Section A: Main
 Section B: Business
 Section B: Sports
 Section C: Bahamian Woman...
 Section C: Focus on Gardening

Group Title: Tribune. (Nassau, Bahamas).
Title: The Tribune.
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00084249/00013
 Material Information
Title: The Tribune.
Uniform Title: Tribune. (Nassau, Bahamas).
Alternate Title: Nassau tribune
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tribune
Publication Date: January 18, 2005
Spatial Coverage: Bahamas
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 79, no. 210 (Aug. 3, 1983); title from caption.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00084249
Volume ID: VID00013
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09994850
oclc - 9994850

Table of Contents
    Section A: Main
        page A 1
        page A 2
        page A 3
        page A 4
        page A 5
        page A 6
        page A 7
        page A 8
        page A 9
        page A 10
        page A 11
        page A 12
    Section B: Business
        page B 1
        page B 2
        page B 3
        page B 4
        page B 5
    Section B: Sports
        page B 6
        page B 7
        page B 8
    Section C: Bahamian Woman and Health
        page C 1
        page C 2
        page C 3
        page C 4
        page C 5
        page C 6
        page C 7
    Section C: Focus on Gardening
        page C 8
Full Text


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Volume: 101 No.45 ESDAY, JANUARY 18, 2005


Runway lights go

out in Eleuthera

Senior Staff Reporter
FORT Lauderdale based
Lynx Airways told The Tribune
yesterday that it will not be
attempting any more night
flights into Eleuthera following
an incident last Friday when it
had to abort a landing at Gov-
ernor's Harbour Airport
becausevth7 runway lights went
This example, said one MP,
highlights the damaging effect
that the lack of upkeep at the
airports on that island have on
the tourism on which it is so
Spokesperson for the compa-
ny, CA Sutherland said that
despite arrangements being
made, the airport was unable
to accommodate Lynx Airways'
night flight.
"We made arrangements for
the lights on the runway to
come in because we were
delayed because of weather.
When we approached the run-
way everything was ready to go
but the lights went off. We cir-
cled a little bit, but eventually
had to turn back. This has hap-
pened before; the lights at the
Governor's Harbour Airport
are unreliable so we cannot per-
form any evening operations
there until the situation is cor-
rected," he said.
The airline flies to Gover-
nor's Harbour three days a
week but said that the night
operation was a special situa-
"The potential for danger is
there but that was mitigated
when we turned around and
went home. The thing is you

cannot attempt any night flights
at that airport because of how
unreliable the lights are," said
Mr Sutherland.
The airline said that it was
given no technical reason for
the failure of the lights on the
MP for North Eleuthera,
Alvin Smith, said that the prob-
lems with the lights at the air-
port had manifested itself for
several months.
"A few months ago I was told
that a Bahamasair flight in Gov-
ernor's Harbour was sitting in
the terminal and the lights on
the runway were off and when
the plane was about to taxi out
of the terminal onto the run-
way the lights were turned back
on. This cannot possibly be the
correct procedure," he said.
Mr Smith said that he was
aware of the situation with Lynx
Airlines and upon learning of
it contacted Minister of Trans-
port and Aviation, Glenys Han-
na Martin who said that she
would get the problem looked
at by her technical personnel.
"This can have a serious
impact on tourism going into
Governors Harbour, an area
that is already depressed. In the
event an airline is running late
they won't be able to land if the
lights are not working, this can
have a grave impact on tourism
on which we are so dependent,"
he said.
This is not the only airport in
Eleuthera facing problems. Mr
Smith said that the approach
lights to the North Eleuthera
runway are not functioning at
all and the perimeter fencing in
SEE page 12

New Providence water crisis continues

* YOUNG children in the Kemp Road area line up to collect %dater from a local pump.
The continuing water crisis means that, for the foreseeable future, the pump is the only reli- _
able source of water in the community and the children attempt to fill every vessel they can.
Other New Providence residents say these children are fortunate. Pumps throughout
the Bain and Grants Town area have completely dried up.
/ (Photo: Mario Duncanson)

Taxicab Union Vice President voted out

Tribune Staff Reporter
THE vice president, first vice
president, a trustee and an exec-
utive board member of the
Bahamas Taxicab Union were
voted out yesterday during an
election supervised by the
Department of Labour.
According to preliminary
results, 71 taxi drivers voted to
oust embattled vice president
Cheryl Ferguson, who last week
pleaded not guilty to charges of
conspiracy to steal from the
union. Eight union members
elected to have her maintain

her post of second in command.
Sixty persons elected in favour
of the resolution asking for the
recall of first vice president Sig-
mund Bethel, while 12 voted
against it. He, too, was
arraigned before Magistrate
Susan Sylveste.r last week,
charged with conspiring with
Ms Ferguson to steal almost
$4,000 from the union.
In the case of trustee Daniel
Cleare, 16 voted in favour. of
his service, while 61 were in
favour of the resolution. Sixty-
three persons wanted to see
executive member Mark
Sawyer leave his post, and 13
were against the resolution.

Three ballots were not able to
be used, giving a total of 73
union members who participat-
ed in the poll from 9am to 5pm
Monday. About 156 were eligi-
ble to vote, according to the
BTU board.
The official results are set to
be released by labour Minister
Vincent Peet today, after seeing
the results, consulting with poll
overseer Earnest Burrows, and
preparing a communication on
behalf of the ministry.
During the first emergency
election called on January 6, the
Department of Labour made a
SEE page 11



director denies

any planes have
been grounded

Tribune Staff Repotter
PAUL MAJOR, managing
director of Bahamasair, denied
that any Bahamasair planes
have been grounded by US
authorities over the past few
He said that delays on recent
flights leaving from the United
States may have been caused
by routine inspections carried
out by the. Federal Aviation
Administration (FAA) or other
agencies, but "nobody ever said
we were grounded."
I Mr Major was speaking in-
response to comments made by
FNM leader Senator Tommy
Turnquest on Island FM's radio
talk show Parliament Street on
SEEpage 11

SSenior Staff Repbrter
HIGHER standards and
more extensive training for
security personnel in the
Bahamas were called for
yesterday, following the bru-
tal slaying of a security
guard last week.
Following the armed rob-
bery of a pharmacy on Poin-
ciana Drive which led to the
shooting death of the phar-
macy's security guard, Assis-
tant Commissioner of Police
in charge df.crime Reginald
Ferguson told The Tribune
yesterday that "the training
of security guards leaves
much to be desired."
SEE page 11

L I I I I I ~RNassau and Bahama Islands' Leading Ne wsp rar a





It is all done -we will

be Florida's gas station

N THIS column on May 7, 2003, I
referred to an occasion in the late
1950s, during my tutelage with Sir Eti-
enne Dupuch, when I mustered up the
nerve to challenge the master on his habit
of repeating himself in his editorials.
The editor's response was simple and
"People's memories are short so you
-have to keep reminding them. Further-
more, some young person will read The
Tribune for the first time today!"
So readers will perhaps forgive me for a
little repetition from the column of the
same date.
More than 30 years ago, writing in this
newspaper, I expressed the opinion that
The Bahamas is not the place for certain
dirty industries.
Since then millions around the world
have become more conscious of the need
to protect the ecological balance that
makes life,, including human.life, possible
on planet Earth.
Still, the assault on the planet's envi-
ronment has continued. Forests have
been destroyed at an-alarming rate; life-
sustaining rivers have been poisoned with
industrial waste; coral reefs are being
killed off at an alarming rate, and global
warming is likely to cause dramatic
changes in weather patterns and unprece-
dented natural disasters.
Bahamians live in a wonderful part of
the world'where crystal clear waters
replete with stunningly beautiful coral
reefs and rich marine life are within a.
stone's throw of every one of us.
We have been endowed with a glori-
ous natural patrimony which we hold in
trust for humanity. This heritage has
attracted millions to our shores and pro-
vided for us a level of prosperity

"We have been
endowed with a glorious
natural patrimony which
',we hold in trust for
humanity. This heritage
has attracted millions
.to our shores and
provided for us a level of
prosperity undreamed of
by. other countries that
boast of great resources
in the ground."

undreamed of by other countries that
boast of great resources in the ground.
The natural treasure trove that these
islands and waters represent are beyond
calculation in monetary terms and at the
same time utterly fragile.
Under the circumstances it might have.
been expected that Bahamians would be
passionate in their love for this superb



-- U



* heritage and firm in their.determination
to. protect it from abuse and degradation.
Only ignorance could excuse us for neg-
ligence and we can no longer make that
Yet it seems that we are hell-bent on
risking it all with shore installations and
undersea pipelines to supply gas to Flori-
da,ias.well as intensified offshore drilling

F or many months it looked as if
Trade and Industry Minister
Leslie Miller was the only one in the PLP
Government determined to open The
Bahamas up to more offshore oil explo-
ration and turn us into a gas station for
Surely the entire PLP Cabinet could
not be in the grip of such political deliri-
um. But then a contrary thought did flick-
er and in May, 2003, I wrote: "On sec-
ond thought, Mr Miller might not be
alone in this. Maybe, as in the case of the
bleachers, they will say they are all in it
Now Prime Minister Perry Christie has
confirmed that that is indeed the case.
Mr Miller was not all along acting and
speaking as a maverick minister. They
are all in it together!

"Mr Christie has
been criticised for his
indecisiveness but the.
country may be better
off with that rather
than disastrous
decisions. But who
knows? Perhaps
Mr Christie is as
indecisive as ever
and this particular
decision was made
by others so he could
not bring himself to
say no."

In a radio interview early in this new
year, Mr Christie announced that his gov-
ernment is about to give the green light to
two projects for the storage and process-
ing of liquefied natural gas in The
Bahamas and its transmission by pipeline
to Florida.
Concerns about the high security risk,
about compromised sovereignty, about
the grave threat to the marine environ-
ment, all have been swept aside.
Only one consideration remains and
that is, in the words of the Prime Minister
himself, ...if The Bahamas is going to
benefit significantly from it." Incredible!
Mr Christie has been criticised for his
indecisiveness but the country may be
better off with that rather than disastrous
decisions. But who knows? Perhaps Mr
Christie is as indecisive, as ever and this
particular decision was made by others
so'he could not bring himself to say no;,
Whatever the truth, it is a decision that
will have to be honoured not just by the
PLP Government but by successive
Bahamian governments for as long as the,
foreign corporations and the US govern-
ment should desire.


L ast week I suggested that the PLP
Government might be in a state
of meltdown.
It is not an uncommon phenomenon
that a.government gets to the point where
it seems almost everything is going wrong,
or where such disaffection sets in that
nobody cares about what may be going
There is an interesting theory that
democratically elected governments tend

to waver either late into the .first term or
in the second term. But sometimes it can
happen quite early.
The phenomenon can be attributed to.
all sorts of reasons: unreadiness, weari-
ness, intellectual bankruptcy,' incompe-
tence, corruption or arrogance in the
leadership. The latter tends to burst into
full bloom late in the second term and is
accompanied by a disconnection between
the government and the party.
An interesting case is that of Baroness
Margaret Thatcher, who is regarded by
many, including some of her ideological
opponents, as one of Britain's great prime

G reat leaders are usually brought
down for more than one reason
but some argue that Baroness Thatcher's
was due in no small measure to arro-
She had had the.rare distinction of
being prime minister for 11 consecutive
years (1979-1990) and leading her party
into three successive election victories.
when a revolt in her own party removed
her from, office.
It may come as a surprise to .some to
learn-that the first symptoms of meltdown -
in Sir Lynden Pindling's administration
surfaced as early as 1967.
Rumblings of discontent with Sir Lyn-
den's leadership led to a meeting of- con-
cerned backbenchers at Edmund Mox-
ey's house in Stapledon just months after
the PLP's historic victory at the polls.
Then in 1968, during a convention at
the Balmoral Hotel, the unrest exploded
into the open when Sir Lynden in a
speech challenged Sir Cecil Wallace Whit-
It had been agreed that the trouble.
should be kept inside the party and Sir
Lynden was forced to make a public apol-
ogy to Sir Cecil for publicly attacking

A s the leader who led the country
into majority rule and indepen-
dence, Sir Lynden had a reservoir of
goodwill that no other Bahamian leader is
ever likely to enjoy.
So the full extent of the decay in the
party and the country was largely over-
shadowed by this until the shattering rev-
elations of the 1980s.
The FNM. administration o.f Hiubert
Ingraham did extraordinarily well in its
first five years and into its second term..
Its fault lines began to show with telling
effect in the last 18 months of the sec-
ond term.
Mr Christie's administration started to
turn off the voters long before the
halfway mark and there has been no stop-
ping the leakage.
As the FNM learned, when the elec-
torate develops that deep, visceral resent-
ment against an administration, all the
jobs in the world will not save it from



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i Bahamas and a white prime minister: Business

three political giants have their say oism
19 j nopmssucid

Tribune Freeport
Bahamian men were
arraigned in Freeport Mag-
istrate's Court yesterday on
various offences, including
armed robbery, conspiracy
to rob, and robbery of
$10,000 cash.
Appearing in Court Two
before Magistrate Subu
Swain were Freeport resi-
dents Shamarco Collins
Moxey, 23, Tameiko Gar-
diner, 21, Fred Williams, 30,
Darreayl Forbes, 23, and
Algernon Morley, 20.
Moxey, Gardiner and
Williams were charged with
being concerned together
with a common purpose of
conspiring to rob Elsie and
Eric Forbes on July 12,2004
at Rosedin Circle.

Forbes was accused of aid-
ing Gardiner and Moxey in
the commission of an
indictable offence, namely
armed robbery on July 12.
Moxey and Gardiner were
charged with robbing Elsie
and Eric Forbes of $10,000
cash and property together
valued at $22,490 on July 12
while armed with a handgun.
Forbes, Gardiner, and
Moxey were charged with
being concerned together
and armed with a handgun
on December 30 at Coral
Reef Estates of robbing the
Forbes of assorted groceries.
Forbes, Gardiner and
Moxey were charged with
being concerned together at
around 10.30pm on July 12
for breaking and entering
the dwelling house of Elsie
and Eric Forbes with intent
to commit an offence.
Morley, Moxey, and Gar-
diner were charged with
being concerned together on
December 29, while -armed
with a handgun of robbing
Azure Major of $300 cash.
Forbes, Gardiner, and
Moxey were charged with
being concerned together on
January 8, 2005 of agreeing
with a common purpose to
commit armed robbery.
Moxey was charged alone
with attempted armed rob-
bery of Robert Johnson on
January 8. He was charged
with possession of a Jennings
9mm semi-automatic pistol
without proper authorisation
at the same date and place.
He was also charged with
assaulting Robert Johnson
on the same date and place.
All the accused were
remanded into custody until
May 26 and May 27 when a
preliminary inquiry will be

Tribune Staff Reporter
THREE giants of Bahamian
politics yesterday expressed
their views on whether the
country is ready for a white
prime minister.
The announcement by Brent
Symonette, MP for Montagu,
that he is seriously considering
running for leader of the FNM
once again captured the imagi-
nation of the public. The Tri-
bune put the question to some
of the key political figures of a
pre-majority rule and post-Inde-
pendence Bahamas.
Arthur D Hanna, the coun-
try's first Deputy Prime Minis-
ter, said he believed that there is
a new generation, who are not
looking at the sins of the past, in
making their decisions. He said
he believed that Mr Symonette
had overcome the sins of his
father and was not considered
to be a "Bay Street Boy".

"Brent has lived under a
black government for almost his
entire life and I do not believe
that he is trying to bring that
UBP government back, in fact I
think he would do everything
possible to unite the races prob-
ably more than a non-white per-
In addition, he said, Brent
appeared qualified, honest and
the public perception is that he
is not a crook.
However, he said that rather
than public perception, Mr
Symonette would face bigger
obstacles among his own party

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members because, in Mr Han-
na's view, there were many in
the party who would not back
him for any myriad of reasons.
Therefore, he said, the larger
question was not whether the
country was ready for a white
leader but whether the FNM
thought that they could win

with a white leader and whether
they thought Brent Symonette
was that person.
Mr Hanna said: "I don't think
his party will support him."
He added that he felt that if
Mr Symonette did have the con-
fidence to challenge the lead-
ership and won, he would have
the same chance with the FNM
party as anyone else.
"I don't think it would make
a difference, but I don't think it
will happen."
Sir Clement Maynard, who
was the country's second deputy
prime minister, when asked the
question answered: "Why not?"
He said that Bahamians have
tried to enforce the concept of

"One Bahamas" and that
should extend to politics.
"As far as I am concerned
everyone is accepting of One
Bahamas and being treated with
equality. I don't think that we
should discriminate when it
comes to leadership".
He said the election of a

white Bahamian would not be a
step backward for the country
because the Bahamas constitu-
tion allows for any Bahamian
who is qualified to run. Speak-
ing directly about white FNM
MP Brent Symonette who has
publicly said he is seriously con-
sidering challenging FNM
leader Senator Tommy Turn-
quest for the leadership, Sir
Clement said he has heard Mr
Symonette's debates in the
House of Assembly and he
appears to be a competent and
skilled MP.
Dr Elwood Donaldson was a
former PLP MP for the Kilar-
ney district and one of the "dis-
sident eight" who spilt from the

M ALMOST THERE These two ducks were yesterday dicing
with death but the pair made it safely across the street thanks to
the patience of motorists on Bernard Road
(Photo: Felipe Major/Tribune staff)

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party in December 1970 and
became the Free-PLP. The
group later went on to merge
with the United Bahamian Par-
ty to form the Free National
Movement. He served as a par-
ty chairman, senator and can-
didate for that party until his
resignation in 1972. He was also
the former president of the
Concerned Citizens Associa-

Yesterday, Dr Donaldson
told The Tribune that while the
country may be ready for a
white leader, he is not. We
have not gone through the psy-
chological adjustment which is
necessary," he said. Dr Don-
aldson said the country has
barely scratched the surface of
economic reversal, noting that
there has not been any single
large black investor to the coun-
try post independence.
"Not one major black
investor, that is a tragedy."
Dr Donaldson, said a white
leader would not be psycholog-
ically good for the country at
this particular juncture in
Bahanman development. "I am
not dismissing it in the future.
but there would haxe to be a
lot of psychological rehabilita-
tion to regain confidence in
Dr Donaldson stated that
SEE page 12

Tribune Staff Reporter
MONTHS after two
major hurricanes ripped
through the country, busi-
ness leaders yesterday
joined together in high-level
discussions to address the
issue of re-engineering the
economy to further increase
tourism projections.
In spite of the setbacks in
September caused by Hur-
ricanes Frances and Jeanne,
more tourists vacationed in
the Bahamas last year than
the previous year.
Tourism alone accounts
for more than 60 per cent of
the estimated $5 billion
GDP and directly or indi-
rectly employs half of the
archipelago's labour force.
Minister of State for
Finance Senator James
Smith said yesterday that
the country could expect
even more gains to the
tourism sector in the near
future as a result of projec-
tions for the United States
Mr Smith, in his address
at the 14th annual Bahamas
Business Outlook seminar,
said that the declining US
dollar. will attract more
European vacationers and

SEE page 12

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school's website at www.st-andrews.com

"As far as I am concerned
everyone is accepting of One
Bahamas and being treated
with equality. I don't think that
we should discriminate when
it comes to leadership."

Sir Clement Maynard







ATLANTA You could get dizzy think-
ing about the history that has passed in and
out of Ebenezer Baptist Church, which was
the spiritual home (and primary safe house)
of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and
the civil rights movement of the 1950s and
There's now a spiffy new church right
across the street, but the memories of the
battles fought and the freedom gained in that
tumultuous period live on in the old building,
with its narrow stairways and creaking floors,
and the basement where so many strategy
sessions were held.
Last Friday night I had the privilege of
joining the actors Martin Sheen, Lynn Red-
grave, Alfre Woodard, Sean Penn, Woody
Harrelson and others in a reading at the old
church of Ariel Dorfman's play "Speak Truth
to Power: Voices From Beyond the Dark,"
which is based on the book "Speak Truth to
Power," by Kerry Kennedy and the photog-
rapher Eddie Adams.-The occasion marked
the 76th anniversary of King's birth (he was
only 39 when lie was killed) and the 40th
anniversary of his acceptance of the Nobel
Peace Prize. Among those in the audience
was King's widow, Coretta Scott King.
"Speak Truth to Power" is about the emer-
gence of courage and moral leadership in
those bleak periods when free expression,
religious liberty, human rights and-even our
very humanity are threatened by destructive
forces that range from indifference to mur-
derous brutality.
The leadership often comes from unex-
pected sources, like Bobby Muller, an Amer-
ican Marine lieutenant whose spinal cord was
severed when he was shot in the back in Viet-
nam. He became a champion of veterans'
rights and years later, as a co-founder of the
Campaign to Ban Land Mines, shared the
Nobel Peace Prize.
Muller, in a wheelchair, was also in the
audience at Ebenezer on Friday night.
"Courage begins with one voice," said
Oscar Arias Sanchez, the former president of
Costa Rica, who won the Nobel Prize in 1987
for developing a Central American peace
Both the play and the book are made up of
passages from interviews of men and women
who, in a wide variety of ways, defended
human rights in countries around the world.
Dianna Ortiz is an Ursuline nun from New
Mexico who went to Guatemala in the 1980s
as a missionary. She was abducted, gang

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raped and tortured by government agents.
She said one of the men overseeing the tor-
ture appeared to be American. At one point
she was lowered into a pit filled with the bod-
ies of men, women and children who had
been murdered.
"To this day," said Ortiz, "I can smell the
decomposing of bodies disposed of in an
open pit. I can hear the piercing screams of.
other people being tortured."
In a short introduction to.Ortiz's interview
in the book. Kennedy wrote "
"Ortiz's ordeal did not end with her escape.
Her torment continued as she sought answers
from the U.S. government about the identity
of her torturers in her Unrelenting quest for:
justice. Ortiz's raw honesty and capacity to
articulate the agony she suffered compelled
the United States to declassify long-secret
files on Guatemala, and shed light on some of
the darkest moments of Guatemalan history
and American foreign policy."
Ortiz now runs a centre for survivors of
The most hopeful thing to be drawn from
Dorfman's play and Kennedy's book is that
effective leadership can come from anywhere,.
at any time.
From my perspective, this is a dark
moment in American history.. The Treasury .
has been raided and the loot is-being turned
over by the trainload to those who are already
the richest citizens in the land. We've
launched a hideous war for no good reason in
Iraq. And we're about to elevate to the high-
est law enforcement position in the land a
man who helped choreograph the American
effort to evade the international prohibitions
against torture.
Never since his assassination in 1968 have
I felt the absence of Martin Luther King
more acutely. Where are today's voices of
moral outrage? Where is the leadership will-
ing to stand up and say: Enough! We've sul-,
lied ourselves enough.
I'm convinced, without being able to prove
it, that those voices will emerge. There was a
time when no one had heard of King. Or
Oscar Arias Sanchez. Or Martin O'Brien,
who founded the foremost human rights orga-
nization in Northern Ireland, and who tells us:
"The worst thing is apathy to "sit idly by in
the face of injustice and to do nothing about
(* This article was written by Bob Herbert
of The New York Times 2005)

The Tribune Limited
Being Bound to Swear to The Dogmas of No Master

LEON E. H. DUPUCH, Publisher/Editor 1903-1914

(Hon.) LL.D., D.Litt.

Publisher/Editor 1919-1972
Contributing Editor 1972-1991

Publisher/Editor 1972-

Published Daily Monday to Saturday

Shirley Street, P.O. Box N-3207, Nassau, Bahamas
Insurance Management Building., P.O. F-485, Freeport, Grand Bahama

Switchboard (News, Circulation and Advertising) 322-1986
Advertising Manager (242) 502-2352
Circulation Department (242) 502-2387
Nassau Fax: (242) 328-2398
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Freeport fax: (242) 352-9348

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would be expected of them;
without exception.
Remember Mr Trent Lott?
All he did was make an inap-
propriate public statement
and was automatically dis-
qualified from holding higher
office. There is no honour left
among us it seems.
If the Honourable Perry
Christie took seriously his
own code of ethics, in my
opinion four cabinet ministers
should have been fired by now'
and Sidney Stubbs should
have been long gone. Serious
allegations have been made
against some of these cabinet
ministers. Guilty or not, these
ministers should have been
fired immediately, in the pub-
lic's interest.
Senator Edison Key's resig-
nation from the Senate should
not be taken lightly. I person-
ally know Senator Key and I
believe with all my heart that
his decision to resign from Mr
Christie's Senate was predi-
cated solely on principle.

However, the reasons given
for his resignation were
ignored and he was treated
like a cancer thereafter. I
believe Senator Key and I
believe his allegations.
I am constantly being asked
by cabinet ministers, branch
executives and other PLP par-
ty generals to "come back
home we need you". While I
would never say never, what
would I go back to? Attitudes
would have to change and
there would have to be a seri-
ous commitment to integrity,
honesty and to a high stan-
dard of morality.
This might prove to be a
tall order for some of this
The Prime Minister should
know that there are only so
many things that he can sweep
under the carpet because
sooner or later the carpet will
begin to bulge and expose his
indecisiveness and shortcom-

Grand Bahama,
December 30, 2004.

EDITOR, The Tribune.
ONE declared bankrupt;
one accused of breaking and
entering; some suspected of
being homosexuals; and now
one accused of rape What's
There is no wonder that our
young people have little or no
respect for our leaders today -
God help them if they use our
politicians as their role mod-
The Prime Minister certain-
ly has his hands full with his
'code of ethics' and all: It just
shows that anyone can write
down an thing on paper but
unless you have the right atti-
tude and a mind to do the
right thing you are just like
any other miscreant.
Is there a standard of
morals in the nation? Will the
Bahamian people ever
demand any kind of standards
from their religious and polit-
ical leaders? Or are we satis-
fied with those purporting to
lead us today?
Mr Christie was the one
Swho proclaimed, after taking
office, that he was setting a
standard for the conduct of
his Ministers and that he was
taking it to. Parliament. He
stated that he would not tol-
erate any Cabinet Minister or
Member of Parliament for
that matter, in his party,
breaking his 'code of ethics'.
So what happens now? Has
the statute of limitations run
out for Mr Christie's 'code of
conduct' and now it is a free
for all?
The Bahamian people.
should be smart enough now
to see the hypocrisy in our
leaders, when they tell us one
thing while they do another.,
r We should want leaders who
db as they say and not say one
thing and do another.
Most of Christie's cabinet
should apologise to the
Bahamian people and take
their leave of absence. The
private lives of some of them,
which have managed to make
the media headlines, seem to
leave a whole lot to be desired
and have actually brought dis-
grace on this government.
Honourable men and-
women in other jurisdictions
who are elected to public
office and who betray the
trust of the electorate resign,
when they are scandalised, but
not here in the Bahamas..
Can you imagine a US Con-
gressman being accused
and/or convicted of the kinds
of embarrassing things that
some of our Cabinet Ministers.
and MPs have been accused
of? They would immediately
resign.because that is what

Is there a

standard of

morals here?

'Negative influence' of

advertising on our youth
EDITOR, The Tribune.
, I WOULD be grateful to have the opportunity to express my
view on a matter that I find most disturbing within our beloved
S,As ,I ove a round New Providence, I.have observed the growing
trend of advertising liquor on the streets. I am not familiar with laws
regarding this situation, but there is a general outcry about the direc-
tion our youth are taking, yet the liquor merchants are allowed to
utilise our public streets for the promotion of their product. Con-
sidering the negative influence these advertisements have on our
youth, I feel strongly that this type of advertisement should cease
Our Christian Council for some strange reason always appear to
shun their responsibilities when it comes to these social issues,
and possibly if they were to be more vocal on these pertinent
issues, they would not have to end up blaspheming our young
men from the pulpit.
I was truly stunned the last weekend to see that the sailing asso-
ciation left the Fort Montagu Park littered with the beer and liquor
advertising signs, stretched from tree to tree. It was not only an eye-
sore, but again I think it to be the most inappropriate place for
liquor advertising.
I am of the view that our parks and beaches should be appealing
to families, and should not be the place to advertise liquor. They
should be a place for parents to take their children without the nui-
sance of this signage that may negatively impact upon their children,
and the direction they may take later in life.
I also complain about the noise pollution, on our parks and
beaches. When you take your kids on the beach, or to the park one
is inundated with loud music. In most instances, the music is vulgar
and downright ridiculous for adults and children.
Whereas, I believe everyone has a right to their taste in music, I
am of the view that that right does not extend to the annoyance of
others who may want a quiet day on the beach or the park.
I hope that someone is listening, and would want to put a stop to
these unsightly trends.

January 13,2005.

January 17th, 1935 January 5th, 2004

She has seen the sunrise with the
Master, has seen the rose-bright
morning all aglow. She has
touched the tender leaves of
healing. And lingers where the
clear blue waters flow..
She has seen the sunrise with the
Master earth's long and weary night
has passed awa. All her pain and
earthly cares have been forgotten, in .. /
that land of quiet joy and endless day.

We are eternally grateful to all our friends and family who have
expressed prayers and support during our Mother's illness and at
her death. Your presence, words of encouragement, calls, gifts,
flowers, expressions of sympathy in all ways, gave us a peace
and comfort during our bereavement. Your help and never-failing
interest and love will never be forgotten and we will always
cherish all of you in our hearts. We know that our mother was
eternally grateful for all you did.
God Bless You All
Nathalie Kelly Belcher
Debbie, Miti and Ira Swaby, Gurney, Maya Amber,
Adari and Kelli Ashley Armstrong

cMiller hits back at Thrnquest over

hurricane relief contributions

By A FELICITY assistance wherever they could country in our hour of need." Mr Miller noted that AES has "But I appreciate the fact that


TWO men were charged
in Magistrate's Court yes-
terday with conspiracy to
commit armed robbery,
armed robbery, possession
of a firearm and receiving.
Court records allege that
on January 13, Dion Carlos
Deveaux, 26, of Nassau Vil-
lage and Jermaine Russell,
26, of Pinewood Gardens
were armed with a handgun
and robbed Percy Web
Shop of $10,000 in cash.
They were also charged with
dishonestly receiving
$10,000 from the Percy Web
On the same date, it was
alleged that the pair were
found in possession of a
handgun without a proper
licence for the weapon.

On the charge of conspir-
acy to commit an armed
robbery it was alleged that
both Deveaux and Russell
along with Shevonia Wood-
side, 21, of Carmicheal Road
together agreed to commit
the offence of armed rob-
The accused were not
required to enter a plea in
Magistrate's Court on Bank
Lane. The case was
adjourned for preliminary
inquiry to be held on March
Dion Deveaux also faced
a separate charge of armed
It was alleged that on
April 28, 2004 Deveaux
being concerned with oth-
ers and armed with a hand-
gun robbed Rosena
Dorvilus of $500 cash, the
property of Budget Meat
Food Store.
He was not required to
enter a plea and was
remanded to Her Majesty's
Prison. The defendant will
return to court on March 9
for a preliminary inquiry.
In other court news, Jason
Ian Farrington, 19, and
Valention Flowers, 23, both
of Roosevelt Avenue were
not required to enter a plea
on the charge of armed rob-
bery and two charges of
causing grievous harm.
It was alleged that on Jan-
uary 7 both accused, armed
with a knife, robbed Loren-
zo Moss of a silver cellular
phone and $200 cash.
On the same date, it was
also alleged that they both
caused grievous harm to
Lorenzo Moss and Dario
Farrington and Flowers
were remanded to Her
Majesty's Prison and will
return to court on March 10
for a preliminary inquiry.

I t C r l 1



Community Pg 1540AM
Immediate Response
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Immediate Response
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CMJ Club Zone
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N O E . S V ,. e s r e

Tribune Staff Reporter

TRADE and Industry Minister
Leslie Miller yesterday dismissed
remarks made by Opposition
leader Tommy Turnquest about
hundreds of thousands of dollars
worth of aid given towards hur-
ricane relief efforts by a company
aspiring to do business in the
Mr Turnquest criticised the
government for accepting aid
from AES, a liquefied natural gas
Speaking on Island 102.9 FM's
radio programme Parliament
Street on Sunday, Mr Turnquest
described it as a conflict of inter-
est for the government to have
accepted their help before mak-
ing a decision on whether to
allow the company to construct
an LNG terminal and pipeline in
the Bahamas.
Mr Miller is set to make an
announcement concerning the
AES project when the House of
Assembly resumes tomorrow.
"Any good and decent compa-
ny doing business with the gov-
ernment of the Bahamas or
attempting to, would see it as its
civic duty to assist Bahamians in
our hour of need; to provide

to help in alleviating the pain and
hardships experienced by the
people of the Bahamas," said Mr
Another LNG company, Trac-
tobel, also made contributions of
about $300,000 to relief efforts
in Grand Bahama. Mr Miller
questioned Mr Turnquest's
neglect to mention the other
company, which is also seeking
to construct and LNG pipeline
between Florida and the

However, he applauded both
companies efforts in this regard:
"It is worth to note that AES'
total contribution exceeded
$300,000 and I am proud to say
that that company provided dear-
ly needed homes for the people
of San Salvador and Rum Cay.
"They totally repaired and
restored the school in San Sal-
vador, enabling Bahamian chil-
dren to return to school as quick-
ly as possible so they would not
have been left behind due to the
hurricanes' destruction.
"It is companies such as AES
and Tractobel that should be
applauded by all Bahamians for
their charitable donations to our

Warning over bogus

police officers
Tribune Staff Reporter
POLICE are warning the public to be wary of bogus police
officers after a woman was robbed in her home by three men
who claimed they had search- warrants.
Gina Delcio, of Winchester Street, told police that at 10.20am
on Sunday three men arrived at her door pretending to be
police officers. Ms Delcio said the men claimed they had search
warrants and so she allowed them to enter her home.
The men then took a safe containing an undetermined
amount of cash before leaving the scene in a white Nissan Sen-
Home-owners are being urged to request proper police idenll
tification before letting unknown personrs'-int their homes ,If.
they remain in doubt, they should contact the nearest police sta-
E IN OTHER crime news, police are investigating two sep-
arate incidents of attempted robbery.
At 8.30pm on Sunday, an armed man smashed the glass door
of the Dunkin Donuts store at East Bay Street causing employ-
ees to flee the store in fear. Upon their return, they reported that
nothing appeared to be missing.
Police were also called to Royal Bank of Canada, Prince
Charles Drive, on Sunday after a security guard noticed smoke
coming from the roof of the building. A team of officers accom-
panied by bank officials discovered a hole in the roof, although
nothing was out of place inside.
Police say persons intent on creating criminal mischief may
have been intending to enter the bank through the hole.




The Entrance Examinations
for all Anglican Schools will
take place on
Saturday, February 5th, 2005
at 9:00 am.

The Examinations for the
Nassau Schools will take place at
St Anne's School, Fox Hill.
Applications can be collected at
the respective schools and
returned no later than
Wednesday, February 2, 2005.

AES, Mr Miller continued, is a
"bona fide international con-
glomerate" with assets of over
$30 billion. Its partner, Rebsol,
the fourth-largest European oil
conglomerate, has assets exceed-
ing $48 billion.
In Trinidad and Tobago, AES
has investments of $1 billion, with
plans to invest the same amount
during expansion projects within
the next two years.

had a project in the Bahamas
since 2001 the LNG project in
Ocean Cay.
"Perhaps what the so-called
leader of the FNM should be
doing instead of criticising these
multi-national conglomerates, all
of which were approved in prin-
ciple by his government, he
should be thanking them for their
generous efforts on behalf of our
people," said Mr Miller.

so-called leaders such as Mr
Turnquest see everything in a
political maze instead of the gen-
erosity that is embedded in the
hearts of foreigners who came to
the assistance of the Bahamian
"The FNM supporters at the
earliest opportunity are going to
put this so-called leader where
he should be in the political

BPSU presents agreement proposal

Tribune Staff Reporter
AFTER months of deliberations, the Bahamas Pub-
lic Service Union yesterday presented the Ministry of
Public Services with the proposal for a new industrial
agreement for its members.
Bahamas Public Service Union (BPSU) president
John Pinder officially presented Minister of Public Ser-
vices Fred Mitchell with a three-year proposal that
addresses issues such as salary and benefit increases
and puts emphasis on improved productivity of the
public sector's employees,
The 25-item proposal asks for increases in salaries,
allowances and benefits for the years 2005, 2006 and
During a press conference held yesterday at the min-
istry, Mr Pinder pointed out that although the union's
last contract with the government expired in June of last
year and there were no salary increases in 2004, the pro-
posal does not ask for increases to be paid retroactive-
ly, but rather to be effective as of July 1, 2005.
He said that the union is not making any unreason-
able demands and is aware that the government has had
to face several financial challenges as consequence of
last year's hurricanes.
The union president further said that BPSU recog-
nises the government's concern regarding the produc-
tivity of public service workers and is therefore asking
for "some incentive to be put in place to cause our
members to be more motivated, to increase their per-
formance in the public services."
Minister Mitchell said that both parties have to place
even greater emphasis on merit and productivity.
"Certainly any employee who contributes to the
general well-being and increase of wealth of the coun-
try should share in that wealth. But is has to be to rea-
sonable," he said.
Particularly concerning the salary increase proposals,
Mr Mitchell said that caution is called for as not to
precipitate an inflation with a potential "knock-off
effect on the private sector."
Mr Pinder explained.that so far, the.measuring of pro-
ductivity .of .ivil servants has been difficult, as there

"is no yardstick in place for the many categories of
The union president said, however, that he is confi-
dent that the newly introduced appraisal form will alle-
viate this problem.
He added that his hope is that government recognizes
that a better working environment leads to increased
Minister Mitchell said he could not give a time frame
for when the government will complete the overview of
the proposals, but said that he expects "no long drawn
out negotiations," and that the process will be smooth
and that an "amicable agreement can be reached as
quickly as possible."
He explained that the cost implications first have to
be closely studied by the Ministry of Finance.
Reading from the proposal Mr Pinder outlined the
following requests and recommendations posed by the
Increase of salaries
Increase of the pension package with view of a new
percentage formula.
"Flexi-time" across the board to allow public ser-
vants to put in their 40 hours a week within a 8am-
6pm time frame.
Correct payment of National Insurance fees.
Paternity leave of 10 days for married men.
Consideration of the government proposal to intro-
duce shift work to the Customs and Immigration
Departments with the stipulation that employees'
salaries and benefits be brought on par with those of the
Royal Bahamas Police Force.
The establishment of the Road Traffic Division as
a uniform branch in addition to a uniform allowance for
Customs and Immigration as well as prison workers.
Increases of benefits such as hazardous pay and risk
allowance, scarcity allowance for public accountants,
subsistence allowance, responsibility allowance for all
heads of departments and rental allowance.
Increase of pension payments
Disbursement of outstanding anomaly payments
Mr Pinder also added that the BPSU is presently
about to complete their recommendations for a public
service reform.

-THE E T.. l
IFI...'.F;;.) -" :-"

: UVJM 'q: :o,. 1 ."


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Shooting investigated after

bullet found lodged in window

Tribune Freeport
Bahama police are investigat-
ing a shooting over the week-
end at an apartment in the
Bahama Terrace area, where a
bullet was found lodged in a
woman's window.
:, According to Supt Basil
Rahming, Kendera Goodman,
22, of 166 Bentley Drive,
reported that at about 1.30am
on Friday she was woken by
the sound of gunshots being
fired outside her apartment.
Uniformed officers and
detectives examined the exte-
rior of the apartment and
found a .38 bullet lodged
inside a window frame. The
window glass was damaged.
Ms Goodman told officers
that she has no idea who
would have done the shoot-
ing or why anyone would want

to harm her.
Mr Rahming said patrol
units searched the surrounding
neighbourhood, but failed to
find any suspects. The projec-
tile, he said, was collected for
further analysis by scenes of
crime officers.
Anyone. who can assist is
asked to call the crime tipster
hotline at 352-1919.
In other news, a 48-year-old
man was airlifted to hospital in
New Providence with serious
injuries as a result of a traffic
accident on Saturday.
Matthew Missick, a resident
of No 1 Shannon Drive,
Lucaya, sustained several bro-
ken ribs and multiple fractures
to the left leg and lacerations
to the face when he lost con-
trol of his truck and crashed
into a tree.
The accident occurred at
about 2.10am Saturday while
Missick was driving a Ford F-
150 truck east along Midship-

* MADRID, Spain
SPANISH researchers say they've won per-
mission to open a tomb in the Dominican
Republic that is.said to hold the body of
Christopher Columbus. edging closer to sol v-
ing the century-old mystery of whether those
bones or another set in Spain are the explor-
er's remains, according to Associated Press.
Dominican Deputy Culture Minister
Sulamita Puig gave the go-ahead Friday via
fax to a team of two high school teachers
from' Seville and a leading Spanish forensic
geneticist who have been testing 500-year-
old bone slivers for more than two years to try

man Road, when he lost con-
trol of the vehicle and skid-
ded off the road.
The vehicle was extensively
damaged and Missick was
transported to Rand Memori-
al Hospital, where it was
determined that he had sus-
tained very serious injuries.
He was airlifted to the
Princess Margaret Hospital
around lam Saturday.
Traffic police are investi-
gating the accident.
Police arrested a 43-year-
old resident of Churchill Dri-
ve Saturday morning after he
was caught with a quantity of
vegetables from a local farm.
According to reports, offi-
cers from mobile patrol unit
arrested the man around
7.20am and charged him with
stealing a quantity of cabbage
and sweet peppers from

Grand Bahama Farm on
Grand Bahama Highway.
The man was formally
charged in court on Monday.
Fire officials are investigat-
ing the cause of three fires that
occurred in Freeport and
Lucaya areas over the week-
Freeport Tyre Company
lost $30,000 in inventory on
Saturday evening as a result
of a fire at the business estab-
Supt Basil Rahming said
firemen responded to a fire at
the business around 9.15pm.
The building was completely
engulfed in flames and three
units had to be dispatched to
extinguish the flames.
Central Detective Unit offi-
cers discovered that both the
front and back doors had been
forced open. Mr Henning
Gambolur said inventory val-
ued at around $30,000 was
completely destroyed.
Arson is suspected as being
the cause of the fire.
Firemen were also dis-
patched to Spanish Main Dri-
ve, where they found an eight-
room single storey beach cot-

tage owned by the late
Edward St George on fire. Mr
Rahming said the fire
occurred around 2.50pm Fri-
day as workmen were repair-
ing the roof.
The fire, which caused
$30,000 in damage, was extin-
Firemen also responded to a
fire at Lucayan Towers South
around 2.05pm Friday after
receiving a report that smoke
was seen coming from a unit.
When fireman arrived at the
complex, they discovered
smoke at Apartment 811,
owned by Joann Stark. On
entering the unit, they found
that the fire was confined to a
stove in the kitchen. Damage
estimated at $600 was caused.

IN A story titled
"Bahamas Joins Haiti Jus-
tice System Delegation" in
Saturday's Tribune it was
said that Foreign Affairs
Minister Fred Mitchellmade
an address to the UN Secu-
rity Council. However, the
address was made by Dame
Bille Miller, chairman of the
Council for Foreign and
Community Relations


to pinpoint the explorer's final resting place,
said one of the teachers, Marcial Castro, \\ ho
also does historical research.

During a visit to Santo Domingo Feb. 14-
15, they will watch the tomb being opened.
examine the condition of the bones inside
and recommend to the Dominican go'ern-
ment whether they are in good e enough shape
to extract DNA samples for cross-checking
against samples from Columbus relate es
buried in Seville, along with remains Spain
says are those of Columbus himsnel

IA'-" i

.". .
.-. ..',-, '- .


7r .- _

'-- *. '-. .14,909
.-.' L 4. La .D count $1,509
X k,-i .

Thompson Boulevard, Oakes Field, Nassau, Bahamas, P.O. Box GT-2947
Tel: 326-6377, 326-6464/5, 326-0013/4, 326-6382 Fax: 326-6315
Email: sanpin@hotmail.com


To help with all household care and associated
arrangements for two small children. The
successful applicant will have a college degree,
childcare experience (with formal qualification,
desirable but not essential) and will be able to
assist in motivational activities and learning
skills. School runs and class attendance
necessitate that applicants are qualified drivers.
They must also be competent swimmers. Live
in facilities are available but it is not essential
that the successful applicant lives in provided
they are prepared to undertake evening baby
sitting duties are required.

The position may require foreign travel from
time to time and therefore a valid passport, US
Visa and police record are necessary.

Only non smoking Bahamian citizens or those
with the appropriate working papers need apply.

All applications with accompanying resume and
photograph should be submitted to P.O. Box
SS-19140, or email mfr@cit.co.uk.

Man charged

with rape
A 42-YEAR-OLD man
was charged with rape when
he appeared in court yester-
It was alleged that
Earnest Thompson, alias
Hank Fritz Bethel, had sex
with a 32-year-old woman
without her consent. The
defendant was not required
to enter a plea and bail was
set at $1,500 with two
Thompson is required to
report to Central Police Sta-
tion every Wednesday and
Saturday at 5pm.
The case was adjourned
to February 1.

ed States Embassy has
announced that the item
found washed ashore last
week on Gold Rock Creek
Beach in East Grand
Bahama has been identified
by US military officials as a
marine marker known as a
"smoke float".
Police reported that an
employee of the Grand
Bahama Lucayan National
Park discovered the device
partially embedded in the
sand. They had suspected it
was possibly an explosive
military device and cor-
doned off the area until US
officials arrived.
The embassy said a smoke
float is used at sea to mark
the location of a man over-
board or for a similar
marine emergency.
It is designed to emit
smoke for about 90 minutes
when exposed to salt water
then sink.
However, embassy offi-
cials noted that care should
be taken whenever an unfa-
miliar item is encountered
on the beach. Even a harm-
less device like a smoke float
must be handled properly
and carefully.
The US Coast Guard has
retrieved the smoke float for
proper disposal.

Lower turnout

than expected

in Tobago's

local elections

VOTERS in Tobago cast
ballots Monday in local
elections that could bring
greater autonomy from the
larger island of Trinidad,
according to Associated
There was lower turnout
than expected, partly
because of intermittent
rains on Monday, elections
officials said, but final num-
bers were not immediately
available. They were also
counting on young people
to come out in larger num-
Polls closed on the
Caribbean island at 6 p.m.
(2200 GMT) with prelimi-
nary results expected late
Monday, officials said.
About 55,000 people live on
Tobago, where 38,000 are
eligible to vote.
Twenty eight candidates
were vying for 12 seats in
Tobago's unicameral 12-
seat House of Assembly,

which pays government
employees and adminis-
trates public utilities,
schools, infrastructure and a
hospital on the tiny island.

iSpain gets permission

to open alleged grave of

Christopher Columbus



ii !- ..







I THE NEW 2004

PICTURED from left are: Rick Lowe, BMDA, Senator James Smith, NEMA,
Fred Albury, BMDA, and Harold Watson, BMDA.

BMDA gives $20,000

to hurricane relief-

THE Bahamas Motor Deal-
ers Association (BMDA) con-
tributed $20,000 to the
Bahamas National Emergency
Management Agenrcy
(NEMA) hurricane relief
Contributing member com-
panies included AID,
Bahamas Bus and Truck, Bay
Street Garage, Executive
Motors, Multi Auto Parts and
Accessories, Nassau Motor
Company, Quality Auto
Sales and Tyreflex Star
The BMDA is.a nor-for-
profit trade association repre-
senting franchised auto deal-
ers and related parts and ser-

vice businesses. Member firms
make representations to gov-
ernment on industry issues
and set professional standards

to improve the automotive
sales, service and parts buy-
ing experience for Bahamian

Share your news
The Tribune wants to hear
from people who are
making news in their>
neighborhoods. Perhaps
you are raising funds for a ,
good cause, campaigning
for improvements in the
area or have won an
If so, call us on 322-1986
and share your story.

The introduction of the all new Ford F-150 introduces a long series of first and best in class series, the new F-
150 is the first pickup with 4 doors in regular, supercab and supercrew models, the new F-150 also sports best
in class available payload, box size, low end torque, available towing capacity interior room, and the widest
variety of Body, trim, and pick up box configurations no wonder itsbeen the best selling full size pick up for
26 years straight, undoubtedly, 27 years is guaranteed.

The F-150 STX is a vehicle that makes a bold fashion statement, its available as regular Cab
or supercab, with a styleside or flareside box, it also comes with a standard 4.6 L Triton V8
that produces 231 HP, body colored bumpers and a long list of standard features, as you
can see, this Pick-Up is as unique as you are.



2004 RBC Royal Performance Cruise Winners!

Joyce L. Coleby
Marsh Harbour Branch

Renae C. Walkine
Personal Financial Services
Officer, Loans Dept.
Main Branch

Sherrie Care\l
OPCF.MnCI t, R K,\hAi~c'r
iFiIt riiIl .rIroI

Bertram G. Murray
Manager, Technology Services
Bahamas and Cayman
Technology Services Dept.

Julian Seymour
S.les Services Rep
Merchant Service
Credit Card Centre

Alistiar Curry
Personal Financial Services
Mackey Street Branch

L. LaVerne Major
OpIanIons Conuliu.i ni
Head Olll..-

These RBC Royal Bank

of Canada & RBC

FINCO employees

were chosen for


performance during

2004. They joined

other top RBC

performers from

around the world on a

one-week Caribbean

cruise which set sail

on Sunday, January

9th, 2005.



Royal Bank
I of Canada"

0 Reglil0rd Irada.rnar.1aR.a,.i l &a. A ICa'ad,- ft LI :m.4wI-:-'. ., BC Mt ~arat i ea aiaoC




Courtesy call on Fred itchell

* AMBASSADOR-Designate
of the People's Republic of
China to The Bahamas Li
Yuanming (left) presents a
copy of his Letters of Cre-
dence to Frederick A.
Mitchell, Minister of Foreign
Affairs and Public Service,
during a courtesy call on
Monday, January 17, 2005.
Ambassador-Designate Li
succeeds Jiao Dongcun, who
served from August 21, 2003,
to November 5, 2004. The
presentation was made at the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
East Hill Street.

(BIS Photos:
Raymond Bethel)

c -1 ohabir

S/ijay graduated from the Art Institute
of Fort Lauderdale with a Bachelor of
Science in Media Arts and Animation. His
overall GPA was 3.5. He received the Best
Print Portfolio award from the graduating
class of 2004. He also received the Best
Portfolio for his first year along with his
Freelance Graphic License. We would like
to take this opportunity to thank the
following people for their sponsors and
1. Special Lady in West Bay Strete for her scholarship.
2. All the business in the Bahamas who sponsored him for the Gentlemen's Club
there he was second runner up and received the award for Art.
3 Chris Blackwell Foundauon for thetr chol.'ship ,
Vijay siil be continuing on with his Masters Degree.

'04 Toyota



N LI YUANMING, Ambassador-Designate of the People's Republic of China to The
Bahamas (second from left), yesterday paid a courtesy call on Fred Mitchell, Minister of
Foreign Affairs and Public Service (second from right). Also pictured are Ni Boheng,
first secretary and deputy chief of mission at the Chinese Embassy in New Providence, and
Dr Patricia Rodgers, permanent secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

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NCYYR reveals dream for

the youth of the Bahamas

THE National Committee
for Youth Renewal & Revival
(NCYRR) met on Monday to
unveil their plans for their lat-
est objective Project Renew-
Observing the fact that it
was Dr Martin Luther King
Day, NCYRR Chairman S Ali
Macintosh affirmed that she
also had a dream for the youth
of the Bahamas.
Noting that the project had
the co-operation of the Min-
istry of Education, Mrs McIn-
tosh was optimistic that Pro-
ject Renewal would impact
and change the lives of thou-
sands of public school stu-
Outlining the NCYRR's
goals, she noted that among
initiatives to be undertaken
are the implementation of
both a a boys club and a girls

With Project Renewal being
comprised of several
autonomous organizations,
Mrs McIntosh observed that
their plan was to strengthen
the many organizations that
were presently in the public
schools which would foster
better relations between stu-
She also admitted that "net-
working" with other organi-
sations was also a key to
achieving this goal. She added
that Hope Teams would pro-
vide the personnel to accom-
plish these initiatives noting
that volunteer and recruitment
exercises would begin next
Among the committee's ten
objectives, Sammy Rolle Pres-
ident of the Boys Club of the
Bahamas, spoke highly of the_
NCYRR's plan to implement

a National Church Adoption
of Schools programme
(CAAS). He defined this
effort as "taking the church to
the children." Mr Rolle also
observed that children who
are suspended from school are
sent home where they
can continue to get into trou-
SHe added however that with
the implementation of this

programme, instead of going
home the students would be
sent to churches to be men-
tored. He also added that
churches would firstly be invit-
ed and grouped to work
together to adopt a school.
"We do not want to leave the
Family Islands behind" Mr
RoUe said.
"\\'e want to work with chil-
dren across the board and get

our young people to know
their purpose," Minister Shar-
maine Adderley of The
National Student Christian
Movement said.
In conclusion, NCYRR
Chairman Mrs McIntosh
encouraged togetherness in
the venture and reiterated on
the strengthening of Christian
organizations within the public

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2005 Lecture Series

W' omen's Health
National Heart Month
National Nutrition Month
Senior Health
Men's Health
Hip & Knee Replacement
Mental Health
Alzheimer's Disease
Children's Health
Cancer Awareness Month
Diabetes Awareness Month
Managing Stress & Depression

FREE Health Lecture

Speaker: Dr. Mildred Hall-Watson
Obstetrician & Gynecologist
Topic: Women's Health Issues



Thursday, January 20th, 2005

6:00pm 7:30pm

Venue: Doctors Hospital Conference Room

Q & A: Question and Answer Session to follow lecture.

RSVP: To ensure available seating.


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CHAIRMAN of the National Committee for Youth Renewal
and Revival Mrs S. Ali McIntosh unveils plans for the committee's latest
project on Monday at the Clarence A Bain building.

- II--W



UN emergency relief chief: action

needed to prepare for natural events

* KOBE, Japan
THE world's nations, gen-
erous with their aid since the
Asian tsunami catastrophe,
must take action to be pre-
pared for and prevent such

Jan Egeland speaks out on eve of World Conference on Disaster Reduction

natural events from becom-
ing mass killers, the U.N.
emergency relief chief said

Monday, according to Asso-
ciated Press.
"After the tsunami, I
believe everybody expects
concrete results coming out
of Kobe," Jan Egeland said
on the eve of a five-day
World Conference on Disas-
ter Reduction here.
The gathering is expected
to attract 3,000 government
officials, non-governmental
experts and other specialists
from around the world to dis-
cuss ways to reverse the
growth in numbers of people
affected by natural disasters.
The Dec. 26 Sumatra
earthquake and tsunami,
which claimed at least
162,000 lives in 11 nations,
has focused new attention on
the long-planned U.N. con-
ference, where delegates are
expected to work on plans
for a tsunami warning system
for the Indian Ocean similar
to one on guard for killer
waves in the Pacific.
The meeting coincides with
the 10th anniversary of the
earthquake that devastated
this Japanese port city of 1.5
million, killing almost 6,500
people and showing the
Japanese and the world the
vulnerability of their metrop-
olises to natural disasters.
The mournful people of
Kobe marked the date Jan.
17, 1995 with a candlelight,
vigil and other ceremonies.
But arriving conference del-
egates found a city on the
rebound. with new shopping
centers and office buildings..
and many ne t homes in

neighborhoods leveled by fire
10 years ago.
"I think the whole world
can learn from Kobe," Ege-
land said as he took part in a
symposium, "Living with
Risk," one day before Tues-
day's conference opening.
By one measure the
impact on populations nat-
ural disasters are on the rise,
U.N. officials report. They
say more than 2.5 billion peo-
ple were affected by earth-
quakes, floods, hurricanes
and other such events
between 1994 and 2003, a 60
percent increase over the
numbers of the previous two
10-year periods. More than
478,000 people were killed in
such disasters in 1994-2003.
Dozens of conference ses-
sions will take up such sub-
jects as "building safer com-
munities against disaster"
and educating the public on
flood risks. Exhibitors, mean-
while, will show their disaster
wares, from backpack-sized
floodlights to new seismic
intensity meters and "tsuna-
mi refuge towers."
Led by Australia, Germany
and Japan, the world's
nations have pledged more
than US$5 billion to help sur-
vivors of last month's tsuna-
mi, particularly in Indonesia
and Sri Lanka.
Symposium participants
praised the generous reac-
tion, but Egeland, a U.N.
undersecretary-general, also
said he has "become more
anid more conivin~ed' that
niicih mii6re attention has to
fo c-)f> l ~' ;';; *

be given to disaster preven-
tion and preparedness. We
need to be more than a fire
The conference agenda is
heavy with discussions of
hazard assessment, public
awareness campaigns and
international cooperation,
such as in building stronger
systems to detect tsunamis, a
relatively rare occurrence of
massive waves triggered by
undersea earthquakes, and to
, alert coastal populations to
the danger.
Michael Jarraud, secretary
general of the World Meteo-
rological Organization, not-
ed at the symposium that last
summer's string of Caribbean
hurricanes caused relatively
few casualties in the United
States and Cuba, which have
well-rehearsed evacuation

plans, while they killed
almost 3,000 people in
impoverished Haiti, "telling
us the importance of preven-
tive measures."

In a keynote speech,
Bangladesh's minister for
food and disaster manage-
ment, Chowdhury Kamal
Ibne Yusuf, said it is vital to
improve people's economic
situation, so they can build
better homes in areas not so
vulnerable as his nation's
Bay of Bengal islands,
regularly devastated by
"We can't stop the disas-
ters, but definitely we can
reduce the risk of people who
are vulnerable to disaster,"
he said.

The passing of

Albert Keith Russell
of Toronto, Canada,
formerly of Spanish Wells and Nassau,
occurred on January 8th, 2005.

He was predeceased by his parents,
Albert (Boody) and Una Russell of
Spanish Wells and Nassau, and is
survived by his sister, Juanita Gonzales
of Nassau.

Other family members include his two
nieces, Donna Wells, her husband Duane
and children Jordan and Danielle, Lana
Russell; her husband, Jack and children
Misty and Clint, and brother-in-law, Gurth

Also two aunts and cousins in Spanish
Wells and cousins in Nassau, U.S.A. and
Canada, and special, friends, Carrie
Knowles and Colm Foley.


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- 1 1~-111





ITUESDAY, JANUAMh to, -uuvv, I, ,- ..






President is voted out

FROM page one

surprise exit from the union
headquarters on Nassau
Street. The officers said they
were acting on the advice of
their department head.
Minister Peet later told
The Tribune that'the poll
was suspended because con-
cerns were expressed by the
officers in question about not
*having a proper list of finan-
cial members who were eli-
gible to vote. -'
Once the minister was sat-
isfied the issue .was dealt
with, the poll was re-ordered.
However, Sigmund Bethel
made an early protest Mon-
day, stating that the list he
was given that morning was
still incorrect. He said if one
person who should not be on
the list was there, the whole
process should be -rendered
null and void.
His campaign manager
Rodney Monkur hinted that
legal,action would be immi-
nent if the election results
are ratified.
Mr Bethel also argued that
having only been given

FROM page Otie

"1 think more can be done
to improve the capabilities
of the security officers and
some of the' directors of
companies are aware that
some preventative action
needs to take placee" said
Mr Ferguson.
Security consultant Sime-
on Sturrup said that most of
the officers., are not ade-
quately trained and are not
equipped with the necessary
training to safeguard their
work places or themselves.
This fact, he said, points
to the need for a more reg-
ulated industry. "'
"In most situations there
are hardly any'standards for
those who want to work in
the profession and no stan-
dard to qualify'these. per-
sons;" he said.
On Thursday, December
13, security guard Richard
Petty. 28..was shot in the
back of the head as he lay
on the floor of a pharmacy
during an armed robbery.
Mr Petty was reportedly
defenseless at the time, and
had cooperated completely
with his murderers through-
out the robbery.
* One managing director of
a security firm, who did not
wish to be named, said that
the industry suffers from a
lack of legislation and'a shal-
low talent pool....'
"The difficulty the indus-
try faces, as well as the
Bahamas. is that young men
while in school don't take
education or discipline seri-
ously, so when" they come. to
me that's what- I have to
work with," be said.
He said that security"firms
can play a vital role in-com-
bating crinie,
"You will find in' many
cases that when police come
to investigate an incident,
the first persons they come
to are security'officers. What
we lack is legislation in place
to govern this profession.
We need better aind niore
extensive training to.help
security guards.prot'ect not
only themselves but also the
premises they are employed
to protect," hle said.



The T'ibpne wants to hear
from people who are
making news in their
neighborhoods. Perhaps
you are raising funds for a
good cause, campaigning
for improvements inrthe
area or have won ad
If so, call us on 322-1986
and share your story.

notice of the fresh elections
six days earlier, he did not
have enough time to cam-
paign properly.
Mark Sawyer spent the
hours of the poll downstairs,
handing out leaflets asking
for the support of his union
Ms Ferguson was nowhere
to'be seen Monday. She had
told The Tribune earlier that
she would not be attending
because she thought the

whole thing was "a waste of
time". She described the lat-
est episode in a series of dra-
matic events in the union as
ploys being used by President
Leon Griffin to get her out
of the union before elections
in August, because "he
knows" she would become
the new president.
The officers noted the tim-
ing of the charges that were
brought against Ms Ferguson
and Mr Bethel.


FROM page one

Mr Turnquest said that he had received information
:suggesting that the FAA had grounded Bahamasair jets
!.two weeks ago in Florida. and smaller Dash 8 aircraft
last week.
Mr Major did confirm that beginning about two
,'weeks ago. Bahamasair jets had been subject to routine
inspections in the US by both the FAA and Bahamian
authorities. who administered a Flight Standards
Inspection (FSI).
He said inspectors found "nothing that would render
the planes unsafe or unflyable" but that the FSI did
,'find "one or two items" in need of attention.
These included a malfunctioning seat, a broken seal
on a first aid kit and a faulty emergency light. Mr
Major said.
He said the relevant repairs were carried out imme-
diately after the inspections had been completed, and
as far as he knew, the subsequent FAA inspections
found nothing wrong with any of the jets.
Mr Major insisted that there was nothing out of the
-'ordinary about the round of inspections on the jets:
:.. "It was routine, these things have over three million
moving parts and the regulations are a book probably
six or seven inches thick," he said.
Mr Major also denied Senator Turnquest's sugges-
tion that Bahamasair Dash 8s were grounded last week,
sayingg that these aircraft had been temporarily unable
.to fly into the US as a result of "a documentation
According to Mr Major, the Dash 8s had needed the
.revision of their minimum equipment list, a manual
,required by US authorities.
He explained that the previous version had expired
-on December 31, and that Bahamasair had been grant-
,.ed an extension to complete its revision.
SMr Major said suspension of flights to the US only
.continued until the issue could be resolved, but it did
,:not mean that anything was wrong with the aircraft:
,."We were OK to fly domestically, because the local
:.inspectors were satisfied that we were making all the
.maintenance requirements, but we couldn't go into the
..rUS without the updated manual," he explained.
-;r. Mr Major said the new version of the manual was
,.completed over the weekend, and that Dash 8 flights to
,'the US would now be back to normal.
FAA public relations officer Kathleen Bergen told
:The Tribune that cancelled Bahamasair flights record-
'ed in a December 31 report were not the result of
..grounding orders, but were at the discretion of the air-
The report said that Bahamasair maintenance per-
sonnel elected to cancel some flights as a result of
:-inspections carried out by the FAA and Bahamian offi-
. Ms Bergen said. however, that she would have to
'investigate further before confirming that no Bahama-
sair aircraft were ordered grounded.
;.' Senator Turnquest told The Tribune yesterday that
.the information he mentioned on Parliament Street
about the possible groundings came from an unofficial
'. He said he had not yet been able to confirm the
.report. but said he would continue to look into the

The Tribune contacted the
Central Detective Unit,
which gave the assurance
that the complaints against
them were made late last
The stealing allegation is
reported to have occurred
while Mr Griffin was on a
month's vacation in October
2004-. He returned to find the
locks on the union head-
quarters changed.
Yesterday The Tribune
was able to obtain letters giv-
en to the officers, detailing
the reasons for the. action
against them.
The four letters claim that
over a period of three
months, the officers' conduct
"has been prejudicial to the
interest of the union".
The details of the letters
cannot be revealed because
of court proceedings against
two of the officers.
When asked why Ms Fer-
guson, who so adamantly
fought for her president,
would turn against him so
bitterly, Mr Griffin said:

"The Bible says if your right
hand offends you, cut it off."
He described an amicable
relationship between them
which changed as Ms Fergu-
son did not want to "wait her
turn" as she tried to "over-
throw him".
He stressed that the actions
being taken are the wishes of
his members. He said execu-
tive board meetings, were
often disrupted by those offi-
cers, especially Mark Sawyer,
who "did not want to respect
the chair".
The executive board is now
set to meet on January 20 to
decide whether or not the
next step will be to seek to
have the officers removed
from the BTU altogether.
The board could also decide
to hold another election to
replace those officers, but the
BTU constitution also allows
for the existing officers to fill
in their duties until the next
Other members of the
BTU executive council
include: Secretary General

Roscoe Weech and his assis-
tant Jeffrey Murphy; Trea-
surer T Carmichael Brown
and his assistant Derek Cox;
Trustees Gregory Thompson
and Terrance Henfield; and
five executive board mem-
Mr Griffin said he was will-
ing to do. away with the
results of his poll without a
fight, which he continued
after the labour board left on
January 6.
Refuting Ms Ferguson's
comments against him, Mr
Griffin said he drove a taxi
for 18 years and has the
interest of taxi drivers at
heart. He said his goal was
to be a unionist, and he
worked straight up the ranks
of the union "from the bot-
tom up".
Mr Griffin stressed that his
involvement in the union is
not political, adding that his
wife, Minister Melanie Grif-
fin, does not ask him about
union business, and she does
not discuss Cabinet business
with him.



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IMfIO f 5 "' contest box at Lightbourn Trading Co. Ltd., 118 Mackey
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ach Prize consists of: 1 NV water bottle,
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I 1lti bUt

r-'6%Ur- I e-', I JrEOLUAT.JMIUMMT 10, 4)UO


business leaders


high-level tourism talks

FROM page three

allow their vacation to be more
He also predicted that a
revamped marketing plan
which focuses more on the

"value-conscious traveller,'
will increase stop-over and
cruise-ship visitors.
"Given the positive perfor-
mance of tourism in 2004,"
added Mr Smith, "and the
projection that this is likely
to continue, we believe we

nave rn

FROM page three

even now, black people have a hard time, talk-
ing about the past, because other people con-
sider it to be racist. However, he said, Jews
constantly remind people of what happened to
their ancestors during the Holocaust.
Dr Donaldson said the idea of a white leader
in the Bahamas would be comparative to blacks
in South Africa electing a white leader just ten
years after the end of apartheid.
In response to the entire leadership issue in
the FNM, he said the country needs to under-
stand that there is a difference between being
the rulers and the ruling class of the country. He
said at this stage of the game, Bahamians have
not made that distinction.
Dr Donaldson said he holds nothing against
the man personally. "We cannot hold who his
father was against him," he said. Sir Roland
Symonette, who headed the UBP government,
was the Bahamas' first Premier.

will meet our budgeted real
growth rate of three per cent,
despite the adverse impact of
the ongoing hurricane relief
Mr Smith recognized how-
ever that the projected
growth is heavily dependent

eir say
Dr Donaldson added that Mr Symonette
would have to prove to the Bahamian people
that he disagreed with his father's politics. How-
ever, he strongly felt Mr Symonette should not
He added that because of the two party sys-
tem of governance, Bahamians have been
forced to be led with incompetence because
often they have to chose between the lesser of
two evils at the polls.
"Either or is not a choice and it is not a
He said that there is also too much nepotism
in place for a two party system to work.
"Bahamians vote for personalities or self
interest but that is not how you should conduct
On the issue of a possible return by former
Prime Minister Hubert Ingraham, Dr Donald-
son said, "That's a non-issue, if the country has
to return to that then we are bad off." ;
Paul Adderley, former Attorney Gerneral,
when contacted said he preferred not to com-
ment on the issue.

upon the performance of the
US economy and the absence
of any global catastrophes or
natural disaster.
Although the government
cannot control the forces of
nature, Mr Smith said they
can attempt to maintain a
leadership position in the

Caribbean by increasing the
use of information technology
and the reduction of con-
straints on capital and labour
He added this is a challenge
for middle-income countries
like the Bahamas, and in
order to accomplish this feat,

Lights go out on

Eleuthera runway

FROM page one

North Eleuthera as well as the one in Governor's Har-
bour are damaged.
"In North Eleuthera the tower for communicating with
airplanes has been damaged and has not been reinstalled.
My understanding is that an aircraft has to wait until
it's in the air until they can communicate with Nassau and
that the airport can communicate with incoming aircraft
but not Nassau," said the MP.
Attempts to contact officials at Transport and Aviation
failed. The Tribune was informed that the switchboard at
the ministry was malfunctioning.
An eyewitness at Governor's Harbour airport Friday
night, said that the Lynx aircraft, which usually arrives
in Governor's Harbour from Fort Lauderdale at 4.30pm,
was attempting to make a 7pm landing when the run-
way lights failed.
He said that not only were passengers coming
to Governor's Harbour, but six to eight passengers
were waiting at the airport to return to Fort
Last year there were seven crashes at various airports
around the country resulting in three deaths:
They occurred in North Eleuthera, New Providence,
West End in Grand Bahama, two in Walker's Cay in
Abaco and two at Marsh Harbour International Airport
in Abaco.

there must be more educa-
tional reforms available.
Mr Smith said these
reforms must be geared
towards producing a "pool of
skilled and Creative labour, as
well as good government,
,secure property rights and
strong financial systems to
fight corruption and ineffi-
The government is in the
advanced stage of imple-
menting e-Government which
he says will reduce the cost
of delivering somepublic ser-
"We are continuing to mod-
ernise and upgrade the gov-
ernment's revenue machin-
ery," he continued, "so as to
generate the necessary
resources to deliver the
wide range of services
demanded by our growing
According to Mr Smith,
steps are also being taken to
improve the quality of eco-
nomic data. He announced
that by June a series of GDP
account data compiled by the
Department of Statistics will
be published.
He said that a plan has
been put in place to ensure
that this practice becomes a
regular occurrence in all
aspects of economic data.
"I firmly believe that we
have the appropriate mix of
policies and programmes to
meet our economic targets,"
said Mr Smith, "and by doing
so, place the Bahamas on a
sustainable path of econom-
ic growth and development
well into the future."

UN officials ban

travel in part of

tsunami-hit region
* BANDA ACEH, Indonesia
SECURITY fears have again
threatened to hamper tsunami
relief efforts, with U.N. officials
banning aid workers from trav-
eling in parts of devastated
Aceh province following reports
that fighting had broken out
between Indonesian govern-
ment forces and insurgents,
according to Associated Press.
The proposed creation of a
tsunami warning system for
southern Asia, meanwhile, was
to dominate discussions at a
U.N. conference that opened
Tuesday in Japan. Experts say
countless lives could have been
saved on Dec. 26 if such a sys-
tem had been in place.
"Much more attention has to
be given to disaster prevention
and preparedness," said Jan
Egeland, U.N. undersecretary
general for humanitarian affairs,
as thousands of delegates and
experts from around the world
gathered in Kobe. "We should
be more than a fire brigade."
Not just Asia was on edge. A
world away in Concepcion,
Chile, a false tsunami warning
overnight sent 12,000 people
fleeing from their homes in pan-
ic, after three men ran through
a beach shouting that a massive
wave was coming, said regional
Governor Rodrigo Diaz. He
called the warning "a bad joke."

Last month's tsunami disas-
ter, triggered by a powerful
earthquake off the coast of
Indonesia's Sumatra island,
killed more than 160,000 people
and ravaged vast stretches of
coastline from Thailand to
More than two-thirds of the
deaths were in Sumatra's north-
ern province of Aceh, where
separatists have been fighting
for an independent state for
Denmark on Monday cau-
tioned its aid workers to beware
of an imminent terror attack -
prompting U.N. officials to
launch an investigation and
declare a state of "heightened
awareness" in Aceh, where a
small battle was reportedly
going on between Indo' ia's
army and the rebels.
Denmark didn't expi.: the
source of the threat.
U.N. aid workers were
banned from traveling between
the provincial capital of
Banda Aceh and the east Suma-
tran city of Medan, a 450-kilo-
meter (280-mile) stretch of

Political giants
P a1 *




Miami Herald Business, Stocks, Analysis, Wall Street








Central Bank governor urges government to
lower national debt from 42% of GDP to,35%
with balanced Budget and reduction targets

Tribune Business Reporter
With new pro-
posals for
the relax-
ation of
controls expected to be deliv-
ered to the Government short-
ly, the Central Bank of the
Bahamas governor yesterday
urged the Cabinet to revisit its
position on foreign access to
real property in certain places

or risk a situation where
Bahamians are unable to own
homes in the area of their
Given the strong pace of
development the Bahamas was
likely to experience over the
next decade and the limited
land resources available in New
Providence and other islands,
Julian Francis said it would not
be possible to escape such mea-
sures without the risk of hav-
ing Bahamians priced out of
certain areas.
Addressing the 14th Annual

Bahamas Business Outlook
conference, Mr Francis identi-
fied the area of 'national pref-
erence philosophy' as critical to'
shaping a new Bahamas.
He said the idea that there
should be reserved for nationals
a preemptive right over many
areas of the economy is perva-
sive among Bahamians, but was
in sharp contrast with the coun-
try's willingness to enjoy the
prosperity offered by the con-
tmued inflows of foreign capital.
See LAND, Page 4B

Tribune Business Reporter

JAMES SMITH, minister of
state for finance, yesterday said
that a vibrant tourism indus-
try, combined relatively low
foreign currency debt, coupled
with strengthening construc-
tion activity and foreign direct
investment, created a poten-
tially strong 2005 for the
Bahamian economy.
Addressing the Bahamas
Business Outlook conference,
Mr Smith said tourism arrivals
ended 2004 at 10.8 per cent
above 2003, with more gains
expected in 2005 as a result of
upbeat projections for the US
A declining dollar is also
expected to mean that a
Bahamian vacation is more
affordable to European
tourists. Initial projections by
the Ministry of Tourism con-
cerning increased European
visitors are likely to be
Mr Smith said growth in
hotel room inventory,
increased diversity in the
tourism product and a more
effective marketing of the
Bahamas as the destination of
choice are expected over the
He said: "In the absence of
any natural or man made dis-
asters, we could look forward
to healthy increases in both
stopover and cruise ship visi-
Mr Smith said the Govern-
ment was likely to hit its bud-
geted real GDP growth rate
of 3 per cent for 2004, despite
the adverse impact of hurri-
cane relief efforts.
The improved tourism
industry performance, cou-
pled with a tight monetary pol-
icy, also improved liquidity in
the banking systems as liquid

Ja mes Smh. Phoo veCu ll

James Smith. (Photo: The Counsellors)

assets rose from $128.9 million
in 2003 to $222 million in 2004,
a 72 per cent increase.
This increase in liquidity
caused the weighted average
of deposit rates for commer-
cial banks to fall from 4.04 per

Bahamas reaches

'crossroads' on

labour relations

Tribune Business Editor
The Bahamas stands "at a
crossroads with respect to
nation building", the Bahamas
Hotel Employers Association
(BHEA) president said yester-

day, and must improve indus-
trial relations within its econo-
my if its not to be "over-
whelmed" by outside competi-
tive forces.
J Barrie Farrington, who is
See UNIONS, Page 2B

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info@damianos.com ,i

cent to 3.66 per cent in the
2004 third quarter.
A moderately lower average
lending rate, dropping from
11.77 per cent to 10.95 per cent
See GROW, Page 4B

_ ;......


Tel: (242) 356-7764
Tel: (242) 351-3010



'Inherent conflict'

in Bahamianisation

could hurt Bahamas

Vincent Vanderpool-Wallace

Scholarship Information'

Faith Temple Christian Academy
wishes to announce that applications for its
Government School Recipient's Scholarship
are now available.

The Academy will award-three (3) -full
.: scholarships to students in the sixth and ninth,
grades from the Government Schools in New

M This Seholarnchin is metrit h~std-and

Tribune Business Editor

The "inherent con-
flict" between
globalisation and
is the "one major
problem" that could prevent
this nation from moving from
third to first in terms of per
capital gross domestic product
(GDP) in the Western Hemi-
sphere, the Ministry of Touris-
m's director-general said yes-
Vincent Vanderpool-Wallace
told the Bahamas Business Out-
look Conference that while a
more "open and globalised"
Bahamian economy would also
be more robust, many Bahami-
ans believed this would auto-
matically lead to "lower partic-
ipation by Bahamians in the
fruits of the economy".
He added that Bahamians
often gave two reasons as to
why they opposed this nation's
potential membership in the
Free Trade Area of the Ameri-
cas (FTAA), Caribbean Single
Market & Economy (CSME)
and World Trade Organisation
(WTO), with the "real reason"
for this stance given last.
"The real reason is that we
don't believe we will enable
ourselves to get the fruits of
greater participation," Mr Van-
derpool-Wallace said.
"If we don't find some way
to resolve this, we are going to
find ourselves out in the cold."
The "inherent conflict" the
Ministry of Tourism's director-
general referred to has come
into sharp focus in recent weeks
through the debate by the
Financial Services Consultative
Forum's recently-released
Immigration report.
The report, which advocates
bringing in specialist expatriate
employees with key skills and
contacts in areas where the
Bahamian financial services
industry needs bolstering, was
criticised for advocating the
abandonment of 'Bahamianisa-
tion' and failing to address the
advancement of Bahamians in
the sector.
In his address yesterday, Mr
Vanderpool-Wallace said the
Bahamas "jealously guarded"
its transportation industry for
Bahamians only, meaning that
'ho company could establish an
inter-island fast ferry system.or
airline service unless it was
majority-owned by Bahamians.

As a result, the Bahamas was
not allowing itself to grow and
develop the Family Islands.
To ensure Bahamians
received the full benefits of par-
ticipating in their economy, Mr
Vanderpool-Wallace said the
Government and educational
system had to re-focus on this
nation's "advantages" and pro-
vide a workforce suited to the
needs of this nation's major
industries. Expatriate labour
would then only be required to
"fill in the gaps".
The director-general said the
Bahamas had to do a better job
of "glorifying our strengths",
adding that too many seminars
were focused on "how to get rid
of weaknesses. That's what we
do all day long in our educa-
tional system".
The Bahamas had not played
to the inherent strengths in its
workforce enough, Mr Vander-
pool-Wallace said, likening the
education system's current focus
to a coach telling Women's 400
metre gold medallist, Tonique
Williams-Darling, to drop run-
ning and concentrate on the
shot putt.
In addition, the tourism direc-
tor-general said the Bahamian
people had not been educated
to understand that tourism and
financial services were this
nation's exports, rather than
The Bahamas, he added,
would have passed the five mil-
lion annual visitors mark in
December had it not been for
the September hurricanes. The
2005 outlook for tourism was
"robust and quite bright",
despite the ongoing capacity
and recovery issues in Grand
Looking at Bahamian touris-
m's future, Mr Vanderpool-
Wallace said he wanted this
nation to become "world
renowned for visitors and resi-
dent satisfaction and its tourism
He envisioned thousands of
visitors and residents using
water taxis to relieve conges-
tion in downtown Nassau, plus a
properly functioning trans-
portation system involving jit-'
neys and taxis.
A distinct ground transporta-
tion system was already com-
ing into being, Mr Vanderpool-
Wallace said, with the NMercedes
%ans and cars promised to taxi
drivers having arri ed in the
Encouraging more people to

become permanent residents
was another way for Bahamian
tourism to grow, and Mr Van-
derpool-Wallace added that he
could see a day when an inte-
grated fast ferry system would
work with airborne transporta-
tion to link the Family Islands.
Visitors to the Bahamas
would receive a personal greet-
ing online, while an online
helpline would deal with visi-
tor problems while they were
still on holiday.
Mr Vanderpool-Wallace said
the Ministry of Tourism had
"radically changed" the way it
viewed saw and thought about
the industry over the last 10
years. An "article of faith" had
been to rely heavily on adver-
tising to attract visitors, but the
Ministry's approach had
changed to ensure the "visitor
experience is as good as it can
"If the visitor experience is
not the very best, no advertising
can fix that. That's an article of
faith," Mr Vanderpool-Wallace
In a similar vein, rather than
focusing on visitors staying for a
long time, the Ministry of
Tourism was now focusing on
tourists with a shorter length of
stay, as they spent more per day
than long-term visitors. They
also generated more business
for ground transportation and
the airlines.
The Ministry had also
switched from a pure headcount
of visitor numbers to visitor
expenditure, as getting every
tourist to spend $10 more would
translate into an additional $50
million for the Bahamian econ-
There was no such thing as a
US market, Mr Vanderpool-
Wallace said, as the Bahamas
had "not even scratched the sur-
face yet" in states such as Cali-
fornia, since the majority of its
visitors still came from the US
east coast.
While the Bahamas had been
urged to increasingly go after
European visitors, Mr Vander-
pool-Wallace said some 80 per
cent of tourists from that mar-
ket could not afford to stay
here, preferring low cost desti-
nations such as Cuba and the
Dominican Republic.
He added that the arrival of
the three low-cost carriers, Jet-
Blue, Song and Spirit, to this
destination was seen as:'being
very important to increasing the
profitability of the Bahamas".

Unions (From page 1B)

.. E UP' )' ...........a-.. *.... also executive vice-president of
candidates wanting to apply must sit the administration for Kerzner
Entrance Examination. The Examination for International (Bahamas), told
the Bahamas Business Outlook
applicants will be held on Saturday, January conference that the Bahamas
29th, 2005 at 9:00 a.m. at the Academy on was spending "too much time
B1 looking inward" in sorting out
Prince Charles Drive. industrial disputes at a time
when the regional, hemispheric
E and global competition was
All applications must be submitted to becoming "fiercer and fiercer".
the Admittance' Office by Wednesday, January He said: "It is my belief that
h1 9we are at the crossroads with
19, 2005. respect to nation building, and
that is made more critical by
For More Information Contact the unevenness of the industri-
For More Information Contact alrelationslandscape.
The Admittance's Office: "Too much time is spent
looking inward. This must
Tel: (242) 3242269 change or else everything on
Fax: (242) 364-8045 the outside will overwhelm us
P. 0. Box fSS-5765 and leave us in a state of bewil-
P O. o S 6 derment."
Nassau, Bahamas Mr Farrington said it seemed
that "hardly a week goes by"
without an industrial dispute of
.. some nature featuring in the
Sf/'/ia//t Zc de/1 media, and now was the time
"Your School of First Choice..." for the Bahamas to "close ranks
and work for the common

Financial AdvisrsLt. Lt
Pricing Information As Of:
17 January 2005
BISX ALL SHARE INDEX: CLOSE 1.042.07 / CHG 00.00 / %CHG 00.00 I YTD 173.77 / YTD % 20.01
52wk-HI 52wk-Low Symbol Previous Close Today's Close Change Dally Vol. EPS S DIv 5 PIE Yield
1.49 1 1," :.' r.larl-., I 1C 1.10 r.(.,r 0 197 0000 N/M 000"'
8.40 7.30 Bahamas Property Fund 8.00 8.00 0.00 1.328 0.320 6.0 4.00%
6.25 5.75 Bank of Bahamas 5.75 5.75 0.00 0.152 0.330 11.2 5.74%
0.85 0.75 Benchmark 0.85 0.85 0.00 -0.057 0.000 NIM 0.00%
1.97 1.80 Bahamas Waste 1.80 1.80 0.00 0.101 0.000 17.8 0.00%
1.00 0.91 British American Bank 0.95 0.95 0.00 0.007 0.040 12.8 4.21%
7.25 6.25 Cable Bahamas 7.20 7.20 0.00 0.510 0.240 14.1 3.33%
2.20 1.35 'Colina Holdings 2.20 2.20 0.00 0.259 0.060 8.5 2.73%
7.17 6.15 Commonwealth Bank 7.15 7.15 0.00 0.632 0.390 11.3 5.45%
1.50 0.35 Doctor's Hospital 1.50 1.50 0.00 0.228 0.000 6.6 0.00%
4.00 3.13 Famguard 3.96 3.96 0.00 0.406 0.170 9.8 4.29%
9.75 8.02 Finco 9.75 9.75 0.00 0.649 0.480 15.0 4.92%
7.60 6.20 FirstCaribbean 7.50 7.50 0.00 0.513 0.330 14.6 4.40%
8.60 8.00 Focol 8.00 8.00 0.00 0.710 0.500 11.3 6.25%
2.25 1.99 Freeport Concrete 1.99 1.99 0.00 0.025 0.000 79.6 0.00%
10.38 9.90 ICD Utilities 9.89 9.89 0.00 0.818 0.405 12.1 4.10%
8.25 8.10 J. S. Johnson 8.22 8.22 0.00 0.785 0.550 10.5 6.81%
6.27 4.36 Kerzner International BDRs 5.80 5.80 0.00 0.245 0.000 23.7 0.00%
10 00 1,) '0 Prerr...,r I-. ii- _,:...h l. L00' 1.. .. L"' 0 894 0 350 1-1 4 3 50'-
Fidelity Over-ThellCountur Securities
52wk-HI 52wk-Low Symbol Bid S Ask $ Last Price Weeookly Vol EPS S DIv S P/E Yield
1300 13 0-' Baran- s 3u-..ro, irl .1- I I 3 4 u'.) 1 ,'.r. 1 326 0 720 10 5 5 1 ,
10.14 10.00 Caribbean Crossings (Pref) 10.00 10.35 10.00 0.000 0.800 NM 7.80%
0.60 0.40 RND Holdings 0.29 0.54 0.00 -0.103 0.000 NM 0.00%
Colina Over-The-Connlor Seouitrltleas
43 00 ;8 0r .AI,0DB .1 I 0., .13 0 -11 2 220 n 000 194 0 00%0
16.00 13.00 Bahamas Supermarkets 13.00 14.00 13.00 1.105 0.810 14.6 6.93%
0.60 0.35 RND Holdings 0.29 0.54 0.35 -0.103 0.000 N/M 0.00%
B31IS Listed Mutual Funds
52wk-HI 52wk-Low Fund Name NAV rTD,- Last 12 Months DIv S Yield %
1 2014 1 1.191 i c : n.-i ,,r. ., larkei l i-ind I .'i.I '."
2.0536 1.8164 Fidelity Bahamas G & I Fund 2.1191***
10.2148 10.0000 Fidelity Prime Income Fund 10.2648-***
2.1746 2.0012 Colina MSI Preferred Fund 2.174583**
1.0848 1.0823 Collna Bond Fund 1.084821*-*
'F IINDEX: CLOSE 420.140 I YT7D 12.259%., I 2003 -0.5949%
BISX ALL SHARE INDEX 19 Dec 02 = 1.000.00 YIELD last 12 month dividends divided by closing price
S2wk-HI Highest closing price In last 52 weeks Bid $ Buying price of Collne and Fidellit
B2wk-Low Lowest closing price In last 52 weeks Ask $ Selling price of Colina and fidellt4
Pravlous Close Previous day's weighted price for daily volume Last Price Last traded over-the-counter price
Today's Close Current day's weighted price for daily volurrim Weekly Vol. Trading volume of the prior week
Change Change in closing price from day to day EPS $ A company's reported earnings per share for the last 12 mths
Daily Vol. Number of total shares traded today NAV Net Asset Value
DIV $ Dividends per share paid In the last 12 months NIM Not Meaningful
PI Closing price divided by the last 12 month earnings FINDEX The Fidelity Bahamas Stock Index. January 1, 1994 = 100
- AS AT DEC. 31, 2004/ ** AS AT DEC. 31, 2004
- AS AF DEC. JI. 20041-" AS AT DE- J 1. 2004 ..... AS A I U-C 31. ~200
b'- TO TRADE CALL! COI INA 242.i0l'321010 I I I'lfL IY Z42-3Je.-/U4

good", taking "bold steps" to
build co-operation, under-.
standing, transparency and
understanding on all sides.
The BHEA president said
increasing workforce produc-
tivity was a vital component in
making "a tremendous impact
on the bottom line" for major
Bahamas-based hotels, who
were suffering from the rela-
tively high costs of doing busi-
ness in this nation compared to
other countries in the region
and the world.
According to Mr Farrington
"virtually all member hotel
properties are unprofitable".
While the Government in the
1980s had taken over the run-
ning of hotels to preserve jobs
following their demise under
private sector ownership, "the
taxpayers have had the burden
of underwriting millions of dol-
lars in annual losses".
Indeed, Mr Farrington said
one hotel owner had invested
more on his Bahamas property
than any other resort in the
Caribbean region, and the
return on his investment in the
Bahamas had been much less
than anywhere else.
Meanwhile, the Bahamas
share of Caribbean hotel rooms
had declined from 13 per cent
to 6.1 per cent over the last five
years, and the rate of growth in
its room inventory had aver-
aged 1.1 per cent per year over
that period.
The Tourism Taskforce's
report on Trade Libeialisation

last year showed that while total
rooms in the Bahamas grew by
6 per cent between 1994 and
1999, the comparable rates of
growth were 43 per cent in
Cuba, 17 per cent in Cancun
and 71 per cent in the Domini-
can Republic.
Mr Farrington said: "The log-
ical conclusion is that invest-
ment opportunities in other
jurisdictions were more attrac-
tive. The competitive edge we
once held seems to have been
"For tourism throughout the
Bahamas, the product needs
uplifting and to be made prof-
Mr Farrington praised Pat
Bain, head of the hotel union, as
a leader who subscribed to pro-
ductivity. He added that the
industrial agreement signed last
year between the BHEA and
the union spoke to achieving
improved productivity and
reduced costs in the hotel indus-
try, coupled with improved
worker benefits.
The agreement also
addressed issues such as sub-
stance abuse, and provided an
arbitration mechanism for
resolving union-employer dis-
putes without needing to go to
the courts or Ministry of
Labour, something Mr Farring-
ton believed was a first for the
Bahamas. He said: "There sim-
ply needs to be in place a radi-
cally different and effective pro-
tocol that fosters positive indus-
trial relations."




An International Business Company incorporated under the
laws of The British Virgin Islands
(Voluntary Liquidation)

NOTICE is hereby given that the voluntary dissolution of BLACK
December 23rd, 2004 and that Continental Liquidators Inc., of No.
2 Commercial Centre Square, P.O. Box #71, Alofi, Niue Islands
has been appointed liquidator of the company.

Dated this December 30th, 2004.

Continental Liquidators Inc.










Tribune Business Editor
A trade union
leader yester-
day called for
the creation of
a "much need-
ed and overdue" Productivity
Council that would also address
issues such as training, legisla-
tion and worker attitude, as the
Bahamas faced an increasingly
competitive global business
Pat Bain, president of the
National Congress of Trade
Unions (NCTU) and head of
the hotel union, told the
Bahamas Business Outlook
conference that with "buzz
words" such as productivity,
training and re-training domi-
nating the labour lexicon,
Bahamian trade unions had
moved to ensure their members
were well-educated, skilled and
He added that when eco-
nomic times were hard, often
the first area where Bahamian
companies looked to cut back
was on training programmes for
their workers.
Mr Bain said: "The trade
union movement is putting its
money where its mouth is.
Across the board in the
Bahamas, we've found that
when there is a downturn in our
economy, the first thing that
goes out the door is training."
Bahamian trade unions were
focused on members having the
necessary experience and skills,
and Mr Bain said: "Competi-
tiveness if based on product and
service quality and labour pro-
ductivity, rather than cheap
The NCTU president said
workforce productivity at any
company could not be imposed
"unilaterally" or from the top,

but came from "all partners" -
the firm, workers and union -
"coming together to address all
Mr Bain said that foremost
among Bahamian trade union
concerns in the globalisation era
was the impact on workers from
privatisations; business closures,
mergers and acquisitions and
subsequent downsizing in the
workforce; health and safety in
the workplace; and productivity
and competitiveness in the glob-

al environment.
A Productivity Council would
address such concerns, and also
look at the issue of perfor-
mance-related pay to ensure
that workers could have a just
share in the fruits of their pro-
Mr Bain said the whole
Bahamian education system
needed to be "re-addressed",
as it was not providing gradu-
ates with the education and
skills to meet job requirements

and standards in the 21st cen-
tury. As a result, employers
were being forced to look for
expatriate labour to fill some
The NCTU president said the
achievement of "complete bind-
ing trust" among all parties to a
labour agreement would mark
"the benchmark for industrial
relations in the Bahamas if it
ever happens", with every com-
pany, manager and worker con-
cerned buying into it.

The following persons are asked to contact
in connection with items left in storage:









All rentals must be paid and items removed no later than
January 31st, 2005

I stor-it-all I

(b Lowe's Wholesale

GN 153




The Government of The Bahamas is inviting tenders for the contracting of labour,
material and dredging services for Harbour Island and North Eleuthera Refuse
Containers Transfer Sites, and supply of equipment for transfer station.
These projects are a part of The Bahamas Governments Bahamas Solid Waste
Management Programme.
Interested parties may obtain further information including eligibility to participate
and may obtain a copy of the bidding documents upon payment of a non-refundable
fee of fifty ($50.00) dollars per document from:
The Department of Environmental Health Services
Farrington Road
P.O. Box SS-19048
Nassau, N.P.
The Bahamas

Telephone: 322-8037
Telefax: 322-8120

The method of payment will be certified cheques or cash, and the documents would
be ready for review as of Friday, January 21st, 2005.
Tenders are to be submitted in sealed envelope(s) marked, "Tenders for the Dredging
Services for Harbour Island and North Eleuthera Refuse Container Transfer Sites,
and Supply of Equipment for Transfer Station" and sent to:
The Tenders Board
c/o The Financial Secretary
Ministry of Finance & Planning
Cecil Wallace-Whitfield Bldg.
Cable Beach
Nassau, The Bahamas

All tenders must reach the Tenders Board no later than 4:30 p.m. on Monday, 28th
February, 2005. All tenders must be submitted in triplicate. Tenders will be opened
at 10:00 a.m. Tuesday, 1st March, 2005, at the Office of the Tenders Board, Ministry
of Finance.





I Heing bemssSctbusbank

Pat Bain




F fl! f T


Canker crisis

set to raise

juice prices

The canker blight that
wiped out Abaco's citrus
industry and is set to cost the
Bahamian economy $60 mil-
lion will also slightly increase
the price of orange juice,
grapefruit, lime and lemon for
Bruce Souder, Bahamas
Supermarkets' managing
director, said that while there
would be no impact on supply
or product availability, the
Abaco canker blight would
force retailers to rely more
heavily on imported citrus. As
a result, the retail prices of
citrus-based products might
show a slight increase.
Mr Souder said: "The situ-
ation in Abaco is indeed
unfortunate with the loss of
jobs and the damage done to
the island's citrus groves, but
fortunately for consumers
there is no impact on avail-
ability of citrus products."
Bahamas Supermarkets,
which operates in this nation

under the City Market and
Winn Dixie brands, had
stocked Bahamian-grown cit-
rus products.
However, it had increasing-
ly been relying on imported
citrus as well after the back-
to-back hurricanes that swept
Abaco and Grand Bahama in
September. The canker quar-
antine was the latest to slash
dependence on local products.
"Crop damage like this
wipes out thousands of trees
or entire gross es thla can take
five to seven years to grow
back," Mr Sonder said. And
farms in nearby Florida were
hit equally hard.
He added: "We've just
received a shipment of Cali-
fornia grapefruit. Higher ship-
ping costs and incidents of the
canker virus in other markets
have impacted prices not just
here but elsewhere. Con-
sumers will see a slight rise in
prices, but it's nothing to be
alarmed about."

Common Law and Equity Division

IN THE MATTER OF ALL THAT piece parcel or lot
of land situate on the North side of King Street in
the Settlement of Dunmore Town in the Island of
Harbour Island one of the islands of the
Commonwealth of The Bahamas which said lot is
bounded Northeastwardly partially by land now or
formerly the property o f Marican Cash and by land
now or formerly the property of Kingdon Higgs and
running together thereon Thirty-nine and Ninety-six
hundredths (39.96) feet Southeastwardly by land
now or formerly the property of the said Kingdon
Higgs and running thereon Seventy-two and Two
hundredths (72.02) feet Southwestwardly by the said
King Street and running thereon Thirty-eight and two
hundredths (38.02) feet and Norhtwestwardly by land
now or formerly the property of John Fondas and
running thereon Seventy-three and Ninety-nine
hundredths (73.99) feet and is showri on a plan filed
herein and thereon coloured Pink.

IN THE MATTER OF the Quieting Titles Act, 1959.

AND IN THE MATTER OF the Petition of Linda Lou
Albury (as Executrix and Trustee of the Estate of
Eleanor Patricia Bethel).


The Quieting Titles Act, 1959

The Petition of LINDA LOU ALBURY of the Settlement of
Dunmore Town on the Island of Harbour Island, one of the Islands
in the Commonwealth of The Bahamas (as Executrix and Trustee
of the Estate of Eleanor Patricia Bethel) in respect of:

ALL THAT piece parcel or lot of land situate on the
North side of King Street in the Settlement of Dunmore
Town in the Island of Harbour Island one of the islands
of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas which said
lot is bounded Northeastwardly partially by land now
or formerly the property of Marican Cash and by land
now or formerly the property of Kingdon Higgs and
running together thereon Thirty-nine and Ninety-six
hundredths (39.96) feet Southeastwardly by land now
or formerly the property of the said Kingdon Higgs
and running thereon Seventy-two and Two hundredths
(72.02) feet Southwestwardly by the said King Street
and running thereon Thirty-eight and two hundredths
(38.02) feet and Northwestwardly by land now or
formerly the property of John Fondas and running
thereon Seventy-three and Ninety-nine hundredths
(73.99) feet.

Linda Lou Albury claims to be the owner of the fee simple estate
in possession of the said piece parcel or tract of land free from

And the Petitioner has made application to the Supreme Court
of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas under Section 3 of the
Quieting Titles Act, 1959 to have her title to the said piece parcel
or tract of land investigated and the nature and extent thereof
determined and declared in a Certificate of Title to be granted
by the Court in accordance with the provisions of the said Act.

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that any person having dower or
a right to dower or an adverse claim or a claim not recognized
in the Petition shall by the end of 30 days after the final publication
in the newspapers of this Notice file in the Supreme Court and
serve on the Petitioner or the undersigned a Statement of his
claim in the prescribed form verified by an Affidavit to be filed
therewith. Failure of any such person to file and serve a Statement
of Claim within the time prescribed will operate as a bar to such

Copies of the filed plan may be inspected at the Registry of the
Supreme Court, and at the chambers of Messrs. Harry B. Sands,
Lobosky & Company situated at Fifty Shirley Street, Nassau,
Bahamas during normal business hours.

DATED the 12th day of November A.D., 2004

Fifty Shirley Street
Nassau, Bahamas

Attorneys for the Polillonnr

Land (From page 1

"What would it mean for the
Bahamas to embrace this level
of openness? I think that it may
be interesting and useful to seek
to define today those areas of
the economy which should con-
tinue to have some degree of
protection. Once this list has
been compiled, all else should
be, in a sufficiently orderly way,
subjected to the realities of
today's global economic reali-
ties," Mr Francis said.
While not suggesting that this
preemptive right in economic
matters is public policy, Mr
Francis said there was a funda-
mental view among Bahamians
that this is the natural order of
things and that to suggest oth-
erwise could even be consid-
ered non-Bahamian.
This view of 'Bahamianisa-
tion' was seen in the ambiva-
lent relationship between labour
and foreign investment, Mr
Francis said, and in the staunch
opposition that is generally seen
to non-Bahamian labour in
most areas of the economy.
"It can also be seen in the
staunch opposition to the idea
that, by definition as a small
developing economy, the
Bahamas does not have inter-
nally some of the specialised
expertise required to manage
and promote certain services
targeting sophisticated foreign
consumers, and in the public
scepticism generally in the need
to involve 'outsiders' in the
development of our economy,"
Mr Francis said.
"Or, put another way, the
stubborn conviction that we
know it all, can do it ourselves
and need always to be on the
watch for the exploiting out-
siders, who come here only for
what they can enjoy and take
Looking at the fiscal health
of the country, Mr Francis said
while the country's future looks
reasonably bright, with the
national debt at about 42 per
cent of GDP* the Bahamas
needs to absolutely commit

Julian Francis (The Counsellors)

itself to not only not exceeding
this level, but seeing a steady
reduction over time.
He noted further that coun-
tries which do not adhere to
strict fiscal discipline inevitably
subject their citizens to a sub-

optimal standard of living,
which is more or less acute
depending on the degree of
The Central Bank governor
said he would like to see broad
targets published that would

lead to a balanced fiscal bud-
get over a reasonable period of
time, and which would provide
for a programmed reduction in
the national debt to a comfort-
able level of about 35 per cent
of GDP.
A benefit of such a position
would begin with the direct
spin-offs benefiting monetary
policy, a stronger Bahamian
currency that would provide
the country with more options
and a stronger negotiating posi-
tion within the context of the
reorganisation of the global eco-
nomic order.
"This strategy provides the
Government more latitude in
fiscal management, because less
of the budget has to be devoted
to servicing the national debt,"
Mr Francis said.
"Tax revenue can be spent
for other priorities, and there
is far less pressure to find new
revenue. In terms of the coun-
try's broad economic philoso-
phy, a smaller fiscal budget
means a potentially larger pri-
vate business thrust, and all of
its many desirable implications."
Looking at what he referred
to as the 'pervasiveness of the
public sector', Mr Francis said
by whatever measure it is cal-
culated whether by public sec-
tor employment as a percent-
age of the labour force, public
sector contribution to GDP, the
degree of public sector owner-
ship of services or direct gov-
ernment influence over deci-
sions affecting the economy -
the public sector in the
Bahamas was large and far
Mr Francis said there needed
to be established standards that
would preclude involvement by
government in the economy
when certain conditions are met
and certain criteria satisfied.
Going forward, he added that
the conditions under which the
Government commits public
resources to the ownership and
operation of commercial enter-
prise should be well established.

GrOW (From page 1B)

during the 2004 third quarter,
A decrease in the average
consumer loan rate to 12.5 per
cent from 13.32 per cent was
also seen in this period, while
mortgage rates were slightly
lower at 8.96 per cent, com-
pared with 9.08 per cent during
the same period in 2003.
Mr Smith noted that encour-
aging movement in other mon-
etary indicators had been iden-
tified, including a modest
increase in credit to the private
sector and a fall-off in credit to
public corporations.
Looking at trade and invest-
ment transactions between the
Bahamas and the world, Mr
Smith said moderate economic
growth had occurred and there
were signs that the country
remained on a path of sustain-
able growth and development.
This outlook, he said, is sup-
ported by the expected contin-
ued GDP growth of some 4 per
cent by the US economy and
the continuation of a low infla-
tionary climate, with a rate of
about 1.69 per cent in the
In 2004, net private direct
investment rose to 3.5 per cent
of GDP, up from 2.8 per cent
the previous. Net direct equity
inflows increased substantially
to 2.2 per cent of GDP from 1.2
per cent.
The external demand for real
estate in the Bahamas
decreased to 1.4 per cent of
GDP in 2004, compared to 1.6
per cent of GDP in 2003, while
the deficit on net private loan
inflows slowed to 1.2 per cent of
GDP from 1.9 per cent of GDP.

The surpluses on the services
and capital accounts were
enough, however, to offset these
effects, resulting in an overall
balance of 3.5 per ceit'ofGDP
versus an: overall balance of 2.1
per cent of GDP for the same
period in 2003.
The introduction of govern-
ment debt instruments on the
Bahamas International Securi-
ties Exchange (BISX), com-
bined with the relaxation of
some exchange control restric-
tions on the capital account as
they pertain to both residents
and non-residents, would go a
long way towards deepening
and widening the Bahamian
capital markets. Mr Smith said
that if implemented, the
changes should increase the size
and efficiency of the market.
The possible launch of a set
of Venture Capital Funds is also
being examined by a group of
private andpublic sector offi-
The fund would assist local
entrepreneurs to start-up, con-
solidate or expand business
activities without having to rely
on too much debt financing.
Mr Smith said the develop-
ment of such a fund would also
provide start-ups with the
opportunity to access both equi-
ty and experienced manage-
ment for their projects at the
same time.
He added: "The reformation
or re-engineering of the
Bahamas economy demands
that we continue to build on the
major pillars (tourism and
financial services) which have
served us well in the past. Giv-
en the increase in competition

Royal Bahamian Resort

Is seeking the services of the following positions:


All applicants must have excellent Management and
Communications Skills in their respective areas.
Qi,;iilli1cd candidates must have 3-5 years experience
in tlhiii jwspccti' positions.

Ple':tse send resiuet to:

Human Resource Manager
Sandals Royal Bahamian
F.iail: (iimjor(0sri-.sandals.coin

and the challenges posed by
globalisation, we can only main-
tain or increase our advantage
b) the increased use of infor-
malion and communications
techlnolog3. We. must truly
become a knowledge-economy
and we must take whatever
steps are necessary to improve
all aspects of our society."
Mr Smith told the confer-
ence that a number of steps are
being taken to improve the
quality of economic data in the
Bahamas. In June, the govern-
ment will publish a series of
*national accounts data pro-
duced by the Department of
There is also a plan in place
to ensure this becomes a regular
occurrence, not only in terms
of gross domestic product
(GDP) data, but also with
regard to a wide variety of oth-
er economic data.
Mr Smith said that among the
measures taken to modernise
or transform the economy,
revamping the Bahamas' taxa-
tion system was a key ingredient
in re-engineering the economy.
Based on a study conducted
by Crown Agents from the
United Kingdom, it was sug-
gested that the Bahamas should
shift its tax base to a domestic
one by introducing a Value
Added Tax (VAT) would sta-
bilise public finances.
The report further conclud-
ed that the present revenue sys-
tem lacked buoyancy because
of its outdated structure, which
permitted too many exemptions
and was also subject to wide-
spread tax evasion.
The agents were said to be
currently installing a Trade
Information Management Sys-
tem (TIMS) at the Bahamas
Customs Department, with the
objective of improving revenue

collections and targeting fraud
by supporting modern risk man-
agement techniques as an inte-
gral part of the clearance
process operations.
Standard and Poor's (S&P).
an international rating agency.
also %oiced similar concerns,
saying that constraints stem-
ming from the inefficiency of
the current tax structure include
an over dependence on custom
fees and a narrow tax base.
An International Monetary
Fund (IMF) report on Tax
reform to Reduce Reliance on
Import Duties and Strengthen
Revenues in the Bahamas not-
ed, among other things, the
heavy reliance on import duties
to finance the Government.
It also highlighted the need
to reduce tariffs and stamp duty
on imports as the country con-
sidered membership in both the
World Trade Organisation
(WTO) and the Free Trade
Area of the Americas (FTAA).
Following the September 11 ter-
ror attacks, the report further
identified revenue weaknesses
that underlined shortcomings
in the existing tax regime in
terms of the lack of buoyancy in
the system.
A number of recommenda-
tions were put forward to
strengthen the Bahamas' rev-
enue administration over the
short term and, over the long
term, to shift the tax system to a
domestic base by introducing
some form of Value Added Tax
A comprehensive review and
subsequent reform of the
Bahamas tax system is regarded
by many international agencies
as an indispensable element in
transforming the country's
economy and providing the
base for sustainable economic
development, Mr Smith said.

The Public is hereby advised that 1, ANA-ALICIA SARAH
LEWIS of #9 Margaret Lane, Queens Cove, P.O. Box F-
41079, Freeport, intend to change my name to ANA-
ALICIA SARAH CARROLL. If there are any objections to
this change of name by Deed Poll, you may write such
objections to the Deputy Chief Passport Officer, RO.Box
F-43536, Grand Bahama, no later than thirty (30) days
after the date of publication of this notice.


NOTICE is hereby given that MR TAMAR KAREEM STUART, #11
GRAND BAHAMA, BAHAMAS, is applying to the Minister responsible
for Nationality and Citizenship, for registration/naturalization as a
citizen of The Bahamas, and that any person who knows any reason
why registration/ naturalization should not be granted, should send
a written and signed statement of the facts within twenty-eight days
from the 6TH day of JANUARY, 2005 to the Minister responsible for
Nationality and Citizenship, P.O.Box F-41085, Grand Bahama,




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FSNFL Totally Football Championship Poker at the Plaza Best Damn Sports Show Period I, Max (N) Totally Football
N L From Las Vegas. (N) (Live) (CC)
GOLF 10th Anniversary Special (N) 10th Anniversary Special (N) 10th Anniver- Inside the PGA 10th Anniver-
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Family Island athletes get

ace td

gauge themselves' before nationals

Senior Sports Reporter
PHYSICAL Education
instructor Ann Bullard is hop-
ing that the 13th LN Coakley
Invitational will continue to
produce quality athletes.
This year's invitational is
scheduled for the weekend of
February 4-5 in Exuma and
Bullard is in town to make

THE 9th Albury Sayle
BAAA'S National Pri-
mary Cross Country
Championships will be
held on Saturday, Janu-
ary 22 starting at 9.30am
at Fort Charlotte.
The categories are:
boys and girls in the eight
and under, nine-l0 and
11-12 age groups.
Trophies will be award-
ed to the top six finishers
in each division and there
will also be a trophy for
the top six runners from
each school.
The top school will get
a trophy to keep and
have their name put on
the floating trophy.
BACO will be officiat-
ing and Thompson Trad-
ing is providing Gatorade
to runners as they finish.
Registration is $5 and
forms are available at
Albury Sayle Primary on
Nassau Street or the
BAAA's office.
Registration for Nas-
sau students closes at 4
pm on Friday, January
21, and only Family
Island Teams will be
allowed to register on :
Saturday morning.
Teams from several
schools are practising
diligently, so some very
competitive races are

sure that there are some New
Providence based schools in
"We know that the Family
Island schools look forward
to competing against the New
Providence schools because it
gives them the opportunity to
gauge themselves before they
come to the Nationals,"
Bullard said.,

"Likewise, we know that the
New Providence schools. like
to come to the meet because it
gives them the opportunity to
see where they are going
into the meets in

New Providence."
Bullard said this year,
they are hoping to
provide a lot more incentives
for the athletes partici-
Awards will be presented to
the first three finishers in each
age group category, as well as
the top finishers in all of the
relays and the divisional win-
However, there won't be
any awards presented to the
most outstanding athletes in
the divisions.
' Athletes will get a chance
to compete in three different
age groups: 15-and-under, 17-
and-under and 20-and-under


soccer players

banned by` FA

AN UNIDENTIFIED soccer player has been banned for
six months by the English Football Association after twice
testing positive for cocaine, UK Sport announced Monday,
according to Associated Press.
Another unidentified soccer player was given a suspend-
ed six-month ban after twice testing positive for marijuana,
British sport's umbrella body said.
UK Sport, which runs the drug-testing program in Britain,
said one player first tested positive for cocaine early last year
and appeared before an FA disciplinary hearing in August.
He tested positive again during random tests in October
and December.

An.FA disciplinary committee met in December and sus-
pended the player from all soccer-related activity as well as
handing out an unspecified fine.
The second player was due to appear before a disciplinary
hearing in September but tested positive again for marijuana.
The ban will only come into effect if he is caught for a third
time within the next two years.
The FA declined comment, citing its policy not to divulge
details of drug cases or identify players who test positive.
Press Association, Britain's domestic news agency, said the
two players are reserves with teams below the Premier
Romanian striker Adrian Mutu is serving a seven-
month ban after testing positive for cocaine while with
He has since joined Serie A leader Juventus and hopes to
be back in action when the suspension ends May 18.

in both the boys and girls divi-
The entry fee is $20 per ath-
Bullard, who was trans-

Bullard said if they don't get
that many, the meet should
still be a very competitive one.
She noted that there are a
number of athletes in Exuma,

"We know that the Family
Island schools look forward to
competing against the New
Providence schools because it
gives them the opportunity to
gauge themselves before they
come to the Nationals."

Physical Education instructor Ann Bullard

ferred to LN Coakley last year
from CI Gibson Secondary
High, said the meet is perhaps
one of the most anticipated
events on the school calendar.
"It's something that the ath-
letes, the school and the com-
munity look forward to every
year," Bullard stressed. "It's
always good when we can put
on an event like this."
While they would like to
have the participation of
schools from New Providence,

who are expected to put on a
show for the public when the
meet gets underway.
Among the list are Shanika
and Shenique Armbrister in
the under-17 girls' 100 and 200)
metres and Gortia Ferguson
in the under-15 girls 10U and
On the boys side. the list
includes Raymond Finley in
the 100'2110 and hih jump:
Bradley Rolle in the u10,'200
and long jump in the under-20



boys division; McCalliM4
Armbrister in the under-7
boys 100/200 and high junm
in the under-17 boys divisiopg
Ricardo Clarke in the under ,
20 boys' shot put and discus
and Kenwood Clarke in tLha
under-17 boys' shot put a11

Bullard said it would bj
even more encouraging for
the athletes in Exuma if the;
can get the push from the 6\s
iting athletes from New Prov-!
idence. So she's hoping thal
at least some of the schools
will show up to participate.' 1

FIRST Class Promo- '-,
tions has announced that
its first professional boxing I
show for the year has been
rescheduled and will now
be held on Friday, Feb
25th. 2005 at the Wyndham ,
Nassau Resort & Crystal .
Palace Casino Ball Room .
at 8.30pm. This event is "
sanctioned by the Bahama.
Boxing commission of the :i
Bahamas. First Class Pro- ,
motions apologises to all -
concerned about the
change in dates.



Natural disasters can't be prevented, but the effects can be more
manageable with YOUR HELP.
Friends of Sri Lanka imnite Individuals and institutions wishing to
contribute towards the tsunami relef efforts In Sn Lanka to help in
one of the following ways:
1. Deposit your contribution into the special account opened at
Bank of The Bahamas -
Tsunami Relief for Sri Lanka
Account Number 5265970
Bank of The Bahamas
Main Branch
The deposit can be made at any branch of the bank.

2. If you are paying by cheque. you can take your contribution
to A. I. D. at any of their locations In New Providence. Grand
Bahamas. Abaco. Eleuthera. Andros and Exuma.

3 Simply call us at 502-7094 and we will arrange to
collect It from you.
Contributions will be forwarded to the Sri Lanka Red Cross
Society for effective deployment.

Saints play their cards

right against Aces

AQUINAS College Aces' Aquando Cpolebrooke breaks loose for a fast-break ,
against a Kingsway Academy Saints' defender during their BAISS senior boys -
basketball game on Monday at Kingsway. However, Kingsway went on to pull off
a 64-56 victory. See page one.
(Photo: Felipe Major/Tribune staff)







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Fax: (242) 328-2398
E-Mail: sports@100jamz.com



KINGSWAY Academy Saints' Stephen Dun-
combe soars over an Aquinas College defender for a
one-handed lay-up on Monday at Kingsway Acade-
my. Kingsway Academt went on to win the BAISS
senior boys' game 64-56.
(Photo: Felipe Major/Tribune staff)




1. -,

. -
.1 .' :.. .

I tI

7 + ,+,
S' -t -'

Senior Sports Reporter.
THE Kingsway Academy Saints
marched to another victory as they with-
stood the challenge from the Aquinas Col-
lege Aces in a key Bahamas Association of
Independent Secondary Schools senior
boys- basketball game.
The Saints, behind the 1-2-3 punch from
Adrian Wilkinson, Clinton Brown and
Stephen Duncombe. rallied to hold off
the Aces 64-56 on Monday at Kingsway
"It was good to get a winm. especially
after the way we played to win our last
game." said Saints' coach Geno Bullard.
"We are still missing some key players.
But imagine if we could play this well with-
out them how well we could play with
even body back. I'm comfortable with the
l. "
It wasn't until midway in the fourth
quarter that Kingsway Academy had this
game secured.
Aquinas College, who played
relentlessly on the defensive end
VL wibth a swamping full court press,
managed to come within two., 47-
45, and four, 53-49, before they
S fell apart.
That was when Wilkinson,
Brown and Duncombe took over,
leading Kingsway Academy to
their sixth victory in eight games.
The three took the ball inside and
w hen they didn't score, they were able
to pull down the offensive rebounds
and put their shots back up to keep
the Saints out front the rest of the

Wilkinson, who ended the game
with a two-handed slam dunk on a
% solo fast break. firushed with 16 points
_along "ith Brown, who pulled down
some key rebounds Duncombe pro-
ided the extra spark with 14.
The Saints also got seven from
Dario Moss and six apiece from
Denard Higgs and Travon
Donnovan Bennette
matched the Saints' high
scoring %ith 1S and Don-
no'an Bain came
through with 14 for the
Aces. AlIarez
'Whymns scored eight
and Aquardo Cole-
brooke and Darryl
Major both con-
tributed six.
Aquinas Col-
lege, coming off
a loss to the
,, Fal-


em Iegjm


Kingsway Acaderr
v Aquinas College


ty Saints

cons on Fnday, dropped to 5-3, but coach
lan Clarke said they shot the ball from
the free throw line as if they didn't want it
at all.
"Defensi ely we were okay, but we just
missed too many free throws," Clarke
reflected. "We missed about 18 free
throws. There's no way that we can miss
that many and still win the game."
But Clarke also admitted that when the
game was on the line. his team didn't keep
their composure.
"We lost focus down the stretch." he
stated "We really didn't have time to prac-
tice, but that's no excuse. Those free
throws also hurt us "

Aquinas College played vell in the first
quarter and they were able to match
Kingsway Academy basket for basket.
However. they didn't have any defence
to stop the Saints in the second fell behind
31-24 at the half.
In the third quarter, it was the Saints
who came out aggressively on the defen-
sive end and Duncombe got their offence
rolling when he drove to the basket for a
lay-up and a 33-24 lead.
But the Aces held the Saints scoreless as
they reeled off nine points to trim the
deficit to one, 34-33 as Donnovan Bain
and A]\ arez Whimns darted in and out to
lead their attack.
Kmngsway Academy then went on a run
of their own as Adrian Wilkinson broke
their scoring drought and Clinton Brown
canned two straight baskets to push their
lead to 41-34.
Coach Bullard said, although Aquinas
College played well, he didn't have any
doubts that Kingsway Academy would
come out as the victors on their home
"I was pretty confident with my guys.
especially in the third and fourth quarters,
especially when we are playing at home,"
he insisted. "I didn't have any worries."
While it was tough losing their second
straight game, coach Clarke said he expects
his Aquinas College to bounce back.
"We still feel we can make the play-
offs" he stressed. "We just have to win our
next games against Charles Saunders and
Bahamas Academy.
"We know were much better than we
played today, so if we can get to play
Kingsway Academy again, it would
be a different story. We just can't shoot
as poorly as we did from the free throw





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B A H A--M











Tribune Feature Writer
R raising the
awareness of
cervical cancer
is what oncolo-
gists and wom-
en's health professionals are
attempting to do in January -
Cervical Cancer Awareness
The message continues to
follow mainstream advice:
have yearly pap smears. And
according to local oncologists,
though like many cancers, cer-
vical cancer cannot be avoided,
it can be treated and the loss of
life can be avoided with early
Dr Theodore Turnquest of
Oncology Consultants Limit-
ed, told Tribune Woman and
Health that Bahamian women
should have pap smears every
year, even if they feel nothing
is wrong.
"What we are telling women
is that the\ need to have pap.
smears regularly, and it doesn't
matter if you went for two,
three years and nothing was
detected. Because if you look
at it, here is this woman who
misses a pap smear because
she thinks nothing is wrong
with her, and nothing has ever
been wrong with her, but when
she goes to the doctor she has
cervical cancer and it's way
beyond the early stages," the
oncologist warns.
According to Dr Turnquest,
the number of women in the
Bahamas with cervical cancer
appears to be "consistent",
compared to earlier years. But

he admits that he is not very
confident in these numbers.
"We have better record-
keeping now, and a lot of the
cases that were referred out-
side or never got brought into
the hospital are now coming
in. So the data we have in the
cancer registry looks like it's
about the same as previous
years; however, I don't have a
lot of faith in that. The num-
bers seem consistent, but I'm
not confident that the numbers
are correct," he says.
"But I don't want to give my

"What we are
telling women
is that they
need to have
pap smears
regularly ..."
Dr Theodore
opinion on that one."
What he would like to share
is that the majority of recent
research "basically" shows that
cervical cancer is a sexually
transmitted disease.
"And the reason why they
say sexually transmitted dis-
ease, (has to do with it) being
tied to a virus that is a sexual-
ly transmitted disease called
the human papillomavirus.
And in 90 per cent of the cases,
if you look in the DNA of the
cancer cells, you can find the
same genome for this virus. So
a lot of people are starting to

feel that the younger women
with cervical cancer are related
to that effect that goes on to
cause this cancer," says Dr
But this does not mean that
cervical cancer is a young
woman's disease, as many
claim, he warns. "Actually, it
isn't a young woman's cancer.
Women can develop it at any
age. It can happen to any
woman at any point in her
One of the risk factors for
the development of cervical
cancer is smoking, notes Dr
Women who smoke are
about twice as likely as non-
smokers to get cervical cancer.
Smoking exposes the body to
many cancer-causing chemi-
cals that affect more than the
lungs. These harmful sub-
stances are absorbed by the
lungs and carried in the blood-
stream throughout the body.
Tobacco by-products have also
been found in the cervical
-mucus of women WhU snmike.
Researchers believe that these
substances damage the DNA
of cells in the cervix and may
.contribute to the development
of cervical cancer.
Cancer of the cervix begins
in the lining of the cervix,
which is the lower part of the
uterus (womb). The upper
part, or body of the uterus, is
where a fetus grows. The
cervix connects the body of the
uterus to the vagina or birth
canal. The part of the cervix
closest to the body of the
uterus is called the endocervix:
The part next to the vagina is
the ectocervix. Most cervical
cancers begin where these two
parts meet.,
But the main risk factor, he
says, is women with multiple
sexual partners. Women who
begin having sex at an early
age, or those who have sex
with uncircumcised males are
also at risk, according to health
Women who have multiple
partners or those people who
are immuno-compromised for
whatever reason, (example
HIV disease), are at a higher
risk for cervical cancer, says
the oncologist. They tend to
develop cervical cancer at a
higher frequency than the
average woman, he adds.
In thinking about the risk
factors, it helps to focus on
those that you can change or
avoid, such as smoking and
sexual behaviors that can lead
to human papillomavirus infec-
tion, rather than those that you
cannot, such as your age and
family history, which also put a
woman at risk for cancer.
However, understanding risk
factors that cannot be changed
is still important because it can
convince women with these
risk factors to get a pap smear
for the early detection of cer-

* CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR According to local oncologists, though like many cancers,
cervical cancer cannot be avoided, it can be treated and the loss of life can be avoided with
early detection.
(The Tribune archive photo)

vical cancer. -
Said Dr Turnquest: "Cancer
itself is basically cells that are
growing out of control without
any respect for the boundaries
that are around them. So what
happens is, in the portion
where the cells have become
virally infected, the mecha-
nisms for the DNA to stop
replicating essentially get
destroyed or don't work, so the
cells keep replicating and over
time they go from cells where
the nucleus just doesn't look
right, to, frankly, malignant."
If detected early, however,
it can be cured.
"And the best treatment
often for cervical cancer is ear-
ly detection," says Dr Turn-.
quest. "So if it is detected when
the cells around the cervix start
to look a little dysplastic (in
the centre extending to the
upper right are smaller overall
with. darker, more irregular
nuclei), and they get appropri-

ate treatment, then essentially
they are pretty much cured of
their disease.
"So then essentially world-
wide, the thing that has made
cervical cancer decrease in inci-
dents is the introduction of pap
smears. Actually utilising a pap
smear and getting them yearly
is what has caused the inci-
dents worldwide to decrease,"
Dr Turnquest notes.
A pap smear is a procedure
in which a specimen of cells is
taken from the uterine, cervix
or anus, prepared on a slide,
and examined under a micro-
scope for abnormal cell growth
"It's not a cancer yet, and
it's what we call a pre-malig-
nant diseases. So if you catch
something in the pre-malignant
stage, and you take care of it at
that point, then it never
becomes a cancer," the oncol-
ogist explains.
With cancers there is a risk

that the patients' will have a
recurrence. And Dr Turnquest
says that with cervical cancer it
is no different. But how.the
individual is infected in cervical
cancer is different from breast
cancer, he explains.
"Cervical cancer is different
from breast cancer. With
breast cancer, it can get into
the lymphatics of the blood
stream and go elsewhere," he
. says. "Cervical cancer is usual-
ly a local disease which means
that if it recurs it will come
back locally, not distantly. It's
going to come back in the area
of the cervix.
"It's not going to be in the
liver next week... Now, it can
spread to other organs but
most times it recurs locally
before you get any further

On the web:

MR- ">^; Sm fftM~f~

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I9 4
tel: 242-3q4-1759 0 fax: 242-394-1859 email: bwahahamas@coWt'Ve.coM

P E 2 T, J Y 1

The key to healthy eating

Tribune Feature Writer
ome say that the key
to healthy eating is
the time-tested
* advice of balance,
variety and moder-
ation. In short, that means eat-
ing a wide variety of foods with-
out. consuming.too many calo-
ries, or too much of any one
And experts agree.
Ask registered dietician Julia
Lee of Doctors Hospital. "Yes,
all of this, plus the component
of exercise. Some specific tips?
If you now.eat one or two veg-
etables a day, add a serving at
lunch and another at dinner. If
you don't eat fruit now, or have
only juice for breakfast, add a
serving to your meal or having
it as a snack. And if you eat
large portions of meat, cut back
If you keep portion sizes rea-
'sonable, it's easier to eat the
foods you want and stay
healthy. The recommended
serving of cooked meat is three
ounces, similar in size to a deck
of playing cards. A medium
piece of fruit is one serving and
a cup of pasta equals two serv-
ings. A pint of ice cream con-
tains four servings. Reference.
to the Food Guide Pyramid for
information on recommended
serving sizes may also help.
"Also have two or more veg-

etarian meals per week,
less, because we wan
emphasise plant'foods an
emphasise the meats," shi
As portion contribute
calories, which contribute
weight, the dietician sa
control food intake. "The
thing, and the very ulti
goal, is to prevent obesit
weight control, so that r
less, and balancing the ca
you eat, versus what you
off. If you have big porti(
"... because we
want to emphas
plant foods an
the meats."

anything, you are going to
more calories, so that's
portion control is empha
more -for calorie control
weight control," she expl
Skipping meals, she ac
also a bad idea. It can le
out-of-control hunger,
resulting in overeating.
one is very hungry, it's
tempting to forget about
nutrition. Snacking bet
meals can help curb hunger
don't eat so much tha
snack becomes an actual
"But most importantly,


Certified Member

meat- ping meals doesn't give you the
nt to energy you need when you
id de- need it," the dietician adds.
e sug- Mrs Lee says that skipping
meals generally causes people
tes to to overeat, eventually, and
tes to when they finally do eat, poor
iys to choices are made.
main Then there is balance, or not
mate totally eliminating any food or
y and food group from the diet; Mrs
neans Lee suggests. Most people eat
lories for pleasure as well as nutri-
burn tion. So if their favourite foods
ons of are high in fat, salt or sugar, the
key is moderating how much
of these foods are eaten and
ise how often they are eaten.
Identify major sources of
d these ingredients in your diet
and make changes, if necessary.
Adults who eat high-fat meats
or whole-milk dairy products
at every meal are probably eat-
ing too much fat. So it may be
i Lee best to choose skim or low-fat
have dairy products and lean cuts of
why meat such as flank steak and
asised beef round which reduce fat
)l and intake significantly.
ains. "It's not a good thing to do
dds, is (eliminating foods) because you
-ad to need a variety of the food
often groups. And you will be missing
When certain nutrients that only those
s also food categories would provide.
good "In other words, if you cut
ween out all of your grains, you are
er, but missing nutrients that only
it. the grains provide. If you cut out
meal. all milk, you are missing calci-
skip- um that is mostly found there.

9 6 6 3


.46 Madeira Street

Ire-67 9 66 3

Don Mackay Blv.d


So, I advise people to reduce,
not necessarily eliminate
(foods)," Mrs Lee adds.
Balance food choices over
time. Not every food has to be
"perfect". When eating a food
high in fat, salt or sugar, select
other foods that are low in
these ingredients to avoid over-
consumption of a particular
ingredient. And if one food
group is left out at any given
day, make up for it the follow-
ing day. Food choices over sev-
eral days should fit together
into a healthy pattern.
To improve eating habits,
you first have to know what's
wrong with your diet. It may
help to write down everything
you eat for three days. Then
check the list to get a clear pic-
ture of what you generally con-
sume, and make the appropri-
ate changes. Do you add a lot
of butter, creamy sauces or sal-
ad dressings? Rather than elim-
inating these foods, just cut
back portion size. Are you get-
ting enough fruits and vegeta-
bles in a day? If not, add a fruit
salad to your lunch line-up.
Select foods based on your
Total eating patterns, not
whether any individual food is
"good" or "bad". Don't feel
guilty if you love foods such as
apple pie, potato.chips, candy
bars or ice cream. Eat them in
moderation and choose other
foods to provide the balance
and variety that are vital to
good health.
Limit the amount of saturat-
ed fats (coming from red meats,
lards, high-fat dairy products,
and tropical oils) that you con-
sume. This is particularly useful
for cardiovascular disease pre-'
vention, because saturated fats
can raise cholesterol levels.
Also, try to avoid trans fats
(usually listed on labels as
hydrogenated or partially
hydrogenated vegetable oil),
since they increase the risk of
heart disease. These fats are
made when oil gets turned into
the solid form for use in manu-
factured products. So read
labels and stick with liquid oils
whenever possible (for exam-
ple, bake with canola oil instead
of margarine). .
For an even healthier option,
look for the newer products
marketed as having zero trans
fats that are now showing up
in grocery stores. But what is
very important, is that persons
with specific nutritional con-
cerns, for example, diabetes, be
encouraged to seek medical
nutrition therapy from dietetics
professionals, says Mrs Lee.
Advance planning is the best
way to be mindful of what
you're eating. So pack your
lunch as often as possible, and
have a stash of healthy snacks
at work so you don't have to
resort to the vending machine.
Or if you're on the go all the
time, keep smart munchies in
the car for when you don't have
time to get a proper meal. Fruit,
vegetables, nuts and yogurt are
all good to have on hand. Keep-
ing yourself from being too
hungry saves you from making
bad, last-minute choices.
See this page for
healthy recipes

Eat to your health

HERE are some healthy recipes to add to your weekly
menus. In the model of a healthy diet, emphasis is placed on
fruit, vegetables and whole grains, a moderate amount, of pro-
tein and a lowered use of fats and sweets.
Shepherd's Pie with Vegetables
This recipe serves: 6
For the mashed potatoes:
3 Idaho potatoes, peeled and halved
3 cloves garlic, peeled
1/2 cup skim milk
salt to taste
freshly ground black pepper
For the vegetables:
2 tablespoons olive oil
1 medium onion, chopped
1/2 pound mushrooms, sliced
2 tablespoons flour
3 cups low-sodium vegetable broth
1 cup frozen peas
1 cup frozen corn
1 cup frozen cut carrots
1 cup frozen green beans
For the potatoes:
Place the potatoes and garlic in a saucepan, cover them with
water and add a pinch of salt. Bring to a boil and simmer until
the potatoes. are tender, about 20 minutes. Drain and mash
the potatoes and garlic. Stir in the milk and season to taste with
salt and pepper.
For the vegetables:
In a large soup pot, heat the olive oil over medium heat.
Add the onion and mushrooms and cook until the vegetables
are soft. Stir in the flour and cook for 2 minutes more. Slowly
whisk in the vegetable broth. Bring the mixture to a boil, add the
frozen vegetables and simmer for 3 minutes. Season the veg-
etable mixture with salt and pepper. Pour the vegetables into a
casserole dish. Spread the mashed potatoes over the vegetable
mixture. Place the dish on a cookie sheet and bake for 30 min-
utes or until the potatoes are lightly browned. Serve hot.
Serving Size: 1 piece
Number of Servings: 6
Per Serving
Calories 208
Carbohydrate 37 g
Fat 5 g
Fiber 6 g
Protein 7 g
Saturated Fat 1 g
Sodium 102 mg
Asian Tofu and Vegetable Salad with Brown Rice
This recipe serves: 4
3 cups leftover, cooked, short-grain brown rice
1 small red pepper, diced
2 stalks celery, diced
4 scallions, white and green part, thinly sliced
1 cup dried currants
1 firm tofu cutlet
3 tablespoons low-sodium soy sauce
1 tablespoon canola oil
2 tablespoons chopped parsley
freshly ground black pepper
Combine the rice, red pepper, celery, scallions and currants
in a medium bowl. Set aside. Cut the tofu into 1/2-inch cubes.
Add to the rice and mix well. Add the soy sauce, canola oil,
parsley and fresh pepper to the tofu and rice mixture. Mix
well and taste for seasoning. Spoon into four, eight-ounce con-
tainers and refrigerate. This recipe can be made in advance and
stored in the refrigerator for three days.
Serving Size: 11/2 cups
Number of Servings: 4
Per Serving
Calories 732
Carbohydrate 143 g
Fat 10 g
Fiber 11 g
Protein 21 g
Saturated Fat 0 g
Sodium 487 mg
Source: Bonnie Moore @ www.foodfit.com

Vme9~n s'WW



ust the way you want, it

S M *

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* DELICIOUS Remember to save room for a fresh bowl of salad.
(Source: www.gettyimages.com)

4 W.'rif"NOMWIT, --51%179
rpm tw UN'.4, .. NJ'!
I d






Follow new dietary guidelines

Tribune Feature Writer

B ahamians are
being encour-
aged to follow
the new dietary
guidelines set out
for Americans, as well as those
set out in the national food
drum, in the fight against obesi-
Julia Lee, dietician at Doc-
tors Hospital told Tribune
Woman and Health that
although the new dietary guide-
lines were set out for Ameri-
cans, they are still applicable
here. And they are consistent
with the Department of Health's
food drum, which sets out the
suggested nutritional practices
for Bahamians.
"I think that the chronic
health problems or diseases that
come with excessive food intake,
inactivity and weight increase is
a global situation, not just an
America situation. It's applica-
ble to all of the world.
"The World Health Organi-
zation (WHO), and the Pan
American Health Organization
(PAHO a branch of WHO),
where we sort of come under
here in the Bahamas, they also
recognize obesity as a major
problem and that contributes to
the increasing incidents of
chronic diseases, such as heart
disease and diabetes. So it's not
just America," she emphasises.
According to Mrs Lee, the
American government makes
recommendations for their citi-
zens specifically, but it is also a

part .of WHO. "So these guide-
lines are the American contri-
bution to a recognized global
epidemic. And in terms of the
food drum of the Bahamas, it is
consistent with the American
recommendations. In other
words, it (food drum) does
emphasise plant foods and it
generally advises fruits, vegeta-
bles and whole grain products,
and less emphasis on food that
can increase weight and choles-
terol," she continues.
The sixth edition of dietary
Guidelines for Americans,
(which have been presented to
the public every
five years since
1980), w which w as .
released last
week, places P
stronger emphasis toall
on reducing
caloric intake
while increasing
exercise and phys-
ical activity. It's a
joint project of the Departments
of Health and Human Services
and Agriculture in that country.
Eating a healthy balance of
nutritious foods continues as a
central point in the Dietary'
Guidelines. But balancing nutri-
ents is not enough for health
because almost two-thirds of
Americans are overweight or
obese, and more than half get
too little physical activity.
Based on the latest scientific
information, including medical
knowledge, the guidelines stress,
the need for Americans to man-
age their weight and get fit.
According to Mrs Lee, the

2005 guidelines are not new;
however, they define things a
little bit more in depth than the
guidelines released in 2000. "So
it wouldn't be correct to say that
they didn't mention these things
previously. But the message is
more sharpened, so there is
more description of what are
recommended portions. It's just
more defined and more sharp-
ened," she adds.
Certain recommendations.
have taken a hike in the new
guidelines. For example, the
new guidelines recommend that
persons exercise between 60 to
90 minutes per
day, whereas the
previous guide-
lines stipulate a
minimum of 30
minutes per day.
The new guide-
lines also stress an
increased intake
-Jtuli a saof whole grains,
which, according
to the dietician, is an important
component of health. "Whole
grains are good because they
provide a number of micronu-
trients such as vitamins, and in
particular fibre, which is very
important in the diet. (See story
this page)
"And they say whole grains
because the more that grains
have been processed, the fibre,
and some of the nutrients are
removed. So with having grain
products that have not been
modified a lot, you retain the,
nutrients and fibre. And a high
fibre diet has been shown to be
beneficial for all of those chron-

ic illnesses like hypertension,
diabetes, heart disease, plus
weight control."
The guidelines largely follow
mainstream advice: eat a mix of
foods, watch your fats and sug-
ars. They stress the importance
of calories in managing weight,
directly tying weight loss to con-
suming fewer calories.
This may be good news to
nutritionists who have been
fighting the popularity of fad
diets, and bad news to dieters
who appear focused on cutting
one nutrient carbs or fats, for
example out of the daily rou-
The 2005 guidelines also rec-
ommend the following:
* Half of all grains consumed
should be whole grains, at least
three servings per day.
* Less than 10 per cent of calo-
ries should come from saturated
fats, and fat should make up no
more than 25 to 30 per cent of
total calories. No firm guideline
was set for trans fats, only a rec-
ontm endiaioin to keep them "as
low as possible
* Whole foods are generally pre-
ferred over processed: tresh fruit,
for example, rather than juice.
* Protein sources should be lean
and low-fi.
* Foods should be fiber-rich and
contain "little added sugars or
caloric sweeteners
* Recommended daily sodium
intake wias lowered to 2,300 mg
or less, about I teaspoon of salt.
* Everyone should get a mini-
mum. of 30 to 60 minutes each
day of moderate exercise brisk
ii walking 0o bicycling, for exam-

I -I ^ e'I

yI. I-Lal q e t a ered
yot ir ie dq6'th questions.j answe

Dear Doctor,
I had my tubes tied and
now that I am remarried, I
was wondering if I could get
it reversed. I am 44 years old.
Is it possible to reverse the
tubal ligation and become

THE answer to the ques-
tion is yes. But I must first
politely remind you that a
tubal ligation is meant to be
permanent. Also, that a
reversal is not guaranteed.
Even with a successful rever-
sal, you are at a high risk for
an ectopic pregnancy, and
because of your age, of hav-
ing offspring born with genet-
ic anomalies. In view of
proven successful Advanced
Reproductive Technologies,
you should seek consultation
regarding In Vitro Fertilisa-
tion and Donor Egg pro-
grammes. This approach
would help you maximise
your resources in achieving a
healthy pregnancy.
This informative iteekly
column provided by Doctors

ple. Losing weight will require
60 to 90 minutes of more intense
daily exercise.
According to the Department
of Health, amendments to the
national food drum will not be

* Dr Anthony Carey

Hospital is intended to edu-
cate women about important
issues regarding their health
and is not intended as a sub-
stitute for consultation with
an obstetrician/gynaecologist.
Please send questions via e-
mail to tribune@tribuneme-
dia.net or mrassin@doctorsh-
soptial.com. For more infor-
mation call 302-4707.

made at this time, since many
of the recommendations in the
new American guidelines are
already in line with nutritional
advice given by the organisa-
tion. See page 2

What's all the fuss about fibre nowadays?

THESE days, a lot of atten-
tion is being paid to fibre -
mainly because there has been
a steady decline in the fibre in
modern diets, especially in
countries where the popular
taste is for highly refined white
flours and cereals.
Fibre has been around for a
long time and, in fact, the.
fodds our grandparents ate'"
-were no doubt very high in it.
) The fe\w times people talked
about it, they probably called it
"roughage" and knew it helped
'he "bowels" work properly.
But what is fibre exactly ?
Fibre is essentially the por-
tion of food from plants that
the body cannot digest. Two
types of fibre have now been
identified soluble fibre (can'
be dissolved) and insoluble
fibre (cannot be dissolved).
Together they are referred toq
as 'dietary fibre',. It is not
absorbed by the body and it'
does not supply nutrients.
Then what does it do?
Dietary fibre helps protect
the health of the colon by
absorbing harmful waste, such
as bacteria from the body.
Fibre also helps protect
against conditions such as hem-
Dietary fibre plays a crucial
role in the prevention of colon
cancer. Research shows that
populations with the lowest
rates of colon cancer in the
world also consume the largest
quantity ofdietary fibre.
Foods naturally high in

dietary fibre also tend to be
low in fat and simple sugars.
And because of this, high fibre
diets can aid weight control
and weight loss by providing
less food energy or calories per
bite of food.
A diet containing sufficient
dietary fibre can also help low-
er blood cholesterol levels.
Soluble fibres help in low1er-
ing bad oriow-density Lpopro-.
tein (LDL) cholesterol levels
without reducing the good
high-density lipoprotein
(HDL) cholesterol levels
which remove excess choles-
terol from the blood.
Dietary fibre also plays a
role in the control of blood
sugar levels for the prevention
and control of Type 2 Dia-
betes. It is believed to slow the
absorption of carbohydrates in
the body, resulting in less fluc-
tuations and better control of
blood sugar levels.

Sources of
dietary fibre

Dietary fibre is available
only from plant sources, such
as fruit, vegetables and the
bran or outer coalirig of grains
such as wheat, corn and nuts.
Unrefined cornmeal, ground
provisions, legumes and dried
coconut are also good sources.
If you want to obtain the
benefits of fibre, it is critical
to replace refined forms of
food with whole-wheat and

* WHOLESOME Dietary fibre is available only from plant
sources, such as fruit, vegetables and the bran or outer
coating of grains such as wheat, corn and nuts.

whole-grain products. A wide
range of these are now easily
available, i.e., bread, pasta and
biscuits/crackers. Some break-
fast cereals also contain a par-
ticularly high amount of
dietary fibre per portion.
It's better to get fibre from a
variety of foods, rather than
from a single source, such as
bran. Although food items
such as bran muffins are often
advertised as being high in
fibre, they are also often high

(The Tribune archive photo).

in saturated fat, which in
excess, can contribute to heart
Pay close attention to food
Diets containing excessive
amounts of dietary fibre can
be less beneficial for certain
groups of people infants/chil-
dren, the malnourished or the
Due to the high satiety value
of dietary fibre, consuming a
large quantity of high-fibre

foods may prevent such per-
sons from being able to eat
enough food to provide them
with adequate energy and
nutrients before feeling full.
Secondly, the naturally
occurring substance found in,
dietary fibre, known as Phy-
tate, may interfere with the
absorption of nutrients/miner-
als when fibrous foods are tak-
en in excess. .
Older children and adults
need about 20-40 grams of
dietary fibre per day. This
means that everyday they need
at least:

Dietary fibre helps
of the colon by abs<
waste, such as bact<

2 servings of fruits, such as
orange, mango or grapefruit;
+1 serving of vegetables
(1/2 cup cooked callaloo or
+1 serving (1/2 cup
cooked) peas or beans with the
skin on;
+2-3 portions of staples (1
large potato, 2 fingers green
banana, half of a medium-sized
plantain and 2 slices of bread).
Persons who increase their
intake of high-fibre foods
rapidly may experience
abdominal discomfort such as
gas and bloating.
To avoid these you should
increase your intake of dietary

fibre gradually.
Consumption of high-fibre
foods can also be accompanied
by constipation if enough fluids
are not taken.
High fibre foods not only
add bulk to the diet, but are
also both economical and
nutritious. You don't have to
spend on special products or
fibre supplements. All you
need to do is be sure to include
whole-grain breads and cere-
als, plenty of fresh fruits and
vegetables (with edible skins
and seeds), legumes and per-
haps some nuts in everyday

protect the health
orbing harmfil
eria from the body

Encourage your family to
eat more of these foods and
less of the refined sugar prod-
ucts soft drinks, sweets, bis-
cuits, cakes and desserts.
If you follow these rules,
you'll get enough fibre at the
local market and at a price
that's within your normal bud-
As with most things, "every-
thing in moderation" is one
again the key to overall good

Source: Nyam News -
Caribbean Food and Nutrition

The Power of Dreams

enr.- M_

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j~ ~s l

On-the-spot financing and insurance. 24-month/24,000-mile factory warranty.



,0., --0 0 -0 .
Sales Showroom, Shirley Street 9 328-2285^^^^^^^^^
email: info ^^^^nassaumotor^^^com / website: www^^^^^hondabahamas^^^^com

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18, 2005, PAGE 5C





Fighting 'the cold war'

Tribune Feature Writer

Tt just seems to creep
up on you, starting
with a tickle at the
back of the throat, pro-
gressing to a sniffle,
then a sneeze and cough with a
runny nose. And before you
know it, you've come down
with a cold.
Dr Patricia Forte, a local
general practitioner, says that
in the winter season, even in
the Bahamas where the weath-
er is usually warm year-round,

Tips to

follow if

you have

a cold
Let a cold run its course.
rOver-the-counter medica-
'ations may interfere with the
body's natural healing
" process and can even depress
your immune system. Use
them sparingly and consult a
..* Don't treat a productive
cough with a suppressant,
since coughing is your body's
way of ridding itself of accu-
mulated phlegm.
Disinfect your appliances
such as telephones and
remote controls to avoid
infecting others and re-infect-
ing yourself.
Change the bed linens
and bath towels frequently
and use disposable towels in
shared bathrooms and in the
Take zinc lozenges at the
';onset of a cold to lessen its
,duration and severity.

www. readers

there tends to be higher occur-
rences of respiratory infections.
And the cold is one common
illness seen.
Though most people realise
that there is no absolute cure
for this common nuisance, they
just want to get rid of it as soon
as possible which leads them
to pop lots of Vitamin C tablets
and drink lots of liquids hoping
to chase it away.
But what works over-the-
counter treatments, Mama's
bush concoctions or a lots of
bed rest?
According to Dr Forte, the
best thing a person can do is
try and shorten the days of the
sickness. "There's not really
any cure. You can keep your
resistance, your immune sys-
tem, as high as possible with
diet and exercise and vitamins,
and with some of these anti-
viral medicines that they have
on the market. They don't have
an antiviral that kills the virus
as soon as you get it and that's
why it is still prevalent.
"People have these .things
you can do when colds come
on to lessen the course of the
illness. It's not really to let it
run its course, but shorten its
course if you can."
The more dehydrated you
are, the worse you will feel.
Mom was right chicken soup
is good for you, as it has pro-
tein, carbohydrates, potassium,
water, sugars and other ingre-
dients the body needs to fight
off the virus. You should nor-
mally drink eight glasses of
water a day, and even more
than that when you're sick,
since you lose liquids faster
through a runny nose, heavy
sweating and sneezing. You can
also drink sports drinks which
can give you a boost in sodium
and potassium.
Over-the-counter drugs are
helpful, but they don't make
the illness go away, they only
relieve the symptoms. But even
those should be taken accord-
ing to the information on the
labels, to avoid overdosing. Be
sure to read the ingredients on
the box so you don't overdose
on the same medicine.,
For example, one might take

. '..

* THE cold can be a real nuisance.
(Source: www.gettyimages.com)

Tylenol Sinus for your sinus
pains and then another medi-
cine for your coughing. You
have to realise that they all con-
tain acetaminophen, so you're
actually taking two times the
amount you should.
Many cold medicines contain
the same active ingredient. For
children, parents should read
medicine labels carefully
because dosage limitations are
smaller. And for the elderly,
talk to a pharmacist before tak-
ing a drug in case it doesn't
react well with other medicines
that they may be taking.
While many persons take
over-the-counter medications
to fight the cold, persons opt
to cure themselves by other
methods baths in Epsom
salts,, aloe vera consumption
and other bush medicine con-
coctions are popular. .-
'And although"some of these
methods may not ha\e anm"
medical and scientific signifi-
cance, it still does not curb the
steady use. Eccenacia, for
example, is used to fight the
cold; however, its effectiveness
is still a topic of debate.
Says Dr Forte: "Some peo-
ple swear by these methods.
Maybe it's mind over matter,
but some people have done
studies to show that eccenacia
helps, then again some people
have some other studies show-
ing that eccenacia doesn't help.
So what can you do?
"If there is no harm to it and
it's being sold as an anti-infec-
tion agent and some people say
that they take it everyday and it

keeps them wonderful, and it
doesn't seem to have any effect.
So, in that particular area, it's a
very, very grey area."
For some individuals, she
continues, Vitamin C may do
the trick in warding off illness,
but for others, this nutrient has
no effect. So the effect of the
treatments all depends on the
"See, every human being's
body, even though we are all
made of the same substance,
we tend to respond in differ-
ent ways to different things.
What works for one doesn't
always work for someone else,"
she notes.
More important than how to
fight the cold, may be how to
prevent catching the cold. It's

all about shielding your
'immune system. If you want to
optimise the function of your
immune system and avoid get-
ting sick, you need to accom-
plish two basic goals. The first
is to decrease the overall bur-
den placed on the body by
making appropriate lifestyle
changes. The second is to eat a
varied, healthful diet empha-
sising fresh whole foods, ensure
adequate sleep, learn to man-
age your stress effectively, and
engage in some sort of physical
movement that stimulates the
circulatory and lymphatic sys-
"It's basically the immune
system. You may be in the
same room with somebody or
some people who have respi-
ratory illnesses and you don't
catch anything, if you immune
resistance is up. But what they
found though, and it's true, is
that if you go into. a very cold
place and breathe in cool air,
there are cilia tiny things like
brushes inside your nasal pas-
sage that brush infected organ-
isms out and up so you can
cough them up and spit them
"And when the area is very
cold, these little tiny brush-like
things do not work, and so
germs will be able to enter the
system more easily. That's what
they have found, and that is

how you get sick," the doctor
To ensure that the immune
system is ready to ward off res-
piratory illnesses like the com-
mon cold, Dr Forte suggests:
"..Having a healthy lifestyle and
eating the right types of foods
and probably taking a multi-
vitamin on a daily basis and not
just when you are sick, of
According to dietician Julia
Lee of Doctors Hospital, nutri-
tion contributes to one's ability
to ward off the cold bug. "If
you don't have good nutrition
your immunity suffers, so that's
where micro nutrients come in,
and having adequate calories
and proteins that build the
immune system," the dietician
"Somebody who is malnour-
ished is more susceptible to get-
ting infections."
Do the best you can to avoid
the cold and practice common
sense if you have the cold.
Avoid close contact with oth-
ers, don't sneeze into the air or
wipe your sneeze on things that
others may touch. Be sure to
wash your hands after you
sneeze and after using the bath-
room. Proper hygiene will
avoid spreading what you have
to others, and will keep you
from catching strains that can
make you mote sick.

Dispelling common myhs

about colds and the flu

MYTH: Cold weather causes
colds and flu.-
FACT: Although colds and
flu are more common in the
winter months, this has less to
do with the weather than with
confinement indoors. Viruses
spread much more quickly in
dry, heated, indoor areas where
air doesn't circulate well, and
direct contact with germs is far
more likely.
MYTH: Kissing spreads
colds and flu.
FACT: According to doctors,
colds are much more likely to

be spread by hand contact than
by oral contact.
MYTH: It's dangerous to
exercise when you have the
symptoms of a cold or flu.
FACT: Provided you're not
running a fever, some mild exer-
cise such as a brisk walk will
help your antibodies fight the
MYTH: Wet feet, wet hair
'and exposure to cold weather
and drafts can cause colds.
FACT: Although getting
chilled can lower your resis-
tance if you're already run

down, you can only catch a cold
or flu if you come in contact
with a cold or flu virus. In fact, a
little fresh air can help clear
your head if you are sick.
MYTH: A low-grade fever
should be treated with aspirin or
FACT: A mild fever is the
body's way of fighting off virus-
es. Plus, a low-grade fever helps
get antibodies circulating
throughout your body.

Source: www.readers

Finding the perfect balance in life

Tribune Feature Writer

IF there is such a thing as finding
the perfect balance in life, where
'everything is in its proper place, things
'are moving along smoothly and goals
'rare being accomplished, everybody
',would want the recipe.
And while it seems like a "pie in
the sky" dream to actually live an
organised life of balance, Dr Graham
Cates of the Family Medicine Center
iat the Western Medical Plaza, says
that it's worth a try.
According to the doctor, individuals
are always trying to achieve the "per-
fect balance", even if it's not often
attained. "I don't know if you ever
really arrive at that point. I think that
there is always going to be a dis-equi-
librium that occurs, and this is because
of stressors that come into your life."
One of the significant events he cit-
ed is the recent tsunami that battered
11 nations and killed more than
147,000 people. And with tens of
thousands still missing and threatened
by disease from the powerful waves
that Asia, the United Nations has
reported that the death toll could
keep climbing.
While the impact of this natural dis-
aster appears far removed from the
Bahamas, Dr Cates said that Bahami-
ans are also touched, in a way that
reminds them of their experiences
from hurricanes Frances and Jeanne.
He added: "So these types of
images that happen in our environ-
ment bring up other things that try
to alter this balanced equilibrium that
needs to occur in our lives an equi-
librium between all aspects of wellness
spiritual, social, mental, emotional
and physical."
The extent to which one is able to

deal with what circumstances occur
in his or her life depends on their per-
sonality, as some people are more sus-
ceptible to stressors, the doctor noted.
There is the type-A, for example, a
"high strung, high energy and always
on the go" personality, and there are
those who live more subdued lives.-
"It depends on your outlook on life
as well. Like some people say, this is
an incident that has happened, so it
must be God's will. Therefore, those
types of people are able to deal with
tragedy in a better way than the per-
son who takes it and says, 'how can
this be happening in the world? Why
is this happening', and try to look for
explanations to these things that we
just have no plausible explanation to."

It may help to know your personal
limits as well, and to understand that
some things are simply out of human
control. Often times persons turn to
their faith or belief in a being other
than themselves to find that balance,
Dr Cates said.
Speaking of the impact of the tsuna-
mi, the doctor said: "When you look
at the deaths, we know why it
occurred, but when you start to look
at the human tragedy involved, there
is no real rational explanation.
"And this is where faith is so impor-
tant and. having a belief system, so
that you are able to deal with these
emotional struggles, these mental
health stressors and this dis-equilibri-
um that arises in. your life, that you

Balancing your life can be tough day, as well as long term goals. ease is a priz
when you think about all the things both a habit
that may be tipping the scale, but Have realistic expectations. Are way of think
here are some tips to help you your standards too high? Do you feel like you a
achieve a sense of balance in your think you're the only one who can small change
life: do a job? Accept the reality that all differently th
Keep track of time. For one .._pe piakemnistakes-and-be will- Deyelo
week, tecrdTiiow time is spent. This ing to accept less than perfection. Social network
log will help identify how you spend Know what you can control and viding help i
your time. Then look at your list of don't spend time worrying about tasks. Rely c
priorities and see how you would what you cannot control. Don't plan for support a
prefer to spend your time and set more activities than you can realis- Schedule
goals to change. tically expect to accomplish, leave it to cha
Set priorities. Using your time Take care of yourself. Give some leisure
log and prioritising worksheet, health a high priority. Exercise, eat you enjoy wit
decide which activities are most right, control stress and keep a pos- to share with.
important to you and which you can itive attitude. Choosing a lifestyle is on your caler
live without. Eliminate roles that a choice you make for yourself. be sure to ii
are not satisfying or don't fit with Be flexible. The ability to times.
your values. Set priorities for each respond and adapt to change with Source: w'

can call upon something higher than
yourself to be able to help you to deal
with these things."
Dr Cates said that there are also
practical ways to achieve general bal-
ance in life. Exercising, eating health-
ier foods, having good communica-
tion skills and developing close rela-
tionships with family and loved ones
are important, he emphasised.
When it comes to achieving bal-
ance in life, nothing plays a more vital
role than setting priorities. It serves as
the yardstick to measure life in terms
of what comes first, what is impor-
tant and what are things that need to
be erased completely, he added.
Asked about prioritising, Dr Cates
said that what commonly happens in

ed asset. Flexibility is
and an attitude. It is a
ing and acting. If you
are in a rut, make some
s and do some things
an before.
support networks.
ks are valuable in pro-
n balancing multiple
in friends and family
nd experiences.
time for fun. Don't
dance that you'll spend
time doing the things
h the people you want
Mark leisure activities
ndar so that you will
include these special

ww. urbanext. uiuc.edu

this global environment is that people
are so stimulated, "and may be too
over-stimulated", through Internet,
television and the newspapers. They
are being bombarded with informa-
tion but are not taking the time to
process it.
And along the same lines, persons
often do not take the time to con-
template and reflect on what is going
on in their own lives.
"They don't think and say, okay
there is all of this chaos going on in
my life but really how am I dealing
with it? A lot of people like to bury
their heads in the sand and just go
forward with not being able to evalu-
ate where they are. I think (that), as
part of this new year's resolution, new
year beginning, it's important for
them to take time out to contemplate
and recognize where they are, and be
able to set a course and prioritise -
what are the things in my life I need to
be working on to make me a better
person," he said.
When working towards achieving
the perfect balance, everything goes
back to the five principles of wellness
- spiritual, mental, physical, emotional
and social, said Dr Cates, who encour-
ages persons to make time for-self
reflection and identify ways in which
their quality of life,. "and the life of
those around you, can be positively
impacted by making small changes in
the things that you do".
And while he believes that only the
individual can determine the priorities
in his or her life, examining the five
components of wellness can be a
"Spend time looking at each cate-
gory of wellness and developing one
thing at a time, making one change at
a time. Then you are able to begin
the process of moving forward."




O1ringNDeO er's

Caring forr Al h 's pati nts
ari.Ll i oH..1 EMlER'S e s

is a degenera-
tive disorder of
the brain. It
involves the
area of the brain called the
cerebral cortex or gray matter,
which is essential for learning.
It is a disease that is incurable.
It causes death of nerve cells
in this part of the brain. The
disease begins to manifest itself
with the person experiencing
(small/minor) problems or dif-
ficulty performing complex
tasks and remembering things.
In the end stage, the person
becomes totally disabled and
causes much distress for the
family and significant others.
Alzheimer's disease rarely
occurs in people younger than
50 years, but becomes very
common in the later years of
life. It is very common and dev-
astating. The ultimate cause of
this disease is unknown. Vari-
ous causes have been suggest-
ed. These include a defective
gene, an infection, and expo-
sure to poisons or items in the
environment, which can cause
changes in nerve cell. Most cas-
es of the disease occur sponta-
neously, however, five per cent
to ten per cent of cases run in
families. At present, there is no
known cure although some-
treatments may slow the pro-
gression for a short period.
TOMS of Alzheimer's Disease
Progressive worsening of

memory and other physical
Language defects, marked
by difficulty naming objects and
finding the right word.
Problems speaking in a
manner that makes sense. Pro-
gressive with resultant total loss
of speech (end stages).
Difficulty performing skilled
Mood disturbances (early
Depression in 15 20 per
cent of persons.
Crying for no reason.
Delusional thinking.
Caring for the person %%ith
Alzheimer's involves numerous
elements. These include:
NUTRITION: the nutrition-
al status of such persons is to be
(adequately) maintained. They
must be encouraged to eat \\ell.
This may require the use of var-
ied techniques, such as offer-
ing frequent snacks and gently
reminding the individual to eat
Keeping the rhythm of meal
times consistent, each meal gi%-
en at the same time of each and
every day. Some people may
eat more slowly than they used
to, so allow them extra time to
consume their meals.
Offering lots of fluids. This
is important. Adequate hydra-
tion is the key to good health in
this age group generally.
They may not recognize their
thirst. so IT IS IMPORTANT
TO have drinks available and
offer refreshments frequently.

When to see a


MANY women suffer
with pain and wonder when
they should see their gynae-
cologist. You should see
your gynaecologist if you
experience any of the fol-
lowing symptoms: heavy,
painful, irregular or missed
menstrual periods. Bleeding
between menstrual periods.
Lower abdominal pain or
cramping. Irritation or
painful intercourse. Bleed-
ing after intercourse. Lumps
or tenderness in ihe breasts.
Also see your gynaecologist

for a yearly checkup even if
you have no symptoms.
Have a checkup more often
if you are at high risk for
cervical cancer. For more
information on women's
health issues, attend the Dis-
tinguished Lecture Series, a
free monthly health lecture
held every third Thursday at
Doctors Hospital January 20
- this Thursday. at 6pm with
obstetrician and gynaecolo-
gist Dr Mildred Hall-Wat-
Source: Doctors Hospital



Doctors Hospital Distin-
guished Lecture Series: Dr
Mildred Hall-Watson, will
discuss "'The Pap Smear: Its
Importance and Its Rela-
tionship to Cerical Cancer".
on Thursday. January 20 at
6pm in the Doctors Hospital
conference room in obser-
vance of Cervical Cancer
Awareness Month.
This lecture will educate
women about cervical can-
cer by stressing the impor-
tance ot prevention and
detection of the disease in
its earliest stages as well as
The lecture is free to the
public. Free blood pressure,
cholesterol and glucose
screenings will be performed
between 5pm and 6pm. Call
302-4707 to ensure available

The Cancer Society of the
Bahamas meets at 5.30pm
on the second Tuesday of
each month at their Head-
quarters at East Terrace.
Centreville. Call 323-4482 for
more info.

REACH Resources &
Education for Autism and
related Challenges meets
from 7pm 9pm the second
Thursday of each month in
the cafeteria of the BEC
building. Blue Hill Road.

MS (Multiple Sclerosis)
Bahamas meets the third

Monday every month. 6pm
@ Doctors Hospital confer-
ence room.

The Bahamas Diabetic
Association meets every
third Saturday, 2.30pm
(except August and Decem-
ber) @ the Nursing School,
Grosvenor Close, Shirley

Doctors Hospital, the offi-
cial training centre of the
American Heart Association
offers CPR classes certified
by the AHA.
The course defines the
warning signs of respiratory
arrest and gives prevention
strategies to avoid sudden
death syndrome and the
most common serious
injuries and choking that can
occur in adults, infants and
CPR and First Aid classes
are offered every third Sat-
urday of the month from
9am-lpm. Contact a Doctors
Hospital Community Train-
ing Representative at 302-
4732 for more information
and learn to save a life today.

Alcoholics Anonymous
meets @ 16 Rosetta St. Mon-
day-Friday and Sunday,
6pm-7pm & 8.30pm-9.30pm.
and on Saturday, 10am-1 lami
& 6pm-7pm & 8.30pm-
9.30pm; @ Sacred Heart
Catholic Church. Shirley St.
on Friday at 6pm.

Provide high calorie supple-
mental drinks like Ensure.
These help provide necessary
vitamins, minerals and protein.
Offer finger food e.g. fries,
small sandwiches fruit salads
Offer a multivitamin every
If the person wears dentures,
try to ensure that the dentures
are not causing pain. Poorly fit-
ted dentures may be the rea-
son he /she doesn't want to eat.

MENT: the more active a per-
son with Alzheimer's remains,
the better his/her health may
be in the early stages of the dis-
ease. Such persons can, and
should be encouraged to do
most (if not all) of the activi-
ties he/she enjoyed before. In
the later stage of Alzheimer's
disease exercise becomes even
more important. Victims start
to loose strength, fle.bility bal-
ance and endurance. Slow gen-
tle movements such as extend-
ing the arms to the ceiling or
twisting from side, walking, and
performing cleaning chores can
improve endurance.
Monitor activities closely,
physical effects of the disease
become noticeable with time.
For example, they tend to take
.smaller steps and require more
assistance. A three times a
week exercise schedule is good
and highly recommended. A
consistent routine has been
observed to provide some com-
SAFETY is another area .of
great concern when caring for
persons affected .by
Alzheimer's. Remembering
that memory loss is a major
concern, and that it generates a
range of behavioral change in
affected individuals, accurate
and consistent close observa-
tion is vital. Consequently, the
care giver must be aware of the
person's whereabouts and their
' activities at all times.
Many victimss of the disease
are not in touch with reality and
sometimes engage in non-real-
istic actions. This is due to the
fact that their awareness or per-
ception of danger is no longer,
functional. Hot stoves, hot run-
ning water (for-bathing and
washing up), detergents and
other household (cleaning)
agents, slippery floors and
'throw rugs' all serve as envi-
ronmental hazards to the safe-
ty of persons % ith Alzheimer's.
Such items should be easily
accessible. Care givers and fam-
ily members should take steps
to ensure that matches, cleaning
agents and all toxic substances
including prescribed medica-
tion are stored in locked cup-
boards out of the reach of such
individuals. Where possible, gas
lines should be turned off -
when not in use by a responsi-
ble adult. Electrical plugs
should be secured with safety
plugs and slip resistant rugs
should be used and securely
placed, if their use is unavoid-
able. In such circumstances,
heavy rugs with a firm gripe'
backing should be used. Oth-
erwise the use of 'area throw
rugs' should be avoided to
enhance environmental safety.
Floors should be kept dry at all
times to prevent falls. Falls are,
preventable and they can serve
to compound the already com-
plex and severely challenging
situation of coping with
To enhance the safety of per-
sons with Alzheimer's and,
reduce their level of boredom it
is important to engage them in
varied activities, particularly
those activities they once'
enjoyed. The types of activities
suggested are those that are
non-specific to individual inter-
est but have been found to be
beneficial to many persons with
Therapeutic activities need
to be simple, and the type of
activity chosen is highly depen-
dent upon the stage of the dis-
ease in which the individual
exists. The activities may
include one or more of the fol-
lowing, and should be utilized
on a daily basis.
Placing stamps on

* ALZHEIMER'S disease rarely occurs in people younger than q.yqrs, but becomes very
common in the later years of lif., -
-- U Photo: J~fftGeissler)

Sweeping the floor/yard
Taking out the garbage
W ashing /drying dishes
Feeding the pet(s)
When choosing these thera-
peutic activities, it is VITAL
that caregivers select appropri-
ate activities that the person is
capable of doing and that
would prose empowering for
Schedule more energetic
activities in the morning.
Reduce demands feel free
to change the activity so per-
son can accomplish it. For
example, shorten %walks.
Make equipment easy to
use e.g. larger print reading
material, larger scissors, bigger
balls for games.
Take complexity out of
activities, e.g. bend the rules in
games to allowmncrease chances
of winning.

work in the home and commu-
nitN. This network should con-
sist not only of persons directly
affected, but all concerned
neighbours,. church members
and friends and the wider com-
munity. In addition, it is highl.
recommended that victimss and
their significant others access
professional help from the var-
ied association and agencies
that have been established for
the expressed purpose of assist-
ing them in many aspects of
their lives. One such associa-
tion is the Alzheimer's Associ-
ation of The Bahamas. For
additional information call
Marsha McQueen at 361-2095.

SOME TIPS for helping fam-
ily member TO COPE include:
Refrain from self blame
andcor feeling guilt. about your
relative's condition. No one is

Alzheimer's disease rarely occurs in
people younger than 50 years, but
becomes very common in the later years
of life. It is very common and devastat-
ing. The ultimate cause of this disease is
unknown. Various causes have been
suggested. These include a defective
gene, an infection, and exposure to
poisons or items in the environment,
which can cause changes in nerve cell.

Remember that the things
once done independently might
now be too difficult and prove
frustrating resulting in violent
Stay. consistent do activi-
ties at the same time each day
or in the some order or manner
with which they are familiar.
This increases confidence and
comfort for the individual.
Alzheimer's disease has an
impact on family members as
well as the affected individual.
It causes de% station for family
members. Nursing Officer
Knowles and Hanna describe:
the effects of Alzheimer's dis-
ease as "a sad situation, where-
in one sits almost helplessly as
they observe a loved one not
being able to recognize (even)
their own children or being,
unable to participate in familiar
activities with family members
because of the presence of the
Critical to the survival of
families and caregivers, as well
as the Alzheimer's victim, is the
establishment of a support ilet-

to be blamed for the state of
your relative. The cause is not
Concentrate on creating a
comfortable life for the indi-
* Give yourself credit for
your strength and compassion.
Take the situation one day
at a time.
-. Stick to a daily routine if
you do the same things for your
relative at the same time they
tend to be more manageable.
Change can be confusing for a
,person with Alzheimer's dis-
Keeping a calendar of your
activities can serve to ensure
that daily activities stay con-,
Try to do things that would
leave memories of a good expe-
,rience, for example, going to
;have their hair done (shampoo,
styled, cut )or to see a movie ....
' The task of caring for per-
sons with Alzheimer's can be
equally taxing as well as upset-
ting. Whether related or not,
to watch a person with

Alzheimer's disease become
confused and forgetful and
gradually lose the ability to per-
form every day tasks serves to
discourage and depress e'en
Caregivers must therefore,
take good care of themselves
in order to provide the best
care for these individual.
The most important way to
stay emotionaUly and physically
healthy is to appreciate your-
self for all the care and devo-
tion you give. and to know that
you are indeed making a dif-
ference in the person's life
Focus on the remaining abil-
ities that the person have and
can enjoy. and share those with
the person.
Think how different his /her -
life would be without your care.
Take time out for yourself. -
Remember to think about
yourself and your needs as a
caregiver. What you need in
order to be able to continue to "
care is physical., emotional and
spiritual strength. Seek to ;
achieve and maintain these.
Exercise regularly. It helps
you to sleep better reduces ten- i
sion and depression and it ener- -o
gises you.
A pattern often reported is
daytime napping associated
with difficulty falling to sleep
at night. Non-drug solutions to
sleeping problems are the best
available option. These include:
Decrease caffeine in diet -
avoid the use of coffee, tea, and.
other drinks like coca.cola that
contains caffeine. Read ingre-
dient labels carefully for the
presence of caffeine.
Avoid nicotine this is also
a stimulant found in cigarettes.
Avoiding cigarette use can help.
Medication is used at a ,
minimum to relieve systems
such as agitation, anxiety,
insomnia and depression. Speak
with the doctor managing your ,
relative. Become familiar with [?-
what medication is for what
symptom and follow the
instructions provided. The doc-
tor will assess the progress or
stability and make adjustments
to medication as required. S
For additional information
on helping individual with
Alzheimer's and their family
cope with the disease, in the
communing please contact the
Nursing Supervisor of the Geri-
atric Hospital, at Telephone
numbers 364-7700 and/or 364-
9635. ;:


In the latterpart of 2004 we published an article in this newspaper on
the diagnosis and medical management of Alzheimer's disease. This article
focuses on caring for persons affected by this disease, be it by professional
or lay (non-professional) caregivers. In this article Nursing Officers, Jestina
Knowles and Naomi Hanna, from the Geriatric Hospital of the Public
Hospitals Aitthority, Sandilands Rehabilitation Centel; provide useful
insights on how one can aid in the care and safety of family, friends
Or neighbours affected by Alzbeimer's disease.





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on gardening

* PLUMBAGO produces masses of beautiful blue flowers and makes a wonderful low hedge.

N THUNBERGIA, or Blue Sky vine, is a rampant vine
that displays its flowers in hanging columns.




The vast majority
of tropical flow-
ering plants are
red, with orange
and yellow sec-
ond and third. Tropical plants
by and large depend upon
colour to attract pollinators
rather than scent and red is
. particularly attractive to birds.
Blue, at the other end of the
spectrum, is attractive to bees.
Although a minority colour,
we still have plenty of beautiful
* blue blossoms at hand.
Indeed, the largest of blue
flowered plants is our national
tree, the Lignum Vitae (Gua-
iacum sanctum). In spring it
bears clusters of flowers that
are decidedly refreshing to the
eye. It was once far more
abundant throughout the
islands than it is today. Lignum
Vitae is a valuable evergreen
hardwood and one that was
harvested and not replaced. It
is extremely slow growing and
for that reason many people
do not bother to plant Lignum
It is perhaps strange that our
national tree has become a rel-
ative rarity. I have had
enquiries from Bahamian born
primary school teachers ask-
ing me what is the colour of a
Lignum Vitae flower. There
are colouring books on the
symbols of the Bahamas that
feature a line drawing of the
flowers but when the children
asked what colour crayon o
use, even the teachers did At
An equally beautiful tree
that bears blue flowers is the
Jacaranda (Jacaranda acutifo-
lia) that is native to Brazil. The
flowers are bell shaped and
borne in clusters. The flowers
can vary between trees from
light blue to almost purple.
The foliage is similar to that
of Royal Poinciana but the
leaflets of the compound
leaves are much smaller and
somewhat pointed. Like Royal
Poinciana, a mature Jacaran-
da drops its leaves in winter.
It flowers in spring and early
summer and favours sandy soil
for best growth.
From trees we go to shrubs.
Very popular as a hedge or
specimen plant in re-ent
decades is Plumbago (PY ba-
go capensis) that come' om
the Cape region of ,uth
Africa. It is a straggly, airly
low lying shrub with light green
leaves that bears masses of
azure blue five-petalled flow-
ers. Sometimes you can hardly
see the leaves because of the
size of the flower clusters.
There is a white flowering
Plumbago that is nowhere near
as attractive as the blue.

Pigeonberry (Duranta
repens) is a denizen of the
Bahamian bush which is so
striking I am surprised it has
not been cultivated as a regular
garden shrub. Its flowers tend
to lilac and are borne in pen-
dant panicles. These flowers
give way to considerable clus-
ters of yellow to orange berries
that give the plant its alterna-
tive name Golden Dewdrop.
I have a specimen in my yard
that I value as highly as I do
those exotics I had to pay mon-
ey for.
One of the most rampant of
tropical vines is the Blue Sky
vine or Thunbergia grandiflo-
ra). It grows quickly and pro-
duces 2"-3" flowers that are
ligl t blue and shaped like but-
ter ly orchids. Once the vine
really established it tends to
, op vertical extensions that
cre heavily clustered with flow-
ers. Thunbergia is best grown
on a wall or chain link fence
as it can grow very heavy. It
bears better in summer than
in winter but the flowers are

"Indeed, the
largest of blue
flowered plants
is our national
tree, the Lignum
Vitae (Guaiacum
G Jack
produced year round.
Of all the blues we have
mentioned, none is more strik-
ing than the deep, deep blue
of Queen's Wreath (Petrea
volubilis). Petrea is a vine with
leaves that feel like sandpaper.
The five-petalled flowers are
produced in foot-long, wreath-
like clusters that are simply
stunning. The twining vine is
not as rampant as Thunbergia
and is ideal for arbours where
the flower clusters can hang
down to good effect.
Again, it is not only the exot-
ic vines that come in blue.
Some native Morning Glory
vines also produce true blue
flowers that brighten up the
The smallest of the blue
flowering plants I can think of
is Blueflower (Valerianoides
jamaicensis), a low-lying weed
which tends to turn upward.
The flowering spike produces
light blue flowers rather spar-
ingly and they are seen to best
effect when there is a mass of
Blueflowers. It isjfne of those

Green Scene by Gardener Jack

* PIGEONBERRY is a plant that grows wild in the bush but has eye attracting blue
flowers. Later on, golden berries are produced in abundance.

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