Title: Agricultural field notes
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086632/00028
 Material Information
Title: Agricultural field notes
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company -- Agricultural Department
Publisher: Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.,
Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: January 15, 1943
Frequency: monthly[aug. 1947-]
biweekly[ former nov. 1941-july 1947]
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Southern States   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1 (Nov. 15, 1941)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1948?
Numbering Peculiarities: Volume enumeration begins with: Vol. 2, no. 9 (May 1, 1943).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086632
Volume ID: VID00028
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 45625504
alephbibnum - 002665095
lccn - sn 00229155

Full Text

Agricultural Department
Jacksonville, Florida

SE B. O'Kelley A. Re Howard
General Agrioultukal Agent Agricultural Agent

* -- *- . ...
* *- ; **- *- . ... .

OCALA, FLA. Several hundred cattle are now on feed for the third
annual Southeastern Fat Stock Show and Sale to be held here February 18 and'
19, according to the committee in charge. A number of well known cattlemen,
4-H Club, and F.F.A. members are feeding cattle for thea luS and entries
are expected to be fairly heavy despite wartime handicaps. The cattle will
be judged on February 18 by'Prof. L* V. S-iarkey of Clemson Dollega well
known Southern cattle judge, and the sale will begin at 10:00 A*XW Feob-
ruary 19,

JAOaSDNVILIE, FLA. According to Lr. H. A. MoGee, Tobacco Specia-
list, Agricultural Extension Service of Clemson College, the wide-marrow row
method of tobacco culture again gave larger yields of better quality leaf
than did the regular evenly spaced row method, in 15 farm demonstrations in
South Carolina in 1942, In 1941 on 8 farms in 4 South Carolina counties,
the wide-narrow row method produced an average yield of 1528 pounds per acre
with a sale value of $3?9.86, while adjoining acreage in evenly' s~aeed rows
which received the same fertilizer treatment, cultivation, etc., produced
an average cf 1088 pounds of leaf which brought $251.,64* In other virds,
on 8 demonstration plantings in 1941 the iide-narrow row method of planting
produced 440 more pounds per acre, with an inJreased value of $128,22, than
did the evenly spaced rowse In 1942 the number of demonstrations was e.-
tended to 15 farms in six counties with a tctal of 3743 acres in wide-narrow
rows and 61.2 acres in evenly spaced rows. in each case the fields in which
the demonstration plantings were made were selected for unifcrmity of soil,
both plantings received equal amounts of fertilizer, were grown by the same
farmer, and everything connected with the production was ept as nearly the
same as is possible under general fanning conditions. In 1942 the wide-
narrow row plantings averaged 1265 pounds per acre, which sold for an average
of 43.28 cents per pound, giving a gross income of $547*40 per acre* The
evenly spaced rows produced an average of 1096 pounds which sold for an av*
erage price of 37.90 cents per pound, giving a gross income of $415,33 per
acre, As an average of the 15 demonstrations the wide-narrou row plantings
produced 169 more pounds and a gross income of $132.07 per acre above that
grown in the evenly spaced rows. The feasibility of the wide-narrov rw
method of tobacco culturewas' demonstrated last year by several growers in
Hamilton and Madison Counties, Florida, Upon request, the Agricultural De-
partment of the Atlantic Coast Line will be glad to supply detailed inform-
tion regarding these demonstrations as well as illustrative material showing
correct procedures for preparing the land*

4 '% 6

SYLVAST) R, t ~A A sale of pure bred Guernsey cattle will be held
here February IS) at Sdtton and Johnson livestock market, beginning at 1:00
PoIf Plans fo# the sale were perfected at a recent meeting of the Agricul-
tural Committee of the Sylvester-xCorth County Chamber of Commerce,'John Me
RAiney) Secretakry The meeting was attended by Mr. Earl N. Shultz, field
representative, of the American Guernsey Cattle.Club, which organization
is cooperating in sponsoring the sale. In the sale will be 12 bulls and 10
to 12 femaes consigned by Guernsey cattle breeders in Georgia, Florida, and
South Carolina. This will be the first sale of pure bred Guernsey cattle
to be held in Sylvesteri It will afford an opportunity to buy good pure
bred breeding animals from excellent producing herds. Cattle from Reigeldale
Farms, Trion, Ga.; Mr. Paul Bennetts Quitman, Ga.; Mr. D. J. Parker, Dublin,
Ga,; Dro'Fred Rawlins, Sandersville, Ga.; Mr. E. C. Turner and Mr, W. Be
Crawford, Atlanta, Ga,; from breeders in South Carolina, and possibly from
Dinsmore Farms, Jacksonville, Fla,, will be included in the consignment.

JAOGSONVILLs, FL&- -Data collected by the Bayer-Semeaan research
staff'and reported in Agricultural News Letter of the E. I. drPont de Nemours
& Co., on 30 farms in Southwest Georgia during 1942 clearly indicate the
value of peanut seed treatment as a means of stand improvement. Seed decay
in the soil'has long been a big problem with peanut growers who realize that
this factor, probably more than any other, affects the possibilities of high
yields. In conducting this test 30 farms were selected in 6 counties in
southwest Georgia, Bach of the plantings was carried qut as a part of the
commercial planting on the farm. The tests usually consisted of 4 rows for
each treated lot and 4 rows for the untreated lot, extending the length of
the field. Emergence data were taken 5 to 6 weeks after planting by counting
the plants (not hills) in 100-foot sections in each row, in 3 or 4 places.
The total length of rows counted for each treatment and for the untreated
seed in eoah test was thus usually 1200 or 1600 feet. A summary of these
results is shown below

Type NO. How Av. No. Plants per 100 row Percent
Farms Shelled Untreated Treated with 27 Increase
3 ox per 100 Ibs
Spanish 13 Macohine 123.3 1650.8 34.4
N.C, Runners 8 Lachine 61.1 122.1 100.0
N.C. Runners 2 Hand 92.2 1173 27.2
* Spanish 7 Unshelled 174.5 212.3 21,6

Treated with 5 oze Ceresan per 100 Ibs. of unshelled seed.
Further evidence of the value of peanut seed treatment was reported
by Dr. B, B. Higgins of the Georgia Experiment Station on test aonduoted du:t-
ing 1940. In this work increases in yields for treated over untreated seed
of the four types of Spanish stock under test ranged from 6.8% for the hand-
shelled seed to 28.*7 for the machine shelled seed. The treated lots in
this test were all treated with 2% Ceresan.

January 5, 1943

(A C OY)




The people of this country may well be grateful that for three successive
years the farmers of the United States have given us record harvests. Every
pound of food finds use in wartime. Our soldiers, sailors, and marines require
large supplies of food both in this country ard abroad, and these three record-
smashing years of farm production will mean much for victory.

Farmers may justly be proud of the production record of agriculture.
They have achieved this record in spite of many handicaps, and the country owes
them a debt of gratitude. Although they have produced much this year, the nation
will require even more of them during the year that is now before us. In full
realization of the many difficulties affecting farm production during wartime,
the people of this nation place reliance on the zeal, devotion, and unstinting
efforts of farmers to do their part toward ultimate victory.

Food is no less a weapon than tanks, guns, and planes As the power of
our enemies decreases, the importance of the food resources of the United Nations
increases. With this thought in mind, we must further mobilize our resources for
the production of food:

NOW, THEREFORE, I, FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT, President of the United States
of America, do hereby proclaim Tuesday, January 12, 1943, as Farm Mobilization
Day; and ask that on that day the farmers of this country gather, wherever possi-
ble, with Department of Agriculture representatives, Extension Service agents,
vocational teachers, State officials, farm organizations, and others concerned,
in order to discuss ways and means of insuring for the year 1943 the maximum pro--
duction of vital foods upon every farm in this country.

I should like Farm mobilization Day to be a symbol of a free America; a
symbol of the might and productivity of our nation; aad a symbol of our unalter-
able determination to put to full use our agricultural resources, as well as our
other resources, in the achievement of complete victory.

IN 'IITNESS VTHEROF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of
the United States of America to be affixed.

DONE at the City of Washington this sixteenth day of Decenber in the year
of our Lord nineteen hundred and forty-two, and of
the Independence of the United States of America tha
one hundred and sixty-seventh.


By the Presidents


Secretary of State

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