Title: Portable all-purpose poultry house
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00084590/00001
 Material Information
Title: Portable all-purpose poultry house
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Sowell, Dan Franklin,
Publisher: Agricultural Extension Service, University of Florida,
Copyright Date: 1941
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00084590
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 221979722

Full Text

January, 1941

(Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914)


Extension Poultryman

An all-purpose portable poultry house 10 feet wide and 12
feet long has proven to be a very economical and satisfactory
unit for use as a brooder house, range house, and laying house.
It was developed by the Pinebreeze Poultry Farm several years
ago, and now is in general use in northeastern Florida. This unit
is popular on the large farms of 2,000 or more birds and is near
ideal for the small farm flock, as the house is used for brooding,
rearing and laying, with equipment cost held to a minimum.
It is built on cypress skids and has a galvanized iron roof.
Fig. 1.-All-purpose houses in use on Magnolia Farm.

Circular 50

Fig. 2.-The all-purpose house being used as a laying house.

Number 2 pine can be used for the floors and rough lumber for
the framing and walls. The even-span roof extends two feet
over the eaves which prevents rain blowing in the sides which
are open to a depth of 28 inches for the full length of the house.
The top half of the door is open and there is also a gable ventilator
1x2 feet on the rear of the house.
When used as a brooder house, insulating board is nailed
along the walls and along the slant of the rafters. Insulating
board 4 feet wide fits nicely, since the sides of the house are
made 4 feet for this purpose. The door and rear ventilator are
covered with muslin. The soft light that penetrates the muslin
is ideal for brooding. It enables the chicks to find feed and
water without encouraging cannibalism. Chicks should be given
access to a limited yard around the door by the time they are
two weeks old. As soon as the chicks learn how to get in and
out of the house they are given free range.
The rearing range should not have been used by poultry
for at least two years and should be at least 100 yards from the
hen yards to prevent contamination. It should be situated so
that water from the hen yard does not come in contact with the
ground on which the young birds run.
When properly insulated and ventilated the house makes a
good brooder unit. The old type 5-inch blue flame brooder

Portable All-Purpose Poultry House

stove with a 52-inch hover has given satisfactory results at the
University Poultry Farm and at the West Central Florida experi-
ment Station at Brooksville. It is not practical to put more than
250 chicks under this type brooder. The house can be used for
as many as 400 chicks but a larger brooder stove is required for
this number. By the old thumb rule of one good pullet from
each 3 straight run baby chicks, 255 day old chicks will produce
85 pullets, which is the laying capacity of the house.

Fig. 3.-Porches for portable range and laying house.

When the chicks are large enough to do without heat the
stove and insulating boards are removed and stored away until
the next brooding season. At this time the roosts are put in
and the house is transformed into an ideal range shelter. The
door being off center gives sufficient room for the roost at one
side. The roosts are built in two sections of four perches each,
5 feet 9 inches long. They are nailed to 1xlO-inch boards on
12-inch centers. The 10-inch boards are on edge, so the roosts
are 10 inches from the floor. Poultry netting is tacked under-
neath the roosts to aid in sanitation. They can be used for
growing stock and for laying hens. The perches being low, it is
easy o teach the chicks to roost at an early age. This prevents
crowding which leads to respiratory diseases.
As the birds come into production nests are placed outside
along the wall opposite the roost. They open to the inside

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

and a run board provides easy entrance for the birds. Feed hop-
pers 4 feet long are used because of ease in handling. One
hopper is placed inside the house and three outside. The out-
side hoppers have a cover to keep out rain. A 5-gallon double-
wall fountain placed on a frame is used for water.

k- 4U

During the fall and winter when lights are used on the
layers a single ordinary kerosene lantern left burning from bed-
time on through the night furnishes all the illumination required.
Muslin stretched over the openings back of the roost on the
outside and building paper on the inside back of the roost will
keep the birds comfortable in cold weather.
A brood of 250 "straight run" chicks can be raised, the pullets
grown to maturity and housed in this all-purpose house for two
laying years. After the second laying year the house will be
available for chicks again. In order to start a new brood of
chicks each spring it will be necessary to have three houses. If
the layers are sold at the end of the first laying year only two
houses will be required for each brood.
The first, second and third houses should be built and ready
for chicks by March of each of three successive years. At this
time a complete unit will have been built so that the poultry
project can be carried on indefinitely without interruption.
The building will be spread over a three-year period so that
the cost will not be very large at any one time.
A three-house unit will care for 170 layers and one house
will always be available for growing young stock.

Portable All-Purpose Poultry House

When more than one house is used they are placed 100 feet
apart in rows 200 feet apart. The feed hoppers and water foun-
tain are moved to a different side of the house each week. At
the end of the fourth week when they have circled the house,

Fig. 5.-Double wall fountain on wire platform with cover, used
on range for pullets.

the house is moved 40 feet to a new location. In this way the
soil is kept reasonably free of contamination and it is possible
to maintain a good sod which supplies valuable green feed for
the birds.
One and one-half acres of land are necessary for each house.
This land should be divided into three plots of one-half acre
each to provide a three-year rotation. If 10 houses were in use,
three plots of five acres each would be necessary. Then, in order
to separate the pullets and hens the five-acre plots would have
to be sub-divided. The plots that are in use for poultry should
be planted in permanent pasture or grazing crops. The ones
that are being rested can be used for grazing cattle or for growing
field crops.
When a large number of houses are in use feed and water
are hauled by a pony and cart. The cart can be built from an
old automobile chassis. In this way one man can care for 20 to
30 houses.

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

The cost of this house will range from $35 to $50, depending
upon cost of materials. It is easily constructed and can be built
by any one who can use a hammer and saw with a slight degree
of skill.
This unit was born of necessity to control diseases. Its
low cost and diversity of uses has put it on many of Florida's
most prosperous farms.

Fig. 6.-This small cart, pulled by a pony, is useful for hauling feed
and water on the poultry farm.

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Fig. 7.-Detailed plans for the all-purpose or
"three-way" poultry house.


Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


Runners ---- ----......

End Rails---- ---
Plates--- - -
Rafters .. --------........-
Sheathing ---- --
Nest----... ............-...- ....-

Roost -----

Batting --------------
Floor--- -- -.
Roof ----..------ .

Insulation---- --------

- 2 pieces 2"x8"xl4'-Cypress
2 pieces 2"x6"x14'-Cypress
---- 7 pieces 2"x4"x10'-Cypress
---- 2 pieces 2"x4"x10'-Pine
----. 1 piece 2"x4"x10'-Cypress
----. 2 pieces 2"x4"x12'-Pine
------ 8 pieces 2"x4"x 8'-Pine
----- 10 pieces l"x6"xl4'-Pine
.---- 1 piece l"x8"xl2'-Cypress
2 pieces 1"xlO"xl2'-Cypress
2 pieces l"x12"xl2'-Cypress
1 piece l"x"xxl2'-Cypress
--- 8 pieces 2"x2"x6'-Pine
4 pieces l"xl0"x5'-Pine
2 pieces l"x4"x6'-Pine
60 sq. ft. 1Y2" 16 gauge poultry netting
.------.. 200 board feet-Cypress
.--------- 60 board feet (1"x3") Cypress
- ------- 160 board feet-Pine
----------- 14 pieces corrugated iron 8'
2 pieces ridge roll 8'
- 8 pieces insulating board 4'x8'
------------ 75 sq. ft. poultry netting
1 pair hinges
1 door latch
1 lock
Wire staples
20 d. nails
10 d. nails
8 d. nails

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