Title: Agricultural field notes
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086632/00023
 Material Information
Title: Agricultural field notes
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company -- Agricultural Department
Publisher: Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.,
Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: November 1, 1942
Frequency: monthly[aug. 1947-]
biweekly[ former nov. 1941-july 1947]
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Southern States   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1 (Nov. 15, 1941)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1948?
Numbering Peculiarities: Volume enumeration begins with: Vol. 2, no. 9 (May 1, 1943).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086632
Volume ID: VID00023
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 45625504
alephbibnum - 002665095
lccn - sn 00229155

Full Text

Agricultural Department
Jacksonville, Florida. <

E. B. 0'Kelley A.. R. itward
General Agridultural Agdzt Agricultural Agent


ALACHUA, FIA. Mr. I. -'. Fisher, prominent local farmer, has for
the past several years demonstrated that soybeans -an be successfully grown in
this section. After harvesting an excellent crop of Irish potatoes from
approximately 150 acres in the early spring, he immediately replanted the land
in alternate rows of corn and soybeans. The soybeans reached an average
height 6f about 2 1/2 feet and are heavily loaded with seed pods. For two
years he has saved suffioejit seed for replanting the following year, He ays
this crop makes excellent hay and forage and is a good soil builder,

JACKSCNVILi, FLA. Farmers who are not already growing recommended
mosaic resistant varieties of sugar cane for sirup should lose no time in
making arrangements for a supply of seed cane of these varieties for next year
before tiis year's crop is made into sirup. Sirup cane varieties most highly
recommended by Federal and State agricultural workers are CGP, 29/116 and
00.290, both of which were developed by the U.S.D.A. for disease resistance and
high yields. As an average of six years' plant-cane tests at the United States
Sugar Plant Field laboratory at Cairo, Georgia, C.P. 29/116 yielded 582 gal-
lons and Coo 290 yielded 569 gallons of sirup per acre as compared with a four
year average of 270 gallons for Louisiana purple. Both the 0.P. 29/116 and
-Co, 290 have an erect habit of growth and usually straight stalks which are
ordinarily longer and larger in diameter than many varieties* They alsa pro-
duce very good stubble crops at least during the first and second years. Both
varieties strip easily, and this together with the fact they have larger stalks
and a smaller number of stalks per ton of cane makes harvesting much cheaper
than with the more widely used varieties.

LAI C0TY FLA. The volume of crude pine gum handled by the coop-
erative gum farmers' market here has proved that this is a practical and
eoanomical method of huLeding this product. This new and novel method of MaI-
keting gum was conceived by Clarke Wathewson, Lake City project Forester of the
Florida Forest and park Servioe, and Guy Cox, Columbia County Agricultural
Agent, in the late summer, and plans were immediately put into effect for the
first sale which was held on August 15 at whi h time 122 barrels of gum were
sold. Through October 21 a total of 1700 barrels, or an average of 170 barrels
per sale, had been sold on this market. The plan of the market is for gum
farmers to bring their product to the market where once each week they meat
.the buyers from the various proeeasing companies who bit-on the product. "lhen
iR sale is made the producer immediately sceiyes a check from the American
Ftpentine Farmers' AssooiatiMn, and whale there pAiks up empty barrels which
3lmindrbep the anesaw" y of an extra trip to secure them, Several other commu-
nities are watching this development with the idea of establishing a similar

GAINDSVILIE, FLA. In order that growers who produce vegetables for
marketing during the winter and early spring may shape their plans to make the
greatest possible contribution to the wartime agricultural program this season,
Secretary of AgriCulture Claude R. '.ichard, Chairman of the Foods Requirements
Coiiaittee, has announced 1943 goals for these crops. It is said the goals are
designed to bring about increase in production of vegetables of most value in
the wartime diet and are aimed toward substantial shifts away from less essen-
tial crops. According to UIr. H. G. Clayton, Ohairman U.S.D.A. 'lar Board, acre-
age increases fbr consumption as fresh vegetables requested of Florida growers
the coming season as'compared with last season are; for snap beans, 8,000
acres; lima beans, 1,300 acres; commercial Irish potatoes, approximately 1400
acres; green peas, 300 acres. Same as last season's acreages are requested for
cabbage, tomatoes, lettuce, and cantaloupes, while growers are asked to reduce
acreages of green peppers by 800 acres, escarole 200 acres, celery 2400 acres,
cucumbers 2700 acres, eggplant 400 acres, and watermelons 4500 acres. DI
announcing the 1943 winter and spring vegetable goals the U.S.D.A. said "so far
as possible measures would be taken to obtain transportation facilities, labor,
fertilizer, containers and other production supplies needed for the growing of
crops for which increases are requested, or for crops of which it is desirable
to maintain 1942 levels of production. The Department has under oonsideratioq
price support facilities to safeguard producers of the crops for which increases
are requested where such price, assistance is found necessary. On the other
hand? in view of prospective shortages of labor and other supplies, the Depart-
ment said it could not assist with production and marketing of the less essen-
tial winter vegetable crops."

JACKSONVILE, FLA. Poor storage has resulted in heavy annual losses
of Eeet potatoes, whilee agricultural workers are agreed that specially con-i
structed storage houses are most desirable, not many growers have these aoil-
ities and most of them must bank their crops. Banking in a manner that will
allow good ventilation and air oiroulation through the bank should reduce stoc-
age losses. Banks should be placed in well drained locations, and be protected
by ditches to drain off the surface water. The space should be leveled and
then covered with a thiok layer of clean pine straw so that the potatoes will
be 4 to 6 inches above the ground level. Ventilation may be provided through
four rectangular box vents, each made of four pieces of 1 X 6 spiked together,
laid on the straw in the form of a cross. The box vents should extend at least
6 inches outside the bank, and the outside openings should be covered with
screen wire or hardware cloth to keep out rats and other rodents* A flue or
stack made in the same way as the box vents should be stood upright in the pen-
ter of, and extend above the top of the bank. The stack should be constructed
with boards forming two sides several inches shorter than those forming the
other two sides so that a board can be nailed on tcp to keep out the rain an4
still not interfere with the free passage of air. One inch holes should be.
bored in the vent boxes and stack to allow circulation'of air through the
banked potatoes. The potatoes are banked around the stack and covered with
straw and soil. With careful handling to prevent putting and bruising during
harvest this method has greatly reduced storage losses. The air intake openings
should remain open during warm weather, but during cold weather should be
closed with soil.

Nember 1 t$4S

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