOHN D. CLARK. Waverly
J. H. LETTON Valrico
JAMES C. MORTON. .Auburndale
M. O. OVERSTREET . Orlando
E. W. VICKERS Sebastian
E. H. WILLIAMS .Crescent City
R. B. WOOLFOLK .... Orlando
E. C. AURIN President
JAMES C. MORTON Vice-President
JOHN D. CLARK. Sec'y-Treas.
A. M. PRATT. .. Manager

Events in Farm Circles

Moving Rapidly
"Something doing every minute" for-
merly was a favorite ballyhoo expres-
sion for carnivals and similar entertain-
ments, says the Agricultural News
Service. It is quite applicable to Amer-
ican life, and particularly American
farm life, in recent months. For if there
has not been some intense activity
every minute, things have certainly
been happening from day to day and
week to week. It almost makes us diz-
zy trying to keep up with events, which
are of interest in Florida as well as else-
where throughout the Nation.
From the m t the country went
things have been
fast. The Farm
has been set up,
are being made
available for refinancing farm mort-
gages at lower interest rates. This is a
boon to farmers whose farms are mort-
gaged, but new loans should be made
with caution.
The Federal Government is moving
rapidly to reduce surpluses of the prin-
cipal farm crops, such as cotton, tobac-
co and wheat. Cotton and tobacco acre-
age reduction campaigns have just
been conducted in Florida, as well as
throughout the states producing these
Federal authorities also are setting
minimum prices at which some princi-
pal commodities can be sold, and are
placing minimum wage scales and max-
imum working hours for labor.
The State Milk Control Board has set
prices for milk and other dairy prod-
ucts. There is some agitation for a fed-
eral coordinator of the citrus industry.

Coordinators, administrators and con-
trollers are the order of the day. This
is a reversal of the attitude of former
years, but apparently it is meeting with
approval, at least temporarily.
Drastic measures have seemed nec-
essary, but with business deciding to
take an upswing, many of these goals
would have been attained in the nat-
ural course of events, whether there
was drastic action or inaction on the
part of the government. And mean-
time a reaction against so much gov-
ernment control is almost certain to
come within a few months or years.

Inflation Alone Can't

Restore Prosperity
Farmers are asking, "What about the
present price level of farm products? Is
production control necessary now that
farm prices are advancing?
Officials of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture answer those ques-
tions this way: "Inflation alone will not
restore the pre-war purchasing power
of the over-produced commodities -
cotton, wheat, corn, hogs, rice, and to-
bacco. The increases (in prices since
the first part of March) were due in
part to anticipation of the probable ef-
fect of general inflationary measures,
and in part to anticipation of the effect
of production adjustments possible un-
der the new Farm Act."
The Department officials say further,
"Higher prices caused by inflation
alone may tend to increase production
and to intensify the actual maladjust-
ment between production and effective
demand for farm products. Desirable
as a rise in the general price level is,
under existing conditions it must be ac-
companied by production control un-
less and until our normal markets are
And Secretary Wallace adds this
final word, "Without controlled pro-
duction, no price-lifting effort can pos-
sibly work; because if there is no con-
trol of production, the better price in-
creases the next year's planting, and
the greater harvest wrecks the price."

Market News Work

to Continue
The United States Department of
Agriculture has announced that under
the plan for limited continuation of
the market news service a group of
field stations probably will be main-
tained in the fresh fruit and vegeta-
ble growing and marketing areas.
Actual operation of the stations, it
said, will depend upon continuance of
state financial cooperation.
Florida offices tentatively scheduled
to be maintained are: Plant City,
Sanford, Hastings, Bradenton, Belle
Glade, Pompano, Leesburg and Win-
ter Haven.

Tentative National Agreement
(Continued from Page Three)
Grapefruit, the representation thereon to be
as follows: Four representatives from Florida,
three from Texas, and one each from Arizona,
California and Puerto Rico, who shall serve in
cooperation with said National Co-Ordinator
to be appointed as aforesaid by the Secretary
of Agriculture.
All members of both National Stabilization
Committees shall serve without pay but shall
receive their actual expenses. The said Na-
tional Co-Ordinator shall be paid such compen-
sation as shall be fixed by the Secretary. Said
committees shall act only if and when
respective services are required as herein
set forth and shall exercise only such p
as are granted by this agreement as follow
The Citrus Control Committee of any
or of Puerto Rico shall be, and it is h
authorized, on behalf of the shippers and
ers represented by it, to file a petition wit
Secretary asking that he direct the approp
National Stabilization Committee eithere
Orange committee or the Grapefruit co
tee) to consider and decide either of th
lowing questions:
(a) Whether the Control Committee
Shippers of any state or Puerto Rico
operated, with reference to the particular
modity of which such committee shall have
isdiction, contrary to the terms of the a
ment with the Secretary under the Agricul
Adjustment Act.
(b) Whether the market conditions with
erence to the commodity of which said
tional Committee shall have jurisdiction
such as to require national prorating an
lotment of supplies of said commodity in
therance of the purposes of the Act and
terms of said agreement.
The Secretary may thereupon direct an in-
vestigation and require a report and finding
by said appropriate National Stabilization
Committee, upon the particular question or
questions so submitted. Said appropriate Na-
tional Stabilization Committee may for good
and sufficient reasons recommend to the Sec-
retary the revocation of the license or licenses
of all shippers violating the terms of the agree-
ment or Act or failing to comply with the regu-
lations and orders of the State Control Com-
mittee or the National Stabilization Commit-
Each of said National Stabilization Commit-
tees shall also have the power to prorate ship-
ments of the commodity under its jurisdiction
from the several States and Puerto Rico in ac-
cordance with its findings, which proration
orders shall be binding upon all State Control
Committees affected thereby, with provision,
however, that no order to prorate orange ship-
ments may be made except upon affirmative vote
of not less than seven members of the National
Stabilization Committee for Oranges, and ex-
cept likewise that no prorating order for grape-
fruit shipments may be made except upon the
affirmative vote of not less than six members
of the National Stabilization Committee for
Grapefruit. Orders of either of said National
Stabilization Committees upon questions sub-
mitted by the Secretary shall become effective
when notice thereof is given to the State Con-
trol Committees, but shall be subject to the
(Continued on Page Five)

Page 4

July 15, 1933


Citrus Grove Practices

for Summer Months
(Continued from Page One)
enough for the cover-crop to have a little. It
will return it later with big interest.
Where tree-mulching is practiced, a good
time to apply the mulching material is in July
and early August. If not applied too heavily,
this will give time for the material to become
fairly well rotted down by the time the fall
drought period comes on. Apparently it is de-
sirable to have the mulch thin enough during
the periods of light rainfall to permit the light
rains to penetrate through into the root zone
of the tree. Under many conditions it is good
practice to mow the natural cover-crop in July
or early August and rake it to the trees for
mulching. Where this is practiced the middles
should receive at least one application of nitro-
gen-a year, expressly for the cover-crop.
he rainy season is a good time to touch up
areas of poor soil condition in the grove.
production can be greatly improved on
spots by hauling in stable manure, leaf
grass, muck or any other form of vege-
matter. Where the supply of such ma-
1 is limited the best results may be ob-
d by applying it from within a foot or two
e trunk of the tree outward as far as the
y will go. In some cases it is needed worst
e spots in the middles to stimulate a uni-
owth of cover-crop. An application of
osphate all over the ground may be very
le. More attention should be given to
ing organic deficiencies, and probably
Deficiencies, especially in our light
sandy soils. The poor tree condition found in
certain sections and groves is very probably
due to a deficiency of rare plant nutrients or a
lack of availability of these nutrients because
of the loss of tree roots resulting from prolong-
ed and intense drought. To rejuvenate these
trees may require a long and tedious process
of soil conditioning and soil building. It is time
to take warning and try to find out how to pre-
vent such tree conditions. This is a problem
for research.
A very heavy infestation of whitefly is noted
in a good many groves over the state at this
time. It has been amply demonstrated that
whitefly can be controlled economically by
spraying infested trees with cultures of white-
fly fungus Red Ascharsonia during the
rainy season. Infested trees should be examin-
ed at this time, and if the red ascharsonia does
not appear quite generally on the under side of
the leaves cultures should be obtained from the
State Plant Board, Gainesville, and sprayed
according to printed instructions sent out with
each order. One spraying should be effective
two pr three years or even longer under favor-
able conditions.
The grove should be inspected for rust mites
every week or two even during the rainy sea-
son, especially where the dusting program is
followed. In many instances sulphur dust ap-
plied at the beginning of the rainy season is
washed off by a heavy rain soon after it is ap-
plied, and consequently gives protection
against the mites only to the extent of killing

the adult mites present at that time. The eggs
present hatch later and these mites may nullify
the results of the dusting.
I might call attention at this time to two
serious weaknesses in the dusting program in
rust mite control. In the first place, as a rule,
not enough sulphur is applied to the tree. Ber-
ing trees should receive from % to 1 % pounds
each. In the second place, those applying the
sulphur dust seem to lose sight of the fact that
gravity acts on particles of sulphur as well as
on falling leaves, fruit and other objects. In
other words, they apply the sulphur dust to the
lower part of the tree branches and expect it
to just float right up through the branches and
cover all parts of the tree. As a matter of fact
the sulphur particles are attracted to the
ground just like other objects and the result is
poor coverage of the tree and consequently
poor rust mite control.

Tentative Marketing Plan
(Continued from Page One)
from the shippers and marketing organizations
not affiliated with either the Clearing House or
the Exchange-all nine members to be grow-
ers, as well as shippers.
Broadly affecting marketing operations in
the various states will be the National Stabili-
zation Committee-one for oranges and one
for grapefruit-which will have judiciary au-
thority over all the citrus producing states and
Porto Rico. Generally speaking, these National
Committees will see to it that each citrus pro-
ducing state abides by its respective contract
with the Secretary of Agriculture and, if pro-
rating or allotment of shipments becomes nec-
essary, the National Committees will lay
down the rules and regulations covering this
procedure. Working with the Stabilization
Committees will be a national coordinator who
will be appointed by the Secretary of Agricul-
The above is briefly the broad plan of opera-
tion. More in detail, the tentative agreement
includes the licensing by the Secretary of Agri-
culture of all operators, the adoption of U. S.
grading standards and U. S. inspection service;
a minimum price on grapefruit for cannery
purposes; the collection and dissemination
under the direction of the state control com-
mittee of marketing information and similar
details which may be later directed by the
control committee.
It should be understood that all of the work
done to date by the industry representatives
who conferred in Washington with government
officials has been tentative and is subject to
approval or disapproval by the Secretary of
Agriculture. It is felt that in the main the
marketing agreement as drawn up by the Flor-
ida representatives will be approved with pos-
sibly a few changes here and there. The gov-
ernment has made it very plain that the indus-
tries themselves must work out their own sal-
vation, relying on Washington for authority to
administer the program decided upon.
No definite date has been set for final ap-
proval by the Agricultural Secretary of the
Florida marketing agreement, or the national
marketing agreement, but it is expected that
the Secretary will take action within a short

Page 5

Tentative National Agreement
(Continued from Page Four)
further orders of the Secretary of Agriculture
upon appeal or otherwise.
Specific power is given to each of said Na-
tional Stabilization Committees to adopt rea-
sonable rules and regulations for the transac-
tion of its respective business hereunder, in-
cluding the right to allow members thereof to
be present by proxy or to vote on any question
by wire or otherwise.
All expenses of the operations of said Na-
tional Stabilization Committees and the Na-
tional Co-Ordinator above mentioned for any
year shall be paid by the Control Committees
of the several states and Puerto Rico out of the
funds realized by said Control Committees,
from the shippers in their respective jurisdic-
tions, from the assessments made on license
fees charged by i methods of
state operation.
any year shall bq
eral States and P
the respective tonnage o orange
fruit handled in interstate or foreign com-
merce by each of said respective areas in each
marketing year.

The Brogdex trade mark on a
box of fruit has come to mean a
new standard of appearance and
keeping ability. This reputation
in the market has been establish-
ed by a decade of performance.
Buyers recognize th Bro dex ad-
vantages and are
more for them.
Appearance, b
qualities and being able to ship
with less refrigeration are factors
that greatly influence the grow-
er's net return. Get these settled
right and you will be surprised
what a difference they will make
in another season's operations.
There is a Brogdex packer near
you-it is to his interest to get
you more money for your fruit
and he will do it, too, if you pack
your fruit the Brogdex way.

Florida Brogdex
Distributors, Inc.
B. C. SKINNER, Pres.
Dunedin, Florida

Page 6


Citrus Men Who Attended
Conferences in Washington
Merton L. Corey, New York, Florida Repre-
sentative; Dr. E. C. Aurin, Fort Ogden, Pres.
Clearing House; J. R. Bynum, Fort Myers, Lee
County Pkg. Co., Clearing House; J. C. Chase,
Sanford, Chase & Co., Clearing House; John D.
Clark, Waverly, Waverly C. G. A., Clearing
House; D. M. Courtney, Palmetto, Shipper,
Clearing House; S. L. Holland, Bartow, Coun-
sel, Clearing House; P. C. Morrell, Avon Park,
grower; J. M. Morrow, Auburndale, Adams
Pkg. Co., Clearing House; James C. Morton,
Winter Haven, Vice-Pres., Clearing House; W.
H. Mouser, Orlando, W. H. Mouser & Co.,
Clearing House; A. F. Pickard, Lakeland,
Chairman Committee of Fifty;Archie M. Pratt,
Winter Haven, Mgr. Clearing House; A. R.
Sandlin, Leesburg, grower; C. A. Stewart,
Frostproof, L. Maxcy, Inc., Clearing House; R.
B. Woolfolk, Orlando, American Fruit Grow-

yen, F. C. E.; C.
F. C. E.; W.
C. Gillett, Tam-
.; S. L. Looney,
lampa, Growers Loan & Guaranty Co., F. C.
E.; W. H. Smith, Leesburg, Leesburg C. G. A.,
F. C. E.; John A. Snively, Winter Haven, F. C.
E.; John S. Taylor, Largo, Pres. F. C. E.
David Bilgore, New York, David Bilgore &
Co.; W. G. Blair, Clearwater, David Bilgore &
Co.; Gervaso H. Border, New York, Lee & Ed-
wards, Tampa; R. E. Foster, Tampa, Tampa
Union Terminal; A. E. Fowler, Lakeland, Chan-
dler-Davis Co.; Lawrence Gentile, Orlando,
GentiliBros. Co.; B. Kilgore, Clearwater, West
Coast Fruit Co.; J. J. Parrish, Titusville, Nevins
Fruit Co.; Howard Phillips, Orlando, Dr. P.
Phillips & Sons; Wm. G. Roe, Winter Haven,
Fruit Co.; Andrew Spada, Tam-
k, Spada Fruit Co.
rson, Los Angeles, Calif., Pres.
n t. Co.; Paul S. Armstrong, Los
Angeles, Gen. Mgr. Calf. Frt. G. Ex.; C. M.
Brown, Redlands, Calif., Gold Banner Assn.;
J. 0. Cook, Boston, Cal. Frt. Gro. Ex.; J. S. Ed-
wards, Redlands, Calif., Gold Buckle Assn.; R.
H. Gast, Los Angeles, Agricultural Dept. C. of
C.; Bruce McDaniel, Redlands, Calif., Gen.
Counsel, M. O. D.; C. B. Moore, Los Angeles,
Calif., West. Gro. Protective Assn.; C. C. Tea-
gue, Santa Paula, Calif., Pres. Cal. Frt. Gro.
N. L. Allen, Chicago & Weslaco, Tex., Nat.
SKirk, San Bonito, Tex.,
rk, Inc.; T. M. Melden,
.CiL. Frt. Gro. Ex.; C. O.
Sec. Rio Grande Valley
er, Weslaco, Tex., Rio
Grande Valley Cit. Ex.; H. Raymond Mills,
Eslaco, Tex., Texas Grapefruit Corp.; John H.
Shary, Mission, Tex., Pres. Tex. Cit. Frt. Gro.
Ex.; E. V. Sprowl, Mission, Tex., Sprowl Fruit
Co.; D. B. Well, Mission, Tex., Webb Market-
ing Co.
L. C. Smith, Phoenix, Ariz., Pres. Arizona
Citrus Growers.
Santiago Iglesias, Porto Rico, Resident Com-
missioner; Geo. M. Kendall, New York & Porto
Rico, Porto Rico Frt. Union; J. P. Klein, Porto
Rico, Porto Rico Frt. Ex.; Louis I. Obergh,
Porto Rico, Legal Advisor to Resident Com.;
Wm. H. Stanton, New York & Porto Rico, Por-
to Rico Frt. Ex.; G. H. Wildman, Porto Rico,
Porto Rico Frt. Union.
Robin Hood, Washington, Sec.-Treas. Nat.
Coop. Council; M. S. Knight, New York, J.
Walter Thompson Co. Adv. Agency; John L.
Peters, New York, Sgobel & Day; L. M. Rhodes,
State Marketing Comm. of Fla.; Dr. Wells A.
Sherman, Washington, D. C., Frt. & Veg. Div.
Bureau Agri. Econ.; H. W. Wallace, Jr., Phila.,
N. W. Ayer & Son, Adv. Agency.

/ Crotalaria was planted on 68,000 acres last
year compared with 5,000 acres in 1928. The
nitrogen returned to the soil from last year's
crop is estimated to be worth about $340,000.

July 15, 1933
There are 380,060 acres in Florida planted
to citrus, according to inspection figures of the
State Plant Board. This represents an invest-
ment of about $231,000,000.

Gilmer M. Heitman tells:

,4M. x&g/L ce.

"Yield, Quality and Earliness of Ma-

turity have been Entirely Satisfactory"

WHAT Gilmer M. Heitman, President
and Treasurer of the Caloosa Groves &
Improvement Company, Fort Myers, Flor-
ida, has to say about Armour's BIG
CROP Fertilizers is the strongest possi-
ble recommendation a grower can make
for its use. As a basis for his statement
he gives his experience on more than four
hundred acres of citrus groves---trees of
all ages---both seedlings and budded
stock---and he says that from experience
he would not hesitate to recommend most
heartily the use of Armour's BIG CROP
Fertilizers. Consider his experience in
making your own fertilizer selection and
remember that yield, quality and earliness
of maturity are just as important to you
as they are to Mr. Heitman.

The letter reproduced here is typical of
many similar expressions from a large num-
ber of Florida's most successful growers.
Such letters show the experience of grow-
ers in practically every section of Florida
and indicate the importance of proper fer-
tilization. While citrus growing calls for
real agricultural and horticultural skill, a
large part of the battle is won when you
select and use the right fertilizers. Armour's
BIG CROP Fertilizers are manufactured
with that idea clearly in view and from
actual use their value has been recognized
by countless growers in Florida. Use
Armour's BIG CROP Fertilizers this year
and learn from your own experience how
they help to produce better crops. There
is a special grade for the exacting needs
of your tees. See your nearest dealer to-
day or let us send a Field Representative
to consult with you.

Lnoe using Armour's BIG CROP Fertilizers
he yield and quality and earliness of
maturity have been entirely satisfactory
nd while I have fertilized heavily, have
xperienoed no trouble from ammoniation.
rom yV past experience I do not hesitate
o recommend Armour's BIG CROP Fertili-
ers for citrus culture most heartily.


If you have not already received a copy of our new "Citrus
Booklet" write for a copy today.

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