Group Title: WIAD newsletter
Title: WIAD newsletter. April 1993.
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 Material Information
Title: WIAD newsletter. April 1993.
Series Title: WIAD newsletter
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Creator: Women in Agricultural Development
Publisher: University of Florida
Publication Date: April 1993
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00085997
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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Women In Agricultural Development
University of Florida
McCarty 2002
Gainesville, Florida 32611


WIAD office:.

The Graduate Assistants will be
working during Summer A thanks to
the funds provided by Dean Larry
Connor. A flier will announce the
Summer office hours after the break.

WIAD Assistantship:

WIAD will offer two half-time
graduate assistantships for the
academic year 1993-1994. Application
materials are available in Peter
Hildebrand's office, 2126 McCarty.
Deadline for submission of applications
is May 19, 1993.

Mark and Nathalie would like to take
this opportunity to thank Dean
Lockhart, from the Graduate School,
and Dean Connor, from IFAS, for
funding the 1992-93 WIAD

assistantships. Our thanks also go to
Sandra Russo and Peter Hildebrand ...
and to the WIAD members for making
this year a productive and positive
learning experience for both of us. We
look forward to continuing to work with
WIAD while we complete our graduate
work at UF.


The training seminar "Integrating the
User Perspective and Gender Analysis
into Agriculture and Natural Resource
Management Courses" designed for UF
faculty members is running smoothly.
The introductory session covering basic
concepts of gender analysis and the
user perspective was held on January
23. A follow-up session was held on
February 2, during which' faculty
participants began to identify
appropriate places for the introduction
of gender issues in their course syllabus
and to develop training skills useful for
teaching about gender issues. With the

WIAD................................................................................................. .. April,1993

help of their volunteer resource person
(graduate students trained in gender
analysis and experienced trainers), each
faculty member has presented her/his
gender module to the rest of the group.
Session participants are working both
on the gender analysis content and the
teaching techniques which can be used
to introduce gender issues into the

Marianne Schmink (Anthropology)
prepared, with the help of Bea
Covington (Food and Resource
Economics), a lecture using an
ecofeminist framework, to be included
in Dr. Schmink's seminar on the

Ken Buhr (Agronomy) and Karen Kainer
(Forestry), prepared a slide show on
Women in Agriculture in the US to be
shown as part of Dr. Buhr's
introductory agronomy class.

Peter Hildebrand (Food and Resource
Economics), with the help of Todd
Johnson (Forestry), chose to update
and revise a set of slides entitled "The
small-scale family farm as a system and
as part of a larger system"
disaggregating the household by gender
and age and including off-farm
stakeholders, such as natural resources
and the market.

Kent Redford (Biology/Natural Resource
Use), worked with Ann Todd Bokarie
and Deborah McGrath (both from
Forestry), to introduce gender issues
and the user perspective in his course
on "Tropical Resource Use". In order
to do so, they devised a teaching
technique, based on video/slides and
role play which they named "Reel

Susan Jacobson (Wildlife) and Gretchen
Greene (FRE), demonstrated how case
studies can be used to incorporate the
user perspective in conservation issues.

Don't forget to let us know if you are
interested in participating in future
WIAD training activities. We are
keeping a waiting list to assess the
level of interest in conducting future
gender analysis workshops.

Speaker Series:

The WIAD speaker series will resume
in September 1993. If you would like
to present a talk, or know someone
who would be of interest to WIAD
members, please contact the WIAD
office. WIAD talks are an excellent
way to present your work in an
informal setting and to receive
feedback from colleagues that can help
you improve your work. Past WIAD
speakers have included UF faculty and
graduate students, as well as WIAD
experts not affiliated with UF.

Recent WIAD

* Dr. Constance McCorkle, Senior
Associate with the Futures Group in
Washington, is currently serving as
Director of Research and Evaluation for
GENESYS, the U.S. Agency for
International Development's worldwide
Gender in Economic and Social
Systems Project. In her presentation to
WIAD on February 19, she introduced
in detail her model for biosocial groups


W IAD ...................... ....p.. .... ...... ... ..93

in agriculture and natural resource
management as a framework for
sustainable development. She
illustrated her framework's application
with a "mini-case example" among
Andean agropastoralists. Copies of her
paper are available on request at the
WIAD office. Dr. McCorkle's visit to
U.F. was made possible by the financial
assistance of Drs. Jim Simpson and
Peter Hildebrand of the Department of
Food and Resource Economics. Special
thanks from WIAD to these professors
for their support of our Speaker Series.

* Dr. Mary
Elmendorf, a
pioneer of
women in
development and community
development, spoke to WIAD members
on March 1. Her presentation provided,
through her long experience on the
development scene, an historical
overview of the issues of women,
water and sanitation. She also
underlined the pressing issues and the
challenges to come regarding women,
population and the environment.

* Dr. Isabel Maria Gomes Rodrigo
spoke about "Social Identities and
Decision Making on Family Farms in
Northern Portugal." Dr. Rodrigo
described how social perceptions of
farming, along with the structural
changes taking place in the family farm
sector, are affecting women's decisions
about their role in agriculture in
Portugal. As social differentiation in
the family farm sector increases,
women are increasingly seeking
alternatives to remaining on the farm.

* Dr. Sharleen Simpson, from the UF
College of Nursing gave an overview of
physical, emotional and economic
problems encountered by women with
AIDS. She underlined the higher
vulnerability to AIDS of minority
women in the United States, as well as
the devastating effects of AIDS in
women's lives in developing countries,
in particular in Africa, for lack of proper
care. Women tend not to consider
themselves at risk and they present
different symptoms than men. If
women in general provide a support
system for others, HIV positive women
lack this very support and find
themselves isolated.

* Dr. Christina Gladwin, from UF's
Food and Resource Economics
Department, discussed the liberal
feminist and socialist feminist views on
inequality in light of changes in the
agricultural economies of the U.S. and
Asia. Liberal feminist theory suggests
that the key to eliminating gender-
based discrimination is in incorporating
women into the development process,
offering them equal opportunity to
share in economic growth. The
socialist feminists argue that this
approach fails to recognize the deep-
rootedness of sexual inequality. She
tested these theories by applying
available statistical data on agricultural
development but found the results did
not clearly favor one theoretical school
over the other.

* The roundtable on Women and
Structural Adjustment presented as part
of the third Florida Statewide Women's
Studies Conference was a success. UF
professors Christie Gladwin, Helen Safa
and Anita Spring, as well Dr. Maria
Crummett from Barnard College used
Dr. Crummett's research on responses
to structural adjustment programs in

W IAD............................... ..............

Mexico as a basis for their discussion
of gender issues raised by structural
adjustment. They showed that data
need to be disaggregated by gender
and age and that privatization has
pitted individual survival against family

Dr. Susan Poats, U.F. graduate and
long-time friend of WIAD, is currently
working with CIAT, the International
Center for Tropical Agriculture in
Colombia and is out-posted to Ecuador.
She presented the cassava processing
improvement project which has been
the focus of her long-term research for
several years in coastal Ecuador. After
presenting the institutional history of
the Union of Cassava Productors and
Processors (UAPPY) and the later
incorporation of a women's group, she
showed how changes in the market
demands for cassava adversely affected
women, who had to spend more labor
hours for a lower income return. The
cooperative efforts of farmers, both
women and men, public and private
institutions, NGOs, farmers and
researchers, resulted in creative
technological innovations which made
the production of larger quantities of
starch of a superior quality possible,
allowing a wider range of market uses,
including both human and non-human
consumption. Local-level participation
in research, as well as institution
building, has been critical to the
success of this project. While the
outlook for the project is positive, Dr.
Poats voiced her concerns about the
effects of extensive erosion and other
environmental problems, as well as
possible market shifts which could
affect the project.

........... .................................. A pril,1 993


Dr. Mary Elmendorf has donated to UF
her papers documenting her life-long
work on development issues,
particularly related to women, water
and the environment. These
documents are not yet processed, but
are available by appointment to
researchers using the UF libraries. For
more information, contact Carla Kemp
at 392-6547.

Long Island University offers, starting in
Fall 1993, a new 15-credit women's
studies curriculum, designed to develop
an understanding of women's issues on
a global level with a cross-cultural
feminist perspective. Students will
study in one of three culture areas: the
Middle-East, Kenya or India. For more
information contact the WIAD office or
Jane Finalborgo at (516) 283-4000,
ext. 313.

Network Communication:

APC (Association for Progressive
Communications) is a worldwide
partnership of member networks
dedicated to providing low-cost
computer communications services for
individuals and organizations working
for the environment, peace,
development, health and public interest.
Various groups related to women's
issues are also members of APC.
Computer networking is a powerful and
effective communications tool to foster
true global partnership. It will help
share information, pool resources and
plan events with people around the


E-Mail messages can be exchanged
through Bitnet, Internet and many other
networks. Contact the WIAD office
for more information on cost and


ETC, Consultants for Development
Programmes (Netherlands) and IIED, the
International Institute for Environment
and Development (UK) have developed
AFRICULTURE, a game designed to
make players experience the way in
which gender shapes agricultural
outcomes in the domestic domain and
in the wider economy. It also leads to
an understanding of factors that affect
family welfare in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The model for the game is a typical
African circumstance in which land is
not a constraint, but severe labor
shortages are. These are partly the
result of traditional gender roles,
including the high domestic workload
faced by women in addition to their
farming tasks. The farming systems
model incorporates subsistence crops
and cash crops. The domestic scenario
includes direct ramifications on child
health and mortality. Players face
choices concerning crops, farm input,
crop trade, consumption, migration to
town, health hazards and more.
This simulation game is an excellent
tool for training on gender issues in
agriculture. It is best played in a course,
which allows both for preparatory
reading and further reflection and
discussion on the issues involved. The
cost of Africulture is $400. For more

information and orders, contact ETC
Consultants for Development
Programmes, P.O. Box 64, 3830 AB
Leusden, The Netherlands. Fax: + 31
33 940791.


** The American Association for
University Women sponsors Gender
Issues in the Classroom and on the
Campus on June 18, 1993 in
Minneapolis. For more information
contact Joyce Lynn Garrett, Galludet
University, 800 Florida Avenue,
Washington DC 20008-3695.

** Health and the Environment:
Meeting the Challenge for Human
Development is the title of the 20th
NCIH (National Council for International
Health) Annual International Health
Conference, which will be held June
20-23, 1993 in Arlington, VA. The
conference will explore linkages
between population and the
environment, health and development,
as well as empowerment of
communities to achieve healthy
environments. For registration form,
contact the WIAD office.

** The American Fisheries Society will
hold its annual meeting entitled."Shared
Responsibility for Shared Resources" in
Portland, Oregon from August 28 to
September 3, 1993. For information,
contact Jerry Bouck, AFS, 5410
Grosvenor Lane, Suite 110, Bethesda,
Maryland 20814-2199. Tel: 503-230-

WIAD.................................... ............................................................April,1993

** The North American Symposium of
the Association for Farming Systems
Research-Extension will be held in
Gainesville on October 12-16, 1993.
The title of the symposium is "Systems
Approaches in North American
Agriculture and Natural Resources:
Broadening the Scope of FSRE."
Gender analysis is one of the
preliminary themes to be addressed.
The deadline for abstracts is May 15,
1993. For more information, contact
Dr. Peter Hildebrand at 392-5830.

** The Association for Women in
Development (AWID) will be holding its
Sixth International Forum with the
theme "...Joining Forces to Further
Shared Visions." The meetings will be
held in Washington, D.C. from October
20-24, 1993.


The WIAD office has compiled a
list of videos on issues related to
women in agricultural development
and natural resource management.
Although the list is not extremely
long, it might still prove useful to
you. Ask us for your copy.
We will also welcome any addition
to the list. If you know of any
videos, let us know. We will share
the information with all WIAD

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