Front Cover
 Title Page
 List of Illustrations
 Part I
 Part II
 The little pilgrim
 Introductory notice of the...
 Back Cover

Title: Bunyan's Pilgrim's progress, in words of one syllable
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00083783/00001
 Material Information
Title: Bunyan's Pilgrim's progress, in words of one syllable
Alternate Title: Pilgrim's progress
Physical Description: 170 p., 4 leaves of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Bunyan, John, 1628-1688
Bunyan, John, 1628-1688
Barnard, Frederick, 1846-1896 ( Illustrator )
Winston, John C ( John Clark ), 1856-1920 ( Copyright holder )
Pilgrim's Progress Publishing Company ( Publisher )
Dalziel Brothers ( Engraver )
Publisher: Pilgrim's Progress Publishing Company
Place of Publication: Philadelphia?
Publication Date: c1895
Subject: Christian life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Salvation -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Christian pilgrims and pilgrimages -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Allegories -- 1895   ( rbgenr )
Dialogues -- 1895   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1895
Genre: Allegories   ( rbgenr )
Dialogues   ( rbgenr )
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
Statement of Responsibility: with numerous illustrations designed by Frederick Barnard and others, and water-color reproductions.
General Note: Cover and plates illustrated in color; and some illustrations engraved by Dalziel.
General Note: Text printed in double columns separated by ruled line.
General Note: Includes the poem, 'The little pilgrim' and 'Introductory notice of the author.'
General Note: On verso of title-page: "Entered by John C. Winston."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00083783
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002471099
notis - AMH6617
oclc - 03599521

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Title Page
        Title Page 1
        Title Page 2
    List of Illustrations
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Part I
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 32a
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 56a
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
    Part II
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 80a
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
    The little pilgrim
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
    Introductory notice of the author
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text

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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1895, by


in the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.




Evangelist points Christian to The Wicket Gate.
Christian, Discretion, Piety, Charity and Prudence.
Christian and Faithful pass through Vanity Fair.
Christian and Hopeful reach The Celestial City.



"As I slept, I dreamed a dream," . .
Christian tells his wife and children of his dis
Obstinate ........... ...
Pliable, . . . .... .
Mr. Worldly Wiseman . . .
"Beelzebub and the rest shoot darts," .
Christian before the Cross, . .
Christian and the Angels, . .
Formalist, . . . ..
Hypocrisy, . . . .
"He fell, and rose no more," ...
"He fell off in a deep sleep,"... .
Watchful, the Porter. . . .

. .
str ss. . .
. .

. . .
. . ..

Watchful meets'Christian and calls Discretion to the
Discretion, Piety, Charity and Prudence read to
Palace Beautiful,. . . . .
Giving thanks for his deliverance from Apollyon, .
A place full of bad men, . . . .
Christian and Faithful join company, ... .

door, .

S. Ditto, . 12
Ditto, .. 15
Ditto, . 20
S. F. BARNARD,. 29
S. Ditto, ... "30
Ditto, . 31
Ditto, . 32
.Ditto, .. 34
. .Ditto, 41
. F. BARNARD, 44
. .Ditto, 45


Superstition,. . .............
Envy . . . ..
Pick-thank, . . . .
Pride; Arrogancy; Self-conceit; Worldly-glory, .
" The stake brought Faithful to his end," .
Vain-confidence, . . . .
Hopeful joins Christian . ......
Giant Despair, .... . ...
Ignorance, . . . . .
The fate of Ignorance, ...........
" Thus they got to the right bank," .. ..
" Then I woke," . ...

. F. BARNARD, 49
Ditto, 50
S. Ditto, . 51
S. Ditto, 53
. Ditto, 55
. Ditto, .. 56
S. Ditto, .... 68
. F. BARNARD, 76
. Ditto, . 78


HEADING-Bunyan in Bedford Jail . . . .
Christiana opens her mind to her Children . . .
"Well, I see you have a mind to play the fool, too," .
Mercy fallen in a swoon at The Wicket Gate . . .
"So Christiana's boys, as boys are apt to do, being pleased with
trees, and the fruit that did hang thereon, did plash them, and
gan to eat,. . . . . ......
The ill-favored ones, . . . . . .
Innocent, . . . . . . .
"A man that could look no way but downwards, with a muck-rake
his hand," . . . . . .
M r. Great-heart, . . . .
Prudence questions Christiana's Children, . . .
"I lay in some lone wood to weep and wail," . . .
M r. B risk, . . . . . ..
Doctor Skill,......... . . .
Giant Maul, ........... . .
The Shepherd Boy,........ . .
Gaius, ....... . . .
"The meal was then spread,"..... . .
Mercy and Matthew,........... . . .
Old Honest, ............. . . .
Despondency,........... . .
M uch-afraid, . ... . . .
Heedless,............ . . .
T oo-bold, . . . . . .. .
Christiana passes over the River to The Celestial City . ..

S.Ditto, .
- in
S.Ditto, .
S.Ditto, .
S. Ditto, .
S. Ditto, .
S. Ditto, .
S Ditto, .

SDitto, .
.Ditto, ..
.Ditto, .

. E. F. BREWTNALL, 141



\\ \


"As I slept, I dreamed a dream."



o a


AS I went through the wild
waste of this world, I
came to a place where there
was a den, and I lay down in
it to sleep. While I slept, I
had a dream, and lo! I saw
a man whose clothes were in
rags, and he stood with his
face from his own house, with
a book in his hand, and a
great load on his back. I
saw him read from the leaves
of a book, and as he read, he
wept and shook with fear;
and at length he broke out
with a loud cry, and said,
What shall I do to save my
soul ?
So in this plight he went
home, and as long as he
could he held his peace, that
his wife and babes should not

see his grief. But at length
he told them his mind, and
thus he spoke,-O my dear
wife, and you my babes, I,
your dear friend, am full of
woe, for a load lies hard on
me; and more than this, I
have been told that our town
will be burnt with fire, in
which I, you my wife, and
you my sweet babes, shall be
lost, if means be not found to
save us.
This sad tale struck all
who heard him with awe, not
that they thought what he
said to them was true, but
that they had fears that some
weight must be on his mind;
so, as night now drew near,
they were in hopes that sleep
might soothe his brain,, and


with all haste they got him to
When the morn broke,
they sought to know how he
did? He told them, Worse
and worse; and he set to talk
once more in the same strain
as he had done; but they
took no heed of it. By and
by, to drive off his fit, they
spoke harsh words to him;
at times they would laugh, at
times they would chide, and
then set him at nought. So
he. went to his room to pray
for them, as well as to nurse
his own grief. He would go,
too, in the woods to read and
muse, and thus for some
weeks he spent his time.
Now I saw, in my dream,
that one day. as he took his
walk in the fields with his
book in his hand, he gave a
i groan,-for he felt as if a
cloud were on his soul,-and
he burst out as he was wont
to do, and said, Who will save
me ? I saw, too, that he gave

wild looks this way and that,
as if he would rush off; yet
he stood still, for he could not
tell which way to go. At
last, a man, whose name was
Evangelist, came up to him
and said, Why dost thou
weep ?
He said, Sir, I see by this
book in my hand that I am
to die, and that then God will
judge me. Now I dread to die.
Evangelist.-Why do you
fear to die, since this life is
fraught with woe?
The man said, I fear lest a
hard doom should wait me,
and that this load on my back
will make me sink down, till
at last, I shall find I am in
If this be your case, said
Evangelist, why do you stand
But the man said, I know
not where to go.
Then he gave him a scroll
with these words on it, "Fly
from the wrath to come."

"At length he brake his mind to his wife and children."


When the man read it he
said, Which way must I fly?
Evangelist held out his
hand to point to a gate in a
wide field, and said, Do you
see the Wicket Gate ?
The man said, No.
Do you see that light ?
He then said, I think I do.
Keep that light in your
eye, quoth Evangelist, and go
straight up to it; so shall you
see the gate, at which, when
you knock, it shall be told
you what you are to do.
Then I saw in my dream
that Christian-for that was
his name-set off to run.
Now he had not gone far
from his own door, when his
wife and young ones, who
saw him, gave a loud wail to
beg of him to come back;
but the man put his hands to
his ears, and ran on with a
cry of "Life! Life!" The
friends of his wife, too, came
out to see him run, and as he
went, some were heard to

mock him, some to use threats,
and there were two who set
off to fetch him back by force,
the names of whom were
Obstinate and Pliable. Now,
by this time, the man had
gone a good way off, but at
last they came up to him.
Then said Christian,
Friends, why are you come?
To bid you go back with
us, said they.
But, quoth he, that can by
no means be; you dwell in
The City of Destruction, the
place where I, too, was born.
I know it to be so, and there
you will die and sink down
to a place which burns with
fire; be wise, good friends,
and come with me.
What! and leave our goods,
and all our kith and kin ?
Yes, said Christian, for that
all which you might leave is
but a grain to that which I
seek, and if you will go with
me and hold it firm, you shall
fare as well as I; for there,

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where I go, you will find all
you want and to spare. Come
with me, and prove my words.
Obstinate.-What are the
things you seek, since you
leave all the world to find
them ?


Christian.-I seek those
joys that fade not, which are
laid up in a place of bliss-
safe there for those who go in
search of them. Read it so,
if you will, in my book.

Obstinate.-Tush! Off
with your book. Will you
go back with us or no ?
Christian.-No, not I, for
I have laid my hand to the
Obstinate.-Come, friend
Pliable, let us turn back and
leave him; there is a troop of
such fools who, when they
take up with a whim by the
end, are more wise in their
own eyes than ten men who
know how to think.
Pliable.-Nay, do not scorn
him; if what the good Chris-
tian says is true, the things he
looks to are of more worth
than ours; my heart leans to
what he says.
Obstinate.-What! more
fools still! Go back, go back,
and be wise.
Christian.-Nay, but do
you come with your friend
Pliable; there are such things
to be had as those I just
spoke of, and more too. If
you give no heed to me, read

TAT A7DU'n P n C )Ir7 /I AT1' C T Q lT

here in this book which comes
to us from God, who could
not lie.
Pliable.-Well, friend Ob-
stinate, I think now I have
come to a point; and I mean
to go with this good man, and
to cast my lot in with -his.
Then said he to Christian, Do
you know the way to the
place you speak of?
Christian.-I am told by a
man whose name is Evangel-
ist, to do my best to reach a
gate that is in front of us,
where I shall be told how to

find the way.
So they went

on side by

Obstinate.-And I will go
back to my place; I will not
be one of such vain folk.
Now I saw in my dream,
that when Obstinate was gone
back, Christian and Pliable
set off to cross ,the plain, and
they spoke thus as they
went :-
Christian.-Well, Pliable,

how do you do now? I am
glad you have a mind to go
with me.
Pliable.-Come, friend
Christian, since there are none
but we two here, tell me more
of the things of which we go
in search.
Christian.-I can find them
in my heart, though I know
not how to speak of them
with my tongue; but yet,
since you wish to know, this
book tells us of a world that
has no bounds, and a life that
has no end.
Pliable.-Well said, and
what else ?
Christian.-That there are
crowns of light in store for
us, and robes that will make
us shine like the sun.
Pliable.-This, too, is good;
and what else ?
Christian.-That there
shall be no more care nor
grief; for he that owns the
place will wipe all tears from
our eyes.


Pliable.-And what friends
shall we find there ?
Christian.-There we shall
be with all the saints, in robes
so bright that our eyes will
grow dim to look on them.
There shall we meet those


who in this world have stood
out for the faith, and have
been burnt at the stake, and
thrown to wild beasts, for the
love they bore to the Lord.
They will not harm us, but
will greet us with love, for

they all walk in the sight of
Pliable.-But how shall we
get to share all this ?
Christian.-The Lord of
that land saith, if we wish to
gain that world we shall be
free to have it.
Pliable.-Well, my good
friend, glad am I to hear of
these things: come on, let
us mend our pace.
Christian.-I can not go so
fast as I would, for this load
on my back.
Then I saw in my dream
that just as they had come to
an end of this talk, they drew
near to a slough that was in
the midst of the plain, and as
they took no heed, they both
fell in. The name of the
slough was Despond. Here
they lay for a time inr the
mud; and the load that
Christian had on his back
made him sink all the more
in the mire.
Pliable.-Ah! friend Chris-


tian, where are you now ?
Christian.-In truth, I do
not know.
Then Pliable said to his
friend, Is this the bliss of
which you have told me all
this while ? If we have such
ill speed when we first set
out, what may we look for
twixt this and the end of our
way ? And with that he got
out of the mire on that side
of the slough which was next
to his own house; then off
he went, and Christian saw
him no more.
So Christian was left to
strive in The Slough of De-
spond as well as he could;
yet his aim was to reach that
side of the slough that was
next The Wicket Gate,
which at last he did, but he
could not get out for the
load that was on his back;
till I saw in my dream that
a man came to him whose
name was Help.
What do you do here?

said Help.
Christian.-I was bid to
go this way by Evangelist,
who told me to pass up to
yon gate, that I might flee
from the wrath to come, and
on my way to it I fell in here.
Help.-But why did you
not look for the steps ?
Christian.-Fear came so
hard on me that I fled the
next way and fell in.
Help.-Give me your
So he gave him his hand,
and he drew him out, and set
him on firm ground, and bade
him go on his way.
Then in my dream I went
up to Help and said to him,
Sir, since this place is on the
way from The City of De-
struction to The Wicket
Gate, how is it that no one
mends this patch of ground,
so that those who come by
may not fall in the slough ?
Help.-This slough is such
a place as no one can mend.


It is the spot to which doth
run the scum and filth that
wait on sin, and that is why
men call it The Slough of
Despond. When the man of
sin wakes up to a sense of
his own lost state, doubts and
fears rise up in his soul, and
all of them drain down and
sink in this place; and it is
this that makes the ground
so bad. True there are good
and sound steps in the midst
of the slough, but at times it
is hard to see them; or if
they be seen, men's heads are
so dull that they step on one
side, and fall in the mire.
But the ground is good when
they 'have once got in at the
Now I saw in my dream
that by this time Pliable had
gone back to his house once
more, and that his friends
came to see him: some said
how wise it was to come
home, and some that he was
a fool to have gone. Some,

too, were found to mock him,
who said-Well, had I set
out, I would not have been
so base as to come back for
a slough in the road. So
Pliable was left to sneak off;
but at last he got more heart,
and then all were heard to
turn their taunts, and laugh
at poor Christian. Thus
much for Pliable.
Now as Christian went on
his way he saw a man come
through the field to meet
him, whose name was Mr.
Worldly Wiseman, and he
dwelt in the town of Carnal
Policy, which was near that
whence Christian came. He
had heard some news of
Christian; for his flight from
The City of Destruction had
made much noise, and was
now the talk far and near.
So he said, How now, good
Sir, where do you go with
such a load on your back?
Christian.-In truth, it is a
load; and if you ask me


where I go, I must -tell you,
Sir, I must go to The Wicket
Gate in front of me, for there
I shall be put in a way to get
quit of my load.
Worldly Wiseman.-H ave
you not a wife and babes ?
with this load I do
not seem to care for
them as I did; and,
in truth, I feel as if
I had none.
Worldly Wiseman.
-Will you hear me
if I speak my mind to
you ?
Christian.-If what
you say be good, I |
will, for I stand much
in need of help.
Worldly Wiseman.
-I would urge you then,
With all speed, to get rid of
your load; for your mind
will not be at rest till then.
S Christian.-That is just
ivwhat I seek to do. But
there is no man in our

land who can take it off me.
Worldly Wiseman.-Who
bade you go this way to be
rid of it ?
Christian.-One that I
took to be a great and true
man; his name is Evangelist.

Mr. Worldly Wiseman.

Worldly Wiseman.-Hark
at what I say: There is no
worse way in the world than
that which he has sent you,
and that you will find if you
take him for your guide. In
this short time you have met

with bad luck, for I see the
mud of The Slough of De-
spond is on your coat. Hear
me, for I have seen more of
the world than you; in the
way you go, you will meet
with pain, woe, thirst, the
sword, too,-in a word, death!
Take no heed of what Evan-
gelist tells you.
Christian.-Why, Sir, this
load on my back is worse to
me than all those things which
you speak of; nay, I care not
what I meet with in the way,
if I can but get rid of my load.
Worldly Wiseman.-How
did you come by it at first?
Christian.-Why, I read
this book.
Worldly Wiseman.-Like
more weak men I know, who
aim at things too high for
them, you have lost heart, and
run in the dark at great risk,
to gain you know not what.
Christian.-I know what
I would gain, it is ease for my

Wordly Wiseman.-But
why will you seek for ease
thus, when I could put you
in the way to gain it where
there would be no risk; and
the cure is at hand.
Christian.-Pray, Sir, tell
me what that way is.
Worldly Wiseman.-Well,
in yon town, which you can
see from hence-the name of
which is Morality-there
dwells a man whose name is
Legality, a wise man, and a
man of some rank, who has
skill to help men off with such
loads as yours from their
backs; I know he has done
a great deal of good in that
way; ay, and he has the skill
to cure those who, from the
loads they bear, are not quite
sound in their wits. To him,
as I said, you may go and
get help. His house is but a
mile from this place, and
should he not be at home, he
has a son whose name is
Civility, who can do it just as


well as his sire. There, I say,
you may go to get rid of your
load. I would not have you
go back to your old home,
but you can send for your
wife and babes, and you will
find that food there is cheap
and good.
Now was Christian brought
to a stand; but by and by he
said, Sir, which is my way to
this good man's house ?
Worldly Wiseman.- Do
you see that hill ?
Christian.-Yes, I do.
Worldly Wiseman.-By
that hill you must go, and the
first house you come to is his.
So Christian went out of
his way to find Mr. Legality's
house to seek for help.
But, lo, when he had got
close up to the hill, it was so
steep and high that he had
fears lest it should fall on his
head; so he stood still, as he
knew not what to do. His
load, too, was of more weight
to him than when he was on

the right road. Then came
flames of fire out of the hill,
that made him quake for fear
lest he should be burnt. And
now it was a great grief to
him that he had lent his ear
to Worldly Wiseman; and it
was well that he just then saw
Evangelist come to meet him;
though at the sight of him he
felt a deep blush creep on his
face for shame. So Evangel-
ist drew near, and when he
came up to him, he said, with
a sad look, What dost thou
here, Christian ?
To these words Christian
knew not what to say, so he
stood quite mute. Then
Evangelist went on thus: Art
not thou the man that I heard
cry in The City of Destruction?
Christian.-Yes, dear Sir,
I am the man.
Evangelist.-Did not I
point out to thee the way to
The Wicket Gate ?
Christian.-Yes, you did,


Evangelist.-How is it,
then, that thou hast so soon
gone out of the way?
Christian.-When I had
got out of The Slough of
Despond I met a man who
told me that in a town near,
I might find one who could
take off my load.
Evangelist.-What was he?
Christian.-He had fair
looks, and said much to me,
and got me at last to yield;
so I came here. But when
I saw this hill, and how steep
it was, I made a stand, lest it
should fall on my head.
Evangelist.-What said
the man to thee ?
When Evangelist had heard
from Christian all that took
place, he said: Stand still a
while, that I may show thee
the words of God.
So Evangelist went on to
read, 'Now the just shall live
by faith, but if a man draw
back, my soul shall have no
joy in him.' Is not this the

case with thee ? said he: Hast
not thou drawn back thy feet
from the way of peace, to
thine own cost; and dost thou
not spurn the most high God?
Then Christian fell down
at his feet as dead, and said:
Woe is me! Woe is me!
At the sight of which,
Evangelist caught him by the
right hand, and said: Faith
hopes all things.
Then did Christian find
some peace, and stood up.
Evangelist.-I pray thee
give more heed to the things
that I shall tell thee of. The
Lord says, 'Strive to go in
at the strait gate, the gate to
which I send thee, for strait
is the gate that leads to life,
and few there be that find it.'
Why didst thou set at nought
the words of God, for the
sake of Mr. Worldly Wise-
man ? That is, in truth, the
right name for such as he.
The Lord hath told thee that
'he who will save his life shall


lose it.' He to whom thou
wast sent for ease, Legality
by name, could not set thee
free; no man yet has got rid
of his load through him; he
could but show thee the way
to woe, for by the deeds of
the law no man can be rid of
his load. So that Mr.
Worldly Wiseman and his
friend Mr. Legality are false
guides; and as for his son
Civility, he could not help
Now Christian, in great
dread, could think of nought
but death, and sent forth a sad
cry in grief that he had gone
from the right way. Then he
spoke once more to Evangel-
ist in these words :-Sir, what
think you? Is there hope?
May I now go back, and
strive to reach The Wicket
Gate? I grieve that I gave
ear to this man's voice; but
may my sin find grace?
Evangelist.-T h y sin is
great, for thou hast gone from

the way that is good, to tread
in false paths, yet will the
man at the gate let thee
through, for he has love and
good will for all men; but
take heed that thou turn not to
the right hand or to the left.
Then did Christian make a
move to go back, and Evan-
gelist gave him a kiss and one
smile, and bade him God
So he went on with haste,
nor did he speak on the road;
and could by no means feel
safe till he was in the path
which he had left. In time,
he got up to the gate. And
as he saw by the words which
he read on it, that those who
would knock could go in, he
gave two or three knocks, and
said: May I go in here?
At last there came a grave
man to the gate, whose name
was Good-will, and he said:
Who is there; whence come
you, and what would you


Christian.-I come from
The City of Destruction with
a load of sins on my back;
but I am on my way to
Mount Zion, that I may be
free from the wrath to come;
and as I have been told that

Beelzebub and the Rest Shoot Darts.
my way is through this gate,
I would know, Sir, if you
will let me in ?
Good-will.-With all my
So he flung back the gate.

But just as Christian went in,
he gave him- a pull.
Then said Christian: What
means that ? Good-will told
him that a short way from
this gate there was a strong
fort, of which Beelzebub was
the chief, and that from thence
he and the rest that dwelt
there shot darts at those that
came up to the gate to try
if they could kill them ere
they got in.
Then said Christian : I
come in with joy and with
fear. So when he had gone
in, the man at the gate said:
Who sent you here?
bade me come and knock
(as I did); and he said that
'you, Sir, would tell me what
I must do.
Good-will.-The door is
thrown back wide for you to
come in, and no man can
shut it.
Christian.-Now I seem to
reap the good of all the risks


I have met with on the way.
Good-will.-But how is it
that no one comes with you ?
SChristian.-None of my
friends saw that there was
cause of fear, as I did.
Good-will.-Did they
know of your flight?
Christian.-Yes, my wife
and young ones saw me go,
and I heard their cries as they
ran out to try and stop me.
Some of my friends, too,
would have had me come
home, but I put my hands to
my ears, and so came on my
Good-will.-But did none
of them come out to beg of
you to go back ?
Christian.-Yes, both Ob-
stinate and Pliable came, but
when they found that I would
not yield, Obstinate went
home, but Pliable came with
me as far as The Slough of
Good-will.-Why did he
not come through it ?

When Christian told him
the rest, he said: Ah, poor
man! Is a world of bliss such
a small thing to him, that he
did not think it worth while
to run a few risks to gain it ?
Sir, said Christian, there is
not much to choose twixt him
and me.
Then he told Good-will
how he had been led from the
straight path by Mr. Worldly
Good-will.-Oh, did he
light on you? What! He
would have had you seek for
ease at the hands of Mr.
Legality. They are, in truth,
both of them cheats. And
did you take heed of what he
said ?
Christian then told him all.
But now that I am come, said
he, I am more fit for death,
than to stand and talk to my
Lord. But oh, the joy it is
to me to be here!
Good-will.-We keep none
out that knock at this gate, let


them have done what they
may ere they came here; for
they are 'in no wise cast out.'
So, good Christian, come with
me, and I will teach you the
way you must go. Look in
front. That is the way which
was laid down by Christ and
the wise men of old, and it is
as straight as a rule can make
Christian.-But is there no
turn or bend by which one
who knows not the road
might lose his way ?
Good-will.-My friend,
there are not a few that lead
down to. it, and these paths
are wide; yet by this you
may judge the right from the
wrong-the right are straight
and are by no means wide.
Then I saw in my dream
that Christian said: Could
you not help me off with this
load on my back ?-for as yet
he had not got rid of it. He
was told: As to your load,
you must bear it till you

come to the place of Deliver-
ance, for there it will fall from
your back.
Then Christian would have
set off on the road; but Good-
will said: Stop a while and
let me tell you that when you
have gone through the gate
you will see the house of Mr.
Interpreter, at whose door
you must knock, and he will
show you good things. Then
Christian took leave of his
friend, who bade him God
He now went on till he
came to the house at the
door of which he was to
knock; this he did two or
three times. At last one
came to the door and said:
Who is there?
Christian.-I have come to
see the good man of the
So in a short time Mr.
Interpreter came to him and
said: What would you have ?
Christian.-Sir, I am come

- TI:

' His burden fell off his back, and began to tumble."

from The City of Destruc-
tion, and am on my way to
Mount Zion. I was told by
the man that stands at the
gate, that if I came here you
would show me good things
that would help me.
Then Interpreter took
Christian to a room, and bade
his man bring a light, and
there he saw on the wall the
print of one who had a grave
face, whose eyes were cast
up to the sky, and the best of
books was in His hand, the
law of truth was on His lips,
and the world was at His
back. He stood as if He
would plead for men, and a
crown of gold hung near His
Christian.-What does this
mean ?
Interpreter.-I have shown
you this print first, for this is
He who is to be your sole
guide when you can not find
your way to the land to which
you go; so take good heed to

what I have shown you, lest
you meet with some who
would feign to lead you right;
but their way goes down to
Then he took him to a
large room that was full of
dust, for it had not been
swept; and Interpreter told
his man to sweep it. Now
when he did so, such clouds
of dust flew up, that it made
Christian choke.
Then said Interpreter to
a maid that stood by: Make
the floor moist that the dust
may not rise; and when she
had done this, it was swept
with ease.
Christian.--What means
this ?
Interpreter.-This room is
the heart of that man who
knows not the grace of God.
The dust is his first sin and
the vice that is in him. He
that swept first is the Law,
but she who made the floor
moist is The Book which tells


Good News to Man. Now
as soon as you saw the first
of these sweep, the dust did
.so fly that the room could not
be made clean by him; this
is to show you that the law
as it works does not cleanse
the heart from sin, but gives
strength to sin, so as to rouse
it up in the soul.
Then you next saw the
maid come in to lay the dust;
so is sin made clean and laid
low by faith in The Book.
Now, said Christian, let
me go hence.
Well, said Interpreter, keep
all things.so in thy mind that
they may be a goad in thy
sides; and may faith guide
Then I saw in my dream
that the high way which
Christian was to tread, had a
wall on each side, and the
name of that wall was Salva-
tion. Up this high way did
Christian run, but with great
toil for the load on his back.

He ran thus till he drew nea-
to a place on which stood ,a
cross, and at the foot of it a
tomb. Just as Christian came
up to the cross, his load slid
from his back, close to the
mouth of the tomb, where it
fell in, and I saw it no more.
Then was Christian glad,
and said with a gay heart:
He gives me rest by his grief,
and life by his death. Yet he
stood still for a while, for he
was struck with awe to think
that the sight of the cross
should thus ease him of his
load. Three or four times
did he look on the cross and
the tomb, and the tears rose
to his eyes. As he stood
thus and wept, lo, three
Bright Ones came to him,
and one of them said: Peace
be to thee! thou hast grace
from thy sins. And one
came up to him to strip him
of his rags and put a new
robe on him, while the third
set a mark on his face, and

"Behold, three Shining Ones came to him, and saluted him."


gave him a roll.with a seal on
it, which he bade him look
on as he ran, and give it in at
The Celestial Gate; and then
they left him.
Christian gave three leaps
for joy, and sang as he went:
Ah, what a place is this!
Here did the strings crack
that bound my load to me.
Blest cross! Blest tomb!
Nay, blest is the Lord that
was put to shame for me!
He went on thus till he
came to a vale where he saw
three men who were in a
sound sleep, with chains on
their feet. The name of one
was Simple, one Sloth, and
the third Presumption. As
Christian saw them lie in this
case, he went to wake them,
and said: You are like those
that sleep on the top of a
mast, for the Dead Sea is at
your feet. Wake, rise, and
come with me. Trust me,
and I will help you off with
your chains. With that they

cast their eyes up to look at
him, and Simple said: I
would fain take more sleep.
Presumption said: Let each
man look to his own. And
so they lay down to sleep
once more.


Then I saw in my dream
that two men leapt from the
top of the wall and made
great haste to come up to
him. Their names were For-
malist and Hypocrisy.


Christian.-Sirs, whence
come you, and where do you
Formalist and Hypocrisy.-
We were born in the land of
Vain-glory, and are on our
way to Mount Zion for praise.

Christian.-Why came you
not in at the Gate-? Know
you not that he that comes
not in at the door, but climbs
up to get in, the same is a
They told him that to go

through the gate was too far
round; that the best way was
to make a short cut of it, and
climb the wall, as they had
Christian.-But what will
the Lord of the town to which
we are bound think of it, if
we go not in the way of his
will ?
They told Christian that he
had no need for care on that
score, for long use had made
it law, and they could prove
that it had been so for years.
Christian.-But are you
quite sure that your mode will
stand a suit at law ?
Yes, said they, no doubt of
it. And if we get in the road
at all, pray what are the odds?
If we are in, we are in; you
are but in the way, who come
in at the gate, and we too are
in the way that choose to
climb the wall. Is not our
case as good as yours ?
Christian.-I walk by the
rule of my Lord, but you walk


by the rule of your own lusts.
The Lord of the way will
count you as thieves, and you
will not be found true men in
the end.
I saw then that they all went
on till they came to the foot
of the Hill of Difficulty, where
there was a spring. There
were ir the same place two
more ways, one on the left
hand and one on the right;
but the path that Christian
was told to take went straight
up the hill, and its name is
Difficulty, and he saw that
the way of life lay there.
Now when Christian got
as far as the Spring of Life
he drank of it, and then went
up the hill. But when the
two men saw that it was
steep and high, and that
there were three ways to
choose from, one of them
took the path the name of
which is Danger, and lost
his way in a great wood,
and one of them went by

the road of Destruction,
which led him to a wide field
full of dark rocks, where he
fell, and rose no more. I
then saw Christian go up the
hill, where at first I could

"He fell and rose no more."

see him run, then walk, and
then go on his hands and
knees, so steep was it. Now
half way up was a cave made
by the Lord of the hill, that
those who came by might rest

there. So here Christian sat
down, and took out the scroll
and read. it, till at last he
fell off in a deep sleep which
kept him there till it was
dusk; and while he slept his
scroll fell from his hand. At

He fell off in a deep sleep."

length a man came up to
him and woke him, and said:
Go. to the ant, thou man of
sloth, and learn of her to be

At this Christian gave a
start, and sped on his way,
and went at a quick pace.
When he had got near to
the top of the hill, two men
ran up to meet him, whose
names were Timorous and
Mistrust, to. whom Christian
said, Sirs, what ails you?
You run the wrong way.
Timorous said that Zion
was the hill they meant to
climb, but that when they
had got half way they found
that they met with more and.
more risk, so that great fear
came on them, and all they
could do was to turn back.'
Yes, said Mistrust, for just
in front of us there lay two
beasts of prey in our path;.
we knew not if they slept
or not, but we thought that
they would fall on us" and
tear our limbs.
Christian.-You rouse my.
fears. Where must I fly to
be safe? If I go back to
my own town (Destruction) .'

I III ~ I\ S P] I~ .\I TO Y, 11 1 I(. Ii I

-IF fwtZ

I am sure to lose my life, but what tongue can tell the grief
if I can get to The Celestial of Christian's heart ? Oh, fool
City, there shall I be safe. To that I am said he, to sleep
turn back is death; to go on in the day time; so to give
is fear of death, but when I way to the flesh as to use for
come there, a life of bliss that ease that rest which the Lord
knows no end. I will go on of the hill had made but for
yet. the help of the soul!
So Mistrust and Timorous Thus, then, with tears and
ran down the hill, and Chris- sighs, he went back, and with
tian went on his way. Yet he much care did he look on this
thought once more of what side and on that for his scroll.
he had heard from the men, At length he came near to the
and then he felt in his cloak cave where he had sat and

for his scroll, that he might slept. How far, thought
read it and find some peace. Christian, have I gone in
He felt for it but found it not. vain! Such was the lot of the
Then was Christian in great Jews for their sin; they were
grief, and knew not what to sent back by the way of the
do for the want of that which Red Sea; and I am made to
was to be his pass to The tread those steps with grief
Celestial City. At. last, which I might have trod with
thought he: I slept in the joy, had it not been for this
cave by the side of the hill. sleep. How far might I have
So he fell down on his knees been on my way by this time!
to pray that God would give I am made to tread those
him grace for this act, and steps thrice which I need not
then went back to look for to have trod but once; yea,
his scroll. But as he went, now too I am like to be lost


in the night, for the day is well
nigh spent. 0 that I had
iot slept!
" Now by this time he had
come to the cave once more,
where for a while he sat down

and wept; but at last, as he
cast a sad glance at -the foot of
the bench, he saw his scroll,
which he caught up with haste,
and put in his cloak. Words
are too weak to tell the joy
of Christian when he had got

back his scroll. He laid it up
in the breast of his coat, and
gave thanks to God. With
what a light step did he now
climb the hill! But, ere he got
to the top, the sun went down
on Christian, and he soon saw
that two wild beasts stood in
his way. Ah, thought he,
these beasts range in the night
for their prey; and if they
should meet with me in the
dark, how should I fly from
them ? I see now the cause of
all those fears that drove Mis-
trust and Timorous back.
Still Christian went on,
and while he thought thus on
his sad lot, he cast up his eyes
and saw a great house in front
of him, the name of which
was Beautiful, and it stood
just by the side of the high
road: So he made haste and
went on in the hope that he
could rest there a while. The
name of the man who kept
the lodge of that house was
Watchful, and when he saw

"This man-is on a journey from the City of Destruction to Mount Zion."


that Christian made a halt as
if he would go back, he came
out to him and said: Is thy
strength so small? Fear not
the two wild beasts, for they
are bound by chains, and are
put here to try the faith of
those that have it, and to find
out those that have none.
Keep in the midst of the path
and no harm shall come to
Then I saw, in my dream,
that still he went on in great
dread of the wild beasts; he
heard them roar, yet they
did him no harm; but-when
he had gone by them he
went on with joy, till he
came and stood in front of
the lodge where Watchful
Christian.-Sir, what
house is this ? May I rest
here to night?
Watchful.-This house
was built by the Lord of the
Hill to give aid to those
who climb up it for the good


Tell me, whence

come you?
Christian.-I am come
from The Town of Destruc-
tion, and am on my way to
Mount Zion; but the day
is far spent, and I would,
with your leave, pass the
night here.
Watchful.-What is your
name ?
Christian.- My name is
now Christian, but at first
it was Graceless.
Watchful.-How is it you
came so late? The sun is
Christian then told him
why it was.
Watchful.-Well, I will
call one that lives here, who,
if she like your talk, will let
you come in, for these are
the rules of the house.
So he rang a bell, at the
sound of which there came
out at the door a grave and
fair maid, whose name was
Discretion. When Watchful

told her why Christian had
come there, she said: What
is your name?
It is Christian, said he, and
I much wish to rest here to
night, and the'mdre so for
I see this place was built
by the Lord of the Hill, to
screen those from harm who
come to it.
So she gave a smile, but
the tears stood in her eyes;
and in a short time she said:
I will call forth two or three
more of our house; and then
she ran to the door and
brought in Prudence, Piety,
and Charity, who met him
and said: Come in, thou
blest of the Lord; this house
was built by the King of the
Hill for such as you. Then
Christian bent down his head,
and went with them to the
Piety.-Come, good Christ-
ian, since our love prompts
us to take you in to rest,
let us talk with you of all


that you have seen on your
Christian.-With a right
good will, and I am glad
that you should ask it
of me.
Prudence.-And, first, say
what is it that makes you
wish so much to go to
Mount Zion ?
Christian.--Why there I .-'
hope to see Him that did
die on the Cross; and there
I hope to be rid of all those
things that to this day grieve
and vex me. There, they
say, is no death; and there
I shall dwell with such as
love the Lord.
Charity.-Have you a
wife and babes?
Christian.-Yes, I have.
Charity.-And why did
you not bring them with
Christian then wept, and
said: Oh, how glad should
I have been to do so! but
they would not come with



me, nor have me leave them. with which Samson did suci
Charity.-And did you great feats, and the sling
pray to God to put it in and stone with which David
their hearts to go with you ? slew Goliath of Gath.
Christian.-Yes, and that Then I saw in my dream
with much warmth, for you that Christian rose to take
may think how dear they his leave of Discretion, and
were to me. of Prudence, Piety, and
Thus did Christian talk Charity, but they said that
with these friends till it he must stay till the next
grew dark, and then he took day, that they might show
his rest in a large room, the him The Delectable Mount-
name of which was Peace; ains; so they took him to
there he slept till break of the top of the house, and
day, and then he sang a bade him look to the South,
hymn. which he did, and lo, a great
They told him that he way off, he saw a rich land,
should not leave till they full of hills, woods, vines,
had shown him all the rare shrubs, and streams.
things that were in that What is the name of this
place. There were to be land? said Christian.
seen the rod of Moses, the Then they told him it was
nail with which Jael slew Immanuel's Land. And,
Sisera, the lamps with which said they, It is as much
Gideon put to flight the host meant for you, and the like
of Midian, and the ox goad of you, as this hill is; and
with which Shamgar slew when you reach the place,
his foes. And they brought there you may see the gate
out the jaw bone of an ass of The Celestial City. Then




they gave him a sword, and
put on him a coat of mail,
which was proof from head
to foot, lest he should meet
some foe in the way; and
they went with him down
the hill.
Of a truth, said Christian,
it is as great a toil to come
down the hill as it was to
go up.
Prudence.-So it is, for it
is a hard thing for a man
to go down to The Vale of
Humiliation, as thou dost
now, and for this cause have
we come with you to the
foot of the hill. So, though
he went with great care, yet
he caught a slip or two.
Then in my dream I saw
that when they had got to
the foot of the hill, these
good friends of Christian's
gave him a loaf of bread, a
flask of wine, and a bunch
of dry grapes; and then
they left him to go on his

But now in this Vale of
Humiliation poor Christian
was hard put to it, for he had
not gone far, ere he saw a foe
come in the field to meet him,
whose name was Apollyon.
Then did Christian fear, and
he cast in his mind if he
would go back or stand his
ground. But Christian
thought that as he had no
coat of mail on his back, to
turn round might give Apol-
lyon a chance to pierce it
with his darts. So he stood
his ground, for, thought he,
if but to save my life were all
I had in view, still the best
way would be to stand.
So he went on, and Apol-
lyon met him with looks of
Apollyon.-Whence come
you, and to what place are
you bound?
Christian.-I am come
from The City of Destruction,
which is the place of all sin,
and I am on my way to Zion.

"Then they read to him some of the worthy acts that some of His servants had done."


Apollyon.-By this I see
you are mine, for of all that
land I am the Prince. How
is it, then, that you have left
your king ? Were it not that
I have a hope that you may
do me more good, I would
strike you to the ground with
one blow.
Christian.-I was born in
your realm, it is true, but you
drove us too hard, and your
wage was such as no man
could live on.
Apollyon.-No prince
likes to lose his men, nor
will I as yet lose you; so if
you will come back, what my
realm yields I will give you.
Christian.-But I am
bound by vows to the King
of Kings; and how can I, to
be true, go back with you ?
Apollyon.-You have
made a change, it seems, from
bad to worse; but why not
give Him the slip, and come
back with me?
Christian.-I gave Him my

faith, and swore to be true to
Him: how can I go back
from this ?
Apollyon.-You did the
same to me, and yet I will
pass by all, if you will but
turn and go back.
Then, when Apollyon saw
that Christian was stanch to
his Prince, he broke out in a
great rage, and said, I hate
that Prince, and I hate His
laws, and I am come out to
stop you.
Christian.-Take heed
what you do. I am on the
King's high way to Zion.
Apollyon.-I am void of
fear, and to prove that I mean
what I say, here on this spot
I will put thee to death.
With that he threw a dart of
fire at his breast, but Chris-
tian had a shield on his arm,
with which he caught it. Then
did Christian draw his sword,
for he saw it was time to stir;
and Apollyon as fast made at
him, and threw darts as thick


as hail; with which, in spite
of all that Christian could do,
Apollyon gave him wounds
in his head, hand, and foot.
This made Christian pause
in the fight for a time, but

Giving thanks for his deliverance from
Apollyon still came on, and
Christian once more took
heart. They fought for half a
day, till Christian, weak from
his wounds, was well nigh
spent in strength. When

Apollyon saw this, he threw
him down with great force;
on which Christian's sword
fell out of his hand. Then
said Apollyon, I am sure of
thee now.
But while he strove to make
an end of Christian, that good
man put out his hand in haste
to feel for his sword, and
caught it. Boast not, oh
Apollyon! said he, and with
that he struck him a blow
which made his foe reel back
as one that had had his last
wound. Then he spread out
his wings and fled, so that
Christian for a time saw him
no more.
Then there came to him a
hand which held some of the
leaves of the tree of life;
some of them Christian took,
and as soon as he had put
them to his wounds, he saw
them heal up.
Now near this place was
the Valley of the Shadow of
Death, and Christian must


needs go through it to get to
The Celestial City. It was a
land of drought and full of
pits, a land that none but such
as Christian could pass
through, and where no man
dwelt. So that here he was
worse put to it than in his
fight with Apollyon, which
by and by we shall see.
As he drew near the
Shadow of Death he met
with two men, to whom
Christian thus spoke:-To
what place do you go ?
Men.-Back! Back! and
we would have you do the
same if you prize life and
Christian.-But why ?
Men.-We went on as far
as we durst.
Christian.-What then
have you seen?
Men.-Seen! Why the
Valley of the Shadow of
Death; but by dint of good
luck we caught sight of what
lay in front of it, ere we

came up. Death doth spread
out his wings there. In a
word it is a place full of
bad men, where no law
Christian.-I see not yet,

A place full of bad men.

by what you have told me,
but that this is my way to
Men.-Be it thy way
then; we will not choose it
for ours.


So they took their leave,
and Christian went on, but
still with his drawn sword
in his hand, for fear lest he
should meet once more with
a foe.
I saw then in my dream
that so far as this vale went,
there was on the right hand
a deep ditch; that ditch to
which the blind have led the
blind as long as the world
has been made. And lo, on
the left hand there was a
quag in which, if a man fall,
he will find no firm ground
for his foot to stand on. The
path way was not broad, and
so good Christian was the
more put to it. This went
on for miles, and in the midst
of the vale was a deep pit.
One thing which I saw in
my dream I must not leave
out; it was this:-Just as
Christian had come to the
mouth of the pit, one of
those who dwelt in it stept
up to him, and in a soft tone

spoke bad things to him, and
took God's name in vain,
which Christian thought
must have come from his
own mind. This put him
out more than all the rest
had done; to think that he
should take that name in
vain for which he felt so deep
a love, was a great grief to
him. Yet there was no help
for it. Then he thought he
heard a voice which said:
Though I walk through the
Valley of the Shadow of
Death, I will fear no harm,
for thou art with me.
Now as Christian went on,
he found there was a rise in
the road, which had been
thrown up that the path
might be'clear to those who
were bound for Zion. Up
this road Christian went, and
saw his old friend Faithful
a short way off.
Then said Christian: Ha,
my friend, are you here?
Stay, and I will join you.

"He could not rise again until Faithful came up to help him."


This ere long he did, and
they spoke of all that had
come to pass since they had
last met.
S In course of time the road
they took brought them to
a town, the name of which
is Vanity, where there is a
fair kept through the whole
year, and all that is bought
or sold there is vain and
void of worth. There, .too,
are to be seen at all times
games, plays, fools, apes,
knaves, and rogues. Yet he
that will go to The Celestial
City must needs pass
through this fair.
As soon as Christian and
Faithful came to the town, a
crowd drew round them, and
some said they had lost their
Swits, to dress and speak as
they did, and to set no store
by the choice goods for sale
in Vanity Fair. When Chris-
tian spoke, his words drew
from these folks fierce taunts
and jeers, and soon the noise

and stir grew to such a height
that the chief man of the fair
sent his friends to take up
these two strange men, and he
bade them tell him whence
they came, and what they did


there in such a garb. Chris-
tian and Faithful told them
all; but those who sat to
judge the case thought that
they must be mad, or else
that they had come to stir up

o5 TH
strife at the fair; so
them with sticks,
them in a cage,
might be a sight f
men, at the fair.
worse sort of folk


they beat
and put
that they
or all the
Then the
set to pelt


them, out of spite, and some
threw at them for mere sport;
but Christian and Faithful
gave good words for bad, and
bore all in such a meek way,
that not a few took their part.

This led to blows and fights,
and the blame was laid on
Christian and Faithful, who
were then made to toil up and
down the fair in chains, till,
faint with stripes, they were
at length set with their feet in
the stocks. But they bore
their griefs and woes with joy,
for they saw in them a pledge
that all should be well in the
By and by a court sat to
try them: the name of the
judge was Lord Hate-good;
and the crime laid to their
charge was that they had come
to Vanity Fair to spoil its
trade, and stir up strife in the
town; and had won not a few
men to their side, in spite of
the prince of the place.
Faithful said to the Judge:
I am a man of peace, and did
but wage war on Sin. As for
the prince they speak of, since
he is Beelzebub, I hold him
in scorn.
Those who took Faithful's


part were won by the force
of plain truth and right in his
words; but the judge said, Let
those speak who know aught
of this man.
So three men, whose names
were Envy, Superstition, and
Pick-thank, stood forth and
swore to speak the truth, and
tell what they knew of Faith-
ful. Envy said: My lord,
this man cares naught for
kings or laws, but seeks to
spread his own views, and to
teach men what he calls faith.
I heard him say but now that
the ways of our town of
Vanity are vile. And does
he not in that speak ill of us ?
Then Superstition said:
My lord, I know not much
of this man, and have no wish
to know more; but of this I
am sure, that he is a bad man,
for he says that our creeds
are vain.
Pick-thank was then bid to
say what he knew, and his
speech ran thus:-My lord,

I have known this man for a
long time, and have heard
him say things that ought not
to be said. He rails at our
great Prince Beelzebub, and
says that if all men were of


his mind, that prince should
no more hold sway. More
than this, he hath been heard
to rail on you, my lord, who
are now his judge.
Then said the Judge to


Faithful: Thou base man!
Hast thou heard what these
good folk have said of thee ?
Faithful.-May I speak a
few words in my own cause ?
Judge.-Thy just doom
would be to die on the spot;
still, let us hear what thou
hast to say.
Faithful.-I say, then, to
Mr. Envy, that all laws and
modes of life in which men
heed not the Word of God
are full of sin. As to the
charge of Mr. Superstition,
I would urge that naught
can save us if we do not
the will of God. To Mr.
Pick-thank, I say that men
should flee from the Prince
of this town and his friends,
as from the wrath to come.
And so, I pray the Lord
to help me.
Then the Judge, to sum up
the case, spoke thus:-You
see this man who has made
such a stir in our town. You
have heard what these good

men have said of him, which
he owns to be true. It rests
now with you to save his
life or hang him.
The twelve men who had
Faithful's life in their hands
spoke in a low tone thus:-
This man is full of schisms,
said Mr. Blind-man. Out of
the world with him, said Mr.
No-good. I hate the mere
look of him, said Mr. Malice.
From the first I could not
bear him, said Mr. Love-ease.
Nor I, for he would be sure
to blame my ways, said
Mr. Live-loose. Hang him!
Hang him! said Mr. Heady.
A low wretch! said Mr. High-
mind. .I long to crush him,
said Mr. Enmity. He is a
rogue, said Mr. Liar. Death
is too good for him, said Mr.
Cruelty. Let us kill him,
that he may be out of the way,
said Mr. Hate-light. Then
said Mr. Implacable: Not to
gain all the world would I
make peace with him, so let us






doom him to death. And so
they did, and in a short time
he was led back to the place
from whence he came, there
to be put to the worst death
that could be thought of; for
the scourge, the sword, and
the stake brought Faithful to
his end.
Now I saw that there
stood near the crowd a strange
car with two bright steeds,
which, as soon as his foes had
slain him, took Faithful up
through the clouds straight
to The Celestial City, with
the sound of the harp and
As for Christian, for this
time he got free; and there
came to join him one Hope-
ful, who did so from what he
had heard and seen of Chris-
tian and Faithful. Thus, while
one lost his life for the truth,
a new man rose from his
death, to tread the same way
with Christian. And Hope-
ful said there were more men

of the fair who would take
their time, and then come too.
By and by their way lay
just on the bank of a pure
stream, from which they
drank. On each side of it

"The stake brought Faithful to his end."
were green trees that bore
fruit; and in a field through
which it ran they lay down to
sleep. When they woke up
they sat for a while in the
shade of the boughs; thus


they went on for three or four
days, and to pass the time
they sang:
"He that can tell
What sweet fresh fruit, yea leaves these
trees do yield,
Will soon sell all, that he may buy this

Now on the left hand of the
road was By-path Meadow, a
fair green field with a path
through it, and a stile. Come,
good Hopeful, said Christ-

ian, let us walk on the grass.
Hopeful.-But what if this
path should lead us wrong?
Christian.-How can it?
Look, doth it not go by the
way side ?
So they set off through
the field. But they had not
gone far when they saw in
front of them a man, Vain-
confidence by name, who
told them that the path led
to The Celestial Gate. So
the man went first; but lo,
the night came on, and it
grew ,so dark that they lost
sight of their guide, who, as
he did not see the path in
front of him, fell in a deep
pit and .was heard of no
Where are we' now? said
Then was Christian mute,
as he thought he had led
his friend out of the way.
And now light was seen to
flash from the sky, and rain
came down in streams.


F'` ~CY A,


i4 .2





;,. .-


Hopeful (with a groan).-
Oh, that I had kept on my
Christian.- Who could
have thought that this path
should lead us wrong?
Hopeful.-I had my fears
from the first, and so gave
you a hint.
Christian.-Good friend, I
grieve that I have brought
you out of the right path.
Hopeful.-Say no more,
no doubt it is for our good.
Christian -We must not
stand thus; let us try to go
Hopeful._But, good Chris-
tian, let me go first.
Then they heard a voice
say: Set thine heart to the
high way, the way thou hast
been: turn once more. But
by this time the stream was
deep from the rain that fell,
and to go back did not seem
safe; yet they went back,
though it was so dark and the
stream ran so high that once

or twice it was like to drown
them. Nor could they, with
all their skill, get back that
night. So they found a screen
from the rain, and there they
slept till break of day.
Now, not far from the place
where they lay was Doubting
Castle, the lord :of which was
Giant Despair; and it was
on his ground that they now
slept. There Giant Despair
found them, and'with a gruff
voice he bade them wake.
Whence are you ? said he;
and what brought'you here?
They told him that they had
lost the path. Then said
Giant Despair: You have no
right to force your way in
here; the ground on which
you lie is mine.
They had not much to say,
as they knew that they were
in fault. So Giant Despair
drove them on, and put them
in a dark and foul cell in a
strong hold. Here they were
kept for three days, and they


had no light nor food, nor a
drop to drink all that time,
and no one to ask them how
they did. Now Giant De-
spair had a wife, whose name
was Diffidence, and he told
her what he had done. Then
said he, What will be the best
way to treat them? Beat
them well, said Diffidence.
So when he rose he took a
stout stick from a crab tree,
and went down to the cell
where poor Christian and
Hopeful lay, and beat them
as if they had been dogs, so
that they could not turn on
the floor; and they spent all
that day in sighs and tears.
The next day he came once
more, and found them sore
from the stripes, and said that
since there was no chance for
them to be let out of the cell,
their best way would be to
put an end to their own lives:
For why should you wish to
live, said he, with all this woe?
But they told him they did

hope he would let them go.
With that he sprang up with
a fierce look, and no doubt
would have made an end of
them, but that he fell in a fit
for a time, and lost the use
of his hand; so he drew back,
and left them to think of what
he had said.
Christian.-Friend, what
shall we do? The life that
we now lead is worse than
death. For my part I know
not which is best, to live thus,
or to die out of hand, as I
feel that the grave would be
less sad to me than this cell.
Shall we let Giant Despair
rule us ?
Hopeful.-In good truth
our case is a sad one, and to
die would be more sweet to
me than to live here; yet let
us bear in mind that the Lord
of that land to which we go
hath said: 'Thou shalt not
kill.' And by this act we kill
our souls as well. My friend
Christian, you talk of ease in


"There was one whose name was Hopeful, who joined himself unto him."


~, ~JB /j


the grave, but can a man go
to bliss who takes his own
life ? All the law is not in
the hands of Giant Despair.
Who knows but that God,
who made the world, may
cause him to die, or lose the
use of his limbs as he did at
first. I have made up my
mind to pluck up the heart
of a man, and to try to get
out of this strait. Fool that
I was not to do so when first
he came to the cell. But let
us not put an end to our own
lives, for a good time may
come yet.
By these words did Hope-
fiil change the tone of Christ-
ian's mind.
Well, at night the Giant
went down to the cell to see
if life was still in them, and
in good truth that life was in
them was all that could be
said, for from their wounds
and want of food they did no
more than just breathe.
When Giant Despair found

they were not dead, he fell in
a great rage, and said that it
should be worse with them
than if they had not been
born. At this they shook with
fear, and Christian fell down
in a swoon; but when he
came to, Hopefulsaid: My
friend, call to mind how strong
in faith you have been till
now. Say, could Apollyon
hurt you, or all that you
heard, or saw, or felt in the
Valley of The Shadow of
Death? Look at the fears,
the .griefs, the woes that you
have gone through. And now
to be cast down! I, too, am
in this cell, far more weak a
man than you, and Giant De-
spair dealt his blows at me as
well as you, and keeps me
from food and light.. Let us
both(if but to shun the shame)
bear up as well as we can.
When night came on, the
wife of Giant Despair said to
him: Well, will the two men
yield ?


To which he said: No;
they choose to stand firm, and
will not put an end to their
Then said Mrs. Diffidence:
At dawn of day take them
to the yard, and show them
the graves where all those
whom you have put to death
have been thrown, and make
use of threats this time.
So Giant Despair took
them to this place, and said:
In ten days' time you shall
be thrown in here if you
do not yield. Go; get you
down to your den once more.
With that he beat them all
the way back, and there they
lay the whole day in a sad
Now, when night was
come, Mrs. Diffidence said to
Giant Despair: I fear much
that these men live on in
hopes to pick the lock of the
cell and get free.
Dost thou say so, my dear ?
quoth Giant Despair to his

wife; then at sun rise I will
search them.
Now, on that night, as
Christian and Hopeful lay in
the den, they fell on their
knees to pray, and knelt till
the day broke; when Christ-
ian gave a start, and said:
Fool that I am thus to lie in
this dark den when I might
walk at large! I have a key
in my pouch, the name of
which is Promise, that, I feel
sure, will turn the lock of all
the doors in Doubting Castle.
Then said Hopeful: That
is good news; pluck it from
thy breast, and let us try it.
So Christian put it in the
lock, when the bolt sprang
back, the door flew wide, and
Christian and Hopeful both
came out. When they got
to the yard door the key did
just as well; but the lock of
the last strong gate of Doubt-
ing Castle went hard, yet it
did turn at last, though the
hinge gave so loud a creak


that it woke up Giant Despair,
who rose to seek for the two
men. But just then he felt
his limbs fail, for a fit came
on him, so that he could by
no means reach their cell.
Christian and Hopeful now
fled back to the high way, and
were safe out of his grounds.
When they sat down to rest
on a stile, they said they
would warn those who might
chance to come on this road.
So they cut these words on a
post: "This is the way to
Doubting Castle, which is
kept by Giant Despair, who
loves not the King of the
Celestial Country, and seeks
to kill all who would go there."
Then they came to The
Delectable Mountains, which
the Lord of the Hill owns.
|Here they saw fruit trees,
vines, shrubs, woods, and
streams, and drank and ate
of the grapes. Now there
were men at the tops of these
hills who kept watch on their

flocks, and as they stood by
the high way, Christian and
Hopeful leant on their staves
to rest, while thus they spoke
to the men:-Who owns
these Delectable Mountains,
and whose are the sheep that
feed on them ?
Men.-These hills are Im-
manuel's, and the sheep are
His too, and He laid down
his life for them.
Christian.-Is this the way
to The Celestial City?
Men. You are in the
right road.
Christian.-How far is it?
Men.-Too far for all but
those that shall get there, in
good truth.
Christian.-Is the way safe?
Men.-Safe for those for
whom it is to be safe; but the
men of sin shall fall there.
Christian.-Is there a place
of rest here for those that
faint on the road ?
Men.-The Lord of these
Hills gave us a charge to help


those that came here, should
they be known to us or not;
so the good things of the
place are yours.
I then saw in my dream
that the men said: Whence
come you,and by what means
have you got so far ? For but
few of those that set out come
here to show their face on
these hills.
So when .Christian and
Hopeful told their tale, the
men cast a kind glance at
them, and said: With joy we
greet you on The Delectable
Their names were Knowl-
edge, Experience, Watchful,
and Sincere, and. they led
Christian and Hopeful by the
hand to their tents, and bade
them eat of that which was
there, and they soon went to
their rest for the night.
When the morn broke, the
men woke up Christian and
Hopeful, and took them to a
spot whence they saw a bright

view on all sides. Then they
went with them to the top of
a high hill, the name of which
was Error; it was steep on
the far off side, and they bade
them look down to the foot
of it. So Christian and Hope-
ful cast their eyes down, and
saw there some men who had
lost their lives, by a fall from
the top; men who had been
made to err, for they had put
their trust in false guides.
Have you not heard of
them? said the men.
Christian.--Yes, I have.
Men.-These are they, and
to this day they have not
been put in a tomb, but are
left here to warn men to take
good heed how they come too
near the brink of this hill.
Then I saw that they had
led them to the top of Mount
Caution, and bade them look
far off. From that stile, said
they, there goes a path to
Doubting Castle, which is
kept by Giant Despair, and

"Over this stile is the way to Doubting Castle, which is kept by Giant Despair."


the men whom you see there
came as you do now, till they
got up to that stile; and, as
the right way was rough to
walk in, they chose to go
through a field, and there
Giant Despair took them, and
shut them up in Doubting
Castle, where they were kept
in a den for a while, till he at
last sent them out quite blind,
and there they are still. At
this Christian gave a look at
Hopeful, and they both burst
out with sobs and tears, but
yet said not a word.
Then the four men took
them up a high hill, the name
of which was Clear, that they
might see the gates of The
Celestial City, with the aid of
a glass to look through, but
their hands shook, so they
could not see well.
When Christian and Hope-
ful thought they would move
on, one of the men gave them
a note of the way, and the
next (Experience by name)

bade them take heed that
they slept not on The En-
chanted Ground, and the
fourth bade them God speed.
Now it was that I woke from
my dream.
Then I slept, and dreamt
once more, and saw Christian
and Hopeful go down near
the foot of these hills, where
lies the land of Conceit,
which joins the way to Mount
Zion, by a small lane. Here
they met a brisk lad, whose
name was Ignorance, to whom
Christian said: Whence come
you, and to what place do
you go?
Ignorance.-Sir, I was
born in the land that lies off
there on the left, and I wish
to go to The Celestial City.
Christian.- How do you
think .to get in at the gate ?
Ignorance.-Just as the
rest of the world do.
Christian.-But what have
you to show at that gate to
pass you through it ?


Ignorance.-I know my
Lord's will, and I have led a
good life; I pay for all that I
have, I give tithes, and give
alms, and have left my own
land for that to which I
now go.

Christian.-But you came
not in at the gate that is at
the head of this way, you
came in through a small lane;
so that I fear, though you
may think well of all you

have done, that when the
time shall come, you will have
this laid to your charge, that
you are a thief-and so you
will not get in.
Ignorance.-Well, I know
you not; do you keep to
your own creed, and I will
keep to mine, and I hope
all will be well. And as
for the gate that you talk
of, all the world knows that
that is far from our land,
and I do not think that there
is a man in all our parts
who does so much as know
the way to it, and I see not
what need there is that he
should, since we have, as
you see, a fine green lane
at the next turn that comes
down from our part of the
Christian said in a low tone
of voice to Hopeful: There
is more hope of a fool than
of him.
Hopeful.-Let us pass
on if you will, and talk to


him by and by, when, may
be, he can bear it.
So they went on, and Ig-
norance trod in their steps a
short way from them, till they
saw a road branch off from
the one they were in, and they
knew not which of the two to
As they stood to think of
it, a man whose skin was
black, but who was clad in a
white robe, came to them and
said: Why do you stand
here? They told him that
they were on their way to The
Celestial City, but knew not
which of the two roads to
Come with me, then, said
the man, for it is there that I
mean to go.
So they went with him,
though it was clear that the
road must have made a bend,
for they found they would
soon turn their backs on The
Celestial City.
Ere long, Christian and

Hopeful were both caught in
a net, and knew not what to
do; and with that the white
robe fell off the black man's
back. Then they saw where
they were. So there they
sat down and wept.
Christian.-Did not one of
the four men who kept guard
on their sheep tell us to take
heed lest Flatterer should
spread a net for our feet ?
Hopeful.-Those men, too,
gave us a note of the way,
but we have not read it, and
so have not kept in the right
path. Thus they lay in the
net to weep and wail.
At last they saw a Bright
One come up to them with a
whip of fine cord in his hand,
who said: What do you here?
Whence come you ?
They told him that their
wish was to go to Zion, but
that they had been led out of
the way by a black man with
a white cloak on, who, as he
was bound for the same place,


said he would show them the
Then said he: It is Flat-
terer, a false man, who has
put on the garb of a Bright
One for a time.
So he rent the net and let
the men out. Then he bade
them come with him, that he
might set them in the right
way* once more. He said:
Where were you last night?
Quoth they: With the men
who kept watch on their
sheep on The Delectable
Then he said: But when
you were at a stand why did
you not read your note?
They told him they had
not thought of it.
Now I saw in my dream
that he bade them lie down,
and whipt them sore, to teach
them the good way in which
they should walk; and he
said: Those whom I love I
serve thus.
So they gave him thanks

for what he had taught them,
and went on the right way up
the hill with a song of joy.
At length they came to a
land the air of which made
men sleep, and here the lids
of Hopeful's eyes dropt, and
he said: Let us lie down here
and take a nap.
Christian.-By no means,
lest if we sleep we wake no
H opeful.-Nay, friend
Christian, sleep is sweet to the
man who has spent the day
in toil.
Christian.-Do you not
call to mind that one of the
men who kept watch on the
sheep bade us take care of
The Enchanted Ground? He
meant by that that we should
take heed not to sleep; so let
us not sleep, but watch.
Hopeful.-I see I am in
Christian.-Now then, to
keep sleep from our eyes I
will ask you, as we go, to tell


me how you came at first to
do as you do now?
Hopeful.-Do you mean
how came I first to look to
the good of my soul ?
Hopeful.-For a long time
the things that were seen and
sold at Vanity Fair were a
great joy to me.
Christian.-What things
do you speak of?
Hopeful.-All the goods
of this life; such as lies, oaths,
drink; in a word, love of
self and all that tends to kill
the soul. But I heard from
you and Faithful that the end
of these things is death.
Thus did they talk as they
went on their way.
But I saw in my dream
that by this time Christian
and Hopeful had got through
The Enchanted Ground, and
had come to the land of Beu-
lah, where the air is sweet;
and as their way lay through
this land, they made no haste

to quit it, for here they heard
the birds sing all day long,
and the sun shone day and
night; the Valley of Death
was on the left, and it was out
of the reach of Giant Despair;
nor could they from this place
so much as see Doubting
Now were they in sight of
Zion, and here some of the
Bright Ones came to meet
them. Here, too, they heard
the voice of those who dwelt
in Zion, and had a good view
of this land of bliss, which
was built of rare gems of all
hues, and the streets were
laid with gold. So that
the rays of light which shone
on Christian were too bright
for him to bear, and he
fell sick: and Hopeful had a
fit of the same kind. So they
lay by for a time, and wept,
for their joy was too much
for them.
At length, step by step,
they drew near to Zion, and


saw that the gates were flung
A man stood in the way,
to whom Christian and Hope-
ful said: Whose vines and
crops are these ?
He told them they were
the king's, and were put there
to give joy to thosewho should
go on the road. So he bade
them eat what fruit they chose,.
and took them to see the
king's walks; where they
Now I saw in my dream
that they spoke more in their
sleepthan they had done all
the rest of the way, and I
could but muse at this. But
the man said: Why do you
muse at it ? The juice from
the grapes of this vine is so
sweet as to cause the lips of
them that sleep to speak.
I then saw that when they
woke, they would fain go up
to Zion; but as I said, the
sun threw off such bright
rays from The Celestial City,

which was built of pure gold,
that they could not, as yet,
look on it, save through a
glass made for that end.
Now as they went, they
met with two men in white
robes, and the face of each
shone bright as the light.
These men said: Whence
come you? And when they
had been told they said: You
have but one thing more to
do, which is a hard one, and
then-you are in Zion.
Christian and Hopeful did
then beg of the two men to
go with them; which they
did. But, said they, It is by
your own faith that you must
gain it.
Now twixtt them and the
gate was a fierce stream which
was broad and deep; it had
no bridge, and the mere sight
of it did so stun Christian and
Hopeful that they could not
But the men who went with
them said: You can not

"Then they took him up, and carried him through the air to the door that I saw in the side of the hill, and put him in thae."


come to the gate but through
this stream.
Is there no way but this
one to the gate? said poor
Yes, quoth they, but there
have been but two men, to
wit, Enoch and Elijah who
have trod that path since the
world was made.
When Christian and Hope-
ful cast their eyes on the
stream once more, they felt
their hearts sink with fear,
and gave a look this way
and that in much dread of
the waves. Yet through it
lay the way to Zion. Is the
stream all of one depth ? said
Christian. He was told that
it was not, yet that in that
there was no help, for he
would find the stream more
or less deep, as he had faith
in the King of the place. So
they set foot on the stream,
but Christian gave a loud
cry to his good friend Hope-
ful, and said: The waves

close round my head, and I
sink. Then said Hopeful:
Be of good cheer; my feet
feel the bed of the stream,
and it is good.
But Christian said: Ah,
Hopeful, the pains of death
have got hold of me; I shall
not reach the land that I long
for. And with that a cloud
came on his sight, so that he
could not see.
Hopeful had much to do
to keep Christian's head out
of the stream; nay, at times
he had quite sunk, and then
in a while he would rise up
half dead.
Then said Hopeful: My
friend, all this is sent to try
if you will call to mind all
that God has .done for you,
and live on Him in your
At these words Hopeful
saw that Christian was in
deep thought; so he said to
him: Be of good cheer,
Christ will make thee whole.


Then Christian broke out
with a loud voice: Oh, I see
Him, and He speaks to me
and says, "When you pass
through the deep streams, I
will be with you."

"Thus they got to the right bank."

And now they both got
strength, and the stream was
as still as a stone, so that
Christian felt the bed of it
with his feet, and he could
walk through it. Thus they

got to the right bank, where
the two men in bright robes
stood to wait for them, and
their clothes were left in the
Now you must bear in
mind that Zion was on a
steep hill, yet did Christian
and Hopeful go up with ease
and great speed, for they had
these two men to lead them
by the arms.
The hill stood in the sky,
for the base of it was there.
So in sweet talk they went
up through the air. The
Bright Ones told them of the
bliss of the place, which they
said was such as no tongue
could tell, and that there they
would see The Tree of Life,
and eat of the fruits of it.
When you come there, said
they, white robes will be put
on you, and your talk from
day to day shall be with the
King for all time. There you
shall not see such things as
you saw on earth, to wit, care


and want, and woe and
death. You now go to be
with Abraham, Isaac and
Christian and Hopeful.-
What must we do there?
They said: You will have
rest for all your toil, and joy
for all your grief. You will
reap what you have sown-
the fruit of all the tears you
shed for the King by the way.
In that place you will wear
crowns of gold, and have at
all times a sight of Him who
sits on the throne. There
you shall serve Him with love,
with shouts of joy and with
songs of praise.
Now, while they thus drew
up to the gate, lo, a host of"
saints came to meet them, to
whom the two Bright Ones
said: These are men who felt
love for our Lord when they
were in the world, and left
all for His name; and He
sent us to bring them far on
their way, that they might go

in and look on their Lord
with joy.
Then the whole host with
great shouts came round on
all sides (as it were to guard
them); so that it would seem
to Christian and Hopeful as
if all Zion had come down to
meet them.
Now, when Christian and
Hopeful went in at the gate
a great change took place in
them, and they were clad in
robes that shone like gold.
There were-bright hosts that
came with harps and crowns,
and they said to them: Come,
ye, in the joy of the Lord.
And then I heard all the bells
in Zion ring.
Now, just as the gates were
flung back for the men to
pass in, I had a sight of
Zion, which shone like the
sun; the ground was of gold,
and those who dwelt there
had love in their looks, crowns
on their heads, and palms in
their hands, and with one

voice they sent forth shouts but wish that I, too, had
of praise. gone in to share this bliss.
But the gates were now Then I woke, and, lo, it was
once more shut, and I could a dream.

"Then I woke."



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ONCE more I had a dream,
and it was this:-Christiana,
the wife of Christian, had
been on her knees to pray,
and as she rose, she heard a
loud knock at the door. If
you come in God's name,
said she, come in. Then I
thought in my dream that a
form, clad in robes as white as
snow, threw back the door,
and said: Peace be to this
house. At a sight so new to
her, Christiana at first grew
pale with fear, but in a short
time took heart and told him
she would fain know whence

he came, and why. So he
said his name was Secret,
and that he dwelt with those
that are on high. Then said
her guest: Christiana, here is
a note for thee, which I have
brought from Christian. So
she took it, broke the seal,
and read these words, which
were in gold:-"To her who
was my dear wife. The King
would have you do as I have
done, for that was the way to
come to his land, and to
dwell with him in joy." When
Christiana read this, she shed
tears, and said to him who

P i~~



brought the note: Sir, will
you take me and my sons
with you, that we, too, may
bow down to this king? But
he said: Christiana, joy is
born of grief: care must come
first, then bliss. To reach
the land where I dwell thou
must go through toils, as well
as scorn and taunts. But
take the road that.leads up to
the field gate which stands in
the head, of the way; and I
wish you all good speed. I
would have thee wear this
note in thy breast, that it may
be read by thee till thou hast
got it by rote, but thou must
give it up at the last gate that
leads to The Celestial City.
Then Christiana spoke to
her boys, and said: My sons,
I have of late been sad at the
death of Christian, your dear
sire. But I feel sure now
that it is well with him, and
that he dwells in the land of
life and peace. I have, too,
felt deep grief at the thoughts

of my own state and yours;
for we were wrong to let our
hearts grow cold, and turn
a deaf ear to him in the time
of his woe, and hold back
from him when he fled from
this City of Destruction.
The thought of these
things would kill me, were it
not for a dream which I had
last night, and for what a
guest who came here at dawn
has told me. So come, my
dear ones, let us make our
way at once to the gate that
leads to The Celestial City,
that we may see your sire
and be there with him and
his friends.
Then her first two sons
burst out in tears of joy that
Christiana's heart was set
that way.
Now while they put all
things right to go, two friends
of Christiana's came up to her
house, and gave a knock at
the door. To them she said:
If you come in God's name,


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Then said she to her children, 'Sons, we are all undone."'


come in. This mode of speech
from the lips of Christiana
struck them as strange. Yet
they came in, and said: Pray
what do you mean by this?
I mean to leave my home,
said she to Mrs. Timorous-
for that was the name of one
of these friends.
Timorous.-To what end,
pray tell me?
Christiana.-To go to my
dear Christian. And with
that she wept.
Timorous.-Nay, can it be
so ? Who or what has brought
you to this state of mind ?
Christiana.-Oh, my friend,
if you did but know as much
as I do, I doubt not that you
would be glad to go with me.
Timorous.-Pray what new
lore have you got hold of that
draws your mind from your
friends, and tempts you to go
no one knows where?
Christiana.-I dreamt last
night that I saw Christian.
Oh, that my soul were with

him now! The Prince of the
place has sent for me, through
one who came to me at sun
rise, and brought me this note
to bid me go there; do read
it, I pray you.
Timorous.-Ah, how mad
to run such risks! You have
heard, I am sure, from our
friend Obstinate, what Christ-
ian met with on the way, for
he went with him; yea, and
Pliable too, till they, like wise
men, came back through fear.
You heard how he met with
the beasts of prey and Apol-
lyon, what he saw in the Val-
ley of the Shadow of Death,
and more still that makes my
hair stand on end to hear of;
think, too, of these four sweet
boys who are your own flesh
and bone; and, though you
should be so rash as to wish
to go, yet for their sake, I
pray you keep at home.
But Christiana said: Tempt
me not. I have now a chance
put in my hand to get gain,

and in truth I should be a fool Then Timorous said to
if I had not the heart to Mercy (who had come with
grasp it. And these toils and her): Let us leave her in her
snares that you tell me of own hands, since she scorns
shall not keep me back; no, all that I say.
they serve but to show me But Mercy thought that
if her friend Christiana must
Sbe gone, she would go part
of the way with her to help
her. She took some thought,
too, of her own soul, for what
Christiana had said had laid
hold on her mind, and she
felt she must have some talk
with this friend; and if she
found that truth and life were
in her words, she would join
her with all her heart.
So Mercy said to Timo-
rous: I came with you to see
Christiana, and since on this
"Well, I see you have a mind to play the day she takes leave of the
fool too." town, I think the least I can
that I am in the right. Care do would be to walk a short
must first be felt, then joy. way with her, to help her on.
So since you came not to my But the rest she kept from
house in God's name, as I Timorous.
said, I pray you to be gone, Timorous. Well, I see
and tempt me no more. you have a mind to play the


fool too; but take heed in
good time, and be wise.
So Mrs. Timorous went to
her own house; and Christi-
ana, with her four boys and
Mercy, went on their way.
Mercy, said Christiana, I
take this as a great boon that
you should set foot out of
doors to start me on my way.
Then said young Mercy
(for she was quite young):
If I thought it.would be good
to join you, I would not go
back at all to the town.
Christiana.-Well, Mercy,
cast your lot in with mine;
I know what will be the end
of our toils. Christian is
where he would not fail to be
for all the gold in the mines
of Spain. Nor shall you be
sent back, though there be
no one but I to ask it for you;
for the King who has sent
for me and my boys is One
who turns not from those
who seek Him. If you like
I will hire you, and you

shall go as my maid, and
yet shall share all things
with me, so that you do
but go.
Mercy.-But how do I
know that I shall be let in ?
If I thought I should have
help from Him from whom
all help comes, I would make
no pause, but would go at
once, let. the way be as rough
as it might.
Christiana.-Well, Mercy,
I will tell you what I would
have you do. Go with me
as far as to the field gate,
and there I will ask; and
if no hopes should be held
out to you by him who keeps
the gate, you can but go back
to your home.
Mercy.-Well, I will .go
with you, and the Lord grant
that my lot may be cast to
dwell in the land for which
my heart yearns.
Christiana then felt glad
that she had a friend to join
her, and that that friend


should have so great a care
for her soul.
So they went on their way;
but the face of Mercy wore
so sad a mien that Christiana
said to her: What ails you ?
Why do you weep?
Mercy.-Oh, who could
but weep to think of the state
of my poor friends near and
dear to me, in our bad town ?
Christiana.-You feel for
your friends as my good
Christian did for me when he
left me, for it went to his
heart to find that I would not
see these things in the same
light as he did. And now
you, I, and these dear boys,
reap the fruits of all his woes.
I hope, Mercy, these tears of
yours will not be shed in
vain, for He who could not
lie, has said that they who
sow in tears shall reap in joy.
Now when Christiana came
up to the Slough of Despond,
she and her sons made a
stand, and Christiana told

them that this was the place
in which her dear Christian
fell. But Mercy said: Come,
let us try; all we have to do
is to keep the steps well in
view. Yet Christiana made a
slip or two in the mud; but
at last they got through the
slough, and then they heard
a voice say to them: Blest is
she who hath faith, for those
things which were told her
of the Lord shall come to
So now they went on once
more, and Mercy said: Had
I as good grounds to hope to
get in at the gate as you have,
I think no Slough of Despond
would keep me back.
Well, said Christiana, you
know your sore, and I know
mine, and hard toil will it be
for both of us to get to the
end of the way; for how can
we think that they who set out
on a scheme of so much bliss,
should steer clear of frights
and fears on their way to that





bright bourn which it is their
aim to reach ?
When they came to the
gate, it took them some time
to make out a plan of what
they should say to Him who
stood there; and as Mercy
was not so old as her friend,
she said that it must rest with
Christiana to speak for all of
them. So she gave a knock,
and then (like Christian) two
more; but no one came.
Now they heard the fierce
bark of a dog, which made
them shake with fear, nor did
they dare for a while to knock
a third time, lest the dog
should fly at them. So they
were put to their wits' end to
know what to do: to knock
they did not dare, for fear of
the dog; to go back they did
not dare, lest He who kept
the gate should see them as
they went, and might not like
it. At last they gave a knock
four times as loud as the first.
Then He who stood at the

gate said: Who is there?
The dog was heard to bark
no more, and the gate swung
wide for them to come in.
Christiana sank on her
knees, and said: Let not our
Lord be wroth that we have
made this loud noise at His
At this He said: Whence
come you, and what is it that
you would have?
Quoth Christiana: We are
come from the town whence
Christian came, to beg to be
let in at this gate, that we may
go on our way to The Celestial
City. I was once the wife of
Christian, who now is in the
land of bliss.
With that, He who kept
the gate threw up his arms
and said: What! is she on
her road to The Celestial City
who, but a short time since,
did hate the life of that place ?
Then Christiana bent her
head, and said: Yes, and so
are these my dear sons. So


He took her by the hand and
led her in; and when her four
sons had gone through, He
shut the gate. This done, He
said to a man hard by: Sound
the horn for joy.
But now that Christiana
was safe through the gate
with her boys, she thought it
time to speak a word for
Mercy, so she said: My
Lord, I have a friend who
stands at the gate, who has
come here with the same trust
that I did. One whose heart
is sad to think that she comes,
it may be, when she is not
sent for; while I had word
from Christian's King to
The time did so lag with
poor Mercy while she stood
to be let in, that though it was
but a short space, yet through
fear and doubt did it seem to
her like an hour at least; and
Christiana could not say more
for Mercy to Him who kept
the gate for the knocks, which

came so fast, and were at last
so loud, that they made Chris-
tiana start.
Then said He: Who is
there ?
Quoth Christiana: It is my
So He threw back the
gate to look out, but Mercy
was in a swoon, from the
fear that she should not be
let in.
Then He took her by the
hand, and said: Fear not;
stand firm on thy feet, and tell
me whence thou art come,
and for what end ?
Mercy.-I do not come as
my friend Christiana does,
for I was not sent for by the
King, and I fear I am too
bold. Yet if there is grace
to share, I pray thee let me
share it.
Then He took her once
more by the hand and led
her in, and said: All may
come in who put their trust
in me, let the means be what

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