Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 The Arabian nights' entertainm...
 The story of the merchant and the...
 The history of the first old man...
 The history of the second old man...
 The history of the fisherman
 The history of the Greek king and...
 The history of the husband and...
 The story of the enchanted...
 The story of Aladdin; or, the wonderful...
 The adventures of the Caliph Haroun...
 The story of Baba Abdalla
 The story of Sidi Nouman
 History of Cogia Hassan Alhabb...
 The history of Ali Baba, and of...
 The story of Sinbad the sailor
 The story of the barber's...
 Back Cover

Group Title: Favorite library
Title: The Arabian nights' entertainments
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086569/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Arabian nights' entertainments
Series Title: Favorite library
Uniform Title: Arabian nights
Physical Description: 176 p., 4 leaves of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 18 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Townsend, George Fyler, 1814-1900 ( Author )
DeWolfe, Fiske & Co. (Boston, Mass.) ( Publisher )
Publisher: DeWolfe, Fiske & Co
Place of Publication: Boston
Publication Date: [c1898]
Subject: Children's stories   ( lcsh )
Adventure and adventurers -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Social life and customs -- Juvenile fiction -- Arab countries   ( lcsh )
Children's stories -- 1898   ( lcsh )
Folk tales -- 1898   ( rbgenr )
Fantasy literature -- 1898   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements -- 1898   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1898
Genre: Children's stories
Folk tales   ( rbgenr )
Fantasy literature   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements   ( rbgenr )
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Massachusetts -- Boston
Statement of Responsibility: by Geo. Fyler Townsend ; profusely illustrated in black and white, and with colored plates.
General Note: Date of publication on t.p. verso.
General Note: Publisher's advertisement precedes text.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086569
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002221268
notis - ALG1489
oclc - 15587487

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter
    Title Page
        Page 1
        Page 2
    The Arabian nights' entertainments
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    The story of the merchant and the genie
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    The history of the first old man and the hind
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
    The history of the second old man and the two black dogs
        Page 16
        Page 16a
        Page 17
        Page 18
    The history of the fisherman
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
    The history of the Greek king and Douban the physician
        Page 22
        Page 23
    The history of the husband and the parrot
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
    The story of the enchanted horse
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 48a
    The story of Aladdin; or, the wonderful lamp
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 64a
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
    The adventures of the Caliph Haroun Alraschid
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
    The story of Baba Abdalla
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
    The story of Sidi Nouman
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
    History of Cogia Hassan Alhabbal
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
    The history of Ali Baba, and of the forty robbers killed by one slave
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
    The story of Sinbad the sailor
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
    The story of the barber's brother
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text

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ONG ago it was written in the chronicles of the Sassanian
monarchs that there once lived an illustrious prince, beloved
by his own subjects for his wisdom and prudence, and feared
by his enemies for his courage, and for the hardy and well-disci-
plined army of which he was the leader. This prince had two sons,
the elder called Schah-riar; and the younger Schah-zenan, both
equally good and deserving of praise.
The old king died at the end of a long and glorious reign, and
Schah-riar, his eldest son, ascended the throne and reigned in his
stead. A friendly contest quickly arose between the two brothers
as to which could best promote the happiness of the other. The
younger, Schah-zenan, did all he could to show his loyalty and
affection, while the new sultan loaded his brother with all possible
honours, and in order that he might in some degree share his own
power and wealth, bestowed on him the kingdom of Great Tartary.
Schah-zenan went immediately and took possession of the empire
allotted him, and fixed his residence at Samarcand, the chief city.
After a separation of ten years Schah-riar ardently desired to see
his brother, and sent his first vizier, with a splendid embassy, to
invite him to revisit his court. Schah-zenan took a tender leave of
the queen, his consort, and, accompanied by such officers as he had
appointed to attend him, left Samarcand in the evening, to be near
the tents of his brother's ambassador, with the intention of proceed-
ing on his journey early on the following morning. Wishing,
however, once more to see his queen, whom he tenderly loved, and


whom he believed to return his love with an equal affection, he
returned privately to the palace, and went directly to her apartment,
when, to his extreme grief, he found that she loved another man,
and he a slave, better than himself. The unfortunate monarch,
yielding to the first outburst of his indignation, drew his scimitar,
and with one rapid stroke changed their sleep into death. After
that he threw their dead bodies into the foss or great ditch that
surrounded the palace.
Having thus satisfied his revenge, he went from the city as
privately as he entered it, and returned to his pavilion. On his
arrival, he did not mention to anyone what had happened, but
ordered the tents to be struck, and began his journey. It was
scarcely daylight when they commenced their march to the sound
of drums and other instruments. The whole train was filled with
joy, except the king, who could think of nothing but his queen's
misconduct, and he became a prey to the deepest grief and melan-
choly during the whole journey.
When he approached the capital of Persia, he perceived the
Sultan Schah-riar and all his court coming out to greet him. What
joyful sensations arose in their breasts at this fraternal meeting!
They alighted and embraced each other; and after a thousand ex-
pressions of regard, they remounted and entered the city amidst the
acclamations of the multitude. The sultan conducted the king his
brother to a palace which had been prepared for him. It com-
municated by a garden with his own; and was even more magnifi-
cent, as it was the spot where all the fetes and splendid entertain-
ments of the court were given.
Schah-riar having one morning given orders for a grand hunt-
ing party, at the distance of two days' journey from the city,
Schah-zenan requested permission to remain in his palace, excusing
himself on account of a slight indisposition. The sultan, wishing
to please him, gave him his choice, and went with all his court to
partake of the sport.
The King of Tartary was no sooner alone than he shut him-
self up in his apartment, and gave way to a sorrowful recollection
on the calamity which had befallen him. As, however, he sat thus


grieving at the open window looking out upon the beautiful garden
of the palace, he suddenly saw the sultana, the beloved wife of his
brother, meet in the garden and hold secret conversation with
another man beside her husband. Upon witnessing this interview,
Schah-zenan determined within himself that he would no longer


give way to such inconsolable grief for a misfortune which came to
other husbands as well as to himself. He ordered supper to be
brought, and ate with a better appetite than he had before done
since his departure from Samarcand, and even enjoyed the fine
concert performed while he sat at table.


Schah-riar, on his return from hunting at the close of the
second day, was delighted at the change which he soon found had
taken place in his brother, and urgently pressed him to explain
both the cause of his former deep depression, and of its sudden
change to his present joy. The King of Tartary, being thus
pressed, and feeling it his duty to obey his suzerain lord, related
to his brother the whole narrative of his wife's misconduct, and of
the severe punishment with which he had visited it on the offenders.
Schah-riar expressed his full approval of his conduct. I own,' he
said, had I been in your place, I should, perhaps, have been less
easily satisfied. I should not have been contented with taking
away the life of one woman, but should have sacrificed a thousand
to my resentment. Since, however, it has pleased God to afford
you consolation, and as I am sure it is equally well founded as the
cause of your grief, inform me, I beg, of that also, and make me
acquainted with the whole.'
The reluctance of Schah-zenan to relate what he had seen
yielded at last to the urgent commands and entreaties of his
brother, and he revealed to him the secret of his disgrace in the
faithlessness of his own queen. On hearing these dreadful and
unexpected tidings, the rage and grief of Schah-riar knew no
bounds. He immediately sentenced to death his unhappy sultana
and the unworthy accomplice of her guilt; and, not content with
this, in all the power of an Eastern despot, he bound himself by a
solemn vow that to prevent the possibility of such misconduct in
future, he would marry a new wife every night, and command her
to be strangled in the morning.
When Schah-zenan was gone, the sultan began to put into
execution his unhappy oath. He married every night the daughter
of some one of his subjects, who, the next morning, was ordered
out to execution, and thus every day was a maiden married, and
every day a wife sacrificed.
The grand vizier, who was the unwilling agent of this horrid
injustice, had two daughters; the elder was called Schehera-zade,
and the youngest Dinar-zade. Schehera-zade was possessed of a
degree of courage beyond her sex. She had read much, and was


possessed of so great a memory that she never forgot anything once
learned; her beauty was only equalled by her virtuous disposition.
The vizier was passionately fond of so deserving a daughter.
As they were conversing together one day, she made a request


to her father, to his very great astonishment, that she might have
the honour of becoming the Sultan's bride. The grand vizier
endeavoured to dissuade his daughter from her intention by point-
ing out the fearful penalty of an immediate death attached to the
favour which she sought. Schehera-zade, however, persisted in her


request, intimating to her father that she had in her mind a plan
which she thought might be successful in making a change in the
intention of the sultan, and in putting a stop to the dreadful
cruelty exercised towards the inhabitants of the city. 'Yes, my
father,' replied this heroic woman, I am aware of the danger I
run, but it does not deter me from my purpose. If I die, my
death will be glorious; and if I succeed, I shall render my country
an important service.'
At length the vizier, overcome by his daughter's firmness,
yielded to her entreaties; and although he was very sorry at not
being able to conquer her resolution, he immediately went to
Schah-riar, and announced to him that Schehera-zade herself would
be his bride on the following night.
Before Schehera-zade went to the palace, she called her sister,
Dinar-zade, aside, and said, As soon as I shall have presented
myself before the sultan, I shall entreat him to suffer you to sleep
in the bridal chamber, that I may enjoy for the last time your
company. If I obtain this favour, as I expect, remember to
awaken me to-morrow morning an hour before daybreak, and say,
'If you are not asleep, my sister, I beg of you, till the morning
appears, to recount to me one of those delightful stories you know.'
I will immediately begin to tell one; and I flatter myself that
by these means I shall free the kingdom from the consternation in
which it is.' Dinar-zade promised to do with pleasure what she
Within a short time Schehera-zade was conducted by her
father to the palace, and was admitted to the presence of the
sultan. They were no sooner alone than the sultan ordered her to
take off her veil. He was charmed with her beauty; but perceiv-
ing her tears, he demanded the cause of them. 'Sire,' answered
Schehera-zade, I have a sister whom I tenderly love-I earnestly
wish that she might be permitted to pass the night in this apart-
ment, that we may again see each other, and once more take a
tender farewell. Will you allow me the consolation of giving her
this last proof of my affection?' Schah-riar having agreed to it,
they sent for Dinar-zade, who came directly. The sultan passed


the night with Schehera-zade on an elevated couch, as was the
custom among the Eastern monarchs, and Dinar-zade slept at the
foot of it on a mattress, prepared for the purpose.
Dinar-zade, having awoke about an hour before day, did what
her sister had ordered her. My dear sister,' she said, 'if you are
not asleep, I entreat you, as it will soon be light, to relate to me
one of those delightful tales you know. It will, alas be the last
time I shall receive that pleasure.'
Instead of returning any answer to her sister, Schehera-zade
addressed these words to the sultan: Will your majesty permit me
to indulge my sister in her request?' Freely,' replied he.
Schehera-zade then desired her sister to attend, and, addressing
herself to the sultan, began as follows :


There was formerly, sire, a merchant, who was possessed of
great wealth, in land, merchandise, and ready money. Having
one day an affair of great importance to settle at a considerable
distance from home, he mounted his horse, and with only a sort of
cloak-bag behind him, in which he had put a few biscuits and
dates, he began his journey. He arrived without any accident at
the place of his destination; and having finished his business, set
out on his return.
On the fourth day of his journey he felt himself so incom-
moded by the heat of the sun that he turned out of his road in
order to rest under some trees, by which there was a fountain. He
alighted, and, tying his horse to a branch of the tree, sat down on
its bank to eat biscuits and dates from his little store. When he
had satisfied his hunger, he amused himself with throwing about
the stones of the fruit with considerable velocity. When he had


finished his frugal repast, he washed his hands, his face, and his
feet, and repeated a prayer, like a good Mussulman.
He was still on his knees, when he saw a genie, white with age,
and of an enormous stature, advancing towards him, with a scimitar
in his hand. As soon as he was close to him, he said in a most ter-
rible tone, Get up, that I may kill thee with this scimitar, as thou
hast caused the death of my son.' He accompanied these words
with a dreadful yell. The merchant, alarmed by the horrible
figure of this giant, as well as the words he heard, replied in trem-
bling accents, 'How can I have slain him? I do not know him,
nor have I ever seen him.' 'Didst thou not,' replied the giant,
'on thine arrival here, sit down, and take some dates from thy
wallet; and after eating them, didst thou not throw the stones
about on all sides?' This is all true,' replied the merchant; 'I
do not deny it.' 'Well, then,' said the other, 'I tell thee thou
hast killed my son ; for while thou wast throwing about the stones
my son passed by; one of them struck him in the eye, and caused
his death, and thus hast thou killed my son.' 'Ah, sire, forgive
me !' cried the merchant. 'I have neither forgiveness nor mercy,'
added the giant; and is it not just that he who has inflicted death
should suffer it?' 'I grant this; yet surely I have not done so.
And even if I have, I have done so innocently, and therefore I
entreat you to pardon me, and suffer me to live.' No, no !' cried
the genie, still persisting in his resolution; I must detroy thee, as
thou hast done my son !' At these words he took the merchant in
his arms, and having thrown him with his face on the ground, he
lifted up his sabre in order to strike off his head.
When the merchant perceived that the genie was about to
execute his purpose, he cried aloud, 'One word more, I entreat
you; have the goodness to grant me a little delay; give me only
one year to go and take leave of my dear wife and children, and I
promise to return to this spot, and submit myself entirely to your
pleasure.' 'Take Allah to witness of the promise thou hast made
me,' said the other. Again I swear,' replied he, 'and you may
rely on my oath.' On this the genie left him near the fountain,
and immediately disappeared.



The merchant, on his reaching home, related faithfully all that
had happened to him. On hearing the sad news, his wife uttered
the most lamentable groans, tearing her hair, and beating her


breast; and his children made the house resound with their grief;
while the father, overcome by affection, mingled his tears with
The year quickly passed away. The good merchant, having
settled his affairs, tore himself away amidst the most frantic expres-
sions of grief, and, mindful of his oath, arrived at the destined spot
on the very day he had promised. While he was waiting for the
arrival of the genie, there suddenly appeared an old man leading a
hind, who, after a respectful salutation, inquired what brought him
to that desert place. The merchant satisfied the old man's curiosity,
and related his adventure, on which he expressed a wish to witness
his interview with the genie. He had scarcely finished his speech
when another old man, accompanied by two black dogs, came in
sight, and, having heard the tale of the merchant, determined also
to remain to see the event.
Soon they perceived, towards the plain, a thick vapour or
smoke, like a column of dust raised by the wind. This vapour
approached them, and then suddenly disappearing, they saw the
genie, who, without noticing them, went toward the merchant with
his scimitar in his hand, and taking him by the arm, Get up,' said
he, 'that I may kill thee, as thou hast slain my son.' Both the
merchant and the two old men, struck with terror, began to weep
and fill the air with their lamentations. When the old man who
conducted the hind saw the genie lay hold of the merchant, and
about to murder him without mercy, he threw himself at the mon-
ster's feet, and, kissing them, said, 'Lord Genie, I humbly entreat
you to suspend your rage, and hear my history, and that of the
hind, which you see; and if you find it more wonderful and sur-
prising than the adventure of this merchant, whose life you wish to
take, may I not hope that you will at least grant me one half part
of the blood of this unfortunate man!' After meditating some
time, the genie answered, 'Well, then, I agree to it.'


The hind, whom you, Lord Genie, see here, is my wife. I
married her when she was twelve years old, and we lived together
thirty years without having any children. At the end of that time
I adopted into my family a son, whom a slave had born. This act
of mine excited against the mother and her child the hatred and
jealousy of my wife. She availed herself, during my absence on a
journey, of her knowledge of magic, to change the slave and my
adopted son into a cow and a calf, and sent them to my farm to be
fed and taken care of by the steward.
Immediately on my return I inquired after my child and his
mother. Your slave is dead,' said she, and it is'now more than
two months since I have beheld your son; nor do I know what is
become of him. I was sensibly affected at the death of the slave;
but, as my son had only disappeared, I flattered myself that he
would soon be found. Eight months, however, passed, and he did
not return; nor could I learn any tidings of him. In order to
celebrate the festival of the great Bairam, which was approaching, I
ordered my bailiff to bring me the fattest cow I possessed for a
'sacrifice. He obeyed my commands. Having bound the cow, I
was about to make the sacrifice, when at the very instant she lowed
most sorrowfully, and the tears even fell from her eyes. This
seemed to me so extraordinary, that I could not but feel compassion
for her, and was unable to give the fatal blow. I therefore ordered
her to be taken away, and another brought.
My wife, who was present, seemed very angry at my compas-
sion, and opposed my order.
I then said to my steward, Make the sacrifice yourself; the
lamentations and tears of the animal have overcome me.'
The steward was less compassionate, and sacrificed her. On
taking off the skin we found hardly anything but bones, though she


appeared very fat. 'Take her away,' said I to the steward, truly
chagrined, and if you have another very fat calf, bring it in her
place.' He returned with a remarkably fine calf, who, as soon as
he perceived me, made so great an effort to come to me that he
broke his cord. He lay down at my feet, with his head on the
ground, as if he endeavoured to excite my compassion, and to
entreat me not to have the cruelty to take away his life.
Wife,' answered I, I will not sacrifice this calf, I wish to


favour him; do not you, therefore, oppose it.' She tried every
means to induce me to alter my mind; I continued firm, however,
in my resolution, in spite of all she could say; promising, for the
sake of appeasing her, to sacrifice this calf at the feast of Bairam on
the following year.
The next morning my steward desired to speak with me, in
private. He informed me that his daughter, who had some knowl-
edge of magic, wished to speak to me. On being admitted to my


presence, she informed me that, during my absence, my wife had
turned the slave and my son into a cow and calf; that I had already
sacrificed the cow, but that she could restore my son to life, if I
would give him to her for her husband, and allow her to visit my
wife with the punishment her cruelty had deserved. To these pro-
posals I gave my consent.
The damsel then took a vessel full of water, and pronouncing
over it some words I did not understand, she threw the water over
the calf, and he instantly regained his own form.
'My son! my son !' I exclaimed, and embraced him with
transport; this damsel has destroyed the horrible charm with
which you were surrounded. I am sure your gratitude will induce
you to marry her, as I have already promised for you.' He joy-
fully consented; but before they were united the damsel changed
my wife into this hind, which you see here.
Since this my son has become a widower, and is now travel-
ling. Many years have passed since I have heard anything of him;
I have, therefore, now set out with a view to gain some informa-
tion; and as I did not like to trust my wife to the care of anyone
during my search, I thought proper to carry her along with me.
This is the history of myself and this hind; can anything be more
wonderful? 'I agree with you,' said the genie, 'and, in conse-
quence, I grant to you a half of the blood of this merchant.'
As soon as the first old man had finished, the second, who led
the two black dogs, made the same request to the genie for a half
of the merchant's blood, on the condition that his tale exceeded in
interest the one that had been just related. On the genie signify-
ing his assent, the old man began:


Great prince of the genies, you must know that these two
black dogs, which you see here, and myself are three brothers.
Our father, when he died, left us one thousand sequins each. With
this sum we all embarked in business as merchants. My two
brothers determined to travel, that they might trade in foreign
parts. They were both unfortunate, and returned at the end of two
years in a state of abject poverty, having lost their all. I had in
the meanwhile prospered, and I gladly received them, and gave
them one thousand sequins each, and again set them up as mer-
My brothers frequently proposed to me that I should make a
voyage with them for the purpose of traffic. Knowing their former
want of success, I refused to join them, until at the end of five
years I at length yielded to their repeated solicitations. We pur-
chased our goods, embarked in a vessel, which we ourselves
freighted, and set sail with a favourable wind. After sailing about
a month, we arrived, without any accident, at a port, where we
landed, and had a most advantageous sale of our merchandise. I,
in particular, sold mine so well that I gained ten for one.
About the time that we were ready to embark on our return, I
accidentally met on the seashore a female, of great beauty, but
very poorly dressed. She accosted me by kissing my hand, and
entreated me most earnestly to permit her to be my wife. I started
many difficulties to such a plan; but at length she said. so much to
persuade me that I was quite overcome. I directly procured proper
dresses for her, and, after marrying her in due form, she embarked
with me, and we set sail.
During our voyage, I found my wife possessed of so many
good qualities that I loved her every day more and more. In the


~\~t Y- ---'

~r ,--I.


f~, ~AM


meantime my two brothers, who had not traded so advantageously
as myself, and who were jealous of my prosperity, began to feel
exceedingly envious. They even went so far as to conspire against
my life; for one night, while my wife and I were asleep, they
threw us into the sea. I had hardly, however, fallen into the
water, before my wife took me up and transported me into an
island. As soon as it was day she thus addressed me: You must
know that I am a fairy, and being upon the shore when you were
about to sail, I wished to try the goodness of your heart, and for
this purpose I presented myself before you in the disguise you saw.
You acted most generously, and I am therefore delighted in finding
an occasion of showing my gratitude, and I trust, my husband, that
in saving your life I have not ill rewarded the good you have done
me, but I am enraged against your brothers, nor shall I be satisfied
till I have taken their lives.'
I listened with astonishment to the discourse of the fairy, and
thanked her, as well as I was able, for the great obligation she had
conferred on me. 'But, madam,' said I to her, 'I must entreat
you to pardon my brothers.' I related to her what I had done for
each of them, but my account only increased her anger. I must
instantly fly after these ungrateful wretches,' cried she, and bring
them to a just punishment; I will sink their vessel, and precipitate
them to the bottom of the sea.' No, beautiful lady,' replied I;
'for heaven's sake moderate your indignation, and do not execute
so dreadful an intention ; remember they are still my brothers, and
that we are bound to return good for evil.'
No sooner had I pronounced these words, than I was trans-
ported in an instant from the island, where we were, to the top of
my own house. I descended, opened the doors, and dug up three
thousand sequins which I had hidden. I afterwards repaired to
my shop, opened it, and received the congratulations of the mer-
chants in the neighbourhood on my arrival. When I returned
home, I perceived these two black dogs, which came towards me
with a submissive air. I could not imagine what this meant, but
the fairy, who soon appeared, satisfied my curiosity. 'My dear
husband,' said she, 'be not surprised at seeing these two dogs in


your house; they are your brothers.' My blood ran cold on hear-
ing this, and I inquired by what power they had been transformed
into that state. 'It is I,' replied the fairy, 'who have done it,
and I have sunk their ship; for the loss of the merchandise it
contained, I shall recompense you. As to your brothers, I have
condemned them to remain under this form for ten years, as a pun-


ishment for their perfidy.' Then informing me where I might hear
of her, she disappeared.
The ten years are now completed, and I am travelling in
search of her. 'This, 0 lord genie, is my history; does it not
appear to you of a most extraordinary nature?' 'Yes,' replied
the genie, I confess it is most wonderful, and therefore I grant
you the other half of the merchant's blood,' and having said this,


the genie disappeared, to the great joy of the merchant and of the
two old men.
The merchant did not omit to bestow many thanks upon his
liberators, who, bidding him adieu, proceeded on their travels.
He remounted his horse, and returned home to his wife and
children, and spent the remainder of his days with them in tran-


There was formerly an aged fisherman, so poor that he could
barely obtain food for himself, his wife, and his three children.
He went out early every morning to his employment ; and he had
imposed a rule upon himself never to cast his nets above four times
a day.
On one occasion he set out before the morn had disappeared.
When he reached the sea-shore, he undressed himself, and cast his
nets. In drawing them to land, he felt sure, from their resistance
and weight, that he had secured an excellent draught of fish. He
nevertheless found none; but discovered a heavy vase of yellow
copper, shut up and fastened with lead, on which there was the im-
pression of a seal. 'I will sell this to a founder,' said he, with
joy, and with the money I shall get for it I will purchase a meas-
ure of corn.'
He examined the vase on all side; he shook it, but could hear
nothing; and this, together with the impression of the seal on the
lead, made him think it was filled with something valuable. In
order to find this out, he took his knife, and got it open. He
directly turned the top downwards, and was much surprised to find
nothing come out. He then set it down before him, and while he
was attentively observing it, there issued from it so thick a smoke
that he was obliged to step back a few paces. This smoke, by
degrees, rose almost to the clouds, and spread itself over both the
water and the shore, appearing like a thick fog. When the smoke


had all come out from the vase, it again collected itself, and
became a solid body, and then took the shape of a genie of a
gigantic size. The genie, looking at the fisherman, exclaimed,
'Humble thyself before me, or I will kill thee !' 'And for what
reason, pray, will you kill me?' answered the fisherman; 'have
you already forgotten that I have set you at liberty?' I remem-
ber it very well,' returned he; 'but that shall not prevent my
destroying thee; and I will only grant thee one favour.' 'And
pray what is that?' said the fisherman. It is,' replied the genie,
'to permit thee to choose the manner of thy death. I can treat

--C -. .


thee no otherwise,' said the genie: 'and to convince thee of it,
hear my history:
I am one of those spirits who rebelled against the sovereignty
of God. Solomon, the son of David, the prophet of God, com-
manded me to acknowledge his authority, and submit to his laws.
I haughtily refused. In order therefore to punish me, he enclosed
me in this copper vase; and, to prevent me forcing my way out, he
put upon the leaden cover the impression of his seal, on which
the great name of God is engraven. This done, he gave the vase
to one of those genies who obeyed him, and ordered him to cast me
into the sea,


During the first century of my captivity, I swore that if any-
one delivered me before the first hundred years were passed I would
make him rich. During the second century, I swore that if any
released me I would discover to him all the treasures of the earth.
During the third, I promised to make my deliverer a most powerful
monarch, and to grant him every day any three requests he chose.
These centuries passed away without any deliverance. Enraged at
last to be so long a prisoner, I swore that I would, without mercy,
kill whoever should in future release me; and that the only favour
I would grant him should be, to choose what manner of death he
pleased. Since, therefore, thou hast come here to-day, and hast
delivered me, fix upon whatever kind of death thou wilt.'
The fisherman was in great distress at finding him thus resolved
on his death, not so much on his own account as for his three chil-
dren, whose means of subsistence would be greatly reduced by his
death. 'Alas!' he cried, 'have pity on me; remember what I
have done for thee!'
Let us lose no time,' cried the genie; 'your arguments avail
not. Make haste ; tell me how you wish to die t'
Necessity is the mother of invention ; and the fisherman thought
of a stratagem. Since, then,' said he, 'I cannot escape death, I
submit to the will of God; but before I choose the sort of death, I
conjure you, by the great name of God, which is graven upon the
seal of the prophet Solomon, the son of David, answer me truly to
a question I am going to put to you.' The genie trembled at this
adjuration, and said to the fisherman, 'Ask what thou wilt, and
make haste.'
Dare you, then, to swear by the great name of God that you
really were in that vase? This vase cannot contain one of your
feet; how, then, can it hold your whole body?' 'I swear to thee,
notwithstanding,' replied he, 'that I was there just as thou seest
me Wilt thou not believe me after the solemn oath I have taken ?'
' No, truly,' added the fisherman; 'I shall not believe you unless I
were to see it.'
Immediately the form of the genie began to change into smoke,
and extended itself, as before, over both the shore and the sea; and


then, collecting itself, began to enter the vase, and continued to do
so in a slow and equal manner, till nothing remained without. The
fisherman immediately took the leaden cover and put it on the vase.
' Genie he cried, it is now your turn to ask pardon. I shall
throw you again into the sea, and I will build, opposite the very
spot where you are cast, a house upon the shore, in which I will
live, to warn all fishermen that shall come and throw their nets not
to fish up so evil a genie as thou art, who makes an oath to kill the
man who shall set thee at liberty.'
The genie tried every argument to move the fisherman's pity,
but in vain. 'You are too treacherous for me to trust you,'
returned the fisherman; I should deserve to lose my life if I put
myself in your power a second time. You would, most likely,
treat me as the Greek king treated Douban the physician. Listen,
and I will tell you the story.'


There once lived a king who was sorely afflicted with a lep-
rosy, and his physicians had unsuccessfully tried every remedy they
were acquainted with, when a very ingenious physician, called
Douban, arrived at the court; he was well acquainted with the
good and bad properties of all kinds of plants and drugs.
As soon as he was informed of the king's illness, he dressed
himself in his robe of ceremony, and obtained permission to be
presented to the king. Sire,' said he, I know that all your phy-
sicians have been unable to remove your leprosy; but, if you will,
I will cure you without internal doses or outward applications.'
Douban returned to his house, and made a sort of racket or
bat, with a hollow in the handle, to admit the drug he meant to
use. That being done, the following day he presented himself


before the king, and, prostrating himself at his feet, kissed the
Douban then arose, and told the king that he must ride on
horseback to the place where he was accustomed to play at rackets.
The king did as he was desired; and, when he had reached the
racket-ground, took the bat, and spurred his horse after the ball till
he struck it. It was sent back again to him by the officers who
were playing with him, and he struck it again. And thus the game
continued for a considerable time, till he found his hand as well as
his whole body in a perspiration, which made the remedy in the bat
operate as the physician had said. The king then left the game,
returned to the palace, bathed, and observed very punctually all the
directions that had been given him.
He soon found the good effects of the prescription ; for on the
next morning he perceived with equal surprise and joy that his
leprosy was cured, and that his body was as clear as if he had never
been attacked by that malady. As soon as he was dressed he went
into the audience-room, where he mounted his throne and received
the congratulations of all his courtiers.
Douban entered, and prostrated himself at the foot of the
throne. The king made him sit by his side, and afterwards placed
him at his own table to dine only with him; and yet further,
towards evening, when the courtiers were about to depart, he put on
him a rich robe, and gave him two thousand sequins. The following
days he did nothing but caress him, and confer on him fresh proofs
of his gratitude.
The king had a grand vizier, who was avaricious, envious and
capable of every species of crime. He observed with pain the
presents which had been bestowed upon the physician, whose ruin
he was determined to accomplish. He went to the king and said,
'Sire, in bestowing all this kindness upon Douban, how do you
know but that he may be a traitor, who has introduced himself to
the court in order to assassinate you ?'
No, no, vizier,' interrupted the king; I am sure this man,
whom you consider as a traitor, is one of the best of men ; there
is no one whom I regard so much. You know how he cured me of


my leprosy; and if he had sought my life, why did he thus save it?
His virtue excites your envy, but I shall not suffer myself to be
prejudiced against him unjustly. I will tell you what a vizier said
to King Sinbad, his master, to prevent his giving orders for the
death of his son.


There lived once a good man, who had a beautiful wife, whom
he loved so much that he could scarcely bear to have her out of his
sight. One day, when he was obliged to leave her, he purchased a
parrot, which possessed the rare gift of telling everything that was
done in its presence. The husband took it home in a cage,
and begged his wife to keep it in her chamber, and take great care
of it during his absence ; after this he set out on his journey.
On his return, he did not fail to interrogate the parrot on what
had passed while he was away ; and the bird very expertly related a
few circumstances which occasioned the husband to reprimand his
wife. She supposed that some of her slaves had exposed her, but
they all assured her they were faithful, and agreed in charging the
parrot with the crime. Desirous of being convinced of the truth
of this matter, the wife devised a method of quieting the suspicions
of her husband, and at the same time of revenging herself on the
parrot, if he were the culprit. The next time the husband was
absent, she ordered one of her slaves, during the night, to turn a
handmill under the bird's cage, and another to throw water over it
like rain, and a third to wave a looking-glass before the parrot by
the light of a candle. The slaves were employed the greatest part
of the night doing as their mistress had ordered them.
The following day, when the husband returned, he again ap-
plied to the parrot to say what had taken place. The bird replied,
My dear master, the lightning, the thunder, and the rain have so


disturbed me the whole night, that I cannot tell you how much I
have suffered.' The husband, who knew there had been no storm

-j *1/ --

2z-.i~ f


that night, became convinced that the parrot did not always relate
facts; and that having told an untruth in this particular, he had also
deceived him with respect to his wife : being, therefore, extremely




enraged with it, he took the bird out of the cage, and, dashing it
on the floor, killed it. He, however, afterwards learnt from his
neighbors that the poor parrot had told no falsehood in reference to
his wife's conduct, which made him repent of having destroyed it.
' You, vizier, through envy of Douban, who has done you no evil,
wish me to order his death, but I will take good care, lest, like the
husband who killed his parrot, I should afterwards repent.'
But the vizier again directed the attention of his master to the
physician Douban. 'He has cured you,' he said; 'but, alas
who can assure you of that? who can tell whether his remedy in
the end will not produce the most pernicious effects?'
The king was not able to discover the wicked design of his
vizier, nor had he firmness enough to persist in his first opinion.
'Vizier,' said he, thou art in the right. He may be come on
purpose to take my life, which he can easily do by his drugs. In-
deed, I ought to prevent his designs.' Having said this, he called
one of his attendants, and ordered him to go for the physician,
who came to the palace in haste.
Knowest thou,' said the king, when he saw him, why I
sent for thee?' No, sire,' answered Douban, and I wait till you
are pleased to inform me,' 'I sent for thee,' replied the king,
'to free myself from thy snares, and to take thy life.'
When the physician heard this cruel order, he readily judged
that the honours and presents he had received had procured him
enemies, and that the weak prince was imposed upon. Is it thus,'
he cried, that you reward me for curing you? Ah, sire, prolong
my life, lest, if you will kill me, you also should be treated after
the same manner.' No, no,' said the king ; I must of necessity
cut you off, otherwise you may slay with as much art as you cured
The physician being on his knees, his eyes bandaged, and
ready to receive the fatal blow, once more addressed the king:
' Since your majesty, sire, will not revoke the order for my death,
I entreat you at least to give me leave to return home to arrange
my funeral, to take a last farewell of my family, bestow some
charity, and leave my books to those who will know how to make


a good use of them. One of them I would particularly present to
your majesty. It is a very precious book, and worthy being kept in
your treasury with the greatest care.' What book can there be,'
replied the king, so valuable as you mention ?' Sire,' answered
the physician, 'it contains many singular and curious properties,
and one of them is, that if you will take the trouble to open the
book at the sixth leaf, and read the third line on the left-hand
page, my head, after being cut off, will answer every question
you wish to ask.' The king was so desirous of seeing such a won-
derful thing that he put off his death till the next day, and sent
him home under a strong guard.
The physician then arranged all his affairs; and as the report
got abroad that an unheard-of prodigy was to happen after his exe-
cution, the viziers, emirs, officers of the guard-in short, all the
court-flocked the next day to the hall of audience.
The physician Douban was brought in, and advancing to the
foot of the throne with a book in his hand, he called for a basin,
and laid upon it the cover of the volume, and then, presenting
the book to the king: Take this,' said he, 'and after my head is
cut off order that it be put upon that cover. As soon as it is there
the blood will cease to flow; then open the book, and my head
will answer your questions. But, sire,' added Douban, 'permit
me once more to implore your mercy. Consider that I am inno-
cent.' Thy prayers,' answered the king, 'are useless ; and were
it only to hear thy head speak after thy death, it would be my will
that thou shouldst die.' Then he took the book from the hands
of the physician, and ordered the officer to do his duty.
The head was cut off at one stroke, and it had hardly been
placed on the cover an instant before the blood stopped. Then, to
the astonishment of the king and all the spectators, it opened its
eyes, and said: 'Sire, will you now open the book?' The king
did so, and finding that the first leaf stuck to the second, he put
his finger to his mouth, and wetted it, in order to turn it over more
easily. He went on doing so till he came to the sixth leaf; and
observing nothing written upon the appointed page, 'Physician,'
said he to the head, 'There is no writing.' Turn over, then, a


few more leaves,' replied the head. The king continued turning
them over, still putting his finger frequently to his mouth. The
prince then felt himself suddenly agitated in a most extraordinary
manner; his sight failed him, and he fell at the foot of the throne
in the greatest convulsions.
When the physician Douban, or rather his head, saw the king
fall back, 'Tyrant,' he said, 'the book is poisoned. Thy death is
certain. Now you see how princes are treated who abuse their
power and slay the innocent. Their injustice and their cruelty are
punished sooner or later.' Scarcely had the head spoken these
words, when the king fell down dead ; and the head itself lost what
life it had.
As soon as the fisherman had finished the history of the Greek
king and the physician Douban, he applied it to the genie. If,'
said he, 'the king had permitted Douban to live, he would have
prolonged his own life. Such is the case with thyself, 0 genie!
Could I have prevailed on thee to grant me my life, I should now
take pity on thee; but now I must be hard-hearted to thee.'
One word more, fisherman,' cried the genie; I will teach
you how to become as rich as possible.'
The hope of being no longer in want at once disarmed the
fisherman. I could listen to thee,' he said, 'were there any credit
to be given to thy word. Swear to me by the great name of God
that you will faithfully perform what you promise, and I will open
the vase.' The genie did so; and the fisherman immediately took
off the covering. The smoke instantly ascended, and the genie
resuming his usual form, kicked the vase into the sea. Be of good
heart, fisherman,' cried he; 'I have thrown the vase into the sea
only to see whether you would be alarmed ; but to show you that
I intend to keep my word, take your nets and follow me.' They
passed by the city, and went over the top of a mountain, from
whence they descended into a vast plain, which led them to a lake,
situated between four small hills.
When they were arrived on the borders of the lake, the genie
said to the fisherman, 'Throw your nets, and catch fish.' The
fisherman saw a great quantity in the lake; and was greatly sur-


prised at finding them four different colours-white, red, blue, and
yellow. He threw his nets and caught four, one of each colour.
As he had never seen any similar to them, he could hardly cease
admiring them ; and judging that he could dispose of them for a
considerable sum, he expressed great joy. Carry these fish to the
palace,' said the genie, 'and present them to the sultan, and he
will give you more money than you ever handled in your life. You


may come every day and fish in this lake, but beware of casting
your nets more than once each day; if you act otherwise you will
repent. This is my advice, and if you follow it exactly you will do
well.' Having said this, he struck his foot upon the ground,
which opened, and having swallowed him up, closed again.
The fisherman, resolving to obey the advice of the genie in
every particular, carried the fish to town, and presented them at
the sultan's palace. The sultan was astonished and delighted at
the peculiar beauty of the fish, and he ordered four hundred pieces


of gold to be given to the fisherman, who could hardly conceal his
joy. Such a large sum of money he had never seen before.
The fisherman followed the directions of the genie. Every
day he cast his nets but once, and carried the catch to the sultan,
and received the gold. His family were overcome with joy at the
sudden increase in their fortune, and were enabled to live in ease
and comfort ever after.


Visiting the cities of Persia, a stranger will observe that the
Nooroze, or the new day, which is the first of the year and spring,
is observed as a solemn festival throughout the land.
On one of these festival days, just as the Sultan of Shiraz was
concluding his public audience, which had been conducted with
unusual splendour, a Hindu appeared at the foot of the throne, with
an artificial horse richly caparisoned, and so spiritedly modelled,
that at first sight he was taken for a living animal.
The Hindu prostrated himself before the throne, and, pointing
to the horse, said to the sultan, 'This horse is a great wonder;
whenever I mount him, be it where it may, if I wish to transport
myself through the air to the most distant part of the world, I can
do it in a very short time. This is a wonder which nobody ever
heard speak of, and which I offer to show your majesty if you com-
mand me.'
The Emperor of Persia, who was fond of everything that was
curious, and who, notwithstanding the many prodigies of art he had
seen, had never beheld or heard of anything that came up to this,
told the Hindu that he was ready to see him perform what he had
The Hindu instantly put his foot into the stirrup, mounted his
horse with admirable agility, and when he had fixed himself in the
saddle, asked the emperor whither he pleased to command him,


Do you see that mountain? said the emperor, pointing to it;
'ride your horse there, and bring me a branch of a palm-tree that
grows at the bottom of the hill.'
The Emperor of Persia had no sooner declared his will than
the Hindu turned a peg which was in the hollow of the horse's
neck, just by the pommel of the saddle, and in an instant the horse
rose off the ground and carried his rider into the air with the
rapidity of lightning to a great height, to the admiration of the
emperor and all the spectators. Within less than a quarter of an
hour they saw him returning with the palm-branch in his hand;
but before he descended, he took two or three turns in the air over
the spot, amid the acclamations of all the people, then alighted on
the spot whence he had set off. He dismounted, and going up to
the throne, prostrated himself, and laid the branch of the palm-tree
at the feet of the emperor.
The emperor, who had viewed with no less admiration than
astonishment this unheard-of sight which the Hindu had exhibited,
conceived a great desire to have the horse, and said to the Hindu,
' I will purchase him of you if he is to be sold.'
'Sire,' replied the Hindu, 'there is only one condition on
which I can part with my horse, and that is the gift of the hand of
the princess your daughter as my wife. This is the only bargain I
can make.'
The courtiers about the Emperor of Persia could not forbear
laughing aloud at this extravagant proposal of the Hindu; but the
Prince Feroze-shah, the eldest son of the emperor and presumptive
heir to the crown, could not hear it without indignation. Sire,'
he said, 1 hope you will not hesitate to refuse so insolent a de-
mand, or allow this insignificant juggler to flatter himself for a
moment with the idea of being allied to one of the most powerful
monarchs of the world. I beg of you to consider what you owe to
yourself, to your own blood, and to the high rank of your ancestors.
'Son,' replied the Emperor of Persia, I will not grant him
what he asked, and perhaps he does not seriously make the pro-
posal ; and, putting my daughter the princess out of the question, I
may make another agreement with him. But before I bargain with


him, I should be glad that you would examine the horse, try him
yourself, and give me your opinion.' On hearing this the Hindu
expressed much joy, and ran before
Sthe prince to help him to mount,
^ and showed him how to guide and
manage the horse.
\: The prince mounted without
C.,.- the Hindu assisting him; and, as
soon as he had got his feet in the
S stirrups, without staying for the
artist's advice, he turned the peg he
.- had seen him use, when instantly
the horse darted into the air, quick
.as an arrow shot out of the bow by
the most adroit archer, and in a few
S... moments neither horse nor prince
were to be seen. The Hindu,
alarmed at what had happened, pros-
S treated himself before the throne,
'i'i and deprecated the anger of the sul-
tan. The sultan replied to him,
and asked, in a passion, why he
did not call him the moment he
i 4 r.',i u ascended.
4 'Sire,' answered the Hindu,
'your majesty saw as well as I with
I what rapidity the horse flew away.
_71 The surprise I was then and still am
1'-. in deprived me of the use of my
speech; but if I could have spoken,
i i -- he was got too far to hear me. If
he had heard me he knew not the
ThE PRINCE ASCENDS. secret to bring him back, which,
through his impatience, he would
not stay to learn. But, sire,' added he, 'there is room to hope
that the prince, when he finds himself at a loss, will perceive


another peg, and as soon as he turns that the horse will cease to
rise, and descend to the ground, when he may turn him to what
place he pleases by guiding him with the bridle.'
Notwithstanding all these arguments of the Hindu, which car-
ried great appearance of probability, the Emperor of Persia was
much alarmed at the evident danger of his son. I suppose,'
replied he, it is very uncertain whether my son may perceive the
other peg, and make a right use of it. May not the horse, instead
of lighting on the ground, fall upon some rock, or tumble into the
sea with him!'
Sire,' replied the Hindu, I can deliver you from this appre-
hension, by assuring you that the horse crosses seas without ever
falling into them, and always carries his rider wherever he may wish
to go ; and your majesty may assure yourself that if the prince does
but find out the other peg I mentioned, the horse will carry him
where he pleases. It is not to be supposed that he will stop any-
where but where he can find assistance, and make himself known.'
Your head shall answer for my son's life, if he does not return
safe in three days' time, or I shall hear that he is alive He then
ordered his officers to secure the Hindu, and keep him close
prisoner;, after which he retired to his palace, in affliction that the
festival of Nooroze should have proved so inauspicious.
In the meantime the prince was carried through the air with
prodigious velocity. In less than an hour's time he ascended so
high that he could not distinguish anything on the earth, but
mountains and plains seemed confounded together. It was then he
began to think of returning, and conceived he might do this by
turning the same peg the contrary way, and pulling the bridle at
the same time; but when he found that the horse still continued to
ascend his alarm was great. He turned the peg several times in
different ways, but all in vain. It was then he saw his fault, and
apprehended the great danger he was in from not having learnt the
necessary precautions to guide the horse before he mounted. He
examined the horse's head and neck with attention, and perceived
behind'the right ear another peg, smaller than the other. He turned


that peg, and presently perceived that he descended in the same
oblique manner as he had mounted, but not so swiftly.
Night had overshadowed that part of the earth over which the
prince was when he found out and turned the small peg ; and as the
horse descended, he by degrees lost sight of the sun, till it grew
quite dark; insomuch that, instead of choosing what place he would
go to, he was forced to let the bridle lie upon the horse's neck, and
wait patiently till he alighted, though not without the dread lest it
should be in the desert, a river, or the sea.
At last the horse stopped upon some solid substance about mid-
night, and the prince dismounted very faint and hungry, having
eaten nothing since the morning, when he came out of the palace
with his father to assist at the festival. He found himself to be on
the terrace of a magnificent palace, surrounded with a balustrade of
white marble, breast high; and groping about, reached a staircase,
which led down into an apartment, the door of which was half
The prince stopped at the door, and, listening, heard no other
noise than the breathing of some people who were fast asleep. He
advanced a little into the room, and by the light of a lamp saw that
those persons were black mutes, with naked sabres laid by them;
which was enough to inform him that this was the guard-chamber of
some sultan or princess. Prince Feroze-shah advanced on tip-toe,
without waking the attendants. He drew aside the curtain, went
in, and saw a magnificent chamber containing many beds, one alone
being on a raised dais, and the others on the floor. The princess
slept in the first and her women in the others. He crept softly
towards the dais without waking either the princess or her women,
and beheld a beauty so extraordinary that he was charmed at the
first sight. He fell on his knees, and twitching gently the princess's
sleeve, kneeling beside her, pulled it towards him. The princess
opened her eyes, and seeing a handsome young man, was in great
surprise, yet showed no sign of fear.
The prince availed himself of this favourable moment, bowed
his head to the ground, and, rising, said, Beautiful princess, by the
most extraordinary and wonderful adventure, you see at your feet a


suppliant prince, son of the Emperor of Persia; pray afford him
your assistance and protection.'
The personage to whom Prince Feroze-shah so happily ad-
dressed himself was the Princess of Bengal, eldest daughter of the
rajah of that kingdom, who had built this palace at a small distance
from his capital, for the sake of the country air. She thus replied:


'Prince, you are not in a barbarous country-take courage; hos-
pitality, humanity, and politeness are to be met with in the king-
dom of Bengal, as well as in that of Persia. I grant you the
protection you ask-you may depend on what I say.'
The Prince of Persia would have thanked the princess, but she
would not give him leave to speak, Notwithstanding I desire,'


said she, to know by what miracle you have come hither from the
capital of Persia in so short a time, and by what enchantment you
have evaded the vigilance of my guards, yet as you must want some
refreshment, I will ,ostpone my curiosity, and give orders to my
attendants to show you an apartment, that you may rest yourself
after your fatigue, and be better able to answer my inquiries.' The
princess's attendants were much surprised to see the prince in the
princess's chamber, but they at once prepared to obey her com-
mands. They each took a wax candle, of which there were great
numbers lighted up in the room ; and after the prince had respect-
fully taken leave, went before and conducted him into a handsome
hall ; where, while some were preparing the bed, others went into
the kitchen and prepared a supper; and when he had eaten as
much as he chose, they removed the trays, and left him to taste the
sweets of repose.
The next day the princess prepared to give the prince another
interview, and, in expectation of seeing him, she took more pains
in dressing and adjusting herself at the glass than she had ever
done before. She tired her women's patience, and made them do
and undo the same thing several times. She adorned her head,
neck, arms, and waist with the finest and largest diamonds she
possessed. The habit she put on was one of the richest stuffs of
the Indies, of a most beautiful colour, and made only for kings,
princes, and princesses. After she had consulted her glass, and
asked her women, one after another, if anything was wanting to
her attire, she sent to tell the Prince of Persia that she would make
him a visit.
The Prince of Persia, who by the night's rest had recovered
from the fatigue he had undergone the day before, had just dressed
himself when he received notice of the intention of the princess,
and expressed himself to be fully sensible of the honour conferred
on him. As soon as the princess understood that the Prince of
Persia waited for her, she immediately went to pay him a visit.
After mutual compliments, the prince related to her the wonders of
the magic horse, of his journey through the air, and of the means
by which he had, found an entrance into her chamber; and then


having thanked her for her kind reception, expressed a wish to
return and relieve the anxiety of the sultan his father. When the
prince had finished, the princess replied, I cannot approve, prince,
of your going so soon ; grant me at least the favour I ask of a little
longer acquaintance; and since I have had the happiness to have
you alight in the kingdom of Bengal, I desire you will stay long
enough to enable you to give a better account of what you may see
here at the court of Persia.' The Prince of Persia could not well
refuse the princess this favour, after the kindness she had shown
him, and therefore politely complied with her request; and the
princess's thoughts were directed to render his stay agreeable by all
the amusements she could devise.
Nothing went forward for several days but concerts of music,
accompanied with magnificent feasts and collations in the gardens,
or hunting parties in the vicinity of the palace, which abounded
with all sorts of game, stags, hinds, fallow deer, and other beasts
peculiar to the kingdom of Bengal, which the princess could pursue
without danger. After the chase, the prince and princess met in
some beautiful spot, where a carpet was spread and cushions laid
for their accommodation. There resting themselves, they con-
versed on various subjects.
Two whole months the Prince of Persia abandoned himself
entirely to the will of the Princess of Bengal, yielding to all the
amusements she contrived for him, for she neglected nothing to
divert him, as if she thought he had nothing else to do but to pass
his whole life with her in this manner. But he now declared
seriously he could not stay longer, and begged of her to give him
leave to return to his father.
'And, princess,' observed the Prince of Persia, 'that you
may not doubt the truth of my affection, I would presume, were I
not afraid you would be offended at my request, to ask the favour
of taking you along with me.'
The princess returned no answer to this address of the Prince
of Persia; but ner silence, and eyes cast down, were sufficient to
inform him that she had no reluctance to accompany him into
Persia. The only difficulty she felt was, that the prince knew not


well enough how to govern the horse, and she was apprehensive of
being involved with him in the same difficulty as when he first
made the experiment. But the prince soon removed her fear, by
assuring her that she might trust herself with him, for that after the
experience he had acquired, he defied the Hindu himself to manage
him better. She thought, therefore, only of concerting measures
to get off with him so secretly that nobody belonging to the palace
should have the least suspicion of their design.
The next morning, a little before daybreak, when all the
attendants were asleep, they went upon the terrace of the palace.
The prince turned the horse towards Persia, and placed him where
the princess could easily get up behind him, which she had no
sooner done, and was well settled, with her arms about his waist,
for her better security, than he turned the peg, when the horse
mounted into the air, and making his usual haste, under the guid-
ance of the prince, in two hours' time the prince discovered the
capital of Persia.
The prince would not alight in the palace of his father, but
directed his course towards a kiosk at a little distance from the
capital. He led the princess into a handsome apartment, where he
told her, that to do her all the honour that was due to her, he would
go and inform his father of their arrival, and return to her imme-
diately. He ordered the attendants of the palace, whom he sum-
moned, to provide the princess with whatever she had occasion for.
After the prince had taken his leave of the princess, he
ordered a horse to be brought, which he mounted, and set out for
palace. As he passed through the streets he was received with
acclamations by the people, who were overjoyed to see him again.
The emperor his father was holding his divan when he appeared
before him in the midst of his council. He received him with
tears of joy and tenderness, and asked him what was become of the
Hindu's horse.
This question gave the prince an opportunity of describing the
embarrassment and danger he was in when the horse ascended into
the air, and how he had arrived at last at the Princess of Bengal's
palace, the kind reception he had met with there, and that the mo-


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tive which had induced him to stay so long with her was the mutual
affection they had entertained for each other; also, that after prom-
ising to marry her, he had persuaded her to accompany him into


Persia. 'But, sire,' added the prince, 'I felt assured that you
would not refuse your consent, and have brought her with me on
the enchanted horse to your summer-palace, and have left her
there, till I could return and assure her that my promise was not in
After these words, the prince prostrated himself before the
emperor to obtain his consent, when his father raised him up, em-
braced him a second time, and said to him, Son, I not only con-
sent to your marriage with the Princess of Bengal, but will go
myself and bring her to my palace, and celebrate your nuptials this
The emperor now ordered that the Hindu should be fetched
out of prison and brought before him. When the Hindu was ad-
mitted to his presence, he said to him, I secured thy person that
thy life might answer for that of the prince my son. Thanks be to
God, he is returned again ; go, take your horse, and never let me
see your face more.'
As the Hindu had learned of those who brought him out of
prison that Prince Feroze-shah was returned with a princess, and
was also informed of the place where he had alighted and left her,
and that the emperor was making preparations to go and bring her
to his palace, as soon as he got out of the presence he bethought
himself of being revenged upon the emperor and the prince. He
mounted his horse, and, without losing any time, went directly to
the palace, and, addressing himself to the captain of the guard,
told him he came from the Prince of Persia for the Princess of
Bengal, to conduct her behind him through the air to the emperor,
who waited in the great square of his palace to gratify the whole
court and city of Shiraz with that wonderful sight.
The captain of the guard, who knew the Hindu, and that the
emperor had imprisoned him, gave the more credit to what he said
because he saw that he was at liberty. He presented him to the
Princess of Bengal, who no sooner understood that he came from
the Prince of Persia, than she consented to what the prince, as she
thought, had desired of her.
The Hindu, overjoyed at his success and the ease with which


he had accomplished his villany, mounted his horse, took the
princess behind him, with the assistance of the captain of the
guard, turned the peg, and instantly the horse mounted into the
At the same time the Emperor of Persia, attended by his
court, was on the road to the palace where the Princess of Bengal
had been left, and the Prince of Persia was advanced before, to pre-
pare the princess to receive his father ; when the Hindu, to brave
them both, and revenge himself for the ill-treatment he had re-
ceived, appeared over their heads with his prize.
When the Emperor of Persia saw the Hindu, he stopped.
His surprise and affliction were the more sensible, because it was
not in his power to punish so high an affront. He loaded him
with a thousand imprecations, as did also all the courtiers who were
witnesses of so signal a piece of insolence and unparalleled artifice
and treachery.
The Hindu, little moved with their imprecations, which just
reached his ears, continued his way, while the emperor, extremely
mortified at so great an insult, but more so that he could not
punish the author, returned to his palace in rage and vexation.
But what was Prince Feroze-shah's grief at beholding the
Hindu hurrying away with the Princess of Bengal, whom he loved
so passionately He returned to the summer-palace, where he had
last seen the princess, melancholy and broken-hearted.
When he arrived, the captain of the guard, who had learnt
his fatal credulity in believing the artful Hindu, threw himself at
his feet with tears in his eyes, accused himself of the crime which
unintentionally he had committed, and condemned himself to die
by his hand. 'Rise,' said the prince to him; I do not impute
the loss of my princess to thee, but to my own want of precaution.
But not to lose time, fetch me a dervise's habit, and take care you
do not give the least hint that it is for me.'
Not far from this place stood a convent of dervises, the
superior of which was the captain of the guard's particular friend.
From him he readily obtained a complete dervise's habit, and
carried it to Prince Feroze-shah. The prince immediately pulled


off his own dress, put it on, and being so disguised, and provided
with a box of jewels which he had brought as a present to the
princess, left the palace, uncertain which way to go, but resolved
not to return till he had found out his princess, and brought her
back again, or perished in the attempt.
In the meanwhile, the Hindu, mounted on his enchanted

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horse, with the princess behind him, arrived early next morning at
the capital of the kingdom of Cashmere. He did not enter the
city, but alighted in a wood, and left the princess on a grassy spot,
close to a rivulet of fresh water, while he went to seek for food.
On his return, and after he and the princess had partaken of
refreshment, he began to maltreat the princess because she refused


to become his wife. As the princess cried out for help, the Sultan
of Cashmere and his court passed through the wood on their return
from hunting, and hearing a woman's voice ..lil, for help, went
to her rescue.
The sultan, addressing himself to the Hindu, demanded who
he was, and wherefore he ill-treated the lady. The Hindu, with
great impudence, replied that she was his wife, and what had any-
one to do with his quarrel with her.
The princess, who neither knew the rank nor the quality of the
person who came so seasonably to her relief, exclaimed, My lord,
whoever you are whom Heaven has sent to my assistance, have com-
passion on me. I am a princess. This Hindu is a wicked ma-
gician, who has forced me away from the Prince of Persia, to whom
I was going to be married, and has brought me hither on the
enchanted horse you behold there.
The Princess of Bengal had no occasion to say more. Her
beauty, majestic air, and tears, declared that she spoke the truth.
Justly enraged at the insolence of the Hindu, the sultan ordered his
guards to surround him and strike off his head, which sentence was
immediately executed.
The sultan then conducted the princess to his palace, where he
lodged her in a most magnificent apartment, next his own, and com-
manded a great number of women slaves to attend her.
The Princess of Bengal's joy was inexpressible at finding her-
self delivered from the Hindu, of whom she could not think with-
out horror. She flattered herself that the Sultan of Cashmere would
complete his generosity by sending her back to the Prince of Persia
when she should have told him her story, and asked that favour of
him ; but she was much deceived in these hopes; for her deliverer
had resolved to marry her himself the next day, and for that end
had issued a proclamation, commanding the general rejoicing of
the inhabitants of the capital. At the break of day the drums were
beaten, the trumpets sounded, and sounds of joy echoed throughout
the whole palace.
The Princess of Bengal was awakened by these tumultuous
concerts, but attributed them to a very different cause from the true


one. When the Sultan of Cashmere came to wait upon her, after
he had inquired after her health, he acquainted her that all those
rejoicings were to render her nupitals the more solemn, and at the
same time desired her assent to the union. This declaration put
her into such a state of agitation that she fainted away.
The women slaves who were present ran to her assistance,
though it was a long time before they succeeded in bringing her to
herself. But when she recovered, rather than break the promise she
had made to Prince Feroze-shah, by consenting to marry the Sultan
of Cashmere, who had proclaimed their nuptials before he had
asked her consent, she resolved to feign madness. She began to
utter the most extravagant expressions before the sultan, and even
rose off her seat as if to attack him, insomuch that he was greatly
alarmed and afflicted that he had made such a proposal so unseason-
When he found that her frenzy rather increased than abated,
he left her with her women, charging them never to leave her alone,
but to take great care of her. He sent often that day to inquire how
she did, but received no other answer than that she was rather
worse than better.
The Princess of Bengal continued to talk wildly, and showed
other marks of a disordered mind next day and the following, so
that the sultan was induced to send for all the physicians belonging
to his court, to consult them upon her disease, and to ask if they
could cure her.
Various physicians arrived from all parts, and tried their skill;
but none could boast of success.
During this interval, Feroze-shah, disguised in the habit of a
dervise, travelled through many provinces and towns, involved in
grief, and making diligent inquiry after his lost princess at every
place he came to. At last, passing through a city of Hindustan,
he heard the people talk much of a Princess of Bengal, who had
become mad on the day of the intended celebration of her nuptials
with the Sultan of Cashmere. At the name of the Princess of
Bengal, and supposing that there could exist no other Princess of
Bengal than her upon whose account he had undertaken his travels,


he hastened towards the kingdom of Cashmere, and, upon his
arrival at the capital, took up his lodging at a khan, where, the
same day, he was informed of the story of the princess and the
fate of the Hindu magician. The prince was convinced that he
had at last found the beloved object he had sought so long.
Being informed of all these particulars, he provided himself
with a physician's habit, and his beard having grown long during
his travels, he passed the more easily for the character he assumed.
He went boldly to the palace, and announced his wish to be
allowed to undertake the cure of the princess to the chief of the
Some time had elapsed since any physician had offered him-
self; and the Sultan of Cashmere with great grief had begun to lose
all hope of ever seeing the princess restored to health, though he
still wished to marry her. He at once ordered the officer to intro-
duce the physician he had announced. The Prince of Persia being
admitted to an audience, the sultan told him the Princess of Bengal
could not bear the sight of a physician without falling into most
violent transports, which increased her malady ; and conducted him
into a closet, from whence, through a lattice, he might see her
without being observed. There Feroze-shah beheld his lovely
princess sitting melancholily, with tears in her eyes, and singing an
air in which she deplored her unhappy fate, which had deprived
her, perhaps for ever, of the object she loved so tenderly ; and the
sight made him more resolute in his hope of effecting her cure.
On his leaving the closet, he told the sultan that he had discovered
the nature of the princess's complaint, and that she was not in-
curable ; but added withal that he must speak with her in private
and alone, as, notwithstanding her violent agitation at the sight of
physicians, he hoped she would hear and receive him favourably.
The sultan ordered the princess's chamber door to be opened,
and Feroze-shah went in. As soon as the princess saw him (taking
him by his habit to be a physician), she resorted to her old practice
of meeting her physicians with threats and indications of attacking
them. He made directly towards her, and when he was nigh
enough for her to hear him, and no one else, said to her, in a low


voice, Princess, I am not a physician, but the Prince of Persia,
and am come to procure you your liberty.'
The princess, who knew the sound of the voice, and recognized
his face, notwithstanding he had let his beard grow so long, grew
calm at once, and felt a secret joy in seeing so unexpectedly the
prince she loved. The princess informed him of all that had hap-
pened, and that she had feigned to be mad that she might so pre-
serve herself for a prince to whom she had given her heart and
faith, and not marry the sultan, whom she neither loved nor could
ever love.
Tne Prince of Persia then asked her if she knew what became
of the horse, after the death of the Hindu magician. To which
she answered that she knew not what orders the sultan had given;
but supposed, after the account she had given him of it, he would
take care of it as a curiosity. As Ferose-shah never doubted but
that the sultan had the horse, he communicated to the princess his
design of making use of it to convey them both into Persia ; and
after they had consulted together on the measures they should take,
they agreed that the princess should next day receive the sultan.
The Sultan of Cashmere was overjoyed when the Prince of Persia
stated to him what effect his first visit had had toward the cure of
the princess. On the following day, when the princess received him
in such a manner as persuaded him her cure was far advanced, he
regarded the prince as the greatest physician in the world, and ex-
horted the princess carefully to follow the directions of so skilful a
physician, and then retired. The Prince of Persia, who attended
the Sultan of Cashmere on his visit to the princess, inquired of him
how the Princess of Bengal came into the dominions of Cashmere
thus alone, since her own country was far distant.
The sultan at once informed him of what the princess had re-
lated, when he had delivered her from the Hindu magician;
adding, that he had ordered the enchanted horse to be kept safe in
his treasury as a great curiosity, though he knew not the use of it.
'Sire,' replied the pretended physician, 'the information
which your majesty has given your devoted slave affords me a means
of curing the princess. As she was brought hither on this horse,


and the horse is enchanted, she hath contracted something of the
enchantment, which can be dissipated only by a certain incense
which I am acquainted with. If your majesty would entertain
yourself, your court, and the people of your capital, with the most sur-
prising sight that ever was beheld, let the horse be brought to-morrow
into the great square before the palace, and leave the rest to me. I
promise to show you, and all that assembly, in a few moments'


time, the Princess of Bengal completely restored in body and mind.
But the better to effect what I propose, it will be requisite that the
princess should be dressed as magnificently as possible, and adorned
with the most valuable jewels in your treasury.'
The sultan would have undertaken much more difficult things
to have secured his marriage with the princess, which he expected
soon to accomplish.
The next day the enchanted horse was, by his order, taken out of


the treasury, and placed early in the great square before the palace.
A report was spread through the town that there was something ex-
traordinary to be seen, and crowds of people flocked thither from
all parts, insomuch that the sultan's guards were placed to prevent
disorder, and to keep space enough round the horse.
The Sultan of Cashmere, surrounded by all his nobles and min-
isters of state, was placed in a gallery erected on purpose. The
Princess of Bengal, attended by a number of ladies whom the sultan
had assigned her, went up to the enchanted horse, and the women
helped her to mount. When she was fixed in the saddle, and had
the bridle in her hand, the pretended physician placed round the
horse at a proper distance many vessels full of lighted charcoal,
which he had ordered to be brought, and going round them with a
solemn pace, cast in handfuls of incense, then with downcast eyes,
and his hands upon his breast, he ran three times about the horse,
making as if he pronounced some mystical words. The moment
the pots sent forth a dark cloud of smoke-accompanied with a
pleasant smell, which so surrounded the princess that neither she
nor the horse could be discerned-watching his opportunity, the
prince jumped nimbly up behind her, and reaching his hand to the
peg, turned it; and just as the horse rose with them into the air,
he pronounced these words, which the sultan heard distinctly,
'Sultan of Cashmere, when you would marry princesses who implore
your protection, learn first to obtain their consent.'
Thus the prince delivered the Princess of Bengal, and carried
her the same day to the capital of Persia, where he alighted in the
square of the palace, before the emperor his father's apartment,
who deferred the solemnisation of the marriage no longer than till
he could make the preparations necessary to render the ceremony
pompous and magnificent, and evince the interest he took in it.
After the days appointed for the rejoicings were over, the
Emperor of Persia's first care was to name and appoint an ambas-
sador to go to the Rajah of Bengal with an account of what had
passed, and to demand his approbation and ratification of the
alliance contracted by this marriage; which the Rajah of Bengal
took as an honour, and granted with great pleasure and satisfaction.

S* _

__ -- 1 -. ,,
--- --



There once lived, in one of the large and rich cities of China,
a tailor, named Mustapha. He was very poor. He could hardly,
by his daily labour, maintain himself and his family, which con-
sisted only of his wife and a son.
His son, who was called Aladdin, was a very careless and idle
fellow. He was disobedient to his father and mother, and would
go out early in the morning and stay out all day, playing in the
streets and public places with idle children of his own age.
When he was old enough to learn a trade, his father took him
into his own shop, and taught him how to use his needle; but all
his father's endeavours to keep him to his work were vain, for no
sooner was his back turned than he was gone for that day. Mus-
tapha chastised him; but Aladdin was incorrigible, and his father,
to his great grief, was forced to abandon him to his idleness, and
was so much troubled about him that he fell sick and died in a few
Aladdin, who was now no longer restrained by the fear of a
father, gave himself entirely over to his idle habits, and was never
out of the streets from his companions. This course he followed
till he was fifteen years old, without giving his mind to any useful
pursuit, or the least reflection on what would become of him. As
he was one day playing, according to custom, in the street with his
evil associates, a stranger passing by stood to observe him.
This stranger was a sorcerer, known as the African magician,
as he had been but two days arrived from Africa, his native
The African magician, observing in Aladdin's countenance
something which assured him that he was a fit boy for his purpose,
inquired his name and history of some of his companions; and when


he had learnt all he desired to know, went up to him, and, taking him
aside from his comrades, said, Child, was not your father called
Mustapha the tailor?' Yes, sir,' answered the boy ; but he has
been dead a long time.'
At these words the African magician threw his arms about
Aladdin's neck, and kissed him several times, with tears in his
eyes, and said, 'I am your uncle. Your worthy father was my
own brother. I knew you at first sight; you are so like him.'
Then he gave Aladdin a handful of small money, saying, Go, my
son, to your.mother, give my love to her, and tell her that I will
visit her to-morrow, that I may see where my good brother lived
so long, and ended his days.'
Aladdin showed the African magician the house, and carried
the money to his mother, who went out and bought provisions;
and, considering she wanted various utensils, borrowed them of her
neighbours. She spent the whole day in preparing the supper;
and at night, when it was ready, said to her son, Perhaps the
stranger knows not how to find our house; go and bring him, if
you meet with him.'
Aladdin was just ready to go, when the magician knocked at
the door, and came in loaded with wine and all sorts of fruits,
which he brought for a dessert. After he had given what he
brought into Aladdin's hands, he saluted his mother, and desired
her to show him the place where his brother Mustapha used to sit
on the sofa; and when she had done so, he fell down and kissed it
several times, crying out, with tears in his eyes, My poor brother !
how unhappy am I, not to have come soon enough to give you one
last embrace!' Aladdin's mother desired him to sit down in the
same place, but he declined.
No,' said he, I shall not do that ; but give me leave to sit
opposite to it, that, although I see not the master of a family so
dear to me, I may at least behold the place where he used to sit.'
The African magician, perceiving that the widow wept at the
remembrance of her husband, changed the conversation, and turn-
ing towards her son, asked him, What business do you follow?
Are you of any trade?'


At this question the youth hung down his head, and was not a
little abashed when his mother answered, 'Aladdin is an idle fellow.


His father, when alive, strove all he could to teach him his trade,
but could not succeed; and since his death, notwithstanding all I
can say to him, he does nothing but idle away his time in the streets,


as you saw him, without considering he is no longer a child ; and if
you do not make him ashamed of it, I despair of his ever coming
to any good.
After these words Aladdin's mother burst into tears ; and the
magician said, This is not well, nephew; you must think of help-
ing yourself, and getting your livelihood. There are many sorts of
trades. Perhaps you do not like your father's, and would prefer
another; I will endeavour to help you. I will take a shop for you,
furnish it with all sorts of fine stuffs and linens, and then with the
money you make of them you can lay in fresh goods, and live in
an honourable way.
This plan just suited Aladdin, who hated work. He told the
magician he had a greater inclination to that business than to any
other, and that he should be much obliged to him for his kindness.
' Well, then,' said the African magician, '1 will carry you with me
to-morrow, clothe you as handsomely as the best merchants in the
city, and afterwards we will open a shop as I mentioned.'
The widow, after his promises of kindness to her son, no
longer doubted that the magican was her husband's brother. She
thanked him for his good intentions; and after having exhorted
Aladdin to render himself -worthy of his uncle's favour, served up
supper, at which they talked of several different matters ; and then
the magician took his leave and retired.
He came again the next day, as he had promised, and took
Aladdin with him to a merchant, who sold all sorts of clothes for
different ages and ranks ready made, and a variety of fine stuffs, and
bade Aladdin choose those he preferred, which he paid for.
Early the next morning, the magician called again for Aladdin,
and said he would take him to spend that clay in the country, and
on the next he would purchase the shop. He then led him out at
one of the gates of the city, to some magnificent palaces, to each
of which belonged beautiful gardens, into which anybody might
enter. At every building he came to, he asked Aladdin if he did
not think it fine ; and the youth was ready to answer, when anyone
presented itself, crying out, Here is a filer house, uncle, than any
we have yet seen '


By this means the African magician drew Aladdin insensibly be-
yond the gardens, and crossed the country till they nearly reached
the mountains.
At last they arrived between two mountains of moderate height,
and equal size, divided by a narrow valley, which was the place
where the magician intended to execute the design that had brought
him from Africa to China. We will go no farther now,' said he
to Aladdin ; I will show you here some extraordinary things, which,
when you have seen, you will thank me for ; but while I strike a light,
gather up all the loose dry sticks you can see, to kindle a fire with.'
Aladdin found so many dried sticks that he soon collected a
great heap. The magician presently set them on fire; and when
they were in a blaze, threw in some incense, pronouncing several
magical words which Aladdin did not understand.
He had scarcely done so when the earth opened just before the
magician, and discovered a stone with a brass ring fixed in it. Alad-
din was so frightened that he would have run away, but the magician
caught hold of him, and gave him such a box on the ear that he
knocked him down. Aladdin got up trembling, and, with tears in
his eyes, said to the magician, '\\hat have I done, uncle, to be
treated in this severe manner?' 'I am your uncle,' answered the
magician; I supply the place of your father, and you ought to
make no reply. But, child,' added he, ..i. ',.... 'do not be
afraid; for I shall not ask anything of you, but that you obey me
punctually, if you would reap the advantages which I intend you.
Know, then, that under this stone there is hidden a treasure,
destined to be yours, and which will make you richer than the
greatest monarch in the world. No person but yoursclfis permitted
to lift this stone, or enter the cave ; so you must punctually execute
what I may command, for it is a matter of great consequence both
to you and me.'
Aladdin, amazed at all he saw and heard, forgot what was
past, and, rising, said, 'Well, uncle, what is to be done? Com-
mand me, I am ready to obey.' 'I am overjoyed, child,' said the
African magician, embracing him. Take hold of the ring, and


lift up that stone.' Aladdin did as the magician bade him, raised
the stone with ease, and laid it on one side.
When the stone was pulled up, there appeared a staircase about
three or four feet deep, leading to a door. Descend, my son,'
said the African magician, 'those steps,' and open that door. It
will lead you into a palace, divided into three great halls. In each
of these you will see four large brass cisterns placed on each side,
full of gold and silver; but take care you do not meddle with them.
Before you enter the first hall, be sure to tuck up your
robe, wrap it about you, and then pass through the second into the
third without stopping. Above all things, have a care that you do
not touch the walls, so much as with your clothes ; for if you do,
you will die instantly. At the end of the third hall, you will find
a door which opens into a garden, planted with fine trees loaded
with fruit. Walk directly across the garden to a terrace, where you
will see a niche before you, and in that niche a lighted lamp. Take
the lamp down, and put it out. When you have thrown away the
wick and poured out the liquor, put it in your waistband and bring
it to me.
After these words the magician drew a ring off his finger, and
put it on one of Aladdin's, saying, It is a talisman against all evil,
so long as you obey me. Go, therefore, boldly, and we shall both
be rich all our lives.'
Aladdin descended the steps, and, opening the door, found the
three halls just as the African magician had described. He went
through them with all the precaution the fear of death could inspire,
crossed the garden without stopping, took down the lamp from the
niche, threw out the wick and the liquor, and, as the magician had
desired, put it in his waistband. But as he came down from the
terrace, he stopped in the garden to observe the trees, which were
loaded with extraordinary fruit, of different colours on each tree.
The white were pearls ; the clear and transparent, diamonds; the
deep red, rubies; the paler, ballas rubies; the green, emeralds;
the blue, turquoises; the purple, amethysts; and the yellow, sap-
phires. Aladdin resolved to gather some of every sort. Having
filled the two new purses his uncle had bought for him with his



clothes, he wrapped some up in the skirts of his vest, and crammed
his bosom as full as it could hold.
Aladdin, having ihus loaded himself with riches of which h(
knew not the value, returned through the halls with the utmost
precaution, and soon arrived at the mouth of the cave, where the
African magician awaited him with the utmost impatience. As soon
as Aladdin saw him, he cried out, 'Pray, uncle, lend me your hand,
to help me out.' Give me the lamp first,' replied the magician; it
will be troublesome to you.' Indeed, uncle,' answered Aladdin, I
cannot now, but 1 will as soon as I am up.' The African magician,
provoked at this obstinate refusal, flew into a passion, threw a little
of his incense into the fire, and pronounced two magical words,
when the stone which had closed the mouth of the staircase moved
into its place, with the earth over it in the same manner as it lay at
the arrival of the magician and Aladdin.
Aladdin being suddenly enveloped in darkness, cried, and
called out to his uncle to tell him he was ready to give him the
lamp; but in vain, since his cries could not be heard. In this
great emergency he said, There is no strength or power but in the
great and high God;' and in joining his hands to pray he rubbed
the ring which the magician had put on his finger. Immediately a
genie of frightful aspect appeared, and said, What wouldst thou
have ? I am ready to obey thee. I serve him who possesses the
ring on thy finger ; I and the other slaves of that ring.'
At another time Aladdin would have been frightened at the
sight of so extraordinary a figure, but the danger he was in made
him answer without hesitation, Whoevcr thou art, deliver me from
this place.'
IHe had no sooner spoken these words than he found himself on
the very spot where the magician had last left him, and no sign of
cave or opening, nor disturbance of the earth. Returning God
thanks to find himself once more in the world, he made the best of
his way home. \When he got within his mother's door, the joy to
see her and his weakness for want of sustenance made him so faint
that he remained for a long time as dead. As soon as he recovered
he related to his mother all that had happened to him, and they


were both very vehement in their complaints of the cruel magician.
Aladdin slept very soundly till late the next morning, when the
first thing he said to his mother was that he wanted something to
Alas child,' said she, 'I have not a bit of bread to give
you : you ate up all the provisions I had in the house yesterday;
but I have a little cotton, which I have spun; I will go and sell it,
and buy bread and something for our dinner.'
Mother,' replied Aladdin, keep your cotton for another time,
and give me the lamp I brought home with me yesterday; I will go
and sell it, and the money I shall get for it will serve both for
breakfast and dinner, and perhaps supper too.'
Aladdin's mother took the lamp, and said to her son, Here
it is, but it is very dirty; if it was a little cleaner I believe it would
bring something more.' She took come fine sand and water to clean
it; but had no sooner begun to rnuL ;t than in an instant a hideous
genie of gigantic size appeared before her, and said to her in a voice
of thunder, What wouldst thou have? I am ready to obey thee
as thv slave, I and the other slaves of the lamp.'
Aladdin's mother, terrincd at the sight of the genie, fainted;
when Aladdin, who had seen such a phantom in the cavern,
snatched the lamp out of his mother's hand, and said to the genie
boldly, 'I am hungry; bring me something to eat.' The genie
disappeared immediately, and in an instant returned with a large
silver tray, holding twelve covered dishes of the same metal, which
contained the most delicious viands; six large white bread-cakes
on two plates, two flagons of wine, and two silver cups. All these
he placed upon a carpet, and disappeared ; this was done before
Aladdin's mother recovered from her swoon.
Aladdin had fetched some water, and sprinkled it in her face,
and it was not long before she came to herself. 'Mother,' said
Aladdin, 'be not afraid; get up and eat; here is what will put you
in heart, and at the same time satisfy my extreme hunger.'
Accordingly, both mother and son sat down, and ate with the
better relish as the table was so well furnished. But all the time
Aladdin's mother could not forbear looking at and admiring the


tray and dishes, though she could not judge whether they were
silver or any other metal, and the novelty more than the value
attracted her attention.
When Aladdin's mother had taken away and set by what was
left, she went and sat down by her son on the sofa, saying, I ex-
pect now that you should satisfy my impatience, and tell me


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exactly what passed between the genie and you while I was in a
swoon ;' which he readily complied with.
She was in as great amazement at what her son told her as at
the appearance of the genie; and said to him, But, son, what
have we to do with genies ? I never heard that any of my ac-
quaintance had ever seen one. How came that vile genie to
address himself to me, and not to you, to whom he had appeared
before in the cave?' Mother,' answered Aladdin, the genie you


saw is not the one who appeared to me. If you remember, he that
I first saw called himself the slave of the ring on my finger; and
this you saw called himself the slave of the lamp you had in your
'What !' cried the mother, was your lamp, then, the occasion
of that cursed genie's addressing himself rather to me than to you?
Ah! my son, take it out of my sight, and put it where you please.
I had rather you would sell it than run the hazard of being fright-
ened to death again by touching it.
'With your leave, mother,' replied Aladdin, I shall now
take care how I sell a lamp which may be so serviceable both to
you and me. That false and wicked magician would not have
undertaken so long a journey to secure this wonderful lamp if he
had not known its value to exceed that of gold and silver. And
since we have honestly come by it, let us make a profitable use of
it, without making any great show, and exciting the envy and
jealousy of our neighbours. However, since the genies frighten you
so much, I will take it out of your sight, and put it where I may
find it when I want it. The ring I cannot resolve to part with;
for without that you had never seen me again; and though I am
alive now, perhaps, if it was gone, I might not be so some mo-
ments hence; therefore, I hope you will give me leave to keep it,
and to wear it always on my finger.'
Aladdin's mother replied that he might do what he pleased;
for her part she would have nothing to do with genies, and never
say anything more about them.
By the next night they had eaten all the provisions the genie
had brought; and the next day Aladdin, who could not bear the
thoughts of hunger, putting one of the silver dishes under his vest,
went out early to sell it, and addressing himself to a Jew whom he
met in the streets, took him aside, and pulling out the plate, asked
him if he would buy it. The cunning Jew took the dish, examined
it, and as soon as he found that it was good silver, asked Aladdin
at how much he valued it. Aladdin, who had never been used to
such traffic, told him he would trust to his judgment and honour.
The Jew was somewhat confounded at this plain dealing; and


doubting whether Aladdin understood the material or the full value
of what he offered to sell, took a piece of gold out of his purse and
gave it him, though it was but the sixtieth part of the worth of the
plate. Aladdin, taking the money very eagerly, retired with so
much haste that the Jew, not content with the exorbitancy of his
profit, was vexed he had not penetrated into his ignorance, and
was going to run after him, to endeavor to get some change out of
the piece of gold ; but he ran so fast, and had got so far, that it would
have been impossible for him to overtake him.
Before Aladdin went home he called at a baker's, bought some
cakes of bread, changed his money, and on his return gave the rest
to his mother, who went and purchased provisions enough to last
them some time. After this manner they lived, till Aladdin had
sold the twelve dishes singly, as necessity pressed, to the Jew, for
the same money ; who, after the first time, durst not offer him less
for fear of losing so good a bargain. When he had sold the last
dish he had recourse to the tray, which weighed ten times as much
as the dishes, and after the Jew had examined its weight, he laid
down ten pieces of gold, with which Aladdin was very well
When all the money was spent, Aladdin had recourse again to
the lamp. He took it in his hand, looked for the part where his
mother had rubbed it with the sand, rubbed it also, when the genie
immediately appeared, and said, What wouldst thou have ? I am
ready to obey thee as thy slave, and the slave of all those who have
that lamp in their hands; I and the other slaves of the lamp. I
am hungry,' said Aladdin; bring me something to eat.' The genie
disappeared, and presently returned with a tray, the same number
of covered dishes as before, set them down, and vanished.
As soon as Aladdin found that their provisions were again ex-
pended, he took one of the dishes, and went to look for his Jew
chapman; but passing by a goldsmith's shop, the goldsmith per-
ceiving him, called to him, and said, Mv lad, I imagine that you
have something to sell to the Jew, whom I often see you visit; but
perhaps you do not know that he is the greatest rogue even among
the Jews. T will give you the full worth of what you have to sell,


or I will direct you to other merchants who will not cheat you.'
This offer induced Aladdin to pull his plate from under his
vest and show it to the goldsmith, who took a pair of scales, weighed
the dish, and assured him that his plate would fetch by weight

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sixty pieces of gold, which he offered to pay down i mmediatel.
Aladdin thanked him for his fair dealing, and never after ent
to any other person.
Though Aladdin and his mother had an inexhaustible treasure
in their lamp, and might have had whatever they wished for, yet
i!; their !.amp, and might have t~ad wvha~tever they wished for, yet


they lived with the same frugality as before, and it may easily be
supposed that the money for which Aladdin had sold the dishes and
tray was sufficient to maintain them some time.
During this interval, Aladdin frequented the shops of the prin-
cipal merchants, where they sold cloth of gold and silver, linens,
silk stuffs, and jewelry, and oftentimes joining in their conversation,
acquired a knowledge of the world and a desire to improve himself.
By his acquaintance among the jewellers, he came to know that the
fruits which he had gathered when he took the lamp were, instead
of coloured glass, stones of inestimable value ; but he had the pru-
dence not to mention this to anyone, not even to his mother.
One day as Aladdin was walking about the town, he heard an
order proclaimed, commanding the people to shut up their shops
and houses, and keep within doors, while the Princess Buddir al
Buddoor, the sultan's daughter, went to the bath and returned.
This proclamation inspired Aladdin with an eager desire to
see the princess's face, which he determined to gratify, by placing
himself behind the door of the bath, so that he could not fail to see
her face.
Aladdin had not long concealed himself before the princess
came. She was attended by a great crowd of ladies, slaves and
mutes, who walked on each side and behind her. When she came
within three or four paces of the door of the bath, she took off her
veil, and gave Aladdin an opportunity of a full view of her face.
The princess was a noted beauty; her eyes were large, lively,
and sparkling; her smile bewitching; her nose faultless; her mouth
small; her lips vermilion. It is not therefore surprising that Alad-
din, who had never before seen such a blaze of charms, was dazzled
and enchanted.
After the princess had passed by, and entered the bath, Aladdin
quitted his hiding-place and went home. His mother perceived
him to be more thoughtful and melancholy than usual; and asked
what had happened to make him so, or if he was ill. He then told
his mother all his adventure, and concluded by declaring, I love
the princess more than I can express, and am resolved that I will
ask her in marriage of the sultan.'


Aladdin's mother listened with surprise to what her son told
her; but when he talked of asking the princess in marriage, she
laughed aloud. Alas! child,' said she, what are you thinking
of? You must be mad to talk thus.'
I assure you, mother,' replied Aladdin, that I am not mad,
but in my right senses. I foresaw that you would reproach me with
folly and extravagance; but I must tell you once more, that I am
resolved to demand the princess of the sultan in marriage; nor do
I despair of success. I have the slaves of the Lamp and of the Ring
to help me, and you know how powerful their aid is. And I have
another secret to tell you ; those pieces of glass, which I got from
the trees in the garden of the subterranean palace, are jewels of
inestimable value, and fit for the greatest monarchs. All the
precious stones the jewellers have in Bagdad are not to be compared
to mine for size or beauty ; and I am sure that the offer of them will
secure the favour of the sultan. You have a large porcelain dish
fit to hold them; fetch it, and let us see how they will look, when
we have arranged them according to their different colours.'
Aladdin's mother brought the china dish, when he took the
jewels out of the two purses in which he had kept them, and placed
them in order according to his fancy. But the brightness and lustre
they emitted in the daytime, and the variety of the colours, so
dazzled the eyes both of mother and son, that they were astonished
beyond measure. Aladdin rose before daybreak, awakened his
mother, pressing her to go to the sultan's palace, and to get ad-
mittance, if possible, before the grand vizier, the other viziers, and
the great officers of state went in to take their seats in the divan,
where the sultan always attended in person.
Aladdin's mother took the china dish, in which they had put
the jewels the day before, wrapped it in two fine napkins, and set
forward for the sultan's palace. When she came to the gates, the
grand vizier, the other viziers, and most distinguished lords of the
court were just gone in; but notwithstanding the crowd of people
was great, she got into the divan, a spacious hall, the entrance into
which was very magnificent. She placed herself just before the
sultan, grand vizier, and the great lords, who sat in council on his


right and left hand. Several causes were called, according to their
order, pleaded and adjudged, until the time the divan generally
broke up, when the sultan, rising, returned to his apartment,
attended by the grand vizier ; the other viziers and ministers of
state then retired, as also did all those whose business had called
them thither.
Aladdin's mother, seeing the sultan retire, and all the people
depart, judged rightly that he would not sit again that day, and
resolved to go home.
The next morning she repaired to the sultan's palace with the
present, as early as the day before; but when she came there, she
found the gates of the divan shut. She went six times afterwards
on the days appointed, placed herself always directly before the
sultan, but with as little success as the first morning.
On the sixth day, however, after the divan was broken up,
when the sultan returned to his "own apartment, he said to his grand
vizier; I have for some time observed a certain woman, who
attends constantly every day that I give. audience, w ith something
wrapped up in a napkin ; she always stands up from the beginning to
the breaking up of the audience, and affects to place herself just
before me. If this woman comes to our next audience, do not fail
to call her, that I may-hear what she has to say.'
On the next audience day, when Aladdin's mother went to the
divan, and placed herself in front of the sultan as usual, the grand
vizier immediately called the chief of the mace-bearers, and, point-
ing to her, bade him bring her before the sultan. The old woman
at once followed the mace-bearer, and when she reached the sultan,
bowed her head down to the carpet which covered the platform of
the throne, and remained in that posture till he bade her rise, which
she had no sooner done than he said to her, Good w oman, I have
observed you to stand many days, from the beginning to the rising
of the divan; what business brings you here ?'
After these words, Aladdin's mother prostrated herself a second
time, and, when she arose, said, Monarch of monarchs, I beg of
you to pardon the boldness of my petition, and to assure me of
your pardon and forgiveness.' Well,' replied the sultan, 'I will



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forgive you, be it what it may, and no hurt shall come to you.
Speak boldly.'
When Aladdin's mother had taken all these precautions for fear
of the sultan's anger, she told him faithfully the errand on which
her son had sent her, and the event which led to his making so bold
a request in spite of all her remonstrances.

The sultan hearkened to this discourse without showing the
least anger; but, before he gave her any answer, asked her what
she had brought tied up in the napkin. She took the china dish,
which she had set down at the foot of the throne, untied it, and
presented it to the sultan.
The sultan's amazement and surprise were inexpressible when
he saw so many large, beautiful, and valuable jewels collected in the


dish. He remained for some time lost in admiration. At last,
when he had recovered himself, he received the present from Alad-
din's mother's hand, saying, How rich! how beautiful !' After
he had admired and handled all the jewels one after another, he
turned to his grand vizier, and, showing him the dish, said, Be-
hold admire wonder and confess that your eyes never beheld
jewels so rich and beautiful before !' The vizier was charmed.
' Well,' continued the sultan, what sayest thou to such a present?
Is it not worthy of the princess my daughter ? And ought I not to
bestow her on one who values her at so great a price ?' I cannot
but own,' replied the grand vizier, that the present is worthy of
the princess ; but I beg of your majesty to grant me three months
before you come to a final resolution. I hope before that time my
son, whom you have regarded with your favour, will be able to
make a nobler present than this Aladdin, who is an entire stranger
to your majesty.'
The sultan granted his request, and he said to the old woman,
'Good woman, go home, and tell your son that I agree to the pro-
posal you have made me; but I cannot marry the princess my
daughter for three months. At the expiration of that time come
Aladdin's mother returned home much more gratified than she
had expected, and told her son with much joy the condescending
answer she had received from the sultan's own mouth; and that
she was to come to the divan again that day three months.
On the very day that the three months contained in the sultan's
promise expired, the mother of Aladdin again went to the palace,
and stood in the same place in the divan. The sultan knew her
again, and directed his vizier to have her brought before him.
After having prostrated herself, she made answer, in reply to
the sultan : Sire, I come at the end of three months to ask of you
the fulfilment of the promise you made to my son.' The sultan
little thought the request of Aladdin's mother was made to him in
earnest, or that he would hear any more of the matter. He there-
fore took counsel with his vizier, who suggested that the sultan
should attach such conditions to the marriage that no one in the


humble condition of Aladdin could possibly fulfil. In accordance
with this suggestion of the vizier, the sultan replied to the mother
of Aladdin : 'Good woman, it is true sultans ought to abide by
their word, and I am ready to keep mine, by making your son
happy in marriage with the princess my daughter. But as I cannot
marry her without some further proof of your son being able to
support her in royal state, you may tell him I will fulfil my promise
as soon as he shall send me forty trays of massy gold, full of the
same sort of jewels you have already made me a present of, and
carried by the like number of black slaves, who shall be led by as
many young and handsome white slaves, all dressed magnificently.
Aladdin's mother prostrated herself a second time before the
sultan's throne, and retired. When she came home, she told
Aladdin all the circumstances of her interview with the sultan, and
the conditions on which he consented to the marriage. 'The
sultan expects your answer immediately,' said she; and then
added, laughing, 'I believe he may wait long enough !'
'Not so long, mother, as you imagine,' replied Aladdin.
'This demand is a mere trifle, and will prove no bar to my mar-
riage with the princess. I will prepare at once to satisfy his
Aladdin retired to his own apartment and summoned the genie
of the lamp, and required him to immediately prepare and present
the gift, before the sultan closed his morning audience, according
to the terms in which it had been prescribed. The genie professed
his obedience to the owner of the lamp, and disappeared. WVithin
a very short time, a train of forty black slaves, led by the same
number of white slaves, appeared opposite the house in which
Aladdin lived. Each black slave carried on his head a basin of
massy gold, full of pearls, diamonds, rubies, and emeralds.
Aladdin then addressed his mother: Madam, pray lose no time;
before the sultan and the divan rise, I would have you return to
the palace with this present as the dowry demanded for the prin-
cess, that he may judge by my diligence and exactness of the ardent
and sincere desire I have to procure myself the honour of this


As soon as this magnificent procession, with Aladdin's mother
at its head, had begun to march from Aladdin's house, the whole
city was filled with the crowds of people desirous to see so grand a
sight. The graceful bearing, elegant form, and wonderful likeness
of each slave; their grave walk at an equal distance from each
other, the lustre of their jewelled girdles, and the brilliancy of the
aigrettes of precious stones in their turbans, excited the greatest
admiration in the spectators. As they had to pass through several
streets to the palace, the whole length of the way was lined with
files of spectators.
As the sultan, who had been informed of their approach, had
given orders for them to be admitted, they met with no obstacle,
but went into the divan in regular order, one part turning to the
right, and the other to the left. After they were all entered, and
had formed a semicircle before the sultan's throne, the black slaves
laid the golden trays on the carpet, prostrated themselves, touching
the carpet with their foreheads, and at the same time the white
slaves did the same. When they rose, the black slaves uncovered
the trays, and then all stood with their arms crossed over their
In the meantime, Aladdin's mother advanced to the foot of
the throne, and having prostrated herself, said to the sultan, Sire,
my son knows this present is much below the notice of Princess
Buddir al Buddoor ; but hopes, nevertheless, that your majesty will
accept of it, and make it agreeable to the princess, and with the
greater confidence since he has endeavoured to conform to the con-
ditions you were pleased to impose.'
The sultan, overpowered at the sight of such more than royal
magnificence, replied without hesitation to the words of Aladdin's
mother: Go and tell your son that I wait with open arms to em-
brace him ; and the more haste he makes to come and receive the
princess my daughter from my hands, the greater pleasure he will
do me.' As soon as Aladdin's mother had retired, the sultan put
an end to the audience; and rising from his throne, ordered that
the princess's attendants should come and carry the trays into their
mistress's apartment, whither he. ,ent himself to exaFnine them with


her at his leisure. The fourscore slaves were conducted into the
palace; and the sultan, telling the princess of their magnificent
apparel, ordered them to be brought before her apartment, that she
might see through the lattices he had not exaggerated in his account
of them.
In the meantime Aladdin's mother reached home, and showed
in her air and countenance the good news she brought her son.
' My son,' said she, you may rejoice you are arrived at the height


of your desires. The sultan has declared that you shall marry the
Princess Buddir al Buddoor. He waits for you with impatience.'
Aladdin, enraptured with this news, made his mother very little
reply, but retired to his chamber. There he rubbed his lamp, and
the obedient genie appeared. Genie,' said Aladdin, convey me
at once to a bath, and supply me with the richest and most magnifi-
cent robe ever worn by a monarch.' No sooner were the words
out of his mouth than the genie rendered him as well as himself,
invisible, and transported him into a hummum of the finest marble


of all sorts of colours, where he was undressed, without seeing by
whom, in a magnificent and spacious hall. After he had bathed he
returned into the hall and found, instead of his own poor raiment,
a robe, the magnificence of which astonished him. The genie
helped him to dress, and, when he had done, transported him back
to his own chamber, where he asked him if he had any other com-
mands. 'Yes,' answered Aladdin; 'bring me a charger that sur-
passes in beauty and goodness the best in the sultan's stables, with
a saddle, bridle, and other caparisons to correspond with his value.
Furnish also twenty slaves, as richly clothed as those who carried
the present to the sultan, to walk by my side and follow me, and
twenty more to go before me in two ranks. Besides these, bring
my mother six women slaves to attend her, as richly dressed at least
as any of the Princess Buddir al Buddoor's, each carrying a com-
plete dress fit for any sultaness. I want also ten thousand pieces of
gold in ten purses; go, and make haste.'
As soon as Aladdin had given these orders, the genie disap-
peared, but presently returned with the horse, the forty slaves, ten
of whom carried each a purse containing ten thousand pieces of
gold, and six women slaves, each carrying on her head a different
dress for Aladdin's mother, wrapt up in a piece of silver tissue, and
presented them all to Aladdin.
He presented the six women slaves to his mother, telling her
they were her slaves, and that the dresses they had brought were for
her use. Of the ten purses Aladdin took four, which he gave to his
mother, telling her those were to supply her with necessaries ; the
other six he left in the hands of the slaves who brought them, with
an order to throw them by handfuls among the people as they went
to the sultan's palace. The six slaves who carried the purses he
ordered likewise to march before him, three on the right hand and
three on the left.
When Aladdin had thus prepared himself for his first interview
with the sultan, he dismissed the genie, and immediately mounting
his charger, began his march, and though he never was on horse-
back before appeared with a grace the most experienced horseman
might envy. The innumerable concourse of people through whom


he passed made the air echo with their acclamations, especially every
time the six slaves who carried the purses threw handfuls of gold
among the populace.
On Aladdin's arrival at the palace, the sultan was surprised to
find him more richly and magnificently robed than he had ever
been himself, and was impressed with his good looks and dignity of
manner, which were so different from what he expected in the son
of one so humble as Aladdin's mother. He embraced him with all
the demonstrations of joy, and when he would have fallen at his
feet, held him by the hand, and made him sit near his throne. He
shortly after led him, amidst the sounds of trumpets, hautboys, and
all kinds of music, to a magnificent entertainment, at which the
sultan and Aladdin ate by themselves, and the great lords of the
court, according to their rank and dignity, sat at different tables.
After the feast the sultan sent for the chief cadi, and commanded
him to draw up a contract of marriage between the Princess Buddir
al Buddoor and Aladdin. When the contract had been drawn, the
sultan asked Aladdin if he would stay in the palace and complete
the ceremonies of the marriage that day.
'Sire,' said Aladdin, 'though great is my patience to enter on
the honour granted me by your majesty, yet I beg you to permit me
first to build a palace worthy to receive the princess your daughter.
I pray you grant me sufficient ground near your palace, and I will
have it completed with the utmost expedition.' The sultan granted
Aladdin his request, and again embraced him. After which he took
his leave with as much politeness as if he had been bred up and had
always lived at court.
Aladdin returned home in the order he had come, amidst the
acclamations of the people, who wished him all happiness and
prosperity. As soon as he dismounted, he retired to his own cham-
ber, took the lamp, and summoned the genie as usual, who pro-
fessed his allegiance.
'Genie,' said Aladdin, build me a palace fit to receive the
Princess Buddir al Buddoor. Let its materials be made of nothing
less than pophyry, jasper, agate, lapis-lazula, and the finest marble.
Let its walls be massive gold, and silver bricks laid alternately.


Let each front contain six windows, and let the lattices of these
(except one, which must be left unfinished) be enriched with
diamonds, rubies, and emeralds, so that they shall exceed everything
of the kind ever seen in the world. Let there be an inner and
outer court in front of the palace, and a spacious garden ; but, above
all things, provide a safe treasure-house, and fill it with gold and
silver. Let there be also kitchens and storehouses, stables full of
the finest horses, with their equerries and grooms, and hunting
equipage, officers, attendants, and slaves, both men and women, to
form a retinue .for the princess and myself. Go and execute my
When Aladdin gave these commands to the genie, the sun was
set. The next morning at daybreak the genie presented himself.
and having obtained Aladdin's consent, transported him in a mo
ment to the palace he had made.
When Aladdin had examined every portion of the palace, ana
particularly the hall with the four-and-twenty windows, and found
it to far exceed his fondest expectations, he said, Genie, there is
one thing wanting-a fine carpet for the princess to walk upon from
the sultan's palace to mine. Lay one down immediately.'
The genie disappeared, and Aladdin saw what he desired exe-
cuted in an instant. The genie then returned, and carried him to
his own home.
When the sultan's porters came to open the gates they were
amazed to find what had been an unoccupied garden filled up with
a magnificent palace, and a splendid carpet extending to it all the
way from the sultan's palace. They told the strange tidings to the
grand vizier, who informed the sultan, who exclaimed, It must be
Aladdin's palace, which I gave him leave to build for my daughter.
He has wished to surprise us, and let us see what wonders can be
done in only one night.'
Aladdin, on his being conveyed by the genie to his own home,
requested his mother to go to the Princess Buddir al Buddoor, and
tell her that the palace would be ready for her reception in the
evening. She went, attended by her women slaves, in the same
order as on the preceding day. Shortly after her departure Aladdin,


mounting his horse, and attended by his retinue of magnificent at-

-- ---.---:.--


tendants, left his paternal home for ever, and went to the palace
in the same pomp as on the day before. Nor did he forget to take


with him the Wonderful Lamp, to which he owed all his good for-
tune, nor to wear the Ring which was given him as a talisman.
The sultan entertained Aladdin with the utmost magnificence, and
at night, on the conclusion of the marriage ceremonies, the prin-
cess took leave of the sultan her father. Bands of music led the
procession, followed by a hundred state ushers, and the like num-
ber of black mutes, in two files, with their officers at their head.
Four hundred of the sultan's young pages carried flambeaux on
each side, which, together with the illuminations of the sultan's
and Aladdin's palaces, made it as light as day. In this order the
princess, conveyed in her litter, and accompanied also by Aladdin's
mother, carried in a superb litter and attended by her women
slaves, proceeded on the carpet which was spread from the sultan's
palace to that of Aladdin. On her arrival Aladdin was ready to
receive her at the entrance, and led her into a large hall, illumi-
natcd with an infinite number of wax candles, where a noble feast was
served up. The dishes were of massy gold, and contained the most
delicate viands. The vases, basins, and goblets were gold also,
and of exquisite workmanship, and all the other ornaments and
embellishments of the hall were answerable to this display. The
princess, dazzled to see so much riches collected in one place, said
to Aladdin, I thought, prince, that nothing in the world was so
beautiful as the sultan my father's palace, but the sight of this hall
alone is sufficient to show I was deceived.'
When the supper was ended, there entered a company of
female dancers, who performed, according to the custom of the
country, singing at the same time verses in praise of the bride and
bridegroom. About midnight Aladdin's mother conducted the
bride to the nuptial apartment, and he soon after retired.
The next morning the attendants of Aladdin presented them-
selves to dress him, and brought him another habit, as rich and
magnificent as that worn the day before. He then ordered one of
the horses to be got ready, mounted him, and went in the midst of
a large troop of slaves to the sultan's palace, to entreat him to take
a repast in the princess's palace, attended by his grand vizier and
all his lords of the court. The sultan consented with pleasure,


rose up immediately, and, preceded by the principal officers of his
palace, and followed by all the great lords of his court, accom-
panied Aladdin.
The nearer the sultan approached Aladdin's palace the more
he was struck with its beauty; but when he entered it, came into
the hall, and saw the windows enriched with diamonds, rubies,
emeralds, all large, perfect stones, he was completely surprised,
and said to his son-in-law, This palace is one of the wonders of
the world; for where in all the world besides shall we find walls
built of massy gold and silver, and diamonds, rubies, and emeralds
composing the windows ?'
'What a man you are to do such surprising things always in
the twinkling of an eye there is not your fellow in the world;
the more I know, the more I admire you.'
The sultan returned to the palace, and after this went fre-
quently to the window to contemplate and admire the wonderful
palace of his son-in-law.
Aladdin did not confine himself in his palace, but went with
much state, sometimes to one mosque, and sometimes to another,
to prayers, or to visit the grand vizier, or the principal lords of the
court. Every time he went out, he caused two slaves, who walked
by the side of his horse, to throw handfuls of money among the
people as he passed through the streets and squares. This gener-
osity gained him the love and blessings of the people, and it was
common for them to swear by his head.
Aladdin had conducted himself in this manner several years,
when the African magician, who had for some years dismissed him
from his recollection, determined to inform himself with certainty
whether he perished, as he supposed, in the subterranean cave or
not. After he had resorted to a long course of magic ceremonies,
and had formed a horoscope by which to ascertain Aladdin's fate,
what was his surprise to find the appearances to declare that Alad-
din, instead of dying in the cave, had made his escape, and was
living in royal splendour, by the aid of the genie of the wonderful
lamp !


On the very next day, the magician set out and travelled with
the utmost haste to the capital of China, where, on his arrival, he
took up his lodging in a khan.
He then quickly learnt about the wealth, charities, happiness,
and splendid palace of Prince Aladdin. Directly he saw the
wonderful fabric, he knew that none but the genies, the slaves of
the lamp, could have performed such wonders; and piqued to the
quick at Aladdin's high estate, he returned to the khan.


On his return he had recourse to an operation of geomancy to
find out where the lamp was-whether Aladdin carried it about
with him, or where he left it. The result of his consultation in-
formed him, to his great joy, that the lamp was in the palace.
' Well,' said he, rubbing his hands in glee, I shall have the lamp,
and I shall make Aladdin return to his original mean condition.'
The next day the magician learnt, from the chief superinten-
dent of the khan where he lodged, that Aladdin had gone on a
hunting expedition, which was to last for eight days, of which only


three had expired. The magician wanted to know no more. He
resolved at once on his plans. He went to a coppersmith, and
bought a dozen copper lamps, put them into a basket hanging on
his arm, and went directly to Aladdin's palace. As he approached,
he began crying, Who will change old lamps for new ones?' As
he went along, a crowd of chil-
dren collected, who hooted,
and thought him, as did all --
who chanced to be passing I
by, a madman or a fool, to ----
offer to change new lamps for '
old ones. ''
The African magician re- : r -"
garded not their scoffs, hoot-
ings, or all they could say to r'- '
him, but still continued cry-
ing, Who will change old
lamps for new ones ?' He
repeated this so often, walk-
ing backwards and forwards
in front of the palace, that
the princess, who was then in I ''
the hall with the four-and-
twenty windows, hearing a 'l 5
man cry something, and see- l
ing a great m crowding
about him, sent one of her "
women slaves to know what :
he cried.
The slave returned laugh- EXCHANGING THE TLAMP.
ing so heartily that the prin-
cess rebuked her. 'MNadam,' answered the slave, laughing still,
'who can forbear laughing, to see an old man with a basket on his
arm, full of fine new lamps, asking to change them for old ones !
the children and mob crowding about him so that he can hardly
stir, make all the noise they can in derision of him.'


Another female slave, hearing this, said, Now you speak of
lamps, I know not whether the princess may have observed it, but
there is an old one upon a shelf of the Prince Aladdin's robing-
room, and whoever owns it will not be sorry to find a new one in
its stead. If the princess chooses, she may have the pleasure of
trying if this old man is so silly as to give a new lamp for an old
one, without taking anything for the exchange.'
The princess, who knew not the value of this lamp, and the
interest that Aladdin had to keep it safe, entered into the pleas-
antry, and commanded a slave to take it and make the exchange.
The slave obeyed, went out of the hall, and no sooner got to the
palace gates than he saw the African magician, called to him, and,
showing him the old lamp, said, Give me a new lamp for this.'
The magician never doubted but this was the lamp he wanted.
There could be no other such in this palace, where every utensil
was gold or silver. He snatched it eagerly out of the slave's hand,
and, thrusting it as far as he could into his breast, offered him his
basket, and bade him choose which he liked best. The slave
picked out one, and carried it to the princess; but the change
was no sooner made than the place rung with the shouts of the
children, deriding the magician's folly.
The African magician stayed no longer near the palace, nor
cried any more, New lamps for old ones !' but made the best of
his way to his khan. His end was answered; and by his silence he
got rid of the children and the mob.
As soon as he was out of sight of the two palaces, he walked
till he came to one of the city gates, and pursuing his way through
the suburbs, which were very extensive, at length reached a lonely
spot, where he stopped till the darkness of the night, as the most
suitable time for the design he had in contemplation. When it
became quite dark, he pulled the lamp out of his breast and rubbed
it. At that summons the genie appeared, and said, What wouldst
thou have? I am ready to obey thee as thy slave, and the slave of
all those who have that lamp in their hands ; both I and the other
slaves of the lamp.' I command thee,' replied the magician, to
transport me immediately, and the palace which thou and the other


slaves of the lamp have built in this city, with all the people in it,
to Africa.' The genie made no reply, but, with the assistance of
the other genies, the slaves of the lamp, immediately transported
him and the palace entire to the spot whither he had been desired
to convey it.
Early the next morning when the sultan, according to custom,
went to contemplate and admire Aladdin's palace, his amazement
was unbounded to find that it could nowhere be seen. In his per-
plexity he ordered the grand vizier to be sent for with expedition.
The grand vizier, who in secret bore no goodwill to Aladdin,
intimated his suspicion that the palace was built by magic, and that
Aladdin had made his hunting excursion an excuse for the removal
of his palace with the same suddenness with which it had been
erected. He induced the sultan to send a detachment of his guards,
and to have Aladdin seized as a prisoner of state. On his son-in-
law being brought before him, he would not hear a word from him,
but ordered him to be put to death. The decree caused so much
discontent among the people, whose affection Aladdin had secured
by his largesses and charities, that the sultan, fearful of an insur-
rection, was obliged to grant him his life.
When Aladdin found himself at liberty, he again addressed the
sultan : Sire, I pray you to let me know the crime by which I have
thus lost the favour of thy countenance. 'Your crime,' answered
the sultan, 'wretched man! do you not know it? Follow me,
and I will show you.' The sultan then took Aladdin into the
apartment from whence he was wont to look at and admire his
palace, and said, You ought to know where your palace stood.
Look mind, and tell me what has become of it.' Aladdin did so,
and, being utterly amazed at the loss of his palace, was speechless.
At last, recovering himself, he said, It is true, I do not see the
palace. It is vanished; but I had no concern in its removal. I
beg you to give me forty days, and if in that time I cannot restore
it, I will offer my head to be disposed of at your pleasure.' I give
you the time you ask, but at the end of the forty days forget not to
present yourself before me.'


Aladdin went out of the sultan's palace in a condition of ex-
ceeding humiliation. The lords who had courted him in the days
of his splendour now declined to have any communication with
him. For three days he wandered about the city, exciting the
wonder and compassion of the multitude, by asking everybody he
met if they had seen his palace, or could tell him anything of it.

- -,'' -- .- ------ I

\ ,'7

.'- ,
*.r .. t, .




-~'i- -r------..-

- 17


On the third day he wandered into the country, and, as he was
approaching a river, he fell down the bank with so much violence
that he rubbed the ring which the magician had given him, so hard,
by holding on the rock to save himself, that immediately the same
genie appeared whom he had seen in the cave where the magician
had left him. What wouldst thou have?' said the genie. I am


ready to obey thee as thy slave, and the slave of all those that have
that ring on their finger; both I and the other slaves of the ring.'
Aladdin, agreeably surprised at an offer of help so little ex-
pected, replied, Genie, I command thee, by the power of the ring,
to transport me to the spot where my palace stands, in what part
of the world soever it may be.' These words were no sooner out
of his mouth, than the genie transported him into Africa, to the
midst of a large plain,.where his palace stood, at no great distance
from a city, and, placing him exactly under the window of the
princess's apartment, left him.
Now it so happened that shortly after Aladdin had been trans-
ported by the slave of the ring to the neighbourhood of his palace,
that one of the attendants of the Princess Buddir al Buddoor,
looking through the window, perceived him, and instantly told
her mistress. The princess, who could not believe the joyful tidings,
hastened herself to the window, and, seeing Aladdin, immediately
opened it. The noise of opening the window made Aladdin turn
his head that way, and perceiving the princess, he saluted her
with an air that expressed his joy. To lose no time,' said she to
to him, I have sent to have the private door opened for you.
Enter, and come up.'
The private door, which was just under the princess's apart-
ment, was soon opened, and Aladdin conducted up into the cham-
ber. It is impossible to express the joy of both at seeing each
other after so cruel a separation. After embracing, and shedding
tears of joy, they sat down, and Aladdin said, I beg of you, prin-
cess, to tell me what is become of an old lamp which stood upon a
shelf in my robing-chamber?'
'Alas !' answered the princess, 'I was afraid our misfortune
might be owing to that lamp ; and what grieves me most is, that I
have been the cause of it. I was foolish enough to change the old
lamp for a new one, and the next morning I found myself in this
unknown country, which I am told is Africa.'
'Princess,' said Aladdin, interrupting her, 'you have ex-
plained all by telling me we are in Africa. I desire you only
to tell me if you know where the old lamp now is.' The African


magican carries it carefully wrapt up in his bosom,' said the prin-
cess; and this I can assure you, because he pulled it out before
me, and showed it to me in triumph.'
'Princess,' said Aladdin, I think I have found the means to
deliver you and to regain possession of the lamp, on which all my
prosperity depends. To execute this design it is necessary for me
to go to the town. I shall return by noon, and will then tell you
what must be done by you to ensure success. In the meantime I
shall disguise myself; and I beg that the private door may be
opened at the first knock.'
When Aladdin was out of the palace, he looked around him
on all sides, and perceiving a peasant going into the country,
hastened after him; and when he had overtaken him, made a pro-
posal to him to change clothes, which the man agreed to. When
they had made the exchange, the countryman went about his busi-
ness, and Aladdin entered the neighboring city. After travers-
ing several streets, he came to that part of the town where the mer-
chants and artisans had their particular streets according to their
trades. He went into that of the druggists, and entering one of
the largest and best furnished shops, asked the druggist if he had a
certain powder, which he named.
The druggist, judging Aladdin by his habit to be very poor,
told him he had it, but that it was very dear. Upon which Aladdin
penetrating his thoughts, pulled out his purse, and, showing him some
gold, asked for halfa dram of the powder, which the druggist weighed
and gave him, telling him the price was a piece of gold. Aladdin
put the money into his hand, and hastened to the palace, which he
entered at once by the private door. When he came into the prin-
cess's apartment, he said to her, Princess, you must take your part
in the scheme which I propose for our deliverance. You must over-
come your aversion to the magician, and assume a most friendly
manner towards him, and ask him to oblige you by partaking of an
entertainment in your apartments. Before he leaves ask him to ex-
change cups with you, which he, gratified at the honour you do
him, will gladly do, when you must give him the cup containing this
the powder. On drinking it he will instantly fall asleep, and we will


obtain the lamp, whose slaves will do all our bidding, and restore
us and the palace to the capital of China.'
The princess obeyed to the utmost her husband's instruc-
tions. She assumed a look of pleasure on the next visit of the


magician, and asked him to an entertainment, which he most
willingly accepted. At the close of the evening, during which the
princess had tried all she could to please him, she asked him to
exchange cups with her, and, giving the signal, had the drugged
cup brought to her, which she gave to the magician. He drank it


out of compliment to the princess to the very last drop, when he
fell backwards lifeless on the sofa.
The princess, in anticipation of the success of her scheme, had
so placed her women from the great hall to the foot of the staircase,
that the word was no sooner given that the African magician was
fallen backwards, than the door was opened, and Aladdin admitted
to the hall. The princess rose from her seat, and ran overjoyed to
embrace him; but he stopped her, and said, 'Princess, retire to
your apartment, and let me be left alone, while I endeavour to
transport you back to China as speedily as you were brought from
When the princess, her women, and slaves were gone out of
the hall, Aladdin shut the door, and going directly to the dead
body of the magician, opened his vest, took out the lamp, which
was carefully wrapped up, and rubbing it, the genie immediately
appeared. 'Genie,' said Aladdin, I command thee to transport
this palace instantly to the place from whence it was brought
hither.' The genie bowed his head in token of obedience, and
disappeared. Immediately the palace was transported into China,
and its removal was only felt by two little shocks, the one when it
was lifted up, the other when it was set down, and both in a very
short interval of time.
On the morning after the restoration of Aladdin's palace, the
sultan was looking out of his window, and mourning over the fate
of his daughter, when he thought that he saw the vacancy created
by the disappearance of the palace to be again filled up. On look-
ing more attentively, he was convinced beyond the power of doubt
that it was his son-in-law's palace. He at once ordered a horse to
be saddled, which he mounted that instant, thinking he could not
make haste enough to the palace.
Aladdin rose that morning by daybreak, put on one of the
most magnificent habits his wardrobe afforded, and went up into
the hall of twenty-four windows, from whence he perceived the
sultan approaching, and received him at the foot of the great stair-
case, helping him to dismount.


He led the sultan into the princess's apartment. The happy
father embraced her with tears of joy ; and the princess, on her
side, afforded similar testimonies of her extreme pleasure. After
a short interval devoted to mutual explanations of all that had hap-
pened, the sultan restored Aladdin to his favour, and expressed his
regret for the apparent harshness with which he had treated him.
'My son,' said he, 'be not displeased at my proceedings against
you; they arose from my paternal love, and therefore you ought to
forgive the excesses to which it hurried me.' Sire,' replied Alad-
din, I have not the least reason to complain of your conduct, since
you did nothing but what your duty required. This infamous ma-
gician, the basest of men, was the sole cause of mv misfortune.'
Thus was Aladdin delivered from the persecution of the wicked
magician. Within a few years afterwards the sultan died in a good
old age, and as he left no male children, the Princess Buddir al Bud-
door succeeded him, and she and Aladdin reigned together for
many years, and left a numerous and illustrious posterity.


The Caliph Haroun Alraschid was accustomed to visit the city
of Bagdad in disguise, that he might see himself into the condition
of the people, and hear their reports of his court and government.
On one occasion he and his grand vizier Giafar disguised them-
selves as foreign merchants, and went their way through the differ-
ent parts of the city. As they entered on a bridge which con-
nected together the two parts of the city of Bagdad, divided by
the River Euphrates, they met an old blind man, who asked alms.
The caliph put a piece of gold into his hand, on which the blind
man caught hold of his hand, and stopped him, saying, Sir, pray
forgive me ; I desire you would either give me a box on the ear,
or take your alms back again, for I cannot receive it but on that


condition, without breaking a solemn oath which I have sworn to
God : and if you knew the reason you would agree with me that
the punishment is very slight.


The caliph, unwilling to be detained any longer, yielded to
the importunity of the blind man, and gave him a very slight blow;
whereupon he immediately let him go, thanked and blessed him.


When they came into the town they found in a square a great
crowd of spectators, looking at a young man who was mounted on
a mare, which he drove and urged full speed round the place, spur-
ring and whipping the poor creature so barbarously that she was
all over sweat and blood.
The caliph, amazed at the inhumanity of the rider, stopped
to ask the people if they knew why he used the mare so ill, but
could learn nothing except that for some time past he had every
day, at the same hour, treated her in the same manner.
The caliph, on his way to his palace, observed in a street,
which he had not passed through for a long time, an edifice newly
built, which seemed to him to be the palace of some one of the
great lords of the court. He asked the grand vizier if he knew
to whom it belonged; who answered he did not, but would in-
quire ; and thereupon asked a neighbour, who told him that the
house belonged to one Cogia Hassan, surnamed Alhabbal, on ac-
count of his original trade of rope-making, which he had seen him
at work at himself, when poor; that without knowing how fortune
had favoured him, he supposed he must have acquired great
wealth, as he defrayed honourably and splendidly the expenses
he had been at in building.
The grand vizier rejoined the caliph, and gave him a full ac-
count of what he had heard. I must see this fortunate ropemaker,'
said the caliph, and also this blind beggar, and the young man
who treated the mare so cruelly; therefore go and tell them to
come to my palace.' Accordingly the vizier obeyed.
The next day, after afternoon prayers, the grand vizier intro-
duced the three persons we have been speaking of, and presented
them to the caliph.
They all three prostrated themselves before the throne, and
when they rose up, the caliph asked the blind man his name, who
answered it was Baba Abdalla.
Baba Abdalla,' replied the caliph, 'I ordered you to come
hither to know from yourself why you made the indiscreet oath
you told me of. Tell me freely, for I will know the truth.'


Baba Abdalla cast himself the second time at the foot of the
caliph's throne, -with his face to the ground, and when he rose up,
said, Commander of the Faithful, I most humbly ask your pardon
for my presumption in requiring you to box my ear. As to the ex-
travagance of my action, I own that it must seem strange to man-
kind ; but in the eye of God it is a slight penance for an enormous
crime of which I have been guilty, and for which, if all the people
in the world were each to give me a box on the ear, it would not
be a sufficient atonement.'


Commander of the Faithful, continued Baba Abdalla, I was
born at Bagdad. My father and mother died while I was yet a
youth, and I inherited from them an ample estate. Although so
young, I neglected no opportunity to increase it by my industry.
I soon became rich enough to purchase fourscore camels, which
I let out to merchants, who hired them at a considerable profit
to me, to carry their merchandise from one country to another.
As I was returning one day with my unloaded camels from
Bussorah, whither I had carried some bales that were to be em-
barked for the Indies, I met a dervise, who was -ill ii- to Bus-
sorah. I asked him whence he came, and where he was going ; he
put the same questions to me; and when we had satisfied each
other's curiosity, we produced our provisions and ate together.
During our repast, the dervise told me of a spot not far from
where we sat, in which such immense riches were collected that
if all my fourscore camels were loaded with the gold and jewels that
might be taken from it, they would not be missed.
I was overjoyed at this intelligence.
'You say,' continued the dervise, 'that you have fourscore
camels; I am ready to conduct you to the place where the treasure
lies, and we will load them with as much jewels and gold as they
can carry, on condition that when they are so loaded, you will


let me have one-half, and you be contented with the other; after
which we will separate, and take our camels where we may think
fit. You see there is nothing but what is strictly equitable in this
division ; for if you give me forty camels, you will procure by my
means wherewithal to purchase thousands.
I assented, though with some reluctance, to his proposal. I at
once collected all my camels, and set out with the dervise. After
we had travelled some time, we came to a pass, which was so
narrow that two camels could not go abreast. The two mountains

'"''I' '" *" 1!1 'I!I "I "
,''' !, ,:;- " I I'


which bounded this valley were so high and steep that there was no
fear of our being seen by anybody.
When we came into the valley between these two mountains,
the dervise bade me stop the camels. He proceeded to gather
some sticks, and to light a fire: he then cast some incense into it,
pronouncing certain words which I did not understand, when pres-
ently a thick cloud arose. This soon dispersed, when the rock
forming the side of the valley opened, and exposed to view a mag-
nificent palace in the hollow of the mountain.
So eager was I for the treasures which displayed themselves to
my view, that, like an eagle seizing her prey, I fell upon the first


heap of golden coin that was near me. My sacks were all large,
and I would have filled them all, but I was obliged to proportion
my burden to the strength of my camels. The dervise paid more
attention to the jewels than the gold, and I soon followed his
example, so that we took away much more jewels than gold.
When we had filled our sacks, and loaded our camels, the dervise
used the same incantations to shut the treasury as he had done to
open it, when the doors closed, and the rock seemed as solid and
entire as it was before. I observed, however, that the dervise,
before he went away, took a small vessel out of the cave and put it
into his breast, first showing me that it contained only a glutinous
sort of ointment.
We now divided our camels. I put myself at the head of the
forty which I had reserved for myself, and the dervise placed him-
self at the head of those which I had given him. We came out of
the valley by the way we had entered, and travelled together till we
came to the great road, where we were to part; the dervise to go
to Bussorah, and I to Bagdad. To thank him for so great a kind-
ness, I made use of the most expressive terms, testifying my grati-
tude for the preference he had given me before all other men in
letting me have a share of such riches. We embraced each other
with great joy, and, taking our leave, pursued our different routes.
I had not gone far, following my camels, which paced quietly
on in the track I had put them into, before the demon of ingrati-
tude and envy took possession of my heart, and I deplored the loss
of my other forty, but much more the riches wherewith they were
loaded. 'The dervise,' said I to myself, 'has no occasion for all
this wealth, since he is master of the treasure, and may have as
much as he pleases;' so I determined immediately to take the
camels with their loading from him.
To execute this design, I first stopped my own camels, then ran
after the dervise, and called to him as loud as I could, and made a
sign to him to stop, which he accordingly did.
When I came up to him, I said, 'Brother, I had no sooner
parted from you, but a thought came into my head, which neither
of us had reflected on before. You are a recluse dervise, used to


live in tranquillity, disengaged from all the cares of the world, and
intent only upon serving God. You know not, perhaps, what
trouble you have taken upon yourself to take care of so many
camels. If you would take my advice, you would keep but thirty ;
you will find them sufficiently troublesome to manage. Take my
word; I have had experience.'
I believe you are right,' replied the dervise; 'choose which
ten you please, and take them, and go on in God's keeping.'
I set ten apart, and after I had driven them off, I put them in
the road to follow my others. I could not have imagined that the
dervise would be so easily persuaded to part with his camels, which
increased my covetousness, and made me think that it would be no
hard matter to get ten more : wherefore, instead of thanking him,
I said to him again; Brother, 1 cannot part from you without
desiring you to consider once more how difficult a thing it is to
govern thirty loaded camels, especially for you who are not used to
such work ; you will find it much better to return me as many more
back as you have done already.'
The dervise gave me, without any hesitation, the other ten
camels ; so that he had but twenty left, and I was master of sixty,
and might boast of greater riches than any sovereign prince.
Anyone would have thought I should now have been content; but
the more we have, the more we want; and I became, from my
success, more greedy and desirous of the other twenty camels.
I redoubled my solicitations and importunities to make the der-
vise grant me ten of the twenty, which he did with a good grace;
and as to the other ten he had left, I embraced him, kissed his feet,
caressed and entreated him, so that he gave me these also. Make
a good use of them, brother,' said the dervise, 'and remember that
God can take away riches as well as give them, if we do not assist
the poor, whom He suffers to be in want on purpose that the rich
may do them good.'
I was not yet content, though I had my forty camels again,
and knew they were loaded with an inestimable treasure. A
thought came into my head, that the little box of ointment which
the dervise showed me contained some treasure of inestimable


value, and I determined to obtain it. I had just embraced him
and bade him adieu, when I again returned, and said, That little
box of ointment seems such a trifle, it is not worth your carrying
away. I entreat you to make me a present of it. What occasion
has a dervise, who has renounced the vanities of the world, for
perfumes or scented unguents?'
The dervise pulled it out of his bosom, and, presenting it to
me, said, 'Here, take it, brother, and be content; if I could do
more for you, you needed but to have asked me-I should have
been ready to satisfy you.'
When I had the box in my hand, I opened it, and looking at
the unguent, said, Since you are so good, I am sure you will not
refuse to tell me the use of this ointment.'
The use is very surprising and wonderful,' replied the der-
vise. If you apply a little of it upon the lid of the left eye, you
will see all the treasures contained in the bosom of the earth ; but
if you apply it to the right eyelid, it will make you blind.'
'Take the box,' said I to the dervise, 'and apply some to
my left eyelid; you understand how to do it better than I.' The
dervise had no sooner done so, than I saw immense treasures, and
such prodigious riches, that it is impossible for me to give an account
of them ; but as I was obliged to keep my right eye shut with my
hand, I desired the dervise to apply some of the pomatum to that
I am ready to do it,' said the dervise ; but you must re-
member what I told you, that if you put any of it upon your right
eye, you would immediately be blind ; such is the virtue of the
Far from being persuaded of the truth of what the dervise said,
I imagined, on the contrary, that there was some new mystery,
which he meant to hide from me. Brother,' replied I, smiling,
I see plainly you wish to mislead me; it is not natural that this
ointment should have two such contrary effects.'
'The matter is as I tell you,' replied the dervise. 'You
ought to believe me, for I cannot disguise the truth.'


The dervise made all the resistance possible ; but seeing that I
would take no refusal, he took a little of the ointment, and applied
it to my right eyelid. But, alas I ceased at once to distinguish
anything with either eye, and became blind as you see me now.'
'Ah, dervise !' I exclaimed, in agony, what you forewarned


~~~~ 1~----
I--- -''-~-;
7 ~


me of has proved but too true. I am now sensible what a misfor-
tune I have brought upon myself by my fatal curiosity and insatia-
ble desire of riches ; but you, dear brother,' cried I, addressing
myself to the dervise, who are so charitable and good, among the
many wonderful secrets you are acquainted with, have you not one
to restore to me my sight again ?'

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