Title: Agricultural field notes
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086632/00029
 Material Information
Title: Agricultural field notes
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company -- Agricultural Department
Publisher: Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.,
Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: February 1, 1943
Frequency: monthly[aug. 1947-]
biweekly[ former nov. 1941-july 1947]
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Southern States   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1 (Nov. 15, 1941)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1948?
Numbering Peculiarities: Volume enumeration begins with: Vol. 2, no. 9 (May 1, 1943).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086632
Volume ID: VID00029
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 45625504
alephbibnum - 002665095
lccn - sn 00229155

Full Text

Agricultural Department ri
ii Jacksonville, Florida A/G 8a
I E. B4 OtKelley A' R. Howa
General Agrioultural Agent Agrioultura. M i'


JAOXSONVILLS, FIA. Since the issuance of War Production Board Order
M-231 governing the preparation and use of commercial fertilizers aid specifi-
cally prohibiting the use of chemical nitrogen on cucumbers, there has been
considerable uncertainty as to whether cucumbers for processing are subject to
the restriction on the use of chemical nitrogen. Food production Order 5 of
Food Production Administration of the SDA, which superseded War production
Board Order M-231, effective January 18, 1943, clarifies this situation, and,
with reference to cucumbers, states "No fertilizer manufacturer, dealer, or
agent shall deliver any chemical fertilizer containing chemical nitrogen for
use on melon or cucumber crops except where grown specifically for seed produo-
tion, or in the case of cucumbers where grown for processing, and no person,
including fertilizer manufacturers, dealers, or agents, shall use any chemical
fertilizer containing'chemical nitrogen for any purpose restricted by this

'LAEK CITY, FLA. As an outgrowth of recent meetings held here and
at Jasper, it is expected that several Columbia and Hamilton County growers
will make demonstration plantings of bright leaf tobacco using the wide-narrow
row method, comparing same with commonly used evenly spaced rows. The meetings
were sponsored by the teachers, of vocational agriculture in the local High
Schools. Growers exhibited a very keen interest in the wide-narrow row method
of tobacco culture, and a number of them expressed the intention to plant t
portion of their crop in this manner this year,

EXPERIMENT, GA, Mr. Frank Van Haltern, Associate Botanist at the
Experiment Station here, recently announced the development of a new wilt re-
sistant watermelon to be known as "Georgia Wilt Resistant." This melon was de-
veloped from an original cross between the Cuban Queen and a wilt resistant va-
riety, probably one of the earlier strains of Iowa Belle, It is a short,
blocky melon, dark green in color, with obscure netting and noticeable shallow
ribs, In general external appearance it resembles Stone Mountain. The rind is
thin'but fairly tough in fact it is slightly tougher than that of Stone Moun-
tain, according to tests made with a mechanical pressure tester. The largest
melons have ranged around 28 to 30 pounds in weight, with ordinary fertiliza-
tion and care, without top-dressing or pruning. The flesh color is about ave.-
age red, being neither very dark nor Very light. It is a little coarse in tex-
ture, very similar to flesh of the Stone Mountain* The eating quality is very
good* Seeds are large and gray in color. Mr. Van Haltern says this melon seems
to be adapted to both the Coastal plain and Piedmont sections, since plantings
have done well at several locations in southern and middle Georgia. He states
that the most serious drawback to the Georgia Wilt Resistant variety is a ten-
dency to sunburn, if melons are left in the field after ripening, or leaf di-
seases cause early defoliation. However, it is believed this tendency is no
greater with this variety thqn with other green rind varieties, NO white heart
has been observed. The Agricultural Department of the Atlantio Coast Line Rail-
road is arranging to have at least one trial planting of the Georgia Wilt Re-
sista fr wtermelon made in Central Florida this year#

JACKSONVILL., FLA. It is doubtful whether the true food valui, of
sweet potatoes'is yet generally realized by consumers, The Food production
Administration, recognizing the value of sweet potatoes as a food, is asking
for an increase of 143,000 acres of sweet potatoes this year. Since the Irish
potato is recognized as the leading carbohydrate vegetable and facts about its
food value have been disseminated more generally, it offers a good subject for
comparison. Dr. Quida Davis Abbott, Head of the Department of Home Economics
Research, Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations, says the chemical composi-
tion of sweet ard Irish potatoes as given in accepted food charts is as

Miorogr.ams Vitamins
per (International
Percentage by eight_ ... Kilogram Units per
(100 grams food)
Protein Carbohydrates Fat Ash Ca Iron Copper A B1 C B2

Srt. p6t. 1.8 27.4 0.7 1.1 .019 9.0 1.5 4200 35 190 34
I. Pot, 2.2 18.4 0.1 1.0 .014 9.1 1.7 56 40 210 46

In recent tests at Louisiana State University it was found that the
carotene or pro-vitamin A content of sweet potatoes increased 47.6% after one
month ard 60% after two months in storage. Dr. Julian C. Miller of that Insti-
tution, who has done most outstanding work in the development of improved
strains and varieties, has developed seedlings which are said to contain more
than twice the carotene content found in the Unit One porto Rice, the best
parent and preeminent commercial variety in Louisiana*

AUBURN, AIA. The diet of many rural and city families in the State
could be greatly improved by including edible soy beans in home gardens, in
the opinion of workers at the Alabama Experiment Station. They say soy beans
are a very rich source of protein and fat, both as fresh green vegetables and
as mature seed; are richer in minerals and a better source of health-promoting
vitamins than are other beans and peas* Furthermore, thab soy beqns are easy
to grow and success is usually assured because of their high drought and in-
sect resistance, and that these characteristics are of particular value during
the dry, hot periods in August and September when other vegetables'are likely
*to fail. Based on work done here the Rokusun, Tokio, and No. 93057 varieties
are most highly-recommended because they yield well, are considered of ex-
cellent quality, and mature at a time when other garden vegetables are usually
scarce. Planting in April or early May is recommended.

February 1, 1943

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