Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00027
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: November 10, 1929
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00027
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text
Library Comp..
Bureau of Arig. Ecor.,
UI. S. Dept. of Ari., D A
Washington, D. C.


Representing more than 10,000
Growers of Oranges and Grapefruit




Official Publication of the

10 Ce a Copy NOVEMBER 10, 1929 NVoumer1
$2.00 a Year N ber

Modified Quarantine, Rulings Are Making Prospects More Rosy

They're Fly-Free,

Committee Tells /

Hyde After Visit

Congress' Survey of Eradi-
Scation Work Results in
Favorable Publicity

When Rep. Wood, Indiana, Chair-
man of the House Appropriations
SCommittee, selected a special com-
Smittee of noted educators and sci-
i entists to survey the Florida situa-
tion in the interests of the proposed
$26,000,000 eradication fund, he
Performed unwittingly of course
-a decidedly valuable service to
this State.
The committee in question, after
inspecting the territory once under
infestation and making a thorough
survey of the manner in which erad-
Sication work has been carried for-
ward, presented Secretary of Agri-
culture Hyde with a decidedly op-
timistic report of conditions here.
The committee's survey impressed
the members likewise with the seri-
oaus aspect of the pest and led them
to recommend that the present erad-
ication and quarantine work be con-
tinued and that funds be made
available for emergency use in case
There is another outbreak of the fly.
The Committee approved heartily
the manner in which the eradication'
program has been carried out, de-
claring: "A study of the activities
of the research and control forces,
and the expenditures to date show
an economical and efficient use of
Sthe funds available."
The committee's report in full is
as follxos:
Report of Special Committee to
Study Status and Needs of Med-
iterranean Fruit Fly Campaign
The Secretary of Agriculture re-
leases herewith a report of a special
committee on the Mediterranean
fruit fly-campaign in Florida. This
committee was selected at the sug-
gestion of the Secretary under the
(Continued on Page Four)

4d4ress by Nathan Mayo

At Annual Convention of

Agricultural Executives
(Washington, D. C., October 29, 1929)

In the trouble that has beset agri-
culture and horticulture of Florida
during the past few months, as the
result of the invasion of the State
by the Mediterranean fruit fly, the
extremely intimate inter-relation of
the several sections of the United
States has been strikingly illus-
trated and the inter-dependence of
even widely separated areas has
been convincingly demonstrated.
I trust that I am not wrong in my
belief that the present occasion is a
proper one for a brief discussion of
some of the ways in which these
truths have been brought home to
us by the fruit fly situation.
First, it should be emphasized,
perhaps, that the menace of the
Mediterranean fly, long a shadow
that plagued the well-informed hor-
ticulturist, has been consistently
recognized as;,threatening the fruit
and vegetable industries of an ex-
tensive territory.
Other Sections Endangered
When it became known that, de-
ispite the vigilance of National and
State protective forces, the fly had
entered Florida, the danger to other
portions of the country was readily
admitted by all concerned in the
problem of meeting the emergency.
Otherwise, there never could have
been mobilized and organized in an
effective way that campaign for
eradication which has been so mark-
edly successful up to the present
Florida, herself, I frankly admit,
could not have financed the warfare
on a scale broad enough to assure
victory. But for the assistance of
other States, through the National
Government, she would have been
the innocent and helpless means of
passing the pest on to boundless

fields for the display of its destruc-
Florida Is Grateful
Florida is profoundly grateful for
the prompt response made to her
call for aid-grateful not only be-
cause it gave the chance for her
great fruit and vegetable industries
to be saved but also that protection
was afforded the like interests of
other commonwealths.
Agriculture and horticulture, in
all the vast regions where the fruit
fly might gain a foothold, will for-
ever owe a debt of gratitude to the
Washington authorities, to the Pres-
ident, to the Cabinet, to the Con-
gress and to the men who execute
the will of these, for the immediate
and efficient action that followed the
discovery of the fly in Florida.
For it is Inconceivable that, with
the record-so far made in the-erad-
ication campaign and the present
prospects for speedily finishing the
task, there will be the slightest hes-
itancy in carrying on to final and
complete triumph.
When I admit that Florida alone
could not have done the job, I cast
no reflection on the State where I
live, that I try to serve and which
I sincerely love. No State in the
Union could have functioned in the
premises, without aid from other
No Job For One State
Nor would it have been fair or
just to expect any State to perform
by itself in a matter of such tre-
mendous national import. Florida
has done her part, done it gladly
and done it well, you will permit me
to assert, with no little feeling of
praise in the record that justifies:
the assertion.
Her appropriation of five hundred
(Continued on Page Eight)

Representatives of

Clearing House and

State Do Good Work

R. F. Maguire Feels Gov-
ernment Must Be Given
Fullest Co-operation

For six months now, Florida has
been treading the strait and narrow
path. The way seemed gloomy and
appeared to be without end.
Today, the story is changing; the
path is widening; the walls are re-
ceding. The grower of Florida cit-
rus is beginning to breathe more
In the opinion of Raymer F. Ma-
guire, member of the State Plant
Board, agricultural officials, both of
the Federal Government and of
State governments throughout the
country feel a genuine sympathy for
Florida and are going to do all in
their power to relieve the situation.
Mr. Maguire represented the Clear-
ing House Association at the Wash-
ington convention Oct. 29-30-31 of
the National Association of Agricul-.
tural Commissioners of the country,
ably supplementing the work done
there by Congressman Ruth Bryan
Owen and Commissioner Mayo in
furthering the Florida cause.
Leaves Bar Meeting
The manner of Mr. Maguire's go-
ing to the Washington convention is
of interest to the grower-members
of the Clearing House. Mr. Maguire,
who is a prominent attorney of Or-
lando, had left Florida a day or two
prior to the Washington meeting, to
attend the meeting in Memphis of
the American Bar Association. The
Clearing House in the meantime was
endeavoring to get in touch with
him, General Manager Pratt finally
reaching the Orlandoan by tele-
phone in Memphis. The situation in
Washington was discussed over the
phone and Mr. Maguire readily
agreed to attend the convention.
The matter next was broached to
(Continued on Page Five)


Modified Rulings Helpful

But Many Problems Still

Confront Crop Marketing

With the recent issuance of quar-
anitine modifications lightening tre-
mendously the problem of market-
ing the season's crop, it will be in-
teresting to growers in the State to
know just what the conditions con-
fronting us were on November 1st.
The present quarantine regula-
tions which have been made as leni-
ent as practicable and even yet may
be modified further, still present
many difficulties in moving our crop
efficiently and profitably. Steriliza-
tion of our fruit for instance is
probably the most important aspect
of the existing-regulations. Reports
on cold proceasea&iaD ef grapefruit
indicate that this syiem of sterili-
zation is not satisfactory commer-
cially. Sterilization by the heat
method, it is hoped will prove prac-
tical, but cars treated by both meth-
ods are being followed closely by
the Clearing House and more defi-
nite conclusions will be possible
within the near future.
Southern States Handicapped
According to government records
18.1% of our citrus crop was mar-
keted the past year in the Southern
States. This 18% must now be mar-
keted in the rest of the United
States from which we are not em-
bargoed. Over 70% of our oranges
are grown in the eradication areas,
which requires going to the eleven
Northeastern States unless steri-
Heavy Percentage Seconds
Our quarantine regulations in
May and June were such as to war-
rant advice, which was given from
official sources in many instances,
resulting in the growers not going
to the additional expense of endeav-
oring to make a quality product.
Therefore, dusting, spraying and
pruning were eliminated for rust
inite, melanose, white fly and simi-
lar pests, and not resorted to as
usual. As the result our crop is'
running abnormally heavy to sec-
ond grade. This second'grade cus-
tomarily has been disposed of in the
Southern States. These markets are
precluded at present and when our
second grade is included, even with
first grade, in our shipments to the
eleven Northeastern States or West,
they become an undesirable assort-
ment not fitted to meet the require-
ments of the trade.
Severely Congested Northeastern
SAside from being forced to mar-
ket in the eleven Northeastern
States grades which the trade does
not want, our difficulties are increas-
ing by over-congestion of total sup-
plies. Seventy percent of our pro-
duct is produced in the eradication
area. All that fruit must go to the
eleven Northeastern States unless
sterilization methods are followed.

Our only hope in sterilization is
heat. We are hoping it will prove
to be as practical in oranges as it
has been shown to be in grapefruit.
Not only is Florida forced by
quarantine to go into these markets
but into these same markets Cali-
fornia has been pouring in abnor-
mally heavy supplies, due partly to
having an abnormally heavy crop
of Valencias for the past season.
California's Distribution
Into only four different cities,
namely, New York, Philadelphia,
Boston and Pittsburgh, California
has been shipping a volume which is
not only greater than any hereto-
fore but a percentage which is sur-
prisingly high.
Bear in mind in the eleven North-
eastern States there is a tremendous
private sale marketing area, yet
into these four auction markets in
addition to the vast number of sales
California is making privately in
the balance of these Northeastern
States, we find during the past four
weeks California has been putting
about one-third of her crop. The
exact figures of the number of cars
California has sold at these four
cities alone are as follows:
Week Cars at Percent Week
Ending Auction Auction Previous
October 12 _- 296 23% 1267
October 19 -- 365 30% 1238
October 26 430 39% 1109
November 2. 350 33% 1053
The percentage of the four weeks
named respectively shows 23%,
30%, 39% and 33 1/3%.
SCalifornia was advised by the
Clearing House early in October or
the latter part of September that
we figured Florida would have avail-
able for October shipment 2,000
cars oranges. Up to November 1st
we have shipped only 250 cars.
On account of Florida's excep-
tionally early season and advanced
maturity we have advised the Cali-
fornia Fruit Growers Exchange of
cur desire that they ship less fruit
to these Northeastern markets and
put more fruit into the Southern
markets, thereby permitting our
movement of oranges into these
eleven Northeastern States, and ad-
vised them why this was necessary.
They have wired us that they will
do everything possible to equalize
distribution as suggested.
On November 1st California wired
that they estimated 1400 cars of
late Valencia oranges still unship-
ped and 1600 cars rolling undeliv-
ered, making a total of 3000 cars of
the old crop yet to be distributed.
This again makes it very difficult
for Florida to move her crop into
this restricted area with California
pouring in such excessive quantities
into the only markets available to

The weekly shipments used, by
the way,. were for the week ending
one week prior to the date the cars
sold at auction as would be the prior
week rather than the current week
but that these cars would be reach-
ing the Atlantic Coast.
Necessity Quick Action
With our early maturity, as well
as the necessity of moving our crop
abnormally early, on account of the
final shipping date of April 1st, if
any relief is to be given by lifting
embargoes in the Southern States,
it must be given at once.
Florida's proportion of shipments
to the Southern States is always ex-
tremely heavy from the first of No-
vember to December 20th. During
that time all the small towns
through the South buy heavily; fre-
quently many of the smaller towns
make no further purchase after
their holiday supplies have been dis-
posed of. Should we wait until after
the regular session of Congnrss toq
decide definitely regarding appro-
priation for eradication, it will be
too late to help Florida much in her
Southern trade outlet.
California's Inability to Supply the
A sales manager of the largest
citrus organization (The M. O. D.)
in California with the exception of
the Exchange, visited our office re-
cently after having covered the
Southern States and said he saw lit-
tle hope of California putting any
appreciable amount of her new crop
of Navels into the Southern States.
In the first place about 75 to 80 %
of her Navels were running No Is
up to March 1st. In the next place
they have a short crop and prices
would be high and to expect to sell
many of her No. Is in the South at
the high price anticipated was more
than could be reasonably expected.
Advice also received indicates
about a $5.00 f.o.b. price up to the
holidays or $6.50 delivered in the
Southern States, the price being
about twice as high as the Southern
States are accustomed to paying.
The Southern States are much heav-
ier purchasers of oranges than of
grapefruit. Lifting of the embargo
and permitting, even sterilized or-
anges into the Southern States
would be of great assistance to Flor-
ida as well as the Southern States.
Another reason that California
will hesitate to put her fruit into
the Southern States is because they
have pocket markets in many of
these Southern States. The freight
rates not being adaptable and flexi-
ble and permitting of rediversion of
California fruits, as is the case in
the rest of the United States. Cali-
fornia will, therefore, be unwilling
to take the chance of inspection and
rejection on arrival in these pocket
markets, thus again interfering with
normal distribution and making it
quite impossible for California to
fill the gap created by the artificial
conditions of our quarantine.
Low Returns Indicated Not Due To
Florida's Inefficiency
Never before has Florida been
brought together in a co-operative

effort with, such a splendid spirit
and determination to meet its emer-
gencies as now. Eighty-five per-
cent of the industry is in our Clear-
ing House. Our grower and ship-
per members are showing a wonder-
ful spirit; they have by no means
given up; they are ready to fight
things through and accept the in-
evitable but insisting that the prac-
tical side of the whole industry
problem must be recognized and
laid squarely and fairly before the
administration, knowing the neces-
sity of repeatedly presenting indus-
try facts, and knowing also the dif-
ficulty of the administration fully
sensing all the practical features of
these facts.
There has been no price cutting'
on the part of our shipper-members.
Our low prices on oranges are the
result of California's congesting the
only marketing area into which we
can ship and at present offering a
fully ripe, highly colored product
against our new crop with its inside
Maturity but outside poor color, in
competition. When California Val-
encias are out of the way it is be-
lieved that their new crop Navels
from Central California will be mar-
keted mostly in the West and Cen-
tral States and that we will come
into our own and enjoy nearer nor-
mal conditions.

Chase and Company

Merge With Exchange,

In Second Big Move

Florida citrus growers were great-
ly interested the first of this month
by the public announcement that
Chase and Company, the oldest fruit
marketing agency in the State, will
merge with the Florida Citrus Ex-
change, both shipper members of
the Clearing House Association. J.
C. Chase, head of Chase and Com-
pany, is expected to become a mem-
ber of the Exchange board of direc-
tors, according to press reports, al-
thbogh details-of the merger are ex'
pected to require about a month for
The merger is the second such
move to have been made with the
Exchange this season. A few weeks
ago, announcement was made that
the International Fruit Corporation
and its subsidiary, the Lucerne Park
Fruit Association, owned by the Di
Giorgio interests, had affiliated with
the Exchange.
Chase and Company, which last
summer moved its citrus headquar-
ters to Sanford, headquarters for
the concern's vegetable interests,
operates thirteen packing houses in
various parts of the fruit belt. Last
season the concern handled nearly
800,000 boxes of fruit, a large per-
centage of which came from the
company's own grove properties.
The packing houses are at Arcadia,
Auburndale, Crescent City, Frost-
proof, Geneva, Homestead, Mana-
tee, Ocoee, Orlando, Vero Beach,
Wauchula, Mims and Winter Haven.

November 10, 1929

Page 2

November 10, 1929 FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS Page 3

Ripened /

Juice-Ieavyf Juicy and sweet from .

Florida Oranges and Grapefru sunshiny groves,

natural moistr - rich soil The glor
o .1o1A ..I.I :soi ..a o Gror5 Fe areahDrifiOn F L O
elthDriOraawith juice and golden in color. Let to an Grpefruit Jy e
on the treall, they pleah su dre
picking that yu an esily iunsine I FO a a ere ear ra n

ing House advertisements which will a appear in gathe roto- sound grapefruit. Nature withe reason is that advertising writers, its combine
gravure sections of northern newspapeyours this moappearanth. yo can tlon of frwith Florida and her products, have the task
ao a r ar t r o a ria raes o suhr ads, now o prorin this par a e he he e he
Sbeing prepared by N. W. Ayer & Son, Inc., the agency an- adsthi orangebviously will cand grapefarry a "true" ring, for the copy writers
dling the Clearing House campaign.eakes Florida o rf the NEWS "know what they about."

S lbM n In fact, in the two instances men- immediately offered to cancel his ANALYZING THE MARKET
lo nd at e fruit Groies tin l wa s conrang alwas he mred usie had
Sb ought outright. Sizes were excep- given instructions to his representa- management officials today rate the

r th uyers t ionally desirable and quality un- ties not to solicit hany fruit which is "where to sell" as their first, second
pic So it Ce These cases were reported to LO hoe d an takenly e one as e e

d t e ere investigated, our tion of a fe oes already picked nu er of votes. scant ear ago
Florida oranges Drndk Orange anr Gritri Ju e

T ieret ist es ri the se onter and the Fconoract a ee candle b "hre to rr

past w ve beeira n s to our ter taken two oth f the sh lear- may wonert why the reading matter on the avertisements

attention wherouse advgrowertisements which will appear into the contract. He Thit- sounds only illusattrates the necessity "revision of padvertisonnel" second.rs,
abovsigned Clearing House contracts, showed clearly he had no knowledge, of peany grower advising this particular phase ofosing the tomorrow's markets ishence the
bwe re solicied by representatives of wa o the fru h ang een solcor of his rio contract rela outtaningf m gem ent problem o
hip no in the Clearing House ign e d u o e eari os e aEWS "know what they're tarinter' Ink
FMembers Should Be fat, nheIAct two instances men- immediately offered to cancel his ANALYZING THE MARKET

tioned the fruit in question was contract as he assured us he had Out of 340 leaders more than 300
FWit Bbought outright. Sizes were excep- given instructions to his representa- management officials today rate the

Fa yr ioaldeir t er n s able and quality un- tives not to solicit any fruit which is "where to sell" as their first, second
usually fine, under contract. As the result of the or third "greatest problem of the
Weho Soicite rop These cases were reported to the decisive action taken, the money has next three years." No other man-
earing House and the same day as been returned and with the excep- agement problem received half that

reported they were investigated, our tion of a few boxes already picked number of votes. A scant year ago

Two different instances duringthe local counsel consulted and the mat- the contract has been cancelled by "where to sell" rated third in the
past week have been called to our ter taken up with the shipper who both parties list with "lower sales costs" first and

attention where growers, who had had entered into the contract. He This only illustrates the necessity "revision of personnel" second.
signed Clearing House contracts, showed clearly he had no knowledge, of any grower advising frankly any Choosing tomorrow's markets is the
were solicited by representatives of whatever, of the fruit having been solicitor of his prior contract rela- outstanding management problem of
shippers not in the Clearing House. signed up to the Clearing House and "tions. today.--Printers' Ink.

Page 4


Only 400 Million Insects

Dispute Our Daily Fight

For World's Food Supply

The eternal battle between man
and insects, not for immediate exist-
ence but for the ultimate control of
the world's food supply, is ever be-
fore us. The somewhat startling
aspect of the strength and determi-
nation of the insect world in this
battle, is interestingly set forth by
James E. Boyle, professor of rural
economy at Cornell University, writ-
ing in the October issue of The At-
lantic Monthly.
An excerpt from a condensation
of this article is reproduced here-
with for readers of the NEWS.
The world's history needs to be
rewritten in terms of insects. Who
will tell what the yellow fever mos-
quito, for instance, or the cattle tick
or the tsetse fly has done to the hu-
man race?
Will It Be Man or Bug?
There are estimated to be over
400 million kinds of insects in the
world, and all of them are of sig-
nificance to mankind. These insects
are all our competitors for the
world's limited supply of food. Who
shall inherit this earth, man or bug,
will depend in the last analysis on
which creature is most efficient in
securing his daily ration.
When we remember the bug's ca-
pacity to reproduce, we begin to feel
uncertain about our own future sur-
vival. Consider, for instance, the
tiny green cabbage aphid. Under
favorable conditions, there are 30
generations of these bugs in one
year. The mother aphid who lays
her eggs the first of April becomes
the progenitor of 12 generations by
the middle of August. She produces
41 young in one generation. There-
fore, by the middle of August, if all
the mother-aphid descendants should
live, there would be alive at one
time some 560 quadrillion aphids!
Or to state it more exactly, 564,-
087,257,509,154,652 aphids. And
they would weigh about eight times
as much as all the human inhabi-
tants of this globe.
Beautiful Butterflies!
This shows rather strikingly what
one mother aphid can do in four and
one-half months, if she has plenty of
food and no enemies. We must also
remember the size of the insect's ap-
petite-especially, when in the larva
stage. Familiar examples of the
larva are the maggots-children of
the common house fly-and the cat-
erpillars, grub worms, and so on,
children of the butterflies and moths
which play like fairies in the sun-
light or moonlight. The sole busi-
ness of the larva is to eat and grow.
And so we find that the caterpillar
of the common Polyphemus moth
consumes, in about 56 days, 86,000
tines his original weight. This is
rather terrifying I

Still, the balance has been main-
tained, thus far, between man and
bug, so that the bug has not yet de-
prived his human competitors of too
much of their food supply except in
the cases of insect plagues.
He's Ever Present
Will man or bug inherit the earth?
If it is a question of the survival of
the fittest, then the argument favors
the bug. The cockroach, for in-
stance, was here a million years be-
fore man came; therefore he will
likely be here a million years after
man has joined the dodo. The cock-
roach came with the coal age. He
is versatile. Living first in Asia, he
traveled by ship to Holland, and
later became at home all over Eu-
rope. While he prefers the warm
climate, he is found in numbers
among the Laplanders in the far
north. He often destroys quantities
of the dried fish they put away for
winter. More famous, however, are
the cockroaches of Brazil. Here a
traveler reports seeing children with
their eyelashes more or less eaten
off by cockroaches. The eyelashes
were bitten off irregularly, and in
some places quite close to the eye-
lids. Since Brazilian children have
the beautiful drooping lashes of the
Latin races, their appearance was
strangely defaced. These same cock-
roaches also bite off bits of toenails.
Apparently they confine their depre-
dations to children.
Modern Travel Methods
As the cockroach has migrated all
over the world, so, too, many other
insects are doing. Man's scientific
means of insect control is offset by
the modern means of travel which
the insect now uses. When Lind-
bergh finished his 46,000-mile flight,
touching three continents and doz-
ens of countries, think of the scores
of new insects he picked up and
brought back to the United States!
And one female insect-even an
egg-is enough to start a new pest.
Whence come our present insect
pests? Most of them come from
foreign countries. Thus they leave
behind their natural enemies, and,
with plenty of rich food, they show
us what the mathematical formula
of geometric progression looks like
when put into practice..
We multiply our scientific means
of overcoming harmful insects. But
as fast as one bug is destroyed two
new ones take his place. Our worst
pests today were unknown to our
grandfathers, and our grandchildren
may struggle with new and more
harmful insects than we know. Even
at the present moment entomologists
estimate that they are acquainted
with one kind of insect out of eight
or ten. How the battle between in-
sects and men will swing in the fu-
ture it is impossible to prophesy;


(Continued from Page One)
direction of Hon. Wm. R. Wood,
Chairman of the Appropriations
Committee of the House to secure
the latest information for the use
of that committee. This report pre-
sents an additional, independent and
recent judgment of the work and
its future needs. The personnel of
this committee was as follows: W.
O. Thompson, President Emeritus of
Ohio State University; W. C. Reed,
commercial fruit grower of Vincen-
nes, Indiana; W. P. Flint, Chief En-
tomologist of the Illinois Natural
History Survey; W. H. Alderman,
head of the Department of Horti-
culture, University of Minnesota,
and J. J. Davis, head of the Depart-
ment of Entomology, Purdue Uni-

Washington, D. C.
October 22, 1929.
Hon. Arthur M. Hyde,
Secretary of Agriculture,
Washington; D. C.
Your committee, appointed to
make a study of the Mediterranean
fruit fly in Florida, with special
reference to progress of the work
the past three months, the possibili-
ties of eradication and the future
needs so far as determined at the
present time, report as follows:
In order to be familiar with the
problem, the committee spent the
past week in Florida, during which
time, 1,300 miles through the infest-
ed and outlying areas were covered
and many citizens of Florida inter-
Eradication Foreseen
We concur with the report of your
committee of seven regarding the
economic importance of the insect
and the need for eradication. The
Mediterranean fruit fly should be
recognized as a potential pest of
very great importance to the fruit
industry of the Southern States;
also the results to date clearly fore-
cast the possibility of complete erad-
ication in Florida and this goal
should be vigorously sought.
We commend the work of the re-
search and control forces, the for-
mer for the progress made in the
short period since the discovery of
the infestation April 6, 1929, with
attractants, poison sprays, host
plant studies and fruit sterilization;
the latter for the apparent thor-
oughness and completeness of the
quarantine and eradication work.
We likewise commend the co-opera-
tion of the growers and the sacri-
fices which they have made in de-
stroying hundred of thousands of
boxes of fruit, in order to aid in the
eradication. A study of the activi-
ties of the research and control
forces, and the expenditures to date
show an economical and efficient use
of the funds available.
Progress of Eradication and Needs
For the Future
The research division has made
fundamental studies which have had

November 10, 1929

an important bearing on the con-
duct of the eradication program of
the past six months and which will
have an increasing value for any
future program of control or eradi-
cation. A study of wild fruits, in-
cluding the period of maturing and
susceptibility to fly attack, has re-
vealed facts which will enable a con-
tinuation of the eradication pro-
gram and elimination-for the pres-
ent, at least-of work which would
cost many millions of dollars. The
studies of cold and heat sterilizing
processes which will permit uninter-
rupted shipment of citrus fruits has
been basic and seems to assure the
development of methods which will
not only eliminate the danger of
spread but may improve the color
and reduce rots over previous com-
mercial methods.
The finding and utilization of a
poison spray to destroy the flies was
doubtless one of the chief factors in
bringing about the present apparent
absence of infestation. Evidences of
temporary injury by this spray to
the citrus tree and its fruit were
apparent, especially in groves where
the grower has been unable to
finance proper upkeep, but further
studies now under way indicate the
possibility of the development of a
safe and equally effective spray.
Bait traps are now useful only in
detecting infestations-an import-
ant use-since the kerosene attract-
ant used will attract only male flies.
Continued studies may reveal an at-
tractant to which females as well as
males will respond. These develop-1
ments reveal important leads and
research along these and other lines,
are essential for the eradication pro-
gram which has been so effective
during the first six months of the
campaign. A study of the canning
industry, with special reference to
the utilization of by-products and
its bearing on fruit fly control,
would seem to be a very desirable
addition to the research program.
Weather May Have Helped
The eradication division involves
many important features. From an
infestation where hundreds of flies
could be obtained with a few sweeps
with a net and where infested fruit
was common, to a point where all
methods of trapping fail to catch a
single fly and where no fruit infesta-
tion can be located in spite of dili-
gent and extensive search, is little
less than marvelous. Weather condi-
tions may have assisted in reducing
the infestation but a study of all the
data clearly shows that the complete
destruction of fruits in the infested
zones and the thorough use of
poison sprays have been largely re-
sponsible. That infestations have
not been found in adjoining States
where much fruit was shipped pre-
vious to the discovery of the infes-
tation, nor in the known infested
area, are facts difficult to explain.
That infestations will be found, at
least in the original infested zones,
before the end of June, 1930, seems
almost certain. For this reason suf-
ficient funds should be immediately
available for stamping out incipient
outbreaks, should they appear. A
continuation and enlargement of the


inspection and scouting work is es-
sential to discover any occurrences
of the fly before they become con-
spicuous. Spraying should be con-
tinued in the vicinity of citrus
groves where injury to the trees and
.shrubs is not likely to result. The
complete destruction of "drops" and
the inauguration of a host-free
period (approximately April 1 to
September 1) by removal of the cit-
*rus and other susceptible fruits,
such as peach, pear, guava and
Surinam cherry, seems to be an im-
portant feature of the eradication
'program. Destruction of abandoned
groves is likewise important in the
proposed program of eradication.
No Infested Fruit Found
A very thorough study of wild na-
tive host fruits in 600 square miles
of wild, natural growths, exclusive
Sof abandoned groves, has failed to
reveal a single infested fruit. For
this reason, and until such findings
are made, we believe a general
'cleanup in such areas unnecessary.
This will materially reduce the cost
of an efficient eradication campaign.
An important part of the project
is the quarantine which involves the
possible spread of the fly by means
of public carriers. This work has
been admirably accomplished by the
SNational Guard of Florida. The uti-
lization of the State National Guard
for the enforcement of quarantines
*,has never before been attempted
and the methods and effectiveness
of this organization for quarantine
duty where a single State is involv-
ed are heartily endorsed. The en-
forcement of garbage disposal,
screening of fruit stands and fruit
delivery wagons is important from
the standpoint of eradication and
should continue as a phase of the
quarantine under the supervision
and control of the State National
Many who have objected to one
or another phase of the fruit fly pro-
ject were interviewed, but after dis-
cussion and conference a distinct
majority were in favor of a contin-
uation of the research and eradica-
tion work on a reasonable basis. It
was apparent that the comparative-
ly few who questioned the need or
Efficiency of the work usually did
so because they were uninformed on
the significance of the Mediterran-
ean fruit fly should it become es-
'tablished and beyond control, and
on the immensity of a program of
eradication. For these reasons we
believe better methods of fully in-
forming the public should be used
and that an efficient program of
eradication be inaugurated.
Must Continue Work
The appropriations already made
for the eradication program have
been so effectively used that infes-
tation is not now apparent. The
failure to continue the program of
eradication as a measure of precau-
tion might threaten the efficiency of
the work already accomplished. In
addition, an emergency fund as a
reserve might well be provided and
made available only in case of new
outbreaks in outside areas which
would constitute emergencies.

The committee desires to express
its appreciation for the active and
willing co-operation on the part of
the Federal, State and county offi-
cials in the inauguration and pros-
ecution of the eradication program.
W. O. Thompson, Chairman; Wil-
liam C. Reed, W. H. Alderman, W.
P. Flint, J. J. Davis, Secretary.

(Continued from Page One)
the State Plant Board with the out-
come that Mr. Maguire hastily left
his fellow-lawyers and proceeded to
the national capital.
Ruth Bryan Owen Helps
Both Mr. Maguire and Commis-
sioner Mayo held several confer-
ences with the Washington officials,
met many of the state agricultural
commissioners .and in short made
such a good impression upon all that
help of a very material sort soon
came forth from the convention. At
the closing session of the conven-
tion, Congressman Owen added the
real climax to the occasion, by pre-
senting Florida's case so ably and
pleasingly that opposition to quar-
antine modification practically melt-
ed away. Florida growers, fortunate
enough to have heard Congressman
Owen speak at the annual meeting
of the Clearing House in Winter
Haven last spring, well know and
can appreciate her ability to win
ready sympathy for Florida and
Florida growers.
The result of the work of these
three Florida representatives was a
surprise even to them, for the con-
vention presented and unanimously
approved resolutions requesting
funds from the Government for
eradication work and approving at
the same time a policy of "reason-
able indemnification or reimburse-
ment of persons," whose crops were
or may be destroyed in the eradica-
tion campaign carried on by the ag-
ricultural department. The resolu-
tions are published elsewhere in this
issue of the NEWS and, unofficial
as they are as far as the Federal
Government is concerned, they un-
questionably mark the turning point
in Florida's battle against the Med-
iterranean fruit fly.
Co-operation Necessary
Mr. Maguire, upon returning to
Florida from the Washington con-
ference, expressed the hope that
Florida people will continue to co-
operate with the department offi-
cials, declaring that, "Whether or
not we will obtain the maximum as-
sistance is dependent upon the co-
operation which we are willing to
give in return."
Mr. Maguire's statement, which is
particularly interesting at this time,
is given in full herewith as follows:
While in Washington I became
quite firmly convinced as to the fol-
lowing points:
1. It is of the utmost importance
to the people of Florida that the
appropriation sought by the United
States Department of Agriculture

be obtained and at the earliest pos-
sible time. It is my understanding
that the appropriation now desired
is approximately sixteen million dol-
lars. No one can determine accu-
rately the amount of money requir-
ed to wage to a successful conclu-
sion the fight of extermination
against the Mediterranean fruit fly.
In the end, far in excess of sixteen
million dollars may be used.
Fruit Must Be 0. K'd.
Our people should come to a fuller
realization of the fact that citrus
fruit from Florida can be marketed
in other States only with the stamp
of approval of the United States De-
partment of Agriculture. At least
that is the resulting effect when the
various States are relying upon the
Plant Quarantine and Control Ad-
ministration of the United States
Department of Agriculture to say
when, where, and under what condi-
tions our fruit may be distributed.
Many seem to be laboring under
the impression that the policies and
regulations are determined by Dr.
Wilmon Newell and the Florida State
Plant Board. This is not true. If we
expect to move our produce into the
channels of interstate commerce,
the policies and regulations laid
down by the United. States Depart-
ment of Agriculture must be adopt-
ed in toto and complied with to the
very best of our ability.
Funds Are Imperative
If the United States Department
of Agriculture is adequately financed
in this campaign it can and will
cope with the situation. If not ade-
quately financed, the Department is
not in position to place its stamp
of approval upon our product. It
therefore behooves every Floridian
to co-operate in every possible way
to the end that the Mediterranean
fruit fly may be exterminated and
Florida produce given the widest
possible market. Antagonism, criti-
cism and failure of co-operation
will not produce results in an emer-
gency of the kind with which we are
2. Floridians are at this time do-
ing more to injure the cause of
Florida in its fight against the Med-
iterranean fruit fly and for extend-
ed markets than all other forces
combined. People who are ill-advis-
ed, without information, and ignor-
ant of the consequences of the Med-
iterranean fruit fly are flooding
Washington with letters contesting
the appropriation, alleging bad faith
and wasting of funds. These letters
are having an effect with those who,
in fact, desire to help Florida.
Rep. Wood Puzzled
I am advised that Chairman Wood
of the House Appropriations Com-
mittee has received many such com-
munications and these communica-
tions have apparently caused him to
doubt the report of a committee from
the central west which he named,
which committee commended in the
highest terms the campaign as car-
ried on under the direction of the
United States Department of Agri-
culture. It is reasonable to believe
that if these foolish representations

are continued the appropriation
necessary to continue the inspection
and eradication work will not be
made in time to permit the orderly
marketing of this season's crop.
If such a condition does come to
pass then the possibility of marketing
Florida's fruit, except in a very lim-
ited area, will be lost, with the re-
sult that our crops will bring noth-
ing and the money heretofore ex-
pended will, in fact, be wasted, be-
cause the whole fight will have to
be started anew.
Must Vouch For Fruit
It does not appear that the De-
partment of Agriculture can con-
sistently permit the shipment of
Florida fruit into other States if it
is not in position to vouch for their
freedom from infestation.
Hon. Peter O. Knight has recently
said, according to press reports, that
what Florida needs in this Mediter-
ranean fruit fly fight is a Florida
"fool-killer." I interpret his remark
to mean that the expression of opin-
ions by Florida people without any
foundation in fact upon which to
base them is the most serious me-
nace with which we are confronted.
Entomologists from many States
feel that the progress which has
been made toward the elimination
of the Mediterranean fruit fly in
Florida is nothing short of marvel-
ous and is without historical pre-
Await Appropriation
3. I am of the emphatic personal
opinion that we cannot expect any
wide-spread distribution of unpro-
cessed Florida fruit in Northern
markets until the appropriation sug-
gested by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture is made. The
reason for this is very apparent.
The United States Department of
Agriculture is confronted with the
fact that various States are willing
and want to accept Florida's fruits
and vegetables provided they arrive
with the Department's stamp of ap-
They look upon this stamp of ap-
proval as a guarantee that the fruit
and vegetables are free from infes-
tation and fit for consumption. In
order to place this stamp of ap-
proval upon Florida products a large
sum of money is required for con-
tinuing inspection and investigation
and for carrying on the campaign
of elimination of the Mediterranean
fruit fly. The United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture is extremely
desirous of giving to the State of
Florida every assistance consistent
with the rights of other States.
Whether or not we will obtain the
maximum assistance is dependent
upon the co-operation which we are
willing to give in return.

A directing agency for agricul-
tural marketing has been urged by
Secretary Hyde. Agriculture's most
vital need is a sales department to
help find new markets, to distribute
the flow of commodities and to as-
sure the producer a "square deal"
on his product.-U. S. Daily.

November 10, 1929

Page 5


If You Think Fight

Against Fly Hasn't

Been Job, Read This

Some idea of the amount of work
which thus far has been involved in
the campaign to eradicate the fruit
fly from Florida is shown in the re-
cently issued summary of opera-
tions of the fly fighting forces from
the beginning of the effort up to
the first of this month.
A total of 25,611 citrus produc-
ing properties have been thoroughly
cleaned or recleaned by the cleanup
department, while 43,417 cultivated,
non-citrus properties have been sim-
ilarly handled. In addition there has
been a cleanup and destruction of
wild host plants upon 744,952 acres
of wild lands. In all the cleaning
and recleaning operations have cov-
eloedaAotbal f.,1,429,657.6 acres, .:
Spray Roadside Foliage
Bait spraying continued through
September, the operations then be-
ing extended to cover in many
places all roadside foliage. Some
citrus properties received their
eighteenth consecutive bait spray
treatment toward the last of Sep-
tember, having been sprayed at reg-
ular intervals over a period of
weeks. Some, however, were just
coming in or their first spraying in
cases where infestations were later
discovered. Spray operations to
September 30 had covered a total
of 1,872,763 acres, which in some
quarters is believed to set a record
for the simultaneous and regular
application of spray materials in a
fight against any insect pest. Spray
operations to that time had con-
sumed 1,821,335 pounds of sugar,
302,203 gallons of syrup, 239,603
pounds of lead arsenate, and 3,719
gallons of sodium arsenite. Sodium
arsenite has been used in places to
kill such things as cactus and gopher
apple where appearing in large acre-
age in the woods. It has proven very
effective, it is said; and has en-
abled the elimination of these things
much more economically than if
they had been hoed or otherwise
dug out.
Inspect 39,000,000 Trees
To September 30 the inspection
force had inspected or reinspected
a total of 39,344,730 citrus trees;
and in addition had inspected 3,322
vegetable properties. While the
eradication area alone involves ap-
proximately 15,000 square miles,
the inspections in one form or an-
other have practically covered the
fruit and vegetable producing areas
of the entire State.
With the ripening of the citrus
crop, development of the Govern-
ment's plan for certifying all citrus
shipments- to points outside the
State is requiring an enlargement
of forces. giving attention to citrus
packing houses. In order to facili-
tate the handling of the citrus crop
it is becoming necessary to provide
for. speedy inspection and certifica-
tion of grove properties and for a

Orange Plays Third. Fiddle In Fruit

Popularity Race With Grapes Leading All

If the class in market information
will be seated (without peeking at
the "blackboard" table herewith
prominently displayed) we will ask
What fruit, from a consumption
basis, is the most popular in United
States? That is, of course, if we
ignore the ever-present banana
(some 200,000 cars of which the
American devours annually). So,
not counting the Fruit Vendor's
Favorite, the question narrows down
tc that fruit grown in the United
"The orange!" you answer patri-
Wrong. Guess again.
"The apple," is your next think.
Warm in Your Guesses
You are getting warm-very
warm, but it's time to tell you that
the leading fruit is the grape. (It
should be noted here by the way,
that the products treated in this ar-
ticle are referred to as fruit, in that
the title belongs to them by common
The grape leads by a very small
margin (judged on the showing
made in 66 leading markets of the

New York _-.


country) with the apple coming in
to the finish scarcely a peeling's
thickness behind. And now the Flor-
ida orange booster may receive his
award for this fruit takes a very
prominent third place in the race
for consumption honors. It possibly
may surprise you to hear that the
cantaloupe is numbered fourth with
the peach fifth, the pear sixth and
our up-and-coming grapefruit sev-
enth. In order that our grapefruit
may make a little better showing, it
should -be added that eighth places
goes to the boarding house appe-
tizers, the prunes and the plums.
West Takes To Apples
In the smaller table printed here-
with, eleven cities receiving the
greatest number of carlots of fruits
form among the 66 markets listed in
the larger table, show vividly how
the folk of the eastern and western
sections consume fruit. The apple
is by far the favorite in Chicago,
Detroit, Cleveland, St. Louis and
Cincinnati. With the exception of
Baltimore (which must have a popu-
lace of much discernment and ap-
preciation and which chooses the
orange as its favorite fruit) the
eastern cities turn most quickly to
the grape. The use of the grape as
a basis for drinks unquestionably
plays an important part in the ship-

les Oranges Cantaloupes
23 11,952 8,930

ment figures on this product and
too, possibly is a factor though to
a lesser extent, in the use of the
In New York City grapes, apples
and oranges are pretty close to an
equal footing but in Boston, Phila-
delphia and St. Louis, the orange
ranks second. Baltimoreans, as al- ,
ready has been noted, choose first
the orange and consume about as
many oranges as they do of any two
other fruits.
Grapefruit Has Friends
Although Boston has a fair ap-
petite for grapefruit, it is in the i
western cities that this product ap-
pears to have its best reception;
Cleveland, St. Louis and Cincinnati
placing the grapefruit ahead of -the
The table of the 66 leading mar-
kets shown on the opposite page,
was compiled in the Fruit and Veg-
etable Division of the Bureau of Ag-
ricultural Economics from statistics
obtained by bureau representatives
in 27 large cities and from reports
sent direct to the Washington office
of the bureau by railroad and steam-
ship agents in 39 other cities. The
smaller table was compiled from the
larger, to show more readily the
actual order of popularity.


Peaches Grapefruit
5,859 4,138

Chicago -------- Apples Grapes Oranges Cantaloupes Peaches Pears Grapefruit
7,428 5,751 4,809 3,263 2,374 1,760 1,613

Boston ------ Grapes Oranges Cantaloupes Apples Peaches Grapefruit Pears
4,648 4,248 1,936 1,856 1,316 1,085 798

Philadelphia .-- Grapes Oranges Apples Cantaloupes Peaches Pears Grapefruit
4,061 3,587 2,211 1,937 1,467 1,104 902

Detroit --...... Apples Grapes Oranges Peaches Cantaloupes Pears Grapefruit
2,415 2,036 1,853 1,452 988 542 481

Pittsburgh -- Grapes Apples Oranges Cantaloupes Peaches Pears Grapefruit
3,016 1,932 1,601 1,403 1,037 467 395

Cleveland ------. Apples Grapes Oranges Cantaloupes Peaches Grapefruit Pears
1,640 1,468 1,441 991 933 418 356

St. Louis ..... Apples Oranges Grapes Peaches Cantaloupes Grapefruit Pears
1,325 1,265 931 816 710 278 170

Cincinnati ------ Apples Peaches Oranges Cantaloupes Grapes Grapefruit Pears
1,153 909 780 650 637 241 113

Baltimore... Oranges Grapes Cantaloupes Apples Peaches Pears Grapefruit
1,150 637 566 560 555 290 280

Newark .....__ Grapes Apples Peaches Cantaloupes Oranges Pears Grapefruit
2,635 673 652 449 88 43 26

close observation of packing house
operations. Of the 318 citrus pack-
ing houses listed in Florida, 248 are
located within the eradication area,
and 70 are outside. More than 140
cold storage plants in the State also
will require the offices of this divi-
sion of the inspection work.
Permit Issuance Big Task
At the same time the system of
permits under which fruit must
move from groves to packing houses
and from packing houses to north-
ern markets, if Uncle Sam is to cer-
tify to the American public the

soundness and unimpaired quality
of that fruit, as is being done, re-
quires a new force of competent
workers. Provision has been made,
it is said, to handle this phase of
operations not only carefully and
well, but with sufficient speed to
avoid any embarrassment to the
growers or packers in making their
shipments upon otherwise normal
Portions of the work which dur-
ing the summer were relatively un-
important, have, with the ripening
of the citrus crop, now required en-

largement to meet changed condi-
tions. It is said the very thorough
cleanup is, however, permitting a
reduction of the labor battalions
which; like a veritable army, have
during the past few months moved
ceaselessly and tirelessly in a con-
stant removal and destruction of
cultivated and wild hosts upon which
the flies might feed, thus driving the
flies to eat of the bait spray which
is credited with having accomplished
such a very remarkable reduction in
the fly population within so short a

Page 6

November 10, 1929


Unloads of Fruits in 1928 Show Oranges Third in Popularity


Akron 106 29 260 135 296 183 21 1,030

Atlanta 485 186 555 105 142 22 39 1,534
Baltimore 1,150 280 560 566 637 555 290 4,038
Boston 4,248 1,085 1,856 1,936 4,648 1,316 798 15,887
o 0

Bridgeport on --------- 172 28 145 68 319 102 55 8891
Buffalo --- --~ 23847 253 298 526 898 410 131 3,363
Chicagon 4,809 1,613 7,428 3,263 5,751 2,374 1,760 26,998
Cincinnati 780 241 1,153 650 637 909 113 4,483
Cleveland -1,441 418 1,640 991 1,468 933 356 7,247
BoColumbus --------- 4164866 322 254 292 380 50 1,882
Bridgeport --- -___ 172 28 145 68 319 102 55 889
Buffalo ----- --- 847 253 298 526 898 410 131 3,363

Dallas --- -------- 277 102 461 48 175 21 9 1,093
Dayton --- 130 42 490 164 57 372 3 5 -1,261
Denver -- 388 200 511 377 408 279 100 2,263
Des Moines ..............------ 196 83 179 58. 91 174 40 821
Deroit --------- 1,853 481 2,415 988 2,036 1,452 542 9,767
Duluth ___ -- 135 47 420 68 136 74 41 921
El Paso 42. 158 38 128 48 106 48 7 533
Evansville --------- 157 36 104 29 59 24 10 419
Fort Worth ----------- 141 67 328 25 89 10 5 665
Grand Rapids ......--- ------ 250 99 75 124 95 104 14 761
Hartford ti -- 357 91 127 175 545 157 66 1,518
Houston -------- 279 115 397 45 175 157 22 1,190
Indianapolis __------ 535 213 725 222 190 412 34 2,331
Jacksonville ---------- 247 730 352 56 80 197 10 1,672
Kansas City ___ 519 275 1,104 430 492 558 151 3,529
Lexington ----- -------_ 91 21 188 36 43 46 16 441
Los Angeles __ 48 155 3,663 1,045 88 686 498 6,283
Louisville -------- 413 71 553 264 294 176 80 1,851
Memphis --- 368 104 546 111 234 120 20 1,503
Milwaukee ------ 625 156 1,131 315 1,130 599 307 4,263
Minneapolis ------- 533 218 748 225 405 321 184 2,634
Nashville -------_ 214 73 442 49 129 113 7 1,027
Newark ------- 88 26 673 449 2,635 652 43 4,566
New Haven ------- 303 83 236 168 1,025 252 90 2,157
New Orleans ------ 532 130 469 236 247 275 110 1,999
New York ___- 11,952 4,138 12,923 8,930 14,455 5,859 6,655 64,912
Norfolk -_.-- 211 68 368 31 90 71 10 849
Oklahoma City--- 163 60 235 36 110 28 9 641
Omaha ---- --- 276 117 631 140 333 282 117 1,896
Peoria ------- 101 47 198 31 47 182 6 612
Philadelphia 3,587 902 2,211 1,937 4,061 1,467 1,104 15,269
Pittsburgh -- 1,601 395 1,932 1,403 3,016 1,037 467 9,851
Portland, Me.---- ------ 218 55 95 77 77 55 40 617
Portland, Ore.-- 401 144 562 354 361 353 257 2,432
Providence ------ 405 "- 78 253 -301 678 281 129 2,125
Richmond -212 81 532 49 103 82 30 1,089
Rochester -- 410 128 184 223 659 174 16 1,794
St. Louis 1,265 278 1,325 710 931 816 170 5,495
St. Paul ____en-------------_ 266 94 271 104 263 162 80 1,240
Salt Lake City --------- 193 46 14 88 104 3 4 452
San Antonio__ l------ 263 41 340 9 161 142 28 984
San Francisco 13--------2 1,140 314 1,080 734 2,803 492. 676 7,239
Seattle ---- ----- 794 177 591 331 440 327 101 2,761
Shreveport ----------- 133 22 179 26 70 18 2 450
Sioux City____---- -- 135 62 228 51 101 107 60 744
Spokane -- 160 36 51 108 117 218 12 702
Springfield, Mass. -. 355 75 137 154 435 136 46 1,338
Syracuse ------ 285 72 58 155 470 128 33 1,201
Tampa -------- 1 16 328 62 144 133 34 718
Terre Haute -- 49 11 78 7 37 30 0 212
Toledo __402--------- 415 112 448 141 127 199 21 1,463
Washington --- ------- 599 210 483 429 295 329 108 2,453
Worcester ----4----- 8 7 26 42 80 41 6 250
Youngstown .-------205 40 158 175 66.5 148 48 1,439

Total, by Commodities.
Total car-lot shipments,
domestic and imports 3











(1)-Includes Satsumas and Tangerines.
(2)-Includes Honey Dews, Casabas and other miscellaneous melons.
(3)-Only imports from the Bahamas, Bermuda, Canada, Cuba, Mexico and
ment totals.





Porto Rico included in ship-


Resolutions on

Fruit Fly Help

Whereas, the National Association
of Commissioners, Secretaries and
Departments of Agriculture, in con-
vention assembled in the city of
Washington, appreciates the notable
results obtained to date in the Fed-
eral and State efforts to effect the
elimination of the Mediterranean
fruit fly in Florida, and believing
that a continuation of these efforts
will effect the eradication of this
fruit fly; and
Whereas, it is the desire of this
association that adequate funds be
provided to prevent the spread and
to complete the extermination of
this pest; and
Whereas,,-bhis: associatio n-b eli6,ea
that in connection with such pre-
vention of spread and eradication
means can be provided for the or-
derly marketing of Florida fruits
and vegetables under regulations of
the United States Department of
Agriculture; and
Whereas, the fruit growers and
others in Florida have suffered seri-
ous losses in the National interest
occasioned by the destruction of
fruit and vegetables and the prohibi-
tion of the growing of the same;
Whereas, the eradication effort
and the cost to the State and its
losses to individuals is in the inter-
est of protecting the United States
as a whole from the menace of a
new and very serious fruit and vege-
table pest,
Now, therefore, be it resolved:
(1) That this association appeals
to Congress to provide at the earli-
est possible time funds for the
United States Department of Agri-
culture adequate to carry forward
and complete the campaign of eradi-
cation inaugurated with reference
to the Mediterranean fruit fly;
(2) That this association urges
the Secretary f' Agriculturre to ex-'
tend the markets for Florida fruits
and vegetables as rapidly as is con-
sistent with safety;
(3) That this association recog-
nizes and heartily approves a policy
of reasonable indemnification or re-
imbursement of persons whose crops
have been, or may hereafter be, de-
stroyed as a necessity of the eradi-
cation campaign; and
(4)That this association transmit
a copy of these resolutions to the
President of the United States, to
the Secretary of Agriculture, and to
the members of the Congress of the
United States.

The packing of farm goods in
small cotton bags in retail sizes is
being urged by the cotton market-
ing division of the Department of
Agriculture. It is expected that this
method of packing will enable farm-
ers to receive higher prices for their
products.-U. S. Daily.

November 10, 1929

Page 7


(Continued from Page One)
thousand dollars compares most fav-
orably with the four million odd fur-
nished by the United States. Her
diversion to the Mediterranean fly
campaign of a going concern, the
State Plant Board, and of a trained
staff of entomologists, experiment
station workers, county agricultural
agents, national guard members and
so on, gave the initial set-up that
made quick action practicable. Be-
yond and above all these factors,
however, has been the self-sacrific-
ing co-operation of her farmers,
fruit growers and truckers. They
have contributed directly to the
campaign, in time and money, a
value greater, if it could be isolated,
analysed and appraised, than the
combined appropriation of its Fed-
eral and State governments. They
have taken losses, in fruits and veg-
etables destroyed during the past
spring and summer, running into
many millions of dollars, to say
nothing of the potential worth of
crops they refrained from planting,
in accordance with quarantine regu-
Cheerful Through Losses
For the most part, all this loss
and sacrifice has been cheerfully
forthcoming, even though, as we
know now, much of it was unneces-
Yet our people realized that the
objective in view and the conditions
under which it must be gained made
it unavoidable that some regulations
should be harsher than demanded,
some rules severer than needed and
some sacrifices heavier than re-
So Florida folks gave freely and
willingly, in nine cases out of ten,
to the end that the Mediterranean
fruit fly might be vanquished be-
fore it escaped across the borders
of my State into the fields, groves
and orchards of yours.
I assure you, gentlemen, that it
is not altogether because of the fact
I am proud of Florida and her
record in this matter that I have
detailed to you at some length.
Rather, my good friends, it has been
my purpose to show you that in re-
lation to the further co-operation
asked by my State of your States
and of the National Government,
Seek Eradication Funds
First of all, we ask additional ap-
propriations for Mediterranean fly
eradication, commensurate with the
magnitude of the task and with the
importance of the end sought. Our
case in this immediate connection
has been exhaustively studied by
the United States Department of
Agriculture and by scientists from
independent sources, co-operating
with it. Their recommendation
we understand, was for a Fed-
eral appropriation of $26,000,000.
,Maybe less than this sum will bring
Sthe job to a successful conclusion.
.Perhaps a larger amount ultimately

will be required. Whatever monies
are needed, can their use be attack-
ed so long as the expenditures pro-
duce results in exterminating the
Must Confine the Battle
Estimate, in any way you will,
the cash and the time that must be
consumed in making the fight, if the
battle ground were extended to in-
clude other States, in which the pest
would be destructive. Dare you, or
any one else, in the light of your
findings, dispute the wisdom of mak-
ing available whatever funds the
task calls for?
Bear in mind that Florida has
gone the limit-that her capacity to
furnish more of the sinews of, war
has been exhausted. The inter-de-
pendence of our agricultural and
horticulture demands that the Med-
iterranean fruit fly be conquered
i'1 Florida, let the effort cost what
it may.
Ask Free Movement
Second, we request that the move-
ment into trade and consumption of
our fruits and vegetables be ham-
pered as little as is consistent with
the complete protection of other
sections. In asking this there is no
thought that any of our products
shall be shipped which can possibly
be carriers of the Mediterranean
fruit fly.
Around each point of infestation
there has been established an infest-
ed zone, so-called, two miles in
diameter. In hundreds of instances
but a single infested fruit has been
located in one of these zones. Very,
very few have recorded other than
the original infestations.
Crop Movement Successful
In the face of the fact that we
moved last season 8,384 cars of cit-
rus fruit from the known infested
area of Orange County, and 81,702
cars of fruit and vegetables from
the infested and partly infested
areas, 75% of which was moved
without any precautionary measures
on our part, or by the State receiv-
ing these products, and with 1,500,-
000 boxes moving into adjoining
States by truck, and 156;000 cars in
the past three seasons, without any
caution whatever, and since there
has not been found an infestation
in North Florida or in any of the
Southern States in any of your pro-
ducts, or in any other part of the
United States, we urge you to con-
sider these facts carefully.
During the last three seasons the
total movement by truck has been
2,300,000 boxes of citrus fruit and
the total carload movement of both
fruits and vegetables from infested
areas has certainly not been less
than 156,743 carloads, and in the
face of these facts there have still
been no infestations, although North
Florida and the border States have
had hundreds of inspectors looking
for fly infestations.
Supporting U. S. D. A.
Now, gentlemen, we are with the
United States Department of Agri-
culture whole-heartedly in their
fight until the last fly is eliminated,

and we hope that you and your rep-
resentatives in Congress will sup-
port the Department in their re-
quest for an appropriation sufficient
to carry the fight to an ultimate vic-
Now compare the area of these
infested zones, containing approxi-
mately 974,000 acres, with the total
of the fruit and vegetable sections
of the State. The 22 counties in
which there have been infestations
contain 12,000,000 acres. Other
counties, in which the fly never has
been found, despite the most careful
inspection of groves by government
men, together have an area of 23,-
000,000 acres.
It is the fruit and vegetables from
the fly free territory, 34 times as
great as the total of the zones in-
fested, that we desire to see moved
without restriction, other than rigid
examination at point of shipment by
expert entomologists.
Outlet Badly Needed
Our producers need and must
have this outlet to your consumers
if they are to avoid bankruptcy. In
turn their purchases from your
fields and factories, out of the pro-
ceeds of fruit crops, will help your
agriculture, your commerce and
your industry to prosper.
Again let me urge that we desire
to ship no grapefruit, oranges nor
vegetables that are even suspected
of infestation with the fruit fly.
We do deserve, however, the priv-
ilege of marketing all our product
that is absolutely above suspicion.
Third, and last in the list of
major aids for which Florida ap-
peals to the rest of the country, is
adequate and proper compensation
to growers on account of fruit and
vegetables that must be confiscated
and destroyed as a part of the en-
deavor for the eradication of the
Mediterranean fruit fly.
Reimbursement Justified
It seems to be so generally ad-
mitted that the well-established
principles of equity and justice en-
title us to this consideration that I
regard as unnecessary any lengthy
references to the same.
Further, we are amply supported
in our request that funds be pro-
vided for the purpose, by the pre-
cedents that are so important in our
system of law-making.
Again let me emphasize that the
fruit fly is not a pest originating in
my State, nor in any sense peculiar
thereto. On the contrary, as a na-
tional menace, its admission to Flor-
ida has been in a sense a deficiency
of the Federal quarantine officilas,
mostly due, it is only fair to say, to
the inadequate finances which have
hampered their work.
Our fruit and vegetable men,
whose groves and fields have be-
come infested and whose crops must
be sacrificed, are the "innocent by-
standers" of the situation. Compen-
sation to cover their losses in part is
fair and right. It cannot, in the na-
ture of things, be sufficient to justify
their continuance in production if
the fly is not eradicated. Hence the
close relation between funds for
carrying on the fight and funds to

give growers some pay for crops
Compensation in large enough
amounts to cover any considerable
part of the fruit and vegetable pro-
duction of the State, even on a part-
value basis, would be too heavy a
burden on the Federal treasury.
Must Market Some Portion
Hence the close relation between
the provision of funds for the pur-
pose and the quarantine regulations
that will permit Florida to market
all her output known to be free
from fruit fly infestation.
We ask that our people be paid
for products, which might endanger
the interests of your people, if mov-
ed in commerce of an interstate
character, because they may have
been grown in areas infested with
the insect pest, our visitation from
which is clearly a primary responsi-
bility of the United States Govern-
You owe it to us to collaborate in
effort to provide for compensation
in the premises, on a fair basis, and
you can help us to reduce the calls
for compensation, first, by financing
the campaign against the fruit fly
to assure the speedy completion of
its eradication, and second, by leav-
ing us free to market our products
that have no taint of fly infestation.
Out-of-State Investors
It is a fact beyond doubt that hun-
dreds of thousands of your people
have millions upon millions of dol-
lars invested in my State and own
large acreages of land in Florida.
So, in a very substantial way,
your constituents are my constitu-
ents and vice-versa.
My plea for aid, protection and
relief to the people of Florida, in
matters pertaining to the Mediter-
ranean fruit fly, is almost if not en-
tirely as much a plea for the people
you represent.
Florida folks, proud as they are
of the exclusive and eternal her-
itages of the State, in climate and
scil, in rainfall and sunshine, and
in the other essentials of a sub-trop-
ical agriculture, are glad that they
have so many partners in the enjoy-
ment and the ownership of these
They ask you, as the official guar-
dians of the horticultural concerns
of these partners, to carefully weigh
the message I have brought to you.
I know they may depend upon you
to meet fairly and frankly the du-
ties, the opportunities and the re-
sponsibilities that the situation
forces upon you.

The Federal Farm Board has
adopted a resolution to the effect
that loans shall be limited to co-
operative associations belonging to
regional sales organizations or when
such loans will serve to encourage
the establishment of such central
sales agencies. Exceptions will be
made only in emergency cases where
necessary to protect the co-opera-
tive movement from the loss of facil-
ities.-Wall Street Journal.

November 10, 1929

Page 8

Page 8

November 10, 1929

Mouser Successor to

Commander as Head

Of Operating Com.

W. H. Mouser, president of W. H.
Mouser & Company of Orlando, has
been elected chairman of the Oper-
ating Committee of the Clearing
House. Mr. Mouser succeeds C. C.
Commander who resigned the post
because of press of work as general
manager of the Florida Citrus Ex-
In accepting Mr. Commander's
resignation, the committee created
a vice-chairmanship, electing Mr.
Commander to this office.
The duties of the chairman of
the Operating Committee are be-
coming more arduous as the ship-
ping season advances, and require
no little time and work. The com-
mittee already has inaugurated its
weekly meetings, sessions being held
every Friday night in Winter Ha-
ven, and attendance to date has
been excellent. As was the case last
season, the pro-rating of shipments
for the ensuing week invariably is
the most important piece of work
which confronts the committee mem-
bers, although there are innumer-
able other details for the Operators
to consider at every meeting.

Certificate Needed

To Market Locally

Inquiries made at fly eradication
headquarters by citrus and vegeta-
ble growers who wish to market
their fruit at nearby local stores,
rather than through shipment to
northern markets, concerning the
method of procedure to be followed,
have brought forth the following
"To market host fruits and vege-
tables locally within the eradication
area the grower must first secure a
property certificate certifying that
his property has been inspected and
no evidence of infestation by the
Mediterranean fruit fly found there-
on. Application for such inspection
and certificate must be made to the
office of the district inspector in
whose territory the property is lo-
"Host fruits must be moved from
the grove or farm and delivered to
the store, hotel, restaurant, etc., in
standard commercial containers,
i. e., standard orange crates or
bushel baskets. Host vegetables (to-
matoes, peppers, eggplant and lima
beans) must be moved and delivered
in standard commercial crates or
hampers. While in transit the lid or
top of such container must be kept
securely fastened in place.
"Such host fruits or vegetables
while in transit from the grove or
farm to stores, etc., shall be thor-
oughly screened or otherwise cov-
"Growers outside the eradication
area are not required to obtain per-
mits for the movement of host fruits
or vegetables to store, restaurants,
etc., outside the eradication area;


Shipper-Members of Association

Adams Packing Co- .......Auburndale
Alexander & Baird, Inc. ___Beresford
American Fruit Growers-.... Orlando
Armstrong, F. C. .....--... --Palmetto
Bilgore, David & Co. ...Clearwater
Blake, Ellis G. -------- Lake Helen
Browder, D. H. and Son ._--.Arcadia
Burch, R. W., Inc.. _---- Plant City
Cartlege, W. C..---.......Crescent City
Chase & Co................ -Sanford
DeLand Packing Co. ----_ -DeLand
Dixie Fruit and Produce Co._-Tampa
Emca Fruit Co. ---- Crescent City
Eustis Packing Co.......... -Eustis
Fellsmere Growers, Inc. -Fellsmere
Fields, S. A. & Co. ..-------Leesburg
Flesch Bros ...------- Auburndale
Florida Citrus Exchange .---__ Tampa
Florida Mixed Car Co.... Plant City
Florida United Growers, Inc.
---- ____________.....Winter Haven
Fosgate, Chester C., Co... Orlando
Ft. Meade Packing Co. --Ft. Meade
Gentile Brothers Co. -- Orlando
Herlong, A. S. & Co.-..... Leesburg
Holly Hill Fruit Products, Inc.
-----____ ---________Davenport
Holly Hill Grove & Fruit Co.
______----___ D___.... davenport
Indian River Fruit Co. .....-Wabasso
International Fruit Corp. Orlando
Johnson, W. A..--....-----.. Ft. Ogden
Keen, J. W. .. ..... -----_ Frostproof
Keene, R. D. & Co. ---- ___--- Eustis
Lakeland Co., Inc., The.. Lakeland
Lake Wales Fruit Packers, Inc.
---------Lake Wales

and are not required to keep these
products screened while in transit
outside the eradication area."

Carolinian Finding

Embargo Burdensome

Florida citrus growers aren't the
only ones who dislike the terms of
the existing quarantine regulations
prohibiting shipment of citrus into
the Southern and Western States.
C. E. Archer, a resident of Flor-
ence, S. C., recently wrote the
Clearing House declaring that his
fellow Carolinians, like he himself,
are eagerly awaiting the lifting of
the embargo. His letter reads as

Florence, S. C.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association,
Winter Haven, Fla.
Dear Sirs:
For your information, I have talk-
ed to several people in different
parts of the State and find them
good and tired of California fruit.
It seems like they never noticed the
difference until they could get no
Florida fruit.
All of them want to know when
they will raise the quarantine so we
can get some good fruit. Do you
think there is any likelihood of rais-
ing it soon? The fruit would go fine
now here in South Carolina where
I have been lately.
Yours truly,

Lamons, D. H._-. -------Ft. Myers
Lee, J. C., Sr----.... ...-------Leesburg
Lovelace Packing Co._Winter Haven
Lyle, J. P ......---- .------ San Mateo
Mammoth Groves, Inc.....Lake Wales
Maxcy, Gregg_ ---- Sebring
Maxcy, L., Inc. --- --Frostproof
Middleton, W. D.......- Isle of Pines
Milne-O'Berry Pkg. Co., Inc..
-_---- .St. Petersburg
Mitchell, J. M.---- _--------Elfers,
Mouser, W. H. & Co..-........ Orlando
Okahumpka Packing Co.
-------_--- Okahumpka
Orange Belt Packing Co.---- Eustis
Pinellas Fruit Co. -- St. Petersburg
Richardson-Marsh Corp.-- Orlando
Roberts Bros. & Co., Inc Avon Park
Roe, Wm. G.___-------. Winter Haven
Roper, B. H.---..---.. Winter Garden
Stetson, John B., Est. of.... DeLand
St. Johns Fruit Co.. .-----... Seville
Stone, Forrest B......-----. Maitland
Sullivan, H. C---..___...------Frostproof
Sunny South Packing Co. Arcadia
Symonds, A. D. & Son --.- Orlando
Tampa Union Terminal Co. --Tampa
Taylor, C. H. Co. ------- Wauchula
Ufco Packing Co.------- -Ft. Pierce
Ulmer, H. D._____--------__ Clearwater
Valrico Growers, Inc. ----- Valrico
Welles Fruit & Livestock Co.
------------------ ----.---------- Arcadia
W. Frostproof Packing &
Canning Co.___ -___W. Frostproof
White City Fruit Co._____ White City

What Others Say

This is a suggestion to citrus fruit
shippers who are still operating in-
dependently of the Florida Citrus
Growers Clearing House Associa-
tion. Under present regulations,
about seventy percent of Florida's
crop this year will be restricted to
the northeastern States. This means
that there will be approximately as
much fruit to be disposed of in
that area as was sold there last year,
despite the smaller total crop. With
the release of fruit from all but
eight districts, the northeastern
markets are faced with a deluge of
grapefruit and early oranges, and a
consequent price drop.
It is inconceivable that the gov-
ernment will not modify the regula-
tions still further, and allow the
shipment of Florida fruit to points
in at least some of the eighteen
States now quarantined. That would
greatly relieve the situation, but in
the meantime effort is being made
to divert some of the California pro-
duct into the States so restricted.
Unquestionably such a plan, if prac-
tical, would add material relief, but
it is doubtful if consumers in these
areas, especially in the- Southern
States, will pay the high prices
which California fruit is sure to
Pending whatever further modi-
fication the government may see fit

Page 9

to allow, growers are being urged
to cut their offerings twenty percent,
and the Clearing House is doing a
splendid job of pro-rating. It has
about 85 percent of the crop direct-
ly under its control, and can handle
that part of the transaction without
difficulty. However, there is a pos-
sibility that the other 15 percent,
which is under the control of ship-
pers outside the Clearing House,
may become the straw that will
break the camel's back. If these ship-
pers should rush any large volume
of fruit to the eastern markets at
any one time, it is difficult to say
what might happen.
If they could be induced to work
with the Clearing House in pro-rat-
ing their shipments, it might prove
the salvation of themselves as well
as the industry in this time of im-
pending stress. Pro-rating appears
to be the only sure guarantee of
stabilized prices under present con-
ditions, and the Clearing House is
the obvious agency to direct such
pro-rating. We feel sure that the
independent shippers will be only
too glad to co-operate.-Highland

Possibilities of the utilizatoin of
State agricultural departments and
bureaus devoted to farm marketing
in the administration of the Farm
Relief Act have been taken under
consideration by the Federal Farm
Board. Georgia has already offered
the services of its organization to
the Board and any co-operative mar-
keting association formed in that
State under the relief act.-U. S.

To facilitate the development of
farm products marketing, President
Hoover has issued an executive or-
der transferring the division of co-
operative marketing to the Federal
Farm Board from the Bureau of Ag-
ricultural Economics of the Depart-
ment of Agriculture.

Who's Who on That

Survey Committee

The special committee sent to
Florida the latter part of October
to survey the situation here with
respect to the fly campaign, was
composed of noted educators and
scientists selected by Rep. Wood,
Indiana, Chairman of the House
Appropriations Committee. The
members of the committee are as
W. O. Thompson, president em-
eritus of Ohio State University,
chairman; W. C. Reed, commer-
cial fruit grower of Vincennes,
Ind.; W. P. Flint, chief entomolo-
gist of the Illinois Natural His-
tory Survey; W. H. Alderman,
head of the Department of Hor-
ticulture, University of Minneso-
ta, and J. J. Davis, head of the
Department of Entomology, Pur-
due University.

Fruit From Various

Zones To Be Packed

At Different Times

Simultaneous packing or handling
of Zones Two and Three fruit are
not permitted under the quarantine
regulations, Commissioner Wilmon
Newell has just advised shippers of
the State in reply to a query con-
cerning the matter. Packing houses
throughout must be cleaned of every
fruit from one zone before fruit of
another zone may be received for
packing, Dr. Newell states in a let-
ter to the W. H. Mouser Company
of Orlando.
Dr. Newell's letter, in part, is as
One Class At a Time
"In order to make it possible for
the operator to use any one given
packing house for the handling of
fruit from both Zone 2 and Zone 3,
it is necessary to insist absolutely
upon only one class of fruit being
handled in the packing house at a
time. In other words, if you wish to
handle Zone 3 fruit in a house where
Zone 2 fruit is also handled, the
packing house and premises must
absolutely be cleared of all Zone 2
fruit before any Zone 3 fruit is ad-
mitted to the house or premises.
This applies to fruit stored in tents,
under tarpaulins, on platforms or in
separate buildings connected in any
way with the operation of the pack-
ing house.
"We must insist that every parti-
cle of Zone 2 fruit, including fruit
in field boxes, in coloring rooms, in
sterilization rooms, in bins, on floors,
in machinery and culls be absolute-
ly and totally, cleared from the
premises before Zone 3 fruit can be
brought onto the premises for pack-
ing. The reverse is also true, name-
ly, that when Zone 3 fruit is packed
and handled in the house the prem-
ises must be cleared of all Zone 3
fruit before Zone 2 fruit can be
handled. In other words, the pack-
ing house may handle Zone 2 fruit
and Zone 3 fruit alternately, but
not at the same time; nor will fruit
of one of these classes be permitted
on the packing house premises while
fruit of the other class is being
Violation Means Penalty
"Failure of any packing house to
observe this precaution fully will
necessarily result in all fruit from
that house being restricted as to
permits to destinations and condi-
tions prescribed for Zone 2 fruit
"I would direct your attention,
Mr. Mouser, to the fact that the
shippers are enjoying a very con-
siderable number of privileges as to
the destinations and conditions for
their shipments to market; in fact
they are being permitted as many
privileges as can possibly be con-
sistent with safety from the fruit
fly standpoint. If these privileges
are to be continued, or if additional
privileges as to destination of ship-
ments are to be had the growers and
shippers must, themselves, exert
every possible precaution and safe-

guard to prevent danger locally, and
in the local operation of risk of dis-
seminating the fruit fly.
"The only exception that can be
made as to any house handling Zone
3 and Zone 2 fruit, as above out-
lined, will be in the case of those
plants where there are two or more
separate, complete packing units
operated, to all intents and pur-
poses, as separate packing houses.
"Very truly yours,
"Agent and Plant Commissioner."

A One-Crop State?

Not While We Can

Grow These Things

Possible danger that Florida may
be forced to become a one-crop area
because of the fruit fly quarantine
restrictions simply does not exist.
In fact, a glance over the regula-
tions and planting lists which have
been worked out at fly eradication
headquarters in Orlando shows the
very wide latitude allowed to Flor-
ida farmers and growers.
Today of all Florida vegetable
crops, only lima beans, eggplants,
peppers and tomatoes are classed as
hosts of the fruit fly; and restric-
tions upon the planting and shipping
of these still will permit a large bus-
iness in these valuable Florida crops
during the coming months.
Choose Some of These
Most impressive is the long list of
non-host vegetables and field crops,
the planting of which is open to
Florida farmers without restrictions
of any nature. The non-host list,
or those that may be raised without
any restrictions, include: artichoke
root, artichoke flowering, asparagus,
beans (all snap or string beans, in-
cluding green beans, pole beans,
shelling beans and wax beans),
beets (all varieties), broccoli, brus-
sels sprouts, barley, beggarweed,
buckwheat, cabbage (all varieties,
including Chinese, Savoy, Red) can-
taloupe, carrots (all varieties), cau-
liflower, celeriac, celery (all varie-
ties), chard, chicory, chives, cocoa-
nuts, collards, corn (sweet, field,
pop), corn salad, cress, cucumbers,
cassava, chufas (earth almonds),
crotolaria, dasheens, dill, endive,
English peas, escarol, fennel, garlic,
gourds (all varieties, including edi-
ble), grasses (all kinds), herbs, kale,
kohl-rabi, Kaffir corn, Kudzu, leek,
lettuce, lespedeza, mint, mustard,
millet, mung beans, nuts (pecans,
etc.), okra, onion, oyster plant, oats,
parsley, parsnips, Pe-tsai (Chinese
cabbage), pineapple, potato, pump-
kin, peas (blackeye, pigeonpeas,
cowpeas, such as iron, brabham,
etc.), peanuts, radishes, rhubard,
rutabagas, romaine, roselle, rape,
rice, rye, shallots (multiplier
onions), salsify, sorrel, spinach,
squash (all varieties), strawberry
plants, sweet potatoes, sorghum (all
types, including feterita), soy beans,
sunflowers, sugarcane, thyme, tur-
nips, tobacco, velvet beans, vetch,
watermelons and yams (all varie-

California several months ago
promised the Clearing House-and
recently repeated the promise to C.
C. Commander of the Exchange-
that she would co-operate with Flor-
ida in marketing this season's crop.
We're still hoping she will demon-
strate this.

The Miami Chamber of Commerce
claims as members some "regular
fellers." The C. of C. recently set
out to raise $25,000 to help the cit-
rus growers of that section who suf-
fered damage from the September
storm. And they raised $12,000
even before the campaigners hit
their stride.

That's putting the milk o' human
kindness in your grapefruit!

A campaign for the use of fruit
juices is being made by the W. C. T.
U., if what we learn by the papers
is true. Did someone say something
about Florida oranges and grape-

A Yankee came to town, some
years ago, who knew nothing about
fruit growing but was thoroughly up
on the business of being a Yankee,
the Clearwater Sun and Herald said
recently. The Yankee bought a
grove against the advice of better
men. The grove had a good crop, so
the new owner asked for bids on the
fruit, naturally accepting the high-
est offer made. The estimator hap-
pened to make a poor guess but
took his medicine like a man, asking
the Yank only to tell him how he
had been able to put one over like
that. "You beat me on that esti-
mate forty, fifty boxes," the esti-
mator said. "How did you do it?"
The Yankee replied: "Mebbe I
took advantage of you a mite. You
see I put in a week or so counting
every durned orange on the place!"

A. E. Pickard, grower of Orlando
and former Minneapolis developer,
owns and operates a scientific grove.
Forty percent of his trees on his
600-acre grove are grapefruit trees,
forty percent are oranges, half of
them being an early variety and half
a late- variety, and twenty percent
of the grove is in tangerines. With
the law of averages to aid him, it is
seldom he fails to reach a top price
with at least some of his fruit with
the result that his average invari-
ably is on the profit side of the
ledger. At present he has some 36,-
000 trees planted, most of them

C. J. Kitchen of Winter Garden,
recently purchased the 80-acre grove
tract of F. W. Scott. Forty-eight
acres of the tract are in grove, the
site being about five miles south of
Winter Garden. Mr. Kitchen came
to Florida from Kentucky a little
more than a year ago, purchasing
a small grove south of Winter Gar-
den shortly after arriving in Flor-

ida. The sale price for the Scott
grove is reported to be in the neigh-
borhood of $35,000 to $40,000.

And listen to this one from the
Palm Beach Times, if you think Cal-
ifornians are the only ones who be-
lieve in advertising citrus: "The cit-
rus fruits of Florida are grown in
tropical soil. They are sweet and
heavy with juice because they are
tree-ripened. There is no other
grapefruit comparable with that
grown in Florida-these and similar
facts, with appropriate appealing il-
lustrations, will go before several
million readers the middle of No-
vember when this State's Citrus
Growers Clearing House Association
runs the opening "smash" of its sec-
ond nation-wide advertising cam-
paign. It is a campaign that will
continue in the publications of the
United States until next April, with
advertisements of varying sizes ap-
pearing weekly in three score news-
papers in the North. This is illus-
trative of an example readily solved
by any one-when you have the best
thing in the world, it always is ad-
visable to tell the world about it. If
you have not the best, get it; and
then tell the world."

If you haven't seen the new Clear-
ing House emblem, glance at the top
of every page of this issue of the
NEWS, for there you will see a
baby-sized edition of the emblem.
Shippers of the Association plan to
use the emblem on their boxes, the
wraps and some even expect to use
the emblem in the form of small
stickers to paste on their letters.
The emblem will appear also in the
Clearing House advertisements in
the North.

Our advertising agency's slogan
is, "Keeping Everlasting At It."
They must have had at one time
some windfalls to pick up.

OF AUGUST 24, 1912.
OCTOBER 1, 1929

Publisher: Florida Citrus Growers Clear-
ing House Association, Winter Haven, Fla.;
editor: T. G. Hallinan, Winter Haven, Fla.;
owner: Florida Citrus Growers Clearing
House Association, a co-operative organi-
ation of Florida citrus growers, incorpora-
tors for which are:
Allen E. Walker, Winter Haven, Fla.; T.
S. Carpenter, Jr., Crescent City, Fla.; W.
M. Igou, Eustis, Fla.; Dr. E. C. Aurin, Ft.
Ogden, Fla.; C. O. Andrews, Orlando, Fla.;
R. E. Mudge, Fellsmere, Fla.; James T.
Swann, Tampa, Fla.; James Harris, Lake-
land, Fla.; Norman A. Street, Winter Ha-
ven, Fla.; James C. Morton, Auburndale,
There are no bondholders or mortgagees.
(Signed) T. G. HALLINAN,
Subscribed and sworn to before me, Es-
sie H. Noland, Notary Public, on the 17th
day of October, A. D. 1929. (SEAL). My
commission expires Feb. 22, 1982.


Pare 10

Just Among Ourselves


November 10. 1929

November.10, 1929

Weekly Citrus Summary-

(By A. M. Pratt, General Manager, Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association)
Week Ending Week Ending Week E
Nov. 2 Oct. 26 Nov. 2
la oranges shipped .--.--...... 170 87
total ---___ ------ 320 150 1:
la grapefruit shipped --_ 359 374
otal ...--- ---____ ------------ 2683 2323 2
la tangerines shipped ..... 7 4
total -- ---.._...-- __..---------- 12 5
la mixed shipped-------------- 87 56
otal.____----- ----------- 203 116
rnia oranges shipped ---.. 919 1073
la oranges auctioned __ 72 27
average ..-------..---_-- ----- $3.15 $3.45 $5
la grapefruit auctioned... 231 253
average -___-----------------. $3.70 $3.80 $3
la tangerines auctioned- 2 0
average _____ ----. _-_ $5.45 0
ornia oranges auctioned_. 498 583
average _________-.-. --------------__-. $4.15 $4.20 $7

0o. Is

e -.28
No. Is


Oranges P
Shipped Sold
Last week ........ 29 10
This week ...____. 43 17

Shipped Sold
Last week _______ 112 59
This week ....... 89 30




Oranges No. 2s
ed Sold Avg.
3 $2.22
15 2.56
Adv. + .34
Grapefruit No. 2s


2.47 +


Last Yr.
,Last week -- 136
This week __ 682
Next week __ 1119

Last Yr.
Last week --. 436
This week__ ._ 226
Next week _-_- 813

Last Yr.
Last week 639
This week---. 362
Next week .__ 387

Last Yr.
Last week-___- 92
This week--_ .122
Next week -._ 187

Florida Oranges
1927-28 1926-27 1925-26
369 197 263
314 225 381
491 375 471
California Oranges
1927-28 1926-27 1925-26
454 448 466
211 306 194
113 609 172
Florida Grapefruit
1927-28 1926-27 1925-26
280 196 360
325 693 440
563 762 621




Florida Mixed
1927-28 1926-27 1925-26 1924-25
161 41 49 36
176 64 83 62
225 131 90 118

What We Should Be Shipping
There are 21 weeks left until the
last week in March, including the
coming week (the week ending Nov.
9) and concluding with the last
week in the calendar for March, viz:
March 29th.
If we ship 700 cars on an aver-
age for each of the 21 calendar
weeks, we would market 14,700 cars
of grapefruit. Add to this the 2,600
cars shipped to date and we would
have marketed 17,300 cars. Multi-
ply this by 360 boxes and we have
6,228,000 boxes. Marks' govern-
ment estimate is 6,300,000 boxes.
(However, it is generally felt that
the Government estimate is high




No Record
No Record
No Record

and that the 600 cars per week aver-
age, or 12,600 cars plus the .2,600
cars shipped, or 15,200 cars, will
cover our grapefruit crop).
Grapefruit Prices Lower
Nevertheless we are once again
trying to stop the decline in grape-
fruit prices by pro-rating shipments,
holding our membership total quota
to 375 cars which, by the way, is
more than our movement for the en-
tire State this week.
The Auction Index shows a de-
cline of 10 cents on 231 cars at
$3.70 as compared with last week's
auction offerings of 253 cars at
$3.80. Comparing our base aver-
age last week with this week on pri-
vate sales of grapefruit, we show




through Friday's analysis, a decline
of 39c on No. Is and 30c on No. 2s.
The average this week was fair, be-
ing $3.08 on No. Is and $2.47 on
No. 2s.
Large Sizes Troublesome
With grapefruit being so delight-
fully good eating and juicy, it is
puzzling why grapefruit is not sell-
ing better, especially in the pri-
vate sale markets. Large sizes, of
course, explain quite a little of our
difficulty, though the Clearwater-
Palmetto section has been showing
recently much better sizes due ap-
parently to the larger sizes having
been shipped.
The Associated Press reports indi-
cate that 934 cars of grapefruit
have been shipped to Western mar-
kets and 1,550 cars to Eastern mar-
kets or over 38% of our grapefruit
into the Western markets. These
Western markets have been dam-
aged by the cold processed cars and
doubtless, we have shipped from our
Zone 3 areas more grapefruit pro-
portionately than is produced in
these zone 3 areas.
Statistically the market is due for
a turn upward though the analysis
of cars rolling to auction and rolling
unsold from our shipper-members
does not quite show the turn.
If Marks' government estimate is
right, we have 28,000 cars of or-
anges to market in 21 weeks or an
average of 1,333 cars per week. In
other words, we have the same num-
ber of oranges to market as we had
during 1924-25 when 2,700 cars
were shipped after April 1st and
369 cars during October. That sea-
son we shipped 5,040 cars of oranges
in November, 6,573 cars in Decem-
ber, 5,222 cars in January, 4,581
cars in February and 3,080 cars in
March. A similar movement of our
crop this year might be roughly
planned even if we have to add our
2,700 cars shipped after April 1st
to the March shipments, making a
total of 5,780 cars.
We are not going to ship the
5,000 cars in November this year.
California's arrivals and shipments
are too heavy. California wires us
that on November 1st they had
about 1,400 cars of late Valencias
left and 1,600 cars rolling undeliv-
ered, a total of 3,000 cars.
Chance of Extending Shipping Date
We are gathering figures showing,
so far as is possible, what percent-
age of our grapefruit is late bloom.
It is hoped that this late bloom
grapefruit and, if necessary our
Marsh seedless, because of matur-
ing later and being less susceptible
to infestation, may be shipped dur-
ing April, existing quarantine rules
prohibiting shipments after April
1st. It also is hoped that our Val-
encias (for the same reasons) may
have an additional month's privi-
lege, although no one can tell
whether or not this privilege will be
given. We know it will be impossi-
ble should the fly become much in
evidence in March or before.
No matter how we figure, we
realize we cannot put our sights too

Page 11

high. Our growers should realize
the true situation, recognizing not
only the big volume we have to
move in the short time given us
(until April 1st) but also the ex-
treme limitations which are given
us in the marketing area permitted
for 70% of our crop (unsterilized)
this area being the eleven North-
eastern States, and with all of the
Southern States, which consume
18% of the crop, embargoed against
us. California, during the past four
weeks, placed one-third of that
month's shipments of oranges into
only four of the largest cities in
these Northeastern States, thereby
making it practically impossible for
us to move our oranges.
Good Team Work
Our difficulties are not lack of co-
operation between our shipper-mem-
bers. The spirit has been the finest
possible. There is nothing what-
ever in the intimate figures we have
to indicate a tendeng Rns ptg,
'o a'ny shipp-mer-eber to cut prices.
If we are to be criticised in any
way, it should be because we have
not been selling as freely as we
should, thereby reducing the num-
ber of cars sold at auction. We sim-
ply are up against tough conditions
with un-natural restrictions. Our
big hope is, .that with California's
lighter, crop-when she starts ship-
ping her Navels-things will look

Some Speed Here

In Covering U. S.

With Advertising

Automobiles aren't exactly a by-
product of citrus fruit, but N. W.
Ayer & Son, Inc., the agency han-
dling the Clearing House advertis-
ing campaign, performed an efficient
and spectacular stunt a few days
ago with some automobile advertis-
ing that merits space in the NEWS
if for no reason than it shows what
sort of folk are directing the Florida
citrus advertising campaign.
-On the afternoon of October 31
at 4:45 o'clock, the Ayer office in
Philadelphia received a telephone
message from a client in a distant
city, an automobile manufacturer he
was, giving first instructions for
running a full page advertisement
in every daily newspaper in United
States on the following morning, re-
garding a drop in prices of .the
client's product.
The details of the advertising
copy were telephoned more than 500
miles to the Philadelphia office and
the copy was set up in type in our
agency's own printing plant in
forty-nine minutes. Seventy-five
telegraph operators immediately tel-
egraphed the advertisement and full
instructions for preparing and run-
ning it, over the entire country. The
next day the ad appeared, millions
and millions of readers little dream-
ing that the advertisement repre-
sented the fastest handling of any
such advertising known to the pro-





NOVEMBER 10, 1929

Published Semi-monthly by the FLORIDA CITRUS
DeWitt Taylor Bldg., Winter Haven, Florida.

Entered as second-class matter August 31, 1928, at
the postoffice at Winter Haven, Fla., under the Act of
March 3, 1879.




SFt. Ogden
Winter Garden
Winter Haven
Mt. Dora
Winter Haven


Vice President
General Manager

Per Year: $2.00 Single Copies: lOc

About This Iodine

Florida is in dead earnest about this iodine
in its citrus fruits and vegetables-so much
in earnest, in fact, that a statewide organiza-
tion has been formed with the two-fold pur-
pose in view of investigating the possibilities
and of raising a fund with which to carry out
the investigation.

All of this came to pass late last month at
Bradenton, at which time and place a two-
day conference was held at which even Gov-
ernor Carlton was present. The Florida
Iodine Research Commission was formed at
this conference and immediate plans laid to
raise a fund of $10,000 which will be needed,
it was pointed out, to thoroughly and scien-
tifically investigate the admitted fact that
iodine does exist in Florida fruits and vege-

The task of going into the matter cannot,
as a few super-optimists had hoped, be ac-
complished in a day, nor a week, nor a month.
The leading figures in the movement, con-
fident though they are that they are on the
trail of something of genuine benefit to the
State, frankly admit that the task is a big

one, that real coin of the realm is needed to
push the investigation and that it will require
time in which to definitely ascertain the ac-
tual iodine content of our commercially mar-
ketable products.
South Carolina, it was pointed out at the
conference, is pushing a similar movement for
all it's worth and in fact has definitely ar-
rived at many satisfactory conclusions as to
the iodine content of her own agricultural
products. Florida may profit to a certain
extent by the progress made in Carolina in
the matter of pursuing an investigation, but
must, of course, stand on her own feet in
development of the actual iodine content.
The advertising value of the presence of
iodine in our fruits and vegetables (it has
been definitely determined that canned
grapefruit has an appreciable iodine content)
will be tremendous, speakers on. the confer-
ence program declared. There is of course
no question as to the truth of this, for man-
kind, when he is not engrossed in seeking
pleasure, is frequently seen in quest of health;
and iodine is said to be a very necessary part
of our food in that it opposes and prevents,
for one thing, development of goitre.
All in all, the move at Bradenton (which
by the way received wholehearted co-opera-
tion from Sarasotans) is worthy of the sup-
port which it so greatly needs. In that re-
sults very likely will prove beneficial to every
part of the State, it obviously is a State enter-
prise and should receive the helpful interest
of all.

Let Them Come In
To those who feel disgruntled over the
Mediterranean fruit fly inspection regulations
as enforced in and around Alachua County,
let the reminder come that out of all the per-
sonal discomfort and inconvenience has been
brought about a lining up of citrus interests in
Florida to such an extent that today eighty-
five percent of the growers are enrolled as
members of the Florida Citrus Growers Clear-
ing House Association, That's a long name,
but it means much to the financial welfare of
the State. As for the fifteen percent on the
outside looking in, all we have to say is they
ought to be ashamed of themselves for delay-
ing the one hundred percent membership that
is bound to come sooner or later in the stabili-
zation of the industry.-Gainesville Sun.

Heat Sterilization

Authorized; 20 Cars

O. K. for Grapefruit

The use of heat sterilization for,
Florida grapefruit as a condition of
interstate movement is authorized
in connection with packing houses
in administrative instructions'
amending the quarantine on account
of the Mediterranean fruit fly just
issued by the Secretary of Agricul-
This method of protecting citrus
fruit from the possibility of being
a means of spreading the fruit fly is
one of the important developments
which have resulted from the re-
search work of the Federal Depart-
ment of Agriculture in connection.
with the fruit fly problem and may
have far-reaching usefulness in the-
handling of fruit, the department's
announcement said. It has already,
been given practical application in
the treatment and marketing of
about 20 carloads of fruit, and fruit
thus treated has been sold at normal
including top prices in northern
markets, it was stated.
"It should be distinctly under-
stood," the department said, "that,
neither this nor any other method
of sterilizing host fruits and vegeta-.
bles from Florida, is being given to
infested fruit or vegetables. All
fruits and vegetables in infested
blocks are excluded from commer-
cial shipment or other movement
and are promptly destroyed. Steri-
lization is merely an added precau-
tion over orchard and packing house
inspection to eliminate any residual
risk of spread of the pest. The au-
thorization of this method of steri-
lizing grapefruit is released at this
time in response to the earnest re-
quests of the growers, packers and
shippers concerned."
Association Obtains Data
The Clearing House, at the re-
quest of the shipper members, is
gathering data concerning the heat
processing as well as its results. But
few Florida shippers have tried out
the method, many of them being un-
familiar with the process and as yet
unequipped to give it a trial. Fur-
ther research by the Clearing House,
as well as the governmental and
state authorities, is expected to be
of material help to the packers.
To date the Clearing House has
tabulated the results of processing
17 cars of grapefruit by the heat
method and 36 cars by the cold
method. A careful check of the cars
revealed that the fruit receiving the
cold treatment sold on an average
of $2.98, while those treated with
heat sold on an average of $4.91.
Detailed analyses of these cars were
mailed by the Clearing House to the
shipper members so as to give all of
them an opportunity to study this
important phase of their marketing
problem. Other processed cars are
to be studied in detail by the Clear-
ing House so as to further enable
the shipper members to handle their
fruit efficiently and profitably to
the growers.

Page 12


November 10, 1929

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