Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00026
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: October 25, 1929
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00026
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text

R resenting more than 10,000
wers of Oranges and Grapefruit





O official Publication

of the


OCTO BERo25,C1Volume II
10 Cents a Copy OCTOBER 25, 1 9 Volume II
$2.00 a Year Tl 5, 1 Number 2

Processing of Zone One Fruit for Northeast Is Not Required

well Is Pleased

With Progress Made

In Eradicating Fly

access of Work Results in
Saving of Six Million
Boxes of Citrus

Florida growers and shippers are
rejoicing today not only over the
continued progress being made in
the eradication of the Mediterran-
ean fly but in the recognition of that
progress on the part of Washing-
ton, the Plant Board and all officials
fin authority. Yet this very situation
presents something thdt has possi-
ble dangerous reactions should we
in our enthusiasm, as a people, as-
sume that we have completed a job
which so far has been so well done.
We would then be making a mistake
that we could never rectify. Now is
,the time when there must be the
'most intense earnestness, the most
determined efforts to finish a job no
atter what it costs nor how futile
)'J may seem. The fact remains that
Florida and the United Statemae
,attempting the tremendous job of
eradication of the most dangerous
Adnsect that has ever entered the
United States.
Dr. Wilmon Newell in charge of
the eradication work has in the fol-
'lowing summary declared himself
as being well pleased with the pro-
egress made to date.
There may be a tendency on the
'part of some to question the neces-
sity of eternal vigilance through
what they might think of as red-
tape. There might be those who
would scoff at the extremes which
are necessary, because we seem so
'safe and everything is in such good
shape. That is our danger today and
instead of letting up, our efforts
.-hould be supreme to make the Med-
iterranean fly an absolutely closed
Florida has a wonderful oppor-
,tunity of demonstrating, through
the team-work of its growers, its
., (Continued on Page Nine)

Zones One Established Since July 31st
(As Reported By the Florida State Plant Board)

The following are the Zones One States Department of Agriculture of
established since July 31st, these Oct. 12th.
The following list includes the
being the only infested zones exist- date the infestation was discovered,
ing in that all others established location (with respect to the near-
est town or city) of the infested
prior to that date have been re- property, and the host in which the
moved by the order of the United infestation was discovered:
Date County Nearest Town and Location Host
Aug. 27 -St. Johns _Bakersville, 1 Mi. W ------- So. Or.
Aug. 14 -Flagler-_ Ormond, 9 Mi. W--------- So. Or.
Aug. 13 -Hillsboro_ Branchton, 2 Mi. E ------ Bit. Sw. Or.
Aug. 7*-Pasco .---- Zephyrhills, Mi. S.W --.-- (Adult)
Aug. 2 -Putnam --- San Mateo, 2% Mi. W ----- So. Or.
Aug. 2 -Marion.... Belleview, 2 Mi. S.W ------- So. Or.
Aug. 3 -Pasco-..--- Zephyrhills, 1 Mi. S.E --- (Adults)
Aug. 2 -Lake .......-Fruitland Park, 1/4 Mi. S.W _Gf.
Aug. 1 -Citrus-.......Inverness, in town___ ...- --- Cattley guava
* Duplication of previously reported infestation. Adult caught in trap.

Modifi action of Quarantine

Worth Millions to Florida,

Peter 0. Knight Points Out

Colonel Peter O. Knight, of Tam-
pa, who is representing the Clearing
House Association in quarantine
regulation matters, is at present in
Washington conferring with Depart-
ment of Agriculture officials and
others. Col. Knight left Florida
early this month for the purpose of
continuing with the program map-
ped out at the recent joint meeting
of the Board of Directors and Oper-
ating Committee of the Clearing
The program in question, briefly,
is as follows:
1. To aid in the securing of an
adequate appropriation for the con-
tinuance of inspection and -eradica-
tion work;
2. The enlargement from time to
time of as much territory as possi-
ble to which our fruits and crops
can be shipped;
SPrior to Col. Knight's departure,
he conferred with Dr. Wilmon

Newell, in charge of the eradica-
tion work, both of whom are acting
in accord in the matter. Immediate-
ly following announcement by Sec-
retary of Agriculture Hyde on Oct.
12th of the modification of the reg-
ulations, Col. Knight issued the fol-
lowing statement:
"The Agricultural Department
yesterday promulgated an amend-
ment to the Florida quarantine
rules, the effect of which is to abol-
ish all of Zone 1 except eight points
that have become infested since
August 1st. This is most material
and of far-reaching importance to
the growers and shippers. It means
millions of dollars for Florida. All
citrus fruit now, with the exception
of eight infested points, can be ship-
ped from Florida without process-
ing, to the Potomac Yards, Mary-
land, and all points North and East,
and fruit from Zone 3 can in addi-
(Continued on Page Six)

Property Infested

Prior to Aug. 1st

Gets Zone 2 Rating

Only 8 Areas Retained on
Which Former Ban Exists
And They May Be ,
Released Soon

Modification of the quarantine
regulations to permit the moving of
unsterilized citrus, from areas known
as Zones 1 prior to Aug. 1st, into
the eleven northeastern States, was
announced Oct. 12th by the United
States Department of Agriculture.
The State Plant Board, at its month-
ly meeting, held Oct. 14th in Jack-
sonville, changed its regulations to
conform with the modification (which
was made at the request of the Flor-
ida body) and thus all fruit in the
State, with the exception of a very
small quantity produced in eight
counties, was made eligible for ship-
ment into the Second District with-
out sterilization.
In modifying the regulations, th.
Department of Agriculture vi6tuai~y
wiped out the Zones 1 with the ex-
ception of eight areas in which in-
festations had been discovered sub-
sequent to July 31st. The eight
areas in question, confined respec-
tively to territory about two miles
in diameter around the infested
properties, will not of course repre-
sent a noticeable volume of fruit, so
in actuality, all of the fruit in the
State may now be moved unsteriliz-
ed into the Second District.
In connection with the modifica-
tion order, the Department pointed
out that "as a result of the enforce-
ment of control measures, the Medi-
terranean fruit fly apparently has
been eradicated as to such area or
areas to the extent that no illfesta-
tions have been found within them
for almost two and one-half months.
The control measures employed in-
volved the destruction of all fruits
on properties found infested and on
(Continued on Page Five)


Pae LOIA LARN HUS EW ctbr 5 12

Federal Farm Board

Chairman Explains

Stabilization Plan

Alexander Legge, Chairman, Fed-
eral Farm Board, recently sent the
following letter to Senator McNary,
Chairman, Senate Committee on
Agriculture, which was made a part
of the record of the committee hear-
ings on confirmation of the members
of the Federal Farm Board:
"Hon. Charles L. McNary, Chairman
Committee on Agriculture and
Forestry, United States Senate.
"Dear Mr. Chairman:
"In reading the transcript of the
testimony given before your com-
mittee -by _several members of this
B'R~iadtd; occtiurto me that the posi-
tion of the Board on the subject of
stabilization is not very clearly ex-
pressed, at least the question and
answers on this subject are so dis-
connected that it would seem diffi-
cult for any one reading the record
to get a clear idea of this subject.
"The process of stabilization, as
we see it, divides itself into two
rather distinct classes. The first
class is what might be called normal
operations, involved in almost every-
thing the Board is doing. Every
measure taken to increase the effec-
tiveness of co-operative organiza-
tions in any commodity, or improve
their financial position, to -centralize
or correlate their activities so as to
make their operations more effec-
tive, is in itself a process of stabili-
zation. It is our hope that as time
goes on this activity will in most
cases prove to be all that is needed,
the result, of course, depending on
how successful we are in working
out large, well-managed organiza-
tions, which will control a sufficient-
ly large percentage of the product
to make their influence felt on the
"The second form of stabilization
might be termed extra-ordinary or
emergency operations, whereby, be-
cause of a large surplus of any com-
modity, the operation would consist
of buying and taking off the market
some considerable part of the ton-
nage so as to relieve the pressure,
and carrying the product until some
future date in the hope that there
would be a more favorable oppor-
tunity of disposing of it. This sec-
ond, or emergency, class of opera-
tion would, of course, be carried out
strictly under the provisions of the
Agricultural Marketing Act with
money advanced by the Board, and
if the final result of such operation
shows a loss or deficit, such loss will
be borne by the revolving fund as
provided by the act.
"This letter has been discussed
with the other members of the
Board, and may be accepted as the
position of the Board as a whole.
"Very truly yours,
"Chairman, Federal Farm Board."

Sizes Play Important Part

In Fruit Prices; Consumer

Wants That Which Is Scarce

Frequently one hears expressed
rather indignantly the thought that
the fruit trade always wants some-
thing that you have not got. The
statement is correct because the
laws of supply and demand always
operate. The laws operate just as
freely and separately on sizes as
they do on varieties or on different
products. It is not the perversity of
human nature that creates this sit-
uation as we sometimes resentfully
feel unless we want to condemn our
whole economic system and the
laws of commerce that control it.
This year, for instance, we are find-
ing that we are short on small size
grapefruit and long on large size
grapefruit. The result is inevitable
that the trade are paying a premium
for the sizes that are abnormally
short, namely, 64s, 70s and 80s.
They are discounting in their minds
the value of 54s and larger. This is
well illustrated in the accompanying
table. It will be noted the sizes of
347 cars of grapefruit, for the week
ending October 12th, were analyzed
to arrive at the percentage as well
as the average number of boxes of
each size in a car with the result
that the average car shows 13 boxes
of 36s; 51 boxes of 46s; 98 boxes of

54s; 70 boxes of 64s; 53 boxes of
70s; 53 boxes of 80s and 22 smaller.
Demand is not always in inverse
ratio to supply. For instance, there
always will be an extremely limited
demand for either extremely small
or extremely large off sizes. People
want the normal but consumers want
the normal also in normal propor-
tions. Therefore, though an aver-
age size grapefruit in the exhibit
herewith shows 19 boxes of 96s and
three boxes smaller, the total de-
mand for such small sizes is less
than the supply. Hence these ex-
treme small sizes in grapefruit are
Our heaviest supply in grapefruit
is 54s. Sizes for the week ending
Oct. 20 indicate a still heavier pro-
portion of 54s. 54s are a wonderful-
ly attractive size grapefruit but on
the open auction market they are
not commanding the same price as
64s, 70s or 80s because there is a
limited demand for 54s on account
of the expense per unit by the time
they reach the consumer. $5.40 de-
livered means an expense per piece
of a dime. To this would have to be
added wholesale margin, retail mar-
gin and the loss that results from
decay. On the other hand, if a box
of 80s sells at $5.60, it is costing
only 7c a piece to the original car-

lot purchaser. This is a saving of a
third to start with on the unit of
Aside from this additional ex-
pense' per piece, when we get into
larger sizes there is also, for in-
stance in 64s and 36, a tendency to r
a heavier proportion of the fruit be-
ing skin instead of the fruit and
juice itself. The large sizes are not
quite so attractive to the eye or to
the touch.
In the analysis made of 12 cars
of oranges shipped so far we find an
interesting situation. Our oranges
in Florida are running much heavier
to large sizes than is usual so early
in the season, yet our larger sizes
are selling at a premium. This is
because very few Florida oranges
have so far been shipped. Califor-
nia is supplying practically all of
the orange demand and California
Valencias are averaging only 20%
-200s and larger; 18%-216s;
18%-250s; 26%-288s and 18%
-324s. 200s and larger are selling
at a big premium because of their
scarcity with 288s and smaller sell- *
ing at a big discount because of,
their over-supply.
Later on in the year both Califor-
nia and Florida will be supplying
the market with cars running mostly
176s and larger. When that time
comes the demand will have been
reversed and 200s to 250s will be
commanding a premium. California-
advises that their Navel crop is go-
ing to run very large sizes because
of the short crop set on the tree.
150s and larger probably will be the
predominating sizes from reports


New York ---.. -.
Chicago --.......--
Boston ------

New York

---. 3.50






176 200 216 250 288 324 Avg.
3.63 3.50 2.67 1.59 1.19 .87% 2.49


New York -......
Chicago -------
Boston -----------
Philadelphia _--

28 36
.--. 4.18
- -- 4.09

Percent Each Size ..-_..-- %
Average 360 Box Car
based on above_ ...-.----.. Bxs.

Percent Each Size._------ %
Average 360 Box Car
based on above......-------. Bxs.

64 70
5.97 6.07
5.85 6.04
5.40 5.58
4.92 5.16





3168 -i


50 '

Size Analysis-347 Cars Analyzed A
Gen. T't'l.,
46 54 64 70 80 96 126 150 Avg. Bxs.
3.6 14.3 27.3 19.3 14.8 14.2 5.3 .3 .7 .1
13 51 98 70 53 53 19 1 2

None Sold. At Auction
Size Analysis-12 Cars Analyzed
64 80 96 100 126 150
..... .6 .4 11.8 25.9

176 200 216 250 288,c
32.3 16.6 8.5 3.. .9

. 2 1 43 93 116 60 31 11


NOTE: Daily averages from which this weekly summary is made are obtained by averaging, for each
size, all sales reported each day, irrespective of grade or brand, and is given not only to indicate the general
range of the market, but particularly to indicate the average price differential in sizes,


Page 2

October 25, 1929


October 25 1929

Season's First Pro-

Of Association

Is Order

So that our grower-members may
picture in their minds a little more
clearly some of the service which is
being rendered for the purpose of
more intelligent marketing, the
Clearing House members will be in-
terested in reading excerpts from
the Weekly Citrus Summary issued
Saturday, October 12th, to all ship-
The Weekly Analysis is a perman-
ent feature in these summaries and
the basic facts are given to ship-
pers so that they may draw their
conclusions based on their own ex-
The f. o. b. prices mentioned in
;this summary are subject to inspec-
tion and are, therefore, not final
sales. There is always a chance in
f. o. b. sales of allowances or ad-
justments being necessary, due to
possible misunderstanding or some
discrepancy from the exact order in
Size and working on a declining
market, which is unavoidable under
increasing shipments. There is al-
ways a tendency to insist upon al-
lowances and look at things more
critically than during a steady or
advancing market.
One caution that we should em-
Sphasize with our grower-members at
this time is, that this summary went
out about a week before you will be
reading it in the NEWS and at the
time this article is being dictated
we find that there is a very strong
Tendency towards overshipment,
which was indicated in our report of
SSaturday, October 12th.
Added to the tendency, which was
at that time present, is additional
release of fruit from Zone 1 which
came with Sunday's Associated
Press announcement of the change
"'in regulations permitting former
Zone 1 fruit to be shipped without
sterilization. Quite naturally grow-
:,ers and shippers in that territory
jumped into the opportunity with a
bang and the Clearing House is do-
ing everything possible to hold down
On Monday night the Executive
-Committee of the Operators issued
instructions to the shipper-members
-,requiring cutting down their ship-
ments, this being the first pro-rating
order of the season. Growers under
such conditions will in some cases
t be individually disappointed at this
necessary restriction but from an
,industry standpoint there is no rea-
son for over-shipment at this time
4and the growers will have to be pa-
tient, as well as our shipper-mem-
Sbers, in complying with these allot-
SIn allowing shipments it is our
purpose to ship the sensible propor-











Ocoe 2512


a n* ceived than possibly grades in some I
atig instances as we are dealing with a t
grapefruit crop that runs heavily l
Spm*s 54s and larger. The large off sizes, t
n Siplmnents therefore, must be discounted as the
laws of supply and demand effect e
1 A i such matters. We have endeavored
ed 10 Avoid GlutI to cover this phase in another ar-
Very few cars of oranges have
on of the crop that should be go- been sold so far. The first sales
ig forward during the week in disappointing. We un-
uestion. Growers should not think were quite disappointing. We un-
uestion. Growers should not think derstand they were on cars that
iat there is an artificial effort being der n y ere n cars t
de to maintain prices at im were in no way representative asi
iade to maintain prices at impossi- te w experimental cars
le figures. The crop shou no they were special experimental cars
e figures. The crop should not subjected to such severe handicaps
ove except at sensible figures con- as not to indicate prices that we
idering the volume that must be as not to indicate prices that we
oved.ng the volume that must decline confidently expect to realize on or-
oved. Prices must decline from anges that are carefully selected for
er 12th rabut there neived up not be a nearly tree color, high inside ma-
er 12th but there need not be a turity and handled normally.
great decline.
It is just as necessary to sensibly Our shipper-members have avail-
djust prices downward as -it is up- ed themselves of the sterilization
rard as the price must balance the privilege at destination or on the
upply and demand. It is just as storage-in-transit rate and have
necessary to make sensible and uni- over forty-five cars at present in the
orm adjustments downward as it is, process of sterilization at the va-
or instance, for the individual ship- rious approved cold storage ware-
er when he sees his cars rolling un- houses as authorized by the Depart-
old increasing and the cars rolling ment of Agriculture. This is aside
o auction, then to adjust his f. o. b. from a good number of cars which
prices to permit a bigger proportion have been sterilized by the cold pro-
f his shipments selling at a price cess at shipping point.
hat will insure satisfactory average The regulations as modified Sun-
is compared with the probable price day, the 13th, now permit the move-
e may have to take at auction or ment of all fruit in the eradication
n cars en route. area into the eleven Northeastern
The problem of determining f.o.b. States without sterilization. This
prices, as against probable auction represents about 70% of our total
prices by the time cars reach auc- output, which indicates the neces-
ion, is one that is always before sity of moving fruit coming from
ny operator as well as the problem territory outside the eradication
f determining the price he will take area into the Western and Central
Ls soon as the car is ready or before States, and also puts up the prob-
shipment, as compared with the lem to the industry of sterilizing
)rice he can get after it is on wheels, enough fruit from the eradication
In the close contact that our ship- area to supply the rest of the United
uer-members now have through the States with its due proportion.
Clearing House there is a self-con- The embargoed Southern States
idence existing and uniformity of to which Florida has been usually
rices such as we have never had be- moving fruit so freely until Christ-
ore. This results not only from the mas will have to be supplied with
routine information which goes to California oranges and Porto Rico
all shipper-members daily but also grapefruit. Naturally California
rom the contact with this office will move freely into these Southern
over the phone, this office making it States and we hope in that way re-
a point to immediately get in touch lieve the congestion which would re-
with any one that may seem out of sult in the eleven Northeastern
ine with the others. We frequently States to which so much of Florida's
ind such a member is not out of fruit will naturally be forced.
ine when exact sizes are given or We are still hoping, in view of the
other details that effected the sale. splendid spirit which Washington
Where there has been a tendency to and the Plant Board have shown in
be out of line the shipper has shown modifying our regulations as much
a most loyal attitude of gladly cor- as seems right and safe for the rest
erecting such a tendency. of the United States, that we may
In our pro-rating of shipments yet be privileged to move fruit,
this week the State movement prob- under possibly sterilization and
ably will not be held down as it other restrictions, to North Carolina
should be as it is quite likely that and Tennessee, where these States
pressure for shipment will be so are finding difficulty in legally
strong that growers and shippers keeping Florida fruit out. The atti-
outside the Clearing House prob- tude of these two States seems very
ably will ship much more than their favorable towards lifting the embar-
proportion but the Clearing House go. Other Southern States also
will, at least, do all it can to sen- seem to be in a receptive frame of
sibly regulate the movement. Even mind, though all of the States af-
though the Clearing House may fected recognize that the Quaran-
have 85% of the crop the 15% left, tine Board and the authorities re-
can, during the pro-rating periods, sponsible must, of necessity, be the
ship 30 to 40% of the crop during ones to judge, as the safety of their
the week effected, own fruit interests is dependent
Growers should bear in mind that upon experienced trained officers,
sizes in grapefruit will be more of who are in the trying position of en-
a determining factor in prices re- deavoring to be absolutely fair to

Page 3

Florida growers and at the same
ime unquestionably protecting the
Department of Agriculture and hor-
iculture interests.
We must bear in mind that it is
easy for us, as an organization for
our shippers and our growers to be
unduly critical and over-anxious.
Realization is growing that those in
high authority have shown every
eniency that is fair and safe; that
our State Plant Board with the
splendid co-operation of Florida
growers and shippers, has achieved
wonderful results and that Washing-
ton has recognized this achievement
and that it is now our place to gen-
erously appreciate what has been ac-
complished in our own condition as
well as in the modifications granted.

Organization Value

Of Clearing House

Becoming Evident

Florida has been sobered down to
hard-thinking habits and is thinking
things through as never before. The
fallacy of false optimism and the
strength that comes from courage-
ously recognizing stern necessity's
laws has been lived through and
made a part of our present reac-
tions. Facts rather than sentiments
have convinced us of the necessity
of team work, co-operation and con-
fidence in each other.
The citrus industry has found ex-
pression of these reactions through
the Florida Citrus Growers Clearing
House Association. It has met as
one unified body the combination of
all difficulties that could be possible
during any one year. The industry
has reached a sense of self-confi-
dence and is commanding confidence
from the trade because we are or-
ganized in our efforts.
Any shipper-member who may
have a tendency to be below others
in price viewpoint is immediately so
informed by the Clearing House.
The shipper that happens to be low
not only receives such advice but
welcomes this information and vol-
untarily corrects any tendency to-
wards useless waste in our effort to
compete efficiently. The Clearing
House, therefore, is able this year
to do things that have not been done
This voluntary price control, com-
bined with the short citrus crop in
both Florida and California, pre-
sents a real opportunity to command
very satisfactory prices during our
new season. This can be taken ad-
vantage of fully when certain fea-
tures in the quarantine regulations
are modified along lines now indi-
What we are doing in the citrus
industry is doubtless true of what
is going on in Florida as a whole.
There never was a time when con-
fidence was so well warranted, when
confidence in Florida was so deserv-
ed and when the backing of the
financial world was so surely in the
making, not in an excited manner
that cannot last, but in the slow-but-
sure manner that becomes a per-
manent part of Florida itself.

Page 4 FOIACERN OS ESOtbr2,12

Weekly Citrus Summary

(By A. M. Pratt, General Manager, Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association)
Week Ending Week Ending Week E
Oct. 12 Oct. 5 Oct. 12
a oranges shipped --------- 13 1
,tal__ --------- 16 4
a grapefruit shipped .----- 497 379
total ___----- 1383 886
a tangerines shipped -___- 0 0
tal ----------- 0 0
a mixed shipped -- 18 4
tal .------____- 23 5
rnia oranges shipped -- 125 1282 4
a oranges auctioned------- 0 1
erage --__---------- 0 $2.15
a grapefruit auctioned 140 74
erage--- ---__ $5.35 $5.60 $6
a tangerines auctioned---- 0 0
erage .----------- 0 0
rnia oranges auctioned.--. 468 369
erage ______-------------- $4.95 $4.65 $7

Florida Oranges
LastYr. 1927-28 1926-27
154 120 95
193 206 214


California Oranges
1927-28 1926-27 1925-26
624 639 682
574 607 653

1927-28 1926-27
431 145
422 98
1927-28 1926-27
68 10
131 26





1925-26 1924-25

This week --_--
Next week -._--

Last Yr.
This week ----- 495
Next week --_ 449

Last Yr.
This week .--- 375
Next week -_-- 701

Last Yr.
This week ----.- 76
Next week ..-__ 106

Commanding Confidence of Trade
Grapefruit shipments from our
members as compared with the total
indicate -that we shipped 78% of
the State movement. There is a
splendid spirit in our ranks. Every
operator is endeavoring to keep his
price in line, sizes and quality con-
sidered. Every instance where there
has been phone contact with any
shipper that seemed to be out of
line, there has been the most cor-
dial earnest reaction shown of get-
ting in line and of frank discussion.
We have shipped to date 1383
cars of grapefruit as compared with
596 a year ago, over twice as many,
yet we are getting practically the
same price that we were a year ago,
a splendid demonstration of team
work and healthy market conditions.
Our price range this week on No.
1 grapefruit was from $3.81 to
$5.00 f. o. b. with an average of
$4.17 as compared with last
week's $4.00 to $4.75 with an
average of $4.67 as the base price
on No. Is with discounts on off-
sizes. Our shipments are over 100
cars heavier than last week, indi-
cating a balanced sensible adjust-
ment to the heavier movement. Al-
though 140 cars were sold at auc-
tion this week they show a drop
from last week's 74 cars of only 25
cents. Another strong indication.
Rolling to auction at this time our
members show 64 cars of grapefruit
as compared with 50 cars a week
ago. When Saturday night's routine
wires come in our rolling to auction






9 3 No Record
21 9 No Record

will probably be increased 10 or 15
Avoid Last Year's Mistake
For the coming week a year ago
Florida shipped 701 cars of grape-
fruit and for the week ending Oc-
tober 27th 639 cars of grapefruit.
As the result the auction dropped
from $6.37 for the week ending Oc-
tober 12th to $5.02 delivered for
the following week and $4.03 for
the week after. The $5.02 average
being on 159 cars and the $4.03
average on 252 cars at auction. The
f. o. b. market dropped from $4.50
base price to $4.00 the next week
and $3.25 the week following with
the next two or three weeks show-
ing still further decline as result of
the confidence of the trade having
been shaken as well as the accumu-
lated supplies to the consumer.
There is no necessity of repeating
last year's mistakes in over-ship-
ments. Our grapefruit crop is about
8000 cars short of last year, this
year's crop being assumed 17,500
cars and last year's crop 25,461
cars. By the end of the coming
week the State will have shipped
over 10% of our grapefruit crop.
There are twenty-four weeks left
up to the last of March to market
less than 16,000 cars of grapefruit.
This figures about 600 cars per week
for the twenty-four weeks. With
the much heavier shipments which
the markets will take in February
and March it would seem as if the
State should hold down its ship-
ments during the next six weeks


down to about 500 cars per week.
This is merely thrown out as a sug-
gestion for the Operating Commit-
tee to take such action as seems
wise, but we all know without dis-
cussing it, the short-sightedness of
letting our shipments at this time of
the year reach between 600 and 700
cars like it did a year ago.
Orange Situation
California Fruit Growers Ex-
change advises us that they esti-
mated the State had left, commenc-
ing this week, 4500 cars of Valen-
cias of which about 1000 cars would
be carried over into November. This
looks like a movement of 110.0 to
1200 cars per week from California
as compared with similar movements
as indicated in the above Weekly
Analysis on California oranges.
It would seem that with cooler
weather better tree color, as well as
high inside maturity oranges could
possibly move to advantage if sizes
run heavily 200s and larger.
California's Valencias are aver-
aging 20% 200s, 18% 216s, 18%
250s, 26% 288s and 18% 324s.
The low price realized on last
year's early orange movement was
more the result of decay than any-
thing else, however, Florida's or-
ange movement should probably be
pretty light on account of Califor-
nia's excessive movement at this
Zone 3 Fruit Shipping Fast
From records received from our
shippers already 450 cars of grape-
fruit have been moved from Zone
3 territory; 244 from Zone 2 and
only 37 from Zone 1.
Draw your own conclusions from
Weekly Index. The above thoughts
are simply my own efforts to ana-
lyze our general situation. The In-
dex above contains valuable basic
figures which each operator should
analyze carefully. From it he could
draw his own conclusions better
adapted to his own business than the
suggestions this office can offer.

Entomologist Sent

To Hawaii to Study

Fruit Fly's Habits

Half way around the globe, in far
Hawaii, W. W. Others of Orlando,
entomologist of the United States
Department of Agriculture, will
spend the next six months in re-
search work on the Mediterrean
fruit fly investigating its life and
habits, and modes of control and
eradication, says the Orlando Senti-
After more than a score of years
in charge of the United States citrus
experimental station at the Fair
Grounds in Orlando, Mr. Others
has been ordered to Honolulu for his
first "foreign service" in the en-
tomological lines. He will make a
stay of several days in California
before embarking for Hawaii at San
Mr. Others explained just before
leaving Orlando that he had receiv-
ed no direct instructions in regard

to the work he is to perform, but he
indicated that most of his attention
would be paid to studying the re-
sults of heat and cold on the fruit
fly in its various stages, under arti-
ficial and natural conditions.
In Hawaii, which has been infest-
ed by the fruit fly for many years,
Mr. Others will have practically un-
limited supplies of the live flies,
eggs, larvae, etc. at his disposal for
experimental work. Control meas-
ures have been only slightly effec-
tive against the insect pest in the
Hawaii islands.
It is expected that valuable infor-
mation will be obtained in his work
in Hawaii which the Department of
Agriculture will be able to use with
advantage in its fight to eradicate
the pest in Florida.
"If we had a perfect knowledge
of the fly we could go ahead with
our work in Florida much faster,"
Mr. Others said. "The main idea of
my trip is to determine facts which
will enable us to work faster and
better in our fight against the fly
The problem of determining where
flies congregate thickest in the trees
of an infested grove was cited by
Mr. Others as one of the difficulties
that the eradication authorities
would like to solve, so as to be able
to increase the efficiency of spray-
ing measures.

Crotalaria Should

Be Ordered Early,

County Agent Says

Crotalaria as a soil building crop
is not only past the experimental
stage but is now firmly entrenched
as one of the most beneficial cover
crops ever used in Florida, Frank L.
Holland, Polk County Agent says.
Up until last year this crop was
not generally recommended due to:
1. The high price of the seed.
2. Pumpkin bug menace.
Last year, however,, seed was a
available at 15c and 16c per pound
f. o. b. Tampa, this fact making it
economical to mow the crop before
seeding, thereby eliminating pump-
kin bug danger. Parasites of the
pumpkin bug are apparently more,
wide spread now.
Many growers in Polk County-*
were disappointed because the im-
porting company could not fill all
orders received. Along this line it
is suggested that growers get their
orders in by December 1st for ear-
liest delivery in the spring. In order ,
to be safe all orders probably should
be sent in not later than December
"We are advised that the import-
ing company will have approximate-
ly the same price that prevailed last
year, and probably will not exceed
16c per pound at the Florida ports," i
Mr. Holland says. "The name and
address of the importing company-4
will be given upon request.
"We are advised that the im-
porters have orders from customers
of last year for about two and a half
times as much seed as before."


October 25, 1929

Page 4


Government's Daily

Bulletin Upon Crop

Movement Is Started

The Bureau of Agricultural Eco-
nomics of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture and the Florida
State Bureau of Markets, co-operat-
ing, has just started issuance of the
daily fruit movement bulletin from
the Bureau's office in Winter Haven.
These bulletins will be similar to
those sent last year from Winter
Haven in that they will contain
somewhat in detail the manner in
which citrus fruit leaves the State
and the volume arriving daily in the
markets. H. F. Willson again will
be in charge of the office.
A letter of announcement to the
opening of the office was sent out
Oct. 12th from Washington, to those
growers receiving the service last
season. The letter called attention
to the government's policy of send-
ing the bulletin (which costs the
grower nothing) only to those who
expressly request it. With the letter
was included a blank form which,
filled out and mailed to H. F. Will-
son, U. S. Department of Agricul-
ture, Winder Haven, will enable the
grower to receive the daily bulletin
this season.

(Continued from Page One)
all other properties within one mile
thereof; the spraying of such areas
from nine to twelve times with a
poison bait spray to attract and kill
all the adult flies which escaped de-
struction during the clean-up meas-
ures, and the maintenance of a star-
vation period during which an ef-
fort was made to eliminate from the
areas concerned all host fruit and
vegetables. No reappearance of the
fruit fly in such areas has been de-
termined since the'end of July, and
in many cases no infestation has
been found since May or June."
SSubsequent to the end of July,
infestation has been determined at
eight points. For the present, these
will be retained as infested areas
and all fruit produced within them
must be sterilized, regardless of the
destination to which it is to be ship-
ped. The Department admitted that
it is not improbable that these eight
areas can be released from such
designation in the near future. No
flies have been discovered at any
point in Florida since Aug. 27.
Other requirements of the regu-
lations remain unchanged. All fruit
produced in the eradication area as
a whole must be sterilized unless it
is shipped to points within the
eleven northeastern States. The
eradication area comprises all of
Citrus, Flagler, Hernando, Lake,
Marion, Orange, Pasco, Pinellas,
Putnam, Seminole, Sumter and Vo-
lusia counties, and parts of Alachua,
Bradford, Brevard, Clay, Duval,
Hillsborough, Levy, Osceola, Polk
and St. Johns counties.

Daily Bulletin Request
U. S. Department of Agriculture,
Winter Haven, Fla.
Please mail me, free of charge, the daily citrus report to be issued
from Winter Haven, Florida, during the 1929-1930 season.

Name.---... -------------------------- ---.. ...... -.- ---- -----------

Street -- -.. .------ -..--...... ..---------------..........

Town,; ....---- ---..----- --.... ... ..________ .....

State--- .-- - - --..... .._....................

Florida Is Expected to Ship

16,000,000 Boxes of Citrus,

Governmental Estimate Says

The commercial citrus crop for.
the season of 1929-30 is estimated
by the U. S. Department of Agricul-
ture, at 16,000,000 boxes. Oranges,
including tangerines, are estimated
at 9,700,000 boxes and grapefruit at
6,300,000 boxes. This is fruit to
move by rail and boat and includes
For the past season the commer-
cial movement, including express,
was 13,900,000 boxes of oranges
and 9,300,000 boxes of grapefruit,
23,200,000 boxes in all.
Following the heavy crop of last
season, there was a light early
bloom. While some sections have


1918-1919--- ..-
1920-1921 -----------
1921-1922 -----------
1923-1924 .------------.
1924-1925 ------- ----
1925-19267 ----- --
1926-19278 .-----. .
1927-1928 -- --
1928-1929----- -..--...
1929-1930-Est. Oct. 10.


Neither sterilized nor unsterilized
fruit may, as yet, be shipped into
any of the original eighteen South-
ern and Western embargoed States,
the modification order states. The
modification order, as issued by the
Department of Agriculture, reads
as follows:
United States Department of Ag-
riculture, Plant Quarantine and
Control Administration, Washing-
ton, D. C.
Administrative Instructions, Ster-
ilization Requirements Modified as
to Areas Hitherto Designated as In-
fested. (Approved October 12, 1929;
effective October 12, 1929).
(1). Modification of paragraph 5
(a) of Section A of Regulation 3
under Quarantine No. 68, revised.
Pending later amendment of the
Mediterranean fruit fly quarantine
regulations, paragraph 5 (a) of Sec-

been helped materially by late bloom
the crop as a whole is much below
that of last season. Grapefruit is
lighter than oranges in comparison
with last year. This shortage has
been increased by the recent storm
damage in extreme South Florida.
The fruit this year is unusually
early. With a crop much below that
of last year, shipments of grapefruit
to date have been much heavier. To
October 5, grapefruit shipments
were 886 cars compared with 230
last year.
Shipments of oranges and grape-
fruit for preceding seasons have
been as follows:



tion A of Regulation 3 is amended
to read:
"Host Fruits Produced in Infest-
ed Areas-Sterilization shall be re-
quired as a condition of movement
of fruit produced in areas which
have at any time been determined
as infested, unless and until such
areas are, with the approval of the
Plant Quarantine and Control Ad-
ministration, released from such
designation by the proper State
Board or officer of the State con-
cerned. Such sterilized fruit may
be authorized movement anywhere
in the United States other than into
the States and Territory listed be-
low in paragraph (b) (i)."
This modification consists in the
provision now made for the release
from such designation of areas
which have been, or may be, desig-
nated as infested. Such release will

be made upon the determination by
the Plant Quarantine and Control
Administration that, as a result of
the enforcement of control meas-
ures required under Quarantine 68,
the Mediterranean fruit fly appar-
ently has been eradicated as to such
area or areas. Such release shall be
further conditioned on the lapse of
a period without reappearance of
the fruit fly sufficient, in the judg-
ment of the Administration, to jus-
tify such action. The effect of such
release will be to remove the re-
quirement of sterilization when fruit
from such areas is to be moved to
destinations northeast of Potomac
Yards, Va., but all other require-
ments applying to eradication areas
will be retained.
(2). Release now authorized.
The State Plant Board of Florida
i- hereby authorized to release from
such designation all areas hereto-
fore determined or designated as
infested, except as to areas within
which infestations have been deter-
mined subsequent to July 31, 1929.
Any areas released under this au-
thorization shall be retained as part
of the "eradication area" and as
such shall continue subject to all
the conditions applicable to such
eradication area prescribed under
Federal and State Mediterranean
fruit fly quarantine.
Chief, Plant Quarantine and Control
Secretary of Agriculture.
Dr. C. L. Marlatt, chief of the
Plant Quarantine and Control Ad-
ministration, commenting through
the press upon the modifications, is
quoted as saying that no conclusion
as to whether or not the fly has been
stamped out, can be reached until
next April.
"This is the end of the rainy sea-
son in which flies, the Mediterran-
ean fly, as well as the domestic ones,
are killed off," he said. "House flies
come back. It is possible that the
fruit fly will come back. We hope
that it will not but we iiiust 'wait
and see."

An iceless refrigerator car in
which mechanical refrigeration is
obtained by power drawn from the
axle while the car is in transit has
been developed. The new car, which
will be operated under the name of
"Frigicar," will eliminate stops for
re-icing, deterioration to right of
way and structure from salt and
brine and loss of time in operation.

The export movement of citrus
fruits during the season from No-
vember 1, 1928, to September 20,
1929, according to the Los Angeles
Harbor Department figures, totaled
2,481,269 boxes of which 2,173,510
boxes were oranges, 137,002 boxes
were lemons and 170,737 were
grapefruit. The United Kingdom and
Europe took more than half of this
season's total water movement.

October 25. 1929


P>^. 5


What Others Say

Colonel Peter O. Knight and
others of Florida recently spent con-
siderable time in Washington with
Secretary Hyde carefully studying
the whole situation in regard to the
Mediterranean fly infestation and
the method of handling the problem;
they went home thoroughly con-
vinced that the Department of Agri-
culture is doing its utmost to meet
the situation with justice to Florida
and to the country at large.
The Manufacturers Record is sat-
isfied that the Department of Agri-
culture now fully understands the
situation and that it is desirous of
doing everything in. its power to
help the Florida citrus growers and
to make shipments possible as soon
as tsis ,eanhe done sith.a safety to
the State itself and to the rest of
the country. Courage and patience
should now prevail throughout the
State; courage as to the great fu-
ture of Florida and patience in per-
mitting the Government to work out
this problem, even though individ-
uals here and there may not be able
to see face to face with the Depart-
ment and its scientific workers.
Referring to the word "courage,"
it is of interest that at the moment
of, dictating this editorial we are in
receipt of a personal letter from Dr.
Charles W. Dabney-one of the dis-
tinguished scientists of the country,
Assistant Secretary of Agriculture
under Cleveland and perhaps the
greatest scientist who ever handled
the Department of Agriculture, who
for the last two years has spent his
winters in Florida and is preparing
to return-in which he writes:
"Florida has so many resources
and advantages that it cannot fail
to ,build up and prosper. It will
overcome all of the present difficul-
ties in time."
That is the foundation for cour-
age, because the views expressed by
Dr. Dabney are the views held by
millions of people in this country
and especially by all who are fa-
miliar with the climatic and other
advantages of that great State.-
Manufacturers Record.

SArthur Brisbane was a little pre-
mature in his announcement on
Tuesday that the Mediterranean
fruit fly has disappeared from Flor-
ida. The rainy season, he said, has
~caused the pest to vanish and he
came to the conclusion that the $5,-
000,000 spent in fighting the fly
'yWas well employed.
The Tampa Tribune admits that
SMr. Brisbane's statement is too
sweeping, but cites an address de-
livered by Commissioner Mayo be-
fore an agricultural conference in
Memphis a few days ago in which
he stated that "there have been 7000
fly traps constantly set and 6000
-men directed by 200 to 300 trained
experts and no flies have been found
msineb August 7." He added, "No

doubt there are far less flies in
Florida now than at any time dur-
ing the past three years, possibly
five years."
Since the situation in Florida is
a matter of deep and direct interest
to the people of Georgia, the fol-
lowing comment from the Tribune
is worth quoting:
"Mr. Mayo, in the same address,
assured the representatives of other
States that, 'in view of the marvel-
clean-up by the loyal citizens of
Florida, and in view of the strict
Federal inspection rules and regula-
tions at shipping points this season,
it is certain that any car of fruit or
vegetables shipped under govern-
ment inspection and certification is
free of any possible infection, and
would be safe to arrive in your
State at any time, especially during
the winter months, when your cli-
mate is too vigorous for the fly to
"That statement by our Commis-
sioner of Agriculture has had an ex-
cellent effect upon other States. As
one instance, North Carolina dealers
in fruit and vegetables are joining
in a demand upon that State's Sen-
ators in Washington to have the em-
bargo on Florida citrus removed, be-
ing confident that all danger of in-
festation has passed. Washington
has advised that it will await the ac-
tion of the agricultural authorities
of the State before removing the
"Corroborating C o m m i s s ioner
Mayo's statement, Dr. Marlatt gave
out the information in Washington
Monday that 'his agents have found
no evidence of the fly since August
27'-in other words, no fly or flies.
'That does not mean they have dis-
appeared,' qualifies Dr. Marlatt. 'The
fight against them will go on during
the fall and winter, for they may
show up again next spring. Fruit is
still being examined. We could use
more men if we had them. Every-
thing looks good on the surface now,
and we hope for the best, but we
shall not let up.'
"Florida fruit and vegetables have
lost none of their high favor with
the consuming public because of the
fly invasion. With the assurance of
the highest authorities that all
Florida products now shipped are
free of infestation and that all in-
fested fruit is promptly destroyed,
there is no reason why Florida
should not enjoy a successful citrus
The public naturally is in favor of
the enforcement of whatever regu-
lations may be really necessary, but
if the time has come when these reg-
ulations may be safely relaxed it
will be a matter of great satisfac-
tion.-Macon (Ga.) News.

To date the Federal Farm Board
has received applications from agri-
cultural co-operatives in all parts of
the country for loans which total
about $70,000,000, of which the
Board has tentatively approved $57,-
000,000, although only $686,000
has been called for up to this time.
The loans requested involve cotton,
grain, dairy products, fruits, vege-
tables, honey, live stock, rice and
seed.-New York Times.

Committee of Fifty


Establishment of minimum f. o. b.
prices was requested of the Clearing
House Board of Directors by the
Committee of Fifty at the monthly
meeting of that group held Oct. 15th
at Lakeland. A sub-committee is to
present the matter to the Board.
The committee also named a sub-
committee of three, comprised of
Dr. James Harris, Lakeland; C. H.
Walker, Bartow, and F. I. Harding,
Babson Park, to request of the
Board of Directors that all bills of
the Committee of Fifty, "covering
legitimate expenses of the commit-
tee not exceeding $5,000 per year,
be allowed when such bills are ap-
proved by the Committee of Fifty
A resolution also was passed
pledging the support of the Com-
mittee-of Fifty to the Florida State
Plant Board and the United States
Department of Agriculture in the
eradication campaign.
During the meeting W. M. Reck,
former chairman, spoke at some
length on the work the Clearing
House is doing. The prompt action
recently taken by the executive
committee of the Operating Com-
mittee in putting into effect at an
opportune time the shipment pro-
rating policy introduced last sea-
son. Mr. Reck also showed how im-
portant a bearing fruit sizes are
having on market prices at present,
quoting Clearing House figures on
recent auction sales which revealed
marked discounts upon the larger
sized grapefruit and premiums upon
the more normal or smaller sized
Congressman Herbert J. Drane,
attending the meeting as an inter-
ested citrus grower, acknowledged a
request for a talk by telling those
present of the keen interest the
Florida Congressional delegation
has in the present pest campaign.
He paid a warm tribute to Dr. C. L.
Marlatt, chief of the Plant Quaran-
tine and Control Administration,
saying that this department official
is "Florida's best friend."
At the invitation of J. C. Merrill
of Leesburg, the committee selected
that city as the meeting place for
the November session. James
Thompson, Winter Haven, invited
the committee to hold its January
meeting in Winter Haven during the
week of the Florida Orange Festival..
The invitation was accepted.

(Continued from Page One)
tion thereto be shipped to all States
except the heretofore prohibited
Southern and Pacific Coast States
and to Canada.
"This most important modifica-
tion of present quarantine regula-
tions shows only too well that the:
State and Federal Plant Boards will
do all they can to aid Florida con-
sistent with safeguarding the rest of;
the country. Further modification'
may be made if conditions warrant.

"Good judgment would now sug-
gest that fruit from Zone 3 be sent
to the mid-west, leaving, the East-
ern territory for the remainder.
"Permit me again to caution the
growers and shippers to be patient
and likewise to scrupulously obey
present quarantine regulations re-
quiring care of groves, the picking
up and destroying of "drops," elimi-
nation of host plants and fruits,
etc., which is vital.
"I was amazed, upon arriving, to
find that people in Florida had writ-
ten to the Chairman of the Appro-
priation Committee of the House
urging him to oppose the appropria-
tion of $26,000,000 recommended
by Secretary Hyde for the continua-
tion of inspection and eradication
work. One could scarcely think that
such fools live in Florida. The em-
bargo against Florida will never be.
lifted until the Agricultural Depart-
ment is satisfied that the last fly is
gone and it will take as much effort,
money and men to eradicate the last
fly as if there were a million flies in
Florida. There is no opposition to
this contemplated appropriation ex-
cept from Florida. The State at the
present time certainly needs an of-
ficial fool-killer."

Los Angeles barbor's commerce
total will be boosted by receipt of
40,000 tons of Florida phosphate
rock annually, it was learned when
announcement was made that the
Agricultural Potassium -Phosphate
Company, which manufactures fer-
tilizer, has acquired a lease on the
old Trono plant as a factory site.
President A. L. Kreiss is negotiat-
ing with steamship companies to
haul the commodity from Tampa to
this port, where it will be used in
conjunction with potash and sodium,
obtainable in this State. Installation
of equipment costing $110,000 will
begin within 30 days and the plant
is expected to start production in
December.-The Packer.

One Thing to Do

In view of all these conditions
there is, only one obvious thing.
for every grower to do, and that
is to join the Clearing House.'
This organization has proven be-
yond any possible peradventure
that it is capable of meeting and
successfully overcoming every
obstacle in the way of orderly
marketing, distribution and ad-
vertising. It was organized for
these specific purposes, and there
seems no question but what next
season's selling operations will
require the offices of one domi-'
nant, central organization with
the capacity to deal with them,
more than they have ever been
needed before.
It costs nothing to join the
Clearing House unless one has a
crop to 'sell, and then the small:
per box assessment will buy more.
real intelligent and efficient serv-
ice than it would be possible for
any individual grower or shipip'e
to get anywhere else at any price.
-Lake Wales Highlander.

October 25, 1929


PD 6.


,rvu r s v
_ _ _

Temperature Plays

An Important Part

In Keeping Quality

Temperature plays a most im-
portant part in the storage of many
fruits that are shipped to market
from distant areas of production.
Most fruits keep well only within a
rather limited range of temperature
With meats and dairy products the
important thing is to keep them
cold enough, but many fruits are
'injured seriously by a temperature
only a few degrees lower than the
most favorable temperature for
"The life processes of fruits and
vegetables," says Dr. Lon A. Haw-
kins of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture, in explaining
this fact, "are chemical or physical
in nature and are governed by chem-
ical and physical laws. According
to Van Hoft's law, the rate of a
chemical reaction is doubled or
trebled for each 180 F. rise in tem-
perature. The rate at which the life
processes of fruits and vegetables
proceed in storage increases as tem-
perature rises."
Doctor Hawkins illustrates the
opdmt by giving experience with
Bartlett pears. "As a rule," he says,
S"this fruit will keep twice as long at
310 as at 360 F., twice as long at
360 as at 430, and twice as long at
this temperature as at 530. In other
words, it will keep about eight times
as long at 310 as at 53. At 65,
however the fruit keeps about as
long as 530."

Presence of Iodine

In Fruits Results

In State-Wide Meet

A State-wide conference to be
held in Bradenton, Oct. 24th and
25th, to formulate plans for devel-
oping further facts relative to the
-iodine content of Florida citrus
fruits and vegetables, is the latest
step taken by growers and others
Interested in the movement now
sweeping the State. Recent analyses
of grapefruit and vegetables in
Manatee and Sarasota counties have
revealed the fact that Florida pro-
ducts have a remarkably large iodine
content and a determined move now
is being made to capitalize fully
upon the valuable discovery.
In an invitation sent broadcast by
the Bradenton Chamber of Com-
merce to attend the two-day con-
ference there this month, the point
is brought out that data from other
sections of the State are as yet not
Available, but that "it will be a part
of the work of the convention to de-
S-vise ways and means for securing
at the earliest date all the informa-
tion possible."
According to press dispatches, an
r. analysis of canned grapefruit made
a at Bradenton, showed an iodine con-

tent of 423 parts to the billion.
Among those who have studied the
iodine question, the belief prevails
that citrus and vegetables, grown in
different sections of Florida will
show a varying iodine content.
There are many States producing
vegetables with only a few produc-
ing citrus fruit. Chemical analyses,
heretofore accepted as authentic,
showed that vegetables grown in
South Carolina have a much higher
iodine value than those grown in
California. This difference in South
Carolina's favor is attributed to the
Carolina soil, in the seacoast region,
which is admittedly much the same
as that of Florida. Hence there is
a feeling that Florida, once she goes
deeply into the chemical survey,
will be able to show citrus of a
grade and value greater than that
grown anywhere in United States.

Nitrogen and Cover

Crop Tests Studied

By Citrus Growers

Forty Highlands and Manatee
county citrus growers, led by Coun-
ty "Agents Louis H. Alsmeyer and
Leo H. Wilson, recently made a tour
of the Citrus Experimental Station
at Lake Alfred, with the special pur-
pose of looking over the fertilizer
and cover crop test plots. Dr. R. W.
Ruprecht, chemist; W. E. Stokes,
agronomist, and J. D. Warner, as-
sistant, from the main station at
Gainesville, and J. H. Jefferies, su-
perintendent of the Citrus Station,
explained the experimental plots.
The attending growers expressed
themselves as well pleased with the
information obtained, and indicated
that they would use this information
in making up their fall fertilizer
program. Most of the experiments
had been running continuously on
the same plots for eight years.
Among the main observations made
by the growers were these:
In tests comparing different
sources of nitrogen, one plot hac
received all its nitrogen in the forn
Sof manure, another in the form oi
blood, another in the form of mixec
fertilizers commonly applied, ant
containing nitrogen from both or,
ganic and inorganic sources, another
from sulphate of ammonia only
and another from nitrate of sods
only. All plots received the sam(
amount of nitrogen applied at th<
same time. In the plots which have
received only sulphate of ammonia
and nitrate of soda, inorganic nitro-
gen fertilizers, the trees had mad(
the best growth. Dr. Ruprech-
pointed out that since inorganic fer.
tilizers are cheaper, it would seen
that growers could save money by
using them exclusively.
In the potash fertilizer plots
where all the other fertilizer ele
ments had remained constant, i
was found that a fertilizer analyst
ing 5 percent potash apparently wa,
giving as good results as the higher
analyses. The plots receiving onl:
3 percent potash three times a yeai

yielded fruit which was considered
slightly inferior to that from the 5
percent plots.
In the cover crops tests, trees on
the crotalaria plots were larger than
those on the other plots, and appar-
ently it will be possible to reduce
the amount of nitrogen contained in
the fertilizer applied in the future.
It was noted that apparently the
worst splitting of oranges occurred
on a plot on which no cover crop
had been allowed to grow since the
beginning of the experiment five
years ago.
All of the plots at the station are
fertilized three times a year, and in
any one test there is only one vari-
able, all other treatments being the
same for each plot in the test.

"Spotted" is the description of
the orange crop throughout the Red-
lands district for the coming season.
The shipments may be less than
4,000 cars as compared with 5,500
and 6,000 cars of previous seasons
respectively. It is expected that
some Navels will be ready for ship-
ment in November.-The Packer.

The Federal Farm Board is to or-
ganize an agricultural business prac-.
tices research division which will do
research into marketing methods to
develop information to assist the
Board in devising policies in aiding
farmers. When organized, the new
division will form the fourth re-
search agency for the Board. The
three divisions already in existence
are loan, legal and financial.

Seattle.-Joe G o n d o f o, who
claims the distinction of being the
first fresh fruit and green grocery
merchant to penetrate the Klondyke
gold fields in the gold rush days of
the '90s, revealed a list of startling
prices during those hectic days,
while attending the recent "Sour-
dough Stampede" in Seattle.
Here's Gondolfo's price list: Or-
anges, $1 each, $100 a box; apples,
50c each; lemons, 50c each, $100 a
box; potatoes and onions. $1 ea
pound; watermelons, $25 each; can-
taloupes, $15 each; cucumbers, $5
each; fresh tomatoes, $5 a pound;
bananas, $1 each.-The Packer.

Fruit Shipped to New York

Auction and Average Prices

(These figures were compiled by the Clearing House, the prices shown not taking
into consideration grade or size. Freight, packing house and selling charges are to be
deducted from these prices).
The following table shows the amount of Florida fruit shipped to
the New York auction market during the past season, together with the
average prices received for oranges, grapefruit and tangerines:
Week Ending Boxes Average Boxes Average Boxes Average
Oct. 5 --- ---- $ --- 5,040 $4.40 -...... $__
Oct. 12 ------------ 6,120 6.54 '_

Oct. 19 .----
Oct. 26 --.-
Nov. 2 --.-
Nov. 9 ..---
Nov. 16 ...---
Nov. 23-.......
Nov. 30 ----
Dec. 7 -------
Dec. 14 --.-
Dec. 21 ...--
Dec. 28 ..--..
Jan. 4 --
Jan. 11_ .
Jan. 18-----
Jan. 25 -------
Feb. 1 ----
Feb. 8- ...--
Feb. 15-.......
Feb. 21-.......
Mar. 1-.......
Mar. 8 .....-
Mar. 15 ...---
Mar. 22 -------
Mar. 29-----
Apr. 5 ----
Apr. 12 --
Apr. 19 ---
Apr. 26 ----
May 3 --
May 10 ----
May 17-----
May 24 --.---
May 31 ----
June 7 -....-
June 14 .......
June 21 ....-- -
June 28 ....--
July 5-----
July 12 --....


Season Totals
& Averages 2,643,153









------- -

598,314 $2.11



Page 7


October 25 1929

U. S. Standards for Florida Citrus Fruits, 1929
United State Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics

U. S. Fancy shall consist of citrus
fruits of similar varietal character-
istics which are mature, well color-
ed, firm, well formed, smooth, thin
skinned, free from decay, bruises,
buckskin, creasing, scab, black or
unsightly discoloration, ammonia-
tion, sprayburn, cuts which are not
healed; from injury by scars, scale,
thorns, or green spots, and from
damage caused by dirt or other for-
eign materials, sprouting, dryness,
limb rubs, disease, insects or me-
chanical or other means.
In this grade not more than 20
percent of the surface of each fruit
may show light discoloration.
U. S. No. 1 shall consist of citrus
fruits of similar varietal character-
istics which are mature, fairly well
eblored, firm, well formed, fairly
smooth, fairly thin skinned, free
from decay, bruises, buckskin, creas-
ing, black or unsightly discolora-
tion, sprayburn, cuts which are not
healed, and from damage caused by
scab, ammoniation, scars, scale,
thorn scratches, green spots, dirt or
other foreign materials, sprouting,
dryness, limb rubs, disease, insects
or mechanical or other means.
In this grade (except when desig-
nated U. S. No. 1 Russet) not more
than 75 percent of the surface of
each fruit may show light discolora-
In addition to the statement of
grade any lot may be further classi-
fied as Bright, or Russet, as herein-
after defined, provided; that any lot
of fruit classified as Russet must
have not less than 40 percent, by
count, of the fruit showing more
than 75 per cent light discoloration.
U. S. No. 2 shall consist of citrus
fruits of similar varietal character-
istics which are mature, which may
be only slightly colored, fairly firm,
slight misshapen and slightly rough,
but which are free from decay,
bruises, black or unsightly discol-
'oration, cuts which are not healed,
and from serious damage caused by
Inckskin,- creasing,- scab, ammonia-
tion, sprayburn, scars, scale, thorn
scratches, green spots, dirt or other
foreign materials, sprouting, dry-
ness, limb rubs, disease, insects or
mechanical or other means.
In addition to the statement of
grade any lot may be further classi-
fied as Russet, as hereinafter defin-
ed, provided; that any lot of fruit
classified as Russet must have not
less than 40 percent, by count, of
the fruit showing more than 75 per-
cent light discoloration.
Unclassified shall consist of citrus
fruits which are not graded in con-
formity with the foregoing grades.
Any lot of fruit may be classified
according to the amount of discolor-
ation as follows: Bright, when the
surface of the fruit shows not more
than 20 percent light discoloration.
Russet, when the surface of the
fruit shows no black or unsightly

In order to allow for variations
incident to proper grading and hand-
ling in each of the foregoing grades,
the following tolerances will be per-
mitted in the grades as specified:
U. S. Fancy and U. S. No. 1 Bright
Grades. Not more than 10 percent,
by count, of any lot may be below
the requirements of either of these
grades but not to exceed one-fourth
of this amount or 21% percent shall
be allowed for black or unsightly
discoloration and not more than
one-twentieth of this tolerance or %
of 1 percent shall be allowed for
U. S. No. 1 Grade. Not more than
10 percent, by count, of any lot may
be low the requirements of this
grade other than for discoloration,
but not more than one-twentieth of
this amount or % of 1 percent shall
be allowed for decay.* In addition,
not more than 10 percent, by count,
of any lot may not meet the require-
ments relating to discoloration but
not to exceed one-fourth of this
amount or 2 percent, shall be al-
lowed for black or unsightly dis-
U. S. No. 1 Russet, U. S. No. 2,
and U. S. No. 2 Russet Grades. Not
more than 10 percent, by count, of
any lot may be below the require-
ments of any of these grades, but
not more than one-twentieth of this
amount or % of 1 percent shall be
allowed for decay.*
Decay, or other deterioration developing
in transit on citrus fruits otherwise up to
grade shall be considered as affecting the
condition and not the grade.
Fruit shall be arranged in the
boxes according to the approved
and recognized methods. The fruit
shall be tightly packed and the wrap
show at least one-half twist. Each
fruit shall be enclosed in its indi-
vidual wrapper, except that in packs
of oranges and tangerines of a size
250 and smaller only fruit in the
top and bottom layers and fruit ex-
posed at the sides of the box shall
be required to be wrapped.
Each box of oranges shall show a
minimum bulge of 1%4 inches. With
grapefruit the minimum bulge shall
be two inches. Boxes of tangerines
shall show a minimum bulge of %3
In order to allow for variations
incident to proper packing not more
than 5 percent of the boxes in any
lot may not meet the requirements
for the standard pack.
As used in these grades:
1. "Similar varietal characteris-
tics" means that the fruits in any
container are similar in color and
2. "Well colored" means that the
fruit shows practically no trace of
green color.
3. "Firm" as applied to grape-
fruit and oranges, means that the
fruit is not soft, or noticeably wilt-

ed or flabby; as applied to oranges
of the Mandarin group (Tangerines,
Satsumas, King, Mandarin) means
that the fruit is not badly puffy al-
though the skin may be slightly
4. "Injury" means any defect or
blemish which more than slightly af-
fects the appearance, or edible, or
shipping quality of the fruit. Any
one of the following defects, or any
combination thereof the seriousness
of which exceeds the maximum al-
lowed for any one defect, shall be
considered as injury:
(a) Scars when causing rough-
ness of the fruit texture to a greater
degree than is permitted under the
term "smooth" as required in the
grade; or when these scars detract
from the appearance of the fruit to
a greater extent than the maximum
of light discoloration allowed in the
(b) Scale, when more than a few
adjacent to "button" at stem end,
or when more than six scattered on
other portions of the fruit.
(c) Thorn scratches or punctures
when not slight, not well healed, or
more unsightly than light discolora-
tion allowed in the grade.
(d) More than two small green
spots, or when .aggregating more
than three-fourths inches in diame-
5. "Light discoloration" means
light russeting caused by rust mite,
melanose, or other means; light col-
ored scars; or any other surface
discoloration of a darker color which
does not affect the grade require-
ments as to shape or texture, pro-
vided, no discoloration shall detract
from the appearance of the fruit to
a greater extent than the maximum
of light discoloration allowed for
the grade.
6. "Fairly well colored" means
that the yellow, orange, or russet
color predominates on the fruit.
7. "Damage" means any injury by
the causes mentioned which mate-
rially affects the appearance, or.the
edible, or shipping quality of the
fruit. Any one of the following de-
fects, or any combination thereof
the seriousness of which exceeds the
maximum allowed for any one de-
fect, shall be considered as damage:
(a) Scab, when it cannot be class-
ed as "light discoloration," or af-
fects shape or texture.
(b) Ammoniation, when not oc-
curring as light speck type similar
to melanose.
(c) Scars, when causing rough-
ness of the fruit texture to a greater
degree than is permitted under the
term "fairly smooth" as required in
the grade; or when these scars de-
tradt from the appearance of the
fruit to a greater extent than the
maximum of light discoloration al-
lowed in the grade.
(d) Scale, when more than 15
scattered Purple scale, or more than
eight scattered Red scale, or when
occurring as more than one small
ring, or any ring when the average


Page 8

October 25, 1929

outside diameter is more than 1%
(e) Thorn injury, when black, or
more than one inch in .diameter, or
not well healed.
(f) Green spots, when not small,
or more than four in number, or
when aggregating more than one
inch in diameter.
(g) Dryness, when extending into
segments more than one-fourth inch
at the stem end, or more than the
equivalent of this amount by vol-
ume, when occurring in other por-
tions of the fruit.
8. "Slightly colored" means that
the green color predominates but.
that the fruit shows some orange,
yellow, or russet color.
9. "Fairly firm" as applied to
grapefruit, means that the fruit
may be slightly soft, but not bruis-
ed, and the skin may be thick and
slightly puffy; as applied to oranges
means that the fruit may be slight-
ly soft, but not bruised; as applied
te oranges of the Mandarin Group
(Tangerines, Satsumas, King, Man-
darin) means that the skin of the
fruit is not badly puffy or very
10. "Slightly misshapen" means
that the fruit is not of the shape
characteristic of the variety but is
not decidedly pear-shaped, elong-
ated, sharply pointed or otherwise
badly deformed.
11. "Slightly rough" means that
the skin is not of smooth texture
but is not badly ridged, badly groov-
ed, or badly wrinkled.
12. "Serious damage" means any
injury by the causes mentioned
which seriously affects the appear-
ance, or the edible, or shipping qual-
ity of the fruit. Any one of the fol-
lowing defects, or any combination
thereof the seriousness of which ex-
ceeds the maximum allowed for any
one defect, shall be considered as
serious damage.
(a) Buckskin, when dry, or un-
sightly, or the fruit texture serious-
ly affected.
(b) Creasing, when deep, or more
than one inch in length.
(c) Scab, when spread over more
than one-fourth of fruit surface, or
when materially affecting shape or
(d) Ammoniation, when scars are
cracked, or more than 1 % inches
in diameter in the aggregate.
(e) Sprayburn, when black or un-
sightly, or more than 1 % inches in
diameter in the aggregate.
(f) Scars, caused by any means,
when these scars cause roughness of
the fruit texture to a greater de-
gree than is permitted under the
term "slightly rough" as required in
the grade; or when these scars de-
tract from the appearance of the
fruit to a greater extent than the
maximum of light discoloration al-
lowed in the grade.
(g) Scale,' when occurring as one
blotch or ring the average outside
diameter of which is more than 1 %
inches; or, scattered scale or small ,
rings which detract from the ap-
pearance of the fruit to a greater
extent, than does the 1 -inch blotch
or ring.
(h) Thorn injury, when scratches

Octoer 5, 129 LORIA CEARIG HUSE EWSPave 9

are not healed, or black, or morn
than 1% inches in diameter.
(i) Green spots, when aggregat.
. ing more than two inches in diame.
(j) Dryness, when extending into
r segments more than one-half inch
at the stem end, or more than the
equivalent of this amount by vol-
ume, when occurring in other por-
tions of the fruit.

i (Continued from Page One)
citizens and its shippers, under the
Direction of the Plant Board and
the Department of Agriculture, that
it not only met with surprising suc-
cess a serious situation, but that it
also had the sense to see it through
and absolutely finish the job, instead
of becoming self-satisfied at a time
when success was just within reach.
The morale of Florida is in the
balance today. We have been
through adversity. We met it cour-
ageously but we must be not only
equal to emergency with its spec-
tacular appeal but superior to suc-
cess. We are on the last lap of the
race; how foolish to think we have
Crossed the tape and stop because
we seem successful.
If there is any letup at this time
Sin most conscientious effort, Florida
will be facing and having "to live
with the fly" instead of eradicating
it. Living with the fly, exercising
Control measures and getting along
the best we can, will no longer be
Uncle Sam's job, possibly not even
our State's job, it will come back
t)as a mighty expensive addition to
the cost of production and will be
loaded as a necessary evil on the
shoulders of the growers and ship-
pers of our State.
Nature has probably been kind.
We have "gotten the breaks" but
we must finish the job.
Dr. Newell's summary recently
made public will be of much inter-
est to the growers of Florida and
readers of the Florida Clearing
House News unquestionably will re-
gard the situation in a far more op-
timistic light after reading the fol-
lowing statement from the man in
,charge of this important task. Dr.
Newell's statement, in what may be
termed a report to the people of
Florida, follows:
"The work of eradication has pro-
gressed most satisfactory. Progress
is shown by the fact that the num-
ber of infestations located scaled
downward steadily after May, so
that although a total of 999 infest-
ed properties in twenty counties
were located and charted, only eight
of these were found during August,
and we passed through the entire
month of September and have gone
thus far into October without dis-
covering a single new infestation.
"Florida's citrus crop is being
shipped; and all of it will go to mar-
ket if the fly does not manifest it-
self in the shipping areas. Also all
Florida vegetable crops not classed
as hosts of the fly now have an un-
restricted market. The classification

Adams Packing Co.__ __..- Auburndale
Alexander & Baird, Inc. -Beresford
American Fruit Growers-.....Orlando
Armstrong, F. C......-------Palmetto
Bilgore, David & Co ..--Clearwater
Blake, Ellis G....-----_--Lake Helen
Burch, R. W., Inc.---. Plant City
Cartlege, W. C. ---- Crescent City
Chase & Co ...- ..----... ----. Sanford
DeLand Packing Co .-_--- DeLand
Emca Fruit Co. ---- Crescent City
Eustis Packing Co. ...--_ -- Eustis
Fellsmere Growers, Inc...-Fellsmere
Fields, S. A. & Co .... --_-Leesburg
Flesch Bros...........------ Auburndale
Florida Citrus Exchange --_- Tampa
Florida Mixed Car Co. Plant City
Florida United Growers, Inc.
--------Winter Haven
Fosgate, Chester C., Co... Orlando
Ft. Meade Packing Co-... Ft. Meade
Gentile Brothers Co.-----.. Orlando
Herlong, A. S. & Co.---- Leesburg
Holly Hill Fruit Products, Inc.
Holly Hill Grove & Fruit Co.
__--------_D_____ davenport
Indian River Fruit Co. --- Wabasso
International Fruit Corp. Orlando
Johnson, W. A. ----.-. .. Ft. Ogden
Keen, J. W.__ .------- .- Frostproof
Keene, R. D. & Co. ___-------. Eustis
Lakeland Co., Inc., The ..- Lakeland
Lake Wales Fruit Packers, Inc.
___---- Lake Wales

Lamons, D. H....---- ...------Ft. Myers
Lee, J. C., Sr..--.....------- Leesburg
Lovelace Packing Co. Winter Haven
Lyle, J. P.. ---......_---- San Mateo
Mammoth Groves, Inc..-..Lake Wales
Maxcy, Gregg ------.. Sebring
Maxcy, L., Inc._--__.---.....Frostproof
Middleton, W. D ... -- Isle of Pines
Milne-O'Berry Pkg. Co., Inc.
---------- ..St. Petersburg
Mitchell, J. M-----. ........... --- Elf ers
Mouser, W. H. & Co...... -- Orlando
Okahumpka Packing Co.
---------- Okahumpka
Orange Belt Packing Co. ..-- Eustis
Pinellas Fruit Co. --_St. Petersburg
Richardson-Marsh Corp.--. Orlando
Roberts Bros. & Co., Inc Avon Park
Roe, Wm. G.__________-- Winter Haven
Roper, B. H..-....-----Winter Garden
Stetson, John B., Est. of -- DeLand
St. Johns Fruit Co.----.....-.. Seville
Stone, Forrest B...........-----Maitland
Sunny South Packing Co.- Arcadia
Symonds, A. D. & Son.. --- Orlando
Tampa Union Terminal Co ..-Tampa
Taylor, C. H. Co. ----_-- Wauchula
Ufco Packing Co.........- Ft. Pierce
Ulmer, H. D. ----------- Clearwater
Valrico Growers, Inc. ----- Valrico
Welles Fruit & Livestock Co.
----.----------.----------- .__. Arcadia
W. Frostproof Packing &
Canning Co..-__-__ W. Frostproof
White City Fruit Co..___- White City

of host vegetables is reduced to egg-
plants, peppers, lima beans and to-
matoes; and there are numerous
markets open to these.
"The shipping privileges now
open to Florida host fruits and veg-
etables are due to the success of the
eradication work done to date. Had
not so remarkable a reduction in
the fly population been accomplish-
ed during the summer it is certain
that about six million boxes of cit-
rus fruit in the so-called 'infested
zones' would not have been allowed
shipment; and thus would have been
a total loss to the growers. Similar-
ly peppers, eggplant and tomatoes
would have had extremely restrict-
ed markets, if any at all.
"The threat to Florida's economic
welfare through the presence here
of the Mediterranean fruit fly in
large numbers was iery great. Other
States do not propose allowing this
fly to reach them if it is possible to
prevent. Florida growers may well
be thankful that the interstate quar-
antines are being administered by a
paternal Federal Government rather
than by individual States. Until the
fruit fly has been completely eradi-
cated from Florida quarantines will
continue in one form or another. It
is therefore of manifest advantage
to Florida that the job of eradica-
tion be accomplished fully and at
the earliest possible date. Until
then, any withdrawal of Federal
quarantines would be followed im-
mediately by the placing of quaran-
tines or embargoes of individual
States, acting in accordance with
their rights and powers.
"Florida has otherwise ample rea-
son for wishing to accomplish com-

Shipper-Members of Association

plete eradication of the fly. Whether
its capacity for destruction has been
over-estimated or not, the fact that
in some groves in Central Florida
last spring it caused practically a
one hundred percent destruction of
the crop is significant; and it is cer-
tain its presence in Florida would
very greatly increase the cost of
producing marketable fruit. There
is likewise food for thought in the
fact that should eradication fail, the
Federal Government will be com-
pelled- to admit to the United States
fruits and vegetables from countries
where the Mediterranean fruit fly
occurs. Oranges and grapes from
Spain, Italy and Palestine, oranges
and grapefruit from South Africa
and elsewhere must be admitted to
compete with Florida products in
American markets.
"Continued successful prosecu-
tion of eradication measures leading
ultimately to the entire elimination
of the Mediterranean fruit fly from
the State should undoubtedly permit
of steadily bettering economic con-
ditions in Florida. The fly has not
yet gone. It has not 'disappeared.'
It is true that the eradication work
to date apparently has been success-
ful beyond the most optimistic ex-
pectations of a short time ago; but
even so the fly population has not
yet been brought to a point where
it may be disregarded.
"No thinking man who witnessed
the application of syanide dust to
test trees in certain groves last
spring, resulting in definitely locat-
ing an average of over five hundred
fruit flies to the tree, is willing to
believe that all the flies are gone.
The inspectors are searching for

tiny insects, so difficult to find that
an infestation may not be discov-
ered until insects in a particular vi-
cinity have increased to hundreds.
Ripening of the citrus crop will pro-
vide material wherein fruit flies can
breed and increase. Every one
knows that the work already done
against the fly has been most ef-
fective, but the true measure of its
effectiveness must be measured by
the number and extent of such in-
festations as may be found between
now and next spring.
"Our progress has been excellent.
The enemy is on the run. Now is the
time to redouble our eradication ef-
forts and complete the job.
"The people of Florida have just
cause to congratulate themselves
upon 'the progress which has been
made in this fight, in which they
themselves have taken such an im-
portant and vital part. However,
this is no time for self delusion. The
danger is greatly reduced. It is min-
imized. But the time of dange
not over; the figh' is not yet fn-
ished. Instead of relaxing efforts,
now is the time to follow up the ad-
vantage gained with all our might,
and proceed to finish the job. We
also must realize that to finish the
job will require the continued co-
operation of all citizens. It will en-
tail sacrifices, and it will require
work-work on the part of private
citizens as well as those officially
employed. The price of victory is
not too high. Complete victory over
the Mediterranean fruit fly means
such vast economic advantage to
Florida, as contrasted with what
failure of eradication must mean,
that it is worthy of the best efforts
and the close co-operation of every
man, woman and child in the State."

H. S. Hazeltine, general manager
American Fruit Growers, Inc., of
California, estimates that 28,600 re-
frigerator cars will be required to
move the fruit and vegetable crop
from October 1 to December 31.
Twenty-seven thousand seven hun-
dred and forty-three cars were ship-
ped during this period last year.

Frozen orange juice in solid.form
and put up in a package like a car-
ton of butter is among the prob-
abilities of the future merchandis-
ing program of the ice cream manu-
facturer. Extracted and solidified
by a continuous freezing process at
plants located in the orange-grow-
ing centers, it will be shipped under
solidified carbon dioxide refrigera-
tion, held in cold rooms by ice cream
manufacturers and distributed by
them through their dealers' cabinets.
Orange growers in Florida are stated
already to have carried the project
beyond the experimental stage and
to be prepared to begin large-scale
production at an early date. From
25 to 30 percent of the crop can be
diverted -to this purpose in normal
years. A field crate of Florida or-
anges, selling for 50 cents, will pro-
duce five gallons of juice which can
be completely processed as a frozen
product for about 46 cents a gallon.
-The Ice Cream Trade Journal.


October 25, 1929


Paee 9

gU ~ -- ~ -~- `-~- -
-~__ __- __ _




OCTOBER 25, 1929
Published Semi-monthly by the FLORIDA CITRUS
DeWitt Taylor Bldg., Winter Haven, Florida.
Entered as second-class matter August 31, 1928, at
the postoffice at Winter Haven, Fla., under the Act of
March 3, 1879.



Ft. Ogden
Winter Garden
Winter Haven
Mt. Dora
Winter Haven
Vice President
General Manager

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Back The Plant Board
With the active season now on us and the
urgent necessity of every grower and every
shipper realizing every cent possible follow-
ing the dry season of a year ago, it is perfect-
ly natural that there should be restlessness
with restraint and railing at restrictions. We
should like to have the privilege of free move-
ment into all the markets and be back to nor-
mal, especially where there exists a short
crop condition in both California and Florida.
There is no question but what our own
State Plant Board and official Washington
understand every phase of our industry prob-
lem as presented by the Clearing House. They
have not ignored these conditions. There is
no question but what they have gone as far
as they can and faithfully performed their
duties. They will continue to go as far as they
can as new situations arise.
Instead of impatience and criticism of
those who are handling such intricate mat-
ters the tremendous progress which has been
made warrants genuine appreciation. Much
has been accomplished and relief has been
brought to Florida under the strict measures
which have been necessary. We must, there-
foie, adapt ourselves to our present condi-
tions, using every resource possible in ad-
justing our marketing plans and policies to
the situation that we have from day to day.
It is our duty as a Clearing House, so far as
possible, to adjust our shipments and destina-
tions to the limits of time that we have and
to the limits in the marketing area, namely,
the eleven Northeastern States where we may
.ship unsterilized fruit from our eradication
area, which represents about 70% of our out-
put, and the balance of the United States with

the exception of the embargoed States, which
may receive unsterilized fruit from outside
the eradication area.
Government men have painstakingly
worked out means of sterilization to permit
a wider distribution. It is our duty to use
these means so far as practicable in expand-
ing our marketing outlets.
Unless means can be found for avoiding
congestion resulting from only eleven States
being open to 70% of our crop without cer-
tain restrictions we will find that our volume
although reduced is as heavy in proportion
as last season considering our marketing out-
let. The rest of the United States is available
with the exception of the six or eight South-
ern States into which we customarily go, but
it must come from former Zone 3 or be steri-
lized. If we accept instead of resent some of
these problems and go to the limit in our
resourcefulness to meet them, we may find
things not half so bad as some have assumed
them to be.
On the other hand, if there should prove
to be any impractical features in sterilization
there is no question but what Washington
will recognize them and meet the situation
with us just so far as they can and still fulfill
their duty to the rest of the United States.

Florida and the Medfly
In its fight against the Mediterranean fruit
fly Florida asks three things of the Govern-
ment-sufficient money to carry on the war
until the last fly is dead, compensation to the
growers whose products are destroyed in the
eradication work, and easing of the regula-
tions to permit marketing of uninfected fruit.
It seems no more than justice to grant these
This is by no means a local or State mat-
ter. The fly is not bound by State lines, but is
capable of spreading over a large percentage
of the country. It is a direct menace to that
part of the country, indirectly affects business
in the other parts, affects the food supply of
the whole country and promises, if let alone,
to increase the cost of living for all.
Our gross agricultural income from all
fruits and vegetables approximates $1,500,-
000,000 a year. This is equal to the cotton
crop, lint and seed, and is about one-eighth of
the total agricultural income including that
received from all livestock products. A large
proportion of that production is threatened
in case the fly should get out of hand in
We are apt to think of the fly merely in
connection with citrus fruits. This of itself
would be serious enough, but that is only a
beginning. All deciduous fruits and most veg-
etables are liable to its infection. All but the
colder States are in danger of it. Just how far
north it can survive is not yet known, but
probably up to the Pennsylvania border,
southern Ohio and Illinois.
More than a million carloads of fruits and
vegetables are shipped every season in the
United States. A large proportion comes from
the warmer States within the range of the
fly, extending from Florida to California. The
loss of a substantial percentage of this traffic
would mean something to the railroads and
to the labor that handles the freight.
Perhaps the least important item in this
business is that of the containers necessary to

Grove Clean-Up Is

Once-a-Week Task

Under New Ruling

Wiping out of infestation zones
prior to August 1st, is not the only
modification granted citrus growers
by the United States Department of
Agriculture this month.
The modification in question,
while relatively unimportant, will
prove of considerable help and finan-
cial saving to the growers. In the
matter of cleaning up drops and
windfalls, the regulations were
amended Oct. 11th so as to provide
for a weekly clean-up instead of a
semi-weekly clean-up.
The official instructions are as fol-
"United States Department of
Agriculture, Plant Quarantine and
Control Administration, Washing-
ton, D. C.
"Administrative Instructions -
Weekly in place of semi-weekly
clean-up of groves and gardens in
eradication area authorized (modifi-
cation of regulations supplemental
to notice of Quarantine No. 68).
"(Approved Oct. 11, 1929; effec-
tive Oct. 11, 1929).
"Pending later amendment of the
Mediterranean fruit fly quarantine
regulations, Section A (3) of Regu-
lation 3 thereof is hereby modified
to provide for the weekly (in place
of semi-weekly) clean-up and des-
truction of drops and windfalls of
host fruits, and of ripening vegeta-
bles and drops in the fields.
"This order is subject to cancella-
tion or further modification should
the discovery -of infestations or
other conditions make such action
necessary to effect the eradication
or prevent the spread of the Medi-
terranean fruit fly.
"Chief, Plant Quarantine and Con-
trol Administration.
"Approved: C, F. MARVIN,
"Acting Secretary of Agriculture."

pack the shipments. But to pack the
fruits and vegetables for market re-
quires more than a billion contain-
ers, and the business of making
them is an industry running into
some millions of dollars. Labor in
the forests, sawmills and factories
is directly concerned in this matter.
But the greatest menace is in the
danger of loss to the producers.
Some States, such as Florida and
California, depend upon fruits and
vegetables for a large proportion of
their agricultural income. Cut off
the purchasing power of any com-
munity, State or group of States
and the whole country feels the ef-
fect of this lessened spending power.
Florida is not asking generosity.
The fight is not her fight but that of
the whole people of the United
States, and they should enter it
wholeheartedly in order to save a
great industry in which all are in-
terested.-Wall Street Journal.

October 25, 1929


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