Front Cover
 Half Title
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Paper animals
 Paper figures
 Paper pricking and sewing
 Flower-making and clay-modelli...
 An afternoon with Aunt Pollie out...
 Back Cover

Title: Pleasant work for busy fingers, or, Kindergarten at home
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00085050/00001
 Material Information
Title: Pleasant work for busy fingers, or, Kindergarten at home
Alternate Title: Kindergarten at home
Physical Description: 8, 322, 4 p. : ill. ; 19 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Browne, Maggie
Barth, E ( Ernst )
Cassell & Company
Belle Sauvage Works ( Printer )
Publisher: Cassell & Company
Place of Publication: London ;
Paris ;
Manufacturer: La Belle Sauvage
Publication Date: 1896
Edition: Cheap ed.
Subject: Amusements -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Creative activities and seat work -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Paper work -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Paper flowers -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Beadwork -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Publishers' advertisements -- 1896   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1896
Genre: Publishers' advertisements   ( rbgenr )
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
France -- Paris
Australia -- Melbourne
Statement of Responsibility: by Maggie Browne ; illustrated.
General Note: Based on "Des kindes erstes Beschäftigungsbuch" by E. Barth and W. Niederley.
General Note: Publisher's advertisements precede and follow text.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00085050
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002222809
notis - ALG3055
oclc - 39281161

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Half Title
        Half Title
    Title Page
        Title Page 1
        Title Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
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        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
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        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
    Paper animals
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
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        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
    Paper figures
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
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        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
    Paper pricking and sewing
        Page 184
        Page 185
        Page 186
        Page 187
        Page 188
        Page 189
        Page 190
        Page 191
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        Page 213
        Page 214
        Page 215
        Page 216
        Page 217
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        Page 219
        Page 220
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        Page 223
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        Page 227
        Page 228
        Page 229
        Page 230
        Page 231
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        Page 250
        Page 251
        Page 252
        Page 253
        Page 254
        Page 255
        Page 256
        Page 257
        Page 258
        Page 259
        Page 260
        Page 261
        Page 262
        Page 263
    Flower-making and clay-modelling
        Page 264
        Page 265
        Page 266
        Page 267
        Page 268
        Page 269
        Page 270
        Page 271
        Page 272
        Page 273
        Page 274
        Page 275
        Page 276
        Page 277
        Page 278
        Page 279
        Page 280
        Page 281
        Page 282
        Page 283
        Page 284
        Page 285
        Page 286
        Page 287
        Page 288
        Page 289
        Page 290
        Page 291
        Page 292
    An afternoon with Aunt Pollie out of doors
        Page 293
        Page 294
        Page 295
        Page 296
        Page 297
        Page 298
        Page 299
        Page 300
        Page 301
        Page 302
        Page 303
        Page 304
        Page 305
        Page 306
        Page 307
        Page 308
        Page 309
        Page 310
        Page 311
        Page 312
        Page 313
        Page 314
        Page 315
        Page 316
        Page 317
        Page 318
        Page 319
        Page 320
        Page 321
        Page 322
        Page 323
        Page 324
        Page 325
        Page 326
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text

S1LLce, lfS07~

lb /



Illustrated. is. each.

Bright Tales and Funny Pictures.
Tales Told for Sunday.
Sunday Stories for Small People.
Firelight Stories.
Rub-a-Dub Tales.
Wandering Ways.
Dumb Friends.
Up and Down the Garden.
Our Holiday Hours.
Little Mothers and their Children.
Our Schoolday Hours.
Creatures Tame.

Wanted-A King; or, How Merle set
the Nursery Rhymes to Rights. Illus-
trated. as. 6d.
Paris & Melbourne.





~inbevyttf en

at 4ome






THE following pages, which are intended to provide sug-
gestions for whiling away the weary hours of a dull day,
are, although not a mere translation, founded upon "Des
Kindes Erstes Beschiiftigungsbuch," by E. Barth and W.
In putting together this little book, I have omitted
much from the German work that seemed unsuitable, or
too difficult, for the boys and girls for whom I have pre-
pared it.
I have also added several new designs, some of which
have been sent to me by young friends, who had read
articles by me on a similar subject in "Little Folks."















S. 81



I 184


S 264

)RS 293



THERE were four of them, two boys and two girls-just the
right number for a happy family-and they were very
happy too. Sometimes, it is true, if Bob wanted too much
of his own way, or if Bessie teased, or if Bertie forgot that
he was almost a big boy, or Baby that she was still a small
girl-if any of these things happened, there was trouble.
There came a day, however, when there was great
trouble, and none of these things had happened. On that day
the four children looked and felt very miserable, although
it was holiday time, and they were in the train on their way
to the country.
Nurse tried to cheer them by telling them stories, and a
friendly old gentleman in one corner of the railway-car-
riage gave them each a very hot peppermint lozenge; but
it was all no good. How was it'possible to be interested in
anything when every turn of the wheels, every puff of the
engine, was carrying them away from Mother and Father ?
Yes, that was the sad part of it; the long-talked-of holiday
at the seaside had been given up, because the doctor had


said Mother was not well, and needed a complete rest. She
and Father had gone for their holiday by themselves, and it
had been decided that while they were away, the children
were to spend the time with Aunt Pollie.
"What shall we do without them ?" said Bob.
"Why, you must take your Father's place, and Miss Bessie
must take Mistress's," said Nurse, who was determined tc
be cheerful and look on the bright side of things.
"There will be Aunt Pollie," said Bessie, doubtfully.
"And I don't want Aunt Pollie," said Baby.
"We don't know her," said Bob; she may be very cross."
"Or she may be jolly," said Bessie.
"Aunt Pollie may be jolly," repeated Bertie; that's
The children smiled. It was the first smile that had
been seen since the "Good-byes" had been said. The
smile quickly disappeared, however, as Baby said very
want Mother- "
To get quite well," added Nurse, quickly. "Is that
what you were going to say, Baby ?"
We all want that," said Bessie.
"Then try and be cheerful," said Nurse. "Perhaps
you will all enjoy yourselves at Aunt Pollie's. Remem-
ber my favourite proverb-' There's a silver lining top
every cloud.' "
But this is such a .big cloud," said Bessie.
Pei'haps Aunt Pollie is the silver lining," said Bertie.
This time the children laughed.
"I wonder what she will be like," said Bessie. "I've
only seen her once, and that was a long time ago. She
has grown up then, so she must be quite old now."


"I expect she wears spectacles and a big cap," said
"I hope she. won't be very strict," said Bertie.
Nurse said nothing, but she smiled several times.
Perhaps she was pleased that the children were interested
at last in something; perhaps she was thinking about
the cloud with the silver lining.
When the train drew up at the station, Bob, Bessie,
and Bertie pressed their faces to the carriage windows, to
see who could first catch sight of Aunt Pollie. When
they did see her, they felt very much astonished; and
Bessie began to understand why Nurse had smiled.
The Aunt Pollie they had all so much dreaded was
quite young, pretty, and very kind. She kissed. Bessie,
Bertie, and Baby, and shook hands with Bob, which
pleased him very much. She bustled about, and seemed
to understand how tired and stiff the children were; and
she cuddled Baby just the way Mother did. In fact, she
did everything that she ought to have done.
Nurse was so much amused at the children's astonished
faces, that she could not help smiling all the way to the
house. When they got indoors, it was just the same.
Aunt Pollie seemed to know exactly what children liked,
and to be able to guess what they wished to do.
"Well," said Bertie, as they were going to bed that
evening, I believe she's going to be it, though you did
laugh at me for saying so."
"Be what ?" asked Bob, sleepily.
"The silver lining," said Bertie; but Bob only
answered with a snore.
-* *% *
When the children awoke the next morning they
B 2


found clouds everywhere. It was raining heavily, and
looked almost as if it intended raining all day.
"What shall we do?" said Bob.
"Try to be good children, I hope," said Nurse, "and
try not to give your Aunt Pollie any trouble."
We will," said Bessie bravely, remembering Mother's
last words to her.
"We will play quietly," said Bob.
But it was far easier to make good resolutions than
to keep them. It was not easy to play games in a
strange house, when every attempt at a game seemed to
remind the children of Mother and home. They gave
up trying at last, and all stood at the window watching
the rain-drops chasing one another down the pane; but
that was very dull work.
Then Bob yawned, Bessie yawned, and Bertie yawned,
and Baby put her two small fists into her eyes, and rubbed
them hard. She was beginning to think about crying.
"If only we were at home we could read," said Bob.
"If only we were at home we could do all sorts of
things," said Bessie.
If only we were at home we should have our toys,"
said Bertie.
The mention of the toys quite upset Baby. She felt
that now she really had something to cry for; she opened
her mouth wide, and was just going to scream loudly,
when the door of the room opened, and in walked Aunt
"Why, children," she said, "what is the matter? Is
this the way you spend your holidays ?"
It's raining," said Bob.
"And we can't go out," added Bessie.


And we haven't any toys," said Bertie.
Baby finished the scream, which had been stopped by
Aunt Pollie's entrance. But Aunt Pollie did not seem at
all alarmed. She smiled, kissed Baby, and walked out of
the room.
There," said Bob, she is cross. I do think --"
Well," said Bessie, I call that "
"Then she isn't going to be it," began Bertie.
But before they could finish their sentences Aunt Pollie
came back, carrying a mysterious-looking brown-paper
parcel under her arm.
Without saying a word, she put the parcel down on
a chair, and began clearing the big table which stood in
the middle of the room. The children watched her
curiously. Bob picked himself up from the floor; Bessi4
sat upright; Bertie shook himself; and Baby dragged a
high chair up to the table. Then the three children
crowded round Aunt Pollie.
"Each get a chair," said Aunt Pollie, "and come and
sit at the table. I am a fairy. I am going to bring dolls,
boats, chairs, tables, and animals out of this parcel."
Bertie's eyes opened wide when Aunt Pollie touched
the parcel; but they opened still wider when he saw
nothing but a pair of scissors, a packet of note-paper, some
thin foreign note-paper, and some pins inside it. Bob
and Bessie looked very disappointed, and Baby called out
at the top of her voice-
"I want a dolly!"
"You shall have one," said Aunt Pollie quickly; "we
are going to make one for you."
She took three pieces of note-paper, and gave one to
each of the children.


"Now," she said, to work. I want to see four Busy
Bees, not lazy ones. Watch me, and do as I do."
The children were by this time thoroughly interested.
They had forgotten all about the clouds outside, and
they had also quite forgotten that they had not known Aunt
Pollie all their lives, and had ever supposed for one
moment that she could be cross or strict.
Aunt Pollie took a piece of note-paper, unfolded it, and
spread it out on the table before her.
"The first thing to be done," she said, "is to make this
piece of paper square. At
r" present, this side, which I am
going to call a (Fig. 1), is
.B much shorter than this one,
a which I shallcall b, and Iwant
to make all the sides equal."
"Cut a piece off b," said
ig. 1. "How big a piece ?" asked
"Use the side a as a measure," said Aunt Pollie, and
fold the paper so that it' lies exactly on the top of b.
Then you will find that there is a piece, which I will
call big B, overlapping, and that piece must be cut off
I haven't any scissors," said Bessie.
Then you can tear it off," said Aunt Pollie. "Fold the
piece I called big B back, and press it well down with
your thumb-nail, and if you like you can pass the tip of
your tongue lightly along the crease. This will moisten it
and make it quite easy to tear off."
Bob and Bessie managed to make their pieces of paper


square by themselves, and Bertie only needed a very little
help from Aunt Pollie. They all preferred tearing the paper,
and Aunt Pollie was the only one who used the scissors.
Now," she said, when five square pieces of paper lay
on the table-" now the real work begins. We must find
the middle of the square, which I shall call a. Who can
tell me how to do that ?"
Fold it in half," said Bessie; fold it the way that
Nurse does when she irons the pocket-handkerchiefs."

I a -

Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

"I don't know what you mean," said Bob. "I don't
know anything about ironing pocket-handkerchiefs."
Then I'll show you," said Bessie, quickly folding her
paper in half and then doubling it again. There," she
said, "that is the middle-that is a (Fig. 2).
Quite right, Bessie," said Aunt Pollie; "but there is
another way of finding it. I will call the corners of the
square c, d, e, and f" (Fig. 3). "Now, Bob, can you tell me
how you would find the centre ?"
"Place the corner c on the corner d, and fold the paper.
Then open it, place e on f, and fold the paper once more.
Open it again, and you will find that the two folds cross
one another at the centre (Fig. 3).


Capital, Bob," cried Aunt Pollie; you described that
process very cleverly. Be careful, Bertie, don't be in too
great a hurry. Press the paper down with your thumb-
nail, and mark the folds well."
"What do we do next?" asked Bob, anxious to get
to something more difficult.
Take hold of the corner c," said Aunt Pollie, and
place it on a, then fold the paper down. Press the fold,
and do the same to the corners d, e, andf" (Fig. 4).

t At

Fig. 4. Fig. 6. Fig. 6.

"The corners look rather like pockets now," said
We shall make them look more like pockets directly,"
said Aunt Pollie. Turn the figure over, so that the side
with the openings lies on the table, and fold each of the
four corners once more to the centre."
The children folded carefully; they were beginning to
feel interested.
Why, Aunt Pollie," said Bertie, I don't think those
look at all like pockets" (Fig. 5).
"Turn the paper over," said Bessie, "as I have done,
then you get four beautiful pockets (Fig. 6).
So you do," said Bertie; and Baby began poking her
fat little fingers into the pockets


"Shall we fold the four corners to the centre again ?"
asked Bessie.
"Yes, you must fold them once more to the centre,"
said Aunt Pollie; but only once more."
"And shall we turn the paper over ? asked Bob.
"Yes," said Aunt Pollie, nodding her head.
We have four pockets again," said Bertie; "and each
pocket has two little pockets."
I want a doll," said Baby, who was getting rather tired
of "corners" and "pockets."

Fig. 7. Fig. 8.
"It does not look very much like a doll yet," said
Don't be in too great a hurry, young ladies," said Aunt
Pollie. "Now, children, you must be careful. Turn the
figures so that they lie on the table in this position" (Fig.
7)," and let us call each of the corners lying on the centre a.
You must each put your first finger between the two little
pockets, as Bertie called them, and your thumb under the
point a. Open out the small pockets, and fold the paper
back, so as to make a long pocket. Do this to each corner,
and you will get a figure like this," and Aunt Pollie held
up her own paper (Fig. 8).
The children did not find any difficulty in doing the same.


"We will give each of these long pockets a name," said
Aunt Pollie. Let us call the top one a, the left-hand one
b, the right-hand one c, and the other d."
What happens next ?" asked Bob.
"Place a on d," said Aunt Pollie, fold the paper in
half, and you have -"
"A jacket!" called out Bertie immediately (Fig. 9).
So it is," said Bessie.
"Hurrah! cried Baby, clapping her hands.
Rather a short jacket for a wet day," said Bob.
"Then let us make a longer one," said Aunt Pollie;
"only to do that you must unfold the paper, and make
the four long pockets once more. You
\ must be very careful this time, for
now you are going to make the most
difficult fold of all. You will be able
Fig. 9. to manage it, however, if you try
"We won't be beaten," said Bob cheerfully. "Fire
away, Aunt Pollie."
If anybody had told Bob twenty-four hours before that
he would say fire away" to Aunt Pollie, he would have
told them they were talking nonsense. Nurse came into the
room as he said it, and stared at him in great astonish-
ment. She was going to speak rather crossly, and tell him
to be more polite; but Aunt Pollie put her finger on her
lips, and Nurse understood the signal and was silent.
Very well," said Aunt Pollie, smiling; take hold of
the top of the pocket b with thumb and finger, and pull
it right out, until it is quite unfolded, and a large tri-
angle is formed" (Fig. 10).
Oh, Aunt Pollie!" called the children.


Try again," said Aunt Pollie; remember, you said you
were not to be beaten."
They tried again, and with a little patience managed to
form the triangle.
"I will call this corner of the triangle e, and this
corer f," said Aunt Pollie. "Hold the pocket a firmly
in position, and fold the triangle back, so that e touches f,
and then turn both underneath, so that they form the
arm of the jacket" (Fig. 11). "If you pull out the pocket
c in the same way the long jacket is made" (Fig. 11).

f d
Fig. 10. Fig. 11. Fig. 12.

At first the children found the long jacket very diffi-
cult to make. Bob placed e on f, by folding the big triangle
forwards instead of backwards, and Bessie unfolded her
paper so much that she had to begin all over again; but at
last they managed to make the jacket. They felt very
pleased when the jackets were made, and Baby admired
them very much.
"You have now made the body and arms of your doll,"
said Aunt Pollie; "now for his legs. Place the pocket d on
the pocket a" (Fig 11).
Bob, Bessie, and Bertie did so, and all the children
shouted "Hurrah! when they saw the new figure
(Fig. 12).


Aunt Pollie fastened the body and the legs together
with a paper waist-band and a pin.
"He only wants a head now," said l3ertie.
"For that," said Aunt Pollie, "we shall need a .fresh
piece of paper, not square this time. "WTe will use half a
sheet of this foreign note-paper, as thin paper, will be
better for this purpose."
She gave Bob, Bessie, and Bertie each half a sheet,
and took a half herself.
"Fold the paper in half lengthways, to find the
middle line," said Aunt Pollie, "and
unfold it again. Then fold it in half
the other way, and this time do not
unfold it, but place it on the table,
so that the folded side is at the top.
Turn down the top left-hand corner,
Fig. 3. until the top line lies, on the middle
line" (Fig. 13).
"And do the same to the right-hand corner, I sup-
pose ?" said Bob.
"No," said Aunt Pollie, "you must turn the paper
over, and then you may fold down the -top right-hand
corner. Now fold up one of the ends, whichwe will call
a, until it touches the turned-down corner, and press it
well down. Turn the paper over, and, fold up the other
end in the same way."
"That makes a little cap with-a folded border," said
Bertie (Fig. 14).
Is that what they call a Captain's hat ?" asked Bessie.
"Not quite," said Aunt Pollie; "but I can .show you
presently how to make a Captain's hat. Let us, first of
all, finish our doll's head."


Very well," said Bessie, what do we do to the
little hat?"
"Turn the border back," said Aunt Pollie, and tuck
it in-one end of it in one pocket of the cap, and when
the cap has been turned over, the other end in the
other pocket" (Fig. 15).
"Now fasten the cap on to the jacket," cried Bessie.
"Don't forget the paper collar," said Aunt Pollie,
cutting off a thin strip
of paper.
The collar was fas-
tened round the top of
the jacket, and then at
last the doll was ready Fig. 14.
(Fig. 16).
It was a wonderful
doll; and Baby was quite
satisfied with it. She
took it in her arms, and
began to nurse it. She
Fig. 15. Fig. 16.
evidently liked it quite Fig. 1. g. 16.
as much as a handsome flaxen-haired, wax-faced dolly.
"Don't you think that is a fine dolly, Bob?" asked
Aunt Pollie.
"It's the first doll that I ever saw that was worth
anything," said Bob.
"I do like paper toys," said Bessie; "and I do think
you are clever, Aunt Pollie!"
Well, are you tired ?" asked Aunt Pollie, looking very
pleased. "If you are not, perhaps I might show you how
to make paper chairs and tables."
"Oh! please do," said Bob, Bessie, and Bertie together.


Baby did not say anything; she was too much occupied
with her doll to think of anything else.
"Very well," said Aunt Pollie; "then, first of all, I
want each of you to make a 'long jacket.' "
But you said you would show us how to make chairs,"
said Bessie.
"And tables," added Bertie, looking very much dis-
So I will," said Aunt Pollie. If you will make three
'long jackets,' I will show you how to turn them into
three chairs."
Turn jackets into chairs ?" said Bob and Bertie together.
Aunt Pollie, you are a real fairy !" said Bessie.
The children worked away so busily and so well that
with a very little help from Aunt Pollie three "long
jackets" were quickly laid on the table.
Perhaps you remember," said Aunt Pollie, that we
called the four long pockets a, b, c, and d (Fig. 8), and to
make the arms of the jacket you unfolded two of the
pockets, b and c" (Fig. 11). "To turn the jacket into a chair,
you must unfold the long pocket d in
the same way."
"I see," said Bessie; "then the
arms of the jacket become two of the
legs of the chair, and the long pocket'
is the back" (Fig. 17).
Then the chair only has three
1 legs," said Bob.
It stands very well if you bend the legs back," said
And fold it across the middle," said Aunt Pollie, to
make the back of the chair stand up straight."


How many legs has the table ?" asked Bob.
It must have four, of course," said Bertie.
"Then," said Bob, "I believe I see how to make that."
And, to the astonishment of the children, he began to un-

fold the "long pocket c, which

Fig. 18.

had made the back of the
chair, in the same way
that all the other pockets
had been unfolded(Fig. 18).
"Quite right, Bob," said
Aunt Pollie; "you are
really getting clever. That
is the way to turn a chair

into a table."
"It is rather a queer table," said Bertie.
Don't you see, the table-cloth is on it, and the cloth is
so big that it covers the legs ? said Bessie.
My dolly wants to sit at the table," said Baby suddenly.
The children laughed.
"And she wants something to put on the table," added
You are never satisfied, Miss Baby," said Bob.
You seem to think Aunt Pollie is really a fairy, and
can make anything," said Bessie.
But Aunt Pollie said quietly, Something to put on the
table. Very well, only for that we shall need a fresh piece
of paper, and a square piece, too."
You are a fairy," cried Bertie. You can do anything."
Make your paper square," said Aunt Pollie, "and fold
the four corners to the centre, as you did before."
"Turn it over," said Bob, "and fold the corners to
the centre again."
Quite right," said Aunt Pollie; "that is the way to


begin to make a great many paper toys, as you seem to be
discovering. Turn the paper over --"
"And we have the four pockets once more," said Bertie
(Fig. 6).
"We want to make a dish to put on the table," said
Aunt Pollie, "and as it is not a very strong table, we will
give the dish four feet to stand upon. Let us call two of
the corners of the figure b, and the other two b'" (Fig. 6).
"Each of these corners is to be used as a foot for the dish."

Fig. 19. Fig. 20.

"I don't see at all how that is to be managed," said
You will directly," said Aunt Pollie. Let us call the
four corners of the pockets which lie in the centre a, and
then we are ready to begin folding. First of all, fold the
paper backwards, so that the two corners called b lie on
one another; unfold it again, make the other corners called
b' lie on one another, and unfold it once more."
"Done," cried Bessie, Bob, and Bertie.
"Now you must be careful," said Aunt Pollie. "Fold
the figure in half, backwards, so that b lies on b' this time,
and gather together the four corners, b, b', b, and b', until
they meet at one point. Press the folds well down, leave
go of the four corners, and you will find that you can now
use them as feet" (Fig. 19).


"But the dish will not hold anything," said Bertie.
"Open out each of the pockets, by putting your first
finger under the corner a (Fig. 19), said Aunt Pollie.
"Now will your dish hold anything ?" (Fig. 20).
Why, it is like four dishes joined into one," said
Bertie; "only it is much too big to stand on the table."
"It certainly is too big to stand on the table you
have made," said Aunt Pollie; "but it is very easy to
make smaller dishes by using smaller squares of paper.
Perhaps the best way,
however, is to make a
table out of a larger
sheet of paper, and
then you can put four
chairs round it and
four dishes on it"
(Fig. 21).
"They really are Fig. 21.
very pretty," said Bes-
sie. "We shall never want .real toys if we can make
these paper ones for ourselves."
"Oh! I shouldn't like to say that, though, of course,
they are very jolly," said Bob. It is good fun making
them; but after all, you know, you can't expect a boy
to play with dolls, and chairs, and tables."
"Oh, Bob, I do call that began Bessie.
"So dolls, and chairs, and tables are girls' toys, are
they, Bob ?" said Aunt Pollie, smiling. What do you
call this, then "
As she spoke, Aunt Pollie picked up one of the paper
tables, gave one of the legs a twist, and presented Master
Bob with a sailing boat.


"Oh! Aunt Pollie," cried all the children.
Perhaps also you may admire this," said Aunt Pollie,
laughing at the astonished look on the faces of the
children, as she gave her table another fold and produced
a windmill.
That is just what I wanted," said Baby, quite
"But how do you do it?" said Bob. "That boat is
really pretty. I should like to know how to make that."
Oh, you admire the sailing boat, do you ?" said teasing
Aunt Pollie; then perhaps you may care for my double
boat," and taking the windmill out of Baby's hands, she
gave it still one more fold, and placed another boat in front
of Bob.
All four children greeted it with shouts of wonder and
"Aunt Pollie I Aunt Pollie !" cried Bessie.
"Oh oh! oh !" screamed Bertie.
"Do tell us how to do it," said Bob, "and never more
will I call paper toys, girls' toys."
It is quite simple," said Aunt Pollie. Do as I tell you,
and you can manage it easily for yourselves. Here is the
table once more. I am going to call this corner a, this
corner b, this point c, and this point d" (Fig. 18). "Place a
on b, fold down the paper, and you get -
"The sailing boat," cried Bertie (Fig. 22).
"May I get some water and sail it ?" asked Baby.
No, it is not a very good boat," said Aunt Pollie.
We will make a much stronger one, for sailing on real
water, directly."
"How did you manage the windmill ?" asked Bob.
"Can't you guess ? said Aunt Pollie. Turn the


sailing boat into a table again, and look at this wind-
Bob unfolded his boat and looked at the windmill, then
he examined the table again, and, after thinking half a
minute, cried, I see."
So do I," said Bessie; and she began folding the legs
of her table down, so as to make them lie flat (Fig. 23).
Right again," said Aunt Pollie. "If you fasten the
windmill on a stick with a pin, it will turn round when
Baby runs along with it in her hand."

Fig. 22. Fig. 23.

Could we do that now ? asked Bertie. Baby is so
fond of windmills."
I will do it some day, when I can find a good piece of
stick," said Aunt Pollie. "I want
you to get on with the boats now."
"You have not yet told us how > /jj
to make the double boat," said
Fig. 24.
"Change your windmills back into tables," said Aunt
Pollie, "then I will tell you. To make a double boat you
must fold your table so that the point c lies upon the point
d" (Fig. 18), and press the paper down (Fig. 24).
"I like that much better than the sailing boat," said


"I should think so, indeed," said Bob. "The double
boat is so neat and so strong, that I should like to make a
whole fleet of double boats."
"They would take a very long time to make," said
Bessie. "You must remember that you have to make a
long jacket and a table before you can get to your double
There is a shorter way of making the double boat,
Bessie," said Aunt Pollie, which I will show you presently,
when we have made the barge."
"A barge made out of paper ?" cried Bob.
"Will it sail on water ?" asked Baby.
"Indeed it will," said Aunt Pollie; "but don't fetch the
water yet. We must make our barge before we can sail it."
"How do we make it ?" asked Bessie.
"Look inside your double boat," said Aunt Pollie, and
you will find that there is a triangular piece folded inside
each boat. Pull out one of these
carefully, the boat will disappear,
and instead, you will get a shape
like this," and Aunt Pollie pointed
to her own paper (Fig. 25).
The top part of it is a tri-
Fig. 25. angle," said Bob.
I think the figure is a square
with three triangles fastened to three of its sides," said
"That is a very good description," said Aunt Pollie.
"The next step is to fold down each triangle, so that all
three lie on the square."
I don't quite see how you mean," said Bertie.
"Let us call the top angles of the triangles a, b, and c,


the centre of the square d, and this point e," said Aunt
Pollie. Fold the paper so that a, b, and c lie on d."
"That makes a square of the whole figure," said Bob.
"Double the square in half, then," said Aunt Pollie, "so
that the top of it lies on e, and you will have a single boat
on one side, and a pocket on the other" (Fig. 26).

Fig. 26. Fig. 27.

"I suppose we should get a double pocket if we pulled
out the piece inside the other boat and folded it in the
same way?" said Bessie.
"That is precisely what you must do," said Aunt Pollie.
"I want you to make a double
The children pulled out the
triangular piece inside the other
boat, folded the triangles back,
and very quickly made the- ig. 28.
double pocket (Fig. 27).
Let us call the outside edges of the pockets a and b,"
said Aunt Pollie. "Take hold of a with the finger and
thumb of the left hand, and of b with the finger and thumb
of the right hand, and pull them gently, very gently, apart."
"Why, Aunt Pollie," cried Bessie, that changes the
double pocket into a very pretty box !" (Fig. 28).
"A box with two lids, too! said Bertie.
"But not a barge," said Bob. "I believe Aunt Pollie
has forgotten all about the barge."


"No, she hasn't, Master Bob," said Aunt Pollie; "you
will very soon get to the barge now. We have only to turn
our box into a looking-glass, and the looking-glass into a
"A looking-glass !" cried Bessie. "Why, what will

you make next? We have
dolls, tables, chairs, dishes,

Fig. 29.

already made jackets, caps,
boats, and boxes out of
paper --
"And windmills, Bes-
sie," cried Baby; "don't
forget the windmill."
Bertie gave a sigh of
satisfaction. Go on, Aunt
Pollie," he said; tell us
how to make the looking-
"Fold up the box to
make the double pocket
again," said Aunt Pollie,

"only this time. lay the pockets on the table, so that they
are no longer back to back, but side by side, the openings
of the pockets facing one another (Fig. 29).
What are we to do next ? asked Bob.
"Double each pocket in half, backwards," said Aunt
Pollie, "and then turn back the openings (a and b) until
they lie quite flat. As you fold them back, the sides which
joined the pockets together will turn back also, and when
they have been folded well down, the looking-glass is
made" (Fig. 30).
"Mine is not a bit like a looking-glass, Aunt Pollie,"
said Bertie, pointing to the figure he had made (Fig. 32).
"It is quite right, Bertie," said Aunt Pollie; "you are



looking at the back of the glass instead of the front. Turn
your figure over."
Bertie did so, and found that he had made the looking-
glass quite properly.
"I don't care for the looking-glass much," said Bessie.
"No, it isn't very pretty," said Aunt Pollie, "so we
will not waste our time admiring it, but hasten on to the
barge. Double the looking-glass in half backwards, and
place it in this position" (Fig. 31).

Fig. 31. Fig. 32.
Fig. 30.
"It seems to me to look less than ever like a barge,"
said Bob.
"Patience," said Aunt Pollie. "Though you do not
think so, the barge is very nearly finished. I am going to
call this end a, and this end b (Fig. 32). Take hold of a
with the finger and thumb of your left hand, and of b
with the finger and thumb of your right, and pull very
gently and slowly."
The children tried their best; but Bob and Bertie were
in too great a hurry, and tore their papers, and Bessie was
the only one who accomplished it successfully. The ends
of her figure gradually unfolded, first on one side and then
on the other, until they could not be pulled farther apart
without tearing the paper.
"And is that the barge ?" asked Bob, in a very dis-


appointed tone, when Aunt Pollie told Bessie not to pull
any more.
That is the barge," said Aunt Pollie; "but it is the
barge upside down. Turn your figure over, Bessie, and pull up
the flaps (c and d, Fig. 33),
"which you will find folded
down at each end. Then
the barge is ready at last."
It is pretty," said Bessie.
Fig. 33.
It is the jolliest thing we
have made yet," said Bob. "I do wish I had not torn mine."
Set to work to make another," said Aunt Pollie. Try
again, Bob."
"I will try again," said Bob. I should very much like
to be able to manage it. Let me see, I must make a long
jacket' first- "
"Couldn't you show us the short way of making the
double boat, Aunt Pollie ?" said Bessie.
"Certainly," said Aunt Pollie. I was forgetting all
about that. Make a piece of paper square, then."
"And fold all four corners to the centre," said Bessie.
"Turn the paper over, and fold the four corners to the
centre again," said Bob.
"No, Bob, not this time," said Aunt Pollie. "I will
call the four corners a, b, c, and d, and the centre line
ef" (Fig. 34). "Place the line a b on the line ef, fold
the paper down, and fold c d also to ef. You will find
that you have a figure which is much longer than it is
wide. In order to turn it into a square, fold the two
short sides to the centre line" (Fig. 35).
"That figure is rather like the double pocket," said


"It will look still more like it, if you double it in
half backwards, and that is the next step," said Aunt
"It isn't like the pocket inside though," said
No, it certainly is very different," said Aunt Pollie.
"Inside each of these pockets you will find two loose

Fig. 34. Fig. 35.

corners, and I want you to pull these out one on each
side. You must hold the pocket firmly in your left
hand, take the right-hand corner between your right-
hand finger and thumb,
iI and pull it out as far as
you can. Fold the paper
down, and you will find
Fig. 36. that you have made- "
"One end of a boat," cried Bob (Fig. 36).
"Then, if we pull out the other three corners, we
shall get the double boat," said Bessie.
"That is a quick way, Aunt Pollie," said Bertie. "I
shall always make the double boat that way."
I shall soon manage the barge now," said Bob, and
I mean to do it all by myself."
"Very well," said Aunt Pollie; "that will be good


practice for you, and I will show Bessie and Bertie how
to make another kind of boat while you are doing so."
"Is this to be a rowing boat or a sailing boat ?" asked
"A sailing boat," said Aunt Pollie; and I think you
will find it very easy to make."
"How many things do we make on our way to the
sailing boat ?" asked Bessie, smiling.
"Not very many," said Aunt Pollie, "only a Captain's
hat, a hanging pocket, and a magic pocket."
"I am very glad we are to learn about Captains'
hats," said Bessie. "I have often heard the girls at
school talk about them."
"The hat comes first," said Aunt Pollie. To make
that, get a piece of note-paper, but do not unfold it this
time. Double it in half, as if you were going to put it
into an envelope, to mark the centre line."
"Are we to keep it folded in four?" asked Bessie.
"No, unfold it again," said Aunt Pollie, "and turn
down the corners."
"Which corners?" asked Bessie.
"Turn the paper so that the original folded edge is at
the top," said Aunt Pollie, then I will call the centre line
a, and each of the top corners c (Fig. 37). "Fold down
the two corners c, so that they will lie side by side on
the centre line a (Fig. 38).
Then there are two ends overlapping, Aunt Pollie,"
said Bertie.
And those, which I will call d" (Fig. 38), said Aunt
Pollie, "must be turned back one on each side."
"Is that the Captain's hat ?" asked Bessie.
"Yes, that is it," said Aunt Pollie. ."If you want to


make it look a little smarter, you can put a paper
feather on one side of it" (Fig. 39).
What do we do to the hat to turn it into a 'hanging
pocket'? asked Bessie.
"Open it as if you were going to put it on, and fold
the two ends (d) one on the top of the other" (Fig. 40).

Fig. 37. Fig. 38.

"And what happens next?" said Bob, placing a very
neatly finished barge in front of Aunt Pollie.
"Bob, that is really capital," cried Aunt Pollie. "I

Fig. 39. Fig. 40.

did not expect for one minute that you would be able
to manage it alone."
"Then, as I have been a good boy," said Bob, "will
you wait one minute, and let me catch you up ? I can
make a Captain's hat very quickly."
"Yes, do wait for him," said Bessie.
Aunt Pollie and the children waited, and Bob very
soon laid a figure like Aunt Pollie's (Fig. 40) on the


"I am going to call this top corner b, and this point
a," said Aunt Pollie, "so if I tell you to place a on. b'
you will know what to do."
We shall," said Bob, and we will do it."
"And if we turn the figure round," cried Bessie, very
excitedly, "we shall get the' hanging pocket.'"
"You can do it that way," said Aunt Pollie; "but you
will make a much neater pocket if you fold the flap in-
side, making the corner a go inside the pocket, placing
a on b that way (Fig. 41).

Fig. 41. Fig. 42.

"That certainly does make a very pretty 'hanging
pocket,'" said Bessie.
"Why do you call it a 'hanging pocket' ?" asked Bob.
"Because, if you fastened a ribbon on to it you could
hang it against the wall, of course," said Bessie.
"Didn't you say something about a 'magic pocket' a
little while ago ?" asked Bertie.
"I did," said Aunt. Pollie, "and we are coming to
that next. Pull out the flap of the 'hanging pocket'
again, and make this figure (Fig. 40) once more."
"That is easily done," said Bob.
Fold a on b by bending the flap back," said Aunt Pollie.
"If we turn the paper over, and fold the corner which
lies under a back in the same way, we shall get another
hat," cried Bessie.


"And that is just what you ought to do, Bessie," said
Aunt Pollie. Now open the new hat, as if you were going
to put it on, and fold the ends on the top of one another"
(Fig. 42).
"That makes a very queer figure," said Bertie.
"And that is turned into the 'magic pocket,'" said
Aunt Pollie, by folding this corner, which I will call a, on
this corner, which I will call b."
"It certainly is a pocket," said Bob; "but I don't see
yet where the magic part comes in."
"Can anyone lend me a farthing ?" asked Aunt Pollie.
"Will this small button do?" asked
Bessie, giving Aunt Pollie a round, flat
button rather smaller than a farthing.
Capitally; it is better than a farthing.
Now, Bob, will you place it in one of these
two pockets ?" said Aunt Pollie, holding the lowest cor-
ners (a, Fig. 43) of her magic pockets together between the
thumb and finger of her left hand.
Bob placed the button in one of the pockets, smiling
rather scornfully as he did it.
"Hey, presto! disappear," cried Aunt Pollie, as she
turned the pockets over one on the top of the other three
Then she held the corners of the pockets together once
more and said:-
"Now, Master Bob, where is the button ?"
"Gone," cried Bertie; the pockets are fairy ones!"
Bob looked rather puzzled.
"Hey, presto! appear," cried Aunt Pollie, turning the
pockets over again.
Once more the button lay in the pocket.


How do you do it ? asked Bob.
"I really do believe I see how it is done," said Bessie.
"Try," said Aunt Pollie, smiling.
But Bessie was too nervous to try.
Are there not four pockets," she said-" two on each
side ? "
Oh is that the secret ?" said Bob.
Yes," said Aunt Pollie, that is the secret. When I
wish to make the button disappear, I take care to turn the
pocket in which it is, inside, and when it is to reappear, T
turn that pocket outside."

Fig. 45.
Fig. 44.

"I will do that for the boys at school," cried Bob.
"Have you forgotten all about the boat, Aunt Pollie ?"
asked Bertie.
No, I have not, we will make that next," said Aunt
Pollie. Hold your magic pocket in this position (Fig. 44),
" and take these two points, which I will call a and b-one in
each hand-and pull them as far apart as you can without
tearing the paper."
That makes a very fine sailing boat!" cried Bertie
(Fig. 45).
Yes, that is the sailing boat," said Aunt Pollie, and
I am glad you like it."
We have now learnt how to make four different kinds
of boats," said Bessie. We shall be able to make a fleet."


"Would you like to do that? asked Aunt Pollie, "or
would you rather learn how to make some more paper
things ?"
"Aunt Pollie, do you mean to say you can show us
something else ?" cried Bessie.
I know how to make one or two more things out of
paper; but you have nearly learnt all that I can teach
you," said Aunt Pollie. "Let me see, we have not yet
made a pencil-holder or paper dart. Which shall we make
first ?"
Bessie and Bertie voted for the pencil-holder, and Baby
and Bob for the dart.
Then I must give my vote to decide it," said Aunt
Pollie; "and I will vote for the pencil-holder, because you
nearly know how to make that already."
"Hurrah !" cried Bessie and Bertie.
"I suppose you have all quite forgotten how to make
the little cap we used for the head of the doll," said Aunt
"I think I could make it," said Bessie.
"And I am sure I could," said Bob.
"So could I, if Aunt Pollie would help me," said Bertie.
"Well, then, as we shall need two little caps, like those
we used for the doll's head, for our pencil holder, let us all
set to work," said Aunt Pollie.
She divided half a sheet of thinr note-paper into four
pieces, and gave a piece to each child.
In a very few minutes two little caps were laid on the
table, and shortly after two more lay beside them.
"There is still another part of our pencil-holder to be
made," said Aunt Pollie; "and that is quite simple. We
shall need a straight piece of folded paper, not quite as


long as an ordinary pencil, and three-quarters of an inch
"Then we shall not need a whole sheet of paper," said
No," said Aunt Pollie; "you may each take a half-sheet,
and as even that will be rather too long, tear three inches
off the top of it. Then, if you fold that up, it will be
about the right size."
"How is it to be folded ?" asked Bob.
"Let me call this end of the paper a, and this b," said
Aunt Pollie. "Fold a on b, and
6 you will get a line on your paper,
which I will call c; fold a on c,
and you will get a line, d; fold a
on d, and you will get a line, e"
c (Fig. 46).
"Then I suppose the space be-
tween a and e is to be the measure
of the width," said Bob. "It looks
ig. 46. as if it were about three-quarters of
an inch wide."
"That is right," said Aunt Pollie, and I want you to
fold the paper over and over, until it is as wide as that.
How many times will you have to fold it, Bertie ?"
Eight, I should think," said Bertie.
"No, only seven," said Bessie, "though we shall make
eight divisions on the paper."
This straight piece," said Aunt Pollie, "now wants a
cap on each end. It is almost better, as a rule, to make
the straight piece first, and then fit the caps on to it" (Fig.
47), then you make them exactly the right size."
What shall we do next?" asked Bertie, when the


children had fitted a little cap on to each end of the
straight piece (Fig. 48).
"Do next ?" said Aunt Pollie. The pencil-holder is
finished. There is nothing more to do to it."
Finished !" cried all the children.
"Yes, finished," said Aunt Pollie, smiling at their
astonishment. "When you want to use it, you put the
sharpened end of the pencil
inside one of the caps, and
the unsharpened end in
the other."
"And then," said Bob,
"when you put it in your
school-bag, the point of
the pencil does not
I see," said Bessie, of
course, that is what it is
meant for. You could Fig. 47. Fig 48.
carry a pencil in your pocket if it were protected like that."
Perhaps I ought to have called it a pencil protector,"
said Aunt Pollie.
I don't think it much matters what the name is," said
Bob. "I shall use one like it when I go back to school."
"It looks prettier," said Aunt Pollie, "if it is made of
coloured paper. The caps might be made of blue paper,
and the straight piece of red."
"I should think that would look very pretty," said Bessie.
"Now we can make the dart," said Aunt Pollie. For
that you will want a piece of paper which is longer than it
is wide-newspaper will answer the purpose very well
Fold it in half lengthways."


Shall we keep it folded ?" asked Bob.
No," said Aunt Pollie. When you have marked the
centre line, which I will call a (Fig. 49), unfold it again,
and turn up the two bottom corners like this (Fig. 49).
When we first began to make paper toys," said Bertie,
Swe folded all the corners to the centre; now we always
fold them on the middle line."
"Hush, Bertie, don't interrupt," said Bessie.
"Fold these two sides, which I call b and b, so that they

Fig. 49. Fig. 50. Fig. 51.

lie on the centre line" (Fig. 50), said Aunt Pollie, smiling
at Bertie.
"And do the same again ?" asked Bob.
"Yes," said Aunt Pollie; once more fold the sides-c, c,
we will call them this time (Fig. 50) "-on the centre line."
The figure is getting smaller and smaller," said Bessie
(Fig. 51).
And narrower and narrower," said Bertie.
We will make it still narrower," said Aunt Pollie,
folding the figure in half backwards, "by placing these
two sides (d, d) on one another."
"Is the dart nearly finished ?" asked Bertie.
It will be quite finished' if you take hold of the fold


which lies between the sides e, e" (Fig. 51), "with the
thumb and first finger of your right hand (Fig. 52).
"I believe I could send that dart a very long way,"
said Bob.
"You must practise throwing it some day when you
can get out of doors," said Aunt Pollie.
Then that is the last of the paper toys," said Bessie.
"The last of the paper toys Dear me, no," cried Aunt
Pollie. We have only been folding paper ; there are
many more toys to be made by cutting the paper. I have
just remembered, too, some
more folded paper toys. Are "
you tired, and shall we stop
work, or shall I show you how
to make a paper bellows, a
paper stamp-case, a paper Fig 2
cracker, a paper ? --"
Aunt Pollie! Aunt Pollie how many more things ?"
cried Bob.
Don't you think we had better do one at a time ?"
said Bessie, though, of course, we want to learn them all."
"Then begin with the paper bellows," said Bertie. "I
cannot think what they will be like."
Make a piece of paper square," said Aunt Pollie.
It is quite a long time since we used square paper,"
said Bob.
"Fold the paper cornerways, to find the centre," said
Aunt Pollie. "Unfold it again, and let us call the four
lines running from the centre to the corners b (Fig. 53).
"That is a fold we have made many times before," said
"Now turn the paper over, and double it in half, first


one way and then the other," said Aunt Pollie, and unfold
it again."
That will make four more lines," said Bessie. Will
you give those a name?"
Yes, we will call those four lines a," said Aunt Pollie.
SNow gather the four corners of the paper together, as if
they were the four corners of a cloth (Fig. 54).
"The folds fall into their places very easily," said Bessie.
"And lay the figure flat on the table," said Aunt Pollie.

Fig. 53. Fig. 54.

" Before we can go any further, we must mark some new
folds --"
By placing each of the sides on the centre line, I
suppose," said Bertie.
The other children laughed.
"Master Bertie thinks he is getting clever," said Bob.
He is quite right," said Aunt Pollie. Each of the
four sides of the upper half must be placed, one after the
other, on the centre line, folded down, and -
SUnfolded again," suggested Bessie.
"When the fold has been pressed well down," said Aunt
Pollie. "Then turn the paper over, and fold down the four
sides of the lower half in the same way."


"That will make five lines on each side of the paper,"
said Bertie.
Yes, five," said Aunt Pollie. "I will call the middle
line cc, these two lines crossing one another b, and this
point at which they meet c" (Fig. 55).

Fig. 55. Fig. 56.
"What happens now ?" asked Bessie.
"Try to place the two lines b in their proper folds at
the same time," said Aunt Pollie. "You will find that you
cause the corner from c to the edge of the
paper to project, and if you double this
corner back, you can form it into one of
the handles of the bellows" (Fig. 56).
Then, if we do that four times," said
Bob, "we shall make four handles, two on
each side."
"And the bellows will be finished," said
Aunt Pollie. "By holding two handles in Fig. 7.
one hand, and two in the other, and pull-
ing them out and in, a little wind will puff out from the
open end of the bellows (Fig. 57).
The children were very pleased with the paper bellows,
and Baby, especially, seemed to think them quite wonderful.
They do really blow," she said.


You are getting so clever with the folding," said Aunt
Pollie, "that I think you might be able to manage the
paper sweet box, though it is not at all easy to make."
Do let us try," cried Bertie and Bessie together.
Do we want square pieces of paper ?" asked Bob.
Yes, it is made out of square paper," said Aunt Pollie,
"and the square has to be marked with many lines before
the actual folds of the box can be made."
"Then I am sure we may begin by folding it from
corner to corner to find the centre," said Bob.


Fig. 58. Fig. 59.

"Those are the first two folds," said Aunt Pollie.
" Others must be made, so as to divide each side of the
square into three equal parts (Fig. 58). Measure the
divisions with a slip of paper, and be careful to make these
divisions without turning the paper over."
"That will make nine little squares," said Bertie.
"I will call each side of the little square in the centre
b," said Aunt Pollie. "Now turn the paper over, and we
are ready for more folds."
How many more folds are we to make ?" asked Bessie.
"Four more," said Aunt Pollie, each of which I will


call c" (Fig. 59). When these are made, turn the paper
back again, and the folding of the box can begin."
You have not given names to the four corners of
the little square in the centre, Aunt Pollie," said Bessie.
"We will call each corner d, then," said Aunt Pollie.
"Now be very careful. I am going to make the four little
corner squares into windmill-shaped sails, so double them
each in half from corner to corner in the folds already made.
The little central square is to make the bottom of the box."
"I don't see how that is to be managed," said Bob.
"Gather the four corners to-
gether," said Aunt Pollie, "until
they meet at the centre."
"If you turn that upside
down, it looks very like our old
friend, the paper table," said Bob.
Now place the central square
on the table, and fold the wind-
mill-shaped corners down on the
Fig. 60.
central square, so that they over-
lap one another at the centre, and make this figure"
(Fig. 60); and Aunt Pollie held up the paper which she
had folded.
The outside corners of the square were shaped into
windmill sails, the top left-hand corner of the square
becoming the sail on the top of it; and the lines which
she had marked c were folded one after another, one on the
top of the other, until the one first folded overlapped the
one last folded.
The children all found that patience was needed to get
the new figure, but they all managed it at last.
Now turn the figure over," said Aunt Pollie, and fold


the sails down, one after the other, tucking the last one
underneath the first" (Fig. 61).
"Both sides of the box are very much alike," said
If I had not made one," said Bob, "I don't believe I
should know how it opened."
It is a real treasure box," said Bertie, "with a secret
opening; but I think it is very difficult to make."
It certainly is not easy," said Aunt
Pollie. I will show you how to make
a stamp-case, if you like-that is much
"Perhaps if we made a stamp-case
for Bob, he wouldn't lose so many of
his stamps," said Bessie,
smiling and nodding at Bob.
S"They are so small," said
Bob, and so easily lost."
Fig. 61. Fig. 62.
You won't lose any more
stamps," said Aunt Pollie, if you make one of my cases,
so set to work."
"Do we need a square piece of paper ? asked Bessie.
"No, this time your paper must not be square," said
Aunt Pollie. "It must be longer than it is wide. Double
it in half, lengthways and across the width, and unfold it
And what do we do next ?" said Bob.
"Turn down these two corners until they lie on the
centre line," said Aunt Pollie, "and turn up these two until
they lie on the centre line" (Fig. 62).
"But we have two centre lines," said Bessie.
"I will call the line which divides the paper in half


lengthways a a, and that which divides it across the width
b b," said Aunt Pollie. All the four corners are to lie on a a."
Now I understand," said Bessie. Thank you."
Let us give two more names," said Aunt Pollie, and
then we can get on. We will call these two points where
the corners touch one another c and d. Now place c on d
above and below" (Fig. 63).
Then we shall make two new folds, which will have to
be named," said Bessie.
"Very well," said Aunt Pollie; call 'the two new folds
e e. Then the next step is to place
Se e on b b (Fig. 64).
S. Any more names to be given ?"
asked Bob.

Fig. 63. Fig. 64.

"Not this time," said Aunt Pollie. "Turn the figure
over, and you will find that you have a four-sided figure,
two sides of which are much shorter than the other two."
"My figure is like that," said Bertie.
"Place the two short sides on the centre line," said Aunt
Pollie, "so that they touch one another" (Fig. 65), "and
double the figure in half."
Which way ? asked Bessie.
"I will call this side a a, and this side b b" (Fig. 65),
said Aunt Pollie. "Place a a on b b."
"It is beginning to look very much like a double
pocket," said Bessie.


"It is very nearly finished," said Aunt Pollie. "Pull
out the flap which you will find inside one of the pockets."
"Where ? where ?" cried Bob.
"I haven't any flap or any pockets," said Bessie.
"Because you are holding your figure upside down,"
said Bertie. Turn the figure round, and you will find a
flap. Look at mine !" (Fig. 66).
"I shall certainly keep my stamps in a case like that,"
said Bob, when he had pulled out the flap; "I can put the

Fig. 65. Fig. 66.

English stamps in one pocket, and the foreign ones in the
Or the stamps you are going to keep in one pocket,"
said Bessie, "and those you wish to exchange in the
"Aunt Pollie," said Bertie, "didn't you say something
about making a paper cracker ?"
"I did, Bertie," said Aunt Pollie, "and we can make
that next, if you like. You want stiff paper for it, yet not
too stiff. Note-paper does not answer the purpose very
well; thin brown paper, or the kind which is used for
ordinary paper bags, is the best."
I can easily get thin brown paper," said Bob, and he
quickly fetched a piece from Nurse.


"Double your paper in half, and turn down, the four
corners, as you did to make the stamp-case," said Aunt
Pollie (Fig. 62).
"We all know how to do that," said Bessie.
"Now double the figure in half lengthways," said Aunt
Pollie (Fig. 67). We will use the same letters as we did be-
fore. This line will be a a, this one b b, and the two corners c c."
I cannot think what it will be like," said Bob.
You will see in one minute," said Aunt
C Pollie. "Take the top corner, c, between the

Fig. 67. Fig. 68. Fig. 69.

thumb and first finger of the right hand, and fold it down
until the line a lies on the line b b."
Shall we fold the other corner, c, in the same way ?"
asked Bob.
Yes," said Aunt Pollie; "and when you have folded
both corners over, you will find you have a figure which is
almost square (Fig. 68). Double it in half backwards,
and the cracker is made."
But how does it crack ?" asked Bob.
Hold the two corners, c, together firmly in the right
hand," said Aunt Pollie, and move the cracker swiftly
through the air. The part doubled under at b (Fig. 69)


"will be pressed out, and will make a little popping sound
as it comes out."
"It isn't a very loud pop," said Bertie; "it wouldn't
frighten anyone. I don't like loud pops; they make me
"With a little practice you can make a louder noise,"
said Bob.
The double paper cracker makes a very much louder
noise," said Aunt Pollie, "but-- and Aunt Pollie
"Oh, do show us how to make it," said Bob.
"I will show you, if you will promise never to use it
to annoy anyone, and if Bertie will promise not to be
frightened," said Aunt Pollie.
"I promise," said Bob, quickly.
Bertie looked rather doubtful. "I don't like loud
pops," he said. "I know it is silly, but they do make me
jump, I can't help it."
Very well," said Aunt Polly, then we will never mind
about the double cracker. I am sorry that I mentioned it."
Bob and Bessie both looked so disappointed, that
Bertie said, very bravely-
Do showit to us, Aunt Pollie, and I will try not to jump."
"Then, Bob, do not forget your promise," said Aunt
Pollie. "Don't let Mother or Nurse ever be annoyed or
worried by the double cracker."
"I will remember," said Bob.
"Take a piece of paper," said Aunt Pollie, "and once
more make the figure which has four corners turned down"
(Fig. 62), and double it in half backwards (Fig. 70).
"That is the third time we have made the figure with
the corners turned down," said Bessie.


"Don't interrupt Aunt Pollie," said Bob, who was very
anxious to get the double cracker made.
Now turn down the two top corners, which I will call b,"
said Aunt Pollie, so that they lie on the middle line (Fig.
71). "Press the folds well down, and unfold the figure again."
Unfold the whole figure ?" said Bessie.
"Are we to unfold the four corners too ?"
"No," said Aunt Pollie; "only un-

-" -- "! V ---.-'" a

y x /

Fig. 70. Fig. 71. Fig. 72.

fold it until you come back once more to our old friend"
(Fig. 72). This time, however, it is rather different; it
has two more folds marked on it. I will call those two
folds crossing one another a and b, and
the middle fold d."
"All right," said Bob, "we under-
Now, I want you to make the figure
into a four-sided one," said Aunt Pollie;
Fig. 78.
"and to do that, you must lay the paper
flat on the table, and place your left hand upon the lowest
corner, c. With your right hand draw the two sides of
the paper together until they touch one another at d; the
upper half of the figure can then be folded down so that
both the corners, c c, lie on one another" (Fig. 73).


"Done," said Bob. "What happens next?"
"Double the figure in half backwards," said Aunt Pollie,
"and hold it in the same position as you did the single
Pop! Pop! Pop! Three loud pops were heard one
after the other.
I do call that --" began Bob.
"Jolly! added Bertie.
"Why, Bertie !" said Bessie.
"Why, Bertie! said Aunt Pollie.
"That didn't make me jump a bit," said Bertie. "I
liked it very much."
Well, Bertie, as you are so brave," said Aunt Pollie,
smiling, "I will show you how to make the 'gobbling
chicken,' as we used to call it when we were children."
Aunt Pollie took a square piece of paper, folded the
corners to the centre, turned the paper over, and folded the
four corners to the centre again.
You know, perhaps, what we called this figure ?" she
"The four pockets," said Bertie (Fig. 6).
"Take the two corners we called b b," said Aunt Pollie,
" one in each hand, and double the pockets to which they
belong in half; the other two pockets will thus be brought.
close together, and a hollow, formed between them. From
inside the upper one pull out the corner which we called a,
so that the opening of the pocket forms a cover to the
hollow, and the chicken is made."
Aunt Pollie held a doubled pocket in each hand, and
moved them towards one another and back again. As she
did so, the opening of the pocket opened and shut like a
big mouth.


Bertie and Baby were very much amused at the peculiar
bird, and even Bob smiled when Aunt Pollie made it pick
up little pieces of crumpled-up paper.
"I wish there were a paper toy which Mother would
like," said Bessie:
"I can show you two ways of folding up a letter,
which I expect she would like to know," said Aunt Pollie.
"Please show them to us," said Bessie.

Fig. 74.

"The first way is to fold up the letter as if you were
going to make it into the straight piece for a pencil-holder"
(Fig. 46). You remember how to do that ? "
Yes," said Bessie, nodding her head energetically.

Fig. 75.

"Take the folded paper in the right hand, and holding
it nearly at the end," said Aunt Pollie, with the left-hand
thumb and first finger press it from above and below firmly
together" (Fig. 74).
Yes," said Bessie once more.
Now hold it firmly in the left hand at this point,
which I will call a," said Aunt Pollie, "and with the right-
hand finger and thumb press these two points (b and c, Fig.
:74) together. Then, if you do the same thing over and
over again, you will make your letter into this shape"
(Fig. 75).


"I will tell Mother about that when we go home,"
said Bessie.
"Which is the other way ?" asked Bertie.
"Fold the letter into four, lengthways," said Aunt
Pollie, "lay it on the table, and fold one end over the
other at right angles" (Fig. 76). "Fold down the end
A at right angles, so that it lies by the side of B.
Turn the paper over (Fig. 77), and fold B down again
in the same way. Place B behind A, and it is finished."



Fig. 76. Fig. 77. Fig. 78.

"I like that way better than the other," said Bessie ; "it
keeps the letter so neatly together."
"And also you can write on it the name of the person
to whom it is to be sent," said Aunt Pollie-" this way"
(Fig. 78); and Aunt Pollie, who had been writing busily,
threw a little note across to Bessie.
Bessie opened it, read it, and nodded her head.
"Then no more toys for to-day," said Aunt Pollie.
"Perhaps it may be wet another time; perhaps some day
we may have more clouds, and if we do --"
"You'll be the silver lining," said Bertie, interrupting
Aunt Pollie.
"What does he mean ?" said Aunt Pollie.
We know," said the other children.


And so do I," said Nurse, who had come into the room
a few minutes before.
Well, all I want to know is, do you like paper toys ?"
said Aunt Pollie.
And the children all called out at the top of their
voices, We do, we do "
"Then the very next wet day, I'll show you how to
make some more," said Aunt Pollie.
"Hurrah for Aunt Pollie!" shouted Bob.
Hurrah for the silver lining shouted Bertie; and so
the day ended with Hurrahs."



A WHOLE week of fine weather and brilliant sunshine
followed the first wet day, and the children spent nearly all
their time out of doors. The paper toys were not laid aside
or forgotten, however; for the four B's soon discovered that
there was quite as much fun to be got out of them in the
open air as in the house.
Bob came to the conclusion that he could not properly
enjoy a country walk unless he carried a paper dart in
his pocket. There were so many things he wanted
to try to hit, and as stone throwing was forbidden, he
was soon able to aim his paper dart quite skilfully.
Bessie was very fond of wild flowers, ferns, and mosses,
so that she found the paper box the very thing she
needed for holding her treasures safely. Aunt Pollie
showed her how to make a handle of folded brown
paper; and when this was sewn firmly on to a stiff
brown-paper box, a very handy flower-basket was made.
Bertie soon lost all fear of the paper crackers. If
ever his short legs began to ache, when home was far
away, or if he felt hungry when it was not nearly tea-
time, Aunt Pollie produced a paper cracker. As he
marched along the road, making most alarming noises
which frightened nobody, Master Bertie soon forgot all
about his tiredness and hunger


You will easily guess which were Baby's favourite
toys. She was rarely to be seen, indoors or out of doors,
without a paper doll or a paper windmill. She spent all
her time playing with the one or the other.
So more than a week passed away, and the children
were just as happy as the day was long. They learned to
love Aunt Pollie more dearly the more they saw of her, and,
strange to say, Aunt Pollie seemed to be getting rather fond
of "the four B's," as she always called them.
"I can't think what we did when we had no paper
toys," said Bessie one morning, as the children were getting
ready for their walk.
"I can't think what you would do if you had no
Aunt Pollie," said Nurse.
"And the queer thing about it is, that we thought
we shouldn't like her," said Bertie.
"Yes, do you remember," said Bob, we quite expected
she would be cross."
"Aunt Pollie cross !" said Bessie; and all the children
laughed at the absurd idea.
Who is calling me names?" said Aunt Pollie, as she
came quickly into the room.
The children looked at one another, and nobody
Fortunately, however, Aunt Pollie did not wait for an
answer, and did not even notice their hesitation.
Do you see what has happened ?" she said, pointing to
the window.
The children ran across the room and looked out. The
beautiful blue sky had entirely disappeared, black clouds
were chasing grey clouds, and a few big drops of rain had
begun to fall. Instead of saying, "Oh dear 1" or "What a
E 2


pity!" to Nurse's surprise and delight the four children
clapped their hands.
"It is the next wet day," cried Bertie joyfully.
We shall be able to learn how to make some more
paper toys," said Bessie.
"Hurrah !" cried Bob.
"Well, as you seem to have settled it all," said Aunt
Pollie, I suppose we had better begin. Clear the table,
Bob. Place the chairs, Bertie. Ask Nurse for a yard
measure and a bottle of gum, Bessie."
And almost before anyone could have said "Jack
Robinson," the table was cleared, and the four children
were sitting round it.
We are going to work with scissors to-day," said Aunt
Pollie, and before we begin, I want you three elder ones
to promise me to be very careful. We shall have to stop
work if you begin to play; but I think I can trust you."
"We will be very careful," said Bessie.
"We will," said Bob and Bertie.
Aunt Pollie gave them each a pair of scissors, with
rounded points, and then unfolded some sheets of coloured
surface paper, and laid them on the table.
"Baby will help me," said Aunt Pollie, "so she will not
need a pair of scissors. Let us set to work, for we all know
by this time that B's to be happy must be busy."
What are we to make first ?" asked Bob.
Well, first of all, just to get a little practice, I want you
to make something which I expect your Mother will like
.better than you will," said Aunt Pollie.
Whatever can you mean ? said Bessie.
"I will tell you how to make it," said Aunt Pollie, then
perhaps you can tell me how it is to be used. We shall


need four strips of paper, each eleven and three-quarter
inches long and two and a quarter inches wide."
"I will cut those off," said Bob, setting to work at once
with measure and scissors.
Each take a strip," said Aunt Pollie, and Baby may
take a strip for me. Double your paper in half, so that the
coloured side of the paper is inside, and place it on the
table, so that the folded side is nearest to you."
What can we be going to make ?" said Bertie.
"Perhaps we shall see directly," said Bessie.
"I will call this end of the paper a, and this end b"

Fig. 1.

(Fig. 1), said Aunt Pollie. "I want you now to make a
fringe from a to b by cutting the paper in narrow strips.
All the strips must be as nearly the same size as possible,
so narrow that there are twelve of therf to each inch of
paper, and exactly the same length" (Fig. 1).
"Then do we cut the paper right across each time?"
asked Bertie.
No, rather more than half-way across," said Aunt
Pollie. "You don't want to cut the paper into little bits,
only to make a fringe of it."
The children began cutting the paper, and did not find
it very difficult work, though it took them some little time.
"Now unfold the paper carefully so as not to tear it,"
said Aunt Pollie, and double it backwards, so that this
time the coloured side is outside."

"That makes a very pretty fringe," said Bessie.
"It does not lie very flat," said Bertie.
"We don't want the fringe to be flat," said Aunt Pollie;
"but we do want the two top edges to lie exactly one on the
other, so we will fasten them together with a little gum."
Aunt Pollie gummed the ends of Bertie's paper one on
the other, using as little gum as possible; and Bessie and
Bob watched her carefully, and then did the same to their
strips of paper.
Whilst the gum is drying, I want you to see if you can
find me any round thing which is about the same size as a
candle," said Aunt Pollie.
The children jumped up from their seats and began to
look about the room. In a few moments Bob returned to
the table with a small ruler, and Bessie with a little round
box; but Bertie's sharp eyes had caught sight of a candle,
and he brought it to Aunt Pollie in triumph.
We shall want the candle directly, Bertie," said Aunt
Pollie. I am glad you found it, but I think I will use the
ruler now;" and Aunt Pollie began winding her fringe of
coloured paper round and round the end of the ruler.
Bessie watched her quietly for a moment, then she said
"Aunt Pollie, I believe I know what you are making."
"What ?" cried Bertie and Bob.
It is one of those paper frills that cook puts round the
bone of a ham."
Bob began to laugh.
"Then why should Aunt Pollie want a candle ?"
Oh i I forgot the candle," said Bessie, getting very red.
"You are not far wrong, after all, Bessie," said Aunt
Pollie quickly. "I am making a paper frill; and though


this is to be used for another purpose, you could make one
in exactly the same way to decorate a ham. You have so
nearly guessed, that I may as well tell you how this paper
frill is to be used. It is to put round a candle, so that the
drops of wax will fall on the paper, and not on the candle-
"Is that it ? said Bob.
"It is nearly finished, too," said Aunt Pollie. It only
needs a little gumming, so that it will keep its shape, before
I take it off the ruler."
Aunt Pollie gummed down the
ends, and then slipping the frill off
the ruler (Fig. 2), placed it round
the candle, and in the candlestick.
We must show Mother that when
we get home," said Bessie.
Now let us try something which
is rather more difficult," said Auntg. 2.
"Yes, do," said Bob, who evidently did not think much
of the candle frills.
"I will show you how to make a book-mark," said Aunt
Pollie. "Please, Bob, will you cut off three strips of paper ?"
"How long is each strip to be ?" asked Bob.
The exact length does not matter," said Aunt Pollie;
"about four or four and a half inches long, and an inch and
a quarter or an inch and a half wide."
"Then if the exact length does not matter," said Bob,
"I don't think I will trouble about half inches. I will
make each strip four inches long and an inch wide."
"Very well," said Aunt Pollie. Double the paper in
half lengthways, so that the coloured side is outside."


Are we to cut it into little strips to make a fringe ?"
asked Bessie, when she had folded her paper.
"Yes, it is to be cut into strips," said Aunt Pollie, but
this time they must be slanting strips, not straight ones"
(Fig. 3).
I think it will be very difficult to make these strips
all the same length," said Bertie.

Fig. 3.
"If you rule a line in pencil near the edge of your
doubled paper, and each time cut up to the line with your
scissors, you will easily make your strips the same length,
Bertie," said Aunt Pollie (Fig. 3).

Fig. 4.

Bertie ruled the lines as Aunt Pollie suggested, and
found them a great help.
"Now unfold your paper and lay it flat on the table,"
said Aunt Pollie. Lift up the second strip, which I will
call a, and fold it back. Then lift up the fourth, and fold
it back in the same way (Fig. 4).
Are the strips supposed to lie flat ?" asked Bob. Mine
stick up, though I have pressed them down."
I will 'show you how to make each strip keep in its
place," said Aunt Pollie, when you have turned back every
alternate strip."


That means, when we have turned back the sixth, the
eighth, the tenth, and so on," said Bessie.
It is rather difficult to catch hold of each strip without
tearing it," said Bertie.
"Use something pointed just to free one strip from the
others," said Aunt Pollie. "Place the point of this pencil
under the point of the strip, Bertie, that will make it come
away from the others more easily."
"I've turned my strips back," said Bob. "Will you
please show me how to keep them in place?"
You will manage that easily by slipping the point of
each turned-back strip under the point of one of those
which has not been turned back."
I don't quite see---" began Bob.
"Well, let me try to explain it more clearly," said
Aunt Pollie. We called the second strip a. I think
you will find that it will keep in its place if you slip the
point of it underneath the triangular piece above the first
"Then where do we place the point of the fourth
strip ? asked Bessie.
"Perhaps Bob can tell you," said Aunt Pollie.
Bob thought a moment, looked at his paper, and then
You place it under the point of the first strip-the
one which was not turned back."
"Quite right, Bob," said Aunt Pollie. "Can Bertie tell
us what happens to the point of the sixth strip ?"
"It is slipped under the point of the third," said
Bertie proudly.
"It sounds much more difficult than it really is," said


And it looks quite pretty when it is finished," said
IBb, holding up his paper (Fig. 5).

The children were very pleased with the book-mark,
and one after the other, Bob, Bertie, and even Baby held
up the paper to ad-
mire it.
But Bessie did not
say a word. She sat
staring at the book-
mark, wrapt in thought.
"Bessie," said Aunt
Pollie, "don't you like
it ?"
Bessie looked up
quickly. "I knew I
had seen something
like it before; now I
remember where I saw
it. Nurse has a Cross
in her Bible made by
plaiting strips of paper.
Fig. 6. May I ask her to let
me show it to you ? "
Aunt Pollie said, "Certainly;" and Bessie ran to find
Nurse. She was back again in a few minutes, carrying a
paper Cross in her hand (Fig. 6).


Nurse says it was given to her," said Bessie. "She
does not know how to make it."
"I am sorry," said Bob; "I should like to make one.
I do think it is pretty."
I can show you how to make one," said Aunt Pollie.
"It only needs a little trouble and patience."
"Please show us," said Bob and Bessie together.
I think I'll watch you," said Bertie.
You must plan out the Cross with pencil and paper
first," said Aunt Pollie. I will give you the measure-
ments of it, and then you can draw the lines or rule
them, as you please."
"I shall certainly rule them, then," said Bessie.
"How long is the Cross to be, Aunt Pollie ?" asked
The straight piece is five and a half inches long," said
Aunt Pollie, "and the cross-piece four inches long."
"And how wide?" asked Bessie.
"Both pieces which form the Cross must be an inch
wide," said Aunt Pollie. Now, if I tell you that the top of
the Cross is one and a quarter inches above the cross-piece,
I think you will be able to mark it out on paper."
Now, shall we cut it out ?" said Bob.
"Yes, cut carefully along the lines you have drawn,"
said Aunt Pollie. "Then fold each piece of the Cross in
half to find the central point, and rule the lines, which are
to fix the length of the strips, as Bertie did just now in
making the book-mark."
"I suppose we must begin cutting the strips," said
Bessie. "Shall we cut the straight piece or the cross-piece
first ? "
"Wait one minute," said Aunt Pollie. "The only


difficulty you will find in plaiting the strips for the Cross
will be at the centre, where the two pieces cross one
another, so it will be best to begin at the centre."
That seems queer," said Bob.
"It is the easiest way," said Aunt Pollie. "Fold the
Cross lengthways, and cut from the centre to the two points
at which the lines ruled on the long piece and the cross-
pieces meet."
To do that we shall have to cut from the centre up-
wards, and from the centre downwards," said Bessie.
"And if you look closely at Nurse's Cross," said Aunt
Pollie, "you will see that on both sides of the cross-
piece the strips slant from the centre outwards "
And above the cross-piece they slant upwards from the
centre," said Bob.
"And below it they slant downwards," said Bessie.
"Very well," said Aunt Pollie; open your Cross, and
you will see that the two cuts which you have made at
the centre slant in that way."
"Now may we cut the other strips ?" asked Bob.
Yes," said Aunt Pollie. "Fold the cross-piece in half,
and cut strips from the centre on each side, making them
slant in the same direction as the centre strips. Then fold
the long piece in half, and cut it in the same way."
"How many strips should there be ?" asked Bessie.
"If you make nine strips above the cross-piece, twenty-
five below it, and ten on each side of it, I think you will
find that the Cross, when finished, will be like Nurse's."
Do we plait it in the same way as we did the book-
mark ?" asked Bessie.
Yes, exactly in the same way," said Aunt Pollie. "You
will be able to manage that part easily without any bother."


Bessie finished her plaiting first, and passed it round for
the others to see. Bob, however, was not long after her,
though his big fingers were not so well suited to the work
as Bessie's little ones.
I really must show mine to Nurse," said Bessie, jump-
ing up from her seat.
"Be quick, then," said Aunt Pollie, or you will keep us
all waiting."
"If you are going to show us how to make something
else," said Bessie, sitting down again, I had better wait
until afterwards."
"Of course, I will show you how to make ever so
many 'somethings,'" said Aunt Pollie; "and I will
whisper the name of the next 'something' to Bertie and
Baby. You two must guess what it is."
Aunt Pollie whispered two or three words to Baby, and
she smiled ; but Bertie opened his eyes very wide and shook
his head when Aunt Pollie whispered the same words to
You will each want a square piece of paper," said
Aunt Pollie.
"And how long and how wide is the paper to be?"
asked Bob.
Any size you like," said Aunt Pollie. You can make
a large one or a small one, just as you please."
Bertie seemed more surprised than ever. "Tell me
again, Aunt Pollie," he said.
No, wait and see," said Aunt Pollie, smiling. "Fold
the square in half from corner to corner (Fig. 7).
Is the coloured side of the paper to be inside or out-
side?" asked Bob.
"Outside," said Aunt Pollie. "I will call these two


corners a and b" (Fig. 7), and I want you to fold a on b"
(Fig. 8).
"Once more we get a three-cornered figure," said Bob.
"Will you give the new figure any names?" asked
Yes, I will call this top corner c," said Aunt Pollie.
"Now fold the corner we called a back, so that it lies on c,
turn the paper over, and fold the corner b on c in the same
way" (Fig. 9).

Fig. 7.

"And you get a three-cornered figure again," said
I will give names to the corners of the figure," said
Aunt Pollie. Let us call the top corner e, and the two
corners lying one on the other d. Then fold the edge
7df down on to the long side, turn the paper over, and
fold the other back in the same. way (Fig. 10).
"You can't call it a three-cornered figure this time,"
said Bertie.
But we will make it into a three-cornered figure," said
Aunt Pollie, "by cutting off the piece at the top."
"How much of it are we to cut off?" asked Bob.


Cut along this line, which I will call a b," said Aunt
Pollie (Fig. 10).
Aunt Pollie, I do wish you would whisper once more,"
said Bertie.
Aunt Pollie whispered, Bertie whispered back, and at
last Bertie seemed to be satisfied.
I see," he said; "I couldn't think what kind of a net
you meant."
"A net! cried Bob and Bessie.
"You have told," said Baby.

Fig. 8. Fig. 9. Fig. 10.

Bertie looked so unhappy, and Bob and Bessie laughed
so much that Aunt Pollie hastened to set them to work to
finish the net.
"I want you now to cut some strips first on one side and
then on the other," she said, "never cutting the paper right
through, but each time going quite near to the edge"
(Fig. 10).
Shall we turn the paper over each time ?" said Bob.
"That is the easiest way," said Aunt Pollie. Hold
your paper very firmly, and try to make the strips as nearly
the same size as possible."


"Finished!" cried Bob.
Oh, dear cried Bessie; I have cut the end of mine
right off."
"That is with trying to do it too quickly," said Aunt
Pollie. Well, Bob, you can finish yours. Unfold it very
carefully as much as you can, and then take hold of the
point in your right hand, and the top in
your left, and pull it out gently" (Fig. 11).
"Then when it has a string," cried
Bertie, "you can fill it with nuts and hang
it on a Christmas tree."
I shall make a new one," said Bessie.
"You had far better make a paper
chain now," said Aunt Pollie; you can
make a net some time at home."
"All right," said Bessie, cheerfully.
"For a paper chain," said Aunt Pollie,
"you must get a piece of paper three
inches wide, and as long as possible. The
longer the piece of paper is, the longer
Fig. 11.
the chain will be."
Bob measured the paper, and cut off three long
"Double it in half lengthways," said Aunt Pollie, and
then double the two edges back lengthways again, one on
each side, so that the paper is folded four times."
"The cutting begins now, I suppose," said Bob.
"Yes," said Aunt Pollie; "and this is cut first from one
side to the opposite edge, then from the other side to the
opposite edge" (Fig. 12).
"In the same way as we cut the strips for the net,"
said Bessie.


And the same way -" began Bob, then he stopped
What is the matter, Bob ? asked Aunt Pollie.
Do you know how to pass yourself through a card?"
asked Bob.
The other children began to laugh.
"No, I don't," said Aunt Pollie, and I don't quite see
what that has to do with the chain. Let us finish making
the chain, and then you
shall show us the trick [| |uch 1 |7| HI
with the card." ,
"All right," saidBob, Fig. 2.
feeling very pleased that he
could show Aunt Pollie any-
When you have finished
cutting the paper," said Aunt
Pollie, "unfold it twice, so '
that you have a single piece of Fig. 13.
"Pull it gently apart," said Bessie (Fig. 13).
"And you get a fine paper chain," said Bertie.
"May I show you the trick now ?" asked Bob eagerly,
"and please can you give me a card ?"
Aunt Pollie took one of her own visiting cards out of
her case, and handed it to Bob.
"Will this do ?" she said.
"It is rather small," said Bob, "but I think, with a
little care, I can squeeze myself through it."
Bessie and Bertie began to smile, but Bob looked most
Ladies and gentlemen," he said, "I am now about to


show you a most marvellous and wonderful trick. I am
about to pass my whole body through this card."
"You can't," said Bessie.
"Of course he can't," said Bertie.
Well, I must confess," said Aunt Pollie, I don't quite
see how it is to be
imiIiiiTiFH i done."

..~ -^- -'-"r -_- -- e. ^'"1" "i" 35 Z T* E [BC B
Fig. )4.
He doubled the card in half, and
strips as if he were going to make a


Bob smiled tri-
"Then allow me
to show you," he said.
began cutting it in
chain, to the great
astonishment of
the children and
Aunt Pollie (Fig.

--- -1 "That is very
good," said Bessie,
"but you won't
be able to pass
Fig. 15. through the card
that way."
Bob took no notice of her remarks, but went soberly on
with his work.
When he had cut the card from end to end, he unfolded it,
and laid it flat on the table. Then he cut it across the middle,
taking care not to cut through the last strip at either end.
You see, ladies and gentleman," he said, "I have only
cut the card along the middle line from this point, which I
will call a "-and he looked up laughingly at Aunt Pollie
-" to this point, which I will call b (Fig. 15).


"That is very clever, Bob," said Aunt Pollie.
One minute, ladies and gentleman," said Bob, and he
pulled the two ends of the card as wide apart as he could,
forming a thin chain.
Oh!" cried Bessie and Bertie, "is that how you do
You put this over your head very carefully," he said,
"and then you find that you can crawl through it, and so
pass yourself through the card."
Capital!" cried Aunt Pollie. "I must try to remem-
ber how to do that, and then I can astonish someone with
it one fine day."
What shall we make next ?" asked Bertie.
Aunt Pollie seemed to be thinking.
We shan't get out to-day," said Bessie.
No, indeed, you won't," said Nurse, who had just come
into the room, and who had overheard Bessie's last remark.
" It is raining faster than ever, and only listen to the
It is making a noise," said Bertie. "It sounds some-
how as if it were unhappy."
"It always seems to me as if it enjoyed itself," said
Bessie, who was showing Nurse the paper Cross.
"Perhaps it does enjoy blowing people about and toss-
ing leaves up in the air," said Bertie.
"Blowing about," repeated Aunt Pollie; "the wind
blowing about! Children, I know what we will make
next. We will make some wind toys."
Wind toys ?" cried Bertie. What fun !"
I will show you how to make the wind-wheel and the
wind-ball," said Aunt Pollie.
"We know how to make a windmill," said Baby.


"Isn't a kite a wind toy, Aunt Pollie ?" said Bob.
"I can show you how to make a very small one," said
Aunt Pollie.
Show us the wind-wheel first," said Baby. It ought
to be the best, because it sounds as if it would be most like
a windmill."
To make a wind-wheel," said Aunt Pollie, we shall
need cardboard, and we have none-I forgot that. Now
what is to be done ?"
The children looked very unhappy, but Aunt Pollie
was quite equal to the occasion. She went to a cupboard,
and after turning out some old school-books, produced from
amongst them two old note-books.
"There," she said, very triumphantly, "those will do
famously;" and she quickly tore off the covers.
"I should never have thought of those," said Bessie,
Oh, dear !" said Aunt Pollie, we can't get on without
compasses. I forgot those too, and I am afraid we cannot
manage without them."
"Perhaps we can," said Bessie. What are the com-
passes to be used for-to make circles ?"
Aunt Pollie nodded.
I can make circles without compasses," said Bob,
jumping up from his seat.
So can I," said Bessie, running across the room.
Bob fetched a short piece of string, tied a pencil on to
one end, and fastened the other into the cardboard with a
nail. Bessie fetched two wine-glasses and a small, round
basin, and placed them upside down on the copybook-
"Bravo !" cried Aunt Pollie. "You are clever children,


and Bob's way of drawing a circle reminds me of a compass
we used to make a long time ago at school."
Don't you think you could show us how to make one
like that now ?" asked Bob. The string arrangement is
not very satisfactory; the string so often slips along the
pencil before the circle is quite finished."
How was your compass made ?" asked Bessie.
With a strip of cardboard and a pencil," said Aunt
Pollie. "One end of the cardboard must be held firmly
with a pin, a, on the paper or card on which the circle is to
be drawn. In the other end
several holes, each just large
enough to hold the point of a
pencil, must be made; then,
if the point, b, is placed in one -.
of the holes and moved round
the pin, a circle will be Fig. 16.
drawn" (Fig. 16).
"I should think a little pocket-book pencil would
answer the purpose," said Bob, pulling the pencil out of his
new pocket-book.
Certainly. The holes need not be big, as the point is
small," said Aunt Pollie.
Your compass is better than the string, because you
can make circles of different sizes with it," said Bessie.
"And for our wind-wheel we want a large circle with a
smaller one inside it," said Aunt Pollie.
"There," said Bob, "I have made an 'Aunt Pollie'
That is a very good one, too, said Aunt Pollie. We
will use it to make a wind-wheel. Let us call the end of
the cardboard at the centre a, and the end in which the


pencil is now placed b, and the hole nearest the centre c"
(Fig. 16).
Then the outside circle will be made by placing the
pencil in b," said Bob.
And the inside one by placing the pencil in the hole
c," said Aunt Pollie.
Shall we cut out both circles ? asked Bessie.
No, not both," said Aunt Pollie; "cut carefully round

'ig. 17. Fig. 18.

the outside one. The inner one has to be divided into
twelve triangular parts."
Into twelve parts ?" said Bob. Then I should think
we had better begin by dividing it into four."
You will do that," said Aunt Pollie, "if you draw two
lines, which I will call dd and ee" (Fig. 17), "across the
smaller circle."
Then, if we draw eight more lines, dividing each of the
spaces from d to e into three," said Bob, "we shall have
made twelve spaces (Fig. 17).
When you have drawn the triangular pieces," said Aunt
Pollie, you must cut them out. I think, perhaps, you will
find that it will be easier to make sixteen triangular pieces
than twelve; but either number will answer the purpose."


How are they to be cut out ?" asked Bob.
Cut along each of the lines you have drawn, from the
centre to the edge of the smaller circle," said Aunt Pollie;
"and then bend the triangular points, first one way and
then the other" (Fig. 18), and the wind-wheel is finished."
It doesn't look much like a wheel," said Bertie. Of
what use are the points, Aunt Pollie ?"
I expect they catch the wind," said Bessie.
And help to push the wheel along," said Bob.
"That is right," said Aunt Pollie. "You must try the
wheel on a fine windy day, Bertie. I think you will find
that it will whirl along so quickly that you will not be
able to catch it when once you have started it."
May we make the wind-ball, Aunt Pollie ?" asked
For that you will need stiff paper and compasses," said
Aunt Pollie.
"And large circles and small circles ?" said Bob.
"No," said Aunt Pollie, "three circles all the same
"Three large circles," said Bob. Shall we cut them
out ? "
Yes, cut them out carefully," said Aunt Pollie. To
make the ball, we shall have to fit the circles one into the
other, and to do that we must cut each of them in a
slightly different way."
"How is the first to be cut ?" asked Bob.
"It must be cut four times," said Aunt Pollie, "from
the outside edge towards the centre (Fig. 19).
"And what happens to the second circle?" asked
"It is cut twice from the outside edge towards the


centre," said Aunt Pollie, "and also across the centre"
(Fig. 20).
"Is number three cut in any way ?" said Bertie.
"Yes ; it is cut twice across the centre to form a Cross,"
said Aunt Pollie (Fig. 21).
"The third is the most difficult," said Bertie.
"Are the circles to be cut half-way towards the centre
from the outside edge ? asked Bessie.
"Rather more than half-way," said Aunt Pollie. "If

Fig. 19. Fig. 20.

you do not cut far enough, you will find it very difficult to
fit one circle into the other."
"And that is what happens next, I suppose," said Bessie.
Now fit the first circle into the second," said Aunt
Pollie. To do that, you must bend the two parts of the
upper half forward, so that these two points, which I will
call f" (Fig. 19), "nearly touch one another. Pass them
both through the middle cut of the second circle" (g,
Fig. 20), "and then unbend them again (Fig. 22).
"So we have fitted Number One into Number Two," said
"Bend the parts of the upper half towards one another
again," said Aunt Pollie, and pass them through the Cross
in the third circle" (Fig. 21).


"Spread them out again," said Bob.
"The only drawback being that they won't spread
out," said Bessie.
"They will if you work carefully, and fit one slit into
the other," said Aunt Pollie; then when the four pieces
are spread out above and below, the wind-ball is finished"
(Fig. 23).
"I expect that will sail through the air very quickly,"
said Bob.
Yes, it looks as if a very small puff of wind would
blow it a very long way," said Bessie.

Fig. 21. Fig. 22. Fig. 28.

"You must take the wind-balls out of doors when it
stops raining," said Aunt Pollie.
What are we to make next, Aunt Pollie?" said Bob, who
felt that any conversation about fine weather was only waste
of time when heavy rain was beating against the windows,
and there was not even a little bit of blue sky to be seen.
"What would you like ?" asked rash Aunt Pollie.
"I should like something for my doll," said Baby.
Aunt Pollie looked rather puzzled.
"Something for your doll," she repeated.
"Baby would like anything you like, Aunt Pollie," said
Bessie, frowning at Baby.


Would a small sledge for the doll to ride in suit Your
Highness ?" said Aunt Pollie.
The three older children seemed very much astonished
when Aunt Pollie offered to make a sledge; but Baby
was quite undisturbed.
I should like that very much," she said, calmly.
"It is quite easy to make," said Aunt Pollie, smiling,
"and we can use the cover of a note-book, a card, or a piece
of thin cardboard for it."
"Then let us use this note-book cover," said Bob.
That will answer the purpose," said Aunt Pollie, as it
is longer than it is broad.
Double it in half length- .

Fig. 24. Fig. 25.
ways, and draw the shape of the sledge on it in pencil"
(Fig. 24).
It is not very difficult to draw," said Bessie; "even I
can manage that."
Cut off the front piece," said Aunt Pollie, and by the
front piece I mean this part, which I will call a" (Fig. 24),
" and undouble the card."
"That makes a very queer-shaped figure," said Bertie
(Fig. 25).
"Is there any more cutting to be done ?" asked Bob.
"A little more," said Aunt Pollie. Begin at the
straight end, and cut along the inner line, being careful not
to cut through the legs, but to cut up each side of them, so
as to leave them free."


"Is the outer edge to form the runners of the sledge ?"
asked Bob.
"Yes," said Aunt Pollie. "When you have cut care-
fully along the upper edge of the 'runner,' and have cut
out the legs, they must be bent down, and the four sides
must be bent up. These dotted lines (Fig. 25) show very
distinctly where the folds are to be made."
Are not the sides very short ?" said Bessie.
"They are too short; but then the front and back are
so broad that a piece can be folded up at each end, which
will fill the gap made by the short length of the sides."
"Won't you give names
to the pieces of the front and Q'I
back that are folded inside ?""
asked Bessie.
"Let us call them a, b, c, Fig. 26.
and d," said Aunt Pollie.
"Then, to finish the sledge, you have only to fasten a, b, c,
and d to the sides of the sledge" (Fig. 26).
How shall we fasten them? asked Bob.
I think the simplest way is to sew them lightly with
needle and thread.'
Well, that is a dear little sledge," said Baby. I am
sure any doll would like a ride in that."
The other children laughed.
It only wants one thing to make it quite complete,"
said Bob.
Why, of course," said Aunt Pollie. "I have forgotten
the little ledge behind. That must be cut out separately,
and inserted through a slit at the back. Then the sledge
is finished "'(Fig. 26).
Baby fas very pleased with the sledge.


"I don't want any more toys to-day," she said. "I want
to play with the sledge and the doll."
Are there any more toys to be made by cutting out
paper ? asked Bob.
I should think Aunt Pollie must have come to the
end of her list," said Bertie.
"I can only think of one more," said Aunt Pollie. "We
will finish our work for the
,/-,N '", +/ day with the paper shut-up
," box."
S" Why, Aunt Pollie," said
+Bessie, "that is the very
thing I should like best. I
S ,' want a box that can be shut
Sup very badly."
The first thing to be
"+"' ."" ,", done," said Aunt Pollie, is
to make a piece of note-paper
We can all do that," said Bertie.
"I should think so, indeed," said Bob. "Isn't that a
perfect square ?" and he held up his sheet of paper.
Very well and quickly done," said Aunt Pollie.
"Before you can begin to fold up the box, you must
divide your square into a number of small squares by
folding it in different ways, marking the folds, and un-
folding it again. First of all, you must find the centre."
"We can all do that," said Bertie again.
"Then let us call the centre a," said Aunt Pollie, and
these two corners b and e" (Fig. 27).
Shall we fold all the corners to the centre, and unfold
them again ? asked Bob.


"Yes, and that will give you four new lines," said
Aunt Pollie. "Let us call the line between e and a, the
centre, c. By folding e on c, you will get a line we will call
f, and by folding b on c, you will get a line we will call d.
If you repeat these folds in each corner, you will divide
your big square into a number of little ones (Fig. 27).
Do we really want all these lines before the box can be
made?" asked Bob.
"It is very good
practice in folding
and unfolding," said
"Can you tell
mehowmanytimes d
you have folded
and unfolded the
paper to make the "
lines which are
marked on the
paper ?" said Aunt
Pollie. Fig. 28.
times," said Bertie, promptly. "I counted them as we did
And, wonderful to relate, there are fourteen lines," said.
You will find the lines very useful when you begin to
fold," said Aunt Pollie.
May we begin now ? asked Bob.
"You must cut out all the small corners which I have
marked with a cross," said Aunt Pollic (Fig. 27).
"That makes a pretty figure," said Bessie.


We will give the parts of it names," said Aunt Pollie.
"It has a square in the middle, and a four-cornered piece,
shaped like a haystack, projecting from each side. We will
call the four corners of the square a" (Fig. 28).
And the pieces like haystacks b, c, d, and e," said Bob.
"That will do very well," said Aunt Pollie. We want
to be able to fold down each of the little squares called
a, so we will cut down this side," and she pointed to the
paper (Fig. 28).
When they are folded down," said Bob, the figure is
shaped like a Cross."
Is there any more cutting to
be done ?" asked Bessie.
I j! M" Just a little," said Aunt Pollie.
!^.^ To make the box, we shall have
Fig. 29. to fasten the opposite ends of the
Cross one into the other."
"Stick them together with gum, I suppose," said Bessie.
"No, that is not the way," said Aunt Pollie, smiling.
"All you have to do is to make a small slit in the ends we
called c and e, and to cut b and d half-way across, so that
they can be doubled back and passed through the slits"
(Fig. 28).
"I begin to understand why we made all the little
squares," said Bessie.
"Put the folded ends of b through the slit at c, and
open them out so that they will lie flat. Then pass the
folded ends of d through the slit at e, open them out, and
the box is finished" (Fig. 29).
And a very pretty little box it is too," said Bessie.
"A dear little box," said Baby.
"Is that the last toy ?" asked Bertie.


The very last for to-day," said Aunt Pollie," unless "
and she hesitated.
"Go on, go on," said Bessie and Bertie.
We are not a little bit tired," said Bob, and dinner is
not quite ready."
Unless," said Aunt Pollie, smiling, Baby would like
to make a brown-paper house to put in front of her chairs
and tables and dolls."
"Of course I should," said Baby.
"It is very easily made out of a stuff sheet of brown
paper," said Aunt Pollie. The
paper must be folded in
four, the folds being well *
pressed down and unfolded
again. Then the middle half f
of the paper becomes the
front of the house, and the
quarters at each end the two i.
sides of it."
"I should like four windows in my house," said Baby.
You shall have them," said Aunt Pollie; but we will
make our door first by cutting the paper in the front of
the house near the bottom."
"Shall we cut a piece of paper right out ?" said
If you do that," said Aunt Pollie, "you will not be
able to shut the door. You must only cut the door on
three sides."
How do you make the handle ?" asked Baby.
You make it with pen and ink or pencil," said Aunt
Pollie. Now cut your windows, but make them with
double shutters, so that they can be closed at night. You


can put four in the front of the house, or two in front and
one on each side (Fig. 30).
"It is such fun, being able to put the windows just
where you feel inclined," said Bessie.
Aunt Pollie laughed. I am glad you like the house,"
she said. I thought it would suit Baby, as it is so very
simple, and easy to make."
"Perhaps we could draw the chimney-pots," said Bob,
"or make a sloping roof."
I am sure you can improve it a great deal if you care
totry," said Aunt Pollie; "but you must all think about it,
and see another time who can make the very best brown-
paper house. I am sure you have done enough work for
Perhaps we have," said Bob, though I don't feel a bit
Nor do I," said Bessie and Baby.
And Bertie was going to join in the chorus too, but
somehow or other he gave a big yawn instead.

- 8o



BABY looked and felt very miserable. The sun was shining
brightly, and Bob, Bessie, and Bertie were out in the garden
playing and shouting, but poor Baby was a prisoner in-
doors. She sat in a high chair in front of the window,
watching the three B's out of doors; but though they were
very kind and kept looking up at her, she soon began to
think it was very dull work.
Oh, dear I do wish I could go out," she said at last,
with a very deep sigh; but the sigh was stopped by a loud
sneeze, and the sneeze was followed by a still louder one.
It was not the first time either that Baby had sneezed
that morning. There was no doubt about it: Baby had a
very bad cold.
The clock on the mantelpiece struck ten. Baby counted
the strokes as the clear notes chimed out.
"Ten, eleven, twelve, one," she said. Ever so long
before dinner."
Aunt Pollie came bustling into the room.
"Well, Baby," she said, "are you watching them
playing ?"
"Yes," said Baby, dismally, without even turning her
They seem to be having a fine game," said Aunt Pollie.


Yes," said Baby again. Then, as she heard the rustle
of paper, she turned round. Aunt Pollie was unfolding
some sheets of red and blue paper.
"Are you going to make anything ? said Baby, quite
energetically. May I watch you ? "
"If you like," said Aunt Pollie; and Baby tumbled
quickly off her chair and sat down by Aunt Pollie at the
"I am going to make a mat," said Aunt Pollie.
I wish I could
I I 'make one,"said Baby.
I i '" You can if you
i like," said Aunt Pol-
I \ lie, it is quiet easy."
ii, Of course I
i"I "'"! ', .' i, should like," said
Fig 1 Baby.
Then watch me,
while I get the paper ready for you," said Aunt Pollie.
She cut off a piece of blue paper eight inches square,
doubled it in half, and carefully marked the half inches
with pencil dots along the doubled edge, and also at a dis-
tance of half an inch from the bottom edge. Then she
began cutting strips each half an inch wide (Fig. 1).
"That is to make a fringe," said Baby.
"Wait a moment, young lady," said Aunt Pollie, as,
having finished cutting the strips, she unfolded her paper
and laid it on the table (Fig. 2). Wait a moment before
you decide."
"That isn't a fringe," said Baby.
"Certainly not," said Aunt Pollie. Now for my red


A square of red paper the same size as the blue one
was cut off by Aunt Pollie, the half inches were marked on
it after it had been doubled, and it was cut up into sixteen
strips (Fig. 3).
"Now, Baby," said Aunt Pollie, cheerfully, "we are

.1 I -I

Fig. 2.

Fig. 3. Fig. 4.
ready for work. I want you to weave these loose red strips
above and below the blue strips, which, as you see, are not
quite free, but are fastened in a kind of frame."
"With my fingers ?" asked Baby, taking one of the
strips between the thumb and first finger of the right hand.
"You might perhaps manage it with your fingers,"
said Aunt Pollie; but I think you will do it more easily if
you use this wooden needle."


Aunt Pollie presented Baby with a thin piece of wood
between seven and eight inches long, slightly pointed at
one end, and provided with a slit at the other, which she
had made ready herself (Fig. 4).
"The strip of paper is to be the 'cotton' for this queer
needle," said Aunt Pollie; and she placed the end of one
of the red strips through the slit.
Baby took the needle in her right hand, and Aunt
Pollie guided both hand and needle.
The needle was passed under the outside blue strip,
over the second, under the third, over the fourth; first
under a strip, and then over a strip, until the other side
of the blue paper was reached. Then the needle was
unthreaded carefully, and the strip was left in its place,
woven in among the blue strips.
You must be careful not to unthread the needle," said
Aunt Pollie, "and you must pull the red strip very gently
under and over the blue strips, or you may tear them."
I want to do another," said Baby.
"You shall do another," said Aunt Pollie, but before
you can do so, you must get some more cotton;" and she
placed a second red strip in the needle.
In order to make a pretty pattern, the second strip was
passed under the first two blue strips, and then over the
third, under the fourth, and so on, first above and then
below. Baby managed to get the second strip in its place
without unthreading the needle once, and she was quite
pleased with herself.
More cotton, please," she said; and when Aunt
Pollie gave her a red strip, she threaded the needle
The third strip," said Aunt Pollie, is woven in the


same way as the first. Can you tell me how to begin,
Baby ?"
"Under the first, over the second," said Baby, promptly.
Quite right," said Aunt Pollie. "You may put that
one in quite by yourself; and if I tell you that the fourth
is just like the second, you will be able to manage that
too (Fig. 5).
Babj nodded her head vigorously; she was too much
interested in
her work to ': .'. '.
waste her time .i- .
in talking. ',,i'' :
Push your ,'
strips up close I .' '
together," said ,,, '' ,

" do not leti 1, 1 '
there be any '' I i'
spaces between Fig..
the strips. Use
the pointed end of your needle to put each strip close up
to the one above it."
More cotton," said Baby, when the fourth strip was in
its place; and she kept on asking for more, until all the
red strips were finished, and there was no room for any
"It is pretty," she said.
"Now, in order to keep each strip in its place, I will
gum down the two ends, and fasten them on to the back
of the frame," said Aunt Pollie.
Baby fetched the gum, and Aunt Pollie put a little on
to the two ends of each red strip, and pressed them down.


Then she cut another piece of red paper, eight inches
square, and gummed it on to the back of the mat to make
it quite neat and firm.
Baby was greatly pleased with the mat when it was
finished, and begged Aunt Pollie to let her make another.
The second time, Aunt Pollie gave her white strips of
paper to weave into her blue frame; and when that was
finished, she made a red and white mat.
She seemed as if she would be quite willing to make
mat after mat. She soon became so skilful that Aunt
Pollie cut thirty-two strips in the frame instead of sixteen,
and made the loose strips only a quarter of an inch wide.
The narrower strips made the mat look very much prettier,
though it took longer to make.
The time passed so quickly, that Baby was most
astonished when Nurse came to tell her that it was
" nearly dinner-time." She could scarcely believe that
the morning, which she had expected to be so long, was
really over.
You shall put a mat under each or the children's
plates at dinner," said Aunt Pollie.
What will they say ?" said Baby.
We will see," said Aunt Pollie.
Baby, I am sorry you had to stay in," said Bob, hurrying
into the room as the dinner-bell rang.
I'm not," said Baby, quietly.
Oh, Baby, we've had such a fine time," said Bessie.
Baby smiled; then, as they sat down to the table, she
began to laugh at the look of astonishment on the three
faces as the three children caught sight of the three mats.
"Thank you, Aunt Pollie," said Bessie.
What a pretty mat!" said Bob.


Of course, you made them," said Bertie.
"Don't thank me," said Aunt Pollie, the mats are not
a present from me; I didn't make them."
"Then who did ?" asked Bessie.
There is the maker," said Aunt Pollie, pointing to Baby,
who was smiling, laughing, and looking very pleased.
"Well," said Bob, you are clever."
Will you show me how to do it ?" said Bessie.
"May we all make mats after dinner, Aunt Pollie ?"
said Bertie. We don't want to go out any more."
"No, we will stay with Baby this afternoon," said Bob,
Aunt Pollie agreed, though she could not help smiling;
and as soon as dinner was finished and the table cleared,
she fetched coloured paper, wooden needles, scissors,
measure, and gum, and the whole party set to work.
The three elder ones were very quickly able to make a
simple mat, and Baby greatly enjoyed showing them what
to do and telling them how to do it.
When the three mats were laid on the table, however,
to Baby's astonishment neither Bob nor Bessie said a word.
They seemed to be thinking.
"I suppose," said Bob, after a few seconds, this is not
the only way in which the strips can be woven ?" (Fig. 6,
No. 1).
"Of course not," said Aunt Pollie; "there --"
"Why, we could make ever so many different pat-
terns !" said Bessie, excitedly.
"How ?" said Bob, eagerly.
If, in weaving the first strip, we passed the needle over
two and under two, instead of over one and under one, we
should get a new pattern," said Bessie.



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"Or over three and under three," said Bob. I see what
you mean.
I wish I did," said Bertie. "Aunt Pollie, what are
they talking about ?"
We will make them tell you, Bertie," said Aunt Pollie.
"They are quite right; and if only they will explain them-
selves a little, I think you will see what they mean."
Well, Bertie," said Bessie, don't you see that if, in
weaving the first row, you pass your needle over two blue
strips and under two blue strips, over two and under two,
you will make quite a different pattern from the one you
have there ?"
Then for the second row I suppose the needle is
passed first under two blue strips, and then over two,"
said Bertie (Fig. 6, No. 2).
"There, you do understand," said Bob.
We will count how many patterns you are able to
make," said Aunt Pollie ; "so far we know of two. I will
write down those two on this piece of paper."
The children watched her carefully, to see that she
made no mistake, and they all seemed quite satisfied, with
the exception of Bessie, who was looking rather puzzled.
Well, Bessie ?" said Aunt Pollie, kindly.
"I suppose you don't count the outside blue strip at
all ?" said Bessie. If you do -"
"But we don't," said Aunt Pollie; "we call the outside
blue strip on each side the frame, and pass every red strip
under the frame as a matter of course."
"All right," said Bessie; "then I quite understand."
"I know another pattern," said Bertie. "Pass the
needle over three and under three, over three and under
three (Fig. 6, No. 4).


Quite right, Bertie," said Aunt Pollie; "but there is
another pattern which ought to come before that. Can
anyone think of it ?"
There was a moment's silence, and then Bessie said-
"Couldn't you pass the needle over two and under
one ? (Fig. 6, No. 3).
The very pattern I want," said Aunt Pollie; and she
wrote it down on her paper.
Any more patterns ?" she asked.
As many as you like," said Bob. We could keep on
for ever."
Then I will only write down a few more," said Aunt
Pollie. Tell me what to put."
Over three and under one," said Bob (Fig. 6, No. 5).
Over three and under two," said Bessie (Fig. 6, No. 6).
Over four and under four," said Bertie (Fig. 6, No. 7).
"Over four and under one," said Bob (Fig. 6, No. 8).
There, that is enough," said Aunt Pollie. "I have
now written down eight patterns, which we will number
like this. Look at my list:-
"(1) One over, one under, one over, one under.
"(2) Two over, two under, two over, two under.
"(3) Two over, one under, two over, one under.
(4) Three over, three under, three over, three under.
"(5) Three over, one under, three over, one under.
(6) Three over, two under, three over, two under.
"(7) Four over, four under, four over, four under.
(8) Four over, one under, four over, one under."
I suppose we could make a pattern with five over and
five under?" said Bob.
"You could," said Aunt Pollie, "but it would not be
very pretty. It would not look neat and firm."


"I think I know how we could make a new pattern,"
said Bessie.
How ? asked Bob.
"By using both Number One and Number Two on
Aunt Pollie's list," said Bessie.
Tell me how I should write your new pattern down,"
said Aunt Pollie, as the other children did not seem to
understand what Bessie meant.
Two over, two under, one over, one under," said Bessie
(Fig. 7, No. 1).-
"And, of course, in the same way, you could mix
Number One and Number Three," said Bob.
Or Number One and Number Four," said Bertie.
"I will write both of those down," said Aunt Pollie, if
Bob and Bertie will tell me what to put."
One over, one under, two over, one under," said Bob
(Fig. 7, No. 2).
One over, one under, three over, three under," said
Bertie (Fig. 7, No. 3).
In that way," said Aunt Pollie, "by using two patterns
together, you can make very many new patterns-more
than I could write down on this small sheet of paper."
"It is interesting making the patterns," said Bessie.
"Then I will show you how to make some patterns
which are slightly different, and require rather more care,"
said Aunt Pollie. Get your paper ready, and you shall
each make a mat of a new pattern."
The children cut their strips and prepared the frames,
and did not keep Aunt Pollie waiting very long.
We will begin," said Aunt Pollie, with Number Two
on our list.
Two over and two under," said Bob.

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