Understanding disaster
 From the Chair
 Welcome aboard!
 Faculty watch
 University Scholars 2002-03
 Marvin Harris memorial
 Florida Museum of Natural...
 Students explore the world of the...

Group Title: Department of Anthropology Newsletter, University of Florida
Title: Department of Anthropology newsletter ; Spring 2002
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00083823/00003
 Material Information
Title: Department of Anthropology newsletter ; Spring 2002
Series Title: Department of Anthropology newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida Department of Anthropology
Publisher: Department of Anthropology, University of Florida
Publication Date: 2002
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00083823
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Table of Contents
    Understanding disaster
        Page 1
    From the Chair
        Page 2
    Welcome aboard!
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Faculty watch
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    University Scholars 2002-03
        Page 8
    Marvin Harris memorial
        Page 9
    Florida Museum of Natural History
        Page 10
        Page 11
    Students explore the world of the Maya in Yucatan
        Page 12
Full Text

_- Air l71

Nfews letter SSpring -
~l University of



Anthony Oliver-Smith

"How do the events of September 11,
2001 affect our understanding of crisis
and crisis management?" was the
question that led the National Science
Foundation Directorates of Computer and
Information Sciences, Engineering and
Social Sciences to convene a workshop
entitled "Responding to the Unexpected"
on February 27-March 1, 2002. As an
anthropologist with roughly 30 years of
research and consultation in disaster
response and recovery, I was invited to
assist in replying to that question as well
developing an appropriate research
agenda in crisis and disaster management
that would reflect the changes that 9/11
has initiated.
The NSF workshop focused on
developments in information technology
(IT), engineering, and the social sciences
that can enable construction of effective
response organization at the instant of
disaster. The specific tasks of the
workshop were to begin understanding
and developing the new technical, social,
and policy requirements for responding to
unexpected disasters to improve the way
society deals with such events.
Initial discussions were organized
around the 9/11 attacks, earthquakes, and
nuclear accidents. The workshop
participants then worked toward
establishing research priorities in
breakout groups on (1) urban
infrastructure and its protection; (2) risk
assessment; (3) organizational integration
and response, including policy and
regulation jurisdictional issues and virtual
and actual organizational behavior; (4)

overarching technologies of information
storage and retrieval and networking and
communications, and 5) the creation of
infrastructure, evaluation, and transfer of
research results.
The workshop brought together a
small group of leading researchers from
across the relevant subdisciplines of IT,
engineering, and social sciences along
with representatives of agencies and
organizations involved in crisis response.
Because disasters are multidimensional
phenomena, emphasis was placed on
finding areas of mutual concern and
cooperation across the various
disciplines. Represented among the
social sciences at the workshop were
sociologists, psychologists, political
scientists, and economists. I was the sole

.-IAllitropologists have
been at the forefront of
the effort to link
social' stru ctulred
patterns of vdInerability
to disaster impacts...

representative from anthropology. A
final report is being compiled from the
presentations and break-out sessions and
will be due out in early April of this year.
Although social scientific disaster
research has traditionally been the
preserve of sociology and geography, the
issue of disaster has become increasingly
salient to the research and practice
concerns of anthropology.
Anthropologists at the University of
Florida in particular have made important
contributions to the study and
management of disasters. Moreover, they
have been at the forefront of the effort to
link socially structured patterns of
vulnerability to disaster impacts. Natural,
technological, and politically driven

disasters are becoming more frequent and
more serious as communities around the
world become more vulnerable. The
increasing vulnerability of communities
and consequent intensity of disaster
repercussions, particularly in regions
where anthropologists have traditionally
studied, have challenged the field to
come to grips with the practical and
theoretical problems that disasters
In recent years, anthropology has
added significant cross-cultural,
methodological, and theoretical breadth
to study of disasters. Archaeology has
revealed how cultural systems often
incorporate long developed harmonies or
contradictions with their environments.
Ethnography has illustrated how disaster
intervention based on narrow research
sometimes disrupts native adaptations
and diminishes rather than augments
disaster recovery. Earlier disaster
research concentrated almost entirely on
immediate responses to calamity and
first-tier agency intervention and left
unexplored the fluctuations in response
and recovery that transpire over time.
Yet, disasters are enduring events with
many punctuations in reaching their
inevitable outcomes. Anthropology's
long-term perspective and in-depth
fieldwork have added significantly to
comprehending the protracted
repercussions calamities provoke. An
anthropological perspective has further
enhanced comprehension of factors that
lead to people's vulnerability, bringing to
light the roles that age, gender, social
class, race, and ethnicity play in putting
people in harm's way. From ground level
anthropology has asked who are the
likely victims of calamity, and what are
the practices that lead to unequal shares
of safety, simultaneously broadening the
ethnographic data base for cross-cultural
studies of disaster.

UF Anthropology

From the Chair

Allan F. Burns

This year began with the shocks of 9/11.
Forensic anthropologists Tony Falsetti,
Mike Warren, and graduate student
Heather Walsh-Haney went to ground
zero, helping
to make sense
of the attacks
and the
destruction to
lives. Then t
in October,
Marvin Harris passed away, and his
death affected us as well.
The department, and the university,
suffered very deep cutbacks this year as
the Florida economy suffered from the
loss of tourism and travel. Key faculty
positions could not be filled, teaching and
research assistantships were placed in
jeopardy, and we have all had to make
the best we could in a much different
world. But the department is spirited and

agile: faculty members wrote the most
grants in the department's history last
year; our new graduate students arrived
on campus with enthusiasm and keen
curiosity, and the department office staff
met department needs with initiative and
grace. The department was able to secure
two lines even in this difficult year, one
for Rick Stepp, and another for
Elizabeth "Buzzy" Guillette. Rick
receives his Ph.D. from Georgia this
summer, and will hold a combined
position between Anthropology and Latin
American Studies. His work on
ethnomedicine in southern Mexico will
further strengthen our medical
anthropology interests in the department.
Rick will also work closely with the Land
Use and Environmental Change Institute
(LUECI) and the GIS/Ethnography
computer lab.
Dr. Guillette's research in the Yaqui
areas of Sonora on the effects of
environmental contaminants had startling
results: children who grow up in
industrial agricultural areas are
developmentally slower than their
counterparts where industrial agriculture
has not spread. Buzzy and her work have
been featured on the Discovery Channel,
many news reports, and a slew of
scientific publications.

The department has undergone
remarkable changes this past year. We
are now a comprehensive laboratory
department: this past year saw the
construction of laboratories in human
molecular genetics, biomechanics,
forensics and osteology, digital imaging,
video editing, Geographic Information
Systems and ethnography, southeastern
US archaeology, and zooarchaeology,
and Diaspora studies, just to name a few.
Florida Anthropology now has the
resources to give "hands on" proficiency
that only laboratories can provide.
The department is a key program in
the University of Florida, in part because
of the enthusiasm of the faculty, the
quality of the students, and the critical
research that is done on both a statewide
and world scale. The department has also
flourished through the generosity of
donors who have funded the new lecture
series, graduate research in Latin
America, and excellence in
undergraduate and graduate research. I
hope you enjoy this issue of the
newsletter and also hope that you can
help us with a gift. Alumni and friends
are the heart and soul of the department;
your support is the value added that
moves us forward.

Welcome Aboard!

Four ti,,ri.l '* '. ., ,i joined the
department this year. Brenda Chalfin,
Stacey Langwick, Marilyn Thomas-
Houston, and Buzzy Guillette add their
wealth ofresearch and educational
experiences to our growingfaculty.
Another new faculty member, Rick
Stepp, will join us this fall.

Brenda Chalfin is a cultural
anthropologist specializing in
economic and political anthropology.
Her research is
based in West
Africa, which
Brenda first
visited in 1985
as a develop-
ment volunteer.
Before coming
to UF last fall,
she spent ten
months in
Ghana embarking on a new project
involving an ethnographic study of the
Customs Service. This project builds
on an earlier study of cross-border
trade which examined traders'
manipulation and redefinition of state
mandates in the frontier zone spanning
Ghana, Burkina Faso and Togo in the
early and mid-1990s.
Shifting the lens from traders to
state agents, in her current research
Brenda looks closely at customs
officers' response to the twin processes
of globalization and liberalization. She
is particularly interested in the way
new types of commerce, trade
regulations, and corporate forms
reshape customs officers' conceptions
and expressions of state authority and
what this implies for the character of
national sovereignty more generally.
During the 2002-03 academic year
Brenda will be writing a book on this
research, tentatively titled: Subversive
States: Sovereignty and Survival on the
West African Frontier, while a fellow
at the Institute for Advanced Study in
Princeton, N.J.
In addition to exploring the
interface of markets and states, much
of her work has examined the
livelihood strategies within

impoverished rural communities of
Ghana's northern savanna. Brenda
recently completed a book manuscript
based on this research. The book is a
case study of an indigenous oilseed
known as shea that is central to
women's livelihoods throughout the
West African savanna. Although a low-
priced staple at home, shea is a luxury
good on the world market. The book
examines how the growing value and
popularity of shea abroad has brought
with it new forms of state engagement
with rural communities, leading to the
restructuring of rural economic
institutions, especially women's
cooperative work and the flow of
resources within households and kin

The first response by so many who
hear about traditional healing in Africa
is to ask: "Does it really work?"
Stacey Langwick, who joined the
Department of Anthropology this
January, contextualizes this question,
which implicitly expresses a concern as
to whether the agents accused of
affliction exist and whether the
that are used
change. Her
and gender through empirical analyses
of healing and health in Sub-Saharan
Africa. Trained as a medical
anthropologist (University of North
Carolina, 2001) and also holding a
master's degree in public health
(University of North Carolina, 1995),
Stacey is jointly appointed by the
Center for Women's Studies and
Gender Research.
Stacey's work is located at the
intersection of science, gender and
politics. Currently, she is investigating
how certain kinds of practices
concerning well-being and bodies have
come to be understood as "healing" in
southern Tanzania. "Traditional

Newsletter Spring 2002 Page 3

healing" in Tanzania continues to be
constructed through the re-definition
and marginalization of practices
concerned with the world of spirits,
and through the intervention of
biomedicine. Stacey addresses
moments of cultural and scientific
translation that occur during encounters
between biomedical and indigenous
medical systems. The objects needing
to be treated, as well as the actors
capable of effecting a transformation in
non-biomedical therapies are
dramatically different than those in
biomedical therapies. Working in a
geographical region shaped by past and
current forms of oppression, Stacey
argues that the politics of these
therapeutic objects we might say
their right to exist is a critical
concern both practically and

Marilyn M. Thomas-Houston joins
the department after serving as
Assistant Professor of Anthropology at
the University of South Carolina. Her
most recent work focuses on the
establishment of an African American
Diaspora Summer Field School that
conducts comparative and interdis-
ciplinary research between communi-
ties formed by the descendants and
relatives of Black Loyalists. Particular
forms of freedom and oppression under
colonialism have shaped Black
communities in Nova Scotia, Canada,
South Carolina, USA, and Sierra
Leone, West Africa and as such the
ethnographic studies are intended to
bring together an understanding of the
social and political organization of
these three
regions for
hopes to
begin the
first phase of
the Field
School in
Nova Scotia
during the
Summer of 2003.
Marilyn's work in visual anthro-
pology continues with the impact of
the federally funded HOPE VI initia-

UF Anthropology

tive on the lives of public housing
residents. She co-organized with Mark
Schuller a 2001 AAA invited session
panel on the subject, which has
resulted in bringing those papers and
others to UF in the form of a mini-
conference, sponsored by the African
American Studies Program, designed
to develop into an edited book for
academic or trade publication. Marilyn
also hopes to organize local under-
graduate and graduate service-learning
research here in Gainesville. She
would appreciate getting feedback
from students regarding their interests
in service learning or local research.

Guillette has
been contribu-
ting to the
department for
years as an
teaching many "
sections of Human Sexuality and
Culture to great reviews. Buzzy now
joins the rank-in-file, bringing her

research on health and the environment
to an increasingly diverse faculty.
Rick Stepp will join the faculty this
fall as the recent hire in ecological
anthropology. His time will be divided
between the Department of
Anthropology, the Center for Latin
American Studies Tropical
Conservation and Development
Program, and the Land Use and
Environmental Change Institute. Rick
comes from the program in ecological
anthropology at the University of
Georgia. His primary research
interests are Mesoamerica,
ethnobiology, and medical
anthropology. For the last several
years he has been working in Chiapas,
Mexico with the Tzeltal Maya. His
ethnobotanical research there examines
variation in traditional ecological
knowledge, use, and procurement of
medicinal plants. The Highland Maya
utilize over 1600 plants for medicinal
purposes, most of them obtained from
human modified landscapes. He has
also conducted conservation research
in the montane cloud forests of
Ecuador and is starting research in
Southern Belize with the Q'echi'

Maya. In addition, he has been
involved in documentary film projects
in the Southeast U.S. and Mexico. In
the fall semester of 2002 he will be
teaching a course on regional analysis,
that will cover
and techniques,
including GIS.
He will be
projects in the
in the basement
of Turlington
and encourages students to consider
utilizing the lab in their research. He
also plans to collaborate on remote
sensing research with satellite imagery
through LUECI. Of particular interest
is a project involving land-use change,
medicinal plant conservation and
healthcare strategies in the Maya
region. He is looking at how
deforestation and environmental
degradation are changing disease
patterns and how people treat illness
and conceptualize their biophysical


Connie Mulligan

The Molecular Genetics Lab is up and inimngIi1 Alfir 1 1/2 years of struicle to pry the previous
residents out of B103 and B105 Turlington Hall and o\ c scciniI' eino\ .alons by the Physical Plant (who -
were great to wolk ith\ ilic ie MolcculaI Gcncliis, Lab is fully equipped
8 and filled with igi ituidcint hNI\ lab iunl\ /Ci. Ihuman genetic
variation in order to icconsmiit!c itc evolutionary history and
relationships of Ihumai n )populionsand human pathogens. We use a
technique called ihc pol nici.iaS clain iciction which revolutionized
the field of humaiin populaliion -'ni.ici (and other fields) in the 1990s. Recently, aNSF equipment
grant witl IIliiI,' liundls fl1on il c college enabled the purchase of a Beckman-Coulter Automated
DNA Ainal\ sis SN sicin state-of-the-art capillary-based machine for the automated analysis of all
types olf cnci aiu \ a iial incluidini pouin mutations, insertion/deletions, microsatellites, and DNA
sequence dmLI A scplIaitc Anlcicnt DNA Laboratory is equipped with an independent air supply
and HEPA filtration to reduce the chance of colillllllnuaioi diiunln the analysis of DNA
from old specimens, such as those curated il dli Floinda Nhli.uii of Natural History. -
Currently, graduate students Ben Burkle\ ui ippcllI ny iii nd Nicole Nowak are assisting on
NIH-funded research to identify genetic 1~ iiai.ini t di picldisposc people to alcohol
dependence. University Scholar unidc ll'idlaute Slerin Sminalluood (upper left) is analyzing
ancient DNA in several projects to luld\ tli c'\ oliion of tie Si Johns culture in NE
Florida, investigate the origin of cnc Ical s! pluiil anid idcniill Inuimc'uln specimens
amenable to DNA analysis. This semester also mauikd til fll.t offrlint-' of the Molecular
Anthropology Laboratory course, designed to provide gladuatc L tulidcn with a hands-on
opportunity to assay genetic variants on their own. M ,

Paul J. Magnarella remains active in the
human rights area. This past year he
offered one course on Human Rights in
CLAS and one on Humanitarian Law in
the College of Law. He joined the
editorial boards of the journals Social
Justice and Human Rights and Human
Welfare, and became the Encyclopedia of
the Developing World's editorial advisor
for human rights. Paul also serves as
legal counsel to and member of the
American Anthropological Association's
Human Rights Committee.
In addition, Paul directed another
successful summer program in Northern

Italy with 16 undergraduates. They
explored the cultural ecology of an alpine
village, Trento, and Venice.
Paul's recent human rights publica-
tions include: "Assessing the Concept of
Human Rights in Africa," Human Rights
and Human Welfare; "The Evolving Right
of Self-Determination of Indigenous
Peoples," St. Thomas Law Review; and
"Explaining Rwanda's 1994 Genocide,"
Human Rights and Human Welfare.
Paul also keeps up his Turkish
research. He recently authored: "Turkish
Social Anthropology Since the 1970s,
(with A. Erdentug) Oriental
Si,,i,.. i''i', and the chapter on Turkey
in Countries and Their Cultures.

Steven Brandt continues to conduct
archaeological and ethnoarchaeological
research in Ethiopia. In May, 2001 he
supervised the emergency excavation of a
Middle Stone Age/Late Stone Age
prehistoric site threatened by the

construction of a new road being built to
circumvent a new dam and reservoir in
southern Ethiopia. Funded by the
European Union and undertaken in
conjunction with staff from Ethiopia's
Authority for Research and Conservation
of the Cultural Heritage (ARCCH) and
graduate students from UF, the
excavations revealed what appears to be a
continuous stratified deposit reaching
almost 2.5 meters in depth and probably
spanning the last 20-40,000 years.
Brandt returned to Ethiopia for short
periods in February and March 2002 to
organize emergency archaeological
investigations of the dam and reservoir
being constructed in southern Ethiopia.
Funded by the World Bank, the
emergency survey and excavations began
in mid March 2002 and are being
conducted by members of ARCCH and
John Kinahan of Namibia. Fieldwork and
laboratory analyses will continue through
December, 2002.
In June, 2001 Brandt joined his
colleague and co-Principal Investigator,
Kathryn Weedman, in Konso, southern
Ethiopia to begin the first season of a two
year National Science Foundation funded
project on the "Ethnoarchaeology of Hide
Working and Stone Tool Use." The goal
of this project is to study probably the last
women in the world still making flaked
stone tools on a regular basis, in this case
for scraping animal hides into bedding,
bags and clothing. The project had five
main components: The "Census" team
identified and obtained demographic data
on hide workers from all Konso villages,
while the "Life Cycle" teams followed
individual hide workers from procurement
of raw materials through manufacturing
and use of hide products, including
clothing, to discard. The "Archaeology"
team excavated a recently abandoned
compound occupied by hide workers for
at least one hundred years and over three
generations, while the "Ethnographic/
Ethnohistoric" team interviewed past and
present hide workers and other members
of the community for data on the internal
socio-economic and political dynamics
affecting the lives of hide workers and
their material culture. Finally, the
"Documentation" team digitally filmed all
aspects of research, providing a visual
analytical record as well as documenting a
way of life for future Konso generations
and the professional and general public.

Newsletter Spring 2002 Page 5

The 2002 field season will commence in
June 2002 with field members from UF,
ARCCH, the University of Cape Town,
and University of Leuvan, Belgium.

Suan D. Gillepie is in the process of
plttin2 together the Nleso:mnencan
ArchacologN and Iconograph) Lab.
The specul mission of hils lab is to
create a digital (colnputencd I archn e
of the ai\\orks. alclutecture. and other
artifacts of the major cultures of pre-
Coluinbian NlcesoanieCncj I NleOco and
Guatcmala). The firsl objectli c is to
construct a database of the art\\orks of
the Olniec culture of lc\ico's Gulf
Coast (1lll-51sn1 BC) Olnec peoples
erected tlie first ionulncntal stone
sculptures in lesoainenca. Including
Ihe famous colossal heads a \\ell as
stone statues and allams Tlhe and
related peoples also ciafted small
fi2lurineS /
like the C
one to the
rilht In
addillion to
ihe Olmecs.
ai\\porks of
other nuilor
cultures. including tlie A/iccs. Naya.
Zaporccs. and Teolluiacanos. will be
entered into he arclhue The databasc
\\ ill proN ide images along % itlh
technical infolnnaion on each anrif cic
and its onginal location Digiri/ing
photographs of objects and structures
also pennies lhe rapid conlputer-assistcd
creation and manipulation of line
dra\\ inlg based on tle photos Ha\ inj
all of lusi infoiiimaion \ irtuall at one's
fingertips \\ill facilitate the deluiled
anal\ is of Nlesoaniencaln religion.
% world\ ice\. socieI\. and politics as
represented s\ nbolicall
iiconograplicall Il in their amlltoiks and
arclutectulel It \ ill also e nhilnce the
leaclhml of courses on Nlcsomnierican
Ixoples. as the n111a2cs can easild be
incorporated in lectiureS and othce

UF Anthropology

Helen Safa and John Dumoulin are
completing a background paper for the
Inter-American Development Bank on the
current socioeconomic status of women of
African descent in Latin America and the
Caribbean. Helen and John conducted
brief field visits to Rio, Sao Paulo and
Salvador in Brazil, and to the Atlantic
coast of Honduras, Costa Rica and
Nicaragua, interviewing primarily black
local academics and NGO activists
working with women of African descent
in the region. The report should be
completed by mid-March, and will
include sections written by UF
anthropology Ph.D. Nathalie Lebon (now
teaching at Randolph-Macon in Virginia)
and Kiran Asher, also trained at UF in
political science and currently on a post-
doc at Rutgers.

Researchers under the direction of Susan
deFrance completed an excellent season
of field research at Quebrada Tacahuay
this past summer. With funding from The
Foundation for Exploration of Cultural
Origins and the National Geographic
Society, deFrance was able to complete
eight weeks of field research at the site
located on the far southern coast of Peru.
In addition to two Peruvian archaeologists
and a local field crew of 11 workers,
graduate student Erin Kennedy (photo
right) participated in the project as did
University Scholar, Anna Wright (left).

We were able to excavate four 5x5 m
blocks to a depth of almost 3 meters. We
uncovered excellent deposits dating to the
Late Pleistocene. Thus far, our findings
support previous interpretations that the
site was a specialized marine bird
processing locale.
Our field season also had added
excitement on June 23 when an 8.4

magnitude earthquake struck southern
Peru. Fortunately, we had completed
excavations for the day and were not deep
in our excavation units. Despite the threat
of a tsunami, the site and our community
suffered minimal damage.
DeFrance presented a paper on this past
summer's work at the Institute of Andean
Studies Meeting at UC-Berkeley in
January. Anna Wright will present her
findings on one component of the site at
the University Scholars program this
March. An article on research conducted
at the site in 1998 was published in Latin
American Antiquity this past December.

Ken Sassaman, TAs Patrick O'Day
(photo left) and Jon Endonino, and 18
students spent another five weeks on the
St. Johns River this past summer delving
into Florida's ancient past. Work
continued at Blue Spring and Hontoon
Island State Parks, home to several shell
mounds and middens dating from 6000
years ago. All goals for the project were
met. In addition to resolving all major
stratigraphic issues raised by testing in
2000, remote sensing was used to
delineate the outlines of probable
household space. With students assisting,
John Schultz of the C.A. Pound Lab
deployed ground penetrating radar to
predict subsurface clusters of hearths and
pit features. These hi-tech data were
ground-truthed by traditional stratigraphic
excavation. Additional work involved
detailed laser-transit mapping of a 5-m-
high shell mound-all done by the
students-along with continued
reconnaissance survey of Hontoon Island.

The St. Johns Archaeological Field
School is off for 2002, but will resume in
2003 at another venue in the middle St.
Johns Basin. In the meantime, a shoreline
survey of Crescent Lake, in partnership
with Barbara Purdy, awaits state funds.

The State of Florida awarded a grant to
the Department to conduct a social
marketing study of migrant housing.
Allan Burns, P.I., notes that Florida
received 9 million dollars last year to
improve migrant housing, but little is
known about migrant workers'
perceptions of and expectations for
housing. Working with Joan Flocks of
the Institute of Child Health Policy, Burns
will conduct the study this June.

On N m 29, 1864, i exped.tio
Crsig*erLmr ooao iln
mor tha 20 -esnmsl oe

John Krigbaum is excited! His first year
at UF has been a busy one and satisfying in
many ways.
During these past
two semesters
much of his
attention has
focused on the
design and
construction of a bone chemistry and bone
"prep" lab in the basement of Turlington.
Here John and his students will continue
studies of archaeological and paleonto-
logical bones and teeth in order to say
something meaningful about diet in the
past. The new facility will provide hands-
on training in bone chemistry studies and
stable isotope analysis. The contractors are
now finishing up the installation of
cabinets, benches, and hoods.
The bone chemistry lab is a facility that
will function in a number of ways. A third
of the space will be outfitted with
computers and a seminar/meeting space.
The remaining two-thirds is devoted to
"wet" work space and an extraction line for
isolating gases to be analyzed by mass
spectrometry. The bone "prep" lab will be
where samples are prepared. A
molding/casting operation is also in the
works. John welcomes all to come visit.

Maxine L. Margolis published several
articles and book chapters over the last
year. These include "Notes on
Transnational Migration: The Case of
Brazilian Immigrants" in -..;. .r,,,,,;
Transnationalism: Selected Papers in
P,. fi,-.. ..- and Immigrants published by the
General Anthropology Division of the
American Anthropological Association;
and "With New Eyes: Returned
International Immigrants in Rio de Janeiro"
in Raizes e Rumos: Perspectivas
Interdisciplinares em Estudos Americanos
(Editora 7 Letras, Rio de Janeiro). Maxine
also published the entry on Brazil in
Countries and Their Cultures published by
Macmillan Reference. It was co-authored
with her students Neda Bezerra and Jason
Fox. In addition, she authored a portrait of
Dr. Norma Wollner, an eminent Brazilian
immigrant who is a pediatric oncologist at
Sloan-Kettering Hospital in New York in
the volume, Making It in America: A

Biographical Sourcebook of Eminent
Ethnic Americans (ABC-Clio Books). A
chapter from Maxine's book, True to Her
Nature (Waveland 2000) was reprinted as
"Putting Mothers on the Pedestal" in
Family Patterns, Gender Relation, 2nd ed.
Oxford University Press. Finally, Maxine
wrote the introduction for the 2001 re-issue
of The Rise of iili. 'j...'l. /i.. Theory
(orig. 1968) by Marvin Harris (AltaMira

Kesha Fikes is completing a book
manuscript ,iuilicd li, ,-,nig AJfican
Portugal: ,'. i, i,,h is Labor and Spatial
Mobility in the Post/Colonial Portuguese
Project. The book addresses the regulation
of colonial space (which once linked
Portugal and Portuguese Africa) through
migrant labor practices. It relates this
history to contemporary migrant labor
legislation in Portugal. The objective is to
understand the bureaucracies involved with
attaining Portuguese citizenship, for long-
term resident African nationals in
Portugal, given repeated transformations in
migrant labor legislation in Portugal (since
independence in former Portuguese
Africa). These transformations, occurring
every few years, monitor the requirements
of citizenship acquisition, while managing
a cultural and economic connection to
former Portuguese Africa. This
connection, importantly, is also about
securing the Portuguese project of
increased visibility in the European Union.
The book approaches the regulation of
Portuguese citizenship by emphasizing the
bureaucratic details of migrant labor policy,
from late colonialism to the present.

Jerry Murray was P.I. on the preparation
of a $1.2 million contract between USAID
and UF to support a five-year hillside
agricultural program in Haiti. He continues
to work on a series of microenterprise
studies in the Dominican Republic. He
submitted to his Dominican sponsors a
book-length manuscript in Spanish on the
decline of the public schools and the
anthropology of newly emergent for-profit
private schools.
The events of 9/11 forced Jerry to
redesign in midstream his Anthropology of

Newsletter Spring 2002 Page 7

Religion course in the Fall of 2001, to
analyze the vulnerability of monotheistic
religions Judaism and Christianity, no
less than Islam to being kidnapped in the
service of agents of violence. In the Spring
of 2001 he has been involved in a special
departmental project: identifying web sites,
gathering reading materials, and preparing
workshops (and possibly a semester-long
course) on the evolution of the anthropo-
logical job market and on the steps required
for our Ph.D. students to confront and
flourish in that changing market.

Michael Heckenberger returns to the
Xingu this summer to resume field work on
the history and archaeology of the Kuikuru.
That's Mike (above, left) and Afukaka, the
Kuikuru chief, in 1994. The Kuikuru are
"traditional" Amerindians from the
headwaters of the Xingu River, a major
southern tributary of the Amazon. They
are part of a "nation" of culturally related
peoples: "Xingu" or "Xinguano." Mike's
work examines their shared histories from
prehistory to the present. Their history
runs deep, extending across a millennium
(ca. AD 1000 present) and is very
dynamic, both before and after 1492.
Equally clear is how much has stayed the
same, in terms of the primary symbolic and
bodily orientations of Xinguanos in ritual
and daily life. Mike begins 18 months of
fieldwork (sponsored by UF and NSF),
with Brazilian linguists, ethnologists, and
archaeologists from the Museu Nacional
(Rio) and Museu Goeldi (Belem), new
colleagues at UF, particularly through
LUECI, and, most importantly, graduate
students, David Mead, Christian Russell,
Morgan Schmidt (Geography), and
Joshua Toney (accepted for '02). His
hopes are high that this multi-disciplinary
study will be a landmark of historical
ethnography in Amazonia; we'll let you

UF Anthropology

Anita Spring continues researching the
new generation of African entrepreneurs in
the global market. This is a six-country
study in collaboration with Barbara
McDade, Department of Geography, that
compares African entrepreneurial methods
to other parts of the world and examines
African business connections with the
United States and Florida.
Anita participated in the Trade Mission
by the State of Florida to South Africa that
was led by the Lieutenant Governor. In
Uganda and Kenya, Anita interviewed
most of the members of the Enterprise
Network chapters, about 20 percent of
which are women. In an effort to
distinguish the new generation
entrepreneurs from large-scale Stei
traders, she also interviewed
women and men wholesalers and Davi
large-scale vendors. bendi
The types of medium- and skelet
large-scale businesses that new But w
generation men and women bottom
operate may be standard latest
manufacturing and sales Skept
companies, but are more likely to to be
include banking, consultancy bigfoi
services, tourism, publishing and foo00
information technology. Virtually miali
all new generation business sI-2c
people use global methods of undis
communication (cell phones, fax pedia
and emails, websites). defon
This research moves beyond cripple
market traders and traditional when
African industries to study the course
nci\" African entrepreneurs who theori
use global methods of operation Fring
and form national and critic
international associations and fallac
networks. Future research with head
Christopher McCarty will focus
on network analysis of the membership.
Finally, the focus on business and
agricultural commercialization has led to
the development of a new seminar on
"Culture and International Business,"
taught by Anita this spring term with Roy
Crum in the College of Business.

University Scholars 2002-03

Two UF undergraduate students were
named University Scholar for 2002-2003.
The Scholars program provides research

opportunities for advanced undergraduate
students under the mentoring of UF faculty.
Students are awarded a $2500 stipend and
present the results of their research at a
symposium and in the on-line
undergraduate research journal.

Erica Chambers will conduct a non-
destructive paleodietary study of human
skeletal remains dating to the Florida
Archaic, a period of hunter-gatherer
lifestyle dating to over 5,000 years ago.
This research is strongly interdisciplinary
in nature with collaboration with labs in
Physics and Geology. The project will
serve as a pilot study for this methodology

)ping Out

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e on th li n \ a II cn ,lnd pci- -[e siNtn of ._SLludot s
es in mtluiopolos called "Fanita.iic .\iflr'ipolo
,e Science." In dhiksgraduatc S cninai S-l.iI'n lion
al skills and nipt to uncover logical and scienti
ies uindcl iii nl c ink theories that often dominate t
in examining human paleodiet through
trace element analysis. This research is
original and may have significant results
for future studies in human archaeological
dietary studies. Erica's faculty mentor,
John Krigbaum, has an active research
program in paleodietary studies.

Cris Crookshanks will study the role of
ancestor veneration in the mortuary
practices of modern Yucatecan Maya and
Mexican populations in Merida, Yucatan.
This project will be conducted as part of a
study abroad program in theYucatan.
Cris's study will involve visual

anthropology, forensic anthropology, and
traditional ethnographic field methods to
understand the role of death and cultural
attitudes toward death in Yucatecan
culture. Cris will also explore human
attitudes towards death. The mentoring
relationship with Allan Burs and various
resources in the Yucatan will assure the
success of this research.

Students in Diaspora Studies
Tracey Graham, Student Liaison, Zora
Neale Hurston Diaspora Studies Research

In February the Zora Neale Hurston
Diaspora Studies Program
hosted its 1st Annual Diaspora
Circle, which was open to
students and faculty members.
lab This was an opportunity for
- everyone to share in their
ng life. research interest, as well as
g to the build upon a sense of
est. His community within the
issue of department. As Dawn Banks
argued stated, "I really enjoyed myself.
Many The Diaspora Circle gave me a
ese stronger connection with
c c u I individuals who are studying the
Several graduate students
ture on presented interesting papers for
ot the department's Zora Neale
Hurston Diaspora Spring
oaxer Seminar Series. Janie Johnson
s a presented a paper titled Rodeo
i1C ll l i and Performing Black Identity,
an .and and Ed Shaw presented
d I lii Creative Visual Expressions
ic within Diaspora Studies.
he Antoinette Jackson and Tracey
Graham will be presenting
papers at the Zora Neal Hurston
Society this May in Baltimore.
Students are also creating a Zora Neale
Hurston Diaspora website, under the
coordination of Alana Lynch.
This summer UF students are
collaborating with the Gainesville
community by presenting a Zora Neale
Hurston display for the 23rd Annual 5th
Avenue Arts Festival, May 18-19. Finally,
Diaspora students are hosting a radio talk
show on WRUF that will highlight Zora
Neal Hurston's contributions to the field of
Anthropology. The Diaspora Students are
on the move.

Marvin Harris, 1927-2201

Marvin Harris, among the foremost
anthropological theoreticians in the world,
died from complications after hip surgery
on October 25, 2001 in Gainesville,
Florida, at age 74. From 1980 until his
retirement in 2000, he was Graduate
Research Professor of Anthropology at the
University of Florida in Gainesville.
Born in Brooklyn, New York in 1927,
Harris received his undergraduate and
graduate training at Columbia
University where he earned his
Ph.D. in 1953. He taught at
Columbia from 1953 until 1980
and served a three-year term as
chair of the Department of 1
Harris is best known as the
originator of cultural
materialism, a major theoretical
paradigm and research strategy
which has the goal of providing
causal explanations for
differences and similarities in
cultural behavior among human \
populations around the world.
Cultural patterns are understood as
deriving from the practical problems of
human existence. The paradigm, first
introduced in The Rise ofiii, ',. 'i ......,
Theory (1968), awaited its full elaboration
and defense in his subsequent book,
Cultural Materialism: The Struggle for a
Science of Culture (1979). Both volumes
were re-issued in 2001.
The application of his theoretical
principles is found in his popular books
written in a clear accessible style for a
general audience-Cows, Pigs, Wars and
Witches (1974), Cannibals and Kings
(1977), America Now (orig. 1981), Good
To Eat (1985), and Our Kind (1989). In
all of them Harris provides scientific
explanations for what he calls "the riddles
of culture," an approach that made him
both highly influential and controversial.
Harris also wrote two widely used
introductory textbooks that have gone
through several editions each, Culture,
People and Nature (1997) and Cultural
i ,, ii,./ .... .L- (2000, with Orna Johnson)
Here too, a cultural materialist paradigm
consistently informs the traditional topics
covered in introductory texts.
In all, Harris published seventeen books
collectively translated into fourteen

languages, including French, Portuguese,
Italian, Spanish, Polish, Norwegian,
Finnish, Korean, Hebrew, Japanese,
Chinese and Malaysian.
His field research carried him to four
continents. In Brazil, Mozambique, India,
and the U.S. Harris investigated racial
categories, forced labor, the economic
importance of sacred cows, the
significance of food taboos and the causes
of warfare, among other topics.
Having earned an early reputation for
combativeness in defense of his
principles, Harris
mellowed after
arriving at the
University of
Florida. Both
S there and at
Columbia he was
a major force in
training students
in the science of
06 His popular
theory courses
were filled with
debates and students who found his
critical style invigorating.
A strong proponent of the four-field
approach, Harris's influence was not
limited to cultural anthropology. As David
Hearst Thomas has noted, iouIghl half of
the practicing American archaeologists
consider themselves to be cultural
materialists to one degree or another." As
a result of the forcefulness of his ideas
elaborated in his many publications,
Marvin Harris's theoretical paradigm has
become one of the best known in
contemporary social science.
For many years Marvin and his wife
Madeline summered on the Maine coast
on Great Cranberry Island. Guests at their
home were treated to memorable dinners,
day-long fishing trips, and sunset cocktail
cruises aboard the Maddy Sue, Marvin's
36-foot antique "lobster yacht" built in
1932. His theoretical adversaries would
have had a difficult time deconstructing
Marvin's penchant for sea chanties,
freshly-caught fish, and the waters off
Mount Desert Island.
In recognition of his academic
achievements, Harris gave the 1990
Distinguished Lecture at the annual
meetings of the American

Newsletter Spring 2002 Page 9

Anthropological Association. He also
served as president of the Association's
General Anthropology Division. Marvin
Harris is survived by his wife, Madeline
Harris, who lives in Gainesville, and his
daughter, Susan Harris who lives in the
San Francisco area.
Maxine L. Margolis

UF Anthropology

Florida Museum of
Natural History

Kitty F. Emery (Ph.D. Cornell 1997) has
recently joined the FLMNH as the new
Curator of Environmental Archaeology
(replacing Elizabeth Wing, now Curator
Emeritus). Emery is an environmental
archaeologist with a technical speciality in
zooarchaeology, and her geographic focus
is in the Maya world of Mesoamerica.

Recent research projects include
zooarchaeological analyses of elite and
rural assemblages from the sites of
Aguacatal (Yucatan), Aguateca, Nakbe,
El Mirador, and Piedras Negras
(Guatemalan Peten), Urias (Guatemalan
highlands), and Copan (Honduras), as
well as a broader study of the economic
parameters of Classic Maya natural
resource use at Motul de San Jose
(Guatemala) combining soil science,
archaeobotany, and zooarchaeology.

Thanks to a lead grant from the Stans
Foundation, the Randell Research
Center (RRC) will build a teaching
pavilion, walkways, and public restrooms
at the Pineland site, near Fort Myers in
southwest Florida in 2002. The RRC is a
research and education program of the
Florida Museum of Natural History. In
2001, Lee County purchased the historic
Ruby Gill House, which has been leased
to the Museum for use as RRC
headquarters. For the first time, the RRC
has its own office, meeting rooms, labs,
and work areas right at the Pineland site.
We are at 7450 Pineland Road, next to the
Pineland post office. We invite you to
come and see the
RRC's new home
whenever you can.
Phone 941-283-2062

for information on tours and programs.
Archaeologist/ ethnohistorian John E.
Worth has been hired to manage research
and public programs at the RRC. A native
of Georgia, John completed his Ph.D. at
the University of Florida in 1992, and has
written three books and many articles on
the Indians of Florida and Georgia. He has
a decade of experience in public
archaeology and education at the
Fernbank Museum in Atlanta and
Coosawattee Foundation. His RRC duties
involve managing and coordinating the
development of the Center's public-
education programs and facilities.
The Maple Hill Foundation has
granted the RRC up to $230,000 in
operating expenses over the next five
years while we make a concerted effort to
build our endowment fund to its minimal
goal of $1,300,000. Once the RRC
endowment is established, it will provide
dependable annual income for future
teaching, research, and public programs.

Bill Marquardt (Box 117800, Gaines-
ville, FL 32611) while supplies last.
A new permanent exhibit in the Hall of
South Florida People and Environments in
UF's Powell Hall will open to the public
on October 5, 2002. Five years in
construction, the 6000-square-foot exhibit
features a walk-through mangrove forest;
a natural-habitats study center; a larger-
than-life underwater walk-through
exhibit; a gallery about southwest
Florida's 6,000-year fishing heritage; an
outdoor mound and village display; a
palm-thatched building featuring the
Calusa leader Carlos and his advisors; a
gallery showcasing some of the most
interesting objects in our collections from
South Florida; and a gallery on South
Florida Indian people today the
Seminole and Miccosukee.

Susan Milbrath is currently researching
the Late Postclassic Maya site of
Mayapan, working with Carlos Peraza of

Men~dez' St.Augstn

suevso ef enhoplg grdut geTh e anmle are thuh trepresen

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wells tras pis a deesv dich a lim of SaeHsoiPrevtonGrnsi
6in n moe tha 50e0 eriacs Th Airgamnh Floid Mueu of
e00 exavtin ar -e dsg ed to tes Naua Hitr.Ecvtostk lc
*eun peertn raa anmle Wensa 6hog Saura eac week I
*S Bmia A UO
on into the future. Calusa News no. 10
Calusa News no. 10 was published in
November, 200 1, and is available from

Historia, Merida, Yucatan. Recent
excavations have revealed a number of
very unusual murals and reliefs, indicating
contact with Central Mexico. She is also
collaborating with Anthony F. Aveni on
an archaeoastornomy project at Mayapan,
which has resulted in some interesting
overlaps with the site of Chichen Itza. In
her role as Curator of Latin American Art
and Archaeology at the Florida Museum
of Natural History, she is also working
with Beth Boyd, a graduate student in
anthropology, on an
online data base of the museum's
Precolumbian collection. And she is
working on an anthropology related
project with another graduate student in
the Museum Studies program, Sandie
Starr, who will curate an exhibit on the
museum's Pearsall collection of North
American Indian art and artifacts.

Jerald T. Milanich, curator in
archaeology at the Florida Museum of
Natural History and professor of
anthropology, is continuing his long-term
study of the Franciscan missions of
Spanish Florida and their impact on the
native peoples. Along with Lawrence
Aten of the National Park Service, he also
is carrying out research on Clarence B.
Moore, a turn of the century
archaeologist, who excavated literally
thousands of sites in the Southeast United
States. Many of the basic taxonomic
culture units used by archaeologists in the
Southeast today derive from Moore's
work. Publishing endeavors include
writing a number of popular articles for
Archaeology magazine. In addition to
serving as general editor for two
University Press of Florida book series,
Milanich is helping to edit the Southeast
volume of the Smithsonian Institution's
Handbook of .. iill American Indians.



Last fall Susan Boinski was named a
Jean and Robin Gibson Term Professor in
recognition of her
outstanding research
and teaching
contributions to UF.
Bo has studied
primates in Costa
Rica, Peru, Argentina,
and Brazil, and is in
the midst of a long-
term study on the
behavioral ecology of the eight species of
Neotropical monkeys at Raleighvallen, a
research site in the interior of Suriname in
South America....Brenda Chalfin was
one of 15 scholars from the US and
abroad invited to be a member of the
School of Social Science at the Institute
for Advanced Study in Princeton for the
2002-2003 academic year. The theme for
the School's program is "Corruption" and
Brenda will be in residence in Princeton
to work on a book tentatively titled
Subversion, Sovereignty and State
Survival: Working the Border in Ghana
based on her ethnographic study of the
Ghana Customs Service....Marianne
Schmink was awarded a CLAS
Advising/Mentoring Award for 2001-
2002. Congratulations Marianne....Ann
H. Ross, post-doc at the C.A. Pound
Human Identification Laboratory,
received the first-ever Ellis R. Kerley
Award for her paper Population Specific
Identification Criteria for Cuban
Americans in South Florida, which was
presented at the American Academy of
Forensic Sciences meeting in Atlanta.

Student Awards
Fred Smith won the Jay I. Kislak Prize
for papers in Caribbean Studies....Alex
Rodlach received a David Niddrie Award
from UF's Center for African Studies....J.
Hale Gallardo and Kendall Campbell
were recipients of a Polly and Paul
Doughty Awards....Suzanne Abel
received a William R. Maples Scholar-
ship.... Roos Willems was granted a
Wenner-Gren Doctoral Research Award
for fieldwork in Tanzania.... Santiago
Ruiz, Brad Ensor, Amber Yoder
Wutich, J. Hale Gallardo and Kendall

Newsletter Spring 2002 Page 11

Campbell each won a Tinker Summer
Field Award from UF's Center for Latin
American Studies....Ade Ofunniyin
received a Auzene Fellowship... Kathleen
Ragsdale was granted a National
Research Service Award for HIV
Prevention... Phoebe Stubblefield
received a 2001-2002 Ford Foundation
Fellowship.... Dawn Banks received a
fellowship from the Japan Foundation for
ethnographic work last summer in Japan
and a grant from a private donor to
represent the International Research
Foundation for Development at the 2001
United Nations World Conference
Against Racism in South Africa....John
Schultz won first place for the Social
Sciences in the Graduate Student
Council's Student Forum.... Tracy
Swilley was one a small number of
students nationwide accepted to the 2002
NSF-sponsored University of Arizona
Archaeological Field School.... The 2002
Patricia Essenpreis Award went to
Katherine Littig... Amanda Rosecrans
received the 2002 Brendan O'Sullivan
Award for Outstanding Undergraduate...
the College recognized Terry Weik for
Outstanding Graduate Research;
Antoinette Jackson for Outstanding
Public Service; and Tracey Graham for
Promoting Excellence in Service....
Roberto Porro was recognized by UF's
International Center as an Outstanding
International Student.... recipients of 2002
Charles H. Fairbanks Awards for
dissertation research include Keith H.
Ashley for Interaction, i [i, ir,. '-,, and
Politics: The ( ,I ,,o i,, Social Landscape
of ..- ,ll ... i Florida and Southern
Georgia; Bradley E. Ensor's for
research on political developments within
the Chontalpa region of Tabasco, M6xico;
C. Andrew Hemmings for research on
Paleoindian diet and technological
organization; and Sharyn Jones O'Day's
for Eili,,,. i,,,.. .- ofFood, Hierarchy,
and Gender Roles in the Lau Islands,
Fiji... John Goggin Award winners for
2002 include Nanette Barkey, David
Kennedy, Noemi Miyasaka Porro,
Mercedes Prieto, Kathleen Ragsdale,
Samantha Stone, Phoebe Stubblefield,
Rod Stubina, and Richard Wallace....
Ruth McQuown scholarships were
awarded this year to graduate student
Shuala Martin and undergraduate Laia

Newsletter Spring 2002 Page 12

Department of Anthropology
Box 117305
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611-7305



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