Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 List of Illustrations
 About ourselves
 Girls in Japan
 Chinese girls
 Girls of Ceylon
 Indian girls
 Mohammedan girls
 Girl life on the east coast of...
 Girls of West Africa
 American Indian girls
 A motto and a crest
 The Church Missionary Society
 Back Cover

Group Title: Girls and girls : a missionary book.
Title: Girls and girls
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086492/00001
 Material Information
Title: Girls and girls a missionary book
Physical Description: 128 p. : ill. ; 19 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Church Missionary Society ( Publisher )
Gilbert & Rivington ( Printer )
Publisher: Church Missionary Society
Place of Publication: London
Manufacturer: Gilbert and Rivington
Publication Date: 1897
Edition: 2nd ed.
Subject: Girls -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Christian life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
National characteristics -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Missions -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Missionaries -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1897
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086492
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002230324
notis - ALH0674
oclc - 02135555

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter
    Title Page
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Table of Contents
        Page 5
    List of Illustrations
        Page 6
    About ourselves
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Girls in Japan
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Chinese girls
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
    Girls of Ceylon
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
    Indian girls
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
    Mohammedan girls
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
    Girl life on the east coast of Africa
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
    Girls of West Africa
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
    American Indian girls
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
    A motto and a crest
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
    The Church Missionary Society
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text



1 1


rW ~x~~n

0x- -b txoA U O



8 flisieonary! Sook

[Second Edilion]



OME of the girls who read this book
have heard of the Rev. Robert Stewart,
the missionary who was so cruelly
killed in China, with his wife and
several young ladies. Well, two or three years
before that sad massacre, I took a long journey
with Mr. Stewart, to Australia and India
and other lands; and sometimes he spoke in a
particular way which I will describe, and which
will help me to explain to you what the title of
this book, Girls and Girls," means.
Sometimes Mr. Stewart would speak of two
men whom we had perhaps met, and say, Oh,
Mr. A. isn't much of a man, but Mr. B. is a man."
And I remember once his mentioning one of the
ladies who have written this book, and saying,
"Ah, she is a woman!" Now that lady is not
more of a woman really than any other woman,
and Mr. A. was as truly a man as Mr. B.; but
still you can all see that Mr. Stewart's way of
speaking expressed the difference between one and
another better than any number of long adjectives
would have done.


I am sure that all the writers of the ten chapters
of this book want you to know and feel the vast
difference between some girls and other girls,
between Girls" and Girls." As you read of
the down-trodden girls of Africa, or the despised
and ill-treated girls of India, or the girls of China
whose very birth is looked on as a calamity, you
will contrast with them the bright and happy
girls that you know at home, and with yourselves,
and you will say, Yes, indeed, there are Girls
and Girls in the world "
But the day is coming when you will no longer
be able to say that. When the Lord Jesus Christ
reigns over all the world, and all evil is banished
from it for ever, then we shall not talk of Girls
and Girls." No doubt there will be girls then,
and no doubt there will be a beautiful variety
among them; but they will all be alike in one
respect-they will all be like Christ."
And we want every girl who reads this book to
do two things. First, to give herself to Jesus
Christ, body, soul, and spirit; to say to Him,
" Behold the handmaid of the Lord Then we
shall be able to say of her, She is a Girl! "
Secondly, to think of those other girls, to whom
this book introduces her ; to care for them, to pray
for them, to work for them; and-some of you,
whom the Lord shall choose-to go forth into their
dark lands and win them for Christ.
March, 1896.








By Miss M. BAZETT 80






A Palanquin in Africa; Cross-
ing the Desert .
A Japanese Jinriksha; Chair
Travelling in China ; Ele-
phant Riding in India
Japanese Mother and Child
Greeting in Japan.
A Model Japanese House
Socks and Shoes
Women at Work .
A Chinese Girl
Girl with Dumb-bells
Tiny Feet of a Chinese Girl
Classical Chinese .
Porch of a Confucian Temple
Colombo Harbour
A Singhalese Girl.
Adam's Peak
A Country Church, Ceylon
Group of Indian Girls .
Burning the Dead in India
Teaching in an Indian Zenana
Egyptian Woman and Child
on Mule .

View of Cairo, Egypt 72
A Moslem Woman 73
An Egyptian Shop 77
Mombasa Huts and C.M.S.
Ladies' House So
Iigh Class Girl from Zan-
zibar Si
Mohammedan Girls at Mom-
basa 84
Main Street, Mombasa. .89
View of Sierra Leone 92
Abeokuta School Children 93
"Annie Walsh" School 97
Market Place, Waterloo,
Sierra Leone 100
Working-class Women. 101
An Indian Summer Encamp-
ment 104
A Winter Home 109
An Indian Chief 112
" Chessmen 116
Girls and Girls 121
Miscellaneous 7, 12, 24, 25.
103, 1i3



BY Miss A. E. BATTY.

book all about
Sr girls ? What an
odd notion "
Some such re-
mark as this will
probably be made
many times over
when our little
book, with its
cover crowded with bright girl-faces, first
catches the critical eye of a newcomer. The
wording of the comment will vary, of course,
according to the personality of the speaker;
we, who have schoolboy brothers, for instance,
can imagine the fine scorn with which they will

Preparation for our Journey.

regard this particular missionary book. Never
mind; just such another book has been prepared
for them, all about boys, so they had better be
careful what they say about ours !
But now may we be serious for a few moments,
and have a little talk together, a kind of aunt-
and-niece talk, here in England, before we go to
pay a thought-visit to our sisters (remember that
word!) in distant lands? For we want our
journey to be really helpful both to ourselves and
to them, and if this is to be so, we must set out
I upon it with pre-
J c. {*" pared hearts and
A minds. God Him-
%ln.n < self must prepare us.
-'-,- $:'A Dear girls, if you
.,/ ,-' r are indeed His chil-
&.h f dren, not in name
f only, but in that
close and tender relation-
S/ ship which can only be
entered into through the
knowledge of His dear
Son as a living, personal
Saviour, He will have
Much to say to you about
o .,,' these sisters of yours.
D-)"t' :. Many of them praise

Dark Ignorance. 9

holy bonds as yourself, and
,a doube s e, by c n '
1:1 J-- nne -= J .VSL ., ". -;II:- "

and by grace, and many,
be to His Nam!e are
united to Him by the same
holy bonds as yourself, and
are therefore your sisters in
a double sense, by creation give u, b Hi
and by grace, and many, ,./;
many more, alas! are still g ifts a w r ti
in deep, dark ignorance ofeyes which se
Him and of the wonderful and yet so unli
salvation He has wrought /JiS- Il'l,
out for them.
Shall we, then, ask Him to give us, by His
Holy Spirit, two special gifts as we read this
book? First, open eyes; eyes which see the
needs of these girls, so like and yet so unlike
ourselves, as He sees them. Oh, may none of us
be like those pleasure-seeking travellers in Heathen
and Mohammedan lands, who come home laden
with idols and other relics, and full of the curious
and brilliant ceremonies they have witnessed in
temples set apart for false and unholy worship,
but with hearts utterly untouched by the awful

Joy and Sorrow.

soul-needs of the worshippers. It will be quite
possible to read this book in the same spirit. I
can easily imagine a girl who is living a careless,
self-pleasing life being really interested in these
bright descriptions of girl-life in strange countries,
and I can imagine her, too, closing the little
volume as she would any story-book, with no
more compassion for the sorrows of these
immortal souls than she would have for those of
an imaginary heroine-perhaps not so much!
How different it will be with the girl whose
spiritual vision has been enlightened and trained
by God the Holy Ghost. She will rejoice with
Christ's own joy over each dear girl mentioned in
these pages as having been brought "from dark-
ness to light, and from the power of Satan unto
God." She will sorrow with His own compassion
over the dreary, loveless, because Christless,
lives of the vast majority of her Heathen and
Mohammedan sisters; and she will definitely give
herself into His Hands to be used in any way that
He chooses, to bring light and help to them.
This leads us to our second subject for prayer;
that the Holy Spirit may give us open ears during
our missionary journey. There are many people
who read about the needs of God's great world
and profess to sorrow over them, but they never
get any further Why is this ? It is because,

" Shame upon them "

while their eyes are opened to see the need, their
ears are not opened to hear the cry of the needy
ones, and God's personal call to themselves to go
or send to their aid.
Let me illustrate my meaning by a true story.
Some time ago a little child was drowning in a
small pond in one of our great public parks. It
was but a shallow piece of water, and any man or
woman could have rescued the little one at no
greater cost than a wetting. Yet that child was
allowed to drown before the eyes of several
spectators ; all horrified, but all waiting for some-
body else to perform the small act of self-sacrifice
necessary to save him from a watery grave. You
see, they knew the child's need, but they did not
recognize their personal call to go to his rescue.
"Shame upon them!" say we. Yes; but let us
beware of imitating them as we take this
imaginary journey through Satan's strongholds.
The cry of our sisters and the Voice of God
appeal to us, directly or indirectly, in every
chapter. Shall they fall on unheeding ears ?
I will not enter now into the subject of your
response to the twofold appeal; you will find this
very fully discussed in the closing chapter. But
I must remind you, dear girls, that this book will
not fulfil the purpose for which we, at this great
missionary centre, are sending it forth; it will

Open Eyes and Ears.

not (and this is of infinitely greater importance)
fulfil the purpose for which, as we humbly believe,
God has caused it to be written, unless it comes
to you as a living and not a dead message, unless
the forms of living girls, with souls to be saved
and lives to be elevated, rise up before you from
the cold print, causing your heart to go out to
them in Christlike love and longing.
Well, we must close our talk now, and start
upon our long journey. And may God give us
the open eyes and ears forlwhich=we have prayed!

An A musing Request.




ENSEI,'lromise me youlwill say, No."
This was the urgent entreaty of one
of my girl helpers when she came
to me one day to announce two
visitors, who had come to make a request about
herself. English girls will be amused to hear
what the request was.
They had come to make an offer of marriage
for this girl on behalf of a young fellow who, on
inquiry, I found had never spoken to her, and
seen her-just once! Proposals for marriage in
Japan are usually made in this way by a "go-
between to the parents or guardian, and the girl
herself, of course, has no say in the matter.
If I tell you a little about a girl's life in Japan,
and then about her life after marriage, you will

1 Teacher.

Child-life in Japan.

) I'

Japanese Mother and Child.

easily', understandvwhy my young friend said so
emphatically, Please say, No."
As small children they have a very good time

[apanese Education.

of it. Japan is called the Paradise of Babies:
their parents pet and spoil them, and generally
give them everything they cry for. The one
training that is begun at the earliest age possible,
in the case of upper-class children, is training
in etiquette, and this is continued as a regular
branch of their school education, in which are in-
cluded the accomplishments of arranging flowers
and making ceremonial tea (a specially prepared
infusion served on grand occasions). But the last
few years have seen a wonderful advance in the
education of women. In addition to the study of
the literature and history of their own country
and of China, for which the knowledge of three
or four thousand Chinese characters is necessary,
they study elementary science and mathematics,
English, music, and singing. Add to all this
the fact that the spoken and written languages
of Japan are perfectly distinct, and that there is
again a distinct epistolary language in which all
educated people must write their letters, and you
will see that a Japarnee girl's education is com-
I spent two out of my five happy years in
Japan in our mission-school in Osaka. There
was a good staff of Japanese teachers, and we
taught English subjects and music; but of course
to our minds the raison d"ttre of it all was the

Work in a Mission-sc/zool.

daily Bible-class. It was interesting to go from
one class-room to another and hear the different
lessons being taught. In one room it would be a
class for new girls, fresh from heathen homes,
and there would be a lesson going on about God,
the Creator of all worlds and nations, perhaps
using Line upon Line (a Japanese translation)
as a text-book; then in another there would be
an advanced Lesson on Scripture History or
Christian Evidences. Ah girls, Christian Evi-
dences have a living, very practical interest out
there. These girls will be called upon to defend
their faith many and many a time to unbelieving,
often scornful relations and friends, and they need
to be able to give, in no uncertain words, a reason
for the hope that is in them. Still, the evidence
that will always tell the most is the evidence of
their transformed lives and tempers; and if you
could only see some of the transformations that
those living with them have seen, as they have
given themselves up to follow Christ, I think you
could not help feeling that mission-schools are
doing a very real work.
Japanese girls rival English ones in their eager-
ness about examinations. At the end of term one
sees them going about with pale, absorbed faces
and a distracted air, and various little requests-
not unfamiliar to schoolmistresses at home-are

Good Reasons !

Greeting in Japan. (See page 19.)

sent in from one and another. May she be
excused going for the walk to-day," or may she
stay up later, to look up a subject." There are
other girls, also, who are sure to have a very bad
headache, or a relation at home ill, to whom they
must return at once, or some other very good
reason why they cannot possibly go in for the
examination; but probably this is an idiosyncrasy
peculiar to Japanese girls.
So far as I have seen and known it, their school

How to Pay a Call.

life is a free and happy one, but you will re-
member that there is the one great difference
between these mission-schools and the large
Buddhist or government schools, in which the
rising generation for the most part are educated.
It soon speaks for itself. A teacher, who came
from another school, said, "This is all so
different, the whole atmosphere of this school is
Now picture the change when a girl is taken
away from a life like this, with all its interests and
friendship, to maimed life under the old regime.
I remember suddenly losing one of my music
pupils and hearing she had been taken away to
be married. A few months later we went to call
,,s ut, ,,on her. I must
4- tell you how to
I-I wpay a call in
A Japan.
On arriving
at the house, as
there is no bell
or knocker, you
draw one of the
[K sliding paper
W walls a little
way open, and
A Model Japanese House. call out "Gomen

Everything g "Ihonourale "!

Socks and Shoes.
nasai ".(excuse me), or some other polite formula,
by way of announcing yourself. Either the lady
of the house or a servant will appear and ask you
to go in. Take off your shoes before entering
(to forget that would be a fatal mistake, you
would never be asked back again !), and having
got inside the room-only just inside, it would-be
most forward to walk boldly in as we do-instantly
subside into the humble position of sitting on
your heels, and then proceed to make your bows
(see picture on page 17).
These must be slow and elaborate-hands
placed on the mats in front of you, and then bow
over them till your forehead touches them. As
you slowly raise your head, murmur some polite
speech each time, an inquiry after your hostess'
honourable cold, if she happens to have one,-and
everything belonging to your friend is honourable,
that must not be forgotten-a remark about the
weather, an apology for having been so rude the
last time you met. This does not necessarily
B 2

20 Curious and Awkward !

mean that you are conscious of having really
done anything rude, but, in our case, one is
always quite safe in apologizing, for one is sure
to have committed some breach of etiquette!
Tea and cakes are soon produced. The tea is
served in tiny cups without handles, and no milk
and sugar. If you do not eat the cakes and
sweets put down in front of you at the time, you
are expected to fold them up in paper and take
them away with you. This is more awkward for
us, as we have not long hanging sleeves for
pockets which will hold any number of little
At first it seemed very strange to greet one's
friends with nothing but these ceremonial bows,
and I once watched anxiously to see the meeting
between one of our girls and her mother, who
had not met for some months, thinking they
could not be satisfied with that; but still it was
only a bow! However, one gets accustomed
to it.
Now I must go on with our call on our bride.
Poor child, her husband was a rich man, and the
mother-in-law head of the establishment, so she
had no responsibility and no occupation beyond
reading the newspaper for hours together to her
husband, and serving tea to his guests. (It is not
afternoon tea in Japan, but tea all day long!)

The Working-classes,

She did not even know what the road in which
their house stood was like, for she had only been
out once or twice since she was married, and was
never allowed even into the garden without her
mother-in-law's chaperonage.
In the middle and working classes women are
far better off, for they have the household work
to do, and a life even of drudgery is surely better
than an empty existence. But the higher you go
in the social scale the more colourless does a
woman's life become. A girl is just waking up
to find she has hitherto unsuspected powers and
sensibilities, but they are sternly repressed, and
the little bird with wings to soar, is shut up in a
gilded cage.
Still we must remember
how often "gain means
pain." This is a transition
time in Japan, and it is in
the upper classes /- A.

Women at Work.

22 Difference in Christian Homes.

that these changes work most slowly. It is
recognized that with the influx of Western civiliza-
tion and Western thought, a wife can no longer be
regarded simply as a part of her husband's goods
and chattels, and I once heard that a gentleman
in Tokio allowed his wife to walk beside him
if she were in European dress, but if in her
Japanese kimono, she had to follow meekly in his
rear !
In the middle classes, at all events, there are
husbands who are beginning to find out that it is
much more interesting to have a wife who can be
a companion, and already there are Christian
homes where the true home life is realized. It is
so interesting to see it come about, the changed
home relationships when father, mother and
children all are Christians.
A little while ago I had a letter from one of
our Japanese clergymen who, writing about the
Emperor's silver wedding, says: "As you know,
till now, in our country, woman has been despised,
man has been exalted, and so marriage relations
have been very unhappy; but I hope now the
nation will follow the example of their beloved
Emperor, who has shown how much importance
he attaches to marriage. The Japanese proverb
is true which says, 'The hen announces, the
cock crows,' women must lead us in evangelizing

Responsibilities and Possibilities.

.ur country "-and this from one who for a time
was certainly one of the leaders of the conserva-
tive party in regard to the woman question.
These graceful, quick-witted Japanese girls,
under the influence of Christianity, are waking up
to know the responsibilities and possibilities of
womanhood, to see that life has something more
for them than to be either a doll or a drudge.
When once the constraining love of Christ has
taken hold of them, the natural superficiality of
character is overcome, and they show themselves
capable of a self-devotion which puts one to
shame. Just now is our day of opportunity.
They are keen for education. Shall we let them
have it without the knowledge of God ?
To you English girls, living in the close of the
19th century, womanhood brings surely larger
possibilities-a wider sphere than it has brought
to girls in any age before. What are you going
to do with it ? Will you not lay it now at the
feet of your Lord, to be consecrated by His touch
for His service ? Then and then only will its
possibilities have their highest and best fulfilment
-"not to be ministered unto but to minister"
-then will He choose your sphere for you.
He may keep you here in England. He may
send you to the far ends of the earth to your
sisters in the East, those sisters who cry to you

24 Seeking the Lost Sheep.

from the pages of this little volume, Come over
and help us." And if He does, oh, be ready
Do not be afraid, but count it all joy." Do you
ask what the joy is ? Why, it is entering into the
joy of the Lord Jesus Himself. Do you ask for
a higher joy than this ? As you go into the
lonely places, seeking with Him His lost sheep,
to you may come the sound of His voice saying,
" Rejoice with Me, for I have found My sheep
which was lost." And oh, girls, she who has once
entered into fellowship with Christ's joy in seeking
and finding His lost ones will never need to ask
what is the meaning of the "hundredfold"
promised to those who leave home and loved ones
for His sake and the Gospel's-SHE KNOWS.

Hampered by Restrictions.

!C F


/ IRLS and women in China have
more liberty than those in India,
of whom you will read later on, yet
They are on all hands hampered by
restrictions, are much confined to
the house, and are not allowed any
\ intercourse with men, except near
Events which take place during the infancy of
a Chinese girl so influence her after-life, that to
understand her thoroughly one must know some-
thing of her babyhood. Little love is shown her
from her birth, she is looked upon as an expense
in her father's house, her real home being that of

Bought'and Sold.

her future parents-in-law, and in some parts of
South China as many as seven-tenths of all the
girl-babies are drowned. What is the use of a
girl? many Chinese parents ask; she cannot
work for us when we get old, she is pek-neng-gi
(belongs to another), and will have to work for
her parents-in-law.
Nearly every girl is betrothed when quite young,
often when only a few months old; they have no
voice in the matter themselves, and unmarried
women are almost unknown in China. The
betrothal is quite a business transaction, arranged
by go-betweens," who are employed by the
parents to make a suitable bargain for their
children. The girls are always bought and sold,
and the "go-betweens get a percentage on the
After the betrothal a girl sometimes remains
with her own parents until about fifteen or
sixteen years of age, when the marriage takes
place, and she does not see her intended husband
until after the ceremony is over and the red cloth
covering removed from her face. But in many
parts the future mother-in-law will bring up the
little girl as her own daughter, and I have often
seen a small girl of about five years old nursing a
baby-boy of two or three, and upon making
inquiries find that it is her future husband, the

A Chinese Christian Girl.

man whom she is to look up to, to love, and to
respect, whom she holds upon her knee.
When a man marries, he does not leave his
father and mother and make a home of his own,
but brings his wife to his father's house, where
she often becomes the slave of her mother-in-law.
And many a time, in cases where the girl has
become a Christian, we have seen literally fulfilled
those words of our Saviour, Suppose ye that I
am come to give peace on earth ? I tell you,
nay, but rather division the mother-in-law
against her daughter-in-law, and the daughter-in-
law against her mother-in-law."
I remember well one girl named Kong Saeng
who was in our C.M.S. Mission School at Foo-
chow; she had been there several years, and
although naturally of very hot temper, she had
learnt by the grace of God to subdue it, and had
become an earnest, bright Christian. I used to
sit and listen with rapt attention to her as she led
our Saturday evening Bible-reading, struck with
her eloquence and deep knowledge of spiritual
truths, and thinking what a splendid Bible-
woman she would make. But God willed it
Contrary to the general rule, she was not
betrothed until eighteen years of age. The
chosen "go-betweens" were then asked by her

Sold to the highest Bidder.

parents to find a suitable husband, and treated
with the relatives of a young Christian who lived
in Foo-chow. Although Kong Saeng was not
even supposed to know the business was being
transacted, and far less to express any wish on
the subject, news of the proceedings reached her
ears, and she worked a pair of very pretty little
shoes and gave them privately to the wife of one
of the go-betweens as a sign she approved of
the proposed bridegroom. The young man could
only afford to pay her parents $1oo, an amount
generally considered sufficient for a bride in her
position, but they, being very fond of money,
wanted more, so would not allow the betrothal
to take place. Soon afterwards another family
offered $150 for her, and without any considera-
tion of her own feelings, she was literally sold to
the highest bidder. The man was nominally a
Christian, but his mother was not, and a very
very hard life did poor Kong Saeng find it.
After her marriage she wrote to me, saying
how unhappy she was, being compelled to work
on Sunday, and not being allowed to go out and
teach the heathen women around her, or talk to
them when they came into the house. I went to
see her, and was shocked to see how changed she
was from the bright, rosy-faced girl she used to
be. I saw the hard work she was doing was too

Hard Work.

much for her. Her husband's family were all
employed in making hung-kang, a kind of vermi-
celli, much eaten by the Chinese. It is baked on
large bamboo trays
in the sun; the
flour having been
once mixed, it
must be cooked the
same day, or in
one sun (as the
natives express it).
Kong Saeng was
expected to do a
great deal of the
heavy part of the 2r7
work, and had
usually to be up A
by two o'clock in
the morning. Her
mother-in-law's one
idea was to make
money, and she told
Kong Saeng it was
all very well for
her to read her
Bible and teach the
heathen when she
was at school, but A. Chinese Girl,

30 Testifying boldly for her Master.

now she was married she must work, and not
read any more. Her husband was kind to her,
but while his mother lived he had no power to
improve matters.
Upon our arrival a crowd of both men and
women filled the house and courtyard, and Kong
Saeng seized the opportunity to speak to them,
which she did most earnestly, her mother-in-law
scarcely liking to stop her while we were present.
She lost no opportunity of telling of Christ's love
whenever her mother-in-law was absent, but the
unkindness and hard work told upon her, and
God saw fit to take her home. To the last she
testified boldly for her Master, speaking so solemnly
to the friends around her bed. She was very very
happy, her mind constantly running on heavenly
things, and saying she was going to be with Jesus.
Ought not the unhappy state of the girls of
China to touch the hearts of England's daughters,
and stir them up to go forth and free their
Chinese sisters ?
The Chinese are a very dirty people, and, as
you may have heard, are not fond of wash-
ing; they have no soap except a kind of berry,
which does not seem of much use. Those in
Fuh-kien only have a bath twice in their lives-
the first when a month old, and the second the
night before they are married.

Queer Customs.

You must not do your hair as you fancy in
China, but according to your age, locality, and
station in life. At the top of this chapter you
.can see the six different stages that the hair of a
small-footed girl in Foo-chow would have to pass
through from the time she is shaved, when only a
month old, until she is sixteen years of age.
All their clothes are made after the same
pattern, whether worn in or outside, and if cold
they just put one jacket on the top of another,
until sometimes they have six or seven on at once,
all the same shape. This makes it very easy for
them when visiting, and saves the large amount
of luggage we English need, for they carry their
wardrobes on their bodies. I was much amused
once when a Chinese lady came to visit us for a
few days. After going through the usual saluta-
tions and drinking tea out of cups with no handles,
she proceeded to take off her outside jacket.
Underneath was a more handsome one, exactly
the same ,shape, but it had been put on inside to
protect it during the journey; this, however, was
to be reserved for Sunday, so it also came off, and
then came another and another which were also
quickly removed; and at last, after shedding as it
were four skins, our guest sat down contentedly,
still wearing two or three similar garments of
brilliant hue.

Dumb-bell Exercises.

The sleeves being very
wide they can slip their
\ hands inside without taking
off or unfasteningthe jacket,
and in the winter they hold
fire-baskets, about eight
inches in diameter, filled
/ with hot charcoal under-
neath their clothes, and
l pass them up and down
and round their bodies
Until they are thoroughly
warm all over. No girl
in South China wears a
0,'r/ with Dumb-bells. skirt until she is married,
but very loose drawers down to her ankles.
If about ten or eleven years of age she will
not run but always walks very sedately, and much
prefers to sit down to her embroidery than to
play games; it is immodest, she thinks, to stretch
out her arms, and it was with great difficulty we
could persuade the girls at first that there was
nothing unseemly in doing dumb-bell exercises.
As a rule her feet are bound when quite an infant,
and so tightly that at forty years of age many
women's shoes are only three inches long. It is
a horrible and cruel custom, for not only does it
cause severe pain while young, but often brings -on

" Golden Lotus."

disease and mortification of the feet in after years,
when life is only saved by amputation. This
custom is probably a thousand years old.
Some say that a Chinese Empress had a club
foot, and in order to hide the deformity bandaged
it; and fashionable ladies wishing to be like her,
imitated it by cramping their feet. The poetical
name for a tiny foot is the golden lotus or lily
foot. The idea that this custom was introduced
to keep the Chinese women at home is not
considered authentic.
One of the favourite arguments of the Chinese
in defence of foot-binding, especially when a
foreigner condemns the habit, is, that it is far less
injurious and much more elegant than the waist-
binding of English ladies. Recently, at one of
the mission-schools at Hankow, the lads had a
discussion in their debating society on the
question, "Which is more injurious: foot-binding
or tight-lacing ? and
the unanimous conclu-
sion was that the latter I
was much the worse !
In most of the Chris-
tian mission-schools the
girls unbind their feet,
and although they can
never grow quite straight, Tiny-Feet of a Chinese Girl.

Wonderful Memories.

and it is rather painful just at first, still they are,
as they say themselves, then free for life.
An unmarried or even a young married lady,
must not go out or pay visits without an elderly
chaperone, and scarcely any ladies or girls over
ten are seen walking in the streets, but are carried
about in sedan chairs with thick blinds drawn all
round them.
There are no schools for girls in China, except
those belonging to missions, but boys' schools
abound all over the country. They do not
consider the girls worth educating, and it is very
seldom that one meets with a Chinese lady, even
of high rank, who can read, and so she idles
away the day in card-playing, opium-smoking,
and talking petty scandal with the other female
members of her household. Though she is so
despised by her own countrymen, she is quite
capable of being taught and has a wonderful
memory, although her reasoning powers are not
great. Girls under twelve years of age in the
mission-schools have been known to commit to
memory and retain for examination the four
Gospels in Chinese !
At the recent examinations in the medical
department of the Michigan University, the
highest standing was accorded to the two
Chinese young ladies who went to America to

Our earnest Hope.

study medicine with the purpose of afterwards
returning to their own country as missionaries.
"Are the Chinese naturally musical?" is a
question often asked. I should say certainly not,
judging from the frightful noises we often hear;
but they are quite capable of learning, and after
only two years' HN teaching, with
but one lesson John iii. 16. a week, can
generally play I. about two hun-
dred hymn 1 -- tunes and the
chants for the J- f morning and
evening service. ,= 1 r.
In our mis- sion-schools,
beside music they learn geo-
graphy, arith- I O 3 metic, reading,
and writing in 1 f 6 their own lan-
guage; but the chief aim of all
the instruction t V given is to bring
these dear girls et to a knowledge
of the true God i P and of our
Saviour Jesus Christ, and our
earnest hope is that they may not only serve
God faithfully themselves, but may also become
missionaries to their own country-women.
Consequently much time is given to the study of
the Bible and other Christian books. Many of
the old girls are now teaching others all over the
district, and it is very nice to see the order and
c 2

Beautiful Embroidery.

cleanliness of their homes, forming, as they do,
such a contrast to the dirty and untidy houses
of the Chinese generally. They are themselves
so grateful for having been taught, and are much
more affectionate, refined, and gentle than is, I
think, generally supposed.
In some parts of China there are women and
girls who never bind their feet, and who are made
to work as hard as the men; they go out in com-
panies together to work in the rice-fields, or to
carry heavy loads of merchandise, as there are no
carts or beasts of burden. Their hair is dressed
quite differently to the bound-footed woman, and
their whole attire varies considerably.
The nu-geng (female work) which is done by
the bound-footed woman consists principally in
embroidery and in making paper-money and
small paper clothes, which are burnt for the
spirits of the dead. The embroidery is most
beautiful, and the tiny tiny stitches surpass the
finest work we ever see in England. The paper-
money and clothes form an important part in
ancestral worship, for the Confucianists believe
that the souls of a man (for each person is sup-
posed to possess three) require clothing, food,
&c., after death just the same as before, and the
only means of sending the former to the souls of
the departed is by burning it. They therefore

Food and Clothing for the Dead.

--- z -

Porch of Confucian Temple,

have models of sedan chairs, boxes, and every-
thing required in this life made in paper, so that
they can be burnt before the graves. Food, such
as pork, ducks, chickens, vegetables, rice, &c., is
constantly spread out in front of the graves,
already cooked, for the spirits of the dead to
partake of. After keeping a strict watch upon it
that no beggar should help himself, it is taken
home for the family supper.
As women are so much employed in making
these paper articles, it often brings them into
great difficulties when they become Christians.
There was a girl of about seventeen, named

A ancestral Idols.

Ching Saeng, who came to one of our village
schools, and although it was not considered right
for her to be seen in the streets, yet as the school
was only next door to her father's house, he
allowed her to slip in. She made wonderful
progress, and from not being able to read a word,
in a year's time she could repeat the Lord's
prayer, Ten Commandments, the Creed, and a
number of texts and hymns. And not only did
she know them by heart, but could explain
sentence by sentence when examined. She asked
to be baptized, but as soon as her future mother-
in-law heard of it, she said Ching Saeng must
leave the school at once.
The marriage ceremony lasts three days, during
which time the bride is not supposed to make any
movement on her own account, nor alter the
expression of her face, nor speak nor eat, though
it is needless to say she generally does a little of
the latter in private. There are women who
make it their profession to wait upon the bride,
and who are hired during the ceremony to lead
her about, to make her salute the guests, and to
bow down before the ancestral tablet or idols.
When Ching Saeng was married she was pulled
down in front of the idols, although she boldly
told the heathen guests that she was not worship-
ping them, but was praying to the true God all

Class of thirty Heathen Girls.

the time. After her marriage she was forced by
her mother-in-law to make this paper-money for
idolatrous purposes, and was in great grief about
it. She longed to spend her time in working for
God, and was much delighted when it was
suggested she should have a, few children to
teach if her mother-in-law would allow it. At
first the old lady was much opposed to it and
very disagreeable, but by means of a little present,
consisting of a cake of soap and a pocket-hand-
kerchief, she was quite won over, and allowed
Ching Saeng to have the school. She proved to
be a born teacher, and soon got a class of thirty
little heathen girls. Her salary was to be four
shillings a month.
These little village schools are not only a means
of reaching the children who have never before
heard the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, but
the parents like to come and listen to their
children being examined, and so are taught the
truth themselves. Only this year the mother of
one of the day scholars brought a little black idol,
which had been worshipped for generations past,
to the missionary who was examining the school,
and said, I am going to worship the true God
now; I do not trust to my idol any more, so am
going to give it to you." This woman had
listened with much interest to the children re-

40 A wide-open Door.

eating their lessons, and when they were asked
questions, could scarcely keep from answering
them herself.
The door for Christian work in China is wide
open. Oh! that many more of England's
Christian girls may be led to give up some of
the comforts of their own life to lessen the suffer-
ing of their benighted Chinese sisters, and to help
teach them of the Love of God in sending His
Only Begotten Son to die on the Cross, that who-
soever believeth 'on Him should not perish, but
have Everlasting Life.

A Land of Hills and Valleys.


HE words Fairest flower of the earth,
and first gem of the sea," however
applicable to the "Green Isle" of
the West, of which they were first
spoken, may be taken with equal justice as
describing the sunny land of the East which is
the subject of this chapter. One might almost
think that Moses had Ceylon in view when,
under God's teaching, he spoke of "A land of
hills and valleys, and drinketh water of the rain
of Heaven: a land which the Lord thy God

A Pleasing Picture.

careth for" (Deut. xi. II, 12). Always rich with
the verdure of eternal spring, it glows in the bright-
ness of the tropical sun, and the well-known
words of Bishop Heber's hymn, Every prospect
pleases," are no exaggeration of facts.
It is in such a country that the daughters of
Ceylon live; and their intelligent faces and
graceful forms add to it another feature of
attractiveness. The brightness of their sur-
roundings finds some reflection in the life and
character of many of them. In Ceylon, as in
other countries, poverty and consequent squalor
and untidiness are to be found; but, as a rule,
Singhalese girls are neat and careful in their
attire, and they are quite as fond of fun and frolic
as English girls of the same age. The complexion
of the higher classes is generally a clear light
brown, hardly darker than that of an Italian or
Spaniard. Among the working people and those
much exposed to the sun, it deepens into a rich
sepia, approaching black. In appearance many
of the girls are exceedingly attractive. Their
almond-shaped, lustrous dark eyes and regular
features, which are quite European in their
character, together with their upright, graceful
carriage, seen to perfection as they carry
balanced on their heads a heavy chatty or pitcher
full of water, form a very pleasing picture.

Hair Ornaments.

The costumes worn by girls in the districts near
the coast differ considerably from those adopted
in the hilly interior of the island. In the villages
the raiment is often of the scantiest description,
the body frequently being bare from the waist
upward. Generally, in the neighbourhood of the
towns, the whole person is well clothed. In
Colombo (see picture on page 41), the capital,
and its vicinity, the almost universal dress
consists of a loose jacket of long cloth, often
ornamented with home-made lace, and a combo
or long piece of striped or figured material,
wound tightly round the body, so as to form a
skirt. The hair is secured at the back with
large handsome pins of tortoise-shell or silver.
In the hill-country, among the Kandians, as
they are called, the costume is certainly more
becoming and elegant. A tight-fitting jacket
with very short sleeves is the upper garment. A
long and handsome cloth wound round the body
forms a graceful skirt, while one end left loose
covers the breast and is thrown over the shoulder,
leaving the arms free. The masses of raven
black hair are combed back from the forehead,
and form precisely the "chignon" which some
few years since was, in England, considered so
.elegant, though the wearers little suspected that
they were borrowing their fashion from the

A Singhalese Girl.

Girls' Names.

women of a half-civilized race! Among the
wealthier class, a profusion of handsome jewels,
several long necklaces of large beads of coral and
gold, and heavy bracelets and anklets would be
regarded as essential parts of the costume, while
the ears are pierced in such a manner as to allow
the insertion into the lobe of an ornament as large
round as a florin.
The lot of the Singhalese girl contrasts very
favourably with that of her Indian sisters, and
indeed with that of girls in many Eastern lands.
It is true that at her birth she does not receive
the warm welcome which is accorded to her baby
brothers, but she is generally treated with affec-
tion and kindness, and has a name given her
which shows that she is not regarded as a mere
burden on the family. In the low-country she
is not infrequently named "Podi Hdmi," or
Little Lady; while among the Kandians there
appears to be even higher appreciation, as the
eldest daughter is often known by the name
"Loku Moenike," or, The Large Jewel! As the
Singhalese girl grows, almost as much liberty is
accorded to her as to her English sisters. She
knows nothing of those sad Zenanas, such as
those in which Indian girls and women are shut
up in lifelong seclusion. She goes in and out at
her pleasure, and enjoys fresh air and bright sun-

Gentleman of the House.

shine and green fields and trees and the company
of friends. All girls generally, whatever their
rank, take part in the household management,
and are experts in the boiling of rice to perfection,
every grain being like a separate pearl, and in the
cooking of curries, the savoury smell of which is
wonderfully appetizing.
In a still more important respect the Singhalese
girl enjoys a great advantage over those of her
own sex whose lot is cast in India. She is not
married as an infant and so exposed to all the
trials which the system of infant marriages entails
on the Hindus. It is true she has little or no
voice in the question of marriage; her parents
and those of the bridegroom settle such matters
with little reference to the young people. Yet in
many cases their married life appears to be a
really happy one, and true affection often seems
to grow up between husband and wife. Among the
Kandians in the highest ranks the wife is gener-
ally spoken of as the Walaww6 Mahatmay,"'
i.e. the gentleman of the house! and much respect
is paid to her; and where widowhood comes, its
sorrow is not aggravated, as in India, by the
neglect and cruelty of the relatives, and by having
the sentence of perpetual seclusion and widow-
hood passed upon her. She not infrequently

Lack of True Happiness.

continues as the head of the household, and
controls all its affairs.
One curious marriage custom is, it is believed,
peculiar to Ceylon, and is practised chiefly among
the Kandians. Where a girl is possessed of house
and property, her hand is sometimes sought by
a man not equally fortunate. If his suit proves
successful, the couple are married in been, as it
is called. The usual course of things, in which
the bridegroom brings the bride to his home and
then takes his place as master of the home and
family, is reversed-the man goes to the bride's
home, where she takes the lead as head of the
house. She retains absolute control over her
property, and has the entire management of the
children; indeed, her authority goes so far that if
the unfortunate husband excites her displeasure,
she may order him to leave the premises, with an
intimation that he had better not return !
But all this outward prosperity and independ-
ence does not complete the picture. Where the
Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ has not reached
the mind and heart, there lacks the true happi-
ness which that alone can give. In heathen homes
boys may be, and often are, educated. Knowledge
of English and the information obtained at school
are to them a passport to lucrative work; on them
parents will expend money. In the case of girls,

The Buddhist Religion.

however, the openings for employment have
been but few, and it has not been thought worth
while to take trouble for their instruction. Many
therefore have grown up unable to read, and their
knowledge is limited to the folk-lore stories which
they hear recited by the Buddhist monks when
the villagers assemble to hear bana, the repetition
of portions of the books containing the doctrines
of their false religion.
While God has made everything bright around
them, there is sad heart-darkness within. They
know nothing of the way by which their sins may
be forgiven or their souls saved; indeed, their
religion, Buddhism, teaches that they have no
souls at all! It tells them that there is no
Creator God, and that there is no one who can
save them from the punishment of sin. They
believe that many years ago, before Jesus Christ
was born, there was a teacher called Gautama
Buddha, who preached his doctrines to the people
of his own times, and whose words are written in
their sacred books in the Pili language, which
very few of the people understand. They say
that when he died he saw Nirwdna," and came
completely to an end. He did not go to heaven
or to hell; he did not go to any other world; he
had no further existence. Their description of
this may be expressed by the following lines:-

No Creator, no Saviour, no Soul.

"When camphor burns, the fragrant gum perfumes the
balmy air;
But of the substance nought is left-nor ash nor dross is
Thus, in Nirwdna, of the sage nought that was man
But dharma lives, and thro' its power his ancient cult

Dkarma means doctrine "-the only thing
left; and it has no comfort to give to a poor sin-
sick soul-no Creator, no Saviour, no soul. Alas !
poor Singhalese girls, what have they to rest on

Adam's Peak. (See page o5.)

Heathen Ceremonies.

or to hope for ? They know they must die, and
what then? Why, they expect to be born in
some animal form, as a dog, or a cat, or a crow,
or a snake, and that over and over again, until in
some distant age to come they may follow Buddha
in his extinction and be themselves blotted out!
There is little wonder that a system so hopeless
does not satisfy. They take part in its ceremonies;
on the day of the full moon you may see many
women and girls, attired in their best, carrying
their offerings of flowers or rice or cakes to the
Buddhist temple, to present them before the
giant image there. They are always ready to
drop a plantain or food of some kind into the
bowl of the mendicant monk who, with yellow
robe and shaven head, and with a palm leaf fan
concealing his face, stands silent at their door;
they will travel hundreds of miles on pilgrimage
to the sacred bo tree at AnurAdhapura, or climb
the giddy heights of the lofty mountain called
Adam's Peak (see picture on page 49), to worship
the "excellent footprint," or supposed impression
of Buddha's foot there. But where sickness or
trial comes, faith in Buddhism seems to vanish.
They find in it nothing to meet their need, and
they turn to devil-worship in the vain search for
relief and help. The "devil priest" is the indi-
vidual who exercises the most powerful influence

Mission Work among Girls.

on the minds of the people; and the ceremonies
which sometimes are carried out under his direc-
tions, professedly for the relief of female suffering,
are revolting to a degree. Astrologers too are
constantly consulted, who profess to ascertain the
good or evil influences of the planets, and to find
a "lucky day" for marriage, or for the com-
mencement of any undertaking, or to foretell .the
chief incidents which during its life are to befall
the new-born babe. Of religion in its true sense
there is nothing for Singhalese girls; nothing to
draw them to God or to bind them to Him; but
there is much which, under the name of religion,
tends to degrade and debase, and to deaden their
souls to a sense of their sin and danger.
In all mission work few things can be more
important than the reaching of the women and
girls, and leading them to accept the salvation
which the Lord Jesus offers, and give their hearts
to Him. Their influence is potent for either evil
or good; and while they remain strongly rooted
in heathenism, it is exceedingly difficult to make a
lasting impression on the hearts of husbands, sons,
or brothers. This in Ceylon has been deeply felt
by missionaries of all denominations; and great
and successful efforts have been made to lead
the girls to turn to God from idols, to serve the
living and true God. There are, I suppose, few
D 2

Example of Christian Life.

Missions in which the proportion of girls under
instruction is so great as it is in Ceylon. There
are throughout the country, in connexion not
only with the Church Missionary Society, but
also with other Christian bodies, hundreds of day
schools, in which thousands of Buddhist girls are
being instructed in the truths of the Gospel, and
are receiving a sound and useful education. Out
of these schools year by year come an increasing
number of young people professing to have given
up all faith in Buddhism and devil-worship, and
to have accepted Jesus as their Saviour.
But while these schools are so important and
encouraging, there is another form of female
education still more valuable, and to which we look
for still more definite results. It is when we can
get the girls into boarding-schools that Christian
influence can be most effectively brought to bear
upon them. In these schools the pupils have
before them constantly not only Christian teaching,
but also the example of Christian life. They see
what Christianity is in the consistent and loving
conduct of the ladies who have the charge of
them; and learn to realize that it means a change
of heart, and a living faith in a living Saviour.
It would be impossible within the limits of a
chapter to speak of all the schools engaged in this
good work, but one or two demand mention. Six

Village Schools. 53

miles from the capital, Colombo, there is a large
C.M.S. station, the headquarters of which are at
a village called Cotta, where Mr. and Mrs.
Dowbiggin have been [labour-
ing for many years. In con-""
nexion with the work there
carried on, and spread over
the district, are thirty-
three girls' schools, in
which there are nearly ',

'i \ -
rt [,. i J "Ifl' 2
Iit'a~ Llkl I/ '',.,,- ...

A Country Church in Ceylon.

Incalculable Influence.

seventeen hundred girls, many of whom have a
knowledge of the facts of Scripture which would
astonish English lassies. The boarding-school
in the mission "compound," or premises, is, how-
ever, that in which interest centres. It has
accommodation for over seventy girls, and is
generally full to overflowing. Its pupils are
drawn not only from its immediate neighbour-
hood, but also from distant parts of the island.
They receive a sound and practical Christian
education, which fits them to be not only exem-
plary wives, but also in many cases to do most
useful work as school teachers.
A missionary who had charge of the district for
a time during the absence of Mr. and Mrs.
Dowbiggin says of this school: It is most de-
lightful to witness the joy that the girls find in
communion with God through reading of the
Scriptures and prayer. Besides this, they show
the reality of what they profess by innumerable
acts of love and kindness to one another," and he
adds, The influence for good of this school
throughout many parts of Ceylon is incalculable."
At Baddegama, in the south of the island, a
similar boarding-school is educating a large
number of girls, with what result the following
incident, related by one of the Native evangelists,
will show. A girl, who had been one of the best

" The King has come."

pupils in the school, was dying of fever. She
often spoke about Heaven, and about Christ and
His blood. Yet she had the same fear which
Christian, in Pilgrim's Progress, felt when he
reached the river. But at the last she said, 'The
King has come. I have conquered ;' and then she
sang the hymn, 'Happy day, happy day,' and,
turning on her side, slept peacefully in Jesus."
The Singhalese are a timid race, and more
prone to avoid danger than to court it; but
among them faith in Christ gives a courage which
they otherwise do not possess. In the neighbour-
hood of Colombo a young girl of twelve stoutly
refused to worship before the image in the village
temple on a festival day, saying that she could
not worship a dumb idol. Her parents, in anger,
confined her to her room until her health began
to give way, but she would not consent to take
part in idolatry. At length she was released, and
with a bright, happy face she resumed her
attendance at the service every Sunday. In the
same village no less than twenty-five girls have
publicly confessed their faith in Christ.
In Kandy, in the centre of the island, an effort
is being made by the Church of England Zenana
Missionary Society to reach the daughters of
the highest classes; and over twenty girls have
now joined the Clarence Memorial School. It is

What have you Done f

delightful to see the intelligent, bright faces of
these King's Daughters," and to hear them
very sweetly sing Sankey's hymns in English
and in their own musical language. Already in
Kandy there is a Gleaners' Band consisting of
seventeen Singhalese girls, who are not only
Christians themselves, but who long that others
should share their happiness. They meet
regularly for prayer, for the reading of God's
Word, and for the discussion of some missionary
subject. The existence of such a band is full of
In this chapter there is no mention of other
races than the Singhalese, as to them properly
belongs the title'of The Girls of Ceylon." There
are many others in the island among whom very
encouraging and successful work is being done, but
another chapter would be needed to tell of them.
Do remember, dear girls, that your Singhalese
sisters are capable of learning, and are willing,
often anxious, to be instructed; and yet that,
through want of teachers, thousands of them are
perishing for lack of true knowledge. Does not
that thought lead you to ask what you have done,
and what you may do, to reach them, and lead
them to Christ ? He has said that "It is not
the will of your Father in Heaven that one of
these little ones should perish."

"Ask Great Things."


ELL that Thou commandest us, we
will do," were the words that came
into my mind when asked to write
to English girls about their Indian
sisters. "Ask great things of God, attempt great
things for God," was the motto of one who knew
India in the early days of British rule, when there
was but a dim light in the cloud of darkness and
Heathenism which enveloped that vast land.
Shall we take this thought with us, both writer
and readers, as we consider our Indian sisters:
that whatever our Lord the King shall command,
there shall be readiness to perform ?
Thoughts many and varied flash through our
brain, all resolving into the sad conclusion that
the subject is a difficulty in itself. If it had been
to write about Indian children or Indian women,
it would be easy, but Indian girls !


No Girlhood.

Why this difficulty ? we hear some one ask.
" If there are Indian women, they must have been
girls at one time of their lives." Yes, it is true
they were young once, but they have never
known the happiness and freedom of girlhood as
we understand it in England. Their girlhood has
been warped and crushed beyond all recognition,
and we ask ourselves, Can it be that there are
no girls in that vast land ? When we read that
"for every girl of school-going age who is being
educated, sixty are growing up in ignorance and
superstition," the sad truth burns into our hearts,
and we realize as never before that our Indian
sisters have no girlhood.
Shall we look at the life of one of these girls of
" school-going" age, remembering that she is our
sister-one for whom the Lord Christ died, and
for whom, as Christian girls, we are in a measure
responsible ? That far-off land has been given
to England as a sacred trust, and surely we, as
English girls, should seek to do our share in
winning our sisters' hearts and lives to Him who
has given us all we hold most dear.
First of all our little sister's surroundings : her
father a bigoted Hindu, her mother ignorant and
foolish, no welcome for the little stranger-only
lamentations that she is not a boy.
Why this great desire for a son ? Every Hindu

Considered Goodfor Not/ing.

desires a son, in order that when he (the father)
dies, his son may carry out the last rites and
speed him to the Unknown Land. A girl cannot
do this for either parent; and unless these rites
are carried out, misery beyond the grave will
result. There is another reason: a son will
require no dowry paid on his marriage, but a
daughter is a never-ending expense. A girl is
good for nothing; the only hope is to get her
married early, and to do so will need a large
Well, our little sister is allowed to live-the
days are over when death at the hands of her
parents was the lot of many of the girls of India
-and as the days pass by, the parents begin to
consider what is best to do. Her mother cannot
make the arrangement, so the father calls in the
marriage agents, and by dint of suggestions and a
great deal of talk and haggling over terms, it is
settled, and the tiny girl is formally betrothed
in marriage. She knows little of what is going
on, and understands less; her child's heart is
quite happy in the enjoyment of the pretty new
clothes in which she is decked out; and the
sweets which are given to her more than make
up for everything else.
She little knows how hard are the bands now
bound round her; she lives on at home, and runs

60 The Family Priest.

about and plays like other children. So far she
has not seen her affianced husband, and only on
her wedding-day will she be allowed to do so, and
then for the first time. Custom forbids her asking
any questions; all she knows is that when she is
twelve years old she will have to leave her parents'
and go to her husband's home.
The years pass only too quickly. She is grow-
ing up, and has perhaps almost forgotten the day
of her betrothal; but messages pass between the
parents of bride and bridegroom, and when the
family priest considers the forecast favourable,

Group of Indian Girls.


No Comforts.

the final preparations are made, and our little
sister is married. Remember, she is not yet in
her teens-only twelve years old, hardly more than
a child-when she goes through the ceremony,
and then for the first time sees her husband's
If the parents are'rich, the wedding festivities
will last for many days, but all too soon comes
the final parting, and the little bride is carried to
her strange home, where she knows no one,
henceforth to live under the rule of her husband's
mother, and to be only one of many women in
that Indian home; for the sons always live at
home and bring their wives to their father's
house, thus reversing the old English adage
which says-
"Your son is'your son till he marries a wife;
Your daughter is your daughter all her life."
Let us follow the little wife, and see what her
new home is like; no comforts or luxury, the
walls at the best roughly plastered, the floors of
mud, very little furniture, possibly only a few
beds, and one or two wooden chests in which the
family jewels and clothes are kept. These, with
the cooking pots, form the inventory of the
household furniture; there are no cushions and
rich tapestries; put the thought far from you
that an Indian Zenana is a place of ease !

62 Without God in the World."

If illness should come, she has no help, because
Indian custom forbids her seeing a medical man,
and if she is far away from the woman's hospital,
she is utterly at the mercy of native women who
pretend to know about medicine. The amount of
suffering the young girl-wives of India have to go
through, no English girl can comprehend. Our
sister's girlhood is thus spent in the chilling
influence of a Zenana; there is no outlet for her
desires, however good they may be they can
never be developed within those four walls, and
as the days pass by she becomes more hopeless
and indifferent. Little ones may be given to her
and her life is brighter for a time, but that heart-
hunger still remains which no earthly love can
satisfy, and she hears nothing of One who came
to give rest to the weary and heavy-laden. Too
often there is no one at hand to give the message
of peace, no one who knows the Lord Christ as
a personal Saviour.
Perhaps sorrow and trial come, the young wife
sees the cloud gathering, sickness enters the
home and one after another is laid low, and at
last the husband gives way. All that is possible
is done to battle with disease, but strength fails,
and the angel of death hovers over that Indian
home. Our poor sister's heart is almost broken,
she knows something of what her lot will be if her

Poor Young Widow.

husband is taken, she has seen others pass through
the fires of suffering; and in the following extract,
written by one of themselves, we see what her
experience as a girl widow will be:-
"When a husband dies, his wife suffers as
much as if the death-angel had come for her also.
She must not be approached by any of her rela-
tions, but several women, from three to six (wives
of barbers, a class who are kept up for this object),
are in waiting, and as soon as the husband's last
breath is drawn, they rush at the new-made
widow and tear off her ornaments. Ear and nose
rings are dragged off, often tearing the cartilage;
ornaments plaited in with the hair are torn away,
and if the arms are covered with gold and silver
bracelets, they do not take the time to draw them
off one by one, but, holding her arm on the
ground, they hammer with a stone, until the
metal, often solid and heavy, breaks in two; it
matters not to them how many wounds they
inflict, they have no pity, not even if the widow is
but a child of six or seven, who does not know
what a husband means.
"At that time two sorrows come upon every
widow, one from God and one from her own
people, who should cherish and support her, but
who desert and execrate her. If the husband
dies away from home, then, on the arrival of the

Extreme Cruelty.

fatal news, all this is done. At the funeral all the
relatives, men as well as women, have to accompany
the corpse to the burning-ghat. If they are rich
and have carriages they must not use them, but
all go on foot. The men follow the corpse, the
women (all the ladies well covered from sight)
come after, and last the widow, led along by the
barbers' wives. They take care that at least 200
feet intervene between her and any other woman,
for it is supposed that if her shadow fell on any
(her tormentors excepted), she also would become
a widow; therefore no relative, however much
sympathy she may feel in secret, dare look on her
face. One of the rough women goes in front and
shouts aloud to any passer-by to get out of the
way of the accursed thing, as if the poor widow
were a wild beast; the others drag her along.
"Arrived at the river, tank, or well, where the
body is to be burned, they push her into the
water, and as she falls, so she must lie, with her
clothes on, until the body has been burned, and
all the company have bathed, washed their clothes
and dried them. When they are all ready to
start for home, but not before, they drag her out,
and in her wet clothes she must trudge home. It
matters not what the weather is, in a burning
sun or with an icy wind blowing from the
Himalayas. They care not if she dies,


Burning the Dead in India.

A Life of Drudgery.

For fifteen days after a funeral the relatives
must eat and drink only once in the day (twenty-
four hours); but the widow must keep up this for
a year, with frequent fasts. When she returns
from the funeral she must sit or lie in a corner on
the ground in the same clothes she had on when
her husband died, whether still wet or by this
time dry. Now and then one of the barbers'
wives comes and looks after her, or if she is poor
and not able to pay for their further kind atten-
tions, she must sit alone.
"The widows who have no parents are still
more to be pitied; they have to serve as servants
to their brothers' or sons' wives. Everyone
knows that if there are widows in a house
servants need not be hired. A sister-in-law rules
over a widow, and they quarrel night and day.
If a widow remains in her husband's house, it is
the same; she is hated by mother and sisters-in-
law, and beaten from place to place. If, for the
sake of peace, she would like to live alone, she
loses her character. If she has children, she
works for them while they are young; when her
sons marry, she becomes their wives' servant. If
a widow is childless and rich (by the money
given her after her husband's death), her relatives
choose some boy to be her heir and to be provided
for by her. She may bring him up with love and

Our Responszbility increased.

care, but when he gets big he takes her property,
and only allows her food and clothes while she
waits on his wife. A widow has no power over
property supposed to be her own. It is happier
for a widow to be poor and earn her living by
grinding corn 1
Can we wonder that the Indian widow thinks
death preferable to such suffering, and often ends
her existence by throwing herself down the well ?
Such is the outline of an ordinary Indian girl's
life in North India. Remember many of these
girl-wives are utterly indifferent to their lot, and
if you asked them whether they felt it, they would
probably tell you it was their fate," and as they
are only women, what can they do ? But does
not this very fact increase our responsibility ?
Can we sit still at home and do nothing, knowing
there are hundreds of young lives in India being
passed in the darkness of superstition-a darkness
almost worse than death ?
Come with us in thought as we go to some
Indian homes known personally to the writer.
In our first we find three young women, intelligent
and bright; they are old pupils, and as we enter
we find they are waiting and ready for their
lesson. Besides their reading and Bible lesson,

I By permission, from Hindu Widows, by One of Themselves.
Pub. by Z.B.M.M., 2, Adelphi Terrace, W.C.
E 2

In a Zenana.

they are learning to knit. One has commenced a
sock for her husband, another a glove; but when
we look at the knitting we find nothing has been
done since our last visit, a week ago. On inquiry,
one of them tells us, in a very indifferent tone,
" Why, Miss Sahiba, don't you know, I have had
no time." On further inquiry we are told that in
the hot weather they sleep nearly all day long,
and in cold weather they do nothing, so it is quite
out of the question for them to do any work !
The next house is some little distance off, and
last week our pupil was ill; we found h erlying
in a dark, comfortless room with only one window,

Teaching in an Indian Zenana.

Will you Respond?

which is kept shut with a wooden shutter. The
only place for air and light to come from is the
low door, and now to-day, as we enter, we find
her still ill with fever, lying in the semi-darkness.
We suggest taking her to the hospital, but her
brother's permission must be obtained first, and
as he will not give it we are helpless, there being
no medical lady at hand to go and see her.
In the next and last house our pupils are
Mohammedans, and this morning they refused to
read because last week we spoke of the Lord
Jesus as being the Son of God, and such teaching
cannot be tolerated by the followers of the false
Is it any wonder our hearts are sad as we go
from home to home ? But we are not hopeless,
because we know the King's Word shall not
return to Him void, and even as we look into the
darkness we see the signs of His Coming.
We see the light penetrating these dark homes;
one here and one there, rising up and leaving her
all to follow the Lord Jesus Christ. Dear home
sister, have you heard that call ? It has come to
you, you have been taught from babyhood of
One who loved you so much that He died for you.
Will you not respond to the call, and prepare to
follow the Lord Christ whithersoever He leads ?

Dusky-skinned Maidens.



OHAMMEDAN girls! Ah, how dif-
ferent are these dusky-skinned little
maidens to our carefully guarded, well
brought up English girls! Alas, in
Egypt there is no real girlhood as we understand
the term ; girls here seem to emerge at once from
childhood to womanhood, without that happy
intermediate stage which English children enjoy.
How is this ? you ask. It is to be accounted for
partly by the early marriages and partly by the
degraded, down-trodden condition of women in
Moslem lands. I saw a dear little girl of nine
or ten a short time ago, and thinking she should
be in school I asked who she was. The answer I
received was to the effect that she had already
been married some months !
Then, too, in another way Mohammedan girls
are different to our own. As you look in their

A Dorman Fa,-ully.

dear little faces you miss something; what is it ?
you ask yourself. It is as if the spirit or intellect
were dormant, and this prevents your understand-
ing them or they you, even more than does their
very difficult language. As soon as the children
enter school we try to rouse this dormant faculty.
Oh, it is so delightful to see it beginning to wake
up, but it takes a long time, for the poor little
girls have never been taught to think at
all, and at first often seem scarcely to
understand what the teachers say about the
commonest things. I saw a little
girl a week or two ago so ragged
and so dirty that it was difficult
to believe that she was sister to a
clean, intelligent-looking boy who
was walking with
her. I at once
asked if the boy
went to school, and
was answered in
the affirmative.
"And why does
not the girl ? "
"Oh, she can't go,
she has to help Egyptian Woman and
her father who is Child on Mute.
a gardener." The

Helping to Build Houses.

boy had to earn his living later on, and he had
more chance of succeeding if able to read and
write; as for the poor little girl nothing was
expected of her but to get married in a few years,
so she could be neglected. Even now, some
Moslems think it is a shame for their women to
be educated. You may often see little girls help-
ing to build houses, carrying bricks and mortar
to the men, and sometimes indeed doing the actual
There is another very sad side to Egyptian
girlhood. Girls have often told me that an evil
spirit possesses them or that they are bewitched,
and they firmly believe this is so. They try in
several ways to dislodge the evil spirit; one of the
chief ways is to visit a Moslem saint's tomb, and

View of Cairo, Egypt.

A Famous Tomb Mosque.

get the presiding
sheikh to perform
prayers for them.
Three Moslem girls
in the Old Cairo
school asked me last
week if they could -
leave at once after
our school prayer- i`
meeting, as they
wished to visit a :
sheikh's tomb much
thought of by the AMoslem Woman.
people here, as they had evil spirits in them.
I told them it was folly to go, and that it
would be far better to come quietly to our little
prayer-meeting, where we would very especially
ask our Lord to cast out the evil spirits as He did
when on earth. To this they gladly assented, and
I prayed for them, and after this they went off to
the sheikh's tomb as they had promised their
mothers to meet them there. I may add that the
present sheikh of this famous tomb mosque,
comes to our dispensary when he is ill-he
evidently has not so much faith in his ancestor's
power to heal as the poor misguided people
Another cure for an evil spirit is for the girl or

Moslem Superstitions.

woman to make a feast, and in front of the
assembled guests to ride a sheep (not very com-
fortable for the poor sheep). If the evil spirit
goes out the girl is able to ride the sheep well, and
all the time she is riding she wags her head from
side to side till the spirit departs. Then the
sheep is quickly killed and eaten by the guests,
and the poor afflicted girl is made to drink the
blood in some instances; at other times it is
sprinkled on her clothes to complete the cure!
A lady who has been all her life in Egypt, tells me
that rich ladies often invite to their houses on a
certain day, all girls and women who are thus
" possessed." The guests come gorgeously attired,
they have a kind of service together, and get
so excited that they scream and throw themselves
about in a manner awful to behold. My informant
told me she went on one occasion, but the sight
was so terrible she had to come away almost at
A school girl once told me another common
superstition. If a person afflicted with sore eyes
is visited by a woman or girl wearing a great
deal of jewellery, the eyes became much worse,
and the only way of cure was for the sick person
to step over a tortoise!
There was a dear girl called Bedaweeya once in
our hospital for a long time with a very bad arm.

A Girls Charm."

I one day noticed round her neck a very large
charm-it consisted of a piece of the Koran
enclosed in a tin case, for' which her mother
had paid a sum equal to Ios. so she said; it
was supposed to be such a powerful charm that
if its owner fell off the roof she would not be
hurt I instantly proposed that Bedaweeya
and I should go on to our roof, which is flat
like all roofs in Egypt, and that I should throw
her down to prove the effect of this wonderful
charm. But to this she naturally objected. At
last she allowed me to take it away, and I kept
it from her a few days. During this time we took
her and a few more sick children out for a long
drive, and while we were out the black nurse said
to me: If anything happens to us, Bedaweeya
will say it is because you have taken her charm "
I prayed very specially that the poor child might
be safely kept and nothing did happen. Then I
showed her the folly of trusting to a bit of writing
when she had a loving Heavenly Father to watch
over and protect her.
This happened months ago, and since then the
girl has recovered and is now married; and when
I visited her a short time ago and asked after the
charm, I was told she had never worn one since,
she did not believe in them now.
Altogether life is not a very bright thing for a

Brighter and Cleaner.

Mohammedan girl; till they marry, the chief duty
of the poorer girl seems to me to be to carry about
a little brother nearly as big as herself. The boy
is often perfectly able to walk, but being a boy,
must be carried!
You will say you are glad not to be an Egyptian
girl; you may, indeed, be thankful you are not.
The picture I have drawn of girl-life here seems a
dark one, but not nearly so dark as the reality.
You would be horrified if you heard and saw all
that an Egyptian child sees and hears, and which
does not repel her, for she is quite accustomed to
it. The only really bright, happy children I have
ever seen in Egypt are in our schools. Strangers
visiting us are struck by the difference between
our girls and those they see in the street, and the
doctors at the C.M.S. dispensary can tell almost
at a glance a child who has been to school; she
is so much brighter and cleaner than others.
There is a girl in our school, the granddaughter
of a poor woman who earns her living by selling
apples at the street corners. The grandmother
tells me the girl loves us "like her eyes," and
indeed she never misses coming to school even
for a day, though she is older than most of our
Moslem girls. I took this girl, Nabeeya Ali, with
me one day to show me the way when I was
visiting among the poor Mohammedan women.

A Young Protector. 77

It was in a very crowded part, where I was not
well known at that time; and when the children
playing in the street saw the stranger, they cried,
"Oh, Nazarene oh, Nazarene! Nabeeya's in-
dignation at this was most amusing. Be quiet,
be quiet," she cried; "she is not a Nazarene-

i K
,' j '


_-- .... ,-
_.-,YJ- I T-,. '. =---

1-L *n Shop.

A Girl's Idea of Christians.

she is our teacher! She did not mean I was
not a Christian, but she wished the people to
understand I was not to be called so as a term of
I once asked a class of school girls to tell me
what being a Christian meant. Do let me say,"
cried the daughter of a Moslem sheikh. Well,
Nafeesa, what do you think ? It is one who
has had all the sin taken out of her heart," she
cried at once. I wish her answer were as true as
she thought it; but I was very glad she had such
a high idea of Christians. This girl has wonder-
fully improved since she came to school; she is
getting quite intelligent, and, above all, seems to
be grasping Scriptural truths, so that we may
hope she will become a true Christian herself.
It is delightful to hear her pray in the name of
Jesus Christ at our prayer-meeting. All the
children like so much to come to this meeting
that I have to keep them back, and make it a
favour to be allowed to come. So often, too, God
answers our prayers. One little girl told me
yesterday she wanted to return thanks to God
because her sister, for whom she had prayed last
week, was now quite well.
Last year we had a girl of about sixteen years
of age in school who was also called Nabeeya Ali.
When she first came she was most opposed to

Work for English Girls.

Christian teaching, but one day she said in class,
"Jesus Christ must have been God if He could
do all those miracles; I do believe He is." She
often used to ask interesting questions, showing
that she was thinking about religious matters. At
last her father forbade her coming to school, as
she was too old to be walking through the streets.
She opened a tiny school for teaching needlework,
and she told me she had-wanted to teach her little
pupils what she knew out of the Gospel, but she
had been forbidden. Last summer she was very
ill, but I did not know it till she was nearly
well. I did want to see you," she said, and I
wanted to hear you read out of the Book."
You do not know how difficult it would be for a
Mohammedan girl to openly acknowledge Christ.
I think her father would nearly beat her to death,
as I have heard threatened. As it is, as soon as
a girl becomes interested, she is usually taken
away, so that she may not become an "unbe-
liever." The work is uphill, but God has said,
" Blessed be Egypt, My people," so we look for
the dawning of a brighter day. Till that day
comes, will you, dear English girls, think of, pray
for,-and work for these little Egyptians, and ask
God to grant them the happy homes and the
Christian teaching with which He has favoured
you ?

Suffering and Hardship.

Cm N. S *~.oS' ho.USt



By Miss M. BAZETT.

E English girls, especially during our
schooldays, often imagine our lot to
be a very hard one, and we are apt
to envy the grown-up folk their
liberty; but I think that if we could see and
know a little more what other girls in other lands
endure of real suffering and hardship, we should
talk and think less of our own little grievances.

Secluded Lives.

Now I am going to tell you something of the
lives that girls live in the towns on the East
Coast of Africa; but I want
you to remember that what I
am going to say does not apply
to the inland towns, where the
Mohammedan rule has
not extended, nor, of
course, to the girls \
living in the mission-
station at Frere Town.
On a little island,
called Mombasa, sepa-
rated from the main-
land by only about one
mile of sea, is a large
town one of the
largest in East Africa-
with a population of at
least 25,000 inhabitants. (
The women in this town,
as in all the coast towns
where the Mohamme-
dan religion prevails,
live very secluded lives.
It is true that numbers
of women and girls
are to be seen about High-class Girl from Zanzibar.

A Mohammedan School.

the streets, but these are slaves who, though in
bondage and the mere property of their masters,
are much freer, in many senses, than the fairer,
freeborn women. These, whom we may call the
ladies of Mombasa, are never allowed to step out
of their houses in the daylight, nor to be seen by
any man beside their own relatives. Their life
is indeed one of cruel bondage, and it is about
women such as these, living in the densely
populated town of Mombasa, that I want to tell
you, for it has been my privilege to go amongst
them and tell them about Jesus.
Let me first take you to a girls' school, which
is kept by one of the wives of a well-known
religious teacher in Mombasa. The scholars
only number six or seven. They are from eight
to eleven years of age, and come from houses
close round. They board at the school, as of
course they must not return to their homes by
The schoolmistress is a sweet-looking woman,
with pretty greyish hair, lovely eyes, and dark
brown complexion. She has more than once
asked me if I could give her a dye for her hair,
as it is a great misfortune in Africa for a woman
to look old, and grey hairs do not command
respect as they should do.
In her school she sits cross-legged fashion on

An Uninteresting Lesson.

the ground, or on a low stool, while the girls
squat round her, dressed in bright-coloured
trousers and tunics. Each child has a board,
something like a slate, from which she is learning
portions of the Koran by repeating in low tones
the same sentence over and over again till she
-knows it. One is sitting by the teacher, who
writes a fresh sentence for her on her board with
a thick reed pen, and makes her spell the words
and repeat them after her. This lesson com-
pleted, the child returns to her place to go on
repeating these dull words, which she cannot
understand, while the other children, each in
turn, take up their position by the teacher for
individual instruction. For more than an hour
they will go on in this way, till each child can
repeat the words and read them off correctly.
The class will probably be held again in the
Between the classes the children amuse them-
selves plaiting grass or stringing beads for sale,
and the mistress goes off to her household duties,
leaving us at liberty to gather the little girls
round us for hymn singing. As we give our
Scripture lesson, she often leaves her cooking to
listen to the words of the Gospel message, and
expresses surprise that the words of our Holy
Book are so plain.

84 Bright Coloured Clothes.

II j

m _

Mohammedan Girls at Mombasa.

A Sacred Month.

You will be amused to hear that these little
girls possess one English doll between them!
This is how they came to have it. Some of
them had heard from their brothers about the
pretty dolls the English bibis had in their house,
and so begged that they might have one. As our
stock of dolls was low and the demand, as usual,
very large, I could only spare this one. The
teacher's son, a boy of about fifteen, was sent to
fetch it, and bore it away in triumph !
At the age of thirteen these girls have to begin
to say their prayers and do other religious acts,
and very specially must they fast in Romadhan.
This is considered a sacred month, during which
all, except the very smallest children, may neither
eat nor drink between sunrise and sunset. The
little girls get very tired and often cross during
this month, and are always glad when the last
day comes and they may begin a time of feasting.
Imagine how we should feel if we were not
allowed to eat all day, nor even drink a drop of
water; and this they do in order to please God,
believing that it is one of the things quite
essential to being saved. They do not know God
as a loving Father, and are only taught to repeat
forms of prayer, which they do not understand.
Many girls and women never pray at all, and
grow up quite careless about God and sin, for

What are we doing ?

they are treated by their husbands as if they had
no souls, till they, too, come to think that God
does not care about them. Is it any wonder that,
knowing so little about God and living such
miserable lives, Satan finds them very willing to
listen to his evil suggestions and to give them-
selves up to him ?
Dear girls, what are we doing for the Lord
Jesus, whom we know and profess to serve?
Are we willing to deny ourselves for His sake?
If these dark sisters, who know not His love, can
do without food and without water under a
tropical sun in order to please God, a God whom
they know not, what should we not be willing to
give up for His sake, Who loved us and gave
Himself for us ? You remember that God has
told us that some from all nations, kindreds and
tongues" will come to sing the praises of the
" Lamb that was slain," and He has left to us the
honour and privilege of sending the Gospel of
Jesus to these nations and gathering out a people
for Him. What girl would not like to have a
part in conquering the world for Jesus ?
Now let me take you to a Swahili house and
introduce you to some of my girl friends in their
own homes. We will not enter by the front
door, as the ladies always sit at the back of the
house, unless they are quite sure the gentlemen

A Warm Welcome.

are well out of the way The back door, besides,
will be sure to be open to admit light and air, so
that no knocking will be needed. Before we have
time to call hodi, which means May I come in ? "
someone, generally a slave woman, has seen us
from her seat behind the door, and bids us enter.
The ladies give us a warm welcome, and invite us to
sit down on a dirty-looking bed. They listen to the
Gospel story and ask intelligent questions, after
joining very heartily with us in singing some of our
familiar hymns translated into their own language.
In this house there are two young girls, daughters
of the Mwana, or lady of the house, who look
very interested and are anxious to learn to read.
Their lives are very monotonous, for even cooking,
which occupies the older women for some part of
each day, does not fall to their lot. A little grass
plaiting is their only employment, day after day.
No wonder they get lazy and apathetic !
.As these girls must not be seen by a man, we
go into an inner room for our reading lesson, and
sit on the floor. One day, while we were reading
in the front room of this house, a young man
made his appearance suddenly at the door, where-
upon one of the girls immediately disappeared out
of sight behind a curtain of the bed. At other
times she has had to run and hide behind the
door. She is thirteen and about to be married,

Learning the Alphabet.

which accounts for her being so specially
secluded. She never goes out, nor will she be
allowed to do so for fully a year after her
marriage. When we are settled in this inner
room, where there is no fear of being disturbed, a
portion of the alphabet is repeated after us by
each of them in turn till five or six letters are
mastered, which usually occupies about half an
hour. Their perseverance is very striking: they
never wish to attempt more letters until those
already learnt are known so well that no matter
how they are shown them they can recognize
them at once. Before we leave, the mother tells
us how their hearts burn within them when they
see us English ladies walk about in the daytime,
while they dare not set foot outside their doors,
except by stealth after dark.
A girl is usually married at the age of fourteen,
to a man she has never seen, who is probably
much older than herself, and whose slave she
virtually becomes. I know of more than one
woman who has been strictly forbidden by her
husband ever to go out. As children they are
fairly happy, romping and playing like English
girls, but only within the very small area of the
house or courtyard. Blindman's buff is one of
their favourite games. At the age of thirteen, or
even twelve, they are considered young women

Covering her Head.

and must begin to think about marriage, and keep
at a respectful distance from their male relations.
I was once visiting a little girl of only eleven, and
she suddenly had to cover up her head, because
her uncle appeared in the doorway !

Main Street, Mombasa.
(C.M.S. ladies' house is seen on our right.)

A Brave Girl.

Amongst these girls whom we visit in their
homes, some twenty are receiving regular instruc-
tion in the New Testament, and learning to read
for themselves in Roman character. Many have
begun to love the name of Jesus, and wish to
follow Him; but then comes their difficulty. If
they read their Bible and accept the Lord Jesus
and confess Him, their relations will all curse
them, and they are in danger of being turned out
of house and home.
Let me tell you more particularly of a girl of
only fourteen, but the mistress of a large house-
hold of slaves, her mother having died six or seven
years ago. She has learned to read and write nicely;
but, better still, she has learned to love dearly the
words of the Lord Jesus. She has a copy of the
New Testament which she studies daily. Many a
happy hour has been spent explaining God's
Word to her, answering her questions and trying
to meet her difficulties. Some little time ago she
confessed to me that she knew the Lord Jesus to
be the Saviour, and did believe in Him, but added
that to acknowledge this in her home might
cost her her life. For a long time she has been
called an infidel by her relations, and is often
taunted with being a Christian. Yet, in spite of
all this, she goes on reading her Bible openly
before them all. Often have I seen her eyes flash

Prayer and Sympathy.

as she has been mockingly pointed at during her
lesson; but as a rule she refrains from saying
anything, and goes on quietly with her reading.
She is aware that in order to follow Christ truly,
she must confess Him openly, and she is therefore
praying for grace to do this, that she may be
amongst those who shall claim the promise given
us by Himself, Whosoever therefore shall confess
Me before men, him will I confess also before My
Father which is in heaven (Matt. x. 32).
It can only be by the power of God's Spirit that
she and others who are truly "seeking for Jesus "
may make a bold stand for Him amongst their
Mohammedan relations and friends. Shall not
we girls, then, who know Christ ourselves, seek
more earnestly, by prayer and sympathy, to help
these sisters of ours, who in their girlhood are
exposed to so great temptations and surrounded
by so much that is evil ?

,slf_-- .,.:.- --- .

View of Sierra Leone.

An agreeable Surprise.



By Miss A. LONG.

HOSE who leave Liverpool for Africa
very often have an idea that they are
leaving all the beauties of nature
behind, and setting out for a barren
sandy land. Come with me for an imaginary
voyage, and let us see
whether this idea is a
true one.
As we approach
Sierra Leone, an agree-
able surprise awaits us;
we can see, even at
some distance from the
harbour, that it is sur-
rounded by hills covered
with very beautiful trees,
making a most charm-
ing picture, the palms f
giving it quite a tro- E/ -i
pical appearance. By-

Interesting Buildings.

and-by we can clearly distinguish in the distance
Fourah Bay College, where many Natives have
been and are being trained, that they may carry
the Good Tidings to those of their fellow-
countrymen who as yet have not heard the
Gospel message.
While our eyes travel along the coast-line, we
see the Princess Christian Cottage Hospital, where
young native women are trained as nurses, and
many patients have been tenderly cared for and
nursed; then a little further to the right of this
institution we probably shall just be able to see
the Annie Walsh Memorial School (see picture on
p. 97), where many girls, of whom we shall hear
later on, have spent most happy days. There is
just one other building which stands out very
clearly; that is St. George's Cathedral. Here
every Sunday large congregations gather twice in
the day.
As we walk through the streets, one thing that
strikes us is the number of children, most of
whom are working very busily either by carrying
water or with a calabash on their head containing
some articles of cloth or fruit with which they
mean to trade; most of them so occupied are
girls, and as I see them of all ages, either in the
baby stage being carried on the mother's back, or
later on running about the streets and working,

African Girlhood.

it always makes me feel most thankful to our
Heavenly Father that my lot in childhood was
such a different one.
A large number of the little girls wear no
clothing whatever except a jzggidak, which is
black and about the thickness of a medium-sized
rope, round the waist. The early life of these
dear little ones is to me very sad. In many cases
the parents do not know that their children are
only lent to them to train for that Father and
God who has surrounded them with so many
mercies; hence their moral character is frequently
neglected, while almost unconsciously the lambs,
for whom Jesus Christ died, fall into habits of
deceit, lying, and stealing. Naturally, therefore,
as evil grows far more quickly than good, just
as weeds do in a garden, there is much that an
African girl has to battle against, of which an
English girl knows nothing at all. Those who
are beginning the Christian life specially need our
prayers that they may be kept by "the mighty
hand of God."
School life in England generally commences at
an early age, in order that we may fill our minds
with such knowledge as will fit us to become
useful women. This is not always the case in
that sunny clime of which we are talking. Many
Africans think that money spent on the education

Plenty of Work.

of small children is wasted. You will easily
understand, therefore, that as the minds of these
girls are not cultivated for some years, but filled
instead with things that prove to be rather
hindrances than helps, they are unable to make
the progress they otherwise would, and this may
have given rise to that false idea that Africans are
unable to attain to a high standard of education.
You will now see for yourselves, however, that
the standard reached naturally depends upon the
time a girl or boy commences school life, as well
as upon the ability shown.
I have often heard it said by girls at home
who are passing through these golden days of
opportunity," that they have no time for any
home duties whatever. I think they might
with much advantage learn a lesson from the
"Annie Walsh girls who, during the term, are
expected to be up quite early and get the first
meal, and then, when school-work is over for the
day, go home and cook the dinner! Do not
imagine that my theory is "all work and no
play," for I believe in having a good game at the
right time; but I know how easy it is to become
so selfishly absorbed in school interests as to lose
sight altogether of home claims.
But these African girls manage to find time
for play sometimes. A favourite game is one

At the Annie Walsh" School.

in which four girls take part. It is a most
quaint performance, especially when many quar-
tettes are together. Skipping is also a very
favourite pastime, and in all games singing
takes a prominent part; The recreation hours
are not, however, all taken up in this way. Let
us take a peep at the girls in the Annie Walsh
School after the lesson books are-putaway.

The "Annie Walsh School.

Not many of them are at play, but most of
them may be seen busily employed in making
canvas slippers or other articles of their own
designing; even the little ones are fond of this
cross-stitch work. It would be far better, I often
think, if they would take a greater interest in
play at the right time, as it would afford much
more healthful exercise.

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