Proposal for support (draft without comments)

Material Information

Proposal for support (draft without comments) Gender, Environment, and Agriculture (GEAP)
Series Title:
Women in Agricultural Development (WIAD) papers
Women and Agricultural Development Program
Schmink, Marianne
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Spring, Anita ( lcsh )
Women in Agricultural Development Project in Malawi ( fast )
Spatial Coverage:
North America -- United States -- Florida -- Gainesville


This 5-page document is a draft proposal for the Gender, Environment, and Agriculture Program (GEAP). This document includes some notes at the beginning. The document includes Background and Task Force Recommendations for WIAD.
General Note:
Dr. Anita Spring has devoted her life to research in topics such as international agricultural development; food security; entrepreneurship and African business; women/gender in international development; environment and resource management since the 1970s. She has conducted research and produced many publications at several prestigious universities including Cornell University, San Francisco State University, and recently the University of Florida. She is currently a professor emeritus in the Department of Anthropology, and director of the Sub-Saharan Africa Business Environment Report (SABER) Project at the University of Florida.

Record Information

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University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
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Full Text

WIAD Task Force members: Please review the following draft proposal written by Marianne Schmink and provide either her or me any comments by Thursday (tomorrow) so we can have it ready for a meeting with VP Davidson and the IFAS deans for Monday morning. Thanks. Pete

Gender, Environment, and Agriculture Program (GEAP) Proposal for support
April, 1995

First draft for comments


The Women in Agricultural Development Program (WIAD) was founded at the University of Florida in 1984, with a focus specifically on women's and men's roles in agricultural production. Since then the program has sponsored activities on the UF campus, including: 1) a bi-weekly seminar series; 2) compilation and maintenance of a bibliography of some 3,000 titles on gender, agriculture, and natural resources; 3) co-sponsorship of five international workshops and conferences on the UF campus since 1986; 4) publication of a quarterly newsletter, and stimulation of research publications by UF faculty; 5) systematic training in gender analysis for UF faculty and students; and 6) a graduate certificate in Women and Development. These activities are detailed in attached documents.

The activities supported by WIAD have involved faculty and students from a wide range of UF departments and units. Support for this interdisciplinary program has been provided by the Centers for Latin American and African Studies, the Graduate School, and IFAS. Currently there are 160 faculty members and 75 students on the WIAD mailing list. Twenty-eight faculty members from a dozen different UF academic units currently are active WIAD associates.

During the academic year 1994-1995, WIAD Co-Directors Sandra Russo and Peter Hildebrand convened a faculty Task Force to provide recommendations for the future of WIAD. WIAD also conducted a survey of faculty and student opinions about the value of WIAD and perspectives on its future. The work of the Task Force focused on whether WIAD should continue as a program, and if so, what directions it should take and what support would be required.

2. Task Force Recommendations for WIAD

Based on the faculty and student surveys, and members' direct experience in WIAD and related activities at UF, the Task Force concluded that WIAD was an important program supporting faculty and graduate student training and research at UF. Faculty and students who responded to the surveys valued the WIAD program's contribution to their research and course work. The program's

uniquely interdisciplinary focus has provided an important bridge between IFAS and other academic units, which has strengthened the integration of social and biological sciences on the campus.

Through its speaker series, newsletter, bibliographic collection, and on-campus training programs, WIAD provides an important source of support for attention to gender in UF's academic programs that focus on agriculture. With the establishment of the new College of Natural Resources and the Environment (CNRE), there is an opportunity to expand the reach of WIADfs support to the environmental sciences. Broadening WIAD's scope from development to conservation and environmental management will strengthen the social science foundation of training and research programs in the new program, and help stimulate consideration of natural management issues in agricultural research and training programs of IFAS.

This extension into environmental concerns has already begun through the MERGE project (Managing the Environment and Resources with Gender Emphasis), based in the Tropical Conservation and Development (TCD) program. MERGE is a field-oriented project financed by the MacArthur Foundation and USAID (grants totalling $450,000) for work in Ecuador, Peru and Brazil (see attached documents). other WIAD faculty members such as Sandra Russo, Anita Spring, Susanna Smith, and Dorota Hamann are actively involved in research and technical assistance related to gender and environmental issues. UF is well-placed to become established as one of only a few academic institutions with strong expertise in these cross-cutting and pioneering fields.

The Task Force recommends that the WIAD program mandate be expanded, and the name be changed to Gender, Environment and Agriculture Program (GEAP). The GEAP program would provide support for gender and social science integration in research and teaching in IFAS and the CNRE. GEAP could provide a valuable outreach function within the newly-created Center for Women's Studies and Gender Research, where eventually the program might be housed (once the Center has facilities). In the interim, GEAP should continue to be housed in IFAS, to take advantage of existing office space, computer equipment, access to telephones, etc.

Modest UF funds for GEAP are required to support one graduate assistantship and part-time secretarial support.

Women In Agricultural Development Questionnaires

For student questionnaire we received 25% response rate (n=19 received out of 75 sent).
For faculty questionnaire we received 27% response rate (n=47 received out of 160 sent).
1. How long have you been a student at the University of Florida?
18 student responses ranging from 0.5 yrs to 9 yrs

Average=3.1 yrs
2. Student composition
52.6% of student respondents are Ph.D students
42.1% of student respondents are Masters students
3. How were you introduced to WIAD?
41.6% of students reported faculty member as introduction source.
33.3% of students reported flyer as introduction source.
4. How do you characterize your participation in WIAD? Measured on 5 (high) to 1 (low) value scale.
Average student response value=2.5 Average faculty response value=1.82
5. Have you been able to attend the bi-weekly WIAD seminar series? On 5 to 1 scale.
Average student response value=2.47
Average in faculty response value=1.76
6. Are you aware of the WID certificate program?
73.6% of students are aware of WID certificate
36.8% of students plan on obtaining it
7. Does your advisor or other faculty in your department have any interests in WIAD?
45.4% of students have WIAD affiliated faculty advisor within department
36.8% of students have WIAD affiliated faculty advisor outside department
8. Should Women in Agricultural Development change its name?
21% of students report Yes
25% of faculty report Yes
9. How would you rate the value of The WIAD Program to your own research?
Average student response value=3.88 Average faculty response value=2.49
10. How would you rate the value of The WIAD Program to your studies/courses?
Average student response value=3.61 Average faculty response value=2.38
11. Do you wish the WIAD program to continue?
89.4% of students responded positively
61% of faculty responded positively
FACULTY response:
"Definitely continue: (A) Important to continue to work with faculty and train and expose them to gender analysis and its effect on research. (B) Important to continue speakers to expose us to new ideas, research, etc."
2 STUDENT responses:
"There are very few schools w/ a separate WIAD program so I feel The WIAD Program should continue and increase campus awareness of its existence."
"Yes. WIAD should continue to address women's (/gender)
interests in agriculture--perhaps it could also address them in natural resources/environment, especially using new techniques developed in NRM by applying them back to agriculture. Within this scope, WIAD should go where it would best serve clientele (students, faculty). WIAD would be most useful by continuing to make available the material in its library, perhaps updating it; also by continuing to bring in resource people to help provide information in this field--if WIAD doesn't bring them, who will? If WIAD doesn't sponsor seminars focusing on gender-related aspects in development (especially agriculture), who will?"

Women in Agricultural Development Spring Seminar Series

Friday, January 6 at 4:OOPM--McCarty 1151: "FAO Plan of Action for the Integration of Women: Perspectives Before and Beyond Beijing." Presented by Leena Kirjavainen, Division Chief, Institutions and Agrarian Reform, FAO.

Tuesday, February 7 at 4:OOPM--McCarty 1151: "Issues and Constraints: Working with Women's Groups in Botswana, Senegal, Peru, & Ecuador." Presented by Gretchen Greene, Debbie Roos, Cristina Espinosa, Mike Kenney. Moderated by Dr. Sandra Russo.

Thursday, February 23 at 12:OOPM--McCarty 1151: "Balancing Agricultural and Reproductive Rights." Presented by Dr. Elizabeth Guillette (Anthropology).

Tuesday, February 28 at 4:OOPM--McCarty 1151: visiting Scholar Dr. Njeri Mareika (African Studies) presenting research on Kenyan conservation policy issues with a gender emphasis.

Wednesday, March 15 at 11:45AM--Grinter 376: "Gender, Healing, and Conservation in the Northern Peruvian Amazon." Presented by Kathryn Lynch (Latin American Studies/TCD).

Thursday, March 30-Saturday, April 1: 44th Annual Latin American Conference, Center for Latin American Studies: "Innovation and Partnership: Working with Natural Resource Management, Gender, and Local Communities in the Tropics."

Wednesday, April 5 at 11:45AM--Dean's conference room, McCarty 1031: "Adaptive Strategies of Rural & Urban Women in Northern Nigeria." Presented by Dr. Catherine VerEecke (African Studies).

Wednesday, April 12 at 3:OOPM--Byrant Space Sciences: "Black River Morass, Jamaica: A Rapid Rural Appraisal." Presented by Dr. Anita Spring (Anthropology).

Monday, April 24 at 12:OOPM--McCarty 1151: "Women & Animal Traction." Presented by Dr. Paul Starkey.

Wednesday, April 26 at 4:OOPM--McCarty 1151: "Integrating Gender into Environmental Policy and Planning at the District Level in Uganda." Presented by Dr. Sandra Russo (International Studies & Programs).



Duration: 1 1/2 day session, 2 hour skills development sessions
Participants: faculty from the Center for Tropical Conservation & Development
Trainers: Dr. Sandra Russo, Deborah McGrath, Lisette Staal & Bea Covington of the University of Florida
Focus: to assist agriculture and natural resource faculty w i t h t h e
incorporation of gender analysis and the user perspective into existing or
proposed courses offered through the Center for Tropical Research and


Duration: one day
Participants: graduate student-, in agriculture and natural resource management fields
Trainers: Dr. Sandra Russo, Deborah McGrath, Lisette Staal & Bea Covington of the University of Florida
Focus: to enhance the ability of students to incorporate gender into thesis
and dissertation research


expose participants group of trainers

30 faculty and graduate students from various UF departments various UF faculty and graduate student-,
introduce participants to the concept of gender and gender analysis,
to a variety of training styles and techniques, develop core


5 day session at the University of Florida 50 faculty from UF and other universities Mary Andersen of Harvard Tim Broadhead of CIDA (Canada)
An introduction to gender issues in development training of trainers

Duration: Participants: Trainers: