Front Cover
 Title Page
 Half Title
 The story of the Old Testament
 The story of the New Testament
 Back Matter
 Back Cover

Group Title: Altemus' young people's library
Title: A Child's story of the Bible
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086061/00001
 Material Information
Title: A Child's story of the Bible
Series Title: Altemus' young people's library
Physical Description: 260 p,, 4 leaves of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 17 cm.
Language: English
Creator: McBurney, H ( Illustrator )
Henry Altemus Company ( Publisher )
Publisher: H. Altemus
Place of Publication: Philadelphia
Publication Date: c1899
Subject: Bible stories, English -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Publishers' catalogues -- 1899   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1899
Genre: Publishers' catalogues   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
General Note: Includes publisher's catalog.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086061
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001501523
oclc - 07432468
notis - AHB4285

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Title Page
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Half Title
        Page 9
        Page 10
    The story of the Old Testament
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
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        Page 15
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    The story of the New Testament
        Page 155
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    Back Matter
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    Back Cover
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Full Text

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The Bald*'n Library
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Frontispiece-A Child's Story of the Bible.




Copyright ag99 by Henry Altemus


THE present volume endeavors to tell in simple
language, and in a form fitted for the hands
of the younger members of the Christian
flock, the tale of God's dealings with his Chosen
People under the Old Dispensation, with its fore.
shadowings of the coming of that Messiah who was
to make all mankind one fold under one Shepherd.
The words are simple, so that all can understand
them without difficulty. Our efforts have been di-
rected to make this book not only attractive to the
little ones, but of assistance to those who have the
privilege of introducing them to the inspired ac-
counts of the world's history from its Creation to
the sorrowful death and glorious ascension of our
divine Saviour Jesus Christ.
The title of the BIBLE is derived from a Latin
word, itself derived from the Greek, which signifies
" Book," and was applied to the Hebrew Scriptures
as well as to the New Testament, as being books
read in Christian Churches. It comprises the Five
Books of Moses, or the Law, the Historical Books,
the Prophetical Works, and Devotional Works. By
the Law is understood Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus,
Numbers and Deuteronomy. The Historical Books
comprise the Books of Joshua, Judges, Ruth,
x-Story qfiA BU (V)


Samuel, Kings, Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah and
Esther. The Prophetical Works are the prophecies
of Job, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel and the
Twelve Minor Prophets; while under the head of
Devotional Works are the Psalms, Proverbs, the
Song of Solomon and Ecclesiastes.
The Old Testament is but the Introduction to the
New Testament. The creation of the world, as
told in the Book of Genesis, the Bondage in Egypt,
the Conquest of the Promised Land, the picturesque
and dramatic history of the Chosen People, of their
Judges and Kings, their Warriors and Statesmen,
their Priests and Prophets, their Captivity in Baby-
lon, and their Return to their native land, all point
forward to the Story of the Redeemer, all serve but
to prepare the way for the Coming of Christ, the
Saviour of the World. The books which we know
as constituting the OLD TESTAMENT are, also,
counterparts to those that constitute the NEW TES-
TAMENT. The Four Gospels correspond to the
Pentateuch or the Five Books of Moses, the Acts of
the Apostles to the Historical Books, the Epistles to
the Prophetical Works, and the Book of Revelation
to Daniel and Ezekiel. The Old Testament is the
Covenant of God with his Chosen People, the New
Testament speaks of the New Covenant of God with
all Mankind, by which all are offered the privileges
of adoption as Children of God and Heirs of the
Kingdom of Heaven.
With the exception of Daniel, which is written in
Chaldee, the Canonical Works of the Old Testament
are in the Hebrew language, spoken by the Jews in
the Holy Land. But in addition to these Canonical


Scriptures, there are several historical narratives
written in Greek, which the greater part of the
Christian World hold in high esteem, and which are
read for instruction in manners." These Apocry-
phal Works, as Protestant Churches call them, were
written after the Jews had been led away captive
into Babylon and form the connecting link between
the Old and New Testaments. They are of great
historical value, as telling us of the struggles of the
Jews under the Greek Kings of Syria.
Of all these works various translations in many
languages have been made. The Hebrew text was
rendered into Greek about 300 years before the birth
of Christ, and all were translated into Latin about
the second and third centuries of the Christian era.
The revision of this Latin Version by S. Jerome
(A. D. 383) became the Authorized Version of the
Western Church, and is called the Vulgate. From
this Latin Version partial translations were made
into the vernacular languages of various countries,
and a version of the whole into English appeared
under the name of Wyclif about 1382. After the
introduction of printing into England, in 1477,
other translations, summaries and extracts were
given to the world, and :n 1535 the first complete
English Bible was issued by Miles Coverdale. In
1611 the so called "authorized" English version
was published, and this was carefully revised by
companies of English and American scholars during
the years 1870 to 1880, the result being known as
the Revised Version." The New Testament, thus
revised, was published in i880, the Old Testament
in 1884.




Of the Old Testament



IN the beginning God made all things, and on the
sixth day he looked upon what he had made;
and he was well pleased with it. And he rested
on the seventh day, and made it holy.
God formed man from the dust of the ground, in
his own image, and breathed into his nostrils the
breath of life. And God spoke kindly to Adam
(" The Man "), and told him that he should have
power over every living thing on the earth, the birds
in the air, and the fish in the sea. The fruit on the
trees and bushes was to be his food, and he was

placed within the beautiful garden of Eden, to dress
it and to keep it. A river passed through the
garden to water it. And Adam was to eat of every
tree in it, except the Tree of the Knowledge of Good
and Evil. If he ate of this tree, he would surely
die. And God saw it was not good for man to be
alone, so he made Eve out of a bone from Adam's
side, and gave her to him to be a wife or helpmeet.
And all the animals which God had created came
to Adam, and he gave them their names.
Although everything was so beautiful, and al-
though Adam and Eve were good, and perfectly
happy, the Devil came in the form of a serpent, and
told Eve that there would be no harm in tasting the
fruit upon the forbidden tree. And she looked at it,
and believed the serpent; and stretching forth her
hand, she plucked the fruit and ate it, and also gave
to her husband. As soon as they had eaten of the
forbidden fruit they knew they were naked, and
went and hid themselves. Then God asked them
why they had done this ; and they were both afraid.
And Adam laid the blame upon his wife, and she
blamed the serpent. But God was displeased with
them both, and he cast them out of the beautiful
garden, and cursed the ground for their sake; and
he told them they would have to work hard for their
bread, and after this their bodies were to die, and
return to the dust. But God promised that he would
afterwards send a Saviour, who would save them and
their descendants from the guilt of their sin, if they
would believe upon him.
And God gave Adam and Eve two sons after they
were driven out of the garden. The name of the




elder was Cain, and of the younger Abel. Cain
worked as a farmer or gardener; but Abel was a
shepherd. And one day they offered up a sacrifice
to God : Cain's offering was the fruits of the ground,
that of Abel was a little lamb. Now Abel was sorry
for his sins, and God heard and pardoned him. But
Cain continued hard and stubborn. And Abel's
sacrifice was accepted by God, but that of Cain was
not. This made Cain very angry. And God asked
him why he was angry ; if he did right he would be
pleased with him, if he did not do right it was his
own fault.
This made Cain envious of Abel, and one day he
rose up against him in the field and slew him. And
God called him, and asked where his brother was.
Cain said he did not know; was he his brother's
keeper? And because Cain had done this God set a
mark upon him so that every one would know him,
and sentenced him to be a fugitive and a wanderer
for the rest of his days. Then Cain built a city in
the land of Nod, to the east of Eden, and amongst
his descendants were Jabal, Jubal, and Tubal-cain.
Jabal taught people to dwell in tents and keep cattle ;
Jubal taught the art of music ; and Tubal-cain was
skilful in making articles out of brass and iron.
Enoch, a descendant of Seth, another son of Adam,
was a very good man, who passed from earth to
heaven without dying. He walked with God; and
he was not, for God took him. His son Methuselah
lived longer than any man either before or since ; he
was nine hundred and sixty-nine years old when he
died. Many years afterwards the people began to
increase upon the earth. And they were very wicked,


and did what pleased themselves, and never thought
about pleasing God; so he determined to punish
them. He said his Spirit would not always strive
with man, but that after a hundred and twenty years
man would be destroyed.
And God spoke to a good man called Noah, the
grandson of Methuselah, and commanded him to
build an ark, a large house that might float upon the
waters. And Noah did so; but it took him about
one hundred years to build it, and all the people that
passed by mocked him, and said what a fool he was
to take so much trouble in building such a large
floating house. But Noah knew better, and believed
God. And one day God told him to come inside the
ark with all his family, and to take some of all kinds
of birds and beasts with him. And Noah and his
family and all the animals entered the ark, and God
shut them in. As soon as Noah and his family were
inside the ark it began to rain, and it rained for forty
days and forty nights. And everything outside the
ark was covered with water, so that even those who
went to the tops of the highest hills were drowned.
Everybody and every living thing that was left out-
side the ark perished in that great flood.
After forty days Noah opened a window in the ark
and let a raven fly out, in order to see if there was
any dry ground; but the raven returned, having
found no place to rest upon. Then he sent forth a
dove, but she also returned ; then he sent forth the
dove again, and she went away for a whole day, but
in the evening she returned with an olive leaf in her
mouth. Then Noah knew that the waters were
abating. The next time the dove was sent out she

did not return. God did not forget Noah, and after
his time was accomplished the ark rested on Mount
Ararat. Everything in it went out there. And
Noah was thankful for his deliverance, and he built
an altar and offered a sacrifice to the Lord. And
God set a beautiful rainbow in the sky, to show that
he would never again cover the earth with water in
that way. Noah lived for three hundred and fifty
years after the flood, and was nine hundred and fifty
years old when he died.
But it was not long before the people again forgot
all about God, and their minds were filled with their
own vain imaginations. As they journeyed from the
east they came to a plain in the land of Shinar : and
they said one to another, Come, let us build a tower
that shall reach up to heaven! And they began to
build a large tower of brick. But God saw their
work and the wicked thoughts in their hearts, and
was angry because of the building of this tower.
They built it, very likely, to escape from any flood
which might come again upon the earth, although
God had said to Noah that there would never be such
a flood again. Now at that time the people all spoke
one language. So God made all those who were
working at the tower each to speak a different lan-
guage ; and as they could not understand one another
they had to stop the building. So this tower was
called the Tower of Babel, because babel means con-
fusion. This Babel, or Babylon, as it was afterwards
called, was the beginning of Nimrod's kingdom in
the plain of Shinar. When the people were scat-
tered by the confusion of tongues we read that As-
shur went forth and built Nineveh.


Many years after these things happened there lived
in the land of Ur of the Chaldees a man called
Abram, a son of Terah, a descendant of Shem, one
of Noah's sons. He feared God, and because the
people round about him worshipped idols, God told
him to go up into a country which he would show
him, promising to bless him, and make of him a
great nation. And Abram believed God, and departed
with his wife Sarai, and Lot, his brother's son. And
they came to Shechem in Canaan, where God spoke
to him and told him that he would give all the land
to his descendants. When a famine arose in the
land, Abram had to go down to Egypt to get food;
and at another time, his flocks and herds had in-
creased so much that he had to part from Lot. And
Lot, being selfish, chose the plain of Jordan, because
it was rich and well-watered. But Lot was not long
there, among the wicked people of Sodom, before
he fell into trouble. Four kings with an army came
up against Sodom and took it, and Lot and his
family were amongst the captives. But Abram
came and rescued Lot from these kings, and took
back all the spoil which they had carried off with
them. And as Abram was returning he was met by
Melchizedek, king of Salem and a minister of God,
who blessed him and thanked God for giving him
the victory.
After this God talked with Abram. He promised
him that he would have a son, and that his descend-
ants would be like the stars for number, but that
they would be strangers in a strange land, and be
servants, and be ill-treated for a season. After four
hundred years they would come out of that land


with great wealth. And God changed Abram's
name to Abraham, which signifies the father of many
nations; and Sarai's was changed to Sarah, which
means princess.
One day Abraham was seated at his tent door, in
the heat of the day, when he saw three men stand-
ing near him. And he ran and bowed down before
them, as is the custom in the east, and asked them
to rest under a tree. Now two of these men were
angels, and one of them was the Lord, although
Abraham knew not this at the time. And Abraham
was very kind to them, and entertained them with
the best food he had; and after that they went
together towards the city of Sodom.
It was now revealed to Abraham that the cities of
Sodom and Gomorrah in the plain of Jordan were
to be destroyed because they were so wicked. Abra-
ham pleaded with God that if there were found a
certain number of righteous men in Sodom he would
not destroy it. But there were not even ten right-
eous people found there. And Abraham was sorry
when he heard this, because Lot dwelt in Sodom.
But God sent two angels to warn Lot of what was
coming; and Lot told some of his friends of the great
destruction impending; but they would not believe
it, and only laughed at him. And the two angels hur-
ried Lot and his wife and his two daughters out of
the doomed city, and told them to depart quickly,
and not look behind, else they would perish with it.
And Lot fled to a city called Zoar; but on the way
thither his wife looked back, and because of her dis-
obedience she at once became a pillar of salt. And
the Lord rained fire and brimstone down upon Sodom

and Gomorrah, and they were destroyed, and only
Lot and his daughters were saved alive.
When Abraham was about one hundred years old,
God remembered his promise, and a son was born
to him, whom he called Isaac. When Isaac grew
up, young Ishmael, the son of Hagar, who lived in
the tents with them, mocked at Isaac, and Abraham
was obliged to send away Hagar and Ishmael. He
gave them some bread and water for the journey;
but after Hagar had been some time in the wilder-
ness, the water was exhausted, and poor Ishmael was
like to die. And Hagar wept bitterly; but God
heard her cry, and showed her a well of water, and
their lives were saved. As Ishmael grew up he be-
came expert in the use of the bow and arrow, and
became the father of the wandering tribes of the
eastern desert.
And one day God spoke to Abraham, and asked
him to do a very hard and bitter thing, that he might
see if he trusted him with all his heart. He com-
manded Abraham to take his only and beloved son
Isaac, and go into the land of Moriah, and offer him
as a sacrifice upon an altar; so Abraham started
early one morning, and saddled his ass, and took
Isaac, and two young men who were his servants,
and wood ready to lay upon the altar. On the third
day he came to the place; and Abraham and Isaac
went up to the mountain-top alone, and Isaac said,
My father, behold the fire and the wood, but where
is the lamb for a burnt offering? Abraham replied,
My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt-
offering. And Abraham built an altar and laid the
wood upon it. And then he bound Isaac, and laid


A Child's Story of the Bible-D.


--Story of the Bible 2X


him upon the wood, and took his knife to slay his
son. But the angel of the Lord stayed his hand;
and looking round Abraham saw a ram caught fast
in the bushes by the horns; and he offered up the
ram instead of Isaac.
God was now well pleased with Abraham because
of his obedience and faith, as shown by his willing-
ness to offer up his son, and he received the promise
of great blessings. His descendants were to be like
the sand on the sea-shore for multitude; and all
nations of the earth were to be blessed in them,
because the Saviour who had been promised was to
be born amongst them.



WHEN Isaac grew up, Abraham wished him to
take a wife, but not one of the women of the
country, because they were idolaters. So he
sent his faithful servant to some of his own kindred,
with ten camels and many beautiful presents. And
when the servant came near to a city in the country
to which he was sent, he brought his camels to a well,
and prayed that God would show kindness to his
master, and that the woman who gave him water to


drink out of her pitcher when he asked it might be
the wife of Isaac.
And a beautiful young woman, named Rebekah,
came down to draw water with her-pitcher, and the
servant ran and asked for some water for himself and
the camels. And she behaved kindly towards him, and
drew water for him; and the servant knew at once
that this was the woman that God had chosen to be
Isaac's wife. And after Abraham's servant had given
her some presents, he heard that she was a relation
of his master's; and Laban, her brother, came out to
meet him, and entertained him. Then the servant
delivered his message, and told them of Abraham's
wealth in camels, and oxen, and sheep, and how he
wished a wife for his son. And Rebekah's friends
saw that God had guided Abraham's servant thither;
and the next day he started on his homeward journey,
with Rebekah and her maid on the camels beside
him. When they reached the land of Canaan it was
towards evening, and Isaac, who had gone out to the
fields to meditate, met them. And Rebekah went
home with him, and became his wife, and he loved
her very much.
And when Abraham was one hundred and seventy-
five years old he died; and they buried him beside
Sarah, in the field which he had bought from Ephron
the Hittite.
And God gave Isaac two sons ; the name of the
eldest was Esau, and that of the youngest Jacob.
Esau was a great hunter, and often brought home
deer, and made food that his father loved. Jacob
was a plain shepherd, living in a tent. One day
Esau came in from the fields faint with hunger, and

he saw Jacob cooking a mess of pottage, and he asked
for some. Now Jacob was very mean, and he asked
Esau for his birthright, or all that he was entitled
to as the eldest son, in exchange for the pottage.
And Esau consented to the exchange, and thus
despised his birthright.
And a great famine arose in the land of Canaan,
which caused Isaac to remove with his family and his
flocks and herds to the land of Gerar. And God
prospered him there, and he became very wealthy,
and had great flocks of sheep, cattle and many
servants. And Isaac dug again the wells of his
father Abraham which had been stopped up. And
God appeared to him at Beersheba, and promised to
bless him.
When Isaac grew old and could not see, he sent
Esau out to the field to bring home the kind of
flesh that he loved, because he purposed to give
Esau his blessing before he died. But Rebekah
heard this; and as she loved Jacob best, she dis-
guised him with skins, to make him hairy like Esau,
so that Isaac would not know it was Jacob. And
she gave him the flesh of a kid that had been newly
killed, and sent him to get the blessing from his
father. And Isaac blessed Jacob with the first and
best blessing, as the elder son, and prayed that God
would bless him with the good things of the earth,
and that he might become great, and that other
nations might bow down to him. When Esan came
home, and found out what his brother had done, he
cried out with a loud voice for his father to bless him
also. And Isaac blessed him also, but not with the
same great blessing as Jacob. And Esau hated



Jacob for this, and purposed in his heart to kill him
when he had an opportunity.
And Rebekah warned Jacob of his brother Esau's
intention to kill him; so Jacob went to Padan-aram,
where his uncle Laban lived. When on his journey
he lighted upon a certain place, where he tarried all
night, and lay down with stones for his pillow.
And as he slept he dreamed that he saw a ladder set
up on the earth, the top of which reached to
heaven, and behold, the angels of God ascending
and descending upon it. And above it stood the
Lord, who made him the gracious promise that he
would keep him in all the way he. had to go, and
give him the land wherein he was to himself and his
children for a possession. In the morning Jacob
took his stone pillow and poured oil upon the top of
it, and called the place Bethel, which means the
house of God. And he vowed that if God would be
with him and keep him, the Lord should be his God.
And Jacob went on his journey until he came to
Haran, where his uncle Laban lived. And near a
well in a field he met Rachel, the daughter of
Laban, to whom he made himself known, and as-
sisted her in watering her sheep. Laban welcomed
Jacob, and made an agreement with him, whereby
if he served him seven years he would have his
younger daughter Rachel, whom Jacob loved, to be
his wife. But at the end of seven years, when Jacob
claimed Rachel as his wife, the crafty Laban gave
him her sister Leah instead, whom he did not love,
and said he must serve him another seven years for
Rachel. And Jacob, for the love he bore to Rachel,
consented to serve another seven years for her.



Then Jacob returned to the land of Canaan, hav.
ing now eleven sons and one daughter, and a great
many sheep and cattle, for God had fulfilled his
promise and blessed him. On the journey, at a
certain place, the Lord wrestled with him for a
whole night, and gave him a new name. Instead of
Jacob he was to be called Israel, which means "A
Prince of God." And he called the place Peniel,
which means "the face of God," because he had
seen God face to face. On the journey he also met
his brother Esau, and they were reconciled to one
another. But his wife Rachel died by the way,
when his youngest son Benjamin was born. Soon
after Jacob's return to Canaan his father Isaac also
died. And as the land was not able to support him
and Esau, to whom he was now reconciled, because
of the multitude of their sheep and cattle, they
parted company, and Esau dwelt in Mount Seir.
Of all his twelve sons Jacob loved Joseph best, and
he made him a coat of many colors. When Joseph
was about seventeen years of age, he had a strange
dream, which he told to his brothers. He thought
in his dream that they were all binding sheaves in
the field, when his sheaf arose and stood upright,
and all his brothers' sheaves stood up and bowed
down to it. This caused his brothers to be very
envious and jealous of him. Joseph dreamed again
that the sun, the moon and eleven stars bowed down
to him. All this seemed as if they, his elder
brethren, who were older and wiser than him, were
to bow down and serve him.
While his brethren were feeding their flocks at
Shechem Joseph was sent by his father from


Hebron to see as to their welfare, and to bring him
word. He found them at Dothan, about twelve
miles from Shechem. When his brethren saw him
afar off they made a plot against him to kill him.
They could not bear his dreams, his reproofs, his airs
of superiority, as they deemed them, any longer.
They thought they had now a good opportunity to
kill him, cast his body into a pit, and then report
that some evil beast had devoured him. Reuben,
his eldest brother, was a little less heartless than the
rest, and begged that they would not kill him, but
leave him in a pit in the wilderness. So they
stripped him of his coat of many colors, and cast
him into a pit, where he might have perished; but a
band of merchants, Ishmaelites and Midianites,
bound for the land 6f Egypt, coming that way, his
brethren sold him to them as a slave for twenty
pieces of silver. When Reuben, who did not know
of this, came to the pit and found his brother Joseph
gone, he was in great distress, and wondered what
he should say to his 'father on his return. So these
wicked brethren killed a kid, dipped Joseph's coat in
the blood, and taking it to their father, made him
believe that some evil beast had devoured him.
Jacob mourned long and bitterly for his son, and
said, "I will go down into .the grave unto my son
Meanwhile Joseph was sold by the Ishmaelites as
a slave to Potiphar, an officer of King Pharaoh, cap-
tain of his guard, who, finding him honest and dili-
gent, trusted him, and promoted him in his service.
But the wife of Potiphar was not a good woman,
and made her husband believe that he had a bad ser-

vant, and bore false witness against him. So Joseph
was sent to prison because of what this woman said
against him. In prison he was kindly treated by the
jailer, and interpreted the dreams of two of the
king's servants, the chief butler and the chief baker,
who were also in prison. The interpretation of the
dreams which God gave to Joseph came exactly true :
as Joseph foretold, the chief baker was hanged by
Pharaoh within three days, but the chief butler was
again restored to favor.
King Pharaoh had also strange dreams, which
none of all the wise men in his kingdom could inter-
pret. Then the chief butler, who had previously
forgotten all about Joseph, remembered that the
young Hebrew in prison had interpreted his dream
correctly. So he told Pharaoh about him, and the
king then sent for Joseph, and told one of his dreams
to him. He thought that he was standing on the bank
of the river Nile, when seven fat kine came up out
of the water, and fed in a meadow. After them
came seven lean kine, which swallowed up the fat
ones, without making them look any better. His
other dream was of seven good and full ears of corn
growing on one stalk, which were swallowed up by
seven poor, thin, withered ears, blasted by the east
wind. Joseph explained to Pharaoh that it was God
who enabled him to interpret dreams, and told him
that his dreams were warnings sent by God of a great
calamity which was coming upon the land. The
seven fat kine and the seven good ears symbolized
seven years of plenty; and the seven lean kine and
seven blasted ears meant seven years of famine which
were to follow. So Joseph advised the king that



during the years of plenty he should lay up in store
against the years of famine, and set a wise man over
the land to collect stores of food, so that the people
might not perish with hunger during the years of
dearth. Pharaoh saw the wisdom of this advice,
and also that there was no one more fit and proper to
set over the land to gather food than Joseph. So he
appointed him to this post, put his own ring on his
hand, gave him a gold chain and rich clothing, and
a chariot to ride in, with people marching before,
telling them to do him honor. 'Thus the youth who
had been sold as a slave was proclaimed ruler over
the land; only in the throne was Pharaoh greater
than Joseph.
What Joseph had foretold came exactly to pass.
There came seven years of plenty, and during those
years Joseph gathered the corn into storehouses, and
kept it till the seven years of famine. Then the
people came from far and near into Egypt to buy
corn, and amongst those who came were Joseph's
ten brethren. When they were brought into Joseph's
presence they bowed themselves to the ground be-
fore him. He recognized them at once, but spoke
roughly to them, and asked them many questions,
accusing them of being spies, and ordered that one
of them should be detained until Benjamin, their
youngest brother, had been brought to him. When
they heard this their hearts reproved them, and they
felt that this had come upon them because of their
conduct towards Joseph. Then Joseph ordered that
their sacks should be filled with corn, and each man's
money restored into his sack.
And when they returned they told their father


Jacob all that the ruler in Egypt had said and done
to them; also that they need not go back again to
purchase corn unless they took their brother Ben-
jamin with them. Jacob was very unhappy at the
prospect of losing his well-beloved Benjamin. He
said, My son shall not go down with you; for his
brother is dead, and he is left alone; if mischief be-
fall him by the way in the which ye go, then shall
ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the
But as the famine was sore, he ordered them to
take down a present of the best fruits of the land to
the ruler in Egypt, and so endeavor to gain favor
with him. When Joseph saw them come with Ben-
jamin, he ordered his steward to. prepare a meal, as
these men were to dine with him at noon. Joseph
again asked them many questions about the welfare
of his father; and when he saw Benjamin with them
his heart yearned over him, and he went into his
chamber and wept. After that they all feasted to-
gether, and at Joseph's command the sacks of his
brethren were filled with corn, the money they had
brought was put back into their sacks' mouth, and
Joseph's silver cup was put into Benjamin's sack.
Next day, before they had got very far from the city,
a messenger from Joseph stopped them and accused
them of stealing his master's silver cup. They all
protested that they knew nothing about it; but in
spite of what they said, when their sacks were opened
and examined, the cup was found in that of Ben-
jamin. So they were obliged to go back to the ruler
of Egypt, and explain the matter. Joseph said that
he would detain Benjamin as his servant for what he

had done. Judah, his brother, made an earnest
appeal that he should be detained instead of Ben.
jamin, for his aged father's sake.
At this Joseph could not contain himself any
longer; so he made himself known to his brethren,
and he wept aloud with them, so that all the house
of Pharaoh heard. He said, I am Joseph; doth my
father yet live? None of them could answer him,
for they were-afraid. But Joseph calmed their fears,
and told them that although they had sold him as a
slave into Egypt, God had sent him before them to
preserve their lives. And he requested them to go
at once to the land of Canaan, and bring their father,
and their families, and all their flocks and herds, and
he would make abundant provision for them all in
the land of Goshen. And this pleased Pharaoh also,
and he promised them the good of all the land of
And Jacob began his journey, and at Beersheba
he offered sacrifices to the God of his father. And
God appeared to him in a dream, and told him not
to be afraid to go down into the land of Egypt, for
the Lord would be with him, and make of him a
great nation.
When Jacob came down into Egypt he was pre-
sented to Pharaoh, and blessed him; and Joseph gave
his father and brethren a possession in the land of
Egypt, in the country of Goshen, and he fed them
with bread during all the years of famine.
After living for seventeen years in Egypt, the time
came when Jacob must die. He blessed the two
sons of Joseph, Ephraim and Manasseh; and told
Joseph that although he was now passing away, God


would be with his posterity and bring them again
into the land of Canaan. Then he blessed his twelve
sons, foretelling what they and their descendants
would become. Judah received the highest honor,
for his descendants were declared to be the royal
tribe, which would never be without a ruler until
Shiloh should come, and unto him should the gath-
ering of the people be. After Joseph and Benjamin
had received a very tender blessing, he commanded
them to bury him in the land of Canaan, in the cave,
in the field of Machpelah, which had been Abraham's
burying-place. When Jacob died his body was em-
balmed, or preserved with spices; and after seventy
days the children of Israel went up with chariots and
horsemen, a very great company, and buried him in
the cave of Machpelah, as he had commanded.
After the death of their father, the sons of Jacob
were afraid that Joseph would now punish them for
their former cruel behavior to him in selling him as
a slave. When they confessed to him their fears,
and that they had done wrong, and had asked his
forgiveness, Joseph wept, and told them that though
they had sold him into Egypt, and had intended to
do him harm, God had turned it into good. So he
comforted and spoke kindly to them, and assured
them that he would provide for their households.
When Joseph came to die, he told the children of
Israel (as Jacob's descendants were henceforth called)
that God would surely visit them, and bring them
up into the land of Canaan. He also made them
promise to carry his bones with them and lay them




M ANY years after the death of Joseph and the
good Pharaoh who had made him ruler in
the land there rose up a king who knew
not Joseph. This Pharaoh had become jealous of
the growing wealth and greatness of the children
of Israel in the land of Goshen, and he thought he
would try and keep them down, in case, if there
came war with a neighboring country, they might
join his enemies. So he began to treat them like
slaves; he set hard taskmasters over them, and made
them make bricks and build treasure-houses for him
-Pithom and Raamses. And he not only did this,
but he ordered that all the Hebrew boys should be
destroyed at their birth, thinking that in this way he
would stop the increase of the Israelites in the land.
There was one tender-hearted Hebrew mother who
managed to hide her babe out of sight for three
months, until she could hide him no longer. So
she made a cradle of water-reeds, and daubed it with
pitch that it might not sink when put into the water,
and then she placed it among the rushes at the edge
of the river Nile. After a time it so-happened that
Pharaoh's daughter, coming down to the river to
bathe, saw the cradle with the babe in it, and sent
her maid to fetch it. rhe child cried as she looked
at him, and taking pity upon him she ordered that


3-tory of tks Bibk 37

the little foundling should be nursed for her by a
Hebrew woman. And Mir,iam, the sister of the child,
who had been standing afar off, went and fetched his
own mother as nurse for him. And she nursed him
for Pharaoh's daughter, and he was named Moses,
which means "drawn out," because he had been
drawn out of the water.
The princess gave him the best education that
could be had at that time; and he became learned in
in all the wisdom of the Egyptians. But although
brought up at the court of Pharaoh he did not forget
his own people. When he was forty years of age his
spirit was stirred within him one day by seeing an
Egyptian ill-treating one of his own nation. He
took the part of the Hebrew, and slew the Egyptian,
and buried his body in the sand. Next day, when
he interfered again in another quarrel, he found that
what he had done the day before was known, and he
fled into the land of Midian.
One day, as Moses sat beside a well in Midian,
seven maidens came out with their father's sheep to
water them, but could not do so because of the shep-
herds there who tried to drive them away. Moses
took their part, and helped them to water their sheep;
and when the maidens went home they told their
father that they had been helped by a stranger. So
Moses was invited into the house of Jethro, and
treated kindly, and he married onr of Jethro's daugh-
ters, called Zipporah. These Midianites were related
to the children of Israel, for they were descended
from Midian, a son of Abraham, who had gone to
live in the eastward of the land of Canaan.
Moses lived quietly in Midian for about forty yea s


as a shepherd, in gradual preparation for the great
work which lay before him. During this time the
afflictions of the Israelites in Egypt increased. It
had been revealed to Abraham that they would have
to endure this cruel bondage for about four hundred
years, and then a deliverer would arise.
One day Moses was feeding his flock on the moun-
tain of Horeb when he saw a bush burning with fire,
yet not consumed. He turned aside to see this
strange sight, when a voice called him by name out
of the middle of the bush. He was told to put his
shoes from off his feet, for the ground on which he
stood was holy. It was God who spoke, and Moses
hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God.
Then God told him how he had heard the cry and
seen the affliction of his people in Egypt, and that
he wished him to go to Pharaoh and ask him to
let his people go.
Moses did not think he was worthy to do this great
work, and asked for a proof to give to his brethren
that he was sent by God. He was told to say to
them, I AM-which means the same as Jehovah, the
everlasting God-hath sent me unto you. He was
first to call together the chief men of Israel, and then
go to Pharaoh, and ask leave for the children of
Israel to go three days' journey into the wilderness
to sacrifice to God. And in order that the people
might not doubt his word he was given the power of
working miracles. The rod which he held in his
hand when cast to the ground became a serpent, and
when he took hold of it again it became a rod. And
also, when he put his hand into his bosom and took
it out, it was covered with a terrible disease called

leprosy; when he put it back again and took it not it
became as whole as the other. Still Moses did not
think he was quite equal to the task, because he was
slow of speech; but God reproved him, and said,
Now, therefore, go, and I will be with thy mouth,
and teach thee what thou shalt say. Further, he
was commanded to take his brother Aaron with him,
who was ready and fluent of speech, and who would
be his spokesman to the people.
The first interview which Moses and Aaron had
with Pharaoh seemed only to make the case of the
people worse than before. Their taskmasters behaved
more cruelly to them, and did not even give them
straw to make bricks, but told them they might seek
straw for themselves. And Moses cried to God, and in
answer he was encouraged not to be afraid, for God
would not forsake his people in their trouble, but
would certainly remember his promise, and .bring
them safely into the land of Canaan. But the peo-
ple were now so down-trodden and miserable, that
they would scarcely believe that his promise would
ever be fulfilled.
And Moses and Aaron, by God's command, went
a second time to the king; and Aaron threw down
his rod before him, and it became a serpent. But the
conjurors or magicians of the court made Pharaoh
believe that they could do the same thing; and they
also threw down their rods, which became serpents,
but Aaron's rod swallowed theirs up. All this had
no effect upon the mind of the king, who still hard-
ened his heart.
God now commanded Moses and Aaron to go to
the brink of the Nile when the king came there in


the morning, and Aaron was to stretch forth his rod
over the waters of Egypt, and immediately they
would be changed into blood, and the river would
stink, and all the fish that were in it would die.
Moses and Aaron obeyed the command, and all the
rivers of Egypt were at once changed into blood.
And the magicians did so, or appeared to do so,
with their enchantments, and the heart of Pharaoh
remained as hard as ever.
When seven days had expired, Moses went again
to the king to ask that the children of Israel might
be allowed to go, and told him that if he again re-
fused the land would be visited with a plague of frogs.
So when Aaroi stretched his hand over the waters
of Egypt, the frogs came up and covered the land.
This plague was so troublesome that Pharaoh in dis-
tress sent for Moses and Aaron, and asked them to
take away the frogs ; so on the morrow Moses cried
unto the Lord, and the plague of frogs was confined
to the river. When Pharaoh saw that there was to
be a respite, he again hardened his heart, and would
not let the people go.
The next plague sent on Pharaoh for his hardness
of heart was that the dust of the earth became lice
both on man and beast; but this also had no effect
upon the heart of the king. Then a plague of flies
was sent, which filled the houses of the Egyptians,
so that the land was perfectly corrupted by them.
Pharaoh relented again, and was willing to let them
go until the plague was removed, when his heart-
remained as hard as ever. Next, disease was sent
upon the cattle of the Egyptians, then grievous boils
were sent upon man and beast, and thunder and hail,

which worked havoc amongst the cattle and in the
fields of the Egyptians. The next two plagues were
locusts and darkness. But the heart of the king
remained as hard as before until the last and most
terrible plague of all, when all the first-born of man
and beast were slain, throughout the land. God had
warned Moses that after this Pharaoh would let
the children of Israel go.



SOME preparation was needed before the children
of Israel should leave the land in which they had
now lived for about four hundred and thirty years.
They were therefore commanded to borrow of the
Egyptians jewels of silver and jewels of gold, and all
other things necessary; and in memory of their de.
liverance they were to celebrate the Lord's Passover;
an ordinance which was to be kept up through all
their generations. A lamb was to be killed and
roasted during the night, and eaten with unleavened
bread and bitter herbs. And they were to take of
the blood and strike it on the two side-posts and the
upper post of the doors of the houses in which they
were eating it. The flesh.:of the lamb was to be



i'' ~r~rrRat

eaten with their loins girded, their shoes on their
feet, and their staff in their hand. From the four-
teenth day of the month until the twenty-first noth-
ing but unleavened bread was to be found in any of
their houses; and when the Lord would pass through
to smite the first-born of the Egyptians all the doors,
where the lintels and side-posts were sprinkled with
blood, would be passed over.
What the Lord had revealed to Moses came to
pass. All the first-born in the land of Egypt, from
Pharaoh on the throne to the captive in the dungeon,
were smitten, as well as the first-born of cattle. A
great cry was raised during the night, such as there
had not been before nor since, when Pharaoh and the
Egyptians discovered this terrible calamity. Moses
and Aaron were at once sent for, and commanded to
lead the children of Israel forth, for they said, We be
all dead men. And the Lord gave them favor in the
eyes of the Egyptians, so that they lent to the people
jewels of silver and jewels of gold, and all that they
required from them. And they departed in haste, a
vast multitude, on foot. They first journeyed from
Rameses to Succoth; and from thence they marched
to Etham, on the edge of the wilderness. They had
a sign that the Lord was leading them in a pillar of
cloud which hung over them by day, but which be-
came a pillar of fire at night, going before them to
show the way.
The heart of Pharaoh was not long in turning
against the children of Israel after he had let them
go, especially when it was told him that they were flee-
ing from him. The Egyptians felt annoyed that
they had allowed them to go away from serving


them. So with their horses and chariots they pur-
sued them, and came close to them beside Pihahiroth.
The sight of their oppressors pursuing them caused
the Israelites to become faint-hearted and tremble,
and also to murmur against Moses for leading them
out thus to perish in the wilderness. Moses laid their
trouble before the Lord, and the answer came, Speak
to the children of Israel that they go forward. And
the angel of God went from the front to the rear of
the children of Israel, and the pillar of cloud hung
behind them, between them and their enemies.
And Moses at God's command stretched his rod over
the waters of the Red Sea, and the waters went back
all that night by a strong east wind, making the sea
dry land, and the waters were divided. Into this
pathway made for them in the waters the children
of Israel marched, with a wall of water on their right
hand and on their left, closely pursued by the
Egyptians, who went in after them even to the midst
of the sea.
And the Lord looked down upon the Egyptians
and troubled them, and commanded Moses to stretch
his hand over the sea, and when he had done so, the
sea returned in its strength, and all the Egyptians
with their chariots and horsemen were swallowed
up in the waters; but the children of Israel marched
safely over upon dry land. And on the other side
Moses and the whole congregation of Israel sang a
song of triumph unto the Lord about the overthrow
of their enemies. And Miriam, the prophetess, the
sister of Moses, took a timbrel in her hand, and
followed by the women, she said, Sing ye to the


Lord, for he hath triumphed gloriously: the horse
and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.
From the Red Sea they marched to the wilderness
of Shur, where they wandered three days without
finding water. Then they came to Marah, but the
water there was so bitter that until Moses, at the
command of the Lord, had cast a certain tree in it
they could not drink. And here the promise of God
came to them, that if they would hearken diligently
to his voice, and do right in his sight, and keep his
commandments, they would never be visited with
the plagues which they had seen come upon the
When they came to the wilderness of Zin, the
people again began to murmur against Moses, and
to long for the flesh-pots of Egypt which they had
left behind them. They accused him of having
brought them into the wilderness to perish of
Then the word of the Lord came to Moses that
the murmurings of the people had been heard, and
that their wants were to be supplied in a miraculous
way. In the evening a flight of quails came up and
covered the camp, and the people gathered sufficient
of them to supply their needs. In the morning,
after the dew had gone up from the earth, a small
round thing, as small as the hoar-frost, lay upon the
ground. Moses told the people that this was the
bread which God had provided for them, and they
called it manna, which means, "What is this?"
They were to gather a certain quantity every morn-
ing; and when the sun grew hot the manna melted
away. And if they kept it till next morning it bred

Copyright, x90o, by Henry Altemus



_ __ _1

worms and stank. On the sixth day they gathered
a double quantity, as much as would last them over
the seventh day, which was to be for them a day of
rest. During all the forty years in which the
children of Israel wandered in the desert they were
fed with this manna, until they came unto the borders
of the land of Canaan.
The people again journeyed onward until they
came to Rephidim. Here there was no water, and they
were again angry at Moses, and were ready to kill him
by casting stones at him. At the command of God
Moses went with the chief men to the rock in Horeb,
and struck the rock with his rod, and the waters
gushed out and ran in the dry places like a river.
Moses called the place Massah, or" temptation," be-
cause the people had tempted the Lord to anger by
their complaining, and Meribah, or "strife," be-
cause of their threatening against Moses.
Another trouble now came upon them. A power-
ful tribe, descended from Duke Amalek, one of the
grandsons of Esau, seeing such a host in the valley
of Rephidim, came up behind them, and attacked
the most defenceless of the host of Israel. Moses
bade a young man named Joshua go forth and fight
against them with a chosen band of men. He then
ascended a hill near at hand, with Aaron and Hur,
and when he held up his hand with his rod in it,
Joshua had the best of the fight, but whenever he
let down his hand through weariness then Amalek
prevailed. When Moses grew weary in holding up
his hands, a stone was placed for him upon which to
sit, while Aaron and Hur stood, one on each side of
him, and held up his hands. This continued until


sunset, when Joshua had won the battle. A record
of this fight was commanded to be kept, so that it
could be read by future generations that they might
know how God fought for them, and how they pre-
vailed. Moses also built an altar, and called it
Jehovah-nissi, "The Lord my Banner."
Shortly after this great event Moses was visited by
Jethro his father-in-law, who brought with him his
daughter Zipporah, the wife of Moses, with her two
sons, Gershom and Eliezer, who had remained
behind in Midian for safety. Moses welcomed them,
and told Jethro of the wonders which the Lord had
wrought for them, which made his father-in-law
rejoice, and say, Now I know that the Lord is
greater than all gods. At that time Moses acted
as the judge as well as the leader of the people, and
he might be seen sitting all day hearing their
troubles and disputes. Jethro saw that this was
more than the strength of Moses could bear, and
suggested that able men, who feared God and could
be trusted, should be set over the people to judge
them. This was done, and Moses was relieved of an
arduous duty, only the hard causes being brought
before him.
After the children of Israel departed from Rephi-
dim they came to the desert of Sinai, and encamped
there. From the top of Mount Sinai God spoke to
the people in a thick cloud, with thunders and
lightning and the voice of a trumpet, so that all the
people trembled. The mount seemed altogether on
a smoke, for the Lord descended upon it in fire.
Moses was called up to the top of the mount with
Aaron, while the people waited below; and the Lord

delivered to them the commandments which were to
be kept by themselves and their children. Unto
Moses, Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of
the elders of Israel, was the vision of the glory of
the God of Israel given. And again Moses was
called up into the mount, and remained beneath the
shadow of the cloud forty days and forty nights,
until the Lord had delivered to him the plan of the
tabernacle, and all its furniture, which he was to
build for the worship of the one true God.
When Moses was absent from the camp on Mount
Sinai, the people at the foot of the mount grew im-
patient of his return, and complained to Aaron, and
asked him to make them idols, such as were wor-
shipped by heathen nations, for as for this Moses
they did not know what had become of him. So
Aaron asked them to bring their jewels of gold, and
these he melted, and made into a golden calf. And
when the people saw it they said this was the god
which had brought them up out of the land of
Egypt. And Aaron built an altar before it, and
offered sacrifice to it instead of to the Lord, and there
was a great feast, and the people danced before the calf.
And God told Moses while on the mount what the
people were doing in his absence; and he hastened
down from the mount, and as he drew near with
Joshua, he heard the noise of singing and dancing in
the camp. Moses was so angry when he saw the
people dancing before the golden calf that he threw
the two tables of stone out of his hand upon which
the commandments were written, and they were
broken in pieces. And Moses took the calf, and
burned it with fire, and ground it into dust, and


strewed it amongst water, and made the children of
Israel drink of this water. Then Moses stood at the
gate of the camp and asked all those who were on
the Lord's side to come beside him. Then the chil-
dren of Levi came to him, and he commanded them
to go through the camp and slay every man they
should meet, because of their great sin in worship-
ping the golden calf. And Moses prayed to God for
the people, and confessed their sin, and asked for-
giveness for them.
After this Moses was commanded by God to make
two tables of stone like to those which he had
broken, and early in the morning he went up to the
top of Mount Sinai alone, and again interceded in
prayer for the sins of the people. And God heard
him, and took them to be his people again; and he
commanded Moses to write on the two tables of
stone the words of the ten commandments as follows:
I. Thou shalt have none other gods but me.
II. Thou shalt not make to thyself any graven
image, nor the likeness of any thing that is in
heaven above, or in the earth beneath, or in the
water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down
to them, nor worship them : for I the Lord thy God
am a jealous God, and visit the sins of the fathers
upon the children, unto the third and fourth genera-
tion of them that hate me, and show mercy unto
thousands of them that love me, and keep my com-
III. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord
thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him
guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
IV. Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath

day. Six days shalt thou labor, and do all that thou
hast to do; but the seventh day is the Sabbath of
the Lord thy God: In it thou shalt do no manner
of work, thou, and thy son and thy daughter, thy
man-servant, and thy maid-servant, thy cattle, and
the stranger that is within thy gates. For in six
days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and
all that in them is, and rested the seventh day:
wherefore the Lord blessed the seventh day and
hallowed it.
V. Honor thy father and thy mother; that thy
days may be long in the land which the Lord thy
God giveth thee.
VI. Thou shalt do no murder.
VII. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
VIII. Thou shalt not steal.
IX. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy
X. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house,
thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife, nor his
servant, nor his maid, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor
any thing that is his.
When Moses came down from the mount his face
shone with a heavenly brightness, for he had been
communing with God; and he bore the tables of stone
in his hand upon which were written the command-
ments. Aaron and the people were afraid to speak
with him until he had put a veil upon his face.
Then Moses told the people what God had com-
manded him to do on Mount Sinai about the build-
ing of the tabernacle; and he invited all those whose
hearts were willing, to bring him suitable gifts of
what they possessed, and those who were clever


workmen at any special trade he also invited to assist
in building the tabernacle. Before the Hebrews had
left Egypt they had borrowed of the Egyptians
jewels of silver and gold, and many valuable and
useful things. These were now of great service, and
so were the skilled workmen, who had learned to
weave cloth and make useful articles during their
sojourn in Egypt. And the people came, both men
and women, as many as were willing-hearted, and
brought gold, and precious stones, and cloth, blue,
purple and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair.
And these offerings of the people were publicly given
to the skilled workmen, Bezaleel and Aholiab, in
order that they might proceed with the work for
which such abundance of material had been brought.
This tabernacle, which was to be the visible sign
of the presence of God with the children of Israel
and their meeting-place with him, was both beauti-
ful and costly. It was divided into two parts, the
holy place and the holy of holies, which were
separated from one another by a beautiful curtain
called the veil. In the holy place stood the golden
altar of incense, having on its north side the table of
shew-bread, which consisted of twelve loaves of fine
flour, and on its south side a golden candlestick. On
this candlestick were seven lamps, one on each
branch, ornamented with golden flowers. The lamps
were kept burning constantly, only pure olive-oil
being used for them. In the holy of holies stood
the ark of the covenant, which was made of shittim-
wood covered with gold; this ark held the tables of
the law, and a golden pot filled with manna, which was
to be kept through all their generations. The top
4- Story of the Bible

of the ark, where a golden cherub with outstretched
wings stood at each end, was called the mercy-seat.
Here the Lord met with Moses, and talked to him
from above the mercy-seat, between the cherubim.
The sides of the tabernacle were of boards covered
with gold, with a curtain of many colors for a-door;
it stood within an enclosure, which was surrounded
by pillars of brass, and hangings of fine linen of

many-colored needlework. In front of the taber-
nacle and within this court stood an altar and a
laver; this altar was for burnt offerings, and the
laver, which was of brass, held water in which the
priests washed their hands before entering the taber-
nacle itself. The whole structure was so made that
it could be easily carried about with the children of
Israel in their desert wanderings.


Aaron was appointed high priest, and his four sons
were set apart for the priest's office, to assist him;
and suitable garments were made for them. For the
high priest there was a breast-plate of fine twined
linen and of work of many colors, folded square,
in which were set twelve stones in gold, each stone
bearing the name of one of the twelve tribes of

Israel. Then there was a garment called an ephod,
for Aaron to wear, made of fine linen of many colors,
which was fastened with an onyx stone to each
shoulder. A robe or coat was made to be worn
under the ephod, all of blue, and.round its lower edge
were hung pomegranates of blue and purple and
scarlet, between which were golden bells, which

would ring as the high priest went out and in to the
tabernacle. On the mitre for Aaron's head were
inscribed the words Holiness to the Lord."
When the work of the tabernacle was finished,
Moses looked over it all, and saw that it was made
as God had commanded. And when it was set up,
the pillar of the cloud that had gone before the
children of Israel came down over the tabernacle;
and the glory of the Lord filled it, so that Moses
could not go within it. And so it became the place
where God spoke to Moses, from the cloud over the
The people were then called together for the con-
secration of the tabernacle to the service of the
Lord. And as they stood round the door of the
tabernacle, Moses washed Aaron and his sons with
water, and put on them their beautiful garments,
and anointed them with oil. And thf's Aeron and
his sons were set apart for the priesthood, to offer up
sacrifices to God for the sins of the people.
The tabernacle was finished on the first day of the
first month, and the seven lamps upon the golden
candlestick were lighted, and sweet incense was
offered upon the altar. And Aaron took a lamb, and
killed it, and laid it upon the altar as an offering to
God for the sins of the people. And the Lord sent
fire, which burned up the lamb, and the people gave
a great shout in token that the sacrifice had been ac-
cepted. After this the fire was kept burning upon
the altar continually.
Moses now received commands from God as to the
different kinds of sacrifice which were to be offered
up, the highest kind being the burnt-sacrifice with


blood. The priests were ordered to offer up a lamb
in the morning and in the evening for the sins of
the whole people. On the Sabbath-day two lambs
and two kids were offered morning and evening.
And if any man repented him of his sins, he brought
an ox, or a sheep, or a goat to the door of the taber-
nacle. Then he put his hand upon its head, which
meant that he transferred his sins to the animal;
after which it was killed, and the priests burnt it
upon the altar as a sacrifice to God. This was called
a burnt-offering. But when a man wished to thank
God especially for some blessing which he had re-
ceived, or wished to ask.for some blessing, the ani-
mal was only partly burned, and was eaten partly by
the priests and by the man for whom the sacrifice
was offered. This kind of sacrifice was called a
peace-offering. Sacrifices offered for pardon of sins
done in ignorance of what was right were called sin-
offerings. Those for particular sins or trespasses
were called trespass-offerings. The offering of any
kind of meat, such as flour, oil or herbs, was called
the meat and drink offering, which was burned or
poured out upon the altar. The best of everything
was only to be given in all these sacrifices.
Three feasts to God were also appointed to be held
every year: the feast of the passover, the feast of
pentecost-and the feast of tabernacles. The first
of these, as already explained, was in memory of
the night when the Lord killed the first-born of the
Egyptians but passed over the children of Israel, and
of their deliverance from the house of bondage.
The second was a festival for the harvest; and the
last a special thanksgiving for the safe ingathering

of the fruits of the earth. The feast of tabernacles
lasted seven days, during which time the people dwelt
in booths, in remembrance of the time when they
were brought out of the land of Egypt.
There were other festivals: the festival of the
Sabbath, which was a day of rest; the festival of
the new moon every month; and on the first day of
the seventh month the feast of trumpets, when
trumpets were blown to call it to the mind of the
people. The seventh or Sabbatical year was to be ob-
served when they got to the land of Canaan, and in
that year the land was allowed to rest; but to make
up for this, God was to cause the sixth year to bring
forth fruit for three years. The feast of jubilee was
the feast of the fiftieth year; it was a year of rest,
in which there was neither sowing nor reaping.
Every year there was to be a great fast, called the
day of atonement; this was the only day in the year
in which the high priest was to enter the holy of
holies, and before he entered he was to offer sacri-
fices for his own sins and the sins of the people.
When he came out he was to take a goat which had
not been sacrificed, and lay his hands upon it, and
confess the sins of the people, putting them upon
the head of the animal, which was called the scape-
goat. Then this animal was to be led away to the
wilderness, to wander whither it would.
Some days after the consecration of the tabernacle,
Nadab and Abihu, two of the newly-consecrated
priests, offered incense with strange fire before the
Lord, which he commanded them not. And there
went out fire from the Lord and devoured them.
And Moses commanded that Aaron and his family


should not mourn for them. God warned the people
at this time against imitating some of the heathen
nations amongst whom they would sojourn, in offer-
ing up their children to a huge brass idol called
Molech. This idol had the face of a calf, and was
hollow inside, and a fire was lighted within it. And
after the fire was lighted, and the idol was made very
hot, these heathens placed their children in its arms
until they were burned to death. And God told
them also that if they walked in the way of his
commandments he would prosper them; but he
warned them that if they forgot to serve him, sick-
ness and trouble would be sent upon them, until
they turned their hearts again to him.



THE time now came for the people to leave Mount
SSinai, where they had remained about a year,
and continue their journey towards the land of
Canaan. This had been an eventful year for them.
God had communed with Moses on Sinai, and given
him laws to regulate the conduct of the people, the
ten commandments; also the plan of the tabernacle,
which had now been built, and all the rules whereby
they were to worship him by means of the tabernacle

service. They were now divided into thirteen tribes,
each of whom was descended from one of the sons
of Jacob or of Joseph. The names of the tribes were
Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Zebulun, Issachar,
Dan, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Ephraim, Manasseh and
Benjamin. And the men who were able to go out
to war were counted, and found to number six hun-
dred and three thousand five hundred and fifty.
But the children of Levi were not counted for war,
but were set apart for the service of the tabernacle.
No one save the priests and Levites was to come near
or touch anything belonging to it, because it was con-
secrated to the service of the Lord. And the men
of the tribe of Levi were appointed to take down the
tabernacle, and to carry it when on their journey,
and assist in the work required in connection with it
when it remained in the camp. When the Levites
were numbered, it was found that there were of them
eight thousand five hundred and eighty men. And
twelve princes from the twelve tribes brought six
covered wagons and twelve oxen, along with many
gold and silver articles, for use in the service of the
Whenever the tabernacle was set up, the pillar of
cloud, which was the color of a cloud by day and of
fire by night, came and stood over the tabernacle;
and whenever this cloud was lifted up, the children
of Israel knew it was time to start again on their
journey, and whenever it stopped they stopped also.
It was the visible presence of God in their midst.
When the people were to be gathered together, or
when they were about to march, the priests sounded
two silver trumpet. When marching they carried


standards or banners, each tribe moving in order,
with the Levites in their midst bearing the taber-
nacle. When they stopped to make their camp
anywhere, the tabernacle was set up in their midst,
with the tents of the Levites beside it, and those of
the different tribes all round it. There they remained
until ready to move forward again.
At last the cloudy pillar rose from the tabernacle,
and the people left Mount Sinai and followed it for
three days into the wilderness of Paran. They be-
came very discontented on this journey, and com-
plained, Who shall give us meat to eat? We
remember the fish that we had in Egypt; the cucum-
bers, the melons and the onions; but now our soul
is dried away. This complaining caused the Lord
to be displeased with them. And Moses entreated
the Lord that he might be delivered from the lead-
ership of the people; it was more than he was able
to bear. .And God answered Moses, and said he
would send them flesh for a whole month. Moses
unbelievingly doubted if all the thousands which he
saw around him could be fed with flesh for that time;
and the Lord reproved Moses for his want of trust
in him. Then the Lord sent a wind which brought
quails from the sea, and the ground around the camp
was covered with them. The people gathered them
in abundance, but there was no blessing with them,
for a plague broke out amongst them, so that many
of them died. And Moses called the place Kibroth-
hattaavah, because there they buried the people that
lusted for flesh.
They now journeyed to a place called Hazeroth,
and there encamped. About this time Miriam, the


sister of Moses and Aaron his brother, became jeal.
ous of Moses. They spoke against him because he
had married a wife who did not belong to the tribes
of Israel. They also said, Hath the Lord indeed
spoken only by Moses ? hath he not spoken also by
us? And the Lord was displeased with them for
this, and called Aaron and Miriam before him, and
rebuked them; and Miriam was stricken with
leprosy because of her sin; then Aaron was seized
with remorse, and entreated Moses to intercede for
them; but Miriam was shut outside the camp for
seven. days. Moses then prayed the Lord to heal
her, and his prayer was heard.
When the Israelites had reached the wilderness of
Paran they were not far from the land of Canaan,
and Moses said to them, Behold the Lord thy God
hath set the land before thee; go up and possess it,
as the Lord God of thy fathers hath said unto thee:
fear not, neither be discouraged. But the people
asked that men might be sent to look at the land
and report what they saw. So twelve men were
chosen, one from each tribe, and amongst them were
Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua, the son of
These spies, as they were called, went forth to
look at the land, and returned after forty days. To
show the fruitfulness of the country, they brought
away from Eshcol a bunch of grapes so large that it
took two men to carry it. They also brought with
them some pomegranates and figs, and said that the
land was a fruitful land, but that the cities were very
strong, with high walls round them. They had also
seen giants, the people of Anak and the Amalekites;

and they all, except Caleb and Joshua, tried to frighten
the people, and persuade them not to go up against
such warlike tribes. This made the Israelites dis-
contented, and they murmured that they would
rather have died in Egypt, or in the wilderness, and
they even wanted to choose a captain to lead them
But Caleb and Joshua advised the people to go up
to Canaan, and said the land was an exceeding good
land, and that God would fight for them. Whereat
the people were angry, and threatened to stone them.
And the Lord was displeased because of their want
of faith in him, and Moses entreated the Lord in
their behalf. And the Lord said to Moses that he
would pardon them, but not one of the murmurers,
from twenty years old and upwards, should enter the
promised land, but should perish in the wilderness.
After forty years, when they had passed away, their
children would go up to this good land; but none
would be allowed to enter into Canaan save Caleb
and Joshua, because of their good report. At the
command of God Moses was to lead the people back
towards the wilderness by the way of the Red Sea,
and they were to wander there for forty years. Some
of the people thought that they might still go up
to the good land, although Moses had warned them
that God had forbidden them: and these headstrong
people started on their journey without the ark or
Moses to guide them. But they were attacked, and
scattered, and killed by the Amalekites and the Ca-
naanites, at Hormah.
Now after this time a rebellion against Moses and
Aaron took place in the camp. The ringleaders


were named Korah, Dathan and Abiram, and two
hundred and fifty princes of Israel followed them.
They said to Moses and Aaron, Ye take too much
upon you, seeing all the congregation are holy.
Wherefore lift ye up yourselves above the congre-
gation ?
After inquiring of the Lord what he ought to do,
Moses bade Korah and his company come on the
morrow with lighted censers before the tabernacle.
Even to-morrow, he said, the Lord would show who
were his and who were holy, and he asked them why
they were not content with their present duties that
they should covet the office of priest also. On the
following day Korah and his company came up to
the tabernacle with their censers and fire in them,
and sprinkled incense on the fire just as the priests
did. All those who joined in this rebellion crowded
around to witness what the result would be. And
the Lord told Moses to warn the people, and he said,
Separate yourselves from among this congregation,
that I may consume them in a moment. Moses
prayed for them, and the Lord warned the people to
separate themselves from the evil-doers, lest they
should be destroyed along with them. If they died
a strange death then all the people would know that
the anger of the Lord had been kindled against
When Moses had done warning the people, the
earth suddenly opened and swallowed up Korah,
Dathan and Abiram, and all who were with them.
They went down alive, crying out; and all the people,
in terror at this judgment of God, fled from the place,
in case the same calamity should overtake them also,

And fire went forth from the Lord and consumed the
two hundred and fifty princes who had followed
Next day the people seemed to have entirely for-
gotten the lesson they had just received, for they
murmured against Moses and Aaron, saying, Ye
have killed the people of the Lord. And the Lord
sent forth a plague by which fourteen thousand and
seven hundred persons perished, besides Korah and
they that perished with him.
In order to show the people whom he had chosen
to be his high priest, God commanded Moses to ask
a man of each of the twelve tribes to bring a rod,
which was to be placed in the holy of holies before
the ark. On each rod the name of the person who
brought it was written. Next day one of the rods
had blossomed and borne almonds; this was the rod
upon which was Aaron's name. This rod God com-
manded Moses to put back into the tabernacle again,
to be kept as a perpetual memorial of his choice of
Aaron and his descendants to the office of high priest.
Then the Lord gave instructions as to the position
of the tribe of Levi in the work of the tabernacle,
and warned them against the sin of Korah, Dathan
and Abiram, and ordered what proportion of the of-
ferings of the people should belong to them and to
the priests. The tribe of Levi when they came to
the promised land were not to have any portion of
the country allotted to them, because the Lord was
to be their portion, and hence the people must make
some provision for them.
When we next get a glimpse of the life of the
children of Israel in the desert, we find that they had

wandered there about thirty-eight years, being fed
with manna from the Lord, and so cared for by him
that they were never footsore, neither did theit
clothes wear out. They again arrived near the place
where they had murmured at first on their journey,
and came to the desert of Zin, where Miriam, the
sister of Moses, died and was buried. Although
those who had sinned by murmuring before were
nearly all dead, yet we find the people again discon-
tented. They began to say that they would rather
have died with their brethren in the wilderness, for
the place they were now in yielded neither seed, nor
figs, nor vines, nor pomegranates, neither was there
any water to drink.
And Moses and Aaron went to the Lord with the
complaint of the people, and the Lord spoke to Moses,
and told him to take his rod, and gather the assem-
bly of the people together, and speak to the rock,
and water would flow from it. And when the con-
gregation of the people was gathered together, Moses
and Aaron spoke angrily to them and said, Hear
now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of the
rock? And Moses smote the rock twice, and water
flowed forth abundantly, and there was plenty for
man and beast. But the Lord was displeased with
Moses and Aaron because they had not sanctified him
before the congregation of the people, therefore he
told them they would not be honored to lead the
people into the land of promise.
And they journeyed to Mount Hor, where the word
of the Lord came that Aaron was to die. And Aaron
and Eleazar, his son, went up with Moses to Mount
Hor, and Aaron was stripped of his priestly gar-

L1 T




ments, and they were put upon his son, who suc-
ceeded him in his office. And Aaron died there, and
the people mourned for him thirty days.
As they journeyed from Mount Hor by way of the
Red Sea, the people were so much discouraged be-
cause of the way that they murmured against Moses
again. And the Lord sent fiery serpents among
them, which bit them, so that many of them died.
Then the people confessed to Moses that they had
sinned in murmuring, and asked him to entreat the
Lord on their behalf. And Moses prayed for the
people, and at God's command made a serpent of
brass and set it upon a pole, and every one who
looked at this serpent, although they were bitten,
The children of Israel wished to pass on their way
to Canaan in a peaceable manner if possible, and sent
messengers unto Sihon, king of the Amorites, whose
country they were approaching, that he would let
them pass through his land. They would not meddle
with his vineyards, but would pass along the high-
way of his country. Sihon refused this request, and
sent out an army to fight against them. But Israel
prevailed, and took all his cities. And Og, king of
Bashan, also rose against them, but the Lord deliv-
ered him into their hands, and they smote him and
all his people with the edge of the sword.




THE children of Israel now marched forward and
encamped on the plains of Moab. And Balak,
the king of Moab, sent a message to Balaam,
son of Beor, at Pethor, asking him to come and
curse the children of Israel, so that he might pre-
vail against them. But God warned Balaam, say-
ing, Thou shalt not go with them; thou shalt not
curse the people: for they are blessed.
So Balaam rose up in the morning, and told the
princes of Balak to go back, because the Lord re-
fused to allow him to curse the people. These men
delivered their message to Balak, but he sent more
princes with the same message. But Balaam said
that although Balak was to give him his house full
of silver and gold he could not go beyond the word
of the Lord to do less or more. Then the Lord told
Balaam to go with the messengers and speak the
word which he would tell him. So Balaam rose up
in the morning, and saddled his ass, and went with
But God was angry because he went, and the
angel of the Lord stood in his way to stop him.
And the ass upon which he rode saw the angel of
the Ldrd standing with a drawn sword in his hand,
and turned out of the way into a field, and would
5-Story of the Bibt

not go straight forward. And Balaaft smote the
ass to make it go straight forward, and as they were
in a path between two vineyards the ass swerved
aside and crushed Balaam's foot against the wall, so
that he smote her again. And she fell down undei
him, and he smote the ass with a staff. And God
gave the ass the power of speech, and it reasoned
with him, and asked him if ever it had behaved in
this manner before. And Balaam had his eyes
opened, so that he saw the angel of the Lord with
the drawn sword in his hand, and he bowed his
head and fell flat upon his face. And the angel told
him that he had displeased God, and that he would
have been slain had not the ass turned back three
times. Then Balaam confessed that he had sinned,
and offered to turn back, but the angel said, Go
with the men; but only the words that I shall speak
unto thee, that thou shalt speak. So Balaam went
with the princes of Balak.
When the king of Moab heard that Balaam was
coming, he went out to meet him, and the prophet
explained to him that he had no power to say any-
thing save what God would put in his mouth. And
Balak made a feast; and next day he took Balaam
to the top of a hill where they worshipped Baal, the
false god, and offered sacrifices. And Balaam went
to a place apart, and God met him and gave him a
reply for Balak. It was this: How shall I curse,
whom God hath not cursed ? or how shall I defy,
whom the Lord hath not defied ?
Balak was displeased at this, and twice again he
tried to get Balaam to curse the people, the last
time from the top of Mount Peor, where he could


see the great host of Israel spread out before him
Here Balaam exclaimed, How goodly are thy tents,
O Jacob, and thy tabernacles, O Israel! As the
valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the
river's side, as the trees of lign-aloes which the
Lord hath planted, and as cedar-trees beside the
waters. He closed with the words, Blessed is he
that blesseth thee, and cursed is he that curseth
And Balak was more displeased than ever, but
Balaam reminded him that he had told his mes-
sengers that though he were to give him a house
full of silver and gold he could only utter the truth
about God's chosen people. And here, with the
country spread out before him, he said that the
nations round about would perish, but that Israel
would wax greater; and he uttered the prophecy:
I shall see him, but not now; I shall behold him,
but not nigh; there shall come a star out of Jacob,
and a sceptre shall rise out of Israel.
Although Balak did not get Balaam to curse the
children of Israel, his presence there had a bad in-
fluence over them, for he taught them to worship
idols by inviting them to the. feasts of the Midian-
ites and Moabites. For this sin they were plagued
by God, and many thousands of them were slain.
At the command of God Moses and Eleazar again
numbered the people, to see how many men there
were of twenty years and upwards fit for war. It
was now found that of all the people numbered in
the wilderness only two, Caleb and Joshua, were
alive. These were the two spies who had brought
back the truthful report from the promised land.

The time was now at hand when Moses was to
die, and at God's command Joshua was appointed
in his stead. Before he died Moses gathered the
people together, and spoke serious and earnest
words to them. He reminded them of all the good-
ness of the Lord in their wanderings in the wilder-
ness, and of their frequent disobedience. He told
them they were to teach the commandments of God
to their children, talk about them in the house,
when they were walking outside, and when they
rose in the morning. And the sum of them was:
Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine
heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy
After Mo.es had blessed Joshua before all the
people, and exhorted him to be strong and of a good
courage, they went together into the tabernacle,
where God spoke to them of his good pleasure
regarding his chosen people. And Moses wrote all
the words of the law and gave them to the Levites
to keep. He also wrote a song which they were to
teach to their children, and this song contained, a
prophecy that the time would come when all nations
would rejoice with his people, when the Lord would
be merciful to them again. Moses then went up
from the plains of Moab to Mount Nebo, to the top
of Pisgah, where God gave him a view of the
promised land, which he was not to be allowed to
enter. The Lord said, This is the land which I
sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob,
saying, I will give it unto thy seed; I have caused
thee to see it with thine eyes, but thou shalt not go
over thither.


And Moses was one hundred and twenty years old
when he died upon the top of the mount. No man
knew his burial-place, for the Lord buried him in
a valley of Moab. And the people mourned for
him thirty days in the plains of Moab. We read
that there had not arisen in Israel a prophet like
unto Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face.
And the word of the Lord came to Joshua that
Moses was dead, and that he was to arise and be-
come their leader, and take the children of Israel
across the Jordan into the land of Canaan. The
promise was given to him, As I was with Moses, so
I will be with thee; I will not fail thee nor forsake
thee. He was also commanded to be strong and of
a good courage; and if he made the law of God the
law of his life, then the Lord would make his way
Joshua now began to prepare to cross the Jordan
and enter the land of promise. He sent two spies
across into Jericho to report as to the strength of
the city; and they hid from the king of Jericho in
the house of a woman named Rahab. When it was
reported that they were in the city, she concealed
them under some flax on the roof of the house; and
when the officers came to seek for them she made
them believe they had escaped. Then when the
men who sought them were gone, she let the spies
down over the city wall by a rope. Before doing so
she made them promise that when the Israelites
came and took the city, they would spare her and
her friends from death. When the spies returned
to the camp of Joshua, they assured him that God

had surely given them the land, as the people were
in terror because of them.
Early in the morning Joshua led the people to
the brink of the Jordan, where they stayed three
days. On the morning of the fourth day, at the
command of Joshua, the priests took the ark and
marched forward; and as soon as their feet touched
the water, the water parted before them, and they
walked to the centre of the river, where they re-
mained with the ark. The people then walked
over on dry ground, as they had done through the
Red Sea. And as soon as they had all passed over,
the waters came back again and covered the path-
way they had trodden, and flowed on as before.
As Joshua left the camp to survey the walls of
Jericho, he saw a man standing with a drawn sword
in his hand. And Joshua asked him whether he
was for or against him, when he answered, As cap-
tain of the Lord's host am I come ; and Joshua bowed
down and worshipped him, for it was the Lord.
And he told Joshua to cause all the men of war to
march round the city once every day for six days,
and the ark was also to be carried round by the
priests. Seven priests were to march before the ark
and blow trumpets of rams' horns. On the seventh
day they were to march round Jericho seven times,
and the priests were to blow with trumpets. Then
when they heard a loud blast with the trumpets,
the men of Israel were to shout, and the walls of
Jericho would fall down, and they would be able to
enter in and take possession of it. And they did as
the Lord had commanded; and the last time that
the priests blew with the trumpets, Joshua ordered



them to shout. And as they did so, the walls of
the city fell flat, and they took possession of Jericho.
As had been promised, Rahab, who had concealed
the spies, with her father and mother and brothers,
were saved, and dwelt among the children of Israel.
After Jericho was taken, Joshua sent out spies to
report upon a city called Ai. And these spies re-
ported that Ai could be easily taken by two or three
thousand men. So Joshua sent up about three
thousand men against the city ; but the men of Ai
came out after them, and drove them down the hill,
smiting and killing many of them. This dis-
couraged the Israelites, and Joshua cried to God not
to deliver them up to their enemies. And the Lord
commanded him to rise up from the ground, telling
him that the children of Israel had sinned in keep-
ing back some of the spoil of Jericho which the
Lord had commanded them to deliver up for his
service. And Joshua called out the people, and the
Lord showed him the man who had sinned. His
name was Achan, and he confessed that he had been
tempted to take a beautiful garment and some pieces
of silver and gold, and these he had hid under his
tent. And they sent and found the things under
Achan's tent. And Achan and his sons and daugh-
ters and all that he had were destroyed, and
stones were cast upon them, and they were burned
with fire. And the place where this was done was
called Achor, which means "trouble." So after
they had put from among them the accursed thing,
God gave them the victory over the men of Ai.
While the Israelites were at Gilgal, the place at
which they had rested after crossing the Jordan, the


kings of the land banded together in order to fight
against them. The people of Gibeon, knowing that
the Lord was with the Israelites to give them the
land, acted in a very deceitful manner. A party of
the Gibeonites came to Joshua in the camp at Gilgal
in order to make peace with him. Their shoes were
worn out, as if they had come a long journey, their
clothes were old, and the bread which they showed
to Joshua was dry and mouldy-looking. Joshua and
the princes of Israel, deceived by these signs,
thought that these Gibeonites had really come a
long journey, and without laying the matter before
the Lord made a treaty of peace with them. When
it was discovered that they had only come a little
way to the camp, and that they were one of the
tribes which God had called upon them to destroy,
Joshua summoned them before him, and asked them
why they had acted thus. The Gibeonites answered
that it was because they were sore afraid of their
lives that they had done this thing. But because
Joshua had promised in a solemn manner not to kill
them, he delivered them out of the hands of the
people, but ordered that they should be made
hewers of wood and drawers of water for the
Israelites and for the altar of the Lord.
When the king of Jerusalem heard what these
Gibeonites had done in making peace with the
Israelites, he was afraid, and united with other four
kings, and came up against Gibeon. Then the Gib-
eonites asked Joshua to come with his army and
help them against these five kings. And the Lord
told Joshua not to be afraid, for he had delivered
these enemies into his hand. So Joshua with his

fighting men went up to the help of the Gibeonites,
and the five kings fled before them. And as they
were fleeing the Lord rained great hailstones from
heaven upon them, so that more perished by the
hailstones than were slain by the sword.
And as the Israelites pursued their enemies, the
daylight began to fail, and Joshua prayed, to God to
lengthen the day. And God did so by causing the
sun to stand still upon Gibeon and the moon in the
valley of Ajalon, so that the people had light until
the armies of the five kings were destroyed. But
the five kings themselves escaped, and were hidden
in a cave, to which Joshua caused the people to roll
great stones. So they were prisoners there, and
were taken out and hanged when the battle was
finished. And the Lord was with the Israelites, and
delivered into their hand one city after another,
until they took the whole land, when they had rest
for a time from war.
Joshua being now old, and having not long to
live, he gathered the people together before the
tabernacle, and cast lots for them before the Lord,
in order that the land might be equally divided
among the tribes. To the Levites no inheritance
in land was given; but they received forty-eight
cities, of which six were to be cities of refuge, to
which those who had shed blood unwittingly might
fly and be safe. And thus the Lord gave unto Israel
all the land which he swore to give unto their
fathers; and they possessed it, and dwelt therein.
And the Lord gave them rest round about. And
the Reubenites and the Gadites, and the half tribe
of Manasseh, who had been foremost in fighting


against their enemies, returned laden with spoil to
the land on the other side of Jordan which had been
given to them by Moses. And they built an altar
on a high hill on the borders of their land, to show
that they were one in faith with the people of
Before Joshua died he bade farewell to the elders
and chiefs, and told them to take good heed unto
themselves that they loved the Lord their God.
He also gathered all the people to him at Shechem,
and reviewed their wonderful history, and asked
them to choose that day whom they would serve,
adding, As for me and my house, we will serve the
Lord. And the people answered that they also
would serve the Lord. And Joshua made a cove-
nant with them, and wrote it in the book of the law
of God. He also set up a stone pillar as a witness,
under an oak-tree at Shechem. And so Joshua let
the people depart every man unto his inheritance.
And Joshua was one hundred and ten years old when
he died, and they buried him in Mount Ephraim.




WE come now to the period in the history of the
children of Israel called the time of the
JUDGES. God had allowed many of the
enemies of Israel still to live in Canaan in order that
he might prove his people and see if they would
drive them out and destroy them. The tribes of
Judah and Simeon were the first to go to war
against the Canaanites and Perizzites, and the other
tribes followed ; but they displeased God in that,
although they conquered the heathen, they did not
utterly drive them out and destroy them, as they
had been commanded. So these heathen people be-
came as thorns in their sides, and their gods became
snares to the Israelites; for very soon they began to
marry with them, and to commit idolatry. And
God punished them by allowing them to fall into
the hand of the king of Mesopotamia, whom they
served eight years. At the end of that time the
Lord gave his Spirit to Othniel, who was the first of
the Judges ; and the Israelites went out against the
king of Mesopotamia, and freed themselves from his
Othniel judged the people for forty years, and
after his death they again fell into idolatry. Another
punishment came upon them, for they fell into the


hands of Eglon, king of Moab, who, with Ammon
and Amalek to help him, conquered them. After
eighteen years had passed, and when the people had
repented, another judge called Ehud was sent to
them. And Ehud killed the king of Moab as he sat
in his summer parlor. Then he summoned the
people together, and led them against the army of
Moab, and defeated it with great slaughter.
The next judge over the people was Shamgar, who
with an ox-goad slew six hundred of the Philistines.
After that, a prophetess named Deborah was chosen
to be judge over the people, who at that time were
servants of the king of Canaan. And Deborah chose
a man named Barak, and told him to lead ten thou-
sand men of Israel against the king of Canaan, and
the Lord would give him the victory. But Barak
would only go if Deborah went with him; and she
consented, but told him that the captain of the Ca-
naanites would fall into the hands of a woman.
Sisera, the Canaanitish captain, met the men of
Israel with his nine hundred chariots of iron, and
there was a great battle, in which the Israelites pre-
vailed. A heavy storm flooded the river Kishon,
where the battle was fought, so that it overflowed its
banks, and swept away many of the combatants.
Sisera escaped to the tent of Heber the Kenite, who
was absent, but Jael his wife welcomed Sisera, and
concealed him in her tent beneath a mantle. Being
faint and weary from the battle she gave him milk,
and he fell asleep. After this he awoke, and asked
Jael to stand in the tent-door, so that if any one
came after him, she might answer he was not there.
She did so, pretending to be friendly with him.


Sisera, feeling secure, again fell asleep, and while he
was sleeping Jael took a hammer and a nail, and
drove it through his temples. And thus Sisera died
by the hand of a woman. And as Barak passed that
way Jael asked him in and showed him Sisera lying
dead on the ground. And Deborah and Barak made
a song about this victory, which ends thus: So let
all thine enemies perish, O Lord: but let them that
love him be as the sun when he goeth forth in his
After this the land had rest for forty years, when
the Israelites again did evil, and were punished by
being allowed to fall into the hands of the Midian-
ites. They oppressed the people grievously, so that
they were glad to take refuge in the dens and caves
of the mountains. The Amalekites joined with the
Midianites, and they overran the country, and de-
stroyed the corn, the vineyards, and the olive-yards.
In their distress the people cried to God, when a
prophet was sent to reprove them for their sin. A
judge was also raised up named Gideon, of the tribe
of Manasseh. The call of the Lord came to Gideon
when he was thrashing wheat. The angel of God
said to him, The Lord is with thee, thou mighty
man of valor. And Gideon said, 0 my Lord, if the
Lord be with us, why then is all this befallen us?
Then the Lord promised to be with him, and told
him that if he led the Israelites up against the Mid-
ianites, he would smite them as one man. Gideon
could scarcely believe that all this was true, and
asked for a sign. He then went and brought a kid
and some unleavened cakes, which he put under the
oak-tree for the angel to eat. The angel asked him


to lay them upon a rock near by; which Gideon
having done, the angel touched them with the end
of a staff, and immediately fire came out of the rock
and burnt the offering; and the angel departed. Then
Gideon overthrew the altar which his father Joash
had erected to Baal, and built one to the God of
When the Midianites came and encamped in Jez-
reel, the Spirit of the Lord came upon Gideon, and
he sounded a trumpet, and called the children of Is-
rael together to fight against them. Before going he
sought for a sign that the Lord was with him. And
he laid a fleece of wool on the floor, and asked
that if God meant to save Israel by his hand, dew
would be sent upon the fleece, but none upon the
ground. So Gideon waited all night for an answer
to his prayer. In the morning the fleece was wet,
but the ground was dry. But he asked for yet an-
other sign, that this time the ground should be wet
and his fleece dry. And it was so; for it was dry
upon the fleece only, and there was dew upon all the
Gideon, being now assured that the Lord was with
him, gathered the Israelites together to do battle
against Midian.. But God commanded him that he
should take but few with him, that the glory should
be his only. So Gideon told all those who were
fearful and afraid to depart from him at Mount Gil-
ead. This caused twenty-two thousand men to leave
him, and he was left with ten thousand. But the
Lord said these were yet too many, and commanded
that a test was to be made to be applied to decide
who were to go with him. The army was taken

to the brink of the river, and those only who dipped
their hands into the water and lapped it like a dog
were chosen. Those who had knelt to drink were
rejected, so that Gideon had now only three hundred
men wherewith to go against the Midianites.
Then God commanded Gideon to go down to the
camp of the Midianites and take with him his ser-
vant, and he would hear something which would
help him to be strong and of a good courage. So
Gideon and his servant went during the night and
visited the camp of Midian; and they found the host
to be like grasshoppers for multitude, and their
camels without number. As they drew near to the
camp Gideon heard one man telling his fellow a
strange dream which he had had. His dream was
that "a cake of barley-bread tumbled into the host
of Midian, and came unto a tent, and smote it that
it fell and overturned it." And the other man an-
swered that doubtless his dream meant that Gideon
the Israelite was to come up against them, and gain
the victory over them.
When Gideon heard this dream he worshipped
God, and returned to his army, and said to them,
Arise, for the Lord hath delivered into your hand
the host of Midian. Then he divided his three hun-
dred men into companies of a hundred each, and to
every man he gave a trumpet, and a pitcher with a
lighted lamp within it. Then he sent one of these
divisions to one part of the valley, and one to an-
other, while he led the third himself. And so they
marched quietly on in the darkness towards the
enemy. And Gideon said, When I blow with a
trumpet, I and all that are with me, then blow ye


the trumpets also on every side of all the camp, and
say, The sword of the Lord and of Gideon. And
when they did so, the Midianites were startled by
the noise of the trumpets and the breaking of the
earthen pitchers, and when they saw the burning
lamps it caused great confusion amongst them, and
they fought against one another in the darkness.
And the Lord made them afraid of the men of Israel,
so that they fled towards the river Jordan. And the
Israelites pursued after them, joined by numbers of
their brethren, and followed them to Mount Ephraim.
And Gideon slew two of their kings, the very same
who had slain his own brothers long before. And
he came to Jordan with his followers, and passed
over, "faint, yet pursuing." So the land had rest
forty years.
After Gideon's death the Israelites again forgot the
God of their fathers, and fell into sin. Then one of
Gideon's seventy sons, named Abimelech, wishing
to be made king over Israel, went to Shechem, his
mother's city, and hired men, who went with him
to his father's house, and he slew all his brothers but
one, named Jotham, who escaped. He then returned
to Shechem, and his mother's brethren made him
But Abimelech was at last punished for his wick-
edness. Having come up against a city called
Thebez, where there was a strong tower, in which
the people of the city had taken refuge, he would
have burned it, but a woman dropped a piece of a
millstone upon his head, which broke his skull.
Then he called upon his armor-bearer to draw his
sword and slay him, so that men might not say that
6-Story of the Bi le


a woman slew him. And so he died. And at his
death the men he had gathered together returned
every man to his place.
After the death of Abimelech the Israelites were
ruled by several judges, and on the death of one of
them called Jair, they again became idolaters. And
the Lord was displeased with them, and allowed
them to fall into the hands of the Philistines. In
their distress they cried unto God and confessed their
sin; but he answered them at first in words of reproof,
asking them if he had not delivered them from the
Egyptians and from the enemies they had encountered
in Canaan, and telling them to go and cry unto the
gods they had chosen. And they confessed their sin,
and the Lord was grieved for the misery of his people.
Then the Ammonites gathered together and en-
camped in Gilead, and the children of Israel en-
camped in Mizpeh. And the princes and people of
Gilead longed for a leader who would take them up
against the Ammonites. And they bethought them
of a valiant man named Jephthah, whom they had
formerly ill-treated, and who had fled from them. And
they asked him to come and lead them against the
Ammonites. But Jephthah upbraided them for hav-
ing expelled him before, and asked them whether, if
he defeated Ammon, they would make him their head.
And the elders took God to witness that they would
do according to Jephthah's word. So he went to the
camp of Israel, and took the command, and sent a
message to the king of Ammon asking why he
made war against them. And the king, who only
wanted an excuse for going to war, said it was be-
cause the Israelites had taken his lands when they




had come up out of Egypt. Jephthah sent back word
that it was not so. And the Spirit of the Lord came
upon him, and he went forth to meet the king of
Ammon; but before going he made a solemn vow to
God that if he gained the victory, whatsoever came
forth from his house to meet him on his return should
surely be the Lord's, and he would offer it up as a
The army of Israel was successful, and twenty
cities were taken. And when Jephthah returned to
his house, his daughter came out to meet him with
her maidens playing on timbrels. And she was his
only child. Jephthah, when he saw her, remem-
bered his promise'to the Lord, and he rent his
clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter and told her
of his vow. And she said unto her father, If thou
hast opened thy mouth unto the Lord, do to me
according to that which hath proceeded out of thy
mouth. She only asked that she might be allowed
to wander for two months among the mountains
lamenting her fate, along with her companions.
She went, and at the end of two months Jephthah
fulfilled his vow. Ever afterwards it was a cus-
tom in Israel for the young women to spend four
days among the hills of Gilead lamenting Jeph-
thah's daughter.




W HILE the children of Israel were again ser-
vants to the Philistines, there lived in Zorah
a man named Manoah, of the family of the
Danites, and his wife had no children. And the
angel of the Lord appeared to the woman and told
her she would have a son, who was to be a Nazarite
from his birth (that is to say, he was to be set apart
for the Lord's service, and drink no wine, and allow
his hair to grow long), and was to help to free the
people from the tyranny of the Philistines.
The angel also appeared to Manoah, and revealed
the same thing to him. And he offered a kid upon
a rock as a burnt-offering; and when the flame went
up from the altar the angel ascended in the flame.
And Manoah was afraid, and said, We have seen
God. When the son was born to Manoah and his
wife, they named him Samson; and he grew and
was blessed of the Lord. When he was of age he
went to Timnath, and saw there a Philistine woman
whom he wished to make his wife. And he told
his father and mother, who were displeased at his
choice. But they went down to Timnath with him
to see the woman, and on their way a young lion
roared at Samson, and the Lord gave him strength
to slay the lion as easily as if it had been a kid,


without any weapon save his hands. On going
down after a time to Timnath to take the woman to
wife, he turned aside to look at the carcass of the
lion, when he. saw that a swarm of bees had made
honey there. So he took a piece of the honeycomb
in his hands, and walked down eating it. He also
gave some to his father and mother, but did not
tell them where he had got it. At the marriage-
feast at Timnath he gave his guests a riddle, and
said that whoever answered it before the seven days
of the feast were ended was to receive thirty suits
of clothing; and if they could not answer it, then
they were to give him thirty suits of clothing. The
riddle was: Out of the eater came forth meat, and
out of the strong came forth sweetness. The Phil-
istines could not expound the riddle, and on the
seventh day they came to Samson's wife and threat-
ened to burn her and all her relations unless she got
the explanation from her husband, and declared it
to them. Samson, in answer to her inquiry, did
not tell her at first; but when she wept and
entreated him he did so. And she at once told it
to the Philistines. So on the last day of the feast
they pretended they had discovered the riddle; but
Samson knew his wife must have told them. In
order to get the thirty suits of clothing for the
Philistines, Samson went down to Ashkelon, and
slew thirty men there, and brought away their
At the time of wheat-harvest Samson went again
to Timnath to visit his wife, and took a kid with
him. But he was told that she was his wife no lon-
ger, and that she had been given to another man. So

4- i-



Samson was angry, and catching three hundred
foxes, he tied blazing pieces of wood to their tails,
and let them loose among the corn of the Philis-
tines. And the corn was all burned up, as well as
the grape-vines and the olive-trees. When the
Philistines discovered that Samson had done this,
they took his wife and her father, and burned them
with fire. Samson told them he would be avenged
of them, and he slew them with a great slaughter.
And afterwards he went to live on a rock called
Then the Philistines came to Etam to take him,
and alarmed the Israelites, who asked Samson why
he had slain the Philistines. And Samson replied,
As they did unto me so have I done unto them.
And the Israelites took him and bound him with
two new cords, and gave him up to the Philistines;
but when he was brought to their camp he snapped
the cords as if they had been thread. And finding
the jawbone of an ass, he took it and slew a thou-
sand men of the Philistines with it. After he had
thrown the bone away he felt thirsty, and the Lord
clave a hollow place in the jawbone, and there came
out water; so he drank and was refreshed.
After this Samson went to a city of the Philistines
called Gaza, and entered the house of a woman
named Delilah. When the people knew that he
was in their city they shut the gates, and said they
would kill him in the morning. But Samson rose
up at midnight, and finding the gates shut, he
pulled up the two gate-posts, and bore the gates to
a hill near the city. Then the Philistines went to
Delilah, and asked her to find out wherein Samson's


great strength lay, that they might take him and do
as they pleased with him. Samson told Delilah
that if he were to be bound with seven green twigs
he would not be able to break through them. So
he allowed her to bind him with seven green twigs,
and she said, The Philistines be upon thee, Samson.
But he broke these twigs as a thread of tow is
broken when it toucheth the fire. Twice more he
mocked her, first* by telling her to bind him with
new ropes, and then to plait his hair; both of which
being tried failed as before. At last he told her the
truth, that he was a Nazarite from his birth, that
his hair had never been cut, and that if it was
shaven from his head he would be weak as other
men. As Delilah was a wicked woman she took
advantage of his confidence, and had his hair
shaven while he was asleep, and he was taken cap-
tive by the Philistines, who put out his eyes, bound
him with fetters, and made him grind in prison.
While in prison his hair began to grow again, and
doubtless, repenting of his sin, his wonderful
strength began to return.
One day the lords of the Philistines made a great
feast to their idol Dagon, and being glad that Sam-
son was now in their hands they sent for him that
he might make sport for them. When he came,
they set him between two pillars of the idol temple;
and both the roof and the inside of the house were
full of people, all the lords of the Philistines being
there. And Samson asked the boy who led him to
allow him to feel the pillars upon which the house
stood. Then he prayed the Lord to give him
strength but this once, that he might be avenged of

the Philistines. And putting forth his hands he
took hold of the two middle pillars upon which the
house rested, and bowing himself, the house fell
and killed all the people that were on the roof and
within it. And so Samson died, after being judge
in Israel for twenty years.
At the time when the judges ruled in Israel there
lived a man in Beth-lehem-judah named Elimelech,
with his wife Naomi, and his two sbns, Mahlon and
Chilion. There was a famine in the land, and they
journeyed to Moab to get food. There Elimelech
died; and after a time his two sons, Mahlon and
Chilion, who had married Orpah and Ruth, women
of Moab, also died. When Naomi heard that there
was again food to be had in her own country, she
started to return from Moab, and her daughters-in-
law began the journey with her. But she was not
willing that they should leave their own country;
so she advised them to return. She kissed them,
and they wept and said they would not leave her.
Naomi again told them they would be happier
in their own land, and that they ought not to leave
it. Orpah at last returned home; but Ruth,
although urged by her, clave unto her, and said,
Entreat me not to leave thee, or to return from fol-
lowing after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go;
and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people
shall be my people, and thy God my God: where
thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried:
the Lord do so to me, and more also, if aught but
death part thee and me. Naomi seeing that Ruth
was steadfast left off speaking to her, and they
journeyed together.


And they came to Beth-lehem at the time of
barley-harvest; and as they were poor, Ruth went
to the fields to glean after the reapers, and it so hap-
pened that the field to which she went belonged to
Boaz, a kinsman of Elimelech's. Boaz came out
into the field, and seeing a stranger gleaning, he
asked who she was. The reapers told him that this
was Ruth, the daughter-in-law of Naomi, who had
come with her from Moab. Then Boaz spoke
kindly to her, and told her to remain in that field
and glean, and also invited her to share the refresh-
ments along with the reapers. Ruth bowed low in
acknowledgment, and thanked him for his kindness.
Boaz told her that he had heard of all she had done
to her mother-in-law, and said, The Lord recom-
pense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of
the Lord God of Israel, under whose wings thou art
come to trust. The kindness of Boaz did not end
here. He told his young men to allow her to glean
even among the sheaves, where the corn was thick-
est on the ground, and also to let fall some handfuls
on purpose for her. In the evening Ruth carried
home to Naomi what she had been gleaning, and
told her in whose field she had been gathering the
corn, and how well she had been treated. When
Naomi heard this, she told Ruth that Boaz was a
friend of Elimelech's, her father-in-law. So Ruth
gleaned in the fields of Boaz all the time of barley-
harvest and wheat-harvest; and when the reaping
and thrashing were over Naomi bade her go and
tell Boaz that she was a relative of his, for accord-
ing to Jewish custom, being her nearest of kin, he
ought to care for her. Boaz received her kindly


and sent her back to Naomi with the promise that
it would be well with her.
That day Boaz went to the city-gate and waited,
and he stopped a near kinsman of Elimelech's, and
then asked ten chief men of the city to come and
listen to what he had to say. Boaz told this kins-
man how Naomi had returned from Moab, and
wished to sell some land that belonged to her late
husband, and as he was a kinsman he should have
the first chance of buying it. The man was willing
to buy the land, but when he heard that he must also
marry Ruth he refused. So Boaz said he was will-
ing to purchase the land and marry Ruth; and he
asked the ten elders to witness the bargain. And
thus the dutiful and affectionate Ruth was richly
provided for. Boaz and Ruth lived at Beth-lehem,
and they had a son born to them called Obed; and
the son of Obed was Jesse, and Jesse was the father
of David, the sweet singer and the second king of
While Samson was judge in Israel there lived in
Mount Ephraim a man called Elkanah, and his
wife Hannah had no children. And she came to
the tabernacle to pray ; and Eli, the high priest, see-
ing her lips moving but uttering no sound, thought
she was overcome with strong drink. But Hannah
answered, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrow-
ful spirit, and have poured out my heart before the
Lord. Then Eli bade her go in peace, and said,
The God of Israel grant thee the petition thou hast
asked of him. The request that Hannah had made
in prayer was'that she might have a son ; and she




vowed if God should grant her request that her son
would be dedicated to the service of the Lord.
And a son was born to Hannah in answer to her
prayer, and she called his name Samuel, which
means, "Asked of the Lord." When the child
was still young she took him, with an offering for a
sacrifice, to Shiloh, where the tabernacle was, to
render thanks to God, who had heard her prayer.
And she told Eli why she had come, and left hei
child there with him to serve in the tabernacle.
And the child Samuel was dressed in the linen gar-
ment worn by those who served there, and God was
with him.
And one day there came a man of God to Eli, the
high priest, to reprove him because of the wicked-
ness of his sons, and because he had not punished
them for their evil ways. And it was told him that
the judgment of God would come upon them, for
they would both die in one day, and not one of his
family would succeed him in the priesthood. A
faithful priest was to be raised up to succeed him,
who would walk before the Lord forever.
One night while the child Samuel waited upon
Eli, a voice called him, and thinking it was that of
the high priest, he answered, Here am I, and ran to
him, saying, Here am 1 for thou calledst me. Eli
told him to go and lie down, as he did not call him.
Twice again Samuel heard the voice, and went to
Eli, when the high priest at last saw that it was the
Lord who had been calling Samuel. He therefore
told him to go and lie down ; and if he heard the
voice again he was to answer, Speak, Lord; for thy
servant heareth. So Samuel went and lay down in

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