Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Part I: Helps for the club...
 Part II: Steps for the club...
 Back Cover

Title: Handbook for local 4-H club leaders
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00084512/00001
 Material Information
Title: Handbook for local 4-H club leaders
Alternate Title: Circular 81 ; University of Florida Agricultural Extension Service
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Blacklock, R. W.
Bassett, W. W. Jr.
Publisher: University of Florida, Agricultural Extension Service
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: October, 1946
Copyright Date: 1946
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00084512
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 214328450

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Table of Contents
        Page 2
    Part I: Helps for the club leader
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Part II: Steps for the club leader
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Unnumbered ( 28 )
        Unnumbered ( 29 )
        Unnumbered ( 30 )
        Unnumbered ( 31 )
        Unnumbered ( 32 )
        Unnumbered ( 33 )
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
    Back Cover
        Page 44
Full Text

October, 1946

A. P. SPENCER, Director

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

Boys' Club Agent


Formerly Assistant Boys' Club Agent

Fig. 1.-The Extension Citrus Specialist (right) and Local Leader show
4-H boys how to extract sour orange seed for planting a citrus nursery.

Circular 81


PART.I.- HELPS FOR THE CLUB LEADER.................... ................................. 3
W hat Is 4-H Club W ork?............. .. ................................ 3
The Symbols of 4-H Club W ork............. ................................... 4
W hat Is a Club Leader?.-..-...-- ................................. --- 7
Responsibilities of a Leader.................... ..................... .... ... 8
What Is Expected of a Club Leader?.....--......-....- .....-- ....... -. 9
Suggestions for Club Leaders.................. .. ......... ...-... .......... 10
Troubles a Club Leader Might Have-.....-........... - ............... .. 13
Things a Club Leader Must Watch................................. ---- 15
Rewards for the Club Leader... ..............- ...- ............... 16

PART II.-STEPS FOR THE CLUB LEADER----......--....--...........----.....-- 17
Secure Parent and Community Support..............-....--.-.--........- 17
Plan of Organization ---............. ..... ..... -- .......... ...... ... 20
Organizing the 4-H Club..................... .. .. ................ .................. 20
Planning the Club Program-...... .......... --.... ..... .............. 22
The Club Meeting- ...................-- ..-----...... ..........---- 23
Helps in Conducting Club Meetings.................... ............--- 25
Job of the Club Leader at the Club Meeting............--....... .............. 26
The Club Charter---..-.... .........----- ............ ....--.. 26
The Project Leader.....-- ----....-- .... ....................... 27
The 4-H Club Project........................... .. ......... --- 29
Project Record Books ......---- .... ............... ............ ....... 30
The Community Project ... -.... --- .... ............ ................... 31
Special 4-H Club Activities........ ...............-.. ...................... 32
Local 4-H Club Achievement Day Programs----..............................---33
4-H Club Sunday---..---........----- -------------......... 35
4-H Club Literature--..... ......-...... ... .......... ..-- ......... ..... 37
Recreation for 4-H Clubs................... .. ..... ............. ... 38
The 4-H Club Picnic...--..........--. -- --....................-.... 40
4-H Club Music ......- ---............ .................. ....... 41
Opening Ritual for Club Meeting.................. .. .. ........................ 41
Closing Ritual for Club Meetings-.....---..... .......--...-.........--.... 42
4-H Club Initiation Ceremony...............-......-- .............------- 42

(Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914)
Agricultural Extension Service, University of Florida, Florida State College for Women and
United States Department of Agriculture, cooperating. A. P. Spencer, Director.

"Probably no activity is of more importance to the
future standing, prosperity and social position of agri-
culture than the boys' and girls' 4-H clubs. Their ac-
tivities warrant the belief that they will greatly aid in the
solution of many of the problems of rural life."-CALVIN

The 4-H club organization is the largest group of rural young
people in the world. It has a membership of more than 1,700,000
boys and girls who have taken for their aim the promotion of
better farm practices and better homes and the development of
leadership and citizenship among rural people.
This circular is issued with the hope of inspiring and guiding
club leaders who have volunteered their services and assumed
responsibility for maintaining club organizations and carrying
out club programs. It presents leadership ideals and methods
growing out of the experiences of others in club work and some
things observed in other fields.


Four-H club work is a part of the national Agricultural Ex-
tension Service system. Through it rural boys and girls, in
school and out, are taught better farm and home practices and
the finer and more significant things in life. The Club Leader
should keep 2 things in mind:
First, the teaching of better farm and home practices.
Second, the development of leadership. The real object of
4-H club work is the development of the club members.
Club work is available for every rural boy and girl between
the ages of 10 and 20 years. Any local person or organization
may secure help from the Extension Service in starting such
work in the community.
4-H Club members are demonstrators. They learn and teach
better ways on the farm, in the home and in the community.
4-H Club members work, earn money and acquire property.
4-H Club members do the needful, the wholesome, the helpful
thing. They become leaders,
4-H Club members play the game fairly. They win without
boasting and lose without growling.

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4-H Club members meet together, work together, play to-
gether, cooperate, achieve.
4-H Club members build up their health through right
living; they train their hands to be useful, their minds to think
clearly; their hearts are kind.
4-H Club members have high ideals and standards. They
serve. 4-H Club members are doers.

The following symbols by which 4-H club work has become
known and recognized in all states exemplify the "spirit" or
idealism of 4-H
work. Every club
member and lead-
er should be thor-
oughly familiar

The 4-H's in club
work stand for
represent the
Sfour-fold training
and development
which club mem-
". i- bers undergo.
Their interpreta-
tion is clearly
given in the fol-
_,_ lowing Creed:
T h e Creed.-
Fig. 2.-Four-H club members look to the future The Creed.-
with confidence. "I believe in boys'
and girls' 4-H
club work for the opportunity it gives me to become a useful
I believe in the training of my HEAD for the power it will
give me to THINK, PLAN and REASON.
I believe in the training of my HEART for the nobleness it
will give me to be kind, sympathetic and true.

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

I believe in the training of my HANDS for the ability it will
give me to be HELPFUL, SKILLFUL and USEFUL.
I believe in the training of my HEALTH for the strength it
I believe in the United States of America, and in my respon-
sibility for their development.
I am, therefore, willing to devote my efforts for the fulfillment
of these things which I believe."
The Emblem.-The National 4-H emblem is a 4-leaf clover
with the letter "H"' on each leaf. The H's stand for Head,
Heart, Hands and Health. The 4-leaf clover signifies "good
luck" and "achievement." The emblem is protected by a copy-
right held by the United States Department of Agriculture.
The Pledge.-Every club member and leader should know and
be able to repeat at any time the following national 4-H club
"I pledge
my head to clearer thinking,
my heart to greater loyalty,
my hands to larger service, and
my health to better living,
for my club, my community and my country."
In giving the pledge, raise right hand to side of head when
speaking first line; lower right hand over left breast when
speaking second line; extend hands, palms upward, when
speaking third line; and stand at attention when speaking fourth
(The above pledge was officially adopted by the State Club
Leaders in conference assembled at Washington, D. C., June
17, 1927.)
The National 4-H Club Motto.-The 4-H motto, "To Make the
Best Better," should be the aim of every club member and
Colors (Green and White).-The white background of the 4-H
flag symbolizes purity; the green 4-H emblem is nature's most
common color in the great out-of-doors, and is emblematic of
springtime, life and youth.
Flag Salute.-"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United
States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands; one
Nation indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."

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Florida 4-H Club Slogan.-The Florida 4-H slogan is "Learn
by Doing."
Country Boys' Creed.-"I believe the country, which God has
made, is more beautiful than the city, which man made; that
life out-of-doors and in touch with the earth is the natural life
of man. I believe that work is work wherever I find it, but
that work with nature is more inspiring than work with the
most intricate machinery. I believe that the dignity of labor
depends, not on what you do, but on how you do it; that my
success depends, not on my location, but on myself; not upon
my dreams, but upon what I actually do; not upon my luck,
but upon my pluck. I believe in working when you work, play-
ing when you play, and in giving and demanding a square deal
in every act of life."
4-H Club Uniform.-The official 4-H club uniform for boys
includes white duck trousers and white broadcloth shirt, black
four-in-hand tie, and black shoes; the green and white 4-H
chevron to be worn on the left side of the shirt.
The official 4-H club uniform for girls is a green broadcloth
dress, with white accessories-shoes, hat, purse and belt. The
style of the dress, varies from year to year to keep abreast with
changing fashions.
The 4-H Achievement Pin.-The national 4-H achievement
pin is used as an award of recognition to members who finish
the year's work.
Suggested Prayer for 4-H Leaders.-
Lord, let me learn the job of simple deeds,
The kind that fit into a comrade's needs;
A handclasp that will lend encouragement,
A smile-upon a cheering mission sent.
Let me not be too busy, nor too blind,
To see when others need me to be kind.
-Ramona Ross Keller.
Suggested 4-H Blessing.-
We thank Thee, Lord, for blessings great,
On this our own fair land;
Teach us to serve Thee joyfully
With Head, Heart, Health and Hand. Amen.
(This blessing is often sung to the tune of Auld Lang Syne.)

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

A leader is one who thinks and plans ahead, then stands out
in front and says, "Let us go this way." A leader is one who
has the ability to influence others so that they will think as he
wants them to think, do what he wants them to do, but still feel
they are acting on their own thinking and planning.

Fig. 3.-The Local Leader thinks, plans, works and plays with his boys.

Leadership can be wholesome or evil. Four-H club work
must have leaders who are striving to build their communities
by developing the boys and girls into honest, industrious,
efficient citizens. They must have caught the vision of the
development of the Head, Heart, Hand and Health. They do not
always need to "boost". Sometimes the real leader puts on the
brakes when action or thought has turned in the wrong direction.
Four-H club leadership depends more upon the mental atti-
tude than it does upon education or physical size. It is not
necessary that a successful Leader of a 4-H boys' club be a
specialist in agriculture. All he needs to be is a "boys' man."
Any intelligent man or woman can keep ahead of his club in
the technical knowledge required. This will be supplied through
bulletins and by the County Agent. The Leader's work is more
social than educational. Following are some of the qualities
of a Club Leader.
1. Moral character-a person whom the boys will respect.

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2. Belief in 4-H club work-firm faith in its ideals and its
value to a boy.
3. Enthusiasm-ability to communicate his own faith to
4. Vision-ability to look into the future and plan.
5. Fairness-ability to judge impartially and to see things as
they really are-not stubbornness.
6. Patience-ability to continue when all looks wrong.
7. Sacrifice-willingness to give of himself and his time under
trying circumstances.
8. Initiative-ability to think ahead of his club members.
9. Youthful viewpoint-ability to put himself in the boy's
place and see things as he sees them.

The average boy wants to have a hero. He likes to think that
his teacher, his County Agent, his Club Leader is the best. As
long as he feels that way he will follow with a song in his heart.
191. Ad4lk

Fig. 4.-Leadership of boys is both an opportunity and a responsibility.
Let a boy learn that his ideal is not what he had thought, his
interest will lag and he is soon out of club work. The Leader
has a responsibility of being an example to young and respon-
sive minds.

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

Four-H club work in a community is judged in a large meas-
ure by the standing of the Leader. If he does not believe in his
work and in his boys, he cannot expect the community to back
club work.

The success of club work in general, or of any organized 4-H
club group, depends more than any other one thing upon leader-
ship-the genius and personality of the Leader and his ability
to make appropriate suggestions and to cooperate with other
people. The Leader's duties and opportunities are limited only
by his willingness and ability. A real Leader can make his club
the biggest factor in community progress or he can be content
with simply attending club meetings and encouraging the mem-
bers in carrying out their projects. Both are of value to club
work but the first is worth more to the boys and to the com-

Fig. 5.-Both girls and boys like to explore the unknown-learn new facts-
with their local Leader, their County Agent, and specialists.

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munity. The following are some of the things a Club Leader
might accept as his duties:
1. Organize or help organize the club.
2. Direct the activities of the club.
3. See that each member understands the value and method
of keeping his record book.
4. See that the secretary keeps club reports up-to-date.
5. See that club members understand and meet project re-
quirements and club goals.
6. Give club members advice and instruction in carrying
7. Show interest in what each club member is doing and
constructively criticize favorably or unfavorably as the work
8. See that secretary's reports and Leader's summaries are
sent in as directed.
9. Work with the County Extension Agent in developing and
carrying out a program of work for the club. (Upon this pro-
gram will depend, to a large extent, whether or not the members
and parents get the right ideas and ideals regarding club work.)
10. Assist in distributing club literature.
11. Attend all meetings of the club or secure a substitute
when attendance is impossible.
12. Supervise the carrying out of meetings in the prescribed
way. (Keep club members informed of their part in the pro-
13. Attend Leaders' conferences and training schools.
14. See that club members carry out prescribed work at home.
(This may require a few visits to members' homes but should
not often be necessary. This is where the parents' responsibility
comes in.)
15. See that the record books of club members are kept up-
16. Make sure that the news reporter reports club meetings
and special activities to the newspapers to interest and inform
the community.
17. Act as general adviser to the club group at all times.
18. Explain club work to parents to avoid possible misunder-
19. Interest individual boys in becoming club members.
20. Assist members to prepare talks or demonstrations for

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

21. Encourage and assist lagging members.
22. Give assistance with special programs, such as socials,
parties, rally and achievement days, exhibits, fairs, etc.
23. Secure leaders for the project groups.
24. Collect all record books from Project Leaders-when
projects are completed-and turn them over to the County Agent.
25. Keep up interest in all the club activities.
26. See that an exhibit is made by every club member on
achievement day.
27. Train or arrange for the training of demonstration and
judging teams.
Local Leaders should feel free to call on the County Agent
when they need any advice or assistance.

The first thing that a Club Leader might do to increase his
efficiency is to make a study of 4-H club work. A Leader may
use the following suggestions in becoming more familiar with
the club program.

Fig. 6.-The Local Leader can call on specialists for help in explaining many
fine points about various farming activities.
aIKM~j~C fa.L ^.s^.^^~ .w v ~ |||i|||| -2

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1. Read all bulletins on 4-H club work published by the State
and by the United States Department of Agriculture.
2. Subscribe to and read the "National 4-H Club News."
3. Discuss problems with the County Agent and other Local
Club Leaders.
4. Know club members and parents better.
5. Attend other club meetings in the county.
6. Attend county and State Local Leader training schools.
7. Attend 4-H club camp and State 4-H Club Short Course.
The second thing a leader should do is to study those things
that appeal to boys. Boys are the material with which the
Leader is trying to build a community. He must remember
that 4-H club work is voluntary, he must lead and not push.
The interest of the members must be held by other means than
force. The man who knows what boys like and what appeals
to them has no trouble in keeping a club going. The following
points are among those which have been found to appeal to the
boy in his teens:

Fig. 7.-Every boy wants something of his own.
help him fill this want.

The Local Leader can

The Local Leader can

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

Ownership: Something which is his own. This is the basis
of 4-H club work.
Spirit of Competition: Every boy wants to compete against
someone else. Contests of all kinds appeal to boys.
Spirit of Leadership: Give every boy a part in the work to
be done. No boy wants to sit back and see the other fellows do
all the work. The wise Leader will promote a spirit of leader-
ship among club members by carefully delegating responsibility
to them.
Spirit of Service: A boy likes to feel that what he is doing
amounts to something. He wants to be worth while-help him
to do something of service.
A Job Fitting His Age: The 17-year-old boy does not want
to do the same things as a 10-year-old. Give the older boys
bigger jobs.
Desire for Recognition: All people like praise. The boys
want to be told that they are doing well.
Being with a Crowd: Boys like to "gang together." The local
club answers this need-it is a "doing" club.
Spirit of Play: Recreation is indispensable in handling boys.
"Let's have some fun," is their slogan. This is normal and can-
not be neglected.
The Leader who understands the desires of a normal boy and
tries to direct his club so that these desires are met will succeed.
While the carrying out of a money-making demonstration is
fundamental and must never be neglected, the social and recre-
ational side of a boy's life is the most easily influenced. Give
the boy an opportunity for a good time and he will do his work
with a will. Social meetings, games, hikes, picnics, tours, camps,
etc., are ways to a boy's heart.

Criticism is bound to come. The man doing anything worth
while will be criticized by someone. The local Leader must not
let criticism cause him to quit his job. He should neither take
criticism too seriously nor disregard it completely. The Leader
must judge each case by itself-occasionally he might be wrong.
He should find out the reason for the complaints, and explain
if possible. If he is misunderstood he can make the situation
plain. If he is wrong, he can correct himself. If criticism is
deliberate with the intention of harming 4-H club work, explain
the whole situation to the club members. A boy is hard to fool

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and it is impossible to fool a crowd of boys for long. Some
criticism is beneath notice; forget it.
Another cause of woe to the Local Leader is indifference and
sometimes opposition on the part of the parents. It will take
personal visits to correct this in some cases, while in others it
can be cured by getting the parents to attend a club meeting.
The "Smart Aleck," unless handled in the right way, can break
up a club. Each instance of this kind is a case by itself. No
rule can be laid down for handling such a boy. Sometimes he
can be made ridiculous by being shown that he doesn't know
so much as he thought; sometimes the other boys will see
through him. He must be "tamed" or else dropped from the
Some or all the boys getting discouraged will make the going
hard at times. The Leader must have initiative enough to start
something which will raise the club enthusiasm to the proper
pitch. A "drive" to get all projects in as good shape as possible
to be followed by a fish-fry or picnic has been used to get things
going again after a slump. A discouraged Leader, who admits
Fig. 8.-Interest and cooperation of the parents is essential in 4-H
club work.

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

defeat, means a dead club and a crowd of boys who have lost
more than they have gained from club work.

The Leader should not try to have his way in everything.
He should talk things over with the boys and get them to sug-
gest doing the thing he wants done. A "bossy" Leader is only
half successful.
If he has criticism to make he should try to make it to the
boy privately. No boy wants to be "blessed out" in public.
Sometimes holding a boy up to ridicule is necessary if he is a
smartyy," but usually it has a tendency to kill his enthusiasm.
Be fair. If a Leader has his own children in the club he must
be very particular. Nothing disgusts a boy more quickly than
to think that some other boy is "teacher's pet." The bright,
attractive boys should not have all the agreeable work to do.
One purpose of club work is to develop the awkward boy and
to bring out the diffident one. Work and favors should be
divided among all the boys.
Let the boys do the disciplining. Build up the right spirit and
the boys will take care of the trouble-maker. In case the boys
seem to be on the wrong track, appeal to their sense of fairness
-they have it in large quantities. If a boy does that which is
not right, let the club sit as a court. There are times when the
Leader must take matters into his own hands, but ordinarily
the boys can be trusted to do the right thing.
Don't lose your own enthusiasm. This is fatal.
Watch the community feeling toward club work. Sometimes
the community must be "sold" before club work can be made
effective. You know the leaders in the community. Get them
interested. Invite them to the meetings and be sure you have
good meetings.
Don't make it altogether a one-man club. If there is a man
in the neighborhood who does one thing exceptionally well, ask
him to tell how he does it. Don't ask him to make a speech
but to tell the boys in their meeting how he raises cotton or
feeds a pig. Sometimes a man can be won to a side by giving
him a chance to help in a club meeting. The community is being
built through club work and the Club Leader needs all the help
he can get. On the other hand, some meddlesome person who
is unwelcome to the boys should not be allowed to spoil the
meetings by talking too much.

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Four-H spirit grows stronger with age. It may take 2 to 3
years to build a real community club. The first year will be
discouraging, as enthusiasm will get low and will be at low ebb
until after the first contest has been held. The second year it
should be better and it should increase each year unless some
2 or 3 old members start monopolizing everything.

It is a rare privilege to enter the inner life of a boy or girl,
but this privilege carries with it a great responsibility. More
and more the friends of youth are realizing that it is a tre-
mendously worth while relationship and that the fullest prep-
aration for the opportunity is necessary if the life of the youth



'" !
I .-


Fig. 9.-Helpin

.g to train youth for useful citizenship brings lasting

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

is to be developed to its fullest powers. Youth needs trained
A Club Leader who had been guiding a 4-H club for 7 years
said, "I would not take anything in the world in exchange for
the experience of having been a 4-H Club Leader. It has been
the finest thing in my life." Many Leaders feel that the rewards
far exceed the expenditure in time and effort.
Some of the rewards of club leadership are:
1. Personal pleasure and satisfaction which comes from un-
selfishly serving the community.
2. The gaining of the confidence of the club members who
will ultimately become constructive community leaders.
3. Opportunities to meet people.
4. Obtaining information for personal use.
5. Privilege of assisting in the improvement of farm and
home conditions.
6. Opportunities to attend 4-H events, camps and short course.
Appropriate awards are made to Local Leaders for outstand-
ing work. The national plan for giving medals and certificates
to Leaders includes:
Certificate for 1 year of service, with bronze clover for each
year until 5 years are completed.
Certificate and silver clover for 5 years service.
Certificate and gold clover for 10 years service.
Certificate and pearl clover for 15 years service.
Certificate and diamond clover for 20 years service.
After 25 years service a Local Leader will be an honored guest
of the State 4-H Club Short Course and a special award will be


Strong parent and community support is recognized as being
very essential to a local 4-H club program. A good foundation
for successful club work can be laid by explaining club work
and its objectives to the community. The parents of the pros-
pective members of the club should be informed about club
work and what benefits may be derived by boys and girls through
active participation in the club program. Club members who
have the backing of their parents on a proposed venture have
a better chance of succeeding than those without it. It is only

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the unusual boy who makes any marked progress on any under-
taking without the whole-hearted support of the home folks.
The following statements listing some of the main advantages
of club work will be found helpful in getting parent and com-
munity support, and can be used by the Club Leader and County
Agent in talks, news articles or interviews with club members'
parents and local business men.
1. Four-H clubs provide opportunity for practical educational
development through study and practice in agriculture and re-
lated topics; learning by doing.
2. Club members work with their own property and through
their own organization. The pride of ownership and the pride
which springs from creating and from accomplishing things for
oneself are fundamental incentives.
3. Club work provides for social and recreational develop-
ment. Contact with each other in club meetings, games, con-
tests and social life under competent guidance develops in club
members a high degree of cooperation. Club members learn

Fig. 10.-This Local Leader trains a livestock judging team.

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

to respect their neighbors' rights and privileges. They learn to
win without bragging and to lose without complaining.
4. Club work provides opportunities for discovering and de-
veloping leadership among young people. Club work gives such
training and confidence to its members that many of them, when
grown, will have the capacity and the desire to lead in all move-
ments for the betterment of local situations.
5. The homes and farms of club members often benefit a great
deal from the improved methods put into practice by the boys
and girls.
6. Club work provides opportunities for economic gain and
for the exercise of thrift and business acumen through individual
home-project activities which include the keeping of careful
records of receipts and income.

Fig. 11.-Careful records of receipts and expenses are kept by club members.

7. Club work emphasizes the value of health and the prin-
ciples of healthful living.
8. Club work teaches pride in occupation, thrift, business
methods, the dignity of labor, work habits, and the joy and
satisfaction of a piece of work well done.



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9. Club work sets high standards of efficiency, loyalty and
10. Club work gives vision to its members. In the Book of
Proverbs it is written, "Where there is no vision, the people
perish." Young men and women with a clear-sighted vision
of the problems of the farm and home and a knowledge of their
solution will be an asset in any community.


The 4-H Club
Secretary, Treasurer
Reporter, Club Leader
Project Leaders
Club Members

Club Leaders Club Leaders


Field Crop Projects
Corn, Cotton, To-
bacco, Garden, etc.

Livestock Projects
Pig, Baby Beef,
Dairy Calf, Poultry,


A boys' 4-H club is a group of boys carefully organized, with
a Club Leader, officers, and a well planned program of work.
Each member of a 4-H club undertakes a farm or home project
(enterprise) and keeps a definite record of his work during the

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

year. Regular meetings at which the members and their Leader
discuss the problems of their work and take up the business
of the club are essential to a good 4-H club organization. The
ideal 4-H club is organized to function throughout the year and
continue from one year to another. Steps to be followed in
organizing a local 4-H club:
Secure Definite Membership.-An important step in organiz-
ing the local club is getting the members. Some points which
should be considered when securing enrollment follow:
1. Members must be between the ages of 10 and 20 years,
2. Members should come from a small enough area so they
will have no great difficulty in getting together for meetings.
3. Members enrolling for work should be made to feel their
responsibility for "staying by" the club and finishing the year's
work. Oftentimes members enroll because others are doing it.
In order to eliminate excessive dropping out a boy should not
be accepted into full membership in the club before he has
started a project that comes up to a standard set by the club.
Some helps to the County Agent and Club Leader in securing
enrollment are as follows:
1. In a meeting explain club work to the parents of prospec-
tive club members.

Fig. 12.-A club member with a good project will finish his year's work
and turn in his record book.


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2. In a similar or the same meeting explain club work to the
prospective club members.
3. Visit the homes of prospective club members.
4. Invite prospective club members and their parents to meet-
ings of the club.
5. Write interesting articles on club work for the local or
county paper.
Organization Meeting.-The local club is organized as soon as
5 or more members are enrolled and a Leader selected. The or-
ganization meeting may be called by the Leader or the County
Agent. The following things should be done at this meeting:
1. Club Leader or County Agent explains the purpose of
club work.
2. Explains parliamentary law and practice.
3. Reminds members of the outstanding qualifications for the
various officers to be elected.
4. Elect officers. (Ask County Agent for the bulletin, "4-H
Officers and Their Duties.")
5. Discuss a name for the club and appoint a "name" com-
6. Explain and discuss projects (enterprises) to be conducted
by the club members.
7. Appoint a program committee (consisting of the vice-
president as chairman and 2 other club members) to plan the
club program for the year's work.
8. Discuss club goals to be considered by the program com-
9. Decide as to time and place of regular meetings of the
The club program for the year is to the club what a good road
map is to the traveler. The club program, like a map, points out
the definite aim and goal or final destination, it shows the
guideposts on the way and the most direct route to the goal.
Experience has taught that the careful planning of the club
program is a very important step.
The program should be tentatively planned by the club pro-
gram committee with the help of the County Agent and Club
Leader and brought before the club on a blackboard or large sheet
of paper. The club members should have a voice in making

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

suggestions and decisions. It would also be of value to have
the parents present at such a meeting.
The definite program should include:
1. Meetings-number to be held, where and when to be held,
etc. There should be at least 6 meetings during the year. See
the "Requirements of a Standard Club."
2. What shall be done at meetings-talks, discussions, subject
matter demonstrations, etc.
3. Work to be accomplished at home.
4. Special activities in which the club plans to take part-
judging contests, demonstration contests, exhibits, tours, fairs,
rally and achievement days, etc.
5. Recreational activities at meetings and for special occa-
sions, such as picnics, socials, parent nights, etc.
6. Community activities to be participated in by the club.
7. Record books-time to be finished and turned in.
A program planning guide for local clubs may be obtained
from the State Boys' Club Department or from the County
Agent upon request.
The importance of a definite program for the club for the year
cannot be over-emphasized. It places definite responsibilities
upon each individual and makes him or her see the job to be
done. There is so much which can be done during the year that
a club without a guide may encounter confusion and misunder-
standings. A strong club organization with a definite program
which has the support of the community will also do much to
reinforce the project work of the individual members and will
unquestionably lessen the responsibilities of those in charge of
the work in the community.
The Club Leader and County Agent should both have a copy
of the program as determined and should refer to it frequently.
It is useless to determine a program and then not make use of
it. While no program will work out 100 percent, nothing should
be ignored without a good reason and the members should know
that reason. The program is for the members and they must
be considered if their respect is to be retained.

The program of a club meeting includes everything that is
planned in advance to be done at the meeting. A typical or ideal
program for a club meeting will consist of 3 parts: (1) business
or formal part, (2) subject matter or educational part, and (3)

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social or recreational part. Each of these phases is an essential
part of the meeting program. Usually the second part will be
given the bulk of the time, but no part on the program should
be slighted-each is important.

Order of Business.-
1. Call to order-club pledge.
2. Roll call.
3. Reading and approval of minutes.
4. Old business-
Committee reports.
Reports from officers and members having visited other
members' projects.
5. New business-
Appointment of committees.
Plans for activities and events.

Subject Matter Part of Meeting Program.-

1. Music (4-H club songs).
2. Main speaker or debate, etc.
3. Demonstration.
4. Project information and instruction.
5. Other program-

Fig. 13.-Demonstrations can add interest to a club program and train
members to appear before larger groups.


Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

Recreation.-All work should be put aside in time for a short
period of recreation. Group games (indoors or out), guessing
games, stunts, stories and contests all will be found popular
among club members. For help, refer to the "Sociability Lane"
page in the "National 4-H Club News."
Meetings should be peppy and to the point, but always dig-
nified. When the meeting is over the Club Leader should feel
that something has been accomplished.

Fig. 14.-Florida 4-H club boys learn about restocking
lakes with fish as a part of their study of wildlife

Helps in Conducting Club Meetings,-To make club meetings
more interesting and worthwhile the following suggestions may
be found helpful:
1. Have each meeting program planned far enough in advance
so that members will have ample time to prepare for their parts
in the program.
2. Give members a part in planning the meeting programs.
3. Adapt meeting programs to the interests of the members.
4. Place responsibilities on the club members.

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5. Begin meetings on time.
6. Have an order of business and follow it.
7. Have members put on a demonstration at each meeting.
8. Talk over the plans for each meeting with the officers
before the meeting is called to order.
9. Bring in interesting speakers to talk before the club.
10. The Local Leader should have very little to say during
the meeting unless called upon.
Job of the Club Leader at the Club Meeting.-Although the
club meeting is run by the officers of the club, the Leader has
certain responsibilities. Some of these are as follows:
1. Check with officers and committees before the meeting
begins to see that they understand their responsibilities.
2. Help to keep order-an orderly meeting is most effective.
3. Encourage 4-H singing. Music is a very important part
of a successful meeting.
4. Give report of county Leaders' meeting.
5. Announce coming events. Encourage members to partici-
pate by helping them in making arrangements to attend the
various 4-H events.
6. Act as an adviser while keeping self in the background.
7. Visit with members before and after meetings to give
them faith in their abilities as individuals and as a group.
8. Encourage all members to participate in the business, the
social, and the educational parts of the program.

The Standard Club.-For uniformity of local club organiza-
tions, a standard has been set up to which a club must conform
before it can be awarded a charter. The following requirements
will govern the rating of all local clubs in Florida.
1. A membership of 5 or more.
2. An adult Club Leader.
3. A club organization with a constitution, etc.
4. A carefully worked out program for the year.
When these 4 requirements have been met the club becomes
a "standard" club and is entitled to a club charter. When the
requirements are met, the club secretary should make applica-
tion on the blank which will be supplied by the County Agent.
Gold Seal Club.-When a standard 4-H club has completed a
year's work and can meet the following additional requirements

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

it will be given a gold seal to attach to its charter. Application
will be made on a blank furnished by the County Agent.
1. Six or more regular business meetings during the year,
with minutes in the secretary's record book.
2. Every member enrolled carrying 1 or more club projects.
3. Four social meetings held during the year.
4. A project leader for every project with 4 or more members.
5. Seventy-five percent or more of members completing their
work, handing in record books and exhibiting at county contest.
Royal Purple Club.-In ancient times purple was considered
the badge of royalty. To reward royal endeavor and success,
after a club has completed the requirements of the Gold Seal
Club and has fulfilled the following additional requirements,
that club will be eligible for the royal purple award.
1. Membership includes every boy of club age in the area
covered by the club.
2. Every project leader making a complete report of the
project of which he is leader.
3. Every member completing his project or projects, hand-
ing in record books and exhibiting at county contest.
4. Every member attending county contest.
5. Each project group putting on a demonstration.
6. Club Leader attending 1 leadership training school if 1 is
held in his county.
7. Club represented at county rally and camp if these are
A Project Leader is one whose special duty it is to help club
members enrolled in a particular project. This help may be
given at the home of the project leader or of the club member,
at the regular club meetings or in special project meetings.
The Project Leader is selected on the basis of his knowledge
of the project for which he is to be leader and on his interest in
club work. Parents, local successful farmers or business men
and former club members are an ideal group from which to
select Project Leaders. The Project Leaders are also assistant
Club Leaders and are a reserve from which a new Club Leader
may be selected.
In every club it is advisable to choose a project leader for each
project having 5 or more members. Special project instruction
meetings should be held in the home, field, garden, or barn,

Florida Cooperative Extension

depending on the project studied. Some of the duties of the
Project Leader are as follows:
1. Study project subject matter information to become fam-
iliar with the requirements and recommendations in the par-
ticular project.
2. Be thoroughly familiar with the project record book.
3. Meet with the project group as often as necessary and
instruct and supervise the members in their work.
4. Visit club members' projects.
5. Hold project tours.
6. If the project group is large, plan picnics and other activi-
ties to keep up interest.
7. Insist that project record books be kept up to date.
8. Help the club members to prepare exhibits for community
and county fairs and shows.
9. In a project group of 5 or more, have the group elect 1
of its members captain to assist the leaders with the activities
of the group.
10. Attend club meetings and assist the Club Leader with
his duties.
11. At the close of the project year collect all record books,
see that they are complete, sign and turn them over to the Club
Leader, who will pass them on to the County Extension Agent.

Fig. 15.-The project leader keeps in touch with all local boys enrolled
in a certain phase of club work.

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

12. Present achievement awards which are provided for mem-
bers completing their projects.

The project is the basis of all 4-H club work. Club members
select some project which they can study and actually carry
on, such as growing corn, gardening, raising a pig, a dairy calf,
and the like. If a club member has only 1 project it should
offer an opportunity for financial profit. In other projects, some-
times referred to as activities, such as wildlife conservation and
home beautification, the reward comes in the job of being able
to do, better than before, something useful and helpful.
Selecting the Project.-The club project should fit the age,
ability and interest of the boy and the needs of the farm or
home. It should be economically sound and large enough to
make some money. The project should increase in size and
quality with years in club work and the increasing age of the
club member. Every project should be a demonstration of better
methods in agriculture.

Fig. 16.-Poultry is a popular 4-H project. The Local Leader (right) and
County Agent (rear) are training this group.

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Project Instruction Material.-Instruction material for 4-H
club projects should in general follow the recommendations of
Extension Specialists. The material should be prepared for each
project in a form that club members can follow and be definite
enough if followed to enable the member to do the job. Project
subject material should be in the hands of club members before
the work on the project is to start.
Supervision and Instruction. Instruction material should be
explained to club members before the project is begun. This
may be done either at the club meeting or when visiting the
home of the club member. This is a function of the County
Agent, Local Leader and Project Leader. After work on the
project has begun it is very desirable for the Local Leader and
Project Leader to make frequent visits and advise with the
club member as to work being done. Club tours in which all
members get a chance to see what the other fellows are doing
are also helpful. This is a good opportunity for the County
Agent or Assistant Agent to see the work being done by the
various club members of a community, and the Club Leader
should invite both to attend.

A valuable part of the training which club work offers is
practice in keeping records and accounts. Every club member
keeps an accurate record of his project in the record book which
is supplied. This record is submitted at the close of the project
year as evidence of satisfactory progress and completion of work
accomplished. Failure to keep these records forfeits member-
ship in the club and renders the member ineligible to exhibit at
county and State fairs or to take part in other county or State
The purposes of the record book are as follows:
1. The club member has a definite place for recording the
work done in connection with the project.
2. The experience gained from learning how to keep records
is a valuable part of the child's training.
3. The books create good will for 4-H work among both farm
and business people.
4. They help justify public support of 4-H work.
5. They protect the work against criticism.
6. They prove the value of certain practices and of quality

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

7. They furnish reliable evidence on which to build future
4-H progress, based on net returns for money and time invested.
8. They furnish a basis of recognition for worthy 4-H club
9. They teach business principles.
The record book is also an expense account. By keeping it
the member gains practical experience in bookkeeping and finds
out whether he is making or losing money on his project. After
several years of club membership he gets in the habit of keep-
ing books-a good habit for young people to acquire.

Many community clubs have organized a community project
in which all the club members participate as a group. Such a
project quickly wins community approval and gives the local
4-H club widespread recognition. Boys enjoy working together
on a common job and thus club work has more of an appeal to
them. Some such projects are of much service to the commun-
ity as a whole. The following is a suggested list of community
1. Beautifying local school grounds.
2. Beautifying grounds of the community club house.

Fig. 17.-Soil conservation benefits not only the individual club member
but also his community and his country.

Florida Cooperative Extension

3. Community garden (vegetables produced might be sold
at a roadside stand).
4. Fire prevention campaign.
5. Farm and home safety campaign.
6. Community recreation.
7. Demonstration forest.
8. Community club house.
9. Wildlife protection campaign and demonstration.
10. Community ornamental nursery.

The 4-H club program includes 2 main lines of work. The
first, of course, is the club project. The second includes the
general activities, such as recreation, music appreciation, dra-
matics, safety work, soil and wildlife conservation, better
methods, and others.

Fig. 18.-Wholesome recreation helps to maintain interest in 4-H club work.

Some project in the first group is required for enrollment as
a 4-H member, and includes the keeping of complete records.
Participation in the second group of activities is more or less
voluntary. Though without a definite outline of requirements,

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

the broad purpose of general activities is to enrich the entire
4-H program. The project is the foundation of 4-H work, but
these general activities add life and interest. Thus they are
important to every 4-H member.

At the end of the club year, usually in November or December,
the 4-H club achievement day is held. The purpose of this cele-
bration is to give recognition to the club and the individual
members for work done and honors received, and to impress
upon the community what has been accomplished. The achieve-
ment day program is also a good means of enlisting new members
and renewing enthusiasm of old members.
With these things in mind, the program is planned around the
activities of the past year. Often a model club meeting is held
for the benefit of parents and friends. The meeting is called
to order by the president; the formal opening ritual is used;
then the roll is called, individual members telling briefly what
they have accomplished. The secretary gives a report of the
year's work, stating the goals which were determined at the
beginning of the year, and giving a summary in terms of the
work done by the individual members, showing whether or not

Fig. 19.-A few visits from the Project Leader or the Local Leader will
help the member have a good achievement day display.

Florida Cooperative Extension

the club has reached the goals which were set. A blackboard
may be used here, on which the products of the club activity
are listed in terms of bushels, pounds, number of animals, etc.;
also such benefits as business training, community spirit, team
work, experience, trips, and "stick-to-it-iveness." Reports may
be given by various members on special activities, such as trips
to the fairs or State short course, or experiences of teams. A
talk by the Club Leader, a banker, business man or parent on
the value of the work to the community also may be included.
This program may be varied by giving it in the form of a
play. The play may show a typical home of the community
before club work came into it and then the changes brought
about through club work; or it may show a group of rural
people discussing local conditions, hitting upon the proposition
of bettering them through a club, and a summary at the end
of the year of what the club has done for the community.
Some clubs have entertained their parents at a supper as part
of the achievement program; others have given short plays or
The Local Leader should see to it that plenty of publicity is
given this achievement program, both before and after it has
taken place. The achievement program is a valuable means of
getting the cooperation of the community, and it should be
utilized to the fullest extent.
In planning a program of this nature, one must bear in mind
the purpose of the program. It should interest the public and
convey to the people what the club has accomplished during the
year. Reports from the officers of the club are expected each
year. But above all, the achievement program should not simply
entertain. It should "sell' club work.
Often Leaders and members are at a loss to know what to do
for this program. Consequently, and at the risk of some repeti-
tion, the following suggestions are made to aid leaders and
members in making out their annual achievement program.
The order given here does not mean that the numbers shall
come in the same order on the program.
1. An exhibit of work completed during the year is always
an asset to a program.
2. The program may be in the form of a play-the characters
to be members of the club and the play to center around the
activities and achievements of the club.

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

3. Club songs, original songs, "the old songs," are always
acceptable-but not too many of them.
4. The club pledge is appropriate.
5. Always include reports of secretary and treasurer. These
should be summaries for the period since previous achievement
6. Emphasize the trips and work of demonstration teams,
prizes won by members exhibiting at fairs, and outstanding
activities of other members, including former members.
7. A demonstration by a club team may be given on achieve-
ment day, but should not be planned just to qualify the club
for its charter.
8. A part of the program may be conducted in such manner
as to show the audience that the club has completed all its re-
quirements. This may be in the form of a contest and a prize
given to the person listing most correctly what the requirements
9. The Local Leader should talk briefly regarding the work.
10. It is well to have someone representing the community
speak upon the benefits of club work to the community and
community cooperation with the club work.
11. Short talks may be given by members attending State
Short Course or Summer Camp.
12. It would be well to send special invitation to those in the
community who have in any way contributed toward the support
of the work. This will give them an opportunity to learn more
about club work and what they are helping to support. Some
member of the club should express thanks and appreciation in
the name of the club for such support.
13. There should always be a display of 4-H signs, banners
and mottoes. In fact, the room where the achievement program
is staged may well express in its arrangement and decoration
the outstanding idea-achievement! "At one such program,"
says a well-known friend of club work, "I recall the remarkable
display of ribbons won through the previous 3 years by the
club and by individual members of the club. It made a great
impression on me and I am sure it did on others, too."

During the last few years, "The 4-H Sunday in Church" has
become one of the important events in the 4-H program in many
states. It has suggested the opportunities for the home and

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the church in emphasizing spiritual values in 4-H work. So
far, the Sunday selected as Rural Life Sunday has been used.
There is an advantage in having the same Sunday everywhere,
but any Sunday in spring can be used. The following are some
suggestions for making the plan help emphasize the Heart H
1. The 4-H Leader should see the church leader and go over
the plans for the day.
2. Encourage 4-H members to attend the church of their
3. Encourage 4-H members to attend church as a group,
wearing the 4-H emblem or uniform.
4. Have boys and girls decorate the church with plants and
5. The 4-H group could sing suitable songs, such as "Dream-
ing" or "Song of the Open Country."
6. The minister may be willing to adapt a part of his sermon
to the plan.
7. A Leader or member could give a short talk on character
building phases of 4-H work, especially stressing the importance
of the home in 4-H work and the Heart H in the emblem.
8. Encourage 4-H members to clean churchyard and plant
some trees and shrubs.

Fig. 20.-A visit to his club project will encourage the boy to improve
his 4-H work.

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

The 4-H Leader and club members should adjust their plans
to agree with the suggestions of the church leader.
The "4-H Sunday in Church" plan has brought fine results in
several ways. It has emphasized the need of spiritual develop-
ment as represented by the Heart H in the 4-H program and
the important part of the church in our better rural life program.

Club members should be encouraged to read literature relat-
ing to their particular projects. By being watchful for articles
in papers and magazines a club boy can collect clippings and
assemble them in a scrapbook that would be both useful and
interesting. The most common sources are (1) bulletins and
circulars which may be obtained from the county Extension
office, the State Extension office, the State Department of Agri-
culture or the U. S. Department of Agriculture; (2) articles
from Extension publications and standard current magazines;
(3) daily newspapers; and (4) home, school and local libraries.
Some clubs keep a scrapbook which has a section devoted to
articles cut from magazines and brought in by the various
members. These can be placed on a club bulletin board, and
then later preserved in a scrapbook. The news reporter might
be given the duty of looking out for the bulletin board and the
scrapbook; or the club might elect a librarian to attend to all
matters pertaining to club literature.
If the club wishes to buy books as a foundation for a library,
lists of good publications will be provided by the county or State
Extension offices.
In using literature it has been found most satisfactory to give
out little at a time or assemble it all and clip it together. Club
members should be encouraged to keep a 4-H club loose-leaf
notebook in which all club material can be kept. If leaflets
are to be given to individual members these should be given
ahead of time to those who are preparing talks and demonstra-
tions, and to the other members after talks or demonstrations
have been given.

"If you want to know what a boy is, watch his play;
If you want to know what he will become, direct his play."
Recreation is a very important part of every club program.
Boys and girls, especially of the rural districts, need to learn

Florida Cooperative Extension

to play together, both for the team work training it gives them
and for general physical and all-round muscle development.
For while most boys and girls have plenty of exercise, much
of it is of the type which stiffens muscles, and which uses only
a few muscles over and over. Well-planned play helps to perfect
coordination of muscles and keeps head and muscles working
Some clubs have tried the scheme of having the members
divide into groups or committees, each to take charge of a recre-
ational program in 1 or more meetings. This helps to provide
variety in the recreational program and gives the boys and
girls valuable training in conducting organized games. A spirit
of pride in working up the most attractive meeting can be
cultivated easily.
The forms of recreation which may be used are varied. There
are the usual games and contests, but besides these there is an
unlimited field in stunts, shadow-pictures, pantomimes and sim-
ple plays. Any of these can and should be original, and boys
and girls should be encouraged to use initiative in their recre-

Fig. 21.-Florida 4-H boys gain both recreation and
information from a study of wildlife feed borders at
Cherry Lake Camp.

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

ation. Whatever is planned for the meetings should be made
to include all members. If club members vary much in age,
it may be necessary to divide them into groups.
If the club can buy some simple equipment, such as volley
balls, medicine balls, bean bags, etc., it will help, especially if
many of the members are boys. But inexpensive equipment,
such as balloons, paper bags, bottles, marbles, fruits, vegetables,
etc., for contests can be used by all groups. Club members will
delight in making many kinds of equipment for their own uses.
A few good books of games would be a valuable addition to
the club library. By writing to the National Recreation Asso-
ciation, 315 Fourth Avenue, New York 10, New York, a current
list of good books on recreation can be obtained.
The following are some suggestions for 4-H club recreation.
1. Have a recreation period at each regular 4-H meeting.
2. Have club members learn and teach at least 1 new game.
3. Make a community catalog of appropriate games for 4-H
meetings and suggestions for home and neighborhood affairs.
4. Collect and study local county and community history.
Write and direct a community pageant.
5. Form a 4-H club exchange "library" for home-made puz-
zles, games, magazines and books.
6. Each club member make at least 1 puzzle or game.
7. Organize teams for inter-community and county sports:
baseball, tennis, dodge ball, etc.
8. Work up community dramatics, with exchange of talent.
Example, 4-H club gives 2 one-act plays in at least 4 communities.
9. Organize and direct a community picnic.
10. Older 4-H members plan and direct a camp for younger
11. Make community fish pond, tennis court and horseshoe
12. Cooperate with local theatres in getting suitable movies
for community.
13. Plan an "Old Home Day," with older folks of community
as special guests. (Either winter or summer.)
14. Plan "Mothers" and "Fathers Day" community program
on dates set for national recognition.
15. Build an outdoor fireplace for family and neighborhood

Florida Cooperative Extension

The reasons for holding a club picnic are: to provide a good
time, to revive interest or create new interest, to teach a lesson,
to learn to know your club members better, and to learn to
appreciate nature. In other words, to create a better fellow-
ship between members and between members and leaders. We
learn to like our friends best when we play with them. This
is especially true when we play in the great "out of doors."
A few suggestions regarding a 4-H club picnic might be as
1. Select a convenient time and announce it long in advance.
2. Select a beautiful and convenient place, preferably near
some lake or stream of water, and one suitable to carrying out
the type of program you want.
3. Give careful consideration to a program of events.
4. Put responsibility for each feature on some one or on a
committee to prepare and carry out.
5. Announce the starting time, and begin on time.
6. Arrange program of events and publish ahead of date.
Carry out each event as advertised.
7. Put choice events of the program at the opening.
8. Do not make the event public. Allow only club members
and whomever they wish to invite (parents or friends).
9. It is usually best not to hold a 4-H picnic in conjunction
with other organizations.
Fig. 22.-If the community works and plays together, 4-H club work
will succeed.

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

10. A union lunch (not by families) is the best sort of meal.
11. Provide games for all classes and ages.
12. Call a halt to all activities at some place in the program
for 4-H roll call, announcements and instructions.
13. Finish up early, promptly and with 1 of the most inter-
esting events of the day's program.
14. Many committees can be used as follows: refreshments,
program, hospitality, athletic events, etc.

Music, the universal language, should have a definite place
on every 4-H club program. In the machinery of life music is,
as it were, a kind of balance wheel or safety valve. It is a
panacea for many states of mind.
Most boys and girls have singing ability. They can be trained
to sing and they like to sing. Wise Leaders will have much
singing in their programs, and if it is the right kind they will
find it a powerful ally. Instrumental music should be encouraged
among club members. Several clubs have developed club bands
and orchestras. Harmonica bands have an appeal in any com-
Every club member and Club Leader should know "The Plow-
ing Song" and "Dreaming" and be able to sing them. Then there
are such songs as "Follow the Gleam" and the patriotic songs
which everyone knows, and some songs that are sung just for
the fun of singing. But Leaders should strive to keep their
club music on a high level. It is just as easy to teach appreci-
ation of the good things in music-and there is need for it!

President: (Raps table 4 times with gavel). The .........
4-H Club will come to order. Mr. Vice-President, why did
you become a 4-H club member?
Vice-President: In order that I might train and develop myself
to become a better citizen of a better country.
President: Club members, what do the 4-H's represent?
Club: They represent the equal training of the Head, Heart,
Hands and Health.
President: For what is the Head trained?
Club: To think, plan and reason.
President: For what is the Heart trained?

Florida Cooperative Extension

Club: To be kind, sympathetic and true.
President: For what are the Hands trained?
Club: To be useful, serviceable and skillful.
President: For what is the Health trained?
Club: To resist diseases, make for efficiency and enjoy life.
President: Let us stand facing the club flag and renew our
allegiance to our club by repeating the 4-H Club Pledge.
Club: "I pledge
My head to clearer thinking,
My heart to greater loyalty,
My hands to larger service, and
My health to better living,
for my club, my community, and my country."

President: There being no more business to be brought before
this club, do I hear a motion that we adjourn? (Motion is
properly made and seconded for the meeting to adjourn.
Members vote on motion and motion passes by majority vote.)
President: Mr. Vice-President, what is the 4-H club motto?
Vice-President: The 4-H club motto is, "To Make the Best
President: What is our 4-H club slogan?
Vice-President: Our 4-H club slogan is, "Learn by Doing."
President: The first loyalty of a citizen is to his country, so
let us stand and face the flag of the United States and renew
our pledge of allegiance.
Club: "I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of
America, and to the Republic for which it stands; one Nation
indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
President: I declare this meeting of the ....----------- 4-H Club
duly adjourned.

When prospective club members have satisfied the require-
ments for membership a simple initiation ceremony put on as
a part of a regular 4-H club meeting can be very impressive.
A suggestion for such a ceremony follows:
President: Mr. Vice-President, are there any worthy boys pres-
ent who wish to become members of this 4-H club?

Handbook for Local 4-H Club Leaders

Vice-President: Present with us tonight are Bill Brown and
Tom Jones who wish to become members of this club.
President: Are they properly vouched for?
Vice-President: They are. Mr. Smith, project leader for poul-
try, has visited their homes and reports their projects begun
and their record books in order.
President: Let them be conducted before me. (The Vice-Presi-
dent conducts prospective members up to the President's table.
They stand facing the President.)
President: Listen closely, for I'm going to read to you the
National 4-H Club Creed. (The President reads the club
creed.) Do you assent to this creed and promise to use it as
a guide in your 4-H club life.
Prospective Members: I do!
President: Face the club and give the 4-H club pledge.
Prospective Members: (Facing the club they give the club
pledge and again face the president.)
President: It gives me pleasure to welcome you into the 4-H
club. It is the hope of this club that your membership in
it will help you grow and develop into a worthy club member
to the credit and honor of this club and community. Mr.
Vice-President, conduct these new members of our club to
the Secretary, where they will sign the roll and be given their
membership cards and pins. (The Vice-President conducts
the new members to the Secretary, where they sign the roll
and are given their membership cards and pins.)
President: The club will recess for 2 minutes while we greet
our new members.

To help lift the burden
Point the better way,
Give vision to toil
And the hope of a better day,
To teach the larger life,
Encourage a soul
To still greater tasks,
A still higher goal.
To look beyond the plow.
Teach a man's full part
In community and town
In assembly and mart.
Club work is training
Of greater value when
Its goal of achievement
Is the inspiration-the making-of men.
-C. B. Smith.

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