Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00046
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: August 25, 1930
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00046
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text
"L j L V 6.. J
Bureau of Arig. Econ.,
U. S. Dept. of Arig.,
Washington, D. C.


Sec. 435%, P. L. & R.
U. S. Postage
1c. Paid
Winter Haven, Fla.
Permit No. 11

Representing more than 10,000
SGrowers of Oranges and Grapefruit

10 Cents a Copy
$2.00 a Year


SOfficial Pub'licatioo of the

AUGUST 25, 1930

Volume II
Number 22

'Shipping Time Extended to June 15th

SApple Shippers Enlisted

In Opposing Borax Suit

During the apple growers' con-
vention which was held recently in
Grand Rapids, the assistance of the
International Apple Shippers' Asso-
ciation was enlisted by officials of
the Clearing House and American
Fruit Growers, Inc., in intervening
in and opposing all Borax cases.
The apple growers in each apple
growing state will appoint commit-
tees to present the case to the gov-
ernors, attorney generals and com-
missioners of agriculture in these
states, inasmuch as action must
technically be taken through the at-
torney generals of the states and
not by individual organizations.
Although the Clearing House is
actually handling the case in which
it is participating through its own
attorneys, this is being done in the
name of the State of Florida through
the attorney general. Excellent pro-
gress is being made and hope is ex-
Spressed that the case will be won. It
may be necessary to intervene in
other suits and the Clearing House
attorney and officials are keeping
themselves well informed in all of
the cases in order to take any ac-
tion deemed expedient.

Manatee is the first county to
officially report the second bait
spraying completed!
The above news was contained
in a telegram received at the
Clearing House headquarters Fri-
'day, August 22nd.
The telegram read as follows:
"Spraying completed yesterday,
twenty-first have twenty-two spray
cans for release; letter follows.
(Signed) "LEO. H. WILSON,
"County Agent."

Green Fruit Inspection
Force Will Mobolize
For Inspection Sept. 1st

Mayo Announces Plans For
The Season; Headquarters
Again In Winter Haven
O. G. Straus, superintendent of
field forces last year, will again
have charge of the green fruit in-
spection, it was announced by Na-
than Mayo, Commissioner of Agri-
culture at Tallahassee. The inspec-
tion will commence September first
and headquarters will be in Winter
Haven as last season, the Commis-
sioner said.
The inspection will be carried on
with the usual thoroughness,
throughout the state citrus areas
and at all shipping points. The ap-
pointment of inspectors will begin
within the next two weeks and the
service will be maintained until the
end of December.
New men will be added from time
to time, the Commissioner said, the
fifteen or twenty veterans of last
year's force being re-employed as
the nucleus of the force.
We Stole This'n
Jackson-"It's all a mistake about
the Irish being such good fighters."
Jackson-"Yeah! Last week me
and my brother and two other fel-
lows almost knocked an Irishman

Home Defense
"Dear miss," wrote a particular
mother to the teacher, "don't whip
our Tommy. He isn't used to it. We
never hit him at home except in self-
defense."-Better Health.

Stringent Regulations of

Last Season Unnecessary

Under Present Conditions

Secretary Hyde Sets Shipping Season to June 15 and
Greatly Modifies Quarantine Restrictions

When in conference with officials
of the Clearing House and others in
Orlando, August 2nd, Secretary of
Agriculture Arthur M. Hyde and
Chief of Plant Quarantine and Con-
trol Administration Lee A. Strong
stated that the time of shipment for
the coming season would probably
be extended to June 1, 1931. It is
therefore even greater cause for re-
joicing that since going back to
Washington, these officials have de-
termined upon June 15 "as the clos-
ing date for shipments.
The importance of this announce-
ment cannot be over-estimated. With
two additional months for distribu-
tion of the larger crop which is ex-
pected, and the opening of the mid-
dle west to shipments of unsterilized
fruit, the citrus industry of Florida
finds itself in a practically normal
condition. Especially is this true
when there is every reason to hope
that the southern states will be open-
ed to unsterilized fruit for at least
a portion of the winter. This, of
course, as has been pointed out be-
fore, is dependent upon continued
freedom from signs of the fruit fly.
Stringent Rules Not Needed
In making the announcement of
these modifications, Secretary Hyde
points out the fact that the three in-
festations discovered during the past
eleven months, each of which was
limited to one or two fruits, have
been so slight that some of the more
stringent requirements enforced last
season are no longer required.
It is stated that the southern and
western states where the fruit fly
would become especially injurious,
if introduced, will continue to be
protected against any possibility of
fruit fly introductions, by the steri-
lization of Florida fruit (except
limes) shipped to that part of the

country. Shipments to the South
and West, however, may be con-
tinued throughout the shipping sea-
son this year instead of being lim-
ited to the mid-winter months as
they were in the winter of 1929-30.
Unless serious new outbreaks of the
fruit fly are discovered, shipment of
Florida citrus fruits throughout the
entire United States can be con-
tinued to June 15, 1931, when there
will be a final clean-up of the pres-
ent crop several months in advance
of the time the crop for the follow-
ing year will mature.
"Infested Areas" Reduced
The so-called "infested areas," in
which especially careful safeguards
are required, will be reduced in size
this season. Heretofore they have
included areas having a one-mile
radius from points of infestation. In
the future only properties -within
one-half mile of infestations will or-
dinarily be classed as "infested."
Sterilization is required as a condi-
tion of interstate shipment of all
host fruits and vegetables produced
in an infested area, except under
special conditions outlined in the
It is also pointed out that the re-
strictions on reshipments of Florida
products were more stringent last
year than will be needed the coming
season, and that all reshipment re-
strictions from the northeastern
states to the middle west are re-
The general quarantine situation
is most encouraging and it is gen-
erally hoped and believed that the
restrictions necessary-during the
coming shipping season will be so
negligible as to cause no interfer-
ence in the normal channels of dis-
tribution and marketing.



Page 2


Practical Suggestions for Handling

Cover Crops in Citrus Groves

By LOUIS H. ALSMEYER, County Agent, Highlands County
(Talk Given at Farmers' & Fruit Growers' Week at Gainesville, August 11-15)

The time of seeding of a cover
crop in a citrus grove will depend
upon the crop used and the local
conditions. Velvet beans furnish the
best example of the former. This
legume requires a very long grow-
ing season to get best returns and
so the seed should be planted in
March or very early in April. When
sowing cowpeas or beggarweed much
better results are secured when the
seed is sown just before the grove
is "laid by" for the summer. Cro-
talaria seed does not germinate as
uniformly as either of the above
legumes and even though the seed
is sown in March some plants will
still be coming up in August. Dur-
ing years of normal rainfall May
seems to be one of the best months
to sow the seed, but March and April
are good and much better months
than June for this purpose. Seed
can be sown in July but the crop
will not make much growth until
late in the Fall and the tonnage per
acre will be low.
One peck of bunch velvet beans,
or two pecks of cowpea seed is used
per acre when the seed is drilled in
with a corn planter; but when the
latter seed is broadcasted and then
worked in with a disk harrow three
pecks of seed is required per acre.
Ten pounds of beggarweed or cro-
talaria seed is sown broadcast per
acre and then the seed disced in.
In some of the heavier soil types ex-
cellent results have been secured by
using the Acme instead of the disc
harrow. This season many of our
growers used a disc grain drill to
sow their crotalaria, using only five
pounds of seed per acre and putting
the seed about two inches in the
ground. They secured a much bet-
ter stand than where ten pounds of
seed had been put in with the disc.
They were able to sow the seed ex-
actly where they wanted it in the
midilles :between the trees and this
will decrease the cost of hoeing and
the danger of the pumpkin bug dam-
age. However, when the plants were
a few inches high and dry weather
hit them they started to die off very
fast. Some who have used this meth-
od are reporting that they are not
expecting to drill in their seed again
next year, but those who used both
the grain drill and the disc harrow
methods report they find little dif-
ference in the stand secured by
either method. The latter report
they will secure a grass seeder at-
tachment for their drill and use this
next year. If they can get as good
stand by using the drill as by using
the disc and are able to save in cost
of seeding both in labor and seed,
they will much favor the drill.
Inocculation will not need to be
provided for cowpeas or crotalaria
as the necessary bacteria will be
found in most grove soils. Where
beggarweed has not been previously

grown good results are secured from
inocculation. This can either be
done by using the prepared inoccu-
lation, or by securing soil from a
grove where good crops of this le-
gume have been grown and mixing
equal parts of this soil and seed just
before sowing. This latter method
has one objection in that it may
bring in weed or grass seed, but the
value of a cover crop in a citrus
grove seems to be related to the
tonnage produced and many grow-
ers are wanting this tonnage even
though it is composed of weeds.
The first year that crotalaria is
grown on the land the plants are
not as vigorous in growth during
the early part of the season as they
are the succeeding years. It has
been proven that if the crotalaria is
not allowed to bloom and form seed
pods that there will be no pumpkin
bug injury. This can be best ac-
complished by cutting the crotalaria
with the mower or rotary cutter in
the summer just after a few of the
central spikes of this legume have
come into bloom. Where crotalaria
has been previously grown this stage
of growth occurs during July or
early August, depending upon the
date when the grove was "laid by"
in the spring. The crop is mowed
about seven or nine inches above
the ground and soon stools out and
makes new top growth. If the pump-
kin bugs are present in any number
when a quantity of the crotalaria
comes into bloom the second time,
the crop is again cut down with the
mower or rotary cutter.
Generally this system does not al-
low the crotalaria to reseed itself,
and plans should be made to reseed
the following spring. However, sev-
eral of our growers have found that
by mowing the crop high in July or
August that by the time the plant
makes a new top and starts to make
seed that it is late in the fall and
the pumpkin bugs are very scarce.
They then allow the crop to mature
seed and the seed crops matured at
that time have been several times
heavier than when grown in the or-
dinary way.
Pumpkin bugs feed on all of our
main citrus cover crops except grass
and one of the main problems in
growing any of these cover crops is
the control of the pumpkin bug. In
your grove you must work out the
way to control these insects as we
have done when we used crotalaria
as a cover crop.
In mowing the cover crop in the
summer, the mower which can be
attached to the side of a tractor
equipped with rubber tired wheels,
is very economical. This season in
the Lake Placid Groves Company
groves they were able to mow the
cover crop both ways at the rate of
twenty acres per day, and at a cost
of $12 per day.
(Continued on Page Five)

August 25, 1930

Mayo Dade Offers

Helpful Aid on

Fruit Picking

Former Chase & Company
Man Stresses Need of
Careful Picking

There are not many people in
Florida who do not know Mayo
Dade. If any one has been in the
game longer, Mr. Dade will know it
or make you prove it. His heart is
still in the old game, though he had
to give up being so active early in
Mr. Dade, now in DeLand, made
his headquarters most of the time in
Arcadia and for most of his life rep-
resented Chase & Company, and be-
cause he knows so many of the
grower-members of the Clearing
House we are taking the liberty of
copying part of Mr. Dade's letter to
the Clearing House:
"Packing House Managers' Meeting:
"I am in receipt of your nice
booklet giving full report of this
meeting. It's good and I am read-
ing it with interest. I am interested
in it all, but especially interested in
your comments on picking. This is
one of the most vital and important
parts of the business. Long stems
and plugs! I have had three and
four crews in groves and never had
but little trouble. Fifteen years ago
I had Chase & Company make some
small Pads covering "long stems,"
"clipper cuts," "plugs," "sand in
box." I had the foreman when I
wasn't around, go through boxes
once or twice a day, or I usually
happened in the grove any old time.
I would count 100 oranges from
each box and I wouldn't hesitate
to call out the good ones or badly
picked ones in a nice way and it
wasn't long before I could count
100 without a defect. Ever since
then I have never had trouble as
the pickers knew I wouldn't stand
for it. It's the same all along the
line. Every one should pull together
and if there is any reprimanding to
do, do it in a nice way. Then if the
worker gets ugly fire him."
Mr. Pratt's reply to Mr. Dade is
given here also, as this subject of
picking and handling methods is re-
ceiving special attention by shippers
and others at this time:
"Your comments regarding pick-
ing and field work in general are of
special interest to me, as I believe
that Florida is not yet awake to the
improvement possible by applying
more uniform and more strict meth-
ods in picking and handling fruit. It
should be against the law to use a
scissor-clipper in Florida. As it
stands, it is pretty hard in some dis-
tricts to get the snub-nose clipper
used, if some other shipper permits
his help to use the scissor clipper,
which is faster (or at least they are
more accustomed to it so they think
it is faster). Every picker should
be required to wear gloves so his
(Continued on Page Three)

Mexican Fruit Fly

Threat to Southwest;

Is Found in Sinaloa

Two Lots of Plums Found To
Contain Fly Which Is Enemy
To Citrus And Stone Fruits

The Mexican fruit fly is believed
to have passed the "zone of de-
fense" in Mexico and to have pene-
trated the State of Sinaloa on the
Gulf of California, where it pre-
sents an increasing threat to the
fruit centers of the Southwest, ac-i
cording to the Plant Quarantine and
Control Administration of the U. S.
Department of Agriculture, which
reports the seizure at Nogales,
Ariz., of two lots of plums infested
by this dangerous enemy of citrus
and stone fruits.
Maggots of the fruit fly were in-
tercepted at Nogales for the first
time on June 3, in plums discovered
in the baggage of a passenger who
said they were bought somewhere
between Guadalajara, in the State'
of Jalisco, and Mazatlan, in the
State of Sinaloa; and the second
time, June 11, in plums purchased
in a market at Nogales, Sonora.
Quarantine authorities could not ob-
tain definite information as to the
origin of the plums, but it appears
that they were shipped from Sinaloa'
and that the Mexican fruit fly is
now established in that State.
"The finding of this pest in fruit
from Sinaloa is of special import-
ance," says the administration, "be-
cause so far as heretofore known
the States of Sinaloa, Sonora and
Nayarit, bordering the east coast of
the Gulf of California, have been
free from infestation. The Mexican
government had created a 'zone of
defense' around these States to pro-
hibit the movement of host fruits by
land, water, or air into or through
that zone. Indications that the fruit
fly is established in Sinaloa, several
hundred miles closer to the orchard
and trucking districts of our South-
west than hitherto known, illustrate
forcibly the increasing risk of the
introduction of this pest through
border ports near the fruit centers
of Arizona and California."
The Mexican fruit fly has caused'
serious losses along the eastern sec-
tion of the international border. In
1927 and again in 1929 infestations
were discovered in the Rio Grande
Valley of Texas. Diligent inspection
and rigorous eradication measures,
which included the maintenance of
a starvation period during which no
host fruits were allowed to ripen,
are believed to have eradicated the
pest from Texas, and no infesta-
tions have been reported since April,
1929. This fruit fly is particularly
dangerous to citrus fruits. In the
Texas infestations the Mexican gov-
ernment aided the United States
control forces by enforcing the star-
vation period on the Mexican side of
the Rio Grande.


Heard at the Convention
The following article is an excerpt from one of the talks given at
the convention of Packing House Managers June 10 and 11 at Winter
Haven under the auspices of the Clearing House. Several of the talks
given were published in previous issues of the "News," space not per-
mitting inclusion of all of them.

"Trickle" System of Coloring

Is Proving Satisfactory
(Formerly with United States Department Agriculture)

When I began the survey of citrus
fruit coloring last packing season to
determine the cause of the large
amount of decay in citrus fruit when
it got to market, I found the state
infested with the same type and
method of coloring rooms that the
packers had ten years ago when
,they had less difficulty in coloring
than at the present date. It seemed
that in the past few years the pack-
ers had given little time to the study
of coloring, although the desire of
the grower to use more fertilizer
and especially on the part of some
growers to use considerable am-
,.moniated fertilizer together with the
rush the packer has acquired to be
the first to get fruit on the market
had, with the old method of color-
ing which was a method that could
not be rushed, proved a failure
under the present day competitive
rush to market.
Temperatures Were Varied
Under the old system of coloring
with the old type of rooms and tents
where the fruit was put in the
rooms, heated with a kerosene stove,
using the stove for both heat and
gas, the packer had no way of keep-
ing an even temperature. My find-
ings in these rooms, as well as in
,the tent system of coloring which
gave practically the same results,
were that the temperature in these
rooms varied from top air to bot-
tom air as much as 40 degrees, the
top air sometimes going as high as
112 degrees while the temperature
at the bottom of the room was ac-
P tually lower than it was at the time
the fruit was put in the room. This
condition was absolutely unavoid-
able as there was no way of circu-
lating the air in these rooms to give
the room an average temperature by
mixing the top and bottom air. The
fruit under this condition was sub-
jected to either ethylene or kero-
sene gas, sometimes for as long as
120 hours without fresh air or hu-
midity. As the heat went up the
humidity went down, causing great
shrinkage in the fruit together with
a large percent of stem droppage
which invites decay.
In this system of coloring I found
that the amount of ethylene used
,was very large, no one using less
than 30 pounds every 24 hours and
some, trying to speed up their color-
ing to meet the demand for fruit,
using as much as 240 pounds of
ethylene every 24 hours without any
Fresh air. Under this last condition
I checked the fruit on the grading
belt and found 53% decay and 97%
stem droppage. I found fruit that

was colored in kerosene rooms that
would smell and taste as plainly of
kerosene as if it had been sprayed
with same.
No Temperature Control
This type of room had a very poor
system of heating in cool weather.
It was practically impossible on cool
mornings or nights to keep the tem-
perature above 75 degrees and under
a temperature this low the coloring
gases have very little if any effect
as the best temperature for the max-
imum speed in coloring is from 85
to 88 degrees, which temperature is
not injurious to the fruit's flavor or
keeping qualities.
I checked up on this method of
coloring which was not equal to the
present day rush to get the fruit on
the market under the short packing
period we now have and not fair to
the fruit to subject it to treatment
as long as it was being treated, for
no citrus fruit should be allowed to
remain in a coloring room over 78
hours under this condition. Then I
went to work to find a way, if there
should be one, to color citrus fruit
quicker and better without defect to
the flavor or keeping quality.
I found the idea of circulating
air, on the same principle of the
blood circulation in the body, would
give the coloring room a uniform
heat from top to bottom, very sel-
dom having a spread of more than 3
degrees in the top and bottom air-
getting my desired heat from a low
pressure steam boiler and a radia-
tor placed where the air, as it is re-
turned to the room, will pass direct-
ly over the radiator. Under this con-
dition, equipped with a thermostat,
I got the desired temperature, auto-
matically controlled, that I needed.
I now had the air circulation neces-
sary to have uniform temperature
but I had to have humidity which is
necessary to properly coloring.
When the heat is raised the humid-
ity lowers and to keep the fruit
from shrinking the desired amount
of humidity had to be supplied
which was done by a small steam jet
placed between the throat on top of
the stack and the suction fan, let-
ting the steam, which is really hu-
midity, pass directly through the fan
and be evenly distributed in the
room, this being controlled by a cut-
off valve.
Fresh Air Supplied
Then the problem of fresh air sup-
ply had to be reckoned with, as fruit
as well as a person cannot last long
without injurious effect from lack
of fresh air. Without proper fresh
(Continued on Page Five)

All Counties Show Splendid

Progress in Bait Spray Work;

100% Cooperation Indicated

The bait spray campaign is making very splendid progress, and it is
apparent at this time that most of the counties will have a one hundred
per cent record, in that all groves will have been sprayed. There is prac-
tically solid co-operation from the growers of the state.
The counties which will likely finish the two sprayings first are DeSoto,
Hardee, Hernando, Lake, Manatee and Marion. These six counties are
expected to finish the work on the second application this week.
The following counties are well along with their work on the second
spraying: Alachua, Brevard, Citrus, Clay, Duval, Flagler, Highlands,
Martin, Okeechobee, Orange, Pasco, Palm Beach, Pinellas, Polk, Putnam,
Sarasota, Seminole, St. Johns, St. Lucie, Sumter and Volusia.
The counties of Broward, Dade, Hillsborough, Indian River, Lee and
Osceola are still busy with the first application of the spray.
It will be seen from this that the work is being carried on in very
fine shape, and we can justly be very proud of the teamwork which is
making this thorough campaign a complete success.

The splendid co-operation on the
part of growers and every one con-
nected with the bait spray campaign
of the Clearing House has been the
cause of many expressions of appre-
The following letter received by
this office illustrates the manner in
which the work has been carried on
and the good spirit of co-operation
which has existed between all those
who are doing this work:
Raiford, Fla., Aug. 13, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
Your favor of 12th, also telegram
of today have both been received,
and the bait also rolled in today.
In the same mail with this letter
one goes to Mr. Garrett informing
him of the receipt of this bait and
asking that he come and get us
started in its use as per his sugges-
Permit me to say that I was not
only surprised but very much pleas-
ed at the prompt action you took in
this matter, and I want to say that
if all your dealings with citrus
growers are as prompt and satisfac-
tory as this I can envision soon an
hundred per cent enrollment. I sin-
cerely trust that this may soon be
Thanking you for prompt atten-
tion and also for this bait material,
I am
Very truly yours,
Nurseryman and Horticulturist
Florida State Farm.
The following letter thanking the
Federal Fruit Fly Board for the un-
usually fine assistance which they
have given the Clearing House will
also be of interest to all of our
Winter Haven, Fla., Aug. 18, 1930.
Mr. W. C. O'Kane, Chairman
Federal Fruit Fly Board,
Orlando, Florida.
My Dear Mr. O'Kane:
Our bait spraying work is draw-
ing to a close. It has been quite
uniformly successful. The various
counties have performed splendidly.
I question if any group of growers
anywhere ever supported such a

campaign more whole-heartedly and
Our work has been greatly helped
by the activity of your bait spray-
ing section under Mr. McCubben.
The employees of this section have
not only examined the quantity and
quality of the work but have also
willingly assisted us in showing
various communities how the work
should be done.
We are most grateful for this
type of co-operation. It has been a
pleasant task and its success has
been largely due to the helpful atti-
tude of these men.
Very sincerely,
(Signed) A. M. TILDEN,

(Continued from Page Two)
finger nails will not nick the fruit.
Every man or woman in a packing
house, that touches an orange
should have gloves, including those
at the grading table, those that pull
down the fruit and those that pack
the fruit.
S"Every field box, before it goes
out, should be examined for nails,
splinters, blue mold or other dan-
gers. All these things could be car-
ried out if everybody, would agree
to do it but it is hard for individual
operators to do so single-hand.
"The reason I feel so insistent on
this thing is, that Florida is only
four or five days away from the
market. Therefore, it is possible,
with even some carelessness in our
methods, to deliver our fruit in
sound condition, provided it is ship-
1ped under ice. But it is not the
condition of the car on arrival that
really tells the final story. The rea-
:son for Florida selling at times for
,so much less money than California
is, that Florida fruit does not keep,
from the time the carlot receiver
receives it until it reaches the con-
sumer, as well as California fruit;
and I believe much of this handi-
cap in keeping quality, maybe all
of it, could be eliminated by more
exacting requirements in our pick-
ing, hauling and packing methods,
so as to reduce to a scientific mini-
mum any possible chance of me-
chanical abrasions."


August 25, 1930

Page 3

Page 4

Enthusiasm of Growers

Shown in Meeting Held

At Ft. Pierce Aug. 8th

Favor More Adequate Fund
For Advertising Fruit; Vote
S For Better Inspection

Ft. Pierce was host to the Com-
mittee of Fifty and about one hun-
-dred fellow-grower members of the
Florida Citrus Growers Clearing
House Association on the occasion
of the committee meeting held in
that city August 8th. Members of
the committee attending included
James C. Morton, Auburndale, chair-
man; John D. Clark, Waverly, first
vice-chairman; M. 0. Oversteet, Or-
lando, second vice-chairman; F. E.
.Brigham, Winter Haven, secretary;
Harry. Askew, Bartow; Dr. J. A.
Garrard, Bartow; C. D. Gunn, Haines
City; Frank I. Harding, Babson
Park; Dr. James Harris, Lakeland;
A. F. Pickard, Lakeland; Theron
Thompson, Lake Hamilton; James
Thompson, Winter Haven; T. C.
Bottom, Valrico; I. W. Watts, Val-
rico; J. C. Merrill, Leesburg; J. B.
Prevatt, Tavares; F. J. Alexander,
DeLand; Tom S. Carpenter, Jr.,
Crescent City; B. J. Nordman, De-
Land; J. J. Peterson, Pierson; J. R.
Donegan, Narcoosee; C. A. Garrett,
Kissimmee; F. M. McDonald, Ply-
mouth; M. T. Baird, Vero Beach; G.
A. Draa, Mims; R. R. Gladwin, Ft.
Pierce; W. M. Reck, Avon Park; Al-
fred Skinner, Cocoa; D. S. Bore-
land, Ft. Myers, and Henry G. Mur-
phy, Zolfo Springs.
Much enthusiasm was displayed
by the attendants and many issues
were brought up for discussion in
which the voice of the grower play-
ed an important part. Of especial
interest were the short talks given
,by various grower members on the
subject of an extensive advertising
*campaign this season. The unani-
Smpus opinion was that the fruit
should be advertised extensively,
and the Committee of Fifty is can-
Svassing the grower membership
throughout the state by letter for a
majority opinion on the subject, the
letters having been sent out from
the headquarters at Winter Haven
the past week.
Form Committee Reports
Dr. James Harris and Mr. J. C.
,'.Merrill, on a committee appointed
"for the purpose of drawing up Pack-
Sing House Forms, gave the follow-
Sing report:
"'"Whenever possible the growers
:.-hould receive such advance notice
Saswill enable him to be present while
.' hs fruit is being picked should he
so desire.
r; .."After picking, the grower should
tpromptly be furnished the number
i-. boxes and the itemized charges
',L.fdr' picking and hauling. If desired
l ie. should be notified when the fruit
Srun- through the packing house,
Bd.fter the fruit is packed the
should be furnished a report
result. When the fruit has

been sold the grower should be fur-
nished a report showing through
what channels the fruit was sold,
and an itemized box account of all
charges. Information as follows
should be furnished: picking, haul-
ing, coloring, processing, pre-cool-
ing, packing, freight, iceing, bunker
rent, auction charge, brokerage or
selling retain, Clearing House,
Clearing House co-op advertising. If
any shipper has any additional
charges other than the above they
should appear itemized."
The report was accepted and the
committee authorized to present it
to the Board of Directors and Oper-
ating Committee of the Clearnig
Tilden Comments On Quarantine
Alfred M. Tilden, president of the
Clearing House, spoke regarding the
changes in the quarantine. Mr. Til-
den emphasized the importance of
the opening of the mid-west to cit-
rus this year and expressed the ex-
pectation of further modifications in
the near future, his belief being
that the southern territory will be
granted, but this, he thinks, depends
entirely on the grove sanitation and
the efficiency with which the grow-
ers carry out the bait spray pro-
gram now in progress throughout
the state.
Chairman Morton spoke at length
on the functioning and purpose of
the Clearing House, and emphasized
the necessity of increased grower
Motion was made and carried that
the Committee of Fifty urge the
Board of Directors to increase the
appropriation for the inspection
service this year, the committee in-
sisting that everything possible be
done to better this service.
The committee voted thanks to
the Lake Wales Highlander, the
Tampa Tribune and the Sanford
Herald for editorial comment ap-
pearing in those papers urging the
necessity of a more adequate adver-
tising fund for the coming year.
The September meeting of the
Committee of Fifty will be held at

Threatened Increase

In Diversion Rates

Averted by League

Robinson Letter Is Good
News to Citrus Growers
of State

There is good news for every one
in the citrus industry in the fol-
lowing letter received by Manager
Archie M. Pratt, from Mr. J. Curtis
Robinson, Executive Vice-President,
Growers & Shippers League. An ef-
fort has been made to raise the
charges for diversions of cars en-
route, which would increase the de-
ductions from growers' returns, and
the prompt and efficient action of
the League in combating this is

Adams Packing Co., Inc _Auburndale
Alexander & Baird Co., Inc.
_____ __________________Beresford
American Fruit Growers, Inc.
______. ______.....Orlando
Browder-Fowler Fruit Co.....Arcadia
Burch, R. W., Inc._-....--- Plant City
Emca Fruit Co ..........-Crescent City
Fields, S. A. & Co ..-------.. Leesburg
Florida Citrus Exchange-.._- Tampa
Florida Mixed Car Co..-. Plant City
Florida United Growers, Inc.
____---.----- -_-_------ Winter Haven
Fosgate, Chester C. Co.---. Orlando
Gentile Bros. Co.-____--_ ---. Orlando
Herlong, A. S. & Co....-_- Leesburg
Holly Hill Fruit Products, Inc.
-______-----------___ _---Davenport
Keen, J. W.__1- _______ Frostproof
Keene, R. D. & Co. --- ... _-__Eustis
Lamons, D. H.---___.------- Ft. Myers
Lee, J. C., Sr... .._----- .. Leesburg
Lovelace Packing Co-_Winter Haven
Maxcy, Gregg -_ --......._--Sebring
Maxcy, L., Inc...------. -Frostproof
McKenney-Steck, Inc...........Orlando
Merrion & Dodson ..-Winter Haven
Milne-O'Berry Packing Co.
.____.....-.St. Petersburg
Mitchell, J. M.-__ __- Elfers
Mouser, W. H. & Co. -_-. Orlando
Nelson & Co., Inc.__ -... ---Oviedo
Orange Belt Packing Co-.._-- Eustis

largely responsible for the fact that
the effort has been abandoned for
the present.
Mr. Robinson's letter follows:
"I am happy to advise you, and
through you the members of your
organization, that the Executive
Committee of the Southern Freight
Association at its meeting in Mon-
treal last week had stricken from
their docket the question of pro-
posed new rules and charges govern-
ing diversion and reconsignment of
fruits and vegetables.
"The new proposal which was
suggested by the National Diversion
and Reconsignment Committee was
as follows:
First Diversion.......................... Free
Second Diversion -----......................$2.70
3rd, 4th and 5th Diversion...... 6.30
Subsequent Diversions.............. 9.00
"This was first referred to the
southern carriers by the National
Diversion and Reconsignment Com-
mittee in April. Protests in behalf
of the growers and shippers of Flor-
ida were registered by the League,
its executive officials, and the traf-
fic managers of several of our lead-
ing citrus and vegetable shipping
organizations, who are members of
our Traffic Committee.
"Considerable correspondence was
exchanged by the Executive Vice-
President of the League with the
traffic officials of the Florida lines
and other southern carriers, point-
ing out the tremendous burden and


Richardson-Marsh Corp.._.. Orlando
Roper, B. H. --_______--.Winter Garden
Stetson, John B. Est. of__.. DeLand
St. Johns Fruit Co..--___. ...Seville
Sullivan, H. C...----......... Frostproof
Sunny South Packing Co_-Arcadia
Tampa Union Terminal Co.-.Tampa
Welles Fruit & Live Stock Co.
_-- --__-___ _Arcadia
Associated With Other Shipper-
Armstrong, F. C...--_------. Palmetto
Babson Park Citrus Growers Assn.
_________Babson Park
Chase & Co..... -__--___ .. .. Sanford
Citrus Grove Dev. Co., The
____-_-_- Babson Park
DeLand Packing Co........... DeLand
Fellsmere Growers, Inc. -Fellsmere
Holly Hill Grove & Fruit Co
--- Davenport
Indian River Fruit Co ._- Wabasso
International Fruit Corp. Orlando
Johnson, W. A .....----...- -Ft. Ogden
Lakeland Co. Inc., The --_Lakeland
Lake Wales Fruit Packers, Inc.
__ __ .____ -Lake Wales
Mammoth Grove, Inc. _Lake Wales
Middleton, W. D-....._ Isle of Pines
Ulmer, H. D. ___ -...... Clearwater
Valrico Growers, Inc ----_Valrico
Vaughn-Griffin Packing Co.-Howey
West Frostproof Packing &
Canning Co._ ---West Frostproof

handicap that would be imposed on
citrus and vegetable shippers if the
proposed increased charges were
made effective. Members of our
Executive Committee, including Mr.
J. C. Chase and Mr. E. D. Dow of
the Florida Citrus Exchange, Mr.
Lawrence Gentile of Gentile Bros.
Co., Mr. J. R. Crenshaw of the
American Fruit Growers, Inc., Mr.
J. M. Campbell of R. W. Burch,
Inc., as well as several leading veg-
etable shippers, including Sanford-
Oviedo Truck Growers, explained to
the southern traffic officials the
necessity of continuing our present
diversion and reconsignment rules.
"I feel sure that the traffic offi-
cials of the Florida lines as well as
other southern lines are convinced
that diversion and reconsignment
charges must be only such as to re-
strict the abuse of the privilege and
not unnecessarily penalize our per-
ishable industry as undoubtedly
they had considerable difficulty in
convincing some of their associates
that it was inadvisable to increase
the present diversion charges.
"It is impossible to tell how much
saving has been made by this friend-
ly attitude of the southern lines to-
ward our industry, but undoubtedly
it would amount to several thous-
ands of dollars annually and we ap-
preciate their friendly interest.
"Yours very truly,
(Signed) "J. Curtis Robinson,.
"Executive Vice-President." ':

.. .- ., ,

SAugu. 5,. -,
August 25, 1930

Shipper-Members of Association
The shippers named herewith are members of the Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association and they are the ONLY members of this organization.
In fairness to these shippers who are supporting the Clearing House, as well as
helping to build the organization, grower-members should urge their neighbors
to join and ship through one of these operators.



~~1j FdAvrtsu iij-

-1.i~' 1t

I., ;



JCV O - -D -1 -S


,August 25, 1930

Clearing House Bringing Relief to
Tarpon Springs, Fla.
Florida Citrus Growers Clearing
House Association,
Winter Haven, Florida.
It is my opinion that the theory
of the clearing house organization
has always been correct. The prac-
tice has been far from perfection,
but in the past year you have come
nearer reaching that point than
ever before. We are looking for-
ward to a continued correction
whereby the practice will be in
keeping with the theory, and when
this is done we believe you will have
the finest organization and one that
will do the most good to the most
people in the State of Florida.
We appreciate the obstacles you
have had to contend with, but think
you made greater progress last year
than in many previous years com-
'bined, and it is gratifying to see
that the chances are that the out-
come of this will be a long looked
for relief by the growers of this
state. Very respectfully yours,
(Signed) J. C. M'CROCKLIN.

"Get Together More Often"
Merritt Island, Courtenay, Fla.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
The suggestion in last issue of
"Clearing House News" read, and as
for one member, I will attend every

S (Continued from Page Two)
A recent development in High-
lands County is the rotary cutter
made of angle irons bolted onto belt
pulleys clamped onto a solid steel
axle and then with the old blades
from the veneering machine at the
crate mill bolted onto the angle
-irons. This is then fitted into a steel
framer and is drawn behind a trac-
tor. It is about thirty inches high
'at the highest part and from five
and a half to eight feet and a half
wide. This cutter rotates and cuts
the cover crop, sticks, etc. into
lengths about nine inches long and
cuts the crop off from two to nine
inches above ground. This machine
..pulls about as heavy as a disc har-
row, requires very few repairs, lasts
a. long time and covers more acre-
age per day generally than can be
covered with a mower. It works
'like a cotton stalk cutter which it
r"much resembles, and in addition to
mowiting the cover crop, chops it up.
'.-One grower is now building a
machine like the above except that
i. j

meeting arranged for in this section.
What growers need is to get to-
gether more often and to discuss
their problems. I hope enough
members will write you to indicate
proper interest on their part. I am
confident the Clearing House has
been a great help since organization.
Yours truly,
(Signed) D. C. WILLIAMS.

Advertise Medicinal Properties.
Chicago, Ill.
Florida Citrus Growers Clearing
House Association,
Winter Haven, Florida.
I am interested as a newspaper
man in publicity and advertising,
and while there has been a great
improvement in your advertising,
yet these ads will in the future
doubtless be even more attractive
and hence more effective.
If there are any medicinal prop-
erties in grapefruit, why not say so
frequently? If the Florida orange
has one third more juice than any
other orange, why not keep telling
the people that over and over again
until they get it in their heads. Our
orange juice is very popular and
many people buy oranges just for
the orange juice.
I hope your organization will
continue to encourage canning fac-
tories, as that means some good
money for all the growers.
Wishing you continued success.
Very sincerely yours,

instead of using the veneering ma-
chine blades, he is welding a special
hard steel to the angle iron to form
the cutting blades.
In the fall the cover crop can be
cut down with the rotary cutter or
with the disc harrow and allowed to
lie on the ground for a couple weeks
when it can be cut again and enough
of it incorporated into the soil to
prevent having a fire risk. Crotalaria
roots are very long and tough and a
good way to lose your patience is to
try to turn under a crop of cro-
talaria with a plow. If the crop is
cut down thoroughly a few weeks
before plowing, many of the roots
will be dead and the plowing will be
easier. No crotalaria should be al-
lowed to stand over in the citrus
trees as this will furnish early breed-
ing places for pumpkin bugs the fol-
lowing year if frost does not kill the
The plots at the Citrus Experi-
ment Station at Lake Alfred show
natal grass to be at least equal to
if not a little better cover crop than
cowpeas if a good stand of the for-
mer is obtained on Norfolk sand.
When using natal grass as a cover

The Grower's Voice
Under this heading will be published communications from grower members
of the Clearing House Association, who desire to voice opinions upon matters of
general interest to Florida citrus growers. The Association cannot, of course,
assume responsibility for the opinions expressed in these letters, but believes
growers should have the opportunity of expressing themselves if they are willing
Sto assume the responsibility. Communications should be as brief as possible-
preferably not more than 250 words in length-and MUST be signed with the
writer's name and address (although not necessarily for publication).

crop much heavier tonnage will be
secured if cultivation is stopped
early in the summer. When it is
incorporated in the soil in the fall,
an application of some cheap inor-
ganic nitrogen fertilizer at that time
will prevent the trees turning yel-
low as the result of a shortage of
When the cover crop is knocked
down in the fall, best results are se-
cured if it is left near the surface of
the ground. The disc harrow or ro-
tary cutter are much better and
cheaper than the plow.

(Continued from Page Three)
air supply the oxygen of the room
will be replaced by carbon dioxide
gas. Now to supply the desired
fresh air, there is a vent placed be-
tween the throat and the fan. This
vent is made so you can give the
room from one to four square inches
of fresh air, but in my tests I found
that two square inches of fresh ail
continuous during the period of col-
oring was sufficient to supply the
desired amount of fresh air for e
one car room or from 400 to 500
box room.
With the circulating air, humidity
and fresh air supply, I started a
series of tests of kerosene gas blown
in the room against ethylene gas
shots. I ran this test under exactly
the same condition, fruit from the
same grove, same temperature and
humidity, keeping a box of the fruit
before treatment and a box of fruit
from each room after coloring to
check the flavor and keeping quali-
ties. This fruit was kept in the
laboratory of the U. S. Department
of Agriculture at Orlando for 36
days and it was found that the keep-
ing qualities of the fruit colored
with ethylene were considerably the
best and the fruit colored with ethy-
lene gas had keeping qualities prac-
tically as good as the same fruit of
the same grove that was not colored.
However, this fruit showed some
stem droppage.
In this series of tests I had cut
the time of coloring considerably
and we conceived the idea that if
kerosene was going in the room con-
tinuously, why wouldn't ethylene
trickled continuously color better
than the shots, or the presence of
ethylene gas in the room at all time
be better than shots, or a certain
amount at intervals. What we need-
ed was speed, for speed at times
plays a very important part in the
price of fruit. The trickling of ethy-
lene gas into coloring rooms was un-
known and we had to study out how
this could be done. We got together
a gage that was connected directly
to the tank of ethylene, and turned
the full pressure of the tank on this
gage. Connected to this high pres-
sure gage was another gage and
from 5 to 20 pounds of pressure
turned on this gage. Then to this
low pressure gage we connected a
diaphragm and the amount of gas
passing through this diaphragm was
so small that the pressure against

the nozzle that determines the
amount of gas that was going in the.
room had to be determined by a
manometer which is read according
to the water pressure in the U tube,
measured by inches, one inch giving
approximately 9 pounds, two inches
giving 16.30 pounds, 3 inches giving
23.40 pounds, 4 inches giving 28.60
pounds every 24 hours.
This being accomplished, I started
the so-called trickle coloring of fruit
and with a very happy result. I
found that the fruit in this room
run against the same fruit under the
Trickle System Succeeds
same condition in another room with
ethylene shots, using 30 pounds of
ethylene every 24 hours, and the
trickle system using 23.40 pounds
every 24 hours, broke 10 hours
quicker and colored in two-thirds
the time that the fruit treated to
ethylene shots did. I ran about 125
tests of this kind and found that
the trickle system did save from one-
third to one-half the time of color-
ing. I have yet to find fruit that
can't be colored with the trickle sys-
tem. I colored fruit that was as
green as billiard cloth in 44 hours,
and the fruit we kept in the Orlando
laboratory from the trickle system
coloring do actually keep longer
than the same kind of fruit from
the corresponding grove that were
not colored. The stem droppage was
reduced to a minimum and it made
the June bloom billious looking and
the Valencias look like Pineapples
with the result that certain packers
in the state, who will bear this out,
were getting from $1.00 to $1.35
per box more on the market than
the corresponding ethylene shot and
kerosene gas colored fruit was
This ethylene trickle system out-
fit is very economical. I colored
fruit with as little as 9 pounds per
24 hours with good results and very
seldom use more than 23.00 pounds
per 24 hours on the greenest kind
of fruit. I colored 27 cars of fruit
with one tank of gas or 1000 pounds
of ethylene.
It was originally thought you
would have to have a trickle outfit
to each room which would cost about.
$40.00 but now it has been worked'i
out whereby you can gas from 6one
to one hundred rooms with one
$40.00 outfit with the same results
using a series of multiple nozzles. '
In my experiments with heat con-:'
trol, humidity from 75 to 85, ternm-'
perature from 85 to 88 and two
square inches of continuous fresh.
air and continuous air circulation,
fruit colored for 96 hours keep as
long as fruit colored 48 hours, and'
fruit colored 48 hours and set on
platform for 24 hours will color the
last 24 hours with the same result
as it would if left in the coloring
rooms the entire time.
I am not recommending to you';
what to use; I am just stating facts.
as they were in our work. We don't
care what you use; that is for the
packer to decide for himself.

"What is your husband's average
"Oh, about one A. M."


Pave 5


Paea R





WHEREAS, the Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association (hereinafter referred to as the Association) is
an association composed of growers of Florida citrus fruit, incorporated under Chapter 9300 of the Laws of the State of
Florida, and has for its purposes to provide collective action with respect to the marketing of such Florida citrus fruit,
to distribute the same among the various markets over the marketing period, to determine the conditions under which it
may be marketed, to provide for grading and certification of such fruit, for the advertising thereof so as to stimulate the
demand therefore, to do such other things as may safeguard, further and protect the interests of the growers of Florida
citrus fruits by the promotion of higher standards in the production, handling, packing and marketing thereof and to take
such other measures as may be advantageous to growers of Florida citrus fruit generally, and,
WHEREAS the undersigned (hereinafter referred to as Grower) is a grower of Florida citrus fruit and desires to
join with members of the Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association to accomplish its purposes as above set forth,
now, therefore, in consideration of the mutual covenants and agreements herein contained the parties hereto do agree as
1. Grower hereby applies for membership in said Association and agrees to be bound by its Charter and By-Laws.
2. Grower agrees:
(a) That all the citrus fruit produced, acquired, or controlled by Grower shall be marketed only through shippers,
distributors, or agencies (hereinafter known as shippers) that have entered into contracts with the Association in the form
prescribed by it.
(b) That Grower shall be bound by such rules, regulations and instructions with respect to the picking, handling,
packing, grading and marketing of citrus fruit as may be issued from time to time by the manager of the Association
under authority conferred by the Board of Directors.
(c) That the Association may provide for the official inspection, grading and certification for grade and condi-
tion of such citrus fruit.
(d) That the Association may make, and collect through shippers, for each type of citrus fruit for each market-
ing season a uniform charge per box or its equivalent, the amount in each case to be determined by the Board of Direc-
tors of the Association before the beginning of such marketing season, for the purpose of providing the Association with
funds for its maintenance, conduct and operation.
(e) That Grower will submit on forms furnished by the Association, such reports and statistical data as may be
requested by it, from time to time, covering the production of each type of citrus fruit, the condition thereof, and the
probable amount by sizes that will be available at a given date or during a given period for marketing, and the quality
(f) That Grower will promptly notify the Association of the name and address of the shipper that is to market
any part of Grower's citrus fruit, and the approximate amount thereof that will be marketed by said shipper.
3. In consideration of the foregoing, the Association agrees:
(a) That it will notify Grower on request and at reasonable intervals by mail-or through newspapers published in
the citrus area of Florida, of the names of shippers that have entered into contracts with the Association to enable them
to market fruit for members of the Association.
(b) That it will offer to enter into such contracts with all shippers marketing Florida citrus fruit who are deemed
reliable and responsible, and who express a desire to enter into such contracts with the Association.
(c) That it will regulate the marketing of Florida citrus fruits among the various markets and over the market-
ing period, provide for the official inspection, grading, and certification for grade and condition of said fruit in accordance
with United States standards, provide for the advertising of said fruit, and also in its discretion for the doing of such
other things authorized by its charter and consistent herewith as may be deemed conducive to the interests of growers of
Florida citrus fruit.
4. It is mutually understood and agreed:
(a) That if Grower should market any part of Grower's citrus fruit other than through a shipper, distributor,
or agency that has entered into contract with the Association, Grower shall pay the Association, as liquidated damages,
at the rate of fifty cents per box for all citrus fruit so marketed or disposed of by Grower, together with all costs, prem-
iums for bonds, expenses and fees, arising out of or caused by litigation and reasonable attorney's fees expended or in-
curred, and all such costs and expenses shall be included in any judgment obtained in any such action.
(b) That this agreement shall not cover Florida citrus fruit used for home consumption or small quantities dis-
posed of for local consumption or quantities disposed of in any other way approved by the Board of Directors of the
(c) That this agreement shall continue and be in effect until June 1, 1935, subject to the right of Grower to can-
cel the same in June of any year by giving written notice by registered mail of such cancellation, but the cancellation
of this agreement or the failure of Grower to comply therewith shall have no effect upon other similar agreements.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties hereto have executed this agreement this---........day of...... -----.......... 1930.

(Print Grower's Name and Address Below)


Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association.




The United States Chamber of Commerce at Washington

Analyzes the Clearing House

THE following excerpts are taken from the recently
published report of the Agricultural Service Depart-
ment of the United States Chamber of Commerce. There
is a limited supply of bound copies of the complete text
of this report available without cost to any who wish
them. Address Florida Citrus Growers Clearing House
Association at Winter Haven.

"Entering into a situation where the uncoordinated
activities of over a hundred shippers of Florida citrus
fruits often resulted in glutted markets and demoralized
prices, the organizers of the Clearing House sought to
secure a unified control of the distribution of the crop
without remaking the marketing system of the State.
Accordingly they set up the Clearing House, not as an
active marketing agency, but as a coordinating agency for
already established marketing agencies. This pro-
cedure permitted the grower members of the Association
to market their fruit through agencies already operating,
which had signed contracts with the Clearing House, giv-
ing it control over certain of their marketing practices
and policies.
"The Clearing House has directed its efforts toward
distribution of Florida citrus fruits so as to stabilize prices
on as high a level as is consistent with fundamental sup-
ply and demand conditions. It has maintained a force of
inspectors to standardize and improve the pack. It has
conducted an advertising campaign for Florida oranges
and grapefruit. It has established a market information
service for the guidance of its members. During periods
of heavy marketing it has set a limit on the total number
of cars which members could ship during the week, and
has prorated this allotment among member shippers. In
the principal auction markets of northern cities it has set
up prorating committees of auction receivers to stabilize
auction offerings from day to day.
"An intelligent price control is sought by the Clearing
House, but through an orderly distribution of the citrus
crop rather than by direct effort to fix prices. A more
effective distribution is accomplished, first, through the
weekly prorating of member shipments and prorating of
auction offerings and, second, through the information
service concerning crop movements and prices furnished
to the shippers. This service enables shippers to plan
their operations more intelligently and, together with the
assurance offered by the prorating system that other
"shippers will not flood the market, enables them to act
with greater confidence."
These statements present an absolutely impartial view of
some of the aims and accomplishments of the Clearing
House. Complete report will be mailed you on request.

Florida Citrus Growers Clearing House Association
Winter Haven, Florida


Don't You

1. Quarantine restrictions removed or lightened?
2. Reimbursement for fruit or tree losses due to
3. Green fruit law carried out fairly and effec-
4. Citrus shipments regulated to insure maximum
prices ?
5. Distribution at the auction markets controlled?
6. Uniformity of attitude on part of shippers
based on minimum price quotations in accept-
ing offers?
7. Uniformity in grade and pack?
8. Competitive shippers working together instead
of against each other in their marketing?
9. Proper publicity to increase demand for Florida
oranges, grapefruit and tangerines?
10. Accurate information furnished on prices, mar-
ket tendencies, prospective crop conditions,
shipments, sizes and quality?
11. A state-wide organization that will represent
the interests of the grower regardless of what
shipper he may sell through or to?
12. Decisions on the numberless problems connect-
ed with picking, packing and marketing to be
based on the accumulated experience of the en-
tire industry instead of each one guessing by
himself in the dark?

August 25, 1930

Page 7





AUGUST 25, 1930

Published Semi-monthly by the FLORIDA CITRUS
DeWitt Taylor Bldg., Winter Haven, Florida.

'Entered as second-class matter August 31, 1928, at
the postoffice at Winter Haven, Fla., under the Act of
March 3, 1879.




.Ft. Ogden
SWinter Park
S Tampa
Winter Garden
SWinter Haven
Mt. Dora


Per Year: $2.00 Single Copies: 10c

Clearing House Board
Thanks Secretary Hyde
In recognition of the splendid co-operation
given the Florida citrus industry by the De-
partment of Agriculture, the Clearing House
Board of Directors unanimously passed the
following resolution at their meeting of
July 30:
WHEREAS, Honorable A. M. Hyde, Secre-
tary of Agriculture of the United States, has
recently announced to the citrus industry of
Florida that he is placing in effect modifica-
tions of the Federal quarantine against the
Mediterranean fruit fly for which this Board
of Directors has been long working, particu-
larly, the opening up of the mid-west to ship-
ments of unsterilized fruit and the putting of
the entire citrus producing area in the so-
called Zone 3 classification; and,
WHEREAS, Secretary Hyde has at the
same time indicated the probability of further
modifications.of the quarantine in the near
future; and,
WHEREAS, This Board of Directors is
most grateful to Mr. Hyde for his announced
action and for his consideration of further
action in that regard; and,
WHEREAS, This Board of Directors is in
thorough sympathy and accord with the pres-
ent method of handling the campaign for
eradication of the Mediterranean fruit fly,
which is by inspection, together with citizens'
clean-up and citizens' bait spraying activities;
WHEREAS, This Board of Directors is
thoroughly convinced that the said method of
carrying on said campaign of eradication is
proving most effective, promising the early
nd-complrete eradication of the Mediterran-

ean fruit fly, which is apparently already
eliminated as a commercial menace;
(1) That the grateful appreciation of
this Board of Directors, for the mod-
ifications hereinabove mentioned
and the further modifications now
seriously considered, be and the
same is hereby expressed to Mr.
(2) That this Board of Directors does
hereby put itself on record as favor-
ing the continuation of said citizens'
clean-up and bait spraying cam-
paigns throughout this year and
through such succeeding years as
may be considered as necessary by
Secretary Hyde to bring positive as-
surance of the complete eradication
of the Mediterranean fruit fly as a
menace to the horticultural interests
of this State and of the nation.

An Agricultural
Clearing House
The agricultural service departmental com-
mittee of the Chamber of Commerce of the
United States has recently issued a report en-
titled "The Clearing House in Agricultural
Marketing." The statement shows results of
one phase of ways and means whereby pro-
ducers and distributors of agricultural and
horticultural products can co-operate to mu-
tual advantage. The chamber's weekly pub-
lication giving information regarding matters
directly in point and the progress of investi-
gations and plans for varied activities, re-
marks that agricultural service department
chose, for the purpose of analysis and ex-
ample only, the Florida Citrus Clearing House
Association. The selection was made largely
because of the completeness of the organiza-
tion and its convenient location to the na-
tional chamber's headquarters.
"The report points out," says this summary,
"that the unco-ordinated activities of the
Florida fruit shippers often resulted in glut-
ted markets and demoralized prices;" this
being before the clearing house was insti-
tuted. The latter was shown to have been
simply a co-ordinating agency, not an active
marketing agency. The distinction is made
that the clearing house is not a selling organi-
zation in any way, but merely a brake upon
the great machine of trade to keep the supply
steady and insure its proper disposition at the
end of the route.
The clearing house plan permits the grower
members to market their fruit through firms
already operating which had signed contracts
with the institution, giving it control over cer-
tain of their marketing policies and practices.
Efforts were directed towards improving and
extending the distribution of Florida citrus
fruits so as to stabilize prices on as high a
level as is consistent with fundamental condi-
tions of supply and demand. It is shown in
the report that the clearing house proved all
that was claimed for it by the promoters of
the plan.
The Florida Clearing House, according to
the report, and, as is very well understood in
the industry here, set a limit on the total num-
ber of cars which members could ship during

the week-this during the heaviest
marketing periods-and succeeded
in preventing the glut that so often
has proved disastrous and caused
great loss to growers, unorganized
or not fully protected. Members of
the organization were designated
certain shipments, and the effect
was generally satisfactory. In the
great auction markets of the East
and North prorating committees
have worked to keep the receipts
within possibility of prompt hand-
ling. Stabilizing the market has
meant of inestimable benefit to the
producers; incidentally to all con-
It is easily seen that such a course,
generally pursued, would be of great
importance in all lines of agricul-
tural activity. If the farmers and
growers could only be held back in
their shipments, at times when the
markets are overloaded,the orderly
disposal of their goods would be ac-
complished at fair prices. The great
markets of the North and East are
not anxious to load up with perish-
able products and would rather sac-
rifice or "dump" excellent and valu-
able stuff than to hold it over any
length of time.-The Florida Times-
Union (Jacksonville).

Seminole Indians

Do Their Part in

Spraying 'Glades

Indians Near Ft. Lauderdale
Are Spraying Host Fruits
On Reservation

"Bait spray," used in the fight on
the Mediterranean fruit fly, has been
applied by the Seminole Indians to
"host" fruits on their reservation in
the Everglades west of Ft. Lauder-
dale, according to reports from his
men working in that region, received
at the offices in Orlando by W. A.
McCubbin, in charge of the spray-
ing service division of the federal
fruit fly organization.
The Indian commissioner has co-
operated with C. E. Matthews, of
Ft. Lauderdale, Broward County
Agent, in enlisting the interest of
the Seminoles.
"That the statewide 'bait spray'
program of the Clearing House As-
sociation has been far-reaching in
its coverage is indicated by this re6
port of the application of the ma--
terials in such a remote locality as
the region included in the Seminole
reservation," commented W. C.
O'Kane, federal executive and chair-
man of the Federal Fruit Fly Board.
"Since the Indians produce little
if any fruit for market, their help
in the effort to prevent the fly from
gaining a foothold in the State
doubtless will encourage greater ac-
tivities on the part of commercial _
growers to make the use of 'bait'
universal in the cultivated areas
where so much" is at stake."

Page 8

August 25. 1930

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