The Baldwin Library
R;E m of
- PI ~I II I
THE ARABIAN NIGHTS
EN T ERTA I NM EN TS
ONE HLINEIi.- AND TEN
ILLUI' .RAi! I'NS
P H I LAD E L P H. I A
HENRY ALT EMUS CO M A N V
.,. 1- i E : i U 1 i L -4- 1. lF,
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Copyright 1896, by Henry Altemus
RABIAN NIGHTS, sometimes called THE
THOUSAND AND ONE NIGHTS, is the title of a
collection of fanciful Oriental tales first brought to
the notice of English readers in 1704, by Antoine
Galland, Professor of Arabic in the Royal College of
Paris, and a resident for years at Constantinople.
These fascinating fictions became at once exceed-
ingly popular, and have since maintained a deservedly
foremost position in the Juvenile Literature of the
world, and are probably more widely read than al-
most any other production of the human mind.
The exact origin of these Tales is still unknown.
Advocates of equal ability have claimed for them a
Persian, Indian, or a purely Arabian source. Two
things are now generally admitted, that they are
traced in substance to an older work of a very early
origin, and that they are founded upon MIusSulmans'
customs, and describe Moslem manners, sentiments,
religion and superstitions.
The text of this edition has been edited for the
young so that the Stories may be read without scru-
ple or compunction.
SINDBAD THE SAILOR 9
ADVENTURES OF CALIPH HAROUN ALRASCHID 72
THE FISHERMAN 122
THE ENCHANTED HORSE 152
ALADDIN, OR THE WONDERFUL LAMP. 185
ALI BABA AND THE FORTY THIEVES 227
Sindbad the Sailor.
IN the reign of the caliph, Haroun Alraschid, there
lived at Bagdad a poor porter called Hindbad. One
day he was carrying a heavy burden from one-end of
the town to the other. Being fatigued, he took off
his load, and sat upon it, near a large mansion.
He was pleased that he stopped here; for the smell
of wood of aloes, and of pastils that came from the
house, mixing with the scent of the rose-water, filled
the air. Besides, he heard from within a concert,
accompanied with the notes of nightingales and other
birds. From this melody, and the smell of savory
dishes, he knew there was a feast, with great rejoicings
within. He knew not who owned the mansion; but
he went to the servants, and asked the name of the
proprietor. How," replied one of them, "do. you
live in Bagdad, and know not that this is the house
of Sindbad the sailor, that famous voyager, who has
sailed round the world?" The porter said, loud
enough to be heard, "'Almighty Creator of all things,
consider the difference between Sindbad and me I
am every day exposed to fatigues and calamities, and
can scarcely get barley-bread for myself and family,
while happy Sindbad expends riches, and leads a life
of continual pleasure. What has he done to obtain
Sindbad the Sailor.
from Thee a lot so agreeable? And what have I done
to deserve one so wretched? "
While the porter was thus complaining, a servant
came out of the house, and bade him follow him, for
Sindbad, his master, wanted to speak to him.
The servants brought him into a great hall, where
a number of people sat round a table, covered with
all sorts of savory dishes. At the upper end sat a
venerable gentleman, with a long white beard, and
behind him stood a number of officers and domestics,
all ready to attend his pleasure. This person was
Sindbad. Hindbad, whose fear was increased at the
sight of so many people, and of a banquet so sump-
tuous, saluted the company trembling. Sindbad bade
him draw near, and seating him at his right hand,
served him himself, and gave him wine, of which
there was abundance upon the sideboard.
Now, Sindbad had heard the porter complain, and
this it was that induced him to have him brought in.
When the repast was over, Sindbad addressed Hind.
bad, inquired his name and employment, and said:
"I wish to hear from you own mouth what it was you
said in the street."
Hindbad replied, "My lord, I confess that my
fatigue put me out of humor, and made me to utter
some indiscreet words, which I beg you to pardon."
" Do not think I am so unjust," resumed Sindbad, "as
HINDBAD BROUGHT INTO THE FEAST.
Sindbad the Sailor.
to resent such a complaint. But I must rectify your
error concerning myself. You think that I have ac-
quired without labor and trouble the ease and indul-
gence which I now enjoy. But do not mistake; I did
not attain to this happy condition without enduring
for several years more trouble of body and mind than
can well be imagined. Yes, gentlemen," he added,
speaking to the whole company, I assure you that
my sufferings have been of a nature so extraordinary,
as would deprive the greatest miser of his love of
riches; and I will, with your leave, relate the dangers
I have encountered, which I think will not be unin-
teresting to you."
THE FIRST VOYAGE OF SINDBAD THE SAILOR.
My father was a wealthy merchant of much repute.
He left me a large estate, which I wasted in riotous
living. I quickly saw my error. I remembered Sol-
omon's saying, A good name is better than precious
ointment;" and again, "Wisdom is good with an in-
heritance." Struck with these reflections, I resolved
to walk in my father's ways, and I entered into a con-
tract with some merchants, and embarked with them
on board a ship we had jointly fitted out.
We set sail, and steered our course towards the In-
dies, through the Persian Gulf. I was troubled with
sea-sickness, but speedily recovered, and was not after-
wards subject to that complaint.
Sindbad the Sailor.
We touched at several islands, where we sold or
exchanged our goods. One day, we were becalmed
near a small island, but little elevated above the level
of the water, and resembling a green meadow. The
captain ordered his sails to be furled, and permitted
those inclined to land ; of this number I was one.
But while we were enjoying ourselves in eating and
drinking, and recovering from the fatigue of the sea,
the island trembled and shook us terribly.
The trembling of the island was perceived on the
ship, and we were called upon to re-embark speedily,
or we should all be lost; for what we took for an
island proved to be the back of a sea monster. The
nimblest got into the sloop, others took to swimming;
but I was still upon the island when it disappeared
into the sea, and had only time to catch hold of a piece
of wood that we had brought out of the ship to make
a fire. Meanwhile, the captain taking on those who
were in the sloop, and taking up some of those that
swam, resolved to improve the favorable gale that
had just risen, and hoisting his sails pursued his
voyage, so that it was impossible for me to recover
Thus was I exposed to the mercy of the waves all
the rest of the day and the following night. By this
time I found my strength gone, and despaired of say-
ing my life, when happily a wave threw me against
Sindbad the Sailor.
an island. The bank was high and rugged; so that I
could scarcely have got up had it not been for some
roots of trees which I found within reach. When the
sun arose, though I was very feeble, I crept along to
find some herbs fit to eat, and had the luck not only
to procure some, but to discover a spring of water,
which did much to recover me. After this I went
.farther into the island, and reached a fine plain, where
I saw some horses feeding. I went towards them,
when I heard the voice of a man, who appeared and
asked me.who I was. I related to him my adventure,
after which he led me into a cave, where there were
several other people, no less amazed to see me than I
was to see them.
I partook of some provisions which they offered me.
I then asked them what they did in such a desert
place; to which they answered, that they were grooms
belonging to the Maha-raja, sovereign of the island,
and that every year they brought thither the king's
horses for pasturage. They added, that they were to
return home on the morrow, and had I been one day
later, I must have perished, because the inhabited
part of the island was a great distance off, and it would
have been impossible for me to have got thither with-
out a guide.
Next morning they returned to the capital of the
island, took me with them, and presented me to the
SIlqDBAD'S FIRST SHIPW"ICK'
Sindbad the Sailor.
Maha-raja. He asked me who I was, and how I came
into his dominions. After I had satisfied him, he
told me he was much concerned for my misfortune,
and ordered that I should want for nothing; which
commands his officers were careful to see fulfilled.
Being a merchant, I frequented men of my own
profession, and inquired for those who were strangers,
that perchance I might hear news from Bagdad, or
find an opportunity to return. For the Maha-raja's
capital is situated on the sea-coast, and has a fine har-
bor, where ships arrive daily from the different quar-
ters of the world. I frequented also the society of the
learned Indians, and took delight to hear them con-
verse; but withal, I took care to make my court
regularly to the Maha-raja, and conversed with the
governors and petty kings, his tributaries, that were
about him. They put a thousand questions respecting
my country; and I, being willing to inform myself as
to their laws and customs, asked them everything
which I thought worth knowing.
There belongs to this king an island named Cassel.
They assured me that every night a noise of drums
was heard there, whence the mariners fancied that it
was the residence of Degial. I determined to visit
this place, and in my way thither saw fishes of Ioo
cubits length, that occasion more fear than hurt; for
they are so timorous, that they will fly upon the rat-
Sindbad the Sailor,
tling of two sticks. I saw other fish about a cubit in
length, that had heads likeowls.
As I was one day at the port, the ship arrived in
which I had embarked at Bussorah. I at once knew
the captain, and I went and asked him for my bales.
"I am Sindbad," said I, "and those bales marked
with his name are mine."
When the captain heard me speak thus, "Heavens !"
he exclaimed, "whom can we trust in these times I
saw Sindbad perish with my own eyes, and yet you
tell me you are that Sindbad. What a false tale to
tell, in order to possess yourself of what does not
belong to you! "Have patience," replied I; "do
me the favor to hear what I have to say." The cap-
tain was persuaded that I was no cheat; for there came
people from his ship who knew me,. and expressed
much joy at seeing me alive. At last he recollected
me himself, and embracing me, "Heaven be praised,"
said he, "for your happy escape! There are your
goods; take and do with them as you please."
I took out what was most valuable in my bales, and
presented them to the Maha-raja, who asked me how
I came by such rarities. I told him of their recovery.
He was pleased at my good luck, accepted my pres-
ent, and in return gave me one much more consider
able. Upon this I took leave of him, and went aboard
the same ship, after I had exchanged my goods for
Sindbad the Sailor.
the commodities of that country. I carried with me
wood of aloes, sandals, camphire, nutmegs, cloves,
pepper, and ginger. We passed by several islands,
and at last arrived at Bussorah, from whence I came to
this city, with the value of 00o,ooo sequins.
Sindbad stopped here, and ordered the musicians to
proceed with their concert, which the story had inter-
rupted. When it .was evening, Sindbad sent for a
purse of Ioo sequins, and giving it to the porter, said,
"'Take this, Hindbad, return to your home, and come
back to-morrow to hear more of my adventures." The
porter went away, astonished at the honor done him,
and the present made him.
Hindbad put on his best robe next day, and returned
to the bountiful traveller, who received him with a
pleasant air, and welcomed him heartily. When all
the guests had arrived, dinner was served, and con-
tinued a long time. When it was ended, Sindbad,
addressing himself to the company, said, "Gentle-
men, be pleased to listen to the adventures of my
second voyage. They deserve your attention even.
more than those of the first." Upon which every one
held his peace, and Sindbad proceeded.
THE SECOND VOYAGE OF SINDBAD THE SAILOR.
I designed, after my first voyage, to spend the rest
of my days at Bagdad, but I grew weary of an in-
Sindbad the Sailor.
dolent life, and put to sea a second time, with mer-
chants of known probity. We embarked on board a
good ship, and set sail. We traded from island to
island, and exchanged commodities with great profit.
One day we landed on an island covered with fruit-
trees, but we could see neither man nor animal. We
walked in the meadows, along the streams that watered
them. While some gathered flowers, and others fruits, I
took my wine and provisions, and sat down near a
stream between two high trees, which formed a thick
shade. I made a good meal, and afterwards fell asleep.
I cannot tell how long I slept, but when I awoke the
ship was gone.
In this sad condition, I was ready to die with grief.
I regretted not being content with the produce of my
first voyage, that might have sufficed me all my life.
But my repentance came too late. At last I resigned
myself to the will of God. Not knowing what to do,
I climbed up to the top cf a lofty tree, and looked
about on all sides to see if 7 could discover anything
that could give me hopes. Towards the sea I could
see nothing but sky and water; but looking over the
land I beheld something white; and coming down, I
took what provision I had left, and went towards it,
the distance being so great, that I could not distin-
guish what it was.
As I approached, I thought it to be a white dome,
Sindbad the Sailor.
of a great height and extent; and when I came up to
it, I touched it, a ad found it to be very smooth. I
went round to see if it was open on any side, but saw
it was not, and that there was no'climbing up to the
top, as it was so smooth. It was at least fifty paces
By this time the sun was about to set, and all of a
sudden the sky became as dark as if it had been cov-
ered with a thick cloud. I was much astonished at
this sudden darkness, but much more when I found it
occasioned by a bird of a monstrous size, that came
flying towards me. I remembered that I had often
heard mariners speak of a miraculous bird called the
Roc, and saw that the great dome which I so much
admired must be its egg. The bird alighted, and sat
over the egg. As I saw her coming, I crept close to
the egg, so that I. had before me one of the legs of the
bird, which was as big as the trunk of a tree. I tied
myself strongly to it with my turban, in hopes that
the roc next morning would carry me with her out of
this desert island. After passing the night in this
condition, the -bird flew away as soon as it was day-
light, and carried me so high, that I could not discern
the earth; she afterwards descended with so much
rapidity that I lost my senses. But when I found
myself on the ground, I speedily untied the knot, and
had scarcely done so, when the roc, having taken up a
serpent in her bill, flew away.
SINDBAD TIES HIMSELF TO THE EOC.
Sindbad the Sailor.
The spot where it left me was surrounded by mouin-
tains, that seemed to reach above the clouds, and so
steep that there was no chance of getting out of the
valley. When I compared this place with the desert
island from which the roc had brought me, I found
that I had gained nothing by the change.
As I walked through this valley, I perceived it was
strewed with diamonds, some of which were of a sur-
prising bigness. I took pleasure in looking upon
them; but saw at a distance a great number of ser-
pents, so monstrous that the least of them was capa-
ble of swallowing an elephant. They retired in the day-
time to their dens, where they hid themselves from
the roc, their enemy, and came out only in the night.
I spent the day, walking about in the valley, rest-
ing myself in such places as I thought convenient.
When night came on I went into a cave, where I
thought I might repose in safety. I secured the en-
trance, which was low and narrow, with a great stone,
to preserve me from the serpents; but not so far as to
exclude the light. I supped on part of my provisions,
but the serpents, which began hissing round me, put
me into such fear that I did not eleep. When day
appeared the serpents retired, and I came out of the
cave trembling. I can justly say, that I walked upon
diamonds, without feeling any inclination to touch
them. At last I sat down, and notwithstanding my
Sindbad the Sailor.
apprehensions, not having closed my eyes during the
night, fell asleep, after having eaten a little more of
my provisions. But I had scarcely shut my eyes when
something that fell by me with a great noise awaked
me. This was a large piece of raw meat; and at the
same time I saw several others fall down from the
rocks in different places.
I had always regarded as fabulous what I had heard
sailors relate of the valley of diamonds, and of the
stratagems employed by merchants to obtain jewels
from thence; but now I found that they had stated:
nothing but the truth. For the fact is, that the mer-
chants come to this valley, when the eagles have young
ones, and throwing great joints of meat into the val-
ley, the diamonds, upon whose points they fall, stick
to them ; the eagles pounce upon those pieces of meat,
and carry them to their nests on the rocks to feed their
young; the merchants at this time run to their nests,
drive off the eagles, and take away the diamonds that
stick to the meat.
I perceived in this device the means of my deliver-
Collecting the largest diamonds and putting them
into the leather bag in which I used to carry my pro-
visions, I took the largest of the pieces of meat, tied
it close round me, and then laid myself upon the
ground, with my face downwards, the bag of diamonds
being made fast to my girdle.
Sindbad the Sailor.
I had scarcely placed myself in this posture when
one of the eagles, having taken me up with the piece
of meat to which I was fastened, carried me to his
nest on the top of the mountain., The merchants
frightened the eagles; and when they had obliged
them to quit their prey, one of them came to the nest
where I was. He was much alarmed when he saw
me ; but recovering himself, instead of inquiring how
I came thither, began to quarrel with me, and asked,
why I stole his goods? "You will treat me," re-
plied I, "with more civility, when you know me bet-
ter. Do not be uneasy ; I have diamonds enough for
you and myself, more than all the other merchants
together. Whatever they have they owe to chance;
but I selected for myself, in the bottom 'of the valley,
those which you see in this bag." I had scarcely done
speaking, when the other merchants came crowding
about us, much astonished to see me, but more sur-
prised when I told them my story.
They conducted me to their encampment; and there
having opened my bag, they were surprised at the
largeness of my diamonds, and confessed that they had
never seen any of such size and perfection. I prayed
the merchant who owned the nest to which I had been
carried (for every merchant had his own), to take as
many for his share as he pleased. He contented him-
self with one, and that, too, the least of them; and
SINDBAD ESCAPES PROM THE DIAMOND VALLEY.
Sindbad the Sailor.
when I pressed him to take more, without fear of doing
me any injury, "'No," said he, I am very well satis-
fied with this, which is valuable enough to save me
the trouble of making any more voyages, and will
raise as great a fortune as I desire:"
I spent the night with the merchants, to whom I
related my story a second time, for the satisfaction
of those who had not heard it. I could not moderate
my joy when I found myself delivered from danger.
I thought myself in a dream.
The merchants had thrown their pieces of meat into
the valley for several days; and each of them being
satisfied with the diamonds that had fallen to his lot,
we left the place and travelled near high mountains,
where there were serpents of great length, which'we
had the fortune to escape. We took shipping at the
first port we reached, and touched at the isle of Roha,
where the trees grow that yield camphire. This tree
is so large, and its branches so thick, that one hundred
men may easily sit under its shade. The juice, of
which the camphire is made, exudes from a hole bored
in the upper part of the tree, is received in a vessel,
where it thickens to a consistency, and becomes what
we call camphire. After the juice is thus drawn out,
the tree withers and dies.
I pass over many other things peculiar to this island,
lest I should weary you. Here I exchanged some of
Sindbad the Sailor.
my diamonds for merchandise. From hence we went
to other islands, and at last, having touched at several
trading towns of the continent, we landed at Busso-
rah, from whence I proceeded to Bagdad. There I
gave presents to the poor, and lived honorably upon
the vast riches I had brought, and gained with so
Thus Sindbad ended the relation of the second voy-
age, gave Hindbad another hundred sequins, and in-
vited him to come the next day to hear the account of
THE THIRD VOYAGE OF SINDBAD THE SAILOR.
I soon again grew weary of a life of idleness, and
hardening myself against the thought of any danger,
I embarked with some merchants on another long voy-
age. We touched at several- ports, where we traded.
One day we were overtaken by a tempest, which drove
us from our course. The storm continued several
days, and brought us before the port of an island,
which the captain was very unwilling to enter; but
we were obliged to cast anchor. When we had furled
our sails, the captain told us that this island was in-
habited by hairy savages, who would attack us; and
though they were but dwarfs, they were more in num-
ber than the locusts ; and if we happened to kill one,
they would all fall upon and destroy us.
We soon found that what the captain had told us
Sindbad the Sailor.
was but too true. A great multitude of savages, about
two feet high, covered all over with red hair, came
swimming towards us, and encompassed our ship.
They chattered as they came near, but we understood
not their language. They climbed up the sides of the
ship with such agility as surprised us. They took
down our sails, cut the cable, and hauling to the
shore, made us all get out, and carried the ship into
another island, from whence they had come. As we
advanced, we saw at a distance a vast pile of building,
and made towards it. We found it to be a palace,
elegantly built, and very lofty, with a gate of ebony
of two leaves, which we opened. We saw before us
a large apartment, with a porch, having on one side
a heap of human bones, and on the other a vast num-
ber of roasting spits. We trembled at this spectacle,
and were seized with deadly fear, when suddenly the
gate opened with a loud crash, and there came out
the horrible figure of a black man, as tall as a lofty
palm-tree. He had but one eye, and that in the middle
of his forehead, where it blazed bright as a burning
coal. His fore-teeth were very long and sharp, and
stood out of his mouth, which was as deep as that of
a horse. His upper lip hung down upon his breast.
His ears resembled those of an elephant, and covered
his shoulders ; and his nails-were as/long and crooked
as the talons of the greatest birds. At the sight of so
Sindbad the Sailor. 29
frightful a genie, we became insensible, and lay like
At last we came to ourselves, and saw him sitting
THS GANIS 4ATS ON OIl SINDBAD'S COMPANION$
Sindbad the Sailor.
in the porch looking at us. When he had considered
us well, he advanced towards us, and laying his hand
upon me, took me .up by the nape of my neck, and
turned me round, as a butcher would do a sheep's
head. Perceiving me to be so lean that I had noth-
ing but skin and bone, he let me go. He took up all
the rest one by one, and viewed them in the same
manner. The captain being the fattest, he held
him with one hand, as I would do a sparrow, and
thrust a spit through him; he then kindled a great
fire, roasted, and ate him for his supper. Having fin-
ished his repast, he returned to his porch, where he
lay and fell asleep, snoring louder than thunder. He
slept thus till morning. It was not possible for us to
enjoy any rest, so that we passed the night in the most
painful fear. When day broke, the giant awoke, got
up, went out, and left us in the palace.
The next night we
determined to re-
venge ourselves on
the brutish giant,
and did so in the
After he had again
finished his inhuman
supper on another of
our seamen, he' lay
Sindbad the Sailor.
down on his back, and fell asleep. As soon as we
heard him snore, nine of the boldest among us, and
myself, took each of us a spit, and putting the points
of them into the fire till they were burning hot, we
thrust them into his eye all at once, and blinded him.
The pain made him break out into a frightful yell:
he started up, and stretched out his hands, in order
to sacrifice some of us to his rage; but we ran to such
places as he could not reach, and after having sought
for us in vain, he groped for the gate, and went out,
howling in agony.
We left the palace, and came to the shore, where we
made some rafts, each large enough to carry three
men, with some timber that lay about. We waited
till day, when we perceived our cruel enemy, accom-
panied with two others, almost of the same size, lead-
ing him, and a great number more coming before him
at a quick pace.
We took to our rafts, and put to sea with all the
speed we could. The giants, who saw this, took
up great stones, and running to the shore, entered the
water up to the middle, and threw so exactly, that
they sunk all the rafts but that I was upon, and all my
companions, except the two with me, were drowned.
We rowed with all our might, and got out of the reach
of the giants. But when we got out to sea, we were
exposed to the mercy of the waves and winds, and
Sindbad the Sailor.
spent that day and the following night under the
most painful uncertainty as to our fate; but next
morning we had the good fortune to be thrown upon
an island, where we landed with much joy. We found
excellent fruit, which afforded us great relief, and re-
cruited our strength.
At night we went to sleep on the sea-shore, but
were awakened by the noise of a serpent, whose scales
made a rustling noise as he wound himself along. It
swallowed up one of my comrades, notwithstanding
his loud cries, and the efforts he made to extricate
himself from it; dashing him several times against
the ground, it crushed him, and we could hear it gnaw
and tear the poor fellow's bones, though we had fled to
a distance. The following day, to our great terror,
we saw the serpent again, when I exclaimed, ".0
Heaven, to what dangers are we exposed We re-
i joiced yesterday at
.-- ~ from the cruelty of
a giant and the rage
of the waves, now
Share we fallen into
-' -another danger
S -equally dreadful."
As we walked
.about, we saw a
Sindbad the Sailor.
large tall tree, upon which we designed to pass the
following night for our security, and having satisfied
our hunger with fruit, we mounted it accordingly.
Shortly after, the serpent came hissing to the foot of
the tree; raised itself up against the trunk of it, and
meeting with my comrade, who sat lower than I,
swallowed him at once, and went off.
I remained upon the tree till it was day, and then
came down, more like a dead man than one alive, ex-
pecting the same fate with my two companions. This
filled me with horror, and I advanced some steps to
throw myself into the sea; but I withstood this dictate
of despair, and submitted myself to the will of God,
who disposes of our lives at His pleasure.
In the meantime I collected together a great quan-
tity of small wood, brambles, and dry thorns, and mak-
ing them up into fagots, made a wide circle with
them round the tree, and also tied some of them to
the branches over my head. Having done this, when
the evening came, I shut myself up within this circle,
with the satisfaction, that I had neglected nothing
which could preserve me from the cruel destiny with
which I was threatened. The serpent failed not to
come at the usual hour, and went round the tree, seek-
ing for an opportunity to devour me, but was pre-
vented by the rampart I had made, so that he lay till
day, like a cat watching in vain for a mouse that has
Sindbad the Sailor.
reached a place of safety. When day appeared, he re-
tired, but I dared not leave until the sun arose.
God took compassion on my hopeless state; forjust
as I was going, in a fit of desperation, to throw myself
into the sea, I perceived a ship in the distance. I
called as loud as I could, and unfolding the linen of
my turban, displayed it, that they might observe me.
The crew perceived me, and the captain sent his boat
for me. As soon as I came on board, the merchants
and seamen flocked about me, to know how I came
into that desert island ; and after I had related to them
all that had befallen me, the oldest among them said
they had several times heard of the giants that dwelt
in that island, that they were cannibals ; and as to the
serpents, they added, that there were abundance in
the island ; that they hid themselves by day, and came
abroad by night. After having testified their joy at
my escaping so many dangers, they brought me the
best of their provisions, and took me before the cap-
tain, who, seeing that I was in rags, gave me one of
his own suits. Looking at him, I knew him to be the
person who, in my second voyage, had left me in the
island where I fell asleep, and sailed without me, or
sending to seek for me.
I was not surprised that he, believing me to be dead,
did not recognize me. "Captain," said I, "look at
me, and you may know that I am Sindbad, whom you
left in that desert island."
Sindbad the Sailor.
The captain recognized me. "God be praised,"
said he; "I rejoice that fortune has rectified my fault.
There are your goods, which I always took care to
preserve." I took them from him, and thanked him
for his care of them.
We continued at sea for some time, touched at
several islands, and at last landed at that of Salabat,
where sandal-wood is obtained, which is much used
From the isle of Salabat we went to another, where
I traded for cloves, cinnamon and other spices. After
a long voyage, I arrived at Bussorah, and from thence
returned to Bagdad, with so much wealth that I knew
not its extent. I gave a.great deal to the poor, and
bought another estate in addition to what I had
Thus Sindbad finished the history of his third
voyage. He gave another hundred sequins to Hind-
bad and invited him to dinner again the next day,
THE FOURTH VOYAGE OF SINDBAD THE SAILOR.
After I had rested from the dangers of my third
voyage, my passion for trade and my love of novelty
soon again prevailed. I therefore settled my affairs,
and provided a stock of goods fit for the traffic I
designed to engage in. I took the route of Persia,
Sindbad the Sailor.
travelled over several provinces, and then arrived at a
port, where I embarked. On putting out to sea, we
were overtaken by a sudden gust of wind; the sails
were split in a thousand pieces, and the ship was
stranded; several of the merchants and seamen were
drowned, and the cargo was lost.
I had the good fortune, with several others, to get
upon some planks, and we were carried by the current
to an island which lay before us. There we found
fruit and spring-water, which preserved our lives. We
stayed all night near the place where we had been cast
Next morning, as. soon as the sun was up, we ex-
plored the island, and saw some houses, which we
approached. As soon as we drew near, we met a great
number of negroes, who seized us, shared us among
them, and carried us to their respective habitations.
I and five of my comrades were carried to one place;
here they made us sit down, and gave us a certain
herb, which they made signs to us to eat. My com-
rades not noticing that the blacks ate none of it them-
selves, thought only of satisfying their hunger, and
ate with greediness. But I, suspecting some trick,
would not so much as taste it, which happened well
for me; for in a little time after I saw my companions
had lost their senses, and that when they spoke to me
they knew not what they said.
SINDBAD WRECKED. ON HIS FOURTH VOYAG9.
Sindbad the Sailor.
The negroes fed us afterwards with rice, prepared
with oil of cocoa-nuts; and my comrades, who had
lost their reason, ate of it greedily. I also partook of
it, but very sparingly. They gave us that herb at
first on purpose to deprive us of our senses, and they
supplied us with rice to fatten us ; for, being cannibals,
their design was to eat us as soon as we grew fat.
This accordingly happened, for* they devoured my
comrades, who were not sensible of their condition;
but my senses being entire, you may easily guess,
that instead of growing fat, as the rest did, I grew
leaner every day. The fear of death under which I
labored, turned all my food into poison. I fell into
a distemper, which proved my safety; for the negroes,
having killed and eaten my companions, seeing me
to be withered, lean, and sick, deferred my death.
Meanwhile I had much liberty, and this gave me
an opportunity one day to make my escape. An
old man who saw me, and suspected my design, called
to me to return; but I quickly got out of sight.
At that time there was none but the old man about
the houses, the rest being abroad, and not to return
till night, which was usual with them. Therefore,
being sure that they could not arrive in time to pur-
sue me, I went on till night, when I stopped to rest
a little, and to eat some of the provisions I had
secured; but I set forward again and travelled seven
Sindbad the Sailor. 39
days, avoiding those places which seemed to be in-
habited, and lived for the most part upon cocoa-nuts,
which served me both for meat and drink. On the
eighth day I came near the sea, and saw some white
people like myself, gathering pepper, of which there
was great plenty in that place. This I took to be a
good omen, and went to them without any scruple.
The people who gathered pepper came to meet me as
soon as they saw me, and asked me in Arabic, who I
was and whence I came. I was overjoyed to hear
them speak in my own language, and satisfied their
curiosity by giving them an account of my shipwreck,
and how I fell into the hands of the negroes. "Those
negroes," replied they, "eat men; and by what miracle
did you escape their cruelty?" I told them my story,
at which they were surprised.
I stayed with them till they had gathered their
quantity of pepper, and then sailed home with them.
They presented me to their king, who was a, good
prince. He heard of my adventures, which surprised
him; and he afterwards gave me clothes,' and com-
manded care to be'taken of me.
The island was very well peopled, plentiful in
everything,' and the capital a place of great trade.
This retreat was very comfortable to me after my
misfortunes, and the kindness of this generous prince
completed my satisfaction. In a word, there was not
Sindbad the Sailor.
a person more in favor with him than myself, and
consequently every man in court and city sought to
oblige me; so that in a very little time I was looked
upon rather as a native than a stranger.
I observed one thing, which to me appeared very
extraordinary. All the people, the king himself not
excepted, rode their horses without bridle or stirrups.
I went one day to a workman, and gave him a model
for making the stock of a saddle. When that was
done, I covered it myself with velvet and leather, and
embroidered it with gold. I afterwards went to a
smith, who made me a bit, according to the pattern
I.showed him, and also some stirrups. When I had
all things completed, I presented them to the king,
and put them upon one of his horses. His majesty
mounted, and was so pleased with them, that he tes-
tified his satisfaction by large presents. I made several
others for the ministers and principal officers, which
gained me great regard.
As I paid my court very constantly to the king, he
said to me one day, "Sindbad, I love thee. I have
one thing to demand of thee, whidh thou must grant.
I have a mind thou shouldst marry, that so thou
mayst stay in my dominions, and think no more of
thy own country." I durst not resist the prince's will,
and he gave me one of the ladies of his court, noble,
beautiful, and rich. The ceremonies of marriage
Sindbad the Sailor.
being over, I went and dwelt with my wife, and for
some time we lived together in perfect harmony. I
was not, however, satisfied with my banishment, there-
fore designed to make my escape, and to return to
At this time the wife of one of my neighbors, with
whom I had contracted a friendship, fell sick and
died. I went to comfort him, and said to him as soon
as I saw him, "God preserve you and grant you a
long life. 'Alas!" replied he, "how do you think
I should obtain the favor you wish me? I have not
above an hour to live; for I must be buried this day
with my wife. This is a law in this island. The
living husband is interred with the dead wife, and the
living wife with the dead husband."
While he was giving me an account of this barbar-
ous custom, his kindred, friends and neighbors came
to assist at the funeral. They dressed the corpse of
the woman in her richest apparel and all her jewels,
as if it had been her wedding-day; then they placed
her on an open bier, and began their march to the
place of burial. The husband walked first, next to
the dead body. They proceeded to a high mountain,
and when they had reached the place of their destina-
tion, they took up a large stone which formed the
month of a deep pit, and let down the body with all
its apparel and jewels. Then the husband, embracing
Sindbad the Sailor.
his kindred and friends, suffered himself to be placed
on another bier without resistance, with a pot of water,
and seven small loaves, and was let down in the same
manner. The ceremony being over, the mouth of
the pit was again covered with the stone, and the com-
I mention this ceremony because I was to be the
-- .. ..
principal actor on a similar occasion. Alas! my
own wife fell sick and died. I made every remon-
strance I could to the king not to expose me, a
foreigner, to this inhuman law. I appealed in vain.
The king and all his court sought to soften my sorrow
by honoring the funeral ceremony with their presence;
and at the end of the ceremony I was lowered into the
pit with a vessel full of water, and seven loaves. As
Sindbad the Sailor.
I approached the bottom I discovered, by the aid of
the- little light that came from above, the nature of
this subterranean place; it seemed an endless cavern,
and might be about fifty fathoms deep. I lived for
some time upou my bread and water, when, one day,
just as it was oa the point of exhaustion, I heard some-
thing tread, and breathing or panting as it moved.
I followed the sound. The animal seemed to stop
sometimes, but always fled and breathed hard as I
approached. I pursued it for a considerable time, till
at last I perceived a light, resembling.a star; I went
on, sometimes lost sight of it, but always found it
again, and at last discovered that it came through a
hole in the rock, which I got through, and found my-
self upon the sea-shore, at which I felt exceeding joy.
I thanked God for this mercy, and shortly afterwards
I perceived a ship making for the place where I was.
I made a sign with the linen of my turban, and called
to the crew as loud as I could. They heard me, and
sent a boat and without hesitation took me on board.
We passed by several .islands, and among others
that called the Isle of Bells; where we landed. Lead
mines are found in the island; also Indian-canes, and
The King of the Isle of Kela is very rich and power-
ful, and the Isle of Bells, which is about two days'
journey in extent, is subject to him. The inhabitants
Sindbad the Sailor.
eat human flesh. After we had finished our traffic in
that island, we put to sea again, and touched at several
other ports ; at last I arrived happily at Bagdad. Out
of gratitude to God for His mercies, I contributed
liberally towards the support of several mosques and
the subsistence of the poor, and enjoyed myself with
my friends in festivities and amusements.
Here Sindbad made a new present of one hundred
sequins to Hindbad, whom he requested to return with
the rest next day at the same hour, to dine with him
and hear the story of his fifth voyage.
THE FIFTH VOYAGE OF SINDBAD THE SAILOR.
All the calamities I had undergone could not cure
me of my inclination to make new voyages. I there-
fore bought goods, departed with them for the best
seaport; and there, that I might not be obliged to
depend upon a captain, but have a ship at my own
command, I remained till one was built on purpose, at
my own charge. When the ship was ready I went on
board With my goods; but not having enough to load
her, I agreed to take with me several merchants of
different nations, with their merchandise.
We sailed with the first fair wind, and after a long
navigation, the first place we touched at was a desert
island, where we found an egg of a roc, equal in size
to that I formerly mentioned. There was a young
Sindbad the Sailor.
roc in it, just ready to be hatched, and its beak had
begun to break the egg.
The merchants who landed with me broke the egg
with hatchets, and made a hole in it, pulled out the
THBE ROC'S EGG.
young roc piecemeal, and roasted it. I had in vain
entreated them not to meddle with the egg.
* Scarcely had they finished their repast, when there
appeared in the air two great clouds. The captain of
Sindbad the Sailor.
my ship said they were the male and female parents
of the roe, and pressed us to re-embark with all speed,
to prevent the misfortune which he saw would other-
wise befall us.
The two rocs approached with a frightful noise,
which they redoubled when they saw the egg broken,.
and their young one gone. They flew back in the
direction they had come, and disappeared for some
time, while we made all the sail we could to prevent
that which unhappily befell us.
They soon returned, each of them carrying between
its talons a huge rock. When they came directly
over my ship, they hovered, and one of them let go
his rock; but by the dexterity of the steersman it
missed us, and fell into the sea. The other so exactly
hit the middle of the ship as to split it into pieces.
The mariners and passengers were all crushed to death,
or fell into the sea, I myself was of the number of the
latter, but, as I came up again, I caught hold of a piece
of the wWreck, and swimming, sometimes with one hand
and sometimes with the other, but always holding
fast the plank, the wind and the tide favoring me, I
came to an island, and got safely ashore.
I sat down upon the grass, to recover myself from
my fatigue, after which I went into the island to
explore it. It seemed to be a delicious garden. I found
trees everywhere, some of them bearing green and
THe ROCS WRECKING THE SHIP.
Sindbad the Sailor.
others ripe fruits, and streams of fresh, pure water.
I ate of the fruits, which I found excellent ; and drank
of the water, which was very light and good.
On advancing into the island, I saw an old man,
who appeared very weak and infirm. He was sitting
on the bank of a stream, and at first I took him to be
one who had been shipwrecked like myself. I saluted
him, but he only slightly bowed his head. I asked
him why he sat so still; but instead of answering me,
he made a sign for me to take himmupon my back, and
carry him over the brook.
I believed him really to stand in' need of ny assist-
ance, took him upon my back, and having carried him
over, bade him get down, and for that end stooped,
that he might get off with ease; but instead of doing
so (which I laugh at every time I think of it), the old
man, who to me appeared quite decrepit, threw his
legs nimbly about my neck. He sat astride upon my
shoulders, and held my throat so tight that I thought
he would have strangled me, and I fainted away.
Notwithstanding my fainting, the ill-natured old
fellow still kept his seat upon my neck. When I had
recovered my breath, he thrust one of his feet against
my side, and struck me so rudely with the other, that
he forced me to rise up against my will. Having
arisen, he made me carry him under the trees, and
forced me now and then to stop, that he might gather
Sindbad the Sailor.
and eat fruit. He never left his seat all day ; and
when I lay down to rest at night, he laid himself down
with me, holding still fast about- my neck. Every
THI OID MAN OF THB SBA.
morning he'pinched me to make me awake, and after-
wards obliged me to get up and walk, and spurred me
with his feet.
Sindbad the Sailor.
One day I found several dry calabashes that had
fallen from a tree. I took a large one, and after clean-
ing it, pressed into it some juice of grapes, which
abounded in the island; having filled the calabash, I
put it by in a convenient place, and going thither
again some days after, I tasted it, and found the wine
so good, that it gave me new vigor, and so raised my
spirits, that I began to sing and dance as I carried my
The old man, seeing the effect which this had upon
me, and that I carried him with more ease than
before, made me a sign to give him some of it. I
handed him the calabash, and the liquor pleasing his
palate, he drank it off. There being a quantity of it,
he soon began to sing, and to move about from side
to side in his seat upon my shoulders, and by degrees
to loosen his legs from about me. Finding that he
did not press me as before, I threw him upon the
ground, where he lay motionless; I then took up a
great stone and slew him.
I was glad to be thus freed from this troublesome
fellow. I now walked towards the beach, where I
met the crew of a ship that had cast anchor, to take
in water; they were surprised to see me, but more so
at hearing the particulars of my adventures. You
fell," said they, "into the hands of the old man of
the sea, and are the first who ever escaped strangling
Sindbad the Sailor.
by his malicious embraces. He never quitted those
he had once made himself master of, till he had
destroyed them, and he has made this island notorious
by the number of men he has slain." They carried
me with them to the captain, who received me with
great kindness. He put out again to sea, and after
some days' sail, we arrived at the harbor of a great
city, the houses of which overhung the sea.
One of the merchants invited me to go along with
him. He gave me a large sack, and, recommending
me to some people of the town, who used to gather
cocoa-nuts, desired them to take me with them. "Go,"
said he, "follow them, and act as you see them do;
but do not separate from them, otherwise you may
endanger your life." He gave me provisions for the
journey, and I went with them.
We came to a thick forest of cocoa-trees, very lofty,
with trunks so smooth that it was not possible to
climb to the branches that bore the fruit. Here we
saw great numbers of apes of several sizes, who fled
as soon as they perceived us, and climbed to the tops
of the trees with amazing swiftness.
The merchants with whom I was gathered stones,
and threw them at the apes on the trees. I did the
same; and the apes, out of revenge, threw cocoa-nuts
at us so fast, and with such gestures, as testified their
anger and resentment. We gathered up the cocoa-
Sindbad the Sailor.
nuts, and from time to time threw stones to provoke
the apes; so that by this stratagem we filled our bags
with cocoa-nuts. I thus collected as many cocoa-nuts
as produced me a large sum.
Having laden our vessel with cocoa-nuts, we set sail
and passed by the islands where pepper grows in
great plenty. From thence we went to the isle of
Comari, where the best species of wood of aloes grows.
I exchanged my cocoa in those two islands for pepper
and wood of aloes, and went with other merchants
a-pearl-fishing. I hired divers, who brought me up
some that were very large and pure. I embarked in
a vessel that happily arrived at Bussorah ; from thence
I returned to Bagdad, where I realized vast sums from
my pepper, wood of aloes, and pearls. I gave the
tenth of my gains in alms, as I had done upon my
return from my other voyages, and rested from my
Sindbad here ordered one hundred sequins to be
given to Hindbad, and requested him and the other
guests to dine with him the next day, to hear the ac-
THE SIXTH VOYAGE OF SINDBAD THE SAILOR.
I know, my friends, that you will wish to hear how,
after having been shipwrecked five times, and escaped
so many dangers, I could resolve again to tempt for-
Sindbadthe Sailor. 53
tune, and expose myself to new hardships. I am my-
self astonished at my conduct when I reflect upon it,
and must certainly have been actuated by my destiny,
from which none can escape. Be that as it may, after
a year's rest, I prepared for a sixth voyage, notwith-
standing the entreaties of my kindred and friends,
who did all in their power to dissuade me.
Instead of taking my way by the Persian Gulf, I
travelled once more through several provinces of Per-
sia and the Indies, and arrived at a seaport, where I
embarked in a ship, the captain of which was bound
on a long voyage, in which he and the pilot lost their
course. Suddenly we saw the captain quit his rudder,
uttering loud lamentations., He threw off his turban,
pulled his beard, and beat his head like a madman.
We asked him the reason; and he answered, that we
were in the most dangerous place in all the ocean.
"A rapid current carries the ship along with it, and
we shall all perish in less than a quarter of an hour.
Pray to God to deliver us from this peril; we cannot
escape, if He do not take pity on us." At these
words he ordered the sails to be lowered; but all the
ropes broke, and the ship was carried by the current
to the foot of a high mountain, where she struck and
went to pieces; yet in such a manner, that we saved
our lives, our provisions, and the best of our goods.
The mountain at the foot of which we were was
Sindbad the Sailor.
covered with wrecks, with a vast number of human
bones, and with a quantity of goods and riches of all
kinds. These objects served only to augment our
despair. In all other places it is usual for rivers to
run from their channels into the sea; but here a river
of fresh water runs from the sea into a dark cavern,
whose entrance is very high and spacious. What is
most remarkable in this place is, that the stones of
the mountain are of crystal, rubies, or other precious
stones. Here is also a sort of fountain of pitch or
bitumen, that runs into the sea, which the fish swal-
low, and evacuate soon afterwards, turned into amber-
gris; and this the waves throw up on the beach in
great quantities. Trees also grow here, most of which
are of wood of aloes, equal in goodness to those of
It is not possible for ships to get off this place,
when once they approach within a certain distance.
If they be driven thither by a wind from the sea, the
wind and the current impel them; and if they come
into it when a land-wind blows, which might seem
to favor their getting out again, the height of the
mountain stops the wind, and occasions a calm, so
that the force of the current carries them ashore;
and what completes the misfortune is, that there is
no possibility of ascending the mountain, or of escap-
ing by sea.
WE WBER IN A STATE Ot DESPAIR.
Sindbad the Sailor.
We continued upon the shore, at the foot of the
mountain, in a state of despair, and expected death
every day. On our first landing we had divided our
provisions as equally as we could, and thus every one
lived a longer or shorter time, according to his tem-
perance, and the use he made of his provisions.
I survived all my companions; and when I buried
the last I had so little provisions remaining that I
thought I could not long survive, and I dug a grave,
resolving to lie'down in it, because there was no one
left to pay me the last offices of respect. But it
pleased God once more to take compassion on me,
and put it in my mind to go to the bank of the river
which ran into the great cavern. Considering its
probable course with great attention, I said to my-
self, "This river, which runs thus underground,
must somewhere have an issue. If I make a raft,
and leave myself to the current, it will convey me
to some inhabited country, or I shall perish. If I be
drowned, I lose nothing, but only change one kind of
death for another."
I went to work and soon made a very solid raft.
When I had finished, I loaded it with some chests of
rubies, emeralds, ambergris, rock-crystal, and bales of
rich stuffs. Having balanced my cargo exactly, and
fastened it well to the raft, I went on board with
two oars that I had made, and leaving it to the course
of the river, resigned myself to the will of God.
THZN I RECJMU INSENSIBLE.
Sindbad the Sailor.
As soon as I entered the cavern I lost all light,
and the stream carried me I knew not whither. Thus
I floated on in perfect darkness, and once found the
arch so low, that it very nearly touched my head,
which made me cautious afterwards to avoid the like
danger. All this while I ate nothing but what was
just necessary to support nature ; yet, notwithstanding
my frugality, all my provisions were spent. Then I
became insensible. I cannot tell how long I continued
so ; but when I revived, I was surprised to find myself
in an extensive plain on the brink of a river, where
my raft was tied, amidst a great number of negroes. I
got up as soon as I saw them, and saluted them. They
spoke to me, but I did not understand their language.
I was so transported with joy, that 1 knew not whether
I was asleep or awake; but being persuaded thatI was
not asleep, I recited the following words in Arabic
aloud:-" Call upon the Almighty, He will help thee;
thou needest not perplex thyself about anything else:
shut thy eyes, and while thou art asleep, God will
change thy bad fortune into good."
One of the negroes, who understood Arabic, hearing
me speak thus, came towards me, and said, "Brother,
be not surprised to see us ; we are inhabitants of this
country, and water our fields from this river, which
comes out of the neighboring mountain. We saw
your raft, and one of us swam into the rivei aind
Sindbad the Sailor. 59
brought it hither, where we fastened it, as you see,
until you should awake. Pray tell us your history.
Whence did you come?" I begged of them first to
give me something to eat, and then I would satisfy
their curiosity. They gave me several sorts of food,
and when I had satisfied my hunger, I related all that
had befallen me, which they listened to with attentive
surprise. As soon as I had finished, they told me, by
the person who spoke Arabic and interpreted to them
what I said, that I must go along with them, and tell
my story to their king myself.
They sent for a horse, and having helped me to
mount, some of them walked before to show the way,
while the rest took my raft and cargo and followed.
We marched till we came to the capital of Serendib,
for it was in that island I had landed. The negroes
presented me to their king; approaching his throne,
I saluted him as I used to do the kings of the Indies,
that is to say, I prostrated myself at his feet. The
prince ordered me to rise, and made me sit down near
I concealed nothing from the king, but related to
him all that I have told you. At last my raft was
brought in, and the bales opened in his presence: he
admired the quantity of wood of aloes and ambergris;
but, above all, the rubies and emeralds, for he had
none in his treasury that equalled them.
Sindbad the Sailor.
Observing that he looked on my jewels with plea-
sure, and viewed the most remarkable among them,
one after another, I took the liberty to say to him,
" Sire, not only my person is at your majesty's service,
but the cargo of the raft, and I would beg of you to
dispose of it as your own." He answered me with a
smile, "Sindbad, I will take nothing of yours; far
from lessening your wealth, I design to augment it,
and will not let you.quit my dominions without marks
of my liberality." He then charged one of.his offi-
cers to take care of me, and ordered people to serve me
at his own expense.
The capital of Serendib stands at the end of a fine
valley, in the middle of the island, encompassed by,
high mountains. They are seen three days' sail off at
sea. Rubies and minerals abound. All kinds of rare
plants and trees grow there, especially cedars and
cocoa-nut. There is also a pearl-fishery in the mouth
of its principal river, and in some of its valleys are
found diamonds. I made a pilgrimage to the place
where Adam was confined after his banishment from
Paradise, and had the curiosity to go to the top of the
When I returned to the city, I prayed the king to
allow me to return to my own country, and he granted
me permission in the most honorable manner. He
would force a rich present upon me, and at the same
Sindbad the Sailor. 61
time charged me with a letter for the Commander of
the Faithful, our sovereign, saying to me, "I pray
you give this present from me, and this letter, to the
Caliph Haroun Alraschid, and assure him of my friend-
The letter was written on the skin of a certain ani-
mal of great value, very scarce, and of a yellowish
color. The characters of this letter were of azure, and
the contents as follows :
"The King of the Indies, before whom march ioo
elephants, who lives in a palace that shines with
1oo,ooo rubies, and who has in his treasury
twenty-thousand crowns enriched with dia-
monds, to Caliph Haroun Alraschid.,
"Though the present we send you be inconsiderable,
receive it, however, as a brother and a friend, in con-
sideration of the hearty friendship which we bear for
you, and of which we are willing to give you proof.
We desire the same part in your friendship, consider-
ing that we believe it to be our merit, as we are both
kings. We send you this letter as from one brother
to another. Farewell."
The present consisted (i) of one single ruby made
into a cup, about half a foot high, an inch thick, and
filled with round pearls of half a drachm each. (2)
The skin of a serpent, whose scales were as bright as
an ordinary piece of gold, and had the virtue to pre-
Sindbad the Sailor.
serve from sickness those who lay upon it; (3) Fifty
thousand drachms of the best wood of aloes, with
thirty grains of camphire as big as pistachios; and
(4) a female slave of great beauty, whose robe was cov-
ered over with jewels.
The ship set sail, and after a successful voyage we
landed at Bussorah, and from thence I went to the city
of Bagdad; where the first thing I did was to acquit
myself of my commission.
I took the King's letter, and presented myself at the
gate of the Commander of the Faithful, and was con-
ducted to the throne of the caliph. I presented the
letter and gift. When he had read what the King
wrote to him, he asked me if that prince were really
so rich as he represented himself in his letter. I said,
" Commander of the Faithful, I can assure your maj-
esty he doth not exceed the truth. I bear him wit-
ness. Nothing is more worthy of admiration than the
magnificence of his palace. When the prince appears
in public, he has a throne fixed on the back of an ele-
phant, and rides betwixt two ranks of his ministers,
favorites, and other people of his court. Before him,
upon the same elephant, an officer carries a golden
lance'in his hand, and behind him there is another,
who stands with a rod of gold, on the top of which is
an emerald, half a foot long and an inch thick. He
is attended by a guard of one thousand men, clad in
Sindbad the Sailor.
cloth of gold and silk, and mounted on elephants richly
caparisoned. The officer who is before him on the
same elephant, cries from time to time, with a loud
voice, 'Behold the great monarch, the potent and re-.
doutable Sultan of the Indies, the monarch greater
than Solomon, and the powerful Maha-raja.' After
he has pronounced tho~ words, the officer behind the
throne cries in his turn, 'This monarch, so great and
so powerful, must die, must die, must die.' And the
officer before replies, 'Praise alone be to Him who
liveth for ever and ever.'"
The caliph was much pleased with my account, and
sent me home with a rich present.
Here Sindbad commanded another hundred sequins
to be paid to Hindbad, and begged his return on the
morrow to hear
THE LAST VOYAGE OF SINDBAD THE SAILOR.
On my return home from my sixth voyage, I had
entirely given up all thoughts of again going to sea;
for, besides that my age now required rest, I was re-
solved no more to expose myself to such risks as I had
encountered, so that I thought of nothing but to pass
the rest of my days in tranquillity. One day, however,
an officer of the caliph's inquired for me. "The
caliph," said he, has'sent me to tell you that he must
speak with you." I followed the officer to the palace,
Sindbad the Sailor.
where, being presented to the caliph, I saluted him by
prostrating myself at his feet. "Sindbad," said he to
me, "I stand in need of your service; you must carry
my answer and present to the King of Serendib."
This command of the caliph was to me like a clap
of thunder. "Commander of the Faithful," I replied,
" I am ready to do whatever your majesty shall think
fit to command; but I beseech you most humbly to
consider what I have undergone. I have also made a
vow never to leave Bagdad." Perceiving that the
caliph insisted upon my compliance, I submitted, and
told him that I was willing to obey. He was pleased,
and ordered me one thousand sequins for the expenses
of my journey.
I prepared for my departure in a few days. As soon
as the caliph's letter and present were delivered to
me, I went to Bussorah, where I embarked, and had
a very prosperous voyage. Having arrived at the Isle
of Serendib, I was conducted to the palace with much
pomp, when I prostrated myself on the ground before
the king. Sindbad," said the king, "you are wel-
come; I have many times thought of you; I bless the
day on which I see you once more." I made my
compliments to him, and thanked him for his kind-
ness, and delivered the gifts from my august master.
The caliph's letter was as follows:-
Greeting, in the name of the Sovereign Guide of
Sindbad the Sailor.
the Right Way, from the servant of God, Haroun
Alraschid, whom God hath set in the place of
vicegerent to His'Prophet, after his ancestors of
happy memory, to the potent and esteemed Raja
We received your letter with joy and send you
this from our imperial residence, the garden of supe-
rior wits. We hope when you look upon it, you will
perceive our good intention, and be pleased with it.
The caliph's present was a complete suit of cloth of
gold, fifty robes of rich stuff, a hundred of white
cloth, the .finest of Cairo, Suez, and Alexandria; a
vessel of agate, more broad than deep, an inch thick,
and half a foot wide, the bottom of which represented
in bas-relief a man with one knee on the ground, who
held a bow and an arrow, ready to discharge at a lion.
H'e sent him also a rich tablet, which, according to
tradition, belonged to the great Solomon.
The King of Serendib was highly gratified at the
caliph's acknowledgment of his friendship. A little
time after this audience, I solicited leave to depart,
and with much difficulty obtained it. The king,
when he dismissed me, made me a very considerable
present. I embarked for Bagdad, but had not the
good fortune to arrive there so speedily as I had
hoped. God ordered it otherwise.
Sindbad the Sailor.
Three or four days after my departure, we were
attacked by pirates, who seized upon our ship, be-
cause it was not a vessel of war. Some of the crew
offered resistance, which cost them their lives. But
for myself and the rest, who were not so imprudent,
the pirates saved us, and carried us into a remote
island, where they sold us.
I fell into the hands of a rich merchant, who, as
soon as he bought me, took me to his house, treated
me well, and clad me handsomely as a slave. Some
days after, he asked me if I understood any trade. I
answered that I was no mechanic, but a merchant,
and that the pirates who sold me had robbed me of
all I possessed. "Tell me," replied he, "can you
shoot with a bow?" I answered that the bow was
one of my exercises in my youth. He gave me a bow
and arrows, and, taking me behind him on an ele-
phant, carried me to a thick forest some leagues from
the town. We went a great way into the wood, and
when he thought fit to stop, he bade me alight; then
showing me a great tree, "Climb up that," said he,
"and shoot at the elephants as you see them pass by,
for there is a number of them in this forest, and if
any of them fall, come and give me notice." Having
spoken thus, he left me victuals, and returned to the
town, and I continued upon the tree all night.
I saw no elephant during the night, but next
Sindbad the Sailor.
morning, at break of day, I perceived a great number.
I shot several arrows among them; and at last one of
the elephants fell, when the rest retired, and left me
at liberty to go and acquaint my patron with my suc-
Scess. When I had informed him, he commended my
dexterity, and caressed me highly.: We went after-
wards together to the forest, where we dug a hole for
the elephant; my patron designing to return when it
was rotten, and take his teeth to tradewith.
Sindbad the Sailor.
I continued this employment for two months. One
morning, as I looked for the elephants, I saw with
amazement that, instead of passing by me across the
forest as usual, they stopped, and came to me with a
horrible noise, in such numbers that the plain was
covered and shook under them. They surrounded the
tree in which I was concealed, with their trunks up-
lifted, and all fixed their eyes upon me. At this
alarming spectacle I was so much terrified, that my
bow and arrows fell out of my hand.
My fears were not without cause; for, after the ele--'
phants had stared upon me some time, one of the'
largest of them put his trunk round the foot of the
tree, plucked it up, and threw it on the ground. I fell
with the tree, and the elephant, taking me up with
his trunk, laid me on his back, where I sat more like
one dead than alive, with my quiver on my shoulder.
He put himself at the head of the rest, who followed
him in line, one after the other, carried me a c6nsid-
erable way, t1len laid me down on the ground, and re-
tired with all his companions. After "having lain
some time, and seeing the elephants gone, I got up,
and found I was upon a long and broad hill, almost
covered with the bones and teeth of elephants. I
doubted not but that this was the burial-place of the
elephants, and that they carried me thither on pur-
pose to tell me that I should forbear to kill them, as
Sindbad the Sailor.
now I knew where to get their teeth without inflicting
injury on them. I did not stay on the hill, but turu%
towards the city ; and after having travelled a day and
a night, I came to my patron.
As soon as my patron saw me, "Ah, poor Sindbad,"
exclaimed he, "I was in great trouble to know what
was become of you. I have been at the forest, where
I found a tree newly pulled up, and your bow and ar-
rows on the ground, and I despaired of ever seeing
vou more. Pray tell me what befell you." I satisfied
.his curiosity, and We both of us set out next morning
to the hill. We loaded the elephant which had car-
ried us with as many teeth as he could bear ; and when
we were returned, my master thus addressed me:
" Hear now what I shall tell you. The elephants of
our forest have every year killed us a great many
slaves, whom we sent to seek ivory. For all the cau-
tions we could give them, those crafty animals de-
stroyed them one time or other. God has delivered
you from their fury, and has bestowed that favor upon
you only. It is a sign that He loves you, and has
some use for your service in the world. You have
procured me incredible wealth; and now our whole
city is enriched by your means, without any more ex-
posing the lives of our slaves. After such a discovery,
I can treat you no more as a slave, but as a brother.
God bless you with all happiness and prosperity. I
Sindbad the Sailor.
henceforth give you your liberty; I will also give you
To this I replied, "Master, God preserve you. I
desire no other reward for the service I had the good
fortune to do to you and your city, but leave to return
to my own country." "Very well," said he, "the
trade-winds will in a little time bring ships for ivory.
I will then send you home." I stayed with him while
waiting for the ship; and during that time we made
so many journeys to the hill, that we filled all our
warehouses with ivory. The other merchants who
traded in it did the same; for my master made them
partakers of his good fortune.
The ships arrived at last, and my master himself
having made choice of the ship wherein I was to em-
bark, loaded half of it with ivory on my account, laid
in provisions in abundance for my passage, and besides
obliged me to accept a pi:sent of some curiosities of
the country of great.value. After I had returned him
thanks for all his favors, I went aboard.
We stopped at some islands to take in fresh provis-
ions. Our vessel being come to a port on the main-
land in the Indies, we touched there, and not being
willing to venture by sea to Bussorah, I landed my
proportion of the ivory, resolving, to proceed on my
journey by land. I realized vast sums by my ivory,
bought several rarities, which I intended for presents,
Sindbad the Sailor.
and when my equipage was ready, set out in company
with a large caravan of merchants. I was a long time
on the journey, and suffered much, but was happy in
thinking that I had nothing to fear from the seas, from
pirates, from serpents, or from the other perils to which
I had been exposed.
I at last arrived safe at Bagdad, and immediately
waited upon the caliph, to give him an account of my
embassy. He loaded me with honors and rich pres-
ents, and I have ever since devoted myself to my
family, kindred, and friends.
Sindbad here finished the relation of his seventh
and last voyage, and then addressing himself to Hind-
bad, "Well, friend," said he, "did you ever hear of
any person that suffered so much as I have done? Is
it not reasonable that, after all this, I should enjoy a
quiet and pleasant life?" As he said these words,
Hindbad kissed his hand, and said, "Sir, my afflic-
tions are not to be compared with yours. You not
only deserve a quiet life, but are worthy of all the
riches you possess, since you make so good a use of
then. May you live happily for a long time." Sind-
bad ordered him to be paid another hundred sequins,
and told him to give up carrying burdens as a porter,
and to eat henceforth at his table, for he wished that
he should all his life have reason to remember that
he henceforth had a friend in Sindbad the sailor.
Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid.
T HE Caliph, Haroun Alraschid, was accustomed to
visit the city of Bagdad in disguise, that he might
see himself into the condition of the people, and hear
their reports of his court and government. On one
occasion, he and his grand vizier disguised themselves,
and went their way through the different parts of the
city. As they entered on a bridge which connected
together the two parts of the city of Bagdad, divided
Sby the River Euphrates, they met an old blind man,
who asked alms. The caliph put a piece of gold into
his hand, on which the blind man caught hold of his
hand, and stopped him, saying, "Sir, pray forgive
me; I desire you would either give me a box on the
ear, or take your alms back again, for I cannotreceive
it but on that condition, without breaking a solemn
oath which I have sworn to God; and if you knew the
reason, you would agree with me that the punishment
is very slight."
The caliph gave him a very slight blow; where-
upon he let him go, thanked and blessed him.
When they came into the town, they found in a
square a great crowd, looking at a young man who
was mounted on a mare, which he drove and urged
full speed round the place, spurring and whipping the
Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid. 73
poor creature so barbarously, that she was all over
sweat and blood.
The caliph, amazed at the inhumanity of the rider,
stopped to ask the people if they knew why he used
the mare so ill, but could learn nothing, except that
for some time past he had every day, at the same hour,
treated her in the same manner.
The caliph, on his way to his palace, observed in a
street, which he had not passed through for a long time,
an edifice newly built, which seemed to him to be
74 Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid.
the palace of some one of the great lords of the court.
He asked the grand vizier if he knew to whom it be.
longed; who answered he did not, but would inquire;
and thereupon asked a neighbor, who told him that
the house belonged to one Cogia Hassan, surnamed
Alhabbal, on account of his original trade of rope-
making, which he had seen him work at himself,
when poor; that without knowing how fortune had
favored him, he supposed he must have acquired great
wealth, as he defrayed honorably the expenses he had
been at in building.
The grand vizier rejoined the caliph, and gave him
a full account of what he had heard. "I must see
this fortunate rope-maker," said the caliph,. "and
also this blind beggar, and the young man who treated
the mare so cruelly; therefore go and tell them to come
to my palace."
The next day, after afternoon prayers, the grand
vizier introduced the three persons we have been
speaking of, and presented them to the.caliph. They
all three prostrated themselves before the throne, and
when they rose up, the caliph asked the blind man
his name, who answered, it was Baba Abdalla.
"Baba Abdalla," replied, the caliph, "I ordered
you to come hither, to know from yourself why you
made the indiscreet oath you told me of. Tell me
freely, for I will know the truth."
Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid. 75
"Commander of the Faithful, I most humbly ask
your pardon for my presumption in requiring you to
box my ear. As to my action, I own that it must
seem strange to mankind; but in the eye of God it is
AM. .. --_
,," '- ....., ---:. ---i
a slight penance for a crime of which I have .been
guilty, and for which, if all the people in the world
were each to give me a box on the ear, it would not
be a sufficient atonement."
76 Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid.
THE STORY OF BABA ABDALLA.
Commander of the Faithful, I was born at Bagdad.
My father and mother died while I was yet a youth,
and I inherited from them an ample estate. Although
so young, I neglected no opportunity to increase it by
my industry. I soon became rich enough to purchase
fourscore camels, which I let out to merchants, who
hired :them at a profit to me, to carry their merchan-
dise from one country to an other.
As I was returning one day with my unloaded
camels from Bussorah, I met a dervise, who was
walking to Bussorah. I asked him whence he came,
and where he was going: he put the same questions
to me; and when we had satisfied each other's curi-
osity, we produced our provisions and ate together.
During our repast, the dervise told me of a spot not
far from where we sat, in which such immense riches
were collected that if all my fourscore camels were
,loaded with the gold and jewels that might be taken
from it, they would not be missed.
I was.overjoyed at this intelligence.
"You say," continued the dervise, "that you have
fourscore camels: I am ready to conduct you to the
place where the treasure lies, and we will load them
with as much jewels and gold as they can carry, on
condition that when they are so loaded, you will let
me have one half, and you be contented with the
Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid. 77
other; after which we will separate, and take our
camels where we may think fit. You see there is
nothing but what is strictly equitable in this division;
for if you give me forty camels, you will procure by
my means wherewith to purchase thousands."
.- A 1
78 Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid.
I assented, and at once collected all my camels, and
set out with the dervise. After travelling some time,
we came to a pass, which was so narrow that two
camels could not go abreast. The two mountains
which bounded this valley were so high and steep
that there was no fear of our being seen by anybody.
When we came into the valley between these two
mountains, the dervise bade me stop the camels. He
proceeded to gather some sticks, and to light a fire:
he then cast some incense into it, pronouncing cer-
tain words which I did not understand, when pres-
ently a thick cloud arose. This soon dispersed, when
the rock forming the side of the valley opened, and
exposed to view a magnificent palace, in the hollow
of the mountain.
So eager was I for the treasures which displayed
themselves to my view, that I fell upon the first heap
of golden coin that was near me. My sacks were all
large, and I would have filled them all, but I was
obliged to proportion my burden to the strength of
my camels. The dervise paid more attention to the
jewels than the gold, and I soon followed his example,
so that we took away much more jewels than gold.
When we had filled our sacks, and loaded our camels,
the devise used the same incantations to shut the
treasury as he had done to open it, when the doors
closed, and the rock seemed as solid and entire as it was
Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid. 79
before.. I observed, however, that the dervise, before
he went away, took a small vessel out of the cave and
put it into his breast, first showing me that it con-
tained only a glutinous sort of ointment
We row divided our camels. I put myself at the
head of the forty which I had reserved for myself, and
the dervise placed himself at the head of those which
I had given him. We came out of the valley by the
way we had entered, and. travelled together till we
came to the great road, where we were to part; the
dervise to go to Bussorah, and I to Bagdad. To thank
him for so great a kindness, I made use of the most
expressive terms, testifying my gratitude for the pref-
erence he had given me before all other men in letting
me have a share of such riches. We embraced each
other with great joy, and, taking our leave, pursued
our different routes.
I had not gone far, following my camels, which paced
quietly on in the track I had put them into, before
the demon of envy took possession of my heart, and
I deplored the loss of my other forty, but much more
the riches wherewith they were loaded. "The der-
vise," said I to myself, "'has no use for all this wealth,
since he is master of the treasure, and may have as
much as he pleases;" so I determined to take the
camels with their loading from him.
To execute this design, I first stopped my own cam-
8o Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid.
els, then ran after the dervise, and called to him as
loud as I could, and made a sign to him to stop, which
When I came up to him, I said, "Brother, I had no
sooner parted from you, but a thought came into my
head, which neither of us had reflected on before. You
are a recluse dervise, used to live in tranquillity, dis-
engaged from all the cares of the world, and intent
only upon serving God. You know not, perhaps, what
trouble you have taken upon yourself to take care of
so many camels. If you would take my advice, you
would keep but thirty; you will find them sufficiently
troublesome to manage. Take my word; I have had
"I believe you are right," replied the dervise;
"choose which ten you please, and take them, and go
on in God's keeping."
I set ten apart, and after I had driven them off, I
put them in the road to follow my others. I could
not have imagined that the dervise would be so easily
persuaded to part with his camels, which increased
my covetousness, and made me think that it would be
no hard matter to get ten more; wherefore, instead
of thanking him, I said to him again, "Brother, I
cannot part from you without desiring you to consider
once more how difficult a thing it is to govern thirty
loaded camels, especially for you who are not used to
Adventures of C41iph Haroun Alraschid. 81
such work; you will find it much better to give me
as many more back as you have done already."
The dervise gave me, without any hesitation, the
other ten camels ; so that he had but twenty left, and
I was master of sixty, and might boast of greater
riches than any prince. Any one would have thought
I should now have been content, but the more we have,
the more we want; and I became, from my success,
more greedy and desirous of the other twenty camels.
I redoubled my solicitations to make the dervise
grant me ten of the twenty, which he did with a good
grace ; and as to the other ten he had left, I embraced
him, kissed his feet, caressed and entreated him, so that
he gave me these also. Make a good use of them,
brother," said the dervise, "and remember that God
can take away riches as well as give them, if.we do
not assist the poor, whom He suffers to be in want on
purpose that the rich may do them good."
I was not yet content, though I had my forty camels
again, and knew they were loaded with an inestimable
treasure. A thought came into my head, that the
little box of ointment which the dervise showed me
contained some treasure of great value, and I deter-
mined to obtain it. I had just embraced him and
bade him adieu; when I again returned, and said,
"That little box of ointment seems such a trifle, it is
not worth your carrying away. I entreat you to make
82 Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid.
me a present of it. What occasion has a dervise, who
has renounced the vanities of the world, for perfumes?"
The dervise pulled it out of his bosom, and present-
ing it to me, said, "Here, take it, brother, and be
content; if I could do more for you, you needed but
to have asked me-I should have been ready to satisfy
When I had the box in my hand, I opened it, and
Said, "Since you are so good, I am sure you will not
refuse to tell me the use of this ointment."
"The use is very surprising and wonderful," replied
the dervise. "If you apply a little of it upon the lid
of the left eye, you will see all the treasures contained
in the bosom of the earth; but if you apply it to the
right eyelid, it will make youeblind."
"Take the box," said I to the dervise, and apply
some to my left eyelid; you understand how to do it
better than I." The dervise had no sooner done so,
than I saw immense treasures, and such prodigious
riches, that it is impossible for me to give an account
of them; but as I was obliged to keep my right eye
shut with my hand, I desired the dervise to apply some
of the pomatum to that eye.
"I am'"ready to do it," said the dervise; "but you
must remember what I told you, that if you put any
of it upon your right eye, you would immediately be
blind; such is the virtue of the ointment."
Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid. 83
Far from being persuaded of the truth of what the
dervise said, I imagined, on the contrary, that there
was some new mysteryi which he meant to hide from
84 Adventures of Caliph Hiroun Alraschid.
me. "'Brother," replied I, smiling, "I see plainly you
wish to mislead me; it is not natural that this oint-
ment should have two such contrary effects."
"The matter is as I tell you," replied the dervise.
"You ought to believe me, for I cannot disguise the
The dervise made all the resistance possible; but
seeing that I would take no refusal, he took a little of
the ointment, and applied it to my right eyelid. But,
alas I ceased at once to distinguish anything with
either eye, and became blind as you see me now.
"Ah, dervise !" I exclaimed, in agony, "what you
forewarned me of has proved but too true. I am now
sensible what a misfortune I have brought upon my-
self by my fatal curiosity and insatiable desire of riches;
but you, dear brother," cried I, addressing myself to
the dervise, "who are charitable and good, among the
many wonderful secrets you are acquainted with, have
you not one to restore to me my sight again ?"
"Miserable man!" answered the dervise, "you
might have avoided this misfortune, but you have your
deserts. The blindness of your mind was the cause of
the loss of your eyes. I have no power to restore to
you your sight. Pray to God, therefore; it is He
alone that can restore it to you. He gave you riches,
of which you were unworthy; and on that account He
takes them from you again, and will by my hands give
them to a man not so ungrateful as yourself."
Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid. 85
The dervise said no more, but left me to myself,
overwhelmed with confusion and grief. He then col.
elected my camels, and drove them away to Bussorah.
I cried out loudly as he was departing, and entreated
him not to leave me in that miserable condition, but
to conduct me at least to the first caravan; but he was
deaf to my entreaties. Thus deprived of sight and of
all I had in the world, I should have died with afflic-
tion and hunger, if the next day a caravan returning
from Bussorah had not received me charitably, and
brought me back to Bagdad.
After this manner was I reduced, without remedy,
from a condition of great wealth to a state of poverty.
I had no other way to subsist but by asking charity,
which I have done till now. But to expiate my offence
against God, I enjoined on myself, by way of penance,
a box on the ear from every charitable person who
shall commiserate my condition and give me alms.
This, Commander of the Faithful, is the motive
which caused me to make so strange a request to you.
I ask your pardon once more as your slave, and sub-
mit to receive the chastisement I deserve.
"Baba Abdalla," the caliph said, "your sin has been
great, but God be praised, your self-inflicted penance
proves your sorrow. But that you may forego your
daily asking of alms, I give you henceforth four silver
dirhems a day, which my grand vizier shall give you
86 Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid.
daily with the penance you have imposed on your-
THE STORY OF SIDI NOUMAN.
The caliph next addressed himself to the young
man who used his mare so ill, and demanded of him
the reason of his cruel conduct.
Commander of the Faithful, he replied, my name
is Sidi Nouman, and I inherited a fair estate from my
parents. Having the means to support a wife, I
VEAASTING WITH THJ GHOUI.
88 Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid.
married when quite young a woman named Amine
The first time I saw my wife without her veil was,
according to our custom, after our marriage, and I
was rejoiced to find that I had not been deceived in
the account which I had heard of her beauty. I was,
on the contrary, very much pleased with her. The
day after our marriage we had a dinner of several
dishes, but of none would she partake, save of a little
rice, which she ate grain by grain, conveying them
to her mouth with a silver bodkin. The same thing
happened again at supper. The next day, and every
time we ate together, she behaved after the same
fashion. I saw clearly that no woman could live on
the little she ate, and that there must be some mys-
tery about her. One night, when my wife thought
me fast asleep, she got up very quietly, dressed herself,
and left the chamber without the least noise. The
instant she closed the door I dressed and followed her.
Favored by the light of the moon, I caught sight of
her, and traced her to a burial ground near our house,
where I saw that she was joined by a female ghoul,
and supposed that she would join her in her dreadful
orgies. I returned to my house, without having at-
tracted her observation, and lay down again. After
awhile she came back as noiselessly as she had gone
out. On the next day, as she still ate her rice grain
by grain, "Amine," said I, I have often complained
Adventures of Caliph Haroun AIraschid. 89
to you of your eating your rice grain by grain. Tell
me, are not the dishes served at my table as delicate
as the dreadful repast of a ghoul ?" I had scarcely
said these words, when Amine, who understood what
90 Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid.
I meant, fell into a fearful fit of passion, and taking a
glass of water, threw it in my face, and said, "Foolish
man! take the form of a dog."
I had not known that Amine was a sorceress. No
sooner was her incantation said than I lost the human
form, and found myself a dog. I was so surprised that
I did not bark, nor bite, nor run away. I did not
know what to do. She then took up a stick and beat
me, and half opened the door, with the intention, I
believe, of crushing me against the door-post as I ran
out. I fortunately escaped without further injury
than the loss of a part of my tail. The pain I felt
made me cry and howl, as I ran along the street. This
occasioned other dogs to run after and worry me. To
avoid their pursuit, I ran into the shop of a man who
dressed and sold sheeps' heads, tongues and feet; and
there I got shelter. I soon saw a great many dogs of
the neighborhood, drawn thither by the smell of the
meat, collected round the shop of my host, waiting till
he threw them something ; these I joined, and so got
something to eat. The next day I found shelter with
a baker, who treated me kindly. Here I stayed some
months. One day, as a woman was buying some
bread, she gave some bad money to my master. He
asked her to change it for another piece. The woman
refused and maintained, it was good money. The
baker asserted the contrary, and said, "The piece of
Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid. 91
money is so bad, that I am sure my dog would distin-
guish it. Come here," said he, calling me, and throw-
ing down the pieces of money. "See if there is a bad
piece of money among these." I looked over all the
pieces, and putting my foot upon the bad one, I sep-
arated it from the rest, looking in my master's face,
as if to show it him.
The baker was extremely surprised, and when the
92 Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid.
woman was gone told his neighbors what had hap-
pened. They quickly came to test my talent, and I
never failed to pick out from the silver or gold pieces
those which were bad, and to separate them with
my foot. The report of me procured my master
so much custom, he could scarcely get through it.
One day a woman came to buy bread, and to test my
knowledge put down six pieces of good and six pieces
of bad money, and told me to separate them; I did so
with my foot. On her leaving the shop she made me
a sign to follow her, which I understood and obeyed.
I followed her at a distance, and reached her as she
stopped at her house. I entered with her, and she
presented me to her daughter. "'Daughter," she said,
"I have brought you the baker's famous dog, who so
well knows how to distinguish'false money from
good. On the first report that was spread about him,
you know I told you my idea of his being a man,
changed into a dog by some wicked enchantment.
What say you, am I deceived in my conjecture?"
"You are not deceived, mother," replied the daugh-
ter, "as I shall soon convince you."
The young" lady rose from her seat, took a vessel
full of water, into which she dipped her hand, and
throwing some of the water on me, she said, "If you
were born a dog, remain a dog; but if you were born
a man, resume the figure of a man, by virtue of this
Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid. 93
water." At that moment, the enchantment was
broken; I lost the form of a dog, and saw myself
once more a man. I expressed my deep gratitude to
this fair lady, and told her by what means I lost my
human shape. ''Sidi Nouman," said the young
woman, "I try to do all the good I can with the
knowledge of magic which I possess-I'will yet fur-
ther help you. Return to your home; and when you
see Amine, your wife, in the first moment of her as-
tonishment at the sight of you, throw over her some
of this water which I now- give you, pronouncing
94 Advenitures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid.
these words,-'Receive the just reward of thy
cruelty.'" I did exactly according to the direction
given me; and on my saying the appointed words,
my wife was turned into the mare on which I rode
yesterday. I punish her very often in the way you
saw, to make her sensible of the cruelty of whidh she
was guilty. I have thus, according to your command,
related my history.
"Your wife's conduct deserves punishment, but I
would have you forego the chastisement. The deg-
radation to her present state is sufficient retribution.
I would even wish you to seek the disenchantment of
Amine, if you could be sure that-she would forego her
cruelties, and cease the use of magical arts."
The caliph then turned to Cogia Hassan, and de-
manded of him a narrative of his good fortune.
THE STORY OF COGIA HASSAN ALHABBAL.
Commander of the Faithful, my name is Hassan,
but from my trade I am commonly known by the
name of Hassan Alhabbal. I owe the good fortune 1
now enjoy to two dear friends, whose names are Saad
and Saadi. Saadi is very rich. He ever maintained
the opinion that wealth was essential to happiness, as
without it no one could be independent. He declared
further his belief that poverty is in most cases owing
to a want of sufficient money to commence with; and
Adventures of Caliph Haroun AIrischid. 95
if a man once had enough to start with, and made a
right use of it, he would, in time, infallibly grow
rich. Saad disputed the truth of these sentiments.
He maintained that a poor man may become rich by
other means as well as money, and that some have
Si' i 'i
11!111, 1 T '-,, Jii|'
,A' 1.1.1i J'1l'l7r ,, i ,
become rich by mere chance, as'others have done by
the possession of sufficient money to commence with.
Saadi replied, "Well, we will not dispute any
more, but test our different theories by an experi-
ment. I will give a sum of money to some honest
96 Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid.
but poor artisan, and see if he does not obtain with it
wealth and ease. If I fail, then you shall try if you
can succeed better by the means you may employ."
Some few days after this dispute, Saad and Saadi
passed by my house as I was engaged in my trade of
ropemaking. They expressed their surprise that,
with all my industry, I could not contrive.to extend
my trade and gradually to save money. I told them
that, work as hard as I would, I could with difficulty
keep my wife and five children (none of whom could
render me the least help) with rice and pulse, and
that I could not find money for the first outlay of
hemp and materials. After some further conversa-
tion, Saadi pulled a purse out of his bosom, and put-
ting it into my hands, said, "Here, take this purse; it
contains two hundred pieces of gold : God bless you
and give you grace to make the good use of them I
desire; and, believe me, my friend Saad and I shall
both have great pleasure if they contribute towards
making you more prosperous than you now are."
Commander of the Faithful, continued Hassan,
when I had got the purse my joy was so great that
my speech failed me, and I could only thank my ben-
efactor by laying hold of the hem of his garment and
kissing it; but he drew it from me hastily, and he
and his friend pursued their walk.
As soon as they were gone, I returned to my work,
Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid. 97
and my first thought was, what I should do with my
purse to keep it safe. I had in my poor house neither
box nor cupboard to lock it up, nor any other place
where I could be sure it would not be discovered if I
In this perplexity, I laid aside ten pieces of gold for
present necessaries, and wrapped the rest up in the
folds of the linen which went about my cap. Out of
98 Adventures of Caliph Haroun AIraschid.
my ten pieces I bought a good stock of hemp, and
afterwards, as my family had eaten no meat a long
time, I purchased some for supper.
As I was carrying the meat home, a famished vul-
ture flew upon me, and would have taken it away, if
I had not held it very fast; but the faster I held my
meat, the more the bird struggled to get it, till unfor-
tunately in my efforts my turban fell on the ground.
The vulture immediately let go his hold of the meat,
but seizing my turban, flew away with it. I cried out
so loud, that I alarmed all the men, women and chil-
dren in the neighborhood, who joined their shouts and
cries to make the vulture quit his hold; but our cries
-did not avail, he carried off my turban, and we soon
lost sight of him.
I went home very sad. I was obliged to buy a new
turban, which diminished the small remainder of the
ten pieces. The little that was left was not sufficient
to give me any hope of improving my condition, but
I most regretted the disappointment I should occasion
While the remainder of the ten pieces lasted, my
little family and I lived better than usual; but I soon
relapsed into the same poverty, and the same inability
to extricate myself from wretchedness. However, I
never murmured; God,"' said I, was pleased to give
me riches when I least expected.them; he has thought
Adventures of Caliph Haroun Alraschid. 99
fit to take them from me again almost at the same
time, because it so pleased him, and they were at his
disposal; yet I will praise his name for all the benefits
I have received, as it was his good pleasure, and sub-
mit myself, as I have ever done hitherto, to his will."
These were my sentiments, while my wife, from
whom I could not keep secret the loss I had sus-
tained, was inconsolable. In my trouble I had told
my neighbors, that when I lost my turban I lost a
hundred and ninety pieces of gold; but as they knew
my poverty, and could not comprehend how I should
have got so great a sum by my work, they only laughed
About six months after this misfortune, the two
friends walking through that part of the town where
I lived, called to inquire after me. "Well," said
Saad, "we do not ask you how affairs go since we saw
you last; without doubt they are in a better train."
"Gentlemen," replied I, "I deeply grieve to tell
you, that your good wishes, and my hopes, have not
had the success you had reason to expect, and I had
.promised myself. You will scarcely believe the extra-
ordinary adventure that has befallen me when I.tell
you, on the word of an honest man, that a vulture flew
away with my turban, in which for safety I had
wrapped my money."
Saadi rejected my assertion, and said, "Hassan,