Title: Agricultural field notes
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086632/00085
 Material Information
Title: Agricultural field notes
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company -- Agricultural Department
Publisher: Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.,
Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: July 15, 1945
Frequency: monthly[aug. 1947-]
biweekly[ former nov. 1941-july 1947]
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Southern States   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1 (Nov. 15, 1941)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1948?
Numbering Peculiarities: Volume enumeration begins with: Vol. 2, no. 9 (May 1, 1943).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086632
Volume ID: VID00085
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 45625504
alephbibnum - 002665095
lccn - sn 00229155

Full Text

(9 Agricultural Department EN T $tRI
At4.,A JJaoksonville, Forida / A ,,

ED B. O'Kelley J. M edy 46
I General Agricultural Agent Agrii

V ol, TV No. 14 July 1 94 14


JACKSONVILLE, FLA. With the introduction of hybrid sweet corns of
high quality and productivity an active interest has been aroused among growers
in several localities in making larger plantings of sweet corn for the market.
Golden Gross Bantam was one of the first sweet corn hybrids developed and is
still a favorite with many growers, especially for the more fertile soils. The
past season many growers who planted loana, a hybrid of high quality developed
at Iowa State College, obtained quite satisfactory yields, and are planning to
grew this variety largely another season. Other hybrids that may prove super-
ior to Golden Gross Bantam and loana are under test, but at the present time
these varieties seem to be most popular with growers.
A big problem in growing sweet corn for the market has been control
of the corn earworm. Corn earworm moths usually lay their eggs on the fresh
silks, so that the tiny worms appear in the fresh silks and then burrow down
through the silk mass to the kernels on which they feed. Research workers with
the Government have found that a little highly refined mineral oil in which is
incorporated 2 per cent by volume of dichloroethyl ether, injected into the
silks at the tips of the ears, will prevent the worm from entering the ears,
or kill them in the silks before they get to the kernels. The infeitisap Wust
be delayed at least 3 days after the first appearance of the silks .in order to
allow pollination to occur. To avoid injury to the kernels at the tips the
dose per ear must be limited to about 3/4 cubic centimeter. The oil is applied
by the use of self-measuring, hand-force oilers.
Some of the new hybrid sweet corns show unusual infofmity in reach-
ing the silking stage, which Lakes one application sufficient in most commer-
cial plantings. Experts who worked out the details of this method of earworm
control say that with the use of a suitable applicator about two gallons of oil
are required to treat an aere, and that an acre of average sweet corn can'be
t created by a man in about six hours. They report that under usual field con-
Sditions, when plants are not adversely affected by drought, the oil-dichlore-
ethyl ether treatment will protect 75 to 85 per cent of the ears.

President Truman has proclaimed July 22 to 28 as National Farm
Safety week and has urged all to cooperate in a concerted movement to reduce
farm accidents.

M00I HAVeB, FLA, The constructive work of F. D. Yaun, Gousty Agent,
in placing several hundred dairy type heifer calves with Glades County 4-H Glub
members and farmers during the past several years, has established the founda-
tion for a somercial dairy industry in this section. Recently a group inter-
ested in the development of. dairying in this area met and appointed a committee -,
consisting of Robt. w. Click, Chairman, Ralph E. Kurtz, R. D. Lyons, V. W.
Walters, and L. R. Yates to prepare and submit plan for the organization of a
dairy cooperative. Tentative plans call for the establishment of a small milk
plant in the Lake section which is now drawing a large part of its milk supply
frew outside sources. As the industry develops the organization expects to

2 -

find a out etlet for its product along the Lower East Coast and elsewhere 4an
the state. ar. Yaun believes that dairying offers excellent opportunities here
because of pasture and feed producing capacity of lands in this area,

** *c **

The peak movement of armed forces being redeployed to the Pacific is
expected by the war Department to be reached in December, 1945, and will re-
quire 24,500 fllman cars, 11,385 coaches, and 6,375 baggage cars.
* *

EXPERInENT, GA. Velvet bean caterpillars did serious damage to the
Georgia peanut crop last year and growers should be prepared to fight the pest
again this year, say Thee. L. Bissell, Entomologist with the Experiment Station
here, and Charles H. Alden, State Entomologist. Velvet bean caterpillars make
their appearance in August or September. They do not winter over in Georgia
but work up from the west Indies through Florida, which gives Georgia growers
time to receive warning from points to the south. Last year the Spanish pea-
nut crop was made before velvet bean caterpillars arrived, but fields or Run-
ner peanuts were reduced in yields 10 to 40 per cent by defoliation.
The entomologistss say that velvet bean caterpillars can be stopped
*by dusting the peanuts with cryolite, using 10 to 12 pounds per acre. Straight
oryolite is heavy and difficult to apply evenly, and they recommend that other
: materials such as sulphur or fine clay be added. If such a mixture is used
enough extrq should be allowed to insure the given rate of cryolite. Velvet
been caterpillars trip a field almost overnight, and it is essential to put
the dust on at the first sign of injury. They say that one application at the
right time will give protection.
** * **

The War Department estimates that the railroads will carey 88 per-
cent of the peak movement of freight resulting from the redeployment of armed
forces to the Pacific, with highway motor carriers handling about 10 per cent
and waterways about 2 per cent.

BUfHMBLL, FLA. Cattlemen in this section long since discovered that
flatoods lands on which occurs a heavy growth of gallberry make excellent pas-
tures when the native growth is eradicated and the land seeded to one of the
improved pasture grasses, especially Carpet grass. Eradication of gallberries
is now recognized as a practice for which the AAA provides payment. Lee Bour-
quardes, AAA Adainistrative Officer for Sumter County cites some benefits that
have been derived from gallberry eradication in this county. He says that pa- .
t oure lands heavily infested with gallberry had a carrying capacity of about one
animal unit per 20 to 30 acres. The first year after the eradication praotiee
was carried out the carrying capacity of the pasture was increased Uto one a-i.'
aal unit per 10 to 15 acres, and about 50 per cent stand of Carpet grass was
Obtained. The maintenance program then being continued to the third year the
carrying capacity was increased to pne animal unit per 3 to $ acres, producing
a superior quality of animals with an average increase in weight of about 20
per cent. He says the beet results in the eradication of gallberry were obtained
Sby using a heavy chopper during the latter part of March or early April, and
thea again during the month of August of the same year. This brings the gs-ll-
berries under control to where they can be handled under the maintenance pro-
gram by wing and chopping twice each year preferably in the same months that
Sthe heavy chopper was used for their eradication. By the third year no more
difficulty has been experienced with the gallberries than with any of the ether
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