II OF // I.W
HELP DRAWS CHRISTIAN OUT OF THE SLOUGH OF DESPOND.
IN WORDS OF ONE SYLLABLE.
By SAMUEL PHILLIPS DAY,
AUTHOR OF "THE RARE ROMANCE OF REYNARD THE FOX," IN WORDS OF ONE SYLLABLE.
ILL USTRA TED.
A. L. BURT, PUBLISHER,
CoPYPIGHT, 1895, BY
THE CASSELL PUBLISHING CO.
All rights reserved.
THE DEN AND THE DREAM.
As I went through the wilds of this world, I came to a
place where was a den, and I laid me down in that place
to sleep; and as I slept I dreamt a dream; and lo, I saw a
man clad in rags, with a book in his hand, and a great
load on his back! I saw him read in the book, and as he
read, he wept and shook.
In this plight, then, he went home, and kept calm as
long as he could, that his wife and bairns should not see
his grief; but he could not long hold his speech, for that
his woe grew more hard to bear. Oh, my dear wife,"
said he, and you, the bairns of my heart, I am quite lost,
for a load lies hard on me. More than this, I am told that
this our town will be burnt with fire from the skies, and
you, my sweet babes, shall come to grief, save some way
can be found to get clear of harm." At this his kin were
in sore fear; for that they had just cause to dread some
dire ill had got hold of his head. So, when morn was
come, they would know how he did: and he told them,
The Pilgrim's Progress.
"Worse and worse." He spoke to them once more, but
they gave no heed to his words. Hence he went to his
room to pray for them, and to ease his grief. He would,
too, take long walks in the fields, and read and pray at
times : and thus for some days he spent his time.
Now I saw on a time, when he took a stray walk in the
fields, that he was bent on his book and in deep grief of
mind; and as he read he burst out, What shall I do ? "
I saw, too, that his eyes went this way and that way, as
if he would run: yet he could not tell which way to go.
I then saw a man whose name was Evangelist come to him
and ask, Why dost thou cry? Quoth he, Sir, I see
by the book in my hand that death is my doom, and that
I am then to meet my Judge: and I find that I do not will
to do the first, while I dread the last." Then said Evan-
gelist, Why not will to die, since this life is full of ills ?"
The man said, The cause is I fear that this load that is on
my back will sink me more low than the grave, and I shall
go down to hell."
Then said Evangelist, If this be thy state, why dost
thou stand still ? Said he, It is for that I know not
where to go." Then he gave him a roll of smooth skin,
on which were writ the plain words, Flee from the wrath
to come." The man read it, and said, To what place
must I flee?" Then said Evangelist, "Do you see yon
small gate ? The man said, I think I do." Then said
his guide, Go up at once to it; at which, when thou dost
knock, it shall be told thee what thou shalt do."
So I saw in my dream that the man did run. Now he had
not run far from his own door, but his wife and bairns saw it,
and in a loud voice they strove to get him to come back; but
the man put the tips of his thumbs in his ears and ran on.
The Den, a'nd the Drheam.
His friends also came out, and some bade him haste
back. Of those who did so, there were two that sought to
fetch him back by force. The name of the one was Ob-
stinate; and the name of the next, Pliable. Now by this
time the man was a good way off; but they went in quest
of him, and in a short time came up with him. Then said
^'^^- B --3~^^
OBSTINATE GOES BACK TO THE CITY OF DESTRUCTION.
lie, Friends, for what are ye come ? Quoth they, To
urge you to go back with us ": but he said, That can by
no means be. You dwell in the City of Destruction: and
when you die there, you will sink down to a place that
burns with fire. Take heed, good friends, and go with me."
"What! said Obstinate, "and leave our friends and
all that brings us joy and ease I "
8 The Pilgrim's Progress.
Yes," said Christian (for that was his name); "I seek
a life that fades not. Read it so, if you will, in my book."
Tush! said Obstinate, "I heed not your book : will
you go back with us or no ?
No, not I," said Christian.
Obs.-" Come then, friend Pliable, let us go home."
Then said Pliable, "The things he looks for are of more
worth than ours. My heart urges me to go with him."
Obs.-" What! Be led by me and go back."
Chr.-" Come with me, friend Pliable; there are such
things to be had which I spoke of, and much more bliss.
If you heed not what I say, read here in this book."
Well, friend Obstinate," said Pliable, I mean to go
with this good man, and to cast in my lot with him. But,
my good mate, do you know the way to this place "
Chr.-" I am told by a man, whose name is Evangelist,
to speed me to a small gate that is in front of us, where
we shall be put in the right way."
And I will go back to my place," said Obstinate. I
will not make one of such flat fools."
THE SLOUGH OF DESPOND.
Now Christian and Pliable spoke as they did walk on
the plain; and this was what they said :
Chr.-" Come, friend Pliable. I am glad you have been
led to go with me. Had but Obstinate felt what I have
felt, he would not have set his back on us."
Pli.-" And do you think that your book is true "
Chr.-" Yes: there is a realm where we shall not taste
of death, that we may dwell in it for aye."
lThe Slough of Despond.
Pli.-" This is right good; and what else ? "
Chr.-" There we shall not weep or grieve more; for
he that owns the place will wipe all tears from our eyes."
Pli.-" To hear this doth fill one's heart with joy. But
are these things to form our bliss ? How shall we get to
share in them ? "
Chr.-" The Lord hath set down that in this book, the
pith of which is, if we in truth seek to have it, he will, of
his free grace, grant it to us."
Pli.-" Well, my good friend, glad am I to hear of these
things. Come on, let us mend our pace."
Now I saw in my dream that just as they had put an
end to this talk they drew up nigh to a deep slough that
was in the midst of the plain ; and as they did not heed it,
both fell swap in the bog. The name of the slough was
Then said Pliable, Ah, friend Christian, where are you
now ? "
In sooth," said Christian, I do not know."
At this Pliable said in sharp tones, Is this the bliss you
have told me all this while of'? If we have such ill speed
as we first set out, what may we not look for ere the time
we get to the end of our road ? May I once get out with
my life, you shall hold the brave land for me." And with
that he gave a bold stride or two, and got out of the mire
on that side of the slough which was next his own house.
So off he went, and Christian saw him no more.
Hence Christian was left to sprawl in the Slough of
Despond. But I saw in my dream that a man came to
him whose name was Help, and did ask him what he did
Sir," said Christian, I was bade go this way by a man
The Pilgrim's Progress.
known as Evangelist, who sent me in like way to yon gate,
that I might scape the wrath to come."
So he gave him his hand, and drew him out, and set him
on sound ground, and let him go on his way.
Then I went to him that did pluck him out, and said,
Sir, whence is it that this plat is not made whole, that
those who pass this way may run no risk "
And he said to me, This slough is such a place that
none can mend it. It goes by the name of the Slough of
Despond ; for still, as he who sins is wrought up to a sense
of his lost state, there spring forth in his soul fears, and
doubts, and dark thoughts that scare, which all of them
form in a heap and fix in this place ; and this is the cause
why the road is so bad. True, there are, by the help of
him who frames the laws, some stout and firm steps found
through the midst of this slough ; these steps are all but
hid, or if they be seen, men step on one side, and then they
get all grime with mire, though the steps be there ; but the
ground is good when they are once got in at the gate."
As Christian took his lone walk he saw one cross the
field to meet him, and their hap was to meet just as they
did cross the same way. The man's name was Mr.
Worldly-wiseman. Hence Mr. Worldly-wiseman thus held
some talk with Christian.
Wor.-" How now, good friend; where dost thou go
bent down with such a weight "
V41, ~ ~ ~ -9 ~iB%~ "L
~.~3 :c~9_ T- --~~YW~ ~ ~ ~ `Y
12 The Pilgrim's Progress.
Chr.-" As big a load, in sooth, as I think a poor wight
had in his life! I am bound for yon small gate in front of
me; for there, as I am told, I shall be put in a way to be
rid of my huge load."
Wor.-" Wilt thou give heed to me, if I tell thee what
course to take "
Chr.-" If what you say be good, I will; for I stand in
need of a wise guide."
Wor.-" Who bid thee go this way to be rid of thy
Chr.-" A man that I thought was high and great; his
name, as my mind serves me, is Evangelist."
Wor.-" There is not a more rough way to be found in
the world than is that he hath bade thee take; and that
thou shalt find if thou wilt be led by him. Hear me: I
have seen more years than thou. Thou art like to meet
with, on the way which thou dost go, great griefs, pain,
lack of food and clothes, sword, fierce beasts, gloom, and,
in a word, death, and what not! And why should a man
run such risks, just on the word of a strange guide ? "
Chr.-" Why, sir, i think I care not what things I meet
with in the way, if so be I can get ease from my pack."
Wor.-" But why wilt thou seek for ease this way, as
such dire ills go with it ? the more so, hadst thou but
borne with me, I could aid thee to get what thou dost wish,
free from the risks that thou in this way wilt run."
Chr.-" Pray, sir, make known this boon to me."
Wor.-"Why, in yon town (the town is known as
Morality) there dwells a squire whose name is Legality, a
man of good name, that has skill to help men off with such
loads as thine from their backs. To him, as I said, thou
canst go and get help in a trice; and if he should not be
at home, he hath a fair young son, whose name is Civility,
that can do it as well as his sage sire."
Now was Christian at a stand what to do; but soon he
thought, "If this be true which this squire hath said, my
best course is to be led by him "; and with that he thus
Chr.-" Sir, which is the way to this good man's house?"
Wor.-" By that hill you must go, and the first house
you come at is his."
So Christian went out of his way to go to Mr. Legality's
house for help. But lo, when he was got now hard by the
hill, that side of it that was next the path did hang so
much, that Christian durst not move on, lest the hill should
fall on his head: for which cause there he stood still, and
he wot not what to do. But soon there came fierce flames
of fire out of the hill, each flash of which made Christian
dread he should be burnt. And now he was wroth for the
heed he gave to Mr. Worldly-wiseman's words. And with
that he saw Evangelist come forth to meet him; and thus
did he speak with Christian:
"What dost thou here ?" said he. At which words
Christian knew not what to say. Then said Evangelist to
him, Art not thou the man that I found in tears back of
the walls of the City of Destruction ? "
Chr.-" Yes, dear sir, I am the man. I met with a
squire, so soon as I had got clear of the Slough of Despond,
who made me think that I might, in the town which did
face me, find a man that could take off my load."
Evan.-" What said that squire to you? "
Chr.-" He bid me with speed get rid of my load; and
said I, 'I am hence bound for yon gate to gain more news
how I may get to the place where my load may be cast off.'
The Pilgrim's Progress.
So he said that he would show me the best way: which
way,' said he, 'will take you to a squire's house that hath
skill to take off these loads.' So I put faith in him, and
set out of that way till I came to this, if so be I might
soon get ease from my load."
Then said Evangelist, "Stand still a short time, that I
may show thee the words of God."
Then Christian fell down at his feet as dead, and did
cry, Woe is me, for I am lost! At the sight of which
Evangelist caught him by the right hand, and said, Be
not frail, but have faith."
Then Evangelist went on, and said, Give heed to the
things that I shall tell thee of. The man that met thee is
one Worldly-wiseman, and he bears a fit name; in part,
for that his creed is what the world holds; and in part, for
that he loves such faith best, for it saves him from the
cross. Now, there are three things in this man's words
that thou must be sure and shun-his scheme to turn thee
out of the way; his wish to make the cross a shame to
thee; and his guile, which did tempt thee to set thy feet in
that way that leads to death.
And for this thou must bear in mind to whom he sent
thee, no less than his lack of skill to rid thee of thy load.
Heto whom thou wast sent for ease, by name Legality, has
not the gift to set thee free from thy load. No man; as yet,
got rid of his load by him: no, nor till the end of time is
like to be. 'By the works of the law none can be made just,'
for by the deeds of the law no man that lives can be rid of
his load; and as for his son, Civility, though he wears soft
looks, he is but a knave, and must fail to help thee. Trust
me, there is naught else in all this noise that thou hast heard
of this spot but a scheme to lure thee of thy soul's bliss."
The Wicket- Gate.
Now Christian felt sure fear of death, and burst out in a
shrill cry, full of woe, as he did curse the time in which he
met with Mr. Worldly-wiseman. Still did he say he was
the chief of'fools for the heed he gave to him. This done,
he spoke to Evangelist in words and sense thus:
Chr.-" Sir, what think you ? Is there hope? May I
now go back and go up to the small gate ? Shall I not be
sent back from thence in shame ? "
Then said Evangelist to him, "Thy sin is most great,
for by it thou hast done two bad deeds: thou hast left the
way that is good to tread in wrong paths, yet will the man
at the gate let thee pass, for he has good-will for men."
Then did Christian make up his mind to go back, and
Evangelist, when he did kiss his cheek, gave him a smile,
and bid him God speed.
THE WICKET -GATE.
So Christian went on with haste, nor spake he to a man
by the way; nor if a man spoke to him, would he deign
him a word; so in course of time Christian got up to the
gate. Now at the top of the gate there were writ these
knoch, anb it ball ope to 0ou."
Hence he did knock more than once or twice.
At last there came a grave man to the gate, whose name
was Goodwill, who sought to know who was there 1 and
whence he came ? and what he would have 1
The Pilgrim's Progress.
Chr.-" Here is a poor vile wight; I come from the City
of Destruction, but am bound for Mount Zion, that I may
get safe from the wrath to come. I would, for this cause,
sir, know if you will let me in."
I will, with all my heart," said he; and with that he
drew back the gate.
So when he was got in, the man of the gate said to him,
" Who told him to come to that place ? "
Chr.-" Evangelist bid me come here and knock, as
I did; and he said that you, sir, would tell me what I
Good.-" But how is it that no one came with you ? "
Chr.-" For that none of those who dwelt near me saw
their plight as I saw mine."
Good.-" Did one or more of them know that you meant
to come here ? "
Chr.-" Yes; my wife and bairns saw me at the first,
and did call to me to turn round."
Good.-" But did none of them go in quest of you, to
urge you to go back ? "
Chr.-" Yes, both Obstinate and Pliable; but when
they saw that they could not gain their end, Obstinate
went back, and did rail the while, but Pliable came with
me a short way."
Good.-" But why did he not come through "
Chr.-" We, in truth, came on side by side till we came
to the Slough of Despond, in the which he fell souse. But
as he got out on that side next to his own house, he told
me I should hold the brave land for him. So he went his
way, and I came mine."
Then said Goodwill, Al, poor man! "
In sooth," said Christian, "I have said the truth of
Pliable; but I, too, did turn on one side to go in the way
of death, and I was led to this by the base arts of one Mr.
Good.-" Oh, did he light on you ? What! he would
have had you seek for ease at the hands of Mr. Legality:
CHRISTIAN AT THE WICKET-GATE.
they are both of them true cheats. But were you led by
him 1 "
Chr.-" Yes, as far as I durst. I went to find out Mr.
Legality, till I thought the mount that stands by his house
would have come down on my head,"
The Pilgrim's Progress.
Good.-" That mount has been the death of a host, and
will be the death of still more."
Chr.-" Why, in truth, I do not know what hap had
come to me there, had not Evangelist by good luck met
me once more, while I did muse in the midst of my dumps :
but it was God's grace that lie came to me twice, for else I
could not have got to this place."
Good.-" We shut out none, and take no note of what
they have done up to the time they come here: they in
no wise are cast out': and hence, good Christian, come a
wee way with me, and I will teach thee in what way thou
must go. Look right in front of thee ; dost thou see this
strait way ? That is the way thou must go."
But," said Christian, are there no turns or bends by
which one who has not trod it may lose his way ? "
Good.-" Yes, there are some ways butt down on this;
and they are bent and wide : but thus thou canst judge
the right from the wrong, that the first is straight and not
Then Christian strove to gird up his loins, and to set
out on his way. So he with whom he had held speech told
him, That by that he had gone some way from the gate
he would come at the house of the Interpreter, at whose
door he should knock, and he would show him good
THE INTERPRETER'S HOUSE.
THEN he went on till he came to the house of the Inter-
preter, at which he gave some smart knocks. At last one
came to the door, and did ask who was there ?
The Interpreter's House.
Sir," said Christian, "I am a man that am come from
the City of Destruction, and am bound for the Mount
Zion; and I was told by the man that stands at the gate
at the head of this way, that if I came here you would
show me good things, such as would be a help to one on
Then said the Interpreter, Come in; I will show thee
that which will be of use to thee." So he told his man to
light the lamp, and bid Christian go in his track. Then
he had him in a room where none else could come, and bid
his man fold back the door, the which when he had done
Christian saw the print of one, most grave of look, hung up
on the wall, and this was the style of it : It had eyes that
did stare at the sky, the best of books in its hand, and the
law of truth was writ on its lips; the world was at its back,
it stood as if it did plead with men, and a crown of gold
did hang nigh its head.
Then said Christian, What means this ? "
Inter.-" I have shown thee this print first for this cause,
that the man whose print this is, is the sole man whom the
Lord of the place where thou dost go hath sent as thy
guide through all the twists and turns thou wilt meet with
in the way; hence take good heed to what I have shown
thee, and bear well in thy mind what thou hast seen, lest,
in thy route, thou meet with some that say they can lead
thee right; but their way goes down to death."
Then he took him by the hand, and led him to a large
room on the ground floor that was full of dust; the which
the Interpreter did call for a man to sweep. Then said the
Interpreter to a girl that stood by, Bring hence from yon
brook the means to lay this dust."
Then said Christian, What means this "
20 The Pilgrin's Progress.
The Interpreter thus spoke : This room on the ground
floor is the heart of man that has not been made pure by
the sweet grace of Christ's Word. The dust is the sin that
cleaves to him through the Fall, and the lust that hath
made foul the whole man. He who at first swept is the
Law ; but she that brought the means to lay the dust is the
I saw too, in my dream, that the Interpreter took him
by the hand, and had him in a small room, where sat two
youths, each one in his chair. The name of the most
grown was Passion, and of the next, Patience: Passion
did not seem at rest, but Patience was quite still.
Then I saw that one came to Passion and brought him
a bag of rich gifts, and did pour it down at his feet; the
which he took up and felt joy in it, while at Patience he
gave a laugh of scorn. But I saw but a time, and he had
got rid of all, and had naught left but rags.
Then said Christian to the Interpreter, I would have
you make this thing more clear to me."
So he said, These two lads are signs: Passion of the
men of this world, and Patience of the men of that which
is to come; for, as here thou dost see, Passion will have
all now, this year, that is to say in this nrld, so are the
men of this world; they must have all their good things
now; they durst not stay till next year, that is till the
next world, for their share of good."
Then said Christian, "Now I see that Patience has the
best sense, and that on more grounds than one ; for that
he stays for the best things, and in like way for that he
will have the gain of his when Passion has naught but
Inter.-" Nay, you may add one more, to wit, the joys
'he Pilgrim's Progress.
of the next world will not wear out, but these are soon
I saw, in like way, that the Interpreter took him once
more by the hand, and led him to a choice place, where
was built a great house, fine to look at; at the sight of
which Christian felt much joy; he saw, too, on the top of
it some folk that did walk to and fro, who were clad all in
Then the Interpreter took him, and led him up nigh to
the door of the great house; and lo, at the door stood a
host of men as did wish to go in, but durst not. There,
too, sat a man a short way from the door, at the side of a
board, with a book and his desk in front of him, to take
the name of him that should come in. More than this, he
saw that in the porch stood groups of men, clad in coats of
mail, to keep it, who meant to do all the hurt and harm
they could to the man that would go in. Now was
Christian in a sore maze. At last, when all the men did
start back for fear of the men who bore arms, Christian
saw a man of a bold face come up to the man that sat there
to write, and say, Set down my name, sir"; the which
when he had done, he saw the man draw his sword, and
put a casque on his head, and rush to the door on the men
who had arms, who laid on him with fierce force; but the
man, not at all put out of the way, fell to, and did cut and
hack with all his might: so, when he had got and dealt
scores of wounds to those that strove to keep him out, he
cut his way through them all, and made straight for the
Now," said Christian, let me go hence."
Nay, stay," said the Interpreter, till I have shown
thee some more; and then thou shalt go on thy way."
1'he Antegpreter's Iiouse.
So he took him by the hand once more, and led him to
a room dark as pitch, where there sat a man in a steel
cage. Now the man to look on was most sad; and he
gave sighs as if he would break his heart.
The man said, "I once did seem to be what I was not;
fair in mine own eyes, and in the eyes of those that knew
me. I was once, as I thought, fair for the Celestial City,
and went so far as to have joy at the thoughts that I should
Chr.-" Well, but what art thou now "
Man.-" I am now a man lost to hope."
Chr.-" But how didst thou get in this state "
Man.-" I did sin in face of the light of the World, and
the grace of God. I made the Spirit grieve, and he is
Then said Christian, "Is there no hope, but you must
be kept in the steel cage of gloom "
lan.-" None at all."
Chr.-" But canst thou not now grieve and turn "
MAan.-" God hath not let me; his Word gives me no
aid to faith; yea, he hath shut me up in this steel cage;
nor can.all the men in the world let me out."
Then said the Interpreter to Christian, Let this man's
wails be dwelt on by thee, and cease not to teach thee how
So he took Christian and led him to a room where one
did rise out of bed; and as he put on his clothes he did
shake and quake.
Then said Christian, "Why doth this man thus shake?"
So he spoke and said, This night as I was in my sleep
I dreamt, and lo, the sky grew black as ink, when flame
flit from the clouds.; on which I heard a dread noise, that
T'he Pilgrhn's Pro p'ems.
put me in throes of pain. So I did lift up my eyes in my
dream, and saw a man sit on a cloud, with a huge host
near to him. I heard, then, a voice that said, Come forth,
ye dead, and meet your Judge!' And with that the rocks
rent, the graves did gape, and the dead that were in them
came forth. Then I saw the man that sat on the cloud
fold back the book and bid the world draw near. I heard
it, in like way, told to them that were near the man that
sat on the cloud, Bind up the tares, and the chaff, and the
stalks, and cast them in the lake that burns with fire.'
Then said the voice to the same men, Put up my wheat
in the barn!' and with that I saw a host caught up in the
clouds, but I was left stay."
Chr.-" But what was it that made you so quake at this
sight ? "
Man.-" Why, I thought that the day of doom had
come, and that I was not fit to meet it. But this made me
fear most, that some were caught up while I was left."
Then said the Interpreter to Christian, Hast thou
thought well on all these things ? "
Chr.-" Yes; and they put me in hope and fear."
Inter.-" Well, keep all things so in thy mind that they
may be as a goad in thy sides, to prick thee on in the way
thou must go."
Then Christian girt up his loins, and thought but of the
long road he had to tread.
- k-,-I --
So I saw that just as Christian came up to the cross, his load
got loose from his neck, and fell from off his back.--Page 25.
I e Cross and the Contrast.
THE CROSS AND THE CONTRAST.
Now I saw in my dream that the high road had on each
side a wall for a fence, and that wall went by the name of
Salvation. Up this way, then, did Christian run with
his load, till he came to a place where was a high slope,
and on that place stood a cross, and a short way from it in
the vale, a tomb. So I saw in my dream that just as
Christian came np with the cross, his load got loose from
his neck, and fell from off his back, and did roll till it came
to the mouth of the grave, where it fell in, and I saw it no
Then was Christian full glad, and said, with a gay
heart, He hath brought me rest by his grief, and life by
his death." Then he stood still for a short time to look
with awe, for it was a strange thing to him that the sight
of the cross should thus ease him of his load.
I saw then in my dream that he went on thus till he
came to a vale, where he saw three men in deep sleep, with
gyves on their heels. The name of the one was Simple;
the next, Sloth; and the third, Presumption.
Christian went to them, if so be he might rouse them;
so he said in a loud voice, "You are like them that sleep
on the top of a mast, for the Dead Sea is low down at your
feet, a gulf that no plumb line can sound; get up, hence,
and come on."
With this they gave a glum look at him, and spoke in
this sort: Simple said, I see no cause for fear"; Sloth
said, "Yet some more sleep"; and Presumption said,
The Pilgrim's Progress.
" Each tub must stand on its own end." And so they lay
down to sleep once more, and Christian went on his way.
Yet felt he grief to think that men in that sad plight
should so spurn the kind act of him that of his own free
will sought to help them. And as lie did grieve from this
FORMALIST AND HYPOCRISY COMING INTO THE WAY OVER THE WALL.
cause, he saw two men roll off a wall, on the left hand of
the strait way. The name of the one was Formalist, and
the name of the next Hypocrisy. So they drew up nigh
him, who thus held speech with them :
Chr.-" Sirs, whence came you, and where do you go "
The Cross and the Contrast.
Form. and Hyp.-" We were born in the land of Vain-
glory, and are bent for praise to Mount Zion."
Chr.-" Why came you not in at the gate which stands
at the head of the way ? "
They said, That to go to the gate to get in was by all
their horde thought too far round."
Chr.-" But will it not be thought a wrong done to the
Lord of the town where we are bound, thus to break his
law which he hath made known to us ? "
They told him, That this act of theirs, as it stood for
so long a time, would no doubt be thought good in law by
a just judge ; and more than this," said they, if we get in
the way, what boots it which way we get in ? If we are
in, we are in. Thou art but in the way, who, as we see,
came in at the gate ; and we too are in the way, that fell
from the top of the wall. In what, now, is thy state a
whit more good than ours "
Chr.-" I walk by the rule of my Lord; you walk by
the rude quirks of your vague whims. At this time you
count but as thieves in the sight of the Lord of the way;
hence I doubt you will not be found true men at the end
of the way. By laws and rules you will not get safe, since
you came not in by the door. I have, too, a mark on my
brow, which you may not have seen, which one of my
Lord's most stanch friends put there, in the day that my
load fell from off my back. More than this, I will tell you
that I then got a roll with a seal on it, to cheer me while
I read it, as I go on the way: I was told to give it in at
the Celestial Gate, as a sure sign that I, too, should go in
at the right time : all which things I doubt you want, and
want them for that you came not in at the gate."
The Pilgrim's Progress.
THE HILL DIFFICULTY.
I SAW then that they all went on till they came to the
foot of the Hill Difficulty, at the end of which was a spring.
There were in the same place two ways more than that
which came straight from the gate: one bent to the left
hand, and the next to the right, at the base of the hill; but
the strait way lay right up the hill; and the name of
that path up the side of the hill is known as Difficulty.
Christian now went to the spring and drank of it to cool
his blood and quench his thirst, and then lie set forth to go
up the hill.
The two with whom lie had held speech in like way
came to the foot of the hill; but when they saw that the
hill was steep and high, and that there were two more ways
to go, and as they thought that these two ways might meet
in the long run with that up which Christian went, on the
rear side of the hill,-hence they made up their minds to
go in those ways.
Now the name of one of those ways was Danger, and
the name of the next Destruction. So the one took the
way which is known as Danger, which led him to a great
wood; and he who was with him took straight up the way
to Destruction, which led to a wide field full of dark cliffs,
where he made a slip, and fell, and rose no more.
I then cast my eyes on Christian, and I saw that from a
run he came to a walk, and at last had to climb on his
hands and his knees, so steep was the place.
Now half the way to the top of the hill was a nook made
Timorous was afraid of wild beasts and ran down the hill.-
Page 29. Pilgrim's Progress.
Th[e Hill Dificulty.
of trees, fair to look on, made by the Lord of the hill for
the good of such as trod that place. There, then, Christian
got; there, too, he sat down to rest him.
Thus sought he cheer a while, when he fell to doze, and
then went off in a fast sleep.
Now as he slept there came one to him, who woke him
and said, Go to the ant, thou man of sloth; think of her
ways, and be wise." And with that Christian did start up,
and went on till he came to the top of the hill.
Now when he was got up to the top of the hill, there
came two men who ran right up to him so as to push him.
The name of the one was Timorous, and of the next Mis-
trust; to whom Christian said, Sirs, what doth ail you ?
You run the wrong way."
Timorous said that they were bound to the City of Zion,
and had got up to that hard place; "but," said he, the
more we go on the more risks we meet with; hence did we
turn, and mean not to go back."
"Yes," said Mistrust, "for just in front of us lie a brace
of wild beasts in' the way-that they sleep or wake we
know not-and we could not think if we came in their
reach but they would at once pull us in bits."
Then Mistrust and Timorous ran down the hill, and
Christian went on his way. But as he dwelt on what he
heard from the men, the sun went down; and this made
him once more think how vain it was for him to have sunk
to sleep. Now, he brought to mind the tale that Mistrust
and Timorous had told him of how they took fright at the
sight of the wild beasts. Then did Christian muse thus:
" These beasts range in the night for their prey; and if
they should meet with me in the dark, how should I shift
them ? how should I get free from their fangs they would
Tlie Pilgrim's Progress.
tear me to bits." Thus he went on his way. But, while
he did mourn his dire hap, he lift up his eyes, and lo, there
was a grand house in front ofghim, the name of which was
Beautiful, and it stood just on the side of the high road.
THE PALACE -BEAUTIFUL.
So I saw in my dream that he made haste and went
forth, that, if so be, he might get a place to lodge there.
Now ere lie had gone far, lie saw two wild beasts in the
way. (The beasts were made fast, but he saw not the
chains.) Then he took fright, and thought to go back;
for he thought death of a truth did face him. But when
the man at the lodge, whose name is Watchful, saw that
Christian made a halt, lie did cry to him and say, Is thy
strength so small ? Fear not the wild beasts, for they are
in chains, and are put there for test of faith where it is, and
to make known those that have none: keep in the midst
of the path, and no hurt shall come to thee."
Then did he clap his hands, and went on till he came
and stood in front of' the gate where the Porter was. Then
said Christian to the Porter, Sir, what house is this ? and
may I lodge here this night? The Porter said, This
house was built by the Lord of the hill, and he built it to
aid and guard such as speed this way." The Porter, in
like way, sought to know whence he was, and to what
place he was bound .
Chr.-" I am come from the City of Destruction; and
This is Mistrust, whom Christian met going the wrong way.-
Page 29. Pilgrim's Progress.
The Palace Beautifud.
am on my way to Mount Zion; but as the sun is now set,
I wish, if I may, to lodge here this night."
Por.-" But how doth it hap that you come so late ?
The sun is set."
Chr.-" I had been here ere this, but that, mean man
that I am, I slept in the nook that stands on the side of
Por.-" Well, I will call out one of the maids of this
place, who will, if she likes your talk, bring you in to the
rest of the folk, as such are the rules of the house."
So Watchful rang a bell, at the sound of which came out
at the door of the house a grave and fair maid, whose
name was Discretion, who would know why she had got a
The Porter said, This man is in the way from the City
of Destruction to Mount Zion, but as he doth tire, and as
night came on, he sought to know if he might lodge here
for the night: so I told him I would call for thee, who,
when thou dost speak with him, may do as seems to thee
good, and act up to the law of the house."
Then she would know whence he was, and to what place
he was bound, and his name. So he said, It is Christian."
So a smile sat on her lips, but the tears stood in her eyes;
and, when she gave a short pause, she said, I will call
forth two or three more of those who dwell here." So she
ran to the door, and did call out Prudence, Piety, and
Charity; and when she had held more speech with him, he
was brought in, and made known to all who dwelt in the
house, some of whom met him at the porch, and said,
" Come in, thou whom the Lord doth bless; this house was
built by the Lord of the hill, to give good cheer to such
who, like you, grow faint by the way." Then he bent his
The Pilgri.;,I's Progress.
head, and went in with them to the house. So when he
was come in and set down, they gave him to drink, and
then they thought that till the last meal was brought up,
some of them should have some wise talk with Christian,
so as to make good use of time.
rd~jjv!y-~ -" "
CHRISTIAN IS QUESTIONED BY DISCRETION.
Pi.-" Come, good Christian, since we have shown such
love for you as to make you our guest this night, let us, if
so be we may each get good by it, talk with you of all
things that you have met with on your way."
This is Formalist, whom Christian saw roll from the top of
a wall, as if to go to Zion.-Page 33. Pilgrim's Pi-ogress.
The Palace Beautiful.
Chr.-" With a right good will; and I am glad your
mind is so well bent."
Pi.-" How was it that you came out of your land in
this way ?"
Chr.-" It was as God would have it; for when I was
full of the fears of doom, I did not know where to go; but
by chance there came a man then to me, whilst I shook
and wept, whose name is Evangelist, and he told me how
to reach the small gate, which else I should not have found,
and so set me in the way that hath led me straight to this
Pi.-" But did you not come by the house of the Inter-
preter ? "
Chr.-" Yes, and did see such things there, the thoughts
of which will stick by me as long as I live; in chief, three
things; to wit, how Christ, in spite of the Foe of Man,
keeps up his work of grace in the heart; how the man,
through sin, had got quite out of hopes of God's ruth; and,
in like way, the dream of him that thought in his sleep the
day of doom was come."
Pi.-" And what saw you else in the way ? "
Chr.-" Saw Why, I went but a wee way and I saw
One, as I thought in my mind, hang and bleed on a tree;
and the sheer sight of him made my load fall off my back;
for I did groan through the great weight, but then it fell
down from off me."
Pi.-" But you saw more than this, did you not I "
Chr.-" The things that I have told you were the best;
yet some more things I saw, as, first of all, I saw three men,
Simple, Sloth, and Presumption, lie in sleep, not far out
of the way as I came, with gyves on their heels; but do
you think I could rouse them 1 I saw, in like way, Form-
The Pilgrim's Progress.
alist and Hypocrisy come and roll from the top of a wall,
to go, as they fain would have me think, to Zion; but they
were lost in a trice, just as I did tell them ; but they would
Snot heed my words."
Pr.-" Do you think at times of the land from whence
you came ? "
Chr.-" Yes, but with much shame and hate."
Pr.-" Do you not yet bear hence with you some of the
things that you well knew there "
Chr.-" Yes, but much in strife with my will; the more
so the crass thoughts of my heart, with which all the folk
of my land, as well as I, would find joy; but now all those
things are my grief, and might I but choose mine own
things, I would choose not to think of those things more;
but when I would do that which is best, that which is
worst is with me."
Pr.-" And what is it that makes you so long to go to
Mount Zion ? "
Chr.-" Why, there I hope to see Him live that did
hang dead on the cross; and there I hope to be rid of all
those things that to this day are in me and do vex me :
there they say there is no death; and there I shall dwell
with such folk as I like best."
Then said Charity to Christian, "Have you bairns, and
have you a wife 3 "
Chr.-" I have a wife and four small bairns."
Char.-" And why did you not bring them on with you !"
Then Christian wept and said, Oh, fain would I have
done it! but they were all of them loath to let me leave
Char.-"But you should have sought to show them the
risks they ran when they held back."
Hypocrisy would fain have Christian think he was on the way
to Zion.-Page 34. Pilgrim's Progress.
The Palace Beautiful.
Chr.-" So I did; and told them, too, that God had
shown to me how that our town would come to wrack;
but they thought I did but mock, and they put no faith in
what I said."
Char.-" But what could they say to show cause why
they came not ? "
CHRISTIAN TELLS CHARITY AND HER SISTERS ABOUT HIS FAMILY.
Chr.-" Why, my wife was loath to lose this world;
and my bairns were bent on the rash joys of youth: so,
what by this thing, and what by that thing, they left me
to roam in this lone way."
Char.-" But did you not with your vain life damp all
The Pilgrim's Progress.
that you by words made use of as force to bring them off
with you "
Chr.-" In sooth, I must not say aught for my life, as I
know full well what blurs there are in it. I know, too,
that a man by his deeds may soon set at naught what by
sound speech and wit of words he doth strive to fix on
some for their good. Yet this I can say, I took heed not
to give them cause, by a false act, to shirk the step I took,
and not set out with me. Yea, for this sole thing they
would tell me t was too nice; and that I would not touch
of things in which they saw no guile."
Char.-" In truth, Cain did hate him nwho came of the
same blood, for that his works were bad, and Abel's not
so ; and if thy wife and bairns have thought ill of thee for
this, they show by it that they are foes to good; and thou
hast set free thy soul from their blood."
Now I saw in my dream that thus they sat and spoke
each to each till the meal was laid on the board; and all
their talk while they ate was of the Lord of the hill; as,
in sooth, of what he had done, and why it was he did what
he did, and why he had built that house.
They, in like way, gave prompt proof of what they said,
and that was, he had stript him of his rich robes, that he
might do this for the poor; and that they heard him say,
with stern stress, that he would not dwell in the Mount of
Zion in a lone way. They said, too, that he made a host
of poor ones kings, though by the law of their birth they
were born to live on bare alms, and their first state had
been low and bad.
Thus they spoke, this one to that one, till late at night;
and when they had put them in the Lord's care they went
The Palace Beautiful.
The next day they took him and had him in the place
in which arms were kept, where he was shown all sorts of
things which their Lord had put there for such as he, as
sword, shield, casque, plate for breast, All-prayer, and
shoes that would not wear out. And there was here as
much of this as would fit out a host of men to serve the
In like way did they show him some of the means with
which some of his friends had done things that strike one
with awe. He was shown the jaw-bone of the ass with
which Samson did such great feats. More than this, he
was shown the sling and stone with which David slew
Goliath of Gath. But more things still were shown to him,
in all of which Christian felt much joy. This done, they
went to their rest once more.
Then I saw in my dream that on the morn lie got up to
go forth, but they fain would have him stay till the next
day; and then," said they, we will, if the day be clear,
show you the Delectable Mountains, which," they said,
" would yet the more add to his bliss, for that they were
yet more nigh the port than the place where at that time
he was." So he thought it well to stay.
When the morn was up, they had him to the top of the
house, and bid him look south ; so he did, and lo, a long
way off, he saw a fair land, fill of high hills, clad with
woods, vine grounds, fruits of all sorts, plants as well, with
springs and founts, most bright to look on. They said it
was Immanuel's Land; and it is as free," said they, as
this hill is to and for all that are in the way. And when
thou dost come there from thence," said they, "thou canst
see to the gate of the Celestial City, as those who watch
their flocks and live there will show thee."
The Pilgrim's Progress.
Now he thought it was due time to set forth, and they
were glad that he should. But first," said they, let us
go once more to where the arms are kept." So they did.
And when he came there they clad him in coat of mail,
which was of proof, from head to foot, lest he should
chance meet with foes in the way.
He then, in this gear, came out with his friends to the
gate, and there he would know of the Porter if he saw
one pass by ? "
Then the Porter said "Yes."
Chr.-" Pray did you know him "
Por.-" I did ask his name, and he told me it was
Oh," said Christian, I know him: he is from the
same town, and lives nigh to where I dwell: he comes
from the place where I was born. How far do you think
he may be on the road "
Por.-" He has got by this time more than to the foot
of the hill."
Then he set forth: but Discretion, Piety, Charity, and
Prudence would go with him down to the foot of the hill.
Then said Christian, As it was hard to come up, so, so
far as I can see, it is a risk to go down." "Yes," said
Prudence, so it is; for it is a hard thing for a man to go
down in the Vale of Humiliation, as thou art now, and to
catch no slip by the way; hence," said they, "we are
come out to see thee safe down the hill." So he strove to
go down, but with great heed; yet he caught a slip or two.
Then I saw in my dream that these good friends, when
Christian was gone down to the foot of the hill, gave him
a loaf of bread, a flask of wine, and a bunch of dry grapes;
and then he went on his way.
BUT now, in this Vale of Humiliation, poor Christian
was hard put to it; for he had gone but a short way, when
he saw a foul fiend come through the field to meet him:
his name is Apollyon.
So he went on, and Apollyon met him. Now the ghoul
did shock one's eyes to look on : he was clad with scales
like a fish ; he had wings like a huge bat, feet like a bear,
and out of his throat came fire and smoke, and his mouth
was as the mouth of the king of beasts. When he came
up to Christian he gave him a look of scorn, and thus
sought to sift him.
Apol.-" Whence came you ? and to what place are you
Chr.-" I am come from the City of Destruction, which
is the place of all ill, and am on my way to Mount Zion."
Apol.-" By this I know thou art one of my serfs; for
all that land is mine; and I am the prince and god of it."
How is it, then, that thou hast run off from thy king ?
Were it not that I hope thou wilt serve me yet more, I
would strike thee now at one blow to the ground."
Chr.-" I was born, in sooth, in your realm, but to
serve thee was hard, and your pay such as a man could
not live on ; 'for the meed of sin is death': for this cause,
when I was come to years, I did, as some who think do,
look out if so be I might mend my state. I have let my
help to some one else; and to. no less than the King of
The .Piljrim's Progress.
Apol.-" Think yet, while thou art in cool blood, what
thou art like to meet with in the way that thou dost go.
Thou art not blind that for the most part those who serve
him come to an ill end, for that they spurn my laws and
walk not in my paths. What a host of them have been
put to deaths of shame And still thou dost count that to
serve him is best; when, in sooth, he has not yet come
from the place where lie is, to save one that stood by his
cause, out of my hands."
Chr.-" He does not seek so soon to save them, so as to
try their love, and find if they will cleave to him to the
end ; and as for the ill end thou dost say they come to, that
tells for their good : for to be set free now they do not
much look for it; for they stay for their meed; and they
shall have it when their Prince comes in the might of the
bright hosts that wait on him."
Apol.-" Thou hast erst been false in thy turns to serve
him; and how dost thou think to get pay of him "
Chr.-" All this is true; but the Prince whom I serve
and love is sure to show ruth. But, let me say, these
faults held hold of me in thy land; for there I did suck
them in, and they have made me groan and grieve for
them; whence I have got the grace of my Prince."
Then Apollyon broke out in a sore rage, and said, I am
a foe to this Prince : I hate him, his laws, and they who
serve him. I am come out with the view to make thee
Chr.-" Apollyon, take heed what you do; for I am on
the King's high road, the way of grace; for which cause
mind how you act."
Then did Christian draw; for he saw it was time for him
to stir; and Apollyon as fast made at him, and threw darts as
thick as hail, by the which, in spite of all that Christian
could do to shift it, Apollyon hit him in his head, his hand,
and foot. This made Christian give some back: Apollyon
then went to his work with heart, and Christian once more
took heart, and met his foe as well as he could.
Then Apollyon, as he saw his time had come, made up
close to Christian, and as he strove to throw him gave him
a dread fall; and with that Christian's sword flew out of
his hand. Then said Apollyon, I am sure of thee now "
and with that he did nigh press him to death; so that
Christian had slight hope of life. But, as God would have
it, while Apollyon dealt his last blow, by that means to
make a full end of this good man, Christian at once put
out his hand for his sword, caught it, and said, When I
fall, I shall then rise "; and with that gave him a fierce
thrust, which made him give back as one that had got
his death wound. Christian saw that, and made at him
once more, while he said, Nay, in all these things we
more than gain the prize through him that loves us "; and
with that Apollyon spread forth his foul wings and sped
him off, that Christian saw no more of him.
So when the fight came to a close, Christian said, I
will here give thanks to him that hath kept me out of the
mouth of the chief of beasts, to him that did help me in
the strife with Apollyon."
Then there came to him a hand with some of the leaves
of the "tree of life," the which Christian took and laid
them on the wounds that he had got in the strife, and was
made whole at once.
The Pilgrim's Progress.
THE VALLEY OF THE SHADOW OF DEATH.
Now at the end of this vale was one more, known as the
Vale of the Shade of Death, and Christian must needs go
through it, for this cause, that the way to the Celestial
City lay through the midst of it.
I saw then in my dream, so far as the bounds of the
vale, there was on the right hand a most deep ditch; that
ditch is it to which the blind have led the blind in each
age, and have both there lost their lives.
Once more, lo, on the left hand there was a fell quag, in
the which, strange to say, if a good man falls he finds no
ground for his foot to stand on.
The path was here quite strait, and hence good Christian
was the more put to it; for when he sought in the dark to
shun the ditch on the one hand, he was prone to tip on one
side souse in the mire on the next.
Nigh the midst of the vale I saw the mouth of hell to be,
and it stood, too, hard by the side of the way. And at
times the flame and smoke would come out so thick and
with such force, that he had to put up his sword and seize
more fit arms, known as All-prayer; so I heard him cry,
" 0 Lord, I pray thee save my soul!"
Thus he went on a great while; and as he came to a
place where he thought he heard a band of fiends come
forth to meet him, he stopt, and did muse what he had
best to do. He brought to mind how he had of late held
his foes at bay, and that the risk to go back might be much
more than to go on. So he made up his mind to go on:
T7e Valley of the Swlado of Death.
yet the fiends did seem to come near and more near. But
when they were come just at him he did cry with a loud
voice, I will walk in the strength of the Lord God ": so
they gave back, and came on no more.
When Christian had trod on in this lorn state some
length of time, he thought he heard the voice of a man,
as if in front of him, say thus: Though I walk through
the vale of the shade of death I will fear no ill: for Thou
art with me."
Then was he glad for that he learnt from thence that
some who fear God were in this vale as well as he ; that
God was with them, though in that dark and dire state.
So he went on. And by and by the day broke. Then
said Christian, He doth turn the shade of death to
Now as morn had come, he gave a look back to see by
the light of the day what risks he had gone through in the
dark. So he had a more clear view of the ditch that was
on the one hand, and the quag that was on the next; in
like way he saw how strait the way was which lay twixt
.them both. And just at this time the sun rose; and this
was one more boon to Christian: for, from the place where
he now stood as far as to the end of the vale, the way was
all through set so full of snares, traps, gins, and nets, here;
and so full of pits, falls, deep holes, and slopes, down
there; that had it now been dark, as it was when he came
the first part of the way, had he had five times ten score
souls, they had for this cause been cast off. But, as I said
just now, the sun did rise.
In this light hence he came to the end of the vale.
ile Pilgrimli's 1rogres8&
CHRISTIAN AND FAITHFUL.
Now as Christian went on his way he came to a small
height, which was cast up so that those who came that
way might see in front of them. Up there, then, Christian
went: and, with a glance, saw Faithful some way on the
At this Christian set out with all his strength, and soon
got up with Faithful, and did, in sooth, leave him lag, so
that the last was first. Then did Christian wear a proud
smile, for that he had got the start of his friend: but as he
did not take good heed to his feet, he soon struck some
tuft and fell, and could not rise till Faithful came up to
Then I saw in my dream, they went on with good will
side by side, and had sweet talk of all things that they had
met with on their way: and thus Christian first spoke:
My most dear friend Faithful, I am glad I have come
up with you; and that God hath so made us of one mind
that we can walk as friends in this so fair a path. Tell
me now what you have met with in the way as you came:
for I know you have met with some things, or else it may
be writ for a strange pass."
Fai.-" I got clear of the slough that I see you fell in,
and came up to the gate free from that risk. When I
came to the foot of the hill known as Difficulty, I met with
an old man, who would know what I was, and to what
place I was bound? Then said the old man, 'Thou dost
look like a frank soul: wilt thou stay and dwell with me
17he Pilgrim's Progress.
for the pay that I shall give thee ?' Then I did ask his
name, and where lie dwelt ? He said, 'His name was
Adam the First, and he dwelt in the Town of Deceit.' He
told me, That his work was fraught with joys, and his
pay, that I should be his heir at last.' I then would know
what kin he had? He said, 'He had but three maids,
" the Lust of the flesh, the Lust of the eyes, and the Pride
of life," and that I should wive with one of them, if I
Chr.-" Well, and what close came the old man and you
to at last 1"
Fai.-" Why, at first I would lief go with the man, for
I thought he spake full fair; but when I gave a look in his
brow, as I spoke with him, I saw there writ, Put off the
old man with his deeds.' Then it came red hot to my
mind, that spite of all he said, and his smooth ways, when
he got me home to his house he would sell me for a slave.
So I went off from him: but just as I set round to go
thence, I felt him take hold of my flesh, and give me such
a dread twitch back, that I thought he did pull part of me
with him. So I went on my way up the hill.
"Now, when I had got nigh half way up, I gave a look
back, and saw one move on in my steps, swift as the wind;
so he came up with me just by the place where the bench
stands. So soon as the man came up with me, it was but
a word and a blow, for down he flung me, and laid me for
dead. But, when I got free from the shock, I would know
why it was he dealt with me so ? He said, For that I did
in my heart cleave to Adam the First': and with that he
struck me one more fierce blow on the breast, and beat me
down on the back. He had, no doubt, made an end of me,
but that one came by and bid him stay his hand."
This is Discontent, who would fain have Christian go back
with him once more.-Page 47. Pilgrim's Progress.
Ohr stian and faithful.
Chr.-" Who was that that bid him stay his hand "
Fai.-" I did not know him at first, but as he went by
I saw the holes in his hands and in his side: then I felt
sure that he was our Lord. So I went up the hill."
Chr.-" That man that came up with you was Moses.
He spares not, nor knows he how to show grace to those
that break his law. But did you not see the house that
stood there on the top of the hill, on the side of which
Moses met you ?"
Fai.-" Yes, and the wild beasts, too, ere I came at it:
but, as I had so much of the day to spend, I came by the
man at the lodge, and then down the hill."
Chr.-" But, pray tell me, did you meet with no one in
the Vale of Humility ? "
Fai.-" Yes, I met with one Discontent, who would fain
have me to go back once more with him : his cause was, for
that the vale did not bear a good name."
Chr.-" Met you with naught else in that vale ? "
Fai.--" Yes, I met with Shame : but of all men that I
met with in my way, he, I think, bears the wrong name."
Clhr.-" Why, what did he say to you? "
Fai.-" What! Why, he did flout at faith. He said it
was a poor, low, mean thing for a man to mind faith; he
said that a soul that shrinks from sin is not fit for a man.
He said, too, that but few of the great, rich, or wise held
my views; nor did those till they were led to be fools, and
to be of a free mind to run the loss of all for none else
knows what. More than this, he said such were of a base
and low caste, and knew naught of those things which are
the boast of the wise. Yea, he did hold me to it that it
was a shame to ask grace of folk for slight faults, or to give
back that which I did take. He said, too, that faith made
The Pilgrim's Progress.
a man grow strange to the great, and made him own and
prize the base : and is not this,' said he, a shame "
Chr.-" And what did you say to him ? "
Fai.-" Say I could not tell what to say at first. Yea,
he put me so to it that my blood came up in my face ; aye,
this Shame did fetch it up, and had, too, beat me quite off.
FAITHFUL RESISTS BHAME.
But at last I thought that that which men prize was base
in the sight of God. Hence, thought I, what God says is
best, is best, though all the men in the world are foes to it.
As, then, God likes his faith; as God likes a soul that
shrinks from sin; and as they are most wise who wear the
guise of fools to gain a crown; and that the poor man that
Christian and Faithful.
loves Christ is more rich than the man that sways a world,
that hates him; Shame, go thy way, thou art a foe to my
soul's weal. But, in sooth, this Shame was a bold knave;
I could scarce shake him out of my way : but at last I told
him it was but in vain to strive with me from that time
forth. And when I shook him off, then I sang-
The tests that those men meet, with all men else
That bow their wills to the high call of God,
Are great; and well, I wist, do suit the flesh,
And come, and come, and come e'en yet once more;
That now, or some time'else, we by them may
Be held in thrall, flung down, and cast sheer off:
O, let those in the way, let all such, then,
Be sharp, and quick, and quit them like true men."
Chr.-" I am glad, my friend, that thou didst strive
with this knave in so brave a way; for he is so bold as to
trace our steps in the streets, and to try to put us to shame
in the sight of all men; that is, to make us feel shame in
that which is good."
Fai.-" I think we must cry to Him for help in our frays
with Shame, that would have us Stand up for truth on the
Chr.-" You say true: but did you meet none else in
that vale "
Fai.-" No, not I; for I had the sun with me all the
rest of the way through that, as well as through the Vale
of the Shade of Death."
Chr.-" It was well for you; I am sure it did fare far
worse with me. I thought I should have lost my life there
more than once: but at last day broke, and the sun rose,
and I went through that which was to the front of me with
far more ease and peace."
The Pilgrim's Progress.
MORE than this, I saw in my dream, that as they went
on, Faithful saw a man whose name is Talkative, walk
some way off by the side of them : for in this place there
was full room for them all to walk. To this man Faithful
spoke in such wise:
Friend, to what place dost thou go ? dost thou go to
the blest land ? "
Talk.-" I am bound to that same place."
Fai.-" Come on then, and let us go side by side, and
let us spend our time well, by wise speech that tends to
Talk.-" To talk of things that are good, I like much,
with you or with some one else. For, to speak the truth,
there are but few that care thus to spend their time, as
they are on their way."
Fai.-" That is, in sooth, a thing to mourn; for what
thing so meet for the use of the tongue and mouth of men
on earth, as are the things of the great God on highly "
Talk.-" I like you right well, for what you say is full
of force; and, I will add, what thing doth so please or
what brings such a boon as to talk of the things of God "
Fai.-" That is true; but to gain good by such things
in our talk, should be that which we seek."
Talk.-" That is it that I said; for to talk of such
things is of great use : for by this means a man may get
to know a fair share of things; as how vain are the things
of earth; and how good are the things that fail not. Then,
Faithful saw a man whose name is Talkative, who said, "Friend,
to what place dost thou go? dost thou go to the blest land? "-
Page 50, Pilgrim's Progress,
by this, a man may learn by talk what it is to mourn for
sin, to have faith, to pray, to bear grief, or the like. By
this, too, a man may learn what it is that soothes, and
what are the high hopes set forth in the Word of the
Grace of God ; to his own peace."
"Well, then," said Faithful, "what is that one thing
that we shall at this time found our speech on ? "
Talk.-" What you will: I will talk of things not of
earth, or of' things of earth; things of life, or things of
grace; things pure, or things of the world ; so that we but
gain good by it."
Now did Faithful think this strange; so he came up to
Christian, and said to him in a soft voice, What a brave
friend have we got! Of a truth, this man will do well in
At this Christian gave a meek smile, and said, "This
man, whom you so take to, will cheat with this tongue of
his a score of them that know him not."
Fai.-" Do you know him then ? "
Chr.-" Know him Yes; his name is Talkative; he
dwells in our town. I wist not how you should be strange
Fai.-" Well, he seems to be a man of good looks."
Chr.-" That is, to them that know him not through and
through: for he is best out of doors; near home his looks
are as bad as you could find."
Fai.-" But I fain think you do but jest, as I saw you
Chr.-" God grant not that I should jest in this case, or
that I should speak false of one. I will let you see him in
a clear light. This man cares not with whom he picks up,
or how he talks: as he talks now with you, so will he talk
The Pilgrim's Progress.
when he is on the bench, with ale by his side; and the
more drink he has in his crown, the more of these things
he hath in his mouth."
Fai.-" Say you so ? then am I wrong in my thoughts
of this man."
Chr.-" Wrong You may be sure of it. He talks of
what it is to pray; to mourn for sin ; of faith, and of the
new birth; but he knows but how to talk of them. I have
been in his home, and have seen him both in and out of
doors, and I know what I say of him is the truth. His
house is as void of the fear of God as the white of an egg
is of taste. They pray not there, nor is there a sign of
grief for sin: yea, the brute, in his kind, serves God more
Fai.-" Well, my friend, I am bound to trust you; not
for that you say you know him, but in like way, for that,
like one who has the mind of Christ, you judge of men."
Chr.-" Had I known him no more than you I might, it
may be, have thought of him as at the first you did; but
all these things, yea, and much more as bad, which I do
bring to mind, I can prove him to have the guilt of."
Fai.-" Well, I see that to say and to do are two things;
and by and by I shall take more note of this."
Cha.-" They are two things, in sooth, and are no more
like than are the soul and flesh; for, as the flesh void of
the soul is but a dead lump : so to say, if it stand loose, is
but a dead lump too. This Talkative does not know. He
thinks that to hear and to say will make a good man, and
thus he cheats his own soul. To hear is but to sow the
seed; to talk is not full proof that fruit is deep in the
heart and life; and let us feel sure that at the day of doom
men shall reap just as they have sown. It will not be said
then, 'Did you have faith?' but 'Did you do or talk?'
when they shall have their due meed."
Fai.-" Well, I was not so fond to be with him at first,
but am as sick of him now. What shall we do to be rid
of him ? "
Chr.-" Be led by me, and do as I bid you, and you
shall find that he will soon be sick of you, too, save God
shall touch his heart and turn it."
Fai.-" What would you have me to do ? "
Chr.-" Why, go to him, and take up some grave theme
on the might of faith."
Then Faithful gave a step forth once more, and said to
Talkative, Come, what cheer ? how is it now "
Talk.--" Thank you, well; I thought we should have
had a great deal of talk by this time."
Fai.-" Well, if you will, we will fall to it now; and
since you left it with me to state the theme, let it be this:
How doth the grace of God that saves, show forth signs
when it is in the heart of man ? "
Talk.-" I see, then, that our talk must be of the might
of things. Well, it is a right good theme, and I shall try
'to speak on it; and take what I say in brief, thus: First,
where the grace of God is in the heart it makes one cry
out on sin. In the next place- "
Fai.-" Nay, hold; let us dwell on one at once: I think
you should say in lieu of this, it shows by the way in
which the soul loathes its sin. A man may cry out on sin
to aid his own ends, but he fails to loathe it, save God
makes him do so. Some cry out on sin, just as the dame
doth cry out on her child in her lap, when she calls it bad
girl, and then falls to hug and kiss it."
Talk.-" You lie at the catch, I see."
The Pilgrim's Progress.
Fai.-" No, not I; I but try to set things right. But
what is the next thing by which you would prove to make
known the work of grace in the heart ? "
Talk.-" To know much of the deep things of God."
Fai.-" This sign should have been first; but, first or
last, it too is false: for to know, and know well, the deep
things in God's Word, may still be, and yet no work of
grace in the soul. Yea, if a man know all things he may
yet be naught; and so, for this cause, be no child of God.
When Christ said,' Do you know all these things '' and
those who heard him said, 'Yes'; he did add, Blest are
ye if ye do them.' He doth not lay the grace in that one
knows, but in that one does them."
Talk.-" You lie at the catch, once more : this is not for
Fai.-" Well, if you please, give one more sign how this
work of grace doth show where it is."
Talk.-" Not I, for I see we shall not be of one mind."
Fai.-" Well, if you will not, will you give me leave to
do it "
Talk.-" You may do just as you like."
Fai. "A work of grace in the soul doth show quite
clear to him that hath it or to those that stand by. To
him that hath it, thus: it gives him a deep sense of sin, of
the ill that dwells in him. This sight and sense of things
work in him grief and shame for sin; he finds, too, brought
to view the Saviour of the world, and he feels he must
close with him for life; at the which he finds he craves and
thirsts for a pure life, pure at heart, pure with his kin, and
pure in speech in the world: which in the bioad sense
doth teach him in his heart to hate his sin, to spurn it
from his home, and to shed his light in the world; not by
mere talk, as a false knave, or one with a glib tongue, may
do, but by the force of faith and love to the might of the
Word. And now, sir, as to these brief thoughts on the
work of grace, if you have aught to say, say on; if not,
then give me leave to ask one thing more of you."
Talk.-" Nay, my part is not now to say aught, but to
hear; let me hence hear what you have got to speak."
Fai. "It is this: do you in your heart feel this first
part of what I said of it ? and doth your life and walk bear
proof of the same ? "
Then Talkative at first did blush, but when he got
through this phase, thus he said: You come now to what
one feels in his heart, to the soul, and God. But I pray,
will you tell me why you ask me such things ? "
Fai.-" For that 1 saw you prone to talk, and for that I
knew not that you had aught else but vague views. More
than this, to tell you all the truth, I have heard of you that
you are a man whose faith lies in talk, and that what you
do gives the lie to what you say."
Talk.-" Since you are so quick to take up tales, and to
judge in so rash a way as you do, I would lief think that
you are some cross or dull mope of a man, not fit to hold
talk with; and so, I take my leave."
Then came up Christian, and said to his friend, I told
you how it would hap; your words and his lusts could not
suit. He thought it best to leave you, than change his
Fai.-" But I am glad we had this brief talk; it may
hap that he will think of it some time."
Chr.-" You did well to talk so plain to him as you did;
there is not much of this straight course with men in these
days. I wish that all men would deal with such as you
56 The Pilgrim's Progress.
have done: then should they have to change their ways,
or the guild of saints would be too hot for them."
Thus they went on and told of what they had seen by
the way, and so made that way light which would, were
not this the case, no doubt have been slow to them; for
now they went through a wild.
Now when they were got all but quite out of this wild,
Faithful by chance cast his eye back, and saw one come in
his wake, and he knew him. "Oh!" said Faithful to his
friend, "who comes yon ? "
Then Christian did look, and said, It is my good friend
Evangelist." Ay, and my good friend, too," said Faith-
ful, "for it was he that set me the way to the gate."
Then said Evangelist, How did it fare with you, my
friends, since the time we last did part ? what have you
met with, and what has been your life ? "
Then Christian and Faithful told him of all things that
did hap to them in the way; and how, and with what toil,
they had got to that place.
Right glad am I," said Evangelist, not that you met
with straits, but that you have come safe through them,
and for that you have, in spite of some faults, kept in the
way to this day. The crown is in sight of you, and it is
one that will not rust; 'so run that you may gain it.'
You are not yet out of the range of the foul fiend: let the
joy of the Lord be not lost sight of, and have a firm faith
in things not seen."
:r? ~, ---t-~
The Pilgrim's Progress.
Then did Christian thank him for his sage words, but
told him at the same time, that they would have him speak
more to them for their help the rest of the way. So
Evangelist spoke thus:
"My sons, you have heard in the truth of God's Word,
that you must pass through sharp straits to reach the realm
of bliss; for now as you see you are just out of this wild,
and hence you will ere long come to a town that you will
by and by see in front of you; and in that town you will
be set round with foes, who will strain hard but they will kill
you: and be you sure that one or both of you must seal
the faith, which you hold, with blood. But when you are
come to the town, and shall find what I have said come to
pass, then think of your friend, and quit you both like
Then I saw in my dream that, when they were got out
of the wild, they soon saw a town in front of them; the
name of that town is Vanity; and at the town there is a
fair -kept, known as Vanity Fair; at this fair are all such
goods sold as lands, trades, realms, lusts, and gay things
of all sorts, as lives, blood, souls, gold, pearls, stones of
great worth, and what not.
Now, as I said, the way to the Celestial City lies just
through this town where this huge fair is kept: and lie
that will go there, and yet not go through this town, "must
needs go out of the world." The Lord of Lords, when
here, went through this town to his own realm, and that,
too, on a day when a fair was held: yea, and as I think,
it was Beelzebub, the chief lord of this fair, that sought of
him to buy of his vain wares. But he had no mind to the
goods, and hence left the town, nor did he lay out so much
as a mite on these wares.
Now these folk, as I said, must needs go through this
fair. Well, so they did; but lo, just as they got to the
fair, all the crowd in the fair rose up, and the town, too,
as it were, and made much noise and stir for that they
came there; they, of course, spoke the tongue of Canaan;
but they that kept the fair were the men of this world; so
that, from end to end of the fair, they did seem strange
each to each. But that which made the crowd most laugh
was, that these men set quite light by all their wares: they
did not care so much as to look on them; and, if they
sought for them to buy, they would stop their ears, and
cry, Turn off mine eyes, lest they see vain things," and
look up, to show that their trade and wares were in the skies.
At last things came to a sad pass, which led to great
stir in the fair, so that all was noise and din, and law
was set at naught. Now was word soon brought to the
great one of the fair, who at once came down, and sent
some of his best friends to sift those men by whom the
fair was put in such a state. So the men were brought in
their sight. But they that were sent to sift them did not
think them to be aught than fools and mad, or else such
as came to put all things out of gear in the fair. Hence
they took them and beat them, and made them grime with
dirt, and then put them in the cage, that they might be
made a foul sight to all the men of the fair. But as the
men bore up well, and gave good words for bad, some men
in the fair, that were more just than the rest, sought to
check and chide the base sort for the vile acts done by
them to the men. One said, That for aught they could
see, the men were mild, and of sound mind, and sought to
do harm to no one: and that there were some, that did
trade in their fair, that ought far more to be put in the
The Pilgrim's Progress.
cage, than the men to whom they had done such ill."
Thus, as soon as hot words did pass on both sides, they
fell to some blows, and did harm each to each. Then
were these two poor men brought up once more, when a
charge was made that it was they who had got up the row
that had been made at the fair. But Christian and Faithful
bore the shame and the slur that was cast on them in so
calm and meek a way that it won to their side some of the
men of the fair. This put one part of the crowd in a still
more fierce rage, so that they were bent on the death of
these two men.
Then were they sent back to the cage once more, till it
was told what should be done with them. So they put
them in, and made their feet fast in the stocks.
Here, then, they once more brought to mind what they
had heard from their true friend Evangelist, and were the
more strong in their way and woes by what he told them
would fall out to them. They, too, now sought to cheer
the heart of each, that whose lot it was to die that he
should have the best of it: hence each man did wish in
the depth of his soul that he might have the crown.
Then in due time they brought them forth to court, so
that they might meet their doom. The name of the judge
was Lord Hate-good; their plaint was "that they had made
broils and feuds in the town, and had won some to their
own most vile views, in scorn of the law of their prince."
Then Faithful said "that he did but spurn that which
had set up in face of Him that is the Most High. And,"
said he, "as for broils, I make none, as I am a man of
peace; those that were won to us were won by their view
of our truth and pure lives, and they are but gone from the
worst to the best."
Then Superstition said: "My lord. I know not much of this
man; but he is a most vile knave."-Page 61. Pilgrim's Progress.
Then was it made known that they that had aught to
say for their lord the king, to prove the guilt of him at the
bar, should at once come forth and give in their proof.
So there came in three men, to wit, Envy, Superstition,
and Pickthank. Then stood forth Envy and said in this
strain: My lord, this man, in spite of his fair name, is
one of the most vile men in our land. He does all that he
can to fill all men with some of his wild views, which tend
to the bane of our realm, and which lie for the most part
calls grounds of faith and a pure life.' And in chief I
heard him once say that the faith of Christ and the laws
of our town of Vanity could not be at one, as they were
foes each to each."
Then did they call Superstition, and sware him: so he
said: My lord, I know not much of this man, nor do I
care to know more of him; but he is a most vile knave;
I heard him say that our faith was naught,. and such by
which no man could please God. Which words of his,
my lord, you quite well know what they mean, to wit, that
we still work in vain, are yet in our sins, and at last shall
be lost. And this is that which I have to say."
Then was Pickthank sworn, and bid say what he knew
in the cause of their lord the king to the hurt of the rogue
at the bar.
Pick.-" My lord, and you great folk all, this wight I
have known of a long time, and have heard him speak
things that ought not to be said ; for lie did rail on our great
prince, Beelzebub, and spoke ill of his firm friends; and he
hath said, too, that if all men were of his mind, if so be there
is not one of these great men should from that time forth
stay in this town. More than this, he hath not felt dread
to rail on you, my lord, who are now sent to be his judge."
The Pilgrim's Progress.
When this Pickthank had told his tale, the judge spoke
to the man at the bar, and said, Thou vile, base wretch,
hast thou heard what those just and true men have sworn
to thy bane ? "
Fai.-" I say then, as a set off to what Mr. Envy hath
said, I spoke not a word but this, 'That what rule, or laws,
or rights, or men, are flat down on the Word of God, are
foes to the faith of Christ.'
As to the next, to wit, Mr. Superstition, and his charge
to my hurt, I said but this, That to serve God one needs
a faith from on high; but there can be no faith from on
high void of the will of God made known from the same
source. Hence, all that is thrust on us that does not
square with this will of God, is but of man's faith ; which
faith will not serve the life that is to come.'
As to what Mr. Pickthank hath said, 'That the prince
of this town, with all the roughs, his slaves, are more fit
for one in hell than in this town and land'; and so the
Lord be good to me."
Then the judge said to those who were to bind or loose
him from the charge: Ye who serve here to weigh this
case, you see this man of whom so great a din hath been
made in this town. It doth lie now on your souls to hang
him, or save his life; but yet I think meet to teach you a
few points of our law.
There was an act made in the days of Pharaoh the
great, friend to our prince, that, lest those of a wrong faith
should spread and grow too strong for him, their males
should be thrown in the stream. There was, in like way,
an act made in the days of Nebuchadnezzar the great, who,
too, did serve him, that such as would not fall down and
laud the form he had set up, should be flung in a pit of
Then stood forth Envy and said: "My lord, this man in spite
of his fair name, is one of the most vile men in our land."-
Page 61. Pilgrim's Progress.
fire. Now the pith of these laws this rogue has set at
naught, not in mere thought but in word and deed as well.
Twice, nay thrice, he speaks of our creed as a thing of
naught; and for this, on his own words, he needs must
die the death."
Then went out those who had to weigh the case, whose
names were Mr. Blind-man, Mr. No-good, Mr. Malice, Mr.
Love-lust, Mr. Live-loose, Mr. Heady, Mr. High-mind, Mr.
Enmity, Mr. Liar, Mr. Cruelty, Mr. Hate-light, and Mr.
Implacable; who each one gave in his voice to Faithful's
hurt, in his own mind; and then meant to make known
his doom in face of the judge. And Mr. Blindman, the
chief, said, I see, most plain, that this man is a foe; let
us at once doom him to death. And so they did. The
judge then put on the black cap, and said, That he should
be led from the place where lie was to the place from
whence he came, and there to be put to the worst death
that could be thought off."
They then brought him out to do with him as the law
set forth : and first they whipt him ; then they did pelt
him with stones; and, last of all, they burnt him to dust at
the stake. Thus came Faithful to his end.
Now I saw that there stood in the rear of the crowd a
state car, with two steeds, that did wait for Faithful; who,
as soon as his foes had got rid of him, was caught up in it
and straight sent off through the clouds, with sound of
trump, the most near way to the Celestial Gate. But as
for Christian, he was put back to jail; so there lie lay for
a space: but He that rules all things, in whose hand was
the might of their rage, so wrought it that Christian, for
that time, got free from them and went his way,
The Pilgrim's Progress.
CHRISTIAN AND HOPEFUL.
Now I saw in my dream that Christian went not forth
with none to cheer him; for there was one whose name
was Hopeful, who set out with him, and made a grave pact
that he would be his friend.
So I saw that when they were just got out of the fair
they came up with one that had gone on in front of them,
whose name was By-ends. He told them that he came
from the town of Fair-speech, and was bound for the
Celestial City; but he told them not his name.
Chr.-" Pray, sir, what may I call you "
By.-" I know not you, nor you me: if you mean to go
this way, I shall be glad to go with you: if not, I must
take things as they come."
Then Christian stept on one side to his friend Hopeful,
and said, It runs in my mind that this is one By-ends,
of Fair-speech, and if it be he, we have as keen a knave in
our midst as dwells in all these parts." Then said Hope-
ful, Ask him; I think he should not blush at his name."
So Christian came up with him once more, and said, Sir,
is not your name Mr. By-ends, of Fair-speech ? "
By.-" This is not my name; but, in sooth, it is a name
I got in scorn from some that do not like me."
Chr.-" I thought, in sooth, that you were the man that
I had heard of; and, to tell you what I think, I fear this
name suits you more than you would wish we should think
By.-" Well, if you will thus think, I durst not help it:
The Pilgrbm's Progress.
you shall find me a fair man, if you will make me one of
Chr.-" If you will go with us, you must go in the teeth
of wind and tide; you must, in like wise, own Faith in his
rags, as well as when in his sheen shoes; and stand by
him, too, when bound in chains, as well as when he walks
the streets with praise."
By.-" You must not curb my faith, nor lord it in this
way: leave me free to think, and let me go with you."
Chr.-" Not a step more, save you will do in what I
shall speak as we."
Then said By-ends, "I shall not cast off my old views,
since they bring no harm, and are of use. If' I may not
go with you, I must do as I did ere you came up with me,
that is, go on with no one, till some will come on who will
be glad to meet me."
Now I saw in my dream that Christian and Hopeful left
him, and went on in front of him : but one of them did
chance to look back, and saw three men in the wake of
Mr. By-ends, and lo, as they came up with him, he made
them quite a low bow. The men's names were Mr. Hold-
the-world, Mr. Money-love, and Mr. Save-all; men that
Mr. By-ends had erst known; for when boys they were
mates at school, and were taught by one Mr. Gripeman,
who keeps a school in Love-gain, which is a large town in
the shire of Coveting, in the north.
Well, when they, as I said, did greet in turn, Mr. Money-
love said to Mr. By-ends, Who are they on the road right
in front of us "
By.-" They are a pair from a land far off, that, in their
mode, are bent on a long route."
Money.-" Ah! why did they not stay; that we might
-~~ 4' Y I
Then Christian saw three men in the wake of Mr. By-ends, and lo, as they came up with him he made them a
very low bow.-Page 66. Pilgrim's Progress.
Christian and Hopeful.
have gone on with them ? for they, and we, and you, sir, I
hope, are all bent on the same road."
By.-" Why, they, in their fierce mood, think that they
are bound to rush on their way at all times; while I wait
for wind and tide. They like to risk all for God at a clap;
while I like to seize all means to make safe my life and
lands. They are for Faith when in rags and scorn; but I
am for him when he walks in his sheen shoes in the sun,
and with praise."
Hold.-" Ay, and hold you there still, good Mr. By-ends:
for my part I can count him but a fool, that with the
means to keep what he has, he shall be so lack of sense as
to lose it. For my part, I like that faith best that will
stand with the pledge of God's good gifts to us. Abraham
and Solomon grew rich in faith: and Job says that a good
man shall lay up gold as dust.' But he must not be such
as the men in front of us, if they be as you have said of
Save.-" I think that we are all of one mind in this
thing; and hence there need no more words be said of it."
Mr. By-ends and his friends did lag and keep back, that
Christian and Hopeful might go on in front of them.
Then Christian and Hopeful went till they came to a
nice plain known as Ease; which did please them much:
but that plain was but strait, so they were soon got through
it. Now at the far side of that plain was a small hill,
which went by the name of Lucre, and in that hill a gold
mine, which some of them that had been that way had
gone on one side to see; but, as they got too near the
brink of the pit, the ground, as it was not sound, broke
when they trod on it, and they were slain.
Then I saw in my dream that a short way off the road,
The Pilgrim's Progress.
nigh to the gold mine, stood Demas, a man of fair looks,
to call to such as went that way to come and see; who
said to Christian and his friend, Ho turn hence on this
side, and I will show you a thing. Here is a gold mine,
and some that dig in it for wealth: if you will come, with
DEMAS TEMPTS CIIHRISTIAN AND HIIO'EI UL.
slight pains you may gain a rich store for your use."
Then Christian did call to Demas, and said, Is not the
way rife with risks ? Hath it not let some in their way ? "
SDem.-" Not so much so, save to those that take no
care." But a blush came on his face as he spake.
Doubting Castle and Giant Despair.
Then said Christian to Hopeful, Let us not stir a step,
but still keep on our way."
By this time By-ends and those who were with him came
once more in sight, and they, at the first beck, went straight
to Demas. Now, that they fell in the pit, as they stood
on the brink of it, or that they went down to dig, or that
they lost their breath at the base by the damps that, as a
rule, rise from it, of these things I am not sure; but this I
saw, that from that time forth they were not seen once
more in the way. Which strange sight gave them cause
for grave talk.
DOUBTING CASTLE AND GIANT DESPAIR.
I SAW then, that they went on their way to a fair stream.
Here then Christian and his friend did walk with great joy.
They drank, too, of the stream, which was sweet to taste,
and like balm to their faint hearts. More than this, on the
banks of this stream, on each side, were green trees with
all kinds of fruit: and the leaves they ate to ward off ills
that come of too much food and heat of blood, while on
the way. On each side of the stream was a mead, bright
with white plants; and it was green all the year long. In
this mead they lay down and slept. When they did wake
they felt a wish to go on, and set out. Now the way from
the stream was rough, and their feet soft, for that they
came a long road: so the souls of the men were sad, from
the state of the way. Now, not far in front of them, there
was on the left hand of the road a mead, and a stile to get
The Pilgrim's Progress.
right to it: and that mead is known as By-path Meadow.
Then said Christian to his friend, If this mead doth lie
close by the side of our way, let us go straight to it." Then
said Christian to his friends, If this mead doth lie close by
the side of our way, let us go straight to it." Then he went
to the stile to see, and lo, a path lay close by the way on
the far off side of the fence. It is just as I wish," said
Christian; come, good Hopeful, and let us cross to it."
Hope.-" But how if this path should lead us out of the
way ? "
That is not like to be," said the next. "Look, doth it
not go straight on by the side of the way ? So Hopeful,
when he thought on what his friend said, went in his steps,
and did cross the stile; and at the same time, while they
cast their eyes in front of them, they saw a man that did
walk as they did, and his name was Vain-Confidence: so
they did call to him, and ask him to what place that way
led. He said, To the Celestial Gate." "Look," said
Christian, did not I tell you so ? by this you may see we
are right." So they went in his wake, and he went in front
of them. But, lo, the night came on, and it grew quite
dark; so that they that were in the rear lost the sight of
him that went in front.
He then that went in front, as he did not see the way
clear, fell in a deep pit, which was there made by the
prince of those grounds to catch such vain fools with the
rest, and was torn in bits by his fall.
Now Christian and his friend heard him fall: so they did
call to know the cause: but there was none to speak.
Then Hopeful gave a deep groan, and said, Oh, that I
had kept on my way! "
Chr.-" Good friend, do not feel hurt. I grieve I have
-. t- ^
This is Vain Confidence, whom Christian and Hopeful saw in
the way as they did walk.-Page 70. Pilgrim's Progress.
__l__iC__;_C __ j_~_____ C_____i__ _;~li__~~ __~________
Doubting( Castle and Giant Despair.
brought thee out of the way, and that I have put thee in
no slight strait; pray, my friend, let this pass; I did not
do it of a bad will."
fHope.-" Be of good cheer, my friend, for I give thee
shrift; and trust, too, this shall be for our good."
Then, so as to cheer them, they heard the voice of one
that said, Let thine heart be set on the high road; and
the way that thou didst go turn once more." But by this
time the way that they should go back was rife with risk.
Then I thought that we get more quick out of the way
when we are in it, than in it when we are out.
Nor could they, with all the skill they had, get once
more to the stile that night. For which cause, as they at
last did light neath a slight shed, they sat down there till
day broke: but as they did tire they fell to sleep. Now
there was not far from the place where they lay a fort,
known as Doubting Castle, and he who kept it was Giant
Despair: and it was on his grounds that they now slept.
Hence, as he got up at dawn, and did walk up and down
in his fields, he caught Christian and Hopeful in sound
sleep on his grounds. They told him they were poor
wights, and that they had lost their way. Then said the
Giant, You have this night come where you should not;
you did tramp in, and lie on, my grounds, and so you
must go hence with me." So they were made to go, for
that he had more strength than they. They, too, had but
few words to say, for they knew they were in a fault. The
Giant hence drove them in front of him, and put them in
his fort, in a dank, dark cell, that was foul and stunk to
the souls of these two men. Here then they lay for full
four days, and had not one bit of bread, or drop of drink,
or light, or one to ask how they did: they were, hence,
The Pilgrim's Pr'ogress.
here in bad case, and were far from friends and all who
knew them. Now in this place Christian had more than
his own share of grief, for it was through his bad words that
they were brought to such dire bale.
Now Giant Despair had a wife, and her name was Diffi-
dence : so when he was gone to bed he told his wife what
he had done. Then he did ask her, too, what he had best
do more to them. Then she said to him that when he got
up in the morn he should beat them, and show no ruth.
So when he rose he gets him a huge stick of crab, and goes
down to the cell to them, and falls on them and beats them
in such sort that they could do naught to ward off his
blows, or to turn them on the floor. This done, lie goes
off and leaves them there to soothe each one his friend,
and to mourn their grief. The next night, she spoke with
her lord more as to their case, and when she found that
they were not dead, did urge him to tell them to take their
own lives. So when morn was come he told them that
since they were not like to come out of that place, their
best way would be at once to put an end to their lives,
with knife, rope, or drug. But they did pray him to let
them go ; with that he gave a frown on them, ran at them,
and had no doubt made an end of them with his own hand,
but that he fell in one of his fits. From which cause he
went off, and left them to think what to do. Then did
the men talk of the best course to take; and thus they
Friend," said Christian, what shall we do ? The life
that we now live is fraught with ill: for my part, I know
not if it be best to live thus, or die out of hand : the grave
has more ease for me than this cell."
Hope.-" Of a truth, our state is most dread, and death
Doubting Castle and Giant Despair.
would be more of a boon to me than thus hence to stay:
but let us not take our own lives." With these words
Hopeful then did soothe the mind of his friend: so they
did stay each with each in the dark that day, in their sad
and drear plight.
Well, as dusk came on the Giant goes down to the cell
once more, to see if those he held bound there had done as
he had bid them : but when he came there he found they
still did live, at which he fell in a great rage, and told them
that, as he saw they had lent a deaf ear to what he said,
it should be worse for them than if they had not been
At this they shook with dread, and I think that Chris-
tian fell in a swoon; but as he came round once more, they
took up the same strain of speech as to the Giant's words,
and if it were best give heed to them or no. Now Chris-
tian once more did seem to wish to yield, but Hopeful
made his next speech in this wise:
My friend," said he, dost thou not know how brave
thou hast been in times past ? The foul fiend could not
crush thee; nor could all that thou didst hear, or see, or
feel in the Vale of the Shade of Death; what wear and
tear, grief and fright, hast thou erst gone through, and art
thou naught but fears ? Thou dost see that I am in the
cell with thee, and I am a far more weak man to look at
than thou art: in like way, this Giant did wound me as
well as thee, and hath, too, cut off the bread and drink
from my mouth, and with thee I mourn void of the light.
But let us try and grow more strong: call to mind how
thou didst play the man at Vanity Fair, and wast not
made blench at the chain or cage, nor yet at fierce death;
for which cause let us, at least to shun the shame that
The Pilgrimn's Progrness.
looks not well for a child of God to be found in, bear up
with calm strength as well as we can."
Now night had come once more, and his wife spoke to
him of the men, and sought to know if they had done as
he had told them. To which he said, "They are stout
rogues; they choose the more to bear all hard things than
to put an end to their lives." Then said she, Take them
to the garth next day, and show them the bones and skulls
of those that thou hast put to death, and make them think
thou wilt tear them in shreds, as thou hast done to folk
like to them."
So when the morn was come the Giant takes them to
the garth, and shows them as his wife had bade him:
" These," said he, were wights, as you are, once, and
they trod on my ground, as you have done; and when I
thought fit I tore them in bits, and so in the space of ten
days I will do you: go, get you down to your den once
more." And with that he beat them all the way to the
place. They lay for this cause all day in a sad state, just
as they had done. Now, when night was come, and when
Mrs. Diffidence and her spouse the Giant were got to bed,
they once more spoke of the men; and, with this, the Giant
thought it strange that he could not by his blows or words
bring them to an end. And with that his wife said, "I
fear that they live in hopes that some will come to set
them free, or that they have things to pick locks with them,
by the means of which they hope to scape." And dost
thou say so, my dear ?" said the Giant; "I will hence
search them in the morn."
Well, in the depth of night they strove hard to pray,
and held it up till just break of day.
Now, not long ere it was day, good Christian, as one
The Pilgrim's Progress.
half wild, brake out in this hot speech: "What a fool,"
quoth he, am I, thus to lie in a foul den when I may as
well walk in the free air: I have a key in my breast known
as Promise, that will, I feel sure, pick each lock in Doubt-
ing Castle." Then said Hopeful, That is good news, my
friend; pluck it out of thy breast and try."
Then Christian took it out of his breast, and did try at
the cell door, whose bolt as lie did turn the key gave back,
and the door flew back with ease, and Christian and Hope-
ful both came out. Then he went to the front door that
leads to the yard of the fort, and with this key did ope
that door in like way. Then he went to the brass gate
(for that lie must ope too), but that lock he had hard work
to move; yet did the key pick it. Then they thrust wide
the gate to make their scape with speed. But that gate as
it went back did creak so, that it woke Giant Despair, who,
as he rose in haste to go in search of the men, felt his limbs
to fail, for his fits took him once more, so that he could by
no means go in their track. Then they went on, and came
to the King's high road once more, and so were safe, for
that they were out of his grounds.
Now, when they had got clear of the stile, they thought
in their minds what they should do at that stile, to keep
those that should come in their wake from the fell hands
of Giant Despair. So their built there a pile and wrote on
the side of it these words: To cross this stile is the way
to Doubting Castle, which is kept by Giant Despair, who
spurns the King of the good land, and seeks to kill such
as serve him."
The Delectable Mountains.
THE DELECTABLE MOUNTAINS.
THEY went then till they came to the Delectable
Mountains, which mounts the Lord of that hill doth own of
whom we erst did speak: so they went up to the mounts,
to see the plants, trees rife with fruit, the vines and founts;
where, too, they drank, did wash, and eat of the grapes till
no gust was left for more. Now there were on the top of
these mounts, Shepherds that fed their flocks, and they
stood by the side of the high road. Christian and Hope-
ful then went to them, and while they leant on their
staves (as is the case with wights who tire when they stand
to talk with folk by the way), they said, "Whose Delecta-
ble Mountains are these ? and whose be the sheep that fed
on them 1 "
She p.-" These mounts are Immanuel's Land, and they
can be seen from this town: and the sheep in like way are
his, and he laid down his life for them."
Chr.-" Is this the way to the Celestial City ?"
Shep.-" You are just in your way."
I saw, too, in my dream that when the Shepherds saw
that they were men on the road, they in like way did ask
them things, to which they spoke, as was their wont: as,
" Whence came you and how got you in the way ? and
by what means have you so held on in it ? for but few of
them that set out to come hence do show their face on
these mounts." But when the Shepherds heard their
speech, which did please them, they gave them looks of
fi le Pilg'ihn's P,'upfrs.q.
love, and said, Good come with thee to the Mounts of
The Shepherds, I say, whose names were Knowledge,
Experience, Watchful, and Sincere, took them by the
hand and had them to their tents, and made them eat and
drink of that which was there at the time. They said, too,
" We would that you should stay here a short time, to get
known to us, and yet more to cheer your heart with the
good of these Mounts of Joy." They told them that they
would much like to stay; and so they went to their rest
that night, for that it was so late.
Then I saw in my dream, that in the morn the Shepherds
did call on Christian and Hopeful to walk with them on
the mounts. Then said thie Shepherds, each to his friend,
" Shall we show these wights with staves some strange
sights'?" So they had them first to the top of a hill,
known as Error, and bid them look down to the base. So
Christian and Hopehfl did look down, and saw at the foot
a lot of men rent all to bits, by a fall that they had from
the top. Then said Christian, What doth this mean "
The Shepherds said, Have you not heard of them that
were made to err, in that they gave heed to Hmineneus and
Philetus, who held not the faith that the dead shall rise
from the grave ? Those that you see lie rent in bits at the
base of this mount are they ; and they have lain to this day
on the ground as you see, so tlat those who come this way
may take heed how they climb too high, or how they come
too near the brink of this mount."
Then I saw that they had them to the top of the next
mount, and the name of that is Caution, and bid them look
as far off as they could; which when they did they saw, as
they thought, a group of men that did walk up and down
The cl'ectalile 2Jfountac ns.
through the tombs that were there: and they saw that the
men were blind, for that they fell at times on the tombs,
and for that they could not get out from the midst of them.
Then said Christian, What means this ? "
The Shepherds then said, Did you not see, a short way
THE IILL ERROR.
down these mounts, a stile that leads to a mead on the
left hand of this war~y ? They said, "L Yes." Then- said
the Shlepherds, "Fromn that stile there goes a path that
leads straight to Doubting~ Castle, wh~ich1 is kept by Giaznt
Despair; and these inlen (as he did point to theml in~ the
Th1e Pilgrim's Progress.
midst of the tombs) came once on the way, as you do now
-ay, till they came to that same stile! And as they found
the right way was rough in that place, they chose to go
out of it to that mead, and there were caught by Giant
Despair and shut up in Doubting Castle; where, when
they had a while been kept in a cell, he at last did put out
their eyes, and led them in the thick of those tombs, where
he has left them to stray till this day: that the words of
the Wise Man might be brought to pass, He that strays
out of the way of truth shall dwell in the homes of the
dead.' Then did Christian and Hopeful look each on
each, while tears came from their eyes; but yet said they
not a word to the Shepherds.
Then I saw in my dream, that the Shepherds had them
to one more place, in a steep, where was a door in the side
of a hill; and they flung wide the door and bid them look
in. They did look in, hence, and saw that it was dark and
full of smoke ; they thought, too, that they heard a hoarse
noise, as of fire, and a cry of some in pain. Then said
Christian, What means this ? The Shepherds told them,
" This is a nigh way to Hell; a way that such as seem to
be what they are not go in at : to wit, such as sell the right
they had at birth, with Esau; such as sell their Lord, with
Judas; such as speak ill of God's Word, with Alexander ;
and that lie and shift, with Ananias, and Sapphira his
Then said Hopeful to the Shepherds, "I see that these
had on them, each one, a show of the road, as we have
now, had they not ? "
Shep.-" Yes, and held it a long time too."
Hope.-" How far might they go on in the way, in their
days, since they, in spite of this, were thus cast off ?"
The Enchanted Ground.
Shep.-" Some yon, and some not so far as these
By this time Christian and Hopeful had a wish to go
forth, and the Shepherds meant that they should : so they
sped side by side till they got nigh the end of the mounts.
Then said the Shepherds, each to his friend, Let us here
show these wights the gates of the Celestial City, if they
have skill to look through our kind of glass." The men
then did like the hint : so they had them to the top of a
high hill, the name of which was Clear, and gave them
the glass to look.
Then did they try to look, but the thought of that last
thing that the Shepherds had shown them made their
hands shake; by means of which let they could not look
well through the glass; yet they thought they saw a thing
like the gate, and, in like way, some of the sheen of the
Just ere they set out, one of the Shepherds gave them
a note of the way; the next bid them take heed of such as
fawn; the third bid them take heed that they slept not on
ground that had a spell; and the fourth bid them God
speed. So I did wake from my dream.
THE ENCHANTED GROUND AND THE WAY DOWN TO IT.
AND I slept and dreamt once more, and saw the same
two wights go down the mounts, by the high road that led
to the town. Now nigh the base of these mounts, on the
left hand, lies the land of Conceit, from which land there
The Pilgrim's Progress.
comes, right in the way in which the men trod, a small
lane with twists and turns. Here, then, they met with a
brisk lad that came out of that land, and his name was
Ignorance. So Christian would know from what parts he
came, and whence he was bound.
Ignor.-" Sir, I was born in the land that lies off there
a short way on the left hand, and I am bound to the
Chr.-" But how do you think to get in at the gate ?
for you may find some let there."
"As some good folk do," said he.
Chr.-" But what have you to show at that gate, that
the gate should be flung wide to you ? "
Ignor.-" I know my Lord's will, and have led a good
life; I pay each man his own; I pray, fast, pay tithes, and give
alms; and have left my land for the place to which I go."
Chr.-" But thou didst not come in at the Wicket-gate
that is at the head of this way; thou didst come in here
through that same lane with the twists and turns; and
hence, I fear, in spite of what thou dost think of thy right,
when the last day shall come, thou wilt have laid to thy
charge that thou art a thief, in lien of a free pass to the
Ignor.-" Sirs, ye be not known to me in the least; I
know you not; you be led by the faith of your land, and I
will be led by the faith of mine. I hope all will be well.
And as for the gate that you talk of, all the world knows
that that is a great way off our land. I do not think that
one man in all our parts doth so much as know the way to
it; nor need they care if they do or no; since we have, as
you see, a fine, gay, green lane, that comes down from our
land, the next road that leads to the way."
Then Christian met with a brisk lad who said his name was
Ignorance.-PRage 82. Pilgrim's Progress.
Thn e E;wetantecd Gi'OzLm.
When Christian saw that the man was wise in his own
eyes, he said to Hopeful in a soft voice, There is more
hope of a fool than of him'"; and said, in like way,
" When he that is a fool walks by the way, his sense fails
him, and he saith to each one that he is a fool.' What!
shall we talk more with him, or move on now, and so leave
him to think of what he hath erst heard, and then stop
once more for him in a while, and see if by slow steps we
can do aught of good to him ? Then said Hopefil, It
is not good, I think, to say so to him all at once ; let us
pass him by, if you will, and talk to him by and by, just
as he has strength to bear it.' "
So they both went on, and Ignorance came in their track.
Now, when they had left him a short way, they came to
a dark lane, where they met a man whom some fiends had
bound with strong cords, and took back to the door that
they saw on the side of the hill. Now good Christian
could not help but shake, and so did Hopeful, who was
with him ; yet, as the fiends led bff the man, Christian did
look to see if he knew him; and he thought it might be
one Turnaway, that dwelt in the town of Apostacy. But
he did not well see his face, for he did hang his head like
a thief that is found. But when he had gone past, Hope-
ful gave a look at him, and saw on his back a card, with
these words, Vile cheat, that has left his faith."
So they went on, and Ignorance went in their track.
They went till they came at a place where they saw a way
put right in their way, and did seem, at the same time, to
lie as straight as the way which they should go. And
here they knew not which of the two to take, for both did
seem straight in front of them : hence they stood to think.
And as they thought of the way, lo, a man black of flesh,
I'/we Pdlygrim'8 Proy&9cscu.
but clad with a light robe, came to them, and did ask them
why they stood there. They said they were bound to the
Celestial City, but knew not which of these ways to take.
"Go with me," said the man; "it is to that place I am
bent." So they went with him in the way that but now
came to the road, which each step they took did turn and
turn them so far from the town that they sought to go
to, that in a short time their heads did turn off from it;
yet they went with him. But by and by, ere they well
knew of it, he led them both in tle bounds of a net, in
which they were both so caught tlat they knew not what
to do ; and with that the white robe fell off the black man's
back: then they saw where they were. For which cause
there they lay in tears some time, for they could not get
their limbs out.
Then said Christian to his friend, Now do I see that I
am wrong. Did not the Shepherds bid us take heed of
the Flatterer ? As are the words of the Wise Man, so we
have found it this day, A man that fawns on his friend
spreads a net for his feet.' "
Hope.-" They, too, gave us some notes as to the way,
so that we may be the more sure to find it; but in that we
have not thought to read."
Thus they lay in sad pliglht in the net. At last they
saw a Bright One come nigh to where they were, with a
whip of small cords in his hand. When he was come to
the place where they were, he did ask them whence they
came, and what they did there ? They told him they were
poor wights bound to Zion, but were led out of their way
by a black man clad in white, who bid us," said they,
" go with him, for he was bound to that place too." Then
said he with the whip, It is one who fawns, a false guide
Then did Hopeful tell Christian his experience, and Christian
said: "Let us not sleep, as some do; but let us watch and pray."
-Page 86. Pilgrim's Progress.
The Enchanted Ground.
who wore the garb of a sprite of light." So he rent the
net, and let the men out. Then said he to them, Come
with me, that I may set you in your way once more ": so
he led them back to the way they had left to go with the
Flatterer. Then he did ask them and said, Where did
you lie the last night They said, With the Shepherds
on the Mounts of Joy." He did ask, then, if they had not
of those men a note as a guide for the way. They said,
" Yes." But did you not," said he, when you were at
a stand, pluck out and read your note ? Quoth they,
"No.". He did ask them, Why' They said, They
did not think of it." He would know, too, If the Shep-
herds did not bid them take heed of the Flatterer?" They
said, "Yes; but we thought not," said they, "that this
man of fine speech had been he."
Then [ saw in my dream that he told them to lie down;
which when they did, he gave them sore stripes, to teach
them the good way in which they should walk. This
done, he bids them go on their way, and take good heed
to the next hints of the Shepherds.
I then saw in my dream, that they went on till they
came to a land whose air did tend to make one sleep. And
here Hopeful grew quite dull and nigh fell to sleep : for
which cause he said to Christian : I do now grow so dull
that I can scarce hold ope mine eyes; let us lie down here
and take one nap."
By no means," said Christian, lest if we sleep we wake
Hope.-" Why, my friend ? Sleep is sweet to the man
that toils: it may give us strength if we take a nap."
Chr.-" Do you not know that one of the Shepherds
bid us take heed of the Enchanted Ground ? He meant
The PilrihnL's PI-ogress.
by that, that we should take care and not go to sleep.
' Let us not sleep, as do some; but let us watch and be of
sound nind.' "
Hope.-" I know I am in fault; and, had not you been
with me here, I had gone to sleep and run the risk of
HOPEFUL TELLS CHRISTIAN HIS EXPERIENCE.
HOPEFUL TELLS CHRISTIAN HIS EXPERIENCE.
death. I see it is true that the wise man saith, Two are
more good than one.' Up to this time thou hast been my
ruth; and thou shalt 'have a good meed for thy pains.' "
I saw then in my dream, that Hopeful gave a look back,
and saw Ignorance, whom they had left in their wake,
come in their track. "Look," said he to Christian, "how
far yon youth doth lag in the rear."