6P A NYC Vr9
h ATLANTIC COAST LINE RA ILROAD. D OQiP A NY Y
P Agricultural Departzment
Jacksonville, Florida -,.
B3 B. OKDlley A. R. Howard
General Agrioultural Agent Agricultural Agent
AGRICULTURAL F .S ATQ
NiBi)RMY, FLA. Trial plantings this season by two looal growsrs .of
aMw wiltt~resistant watermolons developed by Dr. M. N. Walker of the Florida Agri-
oultural Experiapnt Station z ave some very interesting and significant results.
Two of these plantings were of the Blacklee variety, and the groper was so well
pleased with the prospemts of this elon that even though he could have harvested
and sold several cars he decided to leave them for full observations The Black-
lee melon is dark green in color, of a long type although not quite as lons and
somewhat thicker than the -atson variety. Tho flesh is a deep. red color con-
treating favorably with its black seed. It is of extra fine texture and all who
have sampled it declare it to be superior in taste to other shi.pin i melons.
The fleh is red to within 3/4 inch of the outside rind, but the find is excep-
tionally toubh, and experienced watermelon men. say it will be an esollent shipper.
The melon is :' vier and lees subject to sunburn than ~atson, Cainnao~all, and
ether varieties slalonly grown in this area. it is expected that a substantial
aorea-e of BlaMckee will be grown in this section when sufficient seed becomes
available* The trial plantings by looal growers this year were arranged by the
Agricultural Department of the Atlanti .Coast Line Railroad whose representatives
are cooperating iri the experiment by looal growers,
BRAD~f4lt, FLA, According to David G. A, Kslbert, Assistant plant
Pathologist, at the Vesetable Crope laboratory of -te Agri 6dltural Experimeni
Station, the Laboratory has a limited supply of seed of the new vilt-resistant
fall tomato which it developed and released for commercial ttial in 1940 under
the name of Newell# in honor of Dr. Wilmon Nevell, Dircotor of the 3 periment
Station and leader in other Florida agricultural circles Prinari-ry a mid-aeeaon
fall variety, the Newell has yielded fairly well in sprAng plantings on the
Florida West Coast. Kelbert says the Laboratory has about. 15 pounds of Nejwll
seed, and so far as. he knows this is all that is available anywhere* He says
indications are that demand will exceed supply, and that the available seed will
be pro~fate so that all grower who order will be allotted so sreed)d even if
their entire orders are not filled* The laboratory is selling the peed at $5.00
per pound, and requests thai all orders be accompanied by check or money order.
The aboratory also hls available a few pounds of seed of two new saying tomatoes,
Cardinal ~ .anal anRuby Queen. iHowever, Mr. Kelbert says that further experimental
tioa with these will be desirable before they are recommended generally.
GAiIMJVl FLA. After extended investigations R.. J. Wilmot, Asats
Hert., Fl1. Agr. Sq, Station, has compiled list of medicinal, condiment, essen-
tial ard fixed oils, rubberfiber, and miscellaneous plants and plant products,
irporte of which have been out off by war conditions, stma of which it may be
possible to produce economically in Florida during tlv present emergency. This
list, has been furnished agricultural workers and growers uith recguet that they
report their experiences and observations in the growing of the plants listed
so that a composite picture will be available.
PEim3NT, GA. Dr. E. D. Mathers, Associate Agronomist of the
Georgia .Speriment t&tion is urirn farmers to do everything they can to make
up for the shortage of nitrogen fertilizers by savinG andtaking proper care of
all barnyard and stable manure, and by .ro.inf cowpeas, soybeans, and other
legumes to be, used as groen manuru crops. He says "It is too soon to tell ex-
actly what the nitrogen situation. will be noxt sprinC or even this fall. How-
ovor, we knbv thab most of the oicaeroial nitrogen produced in this country will
be used in munitions and other essential war industries for the duration of the
war. For thio reason the farmer should carefully condorve all animal ianures and
similar sour6os of nitrogen to take te place of nitrogenous fortilizers,". Dr.
Matthews cites results of *operiai:nt" with cotton, corn, and aiall -rais rheoro
manuwre klono save substantially :hihor yields than ooaorcial fortilizors, and
where its residual efforts onesucoe;od.in crops vorzo reflected in larsoly increased
Syields. He'says, furt hrmore, th:Cb lan a crop of oowpoas -as tuned .undor 3roen
in the fall,, cttoon trade 1470 pounds per acre uorparod with 1480 pounds where the
* npeas were cut for hay or turned in the sprint and 32 pounds of oonuiarcial
nitrogen per acre was applied.
GAINs8VILE FI. The popularity of blue lupine as a winter lecume
cover crop continues to increase eaech year. Aucordiagi to :1. G. Olayton, Adpinis-
trative Officer ih Charto, AAA, a considera'ole tonnalo of blue lupin seed was
produced in Florida last spring, and as tlis has proven to be a very satisfactory
winter leaums it is expected that the creator part of these soed will be planted
by FlOrida farmrs the Qomairn fall in conno&tion with the Soil Gonseeovation pro-
Cram, J. D. Wmrnr, Agronoraist at the North Florida Experijont Station, reports
blue lupine as co.parod witi' Austrian peas and vetch has produced sroater tonnage
in early as well as late season .outti-iZa. and 'hat theo ioisturo content of groen
lupine plants and the parcontage of total nitrogen are a~proxizatoly the same.
.as for Austrian poas. He rocosionds sojdiai ir l:ovomeor and says this leo-ume
should never be planted without thorough inoculation of stood .with a special
lupine cultures. Te -reatest advaneaLe bf blue lupine over Austrian pas and
vetch is that it produces an abundance of soed w.ich can b' saved and thus
eliminate the nooEasity of buying sood eac. yoar :;Bluo lupine is not relished
by livestock and its seed are ioluevod o ob toxio to animals, he says.
LAKM GITY, FI4 7The 1941 studios of the Southe', Forest A oriment
Station whiih showod that daubing the freshly out streak with a sulphA acid
solution increased gun yields front slash :ine up to '73., btrt vas practically
ineffective en longleaf pine, :ar boon confi-iud by results obtained again '
th.is year. .T. ALiofeld, Assooiato Silvioulttrist, reports one private operator
obtained 14 barrel of Sum froa 6,000 treated hoos at his first 1942 dipping
as comparod.witli 10 barrels from an oeual number of untreated facos, w.'ilo
another operator obtained 15 barrels iroz: j,610 troatod facos but only 11 barrels
from ~,775 untreated faces.
QUINGC, FLA. Tobacco plants shloul-i b destroyed as soon as possible
after the close of the harvest season, according to Dr. R. R. Kinoaid, plant
Pathologist, North Florida Exporiannt Station. T:is stops-t:o multiplication
of insect pests and aids matorially in ;oh Gontrol of disoasos such as root-
knot* He also suggests that any plants found Jrowini on old plant beds be
dostroyo4, as yolunioor tobacco pla ns :ay harbor insects and diseases and should
not be allowed to E;rp at any tiLo.
July 35, 1942.