Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00032
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: January 25, 1930
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00032
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text
Library Comp.,
'Biareau 6 Arig.. Econ.,
-T-U. S. Dept. of Arig.,
Washington. D. C.



Representing more than 10,000
Growers of Oranges and Grapefruit


,CF iija I Publication of the

10 Cents a Copy
$2.00 a Year

JANUARY 25, 1930

Clearing House Commended by Governor Carlton for Its Work

Federal Fly Board

Stormed To Manage-

S-Eradication Work

,Citrus Bodies Join Clear-
ing House in O. K. On
;I Appropriation Move

Creation of a Federal Fruit Fly|
Board to determine eradication pol-i
icies, endorsement of the Depart-!
ment of Agriculture's efforts to ob-1
tain eradication funds after ex-;
haustion of available funds for erad-
lication (but not inspection) work!
are the most important develop-i
rents of the past two weeks in Flor-!
ida's battle to overcome the Medi-i
terranean fruit fly.
The first meeting of the Fruit Fly.
Board appointed by Secretary Hydel
January 9th was held in Orlando"
this week. (Due to the closing:
of the pages of the NEWS the re-
sults of this meeting were not avail-
able early enough to be included in,
-this issue). The new board is to
consider biological and entomologi-
,cal questions and in addition to de-
ternining policies in the actual erad-
id -*rork-will.-supervise and con-
tr6l'- Federal expenditures in the
-eradication effort.
Board Completed
SSince the announcement of the
creation of the board a few days
ago, J. J. Davis, professor of ento-
niology at Purdue University, has
accepted, completing the personnel
of the board. The other members
are Dr. W. C. O'Kane, State ento-
mologist of New Hampshire, chair-
iman; Dr. P. J. Parrott, entomolo-
gist of the New York Experiment
Station; Dr. W. P. Flint, State en-
tomologist of Illinois, and Dr. George
A. Dean, professor of entomology,
.Kansas State Agricultural College.
Members of the board have se-
cured temporary leaves of absence
frdnim their institutions and will be
prepared to serve as long as needed.
Headquarters of the board will be in
devicess to the Department are
S.(Continmed on Page Seven)

Florida Facts and Fallacies
(Manager, Florida Citrus Growers Clearing House Association)
Talk Delivered in Chicago, January 21st, at Annual Convention of American Fruit and
Vegetable Shippers Association.

Hosts and Racketeers
What is your opinion of hosts?
Before I went to Florida I had a
high regard for hosts-the same cor-
dial feeling that I hold towards
friends. In fact for the first three
or four years in Florida I was still
innocent in my regard for hosts.
But I was disillusioned. In April and
May last year I read about hosts
that I never dreamed existed. They
were hosts in Florida that delibe-
rately bred trouble. They were
everywhere. They were in fact class-
ified .not into fifty-seven varieties
but went Heinz thirteen better for
there were seventy. A survey-a
scientific survey-had been made.
So it was a fact
You people in Chicago have had
surveys made of your racketeers and
you were shocked by the classified
lists of mafy different varieties of
"rackets" that were being delibe-
rately and openly carried on under
your nose under the guise of trade-
betterment, etc., and we in Florida
Wave had the official'hosts of Florida
similarly classified and exposed. So
we understand each other. But the
known perverted hosts of Florida,
living under natural conditions, by
more recent survey have been re-
duced to seven instead of seventy.
So we feel better.
There has been a most severe and
searching eradication campaign put
through. Uncle Sam helped vigor-
ously and generously. Over six
thousand men and seven thousand
traps have been on guard and al-
though we produced a crop this sea-
son of a billion and a half to two
billion individual oranges and grape-
fruit, only one lone citrus fruit has
been found that contained larvae of
our far-famed Mediterranean fly
and that orange was on the ground.
Nothing on the tree under which it
was found showed trouble and noth-
ing near it. But we are still under

quarantine though not one person in
ten thousand has ever seen a live fly
(and that was last year) except in
the cages in Orlando where they are
being carefully cultured for experi-
mental purposes. Reams of fly paper
have been used by growers to get a
specimen but all kinds of insects'
have been found except the one so
greatly desired.
Two Flies
Two flies, undisturbed, in four
months would result in so many'
progeny that there would be one
hundred thousand flies to every cit-
rus tree in Florida, our scientific,
friends publicly observe. So we are
trying to get those two flies. Butt
we're mighty glad in the meantime
that nature also disturbs such calam-
ity figures, for nature has a way of
maintaining a balance that mfkes'
the effort of man seem puny. WIMt-
out nature's stern control of insect
life mankind would truly 'cease. We.
would be starved or smothered to
death by pests for everything we;
grow is a host to some pest. But I'm
betting all I've got that mankind
will live for a few more million
years and I'm sorry I can't live to
collect the bet.
At the same time we must admit
that we have the quarantine. I don't
know how we can prove that there
aren't two flies in Florida unless
Uncle Sam proves it for himself and
puts up the necessary money to do
so. We want eradication-official
eradication, not merely practical
eradication such as now apparently
exists. And though we have had to
smile at the solemn efforts we have
all made together in the best of good
faith, I hope we may be pardoned
for after all it seems that in many
foreboding crises in life our very ex-
istence seems dependent on a saving
sense of humor to permit our car-
rying on.
We have had rather tempestuous
(Continued on Page.Five) -_

Chief Executive of

State Urges Growers

To Aid Fruit Fly War

Delivers Talk at Opening of
Florida Orange Festival;
Health Girl Present

Praise for the work the Clearing
House is doing in helping Florida's
citrus industry was given by Gov-
ernor Doyle E. Carlton in an ad-
dress delivered in Winter Haven
this week at the opening of the Flor-
ida Orange Festival. Less antago-
nism and more co-operation and
united effort was the keynote of the
Governor's talk. He strongly urged
residents of the State to work to-
gether particularly in the task of
eradicating the fruit fly and to lend
all possible effort to the quarantine
forces in their program.
Health Champion-ette Present
Attending the festival, .iaso as a
guest of honor, was Florence Smock,
health champion of United States,
who not only rode with.the Gov-
ernor in the parade preceding open-
ing of the festival, but appeareda-6&-''
the speaker's platform with the Gov-'.
ernor and shared a radio microphonht4t
with him in broadcasting a sliojrt '
talk over the State. Later in-'t ie
day, Miss Smock, whose hiome is in
Eustis, served orange juice to the
Governor and to Festival visitors to
the click of motion picture cameras.
The cameras of course recorded
"shots" that probably will be shown
over the country-publicity that will
be of considerable value to fie
State's citrus industry in particular.
Governor's Speech .,
Governor Carlton's speech,. in
part, is as follows:
"Expositions and fairs like you
are having in Winter Haven at this
time are a marked evidence to the
progress of our State by the visible
and tangible evidence of achieve-
ment in the past to give an index to
greater accomplishment for the fu-
: .. -(Continued on Page Twoo)


Volume II
Number 8



show Governor Carlton opening the Florida Orange Festival
this week in Winter Haven. In the center is seen the Gov-
ernor and his staff together with the official reception com-
mittee comprised largely of officials and members of the
Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association. The

other pictures show Florence Smock, health champion of
United States and a resident of Eustis, serving orange juice
to the Chief Executive, and the Governor in the act of unlock-,
ing the gates to the Festival grounds. In this picture Miss
Smock is standing immediately behind the Governor.

ture where we gain by the wisdom
and experience of others. New am-
bitions are aroused, new hopes are
awakened, new achievements are
made possible. It has been said that
fairs and expositions are the time-
keeper of progress. They record the
advancement of the nation. The
exposition which you give at this
time is a compliment not only to re-
sources of this great nation but at
the same time to the foresight and
enterprise of the citizenship as well.
Appraise Our Strength
"It is appropriate, ladies and gen-
tlemen, on occasions like this, while
we are making a review of the re-
sources of our State that we pause
for a time and make a sober ap-
praisal of our strength and our
weakness, of our vice and our vir-
tues, that we may better prepare
the way for a progress that is per-
"Florida has had some 400 years
of interesting history beginning with
the discovery of the 'land of flow-.
ers.' It has had some quarter of a
century of building up progress. We
have had in recent years an era of
prosperity when we lost our sense of
fundamental values of prosperity. It
now behooves us to stop and make;
a sober appraisal of these facts that:
we may lay the way for permanent
improvement. Our State has made
considerable progress in every line,
as much as a thousand percent in'
public improvement in less than ten;i
years. The abnormal conditions
through which these improvements
passed set their mark upon the pub-'
lic as well as private life to such an
extent as to endanger our financial:
Income Has Shrunk
"Business has increased. With
this increase of work we find our-
selves trying to meet the require-:
ments of the day that we were in
former time. Throughout the year
'1928, we found our expenditures
exceeding our receipts of the State
to the' alarming degree of some two

and one-half million dollars. We
find ourselves now burdened not
only with this deficit but with a
greatly depleted income, some five
million dollars less in 1929 than the
years inside of the boom period. We
also find ourselves with the danger
of bonded indebtedness throughout
the State and our taxes are growing
higher and higher all the while.
"In days like these it behooves us
to face the facts as they are. There
are sensible citizens who are saying
and would say that there is no dan-
ger in the failure of such banks
which will ultimately force their at-
tention. This gap between receipts
and expenditures must be closed.
The expenses of government must
be met. Our State institutions must
be supported. Our obligations must
be discharged. We find ourselves,
therefore, wrestling not only with
this increased burden but with a de-
pleted treasury and with a crippled
tax-paying power. Some say that
this presents a difficult task. We
may admit that it is, but with the
potential resources of this State,
with the intelligent and patriotic co-
operation on the part of our people,
these problems will be solved and
Florida given her rightful place in
the forefront of this advancing na-
tion. But to do so we must work
along in line. There is no one indi-
vidual that will solve the problem.
Develop Citrus Industry
"We must take what ever steps
we can for the development of the
agricultural enterprises of this State,
the backbone of which is our citrus
industry. We have recently learned
what the citrus industry means to
the permanent prosperity of the
State. When disaster comes to this
great industry, disaster falls upon
every other enterprise alike, mer-
chandising, banking and every other
form of endeavor. This State by
Providence has been prepared for
the great citrus center of the coun-
try, by her fertile soil, by her even
rain-fall';liy: he general climate, by

her warm and continuous sunshine,
yet these advantages of nature are
not sufficient to develop a great in-
dustry. Providence always leaves
something for human endeavor or
human enterprise. The Indians who
roamed this country one hundred
years ago had the same advantages
of soil, of climate, of rain-fall that
we enjoy and this State that now
has her orange groves would yet be
a wilderness were it not for the in-
telligence and enterprise of our citi-
zenship. We have reached a point
where intelligence and enterprise to
a new degree must be applied to our
citrus industry.
"There have come to us in the
last few years several disasters, the
last of all being the Mediterranean
fly, about which there is much sus-
picion, much misunderstanding,
much controversy, yet I think it is
safe to admit the fact-I am sure it
is-that this pest presents a real
disaster to this State, a disaster that
has destroyed the citrus industry in
many of the islands to the south.

Look to Extermination
"We are face to face with the
fact that the conditions present to
us another thing, that of the quar-
antine regulations with which we
are confronted and from which we
will suffer until the States of the
Union are satisfied that this pest
has been brought under control and
that the Mediterranean fly has been
destroyed. I am aware of the fact
that we suffer from rules and regu-
lations, from rules that are annoy-
ing and sometimes seemingly illogi-
cal, sometimes seemingly unreason-
able, yet this is what we have to
undergo when we are brought face
to face for the first time with a
great disaster, with something new
to an industry like ours. In times
like this it behooves us to use words
of caution, of counsel in the spirit
of wisdom and make sure that we
are laying our plans for the exter-
mination of that which we must ad-

mit presents a real danger to our'
citrus industry.
"I am confident all the evidence
points in that direction and that this
great pest will be destroyed. That,
has not already been accomplished
but Florida will rise triumphant'
over this disaster as she has over
the disasters that have come to het1
over other lines. Out of this dark
hour, out of which many of you'
have been looking, we can see with
assurance a brighter day with thq
citrus industry organized to meet
not only this pest but any pest that'
comes and they are just as certain
to come as the citrus industry is to'
survive. We shall find ourselves
awakening with better culture that
will ultimately eliminate those trees
and groves which have been discard-
ed and which are breeding places of
disease and pests dangerous to at
healthy citrus industry.
Prosperity in the Offing
"I sometimes think that we are
now going through a travail out of
which a greater industry shall be
born. I believe that through the en-
forced co-operation to which we are
brought by this disaster there shall
emerge a stronger and better mar-
keting system, the only hope of the,
survival of the citrus industry. The
sure hope is through co-operative,
marketing. That has been establish-
ed by our greatest competitor.
"We have our organization
which is working along this line,
our Clearing House, contribut-
ing much to the enterprise. It
is true that it will make the
mistakes which every organiza-
tion of men is heir to with hu-
man frailty and with the possi-
ble inclination to criticise this
co-operative effort. Yet this
much is certain that the grower
will not find a reasonable re-
ward for his labor until he has
(Continued on Page Three)

Page 2

January 25. 1930

January 25, 1930

f Florida Oranges Shipped.__.......
Total __......____
Florida Grapefruit Shipped_-
Total ....... _____........._
'Florida Tangerines Shipped_.
STotal__ _... _......... .
,Florida Mixed Shipped------. -
Total O__a..._-.......
,-California Oranges Shipped .....

Jan. 18

Jan. 11

Jan. 18,1929

Florida Oranges Auctioned__.... 575 549 575
SAverage____.....__.._ ---__ $4.10 $4.45 $3.18
,Florida Grapefruit Auctioned.. 298 262 238
Average ----_..... -..... $4.20 $4.40 $3.17
Florida Tangerines Auctioned_ 105 125 182
Average .--_______.------------ $4.05 $4.25 $2.90
.California Oranges Auctioned .. 239 247 365
Average- ---- -----... .... $5.05 $4.90 $4.66

Oranges No. Is Oranges No. 2s
Shipped Sold Avg. Shipped Sold Avg.
Last week___ 202 67 $3.58 364 161 $3.16
33% 44%
his week___. 142 69 $3.44 312 124 $3.08
i 49% 39%
Difference -60 + 2 -.14 -52 -37 -.08

Grapefruit No. Is Grapefruit No. 2s
Shipped Sold Avg. Shipped Sold Avg.
Last week __. 123 55 $3.51 203 72 $3.04
45% 35%
This week___ 122 39 $3.36 .157 81 $2.96
32% 52%
Difference __ 1 -16 -.15 -46 + 9 -.08

For Week Ending
9 16 23 30 7 14 21 28 4 11
Oranges 249 420 663 737 833 1337 851 317 916 898
Grapefruit_ 321 309 424 415 413 474 271 144 400 522
Mixed 102 195 296 365 433 735 601 175 362 502
Tangerines 27 49 50 44 63 153 67 47 103 67
California_ 861 659 622 1234 1654 1108 712 561 722 616
Texas __ 139 152 183 154 228 304 231 73 192 308

Florida Oranges

Weekly Citrus Summary

S(By A. M. Pratt, General Manager, Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association)

The Market This Week
While both auctions and private
sales show a slight decline in prices,
it will be seen that a good steady
market is being maintained. It is
interesting to see that 575 cars of
oranges, sold at auction this week,
averaged $4.10, while the same num-
ber of cars sold the same week last
year for just about $1.00 per box
less. The grapefruit situation is
even more encouraging, with 298
cars selling at auction at an aver-
age of more than $1.00 higher than
238 cars sold for last year.
Shipments To Be Heavier
It is expected that shipments of
both oranges and grapefruit will be
heavier the coming week than they
have been since early in December,
when heavy shipments were made
for the Christmas trade. The Clear-
ing House allotment for the week is
on the basis of 900 cars of oranges
and 500 cars of grapefruit. These
figures include mixed cars. Adding
to this the fruit of shippers outside
of the Clearing House, it is esti-
mated that shipments of straight
cars of oranges will be around 1050
cars, grapefruit 550 and mixed 475.
Frost Predicted
Should any frost damage mate-
rialize tonight or Sunday night, such
damage will naturally affect ship-
ments, in what way or to what ex-
tent it is not possible to predict.
Barring damage, however, fruit will
move quite freely due to its ad-
vanced condition and the fact that
California shipments have been light
the past week.
Texas Has Suffered From Frost
Advice from Texas is to the effect
that some damage resulted Friday
night from frost, with temperatures
as low as twenty-four, and the same
low mark predicted for tonight (Jan.
18th). The extent of their damage
will not be known for several days
but shipments will be affected im-
mediately, and the markets also will
feel the effect in the way of an ad-
vance on cars now rolling and fruit
in the packing houses picked before
the cold weather.
California Shipments Light
California has had a number of
days of much needed rain and we
have advice that there has been
practically no picking this week.
Shipments dropped to around 300
cars, compared with 616 for a week
ago. With no fruit in the houses,
shipments will be very light during
the first part of next week, but if
no further rain occurs it is expected
that there will be a spurt toward the
end of the week, with shipments of
around 750 cars of navels.
Market Prospects
Florida's shipments have been
somewhat lighter than expected this
past week, only 776 cars of oranges
being shipped compared with 898
last week, and 489 cars of grape-
fruit against 522 cars last week.
This shortage together with Califor-
nia's light shipments should have a
livening effect upon the market, par-

Last Year
Last week_ 1133
This week 1134
Next week 1119

Last Year
Last week- 1657
This week__ 1079
Next week 1089

Last Year
Last week-_ 588
This week-. 655
Next week 662

Last Year
Last week- 399
This week- 357
Next week 395




California Oranges
1927-28 1926-27 1925-26
989 870 861
683 1026 918
815 1168 945

Florida Grapefruit










Florida Mixed




1924-25 1923-24
271 No Record
215 No Record
117 No Record

ticularly since Texas fruit will be
bound to show an advance if they
have had much frost damage. Clear-
ing House shippers have naturally
taken advantage of this entire sit-
uation in determining to incraese al-
lotments the coming week.

(Continued from Page Two)
learned to co-operate and work
with his fellowmen, but with
that institution that has been
established on a foundation that
will endure, we shall consider
not only the financial security
of State, the development along
our great citrus line, agricul-
tural endeavor, but it strikes
me that this will come when we
shall catch a new vision of our
duty as a citizen.
Pay For Blessings
"Let us speak for a time of the
blessings that are represented in
government. Would you turn back
to the methods of old, would you
cast aside our schools, would you
refuse to pay taxes at the expense
of enlightenment, at the expense of
highways over which we can travel?
My friends, I am afraid we cannot
have these blessings of a modern
civilization unless you are willing to
pay the price. Let us therefore
speak in terms of support of govern-
ment as it becomes just as important
in times of peace as it does in times
of war.
"If some of our citizens would
only pull forward with the same
vigor with which they pull back-
ward, if they would only pull to-
gether with the same vigor with
which they pull apart, if they would
only think in terms of building
rather than in terms of destruction,
in just a few short months we would
see this State developed into a
health resort, the garden spot and
the playground of the world. It rests
upon the individual citizens.
Cannot Consider Individual.
"We cannot build by faction, we
cannot build by section, we cannot
build by political activities. These
are times when the individual should
be cast aside. The individual as a
matter of fact is of little conse-
quence. Yet the State means every-
thing and is a challenge to every
citizen that is worth while. Let us
therefore think not in terms of sec-
tions but in terms of the State as a
whole for all Florida is ours, her
counties, and her cities, her fields
and her flowers. These represent the
welfare of every citizen.
"Whether disaster comes to the
North, to the South, East or West,
it strikes a common cord for we are
common people, one in hope, one in
purpose, one in destiny and shall
build for the future in a spirit of
accord when none of us are for the
party but all of us are for the State;
let the rich man help the poor and
the poor man help the great."




National Group. of Shippers

Aids Florida in Fight on Fly

If Florida's weather man con-
tinues to be as big hearted as he
proved to be around the 19th and
20th (when he predicted a couple
of days of dangerously low tempera-
tures, which didn't come) we'll
boost him for anything he wants.

Texas and California both have
been touched by cold this winter
which is a reminder that in the Pa-
cific Coast State-or at least in one
section-the growers regard
"smudge pot night" as something of
a lark. When the siren shrills out
warning of approaching cold, the
growers hustle out, light up the fires
and make of the remainder of the
night something of a picnic affair.
And, it will have to admitted,
this isn't such a bad brand of spirit
at that.
Ten special trains carrying noth-
ing but bundles of Japanese oranges
to all parts of Canada recently pull-
ed out of Vancouver over the two-
transcontinental lines and sped east-
ward with the dispatch of passenger
trains. .Growing conditions have
been favorable in Japan and the
fruit arrived in good condition. De-
mand for the small oranges of Ja-
pan is growing in the Christmas
season. The oranges are marketed
under co-operative control condi-
tions by an association sponsored
by the Japanese government.-
Christian Science Monitor.

"Amos 'n' Andy," the two black-
face funny boys of the air who rep-
resent a certain tooth paste con-
cern, recently cracked a joke con-
cerning the fruit fly in Florida. The
"dig" was not vicious and very eas-
ily could have been more serious
than -it was. However the Clearing
House immediately advised the boys
as well as the tooth paste manufac-
turer of the unpopularity with
which such jokes would be greeted
in Florida. Said the toothpaste con-
"We are sure the boys had no in-
tention of offending the Florida
fruit growers in any way. The boys
endeavor to avoid anything that may
cause offence or unintentional injury
to anyone. *** We appreciate your
very kind attitude and we can as-
sure you that they will avoid saying
anything to disturb your great in-
SAnd that's that.
Heard a fellow explain how many
farmers figure their losses, and he
used this illustration: Farmer Jones
put in a crop that cost him $5,000
anid he says, "I ought to make $25,-
000 on this crop." However, he
doesn't make but $15,000, so he

figures he lost $10,000 because he
.came that much under his hopes,
when, in reality, he made $10,000.
Lots of truth, we suppose, in that il-
lustration, because we've heard
farmers who had very little to start
with tell of how they keep losing
:every year, yet they still keep buy-
ing automobiles, living well and tak-
ing trips. A fellow who had nothing
to start with can't continue to lose
and still last. That's impossible.-
;Palmetto News.
Twenty-two years of continuous
advertising in which the California
'Fruit Growers Exchange has invest-
ed $9,602,459 in consumer advertis-
ing and $2,198,073 in merchandis-
:ing work with the wholesale and re-
tail trade, has increased the Amer-
ican consumption of oranges from
2.67 dozen per capital to 5.67 dozen
,per capital this season. The previ-
:ous bumper crop year of 1926-27
showed a per capital consumption of
4.34 dozen. Of the total amount
spent in advertising ($11,800,532),
49% has been expended during the
past five years.-W. B. Geissinger,
Adv. Mgr. Calif. Fruit Growers Ex-
change, Printers' Ink.

Resolutions endorsing the U. S. De-
partment of Agriculture's efforts to
obtain funds to fight the fruit fly in
Florida and requesting modifications
of quarantine regulations, were
passed this week by delegates at-
tending the annual convention of
ithe American Fruit and Vegetable
,Shippers Association held in Chi-
icago. The resolutions read as fol-
RESOLVED, that this body whose
membership distributes approxi-
nmately six hundred thousand cars
of fresh fruits and vegetables an-
nually, approve and urge the appro-
priation, as recommended by Presi-
dent Herbert Hoover and Secretary
of Agriculture Arthur M. Hyde, of
|$15,000,000 for completing the
!eradication of the Mediterranean fly
from within the boarders of the
'Tnited States and that we approve
,and urge the continuation of the
present embargo policy of the Plant
:Quarantine and Control Administra-
tion governing importations; that
copies of this resolution be wired to
the President of the United States,
'the Secretary of Agriculture, the
*Chief of the Plant Quarantine and
Control Administration, the Chair-
man of the Budget Committee and

members of the Appropriation Com-
mittee and the senators from Flor-
ida and California.

Inasmuch as the sterilization pro-
cess required on Florida citrus fruit
under quarantine conditions has
proven unsatisfactory and wasteful
to consumer, retailer, jobber, re-
ceiver, shipper and grower and is an
unnecessary restraint in trade, es-
pecially with Florida and the De-
partment of Agriculture having so
effectively eliminated the danger of
spreading the Mediterranean fruit
fly, it is hereby resolved that we
urge upon the Secretary of Agricul-
ture, Arthur M. Hyde, and those as-
sociated with him and responsible in
such matters, namely, Dr. C. L. Mar-
latt, Mr. W. M. Campbell, Dr. L. A.
Strong and the Advisory Board now
directing quarantine regulations in
Florida, the necessity and safety of
modifying present regulations so
that the usual channels of trade may
be followed; that, therefore, the ex-
treme precaution requiring steriliza-
tion be removed on all fruits and
vegetables from Florida that may
be shipped to and sold in any part,
of the United States with the ex-
ception of Georgia, North and South
Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Ten-
nessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas,
Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona,
Utah, Nevada, California, Oregon
and Washington; that by this modi-
fication it is believed that Florida
may be able to move the entire crop
without undue loss by April 1st,
thereby permitting the eradication
campaign to be most effectively com-
pleted by the starvation period
created from then on to the next
crop, and that precautions for safe-
y in interstate commerce be can-
centrated upon most thorough and
rigid inspection in the fields and
packing houses and certificates for
shipment be issued only when such
inspection has found no evi.d.npq 9o
the Mediterranean fly, and,
That copies of this resolution be
sent to the President of the United
States, to the Secretary of Agricul-
ture, the Chief of the Bureau of En-
tomology, Chief of the Plant Quar-
antine and Control Administration,
Chief of the Bureau of Regulatory
Measures at Washington, Chairman
of the Advisory Board governing
such matters in Florida, and to the
Plant Board of Orlando, advising
that this officially represents the at-
titude of our organization which
represents a membership with an
annual distribution of approximate-
ly six hundred thousand cars of
fresh fruits and vegetables emanat-
ing from or shipping to all points of
the United States and Canada.
Represents 600 Agencies
The American Fruit and Vegeta-
ble Shippers Association, before
which Mr. Pratt spoke Jan.. 21st,
numbers some 600 of the largest

A Half-Box in 2 Years?--We're for Him!

Do you think that the one-year-oldl bud on the four-year root pictured
!above, will produce a half-box of fruit two years hence?: K. N. McPher-
json, grower of Maitland, thinks so and he thinks it so sincerely that he
;has made a little wager with a friend that such will be the case. Mr.
McPherson recently set out some eight acres of Hamlin oranges in Mait-
!land, all of them the age of the one'shown above. Part of the stock is
not quite as large as the one herewith, but none of them are less than
three-fourths of an inch in diameter: Most of them are the size shown
above or about one and a half inches in diameter and the bark is green
and succulent and in excellent condition. Incidentally Mr. McPherson
set out the trees 90 to the acre, emulating California's average, and be-
lieves of course that the. move will prove a wise one.

Fust Among


Page 4


January 25, 1930


shipping and grower agencies and
organizations in the country. The
principal-purposes of the association
are to promote the interests of the
fresh fruit and vegetable industries;
gather and disseminate statistics;
co-operation with and representing
the industries before departments,
bureaus, commissions, legislative
bodies of cities, states and the na-
tion for the purpose of obtaining
favorable publicity; encourage and
control beneficial legislation and iin-
prove production and marketing con-
ditions; obtain from carriers equit-
able and beneficial tariffs, schedules
and facilities and To otherwise per-
form those things necessary to the
welfare of these industries.
Value of Clearing House
The value of the association to
the Clearing House has been proven
in a number of instances in the past.
Some of these are:
Assisted in presentation of case
before Florida State Commissionin
inatter of proposed refrigerator car
rental which resulted in a saving to
Florida shippers of some $20,000;
Assisted in securing absorption of
charge for switching loaded freight
cars to new auction on A. T. & S. F.
tracks at Chicago;
Negotiated with carriers which re-
sulted in an amendment to Rule 225
Perishable Tariff No. 2 (re-icing at
hold point and destination), which
is calculated to save the industry
from $500,000.00 to $800,000.00
Tax Reduction Asked
Co-operated with commercial or-
ganizations in appeal to the Presi-
dent of the U. S. and Congress for
reductions in taxes;
Filed general protest with all car-
riers against any attempt to increase
freight rates due to increases allow-
ed by arbitration in labor wages
Secured withdrawal of proposed
increase in rates on citrus fruit,
Florida to North Dakota and Min-
Made efforts to checkmate the
Coast Line Seaboard and Fruit
Growers Express Co. determination
to establish a rental charge for use
of refrigerator cars;
Secured defeat of proposal to can-
cel entirely privilege of replenishing
top icing;
Opposed Rental on Reefers
Made efforts to checkmate the
oast Line Seaboard and Fruit
GEowers Express Co. determination
to establish a rental charge for use
of refrigerator cars. If the policies
of the companies named are success-
ful it will mean an added tax on our
industry of from $3,000,000 to $6,-
000,000 or more each year;
Was instrumental in the promul-
gation by I. C. C.- of an order for
general investigation of refrigera-
tion rates;
Was instrumental in securing
elimination of switching charge on
carload express traffic switched for
icing, at Jersey City;
Assisted in case before the Inter-
state Commerce Commission involv-
ing Southeastern refrigeration rates

where a reduction was secured
amounting to a saving of approxi-
mately $500,000 annually to the
Florida shippers.

(Continued from Page One)
times in Florida. The Clearing House
was born out of necessity-true be-
fore the fly paid his respects. But it
was mighty fortunate we could meet
that as well as our other problems
together as a body instead of floun-
dering around individually. The
Clearing House naturally has been
the body that had to assume state-
wide responsibility for the citrus in-
dustry. It has been constantly pelt-
ed with one thing after another
under the emergencies existing, be-
cause something had to be the tar-
get and most logically the Clearing
House, for what good is a Clearing
House if not to meet trouble?
The Citrus Hymn
Our Operating Committee, in its
regular weekly meetings, handles
many complex problems of distribu-
tion and marketing, some of which
are rather exasperating under our
present quarantine restrictions. I re-
member one night when everything
seemed so strenuous, one of our
most sedate members complimented
the work accomplished and express-
ed appreciation of the team work
existing that probably would never
have existed had trouble not shown
the way, and then ended his talk
with the announcement, "Now let's
"Blest be the Fly that binds
Our hearts in kindred love."
Farm Board
The Farm Board has come into
the picture in Florida. It has been
of great assistance to the largest
shipper-member of the Clearing
House. With the Farm Board at-
tempting to formulate national mar-
keting plans by commodities our
Directors felt that the Clearing
House as a body could render prac-
tical assistance in being present at
a meeting called in Washington for
thqgurpose_,nd sent a wire as fol-
"WHEREAS, The Federal Farm
Board has announced an important
conference in Washington on Jan-
uary 14 for the purpose of proceed-
ing to make effective to the fruit
and vegetable industries of the
United States, the benefit of the Ag-
ricultural Marketing Act, and,
"WHEREAS, it is contemplated
to bring up the advisability of or-
ganizing a National Co-operative
body representing citrus, and,
"WHEREAS, the Florida Citrus
Growers Clearing House Associa-
tion is the outstanding co-operative
body composed of 7652 citrus grow-
er members and directing marketing
plans and policies of over 80% of
the entire Florida citrus crop, and,
"WHEREAS, due to its position
it has accepted the responsibility of
leadership for the entire industry in
all critical and important matters,
"WHEREAS, the Florida Citrus

Growers Clearing House Association
is a non-profit grower owned and
grower controlled co-operative- or-
ganization, organized under the di-
rection and with the official approval
of the United States Secretary of
Agriculture, W. M. Jardine, and is
generally directing marketing plans
and policies, and being responsible
to its grower and shipper-members,
as well as the entire industry, for
intelligent control of shipments
from week to week, proper prorat-
ing of supplies at auction markets,
proper price control and in general
carrying out the purposes of order-
ly marketing, now therefore,
"BE IT RESOLVED that the
Farm Board be requested to official-
ly recognize the important work that
the Clearing House is accomplishing
and extend to the Clearing House
an official invitation to be represent-
ed and take part in the conference
at Washington on January 14, and
at all other .meetings .affecting our
citrus industry."
Reply Is Received
To which the following answer
was received:
"Replying your wire. The Board
feels that the most effective pro-
vision of the Act for the relief of
agriculture is the authority to en-
courage the organization of grower
owned and controlled national sales
organizations. The major activities
of the Board up to this time are in
that direction. The conference on
January 14th is primarily for the
purpose of getting advice from
grower interests in the fruit and
vegetable industry as to how the
Board shall proceed in organizing
national grower owned and controll-
ed sales co-operatives representing
fruits and vegetables. These indus-
tries are so large that it was impos-
sible to include all types of organi-
zations without getting an unwieldy
conference, consequently only a few
representative grower organizations
were invited. The Florida Citrus
Exchange was invited because it
had been recognized by the Board
as a grower co-operative engaged in
nationally selling citrus fruit. The
proposed national setup does not
come under the Clearing House pro-
visions of the Act therefore we have
not deemed it advisable to invite
your organization to the conference.
(Signed) "C. C. TEAGUE,
"Acting Chairman Federal Farm
This is given to you because of
the active interest that members of
this association have in Farm Board
policies and plans. The Clearing
House is broadly doing those things
that we believe the Farm Board is
endeavoring to encourage.
Our Clearing House is in exist-
ence because the citrus growers of
Florida determined to take hold of
the "as is" side of marketing and
distribution and make it "as it
should be." Our disorganized con-
ditions were recognized. The result
was the Clearing House.
Shippers Accept Industry Challenge
The shippers were invited into the
movement. They accepted the chal-

lenge of the industry. They believed
in themselves. They were ready to
prove they had and would perform
a needful service, and belonged in
the "as should be." The buying ship-
per, the brokerage or service ship-
per, the non-profit shipper are each
represented in this co-operative
move to bring about better condi-
tions. Keenest friendly rivalry exists.
It's a gamey move in industry
progress. The acid test is unavoid-
able. No favorites. No special priv-
ileges. Nothing partisan. Not one
knows the outcome before hand. For
the individual shipper-member it
may mean elimination. It may mean
getting together with our shippers.
It may mean expansion of his busi-
ness-his organization. It may mean
just holding his present position in
the industry.
Elimination of the Unfit
Under the Clearing House plan
survival laws operate freely and far
more rapidly than usiial 'beaiuse
facts become self-evident. Elimina-
tion of the unfit is unavoidable. On
the other hand if a co-operative, or
private shipper, gets such high re-
sults and can afford to work on such
a low margin covering packing and
marketing as to consistently exceed
competitors in his net returns, his
business is bound to grow. This is
the healthiest kind of competition.
Large Grower Membership
The Florida Citrus Growers Clear-
ing House Association is a non-profit
co-operative body representing 80 %
of the Florida citrus industry in its
grower and shipper membership. It
is fundamentally a citrus growers'
organization. Signed up direct with
the organization we have 6976
grower-members aside from several
thousand more growers, who are un-
signed but are indirect members and
who are shipping through the or-
ganization because of being repre-
sented by our shippers who are han-
dling their fruit.
Standardized Products
We require standardization of our
fruit from all of our members, all
of our shippers and growers being
compelled to comply with Uifited
States specifications as to grade fiid
pack. Our inspection department
runs from 25 to 40 men, written
reports being furnished to the Mar-
keting Agent, the packing house
foreman and the Clearing House.
This standardization program is con-
sidered extremely essential to fit in
with our advertising program.
Informative and Flexible
As the name signifies, our or-
ganization is a Clearing House of
information where the members
have available all information that
is for the common good, so deleted
as to source as to avoid permitting
one shipper taking undue advantage
over another.
Each shipper-member directs his
own sales with his own agent but
does so under the general direction
and suggestion coming from the
Clearing House.
The Clearing House is in exist-
ence because it is the most practi-

January 25, 1930

Page 5

Pare 5


cal application in the most compre-
hensive manner possible of the co-
operative idea for Florida. Competi-
tors cannot be killed off with a saw-
ed-off shotgun. It is essential be-
cause its policies are sufficiently
flexible to assemble these competi-
tive interests and generally direct
them along lines of common welfare
without seriously interfering with
their individual efforts.
Controls Shipments
Price control is so far voluntary.
Shipment control is mandatory as
to volume permitted each shipper
each week, thereby permitting the
Clearing House to exercise a posi-
tive control of supply with a volun-
tary intelligent control of prices in
accordance to demand.
One of the most important func-
tions the Clearing House has is that
of regulating its shipments every
week. Heretofore none of the ship-
pers knew what could be expected
for the coming week's shipments or
even the current week. There was,
therefore, a general lack of con-
fidence in themselves and each other
and the resulting fear of shipments
jumping. Now all of our shippers
know before hand the total volume
that will be shipped for the follow-
ing week on the part of our mem-
The need of control is strikingly
evident from a complete packing
house register just completed by us.
This shows 291 packing houses in
the State with an avouched-for ca-
pacity of 955 cars oranges per day
or 1506 cars of grapefruit. This
means that our entire crop could be
physically packed in thirty days.
This tremendous capacity has been
the cause of gluts in the past but to-
day is controlled by our prorating
of shipments and the individual al-
lotments given each shipper weekly
ir governing his operations.
In marketing, the necessary di-
vision of labor, which must apply to
any big business, applies most na-
turally in the division of labor which
each member shipper assumes in the
direction of this problem with his
buying trade and agents.
Individual Incentive
The spirit of friendly rivalry in-
cites each shipper to endeavor to
out-sell his competitive members.
Every shipper knows from the mar-
ket information wired him daily,
whether he is high, low or average
in his sales. The Clearing House,
therefore, is a comprehensive co-
operative organization generally di-
recting industry problems but with-
out the leveling influence which
comes from killing individual incen-
tive, where the business might be
centralized too severely.

The Clearing House has been suc-
cessful in making a thorough and
accurate crop estimate which will be
the means of saving the growers and
shippers a vast amount of money
and will be compiling further esti-
mates as a check on the last esti-

Juicy and sweet from

sunshiny groves,


Oranges and Grapefruit

are more glorious than ever this year

FLORIDA has had a perfect year for oranges
and grapefruit. Nature with its combina-
tion of friendly sunshine, even moisture
and always rich soil has made Florida
oranges and grapefruit incomparable in
size, flavor and juice content. And they are
picked and shipped as they ripen, reach you
full of sweetness and heavy with juice. Flor- fR
ida oranges always have more juice than
any grown-and more juice than ever this
year! Florida grapefruit, by long-established
superiority, hold an equally envious posi-
tion in the markets of the world. Ask for
Florida oranges and grapefruit by the state
name! Florida Citrus Growers Clearing For Health Drink Orange
House Association, Winter Haven, Florida. and Grapefruit Juice

The above advertisement is another of the series now being carried by the Clearing House in newspapers
in the leading citrus markets of the north. This advertisement is used in both the rotogravure editions and
the black and white sections

Page 6

January 25, 1930

January 25. 1930

(Continued from Page One)
that the creation of the board ap-
parently meets with the unqualified
approval of all concerned with the
work in Florida, including growers
and shippers, as well as State of-
Policy Worries Removed
With the board ready to begin
work at once, the forces in charge
of eradication work will be relieved
of much work dealing with policies
and will be able to devote more time
to the eradication campaign. The
Department of Agriculture feels
highly gratified with the results se-
cured thus far, according to Secre-
tary Hyde, and is desirous of ex-
tending every aid to the end that
the campaign may proceed along the
present satisfactory lines to a suc-
cessful conclusion.
It-is expected that the Fruit-Fly-
Board will announce its intention to
form immediate contacts with all
branches of the agricultural indus-
try in Florida.
The object of such contacts, said
Secretary of Agriculture Hyde, is
not only to acquaint the board with
all the needs of the industry, but to
provide for dissemination to all in-
terested persons in Florida full in-
formation on conditions in the fruit
fly eradication work. The Depart-
ment, he says, is desirous not only
that the objects of the eradication
effort be fully understood but is
hopeful that the contacts establish-
ed by the Federal Fruit Fly Board
may inspire suggestions that will
lead to improvement in the work.
The beard will serve as an imme-
diate contact between the Plant
Quarantine and Control Administra-
tion and the eradication forces in
Florida, and will relieve the admin-
istrative officers in Florida of the
necessity of giving attention to
grievances and recommendations of
growers and shippers.
Administrative Officer
Dr. Wilmon Newell, who has been
in charge of the Federal work in
Florida since the discovery of the
fruit fly last April, will remain in
the position of administrative of-
ficer. Secretary Hyde left entirely
to Dr. Newell the decision as to
whether he would serve on the board
or remain as administrative officer.
Dr. Newell felt that his experience
in the work thus far and his famili-
arity with Florida conditions would
enable him to serve the work more
effectively as administrative officer.
Following the action of the Board
of Directors January 3 in endorsing
the efforts of President Hoover and
the. Department of Agriculture to
obtain the $15,000,000 appropria-
tion to continue eradication work,
many organizations, not all of which
are directly interested in the citrus
industry, have likewise officially fol-
lowed suit. Some of them supple-
menting their endorsement with re-
quests for modifications of certain
of the quarantine regulations.
Among the organizations pledging

January 25, 1930 -


their support of the move to obtain
an eradication appropriation are the
following Exchange Associations:
Winter Garden, Florence Villa,
Lakeland, Lake Alfred and Wav-
The Orange County Citrus Sub-
Exchange and the Executive Coun-
sel of the Florida Bankers' Asocia-
tion passed similar resolutions.
Inspection Work Goes On
Announcement the middle of this
month by the State Plait Board that
funds for active eradication work
had been exhausted caused some ap-
prehension in the State in that it
was not understood that the an-
nouncement related only to eradica-
tion work and not to the more im-
portant (at the present) inspection
work. In other words, the eradica-
tion work which was discontinued
consisted of gathering and destroy-
ing dropped fruit from deserted and
abandoned properties in the eradi-
cation area and clean-up and period-
ical spraying in th 'e ulnfested.
zone created November 16th in Or-
ange County.
Plant Commissioner Newell at the
time recommended that the State
Plant Board continue the eradica-
tion work with State funds until
such time as congress may make an
appropriation. Upon communication
with Governor Carlton, Dr. Newell
learned that funds for this work are
not yet available in the State Treas-
ury for use under the terms of an
act of the last legislature appropri-
ating $500,000.00 for fruit fly erad-
ication. Chairman P. K. Yonge of
the State Plant Board issued the
following statement explaining the
Emergency Appropriation
"Congress, in House Joint Resolu-
tion 174, passed December 18th, ap-
propriated $1,290,000.00 to be used
in connection with the Department
of Agriculture's fruit fly activities.
Two hundred ninety thousand dol-
lars of this was for reimbursement
of transfers previously made for the
fruit fly work from other funds of
the Department and the remaining
one million dollars was for con-
tinued administration of the Federal
quarantine and interstate shipments
of Florida host fruits and vegeta-
"The House Appropriation Com-
mittee, in recommending the pass-
age of this resolution, specified that
no part of it should be used for con-
tinuing the eradication activities,
the committee report stating: 'The
Committee is not willing at this time
to appropriate any additional funds
for eradication work ** and it is
not anticipated that any part of it
will be so used unless some pressing
necessity therefore, not now exist-
ing, should arise.'
"Situation Serious"
"This is an extremely serious sit-
uation, as the continued presence of
dropped and overripe fruit in the
many deserted and abandoned prop-
erties throughout the eradication
area will afford ideal conditions for
any fruit flies, which may have sur-
vived the past summer's eradication

Shipper-Members of Association
The shippers named herewith are members of the Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association and they are the ONLY members of this organization.
In fairness to these shippers who are supporting the Clearing House, as well as
helping to build the organization, grower-members should urge their neighbors
to join and ship through one of these operators.

Abbate Co., The Chas-_.....- Orlando
Adams Packing Co., Inc_-Auburndale
Alexander & Baird Co., Inc.
-____-.___ ...____. .__. Beresford
American Fruit Growers, Inc.
__.__.________ .......Orlando
Bilgore, David & Co. ...Clearwater
Browder-Fowler Packing Co.
____------ ___________________. --_ Arcadia
Burch, R. W., Inc.. ----_ Plant City
Dixie Fruit & Produce Co.....Tampa
Emca Fruit Co. ----- Crescent City
Eustis Packing Co., The .........Eustis
Fields, S. A. & Co.........-- --Leesburg
Florida Citrus Exchange ___-- Tampa
Florida Mixed Car Co. -_ Plant City
Florida United Growers,Inc.
---__ __.__Winter Haven
Fosgate, Chester C Co.....- Orlando
Gentile Bros. Co -----__ ----Orlando
Herlong, A. S. & Co.....-...Leesburg
Holly Hill Fruit Products, Inc.
-_- _______-_ Davenport
Keen, J. W. -___-- ...----. Frostproof
Keene, R. D. & Co.....-------- Eustis
Lamons, D. H.---- ----Ft. Myers
Lee, J. C., Sr. __-- ------Leesburg
Lovelace Packing CoWinter Haven
Maxcy, Gregg ---------Sebring
Maxcy, L., Inc. .....------. Frostproof
Merrion & Dodson .....Winter Haven
Milne-O'Berry Packing Co., Inc.
...-_- _____..____St. Petersburg
Mitchell, J. M .---------- ..Elfers
Mouser, W. H. & Co... -- Orlando
Nelson & Co., Inc..---.....-----Oviedo
Okahumpka Packing Co.
-----_-_---- Okahumpka
Overstreet Brothers -..---- Palmetto
Orange Belt Packing Co .-. Eustis
Richardson-Marsh Corp._--- Orlando
Roe, Wm. G. .-------- ..Winter Haven
Roper, B. H ...----.---. Winter Garden
Stetson, John B. Est. of .___. DeLand
Sullivan, C ..-- --...._-----.. Frostproof
Sunny South Packing Co --_- Arcadia

activities, to increase and spread to
commercial properties.
"Realizing that this situation
jeopardizes the main fruit and veg-
etable industries of Florida, the
board appeals to the growers and
citizens generally to themselves ex-
ercise every possible precaution and
safeguard to prevent development
and spread of the fruit fly."
Inspection of commercial groves
for the presence of the fly, super-
vision of packing house operations,
issuance of shipping permits and
other activities incident to the en-
forcement of the Federal quaran-
tine on Florida host fruits and veg-
etables are still being continued, it
was stated, as these activities are
authorized under the conditions at-
taching to the Federal appropriation
made in December.
Modifications Sought
Efforts to obtain further modifi-
cations in shipping regulations are
to be made by the State Plant Board

Symonds, A. D. & Son __Orlando
Tampa Union Terminal Co.._ Tampa
Taylor, C. H.........---------...... Wauchula
Welles Fruit & Live Stock Co.
------------------ ---------Arcadia
Associated With Other Shipper-
Armstrong, F. C._......------. Palmetto
Babson Park Citrus Growers Assn.
-----------------Babson Park
Blake, Ellis G..--.....----.... Lake Helen
Campbell & Mixon._.St. Petersburg
Cartledge, W. C.........Crescent City
Chase & Co....-----__.. ...... ..-Sanford
Citrus Grove Dev. Co., The
---------------------------Babson Park
DeLand Packing Co._ -..-- DeLand
Fellsmere Growers, Iic.._Felsmere
Holly Hill Grove & Fruit Co
_--.-------- -----------Davenport
Indian River Fruit Co._......Wabasso
International Fruit Corp. Orlando
Johnson, W. A ......------.. Ft. Ogden
Lakeland Co. Inc., The .-..Lakeland
Lake Wales Fruit Packers, Inc.
--------------------- Lake Wales
Mammoth Grove, Inc.....Lake Wales
Middleton, W. D...........Isle of Pines
Ulmer, H. D..........--------... Clearwater
Valrico Growers, Inc ...........-Valrico
Vaughn-Griffin Packing Co.-.Howey
West Frostproof Packing &
Canning Co......--West Frostproof
Less Than Car Lot
Lyle, J. P.-- -----__--------San Mateo
Pinellas Fruit Co. Inc.
.__________St. Petersburg
Ufco Packing Co .---_---- Ft. Pierce
Stone, Forrest B.---.._.-----Maitland
Not Operating This Season
Flesch Brothers -....----..Auburndale
Ft. Meade Packing Co-......Ft. Meade
Roberts Bros. & Co. Inc.-Avon Park
St. Johns Fruit Co.........----.....Seville
White City Fruit Co.......White City

according to a recent announce-
ment made through the _press__by
General Blanding, member of the
board. Resolutions were adopted at
the meeting of the board in Gaines-
ville December 13, asking for ex-
tension from January 31st to Feb-
ruary 28th of the last date on which
movement of citrus will be permit-
ted to the 18 embargoed States. A
similar extension from April 1st to
May 1st on shipments into other
territory also was requested. The
resolution reads as follows:
"Whereas, there have been no
new infestations of Mediterranean
fruit fly found in this State since
Nov. 16, 1929, and only one since
Aug. 26, 1929, and
"Whereas, weather conditions in
the 18 States under embargo are
comparable in February with those
in January, therefore be it
Ask Time Extension
"Resolved by the State Plant
Board of Florida in regular session
(Continued on Page Eight)


Page 7

Page 8





JANUARY 25,1930

Published Semi-monthly by the FLORIDA CITRUS
DeWitt Taylor Bldg., Winter Haven, Florida.

Entered as second-class matter August 31, 1928, at
the postoffice at Winter Haven, Fla., under the Act of
March 3, 1879.




. . Ft. Ogden
. Orlando
Winter Garden
Winter Haven
Mt. Dora
Winter Haven


S . President
Vice President
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Co-operative Marketing
The recent exchanges of opinion between
the Federal Farm Board and the United
States Chamber of Commerce. on the subject
of co-operative grain marketing and the call-
ing before the Senate committee on lobbying
of Julius H. Barnes, an official of the cham-
ber, suggest a wider study than has yet been
given of the whole subject of co-operative
marketing. No doubt the Farm Board is mak-
Jig-such a study as it goes along; indeed, that
as part of its job and if it is not interfered with
too much it may accomplish some real results.
The consideration given the subject should be
as dispassionate as possible.
There have been a few successes and very
.many failures in the co-operative field, the
two most conspicuous successes being in this
State-the organizations of the orange grow-
nrs nd of the walnut growers. Records of
fT'Department of Agriculture compiled in
1926 show that some 1500 associations organ-
ized-at various times have ceased operating,
vf which only 4.1 percent lasted as long as
twenty years. Of the whole number 3 per-
ceiit failed within a year; 10 percent more
i thin- two years; 14 percent more within
three years and only 16 percent lasted ten
years or more, the percentage that failed
w'*ithin five years being 61.8.
IOf those whose causes could be ascertain-

ed, the department decided that 72 percent
had gone under because of inefficient man-
agement, 23 percent because of insufficient,
business, 24 percent because of insufficient
workiiig capital, 17 percent because of too
liberal credit to patrons, 8 percent for dis-
honest management, 6 percent through acts.
of Providence, 12 percent by voluntary dis-
solution and only 2 percent through unfair
competition. Since more ,than one cause'
operated to produce many failures, these per-i
centages add up to far more than 100.
The significant figures are those for ineffi-:
cient and dishonest management, which add
up to 80, in which there is presumably little;
duplication; and, for a different reason, un-
fair competition, which proved almost neg-
The co-operative problem, therefore, ap-
pears to be one of management, and the con-
spicuous successes give emphasis to such a
conclusion, since1both the orange and the wal-
nut associations are run' by C.C. Teague. Mr.!
Teague draws no salary from either, consid-
ering himself repaid by the benefit to his own.
crops, but there is little doubt he could sell
his services for a much higher price to a com-r
mercial marketing association. In theory, if'
a co-operative paid as much salary to a man-
ager as he could earn in private business, it
would have no great advantage in the prices:
it could afford to pay producers over a private:
business; so that if the grain co-operatives
are unable to get hold of a manager who is
an altruist, the interests represented in the
United States Chamber of Commerce have'
little to fear.
If efficient and low-priced management is
obtained, on the other hand, the grain co-
operatives can give the commercial buyers
sharp and perhaps destructive competition.,
The advantage which the chamber objected,
to was that of obtaining lower interest rates.,
As Chairman Legge pointed out in his discus-
sion of the objection, if there is such an ad-'
vantage it-is one deliberately granted by Con-,
gress. But such an advantage, in view of the
management difficulties, probably will not be.
a serious factor, business success generally
depending far more on managerial ability
than on rates of interest.
The most optimistic do not expect the co-
operatives to gain control of much more than
40 percent of the grain, and in the handling
of the other 60 percent there should be plenty'
of opportunity for the more efficient commis-
sion merchants. As Legge declared in strik-
ing phrase, "the only fellow who has any real
concern is the man who deals in pink ticketsi
instead of wheat" who will have less oppor-
tunity to make money if wide price fluctua-
tions are prevented.
Efficient management is not the only co-
operative problem. Getting the vast number
of individuals who are engaged in grain farm-
ing together on any sort of a .common basis
seems an almost insuperable task. It has
been found difficult in the case of the Cali-
fornia grape crop, the growers of which are
a compact and homogeneous group compared
with the grain growers. Farmers are indi-
vidualists and it is hard to teach them a dif-
fereht philosophy.--Los Angeles Times.

Janiaiy 25*, 1980

Citrus Summary on

1928-29 Sbipments

Is Issued by Bureau

An interesting summary of the
1928-29 season covering the mar-
keting of Florida citrus has just-.
been issued by the United States
Department of Agriculture and the
Florida State Marketing Bureau co-
operating. Copy of this summary
will be sent free of charge to anlijy
grower asking for it. Requests
should be sent to Mr. H. F. Willisn,
Federal State Marketing News Serv-.
ice, Winter Haven.
A partial list of the contents of
this summary includes a list of bul-
letins on citrus fruits, production of
citrus by States, number of bearing,
orange and grapefruit .trees from"'
1922 to 1929,.. comparat__ejhjlt:y
ments of Florida and Califorifa cit..
rus, shipments of oranges, grapefrit -
and mixed citrus by weeks for the
past two seasons, auction averages
for both Florida and California from
1925 to 1929, carlot shipments of
Florida oranges and grapefruit by
counties and months, destinations
of our citrus, the monthly unloads
of both Florida and California citrus
in 66 of the principal markets and
much other important data.

.(Continued from Page Seven)
in Gainesville, this the 13th day of
January, 1930, that it does hereby
request the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture to extend the
time of shipment of Florida fruits
and vegetables into the 18 States
under embargo from Jan. 31 to Feb.
28, 1930, and be it further
"Resolved, that the United States
Department of Agriculture be and
is hereby requested to extend the
time for the shipment of fruits and
vegetables from Florida into the
other States from April 1 to May 11
1930, and be it further
"Resolved, that the Florida State
Plant Board respectfully urge 4iat -
an early decision on this matter is
of vital importance to the people bf

When perishable fruits are ship-
ped long distances to market the
problem during a considerable part
of the year is to keep the tempera-
ture in the car low enough to pre-
vent deterioration. However, there
are times when the problem is to
keep the temperature high enough
to prevent freezing, and specialists
of the United States Department of
Agriculture are now at work on this
Tests have been made with cars':
standing on a siding and with others
in actual transit during winter
weather where the temperature
dropped as low as 400 below zero.

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