Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00002
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: October 1928
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text
Library Comp.,
Bureau of Arig. Econ.,
U. S. Dept. of Arig.,
Washington, D. C. .


Published Semi-Monthly by the
Representing More Than 10,000 Growers of Oranges and Grapefruit
SHeadquarters, Winter Haven, Florida
Volume 1 October 15, 1928 Number 2

Photo, R. E. Dahlgren, Winter Haven, Fla. Copyright..
Florida's Natural Frost Protector


Association Now Functioning

Directors and Operating Committee Busy

On System for Handling of This Year's Crop

W ITH the opening of the 1928-
'29 fruit season, the Florida
Citrus Growers Clearing
House Association last month settled
down to its business of handling some
80 per cent of the state's citrus crop.
The growers, through their Asso-
ciation, are confronted primarily with
two tremendous tasks. One of these
tasks is of course to market their fruit
profitably; the other is to insure the
longevity and success of the Clearing
House by working together towards
its welfare. The progress made in
September gave satisfactory evidence
to most that the Association will, in-
deed, function as its organizers, the
Committee of Fifty, decided it should
when the operating plan was set up.
Many Troublesome Details
The Board of Directors and Oper-
ating Committee, while handicapped
to a certain extent by the absence
from the state of some of their nuin
ber,. nevertheless 'made considerable
headway in placing the Clearing
House in operation. There are hun-
dreds of details to be worked out
before the Assoc'ation can function
las smoct1 ly as the task ahead de-
mands. Many problems already have
been solved. Others will be consider
ed this month and among them are
many of major importance.
The selection of the General Man-
ager of the Clearing House probably
held the most interest for the grow-
ers who last month watched the de-
velo of their new undertaking.
ular phase of the Associa-
p did not, however, reach
during September, deii-
being deferred until this
month when all members of the
Board of Directors will be present .to
consider the matter. Directors James
T. Swann, W. M. IPou and J. A.
Griffin are the directors who were ab-
s-nt last month. Their return is ex-
pected to make it possible for the
Board to act upon the General Man-
ager question, probably about Oct.
Robinson Handling Details
The Board however realized the
urgent need of control of the distri-
bution of th, fruit shipments, which
already are under way, and requested
the Operating Committee to choose
a representative to handle this work
pending tl-e selection of the perman-
ent General Manager.- This was done.
J. Curtis Robinson, secretary-man-
ager of the Growers and Shippers
League of Florida was drafted by

the Operators to represent them in
the detailed work of handling the
members' shipments. Mr. Robinson
took over his new duties Oct. 1st at
the Association headquarters.
Two of the Association's funda-
mental purposes, that of standardiz-
ing the grade and pack and of ad-
vertising Florida fruit throughout the
North, were put into effect. The plan
of operation of the Inspection De-
partment which governs the Associa-
tion's grade and pack standards, was
approved by both Directors and Op-
erating Committee as presented to
them by Harold Crews, in charge of
the work. The Erwin, Wasey Com-
pany was selected as the advertising
agency to handle the Association's
national campaign. These two impor-
tant steps were taken only after Di-
rectors and Operators had held sev-
eral meetings in which they carefully
trdied both problems.
Operators Also At- Work
Realizing that the summer season
was fast slipping into the Fall, with
its accompanying fruit shipment
problems to be met, the Operators

The Month

In The Grove
Published by the Agricultural Ex-
Iension Division, College of Agricul-
ture, University of Florida, Gaines-
ville, cooperating with the United
States Department of Agriculture;
Wilmon Newell, Director.
I F you did not apply a cleanup
spray in September, do it
this month. Wash out sprayer
thoroughly after uring. If cover
crop is heavy, mow and allow to
lie where cut (this controls pump-
kin bugs). Make preparations for
picking but do not market green
D ISC the middle of bearing
groves and turn under cover
crop in young groves during first
part of month. If clean-up spray
for whitefly and scale has. been
neglected, apply it. Put out fall
fertilizer last cf month (less ni-
trogen and more potash).. Bank
young trees latter part of, month
with soil free from rotten wood
(to avoid damage from wood lice).

like the Directors, labored rapidly to
complete plans for the performing of
their duties in the Association's
work. During the first half of the
month, the Operating Committee took
up the matter of ways and means of
clearing fruit shipment information
through the Association. Various re-
port forms were drawn up and sub-
mitted to the shipper-members for
their approval. A meeting to consider
general policies and procedures was
held in Winter Haven Sept. 25th at
which practically all the shipper-
members were present. At the meet-
ing of the Operating Committee held
Sept. 19th, a sub-committee composed
of C. C. Commander, Frank Skelly
and W. H. Mouser was selected and
empowered to handle the detailed
work of the Operating Committee as
a whole.
The drive for grower-members dur-
ing the month was continued with
,-.ather satisfactory results, according
to President Allen E. Walker. Signed
contracts continue to come into the
Association's headquarters with near-
ly every mail. President Walker early
this month issued al plea to all grow-
er-members to interest their neigh-
bors in the movement and to per-
suade them to join also in order that
the Association may number as close
to 100 per cent in its membership as
is possible. A large number of the
members are doing this "crusading"
and their cooperation is expected to
strengthen the Association materi-
Exchange Growers Must Sign
Many of the Exchange growers
have understood all along that it is
not necessary for them to join indi-
vidually as long as the Exchange it-
self is signed as a shipper-member.
In answer to this, the Florida Citrus
Exchange is-ued a statement recently
calling attention to its members to
the necessity of their signing as in-
dividuals explaining at the same time
that this was necessary from a legal
standpoint. The Exchange also an-
nounced that it will actively encour-
age its members, who as yet have not
signed with the Clearing House, to
do ro immediately.
With a continuance of such sup-
port, it is felt that the Association
will have little difficulty, in 'increasing
its membership to impressive propor-
tions before.the first of the year.with
the result that the Clearing House
will achieve that much more perfec-
tion in its functions.

Page Two

October 15, 1928.



(The following news item was printed Friday, Oct. 19 in the Win-
ter Haven Daily Chief at the request of the Committee of Fifty
in order to correct an impression created by an article appearing
recently in the Tri-City Times, a weekly newspaper published in
Winter Haven, regarding the status of the Committee of Fifty.
This article no doubt will prove of interest to all members of the
Ci.-aring Hou"E Association and for that reason is re-printed
hb'reitwh. )
It has come to the attention of the WINTER HAVEN
DAILY CHIEF that many persons, both members of the Florida
Citrus Growers Clearing House Association and outsiders, are
laboring under the impression that the famous Committee of
Fifty has been over-stepping its bounds in making recommenda-
tionm for the Association's general manager to the Board of Di-
rectors. In the interest of accuracy, the CHIEF is only too glad
to point out to its readers the true status of the Committee of
Fifty for in so doing, it justifies both the Committee's activities
and this paper's endorsement of the Committee's work.
In answer to an article appearing in a recent issue of a
Winter Haven weekly newspaper, W. M. Reck, member of the
Committee of Fifty and chairman of the executive committee of
that body, quoted the following from the Aes-ociation's Charter
and By-Laws which the CHIEF prints herewith:
"There shall be constituted an advisory board in each of the
citrus districts provided for in the by-laws, which number of
members shall not exceed fifty for the entire state, and they
shall be apportionrd among the districts :'c.olding to the num-
ber of memberships in this association in each district. They
shall be elected or chosen by the memb-rs of this association
who rEside in the respective districts, and their powers and
lutes shall be provided in the by-laws of this association."
The present Committee of FPftv was authorized to maintain
ts entity for the current year and to function as it is directed so
o do by the Charter and By-Laws.


"Make It 100 Per Cent Strong"

Leaders In Many Lines of Endeavor Firmly

Believe In Clearing H o use Fundamentals

M AKE it 100 per cent strong!"
This appears to be the rec-
ommendation of Florida gen-
erally with reference to the Clearing
House. Florida, as well as the grow-
ers themselves, believes firmly in the
Clearing House and there are but few
non-citrus interests in the state that
are not represented among those who.
are giving the Association an unqual-
ified approval.
The bankers in particular have been
enthusiastic endorsers of the Clear-
ing House. They see in it, not a
"cure-all," but a certain remedy for
a large portion of the citrus indus-
try's ills. They regard it as the only
feasible solution available to the cit-
rus grower's problems and daily, ry
printed and spoken word, they are
urging the growers who are members
of the Assccition to give the Clear-
ing Houseevery support possible and
they are urging those growers who
are not members of the Clearing
House to "get on the band wagon :-t
Some of the expressions of appro-
val and faith in the Clearing House
which have beei1 uttered by various
prominent persons in th state, are
given herewith.
W. R. O'NEAL, President First
National Bank and Trust Co.,
Orlando: "Citrus culture is and
has been for 50 years the backbone
of South Florida's income. As the
population of the United States in-
creases and demand for citrus grows
in the same ratio, the success, or
failure of South Florida is bound up
in the proper distribution of the pro-
DR. J. H. THERRELL, President
Commercial Bank & Trust Co., Ocala
and former president of Florida Ban-
kers' Assn.: "There is no doubt as to
the economical soundness of the
Clearing House fundamentals. The
grower who lines up with the Clear-
ing House is certain, given an honest
and efficient management, to profit."
G. G. WARE, President First Na-
tional Bank of Leesburg and Florida
Director on Federal Reserve Board:
"If the Clearing House objectives are
attained, there will be placed at the
disposal of the various marketing
agencies the ways and means by
which they can obtain better prices
for the growers without, in the case
of tho-e operating for profit, lessen-
ing their own earnings. Work to this
end directed by an organization com-

posed of all interests concerned,
should be of maximum effectiveness
and, I believe, will be when the Clear-
ing House had been in operation long
enough to find itself and perfect me-
thods of procedure."
JOHN F. MAY, Winter Haven
grower: "I've watched this business
for 50 years and this is the first time
I have felt justified in going ahead
without fear of consequences. I think
any grower who hasn't aligned him-
self with the movement is standing
directly in his own light. You can't
grow quality fruit without caring
properly for your groves-spraying
and fertilizing without stint,-to sti-
mulate growth and provide plant
food. As it is now, when the profit
on your crop is uncertain, you keep

Magazine Adopts

Brand New Dress

ITH this issue, the FLORIDA
adopts both a new "dress" and change
in frequency of issue.
As will be noted no paid advertis-
ing is included in its pages, it being
decided by the Association's Advertis-
ing Committee at a meeting held
Oct. 4th, to omit advertising and to
make of the NEWS more of a house
organ bulletin than a magazine.
Starting with this issue, the NEWS
will be published twice a month IN,
stead of only once as was at first
In making these two changes, the
Advertising Committee wishes to
have the growers themselves indicate
their approval or disapproval. A few
cannot always judge for thousands
and the individual growers will be
conferring a distinct favor on the
members of the Advertising Commit-
tee .if they will advise them as to
how they regard the changes in the
NEWS. Write the NEWS if you
prefer its original form. The Ad-
vertising Committee will appreciate
your suggestions.
As to the contents of the NEWS,
it will continue to keep the grower-
members advised as to the activities
and progress of their Clearing House
Association. When practicable, short
articles will be used along citrus ed-
ucational lines so that the members
of the Arsociation may keep abreast
of new developments and ideas of
their industry.

production costs as low as possible,
making it easier to grow poor qual-
ity fruit than to grow good quality
grower: "Hundreds of thousands
could be saved by the growers when
they learn to think and act coopera-
tively. Once they get into the Clear-
ing House and learn to work togeth-
er, they will master their problems.
They'll not get what they are entit-
led to until they do. I always have
made money from my groves. I want
to continue making money from
them. That's why I joined the Clear-
ing House and am urging other
growers to do the same."
ILIFF CONGER, Tavares grower:
"If the gain by united effort among
the growers is 25 cents a box, 21
cents of that is clear profit over
what probably would have been the
profit, after the Clearing House re-
tain is deducted. And 25 cents a box
or 21 cents a box is no small item
on a crop of 20,000,000 boxes."
J. B. BOOTH, Tavares grower:
"Someone must have authority to see
that neither too much 'ior too little
fruit is being shipped, if the grower
is to make money each year. I was
manager of a packing house here for
ten years and we all had our houses
jammed with fruit Dec. 1st when the
state inspection season ends, so that
we could operate at full capacity at
once. The result was that the market.
was snot to pieces within a few day-
It is possible to break er- ni-." .
ten days when all packing houses are
operating at full capacity. The dam-
age thus done takes weeks to offset."
H. S. MOODY, Vice president
Manatee River Bank & Trust Co.,
Bradenton: "One grower alone can do
nothing. All must work together.
Only by working together can they
hope to get the most money possible
for their crop."
W. J. ROGERS, Cashier Bank of
Tavares: "A certain grower last :ea-
son shipped a car of fruit which net-
ted him $4 a box-an exceedingly
good. price. This grower also ha%
fruit of the same quality in another
car which left for the same market
the following day. On the second car
he netted only 50 cents a box. The
market had "cracked up" because cf
a glut. Such gluts are not likely to
occur when the Clearing House
functions 100 per cent, but it can't
function 100 per cent until there is
a 100 per cent signup of growers."

October 15, 1928.

Page Three


Fruit Inspection
Goes Into Effect
and pack of Florida's citrus fruit
-or at least the 80 per cent ot
it which will be handled through
the Clearing House Association-
promises to become a thing of fact
this season.
Adoption by the Operating Com-
mittee and Board of Directors of the
entire set-up for the operation of the
Inspection Department assures a un-
iformity in the grade and pack of
all Clearing House fruit. The trade
hence will know exactly what it is
buying, if it buys Clearing House
fruit, and the result, obviously, will
be a satisfied trade and consumer.
The plan of operation covers brief-
ly the adoption of United States
standards of grade and pack. The
Operating Committee in adopting the
U. S. standards also shelved the old
"'commercial" grade. The state has
been divided into districts with a cer-
tain number of member packing hou-
ses to each district. The full staff of
inspectors will number thirty-two,
each to be transferred from time to
time as Harold Crews, chief of the
Department, sees fit.
The Inspection Department, as Mr.
Crews explained to the Operators, is
in fact a service department and he
urges the operators to so regard it.
For instanc-, he says, the Inspection
Department can help find and elim-
inate many of the causes of deca,.
It can help eliminate a large percen-
rage of breakage by checking the
box-making, lidding and car-loading.
It can help standardize the grade not
only by checking the percentage of
No. 2 fruit which may be found in
the No. 1 grades, but also by making
a notation on the inspection report of
the percentage of No. 1 fruit found
in the No. 2 grades. This last, if
corrected, would effect a saving of
the difference in price between the
two grades, especially if the fruit is
being sold to private sale where the
buyers will pay the market price
based on the U. S. standards.
The inspection work also will prove
of assistance to the shippers in eli n-
inating decay through the minute in-
spection of machinery, field Doxe-
and the sanitary conditions of the
packing houses.

Wess N. Gadau, of Aituras, mem-
ber of the Alturas Citrus Growers
Association, returned last month
from a vacation trip to his former
home state, Illinois. He was accom-
panied by his family. Mr. Gadau de-
clared he and his family enjoyed their
vacation but "were glad to get back
home in Florida, the best state in the

Phone Service Aid
To Clearing House
R APID telephonic transmission of
marketing information from
shipper-members to the Clearing
House headquarters has been assured
by the Peninsular Telephone Com-
pany, it was announced recently. The
Peninsular operates over the western
section of the citrus area.
The telephone company, anticipat-
ing the need for an unusual quality
of service, already has made arrange-
ments throughout its system and with
connecting systems of other compan-
ies, to handle the telephone traffic
of the Clearing House with a max-
imum degree of speed and service.
The Association headquarters as a
result is now in a position to obtain
almost instantaneous telephone con-
nections with every important point
in the state and these facilities are
to be maintained as the service de-
mands. The Southern Bell, Inter-
County Company and other phone
concerns supplementing the Peninsu.
lar service, have signified their rea-
diness to help make the service as
near 100 per cent efficient as it la
possible to have it.

Available to C. H.
AILTHOUGH the shipping season
scarcely has opened, the Clearing
House already is providing important
service to the grower.
Announcement was made a few
days ago of the inauguration of a
frost-protection service which the
United States Weather Bureau has
granted the Clearing House for its
members' benefit. The service includ-
es the installation of at least nine,
and possibly fourteen, thermographs,
instruments which record drops in
the temperature twenty-four hours in
Supplementing these thermographs
will be numerous registered therm-
ometers placed in low areas in the
fruit belt. During cold spells, grow-
ers in whose groves these thermom-
eters are placed, will be expected to
notify the thermograph station in
the'r section of the temperature in
their grove. The thermograph sta-
tion will advise the Tampa Weather
Bureau which in turn will is-
sue the compiled forecast to
the Clearing House in Winter Haven.
The Clearing House then will warn
its members in those sections where
a dangerous temperature is expected.
The thermograph has been in une
in California for 14 years and is re-
garded there as indispensable. Its
use in Florida has been one of the
objectives of Clearing House officials
for the past several months and no

18,000,000 Boxes

U. S. Crop Estimate
HE Florida citrus crop for 1928-
29 was placed at 18,000,000 box-
es in an estimate just completed
by the United States Department of
Agriculture, it was announced Oct.
10th from the Department's head-
quarters in Orlando. The crop was
divided so as to include tangerines
with oranges with the figure for this
fruit placed at 11,000,000 boxes. The
grapefruit crop will run 7,000,000
boxes, the estimate shows.
The estimate represents fruit to be
moved by both rail and water and in-
cludes also express shipments. Ex-
clusive of the express shipments, the
figures represent approximately 48,-
000 cars.
The Government's statement in
part, follows:
"The heavy early bloom this sea-
son was followed by a good setting
of fruit and growing conditions have
been good during most of the reason.
Storm damage during August and
September has now caused a material
reduction in the amount of fruit to
be shipped, but still leaves a crop
materially larger than that of last
season. The estimate of 18,000,000
boxes for the current season is based
on information gathered since the
last storm.
"The supply of oranges for this
season is well divided among early,
mid-season and late varieties. Com-
pared with the past season the dis-
tribution of the crop should extend
over a longer period with a much
higher percentage moving after Jan.
1. While sizes of grapefruit will av-
erage well over last year, the sup-
ply has been materially decreased as
a result of storm losses and is now
below the five year average."
While the estimate to be made by
the Florida Citrus Growers Clearing
House Association has not been com-
pleted, it is expected it will run low-
er than that of the government. This
estimate probably will be complete
by Oct. 25th or sooner.

Captain Buford Marion Sims, 92
years old, pioneer resident of Orange
County and well known in citrus cir-
cles, died at his home in Ocoee early
last month. He had been in declining
health for several years. Captain
Sims established one of the first cit-
rus nurseries in the state. He was a
Confederate veteran, being mustered
out of service with the rank of cap-
tain. He founded his home town of

little gratification is being expressed
now that installation of the service
is finally assured.

Page Four

October 15, 1928.

Here and There With The Grower

Dr. George W. Clapp and son, El-
dridge, of Orlando, members of the
Orlando Citrus Growers Association,
have installed an up-to-date irriga-
ting system on their 200-acre grove.
Dr. Clapp is a resident of New York
SCity and in his Florida grove in-
terests, has been a consistent advo-
cate of high quality fruit.

Fred P. Haggard, who recently
bought a grove near Groveland, keeps
a systematic check of the trees on
his property. Mr. Haggard has matte
a complete detailed chart of his grove
and with this he keeps an accurate
account and history of each tree. In
this way,. he .points out. he always
knows what trees need special care
and also what trees are likely to pay
the best.

B. F. Lewis of Olga recently pur-
chased the famous James N. Blount
grove of 72 acres at La Belle in Hen-
dry County. The Blount grove ach-
ieved considerable prominence some
two years ago when it was discov-
ered that it boasted of an orange tree
40 feet high and with a branch-spread
of 45 feet. Its yield averaged from
35 to 45 boxes.

J. P. Holbrook, of Orlando, secre-
tary and treasurer of the Avalon
Groves Company, has returned home
from an 11,000 mile motor tour to
California and southwest Canada,
more enthusiastic than ever over
Florida's citrus industry. He says
that he was particularly struck with

J. A. Griffin, of Tampa, member of
the Board of Directors of the Clear-
ing House, returned this month from
a vacation trip to the Carolinas.

J. C. Chase, member of the Board
of Directors of the Clearing House,
returned last month from a visit to
South America. Mr. Chase's trip took
him through the Panama Canal and
from Peru he crossed the continent
to Brazil.

Dr. Roland T. White, members of
the Orlando Citrus Growers Associ-
ation, spent two months in the north
this summer, making an automobile
trip of 3,500 miles. Dr. White owns
one of the best cared-for groves in
Orange county.

C. H. Preston, of Crescent City,
member of the Crescent City Citrus
Growers Association, has installed
heaters in his twenty-acre grove so
as to-as he says-temper any north
west wind that may blow through
his trees this winter.

Carlot Movement of
1927-'28 Season
HE following estimated figures
are prepared by the Florida State
Marketing Bureau from all available
records. According to State Market-
ing Commissioner L. M. Rhodes, it is
practically impossible to accredit the
various counties with the exact num-
ber of carloads including boat and ex-
press shipments because products
grown in one county may be packed
in another, or trucked to another
county for loading. However, the ta-
ble given herewith, after careful
checking by the Bureau, is regarded
as approximately correct.
Cnties. .... Or. Grpft. Mix. Tot.
Ala. ....... 115 4 6 125
Brad. ...... 2 0 0 2
Brev .... 906 496 366 1,768
Brow .... 0 0 0
Cit. ........ 3 0 0 3
Dade .... 120 390 1 511
De Soto 332 114 201 647
Flag. .... 17 0 0 17
Hard. ..... 591 66 386 1,043
Hern. ...... 121 55 14 190
High .... 172 669 110 951
Hillsb. 723 551 486 1,760
Ind. Riv. 125 591 132 848
Lake ...... 1,546 469 589 2,604
Lee ........ 82 177 172 431
Man. ...... 229 1,117 91 1,437
Mar. ...... 776 162 57 995
Okee. .... 10 24 9 43
Or. ........ 2,928 1,101 783 4,812
Osc. ...... 88 49 35 172
P. Bch... 0 2 2 4
Pasco .... 162 67 80 30:)
P:nel. .... 524 1,760 310 2,504
Polk ...... 4,482 6,489 1,792 12,763
Put. ...... 309 69 57 435
St. J. ...... 29 0 5 31
St. L. .... 199 657 235 1,091
Sar. ...... 29 13 0 42
Sem. .... 470 61 43 574k
Sum. ...... 34 2 1 37
Vol. ...... 1,293 108 232 1,633

Tot. ...... 16,417 15,263 6,195 37,875
'Separating the contents of these
mixed cars as a whole the total or-
anges, grapefruit, tangerines out of
slate, season 1927-28 is as follows:
Oranges, 18,612; Grapefruit, 18,147;
Tangerines, 1,116; Grand Total,

Florida's opportunity to produce cit-
rus more economically than Califor-
nia, citing as one instance the neces-
sity of irrigation in California.

An up-to-date packing house is
being erected at Winter Garden by
S. J. Sligh and Co., of Orlando.

E. H. Lewis, grove owner near
Clermont recently sold his 25-acre
grove to J. W. Ladoux, civil engin-
eer of Philadelphia.

Tom S. Carpenter, Jr., of Crescent
City, member of the Board of Direc-
tors of the Clearing House, returned
home the middle of September from
a visit of several weeks in Auburn-
dale, Mass.

Joe Sinnitt of Frostproof recently
sold two ten-acre groves south of
Babson Park. One of these grov-,s
was purchased by Mr. Bryant rof
Bowling Green while the other was
purchased by S. B. Jones of Lake

Allen E. Walker, president of the
Clearing House Association, made a
flying visit to his former home in
Albion, Ill., for ten days the early
part of last month. Hd made the trip
north by train but returned to Flor-
ida by motor, accompanied by his
wife and two children.

W. R. Minor, 46, cashier and vice-
president of the State Bank of Bowl-
ing Green, and president of the
Bowling Green Citrus Growers Ass,
citation, pasPdr away at his home
early last month, following an illness
of some time. Burial was at Fort

King Gerlach of Babson Park, has
purchased a ten-acre grove from J. B.
Lapham, resident of Kansas City.
The grove, which is ten years old, ad-
joins the Fairchild sub-division. Mr.
Gerlach also purchased a home in the
Crooked Lake Townsite sub-division
and plans to spend the winter there
with his family.

Emery L. Kelly, prominent grove
owner of Silver Palm and formerly
state nursery inspector for Monroe
and Dade counties, died the first of
September at Corbin, Ky. Mr. Kelly
won considerable recognition in the
state during the citrus canker fight
a few years ago being placed in
charge of the field work in stamping
out the pest. He later was appointed
nursery inspector by the state plant

Lieutenant and Mrs. H. R. Emery of
Fort Hamilton, N. Y., owners of a
Holly Hill grove at Davenport, paid
a visit to their property and the Polk
county section early last month. Both
expressed themselves as well pleased
with the condition of their grove and
declared a firm faith in Florida's

October 15, 1928.


Page Five


October 15, 1928.

Florida Has 22,026,714 Citrus Trees

Statistics Compiled by State Plant Board in Actual Inspection of Citrus Trees, 1925-26-27-28

Florida had 22,026,711 citrus trees in groves July 1, of
wiich 17,685,000 were in bearing, comprising 80 per cent of
the total. These figures are from a definite count made by
inspectors of the Department of Citrus Canker Eradication
during inspections from the spring of 1925 to July 1, 1928.
In 1919 there were 11,356,411 trees in groves. This increas-
ed to 16.677.277 in 1923, a gain in the four years of over
30 per cent. Between 1923 and to date the increase has been
Ilnother :33 per cent and 50 per cent more than in 191)9.


Number of Bearing and Non-Bearing Orange, Grapefruit,
Tangerine, Satsuma and Miscellaneous Trees, July 1, 1928.
Bearing Non-Bearing Total Pei Cent
Trees Trees Trees Total Citrus
Trees in State
Range ........... 11.846.932 2,813,529 13,660,161 62%
Grapefruit ...... 5.189,679 102.508 5,592,187 25%
l'angerine ........ 1.119190 527.552 1,677,012 S%
Satsuma .-.......-.- 235,503 293,320 528,823 2%
Other Citrus .... 263.396 304,805 568,201 3%
Total .......... 17,685.000 4.341.714 22.026,714 100%


s ; 1 5 qo
o .iAOrI V w *O k t 6 0
OE4I4" i 0144iSi 1444 ssg 2 ;s Esk1 ou 1414
75.3581 1.5511 4,4021 76 65 3,3576 87,809
16-11 60 151............ --- 1,756 1,995
5 188 1,274 72) 10 40 38,064 14,648
1523 3- 4 1,011 2,572
510.888 160,4801 28,15,1 1,244 2,218 ............ 702,984
16,877 17,396 443 1,166 1,287 ........... 37,169
94 10 231....---- 13 1,363 1,053
33.1821 15,222 3,533 100 317 ...... 52,351
18,631 1,707 112 7 3 ........... 20,525
4,753 2780 591-.... -. I 3 1,0071 6,100
12,735 13,106| 2351 155 175 ............ 26,406
7741 361 91 ---......... 3 234 1,056
157,336 443,0291 18,460 6,1811 7,118 .......- I 632,124
304,568 106,0541 36,111 139! 714 ......... 447,586
1,158 33 131--- 23 8 1,235
13,371 827 219 8 33 997 15,485
341 3291 471 111 22] 52,005 52,755
9,364 3,043 5,504 1 ..... 11 ............ 17,922
162 8 2 ... .....--- 180
90] 151 ......... .. ......... .. 250 355
1,1311 60 19 -----. 131 24 1147
2,7511 3,027 1101 299 421 .... 6.608
1.3581 461 16t 3 51 575| 2,003
481 2 ....... ... 1 9 60
353,6811 63,639 47,5071 294 920 .......... 466,041
30,6371 15,508 1,251 55 450- ... 47,901
14,805 21,695 16,123 15 35 ....... 82,673
482,070 257,617 49,120 1,622 2,0921 742,526
593,977 174,784 55,749 248 1,704 317 826,779
6' 4 .......- ...........- ..... 285 295
174,064 250,101 17,406 1,8341 1,256|............ 444,661
5611 176 241 ....... 2 72,9191 73,682
69 781 4 .......... 1,656 1,807
57 1 1 ............... 2 61
860,125i 282,591 104,145; 1,045 1,528 1,849 1,251,283
203,277 229,118 9,542 1,102 952 .......... 4 3,991
206 18411 791 60 12 7341 1,275
4,363 127 1121 71 361 711 4,716
173 ......... 2 ........... 8 ........|... 183
1091 7 11............ .... 26 143
198,3821 266,265 5,455; 5411 1,4991............ 472,142
317,9471 43,879 32,462 2391 2681 676] 395,471
32,3401 44,896 4,352 4,380 899........... 86,867
4 774] 8,902 2,481 155,451 8,449 ............ 180,057
260 7 2 .......... 3 ............ 272
91 --- 21 4,662 4,673
15,6051 4.898| 7521 544 872............ 22,671
1,242,2901 223,3151 165,1791 6801 4,7021 256 1,636,452
128,2971 37,419; 19,8821 4621 2,409| 1 188,471
46,9561 41,884 2,456 4,1091 4,998 ....... 100,403
183,7561 64,764 14,594 4381 437[ 210 264,199
392,540 374,658 45,797 287 902; 6 814,190
3,062,835 1,628,992 223,710 716] 801| 15 1,917,069
227,018 28,7321 35,9101 56 4351 2,268 294,419
30,419 3,2051 1,3421 101 2301 703 35,909
188.382 157,6041 37,5831 5,363 1,8671............ 390,789
97] 161 6............ I 31 17,201 17,353
90,8111 73,969] 2,3751 1,0o05 159 ...... 168,319
236,9761 33,602 42,499T 492; 400 116 314.085
75,836 9,176 3,2991 139| 437 34 88,921
490 38 24 ............ 1 414 967
341 4 ......................... 3 37 385
6071 21 81 ..... 2 203 841
499,2531 76,8531 110,6291 256J 1,592 634 689.217
421 20i ............. ........ ........ 1 750 812
525] 2001 3............ I 96] 21,157 21,98
2191 131 21..........- I 3 7,6361 7,903
10,846193215,189,67911,149,490|1901849[52,992 235,503 7,665,44 5



So o

a C qa I
b 0 ....... 1,7 5 . . 29,8100
l g cc CO P .U t 0:o 1 -
OBca 84 q eE : g q riEP CkD E 4aS, 43 'a
;0 1 4c k E0 ? C t0 0

.............. .......... .........I..... ... 787 787
250 1,775... 29.810 31,835
2271 ....... ........... ..... ....... .. 315' 542
124,6451 16,154 13,8621 46| 7521 121 155,471
22,440] 9121 2381 2191 2,9331............ 26,742
S........ 55| ...... .......... ............ 440 495
10,,675| 2,0001 2,752.... 18 ............ ......... 15445
8,449 685 1,421 ........ ...........:::::::::............ 10,555
1,776 .. 180 2 ........... 220 2201
2 8417 I .- -- 2,841
2,84 1 ......... ............ .. ............ ............ 2,841
34 7 2 ........ ......... 220l 263
22,319 14,317 6442 52 2,10 ............ 35,237
62,186 1,343 17,658 ....... 32 ...... 81,507
192 7 1 ....... 101 107 317
1,6091 17 16 ....... ........... 90 1,732
420| 17 661 ...... 35 28,837 29,375
6,440| 720 4,470 ...... ............ 100 11,730
....... .. ....... .......... ......... .... 1 ,525 1,525
151 20 .......... I....... .......... 1,730 1,765
196] 28 41 ........ 71 861 358
1,5551 616] 291 3 1371..... |. : 2,340
850 ......... ..... . .. .. ..... ...... ..... I 9601 1,810
2.... -1. .......... I --- -I ...- I .- ----- ................
82,682 1,511 30,052 243 346............ 114,833
4,6951 30 .......... ........ 901.......... 4,815
23,119i 7,930 19,238 ........ .......... 700 50,987
110,0261 38,374 19,223 .... 10 1,391 ............ 169,024
234,6361 15,899 411,0941 280 270,0971............. 571,006
I -. ........ ... .. ... I..... 45 45
39,0541 25,533 7,088| 11 1,489......... 73,175
50 ........ .......... ........ I....... 69,701 69,751
2,2001 .......... I .......... ... ....... ... 2,035 4,235
----I---... ....... --------- 1------ ------ .... .. ...... .. ..---- ..-----
242,130 49,536 48,3591 261 4321 693 341,176
17,837 2,850 2,260 ........ 410 ........... 23,357
-----........ -... ... ....... .. .....8I 9301 930
630 18 331 51 1371 824
. --- I ---- .--- -......... --------- ----- ........ ............. ----
................ ...... . . 175 17&
32,842 12,643 3,332 21 646 ........... 49,465
160,071 5,972 16,449 22 1361 4,888 187.538
11,118 2,6261 6111 67 1,205 .......... 15,627
26 ------- ....... I--- --- --------........... 26
........... .. 4 2 ........ ............ 34,630 34,636
7,3921 789 1,509 49 108........... 9,817
461,716 23,348 68,866 144 6,068........... 560,142
50,237 3,080 12,221 109 3,1061............ 68,753
38,535 13,852 4,100 3101 3,7431............ 60,540
71,628 7,459 17,135........I 20 ..... .... 96,242
63,061 20,6591 144518 361 2761..-....... 98,550
382,4071106|328 32,287 2t 2,506 ......... 523,530
58,882 1,022 16,245 19 455 3,301 79,924
1,928 84 300........ 16 1,068 3,396
73,233 25,0191 18,591 379 519........... 117,741
191 3 .. .. ....... ............ 81,071 81,093
75.3041 1,7231 .............. -... ........... 77,027
69,719[ 3,210 21,790 10 39............ 94,768
37,827 138 2,5851 23 88 2 40,663
... .. ...... .......... ....... .... ........ 5,500 5,500
321 .......... ....... ... I .... ............ 150 182
171,4481 5,8681 77,5771 187| 3641.... ..... 2 255,444
. ...... .. .......... I.... .... 1,000 1,000
14 2 .......... 511 ........ 7,582 .7,655
S..... I .......... ........ ............ 4,4651 4,465
2,813.5291|4 2.508]527,55212,2991299,8681293,32014,339,07_

Page Six


Storm Didn't Keep
Colonel Mudge Away
Colonel R. E. Mudge, of Fellsmere,
member of the Clearing House Boaid
of Directors, and also a member nf
the Committee of Fifty, is one
grower who practices what he
preaches. This preaching is of
course that of giving wholehearted
support to the Clearing House move-
The storm of both August and Sep-
tember would put something of a
test to a grower, who like Col. Mudge
lives more than 100 miles from the
Clearing House headquarters, farther
by the way than any other member
of the Directorate. But not so with
Col. Mudge. Meetings of the Board
members held in Winter Haven a day
or so after each of the storms refer-
red to, saw Col. Mudge as among
those present.

And as to practicing what he
preachcs, Col. Mudge has, from the
:iLa't. b.en a firm believer in the
Clcaring House and its principles.
Th'. Government's assistance and the
cooperation of every grower in the
:nate is, in Col. Mudge's opinion, rec-
cs ary to the proper and efficient
functioning of the Clearing House.
"The growers must learn to stick to-
gether," he said recently, "in order
to make a go of this undertaking.
They must have confidence in those
whom they select to carry out their
plans and they cannot go behind
doors and( whisper and knock. On the
face of it, that shows a lack of con-
fidence not only in those doing the
work but in themselves. The Clear-
ing House can't be put across with-
out a lot of work. Every step must
be taken with a great deal of care."

With Our Shippers
Miss Elizabeth Pratt, daughter of
Archie M. Pratt, general sales man-
ager of Chase and Co., enjoyed a
tour of two months in Europe this
summer. She is a student at Smith's
College at Northampton, Mass.

C. C. Commander, general mana-
ger of the Florida Citrus Exchange,
returned last month from a short
trip to the European markets. Mr.
Commander said upon his return that
Europe is "fruit hungry" and that
the damp climate particularly on the
British Isles is favorable to the use
there of more citrus fruit.

L. Maxcy, Inc., is enlarging their
Frostproof packing house, doubling
their capacity and making their floor
space 65,000 square feet. Installation
of a pre-cooling plant and additional
coloring rooms is planned and an ex-
tra sizing unit is also to be installed.
The additional floor space will be
utilized by both the packing and can-
ning forces of the company, the con-
cern operating its canning business
under the name of the Florida Fruit
Canners. Improvements and enlarge-
ments also are bing made to the com-
pany's houses at Weirsdale and Is-
land Grove.

The Acme Fruit Co., of Ft. Pierce,
purchased the 100-acre grove proper-
ty of the Capt. N. Carolin interests
near Wabasso, recently. This prop-
erty consists of 20 acres of bearing
trees 8 to 12 years old; 40 acres of
2-year-old trees and 40 acres of un-
improved land. A "fancy" price is
said to have been paid for the tract.
T1'e -rove adjoins the famous Deer'-
fi'ld groves of t:e American Fruit
Co. The John Carli le tract at Five
Mile Creek also was purchased by
the Acme Fru't Co., M. Bacharac:',
president, reports.

A pretcool'ng- plant costing $15,000
is included among the improvements
b-inQg made to the house by the Ft.
Ogden Citrus Growers As'ociation,
B. F. Stewart, manager, reports. An
electric marking machine is being in-
-talled also.

D. H-. Lamons, general manager .'f
l'e Lre County Packing Co., of Fort
Myers, recently returned from a trip
tl-rough the east in which he visited
the fruit markets. He report; condi-
tions as favorable and is looking for-
ward to a good season.
Col. Mudge, who has been a resi-
dent and citrus grower in Flori(da
nearly 17 years, is a native of South
Dakota. He now owns 18 acres of
well-cared-for grove in Fellsmere and
is justly proud of it.

Low Freight Rates

Effective Nov. 9th
A SSURANCE that Florida citrus
growers will save close to one
million dollars this season on the cost
of shipping their fruit north, was
given early this month when the In-
terstate Commerce Commission an-
nounced it would not reopen the "line
haul rate" case.
The decision of the Commission fol-
lows the filing of objections to publi-
cation of the new rates by three pe-
titioners, the Western Trunk lines,
the Southwestern Freight Bureau and
the Southeastern lines. The petition
of the last-named included a request
that the Commission postpone the
date on which the rates were to be-
come effective from Oct. 10th to Nov.
9th. This the Commission did but it
has since refused to reopen the case.
According to J. Curtis Robinson, sec-
retary-manager of the Growers and
Shippers League of Florida, which
organization has lone much to ob-
tain the new lower rates, the Com-
mission's decision not to reopen the
case has removed the last doubt that
Florida growers would be granted
their rate reduction.
In Mr. Robinson's opinion, had the
Cc-mmission reopened the case, as re-
quested by the Southwestern Freight
Bureau, Florida probably would have
lost her chance to obtain the benefit
of the proposed lower rates this sea-
Reviewing the events of the past
few weeks which might have brought
disaster to Florida as far a- use of
the low rates is concerned, Mr. Rob-
inson said:
"The first objection to the Com-
mission's decision handed down last
July 10th wa; filed by the Western
Trunk lines on Aug. 16th. This com-
plaint, among other things, contends
that reductions in rates from Florida
would lead to a demand from Califo.'-
Pia for reductions in their rates on
citrus fruit.
"The second objection was file,
by the Southwestern Freight Bureau
of St. Louis on Aug. 25th. This ob-
jection requested postponement of
the effective date of the rates for 90
days and reopening of the case for
further consideration. The. third ef-
fort to secure postponement of the
effective date for publication of the
new rates was made by the South-
eastern lines. They requested the
Commission to postpone the date for
publishing the new rates from Oct.
10th to Nov. 9th. The Commission
granted this request and the date for
the new rates to become effective is
now set at Nov. 9th."

October 15, 1928.

Page Seven


OCTOBER 15, 1928.
Published Semi-Monthly by the FLOR-
Bldg., Winter Haven, Florida.
Entered as second-class matter
August 31, 1928, at the post office
at Winter Haven, Fla., under the
Act of March 3, 1879.

0 O. ANDREWS ........................ Orlando
3. C. AURIN ..................... Ft. Ogden
J. C. CHASE ........................... Orlando
J. A. GRIFFIN .............................. Tampa
W. M. TIGOU ................................. Eustis
R. E. MUDGE ................. Fellsmere
JOHN A. SNIVELY ........ Winter Haven
J. T. SWANN- .........;:......:-........ Tampa
ALLEN E. WALKER .... Winter :Haven
R. B. WOOLFOLK .................... Orlando
A. W. HANLEY, Secy .... Winter Haven
Per Year:$2.00 - Single Copies 1Oc

Association Fruit
Advertising Ready
T HE story of Florida Clearing
House citrus fruit will be un-
folding to the country within a
few weeks with the inauguration of
the nation-wide advertising campaign
to be launched by the Association.
According to the Directors of the
Association between $250,000 and
$300,000 probably will be spent on
the campaign.
The assignment to handle the ad-
vertising campaign was granted' last
month to the Erwin, Wasey Co., of
New York and Chicago, one of the
leading advertising agencies of Am-
erica. Marvin S. Knight, representa-
tive of the agency, has opened an
office in the DeWitt Taylor building
which also houses the Association
headquarters, and production of ad-
vertising "copy" already has been
started. The recommendation of Er-
win, Wasey & Co., was made by the
advertising committee the middle of
September. Those on the committee
are Directors Allen E. Walker, Jaines
T. Swann and W. M. Igou and Oper-
ating Committee members A. M.
Pratt, L. Maxcy and C. C. Comman-
der. In the absence of Messrs. Swann
and Igou, Directors Tom S. Carpen-
ter, Jr., and C. O. Andrews substi-
tuted for them in the conferences
with the several advertising agencies
seeking the work.
The-Erwin, Wasey Co., which has
handled the advertising program for
the Florida Citrus Exchange during
the past several years, agreed to sev-
er its connections with the Exchange
if chosen to handle the Association's
campaign. Selection of this agency
is regarded by both Directors and
shipper-members as particularly for-

Committee of 50
Takes Up Its Work

DEFINITE move toward main-
taining the growers' interest
in the Clearing House and of ef-
fecting a closer liason between
growers and the Association, was
made this month by the Commit-
tee of Fifty in the selection of an
executive committee. The execu-
tive committee, chosen primarily
for the purpose just mentioned,
will hold meetings of growers in.
the various Association districts
for the purpose of keeping them
fully acquainted with the work
the Association is doing.
The Executive Committee, chos-
en at a meeting of the Committee
of Fifty, held Oct. 2 in Haines
City, numbers seven members. The
members were selected to repre-
sent each of the seven Association
districts and are as follows: First
district, C. D. Gunn; second dis-
trict, F. G. Moorehead; third dis-
trict, R. P. Burton; fourth district,.
C. P. Zazzelli; fifth district, J. G.
Grossenbacher; sixth district, A. C.
Brown; seventh district, Joe
Knight. W. M. Reck of Avon Park
has been elected chairman of the

W. M. Igou, of Eustis, member of
the Board of Directors of the Cleat
ing House Association, has been v~
cationing for some time at Waynes-
ville, North Carolina.

Dr.. Wilmon Newell, director of the
Agricultural Experiment Station of
the University of Florida at Gaines-
ville, mixed duties with a vacation
last month. Dr. Newell spent a large
part of his time in visiting various
state experiment stations in the
north and east.

tunate in that this company is more
familiar with the citrus industry
than any other agency in the country
and hence will be able to open the
campaign in less time than could any
other agency not acquainted with the
citrus fruit business. The Erwin,
Wasey Co. is numbered among the
pioneers of the profession and han-
dles an impressive list of advertising
accounts, the products of which are
household words throughout the
country.- The -advertising- sehedu l
will include the Ladies' Home Jour-
nal, Saturday Evening Post, True
Story, The American Weekly anid
many of the leading newspapers of
the country. The radio also will be
called into use.

Orange Festival

State-Wide Event

THE Sixth Florida Orange Fes-
tival, to be held in Winter Haven
Jan. 22 to Jan. 26 inclusiv,-. is ex-
'pected to give Florida's citrus indus-
try a ready and valuable recognition
"ot.'only in this state but outside of
the state. Elaborate displays of
citrus fruit with exhibits of the allied
interests, will feature the Festival
and in short make the event as near-
ly representative of the state's most
important industry as is possible.
In past years the -Festivalwas iel' -
under the name of the Polk .County
Orange Festival and But little effort
was made to make it representative
of the state as a whole. This year
however, and in -the future, it is
planned to include the entire state in
the exhibits and to make of the Fes-
tival truly a state exhibit of citrus.
Exhibits from every packing house
in the thirty-two citrus-producing
counties are being solicited even now
and announcements being .made
through the press and by iail .f the
prizes to be offered' for citrus dis-
plays. Industrial and commercial ex-
hibits also will have a part in the
Festival but the orange and grape-
fruit are to be given the place of
honor. All thd exhibits will be under
roof as a guarantee against interfer-
ence by the weather, the Festival
grounds being laid out along four
blocks of a wide street just outside
the main business sections of. the city.
In addition to the citrus and kin-
dred exhibits an impressive enter-
tainment program also is being plan-
ned. There will be high-grade circus
and vaudeville acts, free, every day.
There will be motorboat races and"
other water sports with-nationally-
known stars competing and of course
there will be elaborate fireworks dis-
plays. In short the event is to be
made attractive and entertaining to
all classes and one which, even though
it accomplishes nothing else, will en-
able the thousands of tourists, which
will be in the state at that time, to
appreciate the importance of Florida's
citrus industry.
Indications point to a generous and
ready support for the Festival from
all of the citrus-producing .counties
in the state. Establishment of the
growers' Clearing House has made
such an impressive citrus exhibit un-
usually, fitting this year and thb.
Festival officials appreciate this. Cer-
tainly the affair merits the fullest
support and co-operation of everyone
in Florida connected with the citrus

Oc ober 15, 1928.

Page Eight

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