Citation
Our little book for little folks

Material Information

Title:
Our little book for little folks
Creator:
Crosby, William Edward ( Editor )
American Book Company ( Publisher )
Place of Publication:
New York
Cincinnati
Chicago
Publisher:
American Book Company
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
106 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 19 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Children's stories ( lcsh )
Children's poetry ( lcsh )
Children's stories -- 1896 ( lcsh )
Children's poetry -- 1896 ( lcsh )
Readers -- 1896 ( rbgenr )
Textbooks -- 1896 ( rbgenr )
Rebuses -- 1896 ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1896
Genre:
Children's stories
Children's poetry
Readers ( rbgenr )
Textbooks ( rbgenr )
rebuses ( aat )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- New York -- New York
United States -- Ohio -- Cincinnati
United States -- Illinois -- Chicago
Target Audience:
juvenile ( marctarget )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
arranged by W.E. Crosby.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact The Department of Special and Area Studies Collections (special@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002235238 ( ALEPH )
ALH5681 ( NOTIS )
13706264 ( OCLC )

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Full Text






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FOR




i i

iva NEW YORK, CINCINNATI, CHICAGO, :
AMERICAN BOOK COMPANY |

[ee :





The Baldwin Library



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TEESE

eee











FRANCE



GREAT
BRITAIN





UNITED
STATES

GERMANY —



OUR LITTLE BOOK

FOR

[A Ounces

ARRANGED BY

W. CROSBY

LATE SUPT. SCHOOLS, DAVENPORT, IOWA

wh

NEW YORK .-:- CINCINNATI -:. CHICAGO

AMERICAN BOOK COMPANY



II
INTRODUCTION.

Our Lirrtz Book ror Litttz Forks covers the first
school work suitable to accompany the oral teach-
ing, even in kindergartens. In this book, a few com-
mon words, selected from the speaking vocabulary
of very young children, are used again and again, in
simple, natural sentences, so constructed as to culti-
vate the brain, the ear, the eye, and the tongue, in
number, color, shape, size and expression.

_ Mere repetition of words makes a book lifeless, but
when these words are combined in sentences that
arouse varied thoughts, and call forth different forms
of expression, they become educative in every sense.

In this book, the child is made a part of the lesson,
and thus becomes familiar, not only with words and
sentences, but with the common things around him,
which they represent, and his various faculties are
guided, cultivated, and thus educated, from the very
first lesson, in the three steps of observation, simple
thought, and expression.

The lessons are made easy and attractive by the
beautiful pictures, many of which, in mere outline,
can be copied by the children, by the large, plain
script, and by a simple series of drawing lessons,
beginning with straight lines and ending in common
forms. The last part of the book contains pleasant
stories and poems, to be read and re-read, by the
teacher to the children, who will, in time, follow the
reading in their books, and, later, will be able to read
for themselves, the same lessons.

The Teacher’s Notes give an outline of work, to be
filled in or enlarged, for the various classes.

If the “Little Folks” are led along the first steps of
learning pleasantly, and the teachers are aided in
their arduous duties, by this book, its aim is well
accomplished.

Copyright, 1896, by American Book Company.

W. P. 2



















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The boy haba. doq,
Idee a

Thaw a hapadoll,
Sdeow a auch a. dog.
The bo have bet
Jhw aqui amd a cat,

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See the dog and the cat.
See the boy and the girl.
The dog can see the cat.
mite cat can see the dog.
I-can see a girl anda boy.
‘The boy can play ball.
Ican play ball. |
Can the cat see the doll?
The cat can see the doll.
Can the dog see the doll?
‘The dog can see the doll.
Can the dog play ball?







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25

The boy has a dog, and the
oirl has a doll.

I can see a black and white
cat. 7

The cat is playing with the
green leaves.

“Can you see the leaves?”.
Peevees, | cam see bien: tine,
are cherry leaves. I can see
leaves on the tree.”

“See the red round cherries!
One, two, three, four, five. I
can count five cherries on the
tree.” |











The-boy roll the apple
erga pay wrth
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36
Hind a lily.
Is the lily red?
Is the lily green?



Is the lily brown?
This lly is yellow.
Some lilies are white.
Find a yellow lily.
- Has a lily green leaves?
' Is a lily leaf like a rose leaf’?
Have you a yellow lily?
I have a lily leaf.
And I have a white lily.
The lily leafis green.
Find a green lily leaf.






38

Find an apple blossom.

Apple blossoms are pink anc
white.

Cherry blossoms are white.

T like the white blossoms.

Do you see the pink and
white apple blossoms?

Apple blossoms and leaves
are on the apple tree.

Cherry blossoms and leaves
are on the cherry tree.

Can you find 4a pimke amd
white blossom on a tree?

Is it an apple blossom?













Who wart to bury? Who waanitto Bury?
Shave mice flower fou you.

Swill take two rored ded,
Peis all: Wan eile iin
+ want the violate Huw.

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ye
Abo NN
es?

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| like the yellow lily.
|. Bring me two white hiies.



Lilies have green leaves.
| Have you three red roses?
- Roses have stems and leaves
2 Finda pretty rose leaf.
| Do you like white roses?
— Yes, white roses are pretty,
ut I like red roses better.
I like the red roses, but IL
. like the pretty lily best.
Is a rose leaf like an apple
leaf?
I have roses and lilies.

i
|
\

2



42
What do you
see in the apple?



I see some apple seeds.

Do all apples have seeds?

Some apples are green.

Some apples are yellow.

Some apples are red.

All apples have seeds.

A cherry has a seed.

A cherry tree grows from a
cherry seed.

An apple tree grows from an
apple seed.

A cherry seed is round.



43

Have you a yellow rose with
a stem and leaves?

Yes, I have red roses, yellow
roses, and white roses.

The roses all have stems and
green leaves.

I have a white lily and a
red rose. |

I have a yellow lily and a
white rose.

The lily leaf is not like the
rose leaf.

Bring me two green leaves.

Do all leaves have stems?



44

I have four oranges.

Oranges are round like
a ball. 5

Oranges
are yellow.



Oranges have seeds.

Do oranges grow on trees?

An orange tree grows from):
an orange seed, and all oranges
erow on orange /--} |
nGeleice



Do all oranges have seeds?
Some oranges have no seeds.
Are orange seeds round? .



45



The little girl has a large
‘yellow orange,
| See the little dog play with
the orange.
The boy has four oranges.
clitule boy, lavile boy, give
the girl an orange.”
The little boy gives the little
girl an orange.
Now the little girl has two
“yellow oranges.
~ The boy has three oranges.
Two and three are five.
Four and one are five.







Ly

have stums ?
Do apples



What wrod,white and ee
Our UW hed , j=

What w hod on the
Whol w hy ar ae
Lihat uw tue or the
Tho fluo rte
The red iw like the rod rose.
The white w ike the white
chovuy tossom.

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Vex













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An eth cag

| orien alt bay Seal buy. |

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52

“Two cents for each orange. That’s
Six cents for three.”
“Six cents for three.”
“Hor three twos make six. ‘Two,
Four, six, don’t you see?”
“Yes, I see.”

“The peaches cost more. For one,
Three cents will do.”
“Three cents will do?”
“Yes, two threes make six, and
Six cents will buy two.”
“Will buy two”

“Oh, apples you ask for, such
Nice ones you see.” “Nice ones [see ?”
“Hor one cent and anickel,
Pll sell you just three.”
“Sell me but three P”



53

“Pears, peaches and apples, and
Oranges, too. Oranges, too.
So nice and so sweet, they
Are all sold to you.” “All sold
by you?”

“So, children, I thank you for
Buying to-day. Buying to-day.
My basket is empty
And [ll run away.” “Well, run
away.”

“But as it is pleasant this
Fruit game to play,
Come back with your basket
On some other day.” “Tl come
some day.”







55

Can you see a pear?

It 1s a green pear.

A. pear grows on
auc e:



A. pear has seeds in it.



The seeds are not round. **
A pear tree grows
from a seed.

Hind a pear leaf, a pear and
a pear blossom. |

Do all pears have seeds?

Yes, all pears have seeds.



56
Find me four pear seeds.
Are pear seeds hke

apple seeds? ie
Give me five grape seeds.
Are grape seeds like geo0e

pear seeds?
Can you see two orange _.
seeds ? :



seeds ry a 4
What will grow from a



grape seed?
What will grow from an
orange seed?



oy

I can see a peach.

A peach is yellow
and round.

A. peach has one seed.

Peach trees grow from seeds.

A peach blossom is pink



and white.
It is a pretty blossom.
Can you find a yellow peach?
Do you see a peach blossom ?
Is a peach leaf ike an orange
leaf?
Is a peach seed round?
Is it like a cherry seed?



58

Do you like peaches?

Yes, I like peaches, pears,
apples, oranges and grapes. -

They are all good to eat.

Can you eat the seeds of
cherries? |

No, I can not eat the seeds
of cherries and peaches.

I do not eat the seeds of
apples and pears.

Are any seeds good to eat?

Do all peaches have seeds?

Can you find a peach leaf?

Is the leaf a green leaf?



| 59
Have you an orange?
No, I have no orange.
I have a yellow apple.



Is it like an orange? Z

It is yellow like an orange.

Its skin is not like the skin
of an orange.

Its seeds are not like the
seeds of an orange.

Are the orange seeds brown ?

No, the orange seeds are not
brown.

The apple seeds are brown.

Are the peas brown?



60

This is a maple leaf.
What a pretty leaf \
tity 1S)



Are maple leaves brown?
Some maple leaves are green.

Some maple leaves are red.
Some maple leaves are brown.

Can you bring me a red
maple leaf?

Can your mmd a red and
brown maple leaf?

I can find some green maple
leaves. |

They grow on maple trees.



61

The boy’s name is John.
The girl’s name is Mary.
John has two dogs.
Mary has two cats.
The cats are little cats.
The dogs are big dogs.
One of the cats is yellow.
One of the dogs is white, and
one dog is black.
One cat is yellow and white.
Have you a dog or a cat?
Do you like black dogs?
Yes, I like all good dogs, and
all good cats.



62

_ A. dog has four feet.

A cat has four feet.
A. boy has two feet.

Have you two feet?
See this foot!

Is it a dog’s foot?

No, it is a cat's foot.
A dog’s foot is not like a cals
foot. py
I can see the cat’s foot. ‘
Can you find a dog’s foot? kin .

Two feet and two feet
are four feet.





AN (G2iG Cenal mena snaeh =



63-
This is the head

ofJohn’sdog. sg s
The dog has two ~



eyes and two ears.
Have you two ears?
I have two eyes and two ears.
Lhe dog has two large ears.
This is the head

y of Mary’s cat.



The cat has two
eyes and two ears.

The cats ears are not big
like the dog’s ears.
Are cat's eyes like dog’s eyes?



64

A dog can run and play.
See the doe mum!

The cat can run and play
Wally Ghee Walle

pti Cae, Iauaa, ain: Mlle

John can run and play with
the dog.

Mary can run and play with
ime ean

See, see! the cat has the ball.

She can roll the ball with
hie, eet:

I can see the cat roll the ball
with her feet.



65

A little brown bird
Has a nest 1n a tree.
I can see the brown bird.
Can the brown bird see me?

The brown bird sees the cat.
But the cat can not see
The little brown bird
And the nest in the tree.

The little brown nest

Of the bird in the tree
Is under the leaves,

And the cat can not see.



66.

The cat is under the tree.

The tree is an apple tree.

A little brown bird has a
pretty nest in the tree.

The pretty brown nest Is
under the leaves.

I can see it, and I can see
the bird.

But the cat can not see the
bird and the nest.

She likes to eat birds.

Can the little bird see me?

The brown bird is in the
tree.



67

What do you like to eat?

What do cats like to eat?

What can dogs eat?

Can you find what birds like
to eat?

The bird can fly to her nest
i Tile Uke e:

AG Gat can moteny, bul sine
Cale un

Can you tis like a bird ¢

No, I can not fly like a bird,
but Ef caniran. like @ cai:

The birds like to fly.

Boys like to run and play.



68

A bird has two wings and
two feet.

A bird can fly with her two
wings.

See the bird’s foot. es

It is not like a dog’s foot.

This foot has four toes.

Are there four toes on a
dog’s foot ?

mare taere four toes om a
boy’s foot?

A hoy has two —- and tem —

A dog has — feet and — toes.

A — has two—and eight —.





69

I have some little sticks.

See, I can make a
square with the sticks. LS

The square is made of four
sticks.

A square has four sides.
_ Now I will make a chair.

cam make the ela KH
of red sticks.
The chair is a red chair.
You can make a house Ves
with your sticks. |

Is your house a red house?
Can you make a yellow house?



7O

See what I can make
with my sticks.
This 1s @ nicé ship.

Can you “make one=like it
with your sticks? |

See! See! I have made a red
ship with my sticks.

Now I will make a chair.

And I will make a house.

See me make a square.

Can you draw the square
with a circle round it?

Yes, I can do that.

I like to play with sticks.



7

leere are =.

How many C) C)
circles can you see?

I can see nine circles.

| Are circles round?
S eS Yes, circles are
e round and flat.
ls avleat a cimeler
No, a leaf is not round.
Is an apple a
circle? ] eq
No, an apple is
not flat. C) oj

Can you make a circle?



72

How many eyes have you?
W hat are your eyes made for?

Eyes are made to see with.
How many hands have you?

W hat are hands made for?
W hat is your mouth made for?
What are your feet made for?

What do you have on your
two feet?

Do horses have shoes?

Do dogs have shoes on their
four feet?

Are horses’ shoes like your
shoes ?



73

Can you make a circle?

Cane Our ames a. Cirche or
page 71?

How many circles do you
see ?

Are all circles round?

Are all circles flat?

Make three round circles.

Are all circles white?

No, some circles are black,
some are blue, some are red,
and some are green.

ime cimeles om! page: LOL:

Are they all round?



74

Bring me a cube.

How many faces can you see
on this cube? 7

A cube has six faces.

Touch the six faces of this
cube. 7

W hat is in this cube?

Is a cube solid?

Are all cubes solid ?

Ayre all the faces of the cube
squares ?

Count the square faces.

Are there six square faces ?

Do all cubes have six faces?



75

What keeps birds warm?
What keeps you warm?

What keeps dogs warm?
Do cats have clothes? —

Do you have clothes?

Who made your clothes ?
How are your clothes made?

Are your clothes red ?

Who makes your shoes?
What are your shoes made of?
Who makes birds’ clothes?
Who makes dogs’ clothes?

What are your clothes made
of?



76

I have two legs.
My legs are made to walk
with.
A dog has four legs.
A — has six legs.
A fly has — wings.
A spider has — wings.
= as
eight legs.
What do
flies eat?
A. — has
— legs. -
‘What do spiders eat?







Ve

The cube is solid.
It has six faces.



Each face 1s a square.

The cube has six square
faces.

ielere is a box: - Jt has six
faces. Each face ls a square.

The box is the
shape of a cube.

The box is not a
solid.

It is not a cube.



Can you find a solid cube?
How many faces has it?



78

What are on the
ends of your fingers?



Why are nails on
the ends of your fingers?
Are there nails on a



cats foot?
Are there nails on a

ss
SD

hen’s foot ?
Why do hens have
nails on their feet?



— have nails on
their hands and feet.
I have ten nails on my hands.

I have ten nails on my feet.



79

Here isasolid. g ae




LH

Do you know
what it is?

Bring me a solid: like this
solid.

The two ends of this solid
are circles.

This solid is a cylinder.

What have you seen like
this solid?

Is a can a solid?

A can is not solid, but it has
the shape of a cylinder.

Did you ever see a cylinder?



80

W hat live in the water?
The fish
live in the















water. 7
Can fish live on the land?
No, fish can not live out of

the water.

Can you live in the water?

No, I can not live in water.

A fish can swim in the water,
but he can not walk on land.

I can walk on the land and
swim in the water.

Can a bird swim ?



81

The table is made of wood.

Wood is part of a tree.

Can you tell me what things
are made of wood ?

Chairs are made of wood.
Some houses are made of wood.

The sticks that we play with
are made of wood.

Is your bat made of wood?
~ Yes, it is made of wood.

It is like a cylinder and 1s
solid and hard.

Are all bats made of wood ?

Are all bats round?






83



UE WINGS. Ri:

One day King Christopher found
fault with everything he had on
the table to eat.

oC ne told his cook that. sie
must make him a good pie for
Chimmcte suite mext day. - wane
said he, “anew kind of pie that no
one ever had before.”

So the cook thought over all the



84

ways she knew of making pie, but,
alas! these pies had all been made
before. |

Now it happened that a lot of
blackbirds lived near the King’s
palace. They liked the cook because
she fed them.

So they all got together to see
what could be done to help the
poor cook. At last they thought
of a plan and flew to the kitchen
coor.

There sat the cook crying as hard
as she could because she found no
new kind of pie to be made for the
Si

“Mrs. Cook,” cried the blackbirds,
all together, “we can tell you of the
nicest pie you ever heard of.”



85

“Much you knowabout pies!” said
the cook. “Besides, I don’t want to
know the nicest pie I ever heard of.
I want to know the nicest pie I
never heard of”

“Well, that is what we can tell
you,” said the birds.

Then they chattered away at ihe
cook until they had told her all
about the wonderful pie.

The next day the King sat down
to dine. He sent for the cook.

“Where is that pie I told you
to make ?” said he.

“Here it is,” said the cook, and the
servants came bringing a large pie
on a dish.

_ It was put on the table before the
Kang. “It doesn’t look very nice,”



86

said he, “but we will soon find what
itis made of.” So he lifted the crust
of the pie and four and twenty
blackbirds raised their heads out of
the pie and began to ee as black-
birds do when 2
baked in a ple.




laughed, and Ay
the Queen
laughed
too, as



Ge
“a

the birds went flying round the
room, and the King said he thought
this was a new kind of pie. And



87

this was the pie that the blackbirds
told the cook to make.

Sing a song of sixpence,
A pocketful of rye.

Four and twenty blackbirds
Baked in a pie.

When the pie was opened
The birds began to sing.
“Oh, isn’t this a dainty dish

To set before a King!”





88





Twenty froggies went to school,
Down beside a little pool.

Twenty httle coats of green,
Twenty vests all white and clean.
“We must be in time,” said they;
“Tirst we study, then we play ;
That is how we Keep the rule

When we froggies go to school.”

Master Bullfrog, grave and stern,
Called the classes im then turn ;

HH,





89

Taught them, one, two, three, four,
five.

How to leap and how to dive;

From his seat upon the log,

Showed them how to say “Ker-
chog.

Also how to dodge a blow

Hrom the sticks that bad boys
throw.

Twenty froggies grew up fast.
Bullfrogs they became at last.
Not one dunce in all the lot.
Not one lesson they forgot:
Polished in a high degree,

As each froggie ought to be.
Now they sit on other logs,
Teaching other little frogs.



gO



Three little kittens lost their
mittens;

And they began to cry,

“OQ mother dear, we very much fear

That we have lost our mittens.”

“Lost your mittens! You naughty
kittens!

Then you shall have no pie.”

Three little kittens found their

mittens;
And they began to cry,



gI

“OQ mother dear, see here, see here!
See we have found our mittens!”
eit Ole VyOUlG= sma yells: you silly
kittens,
And you may have some pie.”

The three little kittens put on their
mittens

And soon ate up the pie.

“OQ mother dear, we greatly fear

That we have soiled our mittens!”

“Soiled your mittens, you naughty
kittens!”

Then they began to sigh.

The three little kittens washed their
mittens

And hung them up to dry.

“OQ mother dear, do you not hear



92

That we have washed our mittens?”

“Washed your mittens, O you
good kittens!

But I smell a rat close by.”




. Bee.

ZN

One day a wasp flew into an open
window, and buzzed around the
room.

Inaminute, every one in the room
was running after him with brooms
and sticks, trying to kill him.



a5

At last he got away, and flew
home to his family.

As he told them of his trouble,
Mrs. Wasp said: “Why is it that
nobody likes us, while our cousin,
the bee, is loved and taken care of ?
leeOyole insite a) lovombiste atone wiales aetes 00)
lise Goad: teed) tiem 1! they .can
not find enough to eat.”

“Well,” said Mr. Wasp, “I will ask
cousin bee the next time I see her.”

In a day or two the wasp met the
bee, who was getting honey from
some flowers.

“Cousin Bee,” said the wasp, “my
wite and [want to know why people
like your family so much better
than they do ours? My back is as
yellow and as bright as gold,and my



94

shape is much better than yours.”

“Well,” said the bee, “what you
say is all very true. I am homely
and plain, but I am busy all day
long making honey, and people
know that I do good and do no
mischief.

“Now you have a pretty coat and
beautiful wings, but you have a
sharp sting, and you will use it, too.
This makes people angry with you.
if you are ever so beautiful, you will
never be loved, if you are cross and
ill-natured.”

A wasp met a bee that was buzzing
near by,
And said, “Little cousin, can you



95

You are loved so much better by
people than I?

“My back shines as bright and as
yellow as gold,

And my shape is most elegant, too,
to behold,

Yet nobody likes me for that, I am
told.” |

“Ah, cousin,” the bee said, “’tis all
very true,

But if I had half as much mischief
iO) (Ol)

Indeed, they would love me no bet-
ter than you.

“You have a fine shape and a deli-
cate wing;



96

They own you are handsome; but
then, there’s one thing

They cannot put up with, and that
is, your sting.

“My coat is quite homely and plain,
as you see,

Yet nobody ever is angry with me,

Because ’m a humble and inno-
cent bee.”

rom this little story let people be-
ware, |

Because, like the wasp, if ill-natured
they are,

They will never be loved, if they’re
ever so fair.





97
PEE MOUSH ZANT, IEth KITTENS:

Two little kittens,
One stormy night,

Began to quarrel,
And then to fight.

One had a mouse,

And the other had none;
And that’s the way

The quarrel begun.

“Tl have that mouse,”
Said the bigger cat.

“You'll have that mouse?
We'll see about that!”

While they scratched and bit,
As only cats can,

They forgot the mouse,
And away it ran.



Full Text








E ae

FOR




i i

iva NEW YORK, CINCINNATI, CHICAGO, :
AMERICAN BOOK COMPANY |

[ee :


The Baldwin Library



I EES



a4

TEESE

eee





FRANCE



GREAT
BRITAIN





UNITED
STATES

GERMANY —
OUR LITTLE BOOK

FOR

[A Ounces

ARRANGED BY

W. CROSBY

LATE SUPT. SCHOOLS, DAVENPORT, IOWA

wh

NEW YORK .-:- CINCINNATI -:. CHICAGO

AMERICAN BOOK COMPANY
II
INTRODUCTION.

Our Lirrtz Book ror Litttz Forks covers the first
school work suitable to accompany the oral teach-
ing, even in kindergartens. In this book, a few com-
mon words, selected from the speaking vocabulary
of very young children, are used again and again, in
simple, natural sentences, so constructed as to culti-
vate the brain, the ear, the eye, and the tongue, in
number, color, shape, size and expression.

_ Mere repetition of words makes a book lifeless, but
when these words are combined in sentences that
arouse varied thoughts, and call forth different forms
of expression, they become educative in every sense.

In this book, the child is made a part of the lesson,
and thus becomes familiar, not only with words and
sentences, but with the common things around him,
which they represent, and his various faculties are
guided, cultivated, and thus educated, from the very
first lesson, in the three steps of observation, simple
thought, and expression.

The lessons are made easy and attractive by the
beautiful pictures, many of which, in mere outline,
can be copied by the children, by the large, plain
script, and by a simple series of drawing lessons,
beginning with straight lines and ending in common
forms. The last part of the book contains pleasant
stories and poems, to be read and re-read, by the
teacher to the children, who will, in time, follow the
reading in their books, and, later, will be able to read
for themselves, the same lessons.

The Teacher’s Notes give an outline of work, to be
filled in or enlarged, for the various classes.

If the “Little Folks” are led along the first steps of
learning pleasantly, and the teachers are aided in
their arduous duties, by this book, its aim is well
accomplished.

Copyright, 1896, by American Book Company.

W. P. 2







fe esse ere [ae ea es [wea meee eaes | oxmpueocie meee |

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az







































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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a = = = == = =

ae = See oe
E == == = Ss 2 = ———

= SES = Se ==
Ee == = = = = ee ===

[ == E —— — = 2 7 == =

E 3 = —
SS.






































F dew a
The boy haba. doq,
Idee a

Thaw a hapadoll,
Sdeow a auch a. dog.
The bo have bet
Jhw aqui amd a cat,

The qu hab a dog.


See the dog and the cat.
See the boy and the girl.
The dog can see the cat.
mite cat can see the dog.
I-can see a girl anda boy.
‘The boy can play ball.
Ican play ball. |
Can the cat see the doll?
The cat can see the doll.
Can the dog see the doll?
‘The dog can see the doll.
Can the dog play ball?

I
ceil eS |







B e es i

2°

Orth a ai i a

nel &
= . a Sage Aire
Seen
Sf od is
aoe AT ;



25

The boy has a dog, and the
oirl has a doll.

I can see a black and white
cat. 7

The cat is playing with the
green leaves.

“Can you see the leaves?”.
Peevees, | cam see bien: tine,
are cherry leaves. I can see
leaves on the tree.”

“See the red round cherries!
One, two, three, four, five. I
can count five cherries on the
tree.” |


The-boy roll the apple
erga pay wrth
‘Sathaa ay with

Ww XZ



oo

- dea,
nw ny
Now b ahed,rec rode,

J dew a urotet tHuw:
Hrd thor are tila booms,

tcl

36
Hind a lily.
Is the lily red?
Is the lily green?



Is the lily brown?
This lly is yellow.
Some lilies are white.
Find a yellow lily.
- Has a lily green leaves?
' Is a lily leaf like a rose leaf’?
Have you a yellow lily?
I have a lily leaf.
And I have a white lily.
The lily leafis green.
Find a green lily leaf.
38

Find an apple blossom.

Apple blossoms are pink anc
white.

Cherry blossoms are white.

T like the white blossoms.

Do you see the pink and
white apple blossoms?

Apple blossoms and leaves
are on the apple tree.

Cherry blossoms and leaves
are on the cherry tree.

Can you find 4a pimke amd
white blossom on a tree?

Is it an apple blossom?










Who wart to bury? Who waanitto Bury?
Shave mice flower fou you.

Swill take two rored ded,
Peis all: Wan eile iin
+ want the violate Huw.

& &


f
ye
Abo NN
es?

LO
nig SEP LOWER =SONG iagee~

KAS NTT
ao NER
H fo 2]



XX] MX
AI
| like the yellow lily.
|. Bring me two white hiies.



Lilies have green leaves.
| Have you three red roses?
- Roses have stems and leaves
2 Finda pretty rose leaf.
| Do you like white roses?
— Yes, white roses are pretty,
ut I like red roses better.
I like the red roses, but IL
. like the pretty lily best.
Is a rose leaf like an apple
leaf?
I have roses and lilies.

i
|
\

2
42
What do you
see in the apple?



I see some apple seeds.

Do all apples have seeds?

Some apples are green.

Some apples are yellow.

Some apples are red.

All apples have seeds.

A cherry has a seed.

A cherry tree grows from a
cherry seed.

An apple tree grows from an
apple seed.

A cherry seed is round.
43

Have you a yellow rose with
a stem and leaves?

Yes, I have red roses, yellow
roses, and white roses.

The roses all have stems and
green leaves.

I have a white lily and a
red rose. |

I have a yellow lily and a
white rose.

The lily leaf is not like the
rose leaf.

Bring me two green leaves.

Do all leaves have stems?
44

I have four oranges.

Oranges are round like
a ball. 5

Oranges
are yellow.



Oranges have seeds.

Do oranges grow on trees?

An orange tree grows from):
an orange seed, and all oranges
erow on orange /--} |
nGeleice



Do all oranges have seeds?
Some oranges have no seeds.
Are orange seeds round? .
45



The little girl has a large
‘yellow orange,
| See the little dog play with
the orange.
The boy has four oranges.
clitule boy, lavile boy, give
the girl an orange.”
The little boy gives the little
girl an orange.
Now the little girl has two
“yellow oranges.
~ The boy has three oranges.
Two and three are five.
Four and one are five.

Ly

have stums ?
Do apples
What wrod,white and ee
Our UW hed , j=

What w hod on the
Whol w hy ar ae
Lihat uw tue or the
Tho fluo rte
The red iw like the rod rose.
The white w ike the white
chovuy tossom.

Oc sven tee

Vex




LB FRE RANT AGONG: ea



: a oe, ohamaged.

| eas
An eth cag

| orien alt bay Seal buy. |

AN Ab,




52

“Two cents for each orange. That’s
Six cents for three.”
“Six cents for three.”
“Hor three twos make six. ‘Two,
Four, six, don’t you see?”
“Yes, I see.”

“The peaches cost more. For one,
Three cents will do.”
“Three cents will do?”
“Yes, two threes make six, and
Six cents will buy two.”
“Will buy two”

“Oh, apples you ask for, such
Nice ones you see.” “Nice ones [see ?”
“Hor one cent and anickel,
Pll sell you just three.”
“Sell me but three P”
53

“Pears, peaches and apples, and
Oranges, too. Oranges, too.
So nice and so sweet, they
Are all sold to you.” “All sold
by you?”

“So, children, I thank you for
Buying to-day. Buying to-day.
My basket is empty
And [ll run away.” “Well, run
away.”

“But as it is pleasant this
Fruit game to play,
Come back with your basket
On some other day.” “Tl come
some day.”

55

Can you see a pear?

It 1s a green pear.

A. pear grows on
auc e:



A. pear has seeds in it.



The seeds are not round. **
A pear tree grows
from a seed.

Hind a pear leaf, a pear and
a pear blossom. |

Do all pears have seeds?

Yes, all pears have seeds.
56
Find me four pear seeds.
Are pear seeds hke

apple seeds? ie
Give me five grape seeds.
Are grape seeds like geo0e

pear seeds?
Can you see two orange _.
seeds ? :



seeds ry a 4
What will grow from a



grape seed?
What will grow from an
orange seed?
oy

I can see a peach.

A peach is yellow
and round.

A. peach has one seed.

Peach trees grow from seeds.

A peach blossom is pink



and white.
It is a pretty blossom.
Can you find a yellow peach?
Do you see a peach blossom ?
Is a peach leaf ike an orange
leaf?
Is a peach seed round?
Is it like a cherry seed?
58

Do you like peaches?

Yes, I like peaches, pears,
apples, oranges and grapes. -

They are all good to eat.

Can you eat the seeds of
cherries? |

No, I can not eat the seeds
of cherries and peaches.

I do not eat the seeds of
apples and pears.

Are any seeds good to eat?

Do all peaches have seeds?

Can you find a peach leaf?

Is the leaf a green leaf?
| 59
Have you an orange?
No, I have no orange.
I have a yellow apple.



Is it like an orange? Z

It is yellow like an orange.

Its skin is not like the skin
of an orange.

Its seeds are not like the
seeds of an orange.

Are the orange seeds brown ?

No, the orange seeds are not
brown.

The apple seeds are brown.

Are the peas brown?
60

This is a maple leaf.
What a pretty leaf \
tity 1S)



Are maple leaves brown?
Some maple leaves are green.

Some maple leaves are red.
Some maple leaves are brown.

Can you bring me a red
maple leaf?

Can your mmd a red and
brown maple leaf?

I can find some green maple
leaves. |

They grow on maple trees.
61

The boy’s name is John.
The girl’s name is Mary.
John has two dogs.
Mary has two cats.
The cats are little cats.
The dogs are big dogs.
One of the cats is yellow.
One of the dogs is white, and
one dog is black.
One cat is yellow and white.
Have you a dog or a cat?
Do you like black dogs?
Yes, I like all good dogs, and
all good cats.
62

_ A. dog has four feet.

A cat has four feet.
A. boy has two feet.

Have you two feet?
See this foot!

Is it a dog’s foot?

No, it is a cat's foot.
A dog’s foot is not like a cals
foot. py
I can see the cat’s foot. ‘
Can you find a dog’s foot? kin .

Two feet and two feet
are four feet.





AN (G2iG Cenal mena snaeh =
63-
This is the head

ofJohn’sdog. sg s
The dog has two ~



eyes and two ears.
Have you two ears?
I have two eyes and two ears.
Lhe dog has two large ears.
This is the head

y of Mary’s cat.



The cat has two
eyes and two ears.

The cats ears are not big
like the dog’s ears.
Are cat's eyes like dog’s eyes?
64

A dog can run and play.
See the doe mum!

The cat can run and play
Wally Ghee Walle

pti Cae, Iauaa, ain: Mlle

John can run and play with
the dog.

Mary can run and play with
ime ean

See, see! the cat has the ball.

She can roll the ball with
hie, eet:

I can see the cat roll the ball
with her feet.
65

A little brown bird
Has a nest 1n a tree.
I can see the brown bird.
Can the brown bird see me?

The brown bird sees the cat.
But the cat can not see
The little brown bird
And the nest in the tree.

The little brown nest

Of the bird in the tree
Is under the leaves,

And the cat can not see.
66.

The cat is under the tree.

The tree is an apple tree.

A little brown bird has a
pretty nest in the tree.

The pretty brown nest Is
under the leaves.

I can see it, and I can see
the bird.

But the cat can not see the
bird and the nest.

She likes to eat birds.

Can the little bird see me?

The brown bird is in the
tree.
67

What do you like to eat?

What do cats like to eat?

What can dogs eat?

Can you find what birds like
to eat?

The bird can fly to her nest
i Tile Uke e:

AG Gat can moteny, bul sine
Cale un

Can you tis like a bird ¢

No, I can not fly like a bird,
but Ef caniran. like @ cai:

The birds like to fly.

Boys like to run and play.
68

A bird has two wings and
two feet.

A bird can fly with her two
wings.

See the bird’s foot. es

It is not like a dog’s foot.

This foot has four toes.

Are there four toes on a
dog’s foot ?

mare taere four toes om a
boy’s foot?

A hoy has two —- and tem —

A dog has — feet and — toes.

A — has two—and eight —.


69

I have some little sticks.

See, I can make a
square with the sticks. LS

The square is made of four
sticks.

A square has four sides.
_ Now I will make a chair.

cam make the ela KH
of red sticks.
The chair is a red chair.
You can make a house Ves
with your sticks. |

Is your house a red house?
Can you make a yellow house?
7O

See what I can make
with my sticks.
This 1s @ nicé ship.

Can you “make one=like it
with your sticks? |

See! See! I have made a red
ship with my sticks.

Now I will make a chair.

And I will make a house.

See me make a square.

Can you draw the square
with a circle round it?

Yes, I can do that.

I like to play with sticks.
7

leere are =.

How many C) C)
circles can you see?

I can see nine circles.

| Are circles round?
S eS Yes, circles are
e round and flat.
ls avleat a cimeler
No, a leaf is not round.
Is an apple a
circle? ] eq
No, an apple is
not flat. C) oj

Can you make a circle?
72

How many eyes have you?
W hat are your eyes made for?

Eyes are made to see with.
How many hands have you?

W hat are hands made for?
W hat is your mouth made for?
What are your feet made for?

What do you have on your
two feet?

Do horses have shoes?

Do dogs have shoes on their
four feet?

Are horses’ shoes like your
shoes ?
73

Can you make a circle?

Cane Our ames a. Cirche or
page 71?

How many circles do you
see ?

Are all circles round?

Are all circles flat?

Make three round circles.

Are all circles white?

No, some circles are black,
some are blue, some are red,
and some are green.

ime cimeles om! page: LOL:

Are they all round?
74

Bring me a cube.

How many faces can you see
on this cube? 7

A cube has six faces.

Touch the six faces of this
cube. 7

W hat is in this cube?

Is a cube solid?

Are all cubes solid ?

Ayre all the faces of the cube
squares ?

Count the square faces.

Are there six square faces ?

Do all cubes have six faces?
75

What keeps birds warm?
What keeps you warm?

What keeps dogs warm?
Do cats have clothes? —

Do you have clothes?

Who made your clothes ?
How are your clothes made?

Are your clothes red ?

Who makes your shoes?
What are your shoes made of?
Who makes birds’ clothes?
Who makes dogs’ clothes?

What are your clothes made
of?
76

I have two legs.
My legs are made to walk
with.
A dog has four legs.
A — has six legs.
A fly has — wings.
A spider has — wings.
= as
eight legs.
What do
flies eat?
A. — has
— legs. -
‘What do spiders eat?




Ve

The cube is solid.
It has six faces.



Each face 1s a square.

The cube has six square
faces.

ielere is a box: - Jt has six
faces. Each face ls a square.

The box is the
shape of a cube.

The box is not a
solid.

It is not a cube.



Can you find a solid cube?
How many faces has it?
78

What are on the
ends of your fingers?



Why are nails on
the ends of your fingers?
Are there nails on a



cats foot?
Are there nails on a

ss
SD

hen’s foot ?
Why do hens have
nails on their feet?



— have nails on
their hands and feet.
I have ten nails on my hands.

I have ten nails on my feet.
79

Here isasolid. g ae




LH

Do you know
what it is?

Bring me a solid: like this
solid.

The two ends of this solid
are circles.

This solid is a cylinder.

What have you seen like
this solid?

Is a can a solid?

A can is not solid, but it has
the shape of a cylinder.

Did you ever see a cylinder?
80

W hat live in the water?
The fish
live in the















water. 7
Can fish live on the land?
No, fish can not live out of

the water.

Can you live in the water?

No, I can not live in water.

A fish can swim in the water,
but he can not walk on land.

I can walk on the land and
swim in the water.

Can a bird swim ?
81

The table is made of wood.

Wood is part of a tree.

Can you tell me what things
are made of wood ?

Chairs are made of wood.
Some houses are made of wood.

The sticks that we play with
are made of wood.

Is your bat made of wood?
~ Yes, it is made of wood.

It is like a cylinder and 1s
solid and hard.

Are all bats made of wood ?

Are all bats round?
83



UE WINGS. Ri:

One day King Christopher found
fault with everything he had on
the table to eat.

oC ne told his cook that. sie
must make him a good pie for
Chimmcte suite mext day. - wane
said he, “anew kind of pie that no
one ever had before.”

So the cook thought over all the
84

ways she knew of making pie, but,
alas! these pies had all been made
before. |

Now it happened that a lot of
blackbirds lived near the King’s
palace. They liked the cook because
she fed them.

So they all got together to see
what could be done to help the
poor cook. At last they thought
of a plan and flew to the kitchen
coor.

There sat the cook crying as hard
as she could because she found no
new kind of pie to be made for the
Si

“Mrs. Cook,” cried the blackbirds,
all together, “we can tell you of the
nicest pie you ever heard of.”
85

“Much you knowabout pies!” said
the cook. “Besides, I don’t want to
know the nicest pie I ever heard of.
I want to know the nicest pie I
never heard of”

“Well, that is what we can tell
you,” said the birds.

Then they chattered away at ihe
cook until they had told her all
about the wonderful pie.

The next day the King sat down
to dine. He sent for the cook.

“Where is that pie I told you
to make ?” said he.

“Here it is,” said the cook, and the
servants came bringing a large pie
on a dish.

_ It was put on the table before the
Kang. “It doesn’t look very nice,”
86

said he, “but we will soon find what
itis made of.” So he lifted the crust
of the pie and four and twenty
blackbirds raised their heads out of
the pie and began to ee as black-
birds do when 2
baked in a ple.




laughed, and Ay
the Queen
laughed
too, as



Ge
“a

the birds went flying round the
room, and the King said he thought
this was a new kind of pie. And
87

this was the pie that the blackbirds
told the cook to make.

Sing a song of sixpence,
A pocketful of rye.

Four and twenty blackbirds
Baked in a pie.

When the pie was opened
The birds began to sing.
“Oh, isn’t this a dainty dish

To set before a King!”


88





Twenty froggies went to school,
Down beside a little pool.

Twenty httle coats of green,
Twenty vests all white and clean.
“We must be in time,” said they;
“Tirst we study, then we play ;
That is how we Keep the rule

When we froggies go to school.”

Master Bullfrog, grave and stern,
Called the classes im then turn ;

HH,


89

Taught them, one, two, three, four,
five.

How to leap and how to dive;

From his seat upon the log,

Showed them how to say “Ker-
chog.

Also how to dodge a blow

Hrom the sticks that bad boys
throw.

Twenty froggies grew up fast.
Bullfrogs they became at last.
Not one dunce in all the lot.
Not one lesson they forgot:
Polished in a high degree,

As each froggie ought to be.
Now they sit on other logs,
Teaching other little frogs.
gO



Three little kittens lost their
mittens;

And they began to cry,

“OQ mother dear, we very much fear

That we have lost our mittens.”

“Lost your mittens! You naughty
kittens!

Then you shall have no pie.”

Three little kittens found their

mittens;
And they began to cry,
gI

“OQ mother dear, see here, see here!
See we have found our mittens!”
eit Ole VyOUlG= sma yells: you silly
kittens,
And you may have some pie.”

The three little kittens put on their
mittens

And soon ate up the pie.

“OQ mother dear, we greatly fear

That we have soiled our mittens!”

“Soiled your mittens, you naughty
kittens!”

Then they began to sigh.

The three little kittens washed their
mittens

And hung them up to dry.

“OQ mother dear, do you not hear
92

That we have washed our mittens?”

“Washed your mittens, O you
good kittens!

But I smell a rat close by.”




. Bee.

ZN

One day a wasp flew into an open
window, and buzzed around the
room.

Inaminute, every one in the room
was running after him with brooms
and sticks, trying to kill him.
a5

At last he got away, and flew
home to his family.

As he told them of his trouble,
Mrs. Wasp said: “Why is it that
nobody likes us, while our cousin,
the bee, is loved and taken care of ?
leeOyole insite a) lovombiste atone wiales aetes 00)
lise Goad: teed) tiem 1! they .can
not find enough to eat.”

“Well,” said Mr. Wasp, “I will ask
cousin bee the next time I see her.”

In a day or two the wasp met the
bee, who was getting honey from
some flowers.

“Cousin Bee,” said the wasp, “my
wite and [want to know why people
like your family so much better
than they do ours? My back is as
yellow and as bright as gold,and my
94

shape is much better than yours.”

“Well,” said the bee, “what you
say is all very true. I am homely
and plain, but I am busy all day
long making honey, and people
know that I do good and do no
mischief.

“Now you have a pretty coat and
beautiful wings, but you have a
sharp sting, and you will use it, too.
This makes people angry with you.
if you are ever so beautiful, you will
never be loved, if you are cross and
ill-natured.”

A wasp met a bee that was buzzing
near by,
And said, “Little cousin, can you
95

You are loved so much better by
people than I?

“My back shines as bright and as
yellow as gold,

And my shape is most elegant, too,
to behold,

Yet nobody likes me for that, I am
told.” |

“Ah, cousin,” the bee said, “’tis all
very true,

But if I had half as much mischief
iO) (Ol)

Indeed, they would love me no bet-
ter than you.

“You have a fine shape and a deli-
cate wing;
96

They own you are handsome; but
then, there’s one thing

They cannot put up with, and that
is, your sting.

“My coat is quite homely and plain,
as you see,

Yet nobody ever is angry with me,

Because ’m a humble and inno-
cent bee.”

rom this little story let people be-
ware, |

Because, like the wasp, if ill-natured
they are,

They will never be loved, if they’re
ever so fair.


97
PEE MOUSH ZANT, IEth KITTENS:

Two little kittens,
One stormy night,

Began to quarrel,
And then to fight.

One had a mouse,

And the other had none;
And that’s the way

The quarrel begun.

“Tl have that mouse,”
Said the bigger cat.

“You'll have that mouse?
We'll see about that!”

While they scratched and bit,
As only cats can,

They forgot the mouse,
And away it ran.
98

THE POEM RETOLD. |. }



Two little kittens once caught a
mouse.

It was a very little mouse or they
could not have caught it.



1 1 ‘, i,
\ \ \ \

Then they began to quarrel about
the mouse, and one of them said :
“That mouse is mine. I caught it
99

more than you.”

“Tt is my mouse,” said the other
kitten, “and you cannot have it. 1
saw it first.”

“T will have that mouse.” “I will
have that mouse.” “The mouse is
mine.” “The mouse is mine.”

And so they quarreled as foolish
kittens and children sometimes do.

Then the kittens began to bite
and scratch, and, while they quar-
reled, the little mouse ran away to
its hole.


I0O

ACTION SONG.

We can march and we can sing,
As round the room we go.

Now we form a round, round ring
And clap our hands just so.

Now we all face to the North.
In single line we stand.

Now we turn and face the South,
A happy, happy band.

Half the line points to the Hast,
And half points to the West,
All point North, West, East and
South. |
Which do you know the best ?

NORTH.










103

TEACHER'S NOTES.

Oral instruction should, in this grade of work, precede the lesson in the book,
and be based entirely upon it. It should be clear, simple, and definite, and
should always follow the three steps of observation, thought, and expression, in
their natural order.

Children are too often led to talk about an object before they have any defi-
nite ideas in regard to it. Sometimes they repeat, parrot-like, the words learned
from the teacher, and sometimes they say anything that occurs to them. Either
is worse than a waste of time. The natural order is first, observation ; second,
thought ; and third, expression. The teacher’s part is to lead the child to ob-
serve accurately, to think clearly, and to express his thought correctly.

At first do not try to give the pupils a single new idea about the objects shown
in the pictures, but lead them rather to observe the things with which they are
familiar, in such a way that definite thought will produce correct expression.
To do this well, requires much more tact and ability to teach than it does to
talk, tell stories, and draw fancy pictures on the blackboard, which too often
passes for oral instruction.

When you are certain that the child has seen in his mind the particular
objects you are talking about, and has some definite thought about them, try to
bring out a simple, natural expression of this thought, by asking questions.
Make these questions so connected as to bring out replies, which, taken together,
give a connected description of the picture, or of the particular objects ob-
served, in simple sentences.

.As soon as the child can read a few easy words, these sentences can be written
on the board for reference, study and drill. If the work has been skillfully done
the words will generally be the same as are used in succeeding book-lessons.

The first lesson in this book should take up the objects in the upper section
of plate on p. 4. | Lead the children to observe cach object and talk about it.
Use short sentences, easy words, and simple ideas. Be careful not to use a
word, a thought, or an object, unfamiliar to the pupils. When you have in-
terested the children in the boy, the bat, and the dog, and are sure they have
definite thoughts, ask such questions as will bring out correct expression of
these thoughts, in complete sentences, using ‘‘I see.”
104.

Probably this will cover the first lesson. Next, take up page 7, and ask
pupils to find the objects previously talked about. Call attention to the words
under the objects as being their names. Write the words on the board, and let
pupils attempt to point them out as called for. Finally teach the complete
sentence.

Another lesson on the plate on p. 4 should follow, to bring in the word ‘ has,”
and then page 6 should be taught in the same way. When page 9 is reached
the second section of the frontispiece is to be taken up in a similar manner.

The color pages are intended for constant reference and study when color is
mentioned in the lesson. If ‘‘a red cherry,” ‘‘a green oak leaf,” ete., are read
on pages where no color is shown, have them found on the color pages.

Teach orally, using the blackboard, the new words and phrases in each lesson,
before you take up the lesson in the book. As fast as words are learned, use
them in sentences on the board. This gives pleasant reading lessons for prac-
tice. This plan, simple as it is, will serve for all the reading lessons for pupils.

The songs are to be taught orally. The number-songs can be acted by the
children. If there is only one sex in the class, change ‘‘boy” or “girl” to
correspond to the gender of the pupils. By simple changes in the lines, all the
numbers up to ten can be taught with their combinations. Thus, after page 7
has been thoroughly learned, change it to read :

“‘T am a little one. |
One and one are two.
Three and one make four.”
‘“Yes, we see they do.”

“Tf one little girl
From four girls go away,
That will leave but three,
If they want to play.”

In the third line, ‘‘ Two and two are four,” or “‘ And two two's make four,”
etce., can be used instead of ‘‘ Three and one make four.” In this way numbers
can be developed up to ten, in the four rules. Beans or books can be used to il-
lustrate the changes called for by the words of the song, and figures, placed on
the board, can be made to form simple tables of addition, subtraction, multi-
plication, and division for constant class exercise.
105

There are also number lessons connected with the reading, which should be
questioned about and developed by further applications to objects.

The fruit and flower songs should be sung and played as games, keeping the
primary object in view, viz., to teach color and kind.

Only two pages of slate work are given as examples, because it is expected
that nearly every lesson will be copied on paper or on the slate.

In teaching the drawing lessons, develop the idea of length, using at least
half-inch, one-inch, or two-inch lines, and encouraging the pupils to draw many
more forms than are given in the lessons. This can be done in connection with
stick laying, which is shown on page 82.

Page 106 contains a very simple scheme for teaching sounds. This can be
taken up as the teacher thinks best, but all sound should be used in making
new words, as soon as learned. 4, n, m, t, f, will make nine common words,
dm, in, at, Nat, fait, mat, tain, fain, min, and at least 100 simple words can be
made from twelve sounds. This is pleasant exercise if too much is not at-
tempted.

When the child has learned a few sounds, let him hunt for words made of
these sounds only. In this way he will soon begin to study out words for himself,
and, later, will be able to read new words containing only familiar sounds, even
if the words are not previously known, or their meaning understood.

Pay special attention to clear, distinct, and correct enunciation, be careful to
have each sentence properly and naturally spoken, and, as a great help to this
in longer sentences, divide these sentences into short, natural phrases, each
containing a thought.

Short sentences, or phrases, are a necessity both to teach easy, natural ex-
pression, and to help the pupil to get the ideas of the lesson. The child’s eye
can not take in at a glance many words, any more than his mind can compre-
hend them, or his tongue express them.

The child-recognizes the picture as made up of objects; and he knows the
word, also, as made up of parts. If you use phonic methods to any extent,
generally dwell, at first, on the words as made up of sounds, omitting the names
of the letters for some time, and teaching them at last incidentally.

The last part of the book (from page 88) contains selections to be read and
re-read by the teacher to the children, who will soon begin to ask to have the
same things read at home, and then will read them, without help, long before
they are’ reached in the regular course.
106

VowEL Sounps.

y

a—ite, a—iit, i—fither, a—all, a—ask, d-care,
a (=6)-was, a (=6é)-any.
é-mé, é-mét, e(=f)-they, 6(=4)-thére, @(=f)-ha@,
e (=1)-pretty.

i—bite, i—bit, t (=6) police, { (=) -sir.

d-ndte, 6—not, Q (=u=00)-da, 6 (=t)-work,

6 (=%)-sdn, 6 (=a) -ndér, o (=u)-wolf, o (=i)-women.
ti— tise, ti-ts, t—fir, u-rude, u-pull,

u (=1)—busy, u (=¢é)-bury.

y (=1)-by, ¥ (=i)-hymn, ¥ (=d)-mfrtle, oy=0i,
ou=ow, 060(=u=g)-food, 060 (=y)-foot. w(=g ory) —new.
ase he 2A.) he eae Cy res. M1, lj 0,, Oy “UT. Us U,, |
ConSONANT SOUNDS.
b-bib, (like k)—eare,. g(likes)-fage, d-did, f-fife g%-go,
g@ (like j)-cage, j—John, k-kick, 1-lull, m-mum, n-nun,
p-pup, r-rare, $—sis, g (like z) —is, t—-tot, v-—viv-id,
x-ox, xX (like &z)-exact, y-—yes, z-—zest, qu (like kw)-quite,
th—thin, th-—thee, gh (like f) - cough, ph (like f) - Philip,
di (like j) —soldier, d (like t) — looked, Gc, ce, Ci, 8, Se, Si, i, ti, sc,
sci, (like sh)—ocean, sure, nation, f (like v)-of, s, si, t, ti (like zh) ,—vision.

PunctTuATION Marks.

: 3 7 : a !
period, comma, semi-colon, colon, interrogation, exclamation,
9 66 99 Be (3) ie
apostrophe, quotation, hyphen, parentheses, dash.



Note.—All vowel sounds and the common consonant sounds are here given for reference and blackboard
drill, as the teacher may deem desirable. H is a mere breathing, aspirating the following vowel.







EEE
" BH \—
7 Hh

wy ge

“